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THE KMOK-STEP. 5
' " v i !
BT E. C KTEDMAK. ''-
The conference meeting tbroagh at last,
We boys around the vestry walled
To see thegtrln come tripping pant,
Like snow-ulras walling to be mated.
If 61 urmvrrbr- jnot lr-sp the Willi A "J
Hy level maKKel.Ua.siiejintea,
Than I, who Rtepped berore them an
Who longed to we me get the mitten.
Bat no, ohe blushed and took my ana !
We tat the old folks take the highway, '
, ' And utarled toward the Maple farm
Along a kiwi of lovers' by-way. " '
" I eant remember what wenaW, '
; Twaa-notking worth anoHKOrhtory. -
Yet that ruile palh by which we Mied ,.
, tSeeined all transformed and in a glory. ,
' The anow was erlsp beneath oar feef."
: T lie moon wan full-the field were gleaminc;
1 Jlerfooe with youth and healUi wa beanUng
The Utile hand outside her muff ,:
nh wulptor, it you could but mould its
KoliBhuy touched mr Jacket cuff,
' TO keep It warm I bail to hold 1L ' ,
To have her with me tliere alone '
'Twas love and fear ami triumph blended,
At laM we readied tliat foot-worn aton.-,
Where that doliciou journey ended.
She shook her riRletx from .he r brow.
And with a Tluink you, ed" dissembled.
Kut yet I knew fhe understood
With what a daring wish 1 trembled.
A cloud pawed kindly overhead.
The moon was slowly peeping turoU;
Vet li Id li Is fee, as if It said ,
h :0111c. now or never 1 doit! doit"!
"Come, now or
My lips till then had only known , , , ;
Thekiratof motberand of fMtg 1 , ill
' Hot, somehow, full upon her own 11 '
Sweet, rosy, darling iiioul u 1 kissed her.
perhaps "twati boyish love, yet still,
, list lew woinaa t weary lover !
To feel once more that fresh, wild thrill
I'd give but who can live life over?
My darling is the sweetest maid
That ever lived 011 marmalade
. Or wanted wings to make her .. 1 .
The angel thai slmoupht to be ;
Put then unlucky for me,
I'm five and forty, and you sec,
(She's only twelve deuce take her! ,
Her hair is gold in wavy curls,
Jler eves art? stars, her leel h arc pearls.
Her iMjots are bronr-c and lace up.
Her cheek Is bloomy like a plum.
Her breath Is sweet nn majorutu ;
Put poetry I weak to sum
Her figure and her face up.
A las, the truth I must aver
My nephew Pick' in love with her,
Whi'errudcncesnyn 1 should prefer .
Jler aunt, who s plain and heavy.
"Th7 would but why ask Fate to grant
A loon which I'm aware it can't !
Oh, would that she had leen her aunt,
Or I bad been my nevvy.
, Thought in Dreaming.
( rr, '.'.
A very remarkable circumstance,
and an important point of analogy is,
says Dr. Forbes inslow, to be found
iti the extreme rapidity with which tlie
mental oierations are performed, or
rather on which the material changes
in which the ideas depend are excited
in the hemispherical ganglia. It w ould
appear as if a whole series of acts, that
would really occupy a long lapse of
time, pass ideally through the mind in
one instant. We have in dreams 110
perception of the lapse of time a
strange property of mind ! for if such
' le also its property when entered into
Umj eternal disemdodied state, time will
appear to us eternity. The relations
of space as well as of time are also an
nihilated, bo that while almost an eter
nity is compressed into a moment, in-
finite space is traversed more swiftly
than by thought There are numerous
illustrations of this principle on record.
A gentleman drempt that he had en
listed ar a soldier, joined his regiment,
deserted, was apprehended, carried
bock, tried, condemned to be shot, and
at last led oot for execution. After the
usual preparations, a gun was fired:
he awoke with the report, and found
that a noise, in au adjoining room had,
at the same moment, produced the
dream and awakened him. A friend
of Dr. Abieombia drempt that he had
crossed the Atlantic, iqient ft fortnight
in America. , In embarking on his re
turn he fell into the sea, and, awaken
ing in the fright, found that lie had not
been asleep ten minutes.
The-M in Who Ma j Expert long Life
. . S t " ! - '
lie haaaproper and well proportion
ed stature, without being too tall, lie
is rather of the middle size, and some
what thick set His complexion is not
too florid ; at any rate, too much rud
diness in youth is seldom a sign of lon
gevity. His hair approaches rather
the fair than the black. His skin is
strong, but uot rough. 1 1 is head is not
too big; he has large veins in the ex
tremities; his shoulders are round
rather than Hat His neck is not too
long; his abdomen does not project ;
his hands are large, but not deeply
cleft Hi foot is rather thick and his
legs are firm and round, lie has a
broad, arched chest, a strong voice,
and the faculty of rctaiuing Lis breath a
long time without difficulty. There is
harmony in all his parts. His senses
are good, but not any too delicate ; his
pulse is slow aud regular. His stom
ach is excellent ; his appetite good, and
digestion easy. The joys of the table
are uot to him of importance ; they
tune his mind to srcnity, and his soul
partakes in the pleasure, which they
communicate. He does not eat mere
ly for the sake of eating, but each meal
is an hour of daily festivity. He cats
slowly, and lias not too much thirst :
the latter being always a sign of rapid
aelf-consumptiou. He is serene, loqua
cious, active, susceptible of joy, love
and hope, but insensible to the impres
sions of hatred, auger and avarice.
His passions never become violent or
.instructive. If lie gives way to anger,
he experiences rather a useful glow of
without an overflowing of the bile. He
is also fond of employment, particu
larly calm meditation and and agree
able speculations. He is an optimist,
a friend to nature aud domestic felicity.
He lias no thirst after honor or riches,
and banishes all thoughts of to-morrow.
Hl'KELA x r, IViyMnlogixt.
Business In 1869 Financial condition
or the Connlry.
It appears from a circular issued by
the Mercantile Agency that the total
number of failures in was 2.7'Jfl.
against 2,('0S during ti c year before.
'Hie failures in New York and I'rook-
1 i it liowcvcr, were ten million dollars
' than in l&fiS. The trade with the
.South Las largely increased i volume
and has once more become profitable.
The business of the year in other
narts of the count-y has not been s d-
:-isfactorv. But on the whole' there
little reason for discontent or dis-
miimrcnient for the dullness of bust
. iise frriira-allf lias not had the disas
trous cll'cct on trade which usually
fllmvs such a prostration.
The records of the Mercantile Agen
cy contain reports ot 430.000 trades,
.,.iiiir.cinrcrs. hankers, &c, and the
proportion of failures is not more than
.. hundred during the year.
The unpaid obligations ot those who
failed arc less, in proportion to the
c.pital now employed and the volume
of trade, than at auv time subsequent
tolS50. From a comparative state
mcnt inado bv the Agcucy it appears
that the number of failures during
.. 1S03 in th3 State of New Jersey was
forty-three, and the amount of liabil
ities five hundred and twelve thousand
dollars. During last year the number
, of failures was oixty-iivc and the lia
bilities one million thirty-eight thou
sand dollars large increase over the
previous year. Taking the entire
country, from Maine to California,
there - have been 2.C0S failures, and
(3,71jyj00 in liabilities for the year
. 18GS ; and 2,709 failures and 73,054,
111 liabilities during ISM.
44 TLiiHirv YolksiUTay talk about
-ruth; -and that
-" makes his M-y :ln this world, -AVhtther
is in faruUug, orjny,othcr ort of
lrtiHna. has e-ot .B"eatftr it." -
(enesl22aEWjth'like, and show
there's thm.l" 'ttVa-"'m'tl,P
- rhere-Uat,-i- tMyrpMiio, , w--wik1
1 . , l r.u -a r
! " "VVh'cn may yoiin? ladies be fi&id to
be economical ? When they resort to
tight lacing to pro'SUr waisttfWe.
r"" ' - 1 '. '
T3y Alfred S. Horsley.
IIA1 D S FIRST LESSONS IX MIS1C
; 1XD L0T.
The Hungarians, like the Austrians
and Bohemians, have great love for
music. "Three fiddles and a dulci
mer for two houses," says the proverb;
and it is a true one. Jt is not unusual,
therefore, for some out of the poorer
classes, when their regular business
fails to bring them in sufficient for then
wants, to take to the fiddle, the dulci
mer or the harp, playing on holidays,
on the highway or in taverns. This
employment is generally .lucrative
enough, if they are not Bjwiid thrifts, to
enable them not only to live, but to
lay by something for their fuiure ne
An honest wheelwright,called "merry
Jriisf ." on account of his stories and
jokes, lived with Elscheu his wife, in a
cottage lu me nauiiet jwmu, vh
borders of Hungary and Austria. They
were accustomed to sit by the wayside
npnr tlin inn on holidays ; Jobst fid
dling, and Eischeu playing the harp
and ringing with her clear, sweet
voice. Almost every traveler stopped
to listen, well pleased, and on resum-
in' his lournev. threw often u silver
twopence into tlie lap 01 uie pretty
O - . . . 1. . 1 ....
young woman. J oust auu uis w ne, 011
returning Home in tue evening, iuuuu
their day's work a good one.
Tlie old cantor of the neighboring
town of Haimburg passed along the
road one afternoon, and in the arbor
opposite the inn, sat merry Jobst fid
dling, and beside him pretty Elschen,
playing the harp ana singing. ieiweeii
them, on the ground, sat a little chub-hv-faced
bov about three years old, who
had a small board, shaped like a vio
lin hung about his neck, on which he
nlaved with a w illow twig as with a
genuine fiddle bow. The most comi
cal aud surprising thing of all was, that
the little man Kepi perieci time, paus
ing when his father paused aud his
mother had a solo, then falling in with
-his father again, aud demeaning him
self exactly like mm. uiien, too, ne
would lift up his clear voice, and join
distinctly in the refrain of the song.
. - . 111 A,f 1 - . 1
' la tuat your ooy, imuitr .- k
the music-teachei .
" Yes, sir, that is my little feeperi."
" Tlie little fellow seems to have a
taste for music."
"Why not? I shall take lura as
soon as l can 10 one vuu can icucu
The e. mtor came frotnis time, twice
a week to the house of merry Jobst to
talk with him about his little son, aud
the youngster himself was soon the
best of friends with the good-natured
old man. 80 matters went 011 ror two
years, at the end of which time the
cantor said to Jobst "If you will trust
your lad with me, I will take him, and
... 1 . 1 A. 1 ... 1 1.
teacli turn wnat ue must iouu w w
t 1 1 ,.i-:ha.i .v...
come ; a wave iau, auu awmui mu
sician' Jobst did not hesitate long, for he
saw clearly what au advantage the in
struction of Master Wolferl would be
to his son And though it went harder
with pretty Elschen to part witn Jo
seph, who was her only cniiu, yet sue
gave up at last. She packed up the
boy's scanty wardrobe in a bundle, gave
him a slu-e of bread and salt and a cup
of milk, embraced and blessed him and
accompanied him to the door of the
cottage, where she signeu mm w 1111 me
sign of the cross one, two snd
three times, ana tneu reiurneu to hit
chamber. Jobst went with tliem nan
way to Haimburg, and then returned,
while Wolferl and Joseph pursued their
way till they reached Wolfrel's house,
the end of their journey.
Wolferl was au old bachelor, nut one
whose heart, despite his gray hairs, was
still pouthful aud warm, lie gave dai
ly lessons to tue tuue joscpu, uu
taught him good principles, os well as
how to sing and to play on the horn
and the kettle drum ; and Joseph prot-
ited therebv. as well as by tlie otner in
structions he received in music.
Years passed, and Joseph was a well-
instructed boy ; he had a voice as clear
and line as his "mother's, and played
the violin as well as his father ; he like
Mew the horn, and leat the kettle
drum, in the sacred music prepared by
Wolferl lor ciiurcn iesuvais. rn-iici
ih.ni nil. Jose nil had a true and honest
heart ; had the fear of Ciod continually
' . . a . 1
before his eyes, anu was ever couiemcu,
and wished well to all.
The more Wolferl perceived the lad s
wonderful talent for art, the more ear
nestly he sought to find a patron for
him, for he felt that his own strength
could reach little further, when he saw
the 7.eal and ability with which his pu
pil devoted himself to his studies. Trov-
4. .... . , .1. !...
Hlence so ordered it at icugm,
Master von Ileuter, chapel-mas'.er and
musical director in f?t .Stephen's
Church, Vienna, came to visit the dea
con at Haimburg. The deacon told
Master von ltcutcr of the extraordina
ry boy, the son of the wheelwright,
Jobst Haydn, the pupil of old Wolferl,
and created in the chapel-master much
desire to become acquainted with hint.
The next morning, accordingly, Von
Ileuter went to Wolferl's house, which
he entered quietly, and unannounced.
Joseph was sitting alone at the organ
playing a simple, but sublime piece of
sacred music from an old (Jermau mas
ter, Ileuter, astonished and delighted,
stood at the door and listened atten
tively. "'Hie boy was so deep in his
music, that he did not perceive the in
truder till the piece was concluded,
when, accidentally turning round, he
fixed mon the stranger his large, dark
ves. fxnressive of astonishment, in-
dT!. but snarklius a friendly wel
" Very well played, my son ! " said
Von Ileuter, at last " Where is your
in the minion." sa!d the boy. "shall
T..ll him ?"
" Call him, and say to him that the
i'hniM'l-niastcr Von Ileuter wishes to
ik to him. Ston a moment! You
are Joseph Haydn, are you not?"
" Yes, I am Scpcrl."
"Will. 1 hen. iro."
Joseph went and brought liis old
ma-ttr Wolferl who, with uncovered
head and low oleisauce welcomed the
i-hitiwl-master and musical director at
St Stephen's to his humbl - abode.
Von lticuter, 011 his part, praised the
musical skill of hi vntifir, mquireu
lmrtieiihirlv couceruins the lad's at
tainments, and examined him formal
ly himself. Joseph passed examina
tion in such a manner that on neu
ter's satisfaction increased with every
answer. After this, lie spent some time
in clove conference with old Wolferl ;
and it was near noon before lie took
his departure. Joseph was invited to
accoinpauy him, and spend tlie rest of
the dav at the deacon's.
Eight days after, old W olferl, Johst
aud pretty Esdien, the youuger soli,
little Michael on her lap, sat very de
lect edly together aud talked of the good
Joseph, who had gone, that moruing,
with Master von Kieuter, to Vienna, to
take his place as chorister in St Ste
Wenzcl Puderlein, a noted hair-dresser
in the I,eopoldstadt of Vienna, was
one day dressing the hair of Baron von
Swieten, first physician to the empress,
when he heard the great man's son ask
him to present to mm a wouuertui
musician, whose talents were begin
ning to attract public attention, l'u
dvrlein was happy to say he knew all
about him, having long been hair
dresser to the chapel-master Von Ileu
ter, in whose house young Haydn had
lived ten or eleven years. He had
been choruster to St. Stephen's, but had
'TUedimluutlvefor "Joseph '
leot pf ilia louulry.
. , ,'! .1 , .. , ,l.i... :!') ri ! lii .
beeu obliged to relinquish the position
two years before, having lost Ins clear,
fine sopranno voice, after a severe ill
"And wha does young Haydn now?"
aked thebarou. ,
"Ah! your honor,, the poor fellow
must find it hard to live .y giving les
sons, playing, and thus picking, up
what he can ; be sometimes also com
poses, or what do they call it? He lives
in tlie house with Metastasio ; not in
the first story, like the court p., but
in the fifth; and when it is winter',' he
has to lie in bed and work to keep
himself from freezing ; he has a fire
place in his chamber, but no money to
buy wood to burn therein." -1
"This must not be; this shall not
be !" cried the Baron von Swieten, as
he rose from his seat " Am I ready?"
' "One moment, your honor only,
the string around the hair bag.". , ,
" It is very good as it is. Now,' be
Puderlein vanished. , , . : . - ,
"And you, help me on with mv
coat, give my stick and hat, aud bring
me your young teacher wis afternoon
Therewith he departed; and young
von Swieten, full of joy, went to the
writing table to indite an invitation to
Haydn to come to his father's house. : ;
Meanwhile, Joseph Haydn sat sor
rowful, and almost despairing, in his
chamber. He had passed the morning,
contrary to his usual custom, in idle
brooding over his condition. Now it
appeared quite hopeless, aud his cheer
fulness seemed about to take leave of
him forever, like his only friend and
protectress, Mademoise.le de Martinez.
That young lady had left the city a few
hours before. Haydn had instructed
her iu singing, and in playing the
harpsichord ; and by was of recompense
he enjoyed the privilege of living i 1 1 the
fiftlwtory in the house of Metastasio.
All this now ceased with the lady's
departure, and Joseph was poorer than
Itefore ; for. all that he had saved, he
had sent conscientiously to his parents,
only keeping so much as sufficed to
furnish him with decent, though plain
clothing. i j i
"But where now?" thought he; and
he asked himself, sobbing aloud,
" Where shall I go without money ?"
Just then, without any previous
warning, the door of his chamber was
opened, and, with bold carriage and
sparkling eyes, entered Master Weuzel
"Come to ire!" cried the hair
dresser, while he stretched his curling
irons like a sceptre towards Joseph, and
pressed his powder-bag with an air of
feeling to his heart. "Tome! I will
be your father; I will foster and pro
tect you; for I have feeling for the
sublime aud the grand, and have dis
cerned your genius. 1 will lead you to
art I myself; and if, before long, you
be not in full chase, and have not cap
tured her, why, you must be a fool,
and I will give you up!"
"Ah! worthy Master Puderlein,"
cried Haydn, surprised, "you would
not receive me when I know not what
to do, nor where to go?"
" Now, sit you down on that stool,"
said Puderlien, and do not stir till I
give you leave. I will show the world
what a man of genius can make of an
"Are you determined then, to do me
the honor of dressing my hair, Master
von Puderlien ?"
"Ask no questions; but sit still."
Joseph obediently Heated himself,
and Wenzel begau to dress his hair
according to the latest mode.
When he had done, he said, with
much self-congratulation, "Really,
Haydn, when I look at you, aud think
what you were before I set your head to
rights, and what you are now, I may,
without presumption, call you a being
of my own creation. Nowjay atten
tion : you are to uress yourseii as t juick
Iy as possible, and collect your movea
bles together, thai 1 may senu anu leicu
them this evening. Then betake your
self to the Leopoldstadt, to my house
on the Danule, No. 7 ; go up the steiw,
knock at the door, present my compli
ments to the young lady, my daughter,
and tell her that you are so and so, and
that Master von Puderiem sent you ;
and if you are hungry or thirsty, call
for something to eat, anu, a giass 01
Ofener or Klosterueuuurger; alter
which, you may remain quiet tin 1
come home, aud tell you further what
I design for you. Adieu
Therewith, Master Wenzel Puderlein
roiled himself out of the door, and
Joseph stood awhile, with his hair
admirably Mell dressed, but a little
disconcerted, in the middle of his
chamber. When he had collected his
thoughts at length, he gave thanks,
with tears in his eyes, toUod, who had
inclijcd the heart of his generous
protector towards him, and put an end
to his bitter necessity; then 'he
gathered, as Puderlein had told him,
his few clothes, and many musical
notes together, dressed hi nisei t in his
best, shut up his chamber, and after he
had taken leave, not without emotion,
of the rich Metastasio, walked away
cheerfully and confidently, his heart
full of joy and his full of new melodies,
towards the Leopoldstat and the house
ot his patron.
When young von Swieten came,
half an hour later, to ask for the young
composer, Signor Metastasio could Jiot
iufoim him where "Giuseppe' had
gone. Ho many hoursof despondency
did this forgetfulness on the part of the
renowned poet, prepare for the jtoor,
unknown,, yet incomparably greater
artist, II aydu !
When Joseph, alter a long walk,
stood atlast before Puderleiu's house,
he experienced some novel sensations,
which may have been consequent on
the thought that he was to iutroduce
himself to a young lady and couverse
with her; au idea which, from his con
stitutional bashfulncss, and ignorance
of the world, was rather formidable to
him. But the step must be taken, nev
ertheless. He summoned all his cour
nfrif niiil knocked at the door. It was
opened, and a handsome damsel of
eighteen or nineteen presented herself
before the trembling young man.
In great ambarrassment, he faltered
forth his compliments and message
from Master Wenzel. The pretty
Nanny listened to him with an expres
sion of pleasure, and of sympathy for
the forlorn condition of her visitor.
When he had ended, she took him by
the hand, to his no small terror, with
out the least embarrassment and led
him into the parlor, saying in insinu
ating tones, " Come in, Master Haydn,'
it is all right I am sure my papa
means well with you ; for he concerns
himself for every dunce he meets, and
would take a poor wretch in for having
only good hair 011 his head ! But you
must srive iu to his humors a little for
he is sometimes a trifle peculiar. Now
tell me, what will you have? Don't
be bashful ; it's a good while since noon,
and you must be hungry from your
Joseph could not ueny mat sum. was
the case, and modestly asked for a
piece of bread and a "glass of water.
Nauny laughing, tripped out of the
room. Ere long she returned, followed
by an apprentice, whom she had loaded
with cold meats, a flask of wine, glasses
etc. She arranged the tible, filled Jo
seph's glass and invited him to help
himself to the cold pastry, and what
ever else awaited his choice. The
youth fell to, timidly at first, then with
more courage, till, after he had, at
Nanny's persuasion, emptied a couple
of glasses, he took heart to attack the
cold meats more vigorously than he
had done for a long time before ; mak
ing the oliservation mentally, that if
Mademoiselle Nauny Pudtrlein was
not quite asdintinguee and accomplish
ed as his departed patroness, the hon
ored Mademoiselle de Martinez, still,
as far a youth, beautyf and polite man
ners were concerned, she would not
suffer by a comparison with the rich
est dames of Vienna. When Master
Wenzel Puderlein came borne an hour
or two later, he found Joseph In. high
spirits, with sparkling eyes, and cheeks
like tlie rose, already more than half in
love with the pretty Nanny. li"
Joseph',. Haydn, lived thus "many
months jn the house of , Wenzel Purde
lein, burgher, and, renowned jriseitr in
the Leopoldstadt of Vienna, and not a
man in the imperial city knew where
the poor, but gifted and well-educated
artist and composer had gone. In vain
he was sougl t by his few friends ; in
vain by young von Swieten ; in vain,
atlast, by Metastasio himself, , Joseph
had disappeared from Vienna, without
leaving a trace.'" Wenzel Purdelein
k?pthis abode carefully concealed, and
wondered and lamented, like the rest,
over , his Joss, when, his aristocratic
customers, believing he kuew every
thing askied him if he could give him
auy information what had become of
Joseph.-1 lie thought he had good rea
son and undoubted light, to exercise
the hitherto unpracticed virtue of si
lence : because, as he said to himself,
he only aimed at making Joseph the
happiest man iu the world.
Joseph' cheerfully resigued himself
to the purposes of his friend, and was
onlr too happy to be able undisturbed
toTStudy Sebastian Bach's " works, to,
try his skill in composing quaitettos,
to eat as much as he pleased, aud to be
able day after day, to see and chat with
the fair Nanny. It never occurred to
him to notice that he livel, in a man
ner, as a prisoner in Master Puderleiu's
house ; that all day he was banished
to the garden behind the dwelling, or
to his own snug chamber,' and only
permitted to go out in the evening with
Wenzel and his daughter. It never
occurred to him to wish for" other ac
quaintances than their nearest neigh
bors, among whom lie was kjiown
simply as "Master Joseph;" and he
cheerfully delivered to Master Wenzel
every Saturday, the stipulated nuniler
of minuets, walties, etc., which he was
ordered to compose. " Puderlein carried
the pieces regularly to a music-dealer
in the Leopoldstadt, who paid him two
conven'Jon-gailders for every full-toned
minuet, and for other pieces iu propor
tion. This money the hair-dresser
conscientiously locked up in a chest, to
use it when the time should come, for
Joseph's advantage.' With this view,
lie inquired, earnestly about Joseph's
greater works, aud whether he would
not soon be prepared to produce some
thing which would do him credit in the
eyes of llie more distinguished part of
the public. , '
"Ah! yes, indeed," replied the
young man. " Thisquartetto, when I
shall have finished it, might be ven
tured liefore the public ; for I hope to
make something good of it. Yet what
can I do? no publisher would take it,
because I. have no distinguished patron
to w horn to dedicate it." ,
" That will all come in time," said
Puderlein, smiling. "Do you get the
thing ready, yet without neglecting the
dances." . . 1
Joseph went to work ; yet every day
he appeared more deeply in love with
the pretty Nanny; and the damsel
herself looked with very evident favor
on the dark, though handsome youth.
Wenzel saw the progress of things with
satisfaction; the lovers behaved with
great propriety, aud lie suffered things
to go 01 their own way, only inter
fering, with a littlejissumed surliuess,if
Joseph at any time, forgot his tasks in
idle talk, or Nanny her housekeep
ing. But not with such eyes saw Mosjo
Ignatz, Puderleiu's journeyman and
factotum hitherto ; for he thought him
self possessed with a prior claim to the
love of Nanny. It was gall and worm
wood to Ignatz to see Joseph and the
fair girl together. He would often fain
have iutcrposed his powder bag and
curling irons betwen them when he
heard them sing tender duets ; .' for
Nanny had really a charming , voice
and was very fond of music, and was
Joseph's zealous pupil in . singiug. .
At length Ignatz could no longer en
dure the tortures of jealousy. One
morning he sought out the master of
the house, to discover to him the secret
of the lovers. How great was his as
tonishment, when Master Wenzel,
instead of falling into a violent passion,
and turning Joseph out of doors with
out further ado, replied, with a smile,
that he was well pleased to have it so.
in vain Ignatz urged his own prior
cfaims to Nanny's favor, and the en
cluragement he had received from
other and daughter. All his preteu-
werc treated wit 11 tne utmost
scorn. .' ' 1
The journeyman declared he would
instantly Quit the hairdresser's treach
erous roof, and him and his periwig
stock. Accordingly, ne hastened to
pack up his goods, demanded, and
received his wages, and left the house,
vowing vengeance against the inmates.
Pnrdelein was incensed ; Nanny laugh'
ed; Joseph sat 111 the garden troubling
himself about nothing out 111s quanetto
at which he was working.
Wenzel Puderlein saw. the hour
approaching, when the attention of the
imperial city, and of the world, would
lw directed to him ns the protector and
beuefactor of a great musical genius.
The dance3 Joseph had composed for
the music dealer in the Leopoldstadt,
were played again and again in the
halls of the nobility. All praised tlie
lightness, the prighUiness and grace
that distinguished tbem; but all in
quiries were in vain, at the music
dealer's respecting the name of the
composer, ifo one knew him ; and
Joseph himself, hail no idea what
sensasiou tlie pieces he had thrown oft
so easily created in the world. Master
Wenzel, however, "vas well aware of
it, and waited with impatience the
Completion of the first quartet to. At
length, the manuscript was ready.
Puderlein received it, took it toAhe
music publisher, and had it sen! to
press immediately, which tiie sums he
had . from time to time laid by fcr
Joseph enabled him to do. . Joseph,
who was confident his protector would
do everything for his advautage, com
mitted all to his hands ; he commenced
a new quartetto, aud the old one. was
soon almost forgotten.
They were not forgotten, however,
by Mosjo Ignatz Sjhuppenpelz, who
was continually on the watch to play
Master Puderlein some i.l trick. ..The
opportunity soon offered; his new
principal ent him, ouc morning, to
liress the hair of the Baron von Fur 11 -burg.
Young von Sweiteu chanced to
Ijc-at-lhe baron's house, and In : the
course of conversation, mentioned the
balls frequeutly given . by Prince
Esterhazy, and tlie delightful new
dances by the unknown composer. In
the warmth of his description the youth
stepped up to the piano aud begau a
a piece which made Igualz to priekj up
his ears, for he recognized it too ftvill ;
it was Nanny's favorite waltz, which
Joseph had executed expressly for
her.. : I -
"I would givelifty ducats," cried the
baron, when on swieten nad ended,
to know the name o the composer."
r " i ifty ducats V ' reieated Ignatz.
" Your houor, I can tell your honor the
name of the composer." :
If you can, and with certainty; the
fifty ducats- are youts," : -answered
Fueubunrand Von Swieten'.' ...
' "I can, your .honor; It, liPepi
Ilaydu.'v v 7 '
"How? Joseph Haydn? How do you
know? Sneak!" cried both gentlemen
to thejfmcKr, who proceeded to inform L;
them of Haydn's abode and secluf on,, ,
in the house of - nvenzei l'nnencin ; tior
did the ex-journeyman lose the oppor
tunity of liepowdering his aueient
mastei plentifully with abuse as an old
miser, a surly fool and an arch tyrant
" Horrible !" cried his auditors, when
Ignatz had finished his story. - Hor
rible ! This old frlacvr makes tlie poor
young man, iddden from all the world,
labor to gratify his avarice, and keeps
lain "Prisoner; "We must 'set him at
liberty.". ' , :iV ,.;
in 'l Hll'I Ji-
Ignatz assured the gentlemen they
would perform a good deed by doing
so ; and informed them when it was,
likely Puderlein would be from home,
so that they could find .an opportunity
of speaking alone wiui young Haydn.
Young Von Swieten resolved to go that
very morning, during the absence of
Puderlein, to seek his favorite ; and
took Ignatz along with him. The
hair-dreaser was not a little elated to be
seated opposite tlie baron, in a baud
some coach, which drove rapidly to
wards the Leopoldstadt, .When they
stoppeU;Mbte ludeVlei6'luse, Ignatz
remained in the coach, while the baron
alighted and entered where Joseph
Haydn fat-deep rn the composition) of
a new quartetto.
Great was the youth's astonishment
when he .beheld Us. distinguished vis
itor. He did not utter a word, but kept
bowing to tlie grouud. on swieten,
however, hesitated not to accost him
with ail the iirdor. of youth, tuid de
scribed the affliction of his friends ( who
they were, Joseph kuew not,) at his
mysterious disappearance. Then he
spoke of the applause his compositions
had received, aud of the public auxiety
to know who the composer was and
where he lived. " Your fortune is now
made,'? concluded he. - f The Baron
von Furnburg, acouaoisne ir, my father
and inyselr we will all receive you
we will present you to Prince Eiterha
zy ; so make ready to quit this house,'
ami to escaiie, the sooner the better.
from the illegaFand unworthy tyranny
of an avaricious periwig-maker.
Joseph ku.w not whU to reply; for
with every word or on swieten, his
astonishment increased. ' At length he
faltered, blushing, ..'Your honor is
much mistaken, if you think I am ty
rannized over in this house; on the
contrary, Master Puderlein treaty me
as his owu ton, and his daughter loves
me as a brother. He took me 111 when
I was helpless and destitute, without
the means ot earning my bread."
i "Be that 'as -it.-may," interrupted
young von Swieten impatiently, " this
house is noi longer your honie;
you must go into the great world un
dervery different auspices, worthy of
your talents. To-morrow, .the baron
and I come to fetch you away." There
with he embraced young liaydu with
cordiality, quitted the house, and drove
back to tlie city, while Joseph stood and
rubbed his foreltead, and hardly knew
whether all was a dream or reality.
But the pretty Nanny, who, listen
lnz in the kitchen, had heard all, ran
in grief and affright to meet her father
when he came home, and told mm
Puderlein was dismayed ; but he
soon collected himself, and command-
his daughter to follow him, and to put
her handkerchief up to her eyes,
Thus prepared, he went up to Haydu's
chamber. Josei 11, as soon as ne heard
him coming, opened the door and went
to meet him, to nitorm mm ot the
strange visit he had received.' i ' '
But Puderlein pushed him back into
the chamber, entered himself, followed
by the weeping Nanny, and cried in a
pathetic tone, " I know all ; you have
betrayed me, aud are now going to
leave me like a vagabond." i ; (i
" Surely no, Master Puderlein. But
listen to me."
"I will not listen! Y'our treachery
is clear : vour falsehood to me and to
my daughter ! O ingratitude ! see here
thine image. I loved this boy as my
own son. , I received him, when he was
destitute, under my hospitable roof;
clothed and fed him. I have dressed
his hair with my own hands, and la
bored for his renown ; and for my
thanks, he has betrayed me. and rny
innocent daughter!" ,
" Master Puderleiii, listen to me. I
will not be ungrateful ; on the contrary,
I will thank you all the days of my
life for what you have done for ine."
: "And marry that .girl?"
"Marry her?" related Joseph, as
tonished. " Marry her? I your daugh
ter?" . . . -
" Who else ? . Have you not told her
she was handsome? that you liked
" I have indeed ; but
" No buts ; you must marry her, or
you are a shameless traitor! Think
you a virtuous damsel of Vienna, lets
every callow bird tell her she is hand
soice and agseoablc ? - My innocent
Nauny thought you wished to marry
her, and honestly made up her mind
to marry her. She loves you ; and
now will you desert her aud leav her
to grief and shatue?7. ' t :
Joseph stojd in dejected silence.
Puderlein continued, "And I have I
deserved such black ingratitude from
you, eh? have I?" With these words
Master Wenzel ' drew forth a roll 01
paper, unfolded it, and held it up be
fore the disconcerted Joseph, who. ut
tered au 'exclamation of surprise as lie
read ' these words engraved on it :
"Quartetto for two violins, bass viol
and violincello, composed ty Master
Joseph Haydn, performer and compo
ser in Vienna. Vienna, 1751."
" Yes!'J cried Puderlein.triumphant
lyi ,whei he saw Haydn's agreeable
surprise" yes, cry out and make your
eyes as large as bullets. I did that ;
with the money I received in paynient
for your dances I paid for paper and
press-work that you might present the
public with a great work. Still more;
I have labored to such purpose among
my customers of rank, that you have
tlie appointment of organist to the
Carmilites. Here is your appointment.
Nog, iugrate, and bring my daugh
ter and me .with serrow to the grave."
Joseph went not ; with tears in his
eyes he threw himself into Puderleiu's
arms, who struggled and resisted vig
orously, us if lie , would haye repelled
him. But Joseph hehUum fast, say
ing, ' Master PtiderleiiH listen to me !
There is no treachery in me ! Ijet ine
call you fathers. CJivc me - Nanny for
my wife!" ' . .
Master Wenzel was at last quiet. He
sank exhausted into an arm chair, and
cried to the young couple, "Come
hither, my children ; kneel before me
that I may give you my blessing. This
evening shall be thy betrothal, and a
month hence we will have the-wedding.",;
i , ; ; , : : ' f ;
Joseph and Nanny knelt down and
received the paternal benediction. All
was festivity in No. 7, on the Danulie,
that evening, when the organist, Jo
seph I lay (1 11 was solemnly betrothed
to the fair Naany, thedaughterof Wen
zel Puderlein, burgher aud proprietor
in the' Leopoldstadt iu Vienna. ;
The Baron von Kurnbcrg and young
von Swieten were not a little aston
ished, wheu they came the next riioru
iug to take Haydn from Puderleiu's
house, jhvfiid ihini affianced to the
pretty Nanny. They remonstrated
with him earnestly in private : but
Joseph remained hiimoveab'e.aud kept
his word, pledged to Puderleiu and his
bride, like an honorable young man.
At a later period he had reason to ac
knowledge that the step he had taken
was somewhat precipitate ; but he ev
er repented it, aiul consoled himself,
wlieiijhJs earthly ii use, prosed, ijlittlo
discord among his tones, with the companionship-xf
that Humottal partner,
ever lovely, ever youug, who attends
the skilful artist through Jife, aud who
proved herself so true to him that the
name of Joeeph Haydn shall, after the
lapse of centuries, be pronounced with
joyful and sacred emotion by our latest
posterity. . ' " ' "4
i f r. Bergh; the philanthropist, com
plains to- tho Brooklyn, (N. Y.) Bonn I
oT Health," that cows are kept in. that
city which arc rotting in their stables,
and that the dead cart is constantly
waiting for the careasscs of cows which
actually die while being milked. . Hun
dreds of men, women and children are
murdered by these- soniUry abomma-
tions.' to sav nothing of the tortures of
the poor? patient brute.' "The stables," ! tine internally, and turpentine ab-o ex
he savrf. " ousrht to be swept away, and ! ternally. The patient slowly rtcov-
if the proprietors sent to Sing Sing. ri
, ;. .Hoainanl la Horses,,;- '
In 1806, during tlie campaign in Aus
terlitz, a Piedmoirtese officer, possessed
a beautiful, and in other respects, a most
serviceable mare, but which one pecu
liarity rendered, at times, exceedingly
dangerous for the saddle. She had a
decided aversion for paper,1 which she
immediately recognized th moment
she saw it, and even iu tlie dark, if one
or two leaves were rubbed together.
The effect produced by the sight or
sound of it, was so prompt and no vio
lent, that in many cases she unboned
her rider; and in one ease, his foot be
ing fentangled in tlie stirup, she drew
him a considerable distance over a ston
ny road. ' la other respects, this Ware
had not the slightest fear of objects
that would terrify most horses. She re
garded not the music of the band, the
whistling of the balls, the roaring of the
cannon, the fire of the bivouacs, or the
glittering of arms. - The confusion and
noise for an engagement made ne im
pression upon her ; the sight of no o'her
white object affected her; no other
sound wan regarded; the view or rust
ling of paper alone, roused her to mad
ness. , All possible means were employ
ed to cure her of this extraordinary and
dangerous aberration, but without suc
cess ; and her master was finally, com
compelled to sell her, for Ids life was in
continual danger. "
1 A mare belonged to the French Guard
Royal, from 1816 to 1821. She was en
tirely manageable and betrayed no an
tipathy to the human being, nor to oth
er animals, nor to horses, except they
be of a light grey color; but tlie mo
ment she saw a grey horse, she rushed
upon it, and attacked it with the great
est fury. . It was tne same every wnere
aud at all times.
She was all that cculdXe-' it Is a legal necessity, mat tne
be wished on the parade, on the route.
in the ranks, iu action aud in the sta
ble; but such was her hatred towards
grey or white horses, that it was dan
gerous to place tneni in tne same smote
with her, at whatever distance. If she
"nce caught a glimpse of one, whether
horse or mare, she rested not till she had
thrown her rider On it with the greatest
fury, and bit it in a thousand places.
She generally, nowever, scizea uie ani
mal bv tlie head or throat, and lield it
so fast that she would, suffocate if, if it
were not promptly relieved from her
bite. . As she grew old, this mania was
not quite removed, but it was somewhat
weakened. , No other body of a white
color, appeared to make the least lin
pressiou upon her.
A mare beloneing to the fifth squad
ron of French hussars, feared, 011 the
contrary, all white animated objects
such ns white mantles or coats, or evcu
the sleeves of shirts ami chemises too
much displayed,and particularly, white
plumes. When any of these white
bodies, and especially in motion, were
suddenly perceived, if tney were 01 any
magnitude, and their motion was rap
Id, she was in a dreadful fright, and
strove to escape: but if they were of no
great size and moved more gently, she
rushed furiously upontnem, struck at
them with her fore feet, and endeavored
to tear them with her teeth. No oth
er color produced the slightest effect
unon her. nor did the appearance, how
ever sudden, of white horses, or dogs
of the sanie color; but if a white plume
waved, or a white sheet of paper noated
by her, her fear or rage was ungoverna
ble. - :
These three cases of singular and
particular aversion possesses all the
characteristics of true monomania. .
Fails about Congressmen. '
From da hi found in Ben Terley Por's
Onifjrcssional Directory are compiled
the following facts : 1
The average aje of Senators is not
far from fifty-five: that of Representa
tives not far from forty-five.
In the Seuate there are live gentle
men under the age of forty ; in the
House, there are five members under
.... e, m . m r Li.
The youngest senator, is air. opeu-
cer, ot Alabama, oorn iNovenioer t,
1S30, aud, consequently, is thirty-three
years old. The youngest Representa
tive is Clinton L. Cobb, of North Caro
lina, born August 26, 1842, and conse
quently but little over twenty-seven.
The oldest Senator, is Simon earn
er jn, of Pennsylvan ia, born March 8,
17!)!).- He is also the oldest in Congres-
sioti"! seniority, having taken his seat
in the Senate, in 184-. He has, how
ever, had two long interruptions in his
Senatorial career, so that his whole ser
vice amounts to eleven years, tie is
the only member of either House who
was born before the commencement of
the present century.
The oldest member of the present
House of Representatives, ir. congres
sional seniority, is Fernando Wood,
who took his seat iu 1841, in tlie twenty-seventh
Congress. . His age is but
Mr. Garrett Davis, Senator from Ken
tucky, was earlier in the House, than
any present member of that body, hav
ing, in ISo'.i, taken his seat in tne
twenty-sixth Congress. He is the on
ly member of either house who sat? in
Congress more than thirty years ago.
Mr. Davis, however, lielongs to the pres
ent century, he having been Urn
in 1891, two months earlier than Sena
tor Vickers, of Maryland.
In point of long-contmuea service,
Mr. Sumner is the " father of the Sen
ate," havhig served for almost nine
teen years without interruption. He
has five years more to serve on his
lienry lu iiawes, 01 juasracmiseii,
Is serving his seventeenth continuous
General Banks and Horace Maynard
iu their sixth term s not continuous.
James Brooks and S. S. Cox, of Zew
York, and Nathau F.Dixon, of Rhode
Island, arc each in their fifth term.
Mr. Brooks was the pioneer Washing
ton correspondent, and also the first of
European correspondents for American
The voungjst Representatives are
Thomas Fitch, of Nevada, 31 ; Gener
al J. S. Witcher, of West Virginia,
30; Charles M. Hamilton, of Florida,
2!) ; lgan ll. Itoots, 01 Arkansas, srt ;
and C. li. Cobb, of North Carolina, 27.
Messrs. Hamilton and Jloot were mem
bers of the last Congress.
The average length of the (Jongres
sional biographies is ten lines. Tlie
longest is that of William F. Pnwser, of
Tennessee, which occupies twenty-six
lines, but they are so cammed with in
cidents that "it could not be wJl con
densed. Tlie hardest worked Senator hi com
mittee service, is James W. Patterson,
of New Hampshire,.-who in dmiaaan
on the joint committee on retrench
ment, aud is a memlier of three oth
ers. The blondes of the Senate have it all
their own way in the committee 011 tin
In the House, the most fortunate men
on committees, are John-Lynch, of
Mayne, who is chairman of two com
mittees, and stands second on that of
banking and currency, anil Thomas A.
Jenckes, of Rhode Island, who 1 chair
man of tho committee op pnteuL?, and
those of retrenchment and civil ser
vice. ' L U
"A man in Michigan swapped his
wife for a horse. We'll bet some
thing was wrong with that horse, or
its owner would not have fooled it
away in that manner. ...
On getting into lied, recently, at Bren
hamTexas, Mr. Williams was ltten
by a monster spider, called tarantulua.
lie applied some liniment and, by tlie
aid of chloroform, went to sleep. About
midnight he awoke iu a chill, with vi
olent pains iu the spine and chef t
Physicians were called in, who admin-
! istered morphine, whisky and turpen-
'ered. ... ,
I From Every 8tnnly.
ABOUT WILLS. 5
BY D. R. S II ELTON MACKENZIE.
Ijist Will and Testament What U a Lnl
. WHIT Written and Verbal WUla The
. Testator' Mind " Blcned. Healed and De
livered "Stamped ami Proxy annulare
Bhakypesre' Wlrl Revokinx-Hcottixh
. Law-Writing jon tne (Sand The Oldest
WillJ&xutnl. u. ; J ... . . . j . ,
Some weeks aero, iu this column.
touched on the subject of wills, chiefly
with reference to the remarkable "last
will and testament" made in London,
in the closintr years of the last centu
ry, by Mr. Thelusson. He wished his
property, already vast, to accumulate
ror a number or years after nis aeatn,
until it reached an , amount so great
that the human mind wonders bow any
one man could have been expected to
deal witn It. To-day l mean to travel
further on the same track, and that of
wills and will-makinjr.
In our law, a will i a writing, by
which a person aged tweuty-oneor up
wards, and of sane mind, who possess
es and is- entitled to property, declares
what shall be done wiui it alter ins
death. It is considered indispensable
that a will shall be written. But there
being some exception to every rule it
it has been conceded that in the ease of
soldiers and sailors, who. from their ae
tual occupation may not always have
the opportunity or means of executing
a legal doenment shall be allowed
while in actual service to make what
is called a "nuncupative will" that
is, a verbal will. But this declaration
by word of mouth, can only dispose of
uie personal property or a soldier or
sailor, and such a person must execute
a written will to dispose of his real es-
Tpanies making uie win snail nave - a
tree anu uisnosinir ' iiiuiu at, iuo uuic.
Therefore, as already stated, he or she
cannot make a will 111 a state or iuna
cy : in addition, he cannot sign that
or a n v other documeut in a state of
drunkenness, nor while acting under
anv fear, compulsion, or undue influ
. A will mav be executed at any time.
so that tlie testator knows what he s
doing, and it is necessary that at least
two witnesses witness its being signed,
who must also hear him acknowledge
it as his. No express legal form Is
necessary, and the simpler the wording
of the document the better. A - a gen
end rule, most of the great lawyers
who have matte their own wills have
made them badly. It is necessary that
the instrument be written, but need
not be continuously, nor yet in . A
Avill written in pencil will convey a
property as large as that of the Mar
quis of Westminster, whose income fs
estimated tU over 10,0(10 a day. If the
testator cannot write he can make his
mark. It known by an assumed name
it will answer if he sign ttat. in Jng
land. it is usual for a will to lw signed.
sealed and delivered. That is, after
signing it, the person puts his finger 011
the seal, previously or theu impressed,
aud says, "I acknowledge this (the
signature,) to be my hand and seal, and
I deliver this as my last will and testa
ment" In the United States, the seal
is not necessary, nor can it in auy
country lie equivalent to a signature.
But if a person should have a stamp
to sign papers witb, that will be suffi
cient for his will. Henry III, and
George IV, who were incapaciated by
bodily disability some weeks before
their respective deaths, were allowed
to have a fac-simile of their siguatures
stamped on documents which required
"tlie sign manual." Jt is said that
Kins Henry's will was "signal" liy
tiiis fac-simile stamp. The will of
Ge jrge IV was executed long before hps
lat illness. ' !
A person about making a will ncod
not sign it if he give authority to some
one to do so for him, before witnesses
in his presence. It is usual for the sig
nature to be at tne top or at tne bot
tom of the will, and it must appear un
every separate sheet; but the will would
be valid if the signature is so piaceu as
to assure a court of law that it was in
tended to validate the document jl
have had Shaksjieare s will in my
hand; it is written on three sheets of
paper sewed together at the top, airl
his signature is on each sheet Tile
witnesses of a will must be present to
gether when they see the testator sigr.
and acknowledge it. If a witness can
not write he may make his mark. Any
pjrson profiting by the will, or tlie
husband or wife of the testator may be
attesting witnesses to a will, but will,
tliprehv forfeit anv leiracv which tile
document may have left to him or her.
The executor of a will may be a wit
ness. A will mode before- marriage s
revoked by such an union taking placf.
There are two modes of revoking
will. One, and by far the simplest, fs
to tear, burn or otherwise destroy it,
with tlie purpose of revoking it ; tlie
other way is to execute a new will, in
which it is stated that all previous wills
are hereby revoked. i
.Suppose that the testator cuts oft lifs
signature and the attestations, the law
supposes that he intended to revoke er
destroy it. Jut, and this is very curi
ous, if he boldly cut out of the will aiy
jHrtion thereof, or draw his pen across
it that is not a legal revocation. I he
accidental tearing of a will does not re
voke it. After the will Is revoked a
codicil may be executed withdrawing
the revocation ; this revives it. but Ia-
ers are at issue on this point. W'heji
there is any interlineation or alleratt.ai
in a will, the legal ''resumption is, that
it was doneafter signature, unless there
be proof to the contrary. Tho proper
way in the event of interlineation, al
teration or erosion, is for the persin
making the will to sign his initkus with
the date opposite the place.
In Scotland, if a person write the
whole of a will with his own hand.
dating and signing it, it will not require
any witnesses, and is called a "holo
graph will," or a will written wholly
by the person. A nuncupative win, at
the contrary, is not written Ths tes
tator, in such case, simply makes a
public declaration that l.e desires to
liestow his property in such and such a
way, and this is put into writing (it
may Ihj after his death) by some by
There is a case hi one of the law books,
if I remember rightly, where a ship
wrecked person, grievously wounded
by being dashed against the rocks,
wrote upon the sandy shore with his
finger a brief statement of the manner
in which he desin d his pnicrty to be
disposed of after his death. In an hour
or two the waves of the sea came up
and obliterated this transitory record.
The man had died even Iteforc this, but
some one saw the writing on the sand,
a-kedjthe dying man if it was his, re
ceived an affirmative reply, and made
a cpy of it in his note Imo1c. This, on
a trial at law to recover a large amount
of property, was admitted to be a valid
Let me earnestly recommend every
body who has au3'tlung to bequeath to
make liis will while yet in health of
mind aud body. Altove all, let him
have it legally made. Iu ordiuary
case? a conveyancer or scrivener will
make a will for five or ten dollars. Of
course every prudent man will insure
his life; the longer he waits the more
it will cost him.
It must le a great consolation to a
man 011 the bed of sickness or pain to
know that his prudence in insuring Ids
life, has left a provision for his wife and
family. In all natious, even the rudest,
some sort of will-making Is practiced.
The very earliest mention of a wiil is
in the book of Genises, chapter xlviii.,
where Jacob, visited by Joseph and his
two sons, makes one concluding thus
(verse 22) : " Moreover I have given
to thee one portion above thy breth
ren, which 1 took oui of the hand of
the Amorite with my sword and with
my bow." Jacob, it seems, held to the
rule that tho spoils belonged to tho vic
tor. Iu aeverwl other parts of the 111-
VOL. XV. NO 24.
ble this posthumous distribution of a
man's property is mentioned, always
with respect, and sometimes with, ven
eration. In the Koran great care is
given, by explicit instruction, to pro
vide for the. wishes of tlie dead being
faithfully carried into effect Confu
cius and Zoroaster were with him in
this. . The Greeks respected not only
the wills of their friends, but of their
enemies; and so did the Romans. In
the popular appeals to the latter, after
the death of Csesar, his will, whereby
he made a bequest of seventy-five
drachmas, with other boons, to every
Roman citizen, was effectively used to
provoke them against his assassins, j
'ii , .
Leara to Observe. V
Most young people have great respect
for men of science, and are apt to think
that it is impossible tliat they can ever
know as much as Doctor or Professor
so and ho. All the persons whose great
knowledge you wonder at were once as
ignorant as any boy or girt who reads
this. If any of you desire to become
learned about natural things the
rocks, trees, animals and the like you
must in tlie first place, learn to use
your eyes, or make observations, as it
is called. One of the most celebrated
naturalists once eakl to as in speaking
of some of his most important discov
eries, " AH I had to do, was to look
and see tlie thiug just as it is made."
Of course, one to make new discover
ies, must know what has been done
before, and that can only be learned
from books which record what other
people have done, livery boy or girl
should learn to observe and mark down
what lie or she Keeping a record
of the thermometer will do much to
fix a habit of accuracy and regularity.
Note the first appearance of suofr, the
number of snow-falls and their depth
The first appearance of the blue-ltirds
and wrens, the blossoming or the Irs I
Maple, Dogwood, and other early
trees and shrubs, should be recorded
each year. These show the compara
tive earliness of spring and how in
teresting it would be to look over the
record of many years ! Those who bc-
ein by carefully observing these com
mon things, will soon wish to know
something more about them. It is a
beautiful thing about the study of na
ture in any form, that the knowledge
we receive, not only prepares us for
receiving more, but it gives us the de
sir to learn more. The fountain is in
exhaustible. American Pnrmer.
Crasade of the Children.
One of the most startling effects of
monkish delusion was the Crasade of
the littlo children. A band of fifty
thousand children from Germany ami
France, set out in 1212. to redeem the
Holy Sepulchre. A peasant child of
vendome, first assumed the cross in
France, and soon an increasing throng
of boys anu girls gathered around him
as he passed from Paris to the south,
and with a touching simplicity, dwlar-
ed that they meant to go to Jerusalem
to deliver the sepulchre of tlie Savior.
Their parents and relations endeavored
to dissuade them; they escaped from
their homes; they wandered away
without money or means of subsistence;
and they believed that a miracle would
dry up Uie Mediterranean Sea, and en
able them to pass safely to the shores
of Syria. At length a body of seven
thousand of the rench children reach
ed Marseilles, and here they met with
a strange and unlooked-for doom. At
Marseilles were slave traders, who were
accustomed to purchase or steal chil
dren in order to sell them to the Sara
cenes. Two of tliere monsters, Ferrus
and Porcus, engaged to take tho young
crusaders to the Holy Land, without
charge, and they set sail in seven ships
for tlie .bast. I wo of the vessels were
sunk on tho passage with all their pas
sengers ; the others arrived safely, and
the unhappy children were sold by their
betrayers in the slave markets of Alex
andria and Cairo. Other large bodies
of children came from Germany across
the Alps. Many perished from hun
ger, heat disease; a few were enabled
to die on the sacred soil of byna ; and
it is estimated that nrty thousand of
the flower cf the European youth were
lost 111 this most remarkable ot cru
sades. Harper' t Monthly.
Desperate Suiciding In Paris.
A shocking I raged v has just tnken
1)1 u-o in Pari. A widow ladv in easv
circuinstaiicos,resided with her daugh
ter, nged 20, 111 her own house opposite
the Theatre de Climv ; she hud for
sonic time past shown signs of mental
derangement, and frcqueinlv com
plained that she hciird strange noises
about her head, and iiuitgiiirdslic wa
followed by soldiers or police spies.
The young woman appears also t
have been of very narrow intelligence
and completely under the influence of
her mother. A few evenings ago the
elder ladv resolved to commit suicide
and induced her daughter toconscut
to die with her. They first wrote let
ters announcing their determination,
which were afterwards found 011 the
table, with the will of the mother;
they next lighted a pan of charcoal,
but, as death did not come quickly
enough they dr.ink some blccching
fluid used by washerwomen, i'i which
they dis-olved phosphorus scraped
from lucifer mulches. Even this poi
son did not produce nnr immediate
resuM, and the mother then look a
curtain rope and straiigfcd her daugh
ter. She then lighted more charcoal,
but without success, and nt length
went down stairs and told l!:c house
porter's wife to conic up for a mo
ment. The police were sent lr, mid
I !;c mother, 011 being questioned, qui
etly g: vc every detail of this horrible
drama, hut without issigning any 'mo
tive tor the attempted suicide. She is
detained in custody, awaiting a med
ical cx.iiniiniion ns to her sanity.
Unuhut A'ew. " --
The ideas prevalent in this and other
countries, relative to the curability of
consumption, are very tlifletent from
thse that prevailed twenty years ago.
Then it was thought that no case of
tuiercular consumption could, by any
human iwer, be cured. Now it has
been demonstrated that consumption
which is not in the blood and heredita
ry can be eradicated from the system.
The fact that weakening hemorrhages
have taken place, does not make the
eae any more hojwless. Tlie very
wort cases are those where hemorrhage
has never occurred. ..The three great
curatives the world over are air, raw
beef and col liver oil. Inhalation, pure
whiskj' and hypophophitcs are consid
ered by all physicians as valuable ad
juncts wheu properly administered.
Too many invalids soak themselves in
wh'sky, and accelerate rather than re
tard the disease. But, afterall, climate
has more to do with the consuiutive's
chance than all other tilings, and on
this point tliere is a wide ditlercncc of
opinion. Some say Brazil, ot hers Tex
as, others prefer Spain,' and just now
Colorado is quite popular. But all
agree upon the wonderful curative prop
erties of the MiDDessota cliniatc.-opcc-ially
among its pineries. - :
The Fond dti Lac (Wis.) Coihuii.
ireitllli gives an extended description
of a mpcaiid fl.n ced oil manufacto
ry at that place. " Liid year the frictorv
had about 15,000 bushels f' 'V seed",
and about an equal qtiitr . it v it flax
seed. Abouty00barrclsi.fr'' jrillbe
the product The singwr liing
about the whole matter is thai tho
meal cakes all go lo Liverpool. Eng
land. The flax seed meal cakes sell
for $23 per ton ; the rape seed frr -2
per too, -" -
THE WHITE MITTEjr.
.i . . BT HAM1AM BOCOLAS. , . .
My tittle wblt Itlttoa's alep oa my ksae ;
A white m the saowoa Um llthea i ah;
Hhe wake up with a parr .
W hen 1 uroka her soft far ;
Wm there ever another white kitten ID
'1 ? ;i t li. U , , j ,ilit I
My little white kitten now want to go oat, 9
And frolic with no one to watch her about:
" Little kitten, I nay, -".
j "JaslanhonryoomanymUT, ' '
And bccaryful in choosing joor plaeea to
Bat night ha mmedown when I bear a loud
I open the door any my kitty comes through;
My white kitten ! ah me!
Can U really be he
Thin ill-looking and brggar-Ukecatthatliiee?
... i . h.i
What unly, sraystreaknon her nklean4 her
Her nope, once ha pink ana ronetrod. In alack!
l, I very wrll know,
Thouxh he tloei not iay no.
She has been where while kittens ought
never to go. -
ir little good ehlldren Intend to do right,
if Utile white kitten would krep theuielveft
It to needfnlthat Iher
Should thin eonrnwl obey,
And be careful In rhooxing theU pl.ve to
The Wort of A Crt.
AVhat is the use of a cnu4 of bread ?
Some people never think of saving it
1 know children who leave their
bread and butter half catcii,and waste
manv a good crust, without thinking
ny thing about it. Shall I tell you
of a man who did a great deal of good
with crusts of bread; yes, and grew
rich by them.
A poor soldier, i the city of Paris,
was in quest of something to do.
- Ilov can I earn an honest living?"
he asked once and asrain. Standing
one day in the shop of a rag-merchant
looking at tlie rng-pickcrs come in, he
saw that they hrtd a great many
pieces of bread in their bags which
they were very careful of. .
" AVhat arc yon going to do with
it? askd the ioldicr.
"We sell it to fceT rabbits and
chickens with," they said.
A bright idea struck Chcpcllier, for
that was his uauie. " I will do in a
larsfc way what these bejrgars do in a
small way, he said ; and directly ho
hired room, with a shed near it fur a
cart and donkey, lie then went
around to tho houses and cook-shops,
and offered to buy all the -waste
bread which they had been in the
habit of throwing away or giving to
As soon as Chepellier had enough,
he appeared one morning in one of
the great markets loaded down with
bags, and around his hat, in large let
ters, was a placard: "Bread crust?
for sale. His bread was for the rab
bits, dogs, birds, or fowls which peo
ple kept for pets. Ho sold it for
3 pence a basketful, enough to keep a
little animal a week. Chepellier soon
had a plenty of customers, so that, at
the end of four months, instead of the
cart and a donkey, he had three carts
and horses. Nor was it long before
he made money enough to buy him a
little farm, and there he went to live.
But farming did not suit him, and af
ter a time lie quit the country for the
V hat next? Let its see. In France
tliere is a great salo of bread-crnmbs
for soups and fries. Chcpcllier hank
ered after his old business, or some
thing like it; so he sent out aud
bought up the waste bread as before.
He built great over.9, too, which they
say are never cold. In time his ware
houses covered a great del of ground ;
and I will tell you what tikes place
there. At one end the wagons come
in loadeded with crnsts, and other
pieces of waste bread. In the next
room they assorted : for crusts are of
two kinds, the rood and not bad
but the poorc sort. These a put
away to feed rabbits and birds with.
The good ones arc cut in little squares
and baked over in the big oveus.
The best of these little squars arc for
soups, while the brownest arc pound
ed and set'ted, to be used in frying.
But sometimes the ovens are too hot,
and the bread gets burned. Is it then
thrown awav? The careful, saving
Chepellier throws nothing away. lie
employs children to rasp of the black,
burnt part, which is powdered and
sifted, put into little boxes, and sold
In another rrt of the building this
once despised bread is put np into
nice paper bags, and carts are ready
to carry it to the soup-houses and
cook-shops of the city.
Throughout this establishment
there is the greatest order and neat
ness, for the master is always present.
and his eyes do more work than both
his hands. He does not hud much
fault, to be sure ; but if any body is
idle, wasteful or careless, he pretty
soon finds out that that is no place for
Though Chepellier was born so
poor that none could well be poorer,
he lias done more than many who
enjoy a fortune as soon as they are
born. He has not only grown very
rich, but by his mean? thousands of
people arc fed on wholesome food at
the cheapest rate, and hundreds of
men, women and children are put in
the way of earning an honest living,
and that, too, by gathering up what
others throw away Besides all this,
he gives a great deal iu charity every
tso j on see, by exercising the fac
ulties which God has given us, no
body is so poor or so humble but the
w oild can lc made belter by his liv
ing in it. Child's Paper.
Trntnful and Obedient.
"Charlie, Charlie!" clear ami sweet
as a note struck from a silver Ml, the
voice rippled over the common.
" that's mother," cried one of the
boys and he instantly threw down his
hut, and picked up his jacket and en p.
"Don't co yet! have it nut I" " fin
ish this game!" "Try it again!" cried
the players, in noisy chorus.
"1 must ro right oil this very
minutc. l toii nor I l come whenev
er she called."
"Make believe ycu didn't Inar!"
they all exclaimed.
" JJtit I diU hear!"
" She don't know you did."
"But I know it, and "
"Let him Eo." said n bi'stander.
" You can't do anything with him.
He's tied to his mother's aprob-
"That's so!" said Charlie; "and it's
o what every boy c-uirht to be tied :
and in a hard knot, too." j-ljc
"But I wouldn't be such a x M -
to run the minute she eaileti," s ..J
one. . " '' "t,
" I don't call it babyHi to keep or "
word to his mother," answered l .
obedient boy, a beautiful light glowing , f
iu his bright blue eyes. " I call it man
ly; aud tho 'boy who don't keep his
word lo her will never keep it to any
any one else you see ir he does V and
he hurried away to his cottage home.
Thirty years have passed since those
Imys played ball on the common. Chas.
Gray is now a prospermia business man
in a great city,and his mercantile friends
say of him that " his word is as pood
his bond." We asked him once how
he acquired such a reputation.
Ml never broke my word when a
loy, uo matter how rreat the tempta
tion, and the habit formed then, lias
clung to me through life. Child's De
A letter written entirely in Chinese
diaracte.-s." rccted to a Chinaman
in Pond I Utah, has been re
ceived at k i Iietter Office, Well
ington. A .,-e is no clerk in the D
partment who can read Chinese charac
ters, the leUer cannot be returned twin i .y
the writer. In view of t y ' yVa
tion of Chinamen I".'
the Post Mat Z&,fr
UA7 b7 Jo " " rr
V Tof b, T. u. RAI.VS lntrf. fee?
.2JTT11 t2i:I..-t ' . ' - -1 : . . 4
h ro gt8CC,VelBUia,i.tr-- ,
. :.i;:n.trri.! .:' - r-t :- .p.i
It is to