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The Bolivar bulletin. [volume] (Bolivar, Hardeman County, Tenn.) 1865-1888, March 24, 1866, Image 1

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TTrr
V T - -r
r SAMUEL GILBERT, so celebrated
, j tad, fwr tts list '.Tir'j-tn tts la :io trissnct
l prTr-i aad s'.d ii prc-Mctur jr.d;ci:.M. Is'., rc-aoia-a
t'-t b;en cskTCLaerr-1 It tr.e rcr?'.'.e.i .-lic::a::ons of
-.. ex-!.-:." ih ?r. rs-3a.r'-.'jt jr-.
Htvon i ' f th --rittea PDic:.-:i. siaus to him far
"- ; or tno bto ir.tr c'.rcuinetanoei, or baa-
u.s
r, 5 ret' ade li.e ymiVui'.j t aj. pi its ia jeri3 tJ
Hit r! tautri that the mnnu'Artnren spare ae!l?T f lirts
a-ar cx SB tii j.reparac.on r.f ttcte tiitdiei. They are
Bde te vary b-t raeiicinea kaove, in a hrUj eoaaoa
rti for-B, nj-n tT.u'y t:in'.;f.3 principle.
Da. SAMUEL GILBERT'S
, General .Alterative-
Arts direet'jr upon th Glucisand JIu Membranes stim
v:atins; tUm to additional activity ia thec nacural function
f nujjnimit from CrcuiKiKjr K.uhJ the us-ial F.3eu
fBd ia Oi.ie, Morhid ) ilnerp snd expslling tbemxhrai;h
th 8kio, Kidnnyt. . Livot, nd I'liceutsrv Oinl f mm !
8rtnt. - It , tlirt"r. ktiif.ieJ fi- vh relitf of Cbreare
,Xnjwr4 iSectiin thai orcsi, luiiof tb dachas mcaLrant
Smytloai, Tetter, Ciccri," Scrofula, Ja'ancGct
' Goitre,
Chronic Infianiclton of ': .
Bladder and Uterus, etc.
ft pt-rtiraHrty BMfoi U. ' , J . J " .' .
T3UTPBE33ED U23NSTHUATION
Hereditary Taints, Eypiilii.
4 irfcldii urii'ng from lon;-cntina4 n of L'i'oml
2!n M. C'irrol Subiimitc. Fwlnr Kolution, f)ono-'-i
buI'.:osa lad ctcsr prepiriiijiu wf Mercury xuii Arsouio
Db. SA il UEL GJLBERr.S
TE T T EK OIITTMEKT 1 :
I t ; ;!!et pret.rtiuB for tt cu; of tiat c!as of
. Discascsr or tlie Skin,
which ar f artially kniwa ju CifB!Ctc Karrrtosa. Tet-
TIK, PlMPLKH. liLHTtt:, CALIilCAD, SIll.KCEVSV,
EjKwoftM. etc . e".
Xt will tiw. kid. ITCTII otiir Jecal vtrrain wliei pry
np th4 skin. Ibioftnt aud donwrhrs tb excremantitious
c:tfirs dopoAited npna the skio; heilt ta crucUs, hUnctri and
'irpiai, acd roo4r tha entaae" "Tfic smxth and pli
b!. It fcii bea ubd fcj Da. I'.ILDKHT, with most fmtia
fac'or rnu',d, for many yam. It tiored for sale, ia thta
irtvU. from th ti rro eonvietioi that it must necessarily meet
itlth tha hjrty apTr'Us.tioa f thnsa who mtk cs of lC-
Kttil diroctibaa for tha ir.nthoJ nf usuir th'-Rt remedies, a
plain and r mt d9cri;tia of a nntnoer of the different
varieties of Is Km iJiJ. ant many valuabla uifgtian in
rtfird to their cure, will be f-und printed oa the ctrcuTar ac
Cfnpanyrng aacb f ackae. Thesa sufFtittiond aru the fruit of
wt ample experience acjaired by tr .Samuel Gilbert dnring
bu eijfird:nary prnfaaamal rarear in the traxtmeut of this
class nf diseases in ti.a cities of Memphia. New Orleans an4
New Tor ; and will, it ia expected, enabje mr.st uuprofesion
at persons to treaX thir own ctcj with loarh greater success
Uiaa that which Uiual.y falls to th lot of ordinary phyniuiazu.
.. . - . GILBERT & IIIGBEB,
Vhole!e DnsifiiU.
Ko. 2S1 Mltt Street, .Mamphi. Tean.
fM4 hr rrof?t'.H geueretly throtiir'aiiut tUe Suutaera btatea
A Hhrl 4iifiunt mde tg tM Trt.d.
Uxxxzc, Y'aco t, Co., V.'toiMii Afe&U, Or'rf.
L. ... - jaa50-3a
TilO.lI AS II. E2UIVT,
Silk and Woolen Dyer,
JefTersoa Btrest,
littus Wi4 Trent Eow. MEMPIIIS.
Enpccial p.ttention given to LaJies' Dresse?.
hwl.al CWi. .
ieat!uuv'4 C'lotliinK C!.ol rul ryd la (nperlnr tTl.
. !. 11. Not iMwri.l for Guodi loft ia iur ftefix
menthf from datenf order.
Bax 155 Memrhi Pot OCie. fi;t-3a
J. ERANDKXBCEO,
' Of St.- tuii.
.J. II- MENDELAT.
JlemftU.
J, v Brandenburg Co.,
Leather, Shoo Finding,
BOOTS, " SII0E3,
Heady .I.Tadc Harness Saddlery,
HQ. IS
Maiaa Street, ITcxt to First National Eaak,
. And .Vc. 33S Street,
IWtvatn UoioB ii GjOio Str.U,
UEMI'IIIS..... TENNESSEE.
Cash Paid for Hides.
Fartiecir atft.iu fWdi tg Ctry Order., id respect-
K1IS.V
JVttVS KLTMAN.
H. MYERS & CO.,
. ' ' Wioloi ale Ucalera ia
Drj Goods, Furnishing Goods,
"202 Main-Street.
n.w Mnac.H iss Moxcor. Mrjir:ii3. TLN.-ri:si.r
0. XlTCUtll, J. F. BOrrKA. EOEKRT MITCHELL
MITCHELL, HOFFHAN & CO.
llvuofacturcii of all kiadsef
FUUKSTt-RE!
AND CEAtEKS IN"
Ci.Br ITS. CIt, CL0TII3. CCBTAXSS, LOQICIKQ
GLASSES. UA1R. MOSS. SaVCK. AND
Spring XVIatresses !
JCo. Xi iliia Street, a4 3u Monro. St
MEMPHIS.
DIXIE'S
j. X. O O N !
S
In tho illlcy
JTtXT TO THE THEATRE, io tao Tort OfBce Boildiog.
r.i Clfr. C'ytr Sop every Niht. 4c5-3ra
J. II. WAGGEXER & CO.,
294 Main Street, -
' ak'i-Jrhh mock, uZxriiis; tzxx
Ol7Jl STOCIZ OF
Ready IJado Clothing
r o Ti
Jfen's, 1'oitth's and Children Wear
' 1. Toll nsd Corset!..
UTifslxin Cpods
Tr CobU Bad Bora, Vi'Bole.il. and Retail,
AT L0T7 PEICES'.
.''' . 1' alM carry ti. .
Titiloring' Business.
. rtece Good.. Cloth.. P:e?kir., Venticj;!, Et.
"8itV3Ia!e Order
ml. C:.4Xl.C.4jBJk
Tstr-nxalicr, Jeucler & Onfif iaa
CIT llAIS SxRKtT,
alar tfj Wwiu Iln.e, , IXmntu, Trwt.
J1atcfres and JTcicrlrj
il l On.
Vol, I.
X) KF5T-: G O 6 &!
if
WHOLKSALE AHP EETAIL BrAiEI '
- - ' '
. ..
- Dry Goods,1
CLOTHING,
I2oots,. Shoes,, Hats,- ami
PtANTATIOK i:VTTLlES,
Jtlatn. Street, MEJtUlilST.' L
Referring to the above card, wa 'respectfully
illicit tie patroaaje of tail a ad adjsioing esaaUsi.
iiejrrescnted iti Bolivar by
Hi. C. Elson & Co.
,c2-3a ; Seutn Side PutliSqnare.
COTTON AND TOBACCO ..
COMMISSION
su- o. i'
o). crrtcc .
'V '' " r
A? aoT3 M.OCX,' r-A
2 No. 42 f)
MaJiISOX TBIT.
Up SUrri,
3v
' orwc '
No. 59
rOYDEiS
c
. Ai
...-c.ytCD,..
orrics
-Vo.:
V7aU 'Street, '
o
a-
-A W B-
Commercial ' Agents.
Ccnsignmerits and,Oriers SoUcited.
Vro shall endeavor by strict personal ntten-
tiua to all btt.inesi. and prompt, Tifroroua aud natiriu alfort.
Ma to avail otiraalvej uf every posaibie advautaga la ail mat
era eoauled to ur huueea, either at . . '
MEMPHIS. SEW ORLEANS.
MOBILE Oil fEW
As to MERIT and SECURH a moat geaoroni and continued
onbdeuco aud pairwaae. - iieciu-3at
7. H. PASSIIOSE & CO.,
- .. - AUCTIOSEEE3; . -
Commission Merchants,
Heal Estate UroIicrsx J
37 f niox SrKriT, MtMrnic, Tin
Auction Sales Every Day at 10 o'clock.
Particular attention given to ral. of City and Subarbaa
Property. Stck.. Farming Liud,- te.. etc.; Mdr:hauduie.
llaucl,iid Knrniture. ' Vehicles, Stock, . etc.; Leasing aud
lieating I'riferty, Coawj aacuii, tc - dceL-3a
KCSMANN BROS.
i'o. 9 Laiiu street, il'jaton.
MAYER t CO ,
156 Front Strtot, Nt York
STJcAnrj", ziSA'S'zszL & co.
Manufaciurera, Imponer and Wb.oleial Do!exa la. .
CIGAKS TOBACCO,
MEERSCHAUM .ur.iw ,
Rubber, Lava. Ckiaa. Rose, Bad Briar
PIPES, -;
N"o. 1 Jefierson Block,.
Second Street, Memphis, . Tenru-
Exclu.iroly Wboloaale. -' ihtt-2itr '-
A. E. Fit A 3i KLTArPt.';.
GENERAL
Auction Sc Commission
Jfi7 CJIA X(T,: . v
No. 231 Second Street,
Jtrrrssox Clock. Miurni., Trxx
Oa cousigmn.nt, aad will bs oli atlvow York Jristf,
Clotliln, Boots, Shoe's,'
. HATS , AKD CAPS. . , ,
SmilTS, 'UNDERSIIIItTS, DRAWERS,'
Dressing". Fino and Back Combs
Pencil. Buck!. Snapendera, Ties. CravaU, Button,
lioaiary, Glove., Ruckleri,
WINES, LIQUORS, SEGARS,
TOBACCO, TUMBLrES. C0SLEE3, Ttc.; Stc, Etc
Give na a call. d.ic!5-3a
Belle Memphis "Saloon, "
JOHNNIE AT THE BAB.
-. c: v
IX. A, WpLlV PROritXITOa. :
Xo. li Adams Street, Opposite the War
sham House,- - , ,. ; .'
riScmphis, Tennessee.
I x ported Wicea; "iL-iaiin jjiva, n4 il avast Sahara
Blwavs on band.
U Lunch every day at 10 o'clock, prepared at Schmb'a
Celebrated ReatauraiiU ... , . fibC-3ai
II. WADES: CO.,.-
Caleri in all Kin da of
Stationery and Blank Books!
School Hooks,
Min. XeveN: Prayer Book.. Hvmn Rook.. 'Bible.,
Medial, Law, PLUoaupbicai and M:cIian.aua V'erka.
T . - - I7o.
'Maix Sircet, :
2S3
MEMPHIS.
. . TEX.
4ec2-3ia
Wholesale and Retail
ConfcctlGiiers " and Candy
Jlaiiufacturir&,
Dealers ia Imported Wines, Liquors, Segara
Fruitu, Etc., . C
11 'rio. S3 S "Trent Street, "V
jm:j-5a , MEMrUI3..TE"X.
Drs. IIOTT, BRADFOED & HAIISEY,
i ' ' j ........
Xo. 57 Jladisou Street, .
Sctwcea Second aad TbirJ Strctic.
MEMPHIS. TENK
VLxAii UI21L
iscases
All CT roBit. Vimlent and ?tctal r4J4: Xs-s-e C--j
Tail's rS;l,y ra4 i,
:!H Via bi1 Za
A WEEKLY NEWS AND LITERARY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO TEE INTERESTS OF THIS ' PEOPLE.
BOLIVAR, HARDEMA1T- COUiJTY, TENN.,
1 rnblUiad JEverr EatardaT,
- r Ey-J. 2. VILLUS and II. . -FAHSISIL
SCISCSilTlO-One Copy Gna Year FoarDonari, fara
- , - riahljr ia a-ivurjve; One Copy Oae Monti,
delivered, fiity Ceaia.
At)TI":riSI"G One Sqrw. of ten lfaei or Um, J 1.05;
" Mh .ubequent insertion 50 cents; Local
otic. 20 c:uu i-er lice.
1 EBira Ufcoatb 2.i0 "2 monthj S4.f 3 Tnontbi $6.00
2 do 1 do 3.00 2 do fi.Oi) .3 do .
3 d-r ' 1 do . 4.W 2 do g.CO 3 do . IC'.tK)
' 4 ' do " I rU T.firt 2 do KuiO 3 d 12.it
5 do. 1 do 10,uJ 2 do 12.00 3 do 14.00
H do 1 do 12.t0 2 do 14. 00 3 do 10. Oil
12 do- 1, d-i .24.00. 2 io- Pj.tM '3 ii . 22.'0
Ii do 1 do 4,00 2 da 66.00 .3 do 64.00
t ANXOCNCEMENTS Anuonncing the name of
aa? perai.a Xur a Count O&ce, $-iO, btata or Futiaral f 15.
Ja3T Tie above Teraia and,Itat will be itrlttly adhered to.
.J6S" C1ia!oaa, farriae. Birth and Pea'h Kotr solicited,
acd will be wiiiiociy iDertedrRKE OF CHAllCE. Otnt-
I uariaawiil b cbarsed lor at advertUiBj rate
Hardeman County Directory.
o .
Chancery Court.
JGHivYr". j3 APJlIsj nf So'm.rTille Chancellor
FBAKCIS FENTRES3 ....Clrk and Mirtfr
Coar t9eU 2d Moaday ia February and August.
Circuit Court,
GKORGE W. EEVE3
T. b Mcdowell
............. Jndga
.,.,......... ....Clrk
Court roeeu 4th Monday ia February, Jan and October.
. . County Officers.
JOIIN n. E1LLS Chairman County Court
J. B. II ARRIS.. ... Clerk
It. G. CT.AV, fORD
tf-'A.JfDERSOS'
Joseph watson
J. a. pipxik
W. W. McCARLET....
Deputy C!rk
Re.. Utr
TruiUe
..Tax Collector
. Sheriff
.... Coroner
Jailor
MOSES TAYLOR -
Court meeis lit Monday ia each month.
o U Ft?acrai omcers.
JAME3PTBAS3 Aaiewor of Internal Revenue
T. O. PATRICK Collector of Diroct Taxas
R. S HARDY J Pojt Ma.tsr
THUS E.0YtK. ;,r.. ...V. S. Revenua Collector
JXO. V. USSERY Agent Freedmen a Bareaa
Corporation OElcers.
T,B McDOWELX;. .......Mayor
L. E. ADAM3....:.'... .. Recorder
J. S. OSBOUXE Conatabla
- . - ... Aldermen, - r
E. P. MeN'EAL. R. S. HARDY. L. B. ADAMS, JOHK
A. BAKER. JAMES PYBASS. E. G. CRAWFORD. -
, , lao .South. .
Written for the Bolivar Bulletin by Altim Au.lt.
The South, The South, the land of tbs tun.
Where the cypreii and wild flowers grow
Ia deep tangled glidca where bright waters ran,
- That are strangers to ice aad the cold northern mo
The home cf the good, the noble and true ;
We lore t'uex as aver e'ea in thy dark hours..
Though the Angel of Peace oa rapid wing Sew,
Away from thy fields and rose-covered bower.
Wa clir.j to thee yet, though it's hope against hcje,
So far as tby rights are concerned.
And we did but our duty while striving to cop,
' With the Sama that set cruelly burned.
. That flam wa. an error from evil hearts bora,
Unbecoming a Nation's proud fame.
And when it. adherers from power are shorne. -.
Zhey will sink to the gulf of tulsery and shame.
Say, why should a people forever be slaved
Because of a deed th-y thought honest aad rihtl
Is it thus that th. path should be pared -WhUh
lead us to day from tha darkaeaa of night'
To ! let the spirit of tnanhsod prevail . . - .
For freedom, and truth, and It 3 cause " " '
Then our own ship of State will bo in full a3,
Usr coxapait the Nation, her bplicsiitea the Laws.
Thaa we'll -sing ta Th Nation," the lad cf fro sun, ,
Whera freemen and brothers doth dwell;
Whore cyprcis and pine are blended as one,
. ' ThoaKh they wave o'er fialda wkr. heroes hare foil.
E0UYA.B, MaiCU, 1S35. . ' i .
:. Nev? Orleans now has a population larger
by sixty thousand than ever before.
; resolution favoring theeiht-hour labor
tnovementt'was voted :dovn on Sturdy, by
the Legiolaturo of New York.
Last week tho Treasury disbursed. $30,'
295,983 tho heaviest weekly disbursement
6inco the war. - ' - - " '
No less than 33,671 suicides took place in
France from 1S27' to 1850. Llanin? was
the favorite mode of "despatch."
A Boston " dispatch 'of "the 14th says the
Whipple Filo Manufacturing Company havo
failed. ' Their ' capital stock 'was $7u0,000.
The total number of rebels pardoned by
the President to data is six thousand eight
hundred and thirty-five.
The Illinois Penitentiary contains eight
hundred and sixty-three convicts, of whom
forty are females.
Orders - have been issued for the discon
tinuance of the Military District of East
Tennessee, and for dismounting a cumber of
forts around Washington.
Parties from Marietta, Ohio, have arrived
at Nashville, for the purpose of erecting an
extensive petroleum refinery in the neigh
borhood of Nashville.
The Southern Express Company paid two
hundred thousand dollars :for-money lost on
the W.-R. Carter, which was carried past its
destination, Memphis, where the Carter ar
rived at night.
The Little Rock Gazette understands that
-"Gen. Albert Pike, probably the' greatest of
living lawyers, is again about to locate in
that city, the Bcene of his earliest efforts
and his proudest triumphs."
- The following gentlemen were elected in
Williamson county on the 3d : Col. F. M.
Lavender, SheriH, William II. Crouch, Esq.,
Trustee, .and L. LI. Woldridgo, Esq., Tax
Collector. - .
Gen. James Long-. 'feet hns been elected
President of the Great Southern and West
ern Life and Accident Co:npany, just estab
ILhed in New Orleans.
:" Gen Dick Taylor has' leased from tho
State cf Louisiana the new canal connecting
the upper part of New Orleans with
Lake Ponchartrain, for $750,300, payable in
annual instalments.- . .
From recent scientific investigations in i
Europe it has been Bhown most conclusively
that in localities where impure water has
been drank by the inhabitant, the cholera
hai principally ried, proving impure water
to be one of the chief causes of. cholera.
A Nashville dispatch, of the 1-ith, says:
At one o'clock,. Monday morning, the build
in Rt .Centreville, Hickman county, Ten
nessee, occupied as a postodce and freed
man's Bureau, containing the county records,
was . burned to the ground, together with all
the contents.". It Is a case cf iaceadiiri?3
tsd t!:c parties are cofpected who have bet a
r?.
A desperate conflict took place a few days
ago on. a plantation in Steward county, Ga.,
daring which three -whites and seven negroa
were killed, azd" a' number of others in
jured. -
Mr. John McGavock, of Franklin, Tenn ,
has donated a suitable Jot of ground out of
! his landed possessions, embracing a portion
of the battle-field ofTFranklin, for the burial
of the Confederates- wha fell on that occa
sion. - . -' "- ' -
: The ' election in Connecticut on the Jirst
Monday in' April H important from the fact
that the Legislature then chosen will elect a
United State3 Senator for six year3, the torm
Fof lion. Lafayette S. Foster; now presiding
oScerof the benatc, expiring riext year.
One of the heaviest robberies ever com
mitted was the abstraction of bonds from
Rufus Lord's banking house, Exchange Place
New York city, on Saturday morning. It
43 thought tho perpetrator was a sneak-thief,
who waited his opportunity after a steady
reconnoissance, and then when the coast
was clear to take, possession of the bonds
and stock certificates. A reward of $2QQ,
000 is offered
as, i , pi
I The Reconstruction Committee have or
dered the printing of 10,000 copies of their
report. They "have picked out such wit
nesses as would testify to suit them, and
then reported a part of the testimony elicit
ed, and had it printed for effect in tho else
tions shortly to come off. V
Friday afternoon, 9cn inat., Iriccordaaco
with orders from Washington, S. Ii. Mallory,
ex-Secretary of the Confederate Navy, was
released from Fort Lafayette.- He has been
rin failing health for some time, and, it is un
derstood, that he was released in ; conse
quence of representations by physicians
that prolonged, confinement 'would prove
fatal. lie will rejoin his family, which has
been residing for some time in Connecticut
A new express company, the Merchants'
Union, has been formed in Western New
York with a capital of $15,000,000, and;the
arrangements already completed for immedi
ately opening business. E. R. Iioss is Pre
sident Win. II. Seward Vice-President, ilnd
Mfljor-Qcn. II. W. Slocnm Secretary. -
Archbishop Spalding, of Baltimore, has
received letters from the Pope of Rome, ap
pointing him Apostolic Delegate, with au
thority to convene a. plenary council of all
archbishops and bishops in the United States
during tho present year, and to preside over
them." The council, it is thought, will be
assembled some 'time in September '-" or
October.
... O III . - -.
A fellow by tho name of Duggan, a radi
cal member of the . Legislature from East
Tennessee, was hauled out of a negro den
in Nashville n, few. nights ago, from.the em-biaws-
of-a sable nymph, and taken to the
" lock-up." lie was fined the next morning,
and,1 we hope, ere now is expelled from, tho
Legislature Louicville Democrat.
That's a f" forlorn hope." Don't you
know that " birds' of a feather'flock to
gcther?" '- Of-coafsV'th'ey' doC' an"d hence
there's no chance of busting the Honorable
Sir. Duggan; v V
- ''In. Charleston, S.'C.',a few days ago,' Judge
Aldrich sentenced a white man, , convicted
of robbery, to receive thirteen lashes on the
bare back, in accordance with the State law.
General Dennett interfered and prevented
the infliction" of the -punishment, declaring
that it was againstthe spirit nf the civiliza
tion that pervades society at the prescat
uay.
A Grumblimo, Growling Set. 'The Lon
don Times of tho Ilth of February thus
notices " the first night of the- session " of
the Ilousa of Lords s
"As is usual on such occasions the speeches
we re .chiefly composed, of twaddle. .'
"The allusion to. Jamaica made by the
Marquis -Normandy- was very tame and
feeble.
" The Duke of Rutland was silly and vio
lent concerning th a cattle pUgue.
" The Duke or Richmond had a growl at
the. cattle plague. . ." -
' Earl Grey indulged in a grumble at the
anticipated character, of the ministerial re
form bill.
"Thf Duke of Argyll seemed to have no
other notion thaa that of killing all tho sick
animals." -, .
It can't bo possible that the English Par
liament is striving to imitate the Tennessee
Legislature ! No use, no use ; it cant be
did ! .
Tije New Cotton Crop. In the March
number of DeBow's Review the editor, who
ha just completed a tour through the cotton
States, estimates the next cotton crop at not
inoro than one million five hundred thousand
bales. .He adds: "These figures are not
likely to be increased by anything that i8
now to happen, and may be greatly reduced
by tho ignorance, neglect or desertion of the
laboring classes, which, judging from the ex
perience of ill other fiountrics is more like
ly to occur than no,., nnd reduce the crop to
1,000,000 "or 1,200,000 bales;. - No account
is taken in the calculation of the applica
tion -of whita labor to Cotton, beyond what
was applied to it before, the -war. The ex.
tensive mortality of the war has made white
labor at the South very scarce, and so far it
is employed in the necessary pursuits of the
mechanic art and trade, which have been
furniehinir most lucrative employment. The
wear and tear, and frightful destruction
caused by the war opened other channels of
employment besides ogrio-ulture. The in
crease of white labor at the South, so far as
t?ie next crop is concerned, from immigra
tion, is too trihing to be taken into account
The aggregate, number of laborers introdue-
ed is insignificant, and so tar is largely ab
sorbed ia the cities. . -
Breaking- Ground. The work cn the
street railroads -will commence this (M n
dar ) . Ef ruing on Main street near touth.
There will be a large number of hands" em
ployed, and the work will be pushed forward
with all possible dispatch. It is believed
that the cars will be running from South
ftreet to the Ohio Depot in le. than thres
month?. ilemephii BxdlclUiYHh
The Tress and Times intimates that the
election in 'Williamson', was not conducted
legally. His sort wasn't elected ; and that's
whit's the matter with fhe"parp." Frank-
4, t
i nr.
ti
I 1 .i i -"J
March 24, 1866.
Eeriiiiiscences of the Siege cf Vicks
t'Tirr. BY AS EYE WITXE3S. J. J. D.
, :. . C0NTINXED.3 .
. The last number of these papers was con
cluded with a description, of-the battle -of
if. Baker's Creek' or Champion Hill. , This
fight resulted with a loss to the Confederates
of near 2,500 killed, wounded and missing
to the Federals probably a similar num
ber and very few prisoners. Haviug ex
tricated his troops as best he could from this
field of misfortune, the commanding Gener
al withdrew rapidly to the lortiScations oa
the Big Black river, which on the morrow
became the scene of another defeat to our
arms. This fortification ' extends .across a
bend in the river, on the south side, the dis
tance of a mile. In front of it, extended a
large and deep Jagoon or bayou to strengthen
and protect the approach which opened
for a half mile over broad plains, under rich
culture, over, which it was necessary for an
attacking party to come, before they could
bcale the worka..' Thus situated oa the
morning after the last battle, at early dawn
our artillery was stationed and the. works
manned, to await the approaching thousands
who had followed up our retreat and weie
how seen in the distance. To a casual ob
server this may have seemed the proper plan
of defense, but with inferior numbers, and
these discouraged by the pravious day's dis
aster, it wa3 scarcely to bo expected that
they would bo able to prevent flanking-move-meirts
above and below which would have
inevitably forced our lines into Vicksburg.
Nevertheless', the "same evil genius ovcrshad
owed and controlled bur destiny, and so our
troops had the mortification forced upon
them of fighting another useless battle. Af
ter -several honrs manuevering in front, du
ring which time flanking movements were
made on' either side, the Federals made a
heavy chargo upon our extended line, at the'
centre, which gave way before their fierce
assault which so intercepted the retreat of
our troops, that yer few escaped, and many
were drowned attempting to swin.the rapid
current " This disaster fell heavy upon' our
shattered forces. Our loss here was report
ed to be 18 guns and about 2,000 prisoners.
This fight should have been avoided, and
this loss saved, by an earlier retreat into tho
trenches around Vicksburg, which was now
ordered and rapidly .accomplished, pursued
hotly by.thq.victoriora Federals; ,Aud thus
commenced the siege. ( -,j ....... :;; '
To acquire a proper understanding and
appreciatidrT of this notable event, it be
comes neccessary 'to notice the military ca
pabilities of -the position. This city,- now
famous for it3 natnral defences, may rightly
be ealled thV'-'Cityof Hills," whicK ven
superior to. the "Seven Hilled City ithat
ruled the world," numbers its hills by scores.'
Situated on aa elevated bluff which slopes
gradually baek from the waters edge, . and
rises in broken undulations aa it recedes,
the ,city presents'. a beautiful collection of
terraces,, tier on : tier,; to its outer suburbs.
Extending for several miles to .the rear, tho
same description of country-- very broken,
and wooded with primitive forest, marks
the characteristic features of , the surround
ing country. ; ; . ;. ; :
'.Along the, highest range of these hillsj
and overlooking the approach, were built in
a complete semicircle, aroundtlie city, a long
and threatening line of fortifications, ex
tending fivo miles, from the light, resting
on the Mississippi river below the city, to
the left near the mouth of the Yazoo, above
the city. Along the course of this winding
line of fortifications, from hill top to hill top
were built strong redouts, seperated every
half a mile or less, mounted with guns of
various sizes and calibre, overlooking the
elevations to the front. The heavy timher
on the outside of these trenches for 6ome
distance had all been felled, ..and this, to
gether with the thick cane and undergrowth
rendered the approach of the bescigera very
difficult and almost impracticable; These
works once filled with brave men, and brist
ling with cannon and gleaming bayonets
presented an 'ang-y view to the assaulting
party, whenever they felt disposed to tost
their strength or doubt their availability.
Nor did they delay long to try their prow
ess. : Buoyed up with victory at other points,
and speculating upon the demoralization of
our jaded, disheartened soldiers, who had
scarcely reached the positions assigned
them, the jubilant foe . soon hove in sight
and. commenced an attack by cannonade.
This was on Monday the 13th day of May,
1SC3. No direct assault was yet made, and
this gave time fer the despondeat gloom
which seemed at first to have- settled Jike a
pall over the army, to be dispelled, and hone
enco more to cheer our hearts, It is impos
sible to illustrate the real heaviness and ap
parent despair that momentarily encumber
ed our troops. Byfilod, foiled and defeated
at every point and only fallen buck to Vicks
burg as a dernier resort, where near an hun
dred thousand of the eyemy environed, and
like the boa constrictor, wound their serpen
tine folds about them, there were fearful
forebodings and dark anticipations predom
inant in tho minds of all. The doubt was
generally expressed of our inability, notr
withstandin the advantages of position, to
hold the place sgainst such odds, and every
variety of scheme was evoked ia anticipa
tion of a speedy surrender, for escaping the
horrors of a Northern prison. Such a sen
timent was of course unfortunate and con
tributed very much to. weakea the real
strength of the garrison. The importance
of the place was not forgotten however, aud
it was determined by the general o-ficurs to
ineke every effort . to. resist the fue, hoping
to be relieved in time to save the place and
garrison. Orders were forthwith issued for
gathering up the stragglers and consolidat
ing fragmentary ciumand", restraining all
useless expenditure of ammunition, reduc
ing the rations cf provision?,-and in erery
way putting the place and troops on a prop
er footing t stand a sleg-. ' The general de
prcsaioa cf tho txoop3 was aauautd into
hope, and o'er another night, a better fscl
iu bn l p-ti-..l their 1tiv h srt, whl.-b
If IS 1 IJ
j
4 G
No. 31
evinced itself at once in their manly efforts
to improve the worka. The guns i.t Sny
der's Bluff had been removed, and the lines
of defence withdrawn nearer oa the North,
so that then, there was no egress or ingress
to or from the city, and the siege became at
once a ncocessity and a fort. In anticipa
tion of a bombardment the citizens Lad pru
dently dug large commodious caves in tho
hills and bluffs, for the protection of women
and children, and as though to imitate the
example of these non-combatants many of
the laggards and demoralized soldiers like
wise sought safety for themselves in such
excavations as they could hastily construct,
and took refuge in these skulking resorts of
cowardice. Thus stood affairs for several
days after, the siege commenced. Net so.
however, with the majority of the troops.
On Tuesday, the third day of the siege, Gen
eral Grant marshaled his, troops ia solid pha
lanx and concentrating en masse at defferent
points, made several desperate assaults to
carry the works.. Never was a garrison
more anxious to leara tho results of such
movements, and happily for the fate of the
place did the result prove. With a despera
tion only equaled by the hardihood of the
assaulting parties, our gallant mca met and
repulsed the enemy with heavy loss, driving
his broken columns in confusion beyond tho
range of their well directed volliea. This
success came like a God-send to our troops,
and thus encouraged, they received with like
result, similar demonstrations for four con
secutive days.; On Friday, the 29th inst,
the enemy made a very desperate charge,
coming up to and planting their colors upon
our works, but such a terrific and deadly
shower of lead and . iron was poured into
their rank?, that they retreated hastily, leav
ing the ground strewed with their dead and
wounded. .Their loss this day was immense,
and the the lesson taught them was notsooa
forgotten. . Their men . refused to charge at
all, and finally all such attempts were aban
doned, s"o that General Grant afterward re
sorted to his old plan of parallels. Dur
ing this period our batteries, on the river
were likewise employed, resulting each time
with great success. . Oa the 27th the large
and powerful ironclad Cincinnati, carrying
12 guns, engaged our upper batteries, but
was so hotly resisted as only to be able to
fire eight shots, and retire so crippled that
she sunk .within a half mile cf our guns.
Uer loss of lifi was reported greatonly few
escaping. Besides our batteries,, our sharp
shooters on the river lank poured such a
raia of ball into her port holes as to prcrent
her gunners from controlling their pieces,
thus showing another method of contending
with, these formidable monsters. During
these various engagements, so great had been
tho s loss, of.' life and so disagreeable tho
stench, that on the 25th inst an. armistice
was concluded which lasted five hours and
only ceased as darkness came on. During
this .time the; 'belligerents met on neutral
ground, and discussed at length the events
of the siege, and were apparently aa friendly
as soldiers under the same banner and ia
the same cause. . Cut soon the signal wa3
given and as the echo died deep , and sonor
ous on the twilight air, each army retired
I within its respective lines, and again began
this dreadful work of. Luman destruction.
Such is the life of a soldier, such the scenes
which . all the waves of time cannot erase
from his memory. During the first tea days
of this siege it was anxiously supposed that
relief from without would be speedily fur
nished, and the wildest speculations as to
time and. mode, were evoked. , Rumor with
her thousand tongues ceased not to. work pn
the excited fancy. with all manner of tales,
both probable and improbable. These gain
ed credence, according as the mood of the
besieged happened at the time to be sangu
ine or despondent . First -upon the. pro
gramme were announced very plausible ru
mors of the approach of-Gen.: J. E. Jphn
ston with an irresistible force to drive Grant
off, and this was heralded by that ubiquitous
personage, the reliable gentleman, who hai
come directly as a; " special courier " from
Johnston.. We were not permitted to phi
losophise as to whether he came by wind or
water, or through tome providential cavern
under ground. The fact va3 announced
and straitway believed, each time the."eoar
ier " bringing gun eans, or some other earn
est of good will, which was suEcient to ex
plain the motive of this visitation and saved
to the. credulous the object of his story These
messengers related marvellous and wonder
ful accounts of " the wide world shut from
our weary. eyes." At oae . time it was re
ported that a great victory had been woa by
our army ia Virginia, that " fighting Joe "
Hooker had been swtpt into annihilation
Longstrcet held possession of Arlington
Heights Bragg had chased off Rosencran3
to the Polar sea and occupied Memphis en
route to Johnson, who) was about to em ass
100,000 men in and around Canton ; Price
had captured Helena! andGcneral Magruder
with the " Chinese Ceet" had tak-en New
Orleans, with a gentle interlarding about
French "recognition and English icterftr
ence. Much of this; which came at differ
ent times, of course was received aa sensa
tion rumors, living their brief period, and
giving placa to others in turn. Sume of it
seemed probable, none cf it was declared
certain. When the day cf cc-nriers " was
over, ftrid the hostile forces approximated
closer, then dawned upon us the day of "de
serters" from the Federal lines, who like
wise daily contributed their mite to the gen
eral stock of infofaKiti jn, which was rapidly
transmitted ty the "Grape Vine Tclejruph"
to every part of cur work;. These cn ditJ
had at leait tha effect of varying the monot
ony of siege life, and sonietlniea to raUs. If
only to bd dashed, the eager Lopes cf the
grrrison. it bcemcd confirmed, fr"ia the
movements of the enemy, that they wt-ra cv
jjcntiy molested at their rear, si jaucli of
their force was withdrawn from oar imme
diate front, leaving only fcu.Hcier.t to gu.tri
and construct their worts wmch
In -ii iv
crew end extended around us. It wj.s tl.cn
enrren
:ly believed that
0'iOiUia nnl
iovrnaent tiaa not '- u - our
L - ..
but
were makicg stronuous t-ff-iLi t
whi-h. "-'l ii'r wr t r'a l;. arf
' C i '
US,
J'hi.
tc;u.:;.--i .ll-.i .iroops-t-I Iv-.Ue".
with a dc:Ir.,tba ts liitf tLV placVi, Al :
Lizard. The ration cf provaic-iVW Uii
greatly reduced and began tell cpou
their strength and energy L"csi th,taloae -'
half of the regular ration of. beef and cr:v
meal nkaa. seetaol bad fnouVv f:-t " :
some time ii was evea worse. The '
asd peas ia the eominlssarlat'e deparf-nir.t'
were ground up and sixeil with the raki, r
and on this irs congruous and "miseralle 'diet I
our joor soldiers subsisted,: until it wwdit
covered that such proviilocs were uiHt'jtni
too unwholosonie, ,.Th- pea meal could not !
bo cooked so quickly at the e ther seal, aai i
so the bread was -always raw snd disagree- r
able both to taste anissaellund bore a sota- i
tre appearance by no means 'inviting to. tho
most ravenous appetite. - To the good 'seas f
cf our surgeons njcst.be attributed a chaa
ia this bad regir-s-ja, aad aretura again ia: f
better but as .scanty;. faro.- -,Th raea grad- I
oally grew weak jacd sick under the old 1
regime, and deep and portenteous murmur-, j
lags began to exhibit themselves. . Let kii,
tory record the hardships, dangers aad de-. j
privations", as well a3 the gloomy prospeetj,
to which these gallant men were subjected,
and posterity will yet do fail justice to tkeirj
enduranctj-nJ coHroje. - Providence ea j.
pccialiy smiled upon thera iar providing
beautiful warm weather. Only onca did
heavy raia fall, and while it rendered it very
disagreeable aad muddy ia the .ditc'iea,
purified the noxious air, and cleased tha
hills and hollows of filth and corruption,
that no blessing was more acceptable. Hun
dreds of horses, rnu'es aud other cattlo had
been killed and left upon the hills and ia
the valleys, to taint and poison the atmos
phere. So the temporary inconvenience cf
mud and water which almost filled, " th
ditches, was well repaid in benefit to th.
soldier's health and spirits, , -
All this while, the enemy's mortar boats
from the river kept up their constant firing.
Night and day for weeks, . the thundering
and almost superhuman roaring cf, their
guns could be heard rushing through tha air
as if the heavens their echo would repeat,"
while the terrible crash with which they fell i
told their work of destruction. To one who
has never seen a city bombarded, a brief de
scription may prove interesting, and yet the
writer fears to uadertake the, task, for.
. -. i.j
What akillful lirsner e'er oonld cheoae.
T paint the rainbow's varying taca,
. Ualeas to mortal i( were gives, ' ; ' ' ...i:
To dip his brash ia dyes of heaven." . . .
. Ia the next number will bo transcribed,
as best he can, the author's impression of
only one night of the bombardment &i it ap
peared to him, hoping. o seeure hi. object
by selecting one of tho many nights of sim
ilar scenes during this rercarkablo period
It will be impossible to give more than
general outline from memory, assisted by hL
notes, and yet tho recollection of this' time,
which rises like a segment of a splendid
panorama before his mind, seemr appropri
ate for an introduction here, btfor ha closs
these diejointed papers.
to bs COXTINCSD. ' ' ' ' "
i Tits Cotton Crop.
A planter who has devoted close attention
nnd observation to the condition of tho cot
ton crop aad the prospect for the present
year, particularly in the States of Tennessee.
Alabama and Mississippi, gives.it aa til
opinion that not more than hftlf an avepaga
crop can bo expected. ' Considering -th in
efficiency tf labor, and tho increa.sed.es
penditures in culture, cotton growing can
not be made profitable if Congress levies a
tax of five ceats on the ' pound, as is propos
ed. He says the influence of this propo
sition, which Beems to meet, with favor ia
Congress, has already been t' induce plar.tr
era to abandon cotton growing in whole on
in part, and turu their attention IS corrarsd
meat, and such articles s.3 ari needed for
home consumption Ho has himself .given
up cotton raising, although he rented i
plantation last fall fjr that purpose, and pre
pared tho ground with that object in view.
He says it is tha unanimous'; sentiment of
his neighbors to curtail the cotton crop, cot
from hostility to the Government or disin
clination to pay taxes, but because fivo pep
cent tax, ia addition to other expensiJS, will
more than eat up the profit of tha crop.
In other words, the triore' cotton a planter
raises, the worse offhe will be. At the best,
he says no estimate of the value of the cut-,
ton product will approach" accuracy -that U
based upon more than half a crop. Jcn
phis Post- - ' ; ; ; ; .-
A farm was lately advertised fn a news
paper, in which all the beauty of the itui
tioa, fertility of the 6oil,and salubrity of . tho
air were detailed in the richest How of rural
descu-iDtion, which was further er.hmced by
this S. Ii. There is not or. attorney with
in fifteen miles cf the neighborhood. '
The following admonition was uiirtsnsl
by a Quaker to a man who wag pouring forth
a'volley of ill language against hira -"JJavu
a care", friend, thou xaayest run tby faju
aiinst my C-it." ' .
' What is the ofiffe'renco betvvcen t? tnrrjk
of a tree and an elephant's trunk? - Oa
leave in the spring, while the other icarvs
whenever tho menagerie docs.. .,
. The king cf Congo, when ths, wind Uo-t
his hat off, lays a tax cn that part of his do
minions from which' the wind com;.
Many despotical governments have as Uvlm
reason for imposing their taxes..
An old lady, when' tol l of her buabiad's
death, exclaimed, -
. " Well, 1 do declare ! our troublei never
come alone. " It ain't a week' since I lost ray
best hen, and now Mr. Thompson fca goae,
too, poor ma 1 " ..." .;;. ; " .
" Doctor,"- said K dejpalring '''patient
to one cf our physialaas, " J am in a drc&d
f.il state ; I o..ia neither lay nor sit ; what
shall I do ? " ;
Why, then," replied the doctor, vory
gravely,"'.' I think you had bettvr -rst"
During a cause in which th9 .buusderUs
of a pjicca cf land wero to be tscrUi.incd,
the couusel cf ouj part stated, " 7c lie or
this side, may it plene the court; " and th
counsel of the ether part said, "Velvet
this." The Jidg ,tooJ up and staid, " ,"
you lie on both sidc3, wh m will jou h'ty
mO to be.it;VO.
Wo saw a letter tha other day ia'wM'i
tho word weathir wai spelled icethur. Th:-.
Etruck tis as bing about the wort ,'
weather wo have knowa duris tho pr.-Mr,
sc-a&oo. - .
The Earth is a tsnJsr and kind mot'-t-r
the husbandman, and ywi atoms !
always harrows her bosom, tni t,t ,t.ir
he palls her cars.
Whyisth letter I the not Lieiiit-f
vowels? Becauso it is su t:.r tniJt of bi!.
E is in Hell, and the rest i.r? in p.-r-.ato- .
A drunkard,' leaning a cb-irvh
railing re-: '.led, in answer t--. -. i'ie-.i.i itox
the sextan, that hcj didn't tx.-.t'y l-cion u
that chorcli, but hs w.'s 1, -r.i:;r ths.t vrsv. '
S.'aking cf a beautiful brur.fsitij h'.2 of
an Illinois citv, cur levil ;'-t Ti
brownneh-i cf hr e-osr-piexi-m 1 y
that she hid b-cn ij efts a Wmtr L .
When k shr.-.tk'-r g-.;j t-.i fcak ) a tt-ot,
thj first thic he? uj-s i t I.i.t -
Li, f.rvk e is e:- .'.-red
n j.i.rfu ,
-hifil u
ii '-j a
a t-j :
. f
t
i
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