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IipiT Philanthropist Gives Kansas . College a Cemetery In Time This Unique Gift la Ex pected to Net More Than One Million Dollars to Bene ficiaries. Topeka, Kan. Nearly all colleges bave large endowments of money, se curities and real estate given by friends and by people interested In the cause of education. The funds are all Invested in bonds, stocks and real estate, which do exceptionally well II they return more than five or six per cent on the Investment Many re ligious organizations have similar en dowments. But Washburn college of Topeka and the Topeka Yftung Men's Cemetery Entrance and Donor. and Young Women's Christian as soclatlons hare one of the most novel endowments In the country. It Is a cemetery and as far as known this la the only college In the United States which numbers among Its chief as sets a share in the profits of a ceme tery. Many churches have cemeteries, but the Topeka Y. W. C. A. and Y. M. C. A. are believed to be the only non sectarian religious organizations with an endowment of this kind. A. B. Whiting, a Topeka merchant decided to leave a permanent endow ment to the two Topeka Institutions. He selected $25,000 as the beginning of his endowment and then began casting about for some plan of invest ment which would actually net the greatest lnoome to the three institu tions to which he desired to contrib uate. He investigated all kinds of business ventures, bond and stock returns and real estate Investments and finally decided upon a cemetery as the best possible investment for the college and Christian associations. His investment of the modest endow ment is expected to return to the col lege and the two young people's asso ciations considerably more than a mil lion dollars before the sources of revenue from the sale of lots in the cemetery are cut off. Mr. Whiting bought the Mount Hope cemetery grounds, 160 acres, one and one-half miles west of Topeka. The land alone cost $16,000 and left $9,000 to begin the Improvement work. This was four years ago and the permanent Improvement work of the cemetery has been going on ever since and will continue forever. The property has been deeded to a board of trustees, of which Mr. Whiting is president and aUo general superintendent of the cemetery. This board has been incor porated for 1,000 years and It Is bound to maintain the cemetery forever. No grave can ever be neglected, as under the terms of the charter the board Is compelled to set aside a certain part KANSAS HAS A STORM DRILL 8chool Cyclone Cellars Are Becoming Popular Since Twisters Are More Frequent Pupils Uneasy. , Leavenworth, Kan. Under an order of the school boaYd of Brown county every schoolhouse within its borders will hereafter be supplied with a cy clone cellar, to which the teacher must lead her pupils whenever any sign of a twister appears In- the sky. The cyclone drill Is now a part of the dally school routine, Instead of the fire drill In city schools. Brown county la where fully a third of the school houses were destroyed by a tornado. So many pupils were hurt and scared that It was decided that a place of refuge must be provided at each school. The parents of the youngsters were unanimous for this reform. Practi cally every farmer in that section, which seems peculiarly susceptible to violent windstorms, has what is known In Kansas as "a 'frald hole," and there Is no reason why their chil dren shouldn't bt equally protected. of Its revenue to go into a perpetual care fund, the Interest on this fund being sufficient to care for the prop erty. The college and the Christian asso ciations receive two-thirds of the en tire sum obtained from the sale of lots In the cemetery, and they can use the money for any purpose they decide. No one except the actual work ers In the cemetery receive a salary and no dividends except to the col lege and Christian associations are declared. The college receives about one half of the total amount received from the sale of lots. The Young Women's Christian association re ceives the next largest share and the Y. M. C. A. the next division. All the rest of the money from the sale of lots and the amount received for open ing graves and caring for lots goes into the perpetual care fund of the cemetery. CARRIE NATION PASSES AWAY Saloon 8mashlng Made Her Famous She Realized a Fortune From Selling Hatchets. Leavenworth, Kan. Carrie Nation, the Kansas saloon smasher, who re cently died, here, was born in Ken tucky in 1846. Her maiden name was Carrie Moore and as a girl, it is said, she was absolutely fearless. In her early life she married a man addicted to intoxicants, which created in her an intense aversion to the saloon. When he died she determined to de vote her life to the suppression of the liquor traffic. Later she moved to Kansas and married David Nation, who sympathized with her temperance principles. During her career Mrs. Nation wrecked hundreds of saloons, using a hatchet, which became as well known as she. She was absolutely without fear, invading saloons, demolishing mirrors and furniture and assailing bartenders and proprietors without re gard for her own safety. She had many narrow escapes from injury and was roughly handled on several occa sions. So great is the extent of her fame that down in the heart of the Pana manian wilderness, there is a wayside native saloon, with the rough sign conspicuously displayed: "All Nations Welcome Except Car rie!" - Carrie Nation regarded herself as a woman with a1 mission. She declared that hers was the right hand of God and that she had been commissioned Mrs. Carrie Nation. to destroy the rum traffio In the United States. The emblem of her mission was a hatchet, and her cam paign against the saloon was country wide. She suffered imprisonment, abuse, ridicule, was even called In sane, and at the end of nine years re tired with money enough to enable her to buy a farm In Arkansas. A good deal of her money was derived from the sale of souvenir hatchets and the remainder from lectures. More than $100,000 will be expended in new scboolhouses in the country, instead of the old white school house of pioneer days each will be a "modern brick building, with a basement for I. n A I 1 1 V iuo luiugm uuu u syecituiy construct ed cellar of refuge. Dog 8aves Boy From Cow. Rushvllle, Ind. A shepherd dog that has been for several years the companion of John McKibben's son saved the life of the boy by holding a cow that bad attacked him until Mc Klbben went to the rescue. The cow had knocked the boy down several times and was stamping him with its front feet when the dog Interfered, grabbing the cow by the nose and holding it Elbert Hubbard Loses Looks. , East Aurora, N. Y. On a bet ol $500 with William Marlon Reedy of St Louis, Elbert Hubbard Invaded the vil lage barber shop and let the local hair destroyer apply the horse clippers. Fra Elbertus emerged minus the flow ing locks he has worn for years. The $600 was paid to him immediately. TYPHOID GERM IN ICE MOST OF THEM ARE DESTROYED WITHIN ONE MONTH. Some May 8urvlve, However, end Epi demics of Fever Have Been Traced to Use of Polluted Ice. It may be of Interest to those who are In the habit of putting up their own ice for summer use from a near by pond, or stream, to know that the use of ice is not so dangerous as the uae of the water from which It Is formed, so far as typhoid fever is concerned. Although the typhoid fever germ, and the germ of diphtheria, as well, can withstand a temperature of 310 degrees F. below zero, for several days, experiments with Ice made from polluted water have shown that when the water freezes, the majority of the typhoid organisms are soon destroyed. However, the few that do survive, die off slowly, and it is these few that outlive their fellows that have been the cause of serious epidemics in a few cases. According to Parke, not one in a thousand lives In Ice longer than one month, and all are dead at the end of six months. Relatively few outbreaks of typhoid fever have been traced to the use of Ice; however, conclusive evidence was obtained to show that the thirty-nine cases of typhoid at the St Lawrence hospital, near Ogdensburg, N. Y., sev eral years ago, were the result of us ing polluted ice. Several months be fore it was used the ice had been cut from the St Lawrence river, about three miles below the outlet of the Ogdensburg sewer. Living typhoid germs were found 'in samples of the melted Ice examined after the break ing out of the epidemic Walter Q. 3ackett, Colorado Agricultural Col lege, Fort Collins. Novel Dainties. The kumquats or "little oranges" that come In boxes at the fruit store are a source of wonderment to many persons who have never used them themselves or happened to meet them on others tables. The way they are served by an uptown chef is this: He covers a palate with endive leaves that have been chilled and then covers the leaves with kumquats that have been sliced very fine and allowed to stand for an hour or two with a covering of sugar and sherry. The salad is dressed with oil and vinegar. Alligator pears are another mystery to a good many American housewives who have departed from traditional lines. The pears to be delicious should be a little soft and they should also be very cold. Cut the pears in half. arrange them on individual plates cov ered with white lettuce leaves and fill each'cavlty with French dressing. The pears are eaten with a spoon, like a muskmelon. When cane seats are relaxed turn the chair upside down, pour boiling water over it scour In hot soapsuds and rinse again in boiling water, when the cane should be found to have con tracted. A polish that may be used for floors and furniture Is made of equal parts of vinegar, boiled linseed oil and methy lated spirits. Where the polish hai worn off this renews It, and when it Is well rubbed in it gives a brilliant surface to the floor. If the painter has left marks of paint on the floor apply to them a paste made of equal parts of lime and soda moistened with a little water. Leave this, apply very thickly, for 24 hours, then wash It off and the stains will be found to have disappeared. Sweetbread! With Peas. Wash and clean the sweetbreads and parboil 15 minutes. Drain. When cool enough to handle cut In pieces with a silver knife. Melt two table spoonfuls of butter in a saucepan, add the sweetbreads and a can of peas (French preferred). Cook, stirring oc casionally until the sweetbreads begin to brown, add one tablespoonful flour, mix until smooth, add one-half cup of milk, stir gently, thicken with a little cornstarch stirred smooth In a little of the milk. Serve with dia monds of toast around the dish. Eliza's Baked Onions. Boil tour bermuda onions about ten minutes. When cool remove the cen ters. Chop about three of the centers with ten cents' worth of cold boiled ham. Mix this with some buttered bread crumbs and stuff onions with this. Place in pan, putting a lump of butter on top of each. Make about one and one-halt cupfuls of rather thin white sauce and pour around onions. Bake covered 45 minutes, remove cover, sprinkle with buttered crumbs, and brown 15 minutes. Knowing PRISONER OF WEALTH Her Fortune a Burden to Mrs. Russell Sage. Beggars Force Her Into Retirement and Change Her From a 8weet, Kindly Woman to One of Suspicion. New York. One of the most pathet- lo figures In the world today Is Mrs. Russell Sage, upon whom the fortune left her by her husband imposes a fearful burden. There is scarcely a day that she does not weep, one of her Intimate friends tells us. She sits and cries at the intolerable bur den of having $65,000,000 on her shoulders, at the task of distributing that huge fortune in the way that will do the moBt good. She Is 80 years old and has a New England con science. She wants to do Just the right thing with it all, and it requires an amount of thought and study and imposes a feeling of responsibility that Is hard on an old woman who only wants a quiet corner to spend her few remaining years In. Mrs. Sage has aged very much since her husband's death. She has grown thin, pale, bent and wrinkled. Aside from the natural grief over Mr. Sage's death, Mrs. Sage was plunged almost instantly into a storm of ap peals which amounted to a persecu tion. Her mall for some years before Mr. Sage's death bad amounted to be tween 40 and 50 letters a day. It Copyright. Underwood & Underwood. Mrs. Russell Sage. leaped Instantly to 900 a day, and the entire surplus was appeals for money. Within vo months after Mr. Sage's death 7,000 letters were carted away from her house unopened. Two secre taries work night and day almost to handle Mrs. Sage's private mall. If she attempted to read 10 per cent of It personally she would be able to do nothing else. At first she tried conscientiously to look it over herself. She T7as aston ished and disgusted at some of it. Before Mr. Sage's body was cold In Its coffin she received a letter from a New York man whom she never bad seen asking her to send him a check for $1,000 by return mall, and he was kind enough to Inclose a stamped en velope for reply. She never asked for advice as to the disposal of this fortune, yet within the first two months of her widowhood she receiv ed letters from more than 1,000 dif ferent men, Instructing her bow to give away her money so as to do the most good. The letters that really affected Mrs. Sage at this time were pathetic ap peals for help from Individuals. Many of these were to all appearances gen uine, the appeals of poor and Igno rant persons, suffering In want and DESTRUCTIVE PEST IN BRAZIL Ant Found In Large Numbers Which Attacks and Destroys the Native Woods. Rio Janerlo, Brazil. The "cupim" Is a Brazilian ant that Is particularly destructive of lumber. They are found In the forests of Brazil in great numbers. They attack the native woods, hard and soft, as soon as It has been foiled, working from the out side directly toward , the heart, and burrowing longitudinally, they honey comb and destroy In a manner simi lar to the toredo. Pine lumber wns Imported from the United States for railway construc tion and until nearly two years after Its use their attacks on It were not noticed; after about that period of time, however, a section cut from a floor JolBt disclosed the heart prac tically destroyed. They work in the dark, building tun nels of mud on the outside of the bark, and vertical shafts of mud from the ground to the under side of tim ber stored In nllns. They will de- f IK I I hardshlp. and nathetlcallv that the kind-hearted woman who had more money than she knew what to do with would give them the llttls that would make them happy. Some of these letters distressed Mrs. Sage greatly; but they came not only from every state in the Union, but from foreign countries. Had she respond ed to them she would have dissipated her entire fortune Individuals all over the world. So nnaiiy Mrs. Sage gave up her mall. Now a letter which la manlfentlT tmm a personal friend Is given her, but noming else reaches her eye. It Is not onlv imnnHlhl tn Mrs. Sage by letter It has become one or the impossible things to see her. Mrs. Sage formerly was one of the most approachable of women. Not a trace of snobbery or purse pnae is to De round In her make-up, A plain, old-fashioned vlllns-n vnm.n she started her career,, and that she remains to this day. She never cared anything about fine clothes nr rwif and her friends were chosen by pref erence rrom among the people who are doing the work of the world. With professlonaLwomen she was par ticularly friendly. That period of her own life between 1847, when she was graduated, and 1869, when she mar ried Mr. Sage, was spent In teaching school whenever her health would permit, and she never felt above any one who earned his or her living. Any one who had ever been Introduced to Mrs. Sage could see her as easily as her own home as If she had been the wife of a clerk Instead of a multi millionaire. Some one wrote a book once on Prisoners of Poverty. Mrs. Sage is a Prisoner of Wealth. Behind this hu man rampart she arts, afraid that some one may reach to torment her. Dogma Leads to Jail. Centertown, Ark. E. P. Fair, a banker of this town, has been sen tenced to Jail for one year and assess ed a $500 fine for drawing a pistol on his brother-in-law, Janies H. Stroud. The trouble arose because Stroud is a disbeliever in Infant baptism. Fair Is a Methodist and holds that dogma as one of his choicest articles of faith. A baby recently arrived at the Stroud home, and Fair wanted It sprinkled. Stroud objected, and the quarrel followed. Husband Averse to Water. Marlon, O. Recently the wife of Charles S. Winch, a farmer, sued for divorce. She says her huBband, who Is forty-one yenrs old, and In good health, never .took a bath during all the years she lived with him except by wading In a stream. She further says he objected to her bathing their baby. He never changed his cloth ing, the petition recites. He put It on and never took It off until It waa worn to shreds. Curiosity Coats Finger. Wilmington, Del. His curiosity cost August Farren, aged seven years, dearly and may result in permanent injury. He found a railroad torpedo and after playing with it for a while became curious to know what was in side of it He struck the torpedo with a brick and the explosion that follow ed tore off several of his fingers, rip ped open one leg and burned his face. Couple Married by Malf. Calgary, Alberta. Lawrence Ilaut Blngor of Calgary and Agnes Taft of Jamestown, N. Y., are husband and wife, although they have not seen each other. They became acquainted by mall and exchanged photos. Then a marriage contract passed through the malls and was signed by each. Mrs. ' Hautslnger will now come here and get. acquainted with her husband. Rat as Fish Bait i Nashville. Ind. That catfish are not particular what they eat was demon strated by John Wilderson, who ran out of bait while fishing and killed a rat With a piece of the rat on his hook he caught a catfish weighing 31 pounds. etroy almost anything but steel and concrete. The ridgepoles, three or four inches In diameter, In palm shacks have been destroyed In two months. Tree Dies With Planter. Hagerstown, Ind. The . death of Mrs. Rachael Silvers, 86 years old, has attracted attention to a willow tree that is dying on her father's farm. Mrs. Silvers was married 70 yenrs ago and on her wedding day she planted a tree, with the remark that she hoped It would be typical of her own life. The tree grew well un til recently, but Is now fnst decaying, and the woman who planted It Is dead. Crow Whips Blacksnake. Bangor, Pa. In a remarkable bat tle between a crow and a blacksnake at the Hazel sandpit, at Mount Bethel, the bird vanquished the reptile. The crow evaded the fangs of the snake and pecked the reptile's eyes out A man can't expect times to be very good when he is too lazy to wind the clock.