Volume -1. Toledo, "Lincoln County, Oregon. Thursday, May 4, 1893. , ' " Numbeo
Jclat Senator. .,
Count? And? i
Clerk . -
Sheriff Treunrar '
C. B. Croeno
D. P. Blue
B. F. Jonee
nenrr uen linger
T. 8. Parker
J. O. Steanu
at. L. Trapp
Juatioe of the Peace
J. A. Hall
CHURCHES NI) SOCIETIES.
FIRST BAPTISTS. Meet every Sret Bandar
in earn month, a 11 av m. and alio on the
Saturday preceding the above Sunday, at 2 n.
in the Toledo Public Hell. L. 31. Butler
ST. JOHN'S CHURCH Protectant Eplarapal 1
biriae eenrfcw the third Sunder of every
. oatb, ecUe. m. Alive invited to attend.
Ber. Chea. Booth, Mintonarr. Reeidence.
"Rectory," Newport, Or.
i T O. O. r. Toledo Lodge, So. 108, " Meet
X.every Friday evening at their hall In thit
i town. J. I. I.nt. N a J B n.lthu Dup.
, , ... . ..v.,
10. O. T Meet every Thursday evening
i ' " ...uvk. ,u ' 1 1 nil I B un 11. iuis mj
I B. Croano, C. T. O. Bethera, Secretary,
ij t m CorvallU. Oregon
4 raorBUTOB or
j Toledo Meat Market,
S3 DEALS IN
Fresh and Cured Meats
I I OF ALL KINDS.
Capt. Jas. Robertson,
i On and after April ist, will make
I regular daily trips between Toledo
I and Newport and way landings.
" " Low Freights and Fares. Sep
i time for leaving on Bulletin at
uopelana s corner.
I T. J. Buford, Prop.
n v- First-class.
' Charges . Reasonable.
I JOHN LEUENBERGER,
mOOTS and SHOES.
Repairing Neatly Done.
Yaquina,.- - Oregon.
fj, A. HALL,
Justice of the Peace,
Pedi, Mortgaret, and all klndi of legal pa pert
five a to all V nil new entrusted to my ear.
W. C. SIIEPARDj
Residence, Stanford, Oregon.
Business in any court in Lincoln
County promptly and tarefully at
h Moot l.
Oregon Paoiflo Railroad.
E. W. HADLEY. Receiver.
Direct Line Qolak Dtrpeteh Low Freight
Between WilUmetu Vallay paint end Baa
OCEAN STEAMER SAILINGS.
B. B. WILLAMETTE VALLEY.
Leavee Sen Franrlara April 4, lWt
Leave equina March fc, Ihm.
An4 about every ten day thereafter.
Thii company reeervee the right to change
Miliag datea althoot autlae.
lr eervtee between Portland and Halem and
lppa nutHwite Mvevpetnte. - -
MCU'AHT. nwbwfM fhspertntindeBt:
t . -pOTve'illi, Otegea.
MEN'S FURNISHINGS ! !
iTleLW "'"ImeW I
Our New SPRING
We will show this Season a much Larger
and more Attractive Stock than ever be
fore! A full line of Men's and Boys' Fur
nishings, Shoes, Hats, and everything
worn by Men and Boys.
THIRTY-FIVE TO FIFTY PER CENT. BELOW REGULAR
We have Purchased at a Big Discount from a Iocal Merchant (who has
has retired trom the Clothing
JJUVS' YOUNG MEN and CHILDREN'S Clothing. We now of
fer the same to our Patrons at
below Regular Prices. They
in tnis bection lor First-class
Here are a few of the Bargains'
" . .
Men's $ 5.00 Suits for $3.50
Men's 7.50 Suits for 5.50
Men's 10.00 Suits for 7.50
Boys 1.50 Suits-knee pantsfor 81.00
Boys' 2.00 Suits-knee pants-for 1.50
Boys' 5.00 Suits-long pants-for 3.50
Boys' 7.50 Suits-long pants-for 5.50
All other finer grades at corresponding
Wlien you visit our Store ask to see our Men's All Wool
Suits at $10.00.
FOR THE BOYS-With each Suit worth $3 or more,
we will give free a ball and bat
Mail orders will receive prompt attention.
We are Agents for the JAMES MEANS $3 Fine Shoes, and
Gold and Silver White Shirts.
Clothing Made to Order.
Oor'-vedliQ, ' Oregon.
Headquarters for Men and Boys' Outfits.
j. h. McNeil,
Drugs, IMn, Faints d Oils, Etc.,
A full Line of
BOOKS, STATIONERY and WALL PAPER.
Our Stock is Complete, comprising many articles it is impossible here
to enumerate, and all sold at moderate prices.
Medicines warranted genuine and of best quality.
Toledo, - Oregon
' T. P.
Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware,
HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES and RUBBERS,
Ready Made Clothing, Etc.
Our Customers will find our itock complete in all lines and are solda
THE LEADER, only $1:50
TQCK is now arriving.
Business) his Entire Stock of MEN'S,
from Thirty-five to Fiftv Per Cent
are the Biggest Bargains ever offered
THE SILETZ RESERVATION
A 8HOM BaSCBlFTIO Of THAT SKKTATMN
AND ITS ISKAUTAKTSa
The Siletz Indian. Reservation
lies in the northern part of Lincoln
county, Oregon, and embraces a
territory 'of 825,000 acres. This
body of land comprises some of the
finest agricultural and timber land
in the state of Oregon. It is well
watered by the Siletz river and its
tributaries. The former river heads,
not many miles from the Siletz Bay.
into which it empties, but by its
devious and winding course it tra
verses many miles and waters much
country before it reaches the bay
into which it pours its waters.
The entire course of the river is
marked by many beautiful and ex
ceedingly fertile valleys, some of
them being open prairie laud, which
can be cultivated with wry little
The general topography cf the
reservation differs from other coast
localities, in that it has more and
larger valleys lying along its
streams and the hill land does not
appear so rugged. There is a great
er per cent of agricultural land than
can be found in any tract of equal
size lying along the coast. The
timber on the reservation is much
better preserved than adjacent tim
ber, fires having not made so many
fierce ravages through it, and mag
nificent trees rear their lofty crowns
to the sky in vast numbers.
The soil seems to be almost en
tirely devoid of clay and to consist
of a rich, black loam of a semi-
vegetable formation, of unkuown
depth, and capable of producing
anything in fruit or grain that is
congenial to the climate.
On this Reservation are abont
560 Indians, of all ages. These
Indians have been allotted lands in
severalty, the allotment beluir com
pleted 111 October, 1802. Each
man, woman and child was allotted
80 acres each. The principal part
of these Indians are now farming
tneir lands and are wholly self-supporting,
in fact the aged and sick
are about the only ones to whom
the government contributes any
help, outside of the trainine school.
Those Indians engaged iu farming
had 2,090 acres of land under fence
in 1892, and this year this has been
considerably increased. They are
improving their lands in a verv
satisfactory manner. The govern
ment has a saw mill on the Reser
vation which saws all the lumber
used by both the Indian farmers
and the government. The Indians,
when wanting lumber, will club
together, go to the timber and
fell their logs and raft them to the
mill and then with the assistance
of the foreman who is also engineer,
saw up their logs and divide their
lumber. The product of the mill
in 1892 was over 100,000 feet.
Last year the Indians had about
1 ,000 acres on the reservation plant
ed to crops, and the Indian train
ing school at the Agency farmed
about 100 acres more. The princi
pal products were oats, wheat, po
tatoes, barley and hay. Off these
lands the Indians raised in 1802
about 10,000 bushels of oats and
sold over 50 tons of clover and tim
othy hay. The Indians are also
turning considerable attention to
live stock raising, owning on De
cember 31, 1892, 200 horses, 348
head of cattle, 483 head of hogs,
240 sheep and 297 domestic fowls.
The most of their farms, as seen
by the writer will compare very
favorably with many white com
munities, having well built and
well painted houses and barns.
good fences and a general air of
thrift and prosperity.
The Government Indian Agent
at the Siletz reservation is Hon. T.
Jay Buford, who was appointed to
that office by President Harrison in
October 1889. Mr. Buford i a
high-minded, honorable gentleman
and is admirably adopted for the
arduous labors to which be has
been assigned. He happily has ac
quired by his integrity and ability
the full confidence of both the In-
mans ana the Department et Wasn-
ington. He is thoroughly interest-
ed in his work and since taking
... , .. . . .
chargeoftbe agency has worked
many reforms that have proved ad-
vantageousto tbe advancement efl
the Indians toward civUUatiou.
He has been so notably successful
In this work that the Siletz Indians
present the uuusual spectacle- of
asking that the government throw
open for settlement the unalloted
lands of the Reservation. The last
annual report of the Board of Indi
an Commissioners speak very high
ly of the work Mr. Buford has ac
complished at the agency, compli
menting his work above all others
which they inspected.
The clerical duties pertaiuiu? to
the ageucy are performed by W. S.
Linville, assisted by such help as is
afforded him by one or two educated
Indians. Mr. LjnviUe seems to be
well fitted to cam- on this import
ant department, his papers being
executed with nearness and accur
acy. In speaking of the agent and
clerk, a word as?to the macnitude
of their labor might be interesting.
It is their duty to keep track and
record of every pound of freight,
every ouuee of provisions etc., that
comes upon the reservation, and
every dollar that is placed in the
agent's hands for disbursements.
They must make monthly, quarter
ly and annual rirortt tn th denote
ment In triplicate, and these reports
must include a detailed statement
of the business of agency iu all its
. w-s .a.
ramifications. Every article be
longing to the government on the
reservation must be accounted for,
trom their large steam saw mill to
t . I 1 ae ... I
the last dozen needles. The amount
of clerical work thus entailed is
- - uvea we e. VHIHIIVU iJ l
enormous. An idea of these reports
can be faintly formed from Mr.
Liuville's statement that it requires
the agent and himself to affix their
signatures each about 3,000 times
f . ...
to each of these reports. In addi
tion to this they must look after
the issue of about 50,000 pounds of
flour, 16,000 pounds of beef and
other supplies in proportion annual
ly. The agent Is also burdened
with the entire care and responsi
bility of all the different branches
of the agency and m ust set iu judge
ment upon all questions brought to
him by these more than 500 people.
And still some people think that
the position of Indian agent is a
The farm work of the airency is
tinder the supervision of John Mc
Closkey, a practical farmer, who
was selected for that position be
cause he had made his own farm a
succes in every detail. A glance at
the cultivated farms which Mr. Mc-
Closkey has iu charge will convince
anyone that he is the right man for
Ths health of the people of the
reservation is looked after by Eu
gene S. Clerk, M. D. Dr. Clark Is
a young man of good ability and
has been extremely successful in
his practice at this place. He takes
interest in his work and it is safe
to assert that this department is in
The Indians have a court of their
own for the settlement of all diffi
culties that may arise between them.
This court is composed of a judge
and two associates taken from the
Indian police force. The present
judge is John Adams. Geo. Har
ney is captiau of the police force
and has seven privates under him.
Abby Logan la the government
teamster and Andrew Smith is the
The educational interests of the
young Indians of the reservation
are iu the hands of an industrial
training school. Iu this school are
enrolled 74 pupils. It is under the
control of O. V. Hurt, who not
only performs the arduous duties of
industrial teacher, but is also act
ing superintendent of the school
farm. The remainder of the school
foroe is as follows: Mrs. E. L.
Clark, teacher: Mrs. S. M. Hurt.
matron; Miss Louise J. Grant, as
sistant matron; Miss Mellie Dohse,
seamstress; Miss Carrie Rains,
cook; Mrs. Mollie Sclsic. assistant
cook; Mrs. Martha Clay, laundress;
U. S. Grant, night-watch: and Tas.
house, dormitories, grounds, etc.
are models of neatness and cleanli
ness, and bear high testimony to
efficiency of thotho W Lm
: , , , ' "
jf f ot tho9e wbo have them
The M. E. church has a resident
Has a resident
,7 ,7 "!
Edition to expottoding the gospel
to the people also presklas over the
agency blacksmith shop Rev. C
R. Ellsworth occupies this dual po
The private enterprises on the
reservation at present are the sut
ler's store presided over by genial.
jolly F. M. Stanton, who is also
postmaster at Siletz postoffice; the
store of Larkey Logan, and a pho
tograph gallery conducted by T. C.
Jackson. It is worthy of note to
to say of the latter business that
Mr. Jackson is a full blood Indian,
and learned the photographic art
by his own efforts while attending
school at Chemawa, Oregon. He
turns out a very creditable work.
Progression seems to be the motto
on the reservation. It seems to be
the policy of the agent and em
ployes to keep things moving, and
by constantly setting the example
of improving, planting, etc., the
Indian farmers become emulated
thereby and are thus led to be in
dustrious and contented. Mr. Bu
ford informed us that the improve
ments contemplated on the reserva
tion during the present year consist
of a thirty feet addition to the boy's
dormitory, a dwelliner house for
aged and disabled Indians, anew
ferry boat on the Siletz river and a
steam engine and wood saw for the
1, - . 1 1 M1V
There were many other very in-
teresting details observed at the
agency which cannot be enuiner-
- ... A
ated here. A trip to this reserva
tion will most amplv reoav anv
----- - e- j vf J
person who takes the least interest
in work of this kind. It presents
the characteristic of a trainiug
school for youth and also a traiuiug
or more properly speaking, a civil
. 1 t a" - - .. a
izing school for the adults. A con
tinual process of grafting or trans
planting is going on. The habits
and customs of one race are being
gradually changed for those of an
entirely different race. Upon this
reservation can be seen the working
out in a practical manner a problem
that once was of portentious size
that of civilizing the American In
dians. The agent, Mr. Buford,
seems to be working on the idea
that by bringing into close contact
with civilization and surrounding
them with good influences and pro
vide the opportunities for a liberal
education the Indians will civ
ilize themselves; and the idea is
working out most satlfactorily.
S. A. or Social Ascent Mountain
and the Rock Creek
Where, loamluf, whlrlluf, eeethlnf, aufrr
Oaeb wlldlr down the rimkr granite gorge,
Juninliie. laaitlntf. falllnir. fl..hmt In .n...
Thin reiieallug (rum mnr till oUue of dajr :
Never tlrlnv, alwayi roarluc on Ita war.
We have made many trips to the
Rock creek country during the past
three years in all kinds of weather.
snow, sunshine and waterfall; and
thinking that a description of that
country, now Isolated but some day
to figure In the world's commerce,
might be Interesting to some of the
many readers of the Lbadbr, I
will attempt to describe it in a gen
There are two routes from Toledo
to the Rock creek country, one
through the Siletz Indian Reserva
tion over a very good wagon road;
distance about 18 miles. The oth
er by way of Norton Siding, the
road leaving the O. P. railroad at
that point. The latter route Sen
ator Crosno, A. L. Porter and ye
scribe traveled last Friday; and as
we were on foot, and the streams
were swollen by recent and contin
ued rains, we bad a very rough, wet
trip, having to leave the road in
many places and crawl through
brush in order to find foot-logs to
cross over the angry waters of the
south east fork of Ifock creek. As
the road crosses the stream seven
times in two miles we got to be ex
perts in "cooning" foot logs. How
ever we arrived right side up with
care at Samuel Centers the first farm
on niir Bnrlr rreplr. Mr. Ppntr
and Fred gtanton beiug the oldest
pioneers on Rock creek, both have
n, r T a , 5
W of mcns nd mU8cle n
plenty of means and muscle and
having lived continuously on his
land now has one of the best im-
. . ...
proved farms in Lincoln county.
After enjoying tb e open hearted
h08pteUtyJ Mr, anddoing
justice to a splendid farm dinner-
gotten up by Mrs, Center and
mother, and having had a social -chat
with our old friend. Grandpa
Baldwin, who by the way, is one of
the old pioneers of Yaquina Bay.
having been one of the first settlers
in Newport and for many years
proprietor of the old Ocean House,
we again donned our packs and
started on up Rock creek, passing;
through the farms Of Fred Stanton,
George Miller, Derrick brothers,
Edwin Stanton and William Garri
son, who all have fine ranches with
from 20 to 80 acres of bottom land
and all bordering on the banks of
Rock creek. We had not paid thla
vicinity a visit for nearly a year
and were agreeably surprised at the
improvements made in one short
year. The laud m this section, of
the county is entirely of a different
formation as compared with the
Yaquina country, being nearly all
sand, whereas, the other is. soap
stone. Clover and timothy grass
grows well on the highest tableland;
while the sandy bottoms along the
creek grow anything that will ma
ture in an Oregon ; climate. At 3
o'clock p. m. by Porters watch we
arrived at the home of John Lucas.
John's latch string always hangs;
on the out side, and we received a
harty welcome. Mi. Lucas' place
is situated mostly on high table
lands. But with rare good judge
ment has made his improvements
on the banks of Rock creek Just
below the falls, where he can catch
the speckled trout and look out on
the finest water power in Polk
county as it comes thundering dowrv.
the rocky canyon. Rock creek la
settled six miles above the falls and
three miles of good wagon road
built with no grade over 8 per cent.
I'ifty-five or sixty settlers have tak
en land in this township, which
was surveyed about a year and a
half ago by A. L. Porter, then court-
ty surveyor of Benton county,
This land is in Polk county, Tho
Bill creating Lincoln county includ.
ed this township, but the Polk
county delegation objected to sur
rendering any of their territory and
a compromise was effected, How
ever they will necessary be compell
ed to survey, lay out aud assist to
build a wagon road from King's
Valley, Benton county to the line
of Lincoln county, a distance of
about 14 miles, in order that these
settlers may bo able to reach the
county seat of Polk county, There
is no justice iu compelling these
settlers who are trying to hew out
homes for themselves and families,
to cross Lincoln county go through
Benton county and then half way
across Polk county to do business
et the county seat.
After exchanging compliments
with Mr. Lucas, he promising to
put on the big pot and little one too,
we started out to climb S. A. or
Social Ascent mountain, so called
by hunters but more recently called
Granite Mountain. After "coon
ing" a cedar log at the foot of the
falls where the roar from the ragimr
waters were nearly deafening, the
waters pouring over granite bould
ers some of which were as large as
an ordinary house, and affording
water power , for future develope
ments. The' water being fairlv
alive with mountain trout, here is
the pardise of the lover of the rod
and fly. After taking a fresh chew
of Climax and drawing a long
breath we commenced the slow and
difficult task of climbing the mount
ain. For the first two or three
hundred feet there is quite a growth
of vegetation but seemingly no soil
as the rocks roll from under ones
feet as you ascend. The next four
or five hundred feet has occasionally
a standing dead fir tree. The lat
ter part of the last six or seven
hundred feet is nearly bare of trees
and vegetation aud is towering
cliff of granite rocks. The summit
is very narrow not over fifty feet
wide. The ascent was made in one
hour. The view from the highest
peak was grand indeed, looking to
the north as far as the eye can see
nothing but forests of green timber
can be seen, unbroken only by an
occasional glimpse of the beautiful
winding Rock creek as it tolls on
its lonely way to join with the Si
letz river and pay tribute the old
CONTINUISD Otf PAOB JfOUR.J
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