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NEW POLICY NEEDED "
IN GOVERNMENT RAILWAY CONTROL i 1 Helpfulness and Encouragement Urged by Alfred P. Thorn. CREDIT MUST BE IMPROVED Inortate of Transportation Facilities Ncosry. to Socur Relief From High Cost of Living May Thus B Provided For by the Railroads. "WusliliiKtoi Nov. 28.-A new policy of government railroad regulation, based on constructive principles of helpfulness and encouniKeuivnt Instead of upon principles of repression and punishment, wus urged liy Alfred P. Thorn, counsel for the Hallwuy Execu tives' Advisory Committee, tlio first Witness on behalf of tho railroads be fore tho Xewlunds Joint C'omuilUce on Interstate Commerce, which has Insti tuted a general Inquiry Into the prob lems of railroad regulation. "It Is proposed by the Joint resolu tion of Congress," said Mr. Tboin, "to go Into a comprehensive study of the Whole subject of transportation, to tnake a new assessment, after 2D years of experiment, of Its history, Its pres ent conditions and Its future needs, the railroads accept the view that reg ulation Is a permanent and enduring part of government In America and that the first duty of the cnrrlers Is to the public. That duty Is to afford reasonable fui-illib's on rciixnuiiblu term :, .d at reasonable rales, and this roust be done before any prlvute Inter ests can be considered." Certainty, Safety .and Fufflcioncy. Mr. Thorn con tended thai the real In terest of the public Is In Ik-Iiik nssuied of Ce'talnty, tufety ami siirt1cL-;i.y of transportation facilities, rather tbun in rates. The first consideration of tbe public Ih to obtain transportation facllj. ties. What the nt is, Is in reality a Second consideration, bn Bald. Mr. Thoiu proposed an Increase of transportation facilities as a method of securing ivJ!';f from the hlh cost of living. "There have been less than 1.000 mllei of new railroad construct ed In the United States during the past year," be said, "less than In any year Since 1S48, except tbe period of the Civil War. and ye tbe cost of living Is dally advancing owing to a shortage of supplies wbleb might be remedied by securing access to new areas of pro duct! jh. Credit Must Be Improved. This leads to the consideration as to Whether railroad credit is as good as the public Interest requires. It Is Im possible for railroads to earn enough to supply the necessary new facilities from current revenue. They must be provided from credit. Investor can not be coerced, but must he attracted." Among the conditions affecting rail road credit which deter Investors be mentioned the following: "First. Kail road revenues are not controlled by investors, but are fixed and limited by governmental luthorlty and not by one hut by several govern mental authorities, which do not recog nize r H)iislbillty for usxired results to Investors ami are uncoordinated. "Second, Itiillroada cannot control and the government cannot and does not limit the exCi-e account "Third. The present system of reau latlon Is bused on a policy of regulation tnd correction uud ii"t on n llcy cf helpfulness mid onciniiiio'iiPiit. "round. T!ie iiitMiiiMlin-: iML-ntlntu Of the railroads haw already exceeded tbe fu.no'iiil I till- safety Mini Involve a (lNi'Mpoitlonute iiiiioiiiit "f iiMiua tloif icii'ii'.' !i"c i liurjes. "I'iiiIi. The lnvc-iir niiist ncrcpt a auboriUnnte obliiition or scc.iritv v It It no I i . of ii s".i -;i!iis of .ir:iii,tH to su;i...t II. "Sixth, Other coiti ctltlve lines of in Testmcnt presold niperlor nttiifthms. "Seventh, The railroad lamlne Is largely controlled by lltl-ul instead of business consideration. Look Forward, Not Back. . "We may debate iibont whnt ha caused tho present conditions," said Mr. Thorn, "but e cannot debute about Wh.lt the people need. The I'rcsldent has taken the view that we must look forward In this matter ami 'make a fresh assessment of circumstances' In order to deal helpfully and Intelligent ly with the problem. Abuses are no mure prevalent In tho railroad busi ness today tbsn In any other business humnnely conducted. The great ques tion now Is whether the existing sys tem of regulation gives the public re liable assurance of sufficient present and future railroad facilities. "Those who oppose nuy chance must make their appenl on the ground that tbe present systems assure the public of tbe continued adequacy of trans portation facilities. If they do not, no argument based ou tho desirability of the present dual system of regulation will bo accepted by public Judgment The question of 'states' rights' Is not Involved. If the regulation of transpor tation facilities privately owned should fall government ownership must fol low, and then all power of tho states over the rnllroRds would disappear. "I-ct lis debute this question, then, Dot upon any mere theory or Jealousy as to tho distribution of governmental power, but tiMn Hie larue Issue of What the public Ii : rest requires lu respect of tho ass; came of adequate transportation civ. c." Mrs. C. G. Copeland of New port was visitine with relatives here yesterday. ' County Judge Miller and John Winkler were passengers for Summit Monday. Ed. Whitlaw arrived over from Salem, Friday evening to look after business Interests here. G, W. Dyers returned from a business trip to Portland Thurs day evening. Wm. Matthews of the New port News was a county seat visitor Saturday. J. II. Greenhagcn was a pass enger for Mill City Saturday morning. Mrs. L. M. Commons of Ona, and Mrs. Parthenier of Newport, visited at the Schwartz honif . this city Saturday. Mrs. George King and daugh ter, Gladys, and son, Burl, of Oyster City were Toledo visitors Saturday. Mrs. W. E. Dall departed Sat urday morning for a several months visit with her sister at Prescott,, Arizona. Mrs. J. J. Redfleld returned from Newport Mondey. Mr. Redfleld is setting along nicely and will soon be home. Merchant E. M. Fraizer of Or ton was in the city yesterday, having returned Wednesday evening from a business tripf Portland. r t. ii ii t w-,B:ulc 7 u,e J. n. Miller Logging Co., return- ed Friday evening from a busi- .L-bs my w Juuany anu nose- burg. jerable, stingy, selfish, old repro C. E. Hawkins went to i bate. Tangen has you chased Mrs Newport lust Friday evening to; !act as installing officer at the ! installation ceremonies held by the Women of Woodcraft in that city that evening. J. 11. Heller of Montana, formerly of Salem, has rented the J. F. Steele place north of town, and is now in possession of same. We are glad to wel come Mr. Heller to Lincoln county and wish him success. A bill has been Introduced by so-called "sportsmen" attacking commercial fishing in Columbia and Rogue rivers a3 being injur ious to the "sporting fraternity." To hamper or kill an Oregon in dustry that employs thousands of workmen for the benefit of a few "sports" would be a black spot in The state's history. Number 1 fir oars (5) 8c. the foot; No. 60 Dover Sad Irons regular $1.75 now $1.10; No. 70 Asbestos Sad Irona reg. 42.50. 'now $1.75. Decapod for the ma chinist 8 hands 1 V) cans 20c.; Samoliue for Silverware, Hi ass Goods, Automobiles, etc., 2' lb cans 30c; Dri-foot for t'hoes, 15 and 25c. sizes; Orona cleans Al-Jlege is not to blame for these uminum, 15c Get our prices on isolated cases when 95 per cent Pennsylvania Vac Cup and Bar or more of the graduates do suc Circle Tires. Peterson Hdw. Co. ceed. Some of them are just as o j Tangen would be with a county n a r wnnn mn? giicul urlst. they do not make 0. A. C. WOOD BIDS ' use of their opportunities. The Oregon Agricultural Col- j I think that this is as much a? lege requests kids for furnishing can pass the censor r.t a time, of all or any part of the follow-, Yours sincerely, i.ig wood supply. - ' 1 Waldporter. 1 -,n 1 . ..(' I.'!- nnl ! low riMi.-j in i ii .uiuru unvi bids ret u c-.it. I on 35i0 cords of Fir, AiO'.ii Mi to H'O cords of Oak o- to 5i) coids of Ash. Co.-u-ac. split, nmnl wood only require,! ,,ui ia ioi.r foot lengths ( , ,ul. t.vn "nM.ft,1 l i:-..!: not in liuiue: tliiiit ionr incites .mil wiiea over ten inches R'l'it I-ir io'b'l" ' t and to be cut from trees' not lels than eight nehp'i in i'i nipter The College reserves the right to accept any part of the bids submitted and to reject any or all bids. Sealed bids should be submit ted and plainly marked on en velope "Wood Ulds." TheRe will be opened In public In College HiirIiicpb Office at 4 P. M., Monday. February 5, 1917. E. M. Duffy, lVisiness Manager, o Launch Transit Leaves Elk City, 7:30 a. m. Toledo. f a. m. Returning, leaves Newport 2:30 p. in.; To ledo 4:30 p. m. Every Tuesday, Thursday uud Saturday. H. A. Norton, Captain. FOR SALE Ih foe good nightly level lots within four- Mocks of depot Cood l)ti;!i'lii,7 lots. Will S. Nor wood, Coi volilb. ! ...-... i - ....... . ...i-.i 11 O (lont COniDla 11 but tot.ll' I - CU Hir sts, haw been eo-on-rnl- " .mniiary, i n., ai hip I iii'rvurv in nn iii.tiui huh iiiumi - - - i - - ,.irt....i...i. . i .1 ..... ir rirt; in tie word yard on'coU !'J e" 'nK w"h tl- state super! .ten- ..e Un.. the i vl.niT Co.irt I v,,'i .,1", , , , il ,1'WV';'V' leco Cai'inus before October 1 .llvc in biletz an I aint no Iiu'i.tu ,ileiit oi pul-l e instruction and Room in tin' Countv Court iimn.r in ' . ' '""' ' 'I .,,,7 ' Or professlonel man like a law- the local school authorities to Toledo, in Lincoln county, orcmui,. hh colored i.h ely. Ileluiawi. p,' r ua wnn,i i t.M iyer or dockter but Just a plane popularize scientific farming I11'" for '"arini? wild final Ac- fill buckings traciiiR back to tn nir r,Zt or Lcnn -rowth' I RPH"'a" Uke himself. knowledge. While thi.j educa- :,n"n' n1"fti1 ''i'-'';" "'" of our best known animals .stating first or second growth, i tlonal work h: .,.i.l.,-.I l l.t- . ',""1 1 Tol,Jo' n',,n. "' in Hie Ilol.sieiu breed. IIU l,-e CIV, WALDPORTER (HAS A , FEW THINGS TO SAY Waldport, Oregon, . January 22nd, 1917. Editor Lincoln County Leader, Mr. Mitty reminds me of the popular conception of the month of March.. He came in like a lion and went out Hke a lamb. His last letter is all soft and coo ing. He expresses his great love for our county court be cause they have taken the power of levying road taxes out of the hands of the people. I cannot criticize the county court for this because the remedy I would suggest could not be brought about because few of the dis tricts would vote a high enough tax. It would be for each road district to levy a 10 mill tax each year for the purpose of building permanent rock road, let the settlers do the work, and let the non-resident hope-to-be-parasites foot the bill. I am very much opposed to building plank roads because they last only a short time at best and then you are back in the mud. Rock roads cost more but, when prop erly constructed, with a little re pairing each year last indefin itely. There is no use to talk consolidated schools, cheese fac tories and other improvements as long as our roads are lakes of mud nine months of the year. I have been studying for two weeks to get the point of Mr. Mitty's argument in regard to the milk proposition but without i success. I may be thick-headed ;but , do not e to ,ve and l niay t ,t t Web. vou mior nl;spl.lv ,llia. up a tree, crushed under foot. cornered, and backed off the map. He has dug down under neath and discovered why you favor a county agriculturist. Simple too. Just because you expect to invest a few cents and ;ap hundreds of dollars benefit. Shame on you to be so greedy Evidently Tangen believes in the motto, "A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush," and he is going to hold on to those few cents himself. He has more faith in the saying, "A penny saved is a penny earned," than In the one, "Penny wise, pound foolh." O, Tangen, you make me want to laugh. Tangen also takes a slap at the O A C because all its stu dents do not succeed. They do not. I know one young fellow who took an electrical course and the last that I heard of him he wa3 working in a hop yard. Another fellow took a mechani cal course and is trying to farm. The only good crop he has ever had was one that the neighbors put in for him while he had sick ness In the family. But the col r I .TOM SPILKINS DOES I " MOT LOVE EVERYBODY . ., I I l eniane dttu.n. Ore. : Jail. 1JU. , 1 wnin tu objeekt tu tbe hie- 1......I...I ...... . .... V 1. ,uiiiuuu wuj jum .-ww, inn i r- r-,sl,nI!,0t kritisizes me in hiz last .'T' . 1 ,(1U1,?",t Say 1 lk'U A "" 11,11 ''l s '"i " l"''- cant reed hiz Indian Jargon but "war mir da hundt dreft, blaufft ar. Won Ich dlch net gadruffa het, hesht net gabrillt." I gess Mr. Tangen must have been making ruff wether last week for he saled awl over the map In a kind of a shaky way just like hiz hedlite had been nocked off. Did you ever Bee a man try lu pin a tail on a don key wen he wuz blind-folded. Well Mr Tangen seems tu pin the tale In the rong place. Wuzn't It fine tu see that In glish kontractors bid $200 per shell lower than American kon tractors on 12 and 14 Inch shells. It Bcems like reel true patriosim lays In the pokelbook. Ot horse if the government maid the hhells we woodn't have any body getting rich at making am nmnishion. It woodcut do at awl. It seems funny to see every body in Toledo slnp each other on the back an tell em that pros- perity is just around the korner and that Toledo is bound tu be. a grate metropalis some day. It is just the same as living in hopes an hot air you mite say. Yours lovingly , Tom Spilkins. o EVERYBODY BOOST Dear Editor: I read Mr. Currey's letter in your last week's paper and agree with him in his views. When we stop knocking and push in an earnest and worthwhile manner we will really do something. One of the btrangect things about the town of Toledo is the disjointed interest taken ia af fairs in general. .' There are many versions given of a single tale, and 98 percent of them seem to be wrong. If you ask a man about any particular sub ject, such as a new road, a new bridge, or starting' the mill, (which seems to be a. pet subject of conversation) he generally criticizes everyone freely, gives much free advice and moves on. without helping matters out at uu. .a i What is needed at present is less iuie anu jwume5 gubhipi aDoui imngo ana people, anai When others fail vn,. more push and energy in civil life. Bitter criticisms and harsh :trsh" words do no good; they help no one, and keep prosperity hov- ering discreetly in the back ground. The fact is, if you can't be a booster and don't feel like taking an active part in cooperative movements, don't wield the everlasting hammer. : I d not like to stato that I loved everyone, myself, for some folks 1 might not like it. but it's perfect ly true that I h.Ue ho one. Come i on, let's boost! If you can't'doi tha, please don't knock at any i rate. " I I was pleased to read o lottr ' from our well-known author anf' j humorist, Mr. Tangen, in yo r last paper. The delKite wit a1: ! sparkling and clean-cut deliver ance used in . these letters are very much appreciated by the reading public, I am sure. In this last effort Mr. Tangen han well-nigh surpassed himself. America Is famed for its' wit and humor, and I am sincerely glad that Lincoln County has not been neglected in the apportion ment of this national commodi ty. As I have been accused of much undue "Ilallooering", I suppose I had better come to a peaceful and "frankly makebe iieving" close. Yours "Insinuatingly", Web. A LETTER FROM C. C. CHAPMAN To the Et'itor: The city is 'competing witli the farms for the young people llll of Oregon. Unless farm life islt". r. ui corns, made more interesting and alJBy a bottle today at your DrtiR tractive, lb - lure of the bright ,glbt' b0c- 'lights will continue to draw more jof the boys mid girls of our state I away from the wholesome conn jtry into the sordid congestion of I the metropolis. I To help make ugrleuliitrc more Interesting to young people and farm life mure at Hat live, there have bee.i installed in iinany si'hools cottrsLM in ng'rietti- ture, ojieiilng the iiiind in know- ledge which tr;uis;'o:;:is nier 1 .1 1 I... 1 , . ui uiiRn y urn eniiiiiNiuui. ' Our Agricultural College, thr"Kh lls, tension courses 1111 14 'i lumiiy u?;i i- ter crops and more profit, that is less important than what It does for the young people. This work Is sustained by state appropriations. One of these appropriations has been cut out; the others p.re In Jeop ardy. The fathers and mothers of Oregon should make It known to their legislators that this woik chould not bo sacrificed so long as it Is possible to econo mize, and these agricultural edu cation Items will be eliminated unless legislators learn that these expenditures are of great benefit of the boys and girls of the state. C. C. Chapman. FOR SALE OR TRADE One almost new White Sewinir In first class condition. Will sell wor cow. Inquire of Mrs. L. A luussen, Yurj.'iu, Oregon. tlTHC 60QO JUDGE, SEES uuubl. THCRl'S THE BIOO uoauo nob OH EARTH, AIRING FOR A CHtW or I AMD PUTS HAL A POUCH FACE THEN SAYS IT'S i wins. . ALWAV4 I IH HIS I Too r ' strong. r i SOME call these face-stuflfcrs hogs, some call them gophers. But they aregcttingscarcerandscarcersince gentlemen found out about W-ll CUT Chewing. There is ' uC cCUSe f?r a!man maki"fi a monkey of himself today. Ine hne rich tobacco flavor was put into W-L5 by nature, the touch of salt brings it out nice and tranquil like, without your worrying your jaw around continually. W-U is getting to be pretty nearly as popular as sun shine these happy days. M.J. If tVEYMAN-BRUTON COMPANY, SO UeIo, Squirt, New Yk City J Expert Watch in Repairing 't . . , Muarttmee oausiaciion I A trial will convince Price t vcrv reasonable. Over 40 Years' Experience as practical watchmaker ? All Work Guaranteed. HANS E. PETERSON i 4-M-f4"!-' 1 AL WAUGH Dealer in Cigars Tobacco and Butter Kist Pop Corn TOLEDO, OREGON STOP THE FIRST COLD A cold does' not get well of it- 'P.oes he crv out ,n sIeeP or grind self. The process of wearing !his teetn These symptoms may out a cold wears you out, and)n.lean worms and you should your cough becomes serious if j, 11 rel,ef at once- Klckapoo neglected. Hacking cougha! ,rm Kil,er ,s a pleasant rem drain the energy and sap the ,y V,11 ki,,s ,he worm, and by vitality. For 47 years the happy j I3,1"11"1 laxallve quality expels combination of soothing anti-i , fro,n the system. Worms sap septic balsams in Dr. King's New ithe vita,'ty and make your child Discoverv hns iienlvi onrha ore suceptable to other all- and relieved congestion. Young and old can testify to the effect- l - ... . ;,vei,es9 "r. King s .New I is-, DR. C. A. SMITH, M. T. I i Four nnd a luilf yrni'si In Newport. SpcrliiliHt I'urnlVHlH. nrrvoiiH mid rlironli! dlfli-nsi-n. Kln lrlc lialliH, vln- let rays, niunsuni', vllirullun, illt-t ami exorcise. Many no-called Incurable mrn and wonicn I'tm ti-stlfy to th iiht- . ItK (it my wurk. Near Pot Olfice, NEWPORT OR.: J NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT NOTICK lx Ii.t.'Ii" i-lviii Ili;,t llii'l iiiKlcrsicnrii In-' tlsl- d.iy li'"il in tin-1 County Cuurt of the Stall' if On-s.iii for tlm Comity of Mnroln wr Kinnl Account hh AdinliilKtratrlx of tlio tali' of ThoinaH l I.i'wIh, DcrcitMiil, and Unit paid Cuurt lain ll:;'d .Mondiiv Ella M. Baxter. AdinlnlHtratrlx of the Kntntn of . TlioinaH K. L-w1h, DcceaBcd 0 . FOR SALE Two lota and five room cot tage. Price $1,000. Call at An derson's Confectionery. o Tt. D. BURGESS PHYSICIAN ANU SUHOEON 'olndo, Oregon Office In OfHli'dnlil nillldlnK. Office , lioura: 10 to 12 a. in.; 2 to 4 at.d 7 to ( I p. m. Enu ipi'iicy ralln a. any time. Phone, 100 O TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN Somebody has twice broken into the school buildings and done considerable damage. Should this happen again we will .. l' " r.:""f... ' " ' !T t0 t,,c fu" eXlc,,t (,f lhtV" '"''-Subject leMii aormon. I Signed. I School a a t 4 o Board Dist. 2. PACE THREE HOd OH TOO LI03 ) WHY HANI THAT'S A WA4TC Of I OOOO TOBACCO. IT w-B is Rich tobacco and a SMALL CHlVf IS CHOUGH FOR I ANY MAN.' I -J DON'T HAVE PEOPLeCALLIMol STOCK WANTED I am in the market to buy all kinds of stock cattle, no matter how poor. Write or phone Eniil T. Uaddant, Siletz, Oregon. o FOR SALE Holstien bull, fortr years old. at once. F. H. Lang, Bear Creek, Big Elk, Elk City, Oregon. o FOR SALE Several colonics of' ? bees for sale. iviia. o. j. ityerson, KIU City. O'-.'iroa. o FORGET YOUR ACHES Sliff knoes, aching lim');, lainr back make life a burden. I. vou Riil'l'or from rhi'imvitlum J Wit. iunihago, neiirnlgin, o' a I bottle of Sloan's Linement.' the universal remedy lor pain. Kasy to applny; it penetrates without nibbing and soothes the tender flesh. Cleaner and more effect ive than mussy ointments or poulLkes For strains or sprains or sore muscles or wrenched ligaments resulting from stren uous exercise, Sloan's Linement gives quick relier. Keep it on hand for emergencies. At your Druggist, 25c. WORMS SAP YOUR CHILD'S STRENGTH Is your child pale and fretful? !V.en'8, Your Hruggfet sens ,K,( kaloo Worm Killer, 25c. a I1MV 3. L. PERKINS Shoemaker and Harness Pepr.irer " i'ho) an l!il, Strei-t " TOLEDO. Or.CGOM 0(1 ., OPPORTUNITY KNOO'S 3UT CMCC DC.r,"T r V ' -;L O'"' ' THIT. 0" .I am ofTering for s:tl, jit t iy ranch at Tuft. Oreeoit. a initio' yearling registi-rrd llolsiein ini'i Koriiti.v ke has 75 per cent the same blood ns a cow who made 33 lbs butter In 7 days and comes from tho same breeding which producer the grent King Segls. For Ped Igree of breeding Jess Farrin 1201 E 17th St N.. Portland, Or FOR SALE OR TRADE For sale or will trade Tor a fresh cow. O. I. C. pRfl. T. Thomason, Ilarl.'n. o FOR SALE Registered Ilolsteln bull ealf mostly white, will sell very reas onable. . L. C. Mowery, Siletz. Ore. o CHRISTIAN SCIENCE Christian Science Servlr ea will ' "i nenuiuiing first door 1 I I Sunday School nt 10 o'clock ) All are cordially Invited.