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VOL. XXII. BOLIVAK, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1887. NO. 31. IV V V s THE WORLD AT LARGE. Summary of the Daily News. WASHINGTON NOTES. Commissioner ISpkk.s, of the National Land Oftiee, has instructed the Montana Bpeeial agents not to prevent settlers from cutting timber for personal use. Ten Secretary of the Navy has Invited sealed proposals from American ship build ers for live new war vessels. Tun new Austrian minister was officially presented to the President at Washington on the 5th. Attoiixet Gekf.hai.G aklaxd has decided that the treasury can not sell the Govern ment bonds m which tho Pacific railway sinking funds are invested for the purpose of reinvesting in first mortgage bonds of the companies. Sekor C'ohkai., the Bolivian Minister to the United Btates, has been recalled at his own request. The Commissioner of tho General J, and Office has recommended to the Secretary of the Interior, for approval for patent, a list of lands lying within the limits of the Union Pacific railroad in Nebraska, between Mid way, in Dawson County, and Kitf Springs, In Keith County, oiregating 'tM.'.KX) acres. Tnu Chinese Minister at Washington has received from the State Department a check for $117,000, tha indemnity voted by Con stress for tho sufferers by the ltoclc HpringH, Wy. T., outrages a year.asro last September. The amount awarded aver ages about $-00 to each Chinaman for property. No compensation is paid for personal injuries, though twenty-five men were murdered and many more maimed. The President, in a letter to the Ameri can Fisheries Union, dated April 7, stated that ho was impressed with the magnitude of the interests involved bj the Retalia tory law, and whilo he would enforce the act to maintain American rtignity, if occasion should call for it, he hoped that no citizen would so act as to place the country m a false position. The Interstate Commerce Commission has apK)iniel 1:. I. I'ugn, or Alabama, to a clerkship. He is a son of Senator Puph. This is the first appointment made by the commission. The Presideut has recognized W. J. H. Taylor as Uritish Vice Consul at Key West, Fla. ; Itoliert M. Kuerze, Consul of the Swiss Confederation, at Cincinnati, for the States of Ohio and Indiana; Siegfried Fischer, Consul of tho Swiss Confederation lit Louisville, Ky., and Charles J. Karrar, Vice Consul of tho Swiss Confederation at Cincinnati. THE i:ast. Miss Caroline LoiuLi.Aiin Wolfe, worth f 2(),iHH),(XH), died in New York ou the 4th, uged sixty. An unknown two-masted schooner was lost off Nantucket, Mass., recently. Tho crew wero probably drowned. An extensive strike of stonemasons and their laborers and nun-tar mixers took place at Boston ou the 5th. The object of tho strike was to obtain nino hours per day with wages for ten hours. The Merchants' Kxchange of San Fran Cisco recently received a dispatch stating that the bark KIdorado, Captain Humphrey, from Seattle, with a cargo of coal, had foundered oft Cape Flattery, and all but two of tho crew of twelve wore lost. Tho vessel was l,(M tons burden. Sho was valued at Sio.OOO anil was partly insured It was also reported that the ship St Stephen, from Seattle, coal laden, had been lost. She was owned in New York. The will of Mary H. Pelton, the sister o tho lato Samuel J. Tilden. was admit tod to probate- on tho t'th. Tho testatrix bo queathed nil her property to her grand daughter, Laura A. Pelton, wife of W. A Hazard. Tub Philadelphia police have been in Rtructed positively to sea that tho Sunday and other moral reform laws are strictly enforced. Tub Chesapeake nail works, Harrisburg, Pa., employing about 'J;M men, and tho Lochiel & Faxton furnace ceased opera tions recently until railroad and trans pollution companies reached some eonclu sion regarding freight rates. Mill owner said they could not continue business un der the Interstate net as interpreted. Sev eral hundred men were thrown out of em ployment. Finn in a large building in Conirrcs fcquuro, J tost on, recently, caused j?l(Xi,(MM damage to tho State printers and alike sum to other firms. A kill has been passed by the Pennsylva nia Senate providing that the punishment for murder in tho first degree maybe death by the use of electricity. As r. ;t us could be ascertained on the 5th the Uamlo Island House stands '17 Re publicans and -' Democrats, and the Senate IS Republicans and 10 Democrats, with four cities or towns to be heard from. A IH--TIM T cjrt htpiake tremor terrified the inhabitants of Contoeook, N. II., on tho tth. The vibrations came from the east and loud detonations were heard like claps of thunder. Thk lives of abor.t '-i persons were jeop ardised by a lire which broke out at night in the tenement house, 12 Kssex street. New York, recently. They wero rescued by firemen, about twenty being mora or less injured. Tin: schedules in the assignment of L. Lev ii:s on Co., New York clothiers, show liabilities, fCt, 410; nominal assets, &'i0. 450; actual assets, f V, W.K Tun places of tho workmen at Jones K; Laughiui's iron mill at Pittsburgh, Pa., who struck a few daysnsco. have been tilled by new men. Tho locked out workmen made applications to be organized into an assembly of tho Knights of Labor, but were refused on account of being on a strike. Plh khyfus Unions 1, '.i, S, 14 and '.".t. the Lathers. Union, the Carpenters and Joiners' Association and tho Stonemasons' Union, all of brooklyn, iwnt on a strike on the 7th. A l oi;rT fire was reported rnging in tho timber land west of Port Jefferson, L. I. Much r.imago was done. J. 11. Haiit, William Kissane's lawyer. Intimates that after he gets things settled tip in Now York he is going back to' Cali fornia to make things lively for his client's enemies. A mnoi lar accident occurred the other night on the Fitchburg railway at Prison Point station, Charleston. Mass. A freight train became derailed ami ran into a switch house where tho switch hands were sleep ing. All of the men were injured, Law rence O'Hrien probably fatally. FolR thousand two hundred and seventy three immigrants were landed in Casllo Oardon April tho largest number in ouo day at tins season of the year since Castle Garden was first used us a reception place fo immigrants. XUK ITKST. Tn steamer Spokane with twenty-four passengers capsized on the Crur d'Aleno river near Wardner, Idaho, ou the 5lh. Five men were report od lost Colonel Hig gins, or Bangor, Me. ; L. Pike, of Portland, Ore.; J. ilimu, of Spokauo Falls; Mr. Jerome, of Lewi.tton, and cue deckhand. Tus Chicago ir.uuic. pal election went de cidedly agaiust the United Labor party, tho Republican ticket being elected by ;ooo mnjority. TnBtB Chinese pa.cngers on a vesel w hich reached San Francisco the other day were diMvu with tho small pox. An explosion occurred at Savacca, n?ar T;ta. I. T., at coal shalt No. 2. oiv-the 5th by wtich six iriaeis were instantly killed. A rescuing p.4.-v sooa went down and twe.'.ve of thesso nicu were suffcatej by the pMS, r.akicg a total of eighteen deaths-. Thc Northern Fii-ifio crrci-s office and Miifiuire Op-rrv IIjuia Mi.ovila, Mont., burned the ot her morning. No insurance. Tin: f,.n.. uie iu I...) opera house was raved, but the cxpro-ri company loki every 11.: S- Later returns from Michigan Indi cated the defeat of the Prohibition amend ment by 3,500. Six workmen at anderkloots' iron works, Chicago, were overcome by carbonic oxide gas from smoldering coke the other day, and Peter Kley died from the effects, 'lwo others were reported very low. The complete count for mayor of Cin cinnati showed: Smith, Republican, li,- KW; Matson, Democrat, 11,051; Steven son. Labor, 17,30. ; timitn s plurality, ot. Neely, Democrats Labor, carried Leaven worth, Kan., against Oarrigues, Repub- licaan Prohibition, on the 5th. The election was protested by the friends of the latter. The Kansas City, Mo., election of the ;th went Republican. Kumpf, Republican, for mayor, received S,4'.; Worthen, Democrat, Ul; Welsh, Labor, 1,925. IiY a rear collision of freight trains on the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago rail way near Bedford, In I., recently Conduc tor Ealv, of New Albany and Mrs. Corder, of Guthrie, were fatally injured and Mrs. Noah Pricbett and daughter seriously hurt. Mii.wai kee on the 5th gavea majority for he Labor candidates, but the towns polled a Fusion vote that overtopped the Labor vote in the city and elected the Fusion ju dicial candidates by a majority of nearly 1.5iM. The Scalpers have been badly scalped by the Interstate Commerce law. Said one of the men at Chicago tho otner day: "We are knocked out completely. All we can do is to sell out what we have on hand and go out of business. The penalties of the new law are so great that we would be un able to get any tickets without stealing them, and there is a law against that also, I am told." The other night two factions, one for Concidino and tho other for Thorpe, for alderman or tho First ward, of Litchfield, 111., became involved and a fight ensued which lasted nearly two hours. Tho police force wero helpless and could do nothing with the mob, and many men were badly beaten and bruised. A keport from St.. John, Colusa County, Cal., says that a Chinese cook shot and killed Mrs. Joseph I't'ion, with whom he was employed; he also wounded another ladv and a man. Oreat excitement pre vailed. A posse went in pursuit of tho murderer. The will of Francis Palms has been de clared void at Detroit, Mich. The will gnve Fr.OiKMKX) to the children, to be held by them in trust for their children, and a friendly contest was begun to secure a legal decis ion. In his decision Judge Jennison holds that the statutes nrc against controlling fortunes from generation to generation. Since tho prorating '"arrangements be tween tho Western and Eastern lines on freight from the seaboard to Missouri river and beyond was declared off, the larger por tion of that traffic has been diverted away from Chicago and through St. Louis, the rates to Kansas City being from two to eight cents lower via St.. Louis. A telegram from Fort Gibson, I. T., of the Sth, reported Mr. Ulaine as suffering from bronchial catarrh. No grave symp tons were apparent. George SrwAii.nAcn, a merchant from Allentowru Wis., was found asphyxiated in his room at tho Dix Hotel, Milwaukee, the other morning. He blew out the gas before retiring, the valve being open when his room was entered. His recovery was doubtful. A move is on foot to send on from Chicago a protest of leading merchants and shippers against tho action of the Interstate Com mission in suspending the operation of the long and short haul clause at various points. Tho special grievance was the sus pension affecting the route across the lake from Milwaukee. TUB SOUTH. Fifteen hundred head of horses were seized at San Antonio, Tex., recently by Captain Jlmigins, impoetor of customs at Laredo, aud Colonel William Thompson, revenue officer at Ilrownsville, as contra band, and a grand smuggling case is being worked up. Tho names of those engaged in it will bo made public. News from Yorkville, S. C, announced the lynching of five negroes on tho 5th. The men murdered a bay last December who in formed on them for stealing from fields. They wero taken to Columbia some time back for safety and wont back to Yorkville for t rial. The statue of General Johnston was un veiled in Metaire Cemetery, New Orleans, on the I'.th by a great-grand-daughter of tho General. Jefferson Davis and other lead ers of the ex-Confederacy were present, to gether wi'.h na immense, concourse of vet erans and citizens. Captain Daiinkv, oT tho British steam ship Harbinger, reported at Jtaltimore an earthquake experienced on the night of March 31. Tho vessel well-nigh foundered. William Howell, a farmer in the east ern part of Hardeman County, Tennessee, recently killed his son accidentally. The lad ran under his father's axe. Hon. I). Wtatt Aiken, lato Representa tive in Congress fri-n the Third South Carolina district, died at his home in Cokes bury, S. C. on the 0th, aged fitty-ninc. He had been ill for a long time. Hon. Howard Cross, Judge of the Fed eral court, for the district of Arkansas from is;!j to 1S-H, and a member of tho Twenty sixth, Twenty seveti: h and Twenty-eighth Congresses from Arkansas, died at Little Rock on the (th, aged eighty-nine years. It was reported that Thoebe, tho Labor candidate had failed to make a case against the election of Speaker Carlisle in Ken tucky and had abandoned the contest. Thirteen workmen wero reported seri ously and fatally injured by the caving in of the Swannoun tunnel, near Ashuvillc, N. C, recently. The men wero repairing the tunnel at the time. Rlpouts of great suffering from drouth continue to coma in from the cotton and ca'tle districts of Southwest Texas. A let ter from the postmaster at Rossville repre sents the condition in his neighborhood as truly distressing. S. N. Run kiioi-ss fc Co.. wholesale boots and shoes, Norfolk. Ya., assigned recently with f'.D.ooO liabilities and ample assets. Cause, bud collect ions. Mr. Tuoeue. of Covington, Ky., Speaker Carlisle's opponent in tho Congressional contest, declares that he has not abandoned tho fight. Patrick McCaktt was hanged at Fort Smith. Ark., recently for the murder of Thomas and John Maloney, iu tho Cherokee Nation, on the Kith of February, lssc. 1UF. annual banquet of the l nion eterau Association, of Maryland, ivas held at Pa. LiilK'l u in" .'iiiiiiii lilt; llllltl guests was Mr. Samuel Clemens, Twain.' "M irk " Tits working of the Interstate Commerce law affects Jackson, Miss., very sersously so far. All special rates have been with drawn r.nd the gene: al tariff ir.-ii a?(-J by from live to thirty per cent. Numerous complaints are heard on account of exces sive freight charges. t.K:-ii:i:.v i.. The Fr.tish Colonial Conference opened iu London on the 4th. Premier SaU-bury uiakiu;' the opentug address. He dwcltup on the value of co-operjtion in every way in the relations cf the mother country and colonic. The Spanish Government has declined to accept tbe resignation of the Governor General of Cuba. Revolution Ai;y prcciamstier.s issued by tbe military section o! tlie nihilists b-we been seized m St. Peteis-burg- and Gatschi ta. It is reported tl.at a oyuu-ni'e shell laboratory has befn d.sc.-rvered at Cros stab, the ca-as-cr of which, a student, cptntn..tted 6u:ci2e. J os i a h Calow i: l. r-tnrceter rf teiejr-rnphs, London, lia I'adtd for a Urge uutount. Ho faded once before fi-r i l. O i,oo. Miens and (.n.ric i-l.ii anot hr race at. Sydney, N f.. W.. -f 1.5-M y.4:d. M j era won by ttreo fourths cf a jrd. TiriM, i 4& The British tramp steamer Carmona which left Barrow, England, Febmary 13, is given up as lost with all hands on boaL She had a full cargo of steel bloonws cod signed to a firm in Pennsylvania. Dr. Morgenstein, the eminent Hebrw scholar, drowned himself recently in 'the Danube. Since he implicated Dr. Stoed-cer in the anti-Semitic persecution at Berlin he had been unable to gain employment and wa3 reduced to penury. The French Chamber of Deputies has ad journed till May 10. The great permanent infantry bam ,cks at Aldershot, Eng., wore on fire the oKher day. The flames were fanned to a fur by a gale cf wind of such severity as to make tho efforts of the firemen practically use less. An extensive tire occuared recently in the Swiss village of Buchol in the Canton of St. Gall. Sixty houses were burned and many cattle perished in the flames. John Moki.ey addressed an audience of 0,000 Liberals at ictoria Hall in .south London on the 6th. He charged the Gov ern aient with Russianizing the ailtainistra- tion iu Ireland and denou nced thr. Crimes bill as a hateful instrument; of o-ppression. Investigation of the failure of the Mari time Bank of New Brunsv'ick shows that small boys were used as inikprsers of paper obligations in carrying out the extensive bank swindles. Mich ill-feeling exists in tho French Senate. Imperialists have Uetjti left off revenue committees, and claini lhat it wag done to prevent exposure of Ttepublica- frauds. Nicholas Cardenas, a well, known gen tleman of Havana, Cuba, was recently kid naped near Mariano, but was. subsequently released on payment of a rsfisom of $50,000. A massacre of foreigners was threatened in Hayti, consequent upon C'rreat Britain de manding pa3rment of some old-time claims. Tub Pope, in view of th Russian Govern mcnt's complaints of thi hostility of the Catholic clergy in Russia, has instructed the Congregation for Ecclojiastical Affairs to examine the question or Fan Slavism. A large three-masted selaooner was dis covered sunk, five miles .from the east shore of Nautucket island on the 0th. A boat crew wTent to hr and founid her m ten fath cms of water with her s& Is set. There were no tidings of the crew. Her name was not learned. News has reached St. ,Tohns, N. B., that tho fishinsr cruiser VitriVint, when sailing out of Beaver harbor, a few days ago. sighted an American fislxing vessel within tho throe mile limit, and evidently after bait. The Yigilant gave chase iind gained on tho "Yankee," who refused to heave to even when a blank shot was Jired. Tho chase was continued, but tho .American, vessel soon gained the line and wa s safe. The imports into Great Britain during March were 13,000 greabor than in the same mouth last year, while the exports in creased 4'.0,000. The Ameer of Afghanistan has sent for a British engineer to discuss tho construc tion of a railway from Cabul to Harat. The barkentine Susan, Capta.n Ryan from St. Johns, N. F., for Barbadors. struck an iceberg off Cape Broyle recently and sankiialf an hour later. Tho ctlsaster oc curred while the vessel was atte mpting to weather an iceberg. Five of tha crew were drowned. The town of Kuty in Austrian Oaiicia has been almost completely destroy ed by fire. About 1,000 persons are homeless. The fire was of incendiary origin. A gigantic naphtha fountain burst tho other day at Baku, Russia. Oil. sand and enormous stones wero carried to a height of S50 feet. An extensive peta-ok-um lake has formed in the vicinity. A nisTt Rr.ANCE occurred at tho town of Zaborn, Alsace, the other day. during which a number of recruits hauard down the German flag from the official buildings. About twenty men wero coneernetl in the affair, several of whom were arrestjed. The y-th flerman (lazetle quotes a state ment of tho Madrid Enoch, admitting that tho Spanish Minister to China at a recent banquet offered a toast to the pros pcrity of France and tho success of tha revanche. The Ehki says this act of the Minister was a gross offense against a coiCntry with, which Spain is desirous of maintaining the best relations. The Norwegian ship Princo Victor cap sized at Bristol, England, the other day and the captain's wife and child were drowned. A French man-of-war ha3 een ordered to Port au Prince, Hayti, at omv. to protect the Europeans there in case of trouble be tween tho Haytiens and the British. BrsiNK-is failures during the seven days ended April 8 numbered: For the United States, 198; for Canada, "5; total, 2i'J; against StSi the previous weak, and 215 tho corresponding week of liSStl. Failures iu all sections of the country were about up to tho average except in New York City, where the assignments nuinb;cred,col7 six, which were unimportant. TUB LiVXroT. The town of Corydon, Ky., on th 10th, as almost destroyed by fire. Ffteeu houses in the business portion wero re duced to ashes, leaving only two standing. The loss is estimated at !j-k),000. The new Cotton Council, which inaugu rated the strike at New Orleans abrut three weeks ago, is gradually melting away. Cotton is being moved as fast as sold, and the backbone of the strike may be consid ered broken. A dispatch from an official source, dated the 10th, says: "Mr. Blaine's fever con tinued throughout yesterday, but last night he was more comfortable, and now his pulse is 70, soft and natural. The bron chitis is much better, and the pneumonia process has not extended." Thk past week has been one of expect ancy and disappointment to the people of Texas, no rains of any consequence having fallen throughout the immense area now suffering from drouth. John T. Raymond, the celebrated actor, died at Evansville, Ind., at a quarter to one on the 10th. The little village of Bloomville, Ohio., is all iu a furore of excitement over an at tempt on the part of a pupil in tbe public school at I hat place to stab his teacher. John Holland, aged 77 years, was found dead in a farm house near Syracuse, N. Y., ont:;e!Hh. His wife was by his side just ai,ve. Sbe said her husband died ten days BKofronl cold an1 starvation. She told a I.rrll.la .,f ol.Tiao .rvn ). nttrt. of her i J - i .-nephew. It is thought she is out of her j head in consequence of her sufferings. The prohibition question is rapidly as suming a front rank among the political issues of Texas. The late Legislature passod an act submitting the question to a vote of the people in August. One of tha biggest railroad" deals ever entered int in the Southwest it on the tnpis. A rumor, apparently well founded, is atloat that the Richmond Terminal syn dicate aro negotiating for the purchase of the Georgia Central of Georgia and tbe Florida Railway and Navigation Compa ny's system of Florida roads. In a drift pile in the Mississippi river in the viciuity of Robertsonville, Miss., a metallic casket was found containing tha remains of a young girl apparently t,ix or seven years of age. The body was iu a fiue state of preservation. Tbe casket was very rusty and looked quite autique. The sentiment at Heir na, Ark., is op posed to the Interstate Commerce bill Freights have been advanced from 100 to l.V) per cent, both by river and rail, mak ing a difference in tbe freights paid by that city of over $1000 per nsonth. SOUTHERN GLEANINGS. Rev. Nat. G. Taylor, father of the Gov ernor of Tennessee, died a few days since in Caicr County Tenn. Ho was Commis sioner of Indian Affairs under President Johnson. The cotton factors and .buyers of New Orleans have resolved to employ no mem bers of the labor unions. Bob McWhirter. alias Robinson, and Mont. Hill were arrcstal at Shreveport, La., a few days ago on warrants charging them with horse-stealing in Texas. Thoy had been in Shreveport several times with stock, and had al-ways been looked upon as honest dealers. Their last bunch con sisted of niue horses, live of which were dentified as stolen, two of them belong ing to J. A. Neil, ovf Grayson County, and two to A. E. Hughes, of Collinsville, Grayson County. The Supreme Oourt of Mississippi has affirmed tho decision of the lower court in the case of the Lonisville, New Orleans & Texas raiiroad va. T. C. Thompson. This is a suit brought for damages by Thomp son against tho railroad company for in juries received at Knoxville, Franklin County, in January, 18Si. He sued for SiO.OOO damages, but the jury only award ed him $15,001), which the Supreme Court aflU-nieJ. The Montgomery (Ala.) and Atlanta (Ga.) military companies have resolved to withdraw from the Washington drill be cause of the admission of colored organi zations. William Myrick, a negro boy about eighteen years old, was tried in the City Coart at Montgomery, Ala., a few days ago, on a charge of felonious assault, con victed and sentenced to the penitentiary for life. The most disastrous fire that ever visit ed Louisville, Tex., consumed the largo flouring mill of the Louisville Mill Com pany a few days ago. The loss is ?2 1,000, with no insurance. Two attempts were recently made to cut levees along the Mississippi in Louisiana, probably for the purpose of getting water to float logj to mill. The guards have been doubled, and armed with Winchester r'fles. Tho ladie3 of Manassas, Va., have formed a memorial association for the purpose of putting a stone wall around the Confolerate cemetery on the historic hills uoar Bull Run. If each Southern State will contribute ?.i00, the proposed wall could bo built. Tho apple, pear and peach tre03 are in bloom in many parts of Virgina. There always comes a frost in that State with the April full moon. Cold rains and snow have given premonitions of its coming. Hon. John H. Reagan has recovered sufficiently from his late fall from his horse at Palestine, Tex., to bo out on the st reets and attend to his privata and offi cial correspondence, which has accumu lated largely during his confinement to his bed. Rufus Fuller, a prisoner in irons, llimpid from an east-bound train on the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia rail- read near Knoxville, Tcun., a few nights a'o, whilo the train wa3 running at tho rate of forty-five miles an hour, and es caped with but little injury. Scott Picklcr, a white boy thirteen years old, who shot and killed Chester Dodd, another white boy about ten years old, in Jackson, Tenn., last January, was tried recently in tne Circuit Court for murdei in the first decree. The case was ably ni'gued on both sides. The jury returned a verdict of acquittal. Hon. D. Wyatt Aken, late Representa tive in Congress from the Third South Carolina district, died at his home in Cokesbury, S. C, a few days ago aged fifty-nine. He had been ill for a long time. Dr. M. L. M'.oro, an honored citizen of Gainesville, Fia., was recently driven from home by anonymous letters charg ing him with malpractice. An indigna tion meeting was held by two hundred prominent cit;z3ns, who invitad him to re turn. Dledffed hiru protection and sub scribed $200 as a reward for the detection of tb.3 letter writer. The statue of General Albert Sidney Johnson, who fell while leading the Con federate army on the first day of tho bat tle of Shiloh, April 0, 1S)3. was unveiled in New Orleans 'on tho 0.h inst., the twenty-fifth anniversary of that ever memorable struggle. Tho ruling sensation at Montgomery, Ala is the finding of the lost book m which wa recorded the bond of ex-Treas urer Vincent. When he defaulted and left, tho State, in January, 1SS3, the book could not bo found, and tho supposition was that he had made way with it. It was found a few days since behind an old safa in the Treasurer's 'office. Throe bondsmen who could not be remembered are still liable, but are reported to have very little property. Vincent has always denied the cbarg3 that ho made way with the boolfand bond. Miss Carrie Sharp, of Shelbyvillo, Tenn., who was to have been marriel to A. II. Uuth a few days ago, was accidentally hot and killed on th3 evening preceding her wedding day, while handling a re volver which had dropped from Mr. Ruth's pocket. She was buried in he r wedding dress. The citizens of Uptonville, Kv., ani sur rounding country are at tho highest pitch of excitement over a new and ric'a dis covery of underground treasures lying near there. Very valuable iron ore, found oy analysis to be eighty per cent, pure, and in almost inexhaustible quantities, is found just on the western boundary of the town. It being g3nerallv understood that one or more negro companies will enter the military encampment at Washington, the Douglass Rifles, of Tyler, Tex., have deter mined not to attend tho encampment un less it is offieiallv announced tint th3 negroes will neither enter the encamp ment as companies nor participate in the drill. Alva Fullerton, a white farmer, who livel ten miles from Opelika, Lee County, Ala., committed suicide a few nights ago, hanging himself in his barn with a piir of plow lines. He was about thirty years old and leaves a wife and seven children. Harry Borrgs and Aucrust Massoni. tried recently at Louisvil:e, Ky., for committing an aggravate 1 assault on Rev. Stephen P. Holcomb in that city in January last, were found guilty by the jury, who fixed their punishment at a fine oT $1, OX) each and five years imprisonment. Charleston 13 getting over the shako. A little son of T. J. Folds, oT Hawkins rille, Ga, went to his traps the other day and found threo partridge, an 1, taking th?m out, pullel their heals off. One of the headless partridges flew away and could not bo foun 1. and the astonished boy went home with three heads and only two birds. Mr. Amanda Sykes, of Edmonton, ill.. has a goose which for the past four years has begun to lay for the season on the day that corn-planting was commenced on the place. No mtt?r whether the day was in February or in Mir -h, the gooe be jau laying each year on the vervday tbatthjy commenceJ planting corn. It is asserted that fully five thousand people in Georgia have lost frea passe3. Information has been receivel at Bir mingham, Ala., from official sources that Division Superintendent Hege, of the Louisville & Nashville, is to h3 mde gec a. al roadtnaster of the entire syatsm, and that Colonel R. S. Minor, late superin tendent of the Louisville, Evansville & St. .Louis road, is to be his successor. Mr. H?ge's office is a new one. Tno six York, (S C.) p.-isoie-s, mem bers of a gang organ z ? 1 for murJer and iheft, and who beat u little white boy to t death because ho detected them stoiling i fotton from the Held, were taken to York, to stand their trial for murder. They I were afterward lynched. RETALIATION. rhe President Addresses a Letter to the Massachusetts Fishermen on tlie Subject of Retaliation New Kngland Kxcited. WAsnis'GToy, April 0. The President, having received a communication from the American Fisheries Union of Massachu setts, callinr'attention to the fisheries dis pute and suggesting that the Retaliatory act, passed by the last Congress would, in their opinion, be sufficiently executed if the proposed retaliation was confined to the closing of United States markets to Cana dian fish products, has made the following answer: George Hele, Eeq., President American FUheriet Union, and other. Gloucester, Mats.: Exkcctive Mansion, Washington, April 7. Gentlemen: I have received your letter lately addressed to me, and have given full considera tion to the expression of the views and wishes therein conntained in relation to the existing differences between the Governments of Great Britain and the United States, growing out of the refusal to award to our citizens engaged in fishing enterprises the privileges to which they are entitled either under treaty stipulations or the guarantees of international comity and neighborly concessions. I sincerely trust the apprehension you express of unjust and unfriendly treatment of American fisher men lawfully found in Canadian waters will not be realized. But if such apprehension should prove to be well founded, I earnestly hope that no fault or inconsiderate action of any of our citizens will in the least weaken the just posi tion of our Government, or deprive us of the universal sympathy and support to which we should be entitled. The action of this administration since June, 1885, when the fishery articles of the treaty of 1871 were terminated under the notification which had two years before been given by our Government, has been fully disclosed by thfc correspondence between the representatives and the appropriate departments of the re spective Governments, with which, I am apprised by your letter, you are entirely famil iar. An examination of this correspondence has doubtless satisfied you that in no case have the rights or privileges of American fishermen been overlooked or neglected, but that, on the contrary, they have been sedulously insisted upon and cared for by every means within the control of the executive branch of the Government. The act of Congress approved March 8, issr, authorizing a course of retaliation through executive action, in the event of a continuance on the part of the British-American authorities of unfriendly con duct and treaty violations affecting American fishermen, has devolved upon the President of the United States exceedingly grave and solemn responsibilities, comprehending highly impor tant consequences to our national character and dignity, and involving extremely valuable com mercial intercourse between the British pos sessions of North America and the people of the United States. I understand the main purpose of your letter is to suggest that in case recourse to the retalia tory measures authorized by this act should be invited by unjust treatment of our fishermen in the future, the object of such retaliation might be fully accomplished by "prohibiting Canadian caught fish from entry into the ports of the United States." The existing controversy is one in which two nations aro the parties con cerned. The retaliation contemplated by the act of CongTess is to be enforced, not to protect solely any particular interest, however meri torious or valuable, but to maintain the na tional honor, and thus protoct all our people. In this view tho violation of American fishery rights and unjust and unfriendly acts toward a portion of our citizens engaged in this busi ness is but the occasion for nction, and consti tutes a national affront which gives birth to or may justify retaliation. This measure once re sorted to, its effectiveness and value may well depend upon the thoroughness and extent of its application: and in the performance of inter national ilaties, the enforcement of interna tional riglwa and the protection of our citizens this Government and the people of the United States must act as a unit all intent upon at taining the best result of retaliation upon the basis of a maintenance cf national honor and duty. A nation seeking by any means to maintain Its honor, dignity and integrity is engaged in protecting tho rights cf its people; and if in such efforts particular interests are injured and special advantages forfeited, these things should be patriotically borne for the public good. An immense volume of population, manufacturers' and agricultural productions, and the marine tonnage and railways to which these have given activity, all largely the result of intercourse be tween the United States and British America, and the natural growth of a full half century of good neighborhood and friendly communication. form an aggregate of material wealth and incidental relations of most impressive magnitude. I fully appreciate these things. and am not unmindful of the great number of our people who are concerned in such vast and diversified interests. In the performance of the serious duty which the Congress has imposed upon me, and in the exercise upon just occasion of the power con ferred under the act referred to, I shall deem myself bound to inflict no unnecessary damage or injury upon any portion of our people ; but I slwll, nevertheless, be unflinchingly guided by a sense of what the self-respect and dignity of the Nation demands. In the maintenance of these, and in the support of the honor of the Government beneath which every citizen may repose in safety, no sacrifice of personal or pri vate interests shall be considered as against the general welfare. Yours very truly, Gkover Cleveland, new england excited. Gloucester, Mass., April 9. The firing upon an American schooner by the cruiser Vigilant has aroused Gloucester, and there is a renewed demand for non-inter course. President Steele, of the Amer ican jishery Union, said he hoped ves sels would be seized if caught within the three-mile limit. "What we want," said he, "13 nou-mtercourse. Let our vessels stay awav from Canadian shores altogether. We don't want their bait. We have a vessel fitting away here to-day that will take traps to Bar Harbor and that locality and catch their own bait. That is what we want all the fishermen to do patronize home industries and encourage them.-' The universal sentiment is non- intercourse and departing skippers are warned to keep away from Canada. Allprel Election Frauds. Milwaukee. Wis., April 9. A Marquette, Mich., dispatch says there is great excite ment ail over tho Northern Michigan penin sula over alleged frauds in the recent elec tion which places in doubt the fate of the prohibition amendment. The Ironwood authorities are reported to have sought legal advice, it being charged that voters by the hundred were imported from Wis consin to vote against the amendment. The frauds are all alleged to have occurred in Gogeby County. That the most wholesale fraud was carried on there seems apparent. The revised returns cut down the vote against the amendment to 8.450, allowing Bes&eiiiei- nearly If Bessemer Countv is thrown out the State has carried the amendment. I'lnkerton's Opinion. New York, April 8. "I have followed this Kissane case with considerable inter est," said Robert Piukerton. 'I have not the least doubt but that Kissane Las been beset by people who know his past history and want, to sell their silence. He is t shrewd man, I judge, and a man of nerve I have no doubt lie was determined to throw these people away who aro thus tracking him. and so effectually that they can no longer make demands upon him. I do not believe this exposure is the result of any bungling on tho part of his lawyer. I think he bad a design in it. Instead of letting these people do it. who threatened proba bly to expose htm, he has done it himself.' Judge 1'oriU on the Boycott. St. Loria, April S. Judge Portia, gen eral solicitor of the Missouri Pacific Rail way Company, has given an opinica that the recent action of the trunk lines in refus ing to sel tickets of one road apd agreeing to sell those of another, violates section S of the Interstate Commerce Uiw, which pro vides that too road shall discriminate against another and shall offer e-qual facil ities to all. TheMissouri Pacific will stand en this opinion, and for the present, tit least, will give no pledge not ta give com missions on the saie of tickets. Tbe Mis souri Pacific and Wabash officials say that no changes have vet been observed in their passenger traffic by rcufct; ;t the action of the Eastern reads. SELL'S CONFESSION. One of the Defendants in the Nrbruin Train "Wrecking Case Informs on Hoff man. Nebraska Citt, Neb., April 9. In the tram-wreckers' trial yesterday there was considerable of a sensation when Bell, on of the accused, mounted the witness stand and confessed that he and Hoffman wer the guilty parties, laying the blame on Hoffman, however. Detective Frank Tutt, of Kansas City, met the defendant January 13 in the Grand Pacific Hotel, when Hoffman made a vol untary confession, which was read to him in the presence of Bell, and he signed it be fore other witnesses. There were no in ducements, force or threats used. Afte Hoffman got started he told about th wrecking without any hitch. Detective M. F. Gibbon and Sheriff Mo Galium corroborated the statement as wit nesses of the confession. Bell was called to the witness stand and turned State's evidence. Ho said that ha was ia Dunbar the day of the wreck on business, got drunk and was arrested and lined. He appealed to Hoffman who was present for money to pay the fine. He said he did not have any, but would have enough the next day. Bell put up his team as se curity for the fine, followed Hoffman around town and drank considerable, but Hbffman did not. Hoffman asked witness to go along down the railroad track and de fendant broke open the tool house, seeured a crow bar and wrenches, and both pro ceeded up the Missouri Pacific track and arrived at the place where the wreck oc curred. Witness sat on the track and Hoff man proceeded to remove the rails. Wit ness asked him what he was doing and Hoff man replied that he was poing to wreck a train and rob the express car. Witness re monstrated, saying many people would get killed. Hoffman said he did not give a as he had made up his mind to it and would carry it out. Witness saw Hoffman removj the spikes and rails and saw the train ap proaching, when Hoffman pulled him down in the ravine. When the train jumped tha track both ran. The defense tried hard to break down Bell, but he told a straight story and would not vary. The evidence of Bell caused considerable excitement in the court room and had a telling effect on Hoffman, who became very uneasy and was greatly relieved when it was over. MORTIFIED MORMONS. An Epistle From the Heads in Hiding Read. to the Mormon General Conference at Provo, U. T. Pnovo, U. T., April 9. At a general con ference of the Mormon Church yesterday an epistle was read from Presidents Tay lor, Cannon and Smith of the first presi dency of the church. It says in regard to the Edmunds-Tucker law that it is gener ally considered no such law was ever en acted in this country before and its parallel is only found in medieval times, when men were confined to such grants as despotic governments choose to give them. The whole bill, it says, is an attempt to pave the way for the domination of tho majority by the minority. Referring to the disincorporation of the Church, grave doubts are entertained as to its being a cor poration, and, if it is yet conceded to be a corporation, it is possible after the Territory granted a charter of incorporation, which Congress for long years permitted to re main unchallenged, the latter body can not revoke that charter and appropriate the proceeds to such uses as the majority in Congress may designate. Referring to the test oath, the letter says : "Understand ing fully, therefore, all the consequences, thoy who do so have generally resolved to take the oath rather than be victims of political demagogues. But this does not deprive the oath of its enormity or consti tutional character. The rule of law is that man is presumed innocent of offense and intention to commit offense until proven guilty. By the Edmunds-Tucker law it is presumed that the citizens ot Utah are disposed to violate the law, and we must, therefore, rebut the presumption by taking the oath." m ORGANIZED MINERS. A Gigantic Federation of Miners to be Or ganized as Knights of Labor. I'lTTsiiUKGii, Pa., April 9. The coal miners throughout the country are discuss ing the formation of one gigantic organiza tion by the amalgamation of the National Federation of Miners and the Miners' National Assembly of the Knights of Labor. Heretofore considerable jealousy has been manifested betweeu the members of tho two organizations, but lately tho officials have shown a disposition to agree upon a plan for mutual benefit. At a re cent meeting of the executive board of the Federation of Miners a resolution asking for a conference with the executive board of the Miners' Assembly was adopted. The plan of federation is that the two executive boards shall meet and devise a set of rules or laws for the government of mining affairs. These laws are to provide for representa tion from both the open and secret branches of the organization. No person is to serve as officer unless he becomes a member of the Knights of Labor. It is understood that the idea is to have the federation still retain its organization, with the under standing that all its members shall bo Knights of Labor. This will also likely bring all the outside Knights into the fed eration. The union members would then belong to both organizations. It is likely that Knights of Labor members will agree to the conference. tarl Wire Shut Down. Chicago, April 8. A special from Jolict, 111., says: "The barb wire manufacturers of the country have perfected a scheme to close down a large number of the plants to decrease the output and raise, the price. There has been considerable uneasiness of late among them, and although they have been running they claim that the market is overstocked and that they are running at a loss. The United Barb Wire Company, a national concern to which all the manu facturers belong, proposes to lease all the plants they can at $2 per ton a year on their licensed tonnage, or .00 a year on the ton nage shipped in 1880, with one jer cent, of tho value of the plants added for three years and close them up. It is expected that fifty per cent, will lease, and replies favorable to the proposition have been re ceived from nearly half of them already." Captain Smnl. New York, April 9. Captain Samuels, of the schooner yacht Dauntless, defeated by the Coronet in the race across the Atlantic, arrived yesteaday. He denies having bad a quarrel with Caldwell Colt. When asked to give his opinion of the cause of tbe Dauntless defeat, be replied that the Coro net was much the better boat and the Dauntless was fairly outsailed. "The Cor onet," he continued, "is a magnificent craft and I knew it would be a bard race before we started. My idea in letting the Coronet tauethe lead was to prevent everyone from being discouraged before tho yachts got out of aight, as they would have been had I taken the lead." Hanged. Fost Smith, Ark., April 9. Patrick Mc Carty was hanjjed here yesterday for tha murder of Thomas and John Muhoncy in the Cherokee Nation February 16, Is-xS. Tbe evidence was purely circumstantial and McCarty died protesting his innocence. According to the testimony McCarty leit Red Fork, I. T., in company with Tons and John Maboney an 1 John Spru'.e, bound for SpriErStr'd, Mo. The Ma honey boys had tyu -.voikia ou the railroad, and had t-orie none.-' and i v y.-rd teams. On the night of the 1-ith McCarty and Sprule murdered the brothers in coid blood. The two men separated and fffalt is still at large. McCurtv lclv n w.fo la Vixod, Mo. A NEW RECIPE. to yon wish a new recipe simple, flelightful Breakfast, dinner or supper appropriate for. Whose components can always be found in tho pantry. Requiring no visits to cellar or store? A blessing 'twill prove when you're late with your breakfast ; When children are fractious or fretful, or Will Bringrs home a choice friend from the city, to dinner. And the partridge won't brown, and the kid neys won't grilL Take a gill of forbearance, four ounces of pa tience, A pinch of submission, a handful of grace; Mix well with the milk of the best human kind ness ; Serve at once, with a radiant smile on your face. Pray try this new recipe, much burdened housewives. It's sure to turn out a most perfect success. It's name? why, "Good Temper" O, rich boon from Heaven, Our souls and our spirits to comfort and bless! Helen Chase, in Good Ifousekeeping, A SAURIAN PET. Some Interesting Facts About the Florida Chameleon. The Old Notions Exploded About the Little Animal Changing His Color at Will, and Living on Air Desperate Fight. The Florida chameleon is the gentlest and prettiest of saurians. It is a saying in the South that this little creature is an exact reproduction of the alligator on a very diminutive scale, but this is not true. The flat head and leaden ees of the alligator are not reproduced in the chameleon, though in other respects the likeness is very close. The chameleon's head is narrow, its mouth innocent-looking, and its eyes sparkle like diamonds. But if the chameleon and alligator are closely similar in shape, they are widely different in size. An alligator twelve or fourteen feet in length, sun ning himself on a sand-bar, and a cham eleon three or four inches long, taking a siesta on an orange leaf, afford a con trast so striking that they are not likely to be mistaken for twin-brothers. Sometimes, however, chameleons are mistaken by strangers for young alli gators. In a railway ear that was whirling through the Florida pine woods, last winter, a chameleon awakened a great deal of curiosity in a number of boy and girl passengers from the North, by descending upon the window-pane to the cherry-red sill, and looking them over with its sparkling brown ejes. By accident or design, the little creat ure's color was at that moment a quiet drab. After discussing it for some time, the young people came to the conclu sion that it was an infant alligator. Meanwhile, the chameleon had darted across the panel to the next window, where a little "Cracker" girl had taken it in her hand and adorned its neck with a bit of red yarn from her hood. "What is it, little girl ?" one of the party asked. "Yarn," said she. "He means what's the animal," an other of the young Northerners ex plained. "This yer?" she asked, with surprise, pointing to the little creature. "Why, that's er cumeelyum!" The interest of the young Northerners now became greater even than it had been. They had always regarded cha meleons and salamanders as among the most wonderful things iii the world chameleons with their gift of beingable to change their color to that of the ob ject on which they happened to be rest ing, and salamanders, with their fond ness for skipping about among live coals and darting flames. Yet here was a genuine chameleon that did not become red when it halted on the cherry window-sill, and did not turn green when it rested on the Cracker girl's frock, but with an ap pearance of disregard for the most striking thing told about it in the story books, preserved its modest drab through all these vicissitudes. But, however useful as a sanitary precaution, or appropriate from an artistic point of view, it might be for chameleons to change their color to match their im mediate surroundings, there is no suffi cient season for believing that the fac ulty of doing so is possessed by them. Naturalists favor the theory that the changes of color are the result of ten sion or relaxation of the fibrous muscles in the skin, by which the minute scales are so arranged that the pre dominating tint reflected from them is red, green or neutral, according to the arrangement. Whether this muscular action is vol untary or involuntary, nobody knows. So it can not be settled at present whether a chameleon turns green for the reason that he prefers to be green, simply because he happens to have done something that incidentally makes chameleons green. But after all the theorizing, it it a fact that a chameleon found on a lily-pad is more likely to be green than red, and that one found on the bark of a tree is more often of a neutral tint than either red or green. There is another thing told about chameleons that would be very inter esting if it were true that they eat nothing but air. But it isn't true. Chameleons are not heavy eaters, and they are very irregular about taking their meals. It is fortunate for them that they have to devote but little at tention to their eating, because they are able to give all the more attention to the important work of keeping them selves from being eaten. Their food consists mainly of flies and the smaller insects of the air. There is about the same appearance of reason for the statement that cha meleons live ou air that there is for the story that they partly hide them selves by making their color conform to that of the substance next to them. Certainly they do make a tremendous show of devouring air. Some of the Afrieaa and South Anaeric?.a varieties iiiSate themselves clear to the tips of their tails, fo thftt their shape is somfc what like that of a kid-glove finger blown up. But the Florid chameleons do not put on f uch airs. When they nie inflated, they f imply look as though their tonsils were badly swollen. Why the chameleons of the tropics inflato themselves in such an extravagant way nobody knows. Perhaps it is a precau tion against getting bruised, if they should fall while doing so much climli ing around. But, although there is no basis for the two most extraordinary claims made in their behalf claims so extra ordinary that if they justly could be made with respect, even to so high a creature as man, thev would make him a vastly more interesting object than ho is chameleons are looked upon with a good deal of curiosity by strangers visiting in the lands where they live. Boys and girls soon learn from the young natives how to make pets of them, and keep them supplied with tinv bright-colored neck-ribbons, both for the purpose of adornment and identification. A chameleon will stay all winter on a sunny window if treated with proper consideration; and there is where he shows his good sense, for he can sleep with both eyes shut, and need not ba continually on the look-out for black snakes, lizards and other murderous monsters. Occasionally a Northern girl so f.ti overcomes her innate prejudice against things reptile-formed that she adortu her hair with a tiny diamond-eyed chameleon, held with a thread of gold, after the manner of far-Southern belles. As is often the case with creature that are very timid with respect t others, chameleons are desperate light ers among themselves. On a bluff overlooking the St. John's river is a deserted shanty, built ami abandoned by a man who entertained and dismissed the notion of becoming an "orange king." Chameleons hav taken possession of it, and their noise less occupancy is in harmony with tlx quietness that has prevailed since it builder departed. One day in June a tiny chameleon looked down from a beam and spied another tiny chameleon looking iif from the floor. Tho two little creat ures eyed each other for ten minutes without moving even so much as tlx muscles that tip up their scales ami change their color. Then each darted toward the other for the distance of, may be, a foot, and there was anothei wait. It took them half an hour tc come together, but when they came il was with wide-open jaws. It was to be acatch-as-catch-can com bat, and their lirst hold was meant to last. They locked jaws, and remained apparently as motionless as in the in tervals when they were eyeing each other from a distance; but soon the tiny muscles in their neck began to throb, and the thin skin on their sides began to rise and fall with their quick heart beats. A ray of sunlight fell upon them from the opposite side, ami as the blood shows red in the fingers of a hand held before a candle's flame, so did their blood show pink through their almost transparent sides. The battle grew more desperate; the throbbing of the tiny muscles became stronger; the heart-beats became faster than the ticking of a watch; the pink blood seemed to boil. Then, just as the spnrkle in their brown eyes began to die out, a stranger, who had been w atching the battle, took t he two small combatants in his hand, and in their fright they loosed their deadly hold. For a moment they lay panting in his palm, and then they leaped to tin? side of the shanty ami disappeared in oppo site directions. E. M. llcwcy, in Gold' cn Days. LIFE IN MEXICO. What Amerlnau Artlc-len (.'out In the Neigh boring Kepuldlr. The Mexican tariff puts so heavy a duty on foreign furniture that fam ilies of moderate means can not a fiord to bu3'auy thing but the common native while pine stuff, which is fixed up in miserable imitation of ebony and black walnut, or sometimes simply shel lacked. I can prove the truth of tho assertion that one bedstead costs more in this country than a lovely entire cherry, ush or walnut set in Boston. Here every one uses metal hod rd cods. A cheap article of. iron bedsteads is made here, and a not over-strong arti cle of brass beds, but all the better class of bedsteads come from Birmingham, and fair double beds will cost from f90 to f ir0. A single bed is in proportion. Large black walnut wardrobes for closets are rarely found in Mexican houses and wardrobes are universally used will cost from $100 to $17., and as much higher as one cares to go. Lately a gentleman from Kansas City, while here on a business visit, told mo that a simple brass bedstead in his hotel room cost flOO silver or eighty dollars gold, which, he said, would buy two very pretty and en tirely complete chamber suites in his enterpri.-iiig town. It is no exaggeration to say that, arti cle for article, the furnishing of a house in Mexico costs three times as much as it does in the United States a point which railway companies do not take into consideration when they pay not over high salaries iu silver to their employes here. The highest priced food is canned goods. Mexico ought riot to import these goods, especially fruits, as can ning might be made to pay well here; but she does all the same. A can of green sweet corn from the States, in tinitely superior to the dry native stuff, costs seventy-live cents silver; a mall can of oysters thirty-two cent; a small can of Wilmington prepared ham, five dollars; a pound of American ham, lift cents; ljologna sausage, one dollar a pound, etc. Beer is about as ehcsn as champagne, and to ak friend to take a glass of beer is a very marked compliment. The luxury of a "ham sandwich, and a glass of beer" i aloiit as high as one can go iu the treating line, and the quantity of ham i.i not in proportion to the powerful deal of bread. Oat-meal rosds thirry-fcten cents a pound herp. Meriro Cor. lio inn Herald. The older this country ;:V more fruit we require per capita, as the food now eaten requires :m acid fo a sist digestion. -2Uivnii YU,i).