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The Columbia herald. (Columbia, Tenn.) 1850-1873, May 12, 1866, Image 2

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Saturday Moraine, Way I2ili, 1SGG.
"" v News and Rumors.
, 'A rrcwdoiitki Message, in reply to an
liwjo-ry fmt tlie tirmr of 7tepTe!ntat:res, s:ate
Kmt iiA-frydo kw harm nmrd, and 707 case
yet remain undiijoed of. Under the 13th excep
tinu of tbe Amnesty Proclamation, iO!S parjonn
fcave be-n issued. This Is known as the 20,000
thiie. ' ' .
.iilnjor-Gciicral Howard reports pro
perty nr.z I nntlor the art of July, 1362, and restor
ed bythe P-ttreau, 1S,CI acre ; abandoned property
allotted to (rtodiB?n and rmfcired by tlx- Crura a, 1 4,.
641 mere-? abeodtmeA jTuixrtr not allotted to freed
om ToiU.ni! iy the Duma, 400,009 Km. TotaL
430,t0Sam-.;" tt ' ' ' - '
The Ttmcs, of the -Ttli, says:
Tie, trade of the ffttft wouk wan fairly active in the
liiM if Import entries, end tlir shipment of I lume-rtic
PmJurc. There was added to tlie last a rlupmrut
f iifcariy a million of Gold and Silver. Tbe businciw
ia -Irotf-ijfu aad Domestic Merchandise, from store
ad tut of boud, ia aatfertry fur the season of the
? 'l it! "; -'
:" .
vTlip; 'Mcmpliii Ledger says the great
liaoc wiuch baa been made in the cotton Colds bor
dering n tlte Mississippi rirer by tlie present over
flow, appalling. - It ia no exaggeration to ssy that
taceunted thousand of acre of land prepared for
cetfeai, hare Item abandoned. Tlie eecd planted Las
rxUnd ja the ground, and the most fertile portion of
Hb bitk growing irjriati of the South ia a watery
aea of idtaolatioq, 'Te bare n language adt-quate
trr cotirrr to our fn-uda tlie sympathy we feel for
their voisfirtoiwe. - Te do wot pretend to know how
fr Mj'a itxte of thia trill fli-ct tbe oiloa market,
twit MHtoe who vlce fee an targe crop bad better
Tlie Coruph-jlllrr of . the Currency
femLea aatotvment wiich allows the actual receipts
W 1nr, wj'rrput fical year to April 1st, In be filO,
iilTlr and at Uie same rate for tiia next three
wiitlM tby will amount for tlie year $540,000,000,
t Iiioo $3)00,000 my be added for the inewne
ti."; - i i, ?;!' J 'i .
Mrs. jeflcrson Davis was accompanied
i Foilru.i.Mnnrwc by two acrraaU and her yonnjrest
.iiV)fliaj girl., Slia waa eacorted by lieutenant
Iff srn1a olo Uo rortTPM. The condilkms of her
Vl Hf unknown.; Sbg broujtt a larpe quantity of
'XXVfr wuk bar, as if erileatiy deaipning to wmain
mnm K?nffth ut tim.
: :Tc Uouse lias pawed, without
porecte4 by Uie Judiciary Commit
lout debate,
aittcc, which
!ii elK-ct pare (lie war ("omewhat for tlio trial of Jcf-
J'.T-va I'arjs. It proTi'dos for the time and place of
1M pic Circuit Court for tbe Eastern District of
Vir:niii, and allows tlie Judge to either hold tbe
cVwirt at Norfolk or Richmond. The bill was receir
ed In the Senate and duty referred.
V; " ' STATE.
tj Tennessee u to-day the most unfortn
DaU $tatc on the coutlucnt cursed as
Mvcr was a State, by a Land of political
ontlaw, who accidentally occupy offi
cial positions ; her people impoverished
hy, four years ww, her limbs shacUcd
nud . bound ly infamous enactments,
calted laws, ho is certainly . deserving
of the pity of all the world. "We ven
ture the assertion that, since the first at
tempt at representative government, his
tory contains no record of just snch a
l)6dv acting in a legislative capacity, as
is now assembled at Nashville. As rep
rescntataves, they cannot truthfully
claim five thousand constituents in the
taTe. In point of information, integri
ty and respectability, they represent
about the same number, and generally
the same persons, as do the inmates of
tbe State Penitentiary and Insane Asy
lum. It can.be established before any
lioncsl jury -of twelve disinterested and
impartial men, that three-fourths of
that body have already been guilty of
willful perjury. "While this is so, it ex
cites no remark, simply because it aston
il no on acquainted with the private
character of the individual members.
1 1( is not, therefore, a matter vi surprise
that such a. body, imbecile, incompetent,
and bent on plundering the coffers of the
State, should seek to perpetuate their
hold upon the public offices. . Their chief
aim is .plnndcr, and to gain this they
Itare li6itatcd at nothing, and will be
deterred by none of the considerations
that usually operate to control, or gov
ern, the actions of honorable men. To
these they are as deaf as is the highway
rebber to the pleadings of his hclp!e?s
yi;uins. ' It need surprise no one, there
fore if Uicy should attempt to organize
an armed band in every county, by which
to govern. and control the elections, and
follect their plunder. Such a step has
cn, aud may vet be, in-contem pis lion.
ThenTtoo, they would lite to muzzle the
J'Itss. Tliey are enraged that their mis
deeds should be chronicled, and grow fu
rious whoii lilting aud appropriate terms
arc-applied to them and their conduct.
J ii this they arc unreasonable. They can
play tlio tyraut and sport at will with
:ieT(:hU of men, because their position
ghies thcin the power so to do ; but there
5Vibtpowcr on earth can save them from
Uic scoru and contempt of honest men,
ei titer & a- body or as individual aud
tint tinie is- farmnorcd when they can
rither intimidate or control a free press
to overlook or countcuauce their crimes
The convict who has served his time in
th Penitentiary, rarely returns to the
community from whence he was sent;
Not Jc respected w.ll be the position of
Ike radicals of the preseut Legislature,
when" their terms expire. -
f. e.ii -XATIOKAJ-
' ' At Washington, a like 6ccnc of confu
sion reigns. The disgraceful fruit of an
rmfortunata accident, the present ; Con
gress has sagacity enough to know, that
Bnder the ordinary and lawful adminis
tration of affairs, they would be driven
front their places, for incompetency, at
the first election. They arc determined
to arrange matters while tlie power is in
their hands.". They are determined to se
cure, thcr, offices, and to do this, they
deem it necessary to keep out the South
ern States, aad, so far as they can, to pre
vent the restoration of kindly feelings
fJetween the people of the South and
Xorth. ..Itmattera not that every inter-
tfctof the Government is materially in-J
jaced by this course, and the welfare of
the who'e nation jcoperdizod. : They re
gard the success of their party as para
Mrount toall things else. . ' i
.TpW.ortrinatcly, tlie Executive has
ome'rpgard for the Corftltution yet,
and lia too, tlie norve to back Ids ideas
and 'doctrines by brave words and offi
cial acts While he stands firm and de
fends The Constitntion, and" insists upon
Laving , the "Government administered
according to its plain teachings, there is
hfcf far the Ecpublic.- But for Tenues
. tee, under the preseut miserable misrule
fccre-1 no hope.- Her only sal ration is
iu the general convention to remodel the
State fopstitaiion,'Lud tfiereby rid the
State of (lie iacuV-'-sv '.!. ,i '. '
--Otir luty toward finns.
The cni.inrip;ition of the late neirro
slaves is one of the great events in the
present century. "Whether it be rijfht or
n rong is a queslftm of the past, the fact
is accomplished, end we, their late own
ers, have only to consider them in their
new relations. Their total unprepaml
ie9 for their new state, their lielplesfs
and deienleiit condition, as a matter of
course, appeals to the sympathy of all
Christendom. Upon their late owners
howevtr, they have other and .-troner
claims than arise fYom the general prin
cinlcs of idiilanthronr. "We are yet. nnd
must, while they remain in our midst,
coiitinuc to be in closer relation with
them than any outsiders can be.. There
fore, their welfare is more intimately
blended with our interest. This fact,
aside from all consideration of past re
lationship, renders it both our interest
and duty to befriend them and aid them
in preparing themselves for their new
life. They need our friendship now
far more than even they needed the help
of philanthropist, real or mock. "When
they were slaves they had enough and
efficient friends. "We know them belter
tlian any others can, and when left to
their own impulses they naturally rely
upon their fowncr masters.
In view of these facts therefore, it be
comes our imperative duty to look to
their education. It is not only bad poli
cy, but wrong in itself, to trust these
matters in the hands of imported teach
ers. All of these are incompetent : first
through want of the proper motive ; se
cond, through ignorance of the . negro
character, and thirdly, through lack of
moral competency. It is a fact establislv
cd by reasoning, ' nnd bome out br ex
perience, that the men and women who
volunteer as teachers from the North ia
the negro schools atablished throughout
the South, are now, and have all along,
been exercising a most pernicious aud
dangerous influence over them. ' An in
fluence which tends to the disadvantage
of the negroes and the disturbance of the
peace and good order of society. .
In very many cases it is the practice
of these imported teaches to indoctrinate
their pupils with the idea that their for
mer owners arc their natural nnd irre
concilable enemies. This state of affairs
must inevitably result seriously to he
injnr')f the peace, quiet nnd welfare bf
society. Unfortunately for, this," fts'foi'
everything else, our State is cursed with
a Legislature so ignorant and debased bv
prejudico and fanaticism that it is hope
less to look to them for help. "With a
decent Legislature it would be quite
practicable to establish a system of adu
cation for the negroes that would benefit
them and relieve the country from the
bad influence of the foreign teachers.
We are glad to sec that the subject is at
tracting the attention of our contempo
raries of ilic press, and hope to see it dis
cussed fully and freely. To us the most
feasible plan seems to be through the-in
tervention of the various Christian de
nominations. These unfortunate people
stand as much in need of jnoral as men
tal training, and no field of missionary
labor can be more appropriate or more
fruitful of good results. Each of the
churches ia our land has its home mis
sion, which might be turned to efficient
use in the training of the youngnegrocs
and fitting them for the duties aud re
sponsibilities that now devolve on them.
Thus will that harmony be promoted
which is essential to our peace and pros
perity as a people, and their welfare and
improvement as a race.
This matter is of vital interest and
pressing importance, and the sooner it is
taken in hand by competent parties in
every community the better it will be
for both whites and blacks.
A Small Cloud.
Among the news items of the day we
find the following, which looks as though
there might be- something like a fight
ahead of us after all, on the Monroe doc
trine: s
"What is the conditionof the country ? The wr is
over and the Union still practically dissolved. What
are the sijrns of the times T 11" the instructions piven
by the S.-cretary of tatc fc enr Minister to Austria
are carried oit."t'ie tvtmlt will be war between this
countrr and Aastria. We may dcfeit the few sol
diers she mar wn.l against us, but site- will till the
yeas with pnvaUvrs ;o destroy our commerce. With
the eleven Statss excluded from the Union, we are
not m a condition to po t war : and if the report of
the Committee on Reconstruction is adopted, these
States will be kept out till after Uie next 1 residential
We-are not apprised of the exact na
ture of Secretary Seward's instructions,
but wc cannot see how he can object to
French troops occupying Mexico and ac
quiesce in Austrian troops taking their
places. As wc have taken occasion
heretofore to stxite, the announcement
made with such unction in the Northern
press, thatNAroLEox had deserted Max
imilian, and announced his intention to
withdraw his troops, was all cry and no
wool. The facts will show, that, before
agreeing to recall his troops, he had se
cured the enlistment of a like number of
Austriaus to relieve them.
The remarks of Senator Johksoh re
fercd to above are as follows :
"The State Department has received positive infor
mation that the detatchments of Austrian troops have
Railed for Vera Cruz, and that others will follow.
Tlie Austrian Minister liere has made all his arrange
ments to leave this rapitol, and will depart in about
three weeks, witliout waiting for Mr. Seward's dis
missal, and independent of Sir. Seward's action. It
is understood that lie acts under instructions from
bis own tfovernment. l'caple are now bepinninp to
see the point nf what Reverdy Johnson said in the
Senate Uie otlicr day, that Mr. Seward's instructions
to M.Motlcy will result in war with Austria.
Wc learn from the Memphis papers
that on Monday night last, while Col.
Heart, the senior editor of the Daily
Commercial, was sitting at his desk
writing, two shots were fired at him
from the opposite side f the street, the
balls lodging in the wall just above Ids
head. The assassins, three in number,
(discovered by the police in a few mo
ments afterward, as they were making
off,) attempted to murder Col. Heart,
from a position tinder the shed of the
Adams Block. Fortunately, the deadly
missives missed their aim.
The Supreme Court of Tennessee, now
session at Jackson, in an able and elabo
rate opinion delivered by Judsrc Haw
kins, has decided that the Act of Con-
nrfce rIti1i rAAniraa f 1
ivco. i v i ,iwa .a lite &lal& n UliaUUf
issued from State Court9o be stamped,
is unconstitutional' .Consequently writs
issued from Courts and Justices need
not be stamped.- . ., . .-. .;
Excites ent at StevensonI A rren-
lleman who came in on the Nashville
train last evening informed us that there
was some excitement at Stevensou
Monday" nirrht, in conscauencc of a tur
bulent disposition 'manifested bv a por-
uouoi me negroes ai mat-point Jie
stated that several of them were slosh
ing round with their nistola in hand, and
talking in a war to provoke a mnss.
- ' Krom onr Ppeeta! Correspondent. '
Mn. Eorrm : Shut out as I was, for
four years, from all communication with
Tennessee, yon can readily Imagine with
what a hearty welcome' I receive the
weekly visits bf "Tun Herald," and
with what interest I peruse its contents.
Few people fully appreciate the value
and importance of a County paper, nritTl
by some cause they are deprived of it.
This want of appreciation is made mani
fest by their failing, iu many instances,
to make up a respectable subscription
list I mean a paying list and in this
way the Editor, u forced to divide hia
time, and look to other sources lor a sup
port. What thinking man would be de
prived of the benefits resulting from a
well conducted paper in his county?
Rob a county of this advantage; and you
are deprived of an advertising medium,
of county news, of a place even to notice
the death or marriage of a member of
vonr fiimilv. ' " ' ! '
It is enough to make one shudder at
the very idea of living, to say nothing
about dying, in such a connty. j
Again, there is a great neglect on the
part of subscribers generally, iu report
ing tiie news which would ic of interest
to many. Things often occur in differ
ent parts of a county, which can only be
known through its paper, and although
it may be of littjc interest to those living
in that neighborhood, yet, to others it
may prove of great interest,
... But I did not set out to write a letter
advisory to the good citizens of Maury.
They know their duty, and the only
fears I have are thtrt they do not know
'The Herald'' is half so good as what it
is. Give it, then, your support in the
way of subscription, influence, ifems of
news, and you will become noted, not
only at home, but abroad, for your libe
rality, influence and intelligence. By
the way, Panola can boast of an excellent
paper, edited by M. S. Word, in the town
If you doubt this assertion, place .it
on your exchange list, and you can very
soon, tell something of the material in
r i ; vsi-'f: -' ' t
The ' condition - of . affairs, is rather
more prosperous here than it was. : Far
men are'biisily' engaged in planting the
cotton crop, arid haye bcen annoyed no
little by '( thd frcijueut ahd.hcavy rains
A .very full crop is being planted. , tjora
is .up,' and ration time.' was consumed in
replanting, -'occasioned,1 doubtless,' br
planting so carlyl, lids difficulty cannot
wcl be avoided, as the corn crop must
be finished, to give lime for the planting
of the cotton crop. To succeed well with
cotton, it must be planted as early as pos
Farmers are moving things On with
great energy, determined to give free la
bor a thorough test. Some express great
doubt as to the profits resulting from
this new experiment, while others are
more hopeful, aud think something can
be made. The negroes are disposed to
work well, and establish,' if possible, the
character of being good workers. There
is one common complaint against all, and
that is, it is impossible to have them at
work as early in the mornings, as their
employers would wish. .
' Tlie people here were considerably
crestfallen when the news was received
tliat "the civil rights bill" had passed.
Some looked alone on the dark 6ide of
the picture, and imagined unnumbered
woes, that would soon follow. There
was no-,;bowof promise," to such thinn
ers. There was another class, who look
ed on the other side ' of the picture, and
njw, like ,Micawbcr,tare always looking
for something to "taru up." ...... i '.
It is thought there will be another
meeting soon of the Legislature of this
State. . It is difficult to imagine the ob
ject Of this meeting, unless it be, to test
again the power of "the Federal authori
ty" to undo what is done. ,'
I would like to write more, but this
letter is now too loug, and I may at some
future time wish to draw on your time
and patience. ' VcryKespV,
Panola co Miss., May 4th, '66. '
Ovit Monthly Exchanges. Our month
ly friends are coming to hand promptly,
and it is a real pleasure to note the eviden
ces which each presents, of success and
prosperity. The first arrival is "Tlie Amer
ican Agriculturist.'" As with every previous
number this year, "Agriculturist for May,'"
comes in extra size (40 large pagers 1) It is
rich, not only in excellent reading matter,
but also, as usual, in many beautiful and in
structive engravings. It stands at the head
of the Northern agricultural press, and is
one among the few jounuils published iu
that section that has never been infected
with the negro-mania. We commend it ve
ry sincerely, for its many excellencies, and
would be giad to see it widely circulated
among our farming friends. It is publish
ed in New York, by Orange, Judd & Co, at
1,50 a year.
Next we have "The Southern Cultivator.""
This is emphatically the Southern farm
journal, excelling, beyond comparison, all
others that come to our table. The May
number is peculiarly rich, in well written
articles upon all the leading topics, inter
esting to the Southern farmer. It is pub
lished at Athens, Gaj ; Edited by D. Bed
raond and Wm. N. White, at $2,00 per annum.-
' . : .; : ' ' - , " '
'. uTheHorticuUurUrFor May'we do not
find so interesting as it is wont to be. We
miss some of its best contributors, but sup
pes3 another number will make tip what
this one lacks. These are all of the Agri
cultural monthlies for May that have reach
cdus." ' -: ' """
Found Deab. On last Sunday morn
ing an old negro man who formerly be
longed to Mr. D. II.-C Spcnce,- of this
city, and had remained on his place du
ring the war, went to the stable for the
purpose of attending to bis horse, and
in about fifteen minutes was found lying
iu a lifeless condition. Supposed cause
of his death rheumatism of tlie heart
He remarked to his wife as he left the
breakfast table, .that he had eaten one
more hearty meal, if he should never
live to take another. .
Tableaux and Concert at Jackson,
Tenn. The tableaux and concert given
at Jackson, Tenn., on the 3d and 4th in
stant, for tlie benefit of the maimed sol
diers, rdsulted- in the collection of over
$1,700 including private subscription.
The New York World says i- ...
' Tlie proceedings in the case of John
O'Mahony, late Head Centre, are still in
progress "at the headquarters in Union
Square. The terrible crash in the for
tunes of O'Mahony, ha completely hum
bled that august iiidivinual and render
ed him powerless. ' 1153 chief supporters
art deserting him.in shoals,' and in 'i few
days' he wili'have to' face the gathering
storm alone and unsupported. To fen
der the matter worse' there is a division
in the organizationj and the factions are
now preparing for a fight for the spoils,
one led by O'Mthony, and the other by
B. Lorau"KiHian, who despite the dis
graceful - failure at Eastport, is still as
picturesque and imposing as ever." " '
. . . - . .. . .i. .i :
Letter "from Hon. Cutc
Clarksville, April 30, 1S0G.
Tolhc Citizens of Robertson, Mont
gomery and Stewart counties: As soon
as notified of my election, I immediately
repaired to Nashville, and on the Dili of
ApriL presented to the Senate the cer
tificate of my election, as required by
law, and asked to be admitted to my seat,
that I might perform the duties you ex
pected of me. There was no other clai
mant for the position, and no exception
taken to the returns of the sheriffs and
certificates of my election. I was t in
formed by the Speaker, that the Senate
had adopted a rule to do no business
without a quorum. In vaiu I urged
upon him that the admission of new
members was not a part of the business
of the Senate requiring a quorum that
the organization of the Senate by the ad
mission of new members was necessary
before a quorum could be formed that
such was the practice in all legislative
bodies that, in Congress, members,
were admitted and qualified upon pro
duction of a certificate of election, and
sometimes even upon publication in the
newspapers, giving the election of appli
cant; and that the Senate, now in ses
sion, had been organized on the present
ment of the certificates of election. He
replied: "The rule of the Senate must
be adhered to."
Upon some occasions, the admission
of myself and Mr. Garret, (member'elcet
from Smith,) would, have made a quo
rum, and would have enabled the Sen
ate to proceed with the public business.
After remaing some ten or twelve days
in attendance upon the Senate, a quo
rum appeared. The Speaker submitted
my certificates of election to the Senate,
and although there was still no other
claimant, and no objections to the re
turns, they were referred to the commit
tee on elections, and mv admission" and
qualification still refused. After the case
had remained some seven or eight days
before the committee, the public business
going on, and 'some of the measures of
the most important character involving
your interest and dearest rights, I be
come impatient at the exclusion of your
representative from his scat, ' aud thus
silencing the voice of three counties. I
therefore addressed a memorial to tlie
Senate, respectfully asking the decision
of my case at once,. Two days after, the
committee of elections reported against
ray admission. . ; '
This was done npon the gronhds that
I had "consented to," and "countenanced"
the rebellion, and as my three sons had
been in the Confederate army, they pre
sumed Iliad contributed "merjis" to aid
the Confederate cause ; and as I had not
voted in the spring elections, Lwasnpt
entitled to hold office,' although' no. such
law existed.' There, was no proof of any
act committed' by mc," for. or against
either party. ' Tlie. proof showed I had
remained quietly and peaceably at home,
taking no part, and unable from age and
infirmity) to take any part, had I been so
inclined, other than the expression of
my opinion upon public men and public
measures. -
For the first time, in the history of our
country, has a peaceably and orderly
citizen been condemned and punished
tor entertaining and expressing his opin
ion upon political questions, involving
his own interest as well as the rights of
the people. But even if 6uch expression
of public opinion had been made crimi
nal by law, I had complied with the pro
clamations of the President taken the
oath of amnesty, and obtained a pardon
from the President, which relieved me
from any responsibility for all prior mis
deeds, if any had been committed, and
restored me to all the rights and privil
igesofa citizen. Notwithstanding the
immunity thus extended to mc, as well
as citizens generally, the Senate under
took an examination of my character
and conduct as a citizen without any spe
cific charges against me ; without court
or jury, and without any testimony jus
tifying ii, declared me guilty of some
crime which disqualified me for the po
sition your votes had assigued uie. Some
twenty other counties were, in like man
ner deprived of their representatives.
Such acts were palpable violations of ur
constitution which secures to me the right
of trial by jury, in open court, and the
examination of witnesses face to face, as
wcfl as destructive of the 'constitutional
right of the people to be presented in
their legislative assemblies by such indi
viduals as they may select, subject alone
to the qualifications prescribed in the
Constitution, of residence, citizenship,
and proper age. The character of tlie
individual selected, whether moral, re
ligious or political, is the proper subject
of enquiry for the people before the elec
tion, and the assumption of it by the
Senate, is a daring usurpation of the
rights of the yeoplc.
The offense or crime, as they are
pleased to call it, if any, which we com
mitted, was against the United States.
We were responsible to the United States
alone for our conduct, and to them be
longed the infliction of the punishment,
which was imposed upon us with no
sparing hand. The loss of our property,
the burning of our cities and villages,
the destruction of aur farms, the sacrifice
of thousands of our best men, will ever
attest the severity of the punishment
The United States were satisfied with
it, and in the proclamations of amnesty
and pardon iromised us protection of
person and property upon our submis
sion and obedience to the laws. The
conditions haye been complied with, and
a proclamation of peace made by the
President Those claiming to be your
representatives, not content with the
punishment imposed upon our gallant
soldiers and their friends, 1 for services
rendered their own State, and required
by its authorities, not only emancipated
slaves by driving from the ballot-box
every one who will not vote according
to their wishes and views ; and whilst
thus depriving yon of the right of re
presentation which they claimed to be
a constitutional provision, and to con
tinue until changed by another convent
tion, ther are daily creating new debts,
and making large expenditures, which
must necessarily produce heavy taxation.
Taxation without representation is a
badge of slavery to which - our citizens
will never submit ' ; . :r
The bill now pending before the legis
lature, and will probably become a law.
will exclude from the bailot-boi nine
teen-twentieths of the 'people,'-if not
more. " Thai act of the "5th of Jurite last'
did not exclude arFufficient "number' of
voters to secure the success of the ' radi
cal party, and therefore a new law more
restrictive is demanded, and so framed"
as to place in tbe hands of the Governor
the power to exclude every man who
will not vote the ticket favored bv him.
They have another bill pending, mak
ing the State assume the payment of all
the losses of the Union men, by giving
the bonds of the State, payable in thirty
years, with six per cent interest, which
it is estimated will create a debt from
twenty to fifty millions of dollars, and
without any of the guards and restric
tions which is so necessary to .protect
the interests of the State against fraudu
lent claimants.
The adoption of these two measures,
if carried into effect, will not only de
prive yon of your most valued constitu
tional rights, but must make your State
Other measures, of a most pernicious
character, are pending before that body,
which I cannot point out iu snch an ad
dress as this, which will involve expen
ditures to an amount heretofore unknown
in this State, and a taxation never
dreamed of by anv of her citizens.
' The Government of Tennessee, as ad
ministered by the present incumbent is
the most destable oligarchy of modern
times, and conducted without the least
regard to the cardinal principles npon
which our fee institutions were origin
ally based. ' - .
; 1 Its organization, took place in- time of
war, intended, no doubt honestly, to-give
aid to the United States in the great
struggle for existence, and will therefore
furnish some" excuse for the irregulari
ties in getting it up, and for its acts du
ring the war; but that any citizen, thus
selected, after the war has ended, should
still persist in tkeir Usurpations sticking
tb the places assigned them,, and Icgisla-J
Johnson, c
ng against the known wishes ol such a
najoritv of the people, exhibits an am
bition for office, a selfishness nnd hardi
hood not ofteniet with in civilized communities.-
To misrepresent any people,
knowiugly, has been, heretofore, always
considered a, degradation to which iio
man, liaving proper self-respect, would
submit Correct principles, self-respect
Lduty to the people a well an th"!Mvlves
should have induced them, at tlie close
of the war, to have surrendered their
usurped, ill-gotten power, to t he people
to whom it belonged, which would have
been followed by peace ; harmony an
prosperity at home. .
If such a course could no w be adopte.',
ami the art of disfranchisement repealed ;
and a conciliatory course practiced by
those now in power, the State would be
as peaceful and orderly as at any o;hcr
period in our history. It is not to be
expected that the citizens will quietly
submit to be governed, even wisely and
justly by such a minority, especially if
obtained from military authority with
out their consent, or getting control of
the State by legislative tricks and con
trivances. The acts of our State Government say
to the world, that ninetcen-twentieths
of our people are traitors to their country
unfit for self-government, and must be
subjected to that by the sword. It would
seem but just and" proper that those who
entertain such sentiments, should aban
don such traitorous neighbors, and seek
a home with more gonial spirits among
the Yankees.
To be thus deprived of the invaluable
right of self-government ; to have such
unjust burthens imposed on U3, by men
who are not onr representatives, would
seem to demand of hs prompt and speedy
action for our own relief, as well as the
suitable punishment of those who have
dared to usurp our rights. But the con
test now. going on at Washington, be
tween th President and Congress, for
tNi restoration of the States and the rights
of the people, and which must soon be
settled, as I confidently believe, in behalf
of the latter, renders it prudent, in my
judgment, for ns to be calm, quiet and
orderly, bearing f.nd forbearing much,
so as to enable 113 to give efficient aid
to the President in his effort to preserve
the Government ns it was made by the
great and good men who framed cur
Constitution? aud to put down the infa
mous Radical Congress, who labor, lay
and night, to change the Constitution
and overthrow' the Government trans
mitted tons by our venerated ancestors.
Changes or alterations in the Consti
tution, by such fanatical, ' nnprincipled
partisans as Stephens, Phillips, Brown
low, etc., can result tin 110 good to. the
people.'-' I prefer trusting" my destiny
and that of mv1 children to the pure and
patriotic institutions of Washington and
1113 associates.. 1 y e may, nowever 00
something, in the midst of these troubles.
to preserve the honor! and integrity of
tne state irom tlie ruthless hands now
controlling it Each county can instruct
those claiming to represent them, and
demand a compliance with the instuc
tions or a resignation. The right of in
struction has ever been held sacred in a
republican government If they fail to
obey instruction we can repudiate all
they do, and the time will soon come
when appropriate punishment can be
imposed on the miserable tools of party
and faction. They may learn a lesson
from the fate of Hainan, who erected a
gallows for Mordccai, and was hanjred
on his own gallows ; or from the fate of
the inventor of the guillotine, who -was
among its earliest victims. They m
make abed of thorns for the people to
lie on, and it may 60on become their bed
of repose.
1 shall never cease to remember, with
gratitgde, the liberal and generous sup
port given me for half a century, and
regret that circumstances, beyond my
control, have prevented nie from serving
you as I wished to have done, and as
you expected.
Your fellow-citizen,
C. Johnson.
Horrible Dcmoril i za t ion am 011 g t he
Negroes The Slave Trade Still
activeQueer stories about the
Intentions of the Ainefican Gov
ernment, &c.
I have had a wild trip among the
coffee and sugar estates in the interior,
and have seen with my own eyes, face
to fiiee, the lowest typos of humanity I
have ever encountered. I had not before
6cen anything so brutal, and worse than
brufc-like, as the the mass of negroes on
the more retired Cuban estates. There
arc, within twenty miles of this curious
old eity of hills, three estates in one
neighborhood, numbering among their
inhabitants over a thousand slaves above
twelve years of age, in which not a fourth
part of them have the faintest sense of
any other religion than devil Avorship.
They arc in intellect three degrees above
the beasts of the field. They, or their
immediate parents, were brought from
Africa. Many of them have been land
ed in Cuba within three years certainly
perhaps within one ; for the evidence
that the African slave trade is still active
on the Cuban coast stires one in the face
on every side. Peculiar circumstances
(one of" them an implied pledge that
mine was a visit of personal interest, and
not for mischief-making,) opened to me
a field which few are permitted to enter,
and, one truth to say, I have no desire
to revisit . The ' last more than taught
mc enough about this clas3 of negroes.
I had present two interpreters, who
had the key to the character of the Afri
cans. Ono of them wras the parish priest,
the other an African emancijaado ol
Mohammedan parentage, and a man of
more mind than anv other pure nesrro
on either of these large estates. Yet this
man seriously assured me that he did
not believe the wild Americans had
souls. Some of their children learn that
there is a god, and that brings them a
little bit of a soul (alma pequcnita), and
that baby soul of their's grows when they
find out it is WTongto lie and steal, until
at last it is as large as aa egg, 'nnd can
be seen by angels when it is called to
judgment 1 ' - y.-.-;'.4 : '
: I asked the padre "what he thought of
the -plan of givin these people the right
and the ponv'er ofelecting 'the' men who
were to rule the -whites and their' pro-
penyi ' lie shook ina lieadtmournfhlly
and 6aid that the history of the Spanish
American republics proved that where
ever an unprepared race had obtained
the control of any country, anarchy,
decadence And ' mutual butcheries had
been the invariable result They begin
by robbing and expelling the whites to
get at "their property if they do not
slaughter on the spot Thus the supe
rior classess eventually fade out, and
when that prey is exhausted, the dark
bloods turn npon each other. "That"
said he, has been and js the history of
the American continent, with the excep
tion of Brazil and the United States, and
it -will be the history of Cuba if the
Washington Cabinet carries out its inten
tion of driving the white race out of the
I emphasize the last sentence, for I
know "that this opinion is spreading
through all the better classes, as well as
among the negroes, in all these islands,
and it is likely to produce; immense
mischief.- 1 .
- The press" of your great commercial
cities ought to nip the error while there
is yet time. The real Africans are too
stupid to care about anything but the
free blacks, and especially those who
can reada little are imbned with the
idea that tlie negroes, and nothing buf
tlie negroes, are the absorbing care and
delight of the "American" Government
The padre and a mulatto overseer were
the first to inform me st the visit of
Secretary Seward to St Domingo. '-This
overseer is a free man of some education,
and he said confidentially that the Head
General of my country had come down
to these seas to advise all the white men
to leave Cuba and St Domingo as soon
as they could. I did not contradict him
directly, as 1 wanted to hear him to the
end hut I could not drain more out of
him than that he and his class were con
vinced that our government was very
seriously at work to dear the Antilles
of the white nice. I have i;i the last
few weeks touched this qnetion wiili
dozens of persons of a far hhdier grado
than this mulatto overseer and they alt
seemed to regard it as a fixed principle
of American policy, to make over the
West Indies to the blacks. "To dismiss
nine-tenths of their capital would be to
destroy the productive capabilities of
these island, and such a 'purpose Vnnuot
find favor with the American merchants.
Spain declares that Cuba must be Afri
caner Spanislu and the highest authori
ties of this island tiai in Mr. Seward as
their "sincere and enlightened ally;"
but I do not see why the rights and in
terests of the whites many not be rc
spected, while the blacks are encourag
ed in the line of freedom and progress
as fist and as completely as their actual
condition will warrcut I will not
believe that any statesman would wish
to annihilate production in the Antilles
by Africanizing such precious pro
ducers. ,
' - . i , Cm a.
. J ' , nENRT COUNTT. y
v We are glad to see the following para
graph in the Paris Intelligencer. We
hope to find in some future number an
announcement 'of the complete success of
the enterprise;
'We ar6' requested by several gentle
men, to announce, that on Saturday even
ini at two o'clock. May the 5th, there
will be a public meeting, at the Court
House, for the purpose of considering
the subiect of education in general, and
the establishment of a male college, at
Paris, 111 particular. Every person m
the country is invited to attend, the la
dies especially. The occasion will be
enlivened by addresses from the very
best speakers.
, . BEDFORD. .
The Expositor informs us that :
On Monday night last, in a fit of tem
porary derangement, Mr. Fountain Cleve
land, attempted to commit, suicide by
shooting himself. The wound is consid
ered dangerous but we hope, will not
prove fatal. We have heard various ru
mors in rerrard to the manner in which
it occurred but know nothing in regard
to the facts. His critical condition Is
one of gainful solicitude to his family
and friends, v We learn also, that on the
same night, Mr, David Sublett of Mur
frcesborp, committed suicide, the shoot
ing in his ' case terminated; fatally. On
the same nisrbt in' Petersburg. Marshall
county, a young man whose name we did
nof if arivntomTJAittea. saicmer .vecare
tniabhj to assign anycatise for these rash
acts, all committed on the'same night
e.uggY,iXBadwhiskef.if f .
In 1833 Shelbwille lost one-third of
its inhabitants by cholera, and its corpo
rate authority mindful of this are going
to work to clean up and get it iu a
healthy condition.
The Chronicle says of
The Wheat Crop. As the season ad
vances, it develops the fact that the wheat
crop will prove well nigh a failure in
this vicinity, this year. The excessive
hard freezes last winter, unaccompanied,
as they were, by snow, made it by far
the most severe season on wheat that
we have had for many years. Hopes
were entertained by some, in the early
part of spring, that the germ was not kill
ed, and-that it would tiller sufficiently
to cover the land, but we notice many
fields almost bare, and have not to this
date, seen a single piece of wheat that
would make fifteen bushels to the acre,
even where it was protected from the
North winds. Many, very many fields
will not replace the seed put upon them.
Our best lands,- with a favorable season,
will average from twenty to twenty-five
bushels per acre.
Apropos ot wheat, wc have heard it
suggested, by one of our most experien
ced' farmers-, that the best preventative
against freezes is put the wheat in with
single plows, always plowing East and
West, leaving the land 111 small ridges.
The Southern' exposure of those ridges
will protect the wheat from the freezes
and, and even allowing all the northern
side of the ridge to ie killed, that on
the southern will tiller sufficiently to
cover the land. We think it worth
Since the above was written, we learn
that large fields of wheat are affected
with a singular and unusual disease,
turning yellow at the bottom, and nearly
all the blades liaving yellow spots npon
them. It is apprehended, where this
disease has attacked the wheat, there
will be total failure.
Cannot our contemporary get some of
the Clarksville savans to examine and
report on this new disease ?
The Murfreesboro Monitor says :
The Tennessee Manufacturing Com
pany at this place raised steam on Thurs
day'last The engine worked finely.
The balance of their machinery will be
here in a few days, when they will bo
ready to go to work. They begin on
buckets, we believe.
Our city and neighborhood was visit
ed on Tuesday morning last with the
heaviest rain and thunder storm which
has occurred for many a day. The thun
der rolled the lightning flashed iu con
tinuous and blinding sheets. The win
dows of heaven seemed opened and the
rain fell in such torrents as to threaten
another deluge, but in an hour or two it
was all over, and nobody hurt Would
that we could say as much of the politi-?
cal and recently still rending of our op
pressed and afflicted country and people.
' There is one spot where our Northern
friends seem to be getting enough of the
negroes. They are said to be as thick as
blackberries, blackbirds, black-heart-cherrics,
i whortleberries or any other
dark object areand Old Point Comfort
Camp Hamilton, Hampton and the
whole adjaeehVienhtry literally - swarm
with them. From Fortress Monroe to
Yprktown the whole country is a camp
ground for the sons of Ham." , : ' ''
. Lookiug jto the fact, perhaps, that Jhq
pieaiitacsof Old Pdiikaa.WliO$plaa6.
of tasliionable resort, may Jie nucn oi-minished-dtiriaj?
the trminef season, by
the presence and participation of Cuffee,
in the enjoyments of the season, the offi
cers, soldiers and attaches of that locali
ty are said to be getting tired of Cuffee.
They have no idea of swimming and wal
lowing in the water of the same bath
house with the gentlemen from Africa.
Though water, and especially sea water,
is a highly purifying element, yet it
would seem as if it was thought there
will not be enough in Hamptoniioads and
Chesapeake Bay for both whites and
blacks when the bathing season com
mences. This enormous"' accumulation of. ne
groes on the Peninsular is easily explain
ed. Bounded on each side by the James
and York, two rivers abounding in fish
and oysters, the Peninsular is a glrdeu
spot for Cuflee, because he can live with
out labor on the natural products of salt
water. The country, moreover, abounds
in raccoon and opossums, "varmints"
that have a wonderful attraction for the
negro. The scheme f colonization in
Florida, which the officers At the Point
are said to have under consideration for
the negroes about that place, is not like
ly to be palatable to Cuffee, unlets tlie
fish, oysters, .'coons and 'possums could
accompany him." ' . : '. '
We expect our military friends at Old
Point will yet wish Cuffee in' a hotter
region thanFJorida, lfore they have the
last ot liim. Eich. Times.
Sir Fletcher Norton was noted for his
want of courtesy. When phKidiuj before
Lord Mansfield, on some question of unmo
ral right he chanced to say,
"My lord, I can illustrate the point In an
Instant in my own person. I myself have
two little manors n
The iudge instantly interrupted with-Oue
of bis uluudc-st smiles :
"We know- it, Sir FktcberJ'
New Advertisements.
Returned Again ! !
AT the lkascii of
1 the Ladic-st.-f Columbia and kurronuding coun
try, that shu has re-opcucl a
, Millinery Establishment, .
Where will be icpt a large and varied assortment
Of the latest and most beautiful styles. She hopes
her old cliloners and the ladic of Colombia, will
call and examine, her Good.-, believing that she can
please them all.
lf Bonnets and Huts cleaned, dyed and pressed
in the latest styles.
May 12-3m "
General Agents,
Selling, Halting, and Leasing Ileal Es
tate, Collection of Claims, etc.,
Between City Hotel and Method t Publishing ITonse,
May 12-3m
Cloths, Cassimeres,
Reacly-Made Clothing,
. Boots, Shoes, Htas, Caps,
And FURNISHING GOODS of all Descriptions,
Which will be sold CHEAP FOR CASH,
W. Main Street, Sonth side, two.dovrs from Cor
Main Street, Sonth side, two.dovrs from Core
T "H rJ PubKr-Sqrairc. j j? jl
riothire'EFido to ordor unAeY fcVdireclSwfof'lhL
' Clothinif'EFidi
Particolar attentinn paid to Cottintf of Qc: O
3"All kinds of Uucurrent Money taken at Nash
ville prices. ' -
? t
V V Tennessee and Xurth Alabama, the largest va
riety of
choice; fruit
Originated in and near this latitude, that erer was
collected by any Xnrseryman or out-red before in
the United St ites ; therefore we would invite you
one and all, to come and get you a
For $25,00.
It will consist of the following numbers : 80 Ap
ples, 15 Peach trees, one NecUi ine, one Apricot, 2
l'luins, 2 Grapevines.
The choicest long keeping varieties? of Apples may
be had in nnanties to suit lmrchasers ' ''
There will probably never such an opportunity
occur in your lifetime as the present, where you can
obtain 2, 3, ami 4 year old Trues for 25 cts each. .
There are many advantages in favor of the 4 year
1st. The superiority of the body over the head
enables it to transfer the sap with greater ease.
2. ILibbits,the greatest enemies ol young Orchards
will ran'ly ever attack them.
, 31. Tlio wood being wtjll ripened and being pro
tectedli a thicker bark will keep tlie sap at a more
equal temperature, and prevent a npid evaporation
during the snmmer months.
4th. The weight of sap will drive a new root mnch
faster and through a harder soil than a younger tree.
aio. I he tree will come into bearing several years
somier, and have a head vastlv superior1 tn strength,
Deauty, size ana bearing woott.
To convince the public of the importance of secu
ring 4 year old trees, we shall simply refer you to the
numerous tests and experiments made by the most
scientific Urchardists, both in iurope and America,
who have taken up their Orchards and re-set them
after 4 years growth.' Our own experiments prove
conclusively that the advantage is greatly in favor
of four year old trees, they paying back the entire
outlay before ymngcr trees come into bearing. '
The Apple Tree will range about as follows:
oix W inter to one rail and one tunimer variety.
The Peaches will rangu from Uie earliest to the la
test. By leaving your orders at the office of Col. A.
M. Loosey, Columbia, Tenn.; Gen. Jons C. Brown,
Pulaski, Tenn.; Rev. Geo. Mitcihi.l, Athens, North
Alabama, or by calling at our sale lot near the Meth
odist Church in Columbia, they will be promptly at
tended to and the trees forwarded to any point by
Rail desired by purchasers.
Send for the Family Orehord by October 1st.
S. W. Steele, Columbia.
Jas. Asnurs. Mt. Pleasant.
May 12, Ic6t5-lv.
Insolvent Notice.
Clerk of the County Court of Maury conntv, Ten
nessee, the insolvency of the estate of Reuben R.
Owens, deceased. Alf persons having claims against
said estate are hereby notified to file them in tiie of
fice of the Clerk of the Conntv Court of said county.
on or tefore the 1st day of Xovember, ISoS, authen
ticated m the law rcnuireSjforpro rata settlement, or
they will be barred. W.D. TRAJNTHAM,
Way 10, IStSO. n39-4w Adm'r. '
Insolvent Notice.
JL Clerk of the County Court of Maury County Ten
nessee the insolvency of the estate of William Hnm
phrey, deceased. AH persons Uavimr claims against
said .estate are hereby notified to file them in the
office of the Clerk of the said County Conrt of said
Comity, on or before the 1st day of November
authenticated as the law requiresor pro rati settle
ment, or they will be barred. J. W. PAGE,
May 10th, 1856. n39-4w Adm'r.
that conditional iudement has been rendered
gainst him by me, and that his Lands, lying in Lev- I
IS VOUaV l eunvee, nas ueen aiuirjiieu . u in
stance of S A Whiteside, ia satisfy hira in plea of
debt for thirty. and,fiftj seven 1Q0 dollar &0,Wj)
which wiil be sold as the law directs, unless 8aid
judgment be otherwise satisfied. - (
T ! J. A. BURROW, J: Pj
! MarehgyiM5-n39fc5jOOt 1 FoIw Coanty.
No. 53 College Street,
Men, Boys and Childrens
la the City, to which we call the special attenron of
Merchants Ilhaving purchased them at a time when
tta i-ricea were at the .,
We will be enabled to oficr : K
Staple and Fancy
Dry Groods
i: AX DAL M, WEBEH x- co
53 College Street, -
.'May5-tf .
s;(ck of
GENT?, "
LAIIES, anil " r?7
Wc will sell thcrn from this date at
. . - -i -
, Greatly Eeduced Prices--.
.43, College Ste.ee,
: w, ... i --: i "' t c i ? A
" - i ' ;: in-' VI
h. w. ximnr.
. . . . ii
Post OfTico Building,
. . . -.-1 .-a.-o
natiou to establish a first clasa reputation. Any
thing wanted and not on hand, can anj will be sup
plied in a few days. I.ilnt disormntS'MMle pa
Teachers or L rustics wisaisiu puAJtac Schawl
Books. In addition we keep all (he latest
" Ton will find it to your interest to order from na."
Price lists sunt on application,; and aH orders will
receive the same prompt and careful attention as if
bongnt i person; ; - rr T.r ,j rj, vp
and periodicals;
Wholesale and Retail School BooTts.BIank Book
Picture?, Map, Portfolios; asset Notions.
clocks, . : j . ';-A.
tfcCy AC. 0 m
5ov. 25-tf
. w - . . DEALER IS" t'ttf)
Dry Goods, Groceries,
Celebrated MILLER PLOW,
Rofinnp onrl Wrmmr Pnmhln
Maniifacture of Sorghum.
L fpylHahest rrica paid for Rags, Flax 8eed,
April 28, lSfitMyr '
T A Great Treat far the
Pflrs. M. A. McQUADE, -
Gentlemen of Columbia, that herself an
Brother have opened a , I
Ice Cream Saloon;
In part of her Business boose, where thsj Wuld
be pleased to wait upon a 1 who may give them
.uiuuga i:ur,iw
Gentlemen to accompany them: we will ecleav-
w vo maise mem ieei as umugn Mey Were at home.
Come Ladles and Gentlemen and we will emU-avon
iu picas v.
Parties and Pir-vir-a m t ..u-j . v
shortest notice. All orders sent will be nrnmnti
attended to IL A. Mr-ofr riF
April 23-3m
i I,)
Corner ITorth Main St reel and Vallic
S'juare, two Doors from the''. c
Night Blooming Cere us, Jockey Club, Extract
from Lubin, Condray, Bazir, and Weight, the ladies
will find a complete assortment at Uie Drug .aaiL.
Chemierj Store of , -..t r. ,TbT
AprUM - . - ? '-' 18! RATH
bricatiDg Oil, sold by T. B. Bat, at 91.S9
PJ JHu, and eonifef it jnpgrioia Lent Oii ftr
Machinery, for Saw Mills, or other Machinery dome
heavy work.,'-. -.-.iWWM.vA.TUJKlIC
Practical Machinist and Engi
.:L-M ;;jie5 jjiETT.
Apes- ...... - ixiiu jt rj i v.
XI Full
article of real Spanish Flat indigo and Madder,
Inst received at . '
Apr 28 T. B. RAINS.
large assortment and great variety ef Coal Qik
Lamps, with the very finest article of Coal Oil, at-,
waye on hand, and tor aale cheap, at . ;r
Apr28 T, R. RAINS. C
, '. . . - . i -X . v
,. Z .-.i X .i r
D rugs; lie dicinpdj
Dye Stuffs, Fancy Articles
School Books, Stationery,
. - " - - -1
AH of which w offer the trade at Naabille prieee,
and guarantee satisfaction. ' ' .'' ! j
' Mr. 1E HELM, ki.g and favorably known a
Drncgwt and Apothecary t this eewnraaity, ie la
C3r Violov; ako, Mr. GEOUGX RlERbOK,f
considerable experience ha- th boauiesa, tattk-ef
whom wouU he happy to wait spore their iU
friends and caster.era. - v f , .'nr
AagU4t li, lajji-ly- . ' ,
W 1

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