OCR Interpretation


The Bolivar bulletin. [volume] (Bolivar, Hardeman County, Tenn.) 1865-1888, September 02, 1887, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85033306/1887-09-02/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

TT O
VOL. XXIII.
BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1887.
NO. 2.
rl CU-fttr. .
i
NEWS IN BRIEF.
Compiled from Various Source.
PERSONAL AND rOLITICAI.
Tin: Ameer of Afghanistan is reported
to lie dying from tho effects of the amputa
tion of one of his feet.
Tiik Russian I'rineo rierre Wittgenstein
died at Penlon, near I'.rest, of grief for
his wife, the daughter of a Breton fisher
man, whom ho had educated. He leaves
his vast fortune to Princess Ilohenlohe.
Judge Kcmi.kr, of the Cincinnati Court
of Common I'lns, has granted a manda
mus on the application of the Union
Labor party, directing the Hoard of Elec
tions to hereafter recognize the Union
Labor party in making appointments of
clerks, registrars and judges of election.
I.v answer to an inquiry from the col
lector of customs at Louisville, Ky., the
Secretary of tho Treasury informed him
that duty must be collected upon the actual
quantity of roimported American whisky
returned as ascertained by regauging at
tho 7ort of importation, and that the
practice of assessing duty upon the quan
tity originally exported is erroneous.
Quek.v VifToiiiA has conferred upon
Princess Louise, wifj of the Marquis of
Lome, and Princess Victoria of Wales, the
order of the Crown of India.
The Hultan of Turkey refuses to allow
Prinee Kerdinnnd to visit Constantinople
as the ruler of Bulgaria.
The (iladstouian members of Parliament
are preparing for a determined fight in the
Commons over tho government's procla
mation of the Irish National League.
Ox the 21th Mrs. Cleveland returned to
Washington.
Ahcuibalb Fokhes, the well-known war
correspondent, who was to lecture in this
country next fall, cabled his manager,
J. I!. Pond, that hi-, health is wrecked
and that all of his engagements must be
canceled.
Kecuktahy Lamar will accompany the
President on his Western and Southern
tour, but for weighty reasons Secretary
Bayard will remain at Washington.
On" the : U'u Henry S. Ives was on the
fttand in the reference case before Judge
Noah Davis, at New York, but proved an
uncommunicative witness.
Ox the 21th tho following State politi
cal conventions were held : Iowa Repub
licans at Des Moin;i, Maryland Repub
licans at Baltimore and Pennsylvania
Prohibitionir.ts at Harrisburg.
Emperor William of Germany was well
enough on tho 21th to take a drive. He
also witnessed tho annual contests of tho
officers of the First Guards.
On tho night of the "J.'M, John Andersen,
a bar-tender in Billy Thompson's restau
rant at Gloucester, N. J., received word
that by the death of his mother in Copen
hagen he is heir to S.l'iO,00.
(oiVKRnor Batiti.ktt of California was
still livin g on the ni-ht of th 21th, but
Micro v as no hope of his recovery.
Oknkral ,1uii- C. Black, Commissioner
of Pensions, is reported tr be quite ill with
inflammatory rheumatism at the residence
of Hon. Stilson Ilutehins, at Weir. N. II.
lie is there as the guest of the New Hamp
shire veterans. Three physicians have
been in attendance.
Iris reported from London that John
Rnskiu is insane.
Proi LK in Indiana are subscribing lib
erally to tho Hendricks monument fund.
Till! Porto refuses assent to Russia's new
Bulgarian scheme.
A lU'MnKfa) Cabinet change in prospect
at Washington is General Vilas for the
Interior Doparhn- nt and General A. E.
Stevenson for Postmaster-General.
O.v the 'Sith Mr. Gladstone, in the House
of Commons, vigorously opposed tho proc
lamation of the Irish Netioiin! League.
Skci'.ktaky Kniucott on the 2."tth made
a requisit i n oil the Civil-Service Commis
sion for 212 names, from which to select
fifty-thre;) for positions left vacant by
promotions.
By the order of William O'Brien to an
swer in tho courts for sedition under the
new Irish Crimes net, tho British Govern
ment is brought face to face with the ques
tion of enforcing coercion in Ireland, and
everybody in England is awaiting with in
tense interest the result.
Prince Ferdinand is very much de
pressed in consequence of tho Isolation in
which ho finds himself at home and
abroad.
Ov tho 2fth Mr. Lninfiesta, the new
Minister from Guatemala, was presented
to President Cleveland by Secretary
Bay n rd.
O.v the 2,"th Hon. George V. N. Lothrop,
United States M inister to Russia, passed
through Geneva, on his way to tho United
States by way of Paris. It is said that
upon his arrival hero he might tender his
resignation.
Tiik President and Mrs. Cleveland in
tend to remain most of tho ;tinn at the
White House now, and have practically
abandoned their country home for the rest
of this season. Mrs. Kolsom will continue
to preside A miitre:s at Red Top, in
which duty slio expects to 1 assisted by
several friends from ImlTalo.
Bkv. Edward F. Uo.wr:, the American
missionary who was imprisoned on the
Caroline Islands, lun been released.
Sknator Riiit.Kiii:R.ER has mado a
statement explaining his recent trouble
w ith tho court at Woodstock, Va.
Viscoi'nt Ii)i:" ailak's death from hy-
lr"r,hobia has t-hn!;en tho faith of many
in the efficacy of Pasteur's plan of treating
rabies.
A i.kx and nil McCer., Solicitor of the
Treasury, lias been appointed Commis
sioner of Fish and Fisheries, to succeed
Prof. Baird, deceased.
Vk'E-Pkksipkx r P itthr of the Union
Pacific railroad intimates that the com
pany wotod dispose of its coal mines in
Wyoming if a purchaser couid be found at
a reasonable price.
Bhjiit Kkv. II. W. B. Elliot, Bishop of
Western Texas, died ot Sewnnee, Tenn.,
on tho night of the 2i;tli, ufter a protracted
illness.
Mayor Hkwitt of New Yor'c is de
termined to enforce t lie provisions of the
"lire-escape" law passed by tho Legislat
ure last whiter. He has instructed the
corporation counsel t prosecute all hotel
keepers who failed to place a rope long
enough to reach the ground in each room
of the house.
Hon. Mr. Lakivikkr, Provincial Secre
tary ami member of the Government of
Manitoba, who is in Montreal, says that
the provincial government are determined
to build the Red River Valley railway at
any cost and in spite of nil opposition.
1U!5las F. Cari.i:,-, chief clerk at the
Cheyenne agency, was married on the
2ith to Madien imprest, the wealthiest
Imlian heiress on tho Sioux reservation.
Carlin is closely connected with prominent
army oilleers, and with the Carlin of
Illinois. Over ono thousand Indians wit
nessed the ceremony, and the festivities
wid last three days.
CHIMES AM) CASUALTIES.
O.n the 2Jd a frame building, owned and
occupied by Mrs. Folsom as a grocery -store
and dwelling, at Fort Hamilton, N.
Y., was destroyed bv lire. Loss about
$',500. A pet monkey up;.et a lamp, caus
ing the fire.
The raptain of the Cleveland Base-Ball
Club was arrested on the 22d for having
participated in a Sunday game of base
ball. lie was released under $100 hail,
pending trial in the police court.
TJaktlf.tt, the Sumter (S. C.) bank ab
sconder, is believed to have gone to Mexico.
Vhuv:1" women and live children were
dron nvd near Montreal, Can., ou the 23d,
by the pstt injj oi u, Inuit.
An txplolon of natural gas occurred
net.' i.J : f v vi! !e. Fa., 03 the "J.!d, by
wj 'a ttaiiau i.auiud Antonio, raltiui
was almost instantly killed, and two other
laborers were badly burned. The three
men were in a trench, and one of them
carelessly ignited the gas.
On the 21th an engineer and fireman
were killed in a collision on the Baltimore
& Ohio railroad at Easton siding, twenty
miles east of Wheeling, W. Va.
On the 24th, Captain James P. Murphy,
one of the oldest and wealthiest citizens of
Kittaning, Pa., was struck by the Buffalo
express on the Allegheny Valley railroad
and instantly killed. Captain Murphy was
born in 171XJ, and resided in Armstrong
County'nearly all his life.
O.v the 24th Dan Truitt, a negro, who at
tempted to murder his wife at Mount Ver
non, Ind., a few weeks ago, was captured
by Marshal Schneider. Truitt knocked his
wife in tho head with a coupling-pin and
then threw her in the river. She was res
cued by neighbors.
On the 24th while at work on the steamer
Rosedale at Mount Vernon, Ind., two
negro men, Tom Lewis and Austin Will
iams, quarreled and Lewis struck Will
iams in the mouth with his open hand.
This so enraged Williams that he drew a
razor and literally cut Lewis to pieces, in
flicting about thirty terrible wounds,
which will probably prove fatal.
On the 24th the Martin's Ferry (O.)
Stove Works were destroyed by fire at
three o'clock in the morning. The loss
will probably reach $50,000 on stock and
buildings; insurance, $37,000. The stock
consisted of 1,500 cooking and heating
stoves, patterns and machinery.
On the night of the 2 tth a wreck occurred
on the Union Pacific road in Colorado, by
which one human life was lost and several
persons injured.
Mrs. Francis Roberts, of New York,
the woman who was charged with receiv
ing $10,000 of the money embezzled from
the Manhattan Bank by Teller Scott, has
been admitted to bail in the sum of $10,000
this afternoon.
On the 21th, the schooner Clara, of Man
istee, was driven ashore near Miller, Ind.,
and her wreckage was strewn along the
beach for miles. Captain Olson, her mas
ter and owner, and one of his sailors lost
their lives, and John Gustavson, the mate,
escaped by swimming ashore on a plank.
On the 2 lib Nathan Phipps, a coal miner
living at Millwood, seven miles from
Latrobe, Pa., shot and mortally wounded
his friend, John Robb, after which he
terribly injured Mrs. Phipps, by stabbing
her and breaking several of her ribs. He
then armed himself with a rifle and shot
gun and fled to tho woods.
On tho 2r.th Prof. II. K. Whitney, of the
Excelsior academy, on the shores of Lake
Minnetonka, was drowned in the lake.
Three children were playing on a raft
which went to pieces, and he, swimming
out to save them, became entangled in the
weeds and was drowned. Two of the
children were rescued alive, the third was
drowned.
At Parkersburg, Y. Va., ex-Congress-nian
Eustace Gibson has been jailed for
contempt of court.
At tho Cheboygan (Mich.) Lumber Com
pany's mill a log carriage was accidently
started on the evening of the 2oth, result
ing in horrible and probably fatal injuries
to Edmund Lapeer and Dan Albright.
A terrible explosion occurred in the
engine-room of Herbert E. Johnson's corn
canning factory at Gorham, Me., on the
20th. One man was killed and a number
of others seriously injured.
Tint body of Albert Huber, a prosperous
farmer in Miami, O., was found in his
corn-crib on the morning of the 26th, the
top of his head blown off, a shotgun by his
side and other circumstances clearly indi
cating suicide.
Firk broke out in AY'. H. Harsh's flour
mill at Winterset, la., on tho 26th, and de
stroyed tho entire structure, with all its
contents. Loss, $lfl,00; insurance, $5,000.
Tho fire is supposed to have originated
from a hot box.
The owners of the fishing shooner Lydia
T. Crowell, of Beverly, Mass., have given
her up for lost. She was ninety-five tons
burthen. It is believed that all on board
were lost. She was in chargo of Captain
Moses Larkin, of Nova Scotia, and had a
crew of fifteen men. She was insured.
The pleasure yacht llifracombe, while
sailing in the Thames on the 26th, turned
back to recover a boat-hook, which had
fallen overboard, when she was struck by
a squall and capsized. There were twenty
one persons on board, all of whom were
thrown into the water and twelve of them
were drowned.
MISCELLANEOUS;
The Aurora, the largest wooden vessel
on the great chain of lakes, was launched
nt Cleveland, O., on the 2i'.d. Her beam is
41 2-3 feet; length elO feet, and depth 2o
1-2 feet. She is equipped with a 2,000-horse-power,
double cylinder engine and
steam wheel weighing four tons. She was
built for the ore trade and is owned at
Cleveland.
A fatal epidemic is reported prevalent
in McDowell County, W. Va.
The missing boat of the lost steamer
City of Montreal has been picked up. and
the thirteen occupants were landed all
right.
Under the law the time allowed for the
redemption of trade-dollars will expire on
tho ,'ld of next month. The amount re
deemed up to the 2;'d was a little over $7,
400,00;). The number of these dollars esti
mated to be held in this country by the Di
rector of tho Mint in his report to Congress
was $7,tttt,000, and the slight excess in re
demption is accounted for by importa
tion from China and Japan.
The Secretary of tho Treasury opened
proposals on the 24th for the sale of four
and a half per cent, bonds to the Govern
ment amounting to $7,14S,00O.
It is emphatically denied that the Presi
dent has offered a reward for triplets at a
New York rural fair.
A powerful syndicate of American
capitalists, headed by one of the Vander
bilts, is said to be negotiating with the
Russian Government, with the object of
securing control of the gold mines of the
Ural mountains.
Advices from India state that Ayoub
Khan, with his principal followers, has es
citped and is hurrying toward Herat with
all possible speed. The Afghan officials
are endeavoring to overtake and capt
ure him, but with small chance of suc
cess. News of the serious and perhaps fatal
illness of the Ameer of Afghanistan has
aroused Russian and English cupidity
once more in connection with that coun
try. Reports from sixty Manitoba points
concerning harvest, now nearly finished,
are highly satisfactory. The wheat yield
will be from twenty-five to thirty bushels
per acre, with other cereals in proportion.
The amount of wheat for export will ex
ceed 7,000,000 bushels.
On the night of the 24th the largest
comet that haa appeared in many years
was reported as visible from Indianapolis
in the northern sky. The outline was
somewhat dim, but was perfectly plain to
the naked eye. It was first noticed about
teu o'clock.
On the 2oth a stay of proceedings was
granted in Jake Sharpe's case.
The quarrymen employed at the lime
stone quarries along the river east of
Youngstown, O., to the number of over
2,000, .truok on the 24th for an increase of
two cents per ton and semi-monthly pay
ment of wages. Thooe remaining at work
threatened to join the strikers unless the
demands made were conceded.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company
has resumed the sale of one thousand
mile tickets, suspended when the Inter
State Commerce act went into force. The
rate is twenty dollars, thw same prevailing
before the suspension.
Rf.ports of starvat ion and cannibalism
come from remote regions of British America.
The lock-pouch system is about to go
into effect with Mexico, after which twenty
four hours will be saved in the transmis
sion of mails.
Enthusiastic meetings in the interest
of commercial union with the United
States are being held throughout Canada.
On the 25th the directors of the St.
Louis, Kansas City & Colorado railroad
met at Fort Scott, Kan., and formally
transferred the road to the Santa Fe.
On August 30 a board composed of three
army officers will assemble at Washington
to examine into and report the disqualifi
cations of applicants for appointment as
superintendent of a National cemetery.
National bank depositories now hold
$20,254,204 of Government funds. This is
the greatest amount of funds ever held by
the depositories at one time.
On the 25th Governor Lloyd of Marylan-i
reprieved John Thomas Ross, the negro
who was to have been hanged in Balti
more on the 2Gth, for two weeks. Unless
a further postponemeut of the execution
be made Ross will be hanged September 9.
The Department of State has been
notified by the British Government that
the date for receiving applications for
space at the Melbourne International Ex
hibition has been extended from August 31
to October 31.
Buchanan and adjoining counties in
Missouri are organizing an anti-horse-thief
association.
Yankton has been designated as the see
city of the dioce of South Dakota of the
Catholic Church. The diocese will be
called the Yankton diocese. A cathedral
will be built and a diocesan school. Near
ly $200,000 will be expended in new build
ings. The mayor of New York and a commit
tee of the Board of Aldermen, appointed
for the purpose, have sent an invitation to
Mrs. President Cleveland to attend the
New York firemen's parade and inspection
next month and present a stand of colors
on that occasion to the fire department.
There is now on deposit in the United
States Treasury $1140,000 belonging to the
Fidelty Bank of Cincinnati, which failed
recently. Comptroler Trenholm states
that he expects the amount to reach a
million before the first of next month.
This amount will, of course, be applied to
the claims of creditors.
Paymaster Watkins, United States
Navy, has been sentenced to three years'
imprisonment at hard labor. During his
imprisonment he is to receive one-half fur
lough pay, and at the expiration of his
sentence will be dismissed from the serv
ice. Watkins was tried on board his ship,
the Ossipee, at Yokohama, and found
guilty of fraud, embezzlement, desertion
and other offenses.
It is claimed a natural flow of both oil
and gas has been discovered near Fort
Snelling, Minn. It is said that oil comes
to the surface in such quantities that it
can easily be gathered in the crude state.
The government of New South Wales
having offered 800,000 acres of land to any
missionary society that will undertake to
civilize the natives, the Pope has directed
that immediate attention be paid to the
offer in order to forestall Protestant socie
ties. The De Witt County (111.) grand jury
has pronounced tho court-house at Clinton
unsafe.
The postal telegraph has been consoli
dated with the Canadian Pacific, and John
W. Mackay retires.
Some miscreant tried to wreck a train on
the Wabash near Danville, 111., on the 26th,
but the scheme was frustrated.
The dissatisfaction among the officers of
the Belgian army at the King's military
policy is growing. General Brailmont has
resigned.
Governor Morehouse of Missouri has
offered a reward of $T00 for the apprehen
sion of Rev. West, for the murder of Susie
Beck.
Members of the Grand Army had a
demonstration at Wheeling, W. Va., on the
26th, and refused to walk under a portrait
of the President.
The Commissioner of Indian Affairs has
recommended the pardon of Lieutenant
Knight, James A. Brooks and Henry Putz,
convicted of manslaughter at Fort Smith,
Ark.
Five hundred thousand dollars in
gold left the sub-treasury at St. Louis for
Chicago on the 20th. This is the second
shipment of a like sum to tue city on the
lake within three months. The money
was shipped in five barrels of $100,000
each, containing twenty bags of $5,000
each.
Acting Land Commissioner Stock
SLager has taken the necessary steps to
carry into effect Secretary Lamar's order
directing restoration to settlement and
entry of the unimproved indemnity selec
tion of the California & Oregon Railroad
Company in California. This will affect
some 750,000 acres of land.
CONDENSED TELEGRAMS.
The greatest excitement prevails In
Havana, occasioned by the recent acts of
Capt.-Gen. Marin in taking possession of
the customhouse and placing the officials
under arrest. The city is in charge of reg
ular troops and the situation becomes
daily more desperate, recalling events
attending the massacre of medical studentt
in 1871.
Senator Beck, of Kentucky, thinks
Secretary Lamar will be the Democratic
candidate for Vice-President.
The record of yellow fever cases at Key
West, np to the 2Sth, according to the
reports of the board of health, was as
follows: New cases 1, deaths 60, dis
charged cured 171, still sick 39.
The Rev. MosesI Rogirs, a direct de
scendant of John Rogers, who was burned
at the stake in England on account of his
religious convictions in the sixteenth cen
tury, and who was probably the oldest
member of the Methodist ministry in
America, died at Fresh Pond, L. I., on the
27th. The deceased was in bis ninty -fourth
year, and had been preaching about
seventy years.
A slight shock of earthquake was felt
at Augusta, Ga., on the 28th.
In a drunken row at Washington, on the
night of the 28th, Frank Ileiseman shot
and killed John Waines. An angry crowd
gathered, but Heisemaa kept them at bay
with his smoking revolver, and finally es
caped. Thi President has appointed Robert A.
Crowley, of Mississippi, to be Marshal of
the United States Consular Court at
Ningpo, China.
The disorder at Decatur, Ga., on the
27th, was not in any sense a conflict be
tween the races. A drunken negro dis
turbed a religions meeting and several
negro toughs resisted arrest. In the melee
fatal shots were fired and the whites be
came very much excited, but so far as yet
appears without cause.
Within a 6hort time the United States
has adopted a system for tho transmission
of documents to our consuls which has re
sulted in the saving of a great many hun
dreds of dollars in the course of the year.
Although the flow of trad dollars
toward tho Treasury has practically
ceased, it is believed that there are still a
great many of these coins. Up to the
preseut time there have been about seven
and a half million "trades" exchanged for
standard dollars.
Southwestern Missouri is in a frenzy
of excitement over the railroad laud ques
tion, which has lately developed sonic
most remarkable features.
Sixty persons were poisoned from eat
ing ice cream at Beaumont, Texas, on tha
28th. It Is thought two of the victim
will die.
WANTS A REHEARING.
The Northern Faciflc Boad Files an Appli
cation for a Kehearins In tbe Matter of
Indemnity Lands.
Washington, Aug. 20. The Northern
Pacific Railroad Company, by attorney, has
filed with the Secretary of the Interior an
application for a rehearing in the matter
of the revocation of the orders of with
drawal of its indemnity lands, so far as
that revocation applies to the selections by
the company already of record, and to fu
ture selections -which it will hereafter have
to make "in common with the rest of the
world." The company takes exception to ;
the rules laid down in tbe decision referred j
to restricting the company's selections to
the State or Territory in which the losses
occur; and declaring thera is no second
Indemnity belt, and that the company is en
titled to losses only for lands disposed of
since the date of the grant of July 2, 1864.
The application says: "It is conceded by
the Department that under the original
charter the company would be entitled to
select indemnity for all lands lost prior to
the definite location of the road, without
limit of time within which the losses must
have occurred." But the decision then
proceeds to lay down that by its charter
the company was prohibited from issuing
bonds or mortgage, and was seekiog to and
did have such prohibition removed by the
passage of the joint resolution of May 31,
1t0, and that there was reason why asking
a right denied Congress should then modify
the indemnity proceedings. Hence, in
passing the joint resolution, and thereby
granting the right to issue bonds and mort
gages, the granting power therein re
stricted the indemnity to losses occurring
between the date of the original act and
the date of the definite location, and speci
fied that the indemnity selections should
be restricted to the particular States or
Territories in which the losses might be
Bustained, declaring that part of the deci
sion which restricts indemnity for losses
after the passage of the granting act rests
upon the construction to be placed upon
the joint resolution of May 31, 1870. The
company desire to be heard upon that
question, asserting that it can show con
clusively that the purpose of the resolution
was to give additional lauds. Reference
is made to Secretary Teller's decision of
May 18, 1883, in which a second indemnity
belt was recognized, and in which the com
pany has selected, under authority of that
decision, some 372,000 acres. With refer
ence to that part of the decision restricting
the company from making indemnity selec
tions other than in the States or Territories
in which the losses occur, the application
again calls attention to this decision of
Secretary Teller in which it is held that "it
was clearly tho intention of the legislation
that within tho indemnity limits fixed by
the Northern Pacifie acts, the companj
should have the opportunity to take lands,
acre for acre, for all those lost in place.'
This decision of Secretary Teller is referred
to as confirming the construction of the law
under which the company has acted foi
sixteen yours.
The New Orleans Pacific Railway Com
pany has also applied for a rehearing upor
the ground that it has not had sufficient op
portunity to make its selectians. The Act
ing Secretary will hear counsel for each oi
thesa roads in support of their applica
tions, cither orally or by brief.
COLOROVV AGAIN.
A Fight Reported to Have Taken Place
With Colorow's Hand.
Gleswood Springs, Col., Aug. 27. Bern
stein, who lives about four miles below
Meeker, is just in. A battle has taken
place between Kendall's men and a baud of
Indians. Deputy Sheriff Jack Ward was
killed and several wounded. Several In
dians are reported killed, as several were
seen to fall and to be carried off the field.
Bo far as known the fight was stopped by
darkness, anU it is thought it is almost cer
tain to be resumed by daylight.
A GRAVE ASPECT.
Meeker, Col., Aug. 27. The Indian war ,
has assumed a grave aspect, and for all '
that is known a big battle may have taken i
place between Colorow and Major Leslie's j
command of 100 poorly equipped man. It is
hoped that if such is the case the 100 men
have not been served in a similar manner to
Shornburgh, although the conditions are the
same. When the news of the encounter is
Coyote basin yesterday between Pritchard's
scouts and the Indians was received, Gen
eral Rearden acted promptly. The Aspen
volunteers seventy-five men were sworn
intoservice and started to the front. Captain
Dana and the Colorado Springs company o
fifteen men also went. Dana carries &
warrant for Colorow. The men have im
perative orders to bring Colorow dead or
alive. When the men reach there, there
will bo about 200 men in tho field against
the Utes. They are thought to numbei
about 200. Meeker is almost stripped of
men, and the population is two-thirds
women and children. Families aro coming
in in largo numbers and no one leaves
town except when compelled to do so.
COMMERCIAL UNION.
Efforts in Canada to Kflect Keeiprocitj
With the United States.
Montreal, Aug. 2d. Never in the pro
vince has a more intelligent and apprecia
tive audience assembled than the one which
yesterday heard at Shefford tho first guns
fired for commercial union. Stirring ad
dresses were delivered by Messrs. Ciayes,
member of Parliament for Missisquoi;
Fisher, member of Parliament for Brome;
Auget, ex-member of Parliament for Shef
ford, and E. Johnson and H. M. Rider. Mr.
Fontaine, of St. Hyacinth, made an address
in French, advising his countrymen to give
their support to the movement, which, he
believed, would be for their good in every
way. Long and frequent applause inter
rupted all tho speakers, and left no doubt
in the minds of unbiased spectators that
the movement is a popular one.
The meeting was brought to a close
with cheers tor the Queen and the Presi
dent. A letter was read from Erastus
Wiman, in which he deplored his inability
to attend the meeting, owing to numerous
engagements, but assuring the assembly oi
his entire sympathy with the cause, and
expressing the wish that he might here
after meet with the farmers and citizens tc
consider the great question of commercial
union, which had as yet had no proper dis
cussion in the province of Quebec. Yester
day's meet ing will be followed by others,
the first of which will be held at Waterloo,
Shefford County, on September 9 next. Mr.
Wiman and other prominent supporters of
the cause are expected to be present at thi
meeting. m
Sew York Prohibitionists.
Stracvse, N. Y., Aug. 27. The Pro
hibition State convention assembled yester
day morning at nine o'clock, when Rev.
Mrs. Mary T. Lathrop, of Michigan, made
a long speech, and was followed by Mrs.
Carrie T. Hoffman, of Missouri. About tvvc
thousand delegates were in attendance. Of
these 134 were formerly Democrats and the
rest formerly Republicans. A platform
was adopted declaring against license and
in favor of woman's suffrage. It holds that
both the Republican and Democratic par
ties are controlled by the "rum power,"
nd cites the Vedder and Ives bills as proof
f the assertion.
Poisonous Whisky Found.
Wichita, Kan., Aug. 26. At the time oi
the closing of the West End drug store,
about 12,000 worth of liquors were confis
cated by the county. Yesterday O'Connor
and Jones, of the Internal Revenue Depart
Kent, made an examination of the liquors
in the barrels and found that the con
tents in no way corresponded with
the proofs made by the officers upon the
barrels. In one barrel of whisky was
found, as the examiner expressed it,
enough of arsenic to poison the town. A
keg of gin they said had been made in the
city and had not passed through tha hands
of the revenue officers at all. The proper
steps will be immediately taken for the
conviction of the parties guilty.
,THE THINGS WE LOVE.
Out of our lives they go,
The sweet, sweet things we love ;
We try to hold them, though,
The sweet, sweet things we love.
uui oi our lives tucj kui
Leaving darkness and pain,
Ont rtf rmr livpe t i I-v rrv
We cry and hold in van.
Out of our lives, O God 1
Thou knowest what it means I
More than the soft greea sod, J
It may be, intervenes.
Xnto our lives, again, ,
Will come the things we love.
Though naught doth whisper when,
, These dear, sweet things we love.
Again into our lives,
Shining with holier light.
When God's own time arrives.
They'll come more fair and bright,
Shining with holier light,'
Touched by the hand divine,
No more to leave our sii'ht.
Your dearly loved, ani mine.
A". Y. Observer.
CAPTAIN NATHAN HALE.
Story of One of the Revolutionary
Heroes.
General Washington wanted a man.
It was in September, 1776, at the city
of New York, a few days after the bat
tle of Long Island. The swift and
deep East liiver flovfed between, the
two hostile armies, and General Wash
ington had as yet no system established
for getting information of the enemy's
movements and intentions. lie never
needed such information so much as at
that crisis.
What would General Howe do next?
If he cr6ssed at Hell Gate, the Ameri
can army, too small in numbers, and
defeated tho Aveek before, might be
caught on Manhattan Island as in a
trap, and the issue of the contest might
be made to depend upon a single bat
tle; for in such circumstances defeat
would involve the capture of the whole
army. And yet General Washington
was compelled to confess:
"We can not learn, nor have we been able to
procure the least informat ion of late."
Therefore he wanted a man. He
wanted an intelligent man, cool
headed, skillful, brave, to cross the
East River to Long Island, enter the
enemy's camp, and get information as
to his strength and intentions. He
went to Colonel Knowlton, command
ing a remarkable efficient regiment
from Connecticut, aid requested him
to ascertain if this man so sorely
needed could be found in his com
mand. Colonel Knowlton called his
officers together, stated the wishes of
General Washington, and, without urg
ing the enterprise upon any individual,
left the matter to their reflections.
Captain Nathan Hale, a brilliant
youth of twenty-oil o, recently grad
uated from Yale College, was one of
those who reflected upon the subject.
He soon reached a conclusion. He was
of the very flower of the young men of
New England, and one of the best of
the young soldiers of the patriot army.
He had been educated for the ministry,
and his motive for adopting for a time
the profession of arms was purelj'
patriotic. This we know from the
familiar records of his life at the time
when the call to arms was first heard.
In addition to his other gifts and
graces, he was handsome, vigorous
and athletic, all in an extraordinary
degree. If he had lived in our daj he
might have pulled the stroke oar at
New London, or pitched for the college
nine.
The officers were conversing in a
group. No one had as yet spoken the
decisive word. Colonel Knowlton ap
pealed to a French sergeant, an old
soldier of former wars, and asked him
to volunteer.
"No, no," said he. "I am ready to
fight the British at anyplace and time,
but I do not feel willing to go among
them to be hung up like a dog."
Captain Hale joined the group of
officers. He said to Colonel Knowlton:
"I will undertake it."
Some of his best friends remonstrated.
One of them, afterwards the famous
General William Hell, then a captain
in Washington's army, has recorded
Hale's reply to his own attempt to dis
suade him.
"I think," said Hale, "I owe to my
country the accomplishment of an ob
ject so important. .1 am fully sensible
of the consequences; of discovery and
capture in such a situation. But for a
year I have been attached to the army,
and have not rendered any material
service, while receiving a compensation
for which I make no return. I wish to
be useful, and every kind of service
necessary for the public good becomes
honorable by being necessaiy."
He spoke, as General Hull remem
bered, w'ith earnestness and decision,
as one who had considered the matter
well, and had made up his mind.
Having received his instructions, he
traveled fifty miles along the Sound as
far as Norwalk in Connecticut. One
who saw him there made a very wise
remark upon him, to the effect that lie
was "too good looking" to go as spy.
He could not deceive. "Some scrubby
fellow ought to have gone." At Nor
walk he assumed the disguise of a
Dutch schoolmaster, putting on a suit
of plain brown clothes, and a round,
broad-brimmed hat. He had no diffi
culty in crossing the Sound, since he
bore an order from General Washing
ton which placed at his disposal all the
vessels belonging to Congress. For
several days every thing appears to
have gone well with him, and there is
reason to believe that he passed
through'the entire British army with
out detection or even exciting sus
picion. Finding the British had crossed to
New York, he followed them. He made
his way back to Long Island, and near
ly reached the point opposite Norwalk,
where he had originally landed. Ren
dered perhaps too bold by success, he
went into a well-known and popular
tavern, entered into conversation with
the guests, and made himself very
agreeable. A raati present suspecting
or knowing that he was not the char
acter he assumed, quietly left the room,
communicated his suspicions to the
captain of a British ship anchored near,
who dispatched a boat's crew to cap
ture and bring on board the agreeable
stranger, nis true character was Im
mediately revealed. Drawings of some
of the British works, with notes in
Latin, were found hidden in the soles
of his shoes. Nor did he attempt to
deceive his captors, and the English
captain, lamenting, as he said, that
"so fine a fellow had fallen into
his power," sent him to New York
in one of his boats, and with him the
fatal proofs that he was a spy.
September 21 was the day on which
he reached New York the day of the
great fire which laid one-third of the
little city in ashes. From the time of
his departure from General Washing
ton's camp to that of his return to New
York was about fourteen days. He
was taken to General Howe's head
quarters at the Beekman mansion, on
the East River, near the corner of the
present Fifty-first street and First ave
nue. It is strange coincidence that
this house to which he was brought to
be tried as a spy Avas the Arery one from
which Major Andre departed when he
went to West Point. Tradition says
that Captain Hale was examined in a
greenhouse which stood in the garden
of the Beekman mansion.
Short Avas his trial, for he avowed
at once his true character. The British
General signed an order to his provost
marshal directing him to receive into
his custody the prisoner conA'icted as a
spy, and to see him hanged by the neck
"to-morrow morning at daybreak."
Terrible things are reported of the
manner in which this noble prisoner,
this admirable gentleman and hero,
Avas treated by his jailer and execu
tioner. There are savages in every
large army, and it is possible that this
provost-marshal was one of them. It
is said that he refused him writing ma
terials, and afterwards, AvJien Captain
Hale had been furnished them by oth
ers, destroyed before his face his last
letters to his mother and to the young
lady to whom he Avas engageil to be
married. As those letters were never
received this statement may be true.
The other alleged horrors of the execu
tion it is safe to disregard, because Ave
know that it Avas conducted in the usual
form and in the presence of many spec
tators and a considerable body of
troops. One fact shines out from the
distracting confusion of that morning,
which will be cherished to the latest
posterity as a precious ingot of the
moral treasures of the American peo
ple. When asked if he had any thing to
say, Captain Hale replied:
"Ijonly regret that I have but one life
to lose for my country."
The scene of his execution Avas prob
ably an old graveyard in Chambers
street, which Avas then called Barrack
street. General Hoavc formally notified
General Washington of his execution.
In recent years, through the industry
of investigators, the pathos and sublim
ity of these events have been in part re
vealed. A feAV Aveeks ago a bronze statue of
the young hero Avas unA-eiled in the
State House at Hartford. Mr. Charles
Dudley Warner delivered a beautiful
address suitable to the occasion, and
Governor Lounsberry Avorthil v accepted
the statue on behalf of the State. It is
greatly to be regretted that our knoAvl
edge of this noble martyr is so slight;
but Ave knoAV enough to be sure that he
merits the veneration of his country
men. James Parlon, in X. Y. Ledger.
GROWING CORK-OAKS.
A California Industry Which Will Soon
Prove to He Remunerative.
The growth of cork-oak in California
is not a matter of experiment; its suc
cess Avas demonstrated long ago. The
distribution of cork acorns by the Pat
ent Office about twenty-live years ago
may not have accomplished much in
other parts of the country, but it gave
us a start, and there are hoav trees
yielding cork and bearing acorns at a
number of different places in the State.
There are trees growing on Mr. Rich
ardson's place at San Gabriel. There
Avere samples of cork and acorns shown
at the Sacramento Citrus Fair by H. A.
Messenger, of Calaveras County. There
are trees of similar age in Sonoma,
Santa Barbara and Tulare, and perhaps
other counties. The State University
is growing seedlings from California
cork acorns, and will be likely to have
the trees for distribution next year.
There is no doubt about the adaptation
of the tree to the State as the widely
separated places named above all fur
nish proper conditions for its groAvth.
It is of course a crop of which one has
to Avait some time to gather, and there
fore needs patience in the planter.
All the cork-wood of commerce
comes from the Spanish Peninsula,
Avhere the trees abound, not only in
cultivated forest, but also grow wild
on the mountains. The tree is like
an American oak, witli leaves
similar to the oak, and acorns. It
takes ten years for the bark to become
a proper thickness to be manufactured
into bottle-stoppers, life-preservers and
seine-corks. When stripped from the
tree it is to be boiled for two hours,
cured in the sun for a week and pressed
into flat pieces for baling and shipping.
The denuded trunk, like a lien robbed
of her eggs, does not sulk and quit the
business, but throws out a froh cover
ing for a fresh spoliation. One tree
has been known to yield half a ton of
cork-Avood. One pound of cork can
be manufactured into HI champagne
corks. The baled cork bark is sold to
cork manufacturing centers. The
most extensive manufactory in Ameri
ca is at Pittsburgh. Besides the ordi
nary demands for cork bark, a good
supply of the buoyant material, after
being burned to make it still lighter
than the original bark, is shipped to
Canada and New England, where it is
made into seine-corks The average
annual importation of rork-wood into
this country, entirely at the port of.
New York, is 70,000 bales a year. A
bale weighs 160 pounds and is worth
on this side of the water $20, making a
total value of the importation of fl,
400,000. It comes in duty free. Pa
cific Rural Prcxs.
"Just think, hubby dear," said th
wife of one of our prominent West
chester lawyers, "we've been married
nearly a 3-oar and our hens haven't l.nd
IN THE FRIGID ZONE.
Instructive Detail or a Visit In a Whaler to
Spitzbergeu.
At a meeting of the Berlin Geologi
cal Society Dr. Kuckenthal gaA'e some
interesting details of a visit on a
whaler, the Hvidfisken, to Spitsbergen.
The surface of the sea Avas often thick
ly covered with dirty green one-celled
alga?, in Avhich lived a small rod crab,
hunted by the fish as they wander from
north to south. Arriving on the 13t.h
of June at Spitzbergen, the fantastic
forms of the snow-covered mountains
in the magically red light of the mid
night sun formed an enchanting con
trast to the pure green sk', a tint
caused by the reflection of the ice.
Excursions to the interior proved that
it consisted of one immense icy desert,
but that it had long ages ago been a
scene of great fertilitj'. for there were
found numerous petrifactions, exten
sive beds of coal, etc. Where on the
coast or among the hills, which are
about five hundred to one thousand five
hundred feet high, there are now only
some mosses, grasses or other poor lit
tle plants during the short summer,
the palm once grew in abundance.
The bare coast mountains are geologi
cally remarkable. The steep preci
pices, like gigantic terraces, which
frame in AdAent Bay, continue in the
same form to about one thousand feet
below the surface of the water. The
east part of the island is entirely
blocked up by ice and is inaccessible,
but the extreme sideward currents of
the Gulf Stream in the west some times
allow of a free approach, while in the
north the sea is frequently free of
ice in consequence of the north Avind.
Last century the ships of all na
tions repaired to Spitzbergen to fish;
now that business is reduced to about
thirty Norwegian boats. Among these
the so-called "rat-cages" play the part
of pariahs, for they take every thing
with them that they find birds' eggs,
down, seals, reindeers, bears, and,
above all, Avieck;ige. The aristocracy
is represented by the Avhite whalers,
Avitli their very costly apparatus. Dr.
Kuckenthal visited Sassen Bay and
found that the maps of it and the
neighborhood are very incorrect, and
that the Noi fiord is as broad again as
the dimensions giATen on the maps.
The Tenipleberg, on the Sassen Bay,
t( fiords a magnificent spectacle, Avith
the varied colors of its black, brown,
red and yellow rocks. The wooden hut
erected on a point of land by Nor
denskjold in 1872 Avas found in a A-ery
untidy condition. Besides white whales,
many fishermen angle for sharks, in
waters free from ice, for the sake of
the liver, Avhich is very oil-. From
two hundred to three hundred fish pay
for the trip, (treat boldness is dis
played in hunting seals and bears,
which are often followed far into the
ice. The Hvidfisken continued her
hunting till the end of August, when
the ice had already become dangerous.
A bar of ice sepa rated the ship from
the open sea, and only the resolution
of the captain, who ran and dragged
his ship with great trouble through the
blocks of ice, prevented it from being
obliged to winter there Avith insufficient
provisions. London Telcg ruplt .
JOYS OF COUNTRY LIFE.
Mr. and Mm. Rowur'i Vixit to a Genuine
Knral Summer Jtesori.
'I think avc had better go aAAray for a
couple of weeks," obseiwed Mr. Bowser
a few evenings since as we sat on the
steps.
"But Avhy? Our house is nice and
cool, and Ave don't seem to feel the need
of a change."
"Oh, avc don't, eh? That shows all
you know about it! If you had half an
eye you could see that baby is suffering
for a change. You are looking like a
saffron-bag around your mouth, and I
am just dragged out myself. We shall
go to the country."
"But our rooms are so cool, and we
can buy whatever we want to eat."
"Cool rooms! Yon wait until you
strike a country bed-room and you will
call this house a sweat-box! As for
living yum! yum! Think of cream,
fresh eggs, yelloAV butter, fresh berries,
old-fashioned biscuit, delicious coffee,
night breezes, neAv-mown h:iy, ripe
cherries, et al. !"
I supposed Ave should have a week at
least in Avhieh to get ready, but Mr.
Bowser only gave me a day and a half,
and he even begrudged half a day of
that. He telegraphed to the landlord
of a country hotel on the banks of a
small lake, and the most I could do
was to tumble about a bushel of things
into a trunk and tie on my bonnet. We
got out there by train. That is, we
got Avithin six miles of the place. Mr.
i Bowser had leen in such a hurry that
j he didn't ascertain particulars. It was
! only after lie had bargained with a
i teamster to take us to the lake for
j three dollars that he found that the lake
I was not on the railroad. He looked a
j little gloomy over it for a spell, but
j linally showed me his nine-dollar fih-
i ing outfit, and after aAvhile forgot any
unpleasantness in viewing the country.
We saw a farmer cutting wheat
We saw three crows.
We rode over three miles of causeway
and three of dust.
We saAv as many as five barns.
We met a barefooted boy.
We saw a dead horse.
If Ave met or saw any thing else I
Mn't remember Avhat if Avas. Mr.
Bowser drew in deep draughts of what
he called the elixir of life, and quoted
poetry about the plow-boy and the low
ing kine, but I guess he was glad when
the ride ended. The sun had burned
the back of his neck as red as fire, he
was all dut and dirt, and the cause
ways had tired him out. We found the
hotel a very picturesque affair. It was
half log and half frame. I can't say
whether it was Queen Anne or Tom
Collins style, but it Avas probably one
Dr the other. The landlord had given
us a room in the log part. He knew
that we sighed for the picturesque, and
be was willing we should have it. It
was a room as much as eight feet long
and five feet wide. There wer red
peppers and may weed and oeed corn
and onions hanging to the rafters, and
the great cracks in the floor were partly
hidden by a rag carpet. There was a j
crackbJ. looking-glass of the Noah's j
Ark period, a bedstead which had coma
over on the MayfloAver and a rheumatio
old stand made in 1776 held up a tin
Avaslr-dish and a blue pitcher Avithout a
handle.
"Is this the et al., Mr. Bowser?" I
asked as I dropped into the only chair
with baby and looked around.
"Do you Avant the earth?" he roared
back. "Whafdo Ave come to the coun
try for? Do Ave expect to find palaces
out here? I tell you, this is the most
picturesque, romantic spot I've seen in.
twenty years, and I propose to put in
two months here!"
I linally got baby to sleep, made my
toilet and then Avent out with Mr. Boav
ser to view the neighborhood.
There was a lake.
It was almost forty rods long, and
almost twenty rods Avide.
There Avero a post-office and a black
smith shop.
There were tAvo hay-stacks, a ruined
saAv-mill and a lame horse.
That Avas all, and I returned to tho
hotel while Air. BoAvser Avent fishing.
We had supper at six o'clock. Tho
landlady rang three bells. The first
was to notify us that avo could expect
supper; the second Avas that supper
was being prepared; the third that
supper Avas ready. BetAveen the differ
ent bells Mr. Boavsci- picked the burrs
off his pantaloons', rubbed some oint
ment on his neck, and said to me:
"We all feel the change already. I
haven't seen j-ou and baby look so avcII
in six months, Avhile I have the appe
tite of a horso. I think we'll put in
three months here."
When Ave Av ent in to supper Ave found
knives and forks without handles,
cracked plates and a table cloth Avith
seven holes liberally and artistically
distributed throughout its length and
breadth. The tea might have been
sage, or it might have been catnip.
The biscuits were yellow Avith salera
tus. The butter Avas Avhite in the faco
and tasted of the last generation.
There were some fried eggs, but they
had scared a setting hen off the nest to
get them. The milk iu the pitcher had
turned. It probably belonged to the
Turner society. Mr. Bowser tried to
stuff himself in older to carry his
point, but it was no use. He might
have restrained himself until morning
had I not said as we returned to the
bedroom :
"As for livmg, yum! yum! Think ol
cream, fresh eggs, yel !"
"Yes. think of it!" he roared. "Who
got me out here! Who was whining
about the pure air of the country
finding fault with our table complain
ing of our 11x18 bedroom! You've
succeeded in dragging us out here, and
now 1 hope you feel better!"
We sat on the veranda and fought
mosquitoes until ten o'clock and then
went to bed. It was a bedstead with a
cord in it, and it Avas a straw bed on
Avhich Ave tdept. There Avasn't a mos
quito bar al any door or Avindow in the
house and we were hardly in bed be
fore the pests pitched on us. Seven
different times before midnight did Mr.
Bowser get out of bed, light the tallow
dip and attack the enemy. He was
getting out for the eighth time,
when the cord broke ami we
all went through to the floor.
Then we got up and sat up the rest of
the uight, catching cat-naps between
the bites. We might not have known
when day broke, except for the kindly
interest taken in us by astray hog. The
beast crept under the house, and the
space was so small that he lifted the
boards under our feet with his back.
When Ave felt the boards lift Ave knew
that another d.ny had dawned upon tho
picturesque locality.
Wo left the. hotel before breakfast
and were home to dinner. Mr. Bow
ser seemed very much occupied Avith
his thoughts on the Avay home, and
when Ave linally entered the hoiiHe ho
turned on me and said:
"Mrs. Bowser, I'm a man who can
bear a good deal before losing my tem
per, but 1 want to give you fair warn
ing right, here and now that I want no
more of your nonsense! The next
time you mention country to me the
next time you dragoon me into another
excursion of this kind I shall be justi
fied in in !"
And he kicked the trunk, pitched hi
fishing tackle into the back yard, and
went out to get some cold cream for
his blisters, burns and bites. Uctrvil
Free. Prcxs.
A FEMALE RINALDO.
A Band of Kuanlun Highway Robbers Com
manilxcl bjr a Hold Woman.
A band of highway robbers was tho
other day brought before the High
Court of Poltava, at the he ad of which
stood a noble lady of the name of Kun
tanovitch. The band was exception
ally well organized, and it appear to
have been extremely dillicult to obtain
membership," every intending mem
ber having to undergo a severe exam
ination by the lady c hief, Avho appor
tioned his work to each. Mine. Ku
tanovitch was in the widest sense of
the word the head of the, people, who
blindly obeyed all her orders. She di
tributcd the "work," had her agent.-
who sold the results of the "work,"
and divided the spoil equally between
them, keeping, however, the lion's
share for herself. The headquarters of
the band were on the banks of the
Dnieper, in the Department of Poltava,
and the police had for some years tried
unsuccessfully to capture the bandits,
the efforts of the most skillful detect
ives being frustrated by the splendid
organization. The final capture wa
due to the treachery of a member. All
the members, as well as the daring lady
chief, presented a bold front to the au
thorities and were all of them con
demned to terms of imprisonment.
Pall Mall Uazr-Ue.
Landlord "How many in your
family?" House Hunter "My wife,
daughter and myself." Landlord
"How old is your daughter? I am not
asking for idle curiosity." House
Hunter "She is seventeen." Land
lord "Seventeen, eh? Well, you can
have th house and 1 will keep it in re
pair. But mind this: You look out for
the gate hinge yourself." Omaha
Lit raid.
j J
i

xml | txt