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The Bolivar bulletin. [volume] (Bolivar, Hardeman County, Tenn.) 1865-1888, February 17, 1866, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85033306/1866-02-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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Ml SAMCETrtlLIJEKTrno celebrated
aa lutvina; bad, ft,r tha US tntj-t yr. la the titaUnout
the oim! lucrative MtJiqll Practice in the Einth, has at last
oneotd to fcllntt several ol hn ir.cBt eateeuied reaiedico to
t prer-an-d au4 sa'.J as pr,.f rict.iry merfn-mes.. Tii rA-s-Mou
h,it.J-Bn ri Aiviered 1-v jie -refaved snltcw.iOr.i,' f
those wl,o have experienced the litiifMudui remarkable pro
fessional skill, and hv the itnpocsi liilitr r.f girjna; es""-iil at
tention to en,;h of liii written ar,i, ligations umile tobiut f.r
firettripttons BV ttu f f.uiiiary ir m-j.!i:3. et; j.
na tiitbtti, r4oluUa tiie pvs6.Vilit of vr'iog iu pcrtoa to
Mm. ; ' '". i
i. ,r: Tte .Puclia. ; . , L .,,r
May rit i5ur-l tU.it the maniir.xcturer cp.trft ttfttt.Ar fla
C-r eif'oe id ih j-r;-artion f these raruedi?. Xv re
vi ad of the Tcry bnt mrciicig-jj kaowii, in & biglj! caca-
General, Alterative ,
Aeti lirt!7 ojv.n th Gl&nOsand M nconi ?if cmhrs n!! etira
llon tliem to aUitiimnal activity iu their ur.larxl Uim.-':,ui
ef liininattOK from thp drrulattng Kiuidi the uual Klfot
f and in diae, MorW I Matwra. aJ xt.!llinc them thrturb
bo !, Kidneys. I.ier, and III mieulary CaiiM fmm tli
5rta. It is, licrc-f.,re, odaj ted for tlia relief of Clirmiic
ri9i tletinr tlM orgaus, end of Uioinueaubi a:Ribra.
baiDg tncin, inca as " '
Eruptions' Tetter, Ulcers, Ecrofuld, Jandic
-' r r Goitre,r : r .rr'T1
Chronic Injlamation oj
' luaader and I ierrit, etc.
Il U Jariieulr! ufi in '
lloreditary Taints, SypLiiis.
Ad maladiea arising from lonr-emtinJied tise of Calomel
Ulna M, .(.'orrnivir feuluraa'.e, Kowier ScJiition. iuno--'
ciatitji, acl other prepart!on of .Mercury auJ Araic
TETTER - O 1 13" THE ITT !
1 most txcellent preparation for the cure of that claxs of
tiala4ie naualiy trtuei
, Diseases ol the Skiis, .
sal which ar partially kHfpwn as CiiunMr; KilVPTIONS, Tr.T
Tcn. I'imtliu, !listkk. Scabs, s-laluukad, JIilkckIbt.
KnoaiKx. ctff . tt.:.
It will ai'-o kill ITCTT and hr local vermin wliivli prcr
r"o th' kkin. It soltcru and d?'a.:l,e the cxeremorititiou'n
matter deposited itin tho lun: lir.ils the cracka, blijtcr." and
timp!e, and render tha rut-ijer.na nrfn-e sin.xjth and pli-
L It hat l.een nn y l'u. (; IMS E 1C T. itli ni'.st iat:
" rcanlti. f.jr many ytjrj. J t is i.rtcrei f.r aaiu. in this
'. -f " the linn con viol ion that it must necessarily meet
' appr..h:i:ion of tlioie who ni.ike no of it.
'i-' i'i 'L '' - fur tii -nw.hi. fcf arJut t)i rvD'Ui
I uli 4if4c-"t -trliio of ft nuinlr-of -tits diftVrent
r-Uio aod reedt. e -a. Bnd many aluaMo i.i,:-C5tions in
r.,rU . c'. - n?.-uione are the fruit of
-o...paKy,rt.h package. 1 '.Aamucl (i.Ibert inrlnR
moat ample rien-. ac.mrcd hv , treatmeut of this
In axtraortluiirT j-i. to'iioa.J career it. K ; , ,., . ,
New York : and will, it i expected. .rlM - ' U"Pf"""
al peraona I., treat thoir oo-n caaea aitb ruMch f it wr u. cesa
than that rrkiicli uauf.Hr falla to tho M of Oi diuarr pli.vjiciaus.
Wholcanla Pr."'.
No. ?'l Mnin Slrect. Memphis. 1 enn
eld br lrr;it icrnerally throuchout the Southern Ct'c'
A liberal lil.-teeui.t m:vle to the Trade. . ,
basxr, Witu A Co., Wlioltialo AgjuH, Xir'Orlen,
L. j'au2u-3u
yifWiiJtiS litvcrlisemcnts.
- TIO.TIA ES.fi2L''.T,'.
l'i'.tMir.u r , ;
Silk and -Woolen Dyer,
Jefferson Etroot,
llatwecn .Main kaj rrfcul I'-O.. iUZMI'IHS. TENX.
J'i'pcciiil altf jition piven to Ladies' Dresse?,
Hhals an.1 ('l. al.i.
fxsijtleiiieii'a (JiuL'tiina Clenaed and Pvad in superior style.
N. II. Not a;ia-jrvraiIe I,..r Cloods left iu tlore allei'aix
tuoDtl.B fr.jru fcte ff order.
ttlaas Uvx ii .tleuiX'ui I'oat )iuco. covl5-3:n
fi K A X I ) t N P V iUI
Of St. Louis.
J. Brandenburg & Co,,
Leather, Shoe Finding,
jxcaay-xzuac uarucss c saddlery,
2Io. 16-
il&aiaou 8tre;t, IText to Tir;t NatiourJ Ednk,
And Xo: Main Sh eet,
Entwtea Union aa-J G-itoso .Sirttfl,
Casb:Paid for Hides.0
PartieuTr altoutiou givei to Count
fal'j soiiclfccvi.
y (.PrJora. and reapect-
It. allltss.
' H.' MYERS & CO'; -
, " Wholesale' Dealers in
Drj (foods. Furnishing Goods,
.o'jrw.tvs ILTS, ETC., ,
' 302 Main Street,
f iTwrtit Maci" asid .M"Mio, Mt.rutH, TiNMtiir.E
tsc2- 3n . .
J. r. itLrMAS,
rOEFKT Mirciir.Li
Manuf.iclurcn of all kiadiof
Spring BSatresscs I
No. Tain Street, and w6 Monroe St;
.! Sua MKMl'Iib.
a. Y j a o
In the Alley
Jl'KXT TO THE THEATRE, iu ihr rt0!Tlc nuiMinj,
i ii iv.ifti:r'rn a rn.
9 s sat it.tuu.iu . vvtj
201' Main Street. vv
Clark' 3 Xarblt Mod; .V KM PUIS, TEXX.
am stock of
Ready Made Clothing
2Ien'r, 1'vuth's and Children's ITtor
la Full and Complete.
rurnishing Goods
Ttr Genu and D f, Wholesale and Rami,
V a!a carry ca tha
5 , i
'.'Tailoring 13usiiioss.
Goods, Cloths, l'oenktua, Yttie; Ee,
t ' '
finits .Hade lo Order
At rbrt Koiic.
AVatchtaaker, Jcireler & Optician
t aer tka ffurtliia n"a.
Msxr:iit. Tr?.
Wttchtnnl Jeictlry
Airtfii'- Ktif-1. ltr:
i. .i...
Dry. Goods
' '' CLOTH IN(I, '
Siloes, Elats,
Plantation Supplies,
Q J 7 r v
JJaln Street, JUEJlZFJZISs 1 :
Referring to the above card, we respect fully.
solicit the patronage of this and adjoining counties.
Iieprscnied in JJ(Uvar,ly'- ;
C. HJlson & Co.
S South' Si.Tt ruLIIe Squar.
. . ...
No. 59
r O Y D R A H
No. 42
-. STBKtT. ; ;
Lp Stairs,
-v . ernrt
f A'o
Wall "Street,
Consignments and Orders Solicited.
We fliall endoavor Ly strict personal atten
tion ti all business, and prompt, vicoroua Knd uiitirini? off i.t,
ao to avail our&cive of every possible advuntsea ju ail iriat
ers concticd to oar housoa, qiiher as '
3ir.MPIII.-5. XLW
ontideiioc aud rr-tr-.-Uii,;.?.
seaerous and cotitinutd
Commission Merchants,
" as;i '
i Hail Estate IlraJisrs,
'. 37 L'.vios Street, MtsTHin, Tenn
Auction Sales Every Lay at 10 o'clock.
particular attention ifivcu to sales of City and Suburban
Property, tneks. "arminK Luu-it. ecu., ib.; Merchandiio,
Household Fnriiitnre. Vohijion, Stock, etc-: Lcia; and
Keating I'ropci ty, Coin e iincini, etc t iiectt-2ni
No. U Luiou st.eet, Iio5ton.
Ibj Front fcitreut, 2s'ew Yoi'lt
susr.zAijn, ivzaitz:?,. a. co.
Manofacturer?, Importers and Vi'aoiesalo Deilors in
MELUSCHAUJT. . , . . . ."
lluhbcr. Lava, China, Hose, and Jlriar
:T " : PIPES, .; "V ,.
No. 1 Jefferson JDlock,
Bccoxii Street Ucmj)hi$t Tenn.
Exclusively Wholoe&lo. M novl6-3u
A. i:. FJRAJVIiI.Al,;
GEXERAL'-1 - f -
Auction. & Commission
No. 231 Second Street, '
lr.TTx.HhOK Block, j ; - ?Iempius , Trss
Cn consignment, and will be sold at New York prices,
Clodiiitg-, ISoots, Slioes,
TJressicg. Fine and Back Combs
Pcucilj, Buckles, Suspeiiders, Tics, Cravats, Uuttons,
Hosiery, Gloves, Uacklors,
Giv us call. decIO-Jm
Belle Memphis Saloon,
Xo. 14 Adams Street, Opposite the IVor
s ft am House,
Ttlcmphis, Tennessee. '
Importajd 'Vin:lt
Braiiuiea, Liquora.and Havana Serars
aiways on hand.'
l.uneh. vry Hay at
Celebrnted IUatxurant.
10 ticlock,
jtrepared at Schoob-
lalers in nil Kinds of
Stationery and Blank Books!
School ISooLs,
Msraiinas. Novels: Traver Books. Hymn Books. "Bibles,
Aledioal, Law, ph:loe-pmcal and M:avelianaus Works.
No. 283
Main Street,
r. 2i.
iinirmicii cL' n
Wholesale and Ketail
(.'onlVclioiiers mid
Dealers in Imported Wine, Liquors, Segars
Fruits, Ktc,
17o. 2.25 Iront Street,
ja.n20-3at MEM THIS, TENN.
L IV o. 57 matUson Street,
Ueten Second and Third Stracts, MEMPHIS, TEX.X
Chronic Diseases,
All Chrome, Virulent ani Special Disease", raaie Cowt
pla'ata rncsfn!!y sreaK..
i I 1
"n v. r rn rr.. 7: .. a-v.ttttv- ;r.
l 1 i l 1 Ml I : : 1 ; r- . i . ; -1 '
il y AJ Lib -V? TXALjULT. KliiZ
- - j, published E'Terr Saturday,
Ty J. E. ItlLLEIL 'and 11. E.. PASEISH.
SUBSCItIPT10X-Cn Copy One Tear Four Dollars, iava
riablv in advance: One Cup Ona Month
.. . .. delivered. Fifty C'cuu.
ADVERTISIXG Ono Squre, of ten lines or less, $1.00:
i . , . each tujtwquent insertion 0 cents; Local
' " Xotices 20 cents per line.
V Srnar 1 nvnth f.50 ' ? months t4?J) r months $C.0O
'2 win .1 do t 8.00 : 2 do- - 6. I 3 do .0
5 do 1 do 4.i0 2 do .S.i) 3 da . lU-lK)
4 r' 1 do ;7,(r I"do n 50.00 3 jCo , 12,11
.'. ! " 1 do-. 10,'aj ' 2 ' do ' 3 do 14,00
6 . do . 1 io-i 12.0") 2 do H.U0 3 do 16.00
12 do 1 do L'4,O0 2 do 2-j.ijO 3 do 32,00
?5 d9 i J rdj jxGO; da ' .0,00 .3 . do. fia.OQ
ANNOUNCEMENTS Anoonncing the stanie of
any person for a County Office, $10, State or Federal $15.
sT The above Terms and Rates will be strictly adhered to.
Ajy !Uliiioas, Marriskfre. Birth ani Tcath JfotieeS solicited.
and will he willingly inserted r HKK Ut tilAKUt. Obit
uaries will ne charged for at advertising rates.
Hardeman - County Directory.
Chancery Court.
JOHN Yf. ITARTtI', of Somerrifla. Chancellor
rjlAXCIS FENTRF.5S -L..:.. Clerk and Master
Court moots 2d 3tsa4ay i February and August
Circuit Court,
Court meets 1th Monday in February, Juno aud October.
County. Offiqcrs...
T. G- PATRICK.: .:.
....Chairman County Court
Deputy Clerk
........... Register
.... Trastee
........."...Tajc Collector
i Coroner
Court meets 1st Monday in each month.
. Federal ilicers.
JXO.'D.' USSERY...........
Assessor of Internal Revenue
Collector of Direct Taxes
Post Mastsr
U. S. Ilevepue rCollootor
Agent Fruedaieni's Burcsni
Coriorafiiou Ofiicers.
T.B. MeDOWELX,.. - Mayor
L. B. ADAMS Recorder
J. S. OSBORXE..- - Constable
. . . . Worbu;nsWooing.( f , r , ;
I know that my hands mar oi.bard and rough,'
That my checks may be worn and Pi ,:
But my heart is made of rood sound stuff
That never will falter or fail:
- And though in the world with mates I stand.
To share ia the batt'e of life,
I ask thee my girl by thy dainty hand,"'
As xny own, my sweet bonnr wife.
Though never a jewelod wrcetli may spaa
The curls on thy beautiful brow, ; : ! ! I
1 11 pledge thee my heart and troth as a man.
And lore thee forever as now.
. And thoujh the bright dreams of love's tunny prime.
Too cften the future belie, - "J -The
steep hills of life together we'll climb
And conquer our fate thou and'l.
My coat may be poor, my words be but fow,
Y'et thcte's never aa i mined king
Can offer his squtsn a prsscut more true
Than mine of a heart and a ring
That tiny gold link with which we may bind
Our fortunes in one oommoa bond, . . . '-
And rear us a home where happinens shritei
May dwell with afTectiuu mojt fond.
What more would wo seek ? what more would we have ?
What more could fair Nature bestow,
If, of all her gifts, we venture to crave ' 7
The richest tat mortals may tnotv ?
For aye, dearest girl, shall our weddjd love
Flash, star-like, atop of our life ;
And never will I a baae trator prove . " ;
To my heart, my home, or my wife.
It is not known where Senator Wirfall is.
Many persons suppose that he h dead.
A vigilance committee has been organised
at Norfolk, Ya.., to look after garroters.
A lare number. of the Irish Kenublic
bonds have been sent to California.
More suita by females are. being .brought
against Mercer, tho Washington Territory
emigrant hero.
Tfis" estimated that the losses by fire in
this country during tho past year amounted
to more than $43,000,000. -
The widow of Stephen A Douglas was
married to Major Robert Williams in Wash
ton City on 234 ult. , .. " ;;
A vigilance committee of one hundred
men has been formed at Springfield, Illinois,
to rid the city of gamblers and thieves.
The Memphis and Ohio railroad is now in
good running order from Memphis to Hum
boldt. Time from Memphis to Cairo 15 hours.
Late accounts from the West India Island
of Guadaloupe state that the cholera still
continued to rage there w ith fearful fatality.
1. B. Waddcll, of Memphis, proposes to
build a new Opera house in that city at the
cost of $150,000, which is" to be' completed
by the llrst of next October.
Owing to numerous desertions from the
regular army Gen. Grant has issued strin
gent orders for their capture and immediate
It is reported that during the past year
123 railroad accidents occurred, 335 persons
were killed and 1,427 were injured. In
1804, 404 weie killed and 1.4SG injured.
The cattle disease in England continues
to increase. Latest returns show thft.t the
number attacked in one week approaches no
less than ten thousand.
Edward Stewart, I'ust Grand Master of
Free nud Accepted Masons of the State of
New Jersey, died on Monday in Newark,
after a protracted illness.
General Thomas O. Osborn, formerly
Colonel of the Thirty-ninth Illinois Volun
teers, was killed by a number of citizefls on
a plantation which he had purchased near
Greenville,' Miss, on the Cth inst " "
We are informed, says the Memphis Ap
peal of the 11th, that the remains of GenL
Marsh Walker, who was killed in a duel by
GenL Marmadukc during the war, will be
J brought to Memphis for interment.
Pennsylvania was the first State in the
Federal Uniyn to abolish slavery within her
territory. The act was drawn up by Wm.
Lewis, a prominent lawyer, and passed. the
General Assembly on March 1," 17b'0. . I .
Mr. J. M. Urueewas murdered and after
wards robbed near Franklin, Ky., on last
Sunday night week. A man by ih.name of
Drury has been arrested as the supposed
murderer. .
Mr. E. J. llol lea is about to erect a man
ufactory ia Nashvillo where arti5cial ice
will be made and furnished to (stockholders
at the low price of one cent per pound.
Tho Tress and Times of that eity jays ie is
a. real goo-i thinp.
a. It
-In Richmond, Ya., military satraps are
doing a heavy business they pick iip the
" Jonnies" who wear p.'S. buttans on: their
clothing and send thenilo the Libby Prison
where they are shorn theses emblems of
" treason" and then avowed tadepartj
Gen. John S. Williams, of Kentucky-, who
won the soubriquet of u Cerro -Gordo ' for
Lis bravery in the Mexican war, has -gone
with sixty emigrant" io takiu'up his; resi
dence iit Mexico, undeV; therprotection of
Maximilian. " ?'-y 2
The .smallpox ( is becoming very trouble
some to Memphians, The Appeal says the
disease, is spreading rapidly, and that one of
the large'female schools in the eentre of the
city closed on j the 10th in consequence of
tlte immediate presence of this niostloathe
sonie malady. -
Napoleon, in his speech on the 22d, says
arrangements are being made. to "withdraw
the French -troops Troin Mexico, and its
hoped this will pacify the United States,
who were invited to join tho expedition, but
declined, although such expeditions aro not
opposed to. their interest. The .remainder
of his speech' refers purely to this question.
At Brass and New Calabar, West Coast of
Africa, on the 19th of November last, the
natives of New Calabar made a raid on the
Brass men, through Calabar creeks, and re
turned on the 23d of the same month with
thirty-seven prisoners. On the day follow
ing a great, ." play" was held' in Calabartown,
and ail the prisoners were killed and eaten.
After death, the bodies were cut up and. di
vided among, the chiefs, according to the
number taken by ench Avar Canoe. - r 1 -
ITngratefcl. -Among, the claims recent
ly rejected by Congress was one of $14,000
in favor of John Minor Boots of Virginia,
for wood cut off his land by and for the use
of United States -- troops. The reason as
signed for the rejection was that " all appli
cants for damages sustained from our arnie3
must be citizens of States not in. rebellion."
! During the rebellion, Mr. Botts was. the only
prominent man- in Virginia that espoused
the Union cause: ami he miht now well ex-ctu-;inl
"Republics are ungrateful."
Lutei" ?dvicc
"regirdfng'the war oil 'the
river Plate hare been .
The letter
(S Prsi.lphf Tin?' at" PafI"113.)"' 1 J
r L
Mitre, the Argentine Pri!dt?nt. insi. 0
X 'J 1 . w . N
containing propositiQBS.'Df .peace. as at Irs t
. . i i e a. u
surmised, proves to be of a different charac-
ter. Lopez charges
the allies with conduct-
ing the war in a most barbarous and inhu
man manner, and avows his determination,
if satisfaction is -not accorded, to retaliate
in the severest manner, and to prosecute
hostilities with ferocity and renewed vigor.
To this General Mitre replies at length, de
nying the principal allegations of his antag
onist, avowing that he has nothing to regret
or take back, and warning Lopez against
pushing matters to the threatened extremity.
No indications of early peace are percepti
ble. There was no cessation of hostile ope
rations ; the allied armies still keeping up
their march in persuit of the retreating Pa
raguayans, while -the latterr though iaUing
back, were far frsin vanquished. Disease
and starvation, however, had committed sad
havoc among'the troops on both sides.-'
! - ' . ' . lasa I e i a p. ;
The Brandon Mississippian of a recent
date, says that a party of deserters, headed
by James Broom, John .Rayburn and Felix
Rayburn, went to thcr residence of Alex.
McGrew and concealed themselves in his
crib, awaiting his return from church, with
the intention of waylaying and killing him.
Mr. McGrew did " not return as expected,
and they then set fire fo the house and left '
McGrew returned home the next morning,
collected a few friends, started in pursuit,
overtook them in the evening, and, in at
tempting t'a arrest them, killed Felix; Ray
burn and captured John Rayburn. The
others made their escape. A few days af
terward, having learned that James Broom
was one of the incendiaries, McGrew and
his friends proceeded to his residence to ar
rest him.. As soon as Broom saw that his
house was surrounded, got his gun and shot
at tho crowd, killing George Watt Mc
Grew's party fired and killed Broom. ; Mc
Grew was sent from the army in 1SG3, to ar
rest deserters, and thereby gained the ill
will of the party, who burned his house and
tried to' assassinato4iim.
Distrust of Mount Vesuvius' We learn
from the London Times that in the town
ships under Vesuvius there is an uneasy
feeling prevailing, and a general expectation
of an earthquake. The less educated peo
ple pay that as the cholera in 1Ss6 was fol
lowed by an earthquake, 6o wo may look
out for another now. . Among persons bet
ter educated, one said:' " I never go to bed
without apprehension, and sleep with ray
door open." Tke reason for such apprehen
sions, when they are adduced, are these :
Vesuvius has lon been dormant- Of late
it T:as been ''making some" ineffectual efforts
to relieve itself, but nothing beyond a line
of smoke by day, and an occasional tongue of
fire by night is perceptible. - Then all round
Vesuvius, extending even to Castellamaro,
there is a perfect dearth of water, so much
so that the arsenal of that place, which has
always derived its water from mountain
spring? that have never failedj.even in sum
mer, is now compelled to send to a consider
able distance for Water. Perhaps the most
startling fact is the depression of the eea all
around the bay this depression is at least
two palms beneath the ordinary level.
There has been, it is true, a month's calm
weather, but still, this is scarcely sufficient
to account for the fact now stated
Confiscated Communion Plate.. Rv. C.
C. Pinckney, of Charleston, South Carolina,
writes that at the capture of Columbia by
Sherman, the communion service of his
church was carried off. It hai been eent
there for saflv. ' Each piece was engraved
" Grace Church, Charleston." The record
book, one hundred years old, is ali lot,
and was " last seen going North." He asks
that friends who here of them "may notify
him. The communion plate of St Michael's,
Charleston, the gift of Queen Anne, and
that of Trinity Chu-di, Columbia, was . alio
captured, or else was dtroved in tha r
en liat efcaiion. !-. fn TruX'.l'r.
U -"A u An A
, Feb; 17, 1866.
asssy H( .1 - ' "
'A Beautiful and Descriptive Letter.
A Run Throughthe IVest Indies and-Down
i ' " the Coast of the Empire.' ' r''
.-! ' '. I . . ' : : f ' ' V!
- The following; interesting docUmcnt 'ia
taken from the New York News of the 7th
and Avas furnished that paper by its special
correspondent, W. I.L Parsons, and dated
- Rio DE Janeiro, Jax. 1, "1866.
.The establishment of a splendid steam
ship line form New York to Rio Janerio is"
an epoch in tlie commercial history of the
two representative ..-nations cf the Western
Hemisphere. As New York is the great
monetary,' political and social metroplis of
North America, so Rio is the metropolis -of
the Southern Continent,.' The link which
now connect-i the-two will be the instrument
ality that will break down the monopoly
which has enable-! European capital and en
terprise to control the trade.and destinies of
this great division of tho globe, ami which
will place the people, merchants and emi
grants in prompt mail communication, in all
their .varied business -and social relations.
between the two countries.
" We deemed it a privilege to.be among the
first to embark-as a voyager in this pioneer
line, on the staunch steamer South America,
the veteran Captain Tinklepaugh command
ing. - ' ' '' ' '. ' - " "
On tne 30th November, punctual to the
hour of departure ' (although a day behind
schedule time.) this splendid vessel moved
down the noblest harbpr: of the Northern
Continent for the open sea ; and punctual,
to the hour and day' of schedule time, (3
o'clock p. sr., on December 27, 1865,) :we
were 5teaming; into the Bay of Rio de Jan
erio, having. touched at fouricities and trav
ersed 5,220 miles of the Atlantic Ocean.'
Without a storm, with a clear sky and favor
ing winds, the voyage was to all a grand
pleasure excursion, giving us opportunities
lor s.ight seeing at the different ports touch
ed, and relief from the usual monotony of a.
sea voyage, not less gratifying than the sense
of security enjoyed by the consciousness
that our couirnaiiderWas proverbially the
best navigator on the-seas, reaching his
poiuts with a Certainty, 'precision and punc
tallify,'not only creditable to the Steamship
Company, but peculiarly so to the noble sea
man who brought us so securely to our des
tination , . ( . j .
"e reached St; Thomas in seven days,
Tho sight of land to the voj'ager is always
peculiarly: gratifying ; not less so to us, in
this instance, ;as it was-our first glimpse ;of
tne tropical world to winch we were hasten
ed, ihomas, a Danish island of the
West InSLt group, although insiirniQcant in
pension-, is the great commercial-center
of t.." islands Oi this Archipelago, some
, 6Lip lines touchins at this point.
. . ..... 'Teen
FnrnrsA. rhf ITnlfpf,
i7i transitu let . . u .f ' .
States, and Central anu.,'uuY, ? i ' V
commercial attraction is le. the local value
of its market than the .factthJ-1' 13 om'
parativeiy a free port,' .without an? l e
vexatious restrictions usually attening
Spanish ports of these islands, and paso?n"
gers and freight, ship and reship at this con
necting link of the great lines that radiate
as it were to the coasts of three continents.
The island, "eleven miles in length, shoots
up from the sea base into mountain peaks,
as do all of this chain of islands, demons
trating the theory that they are but the ele
vated summits of a vast chain, whose base
is in the bed of the ocean, and whose loftiest
bights emerge above the water level, and are
bathed in the clouds1 of Heaven. This the
ory is further demonstrated by the remark
able fact that nearjy the whole of the West
India group runs in a connected line in closQ
proximity, and most all in sight of each
other, from the South American coast at the"
mouth of the Orinoco northward, constitut
ing tho eastern bounds of the Carribbean
Sea, until the chain of islands turns abrupt
ly westward, till a consecutive chain, form
ing the northern limit to the same great sea,
and terminating almost within sight of the
Florida coast.
These islands are clothed in perrennial
verdure and are the gardens of the Northern
tropics ; but with all their luxuriance, un
der the cultivation of the centuries since
their discovery, they are rapidly relapsing
into their original and primeval wildness of
vegetation. There before us lay the island
of St Thomas, illustrative of the sadde-'
cline of all save Cuba. Her hills once
covered with prosperous plantations, yield
ing the rich productions that have contrib
uted to the comfort and luxury of man, now
overgrown with forest, and not one mark,
save the seaport, that evidences that it was
even habitable. " The astonished tourist who
has read of the luxuriance of these islands
and is familiar with their statistical produc
tions in the past, contributing so largely to
the commerce of the world, upon inquiry
will be informed, as we are, that here the
Danish Government, following the suicidal
policy of the designing Briton, in 1S40 sent
out a decree of emancipation that was. de
signed to be gradual as to adults in ten years
and absolute with nil born after that date.
The negroes, who .were by thonsands
scattered over the plantations of the island,
upon learning the fact, rushed to the sea
port, surrounded the Governor, who fled for
protection to the fort, and demanded instan
taneous emancipation, claiming that he was
withholding their rights. Terror stricken
at their threatening atitude, without confer
ring with his Government, he issued the
decree, and the results then, as visible to
my eyes, were the same as in each of the
West India Islands where this policy has
prevailed, the farms are abandoned, and
overgrown with forests, cities and towns
thronged with the idle vagabond negroes, the
women living, by prostitution, and the men,
(as described by the. London Times in des
canting on this theme six years ago,) re
fusing to work, content with their yam and
banana, and sniggering at bnckra." As ev
idence of the dissoluteness of the population,
an informant remarked that '' there was
but one virgin on the island, and that was
the Virgin Mary."
" History is philosophy teaching by ex
amples," is an axiom which loses none of its
cogency, by reference to the policy which
has made deserts of these gardens of tho
sea! A policy which threatens, in it3 insat
iable demands of universal negro emancipa
tion and equality, to convert the fairest por
tions of the Western Hemisphere into one
vast " Lazar house of Hell " a mongrel
race of idle vagabond, whose presence
blights where their intelligently directed
labor once blessed the soil, which now
scarce yields them their miserable subsist
ence. " History is philosophy teaching by ex
ample." God grant it may not repeat itself
in America.
Upon leaving St Thomas our good ship
bore us through the waters of the Carribean
Sea, out of which we passed throwgh the
Windward group, by the Straits between
Martinique and St. Lucas. Never shall I
forget the impressions and emotions a,
standing along the shore, the leath of
Martinique (fifty miles,) we Lai a full, per
fect, panoramic view of the inagniScont
coves and bays, environed from water's edge
to hill summit with villa and village, town
and West India plantation, and the august
form of. the great central mountain, around
whow brow tho tortii king was wr?r.thing
No. 2G
his clouds in every "fantastic convolution.
' The hil'a." rTclt ribbed
And ancicait as the tun, the vales
Stretched in nntt quietness between.
And poured round t.11 old oveaa's gray and solitary wxtia:'
presented a picture of pastoral and rural
beauty, with all that is sublime in the toVr
ering mountains' and boundless sea, which
held us spell bound ia mute 'admiration at
the ever varying-scene. I cannot dwell on
a description which no word painting; can
convey to' the minds of others. Our imper
turbable captain, who bad visited all quar'
ters of the globe, but now beheld, thin for
the first. time, unhesitatingly pronounced.it
the finefit view cf nature he had ever wit
nessed, . Tq the' lovers; of, nature, seeking -a
riow' sensation. . a run down tlie shores of
Martinique is well worth a triy from, New
York! . . " t . . . ;' :
One week moro on the broad' ' Atlantic
brought us under the line. It was precisely
at midnight on tho night of the ltitii Deceuii
ber. At an early hour 1 had taken my last
look nt -on the dim rays of the North Star
and remained on deck, tho sole passenger
on watch, to experience the . sensation of
jumping the equator.. Although life lonr
familiar constellations in the Northern heav
ens were lost to view,1 and the . V Southern
Cross,"; toward 'whose land I was hastening
was" visible w-ith its attendant' Magellan
cloud?, yet tnere". was an object amid the
starry host that shone directly in the Jscnith
at the moment of crossing the line, more
familiar to the inhabitants of. earth than all
others in tho heavens, as it is always equal
ly visible from both the Northern and South
ern Hemispheres. ' It was that splendid con
stellation spoken of by " the Man of Us "
in the ancient Hebrew scriptures ,; Who
shall loose the bands of Orion." ' There it
glittered, with a brilliancy I had never be
fore witnessed, and its bands or belt, which
had never been unlossed,; hung at such a
point in the very zenith that 1 knew for the
r'rst time that however' distant I wandered
to the land .of the' Son, that stretches afar
across the blazing equator, that that was one
object upon -which 1 could gaze, where e'er
1 roamed, with the certainty that to the
loved ones and friends left behind it was
equally visible. ' '- ', --
On the rrtoriiingr of the 17th vrc. sighted
the lighthouse at Salinar,; near the mouth of
the Amazon, w-e tacked on and off, making
signals for a pilot to conduct us rxp the river
eighty miles to Fara, the great entrepot o
the lower or southern mouth of . this gigantic
stream ; which, with its tributaries, has- ten
thousand miles 'of navigable water;?, and
3,600 on the main stream itself, to within a
short distance of the Pacific coast ' Having
read Herdon's and Gibbon's explorations of
tne Amazon V alley,-; J entered the turbid
waters of this mammoth stream, where it
struggles with the ocean for the ascendency,
with all the mingled emotions of the voyager
and tourist, who visits' for the first time the
greatest wonders of the globe Ave inhnbit
Although' on the waters of the river, yet
such is its immense width at the point of
embouchment, that the shores on either
hand were not visible from the deck of the
steamer. Soon, howover, tho deep green of
the Mangrove Forest, that grows to the wat
er's edger became visible,' and we saw the
shores of Brazii stretching afar upon' the
continent to our left, and the line of coast
of the great Maraso Island on our ritrht
Yn rc.?flued Dara at 0 at night, and anchor
ed in 4C fathoaT i'1 front of the long gas lit
city that lay L'efore us". .Eager to press foot
on Brazilian soil anJ see a.'.' that could be
seen during our stay, 1, witha. fev? friends
went immediately on shore. found the
citv brilliantly lit with gas, and W:ta"erc(
with our landlord of Cafo de Italian as our
guide, when we got a good look in a Brazil
ian ball room : ladies 'aud gentlemen, .ele
gantly costumed, and moving; to slow and
measured music, which .1 consider'od,' as
characteristic to those equatorial people, not
to unnecessarily to hurry .through Hie, as is
the' nature of Americans, equally -illustrated
by the rapid reels, .with' which, even in their
dancing, they ' shuffle off this mortal ooil."
At daydawn on Sunday, the ISth, we were
awoke by' the ringing bells from a dozen
cathedrui3 followed by the' bursting of bun,
dreds of sky-rockets. We sallied oot to pay
our first visit to a real tropical world. '. Ve
wandered' through; the city and around the
suburbs, examined 'with unabated curiosity
the forest growth anil the remarkable yege
tation that surrounded us;; the tall and
graceful palm and umbrageous' mango,' the
grateful and succulent orange, the refresh
ing pineapple and benana, the sweet lemon,
and soiir honey, and the twenty varieties of
tropical fruits 41 for which the speech of
England has no name." The style of arch
itecture is the Spanish M'oriscO. 'Francesco
Cadeire laid the foundations of Para in 1616
the same year, ' if "we remember rightly,"
that the first exiles and emigrants mooted
theis bark on the wild New England shore.
It how has some 30,000 inhabitant-?, is. the
capital' of the Province .of the same name,'
embracing a territory one-third as large as
the United States, and in regard to its ca
pabilities and resources, we will, in-subsequent
letters and chapters,' give a mass of
valuable and desirable information, which
we have collected. In regard to its climate,
we would say that, although but 1 tieg. '25
min. south of the equator, it ia not so- hot as
Texas, New Orleans- or New York in mid
summer, where wc have felt the dog star
rage from 104 deg. to 112 deg. Fahrenheit,
whilst it never rises higher at Para than 90
deg. nor fall lower than 70 deg. It was
midsummer, yet even before the Sea breeze
sprang up, I felt conscious that I had expe
rienced greater, heat in tho United States.
On the first of October last it was J12 deg.
Fahrenheit in- Texas, and lOO deg. in New
York city. There ftre natural causes ac
counting for these climatic laws which we
shall explain hereafter. , ..
After leaving Para on the 18th and de
scending the Amazon we stretched out again
to sea, and infivedays reachr-d Pernambuco.
I was eager to land, and during our stay im
proved the time in surveying the novelties
with which we were surrounded. The city
and environs are beautifully situated and
the houses ami gas lit streets, and well filled
stores would do credit to any country.
Dr. P. P. Dusseran V Son. and Mr. .1. A.
Russul, of Laforche, La., three of the party
of nine from the South, here disembarked
The doctor had visited the country before,
returned, brought out family and plows
ready for sugar planting in the Providce of
Pernambuco. i shall give in subsequent
letters a ma-is of valuable information iur
reference to this Province.
On Sunday following, at 12 M., we steam
ed into the broad and beautiful Bay of B.t
hia. NothingthatwehadyetsecninBra7.il,
compared with the high shores, crowned
with tropical growth, and clustering with
antique frructurcs that surrounded its
shores. The water approach, after abruptly
turning the headland to the right, upon!
which is perched the lirrht hoTse, is ne of.
the mo?t splendid views i Brazil (always
excepting Rio, which has no equal in tho
world.) "The lower town i on a narrow
ledge, between tho landing and the precipi
tous bight that have in their ascent of ix
hundred feet upon whose crt-rt the lofty
public and private buildings prc.-t nt a mag
nificent appearance. It was Sunday before
Christmas and near ChrlstmaH Eve. and
from every turret and tower of the innumer
able cathedrals and chnrche-, rang forth tl.o
ehims which swe pt across the water of th.
bar, and although it was mid lay, we could
pee the ernoke and hear the salute?, of tho
-;!, which i!if-tie f.-fival lovirc ' P0v
were gr-tinc-tho rj j rri'.h of thfl r,r""t
Xirw r1i.iv-:
holidiy of the Christian '-wor!j." OuH pattr
got on shore as soon as posjibi. cn-i t.-Jcd-the.
narrow and really splendid strec-u of the
lower town, until accroaching tb. a.-cfni to
tha upper, we were Midier.lv sarn.u-.ded ly
a band of sc'daa leurcra. Ve, wb Lout de
lay, seated ourselves - in' the . palanfaiii?
w hich were Looted to the shoulders of the
athletio Ethiopians, ;and away. w"jrri
Lorne'iu procession, the Jarty & klah rvj
nt the novelty of 'the locomotion. "Wesfej
ped irv front of the Hotel da Europa,"ord?rel
a strictly. Brazilian dinner, nnd. proceed M
on to see the Placidcj Publico, , t publiq
garden. ' After, treading numerous street?,
vyitU novelties of .structures ani inbabicaHi
on every hand,, we at hut came to the garde i
on the' .brow of the elevated ridge that overt
looks the Tower -eity, and the -magnificent
bay beneath. : Here I was fully impressed
with the remarkable beaut v of the to-werin,;
palm-and the ,'noveltv cT.the huge and ua;
brageous trees thut line (tha .walk . .Hero
was an aviary full of Brazilian birds cigorr
geous "plumage parterres oC lowers of most
intoxicating aromn', -aud - approaching th
balustrade in front, decorated with sp'endid
specimens of sculpture the full juiagnifii.
ce'nce of the .bay and efcj burst upon usu
We visited many' public buildings, including
some of the finest cathedrals in - the old or
new world-, I collected a budget of valuable
information for future letters, iu ref&rcnce
to all that our friends desire to know in tha
LTnjted States, in reference to this Province,
which it is impossible to embrace la rt rapM
description of a . ' run- down' the- coast of
Brazil," and hence reserve for futuuc letters.
, We re-embarked and got.under .weigh t
sundown dashed rapidly out of the harbor'
bound for the Capital of the Empire, our
destination, and bowling along tho. Brazilian
coast at a rapid, rate, rdl hands in hinh spir
its at the prospect of the speedy termination,
of our, so far, .splendid voyages.-. Oar firt
lay .on from Bahia was Christmas, and our
friends may be assured, that our thoughts
wcre. with them. ' ' : , . . - . '
: On the sunrise of th? 27th December, ilia
bold headland of Cape Flio loomed in fight,'
and from that moment we never left ho
deck until our noble steamer having glided
along the intervening coast, we caught sight
of the lofty mountains' 'that1 envij-on" the!
grarAtest bay in tha world. Never in life
will wc forget the impressions which the
sublimity Tf this scene '. inspired in our
hearts, and wc will reservo for future de
scription all that we felt and saw. -Crowded
with business, this letter was written:
with many imperfections, and without cor-t
rcction, as the steamer was getting up f.teauii
for the return voyage, and our friends and
the public will read without criticism what
was designed as a-very hurried resume o n.
delightful voyage, promising matter of great
interest incur future mini he re.' : , : - -. .-r.-
W. II. Parson, : '
: .. ;.. i.
Fassage cf an Important Bill by ths
United States Senate.
The Senate has passed, by a vote of 33 to
11, what. is considered by everyone' to be'
the most important measure brought before'
Congress since the passage of the so-called"
constitutional amendment abolishing slavo
ry, yiz;. Judge Trumbull's bill to protect all
persons in the United States in their civib
rights,-and, to furnish the means of theiri
vindication. , Tho following is the 1st, 2l!
and last sections of the bill : v-i'.
Secj 1. Ail. persona born in the United'
States and not subject, to any Toroigp powers
or tribal .authority, excluding Indians, are
hereby declared to be citizens of the United"'
States. ' J - ' - - - -;
- Sna 2. There shall bo no discrimination7
in the civil rights or immunities among : thtst
Inhabitants of any State or Territory of the
United States on account of race or color,
without regard to any previous condition t f
blavery, or involuntary servitude, except us '
punishment for- crime,- whereof the. party:
shall be duly convicted, shall have the same;
right to make and enforce contracts,, to sue
the parties, and give : evidence,' to inherit,'
purchase, lea9 or sell, hold and convey' real!
'1 personal propeities; to the full and equal
benefits ur a 'aws and proceedings for thw
security of person and' property; and shall
be subject to Kke punishments,- pains and"
penalties, nnd to- none other, any law,, stat
ute, ordinance, regulation, cr pustoia, t.j the.
contrary notwithstanding. ' : ' .'
Sec. 10. That it shall be lawful f.,r. th4 .
President of tlie United States, or such per
son as he may empower for that purpose,' to '
employ such part of tba land or naval forces i
of the .United States, or of the militia, as ;
shall be necessary to prevent tho violation
and the due enforcing of tills act. "
The last section was strenuously 'opposed
by Cowan and Hendricks, but was adopted."
by 33 to II, and is a copy' of a section of the
bill passed during the democratic adrninis-'
tration of Van Duron.
The late Judge CVdnmer used to give the;
following order of Jiiisiness in the; United .
States Senate: ."First,"' said the Judge,;
;" have a prayer by the chaplain; next tho"
reading of the journal ; then Wilson intro- 3
duces a bill ; then Sumner makes a classical :
speech ; then 'Fcsscnden gets mad, and then
the Senate adjourns. ' 'This order lias un
dergone very little change since tJudgo Col
lamer's death. First prayer ; next reading
the jonrnal ; then Wilson introduces a bill ;
then Sumner makes an assault on the Presi
dent ; then somebody proposes to amend tha
Constitution, and then tho Seuatr adjourns.,,
: -Chicago Pust.
. -m m '
- A sensible man does not seek consolation'-
he seeks forget fulness. , ,
Why is electricity Kke the police when,
they are wanted ? Because, it.is an invisible
foree. -
Milton was once a-iked why lie did not
teach his daughters foreign languages.
" Surely one tongue i3 enough for a womanf
was his reply.
Worrmn is a mysterious poem which must
be read many times to be understood ; ha
who has loved but one knows the sex better
than" ho whohasvnale a new conquest every
day for twenty years.
i t tsais '
- " Poor old General Debility!'' exclaimed
Mrs. : Partington ; ' It i surprising how
long he live)f and what . t-xciU-mnt I.e.
creates ; the papers are full of remedies for
him.'" ' "
Mr. Quibble, reading that " it hai been
decided in tho Court of Queen's Bench, in
Dublin, that a clergyman of the Church of
England can legally marry hiraelf," observ
ed that, that might' be very wellaiamea-uro
of economy, but that even in the ' hardest
times he should prefer to rnarry a wjruan
Fuller, in his d-.-p.crij t'on of a jrofI wif6
gay, : -She commandeth her hu-lrf4ivl in
ftfs'uid reatters, by constantly obeying biat.,
She never crossoth her busbai.4 in tho.
spri.ig-tide of hi- anger, tt tay till it bf
ebbing water. Her cloth en are rather come-'
r than costly, and she maTcos plain cloth to:
be velvet bv'lr ho?.lnd wearing it. '. In
her husband sickness she fctls more grief
than she shows.
Mystic V.svn or Riniox. -Few of the un
initiated know the significance of wearing
long ffnds of ribbon round the neck, and fur
t'leir benffit we make the fillowir.g statt
ment :- When tb';y wc-r the -nds liangintr
in front, it mean,"' the lady is married ; '
over tho right sdiouMr, that ''she s. en-,
gaged ; " over the Jdt shouidor tliat " f.I &
ba-t a fellow coming to r her, I i:tia't c .
cx-l: " and down tin; back H u.cins " b '' ,
come Fm low me. IT n i. f!
n t wc r.uy
at all. it moans f he
!." an-idf n'fc
wish to bav e aoythirig to d with (t r.y Otbe?
m n."

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