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IN THE CATHEDRAE, CEOSE.
BY EDWARD DOWDEX. In the dean's porch a nest of clay With live small tenants may be seen ; Five solemn faces, each as wise As though its owner was a dean. Five downy fledglings in a row, Packed close as in an antique pew The schoolgirls are, whose foreheads clear At the Veuite shiue on you. Day after day the swallows sit With scarce a stir, with scarce a sound; But dreaming and digesting much, They grow thus wise and soft and round. They watch the canons come and dine, And hear the mulliou bars across. Over the fragrant fruit and wine, Deep talk about the reredos. Her hands with field-flowers drench’d, a child Leaps past in wild-blown dress and hair. The swallows turn their heads askew, Five judges deem that she is fair. Prelusive touches sound within, Straightway they recognize the sign, And blandly nodding, they approve The minuet of Rubinstein. Ah! downy young ones, soft and warm, Doth such a stillness mask from sight Such swiftness? can such peace conceal ' Passion and ecstaey ot flight? Yet somewhere ’mid our eastern suns, Under a white Greek architrave At morn, or when the shaft of fire Lies large upon the India wave, A sense of something dear gone by Will stir, strange longings fill the heart For a small world embowered and close, Of which ye sometime were a part. The dew-drench’d flowers, child’s glad eyes. Your joy unhuman shall control, And in your wings a light and wind Shall move from the maestro’s soul. A AJEU THEORY. The Views and Experiences of Man Who Has Wres led With the Dreaded Disease of Cholera. [Prof. Mezzeroff in the New York Tribune.] There is no disease of which the peo ple of all nations are so much afraid as of cholera, the reason being that it makes so quick work with its victims, and is believed to be so infectious or contagious that anyone coming in contact with, or proximity to cholera patients, is liable to be at once in fected. Nothing could be farther from the truth than that persons are af fected by germs emanating from cholera vicinities. For if true, no one could escape, as these germs would have a continually enlarging circle till none would be left. I pointed out in my last that cholera poison is not a germ, either animal or vegetable, but a poisonous gas which emanates from the earth before, during and after vol canoes and earthquakes, and during the decomposition of large masses of animal matter. My proofs are beyond any question of doubt to anyone who has investigated the history of the pestilence. I shall give my own experience of the disease as it acted on me for twenty four hours. The first indication I had was a heavy weight or oppression in the region of the stomach. There was a feeling as if air did not get to the bottom of the lungs, and I had to take long inspirations as if the heart and lungs were expressed by something I could set aside by the strongest breathing. In a short time, say half an hour, saliva flowed freely from the mouth, after which, in about twenty minutes, the stomach felt as if it was rotating. This continued for about an hour, when vomiting began, and after the stomach-was emptied the vomit ins still continued, and cramps of the stomach and the bowels began, fol lowed by an agonizing diarrhoea, im mediately followed by cramps in the arms and lower limbs as well as in the stomach and intestines. At last I was unable to speak on account of cramp of the muscles of the face, but there was no change in my mental faculties; they remained clear through all my suffering. I made desperate efforts to speak, but failed; also to move my hands, but failed. It appeared that my neck, brain, lungs and heart all were free from cramps, and to this, and another thing I will mention, I as cribe my recovery, with the aid of medicine. While the vomiting and diarrhoea were going on, and my whole body and limbs were convulsed with cramps, I thought that if I could speak but once I would surely recover. I knew of one way to set aside ordinary cramps, and that was to hold my breath to the verge of swooning. I set about it at once, and I think I held my breath for at least a minute, during which, I was told —an I I felt like ir—that the eyes were bursting from their sockets aid all present thought it w cxZ the death struggle. But during the time I held my breath there was no vomiting nor pain, and the moment I drew the first breath the entire system had relaxed and the cramps had gone from the face and arms and I was able to speak. In a few moments I called for a glass of brandy and two drams of chloroform mixed with sugar and water. And I called another nurse to get one pound of mustard and one pound of flour, which I ordered mixed with warm wa ter, into which was put one ounce of tincture of capsicum (which is red pepper) and one dram of oil of cinna mon. This was quickly attended to as I was a physician and the nurses were obliged to obey. I bad this spread on thin muslin that had been dipped in warm water. This was put over the entire abdomen, and in a short time it was burning me beyond description. After this was done two attendants rubbed my limbs with chloroform and reaction set in in a few minutes. Fifteen minutes after I took the chloroform and brandy, which, to my great joy and surprise, remained on the stomach, I took one ounce of sul phate of magnesia, two drams of chlo rate of potash, one dram of bi-carbon ate of soda mixed in water. I had a terrible fight to retain this, which I did for twenty minutes, when some of it was rejected. In the meantime the mustard was burning so it had to be removed, but every cramp had gone except in the feet. In one hour after the first draught I took one dram of the chlorate of potash and half a dram of bi-carbonate of soda, and kept this up every two hours for two days, with the result that I was up on the second day, and on the third re ported for duty all right. This treat ment was entirely my own theory, all but the capsicum which I saw freely used in warm countries to prevent cramp and diarrhoea. Now I will give you what I consider the rationale of these medicines. First, I believed from the deaths I saw that all who died in a few hours did so directly from cranes of the heart; hence the reason why they turned black in a few minutes. I believed then, and have since proved it, that vomiting, purging and cramps were not produced by any germ, but by some acrid poisonous gas, which af fected the nervous centers something as strychnia does. I knew also that strychnia kills so speedily by inflam ing the nervous centers, and thus it produces cramp, which paralyzes the heart and destroys life in a short time. But as I had had three dogs poisoned by strychnia and as I saved them by pouring into them brandy and chloro form, I concluded that cramps in cholera patients arose from poisoning of the nervous centers, and that if chloroform could cure cramps in the one case it could in the other. So I succeeded in my own case and many others besides. I took the chlorate of potash and bi-carbonate of soda for the purpose of neutralizing the acrid poison in the system. The sul phate of magnesia, I had proved, was the best medicine to cure inflammation of the brain and nerve centers of the spine. The first object in effecting a cure is to stop the cramps and permit the blood to flow in its natural way. Nothing can effect this so quickly and surely as chloroform. It relaxes the whole system in a few minutes. Next, the sulphate of magnesia will speedily relieve the brain and nerve centers. If taken before fatal collapse has set in these medicines are a sure cure for cholera. The mustard, capsicum and cinnamon oil plaster will draw the blood from the bowels, stomach and brain and greatly assist in relieving the great pressure on the heart and lungs. The best medicine to prevent cholera is the following, namely, chlorate of potash, one ounce; nitrate of potash, a half ounce; black pepper, two drams. Mix in one pint of water these three, and take a teaspoonful once each three hours. Any person in fairly good health who takes this each summer, will defy cholera x>oison and get rid of several other troubles also. Besides, each person ought to take a bath, into which some washing soda has been put, say a half x>o un and dissolved in boiling water and poured into the bath. Wash the skin clean with this, and use soax) and brush or coarse towel. By this means the pores are kept clean, the circulation stimulated, and you will defy cholera poison. Shun all acid fruit, all cabbage, pickles, vinegar, acids, salads, frozen fish and lager beer. Do not drink any water unless boiled. Drink good whisky or brandy with plenty of black pepx)er mixed with sugar and water. Eat no veal or young meat. Eat fowl or well roasted mutton and roasted X>otatoes. Eat corn and green beans, but no peas as they q>roduce diar rhoea. Terrible Persian Punishments. [From the St. James’ Gazette.] The exceptional punishments in Persia are blowing from guns or mor tars, crucifixion, walling up or burying alive, burning alive, and in the few capital punishments of women —(who are usually strangled, or wrax)ped up in a carpet and jumped upon, flung from a precipice or down a well.) All these have been inflicted within the writer’s knowledge. One poor fellow twice experienced the bit terness of death. He was led out to be blown from a gun. A fellow culprit had just been executed in this way be fore his eyes. The executioners pre pared to lash him to the muzzle of the gun; but as he was a little man they had to get some bricks for him to stand on. When ail was ready the priming vras fired, but in the hurry the artillerymen had forgot to load the gun. Though urgent representations were made to the governor, he refused to spare the man; and the poor fellow was unbound, the gun was loaded, and the culprit blown away. The first part of this tragedy I myself witnessed. Crucifixion in Persia is done against a wall; the sufferers occasionally live many hours. The crime of one man so executed was that of having stolen the golden necklet of the prince gover nor’s horse; this was looked on as a sort of high treason. Some highway robbers who, among many other achievements, had looted and carried off the writer of this article (he fortu nately escaped from them,) and mur dered a Syud or holy man, were walled up alive near the scene of their crimes in hollow brick pillars. Eleven other highway robbers in one batch were thus buried alive in Shiraz in 1879; while a priest was burned to death in the public square of Shiraz, just before my arrival in Persia (he was an ex ceptionally atrocious criminal.) The Age of the Cheap Piano. [From the New York Herald.] There was a time when the piano was more expensive and less depraved. Then it haunted only the gay salons of fashion, stopped only at the best hotels, and became violent only in con cert halls and public places where there were skillful people to subdue it. But that is all over now. The demon ap petite for a key-board which was long confined to the weaker of the sexes now rages in every hamlet in the land and each day is mowing down the young and unsuspecting without re gard to gender or condition. Its en croaches are the more fatal because the more insidious. The man who whistles or the woman who sings is not safe. Both may believe in their will power and fancy they can fool with an octave or fritter away a moment with some skittish fugue or cadenza without harm. But the step is fatal. They are soon seized by the maddening thirst for music and go down in the vortex, an easy prey to the fell piano. Sleepless parents and aggrieved neigh bors have undertaken reformation and tried to crush out the dreadful craving. But too late. The being who has once been stung by a piano will never recover, but will go through life shedding tunes and ululations on his path. SCIENCE AND INVENTION. According to M. Dreulafait the mean daily evaporation of the water of the season on the southern coast of France is at least six milimeters. Orange peel is now said to be col lected, dried in ovens and sold for kindling fires. It burns readily and with great fierceness, and is safer than kerosene. The complete destruction of the carcasses of animals that have died of contagious diseases is recommended by M. Girard. He would dissolve the bodies in cold concentrated sulphuric acid. It is reported in the Gaceta Indus trial that the Metallurgical Society of San Juan de Alcarez has succeeded in manufacturing excellent copper tubes without soldering, and so as to be able to compete with all other similar products. Perack, in the Malay Peninsula, now about as much tin every year as Cornwall. Last year Perack exported not less than 7,000 tons of that valuable metal. In the mining works there are 40,000 Chinese em- at present. The Dutch government is not to give the prize of 20,000 guilders for the dis covery of a “northeast passage” to the intrexnd Swedish explorer Baron Nor kenskjold. It is refused because the route is rather a scientific than a com mercial one, and it was for the discov ery of the latter that the reward was offered. The scintillation of stars, Montigny asserts, increase during auroras, the increase being very marked in winter. The difference is most noticeable in the northern stars. When a magnetic disturbance is indicated at the Brus sels Observatory the frequency of the scintillation becomes greater with the intensity of the storm. Considerable obscurity hangs about this whole sub ject. This is anew German method for preparing a pressed enamel upon glass: A mixture of dry enamel, tiiick pine oil, and dammer lac is laid on the glass in a semi-dried state. After dry ing the drawing is pressed in. The enamel is then burned. In this way it is jiossible to reproduce the forms of figures in slight relief, the leathers of birds, the hairs of animals, and the veins of leaves. France takes mineral water from 1,027 sources of supply. Puy de Dome has 94 of these; Ardeche, 77; Vosges, 76; Ariege et Pyrenees Orien tales, 69, and Hautes Pyrenees, 64. As to the chemical nature of these springs, 319 are classed as sulphurous, 357 as alkaline, 136 as iron and 215 salt. About 651 of them are t hermal, their waters having a temparature of more than 15° C. For preparing unglazed potter}’ to write upon it with ink this method has lately been invented: A whey is used, which is obtained by adding a small quantity of acid to skimmed milk, and separating the precipitate by filtration. The plates prepared from white pipe clay are impregnated with the nitrate and dried, and then it is quite as easy to write upon them as upon imperfectly sized paper. The process is simple enough. Bricks impregnated at a high tem perature with asphalt are being suc cessfully used in Berlin for street pave ment. By driving out the air ard water with heat, bricks will take up from 15 to 20 per cent, of bitumen, and the porous, brittle material be comes durable and elastic under pres sure. The bricks are then put encl ways on a beton bed and set with hot tar. It is said that the rough usage which the pavement made of these bricks will stand is astonishing. From a zoological paper by M. Michaud on the material collected and observations made by him in the val ley of the Ogoone, in Central Africa, some interesting facts are given. The temperature is nearly constant at about 90° Fahrenheit. Maize, mani oc, and tobacco are growm. Although the people are peaceable, they are very brave. The sheep have no w r ool, and but very little hair. In the forests there is a dark, fierce species of cattle found in great abundance, probably because the fear with which the natives regard them allows these animals to multiply without the restraint of the chase. There are no indigenous horses in the region. A little more than a decade ago a new disease began to despoil the pota to near Stavanger, Norway, and it has been steadily increasing in viru lence year after year. Fungoid growths infest the stem, reducing its in terior in the first place to a sort of pulp, and at last so prey upon the plant that the stems are mere hollow reeds which readily fall to the ground. The ripe germs of the fungus are about the size of a small bean, and when they remain in the earth all wdnter they are found when the warm sea son commences sending out minute spores, which attack the jdant before it shows itself on the surface. The ravages of this pest are more marked about the end of July and the begin ning of August. A Story and its Sequel. [From the Louisville-Courier-Journal.] All the newspaper-readers will re member a little episode recorded in the Washington dispatches about three months ago. It w r as a pretty little story, and must have touched a sympathetic chord in the hearts of all who read it. Pension-Commissioner Black received a letter, childishly spelled out, from the little daughter of a Western employe of his department, begging him “not to turn her papa out of office, because he was a dear, good papa, and needed the pay very much,” and added that her father did not know of her writting in his behalf, and that he would be “real angry” if he did. This little letter so affected the commissioner that he answ T ered it him self, and promised the little maiden that he would look into her papa’s case and, if possible, not disturb him in his office. But the pretty story has a sequel. It seems that the “dear good papa” not only knew of his child’s letter, but that he even caused her to write it; and, furthermore, it appears ttiat he was not the only dear, good papa willing to enqiloy this unique method of securing the continuation of his official salary. “As soon as the information went abroad that the commissioner’s heart had been touched by this child’s request, little letters from 12-year-old girls began pouring in from all parts of the country, each ax>pealing for the retention in office of some dear, good papa, and so closely did these letters follow the model of the first one, which had been published, that the commissioner saw through the trick at once.” Shiftless. The story is an old one of the man who did not repair his leaky roof for two reasons: one was that he could not do so when it was raining and the other was that the roof did not need mending when it was not raining. Such shiftless creatures are common even in this busy world. A family named Kilridge in Indiana was notoriously shiftless. The hus band and father, a giant in x>hysical strength, sx>ent his time playing an old fiddle, sleeping, and eating when there was anything in his tumble down old cabin to eat. The mother was as indolent as her husband. A pixie of tobacco or mull ein leaves, a cup of rye and corn meal coffee, and any old rag in the shape of a dress supplied her earthly wants. A horde of half-dressed and half starved children ran wild in the woods, sometimes living a week on berries in the summer, and huddled around an old fireplace in the cabin in winter, when they were not out begging or “borryin’ ” of their thrifty neighbors. Several acres of excellent ground sur rounded the Kilridge cabin, but not a foot of it was cultivated, and the fence had disappeared in ashes and smoke. A stranger rode up to the cabin one fine June afternoon. Mr. Kilridge was stretched out at full length under a wild cherry-tree in the untidy door yard. Four big yellow dogs were lying around him. His wife was sound asleep on a board of the loose cabin floor. “Hello, there!” cried the stranger. “’Elio!” said the yawning Mr. Kil ridge. “Do you live here?” “Yaas.” “Do you own the place?” “Yaas.” “Why are you not putting in a gar den?” “Ain’t got no fence,” “Why don’t you make one?” “Aint got no garden. Don’t need no fence.” “How many children have you?” “Dunno. Aint counted ’em lately.” “Do they go to school?” “Naw.” “Why not ?” “Haint never been sent.” “Why do you not send them ? “Aaint got no books.” “But why don’t you get them books ?” “They don’t need ’em, ’cause they haint in school.” “What makes you keep so many worthless old dogs?” “Aw, I dunno.” “Why under the sun don’t you fix up your old house? It will tumble down about you some time.” “Let ’er tumble.” Here Mr. Kilridge yawned and closed his t^yes. “Well, see here,” said the stranger, I’ll give you half a dollar if you’ll watch my horse and keep it on the grass while I’m fishing in yonder stream.” Mr. K turned over, and called out, “Marier! Say, Marier!” “What yer want?” asked Mrs. K— sleepily. “You wanter make half a dollar?” “Not ef I hev ter git off’n this board ’n’ go out in the hot sun fer it.” “Yer to shit’less ter live,” said Mr. Kilridge. “I guess ye’d better ride on, stranger. Some folks won’t work w’en they kin. ’Riar’s one ’o them kind, an' I reckon that’s w’y I don’t git ’long no better.” The next momemt Mr. Kilridge had buried his nose in the grass, and was sound asleep. Who Redeemed Her. [From Texas Siftings.] In some portions of Southern Ger many when a woman desires to mar ry she has to pass a sort of civil ser vice reform examination by the priest, to see if she properly comprehends the nature of the sacred obligation she is anxious to assume. The priest of a Bavarian village was sitting at his desk writing out his sermon, when there came a timid knock at the door. “Come in,” said the pastor, and an unmarried member of his flock, who had survived some thirty summers of single blessedness, entered. The pas tor kept on writing. Presently he looked up and asked what she wished. “I—am —going—to—be—married, ” she said, chewing her apron modestly. Once more the pastor began to write, but remembering the civil ser vice reform examination, to test her knowledge of the plan of salvation, he asked her: “Molly, w T ho is it that has redeemed you from your lost and hopeless con dition ?” “Hans Pickelhaube, your reverence, and he is such a n-i-c-e young man.” The French Beau of 1800. [From McMasters’ History.] The pantaloons of a beau went up to his arm pits; to get into them w r as a morning’s w r ork, and, when in, to sit down w r as impossible. His hat was too small to contain his handkerchief and was not expected to stay on his head. His hair brushed from the crown of his head toward his forehead and looked, as a satirist of that day truly said, as if he had been fighting an old-fashioned hurricane backward. About his neck was a spotted linen neckerchief; the skirts of his green coat were cut away to a mathemati cal point behind; his favorite drink was brandy and his favorite talk of the last French play. FOREIGN NOTES. The village of Landeck in the Tyrol has been destroyed by fire. The health of the entire kingdom of Italy is declared to be excellent. Michael. Davitt again denied in a speech at Longford that there was any difference between him and Parnell. Among the 36 students at Warsaw University who successfully passed the jurisdictional examination, no less than 20 were Jews. The Maharajah of Lahore has just added to his popularity in London by a number of very valuable gifts to members of the queen’s family. Bismarck and Mr. Pendleton are on the best of terms. Mr Pendleton fre quently gives Otto hints as to the most effective way of combing the hair. A Frenchman and his wife have twenty-five sons in the army and six at home. The neighbors must have been mighty glad when twenty-five of those boys enlisted. F. A. Gower, who made a balloon ascension from Cherbourg, France, has not been heard from since. He was well known in the scientific world as one of the joint patentees of the Gow er-Bell telephone. Dr. Jenkins, of Dresden, having in formed the American x>eople that Bis marck is no more axirotectionistthan is Prof. Sumner, of Yale College, there is some curiosity to know who “Dr. Jenkins, of Dresden,” is. Two races of men are dying out —the Laplanders, who number 30,000, and the Maoris of New Zealand, reduced from 100,000 to 45,000 since the days of Capt. Cook, and likely to be extinct by the year 2,000. Lord Coleridge writes to the Lon don newspapers in reference to his re cent marriage to say in effect that the details of his private life are of no in terest to the public. That is where the judge probably makes a mistake. The removal, by Germany, of the restriction on imports of hogs from Hungary, has also been applied to Russia, and it is now explained that the restriction was imposed because of the existence of hog disease in the ter ritories furnishing the prohibited ani mals and not because of the customs difficulties between Germany and Aus tria and Hungary. The delegates sent from Paris to in spect the poorhouses of London have returned and reported their observa tions. The Rappel, commenting on the report, says that the English, in ■ the treatment of their poor, adopt the views of Herbert Spencer, that it is best to clear them off as soon as possible, without leaving a posterity. The Rappel adds: “The country bearing the banner of fraternity can not imitate this system.” The Berlin National Gazette says that China has contracted with a Manchester firm for materials for the construction of a rail way from Takon, at the mouth of Hoen-Ho, on the Yel low Sea, to Tong-Chow, on the Peid- Ho, an affluent of the Hcen-Ho, at a point about twenty-five miles east of Pekin. The railroad will be a most important work and will be about 100 miles long and will give Pekin a direct and easy communication with the Yellow Sea. The railroad is to be built and operated by the Manchester firm with Chinese labor and capital. China is now engaged in raising in Eu rope a loan of 100,000,000 florins, to be expended in internal improvements. That at Least was Saved. [Hallowell Cor. Portland Argus.'l The other day a genius loci, a verita ble old inhabitant, chuck full of old stories and traditions, and also,l regret to say, of bad whisky, told me an anec dote *of the olden time that pleased me immensely. It seems that before the railroads, the so-called Black Route and the road to Farmington, tvere put through, Hallo well was a great trading and shipping center. Farmers all around, even as far up as Farmington, brought their produce to market at Hallo well. In the winter it was cus tomary to make a road across Liberty Pond to prevent a long detour. One day in the spring an old fellow out that way started for Hallowell on horse back, to do a little business and get his jug filled with good old New En gland rum from the Vaughn brewery near “the Hook.” The shades of evening had begun to fall before the old fellow finished his business, filled his jug and was again seated on his horse. He was seen to leave the village with his jug all right except that he had a trifle too much on board. Whether he increased this supply on the road is not known. At any rate he never turned up at home, and nothing more was heard of him for some time. The next summer a boatload of boys rowing across Liberty Pond, looking down into the clear depths, saw the old fellow fitting on his horse on the bottom. The news was taken to the village, a party set out for the spot, a rope was dropped over the horse’s head, and the pair hauled to the surface. “And,” says the old inhabitant, his eyes glistening and filled with great wistfulness, “the whisky was all right.” Keeping the Light in Motion. [From Harper’s Magazine.] The keeper of the light at Pointe de Monts relates: “Just imagine that toward the close of the fall, at the first snow, my family was attacked by typhoid fever. The first stroke of the disease was to put seven of us in bed, and very soon all the others fol lowed. I was the only one able to work. My nearest neighbor (at Egg Island) was twenty miles off, and as bad news travels without much wind, this light-house was avoided even by Indians as an infested place. One man, however, was touched by my misfortunes, and volunteered to help me. Things went better then for a while; but as we were then at the last days of navigation, fogs and snow combined against me, and obliged us to fire the cannon every half-hour, el even every quarter-hour. The vibra tion was terrible in the tower, seven ty-five feet high, and our patients could not endure it. It was necessary to go up the five stories of the tower, transformed into an infirmary [hos pital], before every shot, to notify the poor fellows, and stuff cotton into the ears of the most nervous. Days and nights thus passed, without bring ing anything else than pain, anxiety, and sleeplessness. Laurent and I were ready to lose our senses, doing the service of the light and the hospital like machines when the Lord took pity on us, and in His mercy sent us some rest and joy in a general conval escence.” The light at Egg Island shows a revolving white light, visible fifteen miles, and giving a flash every minute and a half. “All sailors know how important it is that a flash light should revolve with mathematicalac curacy; otherwise one light might be taken for another, and a wreck might be the fatal consequence of such an error. One night, toward the close of the autumn of 1872, a pivot broke in the clockwork regulating these revolu tions. The season w r as too far ad vanced to get help from the Ministry of Marine at Quebec; the only thing to be done was to replace the machine by human energy, and the keeper and his family devoted themselves to the task. During five weeks of that autumn and five other weeks of the next spring, man, wife, girls and boys turned tire machine by hand. Cold and fatigue stiffened the hands, sleep weighed on their eyelids, but nevertheless they must turn, turn, without haste and without rest, all through those long watches, in which the order was to become an automa ton and keep turning the machine. Not one, from the child to the master, either complained or shirked his duty, and the light at the Egg Island con tinued each minute and a half to flash its projecting light over the tempestu ous gulf.” Passed In. [From the San Franciscan.] The other morning a young man of affable manners presented himself at the box-office of a San Jose theater, and requested a press pass. “You claim to be a journalist, do you?” asked the manager, glancing suspiciously at the good clothes ancl innocent expression of the applicant. “Yes, sir, I do; I’m on the Petaluma Peavine.” “Hum; what’s your department?” growled the showman, “I was a news paper man myself, once.” “I do the ‘Answers to Correspond ents,’ ” asserted the youth. “Do, eh ? Lemme see; what w r aa the fastest mile ever skated for money in this country? Come, now.” “That question is always signed ‘Amateur,’” said the young man, promptly; and the answer is “Died in Brazil, 1441,” “Correct,” said the manager. “In what year was Cleopatra hung?” “Trim with three-ply ruchin’, and bake before quick fire.” “Did Oliver Cromwell have a pink wart on his chin ?” “B takes the trick, of course.” “Please tell us the exact size of George Washington’s shoe?” “See patent-office report for May.” “One. Was Queen Elizabeth bandy legged or only bandied in one leg ? and which one? Two. How* do you take marble out of ink-stains?” “One. Inquire at any hardware store. Two. Patagonia -was discov ered by Benjamin Franklin, 1293.” “That settles it,” said the manager. “I see you’ve got ’em all by heart. Here’s a private box. Pass right in.” Gray Hairs and Health. The correlation of gray hair, as well as its causes, deserves more attention and study than they have received. Such a change is undoubtedly indica tive of some deep seated psychological process, but what this is we can only ascertain by a much wider series of observations than have yet been sub mitted to scientific analysis. Many persons begin to show gray hairs while they are yet in their twenties, and some while in their teens. This does not by any means argue a premature decay of the constitution. It is a purely local phenomenon, and may coexist with unusual bodily vigor. The celebrated author and traveler, George Borrow, turned quite gray before he was 30, but was an ex traordinary swimmer and athlete at 65. The spot where grayness begins differs with the individual. The phil osopher, Schopenhauer, began to turn gray on the temples and complacently framed a theory that this is an indi cation of vigorous mental activity. Race has a marked influence. The traveler, Dr. Orbigny, says that in the many years he spent in South America he never saw a bald Indian, and scarcely ever a gray-haired one. The negroes turn more slowly than the whites. His Lawyer was Heady. [From the Criminal Law Magazine.] An old lawyer in Paris had in structed a very young client of his to weep every time he struck the desk with his hand. Unfortunately the barrister forgot himself and struck the desk at the wrong moment. The client fell to sobbing and crying. “What is the matter with you ? ” asked the pre siding judge. “Well, he told me to cry as often as he struck the table.' Here was a nice predicament; but the astute lawyer was equal to the occa sion. Addressing the jury he said: “Well, gentlemen, let me ask you how you can reconcile the idea of crime in conjunction with such candor and simplicity? I await your verdict with the most perfect confidence Carry a Brick in Your Hat. Dio Lewis in his “Nuggets” advises the stoop-shouldered that he don’t believe in shoulder braces. Nature furnishes the needed braces to keep the shoulders in position; and when you use the artificial these natural ones become weak for want of exercise. The best way to cure stooping shoul ders is to carry a weight on the head a half hour morning and evening. Make the weight large. There is no other single exercise so valuable as carrying a weight on the head. A bag of sand weighing from twenty to eighty pounds is ood weight.