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On ntirt of eight lines, 1JTA frir the fir Insertion, and 75 cfnU for each aube"ueut Insert ion. Oae column. 1 year 1200 fin Half " i on Quarter " " 7. no Fight h " " 4) IW lino " f mllia MS mi PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE. 'Half - " -r. on Uuarter " " m i Eighth " '! " One " S mths 7 0 Half " " 4" Unarter " no Right h " H ' Special rates given on application. SSAI1 business letters must bo addressed to CEOROE W. ARNIISTEAD. G. W. ARM1STEAD, BDITOB AND TKOrRIKTOR. TEBMg Or SIJHRCKIPTIONl VOL. XVIII. NO. 2. BOLIVAR, TENN., THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1883. 1.5 per Annum. foronojcar (in advance) .',1 Bfl For sU uiuutlis. 1 00 I B l. Lv Mm. IIXX'IU ill y llUl l l lilllll . 7" sV I -7 w 7 f VJ VJ J N7 NJ NEWS IN BRIEF. Compiled from Various Sources. (fORIOMMWAI. rKOriKniNfla, i i i i ; i , l i 2S, In t lie Senate the Legis lative Aimnipiintion liili w:is taken up nnd niin-wlmeuts hih'Ii' in oniiiitttoe t tin-Whole w ore agreed to, except thnt provision for the rein-nl of the fnw Hiitliorizioir the tippolnt-rn.-iif of Assistant Secret .i ry 1 Wdir and of t he Navy rStie.-lv-ely. was struck out. The Mil then pMM The House passed tile hill to prevent, the itnpo' tat ton of adulterated tea. Majority and minority itKmH oil the Missis sippi Ilivtjr improvement were submitted. The i-wolrv ;isil lull parsed. A tcleiraan wiisj-oad unooun in- that J.173 feet f the l.ia W'Uluent work hi I'luin Point lieiieli bad beei .aim-d away. Tlie report on T. T. Major's eaaaaa las arat as continwen' Rseja her from Jinkoia, charging him it a mlsitsp r,'UsUtfi9. T"s adopted. The h.ll appro- 1 1 atln g f or schools flo.oon.oon annually for tia) Years was di' usod. A hill was in'ro 1 need repealing all internal taxes except on dispelled spirits. rTtKi;titv :. -The credentials of Mr. 1 '.)hajs8eiiatoriiomM-eoii were presented. A HI to punish fali personation f Ilcer i f th' I'iftted Stabs m passed, as wh the Hull ebliii" prevent Importation ot nihil ' rMtsji tail nisoluilon a - adopted asking llousi to r'tnni the Tariff lull in onler i lam ( i hail ei ; ivf ill it might he i-or- Van Wyck inn'l'- n lont speech in reaoluti'in il ui'piiry n to w etn- Mates lmiifer hail hei-n in- acw erit the me.ilHtinii nt Kuretan Powers In ot tlins; the Peruvian quest Son, and the reaolatlon sras sdpted. Mr. Veal ealled i ' tiniil iiimi Talk K'Silu'l'iii :unl a-t- ... 1 1 1 1 ill p-is-JHL'e. At the i.-.jiin-t of Mr. l.in iiian the IUt of fsieeefairw of the Vellow- -!o.i. I'H' a N at ton a I lliiprovemenl ('.imp ll'V " . - i . I anion - wh an i e Itaf ij Hat i Ii, l!i oei iMik.yjijjTiifjh.l. Hit ii-"m U'llhani Fuller ton. .lohnsWvni'lv. . .). aidm p ill uml In I ' it i ' j ii it. or; t.'i,.- I i uurch. v Hi i ' iH'Uc'il n " I- I I' I 1 1 ii if .1 II I y increase in h I uurch. all of New Vo'k. .Noa'lion OH the hill. The hill to pay lulv r-liiiuiM" was paused. The hill -e nensioll- o! oil.- al m- I and oiii-- vii taken up ami scvi-ral I. I v i a iptrn ! penj.iMH to i nil i vif!n ills were pa-i-.l . . ...The House refuTd to concur in t he natMueudiiieuts to I he District ot i 'o I , ini.i i Dproprhitioti hill anil to ti e l.i is iai i i- i-lifj aifn a roufi'teiice cM.nimittoe was n pp. .lilted. The conicronoe report on the post o'li.so hflf was i -ejected. The resolution niui ndintJic rules so as to send the Tariff hill to ii isVwwreiicc .-oniinlttce was culled up nn I its . IImiU.sh ion occupied the evening sea- I' I III: t 'AM V 27. In the Sunatc Mr. D ivis aniioiini eJT his intention to resign his ollii-e in- raaldn' lro teui. nt iiniin on f-at nr. lay. Map ; :i. A resolution to provide for tin- ter luinatton of ths Hawaiian reci pmcii y 'tri'.'ity w as relet red. The resolu tion t ailing lor' a atiitetnent of ninoiiiits p. ild tor ipci inl attorneys for the lie jiart uient ' 01 -fustic: was adopted. Mouse nun conejij'iciiee in niiu iiiliiiciitv to the h'eveinie and Tariff hill wns an iiouncedft uud utter ionic discussion Missis. M..ii,;i. Sherman, Aldrleli, Bayard and P.eelt dk-re appo nted conferees ...In the Hon s) hn u olution lUiMndiitR the rules was a need 4i. tVmferees w i re appointed on the i. inn bill, with instrufeticxaf locotislder In !v, innuriK other things, the constitutional i a , je.-tiosm - to the bill. The supplemental Pot route hill trad passed. A stormy even in-r - ion waa-pent In eonsilerat ion ol tlie Ifiver anil Ilurlior hill in Committee of the H hole. Ki:iti:t'Al: Y In the Senate the Hotiafl bill to ie-tore to citizenship such elMhena of the United slates ii s have bNOM riti.'n:i of (.'rent It if I n I i was reported adversely. Senate eonfei - on tlie ICevonue unit Tai ilf lull were Inst rncted to report to the senate if they 1 iu nd any resti let ions touching the con --l it iitlona li v of the measure placed on the IU lion pi tlie House pom nil tec. Tlie hill (o ivi- 1iti reused pentd HS to one ai med and one 1 gTil .soldi. -is was taken up, and jil'i r ii long debate, the hill was reported i o the Senate, t he amend metu s made in 'iitn luitlue ot tli" Whole agreed to and the bill passed yeas, 27; nays, II .Air. Allinnin re ported the sundry Civil hill and said he would call it up to nun row In the House Messrs. Handnll. Morrison and Tucker successively "leriiHcii to serve on the Tarilf conlerence commlilee and Mr. spe r (ia.) was ip - I minted. Goiisfderatfoii of the Hlvor ami i ii m, iiiiL occupied tiie remainder of iho day. Msttiti i. In I be Senate Messrs. Bayard atltl Beek wore excused from seiving on the Tariff Confer -lice committee. The l 'hair win uuthorlzetl to till vacn idea, and Messrs. lice. Mcl'herson M i lie r, I n Willis, Mn xey, liittter, Morgan, Gorman, Davis, .lones nn i I l.iri is heuig appoint el. siicecssivelv dee lined t.) serve Messrs. Muhone and Mclnll were tiitMlty appoinieil. Tue sundry Civil bill whs taken up ami matei iallv amended. The elaii-e, repeaiinr the iie-euipli. u law w us s4i .cken out. as w ns the e'ause prohihiting the Ve loa-lone Park Icev-M. A provision ivJ!4wing leases of t n a re (ructa was m '-iteil The (oint resolution ol the Missouii l egisl ituie rcpiestlng its Congress men to use their best endeavors to secure the appropriation recotpmended by the ftlisala. i ipi l Bis ci ( 'ommiasinn was pieeented. The fntinsihii' lepoit on the 1-ort ideal ion hill was agi it'll to, anil the Ifiver and Harbor bill WHs ordered printed In the House the on e.em-.- report on the ForMWeatton A- pri .piiatiou lull was ngreeil to. It appi.ipri ates more than when It passed ihe House The River and Hnrhor hill was further eotisidoied In eommiti ce. An tfort to pro htb.it the fartlier eonatractioB of levees e-r-ept in the performance of existing eon'rae s w :is lost The rub s were suspended and the General De0 teacy MH was pn--s.il. ;.ie' w h eh the Id . rand Harbor bill heitig resumed, Mr. Van oortils moved ta str.Ue out the ai'proprl ition lor the Sacm meiilo lliver, saving that nobody nut a xrunib et slid n i nt throatwonld have t bought . o tii. kii'g it lo the bill. motion was made to expel him for u sing such language, hut w as r itl i till iv 1 1 on retraction and apology. FKIISOHAL ANI POI.ITICAI Tiik Montana jegislstttrc has lassnil a vote of tlmnks lo tlnvernor ("roshv, en rral Sheridan, ami Senator Vest for their ifforls to protect Yellowstone Park. Aaron Nordrnskjolu, the Swedish explorer, has notified Hie Dutch Minister at Stockholm I bat he intends to claim the re ward of Jo, ikm guilders off.-rod by Holland in l.v.ki for ihe discovery of ihe Northeast I'asssei'. Tin: widow of ex-(Jovernor Marshall Jevtell riled suddenly, at New York on the 261 Ii, of heart di-e.ise. Auonu the inmates of the National Mllilary Asylum at Milwaukee, Wis., fs Hnhert Vincent, once High Sheriff of Cork, Irplard, and prominent ns a soldier In the ilas of tPConucll. IrV Rft.T. has been reported favorably ltitlie Pitnisi I van Is Legislature lo remove iti't in '.ht ex sions executive business and legislative scs- lo l'lvfladelphi:!. a recent interview between Presi- ii.' Ui.'-y and Mr. I. lad-tone there was an effort ni i. to terminal the high tension relation existing between France and Kn lI nd on the KgTptiau .piestion. Neotia. njns would probably be leopened on a li.is more fsxoi ahlo to Kranct. In the Rrilisb Honse of ('ommnns, in mo In : an amendnrenjl to the address to the throne lira other day, Pamcll claimed that tlr power of arrest in Ireland was abused, tltf Judges were unfit to try poltMeal causes, fiecdom of speech did not exist, and the i io eminent could not rule In land without ine synipathv of the people. The Michigan Republican State Con Teiition convened at Kast Sagimiw on the 261 b and nominated the following Candi da es; For Jus ice of the Supreme Court, long term, Austin Blair; for short term, Thomas J, O'Brien ; for Regent of the University, lull term, Harry It. Hiitchins: for Regent , short term .lames '. .Innps. Tiik recent elections in Ontario, Cana., resulted in a victory for the Mowat refotm ndralntstrat ion. Tiir. Massachtisetts House of Kenre--entatives has defeated 127 to 60 the bill to gie women the right to vote at town mreilngs. The vote in the Texas Houe on the prohibitory amendment to the Consti tution w as SS against, :i:i for, with 17 absent. The Maine House has passed Ihe bill restor ing tlie death penally. Senator Or v ills H. 1'i.a.tt, of Connecticut, has been eleetod a member of the Republican National Committee, in place of Ihe lute Marshall Jewell. Thomas W. Pai-mkk, of Detroit, was elected I'niled State Senator on thp i ighty -first ballot by the Michigan Legisla lure on the If thuj i hat ! til'' HilCO CRIMES AND CASCAI.TIKB. A sistek of Senator Sharon endeav ored to kill herself with a penknife recently in a bath-room of the Palace Hotel at San I'i sncisco, CM. Two masked rubbers plundered a farm-house of lf2l the other nijjht near New Conif-rstown, O. Tiik Mississippi lliver had fallen three inches at Cairo on the Ms, and Ihe news from below was reassuring. The worst was thought to be over at Sbawneetown, but the town presented an awful scene of desolation. In one addition four solid blocks of dwell ings had entirely disappeared. The Pres byterian Church floated a mile away. Sev eral mills and business houses were entirely gonp. The principal merchant in Black burn, Ky., had a $ 12,000 stock of dry goods, on a barge tied to a tree. The vi lages ol Blackburn and Raleigh had both been near ly wiped out. Over one hundred houses in these places were gone. At Columbus, Ky., over ten ffet ot water was spread over the town 'and fided nearly all the stores. Belmont, Mo., opposite Columbus, was also a watery waste, every foot of ground be ing tinder water from ten to twenty-tive Icet. N'iaii D. Smith pleaded guilty at Memphis, Tonn., the other day to a charge of embr z.ling $1,(10J from the United States Collector's office. A m.ekshino party of thirty-two per sons went over a forty-foot bank into the Delaware and Hudson canal near Hawley, Pa., the other day. All were more or less injured. Another raid upon the Chicago & Kvaustou Road was made at Chicago, III., the other night by enraged property-owners, who tore Up about live hundred feet of track. J iiin H. Graham, of tbe firm of E. II. Whitney A Co., t Chicago, III., osten sibly started for Wisconsin recently to make purchases with $8,000, but instead went to New York, where he was overhauled by I loam W'hilnev and forced to settle. An earthquake startled the citizens of Norwich, Conn., the other evening, and was followed by a brilliant meteor. At Komo, Italy, paper bombs charged with powder were the other day thrown into Hie court-yard of the residence of the Austrian Minister, before the Austrian Km -bassv, and in front of tlie royal palace of the QuiriiMt. The brewers of New York have as certained recently that 40,000 worth of bar rels have been annually stolen and sold out side i he city by the collusion of drivers and coopers. A r Lawrence, Mass.harles H. Catc fatallv shot Mrs. M. S. Anderson Ihe other day and then killed himself. Three passengers were Killed out right and three others badly hurl by the ditching of a train on the Oregon Short bine, twenty-five milps east, of Neosho Junction, Utah, recently. The cars were badly wrecked. Loin 8 P. Carman, ex-Secretary of tha Manhattan Fire Insurance Company, had been missing from New York several days on the 2sth, when his accounts were found to be $10,000 short. The last foot of land at Arkansas I'itv, Ark., had disappeared under water on the 1st. Disastrous crevasses were re ported, though planters were still hopeful that the overflow would not be of great ex tent. At Cairo the danger was thought to be over. A PARTY of ranchmen surprised an Indian camp near Chihuahua, Mex., the oilier day and captured twenty-livs sipiaws and killed ten bucks. ROBERT Z. Cook, the Jersey City (N. J.) Savings Bank einblezzler, has been sentenced to five years in the State's Prison. Three gamblers exchanged about fifteen shots on tlie streets of Salt Lake, Utah, tbe other day, in settlement of some trouble originating in a gambling-house in that city, and one of tbe trio was seriously wounded. F. J. Frikp, formerly an extensive lumber merchant at Oikland, Nebr., has ab sconded, leaving unpaid liabilities to t he amount of .21,000. E. A. Shannon, who had recently cut quite a swell in Dallas (Tex.) society, has been arrested and laken to Waco, where ho was wanted on a charge of theft. The live train robbers arrested re cently, after a desperate battle, for an at tempt to roll a Union Pacific train near S tit I. ike, Utah, have been sentenced to the Penitentiary, Nay, TIawley and Francis for fourteen and Karl and Jackson for twelve t ears. WlfsCKI.I.AN KOI S. John Crawford, Auditor of Arkan sas, finding his accounts short, has handed the President of the Senate a mortgage on his real estate, running two years. There was little change in the flood reports on th 2tlth. Backwater in the ; bower Mississippi regions was still causing inupli damage, and a frpsh break in the levee two miles above (ireenvillc. Ark., had flooded several plantal ions. A new pest-house has been estab lished at LesdviHc, Colo., and the public ' schools have been closed on account of small-pox. Another great plot has been un earthed In Brussels by the discovery of compromising documents. From the dis i covery arrests were expected to be made in Berlin, Vienna, St. Petersburg and Paris. A ciRcri.AR has been issued by ex Secrctary Win. loin. John W. Candler, and others, announcing their acceptance as trus ! tees of a new Stock F.change in New York. A large number of applications for meni 1 berahip have already been made. It is pro ; posed to sell five hundred seats at io.OOU each, and commence business May 1. Iskormehs in seven Spanish towns exposed the workings of a treasonable so ciety, with funds and secret tribunals re cently, and the authorities made over five hundred arrests. A i.kpkr sent from Honolulu to Phil ! adelphia, Pa., some mouths sjnee, (or treat ment by nn emiuent surgeon, has been re- ! turned uticuted. The man Hayes, who jumped from a train in Indiana the other day and could not be found, fell in an ovciOnwed creek, was washed ashore by the freshet, picked up by farmers and sent on to St. bonis. II o wag craed from the effects ol an injury to his head. Mary Daniels, claiming $100,000 from tbe Central Hudson Railroad lor iu : juries received in the Spuyten Duyvll (N. j Y.j disaster, has setllej Tor W.000, the largest sum ever paid by that company lor personal injuries. A LARt'.it meeting of citizens was held in Cincinnati, O., the other day to discuss a bill proposing to create a street and sani tary commission lor two years and place a million dollars at its disposal. The vote was practically unanimous iu favor of the me as u re. The First National Hank of Union Mills, Union Citv, Pa., has closed its doors . It Is believed the depositor will ba naid in full. Gilbert L. Crowell, of New York, has ruined hlmsclt and three leinale rela tives who had trusted their Joint fortunes amounting to f 739.001 to his care, by in vesting too heavily In a worthless silver mine in Utah. The Hood was at a stand at Cairo on the J7ib, but the situation was still perilous. The lower river was rising slowly. At Arkansas City, Ark., there was no further apprehension felt. The worst was believed to be over. The Jcannetto Board of Inquiry has adjourned to await the return of the surviv ors of the crew from Siberia. The last spike in the Clark's Fork division of the Northern Pacific Railroad has been driven at Wellsvillc, Montana. Lt cics Clark & Co., proprietors of the South Bend (Ind.) Paper-mill, called a meeting of their creditors a few days ago. The seven ( 1 irk brothers are interested in paper manufacture in the West, running eight establishments. It was reported on the 28th that in fionio parts of County Donegal, Ireland, nearly every house had some one sick lor want ot food. The public debt reduction for Febru ary is estimated at $7,500,000. A blast containing 131 kegs of pow- per at tlie end of an eight-foot tunnel, in the Utah Central quarries, displaced 200,- 000 tons of limestoneon the 27th. Pkesioemt Arthur recently ad vanced $23,000 lo Pastor Galligan, of the Church of the Holy Name of Jesus, New York City, to enable the pastor to erect a new edifice. (Jeoroe II. Taylor fc Co., wholesale printers and stationers of Chicago, III., have failed for 120,000. Ice had put an embargo on the water supply of Milwaukee, Wis., oil the 28 Lb, and ihe city araa threatened with a water famine. The total fund for the relief of the Diamond Mine sufferers In Braidwood, III., had reached $10,090 on the 28th. The 6,000,600 loan recently called for by the Mexican Central Railroad Com pany his been all subscribed. The Crown Prince of Germany has been gazetted Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of Bath. It is laid that 500,000 pounds of dried apples were exported from Ibis country la-d year. Thk relief committee at Cincinnati, O., had received (1 50,000 to a recent date, and the municipal appropriation of $.V),000 would probably be returned to the Treasury. The losses at I ..aw re nee burg, Ind., had been carefully computed at $433,000; A daughter of the late Jesse Hoyt, of New York, was last summer sent to an iiis:me asylum in Philadelphia, Pa. She was released as a sane person the other day and announced that she would contest her father's will, on the ground of undue influ ence . The city of Altoona, Pa., which is without a pared street and has defective sewers, is in a hopeless financial condition. Thk tobacco factory of Myers Broth ers & Co. nt Lynchburg, Ya., worth $120, 00), was destroyed by fire a few days ago. Bavier Brothers, silk merchants of Lyons, France, have failed for $500,000. In the star-route trial at Washington, l. C, recently, Merrick denounced Inger sol as a puppy, and in return was called a dirty dog. Both subsequently apologized to t he Court. Such was the distress at Loughrea, Ireland, on the 1st, that crowds besieged the houses of the priests, clamoring lor fond. The Town Commissioners were hur riedly convened to take relief measures. The property of Brown, Bonnell & Co. at. Youngstown, O., was released from si izure on the 1st, and arrangements were made to light the fires soon. The Receiver of a bankrupt Savings Bank at New Haven, Conn., has been ad vised by a letter signed "Justice" to pay a ten per cent, dividend or see his grave within six weeks. S. H. Fox A- Co., of Oneida County, N. V., the larg-st glass manufacturing firm in that State, have made an assignment. Liabilities, $190,000. D. N. Steer, Treasurer of Ocorgia, his recently sold $161,000 of United States bonds for his Stale and ptaeed the proceeds, exceeding $180,000, in bank to reduce the d bt of the state. CONDENSED TELEGRAMS. In the United States Senate on the 2d conference report on the District of Co lumbia bill was agreed to and a new confer ence on the Postal bill was ordered. A reso lution was adopted for a committee to in quire into the condition of the Sioux Indi ans. Conference report on the Army bill was agreed to. The House refused to con cur in amendments to the Sundry Civil bill. Several bills passed under the Pound rule. The Frost- Sessinghaus contest was consid ered and Ses-ingh ins scute. 1. The suffering at the flood-swopt city of Shawneetown, III., was increasing on the 2d. Only thirty houses were habitable and malarial fevers and other sickness were frightfullv prevalent. At Helena, Ark., on the 2d they were expecting a greater flood than that of last year, which was the greaiest ever known. Damage in Southeast Missouri it was said would exceed that of last ypar, the water being a foot higher than then. At Vicks burg a more hopeful view was taken of the prospect . James Wit, sun, of Tama County, Iowa, lias resigned hi- position of Riilway Commissioner to contest the election to Congress from the Fifth District. A new disease among horses has be come epidemic in the lumber camps of Mich igan. It reae sables glanders. The coinage at the various United states .Mints for February were -l.jt-.o1''. of which $2,400,000 were standard silvar dollars. Hank Monk, the Nevada stage-driver, has gone to Join Horace Greeley, who. gave him a national reputation as a dare-devil on the mountain slopes. Durihu a debate in Congress on the 1st Senator Anthony said it would cost f, 0X to print the pension list lurnisiied tbe Senate. A oeneral suspension of the Pitts burgh, Pa. , glass factories was threatened on the 2d. Thk (Governor of Pennsylvania has asked for an investigation of charges of tax dodging against the Standard Oil Company in that State. Masked burglars robbed the houses of Farmers Bixler and Wiffenbach, near Slrasburg, Ok, recently, by gagging and binding the daughter in each bouse and makir.g her tell where the valuables and money were kept. They got several thou sand dollars in the first and $4,000 in the second. A sneak thief stole 71,000 worth of bonds from the (iuaranlee Trust Deposit Company ol Philadelphia on the 2d. Sinc. Lum, a Chinese murderer un der sentence ol death in San Francisco. Cal., got ahead of the hangman on the 2d by com mitting suiue. SO UT II EKS U I A '. V N I NGS. A well-known stock raiser of La Sella County, Tex., reported a few days ago that cattle were dying by hundreds iu that coun ty from the effects of the late cold weather. Wati.r holes were filled with dead animals and every hour added to the mortality. Several parties who recently purchased cattle at high prices to embark in the business would be bankrupted, as they were unprepared to feed and shelter animal, and had not the means to bide the time neces sary to recuperate. The failure of Yearger, Pety & Co., dry goods, Rdeigh, N. C, has been an nounced. They expected to pay all their creditors in full. Uufus Butler, of Glasgow, Scotland, went to Dallas, Tex., a few days ago in search of hi son, who was kidnapped five years ago and brought to America. Mr. Butler bail sppnt five years of time and a great deal ol money in the effort to find his son, hut without avail. He was much dis couraged, but will n t abandon the search. Two wood-ehoppers named Frank Blake and Sam Webb had a difficulty near Belmont, Ky., a few days ago, about a Job of work they had on band, when Blake struck Webb a fearful blow in the face. Webb theu seized an ax and sent the Made into the base of Blake's skull, and the lat ter's death was expected. Webb escaped. Dinah Snell, a colored woman aged 102 years, who resides at Cynthiana, Ky. , was granted some money recently by the County Court, and two negro women, on bearing of it, garroted tbe old woman and beat her nearly to death in a vain effort to get the money from her. At the recent sale of trotters at Cyn thiana, Ky.. sixty-one hpad were sold at an average of $:t70. Martha W. sold for f2,050; Hatskln, $1,800; Ethan Wilkes, three years, $1,100; yearling Wilkes, $1,500; Iwo Ham brino Wilkes, $1,100 each. In the recent shooting match at Lou isville, Ky., between Dr. Carver and l!o gardus, 100 birds, thirty yards rise, the foimer won by one bird, the score being 83 to S2. The giving way of a trestle leading up to Raccoon Bridge, on the Kist Tennes see, Virginia & Georgia Road, near Atlanta, Oa. , the other day demolished about twen ty cars, killed R. Tidwell. engineer, and Charles Walker, a negro brakeman, and dangerously wounded two passengers. The derailing of a freight engine drawing .'even cars at the Short Line Junc tion, South Louisville, Ky., lately, threw till the cars on the main track, tore away part of the depot platform, damaged the water-tank and splintered the seven cars. The Knoxville Branch and Nashville trains were delayed until a track was laid around the wreck. No one hurt, Tom Lamb, a negro desperado who admitted having killed seven men, was fatally shot at Fort Worth, Tex., recently. Henry Watterson, editor of the Ixmis ville CMrier-JowTdi by invitation of tbe Democratic members of the Tennessee Leg islature, delivered an address in Nashville thp other night on tax reform and tariff. Within nine miles of Memphis, Tenn., Daniel Townsend and his wife, Minerva, while sleeping, were shot and slain a few days ago by Alexander Hill, a youthful farm band, who slept in the same room. He lied in his night clothes, but wns captured. The contract for building the walls along the creek at Hot Spring, Ark., lias been let to the second lowest bidder, an Ar kansas contractor. The bid was $72,000. A Government engineer, who prepared the plans for the work, says it will cost $05,000 ,to accomplish if as the Government desires it done. One of the most celebrated murder cases in Texas was closed tile ot her day by the Court of Appeals affirming the decision of the lower court that Andrew J. Walker must endure imprisonment for life. He murdered Green Butler, a prominent stock man, near Galveston, in May, 1882. The Mayor of Austin, Tex., has ap pointed a committee of aldermen to provide a pest-house, anticipating the introduction of small -pox at that place. John Barrow, a quiet, peaceable citi zen of Pike County, living near Barnesvifle, Ga., went into town the other day and sur rendered himself, saying that he had killed a negro named Jerry Collier the night be fore. The Coroner summoned a fury and held an investigation, and the verdict was that Jprry Collier was willful ly murdered by John Barrow. The Coroner's inquest developed the fact that the negro was shot in the face, but that the shot that killed him entered his back and pierced his left lung. The cause of the trouble was some words between the negro and Barrow's father. His father told him about it, and they both went to the negro's house and the difficulty occurred. Books were opened at Galveston, Tex., recently for a morigige bank, and subscriptions to the amount ol $2,000,u00 were made. An inexhaustable mine of kaolin has been discovered lately in a mountain frlide in Totfns County, Georgia. Burglars at Howe Station, Tex., after preparing a safe for explosion a few days ago, piled' sacks of coffee about it and wrapped them in wet sloths. Two doors were thus blown off, and no one was alarmed by the noise. Dr. John M. Duke, one of the ablest physicians in Kentucky, died at Maysville recently, of paralyi. Samuel O. Fowier, a veteran of the successful struggle of Ti xas for independ ence, died in Louisville, Ky., a few days ago. W. H. II. Holly was arrested near the Arkansas line and taken to Shreveport, La., the other day, charged with robbing the mail coach between Shreveport and Minden on the 27th ot last July. He was also charged with horse-stealing in Bell Caunty, Tex., some time in 1S77, and was arrested then but escaped Irom the Sheriff while en route to that count-y. Water, water everywhere ! A San Antonio, Tex., paper of a re cent date says: "The price of cattle has advanced 150 per cent, in the last five years; it is now believed the maximum has been reached. The drive this year will be the last of any great magnitude. Hereafter the cattle product will be ent to market by rail or sail. Baughman Brothers, stationers and printers, Richmond, Va., have assigned. Lia bilities, $90,000; assets, $02,004 . The embar rassment is attributed to losses sustained in New York, where two years ago they estab lished a branch house. John Taylor has been appointed Post master at Richmond, Ky. For alleged failure to collect licenses and taxes, suit for $7o,oo0 has been brought against the bondsmen of the ex-Sberiff at Vicksburg, Miss., recently. Similar action would be taken against the preent County Treasurer for receiving warrants in settle ment. A recent telegram from Tallahassee, Fla., announced that tbe bill incorporating tbe International Railroad and Steamship Company had been signed by the Governor. General Gordon, of Georgia, is the leading spirit. A trunk railroad will be built down the backbone of the peninuU to Key West. THE TARIFF BILL AS PASSED BV THE SENATE. A Wnshinirton special to the Chicago Tritt KMf of the L2d gives the follow n. summary of the Senate Tariff bill: Th" b ll repeals all internal-revenue ta.is e.t'-,.pt the wlnsksy and beer tax and the tax up on b .nk cireulation, makuir n loud intern reduoSapn, rnsstW'S'l wiih last eir's bus -lies, of ! 1,5 si,29i",. 'lb 'tariff port on of tbe bill BTH SUsthl S all ch np s for vh it arc known as pack-tr- s ui.d the cost of Inland trausportati n. This it is ct mated, will reduce th expense-of impor tation i n l.'r the e -isiing law about Bve per cent. The e-cn iral changes m id I by the Si n at.-a-conipirod with the ex sling law are n th" direction of lower rat 's. To thi- there sr comparative y lew exceptions. 'I h SSB nro even fewer exceptions a the t-ompaii sou Is made with tho bill rrpVrtcd hy the Tariff C. modssSsxfi Tber hn osen a 1 ;ro mini or of article s oddel to tfco frep list Of the fourteen schedules e mposin the bi:i. four vi. : "Si k," toii((" "acmpai.d flax ' n:id "Ii' in r; nr pruct c di) un hanged a cm ;iirnliv thth cn inn law. Ihecxeep-ti- us in t h' ;; scheiiu les art : A n ine : - in t e iiit a i ch in nunc: on leal' tntassxo usol ex clusively li;r wrippinr: a red ictton oi in d ty on ran juo ; and the plac.iw ol jute bulls on the fn e .isf. Tlie pr'ji pid changes in t' e var oim s h al ul is a eon pared With tLoox st n& law ar ; S fi.l.nws: MWUVLI A (Hi: MICA l.s. Chetn CalR were r dur d by the Tariff sUsq m :s don from tv ntj-tive to thirty p. r coat, over existing; rat-. The cltar.fr s in t. c y the S ii i to hii.e h c:i in th direction of lurtln r rein. ion. Puos, hales an 1 lerl li o s I nve D ten place "ftp n the free 1st l.'cbicl.on hi ve be. n mad ; upon ae ry till dreg aihi dyes. The only eve p ionist:,ei n-i ens m id up in the extract of si i mac, to - ati ' y the V ii if n i s mac i dus ry. 'the ex i pt a in crea oa in th - schedni arc the rH ration o lead proi!u .8. .iuc and s c'ter oihoollr.t s Th rwi of t ,cch mical se.icdul w: s r du I. Bl-chromate f potaanwae r i! ii.i t thte Cent. an i i iii.me ilyes to ihi ty-l.vo DO c -u . ml valo c i. 3 Lose changes are itpRO' lain lo yers and cotton manulVctnr rJ- A lar- Ii i mil. -r ol cl.eai icals n w . I ! liable are phicci' u oa the fr e ii -t by the T ri i Ci m mission, and thte number wes eoosste ably iiicc:iisl by the Sen ale Th r w s, ho .vevcr. an In CrcSS O. tbedhty on saltp tor of omsh If n cent a i ouuu. eaupaiM t sakthsitwabi and olass W A TIB. The rat s r main pracl ni'iy lis roporiC'ib.' the Finance Com'hfftee, with Ih" exception that common w nd. w-glass w s re liiced hall a CSSat n pound. The rites of the lonmi t c were about he per cent, less than he tae r mata I by he Ti r II C miii.s-ion and wore Intended be e u Iv dent to The p escnt ra e ;. The Tariff t o.i m ss on Increases) them on ac count of the abolition of lh duties ' ii pack ages and inland transportat on. The laritT C isamtes on incr as-- w s 15 or cent, n 1 valo rem. Tie Senate redu' e 1 it to in pe-cent, and abolished the charg -s and inland t an : po tata n which, the coininitte claimed, w I. make the rate of duty about five per cent. 1 s than th e.xis'lnir 1 Mr, iho red 'c;.on b -ing en tlrijy i i the effect of the nb .litiou of the duty on packages ami inland t aup irUltlou. Si II Kill I. K l ..IK 1 AI.S. The rates adopt' d by the Senate are, in somi imp irtant i art eti ars considerabl v lowerthnn the rati s rep rted by the Tari f Commission. Iron- r 1 rem lins t Ihe same rates .") cents a ton- a lixerl by the Tnritt Commission, which is alsnu tbe pre-e it rate. Piff-lr n. wrought and scrap iron are reduced from to fi.50 per ton; wrought scrnn-iion from $s to t'..MI; steel rolls Irom ts.s t i f Li.62 ier ion; bur Iron Ii ro duc d on ihe averuft I Htnut: onisspiai-ter cent per p and; buss a sheet-iron is loluced from thrc cents to two cei ts er pomvl: si eet-iron is ri'iluc d on an average ol m e-quarier cent prr pound : tin pistes are reduced Ir. m one and one tenth t i one cent per pound; cotton tie remain um hung -d; wire rods, iron and -reel, th has s of barbed-wire are sub stunt ally lined uigel; wire, steel ami iron r.-duc d an a era ire of one-quarter "1 a cen per pound. Th a rate on all steel below five i out i r pound in value is ftxed at 40 p;r cent, sd v. kn m. Th.s i; an advance of to per cent, on Bes'esaer blooms Msd on all the 1 wer gr ides of steels heh under the present liw arc admltte I a- 'steel not otherwise ii ovided, for." This state cent of the iticiOA-so, howev er, requires exi l nation The 'treasury Tie-liirlu-nt has as ssod 45 p r cent, on this i las er steel rs inaiiuliictures of steel n t other Wise pro ided for; the I n ted States Circuit Court in few York has decided that this steel BB MSt come in simply us steel not otherwise provided for. nt 3J jter cent, sd valorem. The increase of 10 per cent, therefore, intheSi n lie b II is a reduction of tlvo p'-r cent, on the IHvi-t cc of the 'liets'iry, but an ineresse of tivo per cent over what th I I n to 1 States Court says the law is Th s, really, is a practical decrease over the existing law, th present rate being two and one quarter p r cent, per pound on all enumerator! steel veined at les than seven c -nts pur piuii'i. The rates on Steel above five cents per pound, and not above fiv n, are as under the present law. On st el veined at seven to nine cents io -pound there is a rcducti. u of thrce-fi.ti'th of a cent per pound over ihe present law; above nu s cents per i ootid in value, a redact on of one-half a c nt per p und. Steel in forms n t spec ally provided tor lemains at "ii per cent, a I valorem, th" present rate. The non ei.ume nted cla-s -s of manufactures of iron and steel are tixed at ea per cent. n nil vari ous enumerated forms of manufactures of iron mid steel the rales adopted by the Semite re substantially those of the Tarilf Co nana s Bion, vvh ch ar an average reduction of "JO per cent, below the present r tes. SCHKIU I.K II WOOli Nil W OODKN-WAnr. Th's sehcdu e remains about the sa no ns the cxistin..' law. This Stheduie, la which n re luction would have beneti o l the farmT, 'S malntaine I at existing rates for the benefit of the nsmber I ar.ins. S IHCIfTl,E K srevo. The reduction of sugar boioiv No. 13 Hutch standard in color is about IS per -.'rit.. r cents a pound. This would I c a i e lucl on of the revenue from sugar of $S,4w4)UI The re duction onsugarabove No. 13 Dptch stand ard Is ab ut 3S per cent, of the p ei nt rutes. This is a larger reduction above than on these below. ncmeafsut f tobacco. I ho notable change in th- totvteco schedule is tho n tease i n tohaceo use I exclusiv-lv for wriippimr. known a the -uinatra tobacco, from '.5 cents to f 1 per pound. SCII K.I 'libit c PHOVlSiOSS. Most of th -articles in this sehcdu 1- remain Unchanged. Hurley and malt are re tin ed five cents a hostel. Itiee is raised a puartey of a wnt a poutid. 'there Is a slight increase on or nsrss and lemons, and hen-iuas are put on the frie list. There is a luii-'e reduocon In dried traits, flfrs, ralAtrosnd Saeat-meatK ont m ai is reduced one-half real per pound. Chocolate and chicory are reduced. BCHTOCLS 11 l.tgioits. The notable change Is cn increase of the duty cm champagne of ti per dozen dSswts, and a eorrespoud mr hicri a e iu pints. si'imm.t,K j COTTOwa, There l a reduct on of an a I eiase of about Xi per cent, ad valor, m on th iTe-ent rates. Thi r is a gene-al reduction upon alt articles, cxcep infc fine hosiery, cotton LaoBS, embroid eries, inserti igs, lace windows-urt i ns, and O itton velvet. These nrtieles are nil increased from .'io to -10 per cent, ad valorem. Sl'HKIll.bK .1 HKMF, JI I K AM) FIAI. Itaw hemp is increased frr m f 15 to $20 per ton and jnto-bnlts put on the free list. MC'HEDiri.K K Wi lOT.BNS. The clothing and combing wools are ro du e I about l l cen's on wo 1 b low PX) cents in v: due and 12 cents '.n wool SbOV6 30 cents. Carpet woo's are reluce-l oni-slth of tho am unt of the diith s from th ee cents to two and one-h ill cents lor wool b- low cents la Taue a id from s x to nve c nts for wools ati ve the sp xrffic duty. WooIcti goods and ad manufact: reisof woolen are rclucel on an av erage to 35 per cent, ad valor m. The rc dui tion on carpets is at least S pas' cent, over the present rates. All wool ares go i !s aro frive i a new description, and ihe rati s are in-e-easo-1 one cent a urd above present rate. Th s is the only increase in this schedule. 1 1 is made os ensibly to i-tiro inwo the manufacture ot this class of poods as a new indusirg. MiHtDl l t ly -ILKS. The rates nr e reduced to 50 p- r ent. ad valorem frm 60 per cent, the existing rate. scieori.K m hi ok.-'. Rooks aro rrsluee 1 from 25 to 15 per cent, art valorem. Hooks in foreign lacfruages are put on lb e free list. It. auk Is o .s an! paper ar redueid to 'JO per cent a i valorem. scHKm-i.K st vmtirs. The r-diictons ajenerally nmaj 25 p r cent. Ossil was rut nt 75 d-nts. per ton, the c v istimr late: sail re lucid :0 per c nt below the present rates, with a proviso tha! .dt use I in pa'-uin meats and tth shiui b free, and th dut s'ndl lie n mitted on sa't used lor iiiri isr purposes. Thi makes salt almost free, fit ' pt la'ile sail. 'I be rate on hats an 1 bon nets Is redo I abi nil an, p rp nt. in -Ni i.i-sn IS. The rednct'ons In the bill, it is estimated by the Finance Committee, n ill reach : rs-r t ent. Th:s reduction of :l p-r cent, does not In II c ite, in any decree, what the effect upon the revi nuc will l o. -- A Brookitx boarding-house keeper has brought a suit of thirt- en thousand dollars for lorty-seven years' board furnished an old bachelor who died recently with a fortune of $270,000. He left her a legacy of five thou sand dollars, and directions that she should charge him ei;ht dollars a week for the time he bad lived and roomed with her after de ducting eight do lars a month for tho rent ol the bouse -h!ch belonged to him. He in tended to marrv her. hut put It off, until he tiled, concluding to pa." for his asm board in stead of lor hers. lSi-ooklyn ( .V. Y. ) KagU, Ths late Samuel WiUctta, of New Y. rk, who left an etite valued at $5.fX,(iO . be queathed $M i.ooo for edu atlosal and c.'iari tb!e turposea A TIVSII FOR LIBERTY. Mutinous Convicts Apply the Torch to the UmooM I'cnil. nl iai-y A BoM Plan ol Escape frustrated by determined Guards. jemttsos ft rv, m . February ?3. This city was to-day the seen" of one of the most exciting events in the state's history a fire in the penitentiary, attn ted with a threatened outbreak of convict.s. uiiigin of THE S11CS, The firewas sot by a desperado named John It. Johnson, who was sent up for highway robbery in October, lS2, fr mi Shelby County. Ho is sei ving a twelve years Sentence. His object, it appears, was to effect lit s escape. n once before tried to make his escape, in Hocember lat, by cutting the bars in the new cell building, .m0114 bis accomplices are IV. F. Taylor, who wns sent up from Jaehaow County for sixteen ycais, also lor robbery, ami Perry Martin, who is on a twelve years' sentence from Barry County, for stage rob berv ; also John William, basse for two years, for breaking Jalt in .tackson County. A liltlo after twelve noon Johnson with ill e- .'t his nccoinplii-es wtuit into tho drying depart ment of the straw collar shop and romnienced an assault on Ifathew scbinberg, formerly of 1 uo cdlar depart ment. He made s tveral pas-ses with a big knife, sltiiin nt Scidnberg's breast, when the latter iaise.1 his arm to ward of tlio thrust and was severely cut in two places 011 his arm, the g:vhes frolnir to the bona. The desperadoes then knoekod Sehinborg down, stood him up again and walked him over into a corner and fOKHAIXKJl II IW TIIftltK. navinr thus li.xed Scbinberg they next at tacked bis partnei , John Snyder, mule lum Wns trip his clothes, which Johnson put on, and thus dressed in "square" clolhes he walked out of the shop, seized a shoit ladder mul ixoiiig to the northeast angle of the peni tentiary yard placed the ladder against the wall. T. J. I.ovc, a guard of the round house, not shspecttng a convict there iu "square" clothes. inquired , "IVbnf are you go ing to do with that ladder:-" Johnson an 8 vercd that there was a little trouble among the prisoners in the yard above and he was pent there to assist in 1 uar ling the point. The uard then threatened to shoot him if he did not get down from the ladder at once. Johnson then went back to tie-st ulliiisf shop and with a match set fire to the loose straw vised in stulling collars. Ho also cut the ho.se, and meeting again with Schbxberg he threat ened to kill him. iu: AKMI'.n UIMSI.I.K with a club in one hand and B knife and shoo hammer in the other, and then ran into Sulli vnu's Saddle tree shop, drove in the guard and attempted to rouse the eonvfds to re volt, and, had ho succeeded, amid the general confusion caused by the fire, ho would have been successful in making his escape. Fail ing In this he went into the old cetl-houss, when: he was captnrod by Captain ltrailbury. He dropped his weapons on seeing Bradbury. He was flien conveyed with his accomplices into the blind-cell. CAPTAIN IlllA nilPUV'S STATK VI KNT. fnpt. Bradbury, the Deputy Warden, male the following statement: "The nre occurred about li:30 o'clock, just at the tini w hen nearly all the contractors and foremen had gone to dinner. Word wns s-nt nsethSSShevp was trouble and a mutiny among tbe 1 onvic'a in the collar department. I Immedi ately notified Warden Willis and then went into tho yard, revolver in band, and captured all the convicts then i minim,' loose and sent them to their cells. I was not aware until after this that a tire had been set. but as soon as this fact wsgl ascertained 1 tnrnoil out all the convict vv ho could le trusted to help sav e th prop erty. I was inform hI that Johnsrm had started the lire, and in company with a num ber of confederates were doing all In their power to keep it from being extimrulshed. In company with Mr. Tolin, I captured Johnson and Taylor, who were armed with knives, and had been Cutting the hose w henever an opportunity afforded. Johnson failed to es cape by climbing over the w all. He then hurried back to the co Ilnr shop and SET IT OM FIUK. The shop was full of straw and other com bustible matter and consequently burned very rapidly. About twenty live of the eon vi ts were in the mutiny and the number In creased until they were checked. Johnson was the ring leader, and with his confeder ates they overpowered the guard, Van Horn, whom Johnson Compelled to chamm clotnes with him, thinking, no doubt, that he could pass the outsiil' guard without detection If dressed in rltlsaai's clothes." Captain I'.radbury further stated that John son was a desperate character and would fre quently make serious trouble in the prison. Recently he made an utisu -cessful attempt to escape, t taptain Bradbury estimates tho num ber of prisoners) t h it will be idle as a conse quence of the fire at COfl. tiik miif.nmr.s biuivko wore as follows: No. 2 shop, occupied by Strauss ft Co. as a collar and lbirness factory. No. 3 shop, first and second floors occupied by Strauss aV Co. as a tannery and whip shop, and third floor occupied by the Excelsior; Broom Company. Tho east end of this build ing also contains the State Carpenter and weaving shops, while the basement i us d as a machine shop. Shop No. I, occupied on the first floor by the standard shoe Company, and on the second nnd third floors by the l.ie-ecke Hod and Shoe Company. These buildings have all been erected with in the last ten years. TUB STATK'.S LOSS on this property Is total, and will foot up to fse.'T I according to the inventory by the ap praisers and reported by the inspectors to tbe Assembly on January 15 last, ot this amount shops 2, :t and 4 represent respectively 12,500, 52-; 000 and $1SOOO. The inach'iiery, boilers and shafting stand for $15,250, while the bal nnee covers the oil house, hose house, water tanks, corn mills, machine shops, woolen factory, carpenter shops and furuituro ho lontting to the State in tho shops. The fire throws 550 pilsoners ar.d fifty square men out ot eu.pio . me .it. It will Probably take tbe whole of the building season to re build and refit tho shops, bat the Warden thinks a large part of the men will le at work in three months. TIIK. COXTKArTortS' bOSSK. It is impossible to estimate accurately Iho manufacturers' loSJesal present. Kr.Gteaeefce is insured for Isn.osO, and his loss will not equal this amount, as he succeeded in sav iug a portion of the stock. Mr. Siraass says he is insured lor something like y,2 .noil, hut thinks hi actual loss on stock is betw ee 1 fliu.ooo and $lO0 S00. The Standard Shoe Company earrv an insurance of fTC.OO 1, and this amount is somewhat in excess of their loss. The Kveel sior Broom Company's loss is $7,00i, and not insure.!. A HF.SPKKATF. MAST. Johnson, the ring-ieader of the revolt to day was sent up from Shelby County for rob bery nnd grand larceny and was a terror to t hat county. He put up at a hotel in that county and during the night ho entered ttie bed -loom of the proprietor with a cocked re volver, and, in the presence of his wiie, compelled the man t iro d urn staJrs, unlock the safe and le"ver his money quite a large sum. He was ar rested, it taking twenty-four men to capture 1dm. miring bis trial at Shelhyvllfe he Jumped out of tin- Court-house window, car rving out the sash, and In the fall broke Ids leg. Johnson ma lea desperate effort toescTipe while on his way to Jefferson City by an at tempt to sunt h a pistol from one of the guards. He was overpowered and brought here in irons. Expiring Bank Charters. Wasiiingtos, P. C, February tk. To-morrow the charters of more than 300 National Banks in various parts of the conn try expire. Nearly all the banks first estab lished went Into operation on February SI, 3s,.i, nd their charter pet-too of twenty years ha terminated. All hut five have been ex amined by special agents. and will k on with out delay, under new charters, but with the same organization. The others will do ths same as s ion as the examiners report upon them. iot one has given notice that it pre ferred 1 1 close up business. From this time bank charters will be constantly expiring, but on no day so many as to morrow. A WaniBg fo Investors iu (.locrnim ill Lauds. One day last wi ek a deed whs brought to tin Record -r's Office here to be roc r led, which was e.ve -nted In imx. l uring all theie yetrs t' e holder has ha 1 10 rei onl t tie toh'S f inn. nnd. bad tb ortfrinnl owner Iwsii so .p. p.., .' Could have sold it again, an 1 halth- iorond piiichsser recorded his deed he would hnv e held the legal title. There are thousands of like nstance.s in this and o her Stales 1 v erj hold r of a deed of real estate should make sure lhat it is on record. In tho In ted Slates Land Odtee here are nearly 0 1 tlnvi rn mental patents of bind, which should lid In possession of the owner, of th.- land, and on record in the proper c anity. Some of Hie en tile w hich they r. -present are thirty and forty years old. It is not frenemlly known, or this would not be the ease; the holder of this land has no evidence of title to his Ian 1 whn'evcr, nnd should he die no convi yr.nee rmi i he made, and there would t trouble in settluifi the estate. All to hoi's is the eerliftcato of purchase from the lfeglter nn I Receiver of the Laad Ullice, wh ch. If ho will read, only shows that he has paid so much money for 11 certain quant ,tv of land- a simple receipt for mney. It gives no title, and guarantees nothing. If he has sold the land on Ihe has a Off such ccrtitieate he has doneso w thou' legal right or t tie. It is well-known that in th -rush for (iovemment 1- nd twenty-live ve rs ago mistakes wore liable to 1 ecur, and did oc cur. In many Instance , certificates an I patents were duplicabsl. In several instants when patties roteivtd their pat nts It de scr bod nn entirely diffcient tract of land from the certificate. In one Instance a cr on, who, afier waiting many yi nts, ciune hen; to get his patent or d e l, found t wii for a tract dlf terent from thnt dcscrilicd iu his oortifloatc. He h; d sold the laud and given a warranty deed. The innd d serlb -d In tho patent had already In on taken by another pui chaser who r coived a ccrtilicate for tho umo Ian I. had frot his patent, and sold It again. The first purchaser having dis o erod the con'lictiug title, sought to correct It, when he dlscovcre I his mis like, and tout a certificate of purchase was not a deed by a large majority. It cost him a good s in of money to settle w th his grantee. Proba" ly Hp) M holders or Hovern ment laud in this Stale are In the same fix. and it is only by am rendering their certificates at the land ollieo that oirors, if any exist, cm lie correct d. This is true of all purchases ol (Jovernment land in any State. And h"re arises another dillieulty. If tho original pur chaser has died, and it is discovered t: at a wrong tract has la-en deeded or patent d, n new patent OS deed can not Issue, for Ian 1 can ii"t be Conveyed to n dead man. Hence, every heliProf Covernmcnt land, whether the orig inal purchas r or not, should kn w thnt the (jovernment patent is of record. I and shnrks oxist every when', and they wll cause trouble when least SXpSeted Oft Mimr la.) Stei-u I U St. Lout ObatedDemerMat, Voting Immigrants. Miss Louise Slater, aired three ye: rs, nnd Master Willie Slater, ag d live, came all alone sen s the broad A'lan ic as steerage p iss n gerson Ihe steamer Lake M chigan, which ar rived from I, verpo 1 the ether day. They en joy the distinction of being the very younfrest children who ever lauded ui Castle liarlen uu acccmpanied by their parents or guar I tins. "1 hey are as ro 'y-eh. eked and h nlfhy a pnir of inf nuts as one would wish to See, and a they trotted about the rotunds hand III hand th y looked itlloacther comfortable and happy. They were waimly 1 nd le ntly dressed, and It was phi n to be seen thnt sonic on had cared for them during the long and stormy voyauo The rep rter had his suspicions concerning m therly-lookinir worn 111 who watched the children with smiling eyes. ' LOS I, sir," she sad, ".he babes were well looked a'ter. I didn't do more nor the- r -M. Kvcry man and woman iu the ship felt kindly toward 'em nnd they couldn't have had better are if their own mother was with 'cm. I hcy'rc dear Utile ones and I have grown as fond of 'cm as mv own." When Slater and his wife, ihe parents of the liltlo travelers, e line to this city from Fnglnud six mouths ago, they were p sir nnd IsH the chtl Iren In a charitable institution in Liverpool, until they b id made a home for them, and s ived enough money to pay tbeir passage. Th- mother wns Sent for and was ov rrjocil t 1 me -t bcr li tie one. Master Will e. dfc lug h s short stay in the rotunda, developed astonish ng Industry Tnd ingenuity Inge ling into in schlef. Ho turned a water faucet and nearly Hooded Castle Har den, burned h lingers w.th a bot pQB. pulled the y ellow h ir of a big Herman boy, pinched a Swedish baby until it howled, g set sn 1 11 k stand over some ollieiul records, nnd tripped up an Irishman with a books I nana The New Eive-Ccnl Pie o. At Ihe time, a few weeks ago. the coinage of th ' new nickel w as I egiin at Ihe Philade phia Mini th Chiea o Daily thud secured mil pul lish. il cuts showing b dh fac s of Ihe new coin. At that time it was IhoiiR-ht (his new five-cent pi CC w. uld soon h-i-ntno familiar t s I by I elmr generally and lib. rally d a libute I throughout the . ouiitri , but I s futthcr coin age h is Is; -ii stopped for reasons which w II appear below. The cuts, as published In the 7ciuii, are 1 s fo lows: The fact that there is nothing on the coin to Indicate its value except tbe "V" 011 the of verse was so m ' made a note of" by coun terfeiters, who st once commenced gilding the pieces with gold and palming tbem off 011 un snsp cting parties for Bve-dollar gold pfeoes, and he .oo th" (iovernment authoiiU'S have ceased th further minting of the new nickels. ThSVe b.-mg a limited numb r of th-- new pieces In c.n ulalion in dilli nnt sections of the country a lively di mand has sprung up for th"in by -o n hunters, and they are al ready commanding a premium of from one hundred to four hundred per cent, over tbeir face vhIuu. The R0 met. I'rivn e s I 'ntifio o s vitions of tbe new (wift comet which was discov ered on Friday night, but at lb Chester, N. V., were made at ih- private observatory of George lilldor sleevetn this city last evening. The result was highly satisfactory. The jHisiflon of tho come: wns found to Is? appnximately In riajht use tision 2fh. (m., and declination, north. M deg. :m. Tiie poslt:on is northwest by west, a ,d near the butlau 1 Just after twilight. The central condensation of tbe ooimtt was almr.at stelia, and It was surrounded by a I og. miu.8 of h i e Tbe tall was alsiut tb rty m notes long, but very falnf. The eom-t is very bright In the telescope, sir) on a dark sky, away from the twilight, could le seen by the naked eye. Its m itlon lncc Its discovery has been eastward eleven degrees and north ward hnlf n degree, a probnbte Indication that II has been around the sun a d Is g'.lmr off into space. One may, therefore, g-et a m-srer view as it pases th arth but, ir it 1t till on Its way toward the sun thoie will probnbly lie a more brilliant d spiny. More observation is needed before anything definite can b said. Tbe gentlemen engaged in making tbe obterva fion last evening hnve nlsri iKren wutch'ng the course of tbe large comet of last autumn, which Is still visible in the telosrope. It was leen last night almost doe south, at an e-va- t on of abou! thirty-live degrees above the horizon, appearing as a faint brush of light in tho heavens. JinUiinnrr, ML, Vttt m fpttirti o ChidO" Inter ( cean. A crators case, e first of its kind erer rie.l in B ston o-, indeed, in Huff oik County, ulivened the routine of the gupreme ou t v few days ago. It was the trial ?f an action for damages brought ag inst William A. Voting, a aaloon keeper ol ( hsrleatown by Is .t.-ih C. Knowlei, to whose minor son tha isfendant had sold liquor. The Jury, alter aeing out about an hour, brought In 1 ver Rct of $20J lor the plain t iff. Jh$$m P U A bin containing 3,0X1 bushels ol cotton teed at Lancaater, Tex., exploded recently irom the generation ft gasea. The reort oull be heard two mile. an4 wag terrifle. FACTS AMI PfdHRCa The lirst, leleirriphic mstruntdnt was stii'i'ossfulrv operaleil by S. H. Morse, Ihe. iavuutor. in is o, t liutcjl Uld Utility was lint iloninnstr.ntotf to tlm w.irld unt I 1SU'. A. Y, Jkr'l. An I'liio familv f six weigh a ti nn aw'ino j of .'77 pOuU !s eneb. Tin fat bet 's weight is ISO ounds. U111 mother 1 -'Sd; the oldest 30 J .uul J -weight ilim'nishes to the v onrrgM tvtlu we jrlis 177 pounds. The ilfwit of sail ;ust diet oven d in the W'ofn"b'g Va'lev UUttl'rlios a tract liileen 111 les lone; and tmmr tluee wiile. It has ailcptli el from lg I,C00 feel. The vein nt tfsrsaw is seventy feet thick. -A. 1'. .Sdst. A in'ry of live caraht is vvoiihtwi e as niiieli as a diamond il tho sarne ljr.e, ami one of ten carats three titns ah much as a tlmmoiul ol a eurivsp ivliu : si7. A ,er.eet i uly is the raresl of ail stones.- vkiraqo Ititchr (hiittn. Koiv'-pners smile at our little nrmv of 2."i,0lMJ mon, but ihe. would lookvoi) serious if we shoulil call mil ti e le serves. I'lir Sam has li,7'.i7,Oti 1 eitt ea soldiers to call upon in ease of uu eniero'eney. -Hfiringfic l ( Mis 1, ) I 'ninn. - Massachusetts has had twenty live State Treasurers, and or the ! itf,08(5 -017 which have !nsnl throiifrh theii' hhads OU J 921.000 was ever lust, Still that bj lono; aoo s 1H0S, bj a defaultt I who bore the appropriate iiaiiiu of !Skiu ner. Persons who toll of the marvelous speed ol railway trains should bear in mind that an online moving- at the m o of sixty in lies an hour passes over eighty-Slghl feet of frrminri each set olid. A horse trotting at a Ipouel ot 2: It) covers more than forty lee! j'i peeoinl. - A Now York firm oTerod ptkaM td those of its eustomers who should loimi the n a-est in estimating the number of. peas in a p'ass inr exposed in its store Tlie irucHscs varied from 1,1 U Mo l,t) i. 000. The exact number was 41.47', nnd the lirst pri-e was eriveti to a man who set the number at. II,I7. -The Pennsylvania Mate llnard ol Agriculture estimates the wheal crop i ihl Male at 22. fHl'l luishids, f t etll 1.195,00 1 acres. Ketunis from hfl n'ue comities report an iih ii':i-o, vary- ioff from two per cent, in SehuytRltfia fottv yier cent, in Lnm-astor, over the yield of IMII, while a de -lease at frpUl one to ten percent, is shown iu seven uiint'es. Somebody has HjBjtnred it on' that the aggregate cost ot the pictures in the pr'.Tate ihuleriei of New York City is it least fil.OOO.OOfl W. II. VanHeffMH li -ti.ls the list Willi fl.tMii.iMO. ami llicii oomes Mrs. A. T. Stewart, ..O0,(M)O; Mrs. Catherine L. Wo e. l. D.OOo. nn I August llelnn nt, $830,00 t 1 be-c jral leriea are riUetji .almost entirely ivilh the works of fore at l ists Fifteen eT. Mirations are enejnsjed In ihe manufacture of ootton sjoeds in Maine, with a capital of 1 0, M i , ( mo. and fourteen in the manufacture ol Woolen iron ds, with a eap.tal of tft'.'.KI. (MK. About 75 per cent, of Ihi wi olcn and 8 per cent, of Iho cotton operatives arc Americans. The weavers average from f:! to per month, tlm spinners about SI. W j et day, on a gen oral run of 1 1 hours per day. - VY IT AM) VHMMMI. - Perhaps you heard about the boy who complained of I lie stone its an kit pe liinent in his pc Boh. People who sr.i not rh h. but I ive.ee if they were riith. are the b ast bkelv erer io berotne rich. Ami godoty is lull of such people t'hiriKJn fnnrvi'. The great sot-ret of gelt 1' Oil Well with Ihe world, a liatliet which lew have learned, is to know w hen 1obm h. and eepeeially when to keep siiJl.--A. Hi ralil. A circus might gain Ihe reputation of having the cnfihijMon e (uiniirlst if it. would engage a mail who would step out of Ihe sawdust a d balance she books of a Newark .Savings liank. A. '. QrmpMr. lr. Schlieinnnn. it is slated, will I g northwest of Alliens iu scar, h of l er icles grave- YVe suspect a sufljiiitioii has got abroad that the late Mr. iTineli t was ioisniied, and it, is proposed tuli'd l a post iitnrleni examinnt ion on the I od . Tlm guilty should be brought to justii ' --Aorr'ti'oun Jli ralil. "No, young man, it doesn't hint you a particle U sow your wild oats. ( abeed and sow as you wish. I nt it's the g ithering in of the crop that will make yon howl. Ami yon have to gath er it, PP9 If you don't, it gntln rs o i in. and one is a great deal worse than Ihe other.'' Bafiirt W,rkln. Down in Salem the other day a bright lit I le girl was sent to gel smii" eegs. and nn tier way back stumbled and fell, making sail havoc m ii h I lie e .n l nts of her basket. "Won' I you catch it when yon get home, though" d -claimed her eotupan on. ".vo. indeed. I won't,'' she answered "aVO L'd a grandmother." iffMfda ' ( A gentleman isiling a school had1 a book put into his hand for the put pose of examining a class. The wo I "inheritance ' occurring in tin- verse, the querist interiogaled one of tho youngsters as follows " Wi at is patri mony:" "Something left bv ft father." "What would you rail it if left by a niothorP" "Matrimony" -A. Y. Lcdgtr. Customer: "W hat do . mi ask for your hall dollar tea?" Shopni.to "Well, our regular price is seveaty In n cents, but I'll h t yon have i' for sixlv , onlv don t mention it. please." Custom or is llattered and takes a pel eld at once. When he comes to think it VI er afterwards his mind grows enseSsgWdi but having gi en his word and being gu honorable man, doesn't mention it. A groenhorn went to a menagerie, where an orang outang pat ticnlarly stni k his nttention Several gentl" men were conversing nhont tbe animal, one of whom expressed the noinion lb it it was a lower otder of lh- bum n Spaoiee, The countryman d d not like tnis idea, and, striding ujito the gentle man, expressed bis contempt for it fhu "I'fKih! p'rfihf he's no more bumsn species than I be."' Ir. Isuger states that the fat ot a child "contains less oh-ic acid, but more palmitic and stearie acid then that of adults, besides being richer m the buty ric and capro acids."' I'm haps this is what rau-es the infant to yell so vociferously during the night. Vint we can't always te'l. li may In the richness of the but ric. ami eaproiu acids, and it may lie a displaced pin. Horrinloum Hrrnhi. Tbe American people, in ndoptin'; any great reform, are all much like tho Yankee who !' with a Ihitchmau thai he could -wallow him The Dutchman lav down on a table, and the Yankee talcing his thumb in his mouth, nipped it severely- "Oh, you are bil ng me ' ro.ired the Dutchman. hy. you o'd fool," replied the Yankee, "did you suppose 1 was going to swallow ini whole?"