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Watertown republican. [volume] (Watertown, Wis.) 1860-1906, November 16, 1887, Image 3

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Row the Doomed Four Spent Their Last
Momeuts-The Suicide ot Louis
Lingg and the Commutation
of Schwab and
Chicago, 111., Nov. 11 —l2 m. —At
Precisely 11:54 this forenoon the drop
fell and Albert R. Parsons, August Spies,
Adolph Fischer and George Engel paid
the penalty of the massacre at the Hay
market on the night of May 4, 1886.
Cook County Jail, Nov. 11. —It lacked
just seven minutes and a half of the
hour of high noon when a single white
shrouded figure above which was a face
of yellowish pallor—the face of
August Spies passed the first
post of the gallows. The
gaping crowd, ten feet below’, half
rose involuntarily from their chairs at
the first glimpse of the apparition ad
vancing across the scaffold. Spies looked,
calm and glanced down at the reporters
with a trace of his old time cynical
smile. He w alked firmly * over
the drop, guided by the grasp
of a deputy, to the furthest
edge of the gallows. Following closely—
close enough to touch Spies’ shroud had
his hand not been pinioned under the
white muslin —came Fischer. His
countenance had a peculiar glisten to
tally unlike the ashiness of Engel’s heav
ing features, and in strange contrast
with the dead lack of, color in the
pinched lineaments of Parsons. The
once jaunty, vivacious Texan came last,
a withered old man.
He had aged twenty years since the
day and hour scarce twelve months be
fore when he tripped lightly into the
court before Judge Gary and flippantly
declared that he was ready to be tried
at once fcr his life. The moment his feet
touched the scaffold. Parsons seemed to
completely lo>e his identity and to feel
that his spirit was no longer part of his
body. He had wrought himself to an
ecstacy of solemn self-glorincation.
Only he —the one American —seemed
to realize to the full that he must die in
a mannerto impress, if possible, on all
future generations, the thought
that he w T as a martyr. No tragedian that
has paced the stage in America ever
made a more marvelous presentation
-of a self-chosen part, perfect in every
detail. The upward turn of his eyes,
his distant, far-away look, and above all
the attitude of apparent complete resig
nation that every fold of the awkward
shroud only served to make more dis
tinct was by far the most striking feat
ure of the entire gallows picture.
The squat jorm of Engel, with stupid,
wide-jawed face, made a hideous con
tract to Parsons’ assumption of the halo
of a martyr. Fischer was head and shoul
uers taller than the other three, making
his only occasional looks of too evident
bravado more noticeable than they
otherwise might be. at sore advantage
compared with the steady coolness of
Spies. The latter’s exhibition of quiet,
thorough nerve, far surpassed as a
wonder the demeanor of any of his
The four burh r deputies standing to
the rear ot the four condemned men be
gan without delay to adjust the ropes,
Spies’ noose being the one first placed.
He did not appear to regard it of any
more consequence than anew linen col
lar. The knot w as slipped down the cord,
close against ids neck. Spies did not
show a tremor, but when the same pro
cess was being carried out with Fischer,
turned and quietly whispered to the
bailiff some suggestion concerning the
rope. His occasional ardor was quite
noticeably lessened when lie *elt the
hempen strai and, and Engel bit his under
lip hard when his turn came. Just
then Dr. Murphy, a young phy
sician standing back of Engel,
w hisperingly cracked a joke at Engel’s
ear. Incredible as it may seem the low
browed Anarchist laughed outright with
the rope around his neck, and while an
other was being fastened on Parsons by
his side. But the grotesque laugh
stopped in a single instant, and Parsons,
meekly as a samt cast his eyes upward
at the dangling line above him.
Before the lour Anarchists had an
inkling of what w as to be done, the white
caps w’ere deftly slipped upon their
heads and drawn quickly down to the
necks, shutting off the view of each as
completely and with Jess warning than
does the camera cloth of a photog
August Spies was the first of the four
doomed men to make use of bis
wits while he could. In a
tone of intense bitterness of
spirit, he, the man who wrote the
infamous “Revenge Circular,” hissed
out between his tightly clenched teeth:
“There w ill come a time when our si
lence will be more powerful than the
voices they are strangling to death.”
The last syllable of Spies’ concluding
words, hoarse with suppressed passion,
had not reached an end when Engel,
raising his voice, wildly cried; “Hurrah
for Anarchy.”
“Fischer caught the fire of the utter
ance and still more loudly exclaimed,
“Hurrah for Anarchyad'ding: “This
is the happiest moment of my life.”
There was a silence like the grave
broken abruptly by the slow measured
intonations of Parsons, like a white
robed priest before the altar of sacri
fice —not as a dying request,
but rather like a command
or w’arning, he sounded forth: “May I
be allowed to speak?” Then with slow
entreaty came: “Will you let me speak,
Sheriff Matson ?” There was another
agonizing pause. Muffled through the
shroud broke out in unnatural accents:
“Let the voice of the people be heard.”
A crash as of a falling house thun
dered through the corridors. The slen
der ropes were taut. In full view of
the two hundred men in front were the
four white, writhing shrouds. The ropes
could be seen slowly tightening about
the necks that between cap and
shroud could be noticed blackening and
purpling. Nine mortal minutes passed.
Then it was fenown to a certainty that
not a neck had been brokep. The four
Haymarket murderers had been liter
ally throttled and strangled by the law.
In exactly one hour after the execu
tion took place the work of taking down
the scaffold was begun, and intwst hours
it was housed awav in the basement of
the jail.
What Was Done With the Remains ot
the Dead Anarchists.
Cook County Jail, Nov. 11. —The
bodies of the dead Anarchists were low
ered from the scaffold in the following
order: Spies, Fischer, Engel and Par
sons. The faces of all looked natural.
The bodies were placed in
the awaiting coffins, and the
lids quickly screwed down. Paper tabs
were pasted on each fbr identification.
The remains of Engel and Lingg, the
the suicide, were taken to 286 Milwau
kee Avenue. Fischer’s wife claimed
his, Mrs. Spies took August’s and Mrs.
Parsons that of her husband.
At 1:30 o’clock the coffin in which lay
the body of Parsons was carried out of
the jail and taken to the home of the
Fischer’s remains were removed to
his home at 1:35 o’clock. Many people
displayed Fischer’s autographs, which
he had written daring the morning. It
was estimated that he made fifty of them
in all. They ail read alike and were
couched in the following words:
“Anarchy is liberty.
“Adolph Fischer.
“Cook County Jail, Nov. 11. 1887.”
Spies was removed in his coffin at 1:40
o’clock. The remains were received by
a committee of the Central Labor Union,
composed of Messrs. Strauber, Linne
meyer, Schmedinger, Urban and
Befhig. Before the committee left
the jail they went into the vis
itors’ cage and shouted good byes
to Schwab and Fielden, who will be re
moved to Joliet penitentiary to-morrow.
The members of the committee kissed
their hands and raised their hats to
their imprisoned comrades and sadly
Pith of the Governor’s Ruling on the
Petitions for Mercy.
Springfield, 111., Nov. 11. —Gov,
Oglesby, in refusing to commute the
sentences of Spies, Fischer, Engel and
Parsons, after briefly reviewing the case,
s-iys: “Satisfied, therefore, as I am, of
their guilt, I am precluded from consid
ering the question of commutation of
the sentences of Albert R. Parsons,
Adolph Fischer, George Engel, and
Louis Liusg to imprisonment in
the penitentiary, as they em
emphatically declare they will not ac
cept such commutation. Samuel Field
en, Michael Schwab and August Spies
unite in a petition for ‘executive clem
ency.’ Fielden and Schwab, in addi
tion, present separate and supplement
ary petitions lor the commutation of
their sentences, While, as said above,
I am satisfied of the guilt of all the par
ties as found by the verdict of the jury,
which was sustained by the judgments
of the courts, a most care
ful consideration of the whole subject
leads me to the conclusion that the
sentence of the law as to Samuel Field
en and Michael Schwab may be modi
fied as to each of them in the interest of
humanity and without doing violence to
public justice. And as to the said Sam
uel Fielden and Michael Schwab, the
sentence is commuted to imprisonment
in the penitentiary for life. As to all
the other above-named defendants, I
do not feel justified in interfering with
the sentence of the court.”
He Blows Out His Life with a Fulminat
ing Cap.
Chicago, 111., Nov. 10. 9 a. m.— Louis
Lingg, the bomb-maker, has just com
mitted suicide by exploding a fulminat
ing cap in his mouth.
How he secured the weapon with
w hich the deed was committed is a mys
tery, as his cell and clothing was again
thoroughly searched yesterday, and to
all appearances the guards that sit in
front of his cell have watched him every
Lingg has always been regarded as
the most desperate Anarchist of the lot.
It was he who manufactured the bombs
for the Hay market riot and in whose
cell the bombs were found last Sun
Lingg held the cap in his mouth and
lit it with a candle which was burning
in his cell. The explosion was the first
warning the ja l people had, the guard
seeing him with the candle in bis hand
supposing that he was lighting a cigar.
From the effects ot the explosion half
of his head was torn away. It is thus
far impossible to get further particulars
of the affair, as nobody but the jail offi
cials are allowed within the building
Immediately after the explosion.
Deputy O’Neil rushed into Lingg’s cell
which was completely enveloped in
smoke. There fie found the young An
archist lying on his back with great
holes in his head from which the blood
was rushing in torrents. He was at
once carried into the jail office and
E laced on a table. He was still
reathing faintly and while Dr. Gray
was examining him, he coughed slight
ly, and the blood poured forth again
from his terrible wounds and from his
mouth and nose. The physician said
the man could only live an hour or so at
the most and he expects his death every
minute. At 10 o’clock he was still alive.
After a while Jailer Folz made an ex
amination of the cell. On the floor he
found the shell of a fulminating cap. The
sheriff said there had undoubtedly been
dynamite in it. The supposition that
the man put the shell in his mouth,
and deliberately applied the candle
flame is undoubtedly correct. The ex
plosion was terrific. It startled the
officials, who thought it was a bomb, the
noise was so great. The shell was so
small as to have allowed the smuggling
of it into the jail wdthout trouble.
At 10:15 Dr. Gray made a further ex
amination and found that the tissues of
the throat, neck and front of the jaw
had been torn away. He administered
stimulants, but they failed to rouse the
man, yet the Doctor states now that there
is a faint possibility that Lingg may yet
Mr. Grinnell says that in case Lingg
lives till to-morrow a stay of execution
for him, at least, will be granted.
The news of Lingg’s suicide was im
mediately telegraphed Gov. Oglesby.
Capt. Black, who reached here this
morning, was astounded when he heard
the news. He said he believed the etiect
on the Governor would be favorable, as
it proved beyond pera Iventure that
Lingg was insane and he did not believe
that in the face of to-day’s develop
ments the Governor would let any of
the men hang to-morrow.
At 2:15 p. m. Lingg was thought to be
fast sinking and the doctor says he will
die before 9 o'clock to-night.
2:50 p. m. —Lingg is dead.
Sketches of the Lives of the Executed and
Imprisoned Men.
August Spies is a native of Friedewald,
in the Province of Hesse, Germany, and
is 32 years old. He was well educated
by private tutors and at the Polytechnic
Institute. Coming to America at the
age of 16 he worked at various trades in
Chicago until 1880, when he became ed
itor ot the Arbeiter-Zeitung.
George Engel was born in Kassel, Hesse,
Germany, in 1839. He came to Chica
go in 1872, where he worked as a painter
until in the spring of 1880 when he be
came business manager of the Arbeiter-
Zeitung, and later its associate editor.
Samuel Fielden lived in Manchester,
Eng., where be was born in 1847,. and
was employed in a cotton mill until bis
18th year. Then he joined the Metho
dist Episcopal Church and became a
preacher. After coming to the United
States in 1866 he spent three years in
Cleveland, thence coming to Chicago,
where he has since resided. He is a
teamster by occupation.
Allred R. Parsons is an American,
born in Texas, where he lived most of
the lime till be came to Chicago fourteen
years ago. In Chicago he was always a
labor agitator, as was also his wife.
Adolph Fischer is not yet 30 years old
and has been in this country fifteen
years. He was employed as a printer
on the Arbeiter-Zeitung at the time of
his arrest. He has a wife and two small
Michael Schwab is a Bavarian, 34 years
of age. He was well educated. While
working at the trade of bookbinder he
became a Socialist. He came to America
in 1879, and after spending a couple of
years- in Milwaukee came to Chicago
and became an editorial writer on the
Louis Lingg was 23 years or age and had
been in America three years. He was
born in Baden, Germany, where he re
ceived a common school education. Ho
came direct to Chicago from the old
country and at once became an An
Oscar W. Neebe was born in New
York in 1850, and is of German descent.
When 15 years of age he came to Chicago
and went to work at his trade of tin
smith. He went back East in 1870, but
returned five years later and has since
lived there with his family.
Culmination of the Labor Agitation in a
Night of Horror.
On May 4, 1886, a day in the history of
Chicago, second only to that of the great
fire, the memorable “Revenge Circu
lar, ’ urging workingmen to arras, was
issued from the office of the Arbeiter-
Zeitung, the official organ of the Anar
chists of Chicago. For months previous
to this date trie skilled mechanics and
laborers of the county had been making
demands for the adoption of the eight
hour work day, and they had almost
universally met with refusal. Mon
day, May 1, was the date
fixed upon by the workmen
of the country—in all branches of in
dustry—to seek, by striking, to enforce
the demand for eight hours' work a day
for ten hours’ pay. In no city in the
United States was the agitation stronger
than in Chicago. The Anarchists and
Socialists took advantage of the discon
tent to arouse the passions of the
laboring men by incendiary speeches
and circulars, until the masses were
frenzied with excitement. The
strike was inaugurated and from
the start was a failure. At the
McCormick reaper works men
remained at work and were attacked by
a mob. A handful of police officers kept
thousands of angry men at bay. The
acts of the police infuriated the strikers
and the “Revenge Circular,” struck off
from the types in the Arbeiter Zeitung
and scattered broadcast through the city,
carried the conviction that the time of
the revolution so long prepared for, was
at hand. On the evening of May 4 a
meeting was called at the Haymarket,
ostensibly to denounce the police for
dispersing the mob at the reaper works.
An express wagon was placed in
the alley north of Randolph Street and
used as a speakers’ stand. Two thou
sand people had assembled when Au
gust Spies commenced to speak. A. R.
Parsons next spoke, and he in turn was
followed by Sam Fielden. The speeches
were highly incendiary. At 10 o’clock
the police were seen advancing from the
Desplaines Street Station, in solid
ranks. When the wagon was reached
Capt. Ward stepped forward and or
dered the crowd to disperse, reading the
riot act. Fielden replied, “We
are peaceable,” and started to
get down from the w T agon.
Just then a blue light shone in the alley
and went circling over the heads of the
crowd, descending between the solid
ranks of the police. An instant later a
dynamite bomb had exploded and sixty
policemen lay on the ground, killed or
wounded. For a second the police
wavered, and then recovering, opened
fire on the crowd with their revolvers.
The crowd responded feebly, and when
charged upon by the officers, fled wild
ly. Seven officers died from their in
juries and sixty-five others were wound
Names or the Urave Dlue-Coats Who
Fell Victims to the Bombs.
Following is a list of the policemen
W’ho were killed or wounded, by the
deadly bomb at the Haymarket, on the
night of May 4: Officer Matthias J. De
gan w r as killed outright. Officers Muel
ler and Barrett died on the 6th of May,
Officer Flavin on the Bth, Sheehan on
the 9th, Reddin on the 16th and Han
sen on June 14.
Michael Sheehan, George Muller,
JohnJ. Barrett, Matthias J. Began,
Thomas Reddin, Timothy Flavin,
Nils Hausen.
Auguste. Killer, Thomas MclJenry,
John E. Doylr, John A. King,
Nicholas Snannon, James Conway,
Patrick Hartford, Patrick Nash,
Arthur Conolly, Louis Jonnson,
M. M. Cardin, Adam Barker,
Henry F. Smith, Tyrell.
James A. Brady, John Reid,
Patrick McLaughlin, Frank Murphy,
Lawrence Murphy, Michael Madden,
Lieut, fctautou, Thomas Brophey,
Bernard Murphy, Charles H. Fink,
Joseph Norman, Peter Butterly,
Alexander Jameson, Michael H iran,
Thomas Hennessey, William Burns,
James Plunkett, Charles W. Whitney,
Jacob Hansen. Timotny Sullivan,'
Martin Cullen, Simon Klldzio.
Julius L. Simonson, John K. McMahon,
Simon McMahon, Edward W. Ruel,
Alexander Halverson, Carl E. Johnson,
Peter McCormick, Christopher Gaynor,
S. J. Weineke, Patrick McNulty,
Samuel Uileo, Herman R rueger,
Joseph A. Gilso Edward Barret l ,
Freeman Steele. James T. Johnson.
Benjamin F. Snell, James H. Wilson,
Daniel Hogan, M. O’Brien,
Frederick A. Andrew, Jacob Ebinger,
John J. Kelly, Patrick Flavin.
Main Points of the Evidence Against the
Accused Anarchists.
The investigation by the police into
the circumstances leading to and con
nected with the Haymarket riot led to
the arrest (May 5,1886,) o' August Spies,
Michael Schwab, Samuel Fielden, (who
was shot in the leg at toe riot), Oscar
Neebe, Adolph Fischer, Louis Lingg
and George Engel for complicity in the
murder. A. K. Parsons for a time
avoided arrest, spending several weeks
in Waukesha, Wis., but finally (June
21) surrendered. On May 18 the grand
jury begun its investigation and on May
25 returned indictments against Spies,
Schwab, Schnaubelt, Fischer, Fielden,
Lingg. Engel, Neebe and Parsons for
murder, and against Spies and others
for conspiracy. The trial was com
menced before Judge Gary on June 21.
Their trial was the most important and
prolonged in Cook County’s criminal
jurisprudence. Four weeks w T ere con
sumed in getting the jury, every one of
the 160 peremptory challenges allowed
the defense being exhausted before the
last of the twelve jurymen w r as sworn
in. The attorneys for the defense first
asked that their clients be tried separ
ately, but this was denied by Judge
Gary, and the taking of evidence
began July 16, 1886. The state
was represented by State’s A tty.
and bis assistants, George lug
ham and Frank Walker, and the de
fense by Capt W. P. Black, Solomon 6c
Zei.sler and Mr. Foster. In the course
of the trial the history of the socialistic
movement in the United Stales and its
growth into Anarchy was care tally gone
over. The presence of bombs in the
Arbeiter Zeitung office, and their manu
facture by some of the defendants, was
clearly proved, as were the incendiary
utterances by the Anarchist leaders for
years before the riot. It was shown
that the “revenge” circular was set up
and p-riuted in the office of the Anarch
ist organ. The sensational points of
the trial were the testimony of Andrew
C. Johnson, a detective w ho had wormed
himself into the confidence of the
groups, and of Henry L. Gilmer, who
swore to a conversation between Spies
and Schwab in the alley just prior to the
throwing of the bomb. The production
of the flags and emblems of the groups
was also a dramatic feature of the trial.
Evidence w r as given that Engel had de
clared that the Anarchists would sup
port the workingmen in any conflict
with the police; that the word “Rube”
in the Arbeiter-Zeitung was to be a call
to arms; that in event of trouble the
police stations were to be stormed, the
telegraph wires cut and every one shot
who appeared on the streets; that
bombs were to be used; that Lingg
made forty or fifty bombs, each power
ful enough to kill 200 persons, on the
afternoon of May 4; that Fischer had
distributed the bombs; how the bombs
were prepared; that Lingg was eager to
throw a bomb at a passing patrol wagon;
that Engel urged his friends to arm
themselves; that Parsons and Spies
had bombs and dynamite in their
possession; that Parsons had explained
the methods of street warfare; that a
man unknown held the bomb; that the
fuse was lighted by Spies; that Fischer
and Schwab were present when the
bomb was lighted and thrown; that all
the defendants were directly connected
with Anarchist organizations, were
sworn to kill and burn if opportunity
presented itself and were cognizant
of the bomb-throwdng. On August
19, at 2:30 p. m., the jury retired. At
10 o’clock the same evening a verdict
was agreed upon and at 10 o’clock the
following morning reported to the court.
The verdict found Spies, Schwab, Field
en, Parsons, Fischer, Engel and Lingg
guilty of muraer, and fixed the penalty
at deatn. Neebe was given fif
teen years in the penitentiary.
This ended the great trial.
Counsel for the Anarchists applied to the
supreme court of the state tor a stay ol
proceedings and anew trial, but on
September 14 the court affirmed the de
cision of the lower court and on Sep
tember 24 the death order was received
by the sheriff of Cook County. Appli
cation was then made to the supreme
court of the United States and was de
nied. Oscar Neebe, the only one of the
Anarchists on trial who escaped the
death sentence, was taken to Joliet
prison September 25. w'here he now is
History of the Anarchist Tragedy From
the Haymarket to the Scaffold.
The history o( the. Anarchist case from
the inauguration of the labor movement,
of which the Haymarket meeting and
massacre were remits, to the execution
of the condemned men, together with
the dates upon which the principal
events occurred, is concisely as follows:
Inauguration of the eight-hour move
ment by labor organizations in Chica
go and elsewhere May 1,1886
Promulgation of the “Revenge Circu
lar’—Ten thousand eight hour advo
cates, inflamed by AnarchisTicspeech
es, storm McCormick’s Harvester
Works May S
Exp osion of a dynamite bomb la the
ranks of t-evera! companies of police
men sent to disperse a mob of Anarch
ists in the Haymarket—Matthias Be
gan killed, six men fatally and nearly
fitly seriously injured May 4
Inquest over Officer Began and arrest
of August Spies, Samuel Fielden,
Michael Schwab and other Anarch
ists—Seizure of dynamite and arms May 5
Officers Barrett and Mueller die from
the effect of wounds icceived at the
Haymarket May G
Death of Officer Flavin—The Arbeiter-
Zeitung fails to appear May 8
Death of o fficer Shethau Mav 9
Death ot 1 tlicer Rrddiu May 16
Grand jury impaneled—Judge Rogers
denounces the red fiag May 17
The grant jury began its lave digation
o> the Haymarket massacre May 19
Capr. .~c■ aack testifies Oef’ore li e grand
jury of the exisience of an Anarchistic
pic to burn and sack Chicago on the
night of May 4 May 22
Dynamite bombs found on Roby Street
—Anarchists begin to give evidence
aga nst their fellows May 23
The grand juryieturns ten indictment
against Anarchists for complicity in
the Haymarket murders—Arrest of
Oscar Neebe—Discovery of a cipher
signal in the Arbeiter-Zeitung May 27
The grand jury repons to Judge Rogers
that it finds the Haymarket massacre
the result or a conspiracy, and returns
six true bills June 5
Anarchist Seliger confirms Capt. Scha
ack’s theory mat the Haymarket mas
sacre was the result of a con u piracy June 7
Death of Oflicir nansen, the seventh
victim of the Haymarket riot June 14
Spies, b ielden, Neebe and Schwab ap
ply lor a separate trial June 18
The trial of Spies, Fielden, Schwab,
Neebe, Lingg, Fischer, Engel and
Parsons begins before Judge Gary—
The missing Parsons creates a sensa
tion by walking into court with his
attorney—Judge Gary overrules the
motion for separate trial of Neebe,
Spies, Fielden and Schwab, and the
impaneling of a jury is proceeded
with June 21
James H. Cole accepted as the first
juror in the Anarchist trial June 23
A jury is secured and sworn and State’s
Attorney Grinnell makes the opening
speech July 15
Judge Gary rules that the existence of a
conspiracy la sufficient io prove the
guilt of the accused without specific
proof of their connection with it......... July 16
The state rests and Attorney Salomon
opens tor the defense July 31
The defense rests Aug. 10
The state submits its evidence in rebut
tal and the closing arguments begin Aug. 11
The arguments are closed by State’s At
torney Grinnell, and, having received
its instructions from Judge Gary, the
jury retires Aug.
The jury returns a verdict of guilty and
fixes the penalty in the cases of Spies,
Schwab, Parsons, Lingg Fischer,
Engel and FieJden at death, and in
the case of Neebe at fifieen years in
the penitentiary—A motion for anew
trial is entered Aug. 20
Arguments for anew trial commence.... Uct. 1
Judge Gary overrules the motion for a
new trial and fixes December 3 as the
date of execution, aud the prisoners
address the court Oct 7
The prisoners finish their sp< echos and
sentence is pronounced in accordance
with the verdict Oct. 9
The defense secures the signature of
Judge Gary to its bill of exceptions,
aud the same is submitted to Leonard
Swett ior his approval before it is pre
sented to the supreme judges Nov. 13
The record in the easels presented to
Judge Scott and application made for
a supersedeas Nov. 28
Judge Scott, after examining a tran
script oi the record, grants a writ of
error Nov. 25
Briefs o! the Btate In the Anarchists’ case
are filed with the clerk of the supreme
court March 13, 1887
Beginning of the orl arguments in the
before the supreme court, Messrs.
Grit nell and Ingham and Attoruey-
General Hunt acting on behalf of the
people, and Messrs. Swett, Black and
Zeisler on behalf of the Anarchists.... March IT
Arguments finished and the case taken
under advisement March 18
The supreme court, in a voluminous
opinion written by Mr. Justice Ma
gruder sustains the Judgment of the
lower court and fixes November U u
iht> date of execution of tne con
demned Anarchists Bept. 14
Counsel for the condemned make appli
cation to the United Staffs supreme
court for a wriv of error Oct# 21
fhe United States supreme court, with
out a dissenting opinion, refuses to
grant a writ oi error iu the case of
Spies. et Nov.
Four dynamite bombs discovered in the
cell of Louis Liugg, in Cook County
jail Not. 6
Louis Lingg blows his head to pieces
with a fulminating cap, dying about
six hours afterwards • Woy, 10.
Gov. Oglesby commutes the sentence of
Michael Schwab and Samuel Fielden
to imprisonment for life Nov. 10.
Albert R. Parsons, August T. Spies,
George Engel and Adolph Fischer
hanged in Cook County jail Nov. 11.
Michael Schwab and Samuel Fielden
taken to Joliet Prison Noy. 11*
k. Notorious Band of Desperadoes Caged
at Louisville.
Louisville, Ky., Nov. B.— Gus Will
inghurst, James Igo and John King, the
last of a noted gang ot desperate crimi
nals and counterfeiters here, we r e ar
rested last Friday by United States De
tective M. G. Bauer and his as
sistant. For two years Detective
Bauer and his men have been
shadowing the members of two gangs of
counterfeiters of coin who were operat
ing in this city and vicinity, and their
final success was achieved when the
three now in jail were taken, for both
bands have now been broken up and
thirteen hardened criminals are in the
hands of the law. The desperadoes
are all Louisville men and their
operations were so extensive
that the government authorities were
forced to detail the best men in the se
cret service to come here and run down
the guilty men. The men did not con
fine themselves simply to the manufac
ture of worthless money, but added
highway robbery, burglary, safe-blowing
and almost every other crime to the list
of their misdeeds. Enoch Brobson, Ste
phen Smith, Thomas Gregory and James
Ramsdale made up one of the bands,
and the members of the other were
Charles Malloy, John and Gus Willing
hurst, Jim Fox, Mike Hemmer, David
Hale, Jim Igo, John King and J. W.
Ledford, the last of Frankfort, Ky. All
are now behind the bars.
Important Recommendation in Regard
to National Home Inmates.
Washington, D. C., Nov. 10.—Gen.
Sheridan, president of the Board of
Commissioners of the Soldiers’ Homes,
has submitted his annual report to the
secretary of war. The report of the
governor, which is submitted, dwells
upon the subject of pensions to the in
mates ot the home and sets forth the
evil which gives the inmate his
pension, while the home supplies all his
wants. It is recommended that in
mates who have had less than ten years*
army service be required to surrender
their pension to the home while they
remain in it; that those having had
from ten to fifteen years’ service sur
render two-thirds; that those having
had from fifteen to twenty years’ service
surrender one-third, while men of
twenty years’ service be permitted to
retain their pension.
An Association of Manufacturers Formed
to Bolster Up Prices.
New York, Nov. 12. —The attempt to
organize the steel-producing industries
of the United States into an association
for mutual advantage and protection is
engaging the attention of thirty-four
representatives of some of the largest
institutions of the country. Eighteen of
these gentlemen are in session at the
Hoffman House, All these are employ
ers of the crucible process of manufac
turing steel. They have agreed upon a
pool organization, to be called “The
Merchant Steel Association of the
United States.” Auxiliary to this as
sociation it is intended to organize the
Bessemer and open-hearth manufactur
rers into another association, which
shall w r ork in harmony with the cruci
ble manufacturers wherever their inter
ests occupy common ground.
The Baltimore & Ohio’s Good Showing—
The Transfer.
Baltimore, Md., Nov. 10.— At the
monthly meeting of the directors of the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, the particu
lars of the company’s connection with
the much talked of syndicate were dis
cussed preparatory to the presentation
of a statement to the stockholders at the
annual meeting to be held on the 21st
inst. The revenues for the fiscal |year
ending September 30 were announced
as $20,600,000, and the net earnings at
Appalling Destruction of Human Life by
Floods in the China Fmpire.
Shanghai, Nov. 12. —Floods in the
Hon-Nan are increasing. Hundreds of
thousands of the inhabitants of the
province are destitute. In one place
5,000 men repairing embankments were
overwhelmed by a flood, and 4,000 were
drowned. Another terrible inundation
has occurred at Sze-Chuen.
Six Men Killed and Several Injured on
an Ohio Railway.
Coshocton, 0., Nov. 8. —The tunnel of
the Dresden branch of the Cincinnati,
Atlantic & Columbus Railroad, twelve
miles west of here, is reported to have
caved in last night. Six men were
killed and several wounded.
Fatal Railway Collision.
Jersey City, N. J., Nov. B,—At Se
caucus station, on the New York, Lake
Erie & Western Railroad, a local train
was run into by a wild-cat locomotive.
The engineer and fireman jumped into
the meadows and escaped unhurt.
John O’Donnell, aged 28 years, of New
York, was in the act of hoarding the
car when the crash occurred. He was
killed outright. No one else was in
Suicide of an Aged Murderer.
Hillsdale, Mich., Nov. B. James
Wells, who killed John White at Am
boy, this county, on Saturday, took his
life last night iu the jail here. Having
tied one of the bed sheets around his
neck, he fastened the ends to the iron
bars of his cell and falling forward was
strangled to death. He w'as between
60 and 70 years of age
Wrecked by Fire and Flood.
Cincinnati, 0., Nov B.—James Mack,
dealer in lumber, sash, door and blinds,
a .and a steamboat builder at Strader and
Lastern Avenues, has aligned to John
ebh, Jr. Mr. Mack lias suffered
vyilnm the past three years both from
nre and flood. Uis assets and liabilities
re said to be about lOo.Oou cacti,
hough in some estimates the assets are
placed ;ar above the liabilities

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