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VOL. XX. (I l(c §cpnh PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY J. S. SETS S, PROPRIETOR. TERMS: per Annum, in Advance Rates of Advertising. aM. OM. , Iv. 1 rn-nv Sf oo £2 on S3 00 §6 00 §lO oo .1 :K;-- 150 300 600 900 12 00 - t u l ~ -.i ,>(> in 00 14 00 13 00 } Wan* 2•; 0001 • w 00 v column... •• i ..p oo 40 00 ;3Tj ” s>*<>. *oq Marriages and deaths inserted gram nsst —■-s ii.lo tv.r V.rst Insertion. .md Bve cents forsuhso vXcrli'2-I'u'nts not accompanied "jtbdlrec :km' niU l'C inserted till forbid, and charred .r accordingly. Daniel Hall. c b - Skikkkr. i v liL A Six IN N EK. SS.smsi.-srssas'A's Enos & Hall. M ' A F A. BARBER Physicians and Surgeons, office. 1 door west of w! H Rohr’s, 2 floor. Office hours irom Bto 12 A. M. W.TI SPALDING. Physician and Surgeon and Examhig Surgeon for ftS oittc? over Bank of Watertown building, up stairs. Eugene Oocldner, I3ENTIST, Second Door East of Post Officr, Watertowm Wis. Teeth extracted without pam- 1 teeth inserted on gold, silver an a u work Teeth filled with gold and silver, and a warranted to give entire satisfaction. a AMLIN & FORD, A. HRITZNRR. hold color for eight weeks. AUGUST WLGGENHOBN, Jeweler, has recentiy opened *. in Johnson’s block, corner Mam and Ist .dreei.. where he will keep constantly on hand; ® -tock of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, .-uveran iKcd Ware! &c. Particular attention paid Jo repairing Watches, (locks, v warranted to give satistaciion. STRAW & MURPHY, Painters *na dealers in Wall Paper, Window shades, Paints, Oils, \ arnish. Glass, Putty- Brushes. &c. One door west of Vt isconsm Na tional Bank, Watertown. mill?'lira mi. The undersigned having purchased the Barber , and Bath Room of H. L. Beckman, has fitted them up in First-Class style. The Bath Room will now be in running order both day ami evening. Corner of Mam and Second Sts. ana evum b WANER, Prop.T. Watertown, Feh. 17th, 1880. cTw. CHAPPELL Jeweleß main street. Watertown Wisconsin The Royal STJOHM Is the only Machine made which runs either Forward or Backward, and continues to sew in the same direction. * Has a Barge Arm, and a Self-setting Needle. Is the only Machine which is entirely free from irregular Cams, Cogs and Springs. Hus no holes to thread, either in the Machine or Shuttle, except the eye of the needle. Is Simple; it cannot be put out of adjustment. Is Light Hanning, and Easy Motioned; it can he run longer without fatigue than any other Machine. E. WOLLERIKG.IAgent. Fine Clothing Cheap Through the separation of the iirm of Schiffier <t Son I am induced to sell out my entire stock of goods, extremely cheap and will do so by the yard or made up. I assure my customers and fiends that I will satisfy them now as before, I lehver and guarantee good fitting suits. Over Bovs’ Clothing,etc., in the newest styles. AUG. RCHIFFLEK. Don’t You Forget It. THE Sewing Machine IS “THE BOSS” a ND IN ORDER TO BE CONVINCED £V call and see it at J. HABHEGGER & CO.’S. Wo oliallenge any other Machine to lo the van icty of work, both heavy and light. us practical as is done on the “DAVIS.” It is Simple, Durable, Efficient, Light Running Practical and Economical. Every range of work is practically done without basting. It is the best Shuttle Machine in the world, aod adopted to a greater range of work than any other Ma chine. always reliable, unequalled in Simplicity, Strength and Durability. Approved by the greatest living experts. Call and examine it be fore purchasing any other, and remember that seeing is believing. The most liberal terms will be given to anv one desiring to buv. For sale by J. H ARHEGGER & CO. Watertown, Wis. Watertown, June Pth. 1870 Spring and Summer Style?. F.W.Kurzweg, 120 Main St. Hasjust received at his store, one of the Largest and Most Com plete Stock of BOOTS and* In the city, consisting of the latest and most ashionable styles of Ladies, Gentlemen's and Children’s wear. He deals with none but the most reliable eastern manufacturers, and has a heavy and choice assortment of Ladies, and all other varieties most in demand, and most sub stantial. He has a splendid stock of Ladies goods from REYNOLDS BRO., of Utica. Ne fork DUNBARR, of Philadelphia. Ami also the BURT SHOE, of New York, for Gentlemen, The Best Jllade. Iviistom Work is done with the greatest neatness and punctuali ty, and every care taken to give entire satisfac tion. He thanks the public for the liberal pat ronage he has heretofore received and solicits all to call and give his goods a thorough exam ination, as he is confident he can please both as to quality and price. F. W. KURZWEG, Watertown, May Ist, 1579. This is the only place in the city where you can find the JEFFERSON BOOTS. The best made in the West F. .KDKZWEG, HOSIIIJEIft . STOMACH _ Fitter 5 Fever and Ague. The true antidote to the effects of miasma is Hostetter’s Stomach Bitters. This medicine is one of the most Popular remedies of an age of successful proprietary specifics, and is in im mense demand wherever on this Continent fever and ague exists. A wineglassful three times a day is the best possible preparative for encount ering a malarious atmosphere, regulating the liver, and invigorating the stomach. For sale by all piuggists and dealers generally. fflrmfi 3d STREET, A few doors North from Main Street, invites his old customers and the public generally to ex amine his choice assortment ot Boots & Shoes of all descriptions for Ladies, Men, Boys am/ Children which arc offered very cheap, and he is certain, that no one, who should honor him ■with an order, will leave his store dissatisfied. His business is well known for excellent CUSTOM WORK, and whoever wants a good fitting boot made by first class workmen, should not fail to call on the undersigned. Respectfully HENRY BERTRAM. promptly and neatly don*. WATERTOWN, WIS., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 14, 1880. RESER VOTES FOR THE MISSIS SIPPI RIVER. Sterling, April 1, 1880. Editors o f the Sterling Gazette: The subject of constructing reservoirs on the head waters of the Mississippi river and its tributaries, for storing or holding the flood waters of the streams until the dry part of the season, and dis charging the water gradually from the reservoirs by gates in the dams, in such manner as to equally divide the water and make a uniform flow until the water is all drawn out, and by this means keep ing up the navigation of the rivers in good condition during the dry months of July, August, September and October, or say ninety to one hundred days, is being agitated. Extensive surveys have been made on the head waters of the Mississippi, Saint Croix, Chippewa and Wisconsin rivers, and a report of the same has just been made by the Secretary of War to Con gress on that subject, submitting the re ports of the U. S. Engineers. These re ports include forty different reservoirs on the said streams, with a capacity to hold 166,000,000,000 cubic feet of water, at an estimated cost of $1,390,701, or about $8,380 for each 1,000,000,000 cubic feet, or an average of $34,770 per reservoir. In 1866 a survey was made by the U. S. Engineers tor the improvement of Rock river and thus connecting the Mississippi river with Lake Winnebago and Green Bay. The summit level of this important improvement was at Lake Horicon in Wisconsin, which is the source of Rock river. In order to supply this work with water, it is proposed to con vert Lake Horicon into a larger reservoir by a dam at the outlet, raising the water six feet. Its capacity would be 47,000 acres by six feet deep, making 12,283,- 920,000 Cubic feet. The watershed of that lake was esti mated at feur hundred square miles and the least rain fall twenty inches per year, and the average rainfall for twenty-four years thirty inches per year. The small est would be equal to one and one-half times the capacity of the reservoir and the average two and one-half times. Tak ing one-half of the rainfall for accumula tion and discharge, there is no question as to the supply of water to till the reservoir for a reserve, and this would give 85,360 cubic feet of water per minute for one hundred days. The reservoir would be about twice as large as thirty-eight of the above propos ed reservoirs, although the other two re servoirs are more than five times as large as the Horicon reservoir. I do not find an estimate of the cost of constructing a dam for this reservoir, but lam of the opinion that it would not be over $30,000 including land damages. It would in crease the water power at all the towns on Rock river in this state at least sixty per cent., and in Wisconsin from seventy five to one hundred per cent. At Sterl ing there is a fall of six feet, and there is now at low water in the river about 1600 theoretical horse power, or 1200 effective horse power —equal to sixty-seven run of mill stone and necessary machinery for the manufacture of flour. An increase of sixty per cent, will make 1920 effective horse power, or one hundred and seven run of stone. At Dixon the head used is the same, or six feet, and would receive the same benefit. The additional quantity of water which will be added to the flow of the Missis sippi river from the proposed reservoirs is estimated at 942,000 cubic feet per min ute, to which add the Horicon reservoir would make 1,027,360 cubic feet per minute, which I think would be about fifty per cent, of the present flow in that river at Rock Island at low water. It thus clearly demonstrates the great value that the reservoirs would be to the im provement of the navigation of the Mis sissippi river and its tributaries, and the increase in value it would add to the water power on the Rock river, as well as the other tributaries. It also should show to the members of Congress whose constituents are interested in these great works, the importance of their favoring and advocating by their acts and votes the necessary appropriations by Congress to carry out these proposed improvements and especially to all who are on or near the line of Rock river to see to it that this river is included with the other riv ers, as affording extensive facilities for the construction of valuable reservoirs. Daniel C. Jenne, Chief Engineer 111. # Mich. Canal. A Horrible Drink. —No one can ever forget his first draught of pulque. It is administered in a little earthenware cup to the stranger. The natives take it in a quart measure. It looks like Chicago milk, wherein the lacteal fluid has been liberally diluted with the water of Lake Michigan. The appearance is natural, but the smell—it can never be described! There is a combined odor of the dried pigskin in which it is carried and the subtle and peculiar odor of the plant. The taste is not sq bad, and if the travel er’s nostrils are sufficiently filled with the white, ashy dust of the plain, he may toss it off without much of a shudder, shutting his eyes to the disgusting re ceptacle from which it comes. There is but one thing that resembles it in flavor, however, slightly and that is koumyss. The similarity is not very striking, still it may be noticed. General Grant was familiar with the taste of the beverage from his visit to the country thirty years ago, and did not care to refresh his mem ory, but Gen. Sheridan and Col. Grant felt liouna lo satisfy their curiosity in the matter, and a single cup holding less than a gill was enough for both. —Mexico Correspondent Chicago Inter-Ocean. Leon Say has been appointed French Ambassador to England, with special in structions to negotiate a commercia. treaty between that country and France 1 DISFRANGIIISEMENT IN DELA WARE. Soon after the adoption of the Fifteenth Amendment, Delaware passed a law that every voter must be a taxpayer and must also using bis tax receipt to the polls be fore being allowed to vote. The Asses sors make the list of taxpayers and post it up towards the end of February. All corrections are to be made within the three days subsequently appointed by the Assessor. But if the voter happens to miss this amended list, bis last resort is to apply to the Levy Court, which sits at the county seat in the latter part of March. Any delay in paying taxes or in getting upon the assessment roll before the first of April, results in practical dis franchisement for a whole year. The Assessors and Levy Courts are in the hands of the Democrats. A few weeks ago these officials, by a concerted plan, tell off from their lists the names of a large number of republi can voters —in a single county over 2,000 being thus omitted. When this was dis covered the republicans were stirred to action. They raised a fund for bringing the voters before the Levy Courts. They also applied to the United States District Court for the appointment off Federal Supervisors—an unheard of thing in Delaware. Their application was grant ed by Judge Bradford. Even after this decision there was a disposition to hinder the work of the Marshals in every v ay, and the opposition went so far in Kent county as to result in a refusal to give a copy of the assessment list. Senator Sauls bury, however, sent word from Wash ington that this would not do, and so the list was furnished. But in the Levy Courts the most extra ordinary delays were made. Hundreds of applicants were unable to be register ed simply because the discussion of each name was prolonged as much as possible, ft is also charged that names once on the lists have been taken off, and that names which had been faithfully promised to be placed on the lists have not been so re corded. The object of all this is apparent. Whatever discords the republicans have had in the past are now over, With a fair vote they call the state either repub lican or very close. They claim, if all the voters who have the right are allowed the ballot, that Delaware will east its three electoral votes for the republican candidate for president. The Bayard party among the democrats is also afraid that the chances of that senator will be lessened by any such modern methods as the freedom of the ballot; and, more than all, they are dreading the effect of this exposure on his presidential pro spects. — Albany Evening Journal. THE ICE PERIOD. New York Times says that Prof. Paige, oflllinois, in a lecture, declared that the belief is rapidly growing that the great ice period which had ground the rocks into soil has been ascribed to a time too remote in the planet’s history. The almost universally-accepted opinion had been that the great ice caps has been formed by a climate rendered extremely cold through changed cosmic relations. It was known that the eccentricity of the earth’s path around the sun was subject at long periods to considerable change, re sulting in removal, at times, of the planet some 15,000,000 mites further than it now is from the sun. The earth’s extraordin ary aphelion, added to such alterations as are attributable to the precession of the equinox, was thought to nave produced the great ice eras of the past. From such postulates it has been held by divers sa vants that man has inhabited the globe about 2,000,000 years, an opiuion from which Paige dissents as not in harmony with the drift of contemporaneous thought. During winter,in the Northern Hemisphere, we are 25,000,000 miles near er the sun than during summer, which tends to equalize our climate, rendering winter much milder and summer less in tense than they would be were the condi tions reversed. In the Southern Hemis phere the opposite is true. There people being nearer the sun in summer and fur ther off in winter, have cold winters and hot summers. At the South Pole the ice is vastly in excess of the ice at the North Pole, and attracts, therefore, the waters of the ocean, changing the equilibri um of the earth’s centre,moving the equa tor southward, and drawing the waters of the North Pole toward the South Pole. This explains the evident subsidence of waters in the Northern, and the compara tive absence of dry land in the Southern Hemisphere. If the ice ages can be traced to such causes, a glacial period is ap proaching the Southern Hemisphere, and will, it is estimated, reach its maximum about 5,500 years hence. The last ice era in the Northern Hemisphere was probab ly not far from 150 centuries ago. Paige maintains that, if these views be correct, the ice period will recur in about 16,000 years in the Northern Hemisphere. Grant ing the hypothesis, the time of man’s ex istence on the globe must be conceded to have been far shorter than has been sup posed—not more, in all likelihood, than from 5,000 to 10,000 years. White the question is of great importance scientifi cally,the human family has greater inter est in knowing how long it is to remain on the planet; but even this is of small concern to individuals. The net Liberal gain the elections in Great Britain and Ireland up to Thursday evening was eighty-five seats. A London newspaper, referring to this, says the country has not only declared for the Liberals, but for Gladstone, and that if any other man is sent for by the Queen to from a ministry, he will have to wait on he real leader of the Whigs. FROM THE FRONTIER. Watertown, D. TANARUS., March 31.—This is the terminus of one of the great arms of the Northwestern railroad company. A year ago on these broad prairie fields, where nature has been most lavish, there was hardly a white settler, and its virgin soil untouched by the civilizing hand ot the husbandman, now a busy, thrifting, enterprising, energetic class of business and professional men ire laying the foundation for a prosperous and perma nent town, while the adjacent country tributary is being settled by a class of men who have conic here to make homes for themselves and families. A large corps of engineers arc now in the terri tory locating new routes and laying iron. One of the most feasible routes is a line from Volga to Watertown. The deepest cut is a trifle less than three feet in a dis tance of forty-two miles, so free from grade of every description, that it is cal culated one engine will haul easily sixty cars. The branch west from here will stretch away across these fertile prairies to the famous Jim River valley, and thence northwest probably to the Yellow stone. The Tracy branch that is to be the trunk line to the Black Hills is to be pushed forward rapidly and will be com pleted to the Missouri river early in the summer. Probably the most popular line, and one that will develop the best tract of country, is the branch or river road, running north from some point on their trunk line up the valley to Belch er's Fore, Spink county, then to Maple River, Columbia, in Brown county, and ultimately to the Manitoba region. This feeder will be built the coming season, and the tide of immigration that has but just commenced will soon be followed until, where are now hundreds will be thousands of industrious men and women with nerve and intelligence, such as only come to pioneer and make homes in a new country. Already towns are springing into exis tence that have followed in the wake ot the iron horse that reflect credit and com pare most favorably with the older and more settled cities of the East. One year ago the President issued an executive order for the removal of the land office from Springfield to this place, and the hope and destinies for the future growth of the town since then has gone up and down as rumors from Washington have been received. City lots have had much of their value based upon this fact of removal alone, and prices have risen and fallen by this political land office barometer, and when the official order was received here last night announcing the removal, everybody was happy and jubilant, even to “honest John Kemp.” A stock company for the purpose of building a city, improving and making navigable the Jim River, have obtained a charter from the territorial legislature. The incorporators are gentlemen of pro minence in railroad and other circles. Among the most prominent are M. R. Baldwin and J. R. James, of Minneapo lis, and Mr. Wm. Townsend, a capitalist of Michigan. Mr. John D. Larvin, of Flint, Michigan, will be superintendent of the work. The party left this morn ing for Columbia, Brown county, where they have located with Sioux half breed scrip eight hundred and sixty acres of scrip at a cost of $lO,OOO. At this place they have a mill dam, and propose to erect a flouring mill the coming season. There is no better water power probably on the river, unless it be at Belcher Ford forty miles below. The company have been building at Jamestown a vessel eighty feet long, with a five feet hold. Hotels are crowded. When the cot beds are full —the guests are obliged to sleep on the floor in the office or roll up in a blanket on the prairie under the canopy of heaven. The fast mail and the stage line to Belcher’s Ford and Ashton are crowded with land seekers, and each succeeding day the exciting scene is repeated. Chief Engineer Blunt has just return ed from the Missouri river where he has been to locate a railroad bridge on the line of the proposed Northwestern exten sion.— Correspondent Milwaukee Senti nel. The proposed ship canal, from the Baltic to the North sea, will be from the Bay of Kiel to Brunsbuttel, in the estuary of the Elbe. Herr Dahlstrom, the engi neer in charge of the plans, estimates that its uniform depth will be 20 feet 9 inches its width at the surface of the water, 160 feet; at the bottom, 64 feet. By a pecu liar system of reservoirs and locks the depth can be increased to 25 or 26 feet, which will even float the Koenig Wilhelm the largest German ironclad. The canal can be completed in six vears, and will cost $18,750,000. British Politics. —London, April 10. —The Times estimates that the Liberals in the new House will number about 340, and the Home Rulers from 60 to 66; the Conservatives can hardly count on more than 250. The Liberals will thus find their position in the new Parliament nearly the same as that of the present Government in the late Parliament. At a meeting of the Liberal Executive Com mittee, yestesday, a deputation was ap pointed to proceed to Howarden, to urge Gladstone to accept a public reception in London. Parnell has received the freedom of the city of Cork, for his services, in behalf of Ireland. A dispatch from Dublin says Charles S. Parnell has stated that the Right Hon. Taylor, Conservative, when he has been re-elected for Dublin county, will be raised to the peerage, and that Sir A. B. Guinness, who stood for Dublin city, will be a Conservative candidate, and the O’Connor Don, who stood for Roscommon the Liberal candidalefor the vacancy thus caused in Dublin county. THE LAST OF THE PAT BOONS. On Monday last there died at Albany Mr. Richard Van Rensselaer, the last member of the old patroon’s family. The deceased was a descendant of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, a pearl merchant, who left Amsterdam in 1637 to occupy the land previously granted to him. He was a director of the Amsterdam chamber,and Amsterdam was at that time the commer cial metropolis of the world, proud, opu lent, Protestant and saturated with its spirit of municipal freedom. Kilieaen had obtained from the Indians round about the present site of Albany large trades of fertile lands, over a thousand square miles in extent, and embracii g the modern counties of Albany, Rensse laer and Columbia. The lord of the ma nor, or patroon, was recognized as such by the Indians, by the settlers, by the Dutch West India Company, which had been incorporated in 1621 under a most extravagant charter, and by the political masters of Holland. The Van Rensslaers were feudal lords, who cared very little about any sovereigns except themselves, and their reign, though medivaeval, who was by no means a bad one. They knew how to trade with the Indians,with whom they had never a war, they made a for tune out of the fur trade, then f hey en riched themselves out of their vast estates until they lost their leudal or baronial prerogatives and became like unto other American citizen. But they remained barons for over two hundred years, and for a hundred and fifty years they kept up the Dutch language and Dutch usages. Almost all the Van Rensslaers have been men of mark, and closely identify with them are the Schuylers, the Livingstons and such families, while they are opposed to the Stuyveaants. The Van Rensslaers were prominent among the Revolution ary heroes, in Congress, in the Legisla ture of New York and in the great enter prises of central New York. There young men graduated, most of them, at Prince ton. Jeremiah was a member of the first Congress, where he was succeeded by Kiliaen. Jeremiah’s brother Stephen was the famous patroon and the fifth in lineal descent from Kiliaen. His name is idelibly connected with the Erie canal, with the election of John Quincy Adams to the Presidency, with the Rensselaer Institute at Troy, with the geological ex ploration of New York, and with the war of 1812, D. D. Barnard was his biogra pher. Cortland is famous in the annals of Princeton. Solomon covered himself with wounds and glory at Queenstown Heights. Henry the son of Stephen, was active during the last war, and his broth er Richard, just deceased at the age of eighty-three is the last baron. The state ly Van Rensselaer manor house and park in Albany occupy the same site original ly chosen by Kiliaen.-Rosfott Advertiser March 31st. Facts in a Nutshell. —Measure 209 feet on each side and you will Rave a square acre within an inch. An acre contains 4,800 square yards. A square mile contains 640 acres. A mile is 5,280 feet or 1,760 yards in length, A fathom is six feet. A league is three miles. A Sabbath day’s journey is 1,155 yards. This is eighteen yards less than two thirds of a mile. A day’s journey is thirty-three and one eighth miles. A cubit is two feet. A great cubit is eleven feet. A hand (horse measure) is four inches. A palm is three inches. A span is ten and seven-eighths inches. A pace is three feet. A bifrrel of flour weighs 196 pounds. A barrel of pork weighs 200 pounds. A barrel ot powder weighs twenty-five I pounds. I A firkin of butter weighs fifty-six i pounds. | A tub of butter weighs eighty-four j pounds. Shipping wine to Germany is like car rying coals to Newcastle; yet American enterprise is doing it, and one of these days we will send ice to the North Pole. A vessel is now loading at San Francisco with 100,000 gallons of wine for the Ger man market, the first large shipment of the kind ever made thither, but which will soon be followed by other consign' meuts. Boston is getting along in years. Her two hundred and fiftieth anniversary occurs September 17th inst., and will be celebrated by a parade of her militia and fire department, and a trades procession. Several Boston and other New Eng land capitalists are projecting a novel en terprise,-the formation of an Augora-goat industry on an extended scale, in the highlands of the Alleghany range, south of the Potomac river, A basis of $50,000 capital is thought to be sufficient for an industry comprising 10,000 head of An goras. In the published list of Indian supplies for last vear, is found the item, one hun dred and twenty-five boxes of clothes pins. As the noble red men never wash blankets, and scorn clean linen, it is pre sumed that these engines of civilization can be for no other purpose than keeping them “on the line of their reservations.” The party of the socialists is on the decline in Chicago. Two years ago,they Soiled over 10,000 votes for their cundi ates. Tuesday, they polled only 3,901, which is a hundred or two less than they polled last tall. It may be set down as a fact that the adherent socialistic voting force of the citv does not exceed 4,000,a1l told. NO. 25