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PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT BdLIVAR, TENNESSEE TERMS Of ADVERTISING : " One sqilWM ml Sight .llnon, $XSOJor the first Insertion, and 75 cents for each subecqucut insertion. " One column, one year Vsoo OO Half column, one jroar..........-... iscj oo Quarter column, ono year in oo Eighth column, one year so oo One column, six months oo Half column, six months 7.'. oo Quarter column, six months... SO (Ml Eighth column, six months.... zn oo 8ne column, three months " .'. co alf column, three months So oo Quarter column, three months KR oo Eighth column, three months 15 OO TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION : Tnr one year (In advance) For six mouths. VOL. XIX.--NO. 3. BOLIVAR, TENN., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1883. ..$1 50 .. 100 $1.50 per Annum. ppeciai fates given on application. NEWS IN BRIEF. Complied from Various Sources. r9 The French Ambassador arrived at feaigon on the 29th with the treaty which was signed at Hue on the 25th. 5 f The United States steamship Monoc- ncy" has been ordered back to Corea to continue the series of surveys begun there. 1 i Extensive forest fires were raging in the vicinity of Bar Harbor, Maine, on the 28th, and upward of 2,000 acres had burned. Placards appeared in Paris on the 28th inviting citizens to rally to the. sup port of the monarchy under Louis Phil lippe II. The Captain and olliccrs of the United States frigate Vandalia were entertained at a ball and supper by the Montreal Yacht Club on the .TOth. ! . The Treasury Department on the 30th purchased 849,000 ounces of silver for deliv ery at the San Francisco, New Orleans and Philadelphia Mints. Iaac H. Likkwoiid was convicted In the United States Court at New Haven, Conn., on the 29th, on the chargo of using the mails to defraud. A Cape Town dispatch of the 28th snya the Supreme Court rejected the appeal of O'Donnell to be tried there, and he sailed for England on that date. Sixty thousand pounds damages is the amount claimed against the owners of the 'steamer St. Germain, which sunk the Woodburn recently in the English Channel. Biroin to the 2!Hh from one hun dred tobacco towns in the Connecticut and Ilousatonic Valleys indicate that the tobac co crop will bo a full average and excellent in quality. The Salt Lake (U. T.) Tribune office was in a state of siege on the 28th by reason of telling some too palpable truths. It was (supplied wilh arms from Fort Douglass for protection. A ( (iNsiiiNMKNT of seventy-iive cases of cartridges and one hundred cases of ri fles and revolvers was placed aboard the City of Pekin at San Francisco for Shang hai' on the 29th. ' The plans have been completed for the proposed new silver vaults under the cash room of the Treasury Department. The storage capacity of the vault will be 2:!,M0,000 silver dollars. m Bismarck is reported to have received Bo much benefit from the waters of Kissen gen that he wishes to return to Fridrich sruhe, but the doctors urge him to take up his residence at (lastien. " The Washington Star of the 30th Mid it was rumored that an investigation which has been made will disclose startling and sensational developments as to how the verdict in the Star-routo trial was secured. Jri." s Bakbot an old and well-known nctor was knocked down and robbed in New York on the night of the 27th, and in enden voring to escape, one of his assailants was shot dead by his pal, who intended the bullet for ft policeman. The New Orleans Grand Jury in its recent report suggests as a sanitary meas ure that cremation be established under the direction of olliccrs of the Charity Hospital for the purpose of burning tho bodies of those who die from contagious diseases. -fe ' Vl'.'.NNA dispatches say the amount of wheat available for export is estimated lit ."1,500,1)00 meter centals; of barley, . '1,000, 000 meter centals. It is expected that no rye or oats will be available for export. The Hungarian wheat crop is estimated at a full average. T- 1 Hani.an, the oarsman, returned to Toronto, Ont., on tho 27th, where he in tended to rest a few days pending the Carlton Place regatta on September 0, whence he goes to Cincinnati. He would go to Australia to row Lay cock if reasonable expenses were allowed. . . A kki'okt reached Washington on the 28th that Secretary Tellor had met the President at the Upper Geyser basin in the Yellowstone Park, and that an unpleasant interview followed in relation to the pro posed removal of the Apaches to the San Carlos Reservation. The report was, how ever, discredited. . Reports of the 30th say the French harvest returns were unsatisfactory. Of tho eighty-five departments, thirty-seven report crops above an overage, while fif teen report average crops and thirty -three crops below an average. It is certain that large imports of cereals will be necessary the coming winter. - - At the close of business on the 85th the National treasury contained gold coin ami bullion, $tt8Q0JM; silver dollars and bullion, if I18,:t08,."v")2: fractional silver coin, $27,854,915; United States notes, $51,51, 800. Total, M0C,O14SMi Certificates out standing Wold, $52,!);58,270; silver, $74,OJ5, 471 ; currency, 1 1 1 ,015,000. A fkf.e library was given to the town of Dunfermline,Scotland, recently by Andrew Cameirie of New York. It was opened on the 20th by Lord Hoseberry,who spoke in praise of the generous Carnegie. He also referred to the visit he intends to make shortly to America, a country which he said had always been dear to him. The Washington City Post-office was supplied with the first installment of the new postal notes on the .TOth. They are printed in yellow ink and bound in books of 5)0, with stubs that are to be filled up with brief statements of the amounts of detached notes, and other particulars. Eighty thousand books have been self to the various money-order offices ofthe countrv. The following are the Naval Cadets to be court-martialed for hazing: Cadets Kness, Moller and Campbell, New York? Triggle, Breed and Tisdale, Kentuoky? Bullard, Pennsylvania; Bird and Hawfces, Wisconsin; Winram, Missouri; Dodd atjd Johnson, Indiana; Young, Virginia ; Trap nell, West Virginia; Strite, Maryland; Bertholf and Andrews, New Jersey, all members of the third class. rKS0SAL AND GENERAL. Fifteen Naval Cadets have recently Lpen reported to Superintendent ltamsey of the Naval Academy for hazing members of the lower class, and they will be court martialed. The issue of standard silver dollars from the Mint for the week ending August 25 was 4-142,!)"J9. For the corresponding pe riod last year, 122,500. A CARGO of cattle landed in Liver pool on the 27th from the steamer Ontario, from Montreal were slaughtered, being suspected of infection with Texas fever. The losses by the Williamsport (Pa.) fire, heretofore mentioned, foot up $000, 000, The London Times of the 27th noticed the release of Missionary Shaw in Mada gascar, who was taken prisoner by the French. The steamer Ceorgre left England the 28th for the Polar regions in search of the Dutch Polar vessel Varna. The 28th passed without a case of any sickness at Pensacola. At the Navy Yard three new cases of fever were report ed, one of them the daughter of Surgeon Owen. Mrs. Owen is dead. - The trial of James Nutt, who shot Lyman Dukes, will commence at Union town, Pa., on the 30th. It was announced on the 28th that the Spanish Premier, Sagasta, had tendered his resignation. There were twelve deaths from cholera in Alexandria on the 27th; 105 deaths in Upper Egypt, and six in Lower Egypt. A Philadelphia company has re ceived a contract to light Merida, Yucatan, with gas. A MAZATLAN dispatch says that sev eral American employes of the Central Railroad had fled with 1 10,000 of the Com pany's funds. A PLAGUE of grasshoppers was threatened in tho vicinity of Vera Cruz, the ground being covered with the newly hatched pests. Frosts prevailed in the Province of Quebec on the night of the 27th. A rtnaiOUS hail-storm swept over Rock County, Wis., the night of the 27th, caus ing great destruction to growing crops. Nineteen young ladies took the veil at the Convent of the Sisters of the Immac ulate Heart, West Chester, Pa., on the 28th. The Porter Guards of Memphis. Tenn., were tho personal guests of Potter Palmer in Chicago on the 28th. A ii ail storm swept over a section ten by fifteen miles in extent in Illinois on the night of the 27th, creating sad havoc among the crops. BuRglars broke into a store in Mount Clemens, Mich., the night of the 28th and carried off a wagon-load of the most val uable goods. THERE is still uncertainty as to the fate of some of the passengers on the steam er Riverdale, which blew up at New York on the 28th. The annual convention of the Fire Underwriters of the Northwest began on the 20th at Chicago. The steamer Joint Rowen was dis abled and beached in Massachusetts Bay with 700 passengers on board on tho 20th. No loss of life. Two HUNDRED head of Jersey cattle and a number of ponies, sheep, and hogs, valued at $73,900, were landed nt Chester, Pa., on the 29th from Hull. The animals were quarantined. Lieutenant Boutelle Notes of the United States navy was killed at Yoko hama recently by the fall of a spar while the crow were exercising. Jacob Antonbury shot and mortally wounded Jacob Bush and then blew out his own brains at Indianapolis on the 28th, and wounded two other persons in the opera tion. Dayitt, Sexton and Parnoll attended a meeting of the Irish National League at Dublin on the 29th. Paymaster Zachary T. Brown died of yellow fever at the Pensacola Navy Yard on the 29th. Lieut-Commander Thomas and Lieutenants Woods and Meigs will compose the court to try the Naval Cadet hazers. Cadets Breed of Kentucky, and Strite of Maryland were not among the hazers, and Cadets Reilly of Wisconsin an Wither spoon of Connecticut have been added to the list of culprits. A parmer named Cutcber was found dead in his wagon in Shiawasse County, Mich., on the 28th, supposed, to have been poisoned with strychnine administered by a rival in love. THESE were twelve deaths from chol era in Alexandia in the 28th; 114 in Upper Egypt and seven in Lower Egypt. Russian officials now in Bulgaria are to remain two years longer by command of the t';-.ar, and opposition to their rule is to be treated as rebellion. In Vienna the summoning of the Ger man Parliament was held to indicate that Spain had been admitted to the triple alli ance. Eleven thousand bales of New South Wales, Victorian and Cape wool were sold in London on the 29th. EMPEROR William, out of consider ation for French feelings, decided not to hold the annual review of the Guards on the anniversary of Sedan. The imports of British iron and steel during July were 70,303 tons against 103, 398 tons for the corresponding month last year. The imports of iron and steel for the first seven months of the year compared with the corresponding period of last year show a decrease of 7,320,075 tons. The California Cotton Mill Company has been incorporated; capital stock, $6)0, 000. The factory will be located at Oak land. Spinning and weaving cotton works are now in progress in California The London Missionary Society has denied the statement that Mr. Shaw, the English Missionary, intended to press a claim for indemnity against France for the loss of his property in Madagascar, and for false imprisonment. Henry Villard, President of the l Northern Pacific Railway, with his Ger; man guest,-flfty -five in party, were at Ni agara. Falls on the 29th ; also Count Lippe W. iseueliis, .Minister for Austro-Hungary, and Baron Von Esendecher, Minister of the Jynian Empire. Rev. Howell Gardner, who was So badly injured in the Riverdale explosion reentiyrbeil on the 30th. It was reported on the 29th that the Emperor of Abyssinia, having heard that King Menelek of Shoa intended to send an embassy to France to solicit a French pro tectorate over Shoa, had declared war against King Menelek and tho Abyssinian army had already invaded Shoa. THERE were thirteen deaths from cholera in Alexandria on the 30th. Recently a stage was upset in th streets of Aguasco Calientes, Mexico, when robbers gathered and plundered it of all small articles that could be easily made way with. A man recently arrived at Guaynias Mexico from the Lower California gold diggings with a nugget of gold weighing nearly eight pounds. About 160 returning Knights, com prising parts of the Michigan, Pennsyl vania and other Commanderies, visited Salt Lake City on the 30th. Tn eke were three new cases of yel low fever at Pensacola on the 30th, a serv ant, in Dr. Owens' family, Freddie Owens and a hospital attendant. There was one death. One HUNDRED Canadian cattle sus spected of being diseased were killed on ar rival at Liverpool on the 39th. Pahnell recently said he hoped that the migration scheme would render it un necessary for Ireland again to ask aid from abroad. It was asserted before the Under writers' Convention that under the regula tions required electric lighting is safer than kerosene. The express train on the Philadelphia & Atlantic Road was ditched on the 30th at Pleasantville, Pa., and some thirty pas sengers badly injured. Miss Catharine Connelly has been arrested in County Limerick, Ireland, charged as being implicated with her two brothers in a murder conspiracy. In an address before the Chamber of Commerce of Greenock, Scotland, Hon. Alex. McKenzie said he thought Canada would soon return to Free-Trade and that the idea of separation from England was absurd. The French will lay a cable from Saigon to Hanoi. Harmand, the French Civil Commissioner in Tonquin, has been decorated with the Cross of the Legion of Honor for his services in the negotiations. The members of the late Board of Fire Commissioners of Baltimore have been indicted for malfeasance in office. The conductor of an excursion train put a boy off while under way near Scran ton, Pa., on the 30th, causing his instant death under the wheels. The United States steamer Tallapoo sa, with Secretary Chandler and family on board, left Bangor, Me., for New York oo the 30th. Sylvester F. Fuller, the runaway cashier of the Second National Bank of Jefferson, O., and H. L. St. John, his as sistant, were arrested on the 30th on the charge of stealing ;jO0,000 of the bank's money. The proposed Slade-Mitchell prize fight has been declared off, neither of the principals caring to risk the chances of a sojourn in the Penitentiary, which stared them in the face at every turn. A New York policeman named Mau rice McNnmara was arrested on the 30th, charged with clubbing a man to death the evening previous. There were twelve vessels quarantin ed at Ship Island, from which nineteen cases of yellow fever had been taken, on the 30th. New volcanoes by the score had sud denly appeared in Java. The Freethinkers1 Convention opened at Boston on the 30th. .- CONDENSED TELEGRAMS. No new cases of fever at Pensacola n the 31st. SlDRIDGK & Sons' lumber yard burned on the 31st at Fort Howard, Wis. ; loss 200,000. The net falling off in Internal Rev enue during July and August was 50,094, 309. The National Womans1 Christian Temperance Union commenced its session at Cottage City, Mass., on the 31st. The Genera Assembly of the Knights of Labor begins its session at Cincinnati, September 4. The Porte recently refused a British Admiral permission to make surveys for a canal in Palestine. COLONEL J. A. ERIN,' Assistant Quartermaster-General, was placed on the re tired list on the 31st. The French found no Anamese troops at Hue. The capital had been evacuated when they reached it. Dr. Norvin Green gave the Senate Labor Committee further light on the sub ject of telegraphy on the 31st. Esau Smith, colored, was hanged on the 31st at St. Joseph, La., for a murder committed eight years ago. The Queen-town officials have been censurel by the British Government tor taking no steps to secure Carey's safetyr. A terrible storm swept the Banks of Newfoundland recently. One hundred fishing dories and eighty men were lost. It is now reported that the Dutch Arctic steamer Varna foundered on the Fourth of July. The crew were saved and had landed in Norway. The President of the Hungarian Council had decided to take extreme meas ures to suppress the anti-Jewish assaults. Martial law and the death penalty were to be enforced. Representati vks of all the distil leries north of the Ohio River held a con ference at Chicago on the 31st. An agree ment limiting production was signed to take immediate effect. United States Treasurer Wyman on the 31st mailed 11,973 checks for 2,lti3,019, representing the interest due on September 1 in registered four and a half per cents. The business failures lor the week ending the 31st numbered 1S6 as compared with 165 the pre i us week, an increase of twenty-one, distributed as follows: New England States 26, Middle States -.6, South ern 42, West-rn 52, Pacific States and Ter ritories 22, Cana.la and provinces 28, New York City 1. The President and party started on their return trip on the 31st, ami expected to arrive in Chicago September 4th, where they would remain three days. SOUTHERN GLEANINGS. Near Athens, Ala., a few days ago, Mrs. Fowler, her daughter and a babe took shelter under a tree in a storm. Lightning killed the mother and elder child, but the babe was found clinging to the arms of its lifeless parent. Six prisoners escaped from the jail at Lake Village, Chicot County, Ark., a few nights ago. Three were murderers, two were charged with grand larceny and the sixth was a burglar frcm Mississippi. False keys did the business. Dr. Abrahams, a prominent physician and ex-Confederate surgeon, was shot and probably mortally wounded by a negro named Clark in an affray recently, at Houston, Tex., in which both parties fired several shots. The negro claims to have been the victim of a system of petty perse cutions. The doctor alleged that Clark looked through a window at Mrs. Abrahams while making her toilet. A. M. Sydes, a negro, shot and dan gerously wounded his father, D. Sydes, aJ few days ago at Portsmouth, Va. He claimed that his father deserted and aban doned his mother. James Gouldman, ex-member of the Fire Department of Lynchburg, Va., was arrested a few days ago, charged with tir ing the Norvoll House stables. John Bowdin. a colored railroad hand, while intoxicated, laid down on the railroad track near Shelbyville, Tenn., a few days ago, and was run over and killed by a switch engine. Henry Jones was hanged at Raleigh, N. C, a few days since for the murder of Deputy Sheriff Alvis H. Blake last year. The execution was private. Jones made a profession of religion, and was remarkably self-possessed before the execution and on the gallows. Death ensued in twenty min utes from strangulation. Jones was twenty-three yrears old, and leaves a widow and infant. O'Brien's circus exhibited at La grange, Ky., August 17, and while there Ben Alexander, a colored attache, was ar rested for carrying concealed weapons. In default of the fino inflicted he was sent to jail, where he remained until a few days since, when, getting hold of a rope by some means, ho hanged himself. When discovered he was dead. The Texas & St. Louis south-bound passenger a few nights ago jumped the track near Waco, Tex., and the whole train, engine and all, landed at the bottom of a fifteen foot embankment, wheels up. All lights were put out. The passengers grouped their way out of the windows as best they could. Strangely, no one was fatally injured. A report recently gained currency that several Revenue Officers in the upper part of South Carolina had been system atically swindling the Government for some time. It is charged that the officers in question lured persons to put up old stills in remote places and then captured the ma terial in the night time and obtained the Gov ernment reward of fifty dollars for each seizure. The same material was then put up in another part and seized again. It is al leged only a few stills captured in the mountains of South Carolina have really been used for illicit distilling. An investi gation had been ordered. District Attorney Cuthoridge, for the Eastern District of Texas, handed in his immediate resignation a few days since to Special Agent Wiegand, who had been in vestigating the Hough assassination and other matters in that district. The immense herds of cattle in the Panhandle in the southwestern portion of Texas had been suffering terribly from tho drought. The grass had been completely parched and the streams dried up. Thou sands of cattle had died, and the stock-raisers were driving their herds to tho north and west as rapidly as possible, in-order to save them. . The growing cotton crop throughout Shelby County, Tenn., had been benefited by recent rains, and tho outlook was more promising than a few weeks ago. With fa vorable'conditions the yield in that imme diate section would average within twelve and a half per cent, of last year. A comprehensive and complete re port, through correspondents, of the cotton crop of the Nashville District, including; Middle Tennessee and a portion of West Tennessee and North Alabama, has been received. Seventy per cent, report crops better than at the same date last year, twenty-three per cent, as good and seven per cent, worse. Last year the crop of Mid dle Tennessee was the poorest for many years. The reduction of acreage this year is twelve and a half per cent., but with fa vorable weather the prospects looked fair for a larger aggregate yield in the Nash ville District over the crop of last year. Henry HeTtel and his wife were found murdered in their store at Atlanta, Ga., a few mornings ago. The crime was committed for robbery. C. B. Giflbrd, engineer on the Louis ville & Nashville Railroad, was fatally hurt a few days since in a collision at Leb anon, Ky. William Middleton, a prominent citi zen of Lower Carolina, died in Greenville, S. C, aged seventy-five years. He was son of Henry Middleton, who was Governor of the State in 1810 and 1812, and Minister to Russia from 1820 to 1831, grandson of Arthur Middleton, who was a Representa tive in the first Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence, and a brother of the late Admiral Middleton, U. S. N. Two Mexicans attempted to rob Pat Kinney, the owner of a coal mine eighteen miles from San Antonio, Tex., while he was asleep under a wagon. Kinney being aroused fired on them. The robbers fled, one falling not far away. The wounded man was arrested. The recent robbery of a jeweler named Meeehan excited much interest, and the shot made by Kinney may solve the mystery surrounding it. Ex-Governor Pease, of Texas, is dead. A bundle of grasses and grains meas uring over ten feet in height was shipped to the Louisville Commission from Fort Smith, Ark., a few days ago, and one stalk of millet, taller than all the rest, was planted on upland June 10th by John W, Lewis. Joseph Clarke, a Nelson County (Ky.) farmer, while returning to his home from New Hope a few evenings since was at tacked by an unknown assassin and stab bed thirteen times in tho back and shoul ders, none of the .wounds, however, being dangerous. FRAK JAMES AT THE BAR. Tlie Trtal of the Notorlonn liandit Com mencedOpening of the Case by Stnte's Attorney Wallace Testimony for tlie Prosecution. Tlie Defense Attempt to Prove an Alibi Testimony Showing that Frank James was Not at "Winston. Gat-IjAtin, Mo., Aug. 24. After the customary delays Incident to the pi-eparation oi an important case for trial, a jury has been secured and the trial of Frank James for the murder of Frank McMillan, in cidental to the Winston train robbery, fairly begun. At eight o'clcck this morning Frank James was taken over to the Opera House by the S lie riff and Judge Goodman was In his seat. Mr. Wallace made the opening address for the prosecution. After calling the attention of the jury to the nature of tho oath they had taken to render a verdict free from all per-sonrit-gr sentimental bias, ho proceeded to read thtNudictnu nt. which charges the killing of one Frank McMillan on Julv 15, 1881, at or near Winston, in this State. The first count is for murder in the first degree. The second for murder In committing robbery, and the third in being accessory with Jesse James and others unknown to the crime which forms the basts of this case. Mr. Wallace then discussed motives for murder alleging the lowest kind of motive to be th.it motive in murder for money, which was the fact in this case. The evidence in the case would be that the Rock Island train was robbed on July 15, 1881, at Winston, by five men, and that In this robbery the men killed Mr. Westrall, the conductor, and Frank McMillan, a stonemason, on the train. Ho would show that the rohbery and killing referred to was committed by the James gang, whose history he proceeded to detail. Mr. Wallace then stated that the testimony which the Slaic would offer would be circum stantial and direct, and so overwhelming that no honest jury could refuse to convict after hearing it. John L. Penn, the first witness, testified to the boarding of the train at Winston and the action of the gang; also to the shooting of McMillan, his falling from the platform of the car, and the subsequent finding of his lifeless body by himself and McMillan's father, but could not identify any of the party. Addis E. Walcot, engineer of the train, de tailed the occurrences on the engine. Charles N. Murray, the express agent, related his ex- Berience with the robbers. Drs. Clageett and rooks, of Winston, testified as to the nature of McMillan's wound. W. L. Earthinan, of Nashville, Tenu., identified the prisoner as a man he had known at Nashville under the name of Woodson, as did also Mr. James, de pot master at Nashville. Mrs. Sarah Hite and Silas Norris, Mrs. Hite's father testified to their acquaintance with Frank James and to some of his movements, and Nicholas D. Bishop and J. U. Hartley, express agents, to the movements of a box of guns sent to J. T. Ford. Gallatin, Mo., Aug. 25. The hearing of testimony in the case of the State vs. Frank James was resumed this morning. A few minutes after eight o'clock Hick Liddell was called to the stand, when Mr. Phillips objected to his testifying on the ground that he had been convicted of felony. After a lengthy argument, on the various points pro and con, the Court decided that the defense had not sufficiently sustained their oWection to Liddcll being permitted to testify. Liddell then testified that he was sent to the Penitentiary In 1874 and never again. He was paraoned for that offense, but bad since torn the pardon up. He detailed minutely his acquaintance with the James boys and his connection with them, embracing the time from 1870 up to the rob bing of the Winston train and the commission of the murder for which Frank James is now on trial. After giving an account of tho ar rangements for the robbery -and the meeting of the members of tho gang at an appointed rendezvous, the witness testified: The arrange ment was that I and Clarence should capture the engineer and the others do the rest. Clar ence and I got back of the tender and went over on top of the engine. We had two pis tols. We kept quiet till the train stopped. Then we hollered to go ahead. We shot to scare those fellows, who both ran onto the pilot. The first run was about 20U yards, then a stop. Then the engineer opened the throt tle to the usual level. Wc couldn't stop it. Frank came on and shut off stetim, and as she slackened we jumped off while It was running. Frank and Clarence got off "first. I went back after Jesse, who was still in the express car. Jesse jumped first and I followed. We got S700 or $800 that night in packages. It was all good money. We all got together ihen, except Wood, who had been knocked down as Frank pulled the baggsgeman oift of the car, and we never saw him. Frank talked to me about the robbery afterward. He said he thpught they had killed two men. Jesse snid he shot one he knew, and that Frank killed one. Ho saw him peep in at the window and thought he killed him. From there we went to our horses, taking our time. We all un hitched, except Clarence, who cut his halter strap. From there we wont to Crooked Kier. The money was divided in a pasture. Just before daylight. Jesse divided, giving us about 130 apiece, before we got to Crooked River. Wood and I then went to Ford's. The others went to ward their mother's. I staid at Ford's about a week, and then went to Mrs. Samuels', but found no one but the family there. Jesse and Frank came to the Ford's a week later, and then all five of us went to Mrs. Samuels'. Wo left in a wagon. All the horses had been pre viously turned loose. We were all armed with pistols at Winston. I went back to Jefferson City with Sheriff Tlmberlake In 18W, in Janua ry or February. I was there shortly after that with Mr. Craig, of Kansas City. 1 saw Gover nor Crittenden both times, first at the depot and the other time at his office. I don't re member telling the Governor at either of those times that after the Winston robbery Frank James upbraided Jesse for killing any one, or reminded him of the agreement' be fore the robbery that no one should be hurt or killed. Governor Crittenden, by consent, testified: Liddell did make such a statement to me as propounded just now. Ithinkitwas tho sec ond time he was at Jefferson City. It grew out of my asking him why they killed an inno cent man engaged in his duties. He said that it was not the intention to do it; that the un derstanding was there was to be no killing; that Frank had said there was to be no blood shed, and that after it was over Frank said, "Jesse, why did you shoot that man? I thought tho understanding was that no one was to be killed, and I would not have gone into it if I had known or thought there was to be any thing of that sort done." To which Jesse said, "Ithought that the boys were pulling from me, and I wanted to make them a common band of murderers to hold them up to me." Don't remember that there was any place fixed at which the conversation first quoted occur red, but it was after the robbery that the Question was asked why Jesse had killed that Innocent man engaged in his duties. By that man I referred to Conductor Westfall, and not to McMillan, whose killing is the basis of this action. G AF.r.ATlN, Mo.. Aug. 27. The trial of Frank James was resumed this morning at eight o'clock, when Dick Liddell again took the tand was subjected to a rigid cross-examination by Mr. Phillips, of counsel of the defeuse, which failed to shake the testimony of Liddell. Mr. Phillips took the witness over every step of ground referred to bv him in his testimnoy in chief without eliciting anything which tended in any way to contradict that testimony. If anything Liddell's testimony to-day was more full and particular as to dates, places, persons and description than on Saturday. Defendant's counsel filed a motion to strike out Liddell's testimony, on the ground that he was an accomplice of the defendant, which was overruled . J. Thomas Ford, father of the Ford toys, testified that he knew the defendant; saw him in 1881; heard or the Winston robbery; saw the defendant a short time before that, between the 1st and 10th or July He went by the name of Hall. The defendant is the man I saw on that occasion. Elias Ford testified that he knew defendant: first saw him in May, 1881; he went by the name of Hall: Jesse introduced him by that name; have seen defendant often since. Witness testified to his knowledge of a box of guns shipped to his brother, J. T Ford. W. K. Oliver and Thomas A. Manlove tes tified to the delivery of express packages to the messenger on the train robbed. Mrs Martha Bolton, sister of Bob and Charley Ford, testified to her knowledge of Frank James, and also her negotiations for the surrender of Dick Liddell. Dick sur rendered on condition of immunity from punithment. and that he would testify against the rest of the band. An attempt by the defease to get witness to talk about the killing of Wood Hlte or of her conduct oa the day of his death, was emphatic all v sat down on bv the court, Gat.TxAtin, Mo., Aug. 28. Mrs. Bolton was recalled and testified to particulars relating to the killing of Wood Bite and the disposition of his body. Elias Ford, recalled, testified to the killing of Wood H ite, stating that Liddell was shot and wounded at the time. Miss Ida Bolton identified Frank James and testified to seeing him several times at her uncle's (Charles Ford's) house, where he was known by the name of Hal! and wore side whiskers. Witness also testified in regard to the death and burial of Wood Hite. Willie Bolton testified to the same general effect as the foregoing witness. James Hughes, of Kicbmond, identified James as the man he had seen at the railroad depot a year ago last fall in company with two others who subsequently hired a 'bus to tako them to the K. & L. junction. Joseph Mallory identified the defendant as a roan he had seen having a horse shod in Mr Pott's blacksmith shop on the Thursday prior to the robbery. Jonas Potts, proprietor of tho blacksmith shop, identified James and testified to different visits made by James to his shop, to the par ties accompanyinsr him, and to shoeing his horses. James hud given tho name of Green Cooper and claimed to be a cattle dealer from Kay County. Witness saw a mare he shod for defendant about a month after the Winston robbery, hen he was told she was a kicker and was Jesse James' mare. G. W. Whitman identified James and testi fied to seeing him at Pott's shop July 14. 1881. when he got a maie shod. 'Squire Mariory anil Mr. Hughes were there at the time. M-:. Jonas Potts, wife of the blacksmith, identified the defendant as having been at her house the l.'tth or 14th of July. 1881, and par taken of brcakfust In company with another man. General Jamin Matchett. of Caldwell County, testified to seeing Frank James at his resi dence on July 14. 1881. in company with Mr. Scott, where they fed their horses and ba dinner. Defendant gave his name as Wlllurd, and thej- remarked that they were going to Gallatin. Defendant had side wblftkers. Ezra Saule testified to having seen the de fendant on the line of the railroad about a quarter of a mile south ot the trauk, nearly two milOR from Winston, between four and six o'clock on the day of the robbery. He pre tended to be buying fat cows. Before seeing the man I struck On an old road not traveled for twenty years, i here I found a horse hitched, saddled and bridled, and twenty yards from that was another. They were both bays, or rather one was a sorrel with white stocking on her hind legs, and then I saw this man. By and by his partner came up and was much more sociable and communicative than the one first met. Next day I went to the trestle work on the railroad, where I discovered four horses hitched, and then I found another, and here is a little trophy 1 found producing a halter strap. 1 also saw a halter strap picked up there by another man. which looked as if it had bei n cut off Or broken through. I recognize tho defendant as the man 1 saw that night. Gallatin! Mo.. Aug 29. At the opening of court to-day George W. McG raw was the first witness called. He tes tified to having known Liddell for five years, and to the leaving of a wagon at his house by a strange mau some time after tho Winston robbery. W. H. Mcltoberts produced the Hfchmond express books and testified to the receipt on May 18 of a box weighing forty pounds ad dressed to J. F. Ford. Miss Eida Kindig testified to a man resem bling Liddell taking dinner at her home, four miles from Winston, the day of the robbery. Mrs. Kindig testified to the same effect. Williom Bray And his son B. A. Bray testi fied to defendant and three other men coming to their house two or three, weeks before the robbery. The latter witness recognized Lid dell as one of the party. Mrs. Bray also iden tified the defendant. Mrs. James Frank, residing eight miles west of Gallatin, testified to a visit by a man re sembling defendant to her home two days be fore the Winston robbery; he had Burnsido whiskers. Frank Wolflnbarger, residing eight miles northwest of Gallatin, testified to defendant, and three, other men being at his house In tho latter part of June, 1881. They stayed all night. Mrs. Lindsay, sister of the last witness, tes tified to the same effect, and thoughtshe could not be mistaken as to the identity of Frank James as one of the party. ' P. Matthews testified to the loss on the 19th of June. 1SHI, of a sorrel horse with blazed face and white hind legs, which he recovered a boot seven weeks later in Kay County. William M. Roberts testified to finding above mentioned horse about the last of July or first of August and turning it over to Sheriff Tirnla'rlake. Sheriff Timberlake corroborated the preced ing witness and testified to the subsequent disposition of the animal. The State here rested its case and the Court adjourned. Mr. Hush will make the opening for the de fense to-morrow, and, as near as can be ascer tained the defense will endeavor to show. the existence of a conspiracy to fasten the crime on the defendant, and will also show that Frank James was not In the State when the crime was committed. tnr. DKFXNRK. Gallatin, Mo., Aug. 30. A few minutes after eight o'clock this morn ing Mr. Rush commenced the opening state ment for the defense. Tho chief point, he claimed, would be that Frank James was not at Winston. It would be contended that tho testimony of an nccomplleo was Insufficient to convict unless corroborated as to the main facts. The character of Mrs. Bolton and Lid dell, as well as other principal witnesses for the State, would be shown to bo such as to render them unworthy of belief. There would be testimony to contradict that of such men as Jonas Potts and Ezra Soule, and a witness would be produced who was on the train that was robbed. The latter would swear that Frank James was not In the car. It should be shown, too, that there was a conspiracy to prosecute the defendant with Liddell as the chief plotter, and the Fords and Boltons as co-consplrators. The officers of the law from Kansas City were In this trial actuated by revenge, as they failed to get the reward of $20,000 which would have gone to them if the accused had surren dered at Kansas City. Astotheman the State's witnesses saw at different places, it, would be urged that this was a man who was like Frank James, but who. In fact, was somebody else. The case wus one of mistaken Identity, and It would be proven where Frank James really was. The defendant's counsel had been unable to fol low the maze of Liddell's testimony, because their client could not assist them, he being Just as ignorant of the details of tho Winston robbery as they were. The first witness called was Sam T. Broslus, who was on the train at the time of the Win ston robbery. He testified to seeing the con ductor shot and to the appearance of the rob bers who entered the car where he was. whom he described as having full towards. He was certain the defendant was not one of them. Fletcher W. Horn, a Nashville detective, knew B. J. Woodson in Nashvlile first in 1877; saw him as often as once a week; he always acted as a gentleman and kept good company ; saw him last in March, 1881; he wore sandy whiskers, short on the sides and long on the chin: had seen Dick Liddell occasionally, but never saw him and defendant together; knew Jesse James as J. B. Howard: never knew Woodson and Howard were the James broth ers: thought he knewjim Cummtngs, but did not know the Hites. Raymond B. Sloan, an attorney of Nash ville, knew defendant as B. J. Woodson In Nashville first in the winter of 187S 77; he was living In the old Felix Smith house; last saw him March 2fl. 1881; he han light sandy whis kers all over his face: was engaged as defend ant's attorney A ugust 8. Mrs. Elizabeth Montgomery, who resides a mile and a half east of Winston, testified that some straniro men ate at her bouse the even ing of the Winston robbery; the clock struck seven before they finished; the younger man was the taller and light-complexioned, with Burnside whiskers and imistacbe; one or tbcir horses was a bay, the other a shade lighter; thought defendant was not one of them, but not positive. Miss M. Montgomery, daughter of the pre ceding witness, corroborated her mother's statement; did not think defendant was one of the men, but wouldn't say positively; nei ther of them had a large, blaze-faced, sorrel : horse. John L. Dean testified to a conversation with ; Jonas Potte, the blacksmith, in which the lat ! ter told him he had been to see Frank James. j and that he had never seen him before; o& another occasion two men han drove up t his shop whom he said he recognized as the moa he had shod homes for before the robbery. Marion Duncan testified to a conversation with Potts in the winter of 1882 83, when he said he had seen Jesse James' picture at Winston, and he had shod a horse for him; Potts was pretty boozy at the time. Gus. A. Chapman testified that Potts told him after visiting Gallatin Jail that he did not know If he had ever seen defendant before, he could not tell. - The defense UfferetTln evidence the record of the trial aud conviction of Dick Liddell for horseistealingin Vernon Count)' in 1874, which was read to the jury. Joseph A. "Shelby- testified -to his acquaint ance with the James brothers, Dick Liddell, alias ltiack. Bill Ryan and Jim Cummlngs. Jesse and the three latter visited his place In 1880, In company with Jesse -James and in n conversation ' which ensiled regarding the Concordia Rank robbery Jesse, indicated Liddell as the man who struck the vrfshier; had not seen Frank since 172. Mis. Frank James came to Page Clv in the Spring of is I and sent for witness, who went and saw her; si. c said Liddell and others were oointnitMiig depredations and her husband was getting tho credit for them; she wanted witness to Inter cede with the Governor, but witness told her it would be folly to do so; did not know what time the sewing machine arrived and did not know where Mrs. James directed It to be shipped to; was only assisting a woman In distress; the last time witness saw Jems lames was in the Fall of 1881: Fiatik James was bleeding nt the lungs in 1872 and stopped at witness' house sixty or eighty dayt; dl not know he was a fugitive from Justice. J. B. Chiles, of Kansas City, testified to a conversation with Liddell in which he told witness that Frank James was not at Winston. Thomas M. Nlinms. brother-in-law of de fendant, testified to his knowledge of tho James brothers: was at Mrs. Samuels' in tho summer of 1831 twice: saw nothing of Frank James and did not hear of his whereabouts; knew Wood Hite: there was a strong resem blance between him and defendant; had not seen defendant for a number of years till ho visited him in Independence Jail: saw Wood Hlte In the summer of 1881. but not since. William Nicholson, another brother-in-law of defendant, had never known defendant un til he met him last Thursday. Mddell, the Hites and Jesse James were nt witness' hOUS I all through the summer of .1881; never saw Frank with any of them ; there -.was a strong family resemblance between Wood Hlte and Frank James. Robert J.Williams testified that Mrs. -Bob ton's and Captain Ford's reputation for truth and veracity was had. M.I). Duval, John T. Norval, George W. Trigg, James L. Ferris, A. B. Elliott, John Millstadt and James B. Duval testified to the same effect, particularly with regard to Ford. D. D. Woodson said Ford's reputation was bad, which grew out of the fact that the James gang were rendezvoulng at the Ford house. The Stales and the Presidency. Only nine of the thirty-eight States have furnished the country with Presi dents. These States arc the following, and the length of time the several States have held office is also indicated: Virginia'...., 1 years. Massachusetts 8 years. Tennessee.:,.- IS years. New York lO'i )cu.rs. Ohio.... ; 4h years. Louisiana I year. New Hampsbiro 4 yearn. ' Pennsylvania '.. 4 years. Illinois 12 yeari. Total from 1789 to 185 08 years. In the seventy-two years prior to the civil war, the South possessed I ho Presidency for forty-nine years. Tho extraordinary contributions of Virginia to the Presidency were due,, not at all to her location, but to the unusual re lations of her strong nmn to the Gov ernment during the peiiod of tho Revolution anil the settlement of tho Constitution. Virginia has furnished no President since Monroe went out in. 1824, unless we count the accidental service of John Tyler, whose selection as the Whig candidate for Vice-President in 1840 was the result of an intrigae. Tennessee and Illinois stand next to Virginia. The sixteen years during which a Tennessee man has occupied the White House include the eight years of Andrew Jackson, who wouUI havo been just as strong a candidate if ho had been born in Delaware or Rhode Island. They include also the four years of AndrevjCJohnson, who was rmt . elected to tho.ymce of President., of the two Presidents from Illinois, Lin coln was not nominated because ho hailed from a State it was important to carry; and Grant, at .the time of bi-t candidacy, was' regarded more as :i citizen of the United States nt largo than as a sou of Illinois. l litdj N. I.J Herald. -4 ft . Trapping Spnrrows. A lady living in a quiet street nt Clif ton, Staten Island, has contributed an idea to the discussion ns to wliat is to be done with tho sparrows. She eats them. From a rear bnnement window of her house the lower sash has been re moved, and instead, a wire oontrivancd has been placed there which is in the form of a half cylinder. It is so deli cately balanced that as soon as a spar row alights on a projecting bar its weight carrier the contrivance half way around, where it is stopped suddenly by striking a projecting knob. Tin t startles the bird, which finds itself car ried by its own weight and the slow revolution of the wheel, into a largo cage inside the room. The sparrow finds a score of its kind in the cage, that many being kept then; as decoys to interest other sparrows in tlie neigh borhood. A liberal quantity of grain is kept scattered near the outside of the trait, and a well-lilled cup of it rests directly beneath the bar on which the birds hop for the purpose of procuring a hearty meal. "Why should I not eat them?" the lady said to a reporter. "I know tho law forbids killing them, but not ou one's own premises. It takes abovt thirty of them to make a pie. It is a delicate dish to eat. The little things are as plump, ami fat, and sweet as any bird known. If they were not 10. such fine condition, nnd did not live so well, they would clear tlie tree, of ea! eryiillars, and lie too busy hunting food to icbt and make noise as they T0 with their chirping ami chattering. Put there are not very many in this neigh borhood. I believe. I learned to mako MM of them on the table by seeing my mother do it in England, where theso cages and reels ars quite common. ( never entrap them while they havo voung. It would be cruel to leave t lio little ones on the nest to starve. Put afterward I keep the gra.in out all tho time, and the old birds bring the fledg lings to such an easy feeding ground quit" naturally, so that I generally gel the whole family at last. A'. Y bun. It is a little remarkable that among the Californians who have diet! in tho past ten years there should be thirty millionaires. Yet it does not fee in that these deaths made a very great orgravo impression on California affairs, the huge magnificence of everything there making area extraordinary deaths com monplace. Of these men whodiedono left !5,o00,000, another $3,50(,00o, four of them , 000, 000 each, and one $1,000, 000. The rest were 'content with just the sunt that made them millionaires.- Chicago fnter-Ocenn.