Newspaper Page Text
f M 'I
f FSr, .,
, THE BTI9C3 aOTOER.
" BY TiXXERA tAYTOIC.
lh liooM was boaMlywdtte rall irere
v ban-; -' i v 77 s , ..
For Poverty ImuI plainly written Utera
His dreaded nartw.aiHl sickMaa too had come
lo leave ber fool prints in that peasant's
Cpon a lowly conch Urns mol her Ur c j ,'
fratbaiflnittitoUiarif-lanaaV& I -Tha
rose upon her cheek had filled white,
And to souketi'er gleamed strange!?
The rounded outline
Tneue veins seen through the transparent
rmed almot-t bun. Ultg-wlUi the faveredtkle
That like a niounUin utreaiu did nwift ly el Ida.
1 nebair, which once iu omooth and oblnirg
ehe i braided bark her plump, white Miowy
bands, t t i w t f -Gleaming
now In, now out ihe gold nd
In carclcw ktring buug all neglected down.
The wasted liana lay motion!, t pWcd
with the long fi 'ingos Ihcy careless stray-
Now here, now There, with restless toeing
W hile from ber Hps but once, there earn a
'Twaswlirn he looked open the tiny Ujing,
And then he closed her ryes, as If to roL .
Fond mother! Soon the Iwrning truant lear
Ktole fron the rkwed lid, showing us bow
The little one buffed to the aching bait;
And how 'twas agony witn it to part.
L'plil'ted then Uie radiant eyes to heaven
One prayer che breathed, "O (Jod! though
life le riven, f i
' My laith faints not in thine Almighty love; .
Lord, uutotbee I give my precious dove." .
Then rweet the anile that lit the pallid brow.
Bright as a sunbeam om the glacial snow, i
And firm the failh that calmly did confide'
Her cherub-habe to the dear, heavenly Guide
Koflly she spoke: "One wish lies near my
heart - r , , T ,
My babe mast be bapOzed ere I depart ;
fto, call to me the holy man of Uod,
Who treads lite paths piy (Savior's feet have
My child in holy bairtini conseoraie :
God's angels then shall on ber tootstep
As the bright drop, of crystal water IMI.
Her beaming smile attired us all was wclL.
A heavenly radiance lit the dying laoe i
" Lord, grant tnr precioos one thy laving
Thou who didst ray, Bring chtlilren onto
ma.' - - - -
0 bind with cords of love her heart to Thee. t
Now take inc. Lord-ni work on earth is
-1 on, eiad i4i inttstrfthy PUB ;
No othername I plead, Ixrd bear my cry,
1 come, I come. to dwell tth thee on high."
Itadiant the brow, which pale as marble
turned ; .
White grew the check, where late the beetle
burned ; i .'.' 1 1 '
And her pure spirit winged its happy flight.
J o o wen ivr gcrui tue reauiu ol I
tHi, sadly fall on hill and lea
The shadows of the wearr day ;
. And. wafted from the wailing sea, '.''
And long murmur seems to say.
To say :
" tshine on, thou golden nn!
Thine hoar will soon be done !
Ah, well -a day !"
t old drives the rain upon the world.
And homeless is the North wind's cry ;
And, 'mid th dark jess, thickly curled.
Sad tone of sorrow seem to sigh.
Kiootu on thou shining rose ; , ,
Thy shoit li fe soon will close, ' 1 -
: rortho minstdter
Oh. sadly fall onjoving hearts
The shadows of life's weary way.
A nd. heedlese of the tear that starts
A mournful message seem to say.
To aay :
" Tbee and thy love the tnmb.
Hoon, soon will fold in gloom ; 1
Ah ! weU-a-day !'
A ITKIOIS LAWSUIT.
One 'Vtvanaa Bea Aael ker Imr Berrteee
Reaidered in rrerarlegs Heieba)4
Twe TkowaaaMl Dwllam, m Plaaie) and
a !! Watch, mm the KdncNtloa sf
aChiM Iberrice OeanasKle.
From the New Tork Times. '
The good people of Kaugerties,N. Y.,
uud vicinity, are in a gossipy wood
jtfet now over a novel law suit, which
will probably come oil in Ulster county
t'ircuit, at Kington, in April next.--The
principals hre females, and the to
ry, as gleaned from authentic sources,
is a gtrange one. The complainant i
Mra. Susan Crawford, and the defend
ant b Mis. Christiite RasaelLr The
counsel representing Mrs. Crawford are
Messrs. K. O. Whittaker, of JSauger
ties, while Mrs. Russeirs attorney is
Hou. John A; (Jriswold, member of
t 'ongress from the Thirteenth District.
Mrs. Crawford, the complainant, is a
womau about forty-five or fifty years
of age, rather Inclined to obesity, a widow-
with four children. She is a acltool
teacher is Saugertics, and her actions,
style of speaking, and deportment gen
erally, sltow her to be a strong-minded
woman, shrewd, smart and calculating.
Previous to her hurhand's death the
family was in affluent circumstances,
but owing to some financial trouble
during his last days the widow, though
not really wanting the necessaries of
life, is comparatively poor.
Christine Kussell, the defendant, is
now altout seventy years of age, stu
rounded with all the comforts of a good
I tome, and has money enough to keep
her safe from poverty's intrusion. Both
of the ladies are respected in the bust
circles, and are members of Rev. Mr.
liaruuin's Methodist Church, in Sau
gerties. Mrs. Russell's husband, Jere
miah Russell, has been dead nearly
three years. In 1836 he was a Van Bu
ren lrcsideutial elector from this State.
In 1M2 he was sent to Congress from
the Thirteenth District by the Demo
crats. Was renominated in 1S46, but
defeated. lie nomed a arood nnvslcal
frame, and to-day it is said of him that
he worked more nours out of tlte tWeu-
tv-four than any one in bis district. Iu
June. lo4tt. his first wife died and be
became a widower, aud now comes a
curious story. , . . . .
The next month, July, if the legal
statement i3 correct, Mrs. Christine
Crawford, (mentioued above as Chris
tine Russell,) who was a sister to the
husband of Susan Crawford, approached
the latter, and conversed with ner nrsn
the subject of securiur Hon. Jeremiah
Kussell as a husband, he then being
about seventy years of age, and reputed
to be worth $400,110, and sheahout
forty years of age, and worth consider-1
ably less. At the interview with bu
Min Cra wford, If the complaint, be true.
Christine told her that if she would
bring about a marriage between her and
Jeremiah Russell, and she should sur
vive him, she would give ler $2,000, a
Iiiunoaiid a gold watch, and educate,
icr child, Susan listened ' attentively
- to the otror, and ' finally aecepteil it,
when a written contract to that eflect
was drawn up aud signed by both par
ties, and that contract is said to be still
iu existence. Soon after Christine met
Jeremiah at Susan's house by a previ
. ous arrangement, when an introduction
followed. : Then visit after visit occur
red. Mrs. Crawford findius light aud
fuel for the pair. Thus matters pro-p-esed
Imppiiy till October, 1M7, when
Ihe two were united in marriage, aud
lived together happily aud much re
lected until 17, when Hon. Jere
miah Rusgell died without making a
will. A short time previous to his
death he seemed desirousof drawing up
and finishing such a document, aud
often consulted Counselor Wiuans, of
Kaugerties, in relation to it, hut the will
was never completed. After waiting a
proper length of time, the widow Jtus
sell claimed the portion of her deceased
iiusbana's property ailoweu ner oy i- ,
claiming also that there was an ante
nuptial agreemeut between' them in
relation to the disposition of it- , Seeing
that there were prospects of consklera
ble litigation growing out of the com
plication of the aflkir, the executor
finally compromised with the widow
by iaying over to her the sum of $35,
t)0? when she "signed off" any further
claim on the property.
As soon as the settlement tratispired,
Mrs. Susan Crawford demanded the
$2,000, piano, gold watch, and the edu
cation of ber child, as the contract price
agreed upon in writing, for services
rendered tne widow in obtaining Hon.
Jeremiah Russell for her as husband.
She asserted that the contract had been
fulfilled on her part to the letter, and
as Mrs. Christine Russell had survived
Hon Jeremiah Russell, as especially
referred to in the contract, there was
nothing for the widow Russell to do but
to pay over the price. The defendant,
through counsel, nuts in a general de
nial, and also uleads the Statute of
Limitation. II is a most curious case.
The Natural History Society, of Pitts
field, have a button found at Perry's
Peak, which is supposed to have been
dropped by Ham, the son of Noah,
while leaning over the taffrail of the
ark in a fit of sea-sieknes-.
By JLlfvpa ?fHorSley:;;;-; :p:; COLUMBIA TENNESSEE; FRIDAYrMARCH 4, 1S70.
. i : -!: ; : ; , Li i . : ' - . . J .. ' -
' . u .... ,. - ; -
AN I tll-1 SMILE.
BY FLORENCE MALOOLX.
There wre augry. bitter, thoughts in
Mabel Colchester's heart as nhe sat
alone in the splendid solitude of her
hnudolx. - -" -
in ltd nerfeetion of outline, and in its
scarlet tints of lip and cheek, bora In
the humid eyes and tear-stained cheeks
the unmistakable signs of recent weep
ing 'The' haughty curve of the lips
and unconscious clinching of the deli
cate, jewelled hands,, betokened 'that
the grief had been accompanied by anger,-
while the nervous and constant
tapping of one of the litUe satin-slippered
feet, made it evident that Miss Col
chester was teithcr meek, xnild.tnor
patient- , - . r . r ;
Some one rapiied at the ' door her
maid, no doubt.
4'Goaway.'' fche said Impatiently.
" go away, Hortense ! did 1 no tell
you that I wished to be alone this Attor
ning?",, i- i 7 .7 "T? .
" It isn't Hornse,?'. said the person
outside, "it's Ben."-. . . . -
The words were simple and common
place, but the rich grandeur of the voice
made them sound like a ..short, sweet
strain of music. '
A bright smile broke over Mabel's
troubled face ; she opened the door in
stantly. . ,
"Dear bid Ben7"ho"w glad Tarn To see
you !Whcre have yoavbeeii keeping
yourself all this week ?"
" Have you been ill?" aud a uafr of
lovely, anxioua eyes, -looked uj into
Ben Morford's Jaoe, sending a thrill of
HnhtiA iov 4hrou?hlH Touuc veins. '
"No,": he said, seating himself be-J
side her. ", nave noi . peen iu, out
chose to play recluse for a few days.
And now let me question yott. There
are tcar-staina on your cheeks what
has vexed you this morning?"
"It is nothing -indeed it . is uoth
idg," said Mabel, hastily. "You know
how foolish I am. Ben; a mere trifle
will make me shed tears." ' . '.
" He saw that his question had pained
and embarrassed ber, and therefore be
did not press it further.
After a few minutes of desultory con
versation, she relapsed into the -tin-pleasant
re very which his coining f had
disturbed, -.t . . i : -
Before any other, guest she would
have striven to maintain ber accus
tomed gayety of spirits, but in the pres
ence of Ben Morford her; , " dearest,
truest and best friend," as she was wont
to style him she felt no restraint, and
no necessity for deception.
Aud he, the dearest, truest and best
friend, sat looking at her with shad
ow -of pain coming across his splendid,
passionate eye eyes, which, of late,
could scarcely keep the secret of the
love which had grown with ids growth
and " strengthened with bir strength,
until it had become the first thought of
his heart, and the brightest,purest hope
of his fair young life. , t - ..
. That Mabel Colchester. girl of quick,
keen perceptions, should have remain
ed unconscious of this love seems al
most impossible, yet so it was. -:
Had you suggested such a tiling to
her the would have laughed amusedly,
and told you that Ben while still In the
ignominious petticoats had rocked ber
in her cradle, that, be had teased and
petted her during her whole life, that
he had loved her just as he had loved
his sister Bertha, that he was a dear,
noble fellow, but that lie had never
dreamed of loving her in a romantic
fashion,' and that you must never hint
such a tiring again, or else she should
be quite angry with you, and soever
afterward you held your peace, aud
poor Ben went on loving, and Mabel
went on liking, until at last the year
and day and hour came ' in which the
man spoke of his life-long love and the
girl's heart was undeceived.
And the year and day and liour was
that in which Mabel sat thinking with
passionate auger and pain of her love
of the keen, crafty, handsome man, of
whom the reader shall hear auon of
the last night's balmasquc. in which
her heart had been so terribly wounded
by lys iudifference and neglect of the
fair, fair woma' who had leaned upon
his arm, and looked up into his face
with love-lit eyes of of her own fierce,
though smothered jealousy and rage.
; 'Morford's voice broke in upon her
"You are in sombre mood this mor
ning, Mabel?" . .
There was a quiver of pain iu the
voice,-, which she. could not fail to
. ." Dear Ben," she said, patiently, " I
am in a sombre mood, or rather a very
unhappy one. Forgive me, for bavinc
appeared sullen and disagreeable, but 1
cannot help it; you would not blame
me if you knew how wretched, how
unhappy I am." ...
He would not ask her again w hat it
was that vexed or troubled her, but
with on irresistible impulse of passion
ate tenderness he passed his arm around
her, and drew her closely to his side.
It was the first act of love, aud Mabel
was so startled and bewildered by it
that she had not power to speak or
move. . ! V i
,His face was dangerously near hers,
and swift and sileut his first kiss fell
upon her lips.
Then, she freed herself from his en
circling aim, and looked at him sor
rowfully, amazedly, saying very gent
ly, while the blushes flamed upon her
" I think you forget yourself, Ben : I
never knew you to act in this way be
fore." " . , . , ,
" I love vou," he aid in a husky,
Impassioned tone, " let that 'plead my
Mabel's licart was stirred to its pro
found est depths of pity aud tenderness.
The knowledge of his passion, sud
denly as it had come to her, had
Lmuirbt with it no loathing no repug
Ixit a vamie. dreamy sense of
.Hssnaar ami U Vs. t v Almost akin to love.
inv" ai i'" : i
Something within her lieart seemed
to say to Iter Wis, w your inie lover
the noble, genial, gentlc-souled man,
so well suited to take your wayward life
iut; his own, and make it serenely,
perfecUy happy. Turn away whOe
there is yet time from that oilier love
winch you have madly hoped to claim,
tor think the stronger, the purer, the
two. - ,
But across these inward prompUugs
drifted the vision of a face a manly,
splendid face, lit with dark, majruetic
eyes, aud crowned with a halo of sun
ny hair a face so wondrously, so glo
riously beautiful, that once seen it
could never be forgotten ; even an im
aginary visiou, its beauty held Mabel
spell-bound. She had no word of hope
for poor Ben ; site could only look at
him in painful silence, while the grand
ly formed head, and bright, vlvki face
of his rival, seemed still to float before
her tearful eyes.
Again Morford spoke, and hs voice
wasfulf of the anguish of doubt
" Don't look at me sorrowruuy, .Ma
bel. I ask not for pity, but love,
and if you cannot give it to me, say so
at once, and I will go away and never
again intrude myself upon you."
"Ben, dear Ben," she said, faltering
ly, " I du love you, but not with the
lbve for which you ask. You cannot
tldnk how it surprises and pains me to
hear that you care for me other than a
"Surprise and pain these, then are
the return for the love of a lifetime !"
The love of a lifetime ! the words
thrilled her with solemn awe,- and
again the inward voice seemed to plead
for the stronger, wirer and tenderer
love, but she steeled her heart against
it as she thought of him whom, in a!
few short weeks, she had learned to
rxrrc;;; ir .t tv yT.in. A-
I 111 ,11.11 II ;ll.i'l viAl ' Z II I
, I..:l i, - . . . :W. - MV!K"
VI M vll.T ! VI s'h-l r i-A !' r:-rel I - I I ill II i .
love with all the fervor and ' intensity
of her nature. . T -
" We have known each other from
childhood We have always been like
brother ahdsister, arid oh! Ben if(foe
make me wonder and '"grieve to think
that you should now-"
"Hush!" he said, hoarsely, "I do
not care to hear about wonder or fcrief
I asked you lor your love you refuse
it to me, it is enough. See how calm
ly I can part with you," and with a
harsh, ironical laugh, he held out his
ri cut hand, which was quivering like
, that of one suddenly palsied. . ft -
i i.narwi-nn, winte rungersj uiesea
" It is hard for me to give you pain.
I shall never know a friendship dearer
or sweeter than yours has been to me,
and for your love I shall live to see it
given to one more worthy than my
self." He did not respond to her words. The
white silence of anguish rested upon
his face as he lifted ber hand to his lips, '
and went out from her bright, beauti
ful presence, leaving with ber the sun
shine of life, and taking with him the
brooding shadow of an unrequited
love. .. r ..-
Two hours later, and Mabel still sat
alone in her boudoir, and now her face
was very, very sorrowful, for it seemed
to her as if she should never again be
hold the face of her rejected lover, and
the thought was so exquisitely painful,
to her that her heart began to throb
with a strange doubt, seeming., to ask
itself is it true that I do not care for
him is it true that I. really lore the
other may I not have mistaken a fleet
ing passion for that divine feeling so
much calmer, yet so much more beau
tiful and true?"'
" Garth Clarendon."
Again her revery lias been broken,
and this time by a servant bearing a
card with the above name traced there
on In firm, clear characters. ' - v
" I will see him presently," she said,
and the servant left the room.
There was no question in her heart
in regard to her relative feeling toward
her two lovers. Every fibre in her
body responded to the magic of that
penciled name fancy or love, it was
all the same to her Garth Clarendon
was the man to marry.
She went down to meet him, striving
hard to keep up the semblance of the
outward frigidity which had disguised
her jealousy of the night previous
striving hard to remember that, with
the exception of the last three hours,
she had spent the day in nursing her
anger against him, feeding its flames
with the recollection of the-tender
glances she had seen hira bestow upon
In vain ! Mabel, strong aud proud iu
all things else, was very weak ' iii her
love for this man.
. The first clasp of his hand brought
back the wild, sweet idolatry which it
was bis triumph to read in her great
11 You are not well this mtriifng, Ma
beL" Ah ! the subtle teuderness of the
words, it thrilled her whole being with
a rapturous joy.
"1 am quite well, Mr. Clarendon."
How calmly she tried to siealc, but
Garth Clarendon smiled as her eyes
drooped shyly beneath his.
i . He knelt beside her jlayftilly. .
"We were not friends last night,
were we?" '
" It was your fault aud not mine."
"My bright Queen Mah, I only
wanted to see if you cared for me suffi
ciently to be jealous of my attentions to
la belie blonde. YourzwoMcatrctung
me to the quick was it real or assu ru
"Itas real." - v
Pride prompted her to speak Uie un
truth. . Of course, Clarendon did not
believe her. ' He determined that she
should confess the truth lie was very
proud of his power over the beautiful
" I will ask you again, Mabel and
this time you will tell me what will
make me very happy that the indif
ference too assumed.'' -
He laid his hand lightly utiou hers,
and she quivered beneath the electric
A subtle dreamy splendor came into
his eyes as he looked up at her beseech
ingly. " Tell me the truth, Mabel ; you were
angry at my apparent neglect of you,
last night is it not so?"
" Yes," and the tears would come as
she remembered the long night of tna
tyrdom for what is it but martyr
dom to; a. Woman to beuokl the man
she loves paying homage to another?
. Clarendon arose to his feet, and draw
ing a chair near Mabel, sat down upon
it with the air of a man who is about
to say something of importance.
The time had come when he felt Uiat
he must speak the all important "I love
you," and it was with the serenest sat
isfaction that the utterance of these
three words, with the commltaht
" Will you become iuy wife?" would
secure to him the -joint proprietorship
of a fortaue of sixty thousand dollars,
which Mabel already held iu her own
right " ; '
Nature bad given Garth Clarendon a
face and form that a prince might have
envied, but Ids mind bad nought to
distinguish it, save a certain craftiness
and a genius for plotting which had
served him well in his many affairs
He was a scientific love-maker. Ma
bel Colchester was a beauty and a heir
ess ; the last word claimed his regard
in a worldly point of -view the first
touched his heart through the Menses,
the only manner in which it was pos
sible to resell that organ.
He would never have asked her to lie
his wife, did be not remember constant
ly that he counted hers by ten thou
sands. . He was, to come down to dots,
a fortune hunter a hard epithet to be
applied to such a noble looking fellow,
but nevertheless, a true one. .
In MaUe he bad found his prize, but
had not gained it, as the sequel will
He had sat beside her like a, young
Apollo pleading bis'suit, and ne verwas
the old, old story told . with a sweeter
eloquence, but alas! just as the ques
tion had been asked, which required
the "yes,"' which so many women
have rpoken, and so mauy men joyed
to hear, Mabel raised her drooping ej-es
to her lover's nice what did she see
there to cause her to start back with
white face and wrathful, glittering
eyes? A smile, and such -a am He as
few women would have failed to inter
pret i it was one which seemed to say,
"Bah! what a farce this making love
is after all 1 As I didn't already know
that this woman adores the very ground
upon which 1 walk. As if any woman
could say 'no' to such a splendid, fas
Hnntinir fellow as myself!" A con
ceited selfeatisfied smile-it made the
blood boil in Mabel's veins a torrent
of Inathintr and distrust seemed to rush
over her Tn one instant it seemed as if
the man's nature were revealed to ber.
"He peeks my fortune," slie said in
wardly, "and he is smiling serenely iu
anticipation thereof smiling serenely
at mj ill-concealed devotion to him !
hnte him .
Clarendon saw at once that she had
read in his fuce the feeling of his heart :
his expression changed, assuming a
lover-like anxiety that was really edi
fvinir. .. . (',-. - -
But a smile had altered the current of
two lives the false yet beautiful anxi
ety in those brown eyes, failed to bring
back the tide of Mabel's love and pas
sion, It only served to strengthen h. r
in the conviction that the man was
she sat back
in her cliair pale and
the unlocked for "no"
i came from lins which curled with scorn.
I It was like warm, breathing love
transformed into statuesque scorn
' Clarendon could scarcely believe the
evidences of his
In vaiq !
He tried to
plead wtyh her.
4 i r "
" Go." she said, coofj v and cuttiriirlv.
and never; Mr. Qardendon, appear to
wear. your laurels until you have won id impede their rmoCon, atid;B6jfesist
them. . r.-u v - ! 1 jeuceof the atmosphere is to beover-
m much for a smile: . i
curses, not loud but deep, foiled for? the
4i 1 I v. : . i:r 1 1
in uiue iu ms ma uy a noianu, tni
cursing the, lips that had unwarily
smiled away a fortune of fifty thousand
dollars.' . -:
And Ben Morford married the idol of
lih boyhood and manhood in less thaa
three months . after, 1 proving beyond
doubt that he tried again, and that Ma
bel forgot her young Apollo in a cruelly
short space of time. .. . ;
.ME twisi rtiirixyjiXiiox.; .
A fast Fre4a;htLlaie far the WeVrM-
twe Hmelreel Mile mm Haar.
From the Ifew York Sun.
s An invention has been made that is
now to be brought before the attention
of the country, which promises results
of the highest importance to it indus
trial ana commercial interests. If it
produces in practice what the theory
Indicates, it will lead to a vast develop
ment of otu whole inlustrial system
agriculture,., manufacture, ; and ,. com
merce, v . , . i . .'!.
The invention consists in : the em
ployment of a new principle in locomo
tion, which will furnish the basis of a
new method of transportation. By it
the products of the country its grams,
fruits, meats, coal, ores, high wines and
merchandise generally, together with
the mails will be transported to and
from all narts of it in a few hours in
stead of days, and at a cost so' trifling
as not to impose any sensible burden
on production. It will be at once ad
mitted that if such results can be at
tained, the commerce and industry of
the country will placed in possess io i of
facilities which will enlarge immensely
their field of operations, and open a
new era to the prosperity of the na
tion.: . .. : . - - -
METHODS OF TRANSPORTATION HERE-
- - ' ' - TOFORE USED.
Before explaining the new' method
let us glance briefly at those that have
been heretofore used. It will prepare
the way for a better understanding of
its principles and processes.
But two distinct methods have been
used by mankind up to the present
time. Iu the earlier stages of society
animals were tamed aud brought un
der subjection, and used as carriers or
agents of transportation the loads to
be carried being simply picked ou their
. The first invention of man to effect
transiiortation by mechanical means
was the wheel, that is, a disk, held up
right by a cross-bar called the axeltree.
Rude carts with two wheels were first
constructed, and these simple vehicles
were drawn by the animals already
tamed, over the rough surface of the
ground, w hicb was the primitive road
bed of man. Next, wagons with four
wheels were devised, and roads were
made by grading the uneven surfaces ;
then springs were added to diminish
the jolt, an invention unknown to the
Greeks and Romans; aud, lastly, re
lays of horses and Macadam roads were
introduced, marking the higher devel
opment attainable under the system
that employs horse power, and the
earth as a road bed. At length the
railroad was invented, supplanting
these imperfect means or agencies'. It
is the substitution of an iron road bed,
smooth and level, in the place of the
old road bed of earth, always more or
less uneven and rough, and of the loco
motive iu the place of Uie horse. The
railroad is the full aud final develop
ment of the system that employs the
wheel aud axle principle ; it renders it
the most efficient practicable, and com
pletes the series of improvements pos
sible iu this direction. Thus the two
means of transportation that have been
employed in the past aie auimals aud
THE NEW TRINCI PI.K AND ITS METHOD.
The invention that has been made
introduces a new principle, ami with it
a new method of transportation, entire
ly different from the two heretofore
emploj'etL ' We will now proceed to
explain in what the invention consists,
and the instrument or agent it uses in)
ulace of the wheeled vehicle.
place of the wheeled vehicle.
The instrument of locomotion which
the invention employs is the sphere,
which is substitues for the wheel. "The
sphere, or globe, is the simplest aud
most complete form of ' a veldcle in
motion. It rolls without friction, is
moved with the least power, and is
capable of the highest rate of speed
possible to any form of material hotly.
Nature employs the sphere wherever
she rerruirea high velocities as exem
plified in the greatest planitary bodies.
Following nature in her teachings, the
invention employs the sphere or globe
as its vehicle of motion. To adapt it
to the purpose of transportation, it is
made hollow, and the load to be carried
is placed inside. . Thus, hollow spheres
or globes, carrying their loads inside,
are the vehicles used under the new
system. They may be of any size, from
two to tea feet in uiametcr. jiiey
would be best made of some one of the
metals, quite thin, and turned in a lathe
perfectly round. They would be pro
vided with opening for loading and un
loading, which -would screw, in. and
form a part of the surface. '
- THE NEW ROAD BED OR TRACK.
The new vehicle requires an equally
perfect road bed or track on which to
operate. This road bed has been pre
pared try the invention of the pneu
matic tube, and its successful employ
ment Such tubes have been construc
ted iu Loudon, aud are in operation.
A little railway with cars is placed iu
skle the cars drawn by a piston fitting
in the tube. The friction power is ob
tained by exhausting the air hi front.
The tubes whioli the invention employs
will be a trifle larger than the spheres
or globes, so that they can roll freely
without touching the sides. On the
bottom, a metalie plate or rail will be
laid slightly concave to adapt it to the
convexity of the sphere. This plate or
rail will be its road bed. ' The proper
ties which the pneumatic tube possesses
fit it admirably for the new vehicle of
motion. It will furnish the sphere a
track that is, first, smooth, even, and
olid : second, perfectlycIeaH. free from
dirt and dust, and protected against the
perturbing action or uie wiikI, ram, or
snow; third, a passage way iu which
the spheres, moving w ith the current
of air, will not be impeded in their
motion by the resistance of the atmos
phere. From these explanations it
will be seen that the invention consists
in employing hollow spheres or globes.
wiui uie iohu o ue irausjioneu insKie,
operating in pneumatic tubes. i
We will not enter into details of con
traction and management. Suffice it
toy. that lines of tubes can be easily and
rapidly constructed, through all parts
of Uie country, even in the Rocky
Mountains, where no railroad can go.
The tubes may be' placed under or over
ground, but better over, raised some
fifteen feet in the "air, and supported on
frame work or piers. ' They would be
best made of wood of narrow blank:
tongued and grooved, Uie joints ce-
. . I A II. . T . . a.
urcuuai. a u uo ui rnoes eigut teei oi
ameter could he built for about $10,000
per mile, tne right or way not Includ
ed. To form an idea of the system in
practical operation, we have but to im
agine a tube six or eight feet in diame
ter, traversing the country from New
York to Philadelphia, supported on
framework or piers, the spheres placed
in the mouth at one end, with the air
exhausted at Uie other with an air
pump, worked by steam. As soon as
air enough in drawn out of Uie tube to
destroy its equilibrium, a current sets
in. which, striking tlie sphere and
with a force proportional to its diame-
ter carries it rolling rapidly to its des-
tinatiou. The spheres wjjl, so to say,
fly ou their smooth aud even track, on
which, no particle oi oirfc or aust exists
come, lbe pressure on a sphere six
feef iu diameter, under a complete ex
haustion, is about 52,000 pounds. Now,
when the spheres-are once iu motion,
less than one hundred pounds will pro
pel them With all the Telocity required,
When we- consider this fact, we can
conceive the ease with which a current
strong enough to drive them can be es
tablished. In Uie pneumatic tubes of
London, ten" tons -are carried on the
little cars within them " forty miles an
hour, with a pressure of six ounces to
the square inch. ' (In a' complete ex
haustion the pressure is fifteen pounds.)
If this pressure of six ounces is suffi
cient to overcome the friction of car
wheels, and of an air-tight fitting pis
ton that drags the cars, it is easy to
understand that a very trifling pressure
will suffice to propel the spheres which
are rolled, not shd-f-on their clean and
' 'To form an" estimate of Ihe velocity
with which the sphere will move, we
may safely calculate it at double that
attained by the locomotive running at
jts highest speed, which is from 75 to
100 miles an hour. This, would give a
Velocity of front M0 to 200 miles an
hour for the spherean estimate ihat
is not exaggerated.
The spheres will be stopped by a suc
cession of brades ou springs, padded to
Erevent abrasion of their surfaces, and
y reversing the current of air, present
ing" an air cushion against which the
spheres will be brought gently to a
Ltand. . . . .
It will be thought by some that the
objects inside the spheres will be bro
ken and ground up. ; This is an error.
The centrifugal action will keep every
thing in its place; besides, they will lie
OF THE QID PRINCIPLE
AND THE NEW.
Having given a general idea of the
new system, we will point out briefly
the principle on which it is based its
theory and compare it with that now
in use. To render the subject more clear
we will compare the forms in which
the two principles are embodied, name
ly, the sphere aqd the wheel. -
What is a wheel? ' It is a section of
the sphere. Cut a slice ol any given
thickness through a sphere, and a wheel
is the result Take two such slides or
sections, and hold theui upright and
together by an axeltree, aud the pri
mary element of all .wheeled vehicles
is obtained. Place, a box on the axel
tree to receive aud carry the load and
th? simplest 'form of the vehicle of
transportation now used namely, the
cart is produced. The wheels, placed
at-a certaiu dktauce apart, furnish two
points of support, and balance the ve
hicle, which enables it to pass over an
uneven surface. Four wheels balance
in front and rear iu addition to side
wise. Eight or more wheels are used
on railroads to enlarge the capacity of
the box, and to divide the weight on
the rails. These various combinations
are but different forms of Uie same
thing; that is, sections of spheres, held
in a vertical position by an axdtree,
with boxers resting ou the latter.:
What is a sphere? It is a whole,
composed of circles iu all directions.
Comparing it to the wheel, in order to
explain the relation existing lietween
them, it may be deflued an integral
wheel. As a unit, made up of circles
or peripheries of wheels, equally dis
tant from a com won center, it posses
ses equal sides, which, balancing each
other, render the sphere self-poised, so
that it stands upright without the aid
of axle support Possessing this pro
perty, it may further be defined a self
balancing wheel. Rolling on its peri
phery as it moves, aud without the aid
of the real ' axle, there is no rubbing,
hence no friction, neither at the center
nor the circumference ; so that it may
be still further defined a frictionless
wheel. 'Uniting these properties, it
may then be termed (keeping up the
comparison instituted) an integral, self
balancing, frictionless wheel, which is
constructed hollow, to fit it for Uie
purpose of transportation.
r If we consider the two vehicles Uie
wheeled and the spherical in Uieir re
lation to each other, we find that Uie
former lg composed of parts or the Iat
. t -
ter, hence less complete, and as a con
sequence lea perfect These parts,
resultiug from the subdivision of the
sphere, recombined with axletrees, en
able them to be. used on the natural
road bed, furnished by the earth, which
was Uie cause of. their being early
resorted to. From this we see that the
sphere is to Uie wheel what the whole
is to the. part ; that it Is more complete
and higher in its construction, whkh
gives it superior qualities as a vehicle
of moUou. The sphere, iu addiUon,
acts as a unit iu moving. If it varies
slighUy in its course, it varies but as a
single body ; while the wlieel, if it va
ries ou its track, draws its fellow wheels
with it, so that the imperfection of a
part is conmunicated to Uie whole; this
fact renders a very" exact mechanical
construction of wheeled vehicles neces
sary to permit any gveat rate of speed,
and renders for the same reason high
As simple an the new principles and
the vehicle of motion it employs may
at first appear, they will realize Uie
great results anticipated. The sphere
is the jumpiest and most perfect form
of body and the most that can be found
in nature for rapid, easy and regular
motion. Made hollow so as to carry
its load inside, and used as pneumatic
tube which furnishes it perfect road
bed, it solves the problem of a system
of trausnortatkiu that combines Uie
greatest economy-with the greatest
velocity. It fulfills all the conditions
of a perfect system of locomotion, roll
ing frictionless on its periphery; run
ning smoothly and evenly on its clean
ana protected . track ; balancing itself
by its rotary motion ; moving with the
precision of bodies that create for thein
an exact center of gravity by revolving
rapidly ou their , axes, or single body,
undisturbed by connection with other
bodies ; aud doing its work without the
aid of . accessory and complex parts,
such as wheels, axles springs, bolts, Ac.
With its aid, man will obtain commer
cial control of the continents of the
globe, and command at M ill the resour
ces of all their regions.
' Glancing at some of thegeueral ad
vantages it will secure, it will bring the
fruits of Florida, Alabama and the
South ireuerally. to the North iu a few
hours, fresh as gathered, and the meats
from Texas to the seaboard (he same
aay, in periect coiiuiuoii. it win pro-
tuuee the effect of locating tractically
our manufacturing towns and cities by
the side of the betU of coal and the
mines of ore which their industries re
quire. It ' wiH deliver the luorniug
journals of our cities hundreds of miles
distant iu Ume to be morning journals
of tlie same day. It wilt solve the vex
ed question of free trade and protection
iu a new aud unexpected manner, and
will ..raise Uie country from the condi
tion of a child, industrially, to that of a
giant ' - .', - - '.
A company has been formed to con
struct a line, ana test the plan -ou an
f adequate scale. v
The cultivation of cotton in the East
Indies, it isasserted, has become more
popular among tne natives, wno nave
discovered Uiat it is more profitable to
grow cotton at twenty cents a pound
than to raise the millet grain for con
sumption at home. The cotton exr
ported from India in I860 amounted in
value to .-J7,5OO,O00 ; but Uie crops for
18GH, it is estimated, will bring 100,-
; Tif,li. Tlie East India cotton is short
j staple, and decidedly inferior to that
j grown iu tlie United States ; but greater
' care in cultivation has been exercised,
i and more attention paid to paekiug tlie
bales without Uie admixture of dirt.
. I if ( 1) n j ,lillUVJ.
Tirtlflor tke;TirtlfIn, r
'tut i "W.t-W-ltT'-
We were informed some weeks ago
by a genUemen of our acquaintance
that there was at that Ume iu the city
the greatest of living human curiosi
ties. He described it to us as a nonde
script half human, half turtle, and with
al not a hideous monstrosity v - We de
clined to believe Uie statements of our
friend at the Ume, but we have pince
bad an opportunity of seeing this, won
derful being, and convincing ourselves
of Uie truth of the statements orhnnally
made us. 1 1 is now on . exhibition on
on Second street, between Madison and
Monroe, and any of our readers who
are skeptical can, like ourselves, have
all doubts removed by a visit thither.
The creature is the likeness of noth
ing else under God's blue canopy.- It
is about thirty inches in .height, and
when 'standing erect, aarf looking to
wards one resembles somewhat Uie
pictures of Uie dwarfs in the fairy books
of our childhood. The feet are very
large, being fully eleven inches in
length, and are encased in stocking and
slippers. The legs are very short hot
longer than the feet The body is ap
parently all paunch, off which rests a
very large, but well shaped human
head, the face having a ratherpleaaant
expression of countenance. ;The arnis
are short, and consist rather of a suc
cession of joints, like the flips of a tur
tle, each arm being jointed thrice from
Uie hand to the shoulder, and the joints
being of such kind that the arm ean be
doubled up or bent in any direction.
But the most wonderful tiling in regard
to the structure of this strange lueus
naturae, is the fact that his back i cov
ered with a shell exactiy of the shape
and substance as the shield or back of
a soft shell turtle, scales, marks and
all. Around the margin of this shield
Uie hkle is marked like Uie skin of a
rattlesnake. The creature speaks three
languages, English, French and Choc
taw ; walks equally well on his hands
as ou his feet, and better on " all fours'.'
than eiUier, and is as much at home
in Uie water m on dry land. His face
wears a perpetual grin.. : His keeper
says that lie is always in a good humor.
He eats anything1 that other humans
do, and has other human attributes.
He is inordinately fond of whisky and
the girls ! In response to our questions
he told us that he came from Brazil
when twelve years old, and has lived
since iu the Choctaw Nation, he being
now twenty-one years old. His mo
ther is a South American, and his fa
ther a Frenchman, who for years lias
been a trapper in the Indian Territory.
In this limited sketch we have only
-been able to speak of the more striking
ami remarkable features of this wonder,
but we vouch for the truth of our state
ments, and invite all who wish to,
for themselves to call immediately at
the booth, on Second street near Madi
son. in phi Appeal.
. - f ?
Josk RilliHgs Papers. "
Marriage is a fair transaction on
face ov it.
But there u. quite too often put
jobs in it. ' - I
It is an old iuslitushun, 'older than
the pyramids, and as phull ov hyro
gliphicks Uiat noboddy kan parse. ;
History holds its tongue who Uie lwiir
was win) fust Hit on Uie silken har
ness, and promised tew work klud in
it, thru thick and tiiin, up hill and
down, and on the level, rain or shine,
survive or perish, sink or swim, drown
or flote. ;
But wlwever they wast tliey must
havniadea good thing out ov it, er so
menny ov Uieir posterity wouhb not
hav harnessed, up since and drov out.
Thare is a grate moral grip in mar
riage ; it iz the mortar that holds Uie
soshull bricks together. -
But there ain't but darn few pholks,
who put Uieir money in matrimony
who could set down and giv a good
written opinyun whi on arth they cum
to did it
This iz a grate proof Uiat it bs one ov
them natral kind ov ackskients that
must happen, jist az birds fly out ov
the nest, when they hav feathers entnt,
without being able tew tell why.
Sum marry for buty, and never dia
kover Uieir mistake; this iz lucky. :
Sum marry for money, and don't
seeit-v .-- ' ,
Sum marry for pedigree, and feel big
for six months, aud then very sensibly
cum to the conclusion . Uiat pedigree
ain't no better than skim milk. .
Sum marry tew pi ere Uieir relashuns
and are surprised few learn that Uieir
relashuns don't care a cuss for them
afterwards. . - -
Sum marry bekause they hav been
highsted sum whare else; this iz a cross
match, a bay ami a sorrel ; pride may
make it endurable. ' . ' , t
Sum marry for love without a.cent
in Uieir pocket, nor a friend iu Uie
world, nor a drop ov pedigree.. This
looks desperate, butiliz the strength tf
the game. ' - f .
' If marrying for love aint a suckcess,
Uien matrimony iz a ded beet '
Sum marry bekause Uwy thiiifc wim
tnin will be skarse next year, and liv
tew wonder how Uie crop holds out
-. Sum marry tew git rid ov Uiemselfs,
a nd diskover that the game waz one
that two could play at, and neither
' Sum marry the seckoud time ' to git
even, aud find it a gam wing game, tne
'more they put down, the less they take
.up. ' - " ''
tium marry tew be happy', and uot
finding it, wonder whare all the happi
ness goes to wheu it dies. -Sum
marry, they Jcan't tell whi, and
liv, tiiey kau't tell how.
Almoste every lioddy gitt married,
aud it Iz a good joke. . "j
Sum marry in haste, and then set
dowu and think it careful over. -
Sum think, it over careful fust and
then set down aud marry.
Both ways are right, if they bit the j
mark. . !
Sum marry rakes tew convert them
This iz a little risky, and takes a smart
missionary to do it. -
Sum marry coquetts. This iz like
buying a poor farm, heavily niorgaged,
andworkuig the hallance ov ytire days
I tew clear oph the morgages.
Married fifchaz its chances, and this I
t. just what givs it its flavour. F.very
buddy luvstewphool wiUi Uie cbaiHes, I
bekause every bodily expects tew wiu. ,
But 1 am authorized tew state that ev
! crvhoddy don't win
But, after all, married life iz full ax i
certain az Uie dry goods bizziuess. t
No man kau swear exactly where he i
will fetch tip wlien lie touches calkn. I
Knouian kan teirjist what calico
has made up It mind tew do next.
calico uon't kiio even uersf ir.
Dri goods ov all kiuds ii the child ov
cireunistausis. , ... . ,. .... -
Hum never marry, but this iz jist az
risky, Uie dlseaze U tlie same, with nd
other name to it. -
The man wlvo stands on the bank
shivvering, and dasscnt, u more it
tew ketch cold, thau hint who pitches
hiz bed fust into the river.
Thare is but pliew who never marry
bekauze Uiey vonV, they all hauker,
and most ov Uiem starve with slioas ov
bread before Uiem (spread on both
Hides, jist for the lack of grit.
Marty ht mi motto.
I bar tried it, and kno wbaCI am
talkin about "
- If enny lioddy asks yu wbl yu got
niarrid, ( if it needs be, ) tell him y h don't
reeollckt. - -
- Marriage iz a safe way tew gamble, if
yu win,yu win a pile, and if yu loseyii
don't lone enny thing, only Uie prlvll
egeov living dismally alone, and soak
ing yure own feet. -'- ... . . .
I repeat it, iif iUlkka, marry jfng
Thare iz but one good excuse for a
marriage late ui life, and
tecottd imrriuge. .
that Iz t I
: r. i."i !r-t l.Ui-i'ir ilviJfr --'.rinhi . r i,'; ',- -n-'-." .'7 ' . t.
. -. i.'' '"! '' f!.'...I
' i.- ' (' 4 :; ' r. ''- a i.-7
, . .
IcTflatlna ef Cfcliese
""'A San Francisco correspondent gives
the following sketch of a Chinese " hos-pital'-vf
' ! '- .
.Very few of Uie women brought heie
are wives, and they live, for, the most
part, in Uie must abject manner. ..When
one of these poor unfortunates becomes
weak and sick, and a Chinese physi
cian pronounces ber case hopeless, she
is notified Uiat she must die. 'She
knows very well tliat protestations and
prayers : are : unavailing, and submits
without a murmur to her fate. Lead
by night to some miserable tenament
Uiat goes by Uie name t ' hospital,"
(how it gained such a significalit- anti
thetical name we do not know,) she is
forced within the door aud made to lie
down upon a shelf. A cup of water,
another of boiled rice, and a little metal
oil lamp- is placed by her akkv The
assassin passes out of the death cell, Uie
heavy door is locked, and Uie misera
ble creature is left to die alone. What
agonies the poor victims suffer in their
lingering death, no one knows.. The
smothered shrieks ' of despair ; the
dreadful moana with which weakened
nature announces its guttering, may be
beard in the immediate vicinity; hut
they either pay no attention, to- tiiem,
or simply rent mated jptkms on the suf
fering cause of their annoyance. No
one thinks of 'interfering with :the
doomed one all know the law,' and
none are bravtenough td interfere with
tho dreadful edict After a few days
the lamp burns out; the light fails for
lack of oil ; the rice cup aud water cup
are empty and dry,- and the Joss-sticks
which were lighted when the woman
was brought to Uie cell, are nothing
but charred splits of bamboo. Those
who have immediate ! charge, of the
hospital know how long the oil should
last, and when the limit is. reached
they return to the- lwepital, unbar the
door and enter, that Uiey may remove
the unhappy victim of such barberous
usage. Generally, the woman is dead,
either by starvation or her own hand; 1
but sometimes life is not extinct; the
spark yet remains when the.' doctors
enter; but this makes little difference
with them. They come for the corpse,
and they will not go away witliou. it
If the victim be uot already dead, the
circumstance only delays Uie removal
of Uie remains a few minutes. When
tbey enter, the woman is still alive,
but they soon come forth bearing a
body only a body ; tlte heart lias
ceased to beat; the breath comes and
goes no more ; the soul has fled. How
tlie- deed is done whether blood is
drawn, the victim slaughtered , or
smoUiered, noue save those in the se
cret k how. -The result is past dispute.
A poor, erring woman, helpless and
unloved, is murdered, and this iu Uie
heart of an entighteued aud Christian,
city. , ..
the lOTM srrrtT.
A dtaartnnl F.Hft-llsk Aathartty tk
I'd tare mt the Maple.
. In a careful review of Uie prospects
of business among tlie manufacturers
of Great Britain for this year, the Lon
don & owMiit points out the improve
ment iu activity in Lancashire, and
exiiresses great confidence that food
will moderate in price ; Uiat the mar
ket for goods will be active, and that,
on the whole, the revival of trade is
but beginning. But tliere is auother
question of importance, on which it
confesses doubt : - - 1
" Hut tha eaund condition of manu
facturing profit a pleutiful supply of
cotton is very obscure, oucii a sup
lly cannot certaiuly be relied ou for
the preseut year. The consumption
last year iu bales of 400 pounds was
2,347,000; and as a third more Vas
necessary to give full emiJoymeut to
Uie mills, there ought to be a prospect
of that addition, or of 810,000 bales
more, this year to make Lancashire
quite comfortable. But the most san
guine do not anticipate so much as
this ; and so sudden an increase, esjie
cially without auy new stimulus in
prices, is in the highest degree improb
able. Possibly it may be saal a less in
crease will suffice say enough to main
tain the present consumption of about
50,000 bales per week Uiat is ' from
300,000 to 4OQiM0 bales more this year
than last, it will, be enough, it is
thought, to save the mills in operation
from excessive competition for the raw
We are not so sure of Uiis, the temp
tation to reopen the mills being very
great: but assuming it to be true, the
chance of Uie requisite number of bales
teing received depends on two doubtful
contingencies. Practically, as we ex
plained in a recent article, we depend
upon America and India for our sup
plies, as we get five sixths of the total
from them ; Imt there is doubt as to
both fiehls. No one can tell with cer
tainty what the last American crop Is.
The officers of the Agricultural Bureau
calculate it at 2,7.jO,W bale, or 800,
000 hairs more than the previous year,
which is very satisfactory, as we are
sure to get Uie bulk of Uie difference. :
"Onr imports from America, again,
a we have seen, already exceed by that
amount Uie imports of the same date
last year. But this is not enough fur
certainty. The motive of price, as well
as the forwardness of the crop, wourd
be quite sufficient to account for tlie
imports; aud the official figures as to
tlie crop are necessarily based on iniier
feet data. .And if there Is mystery
about America, there is still more about
India. According to all aouiits there
is a larger area under crop than there'
was the previous season ; but Uie wea
ther has been bad, and there is cotisid
eraMe doulit whether we sliall even get
Uie import of last year, though it is also
possible we may get a good deal more.
Thus, with the American and Indian
supplies lioih doubtful, it would be very
rash to feel confidence that Ijuimhlre
will fully benefit by the improved de
maud which )ia set in.
RaUa lallwij TrauIlBj.
itussiau railway carriage are little
I houses on wheels. In the Hr-t, and
I partly also in the second class, their in-
iterior may be described as a. saloon,
H jth all the necessaries and some of
j the elegancies of such an aiwrtmeut.
lit is furnished with looking glasses,.
heated by porcelain stoves, and lit by
latuns and caudles. Alonir the skir
aoft divans are ranged; Uie middle Is
-occupied by a nialiogauy talJe, double
r Winuows, wiui reu curiam, riciutie
nut nnlv the rude touch of the liuMKian
.... I l . : a i
air, lait also the aspect of the wintry
sky. ... -
The company sit or h-WMe aliout,
chatting, reading, tr playing cards,
cues r iruoiluoes. Uie day passes
ulaasautly enough, and as night comes
tlie passengers oeutke themselves lo
rest almost as comfbrtalrfy as at home.
By a simple process Uie divans are
made into beds arid &ptlied, with pil
lows by the oflickius guards.
Jo ih first class tlie carriages are al
so provided with second stories,, so to
say, readied by an elegant Uircase,
and fitted with complete beds; in the
second, If there ur loo 'many pasxeu
gers (q ht aticommodated on Uie divans,
part of Uiem are lodged iu berths,
which take Uie place of the rack pro
vided in England for iiata aud caps.
At length every one Is snugly cn
sconced, the ordinary good wishes are
exchanged, and it is night in the car.
The guard and the driver only Keep
During the twenty hours a;assenger
is whirled along between 8c Peters
burg' and Moscow tlie train stops twen
ty times at least.
The stations are elegant Uilldlngs,
painted red, with broad, white facing
round tlte windows and along tlie eaves.
(.Without, tho very picture of cleanli
ness, Uiey are well-stocked receptacles
of the good things of the world, withiu.
VOL. XV.--NO. 28.
- Dogs killed 21, 1W sheep in Kentucky
last year. : v'.i:-.' --'- ..'
Boston imported ;6,00t packages of
sugar In law. :
Japanese miresto'iies all tell tlie dis
tance to Yeddo. ' "
Xavada' produced' treasure to the
amount of $13,815,000 hist 3ear.
" The United States Courts hold -that
it requires 2,240 pounds to make a ton.
.' Treasure to the amount of $o,l ,om
was mined at White line, Nevada, in
im.:.' .. . , ; '
The clergymen of Dover' and Fox
croft, Me., are about to liegiu a serins
of temperance lectures soon.
A colored genUeman in Selma, Al
abama, advertises as haviug hmt a
; Three white meu and live uegnics
form the Board of Aldermau of Wil
The real estate siicculator, Nathau
Matthews, returns the largest income
in Boston $730,000. .
A man in Toronto blew off his nose
by unintentionally placing a cartridge
hi bis pipe.
. The oldest man itt Ohio is John Fol
gate, of Jefferson, Wayne couuty. lie
was born in March. 1765, and is there
fore nearly 105 years old.
Two buttons were clandestinely clip
ped from Prince Arthur's overcoat, by
some worshipper of royalty, while tlie
Since was tlie guest of tlie Brooklyn
ub. . . , .
The Massachusetts Legislature com
plains because no Boston paier will
publish its oratorical displays in full.
A lady and gentleman rode upon
horseback to a church in Kansas City,
Mo., on a recent Salibath, and were
married in the saddle just before tlie
A young married lady, the wife of
John M. Xeiber, of Newark, N. J., has
become the heiress to a fortune of $100,
000, left ber by her uncle, Mr. Bcissv,
who tras recenUy murdered by a high
wayman in Bremen.
-A brisk . business in "Traiipnraiin
knives" Is being done by the cutlers of
Sheffield. It will be. recollected that
Traupmann was recently guillotined in
France for the murder of five per
An Intliana mau offered ?75 for the
privilege of acting as hau;:ni:ui at a re
cent execution. He owed the 111:111 a
grudge, and wanted to take this last
opportunity of dropping the unpleasant
, Kau Francisco Chinamen are getting
civilized to such an extent that they
won't stand still and let hoy pull their
back hair more than an hour without
reasoning with the Itoys with the tot of
a boot. . .
A Congressman from Alalmnri near
ly became the subject of a Congression
al funeral Uie other day. He " tried to
punch Uie gas-light out, i.ut found
someljody had stolen Uie wick."
In Dallas county, Mo., thirty miles
from Buffalo, there is a remarkable
spring, known as " Sweet Spring." It
in noted for its depth, and for the count
less myriads of fish that collect in it
from the riverduring the severe winter
weather. When not rendered impure
by freshets, fish can be distinctly seen
in it to a depth of forty feet.
, Trajanonolis, the capital of the Ro
man province of Thracia, has lust lieen
discoved about four miles from Dyn,
near Enos. . This town had aun.mm in
habitants at the time of the Romans,
but its site is now a desert, owing to
the miasmatic emenations of the river
Hebruss. Among the ruins are the
remains of a huge acropolis.
A wrought iron chimney l!Xi feet h:gh
and fix feet seven inches in diameter,
has just been erected in Pittsburg. An-
oUier is to be put up 275 feet high. Tlie
first was rivited together in a horizon
tal position, and then lifted to the jx r
peuuicular by a crane. , The other will
be made upright. The plates will lie
riveted by means of a scaffolding ruu
ning up inside.
A modern writer gives tlie following
enumeration of the different things ex
pressed by the female eye : "The glare,
the sneer, the invitation, the defiance,
the denial, Uie consenf, the glance of
love, the flash of rage, the sparkling of
hope, the languisbment of softness, the
squint of suspicion, Uie fire of jealousy,
and Uie iuster of pleasure."
' Here is the last sensation story from
Paris r "A musician at a club house
lately bought a bottle of champagne,
and sitting down to Uie piano he played
Uie gayest music, and drank his wine
until but a single glans remained ; into
this he poured a vial of pnissic acid,
drank it ofli and began a solemn fune
ral march which only ended with his
death." . ; .. .
The largest pig in England, if not in
the world, is now the property of Mr.
Lloyd, of Bredon, Worcestershire, who
purcliased it of a neighbor, when two
monUis old, for less Utah five dollars.
The wondrrful animal is now twenty
two mouths old, and measures nine
aud one-half feet from the end of the
nose to the tip of the tail, fire feet
around the body, and stands four feet
'The annexed fish story i a Maryland
iHtxhiction : A man fishing in a river
111 that State found that his hook was
attached to something, and pulling it
up with some difficulty, discovered at
the end of the line a jug holding aUmt 1
half a gallon. . Not wishing to lose bi j
only hook, he demolished the jug, and
to his great astonishment found that
the hook had been swallowed by a
mouster cat-fish exactly tl;i fltx and
shape of the jug. .
Tlie' University of Kdiuburgh' has
made arrangements to enable Indies
who wish to do so to study medicine,
but iu a seirate class from men. Five
lady Btudviita have presented thcui
seh'Hi. In lioiwlon there Is Female
Medical Society, under the PreS.ieiii-v
of the F,arl of Shafteslxiry, which es
tablished a MedicaJ College for womt n
five years ajjo, and eighty-two ladies
have tlurlug that iieriod availed thtni-
lTni ui tin lavuuiCT. uiivl 01 lllefil f
usiewtreauiiniw uusinese, ami are
A French latter mention the follow-1
1 ..... 1 !.. 1. . . i
iiitf custom which prevails at Stuttgart, j
the capital of Wurteniburg. On tlie I
afternoon of New Year's ituy a sort of!
fair, or exchange fur visiting cards, is
nelrt in a puldw laace. All the vervants
of gud bouses meet- there, and one
fiiuoiig them, mounting o a beiuh
or table, calls out Uie addm. At
each name a cloud ot card fell into a
basket olaced for the iimi-honc. and l lie
reiiresentativv of theiersoii for wliom ! f"ur iin-hes. a medium sized wo
tbese cards are luteiHlel can jsh ket his ( man Uiis wotdd sweep tlie floor. TIm
fuotiiiKeiil. Each follows in his turn, I ,i;r,.-t piece on re.-nl, exhilMlcl at the
have reached their ditl.udfon without
lailgue lo any ui. - . . .
As Illinois undertaker sent tlie fo- ,
Uwiug entertaining note to a sick luan: 4
.itt .r ... ..
cir jiavmg pOHii ivo rooi mat
you are rapnlly approaehing deatli's
gate, I have therefore thought it not
imprudeut to call your attention to tlie
enulosed advertisement of niv atuii-
dant stock of ready-made comus, and
desire to make the suggest Ion that you
signifly to your frien4i a wWi for the
purchase of your burial outfit at my
A fF.KJiAX, arresteil hi New York
for attacking his wife's sweetheart, told
this story: " I tells Christina to valk
straight home, and Sninkiu, be pick
up tier neer mug ami lets te u-er spi.I
over mine face, und he hits me in der!
liacK mil lils boot, und I goes out, und I
Christina she no come, und 1 go home
und goes to ped, between two fe.idcr ;
peds, I vash so iuad;.jtnd ( 'liri-tina, I
she conies und laughs at nie Iwcause I
SliMikins bit mine back liefore mine
face rait two boots,"
-HATJIT I BE A BOTT"
" Mayn't I lx boy?" saM our Mry.
Tli. -ars ill her ere at eves blue :
I'ni only a wi e UU1 U-wie
There's uolluug a wuiuiui cau
" Tis o ; I heart! cousin John - -. "
lie s home from a great coileKe, too
. He saWl so Jul now iu the mrlur: - ,
There's nothing a woman can tlo.T' .
. . a
" Mv'wcp' !Ilfe lassie, my lm ttns.""'"
Sunt I, pultitig iNtrk iter soft Vmir
I want you, my ilear little maiden.
To hiuooI li a way all mot tier's care. .
" Who in it. when pa comes home weary,
Tual runs for lii slis'r aul gown ?
'What eyes does lie wst li for at morning.
.Looking out from their tahvs of browu?
1 there nolhHii; you rsu .lo, my darling?
What wa- li th.tt ail la-4 night?
ly own little Miile;iin is mnic.
1 know, lor t lie room is so bright.'
And there W a secn-l. hit Mary
1 oi baps you m ill Irani it some day
The hand thai U wiiliiiit and lo villi;.
Will do the mo-st work on the way ;
'And the work that Usw.-ete-t and dear
The work that so many ne'er do
The great work of makiiinfolkt bpy
fan Ik- done by n lai-ie like you.''
I From the Western Karat)
The Kn.ip-Drn;nn and the new Drop
A drop of dew luuud itself one morn
ing closely cou fined in a small and n
ther uncomfortable cell. It looked
around, vainly endeavoring to Mud
some niMle of escai, but ssii discov
ered that eseaiK' was imjsissii.ie, at its
prison (and a lieautiful prison it was
all dusted with with gold) wai 110 less
than the mouth of a huge snap-dragon.
How it longed to have one peep at
the bright sun, whose light shone softly
through the walls of its cell, and w!h
was nihrsrling his tavs with the flewy
clou. Is lloating so siK-iitlv lv, ui in
Uie deep blue sky ; and who was be
ginning to awaken the many tinted
flowers around for it now first knew
itself to U nu Inhabitant of the florife-
nus world. luit the train of its
thoughts was soon broken by tlie faint
aud plaintive voice of a iansv at its
captor's feet, saying.
".My giant neighijor, will you tell
rue w hy tlie schoivhing Mm is so much
more lenient with you than with me?
See, I am withered and ianting for
lireatli, while you are as freri aud
blorfming as at dawn of dav!"
" lou are unjuM, replied the more
wise sna; -dragon; "the sun is no
more lenient with nie than with you.
But why did you drive av.'ay so rudely
that little dewdrop this morning, say
ing 'Vou are troublesome aud I can
shelter myself under under tlie broad
spreadiug wings of friends, who will
gladly favor their petted iany for my
licauty and fragrance fnej- know it
would lie a misfortune to loe?' Now
all that remain-? for you is disappoint
ment, for we all have enough to k t
take care of ourselves, ai'd I liope in
tlie future, you will provide for your
self and not l ctil on vour neigh
U.rs." Now, my dear children, I hope you
will try t imitate tin- wise suap
dragon, and not the foolish pansy ;
for if. you do not make an ettirt to
help yourself, you may U- sure that
uo one will attempt to help you..
Mi atlow rantomimr.
. Shadow pantomimes can lie effectu
ally arrange I in parlors by following
these simple directions : Ka.steu a sheet
tightly across the sjkicc lietween tlie
oen folding doors. The room iu front
of the sheet must lc quite dark, lire
back room, where the ieforuiers ope
rate, mu-t be lighted by a caudle, ot
large kerosene- lamp, which stands up
on the floor. To determine the size of
the required figures, let the actors stand
within a foot of the sheet, and carry tm
lamp forward and Itaekward until the
right focus is obtained. To make an
actor descend from above, he must
stand behind the lamp, ami sloly step
over it. Tho audience will see first hi
foot, and then his whole Unly gradually
appears; and by stepping backward,
he can Iw made todiaappear iu the same
manner. To throw an actor up out of
sight, lift him slowly over the lamp,
and bring him down again by revers
1 iDg tlie process. Two gentlemen, or
large lys, and a smaller one, with one
lady, arc enough for most pantomimes;
and the properties needed are easily rut
from still' pastelmard, when they cau
not m readily obtained in the Inkinc.
The subjects are manifold; lait at first
I will describe some of tlie simpler
1. The UnUiJ9 fh"p.Thn Inrlier
and his assistant descend from above,
and Ikjw to the audience. Boy arran
ges chairs. Old gentleman enters; is
placed in chair by the ly, who pro
ceeds to cover him w ith a sheet and
apply the soap with a feather duster.
Barber approaches with a huge razor.
Boy trips up larber, whose razor cuts
oil" customer's head, which is tlone by
quickly turning up hi-t coat eolar, and
drawing razor through his neck. Con
sternation! They consult togeUier,
and decide to throw the body up in the
air, which tliey do, and then making
their Imiws, ascend out of sight.
2. The d:nt inf. Same opening scene.
A large tooth w drawu with the tongs
from under the iwtient'.s coat.
3. A duel, in which tlie swords ran
be run through ihe actors by passing
4. Boxing mahh between a small
loy and a tall man. The one who falls
Is thrown up into the air, as lefore.
5. Witch going up on a broomstick.
By stepping oer the lamp.
li. Theljireciaii liend illustrated by an
extravagantly iNiiiniered young lady.
M. Jiivk the giant killrr. The giant
cau grow or diminish by moving the
lamp backward or forward; and Jack
can slow!y ascend tho liean etulk,
whk h cau first be shown, aud made to
grow rapidly in same uiaoner.
A little practice will enable the in
formers to keep tla- scenes well in fo
cus, and emi-e inurh amiLemeut to
lotli spectators and actors. Little (V
trat. Little Annie.
She had heard, like every one el-e,
of the terrible earthquakes in South
America, which swallow up so many
jeople. A few days after, she' found
iu it liook a picture of a huge crocodile
with bis mouth o-ii, looking up at a
man in a hammock.
"OKUie!" she exclaimed, "is that
thing Ktrlh'i'itikt "l
1)1 course all laughed at Annie's mis
take. Some little girls would have
pouted and looked very nil and angry,
and sonic would have cried- But An
nie only laughed with the rot.
" Well. I am Mire it looks like an
....i .i...t? 1..
I'io iiniuaht-. m. .-.ii
11. 1. " Its luoltlli
js U .-noti-h to swallow auy thin
A magnificent piece of human hair
the lanjot, fiiict and most valuable
in America is nuw on exhibition in
New York. It is of a dark brow u hue,
soft a ilk, weighs seven ounce, and
is sixty-fmir inches in length - live feet
I-'"!"" r.xrr-'Itioii "i lv,l,1Hongel to
LeonPolIcry, Paris, and was seventy-
two inche iu length. Tlie "torv of thi-
one that measures -ixty-foitr inches is
romantic. It came from the head of n
Swabian peiisant girl, who had two sui
tors for her haivl. one a iNr fcirni
! Iiaiwl, who earned six kn-utzers a day,
I and the other a ru b miller. The mil -I
ler owned the cottage hicb the girl
I and her mother lived, and Uing as sel
fish ami unscrupulous its tic was rwli,
tln-eateiusl to ilrivc hU teiianH Kit of
their home unless his suit was success
ful, thou;;! tbey had paid part of tlie
price demanded t' r the cottage, ami
wt-ro saving and working to pay tlie
remainder. In this en crgeiicy a trav
eling bair merchant appeared in the
tor.-n, and si Miner than marry the rich
miller, or on the other hand have her
old mother tlrtveii from house aud
home, she determined on Uie sacrifice
of bj U auiiful hair. It was taken to
the l.eipeic fair, sold for $17 to an
A mcrieaii dealer, and from his hands
found its way ti its present owner. It
w valued at SiOq.