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Watertown republican. [volume] (Watertown, Wis.) 1860-1906, December 14, 1881, Image 2

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Perils of tlie Deep*
The propeller Jane Miller went down in Geor
gian bay with all on board—probably twenty-six
Burned to Death*
Nine railroad laborers were burned to death
in a cheap boarding house at Rock Cut, near
Pittsburg. Pa., on the 10th inst. They were
sleeping up stairs and were unable to get out,
so quickly the flames spread,
Washington Gossip*
John Davis, nephew of Bancroft Davis and
son-in-law of ex-Senator Frelinghuysen, will be
President Arthur’s private secretary.
A. S. Gratiot, of Wisconsin, has been ap
pointed assistant superintendent of the docu
ment room of the house, at §2,000 per year.
Fatal Explosions*
About 5 o’clock on the evening of the 9th
inst. a boiler burst in the Keystone rolling
mill, at Pittsburg, Pa., completely demolishing
the boiler house, killing one man and wounding
ten others.
A Brussels dispatch records an explosion in
Cockerill colliery by which sixty-six persons lost
their lives.
Peril** of the Sea*
The steamer Hibernian arrived at St. John’s,
N. 8., on the 9th inst., badly shaken up by
heavy weather. Her third officer was washed
overboard and lost.
The British steamer Saxon Monarch, from
Gibralter for Antwerp, a month overdue, is
supposed to have foundered in the Bay of Bis
cay. It is feared all hands, numbering forty,
are lost.
An Aeronaut Lost.
The government balloon, in charge of Capt.
Templer, accompanied by Walter Powell, M. P.,
for Malmsbury, and Gardner, ascended from
Bath, Eng., on the 10th inst., and descended at
Bridgeport. The ballon struck the ground
heavily, and Capt. Templer and Gardner were
thrown out and injured. The balloon then rose
with Powell and was seen again to descend at
sea. Nothing has since been heard of Powell
or the balloon.
A Huge Swindle*
A combination between boss section men.
boarding-house keepers and others along the
line of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe
Railroad has been discovered, by which the
corporation has been defrauded of a large
amount of money. Fictitious names were car
ried on the pay roll and in this manner from
§IOO,OOO to §200,000 has been stolen. It is
thought that two hundred men have engaged
in the swindle. Eighteen arrests, including
men of prominence, have been made.
Jlinor Jlishaps*
Dr. Crawford, of Van Buren County, lowa,
one of the oldest physicians in that state, acci
dentally swallowed a dose of poison, and died
in thirty minutes.
The house of Jacob Miller, near Lapeer,
Mich., burned on the 6th inst., and the old
man perished in the flames. He was 60 years
of age.
A floor in St. 'Mary’s Church Sunday School
building, at St. Johns, N. 8.. fell, on the 4th
inst.. killing Bliss Morton, Charles Doig and
Harry Farrel.
John Meacham, an old and wealthy citizen of
Battle Creek, Mich., was run over and killed by
the cars on the stb inst.
Friglitful Holocaust.
On the night of the Bth inst. while a per
formance was in progress at the Ridg Theatre,
Vienna, Austria, a lamp fell on the stage which
set Are to the structure, wuich was consumed.
The rapidity with which the flames spread pro
vented the panic-stricken audience from tak
ing advantage of the ordinary means of exit
and upwards of seven hundred people were
either burned to death, suffocated, or had their
lives stamped out under the feet of the fren
zied mass. Many of the audience saved thoir
lives by jumping from the windows into cloths
held by those below. It is estimated that seven
hundred people perished m the flames Many
of the bodies were totally consumed in the
galleries and otho: elevated portions of the
structure. The bodies of victims as they were
removed from the nuns after the fire presented
a horrible spectacle, and the scenes in the
neighborhood of the calamity were heartrend
Kail way W recks.
By a collision on the Cincinnati Southern
Railroad, near Kismet, Team, the engineer,
named Briel, and the fireman and a brakeman
were killed.
The Wabash Railway lost §130,000 by the col
lapse of St. Charles bridge.
A freight train consisting of thirty-two car, 0 :,
mainly loaded with stock, fell through a bridge
over the Missouri River at St. Charles, Mo.,
on the Bth inst. There were six men on the
tram, but only one was killed.
A collision of two freight trains occurred on
the Bth inst., on the Chicago and Alton Road,
six miles ease of Kansas City, Mo., causing
damage to the amount of §25,000. W. C.
Craddock and Frank Ruhr, brakemen, were
badly injured and will die.
Two trains collided at Hallsville, Tex., on the
6th inst., killing two men and wounding several.
Two men were killed and another fatally in
jured by an accident on the Se’ma & New Or
leans Ro:.d, on the sth inst.
Col. Henry G. Stebbms, one of the founders
of the New York Stock exchange, a leading
banker, and who brought Clara Louise Kellogg
before trie public, died of paralysis.
Gen. H. B. Banning, an ex-member of con
gress, died at Cincinnati.
J. Duncan Putnam, of Davenport, lowa, one
of the leading entomologists of the United
States, is dead.
Chief Justice French, of the British supreme
court of China and Japan, is dead.
Col. John W. Foraev, the eminent journalist,
and politician, died al Philadelphia, Pa., on the
9th inst.
Ex-Congressman Rudolph C. Doon, of Jasper
County, Texas, di. and on the sth inst.
Gabriel White, aged 100, died at Piqua, 0.,
on the 9th i;.st. He was one of the colony of
emancipated slaves of John Randolph, of
Roanoke, sent to Piqua in 1847.
The Hon. H irvey Jewell, of Massachusetts,
brother of M -rs ia' Je veil of Connecticut, and
at one time a leading republican politician of
Massachusetts, is dead.
Heart disease ca ried off Ex-Chief Justice
Barbour, of the New York supreme court, on
the Bth inst.
Joseph Hargraves, the celebrated cricketer,
died at Philadelphia. Pa., on the Bth inst
The state de bailment has received informa
tion of the death of Gen. Kilpatrick, minister
to Chid, which occurred on the 4th inst.
Admiral Bird . f the British uavy, who com
manded the Investigator in the expedition in
search ox Sir. John Franklin, is dead-
U ork of the Flames.
The Mansion House block, Northampton,
Mass., was damaged to the extent of §20,000
on the 10th xnst. On the same day, the harl
vester warehouse of D. M. Osborne & Cos.,
Chicago, took fir., aud the damage was §320,-
000. A passenger car on the Wilmington &
Weldon Railroad, whs burned, near Rocky
Mount station, Va., on the night of the loth,
Graff, Bennett A Co.’s rolling mill, about four
miles from Pitlabmg, Pu., on the West Penn
sylvania Railroad, was bun.ed on the lltb; loss
§309,000. At Baltimore, Md., on the 11th inst.’
the steam box factory of Becker Bros. & Sons
was consumed; locs §25,00(>.
The stables of the Atlanta (Ga.) Street railway
company were s iept away by fire on the 10th
inst.. a number of mule* being lost.
The Portland, Me., smelting works burned
on the Bth inst. Loss §35,000.
Miss Hunter’s boarding house, South Street,
Morristown, N. J., burned on the Bth inst., and
Mrs. Anna Walsh, a boarder, and Lizzie Kelch,
a servant, perished. The other inmates were
rescued from windows.
Nearly a block of frame business houses in
Short Creek, Kansas, burned on the night of
the sth inst., involving a loss of about §50,000.
A fire broke out in the Tennessee state peni
tentiary at Nashville on the sth inst., causing a
loss of §250,000. Only six couvicts escaped
from the guards in the confusion.
The Haight tannery at Balston Spa, N. Y.,
burned on the sth inst. Loss about §IOO,OOO.
Seaman’s furniture warerooms, at Milwaukee,
Wis., were damaged by fire and water to the
extent of §35,000, on the night of the sth inst.
Tragical Tales*
Augustine Ishpeni and Amidio Cusitore, New
York shoemakers aud roommates, disputed as
to which is the better workman, and Cusitore
stabbed Ishpeni, who in turn shot Cusitore.
Both are probably fatally wounded.
Deputy Marshal Sweet and E. Wethorn had
an altercation with Marshal Halbert at Belton,
Texas, in which pistols played an important
part. Sweet was killed and Halbert wounded.
Ellsworth Crettning ravished Gertrude Dyker
at Milltown, N. Y„ whereupon Miss Dyker’s
brother shot the villain dead.
Two brothers named Adcock were mysterious
ly murdered near Texarcana. Ark., on the 10th
inst. Both were shot through the head.
Isabel Aimes, a noted political magistrate
shot and wounded no less than seventeen per
sons in a frenzied fit at Chamamoco, Mexico,
recently. The infuriated desperado was killed
by Ike populace.
On the* moruing of the 9th inst., Pacquili
Tocucitto, an Italian residing in New York city,
shot his wife Catharine through the head and
killed her on the spot. Turning upon bis
mother-in-law, Maria Valenta, he shot her
Ihrough the head, aud next shot himself
tkrough the neck. Bespattered with the brains
of his two victims, and dripping with blood, be
went to the Prince Street police station aud
gave himself up. The murderer has a chance
of recovery. The mother-in-law died from the
wound. The wife was but 14 years old.
Jealousy of the wife was the cause of the shoot
The Mercer brothers, two notorious Decatur
County, lowa, characters, were shot and killed
by the sheriff of Christian County, Mo., on
the 7th inst. They killed Marshall Topliff on
the 16th ult.
At Fall River, Mass., on the night of the
6th inst., Frank Sharon, a young barber, went
home, entered the room where his wife was
sleeping, kissed her three times, and drawing a
pistol, shot her dead. Sharon says something
crossed his mind aud told him to da it.
An unknown assassin murdered Mrs. Ann
Jameson, a respectable widow, living near But
ler, Bradford County, Fla., on the night of the
4th inst.
Guiteau’v Trial*
Eighteenth Day. —Guiteau was filled with fear
and trembling as he cringingly shuffled through
the large crowd which lined his walk from the
van to the entrance of the court. Dr. Kennou,
managing editor of the Chicago Medical Re
view, gave it as bis opinion that the prisoner
was insane. During the testimony of Dr. Ken
non, Davidge maintained that John W. Gui
teau had sworn positively that the prisoner’s
father was not insane. Witness admitted that
when a man committed crime while acting un
der the delusion of Divine inspiration, aud
then conducted himself precisely as a criminal
would do, would be presumptive evidence
against insanity. Several other experts were
called, all of whom testified that if his actions
up to the time of the hypothetical question were
true the prisoner was undoubtedly insane.
Guiteau .vas incensed at the qualified testi
mony of the experts and denounced the wit
nesses as cranks.
Nineteenth Day. —On the 6th inst. the de
fense closed their testimony and District Attor
ney Corkhili directed all the medical experts to
remain for examination by the prosecution.
Scoville requested that President Arthur be
summoned. Guiteau broke in with: “Yes; and
Grant and Conkliug aud the rest of my political
friends.” Counsel for prosecution agreed to
allow Scoville to prepare Interrogatories to
the President, and allow his evidence in this
form to be put in later. The prisoner read
copiously from his book, “Truth,” certain
passages of which will be marked by Scoville to
be submitted as evidence.
Twentieth Day —The government began its re
buttal. The expert testimony was not called at
first, the prosecution producing a large number
of witnesses who had been early neighbors,
friends of the Guiteau family. The uniform
testimony went to show that while Gmtcau’s
father was eccentric in some ways he was a man
of unusually bright intellect, and was trusted
with important positions with the fullest con
fidence of the city of Freeport, where he lived.
Other relatives were eccentric, but very few
cases of actual insanity were found in the* fam
ily. • Gen. Sherman was placed upon the stand.
When he had concluded, Guiteau said: “I
thank you, General, for having ordered out
those troops that day. If it hadn't been for
you I should not be here to-day. I owe my life
to the protection which you and General Crocker
gave me during that period when mob spirit
was rife.” The prisoner interrupted the coun
sel as often as usual.
Twenty-first Day. —The testimony taken on
the Bth tended greatly to weaken the prisoner’s
case, as it destroyed every vestige of the claim
of hereditaiy insanity. The prisoner interrupt
ed the witnesses repeatedly and viciously.
President Arthur’s answers to’Scoville’s interro
gations were read in court. He said he had
seen the prisoner ten times and possibly twenty
times, that the prisoner, to his knowledge, haci
rendered the republican party no service during
the campaign; that there was nothing in the
relations between the leaders of the partv and
Guiteau to furnish the latter with any ground
for supposing he would receive an appointment.
The President stated that he had received a
letter since the indictment containing some
claim of his having rendered some important
services to the republican party during the
Presidential campaign, and an appeal for a
postponement of his trial to give him time to
prepare for a defense.
Twenty-second Day. —When the criminal
court opened on the 9th, Guiteau became un
usually noisy, abusing Corkhili and a number
of witnesses. Geo. W. Plummer of Chicago,
after suffering the interruptions for a while
said to the prisoner; “It seems that your close
relations with the Deity of late have corrupted
your manners.” The prisoner laughed heartily
at this sally and said: “ Well, that ain’t so bad,
Plummer, for a western man.” Plummer said
be had noticed nothing about Guiteau to indicate
an unsound mind. Stephen English, editor
and proprietor of the Insurance Times, New
York, took the ftand. Guiteau called out:
“This man was in Ludlow Street jail, and I got
him out for §300.” Witness said he was in
jail under §40,000 bonds and hired prisoner to
secure his release, giving him §3OO. Guiteau
took ihe money, aud also that of other persons
tut rendered no service therefor. Guiteau
shouted at the witness; “Why, I would not
spit on you on the street, you old scoundrel.
I'D get some insurance men to show you up.
You are lying all the way through, English, you
old fraud.” Witness considered the prisoner a
shrewd sane man. At one time Guiteau cried
excitedly: “I want to know, Corkhili, what all
this kind of evidence has got to do with the real
issue—-who fired the shot that killed Garfield,
the Deity or I? I think it is devilish mean to
rake up ‘my character in all its details. The
only issue here is, who fired that shot, the
Deity or I! Just take that home, Corkhili, and
think it over till to- morrow morning. I want to
know what all this has got to do with ray sanity
or insanity on the 2d of July? As I told you
before, I had time enough to go crazy a hun
dred times in the interval.” J. McLean Shaw
testified that Guiteau told him that he (Guiteau)
was bound to become notorious, and might
some day, like J. Wilkes Booth, kill some great
man in order to draw attention.
An apartment-house, capable of ac
commodating forty families,has just been
completed at Brooklyn, at an expense
of $500,000. It is an enormous struc
ture, and families will be able to live in
a most luxurious style. It is model in
every respect, containing elevators,
steam, and all sanitary improvements.
The cost of running it will be SIO,OOO
per year, and the rental will probably
amount to $55,000.
Monday, December 5. —The senate was con
vened at noon with Davis in the chair Sena
tor-elect Windem presented his credentials,
qualified and entered upon the discharge of his
unties Bills introduced: For the appoint
ment of a commission to investigate questions
of tariff and revenue laws; for retiring the trade
dollars and recoining them as standard silver
dollars; to enforce the treaty stipulations rela
tive to the Chinese; to promote the efficiency of
the life-saving service: to incorporate the Gar
field Memorial Hospital; to place Gen. U. S.
Grant upon the retired list of the army; for
compulsory retirement of all army officers after
forty-five years service; to provide for the issue
of three per cent, bonds (it authorizes the secre
tary or any assistant secretary of the treasury
to receive lawful money of the United States to
the amount of SSO or any multiple of that sum,
and to issue in exchange therefor an equal
amount of registered or coupon bonds of the
United States bearing interest at the rate of 3
per cent, per annum payable quarterly or semi
annually at the treasury; such bonds to be ex
empt from all taxation, to bo payable at the
treasury after January 2, 1887, and the money
received for these bonds to be applied solely to
the redemption ol 3% per cent, bonds) Ad
Tuesday, December 6.—The senate met at
noon and appointed a committee to wait on the
President and notify him of their readiness to
receive the message. The committee reported
that the. President would communicate to both
houses in writing forthwith Bills intro
duced: Granting the franking privilege to Mrs.
Lucretia Garfield; for a territorial government
for southern Alaska; for the admission of Da
kota as a state; establishing the territory of
Northern Dakota and providing a temporary
government therefor; establishing a United
States mail service and reviving foreign com
merce in America, between New Orleans and
Mexican ports; for the establishment of a
steamship mail service between the United
States and Brazil; to authorize the Baritavia
Ship Canal Company to construct and operate
a ship canal from New Orleans to the Gulf of
Meixco overland and the waters of the United
States: for the relief of Ben Halliday; to estab
lish a board of education and in the support of
the public schools.., .At 1:05 p. m. the door
keeper announced the reception of a message
from the President of the United States, and
the clerk a moment later began reading the
annual message At the conclusion of the
message a resolution by Edmunds continuing
the committees as they existed at the last ses
sion was passed Cameron (Pa.) introduced a
resolution declaring that in the opinion of the
senate it is inexpedient to reduce the revenue
of the government by abolishing all existing
internal revenue taxes except those imposed
upon highwines and distilled spirits. Laid on
the table informally.... Beck introduced reso
lutions instructing the judiciary committee to
inquire into the provision of the constitution
regarding Presidential disability (suggested by
the Garfield case). Laid over.... A resolution
by Sherman to appoint six senators in con
junction with a like committee from the house,
to provide means of expressing the deep sensi
bility of the nation upon the decease of Presi
dent Garfield, and referring to them that part
of the President’s message relating thereto,
was passed Adjourned.
Wednesday, December?. —Sherman, Pendle
ton, Dawes, Lapham, Bayard and Morgan were
appointed by the chair as a joint committee for
the preparation of the senate memorial upon
the death of the late President Garfield
Bills introduced: To enable the people of New
Mexico to form a constitutional and state
government and for the admission of the state
into the Union, (temporarily tabled); making
trade dollars legal tender at their nominal
value for all debts public and private except
where otherwise expressly stipulated in the
contract; also to provide for the allotment of
lands in severalty to United Peonas and Miamis
of Indian Territory, (referred); granting pen
sions to soldiers of the Mexican war and to
soldiers engaged in the Creek, Seminole and
Black Hawk Indian wars, (this bill was report
ed favorably from the senate committee on pen
sions at tiie last session); to establish a depart
ment of agriculture ana commerce, (temporari
ly tabled.) A resolution offered by Hoar for
a special committee, to be appointed by the
chair, to whom shall bo referred all petitions,
bills and resolutions asking for the extension of
suffrage to women and the removal cf then-dis
abilities, was referred... .Adjourned.
Thursday, December B.—Upon the expira
tion of the morning horn 1 Morrill addressed the
senate at considerable length upon the tariff
commission bill Bills introduced: For a
bridge across the Missouri at the most accept
able point from five to six miles above St.
Louis; for recording marriages in territories of
the United States; to make a wife a competent
witness in a trial for bigamy in territories of
the United States; for the erection of a monu
ment to the memory of Maj.-Gen. Baron De
Kalb; for the sale ol lands of Miami Indians in
Kansas; for a bridge over the Missouri Liver at
or near Arrow Rock, Mo.; providing that the
widows and minor children of soldiers who
served ninety days in the late war, and were
honorably discharged, be entitled to 160 acres
of public land not otherwise reserved or appro
priated; retiring judges of United States courts,
after ten years’ service, at 70 years, and after
twenty years’ service at 65 years Ferry,
from the committee on postoffices, reported
back with amendment a bill granting the frank
ing privilege to the widow of the late President
Garfield. He asked unanimous consent for the
suspension of rules to consider the bill. The
bill passed without objection, being the first of
the session to pass the senate Pending mo
tion for adjournment, the President pro tern.
(Davis) called attention to the fact that the sth
of December, the day on which congress con
vened, was the fiftieth anniversary of the day
when Isaac Bassett, the much esteemed door
keeper of the senate, became connected with
that body. Half a century ago he entered the
service of the senate as a page through the in
fluence of Daniel Webster. Tu all the mutations
of parties, no attempt has ever been made to
disturb him. “I am sure” Davis said, “the
sentiment of all sides is cordially expressed
when I wish him health and happiness in the
name of the senate of the United States.”. ..
Adjourned until Monday next.
Monday, December 5. —At noon the clerk of
the house, Adams, called the body to order and
announced the opening of the session. The
roll-call showed 298 representatives present, the
absentees being Morey, Scales, Mills and
Deuster. Nominations for speaker being in or
der, Keifer was put in nomination by Robeson,
Randall by House and Ford by Murch. The
roll was called, and resulted as follows: Whole
number of votes, 285; necessary for choice, 143;
for Keifer, 148; Randall, 129; Ford, 8. Those
voting for Ford were Brumm, Burrows, of Mis
souri; Hazeltine, Jones, of T£xas; Ladd, Mos
grave, Murch and Rice, of Missouri. None of
the candidates voted. Fulkerson and Paul, of
Virginia, (readjusters) voted for Keifer. The
result having been announced. Keifer was es
corted to the sneaker’s chair by Randall and
Hiscock, and took the oath of office, which was
administered by Kelly, of Pennsylvania, as the
oldest member in point of service. The work
of swearing in members was commenced, but
Alabama being the first state called, Jones
(Texas) objected to the oath being administer
ed to Joseph Wheeler (Alabama) and asked he
be compelled to stand aside. So ordered.
Springer objected to the swearing in of Cutts'
(Iowa), Van Vorhies, (N. V.), King, (La.)!
Moore, (Tenn,), and Chalmers, (Miss.) All of
these gentlemen stood aside. oejections were
further made to the qualifying of Wadsworth
and Van Vorhies, Dibble and Moore, (Tenn.)
After the work of swearing in members to
whom there was no objection was concluded,
the case of Wheeler was taken up, but a* he had
a prima facie right to a seat them was no
strenuous objection made, and ho was finally
allowed to qualify. All objections, with the ex
ception of that against Chalmers and against
Dibble, having been withdrawn, the gentlemen
were sworn in. AU republican caucus nominees
were then elected and sworn in... .Adjourned.
Tuesday, December 6.—Haskell offered a
resolution declaring Allen S. Campbell, dele
gate-elect from Utah Territory, entitled to be
sworn in on a prima facie case. The resolution
was under discussion, a point of order being
raised against it by Cox, when the President’s
message was received and read. The message
was ordered printed and referred to committee
of the whole The question on Utah’s dele
gate was then postponed till to-morrow....
McKinley offered a resolution for a committee
to act in conjunction with a like committee
from the senate to consider and report by what
token of respect and affection it may be proper
for the congress of the United States to express
the deep sensibility of the nation at the death
of its late President, James A. Garfield, and
that so much of the message as refers to tnat
melancholy event be referred to the committee.
Adjourned until Friday, with the under
standing that further adjournment be taken un
til Tuesday.
Wednesday, December 7.— The house was
not in session to-day.
Friday, December 9.—Mills (Texas) appeared
at the bar of the house and was sworn in
The speaker announced the appointment of the
following committees: On mileage—Smith of
Pennsylvania, Ryan, Paul. Cobb, MacKenzie.
On the death of President Garfield—McKinney,
Pacheco, Belford, Wait, Forney, Dunn, Martin,
Davidson (Florida) Stephens! Cannon, Orth,
Kasson, Anderson, Carlisle, Gibson, Dingley,
McLane, Harris of Massachusetts, Hoar, Dun
nell, Hooker, Ford, Valentine, Cassidy, Hall,
Hill (New Jersey), Cox (New York), Vance,
George, O’Neill. Chase, Aiken, Pettibone, Mills,
Joyce, Tucker, Wilson and Williams (Wis.)
The house then adjourned until Tuesday, wheu
the introduction of bills will be allowed as if it
were Monday.
Boil until tender enough to put a fork
through easily. Put in a deep dish a
layer of macaroni, with a little melted
butter and salt; grate cheese over this;
fill up the dish as above, the last layer of
cheese without butter. Pour over all
milk so you can see it on the edge of the
dish. Bake until a nice brown.
To one pint of molasses add one cup
of brown sugar; beat them well together.
Melt a piece of butter the size of an egg
m a teacup of milk; add one teaspoont'ul
of saleratus and pour it into the molasses.
Beat the whites of six eggs to a stiff’
froth; add the yolks to the molasses; stir
in one teacup of flour; add a little mace
and cloves. Stir in the whites, and bake
one hour in a moderate oven. Serve
with a rich sauce.
Mix two heaping teaspoonfuls of cream
of tartar, with one pound of flour; then
rub into it four ounces of butter, as for
pastry; add eight ounces of currants, six
ounces of sugar, and one pint of milk, in
which one heaping teaspoonful of car
bonate of soda has been dissolved; add a
little salt, spice to taste, and bake. The
addition of two beaten eggs and four
ounces of citron makes a rich loaf.
Boil a fresh beef’s tongue, a large one,
weighing five or six pounds, in salted
water till tender, about three hours.
Skin it and then put it back into the
liquor until it is thoroughly cold.
Weigh it and chop it, and to every
pound of tongue put a pound of snet, a
pound of raisins, a pound of currants, a
half pound of citron, a pound of
chopped apples, a pound of sugar, cin
namon, allspice and cloves sparingly: a
pint of brandy to the mince meat, which
must be packed down tight in a stone or
earthen jar. When you make up your
pies add to every five pounds of the
mince meat a quart and a pint of
cider. This is enough for eight pies.
If you require more brandy it must be
added at the time of baking. The cider
must not be put into the mince meat
jar, as it will spoil the whole quantity.
This receipt makes a very rich mince
meat. For the ordinary mince meat,
take three pounds of the “ sticking
piece ” of beef, which is from the neck.
This has some fat in it. Boil till tender
in salt and water; Let it get cold in the
liquor. Then chop it; add two founds
of suet. Then put an equal quantity
with your weight of beef, of currants,
raisins, chopped apples and sugar,
pound for pound. A half pound of
citron to each pound of meat. Cinna
mon, allspice and cloves, and the juice
and chopjied rind of two lemons.
Boil four gallons of cider for three
hours, skimming it. Have the apples
pared and cored, and put them in gradu
ally; as they boil down fill up with more
apples. Have an oaken stave pierced
with holes and fastened to a long han
dle—a broomstick is the best—so that
you can stand at a distance from the
kettle. It must be stirred continually to
prevent its burning. If you have your
cider on to boil by 10 in the morning,
the apple butter ought to be all cooked
by 12 at night. Sweeten it to taste with
light, brown sugar, but the sugar must
not be added until about an hour before
it comes off the fire, as it burns more
easily after the sugar is in. Add cinna
mon and cloves to taste when yon put
the sugar in. When it is done it must
be so stiff that a spoon will stand up
in it. Apple butter is a tedious thing to
make. It is beet to have a merry-making
over the apple-paring and stirring, as
it is very heavy work for one or two per
sons. A gay party in a country house
undertook it a few seasons ago, but long
before midnight all had given out, leav
ing one strong-armed young fellow alone
to finish it, Apple butter must be
cooked in a very large kettle, a perfectly
new tin boiler, or a copper kettle. There
is no use in making up a small quantity,
as it takes just as much time as to cook
a barrel of cider. If made according
to this receipt, it is sure to keep.
Washing in Italy.
[From the Cornhill Magazine.]
In cold weather much washing of the
person is considered to be dangerous to
health; and my barbarity in subjecting a
young baby to a daily bath during the
winter excited almost as much virtuous
indignation as my culpable neglect of
the “fascia,” so necessary to keep the
legs straight. On receiving a neighbor
into the house for a week, I thought it
incumbent on me, although it was the
dead of winter, to provide him with all
conveniences for washing, but these at
tentions were lost upon him; and my
astonishment when the house-maid
thought fit to inform me in her dramatic
way that neither soap, water nor towel
had been touched, was perhaps no
greater than his own at finding these
useless thing provided. “ The signora
says to me,” begins Marietta, “have
you put soap into the room of that gen
tleman ?” —“Sissignora.” “A bath?”
—“Sissignora.” “Two towels?”—
“ Sissignora, sissignora, ma, signora,
non toccati! ne I’una, ne Taltra! ”
The spruce-gum industry in Maine is
represented to be in a highly flourishing
condition. Men who range the woods
collecting the gum make good wages,
selling the article for 40 cents a pound.
Altogether residents of the state obtain
$40,000 yearly by the sale of the article.
A Model of Thrift who Dwells in the Queen’s
[From the December Atlantic.!
The inhabitant is a model of thrift.
He grows his own tobacco, makes his
own “beef” moccasins, and manufac
tures his own whisky. His wife spins
the wool out of which is made V etovffp.
du pays, a kind of frieze, in which he
clothes himself. His house is a picture
of neatness. The outside is whitewashed
at least twice a year; the inside is swept
and garnished until it is as bright as a
new pin. The floor of pine boards is
scrubbed and sanded every day. The
walls are hung with pictures, somewhat
gaudy as to color, of the pope, St.
Cecelia, St. Joseph and St. Anne, and
photographs of the parish priest and of
the children who are away in New Eng
land or Minnesota. Over the broad fire
place, in which huge logs blaze in winter
time hangs the family fusil, the old
flint-lock a sire carried under Mont
calm, and now used to kill an occasional
bear and to fire a feu defoie on St. Jean
Baptiste day and other great occasions.
Near it are medals brought from Borne
by the priest or the bishop, and the
rosary that has come down as an heir
loom in the family. The house is dec
orated with sampler work of saints and
angels, for which the women are famed.
A crucifix hangs above the fusil, and in
settlements near a church the house is
always supplied with holy water. The
patriarch of the family sits in the ingle
ueuk, puffing blasts of smoke from his
long pipe up the bellowing chimney, and
•sporting the toyue, an old-fashioned red
night-cap with a brilliant tassel, which
his fathers before him wore under the
ancien regime. The good wife in
mantalet of calico skirt of homespun
blue, and neat Norman cap, is at the
spinning-wheel; the eldest daughter,
soon to marry the honest husbandman
in the next clearing, is weaving her
linen outfit at a hand-loom. The pot
in which the pea-soup, the staple
dish, is made, is gurgling on the fire;
a smaller pot contains the pork; and in
the gulf parishes the tiuade, composed
of alternate layers of pork and codfish,
is still the piece de resistance. The bed
rooms are furnished with old-fashioned
bedsteads, covered with patch-work
quilts of cunning and patient workman
ship. Here, too, are pictures of the
Madonna and St. Ignatius, and a small i
plaster figure of the great Napoleon, j
meditating with folded arms on the |
cliffs of St. Helena; a bough of palm i
blessed at Eastertide; holy water, a j
specific against lightning; and the
snow-shoes on which the inhabitants
visits his little kingdom of eighty or
one hundred arpents in the long winter
season. The housewife bottles an infin
ite variety of preserves in the fall,
raspberries, blueberries, blackberries,
huckleberries and other wild fruits
which the bush and the swamps yield in
abundance; and in the spring the ma
ples furnish a sweet harvest of sugar.
When the dcfricheur comes in from the
woods on a cold evening, ho fortifies
himself with a draught of the mordant
whisky; the blessing of God is asked
on the more substantial repast, and he |
falls to a valiant trencherman,’with an I
appetite as keen as his ax. The bon |
bomme gets out his rosin and his bow, [
the lads and lassies come in from the 1
neighboring farm houses, and as Long
fellow has it of the Acadians in “Evan- j
“ Gayly the old man sings to the wibrant sound of
his fiddle.
Tousles Bourgeous de Chartres and de Carillon de
The dances of the olden time still j
hold their own in the country districts, i
The cotinious, the gigues, the galopades, ■
the minuets, the danses rondos and the i
ancient ballads, the Claire Fontaine j
and the En Boulant are ever new. At!
10 o’clock the grandfather puts away I
his fiddle and reverently gives his!
blessing to the company, which now
disperses, to be up and at work by
the first peep of morning.
Flour—Spring Extras f 600 @ 7 50
Wheat—No. 2 Spring @ 1 37
Corn—No, 2 @ 71%
Oats—No. 2 @ 54
Rye—State @ 1 07
Pork—Mess @lB 25
Lard @ll 30
Flour—Good to Choice Spring $ G 25 @6 75
Common “ 5 25 @ 5 75
Wheat—No. 2, Cash @ 1 28
No. 2. Seller Dec @ 1 29%
Coen—No. 2... @ 6 %
Oats—No. 2 @ 46%
Barley—No. 2 @ 1 u 6
Rye—No. 2 @ 98
Pork—Mess, Cash @l7 00
Larl—Cash @ll 10
Butter—Good to Choice Creamery 25 @ 35
Good to Choice Dairy 25 @ 27
Egos 22 @ 23
Cheese—Prime 12 @ 13%
Flour—Good to Choice Spring $ 6 00 @7 00
Common Extras 4 50 @5 00
Wheat—Spring, No. 2, Regular @ 1 31%
Spring, No. 3, “ @ 1 11
Spring, No. 2, Seller Jan . @ 1 30
Spring, No. 2, Seller Feb. @ 1 30%
Coen—No. 2 @ 61%
Oats—No. 2 @ 43
Barley—No. 2 @ 95
Rye—No. 1 @ 97%
Pork—Mess @l6 90
Lard @ll 07
Cattle—Good to Choice Steers 5 00 @ 5 50
Hogs—Good to Choice 5 70 @ 6 30
Sheep—Common to Choice Shorn. 4 00 @ 4 30
Butter—Good to Choice 25 @ 33
Eggs 24 @ 25
Cheese —Prime 13 @ 13%
Wheat—No. 2 Red @sl 35%
Corn—No. 2 @ 63%
Oats—No. 2 @, 47
Rye—No. 1 @ 99
Pork—Mess @l7 uO
Wheat—No. 2, Red @sl 35%
Coen—No. 2 @ 65
Oats @ 45%
A Bell with a History.
[From the Buffalo Telegraph.]
In the Episcopal church at ElMcott
ville, Cataraugus County, is an old bell,
which according to a very legible date on
its side, was cast in Moscow, Russia, in
1708. Its history is about as follows:
It is now 173 years old and was cast for
and first used as one of a chimes of bells
in a large cathedral in Moscow. When
Napoleon inaugurated his disastrous re
treat in 1811, by burning the city, the
cathedral with its chime was molested in
the common ruin. Several years after
ward, this bell was gathered up other old
metal and sold to a sea captain for bal
last to his vessel, which he returned
light to New York. In the course of
time the bell found its way into the
hands of the well known bell founder,
Andrew Meenelej, of Troy, and was
kept in his yard for several years as a
curiosity, though not highly valued.
When the present church building in
Ellicottville was finished, a gentleman
connected with the parish happening to
see it, purchased it at a low price and
presented it to the society. In due time
it was elevated to its present position and
after a half century’s silence, its peculiar
tones once more resounded through the
air; but this time, not sounding a single
note in the Misericordia of a nation
groaning under the bonds of moral and
physical oppression, but pealing forth a
glad sound of its own in a land where
every heart is free. The bell to-day is
still sound, and its notes as clear as on
the first day of its existence, and its re
verberations are still throbbing and
echoing away among the hills of old Cat
Particles in the Eye.
[From Youth’s Companion.]
Old and young per sons are often sore
ly troubled by small hard particles of
matter that get under the eyelids. When
children suffer in this way, their parents
may not even suspect the cause of the
trouble. The irritation may go on in
creasing for years: for the inflammation
strongly resembles catarrhal conjunc
tivitis, which has quite a different cause.
The conjunctiva (as the termination
itis in medicine always means “inflam
mation of,” conjunctivitis means inflam
mation of the conjunctiva) is a mucous
membrane which begins near the edge of
the lids, upper and lower, lines them,
and then, turning back, covers also the
eye-ball. It thus forms two sacs. It is
exceedingly sensitive and is very liable
to inflammation of various kinds, all
painful, and some very difficult of cure.
A foreign body beneath the eyelid soon
inflames it. Such a body beneath the
upper lid is not as readily detected as
one beneath the lower, and it is harder
to remove it.
A child that had long suffered from
what was supposed to be catarrhal in
flammation, and for which it had been
energetically treated, only to grow worse,
was brought to Dr. Broosa, professor of
ophthalmology in the New York Uni
versity. On turning up the child’s upper
eyelid, the source of the trouble was
found in a small bud of a cherry-tree.
Belief and cure followed its removal.
In all such cases the main thing to do,
is to avert the lid. The lover lid is eas
ily turned over the finger. If the parti
cle is beneath the upper lid, press the
lid against the eyebrow and have the
patient look down. Then seize the eye
lashes and edge up the lid aud turn the
lid quickly over the thumb. Bemove
the speck with a handkerchief, and show
it to the patient; for he will often feel
for some time as if the object were still in
the eye.
A Minister’s Messenger and What He
[Paris Letter to Philadelphia Press,]
Two hundred years and one week ago.
almost at the very moment when his
soldiers were entering Strasbourg, the
Boi Soldi started out fr< *m Fontaine
bleau to take possession in person of his
new conquest. The day b. fore—that is
to say, on the 29th of S ptember, 1681,
Louis XIV, had announced to his court
in the presence of the German ambassa
dor that he had made up bis mind to go
to Strasbourg, in order to receive the
oath of fealty w i<-h the treaty of Ni
megue gave him tin righ to exact from the
city. It was a coup do theatre, and no
mistake. But how happened it that the
king was so well infra mea as to the set
tled condition of off o s at so distant a
point? Well, the storuns ns follows;
One evening the minister Louvois
sent for a young man who had been
recommended to his good graces, and
said. “ Sir, you will g t into a post
carriage which you wi I find at my door.
My servants have exact instructions
what to do. You wiil proceed to Bale
without stopping, and you will reach
there about two o'clock to-morrow. You
will proceed immediately to the bridge
which crosses the B ine You will re
main there until f<: ur o’clock. You will
carefully notice aT h at you may see
there. You will then again get into the
carriage, and without 10.-h-g a minute
you will return and report to me what
you may have seen” Tee young man
bowed and started at once. Two days
after, he reached Balt, n>d at once has
tened to take np his st a* on on o>e bridge.
Nothing extraordinary attracted his at
tention. It was market-day, and some
peasants were passing and repassing,
bringing vegetables ran! taking back
their empty carts. A squad of militia
passed. Townsfolk crossed the bridge,
talking of the news < i the day, and a
little man wearing a yell* w coat, leaned
over the railing and an mo and himself h 7
dropping stones iiao the v aver, as if to
create circling eddies, which he watched
with a satisfied look Four o’clock
struck and the ministerV messenger
started on his return t > Paris. Very
late in the evening tin- young man,
greatly disappointed at he jesult of his
mission, arrived at tie home of Lou
vois. The minister uas -tdl awake and
rushed to meet bis proto:,-- ,
“What did yon see ? ” he ;*fked.
“ I saw peasants g-iug and coming; a
squad of militia J if bridge;
citizens who walked ?do iscussing
the day’s news, and a v mm wearing
a yellow coat, who v -:ie. am ■’ g himself
by dropping stones ivo. • her.”
The minister had * ear ■ i _*h, and he
hurried to the kina. i. i ! man in
yellow was a secret ag- e , a . the stones
dropped into the v-at. ; a a signal
that all difficulties lad < overcome,
and that Strasbouo b 1 > France.
Nautical Nonsens:
“Father,” asked Join •, “ what is a
log?” “A log, lev replied
Brown, stealing a b;i> ; r at Mrs.
8., to see it s: e was i g for bis
answer, “a log, my s- . big piece
of wood or timbei. . ■ >o \ou ask,
Johnny?” “It tells n .-story about
heaving the log, and \ s the ship
went fourteen kuom air. What
does it mean by hither?”
“Knots, Johnny?—! you
have seen a log—aim. covered
with knots—haven’t ' t, that’s
what it means— it h m— the
ship got by fourt* <• o n hour.
That’s all, Johnny,” ■ , with a
sigh of relief that he ' i r of it so
A new Sunday la v i- ringently
enforced in Indiana tin- b ! >ers and
cigar dealers who keep th it shops open
on Sunday morning are fined

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