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WATSRTO vTtf REPUBLICAN.
FRIDAY, MARCH •*, 1?C1. I. W , LAWTON Sc J. f. .1 > VX. Elit ors.j Parxini Rec lying the Republican cl the I’ost flXlca, wh > have nut Box v, will e.infer a Favor on th 3P.M. by Catting for it ! :i Particular, I hub isaiina h.'.!B Canal JeraLle Trouble. Republican County Convention. Notice ij hereby given that a Republican Convention for th County of Jefferson will be hsKl at the Court House in the village of Jeffer son on Stturd iy the ninth day of March next, at ou* o'clock I*. M for the purpose of taking in to consideration the propriety of nominating a • ludilite for County Judge for said county, aui to m ike an mun ition for said office if deemed ad.is.ble by the convention. The rep resentation of delegates in said convention to be as follows : Each ward in the city of Watertown, one del egate. Each town, except Waterloo, three delegates Waterloo, three delegates, two to be chosen from the town and one from the village of Wa terloo. J. D. VTATERBCRY. ] Wm. SANBORN, | E. P. MAY. \ Cos. Com. J. M. BINGHAM, J T MOAK. J Dated Feb. 14th. 1831. Editorial Correspondence. Washington, March 1. A letter from the National Capitol may not be uninteresting to the readers of the Republican at the present time, though I am well aware that any items of news I may give will be anticipated by the Tele graph and hence rendered rather stale be fore they will find their way into print. Washington is just now very full of peo ple. Every train that arrives brings hun dreds of passengers, and they are not all here yet. The hotels are crowded, and private boarding houses are over-run with applications for entertainment. WLat is to become of tire tens of thousands of in dividuals that are to arrive yet previous to the inauguration, is a question that is hard to determine. 1 hope they will find suita ble accommodations but very much fear that they will not. There is considerable excitement in town just now, as a matter of course, in view of the early dissolution of the present Con gress and the existing state of affairs throughout the country. That very ven erable and highly respectable body of old gentlemen known as the Peace Convention adjourned on Wednesday, after adopting a proposition looking to the adjustmet of eur present difficulties. The same was imme diately transmitted to Congress, in both branches of which considerable discussion has been had upon it but no result arrived at as to what shall be done. I listened to day to a lengthy speech by Senator Hun ter, of Virginia, in which he denounced the action of the Peace Congress in un measured terms, and opposed the amend ment* it is proposed to make to the present Constitution of the United States. He said he preferred "the Constitution as it is,” with the Dred Scott decision, to the Constitution as it would be after the same bad und-r c on3 the modifications proposed by the Peace Congress. He contended tiiat what rights the South has now would ba entirely taken away by the contempla ted change in the Constitution : and be of fered sundry amendments to the original proposition widen go far beyond the Breck enridge platform of last fall, in the protec tion it affords to Slavery. Senator Crit tenden followed in a splendid speech, full of devotion to the Union, in which ho gave Senator Hunter some pretty hard hits,— His effort was a grand one, eliciting hearty applause from the galleries, and breathed a true spirit of patriotism. Senator Ma son, of Virginia, replied in about the same •train with which Huuter led off, but not with so much ability. Hunter is far the ablest man of the two, though his style and manner are not as pleasant as these of many other Senators to whom I have lis tened since I have been bore. I have no doubt that Mason and Hunter are both in favor of the secession of Virginia. Their talk tills morning; indicated as much, and it is generally understood here that they are in league with tha hot-heads of their state —Ex-President Tyler among the num ber—who want to lead “the mother of Presidents astray,” and drag her out of the Union. Tyler, who was President of the Peace Congress, left for home immediately after the adjournment and has been ma king speeches denunciatory of the action at which that body arrived. My own opinion is that this Congress will adjourn without coming to any satisfac tcry arrangement of tin presaut disturban ces, though in the House there seems to be a strong disposition to not do so and tbc same feeling to a certain extent is existing in the Senate. It is easy enough to see, however, that anything that does not suit the Border States will fail of the object the Union Savers hare in view. You, of course, will have seen that in the house a day or two ago, Tom. Corwin's resolution in favor of amending the constitution pass ed by a vote of 133 to G 5 ; although his proposition is not precisely the same as the one now under consideration in the Sen ate. It is immaterial, I think, what Con gress may do in the matter, or rather it is nut at n!! decisive, for the amendments, if the", pass there, have to he agreed to by three fourths of all the states before they can become the law of the land. I am quite sure that no such vote as that can ev er be obtained for them. That is the ground Hunter took to day in the Senate, and hence his opposition to submitting them to the people. He knows very well that tbc North ought not to, and conse quently will not, submit to any such de grading proposition as that now sought to be forced upon her, and that the vote she east for Lincoln in November last means that she is not, and never will be in favor of (he further extension of Slavery. Indeed, I very much doubt whether the North troll’d consent to an.end the Constitution at all upon the present demand of the South, for if tbc election of Lincoln is suf ficient cause for tinkering with that instru ment now, will not the same demand be made at every subsequent election when the Democracy may not happen to be in the ascendancy ? The precedent is a bad one and hence I think should be discoun tenanced. Besides that, the present is no rime to make any alterations in the Con-' stitutien even if they were necessary rr de sirable. The country is full of excitement and the T ire Eaters of both sections of it ' should be given sufficient time to cool off ! and come to their senses before venturing upon the discharge of so delicate a duty as that of remodeling the best Constitution ever drafted by the hand, or dictated by the wisdom of man. Great preparations are making here for the Inauguration next Monday, and if the day proves a pleasant one it will be witness ed by more people than ever were present before upon such an occasion. No trouble is apprehended now, though it is under stood that if Gen. Scott had not taken pre | cautionary measures to prevent it, by call ing to his aid about a thousand government troops in addition to two hundred and fifty : marines previously stationed hers, an at tempt would very likely have been made to take the Capitol, and a desperate fight would have ensued. There are some who fear that an attempt will ho made to assassinate Mr. Lincoln during the ceremo | nies of Inauguration, but it hardly seems j possible that such a dastardly thing can be i done. I hope for the credit of the coun ! try and humanity that it may not. If any ; one seriously contemplated such a despe rate deed as that, the same could have been consummated many times since Mr. Lin coln”s arrival in Washington. He is free and unrestrained in bis movements, and goes about town with as much free dom a s any other individual, ev idently having no fears for bis personal safety. He even ventured a day or two ago into Browns Hotel accompanied by but a single friend, and as this is the Head Quarters of the Southern bloods, it cer tainly showed that he did not lack courage, | or confidence in bis own ability to take i care of himself. Mr. and Mrs. L. gave a reception on Wednesday evening at Willard’s Hotel which was largely attended and continued until a late Imur to accommodate the vast crowd. Since I saw Mr. L. last he has changed somewhat, having now a luxuriant growth of whiskers which is something new for him. He wears presidential honors ea sily and is as free as ever in his manner*, while his great joviality does not aeera to haverbated in th* least. Last eveninghe was serenaded by the Marine Band, and in response to numerous calls came forward and addressed the crowd briefly. He was heartily applauded, and by none more so than the people of the South, who have been made to believe that, as President, be would pursue a policy destructive to their rights. When they come to know the man better, as they soon will, and learn that he means to accord to them every privilege to which they are entitled under the Consti tution and laws of the country, they will like him better and give him credit for more honorable intentions than they will now. The weather here is far different from that we were having in Wisconsin when I left a week ago. Instead of snow, I find dust, and a temperature such as we usually have at homo the latter part of May or first of June. Over coats are out of date, stoves of no sort of consequence, and winter clothing a nuisance. If I conclude to remain here any length of time, I shall order a wardrobe adapted to this meridian rather than that of the frozen North West. Pennsylvania Avenue, —which by the way, is said to bo the finest street in the world —is graced every afternoon by the beauty and fashion of the nation, and presents a finer sight than I ever before witnessed of that kind. It certainly is a beautiful street and the array of handsomo women to be seen there is truly wonderful. What observations I have to make up on other matters pertaining to Washington, I must reserve for another letter. I will only add that I never bad any correct idea as to the extent and grandeur of the pub lic buildings here ; and that Washington is a much more extensive city than I had formerly supposed. Of some of its more prominent instititutions, I may have some thing to say hereafter. There is quite a delegation hero from Wisconsin, and several additions, I under stand, are to be made to it. Judge Howe is on hand ready to enter upon the dis charge of his duties on Monday. Judge Sloan has not yet arrived, but is expected daily. In great baste, Yours &:c., J. T. M. Resignation Of Major Anderson. Tho following despatch has appeared in several of our exchanges, under date of March 1 st: The War Department has information this afternoon that if Fort Sumter is not attacked by the 4th of March, Major An derson and his Lieutenants wi l ! resign. Democratic Programme. The Washington Correspondent of the Chicago Tribune thus discourses : The rotten and demoralized Democracy have adopted the Guthrie propositions as their platform. They expect to rally to their ranks all the fishy, weak-backed Re publicans who have not course© enough to do right. They expect to catch all the fossiles in their net; and all the condition al disunioniats. They have no notion or expectation that two-thirds of either branch of Congress, is going so vote for those pro slavery propositions. But they do expect to make them an issue among the people at future elections, and aupposa that thej can ride into hosts of local offices on this new platform. The old Democratic plat form having been crushed and destroyed, and the party shipwrecked, they believe that on this new raft they can float not on ly ashore, but into port.' W hen these plotters get two-thirds of both branches of Congress to swallow their pro-slavery amendments to the Constitu tion, and after that procure the ratification by the Legislatures of three-fourths of all the States, (twenty-six States,) water will be taught to run up hill ; the last spark of freedem will hare died out in the Amer ican heart, and Toombs will be calling the roll of his slaves in the shadow of Bunker Hill 3lonumnt. Extraordinary Elopement. —An ex traordinary elopement was carried out at ( incinnati on 3V ednesday. A stern father Having forbidden his handsome daughter to entertain her lover’s addresses, she" left the house in the morning, and wag mar ried. Soon afterwards a gentleman took passage to Memphis for himself and negro servant, and arrived just as the steamer was about sailing. The negro at once set to work to darn a coarse woolen stocking, in which she was engaged when, accom panied by a policeman, the suspecting fa tner passed her. After the steamer got under weigh, irom the ladies’ state-room a beautiful wife emerged, beaming with joy- i ous hope, and elegantly dressed. Her ne grodoiq was not even skin deep, but burnt 1 cork. Inaugural Address. Ftlloic Citizens of the United Slates : In compliance with a custom as old as the Government itself, I appear before you to ad dress you briefly, and to take in your presence the oath prescribed by the Constitution of the United States, to be taken by lire President be iore he enters upon the execution of the du ties of his office. Ido not consider it neces sary, at present, for me to discuss those m l ters of administration about which there is no special anxiety or excitement. Apprehension sems toexist among the people of the South ern States, that by the accession of a Republi can Administration, their properly and their peace and personal security are to bo endan gered, while there has never been any reason ubl cause for such apprehension. Indeed, the most ample evidence to the con trary has all the whi'e existed, and been open to their inspection. It is found in nearly all the published speeches of him who now ad dresses von. Ido but quote from one of those speeches when I declare that 1 have no pur pose directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. 1 believe I have no right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. Those who nominated and elected me, did so with the full knowledge that 1 had made this and many similar declara tions. and had never recalled them, and more than this, they placed in the Platform for ray acceptance as a law to themselves and to rue, a clear and emphatic resolution which, I now read : l -Jiesoh'ed, That the maintenance inviolate of the rights of the States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its own do mestic institutions according to itsown judgment exclusively, is essentia! to that balance of power on which the perfection and endurance of our political fabric depends, and we denounce the lawless invasion, by unarmed force, of the gov ernment of any State or Territory, no mutter under what pretext, as among the greatest of crimes.” 1 now reiterate those sentiments, and in do ing so I only press upon the public attention, the most conclusive evidence of which the case is susceptible, that the prosperity, peace and security of no section, are to be in anywise endangered by the now incoming Administra tion. I add 100 that all the protection, which, consistently with the Constitution and the laws can be given, will be cheerfully given to alt the Slates when lawfully demanded—for what ever cau.-e—as cheerfully to one section as to another. There is much controversy about the delivery of fugitives from service or labor. The clause I now read is as plainly written in the Constitution as any other of its provisions : l - No person held to service or labor, in one State, under the laws thereof, and escaping into another,!hall in consequence of any law or reg ulation therein be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered upon claim of the party to wkm such service or labor may be due.” It was intended, by those who made it, for the reclaiming of what we call fugitive slaves, and the intention of the law giver is the law. All members of Congress swear their support to the whole Constitution ; to this provision as much as to any other. To the proposition, then, that slaves, whose cases come within the terms of this clause, “ and shall be delivered up.” their oaths are unanimous. Now, if they would make the effort in good temper, could they not with nearly equal unanity, frame and pass a law by means of which to keep good that unan imous oath ? There is some difference of opin ion whether this clause should be enforced by National or State authority; but surely that difference is not a very material one. If the slave is to be surrendered, it can be of but little consequence to him or to others, by which authority it is done; and should any one in any case be content that his oath shall be un kept? Again, in any law upon this subject, ought not all the safeguards of Liberty kown in civilized and humane jurisprudence to be intro duced, so that a freeman may not in any case be surrendered as a slave? And might it not be well at the same time to provide by law for the enforcement of that clause of the Constitu tion which guarantees that the citizens of each Stale shah be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. I take the official oath to day with no mental res ervations, and with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws by any hypocritical rules; and while I do not choose to specify the par ticular acts of Congress as proper to be enforced, I do suggest that it will be much safer for all, both in official and private stations, to conform to and abide by all those acts which stand un repealed, than to violate any of them,trusting to find immunity in having them held unconstitu tional. It isseventy two years since thefirst inaugu ration of a President under our National Consti tution. During that period, fifteen different and greatly distinguished citizens have in succes sion administered the Executive branch of the the government. They have conducted it through many perils, and generally with great success. Yet, with all this scope of precedent, 1 now enter upon the same task, for the brief constitutional term of four years, under great and peculiar difficulties. Disruption of the Federal Union, heietofore menaced, is now for midably attempted. I hold that, in comtempla non of the Universal Law and of the Constitu tion, the Union of these States is perpetual. Pei peluity is implied, if not expressed, in the fundamental law of all National Governments. It is safe to assert that no Government proper ever had provision in its organic law for its own terminal ion. Continue to execute all the ex press provisions of our National Constitution, and the Union will endure forever, it, being im possible to destroy it, except by some action not provided tor in the instrument itself. Again if the United States be not a government proper, but an association of States in the nature of con tract merely, ran it, as a contract, be peaceably unmade by less than all the parties who made it ? One patty to a contract may violate it— break it, so to speak; but does it not require all to lawfully rescind? Descending from these general principles, we find the proposition that in legal contemplation the Union is perpetual- Confirmed by the history of the Union itself, the Union is much older than the Constitution. It was formed, in fact, by the articles of associ ation in 1774. It was matured and continued in the Declara tion of Independence of 1776. It was further matured, and the faith of all the old thirteen States expressly plighted ami engaged that it should be perpetual, by the articles of confeder ation in 1778, and finally in 1787. One of the declared objects for ordaining and establishing the Constitution, was to form a more perfect Union. By one or by a part only of the States withdrawing, if it be lawfully possible, the Union is less than before the Constitution, having lost the vital element of perpetuity. It follows from these views that no Slate, up on its own mere notion, can lawfully go out of the union; that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void, and that an act of vio lence within any State or States against the auihority of the United States, are insurrec tionary. or revolutionary, according to circum stances. I tli rtfore consider that in view of the Con stitution and the laws, the Union is unbroken, and to the extent of my ability I shall take care, as the C> nstitution expressly enjoins on me, hat the laws of the Union be faithfully exe cuted in all the States. Doing this I deem to be only a simple duty on my part, and I shall perform it so far as practicable, unless my right ful masters, the American people, shall with hold the requisite means, or iu some authorita tive manner direct the contrary. 1 trust this will not be regarded as a menace but only as the declared purpose of the Union; that will constitutionally defend and maintain itself; it doing this, there need be no bloodshed or violence ; and there shill be none, unless it be forced upon the National authority. The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy and posess the property and places belonging to the Government, to collect duties and impoits. But beyond what may be neces sary for these objects, there will be no invasion, no useii g of force against, or annoying people anywhere. Where hostility to the United Slates in any locality, shall be so great and so uni versal, as to prevent competent resident citizens from holding Federal office, there will be no at tempt to fotce obnoxious strangers amor.o- t[ ie people to accomplish that object. While the strict legal right may exist in the Government, to enforce the ext roise of these .offices, the at tempt to do so wonld be so iritating and soci ally impracticable withal that I deem itbetterto to ft rego for a time the use of such offices. The mails, unless repelled, will continue tube fur nished in all points of the Union, as far as pos sible. The people everywhere shall have that sense of perfect security which is most favorable— calm thoughts ami reflection. The course here in indicated will be foßowed, unless current tV 'iiLsand experience shall sh w a modifica tion or change to he pr per ; and in every exi gency, my best discretion will be exercised, according to circumstances actually existing, and with a view and a hope of a peaceful solu tion < f the National troubles, and restoration of .lie fraternal feeling. That there are per sons in one section or another who seek to de stroy the Union at all events, and are glad of any pretext to do it, I will neither affirm or de ny. If there such, to them 1 nerd not sddrts a Word; to those, however, who really love the Union, may I not speak, before entering on so grave a matter as the destruction of our nation al fabric, with all its benefits, its memories ami its hopes? Would it not be wise to ascertain previously, why we do it? Will you hazard so desperate a step while there is any possibility that a portion of the ills you fly from have no real existence? Will you, while the certain evils yon flee to are greater than all the real ones you fly from? Will y ou iLIr the commission < f so fearful a mistake? All profess to be content in the Union, ifall constitutional rights can be main tained. Is it true, then, that any right, plainly written in the Constilutiou, has been denied? I think not. Happily the human mind is so constituted that no party can reach to the au dacity of doing this. Think, if you can, of a single instance in which a plainly written provi sion of the Constitution has ever been denied. If by the mere force of numbers, a majority shall deprive a minority of any clearly written constitutional right, it might, in a moral point of view, justify revolution ; it certainly would if such right were a vital one—but such is not our case. The vital rights of minorities and of individuals are so plainly assured to them by affirmations and legal guarantees and prohibi tion of the Constitution, that controversy never arises concerning them. But no organic law cun ever be framed with a provision specially applicable to every questions which may occur in practical administration. No foresight can anticipate nor any document of reasonable length contain express provisions for all possible questions. Shall fugitives from labor be sur rendered by National or State authorities?— The Constitution does not expressly say. Must Congress protect slavery in territories 1 The Constitution does not expressly say. From questions of this class spring all our Constitu tional controversies, and we divide upon them into majorities and minorities. If the minority will not acquiesce, the major ity must, or the government must cease. There is no alternative for continuing the government but acquiescence on thv one side or the other. The minority in such a case, will recede rather than acquiesce. They make a precedent which will in turn ruin and divide them, for a minority of their own will secede from them whenever a major ity refuses to be controlled by such a minority. For instance, why may not any portion of a new Confederacy, a year or two hence, arbi trarily secede again, precisely as portions o. the present Union now claim to secede from it? All who cherish disunion sentiments are now being educated to the exact temper of doing this. Is there such perfect identity of interests among the States to compose anew Union as to produce harmony only, and prevent anew se cession ?—plainly, the central idea of secession is the essence of anarchy. A majority, held in restraint by Constitution al check and limitaiions, and always changing easily with deliberate changes of popular opin ion and sentiments, is the only true sovereign of a free people. Whoever rejects it does of ne cessity fly to anarchy or despotism. Unanimity is impossible. The rule of the minority, as a prominent argument, is wholly inaccessible, so that, rejecting the majority principle, anarchy or despotism in some form is all that is left. I do not forget the position assumed by some, that constitutional objections sre to be decided by the Supreme Court; nor do I deny that sueh decisions must be binding, in any case, to the parties to a suit, or to the object of that suit, while they are also entitled to a very high re spect and consideration in all parallel cases by all other departments of the government ; and while it is obviously possible that such deci sion may be erroneous in any given case, still he evil effect following it being limited to that particular one, with the chance that it may be overruled and never become a precedent for other cases, can be better borne than could the evils of a deficient pVactice. It is a duty from which they may not shrink to decide oases properly brought before them. It is no fault of theirs if others seek to turn their decisions to political purposes. One section of our country believe slavery is right, and ought to be extended, while the oth er believes it is wrong, and ought not to be ex tended. This is the only substantial dispute. The fugitive slave clause in the Constitution, and the law for the suppression of the foreign slave trade, are as well enforced, perhaps, as any law can ever be, in a community where the moral sense of the people imperfectly sup ports the law itself. The great body of the peo ple abide by the dry legal obligations in both cases, and few break over in each. This. I think, cannot be perfectly cur cd, and would be worse in both cases after the sep aration of the sections than before. The for eign slave trade now imperfectly suppressed, would be imperfectly revised without restrict tion in one section, while fugitive slaves, now only partially surrendered, would not be at nil by the other. Physically speaking we can’t separate, we can’t remove our respective sections from each other, nor build an impassable wail between them. A husband and wife may be disagreed, and go out of the presence and beyond the reach of each other,but the different parts of our coun try cannot do this. They cannot but remain face, to face, and intorcour.se, either hostile or amic able, must continue between them. Is it pos sible, then, to make that intercourse more ad vantageous or more satisfactory after separa tion than before ? Can aliens make treaties better than friends can make laws ? Can trea ties be more faithfully enforced between aliens than laws can among friends ? Suppose you go to war you cannot fight al ways ; and when, after much loss on both sides, and no gain on either, you cease fighting, the identical questions as tj terms of intercourse are again upon yon, This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of our existing government, they can exercise their constitutional rights in amending, or through revolutionary right to dismemberer overturn it. I cannot be ignorant of the fact that many worthy and patriotic citizens are desirous of having our National Constitution amended.— While I make no recommendation, I fully re cognize the full authority of the people over the whole subject, to be exercised in either of the modes presented in the Constitution itself, and I should under existing circumstances fa vor cither of them offered. A fair opportunity being offered the people to act upon it, I will venture to add that to me the Constitutional mode seems preferable in that it demands amendments to originate with the people them selves, instead of only permitting them to take or reject propositions originated by others not especially chosen for the purpose, and which might not precisely suit, as they would wish others te accept or refuse. I understand a proposed amendment to the Constitution, which amendment, however, I have not seen has passed Congress, to the ef fect that the Federal Government shall never interfere with the domestic institutions, inclu ding that of persons held to service. To avoid misconstruction of v hat I have said, I depart from my purpose not to speak of par ticular amendments, so far ns to say, that bold ing such a provision now to be implied a con stitutional law, I hope nobody will cater to its being made express and irrevocable. The Chief Magistrate derives all his author ity from the people, and they have conferred none upon him to fix the laws for the separation of the States. The people themselves can do this if they choose, but the Executive, as such, has nothing to do with it. His duty is to ad minister the Government as it came into hie hands, and to transmit it, unimpaired by him, to his successor. Why should there not b* a patient confidence in the ultimate justice of the people. Is there any betteror equal hope in the world? ' In oar present differences, is either party with ! out faith of being in the right? If the Almighty i Ruler of the Universe, with his Eternal Truth ! and Justice be on your side of the North, or on I : yours of the South, that truth and justice will I : surely prevail, by the judgment of the great tri- j | buna! the American people. By the i frame of the Government under which we i live, this same people have wisely given their i public servants but little power for mischief, j and have with equal wisdom provided for the return of that little to their hands at very short i intervals. While the people retain their virtue and vigilance no administration, by any ex- i treme wickedness or folly, can very seriously j injure the Government in the short space of ! four years. My countrymen ! one & all. stand calmly and i well upon thii whole subject! Nothing value,- : b!e can be lost by taking time, if there can be any object to harry any of you in hot haste to | a step which you never would have taken de- '• liberately, that object w ill be frustrated by ta- I king time—but no good object can be frustrated i by it. Such of you as are not satisfied, still ! have the old Constitution unimpaired, and on the sensitive point of the laws of your own fra- I ming under it, the neiv Administration will : have no immediate cause, if it would, to change j either. If it were admitted that you who are ! dissatisfied, hold the right side of the dispute, ! there still is not a single reason for precipitate action. < Intelligence, patriotism Christianity, and a firm reliance on Him who has never yet forsa ken this favored land, are still competent to ad just in the best way, all our present difficulties. In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow country men, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The Government will not assail you ; yo i can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors; you have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy this government, while 1 shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect, and defend it. lam loth fo close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic cords of memory, stretched from every battlefield and patriots grave, to every living heart and hearth-stone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Un on, when again touched, as surely they will be. by the better angels ofour nature. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 3relegrapl)ic. 'Washington, March 2. The Senate will probably concur by a two-thirds vote, in the adoption of Corwin’s resolution concerning non-interference with slavery in States where it exists. Hunter, Mason, and others from the South, will probably oppose concurrence. Mr. Buchanan has postponed the court martial on Capt. Pope till the 11th inst.— Ho could not breast the contempt which his petty revenge excited. Washington, March 3, An immense concourse of spectators are here, especially from the West. Missouri and Maryland are largely represented. Numbers of threatening letters are still sent to Mr. Lincoln, and quietly consigned to the flames. The struggle on Saturday evening in the presence of Mr. Lincoln, on Cabinet ap pointments, was very exciting. It is rumored to-night that a large body of men have come on from Baltimore and Va., including a detachment of Plug Ug lies. Fears are still entertained for Lin coln’s safety, but he said to night, I am here to take what is my right, and I shall take it. I anticipate no trouble, but should it come I am prepared to meet it. Five hundred special police have been detailed, including detectives from Balti more, Philadelphia, New York, and Bos ton. A large body of Wide Awakes are also hero, said to bo thoroughly organized, but make no public demonstrations. The inaugural will not be delivered to the hands of tho printer until after deliv ery. It will be reported for tho Associa ted Press. The Pacific R. R. hill is beyonnd resus citation. No measure which even the most ultra secessionist can call coercive has passed Congress. Washington, March 3. Fears are still entertained for Lincoln’s afety, but he said to-night, “I am bore to take what is my right, and I shall take it. I (anticipate no trouble, but should it come, I am prepared to meet it.” A great many discharges within the Gosport Navy Yard; and all who are known to favor secession are stricken from the pay roll. Washington, March 4. The day was ushered in by a most ex citing session of the Senate, that body sit ting twelve hours, from 7 o’clock last even cg till 7 this morning. As the dial of the clock pointed to 12, and the sabbath gave way to Monday, the 4th of March, the members presented a curious and animated appearance. The galleries were crowded to repletion. At five minutes to twelve o’clock, Y r ice President Breckinridge and Senator Foot, of the committee of arrangements, entered the Senate Chamber, escorting the Vice President elect, Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, whom they conducted to a seat immediately on the left of the chair of the President of the Senate. As the hands of the clock pointed to the hour of twelve, the hammer fell, and the second session of the Thirty-Sixth Congress came to an end. Vice President Breckinridge hade the Senate farewell in well chosen and touch ing terms. Mr. Hannibal Hamlin replied. Mr. Breckinridge then administered the oath of office to Vice President Hamlin. Mr. Breckinridge then announced the Senate adjourned, and left the chair, to which he conducted Vice President Ham lin. The Diplomatic corps also entered tho Chamber at the same moment, occupying seats to the right of the Chair. It was a subject of genera] remark, that the corps never were so full represented as on this occasion. Perhaps to ho the last time, all to bo again assembled. The Ministers, attaches and others, num bered in all some fifty and over, and in brilliancy of dress, the numbers of decora tions, crapes. &c., added much to the im p sing nature of the scene. Some of the Court uniforms were gor geous, and attracted much attention. The attendance of the Senators was un usually full, tho only absentees noticed being those of Hon. Mr. Mason and Hon. Mr. Hunter, of Virginia. 15 minutes to 1 o’clock the Judges of the Supreme Court of the U. S. were an nounced by the door-keeper of the Senate. On their entrance, all on the floor rose and the venerable Judges, beaded by Chief Jnstice Taney, moved slowly to the seats assigned them immediately on the right of the Vice-President, each exchanging sa lutes with officers in passing the Chair. At 10 minutes after 1 o’clock an unusu al stir was occasioned in the Chamber, and the rumor spread like wild-fire that the President elect was in the building. At 15 minutes past 1 o’clock, Marshal in Chief Maj. B. B. French, entered the Chamber, ushering in the President and the Vice President elect. They had entered to gether from the street through a private covered passage way on the north side of the Capiatol, police officers being in atten dance to prevent outsiders from crowding after them. The line of procession was then formed in the following order: Marshal of the Bis. of Columbia, Judges of the Supremo Court, Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, Committee of Arrangements. President of the United States, President elect, Vice-President, Secretary of ihe Senate, Senators, Diplomatic Corps, Heads of Departments, Governors, and others in the Chamber. When the word was given for the mem bers of the Houae to fall into line of the procession, a violent rush was made for the door, accompanied by loud outcries, vio lent pushing and great disturbance. After the procession bad reached the platform. Senator Baker of Oregon, intro duced Mr. Lincoln to the assembly. On Mr. Lincoln’s advancing te the stand he was cheered, hui not loudly. Unfolding his be read in a loud, clear voice. During the delivery of the Inaugural, which commenced at half past one o’clock, * he was much cheered, especially at any | allusion to the Union. President Buchanan and Chief Justice Taney listened with the utmost attention to every word of the address, and at its conclusion the latter administered the usual oath, in making which, Mr. Lincoln was Tociferously cheered. The Chief Justice seemed very much agitated, and his hands shook very per ceptibly with emotion. Luring the day the militay patrols wers on duty all over the city, and the greatest vigilance was enjoined upon and observed by the regulars. ibe officers, it is reported, were con tinually passing to and fro, and it is said the General was heard to exclaim, “ Every thing is going on peaceably. Thank God Almighty for it !” Norfolk, Feb 27. The L nited States frigate Germantown is getting ready for sea. The New Cabinet. Mr. Nicolay, the Private secretary of the President, appeared in the Senate with a mes sage, when, on motion of Mr. Hale, the Senate went into executive session. At half past four the following gentlemen were confirmed as members of Mr. Lincoln’s cabinet. Hon. Wm. 11. Seward, Secretary of State. Hon. Salmon P. Chase, Sec. of the Treasury. Hon. Simeon Cameron, Secretary of War, Hon. Gideon W’elles, Sec. of the Navy. Hon. Montgomery Blair, P. M. General. Hon. Caleb Smith, Sec of the Interior. Hon. Edward Bates, Attorney General. The Heal Grievances of Slaveholders. I. The prospective development of a Republican party among the non-slave holding whites of the South, who form nineteen twentieths eftho white population. This is the great grievance. 11. The loss of a sixty years’ monopoly of the Government, its military and civil offices—a loss that leaves much idle gen tilllty at the South without resource. 111. The loss of prestige and power by the old political parties, and their humil iated leaders—a terrible grievance both at the South and North. IV. The humiliation of that insolent arrogance which is the legitimate fruit of slayeholding. This is the second great grievance. V. Blind and growing jealousy of the prosperity of the Norrh. No botching compromises will remove these, the true grievances. The complete triumph cr the complete overthrow of Re publican principles is the only remedy. The latter is impossible.—iV. Y. Tribune. Italy. —A Turin telegram of February 13th gays Gaeta will capitulate to-morrow morning. Ciadini will occupy Mount Or lando and all the fortifications, and after the departure of the Royal family, ho will occupy the city, the garrison remaining prisoners of war until Messina and Cloi tclla de Troute shall be surrendered. The King and Queen with their suite will de part on board the French ship Muette. Dispatches from Gaeta, prior to the ca pitulation, says a Capuchin monk left there with the mission of raising an insurrection in Calabria, and was arrested near Cos nitz and important papers found on him. The city of Fiurae and the surrounding district bad been declared in a stata of siege, —A special dispatch says the President has signed the Tariff bill. —A great coal mine has been discovered on the farm of S. S, Kirgan, in Cumber land Cos., Ky. —The decision in the Almaclen Mining case is said to increase the worldly estate of Hon, Robert J. Walker by at least §4,- 000,000. —Mr. Buchanan is expected to leave the White House, for W heatland direct, on the evening of the 4th of March, imme diately after Mr. Lincoln’s inauguration. —ln an affray near Memphis on Fri day last two young men named Peateto and Laws were both killed. The former was shot and the latter stabbed. —Mrs. Douglas having gracefully inau gurated the calls upon Mrs. Lincoln, at Washington, the fashionable people are thronging her reception rooms at Willards. —The wife of A’ice-President elect Ham lin, is a smiling little woman with pleas ant eyes and auburn hair, at least twenty years her husband’s junior and his second wife. —Two young boys born deaf and dumb, have been taught to hear and speak by a medical person of the name of De Baudelogne, who has exhibited his pa tients at the Paris Academy of Sciences. —A splendid carriage and a span of hor ses have been sent to Washington by a number of citizens of New York, to be presented to Mr. Lincoln in a day or two after his inauguration. —The New York Tribune' Washington correspondent says that Gen. Scott, has received 130 letters, from 15 different States, threatening his own life. Some are anonymous, but the bulk cf them are evidently genuine. —A Mrs. Heathman, of Cambridge, Illinois, died on Sunday of last week, from hydrophobia. She was bitten g( me eight weeks before by her own dog. Her death was dreadful. So great were her suffer ings that she begged of her attendants to kill her. —The N. Y, TT'orW sounds the alarm to the people of that city, stating that the small pox is now raging very severely, more so than at any time in many years. -The Health Inspector, week before last, reports that there were twelve deaths from that disease, which is at the rate of 624 per year. —We regret to learn that the switch man on the Illinois Central Railroad at To lono, was run over while disconnecting a freight train, on Monday morning last The oar passed over both legs just above the hip joint. He lived but a few minutes. We understand that he was not married.— Urhana Union. —M. Van Wyek, one of the Repub lican members of Congress from New York was assaulted in the street in Washington on Thursday evening before last, hy three unknown persons, and wounded by a hea vy knife, and while desperately resisting them was knocked down. Recovering himself somewhat he discharged a pistol at them it is believed with effect. The party retreated and Mr. Van Wyck reached his residence weak but not in a dangerous con dition. t —A difficulty occurred in Christianhurg. A a., on the 13th inst., between J. Kent Anderson.Esrj., and Addison Logan,neph ew of Hon. H A. Ldmundson, which re sulted in the shooting of Anderson, and causing his death in a short tine, Tho parties are both young men about 19 years of age, and up to the time of the difficulty were warm personal friends Special Notices. reliefTnten BRYAN’S PULMONIC WAFERS The Original Medicine Established in ISST, and first article of the kind erer introduced under the aama of “ Pulmonic Wafers,” ju this or any other country; all other Pulmonic Waters are counterfeit*. The gen uine can be known by the name Bryan being stamped on eaeh wafer. Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers Reliere Coughs, Colds, Sore Threats, Hoarseness. Bryan’s Puimonic Wafers Reliere Asthma, Bronchitis, Difficult Breathing, Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers Relieve Spitting of Blood, Pains in the Chest. Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers Relieve incipient Consumption, Lung Diseases. Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers Relieve Irritation of the Uvula and Tonsil# Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers Relieve the above Complaints in Ten Minute# Bryan’s Puimonic Wafers Are a Blessing to all Classes and Constitutions, Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers Are adapted for Vocalists and Public Speakers Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers Not only relieve, but effect rapid and lasting eurss Bryan’s Puimonic Wafers Are warranted to give satisfaction to every one. No family should he without a hoi • Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers in the house. No traveler should be without a mpply of Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers in his pocket. No person will ever object to give f*T Bryan’s Pulmonic Wafers. Twenty-Five Cents. JOB MOSES, Sole Proprietor, Rochester, N. T. Sold by Geo. C. Wainwright and Wm. C. Fountain, Watertown, and all good Druggists. 19y5 Tnc Great English fieme dj, SIR JAMES CLARKE’S Celebrated Female Pills. Prepared from a prescription of Sir J. Cleirke, M. D , Physician Kxtraordina,y to thetjuecn. This invaluable medicine is unfailing in the cure ef all those painful and dangerous diseases to which the female constitution is subject. It moderates all ex cesses and removes all obstructions, and a speed cure may be rehed *n To Uabried Ladies it is peculiarly suited. It wil in a short time, bring on the monthly periods with regularity. Each bottle, price SI,OO, bears the Gov ernment Stamp of Great Britain, to prevent counter feits. CAUTIOX. —These Pills should not he taken by females during the First Three Months of Pregnancy as they are sure to bring on Miscaarriage, hut at any ether time they are safe In all cases of Nervous and Spinal Affection, Paia in the Back and Limbs, Fatigue on slight exertion. Palpitation of the Heart, Hysterics and Whites, these Pills will effect a cure when ail other means have failed ; and although a powerful remedy, do not con tain iron, calomel, antimony, or anything hurtful te the constitution. Full directions in the pamphlet around each package, which should be carefully pre served. Sole Agent for the United State' and Canada. JOB MOSES, (.Late i. C. B: id*in & C 0.,) Rochester, N. T. N. 8.—51,00 and six postage stamds enclosed to any authorized Agent, wiil insure a bottle, containing CO Pills, by return mail. Sold by Geo. 0. Wainwright and W iiiiam C. Fountain, Watertown. Bodge County Court—ln Probate. In the matter of the estate ef Andrew Madsen, de ceased. ON reading and filing the petition of Andrew Jacob son, Administrator of said estate, ard the ac companying petition of John Heeling, representing that the said deceased, in his lifetime, seized of cer tain real estate, situate in Township eight (S) ofrai ge eighteen (IS) east, lying in'Waukesha County, State of Wisconsin, by a certain Land Contract, dated on the 10th day cf March A. D. 1559, and recorded in the office of the Register of Deeds for said Waukesha County, on the aforesaid day, in volume 23 of Desdt, on pages 323 and 324, covenanted and agreed with the said John Ileriing to convey to the said John Ileriing the above named real estate, described in the said contract as follows, t 0 w jt : Thirty acres on the west end of the north half of the north east quarter of section thirty-three (33,) also a fraction of Di and lying between said thirty acres and Pine Lake, being all that part of said fractional iot, one, which lies directly between said thirty acres nd Pine Lake, and being the sameland soldi. Ch. otto Peterson to Andrevr Madson. now deceased, on the 20th day of November, A. D. 1857, reserving the right to the said Charlotte Peterson to build on and occupy during her natural life, two acres on the cast sidt of the road running through the said land. And that said Andrew Mod son died bef re making the conveyance of the above described real estate to the conveyance of which he wa' bound by said contract. And praying thet the administrator of said estate be by this Court author ized and directed to convey the above describe and real estate to the above named John Ileriing, in accor dance with the above named Land Contract. It is ordered and dire ctod that said petition be heard before the Judge of this court, on Monday the fourth day of March, A. D. ISfl. at 1 o’clock in the afternoon of that day, at the Court House in the village cf Ju neau in said County of Dodge. And it is further ordered that notice of the pen dency of the hearing of such petition, and of the tim* and place of such hearing, be published six successive weeks before such hearing, in the “Watertown Repub lican.” a weekly newspaper published in the city ef Watertown, State of Wisconsin. Dated Juneau, Jan. 23, 1861. 33[jau25]6w LEONARD MERTZ, County Judge. JEFFERSON COUNTY COURT—In Probate. In the matter oj the Guardianship cf Marion Temple, Minor Heir of Parid Temple, JJcccascd. ■jVTOXICE is hereby given that by virtue of the li ■L* cense of this court granted in this matter the udersigned Guardian of said mil or will on the Bth day of March next, at two o’clock in the afternoon at her residence in the seventh ward in the city of Watertown, offer for sale at public vendue, the fol lowing described lands, to wit: the undivided one third part of the East two thirds of the South East fractional quarter of Section fourteen [l4l in town ship seven  North of range fourteen [l4] East.— The terms of sale will be made 1 nown at the time and place of sale. P AMELIA TEMPLE, By the Court. | n33w3 35w4 | Guardian Ac. Dated Jan’y 24th, IsGO. 1 non FEET MOULDING for Frames. Gilt and Grllv/V/ Rose Wood of every pattern and variety, from % inch to 4 inches in width, of the MICH EST PATTEMXS. Frames made to order and on short notice, at Reels’* Cabinet Ware House. Watertown, September, ISfiO. WHOLESALE and RETAIL I PRICES REDUCED. MILLERD BROTHERS Are now llccemng a complete Stock of C-ROCSRIES Which hare been bought in New York, at tha LOWEST PRICES FOR CASH, AND WILL BE SOLD AT PRICES WHICH WILL DEFY COMPETITION. COLS'S SLOCK , TfATSRTOWy, WIS . 1 Feb 21, 1861. 1 i~>bbls. Winter Appies lor cs b s' 1 MILLELD BUG’S. IMNE Cut and Smoking Tobacco by the bbi at MILLERD BUG’S. SUGARS of all kinds by the bbi. at MILLERD BUG’S. W. T. Sliufeldt & Cos.. Manufacturers for F. Cros li. o y 51 SOUTH WATER ST., J 1 Corner of Wabaeh Avenue, DISTILLERS OF ALCOHOL, PURE SPIRITS, WHISKIES, ALSO MANUFACTURER OF DOMESTIC LIQUORS, SURFING FLUID , And Dealer in HigEwinea and Rectifying Coal. JCs~Tlie Trade supplied at moderate rates and on rcr. a onahle terms. 14 Als imported Wines and Spirits of all description*. JOB PRINTING. Everything in the line of Job Printing ran be ex* nied with neatness and dispatch, and on rctsfflabie *bi