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MISS JANE ADDAMS THE PATRON SAINT OF A MOST REMARK ABLE INSTITUTION. Hall Cain** Has Said that it Is the Most Complete Social Settlement in the World—founder a Wonderful Woman. The name of Jane Addams is known to-day from one end of this vast coun try to another, and included in that space are thousands of men, women and children who regard her almost in the light of a patron saint. Miss Addams is the founder and present chief moving spirit of Hull House, Chicago, the greatest social set tlement ever known in this country, Hull House is not really one house but a series of buildings which have grown up around one big dwelling which years ago w r as given over to Miss Addams for the eccommodation of the city’s working people. The set tlement includes a museum, theatre, a restaurant and various other buildings which are for the sole use of people to whom life’s joys are overbalanced by cares and sorrows. Hall Caine, the famous author, has Said that Hull House is the most com- THE “PATRON SAINT " OF HULL HOUSE. lete social settlement in the world nd if this be so it is a fitting menu lent to the generous heart, sterling baracter and unbounded sympathy of is founder. Miss Jane Addams. f Miss Addams is now forty-five years id. She was born in .edarville, 111. J!ter graduating at a well known col 3ge she followed the example of her ther young women friends and lived life of ease and pleasure. She spent jer time mostly in reading and travel nd gradually the thought came to ker hat she was absolutely without a pur ose in life. She saw the poor around t er, got to know their cares and wor ies and cast about for a means by Finch she could do them some good. >he decided to become a physician and ook a year’s course in a Philadelphia ollege. At the end of that time she ras compelled to rest and so went .broad to study social conditions. The ■esult of her observations was her re urn to America and the immediate es ablishment of a social settlement in Chicago. Hull House is situated right in the leart of Chicago’s poor, in Halstead itreet. It came to Miss Addams Jirough Miss Helen Culver, a niece of its builder and the man for whom the Jettlement is now named. It had been built by its owner years ago for his ywn home and in the belief that the city would grow that way. It did grow that way and became one of the most congested sections of Chicago but was peopled by all nations and of a class of humanity unused to the fine usages of life, unused to social restrictions and wholly without the pale of refined society. When Miss Culver learned that Miss Addams intended founding a social settlement she gave her Hull House. From the spacious mansion which was once to have been a rich man’s home the settlement has extend ed into a block of buildings and here is the genuinely happy home of Chi cago’s poor. One of the adjuncts of the settlement .iS the Jane Club, an organization of self supporting young women who are making an effort to live up to the ideal offered them in the personality of their benefactor. The club is directly un der the supervision of Miss Addams and every employe of the house, and in fact every one of the settlement, is responsible personally to her. Miss Addams believes in the people, trusts them and looks to them for the proper disposition of their duties and their lives and in this way she has nearer their hearts, nearer their confidences and nearer making them tafotertonm Republican. magazine supplement see the big of life rather than the one to which their eyes might other wise often turn. She is always to be found by the lowliest ready to listen to an appeal for help, ready to give each and every one her strength and support and as ready to see and help a stranger as the oldest habitue of the settlement. Jane Addams occupies a peculiar po sition in the public eye. She has no religious creed or, if she has, she does not thrust it on her people. All sorts of doctrines are preached in Hull House but Miss Addams permits this through the fact that her generosity of spirit is big enough to allow every one his own opinion. She is regarded with the highest esteem by officials of the city and is frequently asked to ad dress large meetings. When she does this she is listened to with strict at tention. Miss. Addams is a brilliant example of a woman who, having all in life has not permitted herself to be satis fied with her lot while others have suf fered. She has devoted time, money and all the energy in her big self to the uplifting of the lowly, to the spirit ual w T elfare of the poor when that could be done through kindness alone and to the bodily comfort and enjoy ment of these people by giving them every means within her power to for- get, when it is possible, that they are poor, uneducated and socially lacking according to the standards of the world. Napoleon. “Napoieon going about like a raging Hon seeking whom he might devour.” Sir Conan Doyle considers Napo leon as perhaps the most wonderful man who ever lived. He writes that what strikes him most *wcibly is the lack of finality in his character. When one decides that he is a com plete villain, he reads of some noble trait, then loses his admiration in some act of incredible meanness. But here was a you* j man, of thirty years, with no social advan tages, very little education, his family poverty striken, entering a room in company with Kings, each and every one jealous of any atten tions shown by him to any one of them. He must have had some private charm, for his intimate friends loved and worshipped him, and withal he was the most amazing and talented liar that ever lived, and one who told the truth only to himself. An originator of great schemes that seemed fantastic and impossible, his of detail brought success where another man would have failed. With Kin sly Courage. In Sweden a remarkable story is told of King Oscar’s courage and re solution Th© narrative recounts that a soldier, a man of immense stature, while lying under sentence of death secured a. knife, and defied anyone to enter his cell. On hearing of the circumstances the King drove at once to the prison, and disregarding the warning of the offici als. entered the man’s cell alone and nnar-'-d, locked the door behind him, and then reasoned a ith the convict. It would have been a remarkable in terview, even if the King had taken a pardon to the convict. But far from this, he actually explained to the con demned man why he had decided to reject any appeal for mercy: yet he so worked on the man’s feelings that when, with a farewell handshake, the King left him, he was totally subdued, and ready to meet his fate the next morning like a soldier. ATTAINS TO FAME. AN OBSCURE NB \V YORK IA WYBR RISES TO POWERFUL AND COMMANDING POSITION . Beginning With Gas Probings*Charles E. Hughes Develops .Into Dominat ing Factdk* in Great Insurance In vestigations. In the history of the stage it has happened more than once that an act or, not thought to be a star, but with sound qualities and training has ac cepted a part rejected by others, and by careful study and interpretation made it the most interesting portion ol the play, and achieved distinction as the reward of his labors. And now, before the country to-day, there is an instance going to show that fortune for such fidelity is not confined to the stage. Ay ror so ago the New York leg islature ordered an inquiry into th methods of the gas companies of Greater New York, and the committee appointed for the work had some trou ble in its search for a legal adviser and examiner of witnesses. The task, for some reason, did not appeal to the prominent members of the bar who we. approached, and the choice fin ally fell on a man comparatively un known.' He had to be introduced to the public outside of legal circles. But he developed at once into a man of striking force, and performed his dut ies so well he earned the applause of the whole State. Probes Insurance. When the legislative inquiry into the New York insurance irregularities was ordered the committee decided upon legal counsel, and again difficulty was encountered in securing it. The man who had so satisfactorily served the gas committee was traveling in Eu rope, and at the moment could not be reached with an offer. The offer went begging for a few days, until at last a Brooklyn lawyer accepted. Upon his suggestion, however, the man abroad, who was really desired, was cabled on the subject and engaged to assist in the work. After the work began this assistant virtually became the lead ing counsel, and conducted the inves tigation, which was of national inter est, in a way to merit and receive national applause. He has become one of the most conspicuous figures of to day. Man of the Hour. And so Mr. Charles E. Hughes is the subject of no little speculation. The obscure New York lawyer of the other day is a powerful man of this day. He is mentioned for both political and business honors. He might have been the Republican candidate for mayor in the recent .municipal campaign, and had he been might likely have swept the city. He is now mentioned for his party’s leadership in next year’s gubernatorial campaign. He is like wise suggested for the presidency of the Mutual Life Insurance Company. And should he decline preferment in both of these lines, and decide to stick to his profession, he is assured of a vast increase over the practice than he enjoyed before. All of which goes to show that it pays to do whatever you set out to do with all your heart and mind. The American Spoke First. The American in the corner of the English first-class carriage insisted on lighting his cigar. The indignant Brit isher in the other corner protested, but protested in vain. At the next sta tion he hailed the guard, with hostile intent; but the cool American was too quick for him, “Guard,” he drawled, “I think you’ll find that this party here is traveling with a third-class ticket on him.” Investigation proved him to be right, and the indignant Britisher was triumphantly ejected. A spec tator of the little scene asked the American how he knew about that ticket. “Well,” explained the imper turbable stranger, “the corner was sticking out of his pocket and I saw it was the same color as mine.” MAY BECOME A SENATOR. Speculation as to Future of Presi dent Roosevelt After Term Expires. When Mr. Roosevelt retires from the office of President of the United States he will be but fifty-one years of age, and just entering upon his intellectual prime. Will he be content to go into retirement from politics? If so, he will have to forego his present love of doing things. Much, however, depends on chance. If he shall be as popular when he retires as he is at present, or half as popular, he will remain the head of his party, and should he desire political preferment, he will get it. After his retirement from the Presi dency, George Washington was given command of the army in our actual but not declared war with France. John Quincy Adams made more fame the nine terms he was in Congress the last eighteen years of his life than in all his previous political career. General Jackson retired from the Presidency in 1837, but he was the head of his party until his death, in 1845. He dictated his successor, and his will was law to both Van Bnren and Polk. Van Buren was a politician until he died. He elected Polk in 1844 and defeated Cass in 1848. General Grant was a candidate for President in 1880, and had his man agers acted with a little more sagacity, he would have been nominated, and per haps elected. Grover Cleveland was elected President in 1892 after his re tirement in tBBq. Mr. Roosevelt is the youngest of the Presidents, and when he retires in 1909 he will be nearly two years younger than Lincoln was at his first inaugural. He will undoubtedly write a deal o£ history. That he will again hold office is not quite so certain, but it is ex ceedingly probable. The United States Senate would offer an attractive field, and that slow and dignified body would doubtless see some times. SHE BAD THE MORE NERVE. A Human Interest Incident of the Metropolis. Mrs. Charles Nommenson, wife of a jeweler, of 987 Fulton street, Brooklyn, was sewing in the second floor sitting room of their home the other afternoon, when in walked a burglar with a pistol in his hand. “I got in the wrong house by mis- 1 take,” said he, as he doffed his hat with a bow. “I wanted to see Mrs. Wilson. I— 1 ” “Get out!” ordered Mrs. Nommen son, producing a revolver of her own and covering the man with the rapidity of thought. “A man who gets in the wrong house by mistake doesn’t draw a revolver on a woman. You are a thief!” “I rang the bell and itwas not an swered. The door was open, so I came in ” ‘You are a thief!” cried the woman, rising and keeping her revolver on him. “I will give you three minutes to geF cut. If yoa are not gone then, I will shoot and kill you. One—two ■** The burglar dodged out of the door. Mrs. Nommenson was at his heels, her eyes not leaving him for a second, that he might not get the drop on her. The man saw he had lost in the game of nerve, and he backed down the steps. At the front door he fumbled at the latch. He could not open the door. It seemed to present an opportunity to get the best of the woman. “You will have to let me out,” said the burglar. u “Not much,” said Mrs. Nommenson, “you want to get me at close quarters.” Then as she kept him covered with her revolver, she told him how to un latch the complicated lock. She kept him covered until the street door closed on him. Then she returned to her sew ing. ** i —■—■ SENATE'S ATTITUDE RESENTED. House Committee’s Action on Light house and Similar Rills- The House committee on Interstate and foreign commerce has decided to hurl defiance at the Senate in connec tion with all lighthouse measures and similar bills which must be passed on by the committee. It has been the practice of the House to frame these measures in such a way that a sum not School Garden l<|^ Scenes at fk*i of Horticulture. ' . ■galy specified but not to exceed a certain amount, is to be used for the particular improvement. The Senate invariably has changed such bills so they appro priate a fixed amount. This system is regarded by the members of the House interstate and foreign commerce com mittee as being conducive to reckless expenditure and the members of the committee will refuse to accept such a bill hereafter and purpose forcing the Senate to indorse measures which will encourage the completion of work at the lowest possible cost and the sav ing of balances which may remain. This action of the House committee is in line with the general opposition which the House is offering to what is declared to be the encroachment of the Senate upon its rights. *** ■■ ■ 1 ■■■■ Coloring Matter in Food. Since we have been brought face to face with the fact that most every article constituting our daily diet con tains some artificial coloring matter, there has been a demand for some method by which we can test such foods in order to determine whether or not they contain artificial coloring. The Department of Agriculture has but re cently issued a bulletin containing a classification of the colors used in food products as well as methods for their detection. SCHOOL GARDEN WORK. AN IMPORTANT AND ATTRACTIVE FEATURE OF THE NEWER EDUCATIONAL METHODS. Five Years* Course at School of Horticulture at Hartford, Conn.— Teaches Gardening and Fruit Growing in All Its Branches. There is much growing sentiment In favor of school garden work in all parts of the country. If agriculture is the backbone of the country, so ag ricultural education is the stem and fibre of successful farming. School garden work, as it applies to children who have never lived on a farm, is a start toward scientific agricultural education, and it is a branch of educa tion of great importance In these times w so many boys and ‘rls are drifting toward the cities and away from the old farms. The tendency of * TI HE RAISED THEM HIMSELF. the drift is cityward; but there are thousands of people who would like to live on farms, and would, perhaps, If they knew something about the growing of plants, and there is no time like early youth to instil in the mind a love of nature and of growing things. So that considerable success has at tended the school garden idea and the nature study idea as it is being ap plied in a number of the older institu tions and in some new special schools. A striking example of this is the School of Horticulture at Hartford, Conn. In the year 1893 the Reveiend Francis Goodwin, a philanthropic cit- j isen, gave about 100 acres of land and | had a board of trustees incorporated under the name of the Handicraft Schools of Hartford. His Idea was to establish a school for manual training in its different phases. * D ® a gradu ate of the -Massachusetts Ajgricultural m DO YOU USE ACETYLENE ? hOli If so, we want to send you lA SAMPUE BURNER Pi tw • believe we have the very best and the cheapest bne of Acetylene Burners. Our sample will show better than we can explain here why it would pay you to use our burners. Write us today, mention kind of Generator used, enclose 8 cents in stamps to cover postage, and we will send you A SAMPLE BURNER. Vf.fi. oil cofirjsy “'sjt" new y<m, n. y. College, was secured as Director of thg School of Horticulture. The buildings were soon erected, and the School es tablished as the first public Handicraft School of Hartford. Besides giving apprentice work, and a course in hor ticulture and botany to the boys from the Watkinson Farm School, the fol lowing season a course in school gar dening was established. This course was opened to the boys and girls from the city schools. The school garden work at the School of Horticulture proved attrac tive and popular from the first, and after one or two years of free work a tuition was charged for each person who took a garden. This tuition need not keep any one from having a gar den, as 100 hours of work for the School pays any boy’s tuition. The school garden work has been systematized, until now there is a five years’ course In school gardening fop boys and girls, as well as one to trafa public school teachers, and one course for adults which is largely taken by clergymen of the city. One of the reasons which has made this work so popular is because of the fact that the school shows resulta Every boy here, every person, for that matter, who has a garden gets a great deal more in value from his garden than the price of the tuition. The first year the boys begin their garden work the Ist of May. They come out *or a lesson one day a week They come into the classroom, where each boy receives a notebook, marks his own attendance, keeps a weather report, and writes down from dicta tion, or copies from the blackboard, i detailed lesson for that day. Witl the seeds they are given, they then pass with the instructor to the tool room, where each boy receives his tools, and with these he goes to his garden, where an instructor is always present to explain the things which he learns in the classroom. In going to his garden he passes by the observa tion plots, which are studied. The second year the boys begin la March, taking up the mixing of tbs soil, potting and repotting ti?e pepper, and egg plants that they have in their gardens. The third year they begin in Febru ary and take up root-grafting, cutting, pruning, spraying, digging and setting trees, spading and caring for grounds^ as well as the garden lessons. The fourth year boys begin In Jan uary and take up the maKiug of hoi beds, management of hotbeds, prun ing, spraying, soil analysis, plant foods, testing seeds, planting the gar den, besides the garden lessons, and in the autumn they have budding, fruit culture, and asparagus culture The fifth year they take up system atic study of the soil, beginning in January. All gardens continue until after the Ist of October. That the gardens pay is best shown from a record of the garden yields dur ing the past summer. A first year boy got $9.66 worth, a third year boy $25.64, a fourth year boy $23.03. and one of tbr clergymen $17.21 worth of produce in the gardens. The first year the gardens are 10 x 30 ft., the second year 10 x 40 ft, the third year 10 x 60 ft., the fourth year 10 x 80 ft. The clergymen have gardens 10 x 40 ft. Public school teachers have gardens 10 x 30 and 10 x 40 ft.; the plan is to give them a practical training in the method of training school children in the work* Already several schools of Hartford have established gardens in conneo* tion *dth the schools, and the School of Horticulture is furnishing instruc tors of late; those that are giving in struction were trained at the School Horticulture. But there is another thing that the school does. It keeps the children occupied during the sum mer months, keeping the boys and girls off the city streets; because they come to love their gardens and come out to work in them, and to work out their tuition. This is not all, as soon as the planting is done in the gar dens the children take up the system atic study of weeds, they become fa miliar with them and learn methods of destroying them. Also at the School there are about 500 observation plots containing many of our common things, and the children learn to know them in all stagies of development. People are beginning to realize that a boy from the School of Horticulture is better te work in their garden than' the average man they can get, be cause the boys will not pull up ex pensive seedlings as the men so often do. Frequent calls are made upon Mr. Hemenway for a boy to take care of a garden or lawn, and many of the boys are able to spend most of their spare time during the summer in this line of work.