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TEB1IS 0E ADVERTISING. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY . , W Ml. AT BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE. One pnj of eight lines, $1.50 for the M Insertion, and 75 cent for each suhseji' nt insertion. One colntan, 1 year 10" 00 Half 1. Quarter " - 7f. 09 Kijhth " 9 One " 6 mtha 12f. 00 Half - " 75 00 Quarter " " 4i 0O Eighth " . 00 One " Smth. 7f. 00 Half " 40 05 Quarter " 00 Eighth M - U. 00 Special rates given on application. M-All business letters must le addressed to G. W. ARMISTEAD, . EDITOR ASI PROPRIETOR. TERMS Or SUBSCRIPTION! For one year (in advance) $1 ftO For six months 00 VOL. XVII. NO. 27. BOLIVAR, TENN., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1882. $1.50 per Annum. OEORCE W. ARMISTEAD. Hull pf iti N. . . NEWS IN BRIEF. Compiled from "Various Sources. OOHOfeSsioirAIi PROCKKDITfaS TUTl bill authorising the sale of lands f t,hc Miami Indians in Kansas wjp. passed by hc Scnnto on the IJtli. Mr. Dawta, by special surri rnietit, spoke in favor of civil service re form. The Hubject was disposed of by the reference of the bill to the (Committee on i'iviI Service. Mr. Plumb, from Committee W.. r,,r,lic' ntids, reported favorably a HL provide for the payment' of w. &.",,own 1,8 s-lr-eeiit. claim of public lands In States in resritrd to In n a entered within their limits bj military scrip mid land warrants The House : supplemental census MIS, making an Mppro)itiation lor the payment Mnploveeu. Hills ci e inti-.wV., 1 nv ui of ef II v Ml V Mr. Bills (La.) To authorize the construe on 1 a siiiii eanaJ to connect l.:dr ' ti train and the Mississippi Kiver; hy Mr Pluml) (Knus.) To regulate promotions In the annv ari.l Increase its efficiency; hv Mr parsS (Kv.)-To amend the laws relating to Inter nal revenue ana fixing the tax on each nroof gallon distilled; by Mr. Warner (Tom T-To repeal the law chartering national hunks. Mr. si.atkk addressed the Senate upon the importance to Mic commerce of the North west of tho improvement of the Columbia Kiver, tel. 14. Mr. Vance made a speech on Lbi i' !'"' '." T "cU 'P'oredth,- burdens of a high protective policy,' whieh fell with the Krentest weight on the agricultural etas and w"aXV2lJ?E2 . .wth-and lm?r thc S52!l2Li"- ln ny other cause. Mwereti a resolution, which was atfZSS&THQ PWW to bring w i& if?Z'h' "J ,h'" ''"verumentof Xlcaiagua S '"tyi nrmnging by convention the -imw settlement ot nil unaIJusted claims Istmg hct wtsen the United states and Met i,' .. V.'1"1 arren Keiler. Aloneo n. Cornel , or Charles Carroll should bejlfr re.-t. .1 in the Hritlsh empire without liTvllw cominitled any crime, the Itritish iHi ment, by suspending the writ of ha'.,.,., pus, could lawfully detain lilnu tn Icflnlfe suspicion without trial or witho ?h 2gH ,!i the United states to .!em.i 1 -'t the right of noiiinson le i-ei to debate K 11", .7" , 1 the speaker held that the Lf&JS'JSSSSrS! lay on the table as no- Vg" n . "'" 10 itooinson desired to debut wis release. Mr. olution was tabled . debatable. The res- rens, 11, ; nays, 103. Tiik Tt.K. Antl-pob ffamy bammm up ,n lbe naic on tne .ath, and the amendments pro sed by f mm.tt ,...., Se po aiit'lHe" ,,M,P nltl section, which ncs' -es the President to grant am f, -y to classes of offenders guilty be jro tho passage of tho act of ttMaoqr, polygamy or unlawful cohab itation, on sti-h conditions as he mav think proper. Mr. Hoar suggestetl the query" whet ti er, under his exercise of the pardoning power, whieh was limited to pardons and reprieves in individual cases, t he 1'i-e-ident could, con st itiitionully, pardon whole a-scs of offend ers against any particular law ujwin such con ditions as he may prescribe. Mr. Kdniunds Wild tho the committee had been in doubt whether any provision or point was nec,s-aiy at all, and had Insert ed It only becauso the question was an open one. The object of It was to enable the Covernment to say to the great body ol the Utah people: " If vou stop ibis practice and -in no morn you f'hall not bo prosecuted lor what you "have already done." The section, as amended, and the re maining committee amendments to the Mtli section, were adopted The House man aged to spend the day over the Apportion ment bill without voting. A ft nit a short executive session, on the 1Mb, Mm Senate procoeded with the Anti polygamy bill, the question being upon the eighth section, as repo ted fnon tlie .Judicia ry Committee. Mr. Morgan asked whether the bill would not exclude from bis sent in t he UouMi the delegate fw Uinh, w ho was represented to be a lailjgmali Mr. Kd munds said, lu reply, that an inquiry would be made in due time on behalf of the com mittee which reported the bill. Mr. Vest denounced the lull as in its every fea ture a Ml! of attainder (inflicting punish ment without judicial trial), which was pro li hited by the Constitution. Mr. Pendleton objected 10 several features of the bill, partie 'dai ly to tho one excluding from the jury lox Itnown polygami-ts In trials lor polygamy, tc. The remniuing commijtee amendments and several sections of the bill were finally agreed to ami the bill was reported to the Sen ale as from the committee of the whole. Mr. Ill-own then renewed his amendment requir ing that not more than tli e e members of the board of commissioners shall he members of the same political parly. Agreed to by a pari y vote yens. ; nays, It. Mr. Davis, of Illinois, oted yea with the Democrats, Hnd Mr. Mabone was absent. Several amend ments were proposed nnd defeated by deci sive x-otes, and after rean Hiigument o( its sections the bill finally passed by a vive voce vote The bill granting n periston of $5.00.) a year to Mrs. thtrtleld passed the House. Mr. Anderson's amendment to the Apportionment Mil, fixing the number of representatives at Ml was agreed to by 102 to 104. All tho Ke publicans oxcept two, liarrall of Ixui isinna and Vhlte 1 f Kentucky, voted for MB. The Democratic members from South Carolina nnd Texas, beside a tow from UiuUiana and Maryland, voted with 1 he Republicans. The reinaiiiderof the Dem OCtrall voted solidly agninst the proiiosition. A motion by Mr. springer, of Illinois, to re consider the vote by which the House had re JeetedMhe amendment offered by Mr. Colerick, was tlie signal for a scene of great noise and confusion A motion to tablo the motion to reconsider was Immediately made on the Re publican side, and the Democrats demanded the yens find iirvs '. t 4. No Quorum, 1 ,inocrats ri'lruliitnff from voting. VPRSONAIi ANO POTilTICAI,!. Tuk revolt in Herzogovina is increas ing, and a provisional government has been established. John C. Nr-vv, of Indiana, has been nominated for Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. turn President has refused to enter tain the charges rsrainst (jvn. Csrr. OOMMKRCB AND INDUSTRY. Thf, House banking committee has made a favorable report on the bill to ex tend the charters of national banks. " The charter of one institution lias already ex pired, and next year the corporate exist ence of :10."1 ol hers will terminate. rtis be lieved that the discontinuance of the system xvottld be disastrous to the country, and there are trust funds in large amounts in vested in bank shares which could not be carried to new organizations. The bill is said to (five full protection to dissenting minority stockholders, and to enable the t ioycrnment to determine the amount of bank notes destroyed as speedily ss would be possible were the banks to be placed in liquidation. In the absence of authority to continue business, .'Si3 banks must close up next year, causing the withdrawal of JjIO, -Odtt.OOd of circulating notes. Joki. A. Dix, wholesale fish and pro visions, and H. O. Kenvon & Co., grain commission Arm, of Chicago, have failed. The determination of the Pullman lal:ice Car Company that workmen should pay ten cents per day for riding from the work into Chicago has resulted in a strike. ( HIMRS AND CASUAITIKS. Fivk trackmen were killed in a tnn nel on the Potomac Railroad, near the Union depot In Baltimore, Feb. IS, by a locomo tive on the Western Maryland Railroad. Th men were named David Urier, Timothy Kennedy, Kdxx-ard Rirmingham, James Ir win and Patrick McGoff. They stepped from one track to get out of the way of a passing train and walked directly in front of .1 locomotive on the opposite track. Newport, Washiniton County, Ohio, has been startled by a cold-blooded murder. Klmer Harman, twenty year of age, be came enraged at his uncle, John Harman. nearly eighty years old, and picking up a club began a moat brutal assault on him. The old man, being totally Wind and help leas, could not escape his nephew, who dealt his victim blow after blow with the heavy weapon, and left him for dead after cutting horrible gashes in his face and crushing his skull. The young murderer fled, and it was thought he would be lynched should he be found. James Wvman, a law student of Karlville, 111., committed suicide, Feb. 14th. by taking morphine. Some weeks ago he was disappointed in a love affair, which so preyed upon his mind that be declared to bis friends he had no rfaaire to live. . .ikimi mm .i citizens 01 eitncr ol sail govern ments asalnst the other I aim' , the House Mr. Orth, from Committee on foreign Affair, reported iiiUersery the reso lut Ion originally offered hy Mr. ItoMnson of New Tort calling on the Attnrnev t.cncral for his opinion as t THE recent explosions In the Rhondda Valhjy mine in Wales caused the loss of six lives. Pjetkr (iREKNWAi.T, of Bloomington, 111., who amassed a fortune in contracts on the Pebitentiary nd Normal School build ings, killed himself with a revolver the other day, on account oi domestic difficul ties. Five wlnte men were recently killed by Indians near San Carlos Reservation, Arizona. Wilbur Towskv, aged 17, son of BenJ. Towsey, of Indianapolis, was fatally wounded in the bowels by the accidental discharge of a gun the other day. Charles Bowers, a German black smith, Fred Douglass, a cook, and a sub contractor of the Sunset Railway, named Allen Murdock, were murdered for money while asleep near Lampasas, Texas, a few nights ago. All three were shot in the back of the head. A KOCR-tear-old son of Geo. I) it ma rs, a farmer residing near Turney, Clin ton County, Mo., met a horrible fate on the 11 th. The little fellow fell from the seat of I eorn-cutter, and before the team coujd be stopped the end of one of the blades en tered his skull. lie also sustained several other cuts and bruises. Death ensued al most instantly. At Osnahurgh, Stark County, O., Feb. 14, a telegraph operator named Leon ard Murphy was killed by a blow in the chest from a companion, Daniel Rice, with whom he was boxing. John Mundat died at Rogers' Hotel, St. Paul, Minn., Feb. 14th, from an over dose of hydrate of chloral administered by himself. He was until recently an orderly at Hen, Terr 's headquarters, but was dis charged from that position on account of ex cessive drinking. The fall of a scaffolding at Carrolton Market, New Orleans, Feb. 14, killed two vorktnon, named Zebeck and Keclmegg. A negro named Smeal, living on Dil lard's plantation, Guerney County, Gi., was Tisited by a mob, the other night, who whipped him until he acknowledged horse stealing and then hanged him to a tree. Revenue officers raided an illicit dis tillery near Franklin, Macon County, N. C, on the 14th, miking two arrests. Jesse Kstes and Noah Wilson were left to guard the siill, while Ray and Birch marched the prisoners to Jail. During the night Estcs was killed by a bullet from the xvoods, and Wilson managed to escape by crawling through the bushes on bis hands and knwa. A recent dispatch from Akron, O., reports a collision on tbe Valley Railway, resulting in the death of a brakeman named John Johnson and seiioui injuries to three ol hr-r persons. John Lanahan, a farmer of Sibley, Iowa, was murdered a few nights ago while landing on his own hearthstone. Maggie, his oldest daughter, has not only confessed that she did the shooting, but implicates her mother, her sister Anna, and the bitter's lover, a young man named Birch. The girl testified that it had been agreed between them some time ago to "put the old man out of the way" at the earliest opportunity. Birch furnished the pistol, and when her father caqie home from a farmers' club meet ing and was about to sit doWn - illff sfepped' up behind him and fired, killing him in stantly. She then arranged the body so as to make it appear that some one had shot him through the window, wHille Anna went out and broke the glass. Maggie says Birch wanted to marry Anna and her father re fused. He also did not provide well for them. Birch at one time lived with the family, and was driven from tbe bouse by Lanahan, who suspected hltn of criminal in timacy with his wife and daughter. Jacoh Gessert, lately Superintend ent of Police at Cincinnati, killed himself with a revolver, leaving a wife and nine chHtlreu. MI9CKLLANKOU9. Mr. Howe has sent the following letter to tbe postmasters of the United States: "The Society of the Army of the Cumberland appeals to you for aid to pro cure contributions to a fund for the erection of a monument at the National Capital to the memory of James A. Garfield. I am sure po word from me is needed to enlist your best efforts in behalf of such a cause. Br noble aspiration and by tireless endeavor to promote the public welfare, President fiarticld had achieved the highest honor of the Republic when he had but little passed the noon of life. Be fell a victim to malice so wanton to be demoniac. A monument to him will attest the nation's love for his virtues and the nation's abhorrence for that inscrutable depravity which slew him. Such a structure should not. be stinted for lack of means. The nation is very rich. Let art exhaust itself on invention; let money leap to execute her designs. I have hut lately assumed relations with your corps. This is my first communication to you. You are numerous, widespread, Influential ; you will respond to the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, and your response will show. I trust, that those who administer the postal service for the I'nited States are not the least patriotic nor the least capable of those who work for the Republic Colorado has beon shocked by an earthquake. In a recent battle between the Aus trians nnd Hergovlnlans, near Ttrnova, which lasted from daybreak till afteFnoon. the latter left twenty dead on the field. The Austrians had five killed. Three boys xvere arrested in Kansas City, Feb. 14, charged with idanniug to wreck a Missouri Pacific train at Rock Creek, five miles from the crty. They were not over 18 years of nge, were a'l heavily armed, and evidently meant business. The citizens of Greenwood, Steuben County, N. V., having resisted the sale of town property levied on tinder a judgment obtained for Interest on town bonds issued in aid of a railroad never built, the Governor has issued a proclamation declaring the place in a state of insurrection, and warning people to desist from opposition to the exe cution of lawful process. Efforts to colonize tho Northwest ern territory are being made bv all the re ligious organizations in Canada. The price paid for land is $2 per acre, half of which is refunded on actual settlement- The Garfield 6-cent postage stamp will be Issued Mtrrch 1, -and Is pronounced the truest likeness of the murdered Presi dent. The Legislature of Virginia has passed a law by which commonwealth at torneys may require seconds in a duel to testify, which service shall exempt them from prosecution. The Blddleberger bill for the settlement of the State debt passed the House of Delegates by .V5 to 30, the amendment to submit it to the people being defeated by 14 to 71. The Senate passed a bill abolishing the whipping-post. The seventy-third anniversary of the birthday of President Lincoln was celebrat ed by the Lincoln Club, of New York City, on the 13th- Gen. Grant, Kmory A. Storrs, Senator McDonald and Gov. Cornell were among the guests. Gen. Grant said he never met Mr. Lincoln till March. 1S4, and spoke of hiin as "the greatest man whom this country has ever produced." A dispatch from Grand Haven, Mich,, dated Feb., 14, says the iron steamer Wisconsin struck the end of the north pier as she was entering the harbor, knocking a bole in the vessel twelve feet abaft the stem, on the port side, twenty feet long and five feet wide. She had 1,000 tons of freight on board. The steamer's bulkhead at once filled with water, and she was able to get up only to the head of the river by the side of the pier. Wood Hight, cousin of the famous James boys, arrived in Kansas City on the 14th, heavily handcuffed and manacled, and was locked tip in the County Jail with great secrecy by officials from Clay and Jackson Counties. Hight was arrested near Cross Plains, Tenn., upon warrants sworn out in Missouri charging him with being one of the parties who robbed the Chicago xr Alton express train In the cut near Glendale last September." The ship Glenmorag arrived in New York on the 15th with thirteen survivors of the Bahama disaster, who were found toss ing about in au open boat. They abandoned the Bahama while it was sinking, with twenty persons on board. The Coroner's jury investigating the fire in the eld World building, New Y'ork City, found that the fire originated from a defective flue; censured Potter and his em ployees for neglecting to apply for a proper permit for repairs, and the carpenter for not giving the alarm of fire promptly, and com mended McDaggert, fireman, and Charles W right (colored), bootblack, for bravery in saving life. A German gardener named Schapp was arrested in Columbus, O., the other day for stealing food from his neighbors. When be told his pitiful stof y of a starving family be was released. A vvsit to his home revealed a most deplorable state of affairs. His wife, confined to bed with a newborn child, was a raving maniac, and three small children hoveren about hur crying for bread. Thomas Dalton, an Irtih laborer, of Now York City, died recently from hydro phobia. He was bitten by a dog in Novem ber last, receiving slight wounds on the left arm and hand. The dog v.as killed, al though there was no indieatit'-n that it was mad. The wounds inflicted "bv the animal soon healedj and Dalton suffered no trouble from them until the 10th, when na was at tacked by numbness and violent pains in his arm. During the night and until his death be continued to suffer intensely. His throat was parched, and, although he was constantly afflicted with a burning thirst, the sight of water threw him into convul sions. He had neglected to have the wounds on bis arm and hand cauterized. The next reunion of ex-Confederates of Missouri is to be held at Sedalia, on the 15th of August. The Pennsylvania Military Academy, at Chester, burned on the 16th. The entire loss will foot up $200,000; insurance, not ver $75,000. All State and Government property was saved. The students saved most of their personal effects. Fire originat ing in Moisenheinier's clothing store, Rob inson County, Kans., on the same day, de stroyed every business house in the town ex cept one, twelve stores, two hotels, the post-office and one. dwelling being swept away. Loss estimated at .-50,000. The town of Columbia, Texas, has been inundated from the Brazos River. The inhabitants gathered in the churches and were supplied with food by boats. The report of the commission on the cattle plague, which was sent to the Senate by the Secretary of the Treasury, shows that no lung disease exists in the Western centers of llvc-siock traffic. Diphtheria has within four days swept away four children of John Vander an, of Cleveland, O., and they were placed in one grave at Riverside Cemetery. The Treasury investigation has led to the resignation of Norton, a clerk in the Lighthouse Board, and Skeen, foreman of laborers in the Treasury Department, and the removal of Hatch, the storekeeper. At a recent meeting of members of Unity Church, Chicago, the resignation of George C. Miln as pastor was requested, by a vote of 118 to ;i.s. Mr. Miln asked to be informed of the reasons for the action taken. It was finally resolved to givehima vacation with a continuance of salary. Mr. Miln is determined to force a definition of Unitari anism. Charles W. West, of Cincinnati, has made another gift of $150,000 to the Art Museum, tho interest only to be used by the association. C05DE5SED TELEGRAMS. After considering several bills on the calendar, Feb. 17, the Senate agreed to ad journ until Monday. The Apportionment bill passed the House, without division. Fifteen persons were killed and many others injured by an explosion of fire works at Chester, Pa., Feb. 17th. An old mansion used by Pyrotechnist Jackson caught fire, and was blown to atoms while firemen were fighting the flames and hun dreds wore looking on. Human beings and blazing timbers were thrown in every di rection. The houes in the vicinity of the explosion were couverted Into hospitals, and the wounded removed thereto. A masucekadk ball at Indiarvapolis the other night ended in a disgraceful riot. Morris Dalton, a railroader, insulted a yourg woman named Howard, and was assaulted by her friend, S. Kaglen. Tha Sgkd spread until every man in the halt was engaged, and the polioe were unable to quell the tumult. Afterward three of the ringleaders, William Walte, Charles Chater son and Morris Dalton, were arrested and committed. A score of people were more or less injured by the flying missiles. Gii.15F.rt Stephens, engineer, was killed by the explosion of a boiler in Jew ell's flour mills, Brooklyn, N. Y., on the ldth. A miller named Kohn was badly hurt, losing his entire scalp. A flying timber struck G. M. Baldwin, Fulton Ferry pilot, breaking a leg. Maggie Moore jumped from a Lake Shore train running thirty miles an hour, near Ripley, Ohio, on the 15th. She man aged to walk to the station, however, and took the next train for Cleveland, where she was taken to the hospital. The young woman explained her desperate leap bv say ing she feared two men on the train were about to assault her. She appeared to be suffering mentally, but teemed to hava re ceived no serious physical injury. James G. Allison was hanged at Indiana, Pa., Fab. 17th, for murdering hii father in 1880. The Governor of Virginia and some State troops have gone to the mouth of the Rappahannock River, where civil power ia Inoperative owing to the oyster war. Robert Wilson, Mrs. Jennie Schnull, and Mrs. Jane Etstes were seriously injured by runaway horses in Indianapolis the other dav. Father O'Farkell, an esteemed Catholic priest, committed suicide in Peo ria, 111., on the Kiln, by eutting his throat and a vein in his arm. For several yean ha had suffered from a painful dropsical com plaint, and got into the habit ef taking drugs to relieve the pain. The doses wer recently reduced by his superiors becauss they thought be was taking too much. It is supponed these circumstances produce J tAtnnorary Insanity. SOUTHERN GLEANINGS. The Murat Mansion at Tallahassee, Fla., burned on the evening of Jan. f5. says an exchange, was one of the historic bouses of America. Prince Acbille Murat, son of the King of Naples, lived there when Na poleonic misforlune exiled the family from Europe. A price having been set upon his bead, he livd like a hermit upon this plan tation, then at the edge of the primeval for est. Here he met a relative of General Washington, who, with her father, had em igrated from Virginia. She was a charming young widow, lefe than 20 years of age, and she lived in a log cabin with but two rooms. Tbe consent of the Murat family having bcc:i obtained, the young widow was married to Prince Murat, and they lived together in Tallahas-e3 for twenty-five years. During the Florida war the Murats were protected by the friendship of an Indian chief, who came at night and slept beneath their roof. He quieted their fears by saying: "You and your squaw safe." After Prince Murat's death his widow visited England, and was received by Napoleon III. and Eugenie. She returned to her Southern home and died there. During the war she was much inter ested in hospital work, and she sold some of her jewels to feed the destitute. Near Paudling, Miss., while a well was being bored, at a depth of thirty feet the auger was taken out, and a considerable roaring was heard down in the well and im mediately volumes of smoke were dis charged, which continued for several days. The smell U said to be very offensive. The auger struck a rack, and consequently noth ing mnri has been done for the present, but there is talk of blasting the rock and going deeper. One of the strongest features about it is that the well discharges this smoke about three days, and then draws the air in about the same length of time; then it discharge-t it again. An Alabama man named Allen swap ped Us wife for the sister of a young man at South Pittsburg, Tenn., soms time ago. It appears there was an agreement between Allen and Ayers to tbe effect that Allen was to take his seven children and Ayers's sister and Ayers was to take Allen's wife. So, on a recent Sunday, Allen delivered his wife to Ayers, and took his (Ayers's) sister. The next day Ayers, who is only about twenty years old, was married to Allen's wife. The authorities, finding out that she was an un divoreed wife, had them arrested and lodged in jail. A New Orleans lady whose husband was away from home recently heard a noise, as if some one was trying to get into the house. She went softly on to the gallery, revolver in hand, and, sure enough, there was a man down at the window, prying open the shut ter with a long knife. After watching him for a moment, undecided what to do, know ing that if she chose she could kill him, she leaned over the railing and called out, "Shall I shoot you, sir?" The astounding question caused the man to stop work. He turned and looked up at her, but made no pretense to run. She then fired at him, and he retreated to the fence, where he inso lently regarded her in the moonlight. The brave little woman, not a whit discoaraged, then determined to show him that sie could scare him if she pleased; so, taking good aim, she put a bullet through the rim of his hat. In less time than can betold the would-be burglar was over the, fence and out of sight. The La Salle celebration., in memory of the discovery of the Mississippi River, will occur at New Orleans on the 10th and 11th of April. The literary exercises will take place on the 10th. The Hon. Charles Gayarre will preside and the Rev. B. M. Palmer, D. D., will deliver the address of welcome at the Cfty Hall at 2 p. m. The Hon. Francis Parman, Hon. E. B. Wash burne, and Hon Gorge H. Pendleton have been invited to delayer addresses at 7 p. m., with the suggestion that Mr. Parkman be requested to speak on "La Salle and His Companions;" Mr. Washburne, on "The Valley of the Mississippi and Its Relation to Our Country;" Mr. Pendleton, on "The Comparison of America in 1682 with Amer ica in 1882." On the 11th there will be an excursion on the Mississippi to all points of interest connected with La Salle's discovery, such positions having been previously lo cated. There are a number of colored stu dents in Maryville College, East Tennessee, and one of them recently applied for mem bership in one of the literary societies con nected with the college, and was promptly rejected. Two members who voted for the negro were immediately expelled from the society. Anticipating trouble from the fa culty, the society Vacated their hall in tbe college building and rented a room in Maryville. While engaged in moving tey were ordered by the faculty to desist, but disregarded the orders. Twenty-five mem bers of the society were suspended. The receipts of cotton at Selma have fallen off fifteen per cent, compared wdth last year. A vein of coal has been discovered near Dardanelle, ArkM only four feet under ground. The shipments of cotton from Waco," Texas, for this season will hardly reach 30, 000 bales. At a sale in Vicksburg, Miss., recent ly, a plantation containing 1,999 acres brought only $2,326. There will be eleven days of racing at Louisville, Ky., this year, and fifty racesi without counting the probable extras. The Texas & Pacific Kaiiroad Com pany are establishing an experimental farm three miles west of Abilene, in the valley of Elm Creek. It is proposed in the Legislature of Mississippi to appoint a commission to treat with the authorities of Alabama for a re survey of the boundary line between those States. Tennessee has a State law which im poses a fine of $500 for failure to report small -pox cases to the State Board of Health. All the rivers are booming. After a rdfcent fire in Mobile, Ala., a catfish eight inches in length was found in the pumps of a steam fire engine. The en gine received its water from a hydrant, and the fish must have come six miles through the pipes. The coal product of the Sewanee mines, Tennessee, for the year ending Jan. 31, was 341,7t2 tons, against 196,277 tons for the preceding year. The ice factory at Pensacola, Fia., has just turned out its first product, and the first ton was sold and delivered "with appropri ate ceremonies." The small grain crops of South Caro .ina are doing well. In a single school at Charleston, S. C, there are 1,400 negro children. The teach ers are all white the principal is a man, and the other teachers are women, many of them ladies of great refinement, themselves once mistresses of slaves, whom necessity has compelled to seek employment. A citizen of Dallas, Texas, while walking in his yard, the other day, was startled by the falling at hii feet of a fish about three inches long, and evidently of the salt water species. It was fluttering and as full of life as though it had Just come from an atiuariuin. Scorille to Mrs. Garfield. Mrs. Scorille, si6ter of Guiteaa, has sent the "following letter to Mrs. Garfield: Chicago, February 12. Mrs. Lucretia Garfield, Cleveland, O. : Dkak Madam: Humbly I address you, trust ing you wdl not turn a deaf ear even upon despised Guiteau's sister. All these weary months I hax-o patiently waited until the time should come for me to speak; when, after the verdict, which I be lieved would be " Not guilty, by reason of in sanity," I could say without shamef acedness : " My heart bleeds for you and the sainted dead." My poor brother was not his own master when he fired that shot. Forgive him; look with compassion upon him and me. I have counted the hours for the time when I could boldly say to you, as 1 have said from the moment when tho terrible news was brought me onrfhat dark day in July: " He was brain-sick, deluded, crazy; forgive him, even as Christ shall forgive us all." Both our martyred President and h:s fam ly, having-shown such an example of Christian fortitude and trust in the Most High as the world may well revere, led me to hope that the 9Lise of wrong suffered would, when the truth was shown, be tempered with that meiiciful forgiveness which is indeed Christ-I ke. All th-;se dreadful we ;ka of the President's suffering I prayed that tho Father above us all would spare his lifo. Dav and nijrht my b -seeching cry went up: "God save the Prcf-1-d -nt." I thought he could not die. When the ptxijile of tho whole world called mijrbtily unto Him to interpose in his behalf, 1 said: "Purely He w 11 show forth His glory." But-alas! the t nderest c re of wife, family and friends, the pr!iye:-s of the people, could net move the Ruler of the Cnivorso to ooun'ermand the decrees of His all-wise and mysterious Providence ;could not keep In h s p or, despoiled body his grandly bjautiful soul. Despite the vijriU, the t-jars and the prayers of his familv. of the Nation, of tin world, the midnight bells were toll- d, thf midnight cry was heard: '"The President is dead." We (razed upon the lifeless clay gone f one to dwell with the (rlorifted saints of the iord. And wo our tears flowed xvithout stint, and wc said: "Is there no God?" Truly, it, was a grievous wn-nsr. The Lord; and He stones can judge where lies tho moral responsibility. Tlr.s people are in His hands. They walk on holy ground. It befits them that they soc to it, putting off their feet the unclean shoes of their worldly wulkinir. being shod with the sandals of rbrhteousness, that they tread carefully, tenderly, tj the end that justice, and truth, and mercv, shdl prevail. In July, when It ws reported that the suffcr injr President Was lihly to recover, I wrote a letter to you stating the facts in my brother's life and even theory of this cuse, thinking that both yourself and the President would be glad to know that a poor crazy man had done the deed, instead of the hardened wretch he was painted. At the time it was reported the Presi dent was interested in anything regarding the terrible affair, that he even said one day: "I wonder what that poor fellow would think if ho knew that I had forgiven him?" Oh: that I might know from his own wife if that were true. My heart, be still ! In Heaven we know, as we are known; tho sainted Garfield ktiows now that he " had todo it;" and I feel sure if he could speak he would say: "Forgive that deluded man, even as I forgive him; safely keep him from doing any more harm, but forgive." I never sent the letter. Tho re port came al most immediately that the President was worse, and I knew you would not wish to be troubled with anything from Guiteau's sister. I had hoped by waiting to come before you with a better showing vindicated - so far as in sanity is an exeusc for crime, but my heart burns within me, and, notwithstanding that unjust verdict and barbarous sentence, I must speak. My poor brother shut away from the world for months in a tomb-like cell; not a ray of sunshine, not a blade of grass, not a liower, not a bird, not a friend to speak a kind word: who is there to speak in his behalf, if not his heart-broken sister? Did I not speak, the very stones would cry outl His sainted mothej. the purest and noblest of women, that mother who gave her life for his, who suffered torture for seven long years because of his birth, until death made her free; that father, tender and kind, but mis taken in his direction of the boy, would, if pos rible, make their voices heard from beyond the grave. Even, as I verily believe, would the glorious Garfield cry out in horror at that verdict. What of that verdict? Was it ac cording to truth, justice and mercy? Verily, no. I had hoped to be able to cast myself at lbs feet of Judge Cox; to be able, so long as 1 had breath, to look up to him as the grand, the. no tdo, tbe just Judge, who could stand as firm as the everlasting rix;ks for the weak and de fenseless against the whole world. But, alas, my idol ! And that jury! God only knows how I had trusted in their honesty and steadfastness, i had watched their faces day-by day, had seen their eager, absorbed, solemn interest when my brother was reading his lastaddress. When he came to the recitation of those few lines of the story: " John Brown's body iies a mokler ing in the grave, but his soul goes marching along." commencing in a low, sad melody of the song, breaking up and ending in the weird, hysterical laugh, the awful laugh, of the in sane, one could feel the silence. I thought, surely it is enough: no power on earth can prevail upm those men to say that poor luna tic, without revenge, without motive except to ooey what he deemed the will ot liod, com mitted a willful murder. But they did. They must have reasoned, as some do. that it is a good thing to hang a crazy man, as an example to other crazy men. I know that my brother has been, in some es sential matters of Judgment, defectivo since his birth. I kit -w that he is an exagxerattd counterpart of his father, who was, in some tilings, insane; that there is a strong heredita ry taint of-insaiiity in the family, and that he is now not himself. This sudden, supernatural development of intellect in some directions is of itself a symptom of insanity. Knowing him, undeistaieling him, as 1 claim, better than any oneelse, 1 assert and can prove that my brother husahvays intended to do right and live honestly. His shortcomings have been those of an unbalnnc 'd. distracted brain, rath er than n bad henit. His heart has ever been kind and tender as that of a Woman. But he hiis tiocn most unfortunate; he was neither born right, reared right, nor married right. Even with his defective organization, had he. instead of b -ing forced into the Oneida Com munity, been allowed to obtain a good educa tion, entered upon some pract'cal business, so that his mind would not drift Into vaga ries: and. most important of all, had he, when married, found in his wife a helpful, hon est woman, he might have gone through life comfortably, happily, and respected to Its close, as ad his father. But, alasl his mother died; father married a womnn who disliked his children, and Charles, the only one needing a home with tbem, was almost turn d away from his fath er's house; tender in years, weak in body and mind, no one to guide him, no one to care for him (but niys if. I did what I could, it was lint little), the boy drifted out into th i cruel world. Kvfr.vth:n went wrong with mm, and now, with Borrow nnsiM nknble, 1 look upon the wreck of what might hnvc been. rhall the true story of Chprles GuiteaVs life ever be told, the world will see that he has bent mire sinned against than sinning. He has never smoked, or drank, or gambled, or lied, or bc n profane, or been in" any way vicious. Detectives scouiing the country for months have found, what? That he did not al ways pay bis board, that he borrowed $10C from a minister which he never returned, that he- pawned a watch for $25, that be sinn -d against himself, and only bfms-lf, to give an unworthy woman a legal divorce. Little did 1 think the time would ever come when she, the woman who could not say he had ever wr ingod her, would travel acri 8 the conti i e:it-to sweur his life away. When he dis missed the woman he had ence loved, with his blessing, I was moved to tears. If ever my pi or brother proved that the blocd of a gen tleman flows in his veins he proved it then. Wreck though he is, was proud of him. I cannot close this letter without one word of explanation or excuse for the strange testimo ny of my brother, J. W. Guiteau. I very much foar, although unliiteitfiimal, that, through h a determination to protect th'1 family name from the taint of insanity, he has sacrificed his own brother. In this he has b"en ably sec onded by the stepmother and her family. Veri ly, the poor, insitne boy has been grievously inned against. My dear madam. I write this to the widow of Diir dead President, in behalf of a man not himself in condition to realize the extent of the terrible wrong or to understand your suf ferings or mine. Never can I rest satisfied un til I be allowed, upon my bended knees, under tbe weight of this humiliation and disgrace, a few brief moments in which to pour forth to your merciful heart the pleadings of one who must ever feel a sister's love for an Insane, morherlcss hoy, even though by tbe whole world condemned and despised. I beg you let me say to you and yours what he would say. if in his right mind: "Forgive, even as Christ shall forgive us all." With the utmost sorrow and respect. I remain sincerely yours, Frances M. BOOVOMh SC: West Monroe street. For some days the jumping-sheet practice has been going on at different places iti Hamilton, Ont., citizens com ing down on the sheet in many forms. Several jumps have been made from the roof of a three-story building fronting on King street. A man .said he would give a reward to any lady who would jump from the second story of the Grand Opera-house. His offer was at once accepted by' Miss Annie Morgan, who offers to leap from "5x-storT build insr. ' ' 1 ' " "" I I I I l. I -II. I -..I . II. I. I II ' The Tojage of the Jeannottc. The Jeannette expedition has, notwithstand ing wreck and sad disaster affecting brave men, resulted in a very great advancement of Arctic knowledge, and much of this Increased geographical in form j t ion is of such a practi cally useful nature as to afford good ground for a continuance of exploration in the remote regions of the North. Through the ar parcnt ly meager statements heretofore received re garding the voyage of tbe lost Jeannette, and later movements of I)e Long and his heroic companions, very great facts arc revealed Ahu li show bow the meagvrncss is apparent rather than real. De Long was the first to demonstrate the fact that Wrangel Land is of a very limited extent northerly. He has shown the inaccuracy of the theory of the late Dr. Petermann, the distinguished Ger man geographer, that Wrangel Laud was the eastern extremity of an Arctic continent. He has discovered the ex istence of a vast polar mean northeastward from the New Siberian Islands : he has first discovered at least two islands in the great ocean basin of the Arctic pole. Be sides the original discovery of these Islands he hag proved, In his observation of a third island at the northeastward from New Si beria, tbe verity of the claim by Hedcnstrom and Saunikov in 1810, that land ex sted there which bad been seen. He has proved the ex. Istence of a mighty current sweeping slowly around the earth at the north of Asia, Eu rope, Greenland and America, with a great, b anch diverging southwesterly around the eastern promontories of Franz Josef Land, which is but an extension of Greenland; he tins proved that the temperature of the high lat i tudes he attained below the Arctic pole is not incompatible wdth g-ood health and compara tive comfort, when suitable food and shelter are provided for explorers. He has completely disproved the af sumption that a "paleocrystle" sea, or area of ancient and unthawable Ice, exists in the high north; for, while caught amid fragments of floe ice forming an immense floating field, he drifted aliout in a vast, open, polar sea during consid erably more than a year and a half of time, and atill did not during that period sight the shores of the lonely ocean upon which he was swept and whelmed about in icy arms like a waif In the dreary abyss. As the experience of Wey preeht and Payer in the TegettiotT, while caught in a vast ice floe off northwest capes of Nova Zembla and drifting aliout during long months in the sea of Franz Josef Land, proved to those unacquainted with tbe fact that this part of the ocean was known to be navigable by Norsemen in the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, that it was a sea incrustcd by ice over but a part of its surface and during a part of the year, so De Long's dreary but important voyage has proved like conditions existing away at the north of New Silieria. Moreover, the Jean nette expedition has apparently determined it to be a fact that there is no very great body of land in the extreme polar sea near Asia, and that climate conditions in the near vicin ity of the Pole are more genial than further south. Arctic shores facing the north do not pro duce icebergs to any considerable extent. The almost total absence of icebergs in the whal ing seas north of Behring's Strait and in the wide expanse of the huge polar basin north of Asia lead to the belief that there may be no place farther north than Franz Josef Lund for their form ition and dispersal at our " top" of tbe world. Besides these points specified, De Long has shown the case of sailing from the Lena to New Siberia. The known facts in the Jcannctte's experience confirm the conclusion that Franz Josef Land divides the great polar circuit current, which seems to be largely de flected northwesterly from Wrangel Land by the shorej and the shoals likely to exist near by. No hope can be reasonably entertained that the pole can be reached mainly by land across the lonely mountain wastes and fiords of that anciently known part of Green, land now known since its rediscovery as Franz Josef Land. Equally futile will prove any blind efforts to reach the pole by sea at the north of Spitzbergen. The great gulf there was explored in the thirteenth century and found to be bounded by icy, barren and dismal coasts. The fact seems to be altogether over looked by modern navigators. Leigh Smith In his Eira voyage has demonstrated the reality of the discovery of a part of Franz Josef Land early in the eighteenth century, and since called Gillis Land. If not wrecked the Elra is probably wintering ice-locked in the gulf of Northeast Greenland, northward from Spits bergen, or possibly In the recess of open waters not far away from Markham Sound and the other channels of Franz Josef Lan 1 explored by Payer of the Teget.hoff. ft ought to lie understood by Arctic naviga tors, and would lie but from a neglect to study the earliest records of Arctic exploration and colonization thoroughly, that Franz Josef Land is not really now within a very few years first known to men. A prosperous little co'ony ex isied there for centuries, and one of the most noted of the early historians of Northern Eu rope was born there. The inexplicable Igno rance of our modern geographers regarding the historical geography of the Arctic regions seems as general as It .is surprising. The voyage of the Jeannette has not only resulted in the important direct discoveries as indicated, but besides largely increasing the general interest In northern exploration has led, through the expeditions for the aid of De Long and his companions, to a tolerably com plete knowledge of Wrangel Land and the ocean heretofore little known in its immediate vicinity. Mr. Bennett's unsurpassed enter prise and grand munificence will bear good fruit not only for the cause of science, but for commerce and tlie whaling interest. Boston Advertiser. m m m Linked by Steel Wristlets. A few days ago a promising young merchant of Butte left for a visit to San Francisco, and by happy coincidence met a lady on the train who was going a few miles down the road to see her mother. Being slightly acquainted they became engaged In conversation, and soon afterward fell Into blissful slumlicr, the lady on one seat and the gentleman on the other. On the train was a 8herlff, who hap pened to have with him a pair of handcuffs, and the conductor of the train being well ac quainted with the travelers above mentioned proposed to the officer to play a practical joke on the innocent slumberers. Assent was given, and the conductor, taking the hand. cuT s, cautiously approached the unconscious pair and attached their listless arms by the official jewelry. He then raised a racket, and the sleepers awoke with a start, only to find that in their sleeping Innocence they had been joined together, and that no man without a key could part them asunder. They all joined merrily In the laugh, and though the gentleman gallantly avowed his cap tivity a most pleasant one, the lady had almost arrived at her destination, and asked for a separation. Then and there the trouble arose. The Sheriff had lost the key, and the situa tion, which had before been regarded asa right merrily conceited jest, grew embarrassing ;n the extreme. The key ould not be found, and at the next station the conductor was obliged to procure a file and go through the tedious process of filing the wristlets so that the travelers could r rowed on their separate ways rejoicing. The conductor states that the next time he plays a practical joke he will rigorously avoid the gentle handcuff. Mon tana litter Mountain. A Boston tramp appealed to a man of generous instincts the other day for ten cents to save him from starving. He had not had a mouthful to eat since before the war, and the memory of the man did not run back to the time when he last enjoyed a night's sleep. " My friend, I am sorry," said the person ac costed, taking from bis pocket a silver dollar. " but this is the smallest piece I have." "Oh, never mind," said the tramp, nonchalantly possessing himself of the coin, " I can change it, where-, upon he counted out ninety cents from his pocket, and went on his way rejoic ing. RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL. The new Governor of Virginia favors a colored Normal school. There are eleven pastors of Congre gational churches in Connecticut who nave averaged a pastorate of over twenty-five years each. According to Edward Everett Hale,' a rich, fond and foolish old man gave his grandson, a Freshman in Harvard College, f 20.000 for his year's spending money. It ruined the boy. Marion County,Ga., is dumbfounded over a preacher asking for his back salary for three years. He had been paid $ 15, nnd that was supposed to be enough to run him for several years yet. Cyrus H. McCormick has added $50,000 to his previous gifts to the Pres byterian Theological Seminary in Chi cago, which makes a total of $200,000 he has given to that institution. The Louisiana State University in tends to establish an experimental sugar laboratory and give practical instruction therein, thus materially assisting the interests of the sugar industry in the Gulf States. The Rev. William H. Beecher, ol Chicago, a brother of the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. celebrated the eightieth anniversary of his birthday recently by preaching tbe morning sermon in the First Congregational Church, having been a member of the congregation for twenty years. He became a licensed preacner fifty-two years ago, and has preached for over fifty-five years. Cornell University under-elassmen are having great times. A few days ago the sophomores gave a class supper. The freshman did their best to break it up, but did not succed. Then tlie fresh men concluded to have a grand supper, and the sophomores made up their minds that nt least the President and Vice-President of the class would not be present to enjoy the festivities. Ar rangements were pretty quietly made to kidnap those young gentlemen, and the scheme so far succeeded that the kidnapping party fell under arrest. Bishop Harris, of the dfocese of Michigan, said in a recent lecture bo fore the Student! of the General Theo logical Seniirf&ry that the secret of Dean Stanley's wonderful power was his sympathy w ith men, and that he was already numbered among the worthies of England its one of the prophets of the Anglo-Saxon race. Ho also cau tioned tbe students not to be out oi sympathy with the ago in which they lived, ami not to fall into the mistake of supposing that their knowledge of medievalism could take the plaoe of mental and spiritual inHuenee. The property owned by the " Economites, a religious community I founded in IWo by some German Lutherans on the banks of the Ohio River, half way between Beaver Fails and Pittsburgh, is estimated at $K, 000,000. Every day adds thousands of dollars to this vast estate, and its pos sessors, who believe in the second com ing of Christ, hold the money to ex pend it in his glorification when he shall appear once more upon the earth. The affairs of the community are man aged by Jacob Henriei, now in his seventy-ninth year. But very few peo ple outside of the society know of now many members it is at present com posed, but it is said that should their worldly wealth be divided pro rata among them each of the members of the society would probably have $1,000, 000. The Erie Canal Problem. It is evident that the canals of this State are rapidly coming to a crjis. Last year the revenues fell to $818, 264.61, the lowest since 1825, while the expensess of maintenance and opera ion was $ 1 ,038, 907. 66, showing a defi ciency of $205,642.-45. A surplus of revenue' in 18M0 amounting to $311, 118.70 afforded the moans of meeting necessary expenditures for last year, but for the current year these must be kept within the limits of the revenue of 1881. It is thought that it Will be pos sible to make the ends meet, but the case is growing worse. The revenue for the season of 1881 was only $62, 380, and it is estimated that, for the fiscal year ending with September 30, it will not exceed that amount, which will certainly be Inadequate for tho main tenance of the canals for the year fol lowing under the existing constitutional restriction. In the opinion of Canal- Auditor II ace, ' unless some changes can be made, the canals will have to be closed by July 1, 1883, at the latest." The falling off in business for the year 1881 does not by any means correspond with the reduction in revenue from tolls. The tonnage carried was 5,175, 505, against 6,457,656 in 1880, a de crease of twenty per cent., while tho receipts from tolls were $632,380, against $1,155,419 in 1880, a decrease of over forty-five per cent. The ton nage exceeded that of 1878, but the revenue was less by $360,968. This is far from verifying the prediction that a reduction of tolls anti the total aboli tion of those on west-bound traffic would result in such an increase of business that there would be no loss to the State. The freight chanres on mer chandise coming East, including the State tolls, were materially lower than ever before, but the result is not visible in an increase of business. The charcres on west-bound freijrht were considera-H bly higher without tolls than they were for the preceding year with the tolls in cluded. The causes of the falling off in trans portation by canal arc easily traced. In the first place, the shipments of grain and breadstuff's from Buffalo fell from 71,909,964 bushels in 1880 to 31,151,761 bushels in 1881. The tolls on this time alone were reduced from $700,199 to $290,444. The competition of the rail roads, with the low rates occasioned by the war between the trunk lines, ac counts for this in part, but there was a large decrease in grain shipments from the West, owing to a deficiency in the yield and an apparently lessened de mand for export. The receipts at this port were 1:15,601.594 bushels in 1881, against 161,127,892 in 1880, and the ac tual exportation fell from 122.697.91S bushels in the earlier to 90,671, 083 in the later year. A similar decrease is shown for the other Atlantic porta. The cause of the late decrease of busi ness on the Erie Canal may possibly be regarded as temporary, but its prospect are threatened by others of a permanent character. How far railroad competi tion may be pushed hereafter during the season of navigation can only be con jectured, but the improvement of facili ties for the transportation of grain from the West by way of the Canada canals and the St. La fence River, and by way of the Mississippi, are practically matters of certainty. The situation gives fresh im portance to the proposition now pending for a removal or all tolls on the Erie Ca nal and its maintenance at the expense pf the people of the State, JV. JT. times. f ACTS AND FIGURES. -Twenty men of New York City, to gether, are worth $660,000,000. New York City has a population of 1,206,299 human beings, of whom the native born number 727,629 and Khe for eign born 478,670. The mining product of Nevada for 1881 were $9,505,971. against $13,666, 967 in 1880. The yield for Colorado was $22,680,685, against $21,821,500 for 1880. During the past year 2,039 vessels were wrecked ami property estimated at $1,400,000,000 destroyed. Add to thin the property lost in fires and see what an appalling amount of capital is utterly lost. About $1,000, 000, 000 of our Nations al debt has been paid since the war ended. France and Great Britain have more than double our debt, and Spain has a larger debt than that which re mains of ours. From 8,000 hypsomotrical meanuni ments. Dr. Chavanne has calculated the nveragje height of the entire continonl of Africa to be not less than 2,160 feet. This high figure is evidently due to the great extent of the high plateaux in that country, surpassing even that of Asia. The census shows that the State of Connecticut has over 11,000 more fe males than males, and it is noted as a eurioit - fact that in the smallest towns in the State the rule generally is that the men exceed the women in num bers. Tho cities show the surplus of women. Tho list of fifty principal cities of the United States, by the census of 1870, ended with Fall River, Maw ; population, 26,766. The list of fifty by the census of 1880 ends with Denver, Col.; population, 35,629. Six cities that were in the list of 1870 have stepped down and out viz., Charleslown, Miwh., bv annexation to Boston, and Memphis, Mobile, Portland, Utica and Savannah by displacement. The six that have come into tho upper circle of fifty an", in their order Minneapolis, Nashville, Camden, St. Paul, Atlanta anil Denver. The year 1881 was one of remarka ble activity in the ship-building industry of the Clyde. No fewer than 261 ves sels, with an aggregate measurement ol 341,022 tons, were launched. In 1880, which showed tho largest total of any year except lei74, tho tonnago reached 248,800. Notwithstanding this laruo output, the prospects arc of the bright est description, as it is understood thai shipbuilders have a larger ntimlwr of contracts on hand than they hat! at the beginning of 1881. An unpreccdentedly large number of the vessels launched during the year were built of steel. Nye County, Nevada, is the largest county in the United States, covering 24,000square miles. San Bernardino, Cal ifornia, with 23,000 square miles. Is the next largest. California has four other counties, each of them as large as Mas sachusetts, three that are each larger than Connecticut, and fifteen others that are each larger than Delaware. Sioux County, Nebraska, contains 21,07(1 square miles. Oregon also has several1 large counties Grant, Umatilla and Lake containing respectively 17,500, 14,260 and 12,000 s.iuare miles. Pre sidio, with 12,500 miles, is the largest county in Texas. The smallest county in the United States is New York, Slate of New York, and it has the largest pop ulation. The largest of the TTrittris is Dakota, with 147,60 square miles, antl tho largest county in any of the Territories is Custer County, Montana, with 36,600 square miles. WIT AND WISDOM. There is as much policy in polite ness as there is in honesty. To live long, it is necessary to livo slowly. Cicero. A South End man calls his wife Crystal, because she is always on tho watch. "Another weather profit," said Bliffers, as ho pocketed a five dollar bill that he won on a wager upon atmos pheric changes. They have a brand of whisky in Kentucky known as the "Horn of Plenty," because it will com you copi ously. Detroit Chaff". "Don't you thmk that Miss Brown Is a sweet girl P" asked Henry. "Oh, yes, very sweet," replied Jane; " that it to say, she is well preserved." All creeds and all guides for living and doing can be safely boiled down to this: Do your bust. That covers tho whole ground. A young lady admitted to her mother that her beau had kissed her on the cheek. "Anil what did you do'"' inquired the old lady, in a tone of In dignation. "Mother," replied the young lady, "I cannot toll a lie; I turned tho other cheek." It is getting to be esthetic for ladies to thank gentlemen who ario and offer t hem a seat in a street car. We received one thank this morning, being the first in five years. To be sure, we haven't got up much. N. Y. Commirnal Advertiser. It Is a cold day now when an ex press train in some part of the Republiu doesn't run down a hand-car and wear out a few telegraph repairers or scctioD men. The express trains must have de veloped a little emotional insanity. Burlington Hawkcye. Little Edit h was terribly sleepy the ather night. She began her customary prayer upon retiring, but when she got as far as "Our Father," her eyes closed and her head tumbled onto the pillow. " I tan't fay it to-night," she said, "I'm too s'eepy. He knows the yest of it.' In a Munich tavern. Guest to pro prietor "See here, mine host, what found in this mug of beer a piece i4 paper and a brandy glass." Host "Well, and supposin you did. A man was here the other day who found an ap ple dumpling in his beer and didn't say a word. Flirgentlc Blatter. It is feared that the ice crop was ruined by being left out in the cold fin Monday night. Look out for high rates.' Summer before last the excuse wan a scarcity of ice; last rammer there w.m plenty of ice, so much in fact that it took more horses to carry it around to customers; next summer there must bfj an excuse of some kind, and if it be true that the crop has thus early been frostbitten, the ice dealers have nothing to fear. Boston Transcript We sometimes wish that nature had designed us for a hired girl, instead of an editor, so that we could have been independent. In this country "a hired girl is only another name for affiuemro and nobility. It is not an uncommon occurrence for a girl to come West, work at regular wages two or thren years, and then, as an heiress, marry a, bloated capitalist and settle down. It is a horrible fact that, unless something is done to prevent the centralization t capital among the servant girls of Wy oming, a i evolution cannot bo avqideij.1 Larami-; Hoopicrana.