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uUdin One square of eight linen, 91 .00 for the first ns'irtlon, and 75 cents tor each subsequent Insertion. irte column, 1 year $200 00 " " " m 00 Uuarter " 75 00 KlKllth " 40,10 Om " 6 mtha M oo Halt 75 5 Quarter " " 40 00 Kin !n 1 1 ' " M no One " 3 mtha 75 oo Half " m m Quarter " " as oo Kin III 1 1 " " 15 00 special I'm ton given on application, a-A II businoaa letters iniiat be addroiircri to GEORGE W. ARMISTEAD, PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE. G. W. AKMISTEAD, HHWl JLSD I'EDI'niETOR. TKItMS OF SUKSCItlPTION : For OM year (in advance) $1 SO For six months 1 00 VOL. XVII. NO. 28. BOLIVAR, TENN., THURSDAY, MARCH 2, 1882. $1.50 per Annum. NEWS IN BRIEF. Compiled from Various Sources. conckf.ssioxal. procekoings. In the Senate, Feb. 17!h, Mr. Kcllojrs; In troduced bills providing for the following ap propriations: Improvement of the Mississippi Klver from New Orleans, J:V)0,O00; improve ment of the Ouachita BtveT, S'0,000; improve ment of the Uod Klver above Shrcveport, J."0, nnO; Improvement ol Bayon Lafourche. $75,-HHO-. improvement of itayon Teche, JSO.OOO; improvement oi the Calcairfan Kiver, $.10,1100; deepening the channel of tire Atchafalaya Itfxcr, f liHi.mw: building a lock at the month of 15a- nu Plangucmine, J'J'iO.OOO; building . ' Pcaat-caMee and ( onrt-house at shreveport, .fi'iO.oOO; lniihjiiig a Court limitSe ntid PosTt'Offlee m Opetousaa .'.-0.(H)0; building a ( 'ustnm houae and Post office at Morgan fity, f 1-T0,i00. The Pension nrrears resolution went over and the Senate adjourned until the 'JOth In the House, Mr. Springer moved to reconsider the vote by which Mr. Colerleka amendment to the Ap portionment bill was rejected. Tabled 113 to 111, and the substitute, fixing the number of representative at :tl(S, was rejected 154 to 4. Mr. I'nge (Cal.) -desired to withdraw his resolution proposing :?!! members, but aw It wns the number favored by the Democrats objection was made. It was, IU) SUi 1 1)1 JOjetl cd yens i, tifiys 14H. Amotion to recommit whs lost, and the bill passed without division. Thk deficiency hill approprial in $1,822, fS3 passed the House on the 18th 155 to 26. The clause appropriating f75,(K)0 for the con Htructlon of vaults In the Treasury and Sub Treasury caused quite an interesting discus sion upon the silver question. Mr. Hewitt made a vigorous attack on cite standard sii it dollar, eharucteri.injr it as a cheat and a fraud. Mr. Marsh declared Ui; cry that the Standard dollar was fraudulent WM false in fact unit untrue In principle. Mr. Cam. offered a resolution in the Sen ntc, on the 20th, reciting that the interests of peace between nations, the obligations and rights ot which are reciprocal between the United states of America and all other people and the governments of America, as well as the commercial interests of the pi-ople of the Hatted states, render it proper that the Govern ase n t of the United states. In some proper form, adopt measures to settle tlio cunSroYci sy between Chili and Peru, and p event ti e forcible dismemberment of Peru. The resolution, which also approve the call for a eonuress of the nations of North, South and Central America, was ordered printed. The hill to retire (ien. Grant was discussed and eonssD ttcc amendments were adopted. Mr. McPhei son offered a sulistitnte for the Pension arrears resolution, declaring thatthe senate adheres to tile principle that pensions shall be computed from the tiineof disability, and directing the Pension Committee to bring in a bill by which t he business of the Pension lliireau may be V.vpcrtitcd and fronds detect ed and pii ni shed The llo'iso passed the bill authorizing I he payment of the Japanese Indemnity fund, $I,I77,:II4, to the Japa nese Government, with the exception of $254, 000, which shall be paid to the officers apd crew of the Culled States ship Wyoming A resolution authorizing the secretary of Wat to grant immediate relief, by issuing rations, to destitute citizens of Arkansas and Louisi ana, in the lied River Valley, was referred, Mr, Hacklier introduced a hill for the con struction ol a bridge across the Mississippi, nea the northern part of the City of St. Louis. Mil. fJMntfl pre-ented a petition in behalf of the Indians, In the Senate on the 20th, say ing that 100,000 persons had signed similar petitions now Inline Congress, and urged that so universal a demand of wealthy and Intelligent citizens should accomplish its purpose, and the nation should keep Its plighted faith ami treat the Indians justly. M r. Pin mil denied that t he position and wealth ot the politioneis should make them better Judges of what was a wise and just treat ment of Indians than were the people who lived among them. Mr. Teller said petitioners Were fail of patri itism. fervor and ignorance, and devoid Of common sense, which ought to govern legislation. The people of t he fron tier could not consistently be barged with uavina wantonly violated the treaty or mal treated the Indians. He demanded for Went orn .-ct tiers the same measure of protection asked lor on bcliall ol red men. and con trasted the indignities heaped upon them by Indian outlaws with the care ami con sideration lav ished liv the Government upon their barbarous neighbors. The petition was referred. The Ajiporl ion meet bill passed by a viv a voce vote. The pension arrears resolu tion was fabled 20 to 2:t The House went Into Committee of the Whole on the Post office appropriation bill. The clause for the 1 1 anspori alien of mails ucross the St. Loots bridge -was amended so as to authorize the Post uia-ter-General to pay for special service there not over BSJjBOS annually, or more than the lowest private bid for the service. Con gress adjourned until the 23d. THE bill placing (ien. Grant on the re tired list, with an amendment by Mr. Sher man making the retirement additional to the number already authorized by law, passed the Senate on the 23d. by a vote of 90 to 17, all the BepohUcsns voting for it, with Brown of Georgia, Davis of Illinois, Jones of Klorida, and Kansom of North Carolina. The remain fug Democrats voted against it. Mr. Logan reported from the Military Committee a joint resolution reported early in the day by Mr. George for the relief of destitute persons in districts Boosted by the Mississippi and its tributaries. A substitute authorizing the ex pcudituic of $ 100,000 by the Secretary of War, In co operation with Slate authorities, was promptly adopted The House resumed consideration of Mr. llolman's amendment to the Post-office appropriation bill, providing that whenever any contractor shall sublet bis contract tor the transportation of mail (in any nintr fur less than he contracted to perform the service, the Postmaster -General may declare t he original contract at an end, mi enter into agreement with the sub-contractor, without advertising, to perform the service on the terms at which he has agreed With the original contractor to perform the same. Mr. Atkins offered an amendment, pro vldtllg the "sun-contractor shall enter good and Ktl fficient bond, and that the original contractor shall not be released from his con tract until nond has been made by the sub contractor. The amendment, thus amended, was agreed to SB to S3. The flOo.OOO relief measure passed without question. PERSONAL AN1 POLITICAL. Prbsidkmt Arthur had thirty-seven guests at his llrst state dinner. The White House was radiant with flowers. .Ioskph E. Sum held, who died in New Haven, Conn., recently, has given for educational purposes no less than .$000,000, one of his good works being the scientific t-chool attached to Yale College. He leaves to a widow and six children an estate valued at .f2,!MX.0OU. The London TSmtt, commenting on skobek'fl's speech, says: "The Russian Gov ernment, by its laxness in discipline, bc- 'liv- morally responsible for the state of ihlngs distinctly endangering the peace of Europe. Gen. Skobeleff's position can not fail to breed alarm and suspicion in the financial and political world. Europe has a right to ask that the Car's authority be used lo prevent a recurrence of fire-brand speeches Croat Russian Generals." Rev. G. O. Barnes, the mountain evangelist of Kentucky, claims 2,47:1 conver sions as the result of seven weeks' work in IjOuUville, and the restoration to health of nearly as many more by the prayer-cure. Gkn. Grant is to visit the White House as a guest of the President. Rrauluagh has been expelled from the House of Commons by au overwhelming majority. In the Sprague divorce case, the ex senator withdrew his counter bill, and the complainant struck out all allegations ex cept that of non-support. The custodian at Canonchct testified that Sprague had refused lo maintain his wife, and the case was docketed as held for advisement until the Amount of alimony can be settled. The girls were surrendered to the mother, while Wil liam remains with his father. General Richer, recently appoint ed Quartermaster of the Cnited Statea Army, has been placed on the retired list wnd General Rufus Ingalls appointed to the vacancy. Emilio Caktelar, in an article pub lished at Madrid, predicts an invasion of Europe by the Slavonia nations, and warns the Latin races to ally themselves with the Germans. COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY. William C. Clarke, formerly at the head of the wholesale paper-house of Clarke, Friend, Fox Co., has fled from Chicago to New York. It appears he bought out the other interests hi the firm with promissory notes, and speedily transferred the stock to rival dealers for $17.yX)3, of which $112,000 was fn cash or good commercial paper. Complaints by creditors to the original house caused an investigation by Friend and Fox, which showed that $180,000 of tbe inn 's paper was still afloat. Of this amount 140,000 was promptly paid, and the liabili ties will be honesllv met. CRIMES AND CASUALTIES. Mrs. Tollekk Hanson, of Moorheatl, Minn. , was abot and killed by ber husband, Fell. 21, from whom she had procured a di vorce on the grounds of cruel treatment. Hanson then made a weak attempt to kill himself, but will recover. Mrs. Wm. Selvage, of Louisville, Ky., was fatally burned on the 21st, Her dress caught tire while she was sitting in front of a grate. Two young men, It. I). Raven and James Cook, disputed the spelling of a word at Waverly, Lancaster County, Neb., j the other night. Raven called Cook an op probrious epithet and Cook struck him with bis list. Raven then drew a pistol and shot Cook through the bod Cook died in a few I minutes. A crowd collected to lynch the murderer, and threw a rope over his head, but Veputy Sheriff Mellick struggled des perately and succeeded in getting his pris oner to Jail. Mr. H. Grenet, one of the oldest, most prominent and respected citizens of San Antonio, Texas, was found dead in his bath-tub on the 21st. The Coroner's jury returned a verdict of death from congestion and apoplexy of the brain. J. W. Norris, postmaster and store keeper at Rice, Navarro County, Texas, was murdered the other night by two men who called him from bed to sell them some goods. He managed to stagger back to his room and inform his wife that the two men, who were strangers, bad shot him. Wm. II. McGehie, a akillf til painter and man of culture, highly esteemed in Pine bluff, Ark., recently threw himself into the river and was drowned. He left a note ad dressed to his sons, bidding them farewell and committing them to the Father of Mer cies. A few days previous to his death he had given unmistakable evidences of mental aberration. Howard Samuel, of Cincinnati, was fatally injured by falling from the top of a sc iffold which he was erecting for the exe cution of Major Hicks. .James McNamara, of Chicago, yard man in the employ of tbe Michigan Southern Railway, v shot and killed by J. W. Ev ans, in the town of Lake, on the 32 d. Evam aaj 1 Mr.Vamara assaulted him for the pur pose of robbery, but the latter has borne a good reputation and the statement is dis credited. Eight men were horribly scalded and one killed by a boiler explosion at the Vulcan Iron Works, Carondelet, Mt., on the 23 J. Solomon Richardson, a prosperous farmer of Charlton, Mass., was reported fatally wounded by the accidental discharge of a gun, some days ago, whil ! riding on a load of logs with his son and a neighbor. On the 22 1 the son confessed that lie shot his father, intending to kill him. lie had car ried the gun t wo days, waiting a favorable opportunity, and tired while the neighbor's back was turned. Annie Clark, of Bloomington, 111., ended some love troubles by taking strych nine on the 22d. Philip Hensen, Miss Rosa Robinson, and a two-year-old child recently left Brook Ville, Franklin County, Ind., for Fairfield. The body of Miss Robinson was subsequent ly found in Templeton's Creek, near a ford, and it was thought the whole party were drowned in an attempt to cross the swollen stream. MISCELLANEOUS. In a recent report to Congress the Secretary of the Interior says there are no lands in Indian Territory open to settlement or entry, the tracts to which the Govern ment holds title being reserved by treaty stipulations. A proposition that the crim inal laws of the United States !e extended over their lands has been made to the Indian delegations now in Washington , and will evidently meet their approval. RUSSIAN Jews in a village near Kichi ncf were attacked by peasants, ten of the former being nearly beaten to death. A Vienna correspondent asserts that in seveu important towns no less than 250 persons were outraged by .Icw-bailers. At Odessa, petroleum was poured on a Hebrew's head nd set oa tire. Colored jubilee singers were denied admission to every hotel in Washington, a few days ago, and until after midnight did not tind a place to sleep. A locomotive boiler exploded in the Wabash roundhouse at La Fayette, Ind., on the 20th. The concussion blew out the walls and the roof crashed down on the ibapelesa ruins. The roundhouse and ex ploded engine were totally demolished. Fif teen locomotives were hurled in the ruins. The disaster created intense excitement. Had it occurred ten minutes later twenty men would have been caught. As it was seven men were buried under the wreck, of whom three were unhurt, three slightly and .Michael Kunnuff dangerously wounded. A wreck occurred 011 the L;ike Shore A' Michigan Southern Koad, near Warren's Station, Ind., on the 20th, caused by a train running Into another section ahead of it. The caboose was telescoped, the engine dis Haaal led, and 1). C. Johnson, a brakeman, seriously injured. The rainfall at St. Louis during the recent storm was over six inches. There were ten landslides on the Missouri Pacific Koad, and an Iron Mountain freight train was caught at Cliff Cave. Alton, Indianap olis, and Burlington tracks were submerged near Mitchell. The ferry docks at St. Chattel were sweptNway, as also the tem porary lruses of the bridge. The whole country about Alton was flooded, cutting off railway communication and doing incalcula ble damage. Dispatches from north, south, east, and west represent rivers on the ram page and threatening a general washout. The bill for the admission of Dakota as a State provides that five per cent, of the procoeds of the public lands remaining un sold at the time of admission shall form a common school fund and gives ninety sec tions for an agricultural college. Railroad and telegraphic commun ication in the Northwest has been inter rupted by heavy snow-storms. The Mystic Krew of Comus, of New Orleans, celebrated their twenty-fifth anni versary on the 21st by a pageant of twenty cars representing the religions of the world. The Krew's entertainment concluded with a grand ball and tableaux at the Opera house. A committee appointed by ex-Confederate soldiers residing in Cincinnati and vicinity called on Mrs. Garfield, at Cleveland, on Washington's Birthday, bearing memorial tribute to .lames A. Garfield, in the form of eulogistic and sympathetic reso lutions engrossed on parchment and framed in vari -colored Tenuessee marble, highly polished, cut from a single block, two feet square, with the Cnitcd S ates coat-of-arms in Mexican onyx inlaid at each corner. Major C. A. Withers, formerly Adjutant General of Gen. J. H. Morgan's staff, said: 'It Is with mingled feeiings of grat:flcation and regret that I have the honor, madam, cf presenting to you this memorial of the ex- Confederate soldiers of Cincinnati. It if gratifying that we c in truthfu ly and feel Incly unite our voices in commendation oi tne lamented dead with those of the many thousands of a common people. The occa sion which called for such sentiments is painful in its recolleciions, and as fully de plored by the people of the South as by those of any other section. The unanimity with which these resolutions were passed and the expression? conveyed therein speak more than auy words of mine, and you can rest assured, madam, that in them is voiced the tribute of all old soldiers of the South to the sterling worth of the late President." Mrs Garfield with great effort reprcs-ed her emotion and briefly expressed her gratitude while the aged mother of the late President wept violently. The Herzegovinians recently defeated Austrian troops in several minor engage ments. Three insurgent divi-ions surround ed Flatcha and demanded its surrender. An attack was made on Mottia, in which ten women and six children were killed, but the iusurgents were driven away. The New York Anti-Vaccination So ciety recently pledged themselves to refuse vaccination and resist it in every possible way. One speaker denounced the National Board of Health. Capt. Stonington, of the steamer Newburn, recently picked up part of a crew of a wrecked British bark, off the coast of Lower California, who were famishing and about to resort to cannibalism. The party consisted of the Captain, his wife and two children, and two seamen. One of the chil dren and a seaman died immediately, and the mother gave birth to a healthy infant two days alterward. The Governor of Mississippi has ap pealed for aid in behalf of the flood victims in the Yazoo delta. In the libel suit of Edward Crane against Edwin F. Waters et al. , publishers of the Boston Daily Advertiser, Judge Lowell, of the United States Circuit Court, overruled the demurrer of the plaintiff to the Seouad part of defendant's answer. This was a buit to recover damages for alleged libellous matter published by the defendant in regard to the New York fc New England Railroad at a meeting of the stockholders oi said road in 1881. The damages claimed were tPXl.OOO. Plaintiff alleged general damages, and aKo a second count of special damages, claiming that he was the manager and constructor of the railroad, and was set ting up a line between Boston and New Y ork.of which the New York ANew England Road was to form a part, and by reason of the article entitled, "History Repeat ed," published by defendants, he lost the support of the stockholders of the road. The opinion finds that in the case of a rail road there are some things that are private and some public; that the contemplated con struetion of a railroad, interesting a people to take stock, is of a public nature, and that a writer or speaker might discuss such a project in a general way, and where they acted in good faith would not be required to prove the truth of their statement as in speaking of a private matter; that the-plain tiff holding himself out as a railroad mana ger and constructor, his acts in this respect were of such a public character as attaches to such positions, and that defendants had a right to comment upon them in good faith in this respect. The ruling virtually gives a judgment for defendants. At Dover, N. II., on the 2.'5d, Arthur Hunter, sixteen years of age, was commit ted in default of $10,000 bail for trial for at tempting to throw a passentrer train off the track of the Dover A Winaipiseogee Itailroad by tying a log to one of the rails over a cul vert near Purnam. The tram was moving slowly at the time and broke the log fasten ings, else there would have been a terrible wreck and loss of life. The boy was found sitting on a fence, waiting to sea the smash- up. He said he bad read of the Cole's Crossing disaster and wished to see one himself. A woman who registered herself as Mrs. Wilson, of Canada, jumped or fell from ajhird story window of the llrevoort House, Kansas City, the other night. She was found on the sidewalk next morning, delirious and suffering from internal injuries. When she regained consciousness she said her name was Susie Drew; that she has a sister named Nellie Drew, and that she came from Chicago, where she was a nurse in St.Luke's Hospital. Her chances of recovery are good. Washington's birthlay (Feb. 22d) was marked by a general suspension of bus iness. CONDENSED TELEGRAMS. Mk. Van Wtck addressed the Senate on the subject of crooked land surveyors, Feb 24th. President Arthur, on the 24th, nominated Roseoe Conkling, of New York, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States; A. A. Sargent, of Cali fornia, Minister to Germany; Walter H. Johnson, Collector of Internal Revenue, Second District of Georgia. Major John Hicks, colored, 26 years old. who killed Henry M. Williams on De cember loth, 1880, in Ludlow, Ky., with an iron liar, was hanged in Covington, Feb. 2l!h. Ciareo Ramuez and Catuno Sepuen ty, Mexicans, were hanged at Austin, Texas, and Whit Rrown, another murderer, at Pine Bluff, Ark., on the same day. A two-year-old child of William Strethlow, of Milwaukee, Wis., fell into a pail of hot water, Feb. 23d, and was so badly scalded that death ensued in a few hours. Mus. .James F. Davis, of Cedar Rap ids, Iowa, died from exposure during- a storm on the night of the 83d. Her body was found on the sidewalk next morning, and it was believed she had imbibed too freely to find her way home. The State of Pennsylvania claims from the Standard Oil Company no less than Jo, 115,000 for taxes, interest, and penalties, and suit has been instituted at H irrisburg. The company's counsel admits that its divi dends for seven years wcTe over $10,XM),000, and that its assets aggregate $,0r)0,000. The question is whether the State has power to tax the entire capital stock of an inter State corporation. Edward Dawes, a young man em ployed in the iron works atMoxahala, Terry ; County, Ohio, was crushed to death by an elevator, Feb. 24th. John T. Anderson, a Swede, of Moose Lake, Minn., died at the dinner-table the other day. A large piece of meat lodged In his throat and could not be removed. A collision occurred between two ; work trains on the Mexican Central Railway, between Pass Del Norte and Sainaniega, the other day. Two cars were ditched and four Mexicans killed. The accident is said to have been due to the carelessness of the , train dispatcher. A farmer named Thomas Rickey fell from the Cleveland A Marietta Railroad trestlework south of Newcomerstown, Ohio, on the 22d, and was dashed to death on the rocks below. His skull waerushed and his body horribly mangled. Stephen Broadbent, once a leading lottery agent in Marylaud, threw himself before a train at Baltimore, a few days airo, and was horribly mangled. Of late years i he had lost nearly all of his large fortune. i SOUTHERN" GLEANINGS. The last session of the South Carolina General Assembly passed three bills on the liquor question. The first places the col lection of the State license of $10 ) in Charles ton, in the hands of the County Commission ers, and makes it their duty to enforce the law. The second provides for a local option law. Whenever two-thirds of the voting population of any city", town, or village in the State shall express a desire for an elec tion on the question of license or no license, such election shall be held on or about the 1st of December following. It is thought, that by this means the municipal elections will be freed from the influences of the li quor question. The third allows the sale of wines made from domestic fruits in quanti ties not less than one gallon, and also the sale of spirituous liquors in packages of not less than ten gallons at the distilleries. Up to Feb. 1, the receipts of the 1881 cropofcottm at all points were 4,553,827 bales, against 4,770,719 bales at the corre sponding time a year ago. The decrease, therefore, so far is 316,892 bales. Reports conflict as to whether a greater percentage than usual has been marketed, but it is evi dent that the shrinkage has been overesti mated. The bales this year, however, are about thirteen pounds lighter on the aver age than a year ago, which makes the de crease a little larger. Since Sept. 1 the United States cotton factories have used 28,154 bales more than in the same period la-t year, but as the bales weigh less, they have really not taken as much cotton. The recent convention of cattle men at Austin, Texas, was addressed by Gov. Robinson, who favored the leasing of the common school lands of the State, and thought it probable the Legislature would do so. A letter from United States Com missioner Loring upon the best breed of cat tle was read, and a resolution asking the Legislature to pass a law for the protection of sheep from contagious disease was adopted. Also, a resolution that the two trails now known as the eastern and west ern, crossing Red River at Red River Sta tion, and the other at Dorin's store, be the trails followed by stock men. A South Carolina negro has been do ing profitable business with a phonograph, lie put one of these talking instruments in side a rude figure of a devil, and attached a spring in such a manner that the cylinder would revolve on being started without the use of a crank. Thus provided, he set up as a fortune-teller. The negroes had never heard of a ponograph, and its voice filled them with superstitious awe, particularly when the seer, having drawn from his dupes some information on the subject of their calls and filled the machine with astonishing answers made it speak oracularly. A half million of dollars has been paid into the State Treasury of Tennessee on the taxes of 1881, for the payment of interest on State bonds under the 100-3 act, now de clared unconstitutional. George Hutchinson's wife left him at Memphis.Tenn . , in 1870, and went to England. Hutchinson had the report sent to her that he died shortly afterward with yellow fever. In 1875 he married a lady at Memphis, as suring her that his first wife was dead. Now No. 1 has returned from England, and Hutchinson has deserted wife No 2 to join his first wife. The Georgia State Agricultural Socie ty is discouraged in regard to the present status of the affairs of King Cotton. The society advises the planting of more grain and less cotton, as people must eat whether they wear anything or not. A Rome, (Ga.) man is preparing a unique directory. It will contain the name, style, whether brunette or blonde, address, and approximate age of every young lady in Georgia who has in her own name, or as heir expectant, property to the amount of $5,000 or upward. Atlanta, Ga., boasts of a young, at tractive and industrious cobbler of the fe male sex, who both mends and constructs all kinds of shoes to the satisfaction of nu merous customers. Robert Ayres, a retired merchant of Louisville, who died recently, was one of the four men in Jefferson County who voted for Abraham Lincoln for President in ISO). An effort is being made by the law yers of the eastern part of Kentucky to have that section formed into a separate district of the United States Court. Lexington wants the headquarters for the new district. The Mississippi State Grange favors the repeal of the Agricultural lien law. The Texas State Grange meets at Belton on the first Monday in August. A good field of corn is growing in Velusia County, Fla. It was planted the 1st of December. The changes in the Mississippi Liquor law are a repeal of the pint enactment, and each district is to be allowed to decide by ballot whether liquor licenses shall be granted or not. Last year 0,352 firms were doing bus iness in Mississippi. There were 153 fail ures, with liabilities amounting to $1,942,129, which is much greater than any year since 1870. Vaccinate within ten days or pay a fine of $10 is a peremptory order from the Dallas (Texas) City Council. Geo. W. West recently purchased from D. Raut, of Nueces County, Texas, 140,000 acres of land and 28,000 head of cat tle, paying $600,000. The best average uplands in East Tennessee will produce from twenty to twenty-five bushels of wheat to the acre. An insect has visited the wheat in the country about Rockford, Ala., that eats off the leaves and kills it to the roots. A Dublin (Ga.) girl only fourteen years old weighs 200 pounds. A street car company has been char tered by the State of Texas for El Paso. It will run through the main streets to the Rio Grande and across into Paso del Norte, the Mexican Government having granted the right of way. Alabama is full of rabbits. A Louisiana paper says 1 The gentle men from Michigan investing so heavily iD timbered lands in Calcasieu Parish propose going into the log business with a vim. They say they will show our logmen some thing about logging that they never dreamed of. It is said that one of them will bring three hundred lumbermen from Michigan into our pine woods next spring, and that he intends to run one hundred log teams. In Florida there are 17,638 white peo ple over ten years of age who can not write their own names,. Two Evergreen, Ala., pigs have horns two inches long. The Pensacola, Fla., canning com pany has commenced operations. They find the red snapper bettef than the grouper or Gulf halibut for their purposes, the meat remaining firm and white after processing In Steam-heated vats for a few hours. The company will make the canning of Spanish mackerel a specialty this season. The southerp fourth of Alabama is covered with forests of the long-leaved pine, nixed in the northern part with much hard wood. A comparatively narrow belt of pine uns nearly across the State, between lati udes 32 deg. and 33 deg. The Apportionment Bill as Passed by the House. Washinotok, February 17. The following is tbe full text of the Appor tionment b 11 passed by the House to-day : Be it enirted, efc, That after the 3d of March. 1SS3, the House of Representatives i hall be composed of 335 members, to be ap portioned among the several States as follows: Alabama Arkansas California t'olorado Connecticut Delaware Florida IfeWkra Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Mains (, Maryland , Massachusetts . . Michigan. .T . Minnesota .... 8 Mississippi 7 5 Missouri 14 6 Nebraska 1 1 Nevada 1 . .. 4 New Hampshire 2 1 New Jersey 7 . . . . 2 New fork 35 .... 10 North Carolina. : ....20 Ohio 21 13 0rofron I 11 PennsylvHii'a 2S ....7 Rhod- Island 2 11 South Carolina 7 6 Tennessee 10 .... 4 Texas ..H ... ,Vcrinont IS Virginia 10 U West Vinrinia 4 5 Wisconsin 8 Sec. 2. That whenever a new State is ad mitted to tbe Union the Representative or Representatives assigned it shall be in addi tion to the nuinberof 335. Sec. 3. That in each State' entitled un let this apportionment the number of Represent atives to which such State may be entitled in the Forty-eighth and each subseque-it Con gress shall be elected by districts .composed of contiguous teiritory, and containing as near ly as practicab:e ap equal number of iiihab tants, and equal in number to the Represent itives to which such State may be entitled in Congress, no one district electing more than one Representative. Provided, That, unless the Legislature of Sich State shall otherwise provide, before the election of such Repre sentatives shall take place, as provided by law. where no change shall be hereby made iu the representation of a State, the Rci.reseata tives thereof to tl.e Forty eighth Con gress shall be elected therein as DOW provided by law. If the number as berets- provided for shall be larger than it was before this change, then an additional Repre sentative or Representatives allowed to faid State under this apiiortiouxent may be elect, ed by the State at large, and the other Repre sentatives to which the State is entitled, by districts, as now prescribed by law in such State; and if the number hereby provided for shall in auy State lie less than it was before the change hereby made, thea the whole num ber to hi :a State hereby proviib d for .-h ill tie elected at large, uu'ess the Legi-latures ot sa:d States have provided or shall otherwise provide liefore the time fixed by law for the next election of Representatives therein. All ass and pa ts of acts inconsistent herewith re hereby repeale L A Terrible Explosion. Oikstkr, Pa., February 17. This is the blaeke-tday In the history of our fair city. Death in its most frightful shape has laid lo.v nearly a sco.e of our people, and many more have been wounded. The entire city is in mourning. Following close upon the destruction of the Mil t iry Academy a severe loss of itself to our community -came an alarm of lire from Jackson's fire-works and magazine. This was in the old Porter Man sion on Second street and the river front. Prof. Jackson hud occupied it for the past five or six years. He employed eight or ten hands, and was running the place to its utmost ca padty in order to supply his large trade. At 7:30 tbe alarm of fire was sounded. In five minutes after the alarm, the Fire Depart ment was throwing watfr on the building. A terrific explosion shojk the city. The noise reverberated throughout the country as far as the Jersey shore. A mass of flame shot hi-rh into the air, ami the fragment s of tl.e building ere hurled about. A quantity of gunpowder had exploded. It was then felt that the dan ger was over, and the firemen approached the flames until within reachlnK distance without apprehension. A large crowd of citizens gathered. At tbe time when the citizens were sure that tolerable control had been secured and the danger wvs passed, another explosion, more fearful than the first, gave a terrific shock to the earth. The scene was horrible, and it is impossible to describe it. The crowd of firemen were scattered in all direc tions, many of them with their bodies mangled beyond recognition. Sonic were so badly torn that it was impossi ble to tell what part of the body the shreds of flesh were torn from. On the spectatorb tbe effect was scarcely less disastrous. Many of them were killed many were wounded. Those who were not rnshed through the cfty spread ing the news. Almost instantly thousands of people, stricken with terror, poured from ad joining streets to tbe scene of the disaster. The news was quickly spread to the country, and hundreds f people came from there. The cries of women and children, who had lost husband anil fathers in the calamity, and tjbe wild inquiries of oil ers, added to the terrible effect of the masses of bloody corpses and wounded. All the physi cians in tbe city and all th pric-t- and pas tors were on the spot in a short time to dis pose of the dead and to assist the wounded. The nearest house was about a hundred yards away. Many of the sufferers were taken there, and every' otlu-r house in the vicinity was thrown opien, and kindly ban Is minis tered to the relief of the victfms. Wagons were hastily transformel into ambulances, and everything that could be done was done to mitigate the horror. The killed number cightren, and the wound ed nearlv or quite fifty, some of whom will die of their injuries. After the explosion the ground was covered with victims, some killed, some seriously In jured, and others badly hurt. Dead bodies of men lay coiled on t lie ground, while others la bored in the agonies of death. A number, writhing in their blood, moaned and groaned piteously for help. Many lay insensible of their surroundings, and others, bruised and bleeding, groped their way from the scene of the terrible accident. The scene beggars de scription. People prayed in the open streets, and the shrieks of the dying were appalling. The fire was abandoned, and everybody in condition to do so turned atteution to allevi ating the distress. Houses in the vicinity of the explosion were converted Into hospitals and the wounded removed thereto. An extraordinary event, says a Paris letter, has just occurred in An douille, Mavenne ounty. Every memt ber of a family of six persons have all a once and at the same time become in sane. Father and mother, both sixtv four years old, the two sons, thirty and twenty-seven, the two daughters, twep-ty-eignt and twenty-four years old, think they have been poisoned by witches, and that old Nick is in their clothes. They see him constantly and everywhere, day and night, and, as they assaulted everybody they met, it has be come necessary to put the whole family in an insane asylum. The United States Land Office has issued a patent to the famous Geyser Springs property, in Sonoma County, California, to Mrs. Mary Pollack. The tract embraces 320 acres, and has been the subject off litigation in the courts of California lor the past fifteen years. De cisions and appeals and reversals have been had without number, but the im mense value of the propertj induced the contestant's to right for title. W. S. Chapman is the present possessor of the Geysers and their surroundings, and is the losing pai ty by the Land Office decision. FACTS AND FIGURES. Michigan produces more salt than any other State. The sales from a Chicago dry goods house hist year aggregated $27,580,000. The net prolits of the Hank of En gland are .? 135,000, a week, or about $22,500 a day. In Florida there are 19,763 white people over ten years of age who cannot write their own name. Detroit Free Press. New England manufactures $1,500, -000 worth of table cutlery every year and yot it isn't fashionable to eat pic with a knife. The loss to England by the last three years of bad harvests is estimated at from a hundred to a hundred and fifty million dollars a year. There are one thousand artesian wells in California, three hundred of which are in the Santa Clara Valley. They average from 150 to 250 feet deep. New England requires about 20, 000,000 bushels of wheat and produces only 1,250,000. New York uses about 30,000,000 and grows about 12,000,000. Here arc some of the dividends de clared by English cotton mills in 1881: Moortield, 17.4 percent.: Albert, 12 per cent.; Twist. 16 per cent.; Oak, 15 per cent.; Parkside, 13 per cent.: Stanley Mills, 13 per oont.; Sun Mill Spinning Company, 12 per cent.; Koyton Spin ning Company, 20 per cent. In the ninety-nine counties of Iowa there were in 1880, according to the census, 2,504 working oxen; 853,523 milch cows; 1,754,420 other cattne; 6,044,906 swine; 791,354 horses, and 44,399 mules and asses. There were in the State 1,624,615 people. The greatest number of milch oow in any one county was 22,232 in Lee: the greatest number of oxen, 306 in Du buque; of other cattle, 42, .'591 in Lee: of swine, 138,185 in Cedar: of horses, 15, 949 in Clinton; of mules and asses, 1,917 in Fremont counties. The number of varieties of insects is vastly greater than that of all other living creatures. The oak supports 450 species of insects and 200 are found in tlie pine. Humboldt, in 1849, calculat ed that between 150,000 and 170,000 specimens were preserved in collections, but recent estimates place the present number at about 750,000 species. Nothing and nobody escapes taxa tion in Turkey. The Government takes one-tenth of all crops, besides which there is a tax of thrue-iifths of one per cent, on tin- value of the land. On every sheep and gout there is an annual t;x of twelve cents, and when a horse, cow or other domestic animal is sold two-and-a-half per cent, of the price goes to the Government. Then there is a bouse tax amounting to two-fifths of one per cent, on the value of houses worth under $800, and four-fifths of one per cent, on houses valued above that sum. From the official balance-sheet of the Paris exhibition of 1878, it appears that the total expenditures were, m round numbers, $11,155,000, .and the total receipts $4,870,000, leaving a de ficit f $6,285,000, which is more than three times the original deficit estimate, the estimate having been $2,000,000. In almost every item the expenditures exceeded the estimates, and so also of the receipts. Admissions returned $2, 675,000, or $125,000 less than wa.s antici pated. Money paid ;is wages amount ed to $800,000, as against an estimate of only $340,000. Water for the cascades and aquariums cost $560,000. the med als and diplomas $400,000, and the awards ceremony $40,800. WIT AM) WISDOM. A turn in the tied the first quarrel after marriage. Out West the agents take care of the Indians, and the Indians reciprocal ly take hair of the agents. " If I thought I was going to be come gray. I know I should die!" ex claimed Miss Sprhwle. When she turned gray, she did dye, sure enough. Wealth does not bring happiness. It only provides the means by which people can make themselves happy if they have a capacity for enjoyment. 'Ike has an irritating skin dis ease," Mrs. Partington says; '' liarlotto russe broke out all over him, and if he hadn't wore the Injun beads as an ome let it would doubtless have culminated fatally." There are ten shades of gloves which are fashionable for evening wear, and there is no earthly excuse for a gen tleman blundering in upon a wedding with a pah" of buckskin mittens on his paws. Detroit Free Press. "What is your name?" asked the Justice. "Smith," replied the bibulous prisoner. "John," inquired the magis trate. "Jo," responded the prisoner. "That's demijohn," said his honor. "Well, you look like it; take ten days." The worst cut up man of the huur, according to a Cleveland paper, is that Western reporter who, in describing the appearing of the belle of the town nt a local picnic, intended to say that she looked au fait, but, of course, the types had to get it " all feet." " Father, did you ever have another wife besides mother?" "No, my boy. What possessed you to ask such a ques tion?" "Because I saw in the old fam ily Bible where you married Anno Domini, in 1835; and that isn't mother, for her name was Sally Smith." "Ma, am I all marie now?" asked a little miss of three-and-one-half years at the breakfast table yesterday morning. "Why, dear?" said the fond mother. "Because I have had my ears piercetL, anil was vaccinated yesterday," said little Tot. Hartford Surulat Journal. "So you enjoyed your visit to the Museum, did von?" inquired a young man of his atfored one's little sister. Oh yes! And do you know, that we saw a eamel there that screwed its mouth and eyes around awfully; and sister said it looked exactly like you when you are reciting poetry at evening parties." They had l)een engaged to be mar ried fifteen years and still he had not mustered up resolution enough to ask her to name the happy day. One even ing he called in a particularly spoony frame of mind, and asked her to sing hrm something tender and touching, something that woald "move" him. She sat down at the piano and sang: "Dar ling, I Am Growing Old." He was praising her beautiful hair, and begging for one tiny curl, when her little brother said; "Oh, my! 'tain't nothin' now; you just ought to have seen bow long it bangs down when she hangs it on the side of the table to comb it." Then thev laughed, and she called her brother a cute little angel; and when the young man was going away, and heard that boy yelling, he thought the lad was taken suddenly and dangerously i!L Voiitlis' DcDartiiicnt. WIXGS AND 8TINU8. Oh my, did you ever? Such a beautiful fly I'm nre that I never but, I must be nlvl Just 1 k, h is uomiiifr rf(fht atraiirht for my nosa, I'll certainly catch him!" said Kitty Wbitc- toes. ' I'll lie In the sunshine, rr -tend I'm asleep. Keep Just a peep open, b I ready to leap: Here he comes, now's my chancel Oh dear, there he goes!" He hns sailed over the head of Miss Kitty White-toes. " Never mind, tac'U !. Imck. I'll nnp It awhile There's time enough yet!" Anl so to be raue The time while he's Hying-, nose she put her black High! under one foot with toes. its little white This gny little fellow the beautiful tniiur Carried something unheard of by Kitty a stlii jr. At hvt, tired of tlyinjr, he spoilt her fine doxe By dropping- rlgnt down on the top of ber toes. Ha, hnl now I've got you!" She let her foot fall. Then bounded and rolled 'round the room like a ball. Alas! ua the beauty fell under ber toes He left bis sharp sting in the end of her nose. Poor Kitty! instead of the beaiittrul catch She had planned. he for once found more thmi her mutch; And how much in a second she learned, no one knows Half so well as herself nay pretty White toes. I am sure she learned something, for since that sad dny Not even a fly has shecnught In her play: While befor..'. If one chanced neHr the llttlo b!aek nose He was sure of a squeeze 'neath the pretty white toes. Clilcdoo Advance. CORNWALL!' BUCKLES. . I am not quite sure of dates, but it was hUe in the fall, I think, of 1771, that a foraging party from the British camp in Philadelphia matte a descent upon the farm of Major Kudolph, south of that city, at Darby. Having supplied themselves well with provender, they were about to begin their return march, when one of the soldiers happened to espy a valuable cow, which at that mo ment unfortunately made her appear ance in the lane leading to the barn yard; and poor Sukey was immediately conliscated for the use of the company. Now, this unfortunate cow hapM:ncd to be the pride of the farm, and was claimed as the exclusive property of Miss Anne Rudolph the daughter of the house- aged twelve years. Of course, no other animal on the estate was so important as this particular cow. and her conliseation by the soldiers could not be tolerated for a moment. So, Miss Anne made an impetuous dash for her recovery, but finding the men deaf to her entreaties and the Sergeant proof against the storms of her indigna tion, the higli-spiriteil child rushed over to the stables, saddled her pony, and was soon galloping off toward the city, determined to appeal to the Commandcr in Chief of the British army, if nothing less would save the life of her favorite. Meanwhile, poorSukey trudged along, her reluctant steps quickened now and then by a gentle prick with the point of a bayonet in her well-rounded side. To reach the city before the foraging party was the one thought of the eEUa, as her pony went pounding along the ol! Chester road at a pan that soon brought her within the British lines. She was halted at the lirst outpost by the guard, and the occasion of her hot haste was demanded. The child re plied: " I must see the General immediate- ly!" " But the General can not be dis turbed for every trifle. Tell pe your business, and if important, it will be re ported to him." "It is of great importance, and I can not stop to talk lo you. Please let go my pony, and tell me when; to find the General!" "But, my little girl, I can not iet u pass until you tell me whence you come, and what your business is within these lines." " I come from Darby, and my bu-i-ness is to see the General immediately! No one else can tell him what I have to say!" The excitement of the child, together with her persistence, had its innuence upon the officer. G-eneral Washington was in the neighborhood, with his ragged regiments, patiently watching his opportunity to strike another blow for the liberty of the colonies. The of ficer well knew that valuable informa tion of the movements of the rebels fre quently reached the British Commander through families residing in the coun try, and still, in secret, friendly to the Crown. Here might be such a case, and this consideration determined the sol dier to send the child forward to head quarters. So, summoning an orderly, he directed him to escort the girl to the General. It was late in the afternoon by this time, and Cornwallis was at dinner with a number of British officers, when "A little girl from the country with a mm sage for the General," was announced. "Let her come in at once," aaid the General, and a few moments later Miss Anne Rudolph entered the great tent. For a moment t he girl hesitated, over come, perhaps, by the unexpected brill iancy of the scene. Then the spirit of her "Redwolf" ancestors asserted itself, and to her Cornwallis, in full dinner costume, surrounded by his brilliant companions, represented only the power that could save her favorite from the butcher's knife. "Well, rav little girl, I am General Cornwallis," said that gentleman, kind ly. "What have you to say to meP" ' I want my cow!" Profound silence reigned for a mo ment, then came a simultaneous bunt of uproarious laughter from all the gen tlemen around the table The girl's face reddened, but she held her ground, and her set features and flashing eyes convinced the General that the child before him was one of no ordinary spirit. A few wonlsof encouragement, pleas antly spoken, quickly restored the equa nimity of the girl. Then, with ready tact, the General soon drew from her a concise narration of her grievance. "Why did not your father attend to this for you?" " My father is not at home, now." " And have you no brothers for such an errand, instead of coming yourself into a British camp?" " Both of my brothers are away. But, fieneral Cornwallis " cried she, im patiently, " while you keep me here talking they will kill my cow!" " So your brothers also are away from home. Now, tell me, child, where can they be found?" "My oldest brother. Captain John Rudolph, is with General Gates." "And your other brother, where is he?" "Captain Michael Rudolph is ait h Harry Lee." The girl's eyea fairly blazed as she sKke tne name of gallant Then she exclaimed: " But. General, im cow " Ah, ha! one brother with (rates and one with Lee. Now," said the lencral, severely, where is your fatherP" "He was witli General Washington." frankly answered the little maiden ; "but he is a prisoner now." "So, so. Father and brother all in the Continental army! I thin I- then, you must be a little rebel." "Yes, sir, if you please I am a little rebel. But I want my cow!" "Well! you are a brave, straightfor ward little girl, and you shall ha - e your cow and something mora, too." Then, stooping forward, he detached from his garters a pair of brilliant knee -buckle ... which he laid in the child's hands. "Take these," he said, "and keep them as a souvenir of this interview, and be lieve that lnl Cornwallis can appre ciate courage and truth, even in a little rebel." Then, calling an orderly, ho instructed him to go with tie' child through the camp in search of Hie cow, and, when he should find the animal, to detail a man to drive her home again. So Miss Anne returned in triumph with her cow! And these sparkling knee buckles are still treasured by Tier de scendants a a nicmouto of Cornwallis and the Revolution. at. Aiicholai. "Johnny Hfk Little Johnny Kataway's playmates called him "Johnny Fig;" and don't wonder that they did, for he was one of the greediest boys that ever lived. Almost every day when dinner was over, and he had puffin so much he could not eat any more, he would beg his mamma with a dreadful whine not to give what was left of the pudding or pie -which wasn't much. I can assure you -to any one else, but to put it away in the closet so that he might 'cat it by-and-by." And often he would stand for an hour at it time before the windows of the bakery or candy-store, with the tears tunning down his chocks, in the deepest grief because he could not eat everything he saw there. And he would follow nienwho were selling fruit from street to street, just as other boys follow the soldier, or a monkey on a hand-organ, in hopes thai at last, to get rid of him, they would give him an apple, or an orang or a banana. Well, late one very cloudy afternoon. Johnny Fig was coming from the drug gist's with a small bowe of paregoric for the baby, w ho had a pain paregoric was the only thing that could be swal lowed that he could be trusted with), when he saw a man in front of him earning a basket half-full of pretty, pink paper packages. Johnny gol as near as ho could to this man. and miffed at the basket. It smelted delicious! Just like his mamma's kitchen on cake-baking days. The man ran up every stoop, and rang every door-bell, and gnw ue of t he packages to whoever came lo the door. At last, Johnny Fig, who was by this time a mile from home and it was fai getting dark, asketl the man what they were. "Cakes," said the man. "Gimme tine," begged Johiiue. "No," buM the man, "I don t give them to little boys." lint iloliuny kept following and ing and teasing until the man it mute dark now- said: " Woll, tea was as I have only a few left, and 1 want to to my supper, you may have one Johnny snatched it without even a thank-you (greedy boys are never polite), sat down on the neare-i door step, laid the bottle of paregoric by his side, tore off the pretty pink paper, and took a bite --a big bite. Ami then he jumped Dp, knocking over the bottle and breaking it into Hin ders, and stamped, and choked, and sputtered, and wiped his mouth again and again on the sleeve of his new jacket. It was a cake of goap. Wide-Awake. Kiglitern Hundred Beirgam. You want to know how main iv men dicants there are iu 1'hiladclphia? Well. Ipli I should say there were I.H00," said Charles 1). Kelloirg, General Secretary of the Society for Organizing Charity, in reply to a question from a Itrrord re porter. "Last winter Mayor Stokley took a census of this class of our people for the benefit of the society, and he found there were 1.000 persons deix-nd- ent ujon street begging for support, while in the House of Correction and Almshouse there were 600 more seeking food and shelter during the winter months, but who would become com mon beggars when warm weath- r r turned. Of course some of these were forced by circumstances to beg, but the greater number did so from choice or laziness, whichever you wish to call it. Business being belter this winter lhan last, there are fewer men out of work. Besides this, the society has cut oir the sources of supply of many mendicants, and at- a consequence of these two facts we find the number of persons needing relief reduced by several huudrcr Nine-tenths of the street beggars' will refuse work if offered them. Last win ter the Superintendent of one of the district nssoclations sent 200 able-bodied men to the wood -yard, and how many of them do you suppose reported lo the manager and earned their bread by work Just thirty; the other 170 pre ferring to !eg from soft-hearted lersons who Mould give them food or clothing without inquiring into the needs of the recipient. When the society began lt operations it found hundreds of families that depended upon soup houses for their food and the Guardians of the Poor for fuel, cheating the landlords out of rent by moving as often as possible. Neither the men nor the women would work when opportunity offered. It is this kind of pauperism that the soeiety is seeking to break up, and already Philadelphia is shunned by the pro fessional beggar as a city where his trade does not thrive. It is our aim to find employment for the poor, and per manently relieve their miseria. spend ing $10 for such a purpose rather than $1 for temporary relief. We only re sort to this latter method in urgent cases. How many families are under our care. Well, about 6.000. This is a large number, but when the sot iet y ahls a family our agents keep an eye on its future movements, and by this means we have a supervisory care over large numbers to whom we give no relief."- Philadelphia Jleeord. The Vermont Legislature, anticipa ting ! loss of a Comrressmaii under I..., " - the new apportionment, has divided the State into two Congressional Districts, the Green Mountain range being the line. They vaccinated a young man in Cairo with mucilage just for fun, ami ho now "sticks" for two thousand do Hats damages. "Light-horse Harrv Ioo.'