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THE BOXC 4r STEAJI. 1 ',
. BY G, W. CCTTBR.
1 (. f i i ' ' t .i -.
Harnoksmr down ith your iron bAdt; "
Br sore of your curb md rein: , i
For I worn the power of your puny binds,
A the tempest worn chain,
llow I laughed as I lay ronoeal'd frott 6lgb t
For many aoountleaahour,
At the childish bomt t human rnlglrt, . -
And the pride of human powar. '
When I saw an army upon the land,' '
A navy upon the seas
Creeping along, a mail-like band, .:
Or waiting the wayward breece: 1
When I marked the peasant faintly reel
With the toll which be dally bore,
As he feebly turned the tardy wheel.
Or tugged at the weary oar ;
When I measured the panting cnrcr'i
upeed, i , ; , (
The night of the courier dove.
A they bore the law a king dtiereetl, .
Or the line of Impatient love,
I could not but think how the world wonld
rent, i i i - i .
A these were OulRtripp'd afar, '
When I Kbould be bound to the rushing keel.
Or chaint-d to the flying ear.
lln ! lia ! lia ! they found me at last ;
They invited me forth at length ;
And f rushed to my throne with a thun-ier-
. And tuuglied in my trori strength.'
, t hen ve fa w a wond rou change
On the earth and the ocean wklc,
Where now my flerv armieii range.
Nor wait for wind or tide.
Hurrah! hurrah! the water's o'er .
The mountain's teep decline;
Time paoe have yielded to my power ;
The world ! the world is mine I
The rivers the sun hat h earliest blest ,
Or I hose where his beams decline :
Tlie giant streams of the queenly West,
Or the orient floods divine : '- '
The ocean pales where'er I sweep:
I hear my strength re'ice;
And the monsters of the briny deep
Cower, trembling, at my voice.
I carry the wealth and the lord of earth.
The thought of his godlike mind ; -The
wind lags after my going forth,
The lightning is left behind.
In the darksome depths of the fathomless
Mr UrelnsH arm doth nlav:
Where the rocks never saw the Mm decline,
Or the dawn of the glorious day,
1 bring earth's glittering Jewels up
From the hidden caves below,
A ml I make the fountain's granite cup
Willi aciy $sH gttsli o'erflow.
I Mow the bellows', forgo the fcteel,
In all the whops of trade;
I hammer the ore and turn the wheel
Where my arms of strength are made;
I manage the furnace, the mill, the mint ;
And all my doing I put Into print,'
On ever' aturiay eve..
I've no muscle to weary, no breast U decay.
No bom to be 44 laid on the shelf,"
And soon I intend you may 44 go and play,"
Whii I manaee this world mvseif.
Hut harrness me down with your Iron bands,
He sure of your curb arm rein ;
For I scorn the power of your puny hand
As the tempest scorns a chain.
THE LOSS PAST.
BY J-EKCT BTSSITE RIIELW.T.
(This poem Is one of several discovered In
manuscript by Mr. w. M. Kossrrn, and
published for the first lime In his Life of the
poet-J 'It .
Like tlie ghost of a dear friend dead
Is time long past.
A tone which is now forever fled. 4
A hope which is now forever past,
A lave so tweet it could not last.
Was time long past.
There were sweet dreams In the night
Of time long past:
And, wns it sadness or delight,
Ka-h daya shadow onward cast.
Which made as wisb It yet might last
That time long past t
There is regret, almost remorse, '
For time long past ;
Tls like a child's beloved corse
A fat her watches, till at last
Beauty is like remembrance east
. From the long past.
The Inqalsltlre Traveler.
I left New York for- Albany iu no
verv uleasant mood. Gettiuir up for
an early train is neitner customary nor
agreeable to me; the coffee was muddy
and the toast abominable. I cot in a
muss with a hackman about my fare to
the depot, my finger was jammed in
the car door, and a fat man stepped on
my toe as I moved to my seat. My
face I knew looked forbidding, and,
though the car was full, the seat be
side me was not taken. We had gone
past one or two stations when a tall,
broad shouldered, farmer looking fel
low got into the car, and without a " By
your leave, " or " Is this seat engaged? "
down he sat by me. . I gave him a se
vere look that ought to have annihila
ted him, but it didn't Then I looked
out the window, and the car moved on.
By and by my attention was attracted
bv a gentle touch.
I gave him to understand, iu a curt
way, that I didn't care if It was. Af
ter a while be reached his long neck
out by me and said, yawningly:
Looks as ef we should; have some
I let the remark pass without reply,
determined he should not draw ine out
After some miles he again spoke:
44 Killed a hog last night "
" Well, what's that to me? " I said
44 Guess how much it weighed. " '
41 Oli, don't bother .me six hundred
pounds. " ' ' ' ' '
44 (iuess agin, " after a pause.
" Well, say a hundred pounds. "
Tlie challenge to guess had a trifle of
interest iu it, but in a moment, asham
ed of having shown any at all, I thrust
my bead out of the window, awating
my sturdy associate's advances. He
made none, and, after 10 or 15 minutes
I looked round. He was staring out of
the window, aj-pareutly lost in reflec
tion. 44 How much did your cussed bog
weigh, aii how?" I asked, as surly as
His face didn't change a muscle,
though I thought his eye looked a tri
fle mischievous, as be replied:
"JDon't know; we didn't weigh him. "
Fortunately for my peace of mind,
be got out at Rineclifle station. Ex.
Less food means temperance. Pre
cisely this; and notb'ug more or less.
It means simply the avoidance of ex
cess. It is the excess, or the little-too-much,
that hurts. It is the feather
that breaks the camel's back. And is
it then so hard that this little can't be
avoided? Yes? that is it: we must have
a little more; there is a little more room
in the over-crowded stomach. And
what is the consequence? Simply a
very uneasy feeling? Sometimes that
is all; but not always. It is however
always a hurt that will be felt by and
by, and more and more as the individ
ual presists. But even for the present,
with many men, it is a bad thing A
person will feel stupid; he will have the
blues, because the stomach, through
the nervous Influence, affects the whole
system, making the body dumpish, and
the mind dull, and the individual any
thing but agreeable. Now tGis is a
common fact; we see it everywhere,
every day, every meal; people 44 hog
it; "that is the word. Why not cut'
off the little excess, and thus become!
cheerful and healthy? Some men do
this. Reader, try it and you will thank
us. Ilemember, ic is not hard; the hab
it is soon formed; and then you will
be in a new atmosphere; you will live
a new life. Think not you are not the
one aimed at; we all are more or less
at fault here. Much, much more hap
py as a race should we be If we paid
more attention to diet Country (Vc-
An Attack by Aujoatok.?. A
Southern journal describes a furious
attack of Alligators on some animals
of a menagerie that were crossing a
stream in Florida. Tlie keeper started
for the ford with an elephant, two
camels, two dogs, a mare and a colt,
against the remonstrance of those who
knew the ferocity of the alligators of
that regioi in the winter season of tlie
year. When about half may across,
the caravan was suddenly beset by
scores of the ugly creatures in the
tream, which commenced using their
jxinderous jaws with terrible eflect
The two dogs quickly disappeared from
t-ight, one camel was torn to pieces, and
the colt, after desperate ellorts, was
drasrared down and devoured. The ele
phant routed the alligators about her,
buo cou'd not help the other animals.
Onlj' the elephant, with her keeper,
one camel and the mare reached tlie
opposite bank alive. The account rep
resents the scene to liave been terrific
A fashionable clcrgyniau in Chicago
warns tlie sinners of his congregation,
that if they don't repent they will go
to the "pl:ce of eternal uneasiness."
By Jiafred S. Hdrsley.
THE WIT TO KEIF HIS.
"Out again lo-ntcht?" aakl Mrs.
Hayse fretfully, as her husband rose
from the tea-table and donned bis
i es ; i nave an engagement witn
Moore; shall be in early ; have a light
m me norary ; gooa-Dye." Ana witn
a careless nod William Hayse left the
"Always the way." murmured Liz
zie Hayse, sinking back upon a sofa.
44 Out every night I don't believe he
cares one bit about me now, and yet
we nave only been married two years,
No man can have a more orderly
house, and I never go anywhere. I
am not a bit extravagant ana yet
don't believe he loves me a iy more.
O, dear ! why is it? I wasn't rich : he
aid not marry me Tor my money, ana
be must nave loved me men. v ny
does he treat me with bo much neg
lect ?" And with her mind filled with
such frightful queries. lizzie Hayse fell
asleep on the sofa.
Let me paint her picture as she lay
there. She was a blonde, with a small
graceful figure, and a very pretty face.
The hair which showed by its rich
waves its natural tendency to curl, was
brushed smoothly back and gathered
into a rich knot at the back, it was
"such a bother to curt it" she said:
her cheek was pale, and the whole face
wore a discontented expression. Her
dress was a neat chintz wrapper, but
she wore neither collar nor curls,
" What's the use of dressing up just for
', Lizzie slept soundly for two hours,
and then awoke suddenly. She sat uo.
glanced at the prospect of the long in-
.... 1 ...III . t A 1 1 . '
w:rai suu to ue spent ueiora ueu-ume.
The library was just over the room in
u hich she sat, and down the furnace
flue, and down through the register
came a voice to tne young wire s ears ;
it was ner husband's
' " Well, Moore, what's a man to do?
I was disappointed, and I most have
pleasure somewhere. Who would have
fancied that Lizze Jervis. so Drettv.
sprightly and loving could change to
the fretful dowdy 6he is ? Who wants
to stay at borne to hear bis wife whin
ing all the eveninsr about her servants.
and ber headache, and all sorts of both
er; lane's irot the knack of that drawl
ing whine so pat, 'pon my life I don't
wins sue can speak pleasantly."
Lizzie sat as if stunned. Was this
true ? She looked in the class. If not
exactly dowdy, her costume was cer
tainly not suitable for an evening, with
only William to admire. She arose
and softly went to her room with bit
ter, sorrowful thoughts, aud a firm res
olution to win back her Husband's
heart ; and then, his love regained, to
I lie next moraine illiam came in
to tlie breakfast room with his usual
careless manner, but a bright smile
came on his lips as be saw Lizzie. A
pretty chintz, with a neat collar and
enrs of snowy linen, with a wealth of
soft, full curls, had really metamor-
pliosed her; while the blush her hus
band's admirinir trlance called nr to her
cheek, did not detract from her oeauty.
At first William thought there must
be a truest but p-lancinf amnnrl he
found they were alone. -
" (!nmp William i.miv snfTM .i ill
soon be cold." said Lizzie, in a cheer
ful, pleasant tone.
It mncf 1. . (
uiuo, n wiu uu j uu BWticii uijr
tnlml. (masincr tlta 1wm tn ha. aiHn " I
I .a m I si : .. . . 1 t 1 .
"uj uuwiug me room to ner siue :
and Lizzie's heart bounded as she re
cognized the old lover's tone and man
Not one fretful speech not one com
plaint fell upon William's ear through
the meal. The newspaper, the usual
solace at that hour, lay untouched,
Lizzie chatted eavlv on everv nleasant
subject she could think of, warming
by his grateful interest and pleasing
"You will be home at dinner?" she
asked as he went out ..
44 Can't to-day, Lizzie ; I have busi
ness out of town, but I will be home
early to tea. Have something sub
stantial for I don't expect to dine.
Good-bye," and the smiling look, warm
kiss, and lively whistle, were a marked
contrast to his lounging, careless gait
the previous evening. - '
" I am in the right path," said Liz
rie, in a low whisper. 44 Oh ! what a
fool I have been for two years ! A
fretful dowdy !' William, you shall
never say that again."
Lizzie loved ber husband with a real
wifely devotion, and her lips would
quiver as she thought of his confidence
to bis friend Moore; but like a brave
little woman, she stifled back the bit
ter feelings, and tripped off to perfect
her plans. The grand piano, silent for
months, was opened, and the linen
covers taken from the furniture, Lizzie
44 He shan't find any parlor more at
tractive than his own, I am determin
ed." Tea time came, aud William came
with it A little figure, in a tasty
bright silk dress, smooth curls, and oh !
suck a lovely blush and smile, stood
ready to welcome bim when h came
in ; and tea time passed as the morn
ing meal had done. After tea there
was no movement as usual toward the
rack. William stood up beside the ta
ble, lingering, chatting, till Lizzie also
rose. She led him to the light warm
parlors, in their pretty glow of tasteful
arrangement, and drew aim down be
side ber on the sofa. Tie felt as if he
was courting again, as he watched her
delicate fingers busy with some little
needle-work, and listened to the cheer
ful voice he had . loved si dearly two
44 What are you making, Lizzie 7"
44 A jttir of slippers. Dcn't you re
member bow you admired the pair I
worked for you, oh ! evtr so long
44 1 remember; black velvet with
flowers on them. I used U put my
feet on the fenders and dreirn of blue
eyes and bright curls, and wished time
would move faster to the day when I
could bring my bonnie wife home, to
make music in my bouse. 1
Lizzie's face saddened for a moment,
at 4he thought of the last two years,
and bow little music she had tnade for
his loving heart, gradually wetning it
from its allegiance. Then she laid
4 1 wonder if you love music as much
as-you did then?"
" Of course I do. I often drop i at
Mrs. Smith's for nothing else tlian' to
ht'ar the music." -
"I can play and sing better than
Mrs. Smith." said IJIzze. half noitinir.
44 But you always say you are tut of
practice wnen l ask you."
44 1 had the piano tuned this morn
Jug. Now open it and we will see how
William obeyed joyfully, and tosing
aside ber sewing, Lizzie took the pi.uo
stool. She had a very sweet voice, not
powerful, but most musical, and was a
iair peniM uin wn muiu.
44 IJalladJ, Lizzie!"
, 44 Oh, yes I I know you dislike opcta
muMO in a parlor,"
One song after another, with a noc
turne or lively instrumental piece occa
sionally between them, filled up ano
ther hour pleasantly.
Tlie little mantle clock struck eleven.
44 Eleven ! I thought it about nine.
I ought to apologize, Lizze, as I used
to do tor staying so long ; and I can
tralj' nay, as 1 did then, that the time
has passed so pleasantly I can scarcely
believe it so late." . . .
The piano was closed. Lizzie's work
put in tlie basket, and William wa.3
ready to go up stairs ; bat glancing
lck be saw his little wife near the
fire-place, her hands clasped, her head
benl, and large tears falling from ber
eyes, lie was by her kle in
an In- j
" Lizzie, darling, are you ill? What
is the matter?" ;
"Oh, William, I have been such a
bad wife ! I heard you tell Mr. Moore
last e enlng how I have disappointed
you; but I will try to make your borne
pleasant, indeed i win, u you will for
give and love me." -..-,
"Love you?.. ,un, Lizzie, you can
not tell bow dear I love you."
As the little wife lay down that night
snetuougnt . -
44 1 have woii him back again.- Bet
ter than that I have learned the way
to Keep mm."
. Snakes Loose in a Ball Boom.
' A very interesting and exciting scene
occurred at a bail not twenty miles
from this city, a few evenings since.
Amon? the nersons Present was
young lady who had a great horror of
snakes, and imagined no matter what
the season, if she experienced any un
usual alarm a snake in unpleasant
proximity. After dancing awhile, she
Was greatly distressed by feeling a sen-4
satiou as though a serpent had fixed
itself beneath the folds of ber dress,
Grasping the head of the monster
tightly, she screamed aloud for assis
tance. A hasty consultations among
the gam est bf the ladies was held, wben4
it was determined tnat ayoungdisciple
of Esculapius, who was present, should
be called to their assistance. He was
quickly on the spot, and being a man
of uncommon courage, was not many
moments within the circle of half-fainting
females before be bad caught the
tail of the snake, and wound It firmly
around bis hand, telling, Miss M. that
site must let go the moment ne jerked.
and to make the act as instantaneous
as possible, he told her that he would
pronounce the words one, two, three,
and at the moment he pronounced the
last word, she must let go ner noid,
and that be doubted not that he could
withdraw the snake before it would
have time to strike. All stood in
breathles horror, awaiting the act of
life or death, and tne moment tne
words were pronounced the doctor
jerked out the longest and most diabol
ical looking bustle that ever was seen.
The whole affair was soon explained:
(the fastening of the machine bad be
come loose during the dancing, and it
had shifted its position in such a way
that it dangled about, and induced the
belief that it was a snake witn an en
ormous bead.) ' The Doctor fell down
in his tracks, and couldn't be induced
to undertake the capture of another
snake on any conditions. Omaha
Why Tsc Spectacles ?
With most persons, there is aa epoch
in life when the eyes become- slightly
flattened. It arises probably, from a
diminished activity of the secreting
vessels. The conseauence is that tne
globe Is not kept quite as' completely
distended with fluids as in youth and
middle age.' There is thus an elonga
ted axis of vision. . A book is held far
ther off to be read. Finally, becoming
more battened by the same inactivity
within, the difficulty is met by putting
on convex glasses. This is the waning
vision of age. Ii, however, when that
advancing imperfection is first realized,
the individual persists in the attempt
to keep the book in the old focus of vis
ion even if he reads under perplexing
disadvantages, never relaxing, but per-
severingly producing just as he did
when his eyes were in the meridian of
their perfection, the slack vessels will
.. ... . ... .
the orisrinal focal distance will be re
established.' . - ;
This statement will unquestionably
be combatted energetically by those
who use glasses. But it will be a waste
of forensic powder, because the fact is
established beyond caviL We do not
pretend it will be successful in every
instance; but generally, if glasses are
once resorted to, thon the opportunity
of doing without them Is forever lost
Very aged men may be noticed read
ing fine print; and ladies, too, by
scores, who resisted glassus at the age
of life referred to who enjoy all the
comfort of distinct vision, and they
will, until, like the deacon's, chaise,
every stick in the vehicle falls to pieces
at the same time.
Therefore, begin with a firm resolu
tion never to use glasses of any kind,
for reading or writing. The ancients
knew nothing about such contrivances;
if they bad, there would have been poor
eyei in abundance, and oculists to meet
the emergency. Cicero never com
plained of imperfect'vision at the age
of sixty-three. He even wrote his last
letter by torchlight, on the eve of being
put to death by the waiting soldiers.
Humboldt died at ninety-two, having
never, been embarrassed by these mod
ern . contrivances, lunettes. John Q.
Adams, illustrious for scholarship, at
a ripe old age saw without them.: . In
deed, it would be a laborious euterprise
to collect a catalogue of names in the
chronicle of literary fame, of men and
women, who were independent of
glasses. Dr. J. V. C Smith.
. . A Drinklii? Blsliop.-
v : '.ir-?v; f-4 Ti ? f' T ,
- Goethe Wis the followlhg story which
amusingly illustrates the capacity the
Bheinlanders had for arink : .
The Bishon of Mavcnee once deliver
ed a sermon against drunkenness, and.
after painting in the strongest colors J
the eviV over-indulgence, concluded 1
as follotrs r 44 But the abuse or wine
does not exclude Its use, for it is writ
ten that wine rejoloes the heart of man.
Probably there is no one in my congre
gation who cannot drink four bottles
of wine without feeling any disturb
ance of his senses : but if any man at
the seventh or eighth bottle so forgetrl
himself as to atiuse his nest irienas as
enemies, let bim look into his .-Conscience,
and In-future always stop at
the sixth bottle. Yet if after drinking
eight, or even ten or twelve bottles, be
can still take his Christian neighbor
lovingly by the hand, and obey the or
ders of his spiritual and temporal supe
riors, let him thankfully drink bis mod
est draught. 1 He must be careful, bow-:
ever, as to taking any 'more, for. it is
seldom that Providence gives, any one
the special 'grace to drink sixteew JU6
ties at a sitting, as it has enabled'wet
its unworthy servant, to do, without
either neglecting my duty,, pr Ipstng
mv temper.'1 - J
unworthy servant, to do, wjttaJtrp'art traverse the rocks in a vertical or
Spiling A Blanket. '
When Dr. Lyman Beecher's wife had
a carpet, made and painted by herself,
put down on her parlor floor, a good el
der of the church, . who perhaps bad
never seen one before, said to ber, very
solemnly, ,4Slster Beecher, can we have
all this and heaven too?". The follow
ine anecdote is said to bestricely truer
There is a town In New Hampshire
where so little is known Jof the appli
ances of modern days, that throughout
the village, until the dtbnt of Rev.-Mr.
M.. who had just moved from Massa-
! chusetts, there was not a carpeted
room. , Of this the minister was not
aware, or perhaps would have hesita
ted at tlie idea of indulging iu such an
unwonted article of luxury.
-,. One day a young farmer, having oc
casion to vL-it the minister, was shown
by the ' minister's daughter into the
"best room." ' ' . . , -.-
When the minister came down to see
him, be found him sitting on a chair on
the door-sill, with, bis lege extending
out into the entry. .
Amazed aud somewhat puzzled - at'
this unexpected sight,' M. M. asked ,
him why he didnt go into the tmrlor.
? O! " said be, "tret afcnrd of p,7- (
itfymir blanket by treadM on it "
His amazement may , be imagined
when informed that the r blanket ". ;
was a permanent fixture of tlie room.
and was kept for th very purpose of
being trodden on. ' "
k SUBTI UKASE AS Y0T1GE.
The Story f m Went Virginia PIw-aa-De
Bnemb Thronga lac Oast
f the fearth-t-PaUaliato Aafcterva
eaa Klver-SIx Jllle In Fortx-Elffht
were, publishing a paper
g, West Virginia, several
in Lewis bu re,
years ago, a very singular accideut be
fel a young man there, which was nar
rated briefly at the time. - A few days
ago we chanced to meet him here la
Muskegan, and he narrated his adveu
ture at our request. It occurred on the
farm of General A W. G. Davia, in
Greenbrier, county, in 1856. Wefgive
his story in his own words, as near as
we-can recollect tbem.t r , Y 7 ' .'I
"I was ploughing on Gen. Davis's
farm in 18o(3," said he, 44 unsuspicious
of being on insecure ground, when sud
denly the earth seemed to tall beneath
me. I saw the horses, descending, but
was too frightened to let go the plongh
handles. - The pitch of the horses with
the earth gave my fall an impetus, and
somehow I caught the mane of one of
them in my fall, and o held on in
stinctively. What I thought when
falling T can hardly tell ; at any rate I
did some rapid : thinking. ! When I
landed T fell oa the horse whose mane
I bad hold of, and although the horse
was instantly .killed, I was merely
stunned and confused. , On recovering
myself I looked up, ' aud the hole
through which I had fallen looked so
sniall, I concluded I must have fallen
150 feet. My first thought was to call
for aid, but 1 instantly recalled the fact
that I was at least a mile from Gen.
Davis's house,' and that there was not
the remotest probability that any one
had seen my descent into the earth.
It was then eariv mornin-r. and as I
bad brought out my dinner with me,
no one would miss me before nigmraii.
While eroinsr over these facts in mv
own miml, I heard the rush of water
near at .hand, and it at occurred to me
that I must have fallen upon the bed
of Sinking Creek, which, as you know,
rails Into the earth above i1 ranKtort,
and does not come out but once till it
reaches the banks of the Greenbriar
river. To say where I was, or attempt
to follow the subterranean passage, was
tne uext question.. 1 sometimes took
tlie team to my own tenant stables, and
therefore might not be missed for days;
so l determined to follow tne stream.
I waded in it. and. juding from its
depth of from one to three feet, con
cluded it must be the identical Sinking
Creek spoken of. Leaving my dead
companion behind me, I followed the
stream. ' For the most part l had pret
ty easy work of it. but sometimes I
came to a deep place where I was forced
to swim for a considerable distance ;
again was often precipitated headjong
into deep water by the precipitous na
ture of the rocky bed of the stream.' ;
Talk about the darkness of tlie grave !
The grave itself eould not have been
more Impalpably darK.tnan tne passage
was following. ' Ine occasional rip
pling of the waters was an inexpres
sively dear sound to my ears. Day and
night were the same to me. At last,
wearied with ' my efforts; I laid down
on a comparatively ury rccK to rest,
and must have slept for hours. When
awoke 1 again toon to the water,
carefully ascertaining which way it
ran, so as not to lose jmy labor by re
tracing my steps. It seemed to me
that the farther I went the more diffi
cult progress became. Vhen I had
rone perhaps a mile, I came to anlace
where tne arenway narrowed so mucii
that I had to crawl on my hands and
knees in the water. . .
Here was a dilemma I had hot look
ed for. I tried either bank of the river,
but found no passage. I could swim
under water for a considerable distance,
but tlie distance before me was un
known, and I halted long before mak
ing the dangerous venture. At last I
concluded that my fate was equally
doubtless in returning as in proceeding,
aud plunged boldly into the current
and soon found that it was so swift in
its confined passage, that I only need
ed to hold my breath to go through.
In the course,of twenty or thirty feet I
again got my head above, water and
took a lonir breathinar spell. A (rain
f the archway above seemed to enlarge,
and the bed of the stream become more
even. I sped along conparatively rap
idly, keeping my hands outstretched
to prevent my running agaiust the jag
ged rocks. Wearied out, I again laid
1 l A. If I A
down aim siepi bouiiuiv iu my uei
clothes. i . - ; f.
On awakening I pursued my course
down the subterranean stream, and at
last, in the long distance ahead, saw a
glimmer tlfit.loaked very bright in the
darkness I was then shut in." Neartng
this, 1 found that it did not increase in
brightness ; and when I had gone per
haps a mile, I came to another place
where my path narrowed to the very
tunnel filled by water. My case had
now become more desperate; I could
not possibly retrace my steps, so I com
mitted myself lthe current, and was
immeasurably overjoyed to find myself
rapidly swept Into daylight. . Exhaust
ed aud half drowned, I crept out on the
land, and was not long in recognizing
the objects about me. I had come out
into the Greenbrier river, as. I knew
from the familiar look of (Jen. Pa vis's
mill on the bank; K)tt reaching home
I found that I had been over forty
eight hours in making my eriIous
journey of six miles underground."
This singular story we copy from the
Michigan (Mich.) Enterprise, which
vim rpea&a 01 uiin sunuc Huve .
44 The hole where this mau went
through is now fenced round. On list
ening one can plainly hear the rush of
water below, and a stone thrown down
will sometimes be heard to plah in
the stream.' ' i ' ' ' i J '
Something About Gold.
'.: Gold is found sparingly in many hard
rocks, such as granite, mica-elate, chlo-rite-slate,
and clay-slate, and some
times even in limestone and other sim
ilar rocks It occurs far more , abun
dantly thau in quartz, pure unmixed
flint, or silex. In igneous or metamor
phic rocks, the quartz usually occurs in
veins, or in large, irregular bunches or
tamps, with , veins diverging from
,ibem. These veins are most common
ly V few feet wide, and for the most
highly inclined position, fcometimes,
however, veins or irregular masses oc
cur many yards across in every direc
tion ; and sometimes, but very rarely,
quartz is .found in such abundance as
to make what even might be called
hills of itself. The gold is d inseminated
la this quartz, sometimes iu such ex
ceedingly minute particles as to be in
visible, not only to the naked eye, but
even to the eye aided by a powerful
lens. Most commonly, the gold is seen
as little yellow specks, flakes, or grains
scattered through the quartz. When
the quartz has a crystalline structure,
which it often has, little nests of gold,
likewise crystalline, may be seen em
bedded between the interlacing crys
tals ol the quartz. Where tlie inter
stices in the quartz are largo, these are
sometimes entirely niied up with gold, ;
but not uufrequenlly irregular holes j
aud crevices seem to have been formed 1
in, the quartz by decomposition or rot-
teuaess, which have sometimes been j
subsequently filled with gold. In these
cases the gold assumes irregular forms,
such as melted lead will when poured
lnt vata. fiirmQ u.liirh hflVB fri6m.
people the idea of the gold having been
deposited in, a slate of fusion, a notion
In ail probability utterly unfounded.
How the gold got into the quarts, is a
oolnt at present so uncertain, that no !
. j . r l
self the responsibility of answering the j
question. The, size of the irregular i
lumps thus entangled in the quarts va."
vouiQ i&e npon mm-
riesirreatlv.the lanrest hitherto known
single lamp in the world, being an An-!
stralian one of 2,100 ounces weight. " It I
. v . .-, i
;riiNNESSEE, FRIDAY, APRIt;U lS70.f;:
is,' however, usually: found iu small
flakes, grains, afcd den trifle strings,
.weighing only a few grains,
i' Whenever the moving waters of the
feea, by which drift materials were
formed and deposited, attacked rock
containing gold,- it would of. . course
break off lumps of it, just as of any oth
er rock, and equally wash, roll, and
knock it about, and thus break it into
smaller fragment,; round it ,uilo peb
bles, and grind it into sand. In this
way, much of the gqld woukl he, knock
ed out of the rock, and" much 'water-
worn gold accumulated, or water-worn
fragments of gold and quartz together.
- From this point 'of time," however;
there is a remarkable difference observ
able in the action of, the water, on the
gold, and on the rock which contains
the gold. All kind of rock, or earth
or stone, at all events all tlie common
kinds, are pretty nearly of the same
specific gravity that is, td ay, of the
same weight, bulk for bulk. Chalk,
clay,' Junes tone, compact tanditone,
granite, marble, basalt, have all speci
fic gravities, varying from 2 to 8-Hhat
is, they are twice or thrice the weisrht
of their bulk of water. ' Pure gold has a
specific gravity of 19, ror is nineteen
times as heavy f&'.lU. bulk of water;
and the most impure, ere of , gold that
occur- iivuatureJias at least a! specific
gravity of U 115. Gold is about six
or seven tmtesias heavy as oiiartz. or
sy other stont I t, is likely to be aEssoci-i j
aled With. The consequence of this is,
that moving water has at least seven
times less power over it less power to
move it along, either suspended in the
water or rolling its bed. ' When tlie
drift, therefore, was formed, vast quarr
tities of stone might be moved to great
distances, while the gold was left be
hind,' not far from its native site. All
the large lumps of gold will .certainly
be but little removed, as ' also all tlie
large lumps of quartz, heavily freight
ed with gold. Grains of gold and small
lumps may lie carried further, while
scale-go!d and fine dust, especially If
flat and thin, may be carried to very
considerable distances.-Morgau't Brit
ish Trade Journal. ; j i
1 1 r i -r- f
At . this season of the ' year there is
danger that, from carelessness and im
proper exposure, the foundation of ae-
rious lung diseases will be laid by many
persons who arc now. rejoicing in
health. We are now subjected to great
extremes of heat and cold heat in the
house and cold out of doors and in
making sudden transitions from one to
the other, we encounter no slight dan
ger. The lungs are peculiarly , sensi
tive to these changes, and are very lia
ble to become diseased ; and it, should
be borne in mind that the most fatal
disease of the lungs often commences
with & common cold.. Frequently the
progress of disease is so slow as to cre
ate no alarm uutil It has gone so far as
to be beyoud the skill of man to cure.
First there is a little cold and cough,
then weakness and , a harder cough,
succeeded by fever aud flight sweats,
with all the marks of a ratal disease.
Thus? the 41 slight cold ,h in a short time
becomes a seated lung consumption,
which leads to an early and inevitable
srrave. Therefore. I say, beware of
colds ; avoid them as much as possible,
and when one is taken, rest not until
it U cured.
As 44 an ounce of prevention Is worth
a pound of cure," a few simple and
practical direcUons for avoiding colds
may be useful to some of my readers.
1. Keep the feet dry.. It is better for
a vounsr lady to wear thick shoes, and
to have warm and dry feet, than to
die an early death from consumption,
induced y having the feet cold and
wet. A young man had better wear
44 cow-hides" and be well, than to wear
thin shoes and be continually suffering
from colds and coughs. Alway, after
getting the feet wet,, dry them by the
fire as soon as possible.
2. Weir clothes enough to keep warnu
Do no not feoout in the cold bare head
en, or unprotecieu in auy uum aj.
It may not be fashionable to dress
warmly, but that should have nothing
to do with the matter. 44 The body is
more than raiment," and its protection
ought to be ol more importance than
fashion. It is better to be a little rustic
thau to die before reaching half the al
lotted age of man, from disease occa
sioned by fashionable dressing. ;
; 3. Slcq warmly. Do this with as
little covering as possible, but do It at
all hazards, even if it takes twice as
many clothes as you think it ought to.
Never go to lied with cold feet-. If you
cannot keep them warm In any other
a soapstone, heat It every
riifirht. and keen it near your feet. Bet
ter be 44 effeminate," or 44 61d-aaidlali,V
than to have the sleep dsturbed, and
thus the foundation laid for disease, by
trying to sleep with cokl feet. So much
for the ordinary home life. But the
greatest danger is not at home, but
away; concerts, lectures, parties and
singiug-scjiools, furnish excellent op
portunities for taking cold. To leave
a crowded room, which is generally ill
ventilated, heated from seventy te
ninety degrees above ero, and go at
once into an atmosphere from five to
fifteen degrees below zero, Is not a very
anfo nitration for anv person, and is es
pecially dangerous for those 'ho have
any lenaency lo-iuug umtnae, uuicsa
they are well protected. . -
., Jt is always best when going to such
a place to take an extra garment to
put on when goiagjiut, and always re-J
memberwhen leaving-a heated rooitf
to go out into the cold to shvt the moutt,
and keep it shut for several minutes.
The chill will be taken from tlie air by
breathing through the nose, and the
lungs will thus become gradually ac
customed to the cold.
; ' If the above simple suggestions are
heeded, many a cough and cold will be
prevented. Rcmembef that health Is
one of the greatest blessings of this
earthly life, and that when it is once
lost, its full restoration is a matter o
very great uncertainty. : Let 44 a word
to the wise" be "sufficient". "
Rest. ' :;'.; ;
' Leisure is never so enjoyable as when
it conies unexpectedly, like the visit of
a long-absent friend. And to be sweet
it must be short. Too much of it palh
upon th appetite. " Luxurious as a
warm bath, it is also enervating. He
who fiuds himself suddenly possessed
of leisure in great plenty, will do well
to disio.se of tlie bulk of it as soon as
possible, bv setting himselt something
serious to do. Systematized activity is
one of the best preservatives agaiust
44 dull card"? Leisure i but-a sauce of
life, which helps to make work more
palpable and digestable, the one apart
from the other soon becomes disgust
ing. ; Men of leisure, aa they are called,
are most commonly restless, fidgety
and unhappy men. The kindest thing
whioh m f dotin to them is to.ler.rivp 1
them of the creater part
of their leis- i
ur. ' At first sight it does not seem so ;
but a very short experience will prove
that is so. Much leisure infers the ab- j
sence of a purpose; and life without a J-
purpose Is a perpetual burden.
Tigat Latins a B:ne9r. ,
. A learned doctor, referring to. tight
lacing, avers that it Is a positive bene--fit,
iuasmuclias it kills all the foolish
girls, and leaves all the wise ones to
grow up to le women. ' . x
A case in point: A girl hi Clicstcr,
VL, died recently from tight-laeirig.-c-For
several months previous ' to her
death, this wretched victim to a foolish
fashion was compelled toslecp with her ;
orsets on, ami swung up u uieir ui-r .
frvi - kfTT Twn-jtP U hV IndC nr ' trtntkO r trMiin t
internally, aud no relief ut Jiy
compressio'i. ,V as such a woman lit .
ff we mother?' Better out of j
" ' t n V - :
" wur.'u l,iUU. "I " "K 1
or Pn.v eiuuiren w no die iu nr-
'" J4 "
Mt. tf.-i- itSt fi
' u'; ,?w tfst .to
A new kind of intoxicating liquor has
ueen (ii stilted rrum tea,' ... ,- .
It ls"6ffidally announced thai spring
oonneta win r .smauer man ever,
- This year Easter Sunday1 will come
on the 17th of AnrftV' V w
A negro hotel company was charter
ed jDy tne ijouisiana Legislature.
. Buying whiskey for the sake Of the
return silver comet under the bead of
change which is not reform, , ; . .
If -letter postage i reduced to- oae
; cent, there will be two sent where there
'Is one rent iww. , "' C?,' ! "
Toledo has 426 'Itcenfied retail liquor
shops and 74. houses, of prostitution.
Fasttown that, i V (Vi !.-..' f.
He who says'tbere is uo such thhig
as an honest tqan, -you may be sure
fe himself a knave. Bishop BerkeLqj.
DarjfcKEXXEss. I saw no man
drunk in any place of Germaay, though
I was in many goodly cities and much'
.notable company. Cbr.yaf'' Crudities.
The fly has uses', ' He serves to keep
bald-beaded sinuers awake at eburcb,
on a' warm day, so that their urtgener
ated hearts may be. touched by the
preacher's word. .vp-h ..'!
In London, in .1867.- It Teoulred 6677
horses to convey ' 30,000,000 passengers T
in om mousses; wnue-in ew-iors
4380 horses carried 78,000,000 ; passen
gers in cars. , , ; ; v, r.r . , ,
. A sword, wa onoe sent to iGeorge
Washington , by Frederick - the: Great
witn tnu lnscnptioii upon it: 44 from
.u- -a,!,.. is.,i-.
Seatli : f1,Vlt?f S?61 &
gieaieou ( , ...
a woman in Jiiicmnaiv, na .eweo a
uiuuuer lor iTtacil ot jwuuuae iu wuiug
to iiave a oonnet done at tne appointed
time. Damage, $1U.
A chan savs he cured the palpitation
or toe heart by the application- or an
other palpitating heart to the part ! af-
lecteu. . . .
Josh BilliEKs says: 44 Give the devil
his dues," reads well enough in a pre-4
verb: but mi friend what will be cum
ov me and yu if. this, arrangement is
earned out? .v -
"Isn't your bill awfully steep ?" In
quired a spendthrift of bis tailor. ."You
ought to know best, it was run up by
you," was tho cool reply. . ,;. -
Ten dollars was the wager which in
duced a Connecticut woman to eat a
bushel of roast oysters.' . , . . , ' ' '
She died of pure sheU-fishncas.
The Legitimate Froit. The Cin
ciuati Times says that L. C. Hopkins A
Co., of that city, spend $4,600 a day for
advertising, aud, clear -double that
amount. ... . - . , i, .
A darkey gives the following reason
why the colored race is superior to the
white race: "All men are made ;of
clay, and, like the meerchaum pipe,
they are more valuable when highly
colored. ,, .,-. .- t .-.
Cowardice. The evening before a
big battle, an officer asked Marshal
Toiras for permission to visit his father.
wlio was at tlie point of deatn. --"uo,"
said the Marshal, who saw through the
pretext 44 Honor thy father and thy
mother, that thy days may be long in
theland." l t ; ; ;r . (
Bridgeport, Connecticut, abounds in
icrsons with odd devices for turning an
44 honest penny.'.'.- One fellow puts his
elbows, shoulders and h Ips out of joint
and back again, and swallows a sword,
all for one cent.
A gallant was lately sitting 1eside
bis Ix'loved, and being unable to think
of anything to say, asked her why
snewas liicea uuior. 44 1 don't Know,"
said she with a pouting lip, 44 unless it
Is because I am sitting beside a goose."
: Lancaster, Pcun., has no sturdy pau
lers to support this winter, as the in-,
mates of the almshouse are all set at
wark breaking stone. If a beggar asks
for brea J they give him astoncvand lie
is on, straightway.
A Southern ra oer savs that the Drice of
broom corn brusn lias been rising yearly
and is now quoted at from 20 to 30 cents
per lb., wholesale. At this rate it is a
more profitable crop to raise than cotton.
A Western newspaper having repeat
ed an old paradox, that if two letters
be taken from money there will be but
one l ft, the Vkksburg Time remarks :
44 We once knew a fellow who took
money from two letters, and there was
- Newton, beiug aked how he came
to make his discoveries, replied,; 44 By
always thinking of them i I keep the
subject of my inquiry constantly be
fore me, and wait till the first dawning
opens gradually, by little and little,
into a full and clear light."
-' About the beginning of, tlie seven
teenth century the warm drinks in fash
ion for table use were wine and beer,
prepared in a very captivating style.
Tea was tatj-ftdueed about that time.
and Ms use wa- earnestly resisted by
the : wine and beer drinkers, least ft
should exert an injurious influence on
morals',; ,.. .t -r ,.,,?
With oue exception,
mere is not a
railroad in Georgia that haw t been In
actual operation throughout' lis whole
line foe three years past, -that has not
earned and paid out to its stockholders
during that time a dividend on an av
erage of 8 per cent., i,
A Galena (Illinois) girl was sought
by three lovers, who at lenirtli were
seized with the novel idea that she be
allowed to choose one of them. Slie,
however, told them it was a quarrel of
their owu, aud ttey must settle It
among themselves. - They then dre
"cut's" and the lucky one, she declares
was the one she had chosen from the
first. , ; : . " ; ' ; . .
Israelites in New York. It is
staled there are more Israelites in New
York city than in the Holy Land, or
in all Syria. There are about 70,000 in
that city, and this is probatly alirger
number than now inhabit tlie scripture
lamls above mentioned. Of that 70,000
there are not 1,000 that can be justly
called poor, while the majority - are
heavy owners of real estate, and ' also
among the most active and enterpris
ing of our commercial people.
' " Ladies: have; always been credited
with a knack of doing things at the
right moment, and a young American
girl now visiting Paris is evidently In
nowise ljehlnd the majority of her sex.
While skating recently at the Bois de
Boulogne, she managed to slip and fall
whilst the Prince Imperial Highness
graciously picked up the beauty in dis
The following words of Franklin are
as applicable to the debtors of the pres
ent day as they were at the time wlten
they were written: 1 he sound or your
hammer at five in the morning, or niue
at night, beard by a creditor,- makes
him easy six mouths longer: but if he
sees you at a uuiwiru lams, or m
voice at a tavern, when you should be at
work, he will send for his money next
Hl'SBAMi AND WlKK. Huslmlid
I and wife who have fought the world
; side ty side, wlio made common stock
- of joy and sorrow, and growu aged tu
. getherareuot uufrequently fund curi
j ously olikeiu pitch and tone of voice,
just as twin pebbles on tne neacii expos
ed to the same tidal influence, are each
other's self. He has gained a feminine
something which acts as a foil to her
womanitood. . .: v . '
. Mark Twain produce one of the most
striking coses of meanness on record.
He says he knows of an 44 Incorporated i
.jetv " which hirwl a man to blast a i
ZUi ne Vas punching powca4 isa f
h wun a crowimr, wien s prr luoare ,
j . t I .
explosion foUowetl,' sending the man
t.rowliar out of sight. ISotlueame
dowiiagaiu all right, and tlie man went
to work njpiln promptly. JiutUiourU
jio was (H)y fifteen minutes, ?
coni)any -uocKea nm ior hm time.' ,
- i, f,;
Something About Paper
. r f, ...
HISTORY. - v- -r .
" V 1
.'The oldest . material
t known I noon
which characters written or " priuted)
wre impressed were the bricks on Nin
eveh and4 Babylon. Certain -letters,
used to convey certain facts, were .cut
or. pressed into the soft Mibstanee -of
which tucbrick was made, either, by
the finger pr some Instrument, and then
th. brickiurned or left ti hartlen, jw
Mtuated the -history. Wood was oc
casionally used, and slender slabs of
stone onovhich characters were drawn
much after the manner of writing on
slate In luxxlern times. --
Next to impressions made on brick,
wood, and stone,- cpme ' parchments.
These were prepared ski .is of animals,
somewhat resembling tlie velum of the
present day, or (nearer) the material of
which drum-beads are made. This
was manufactured principally of , the
skins of sheep, calves, kids, -still-born
lambs, and tut? heavier kinds of the
skfns ofOs.se, wolves, and goab, 'and
sometimes of the skins of dean birds.
It required several months of time,
several processes, and not a little ma
nipulation to change these skins into
clean white, and sometimes - almost
transparent substances, ready for the
pen of tne writer. -
Aext to parchment came paper.
was at first made (probably by the Chi
nese) out of the inuer bark or a tree,
but in its largest abundance 'from the'
papyrus, a genus of plants belonging
to the Sedge family, which once grew
In great luxuriance on the baks of tlie
-u uu uie rivers oi avjshhiju.
. This plant has a triangular,, smooth
... stem; growsf from five 1 to twenty-five
ue and the rivers of Abyssinia.
feet high, and bears long, grassy leaves,
that spring from near the ground. In
ancient times, it was one of .- the most
valuable product -of Egypt. Jt. w
r i - ..k. . . . : i
HOW PAPER WV-S FIRST MADE.
Tlie earliest historv or the processes'
of manufacturing was by removing the
inner coaung oi ine ours (inner cuucie;
with a sharp knife or a pointed needle;
taking it oil' in strips as . long as . the
stalk would allow, and as wide as pos
sible perhaps uu eight ir quarter 1 of
the wuoie inside circimierence. inese
strips, separated from all other substan
ces, are exec etu ngiy . tiua auti irans-
.'After a quantity of tliese . bad . been
properly prepareu, uivy ere uuivimiy
laid lengthwise ou a long table, so that
the edge of each narrow strip would
meet the edge of the next; thus form
ing a complete surface, which was then
saturated with the water of the Nile,
which probably evolved from the strips
a kind of gluten; then another layer
was placed transversely in tne same
way; after which the whole was treated
to another thorough wetting, and then
huag ou ta dryUi) th sun. When the
moisture was mainly dried out, the
sheet was subjected to a kind of pres
sure, producing an effect similar to
passing it between two wooden or iron
These sheets were then joined togeth
er, ! aud . the whole wound upon a
wooden roller, generally with some or
namentation on the ends; and in this
form it was ready to receive the history
or story which the pert of ' the profes
sional writer, with a wonderful readi
ness and clearness, pltlfed thereon.
EXTENT OF THE EARLY MANVFACTIHE.
- Paper tPryniT4 Kris an TarffeT" of
.iraue uuwig uu ure munj i't'iMMrie. ot
the Christian era. So great was the de
mand for it that the sovereigns of some
of the countries where tlie plant out of
which it was made flourished, monop
olized entirely its culture, and added
largely to their personal income by the
sale of the manufactured article.
It is mentioned as a part of the cou
sklerable commerce of the countries
bordering on the Mediterranean 8ea;
but. of course, as the world grew in in
telligence, other substances appeared
that partially and at length wholly
took its place, till finally about the
eleventh or twelfth centuries it disap
peared altogotlier, its place being sup
plied by a better article made of cotton
I Always Knew Where to Find Illm."
' This was said in our hearing of a
young mau by his employer. He could
nave said nothing more to tlie point,
or better. It was to us an entire ser
mon as well as a text. It gives us a
better knowledge of the character of a
young map; and a' better, key to hJ.- fu
ture, than Air. Wells could nave fur
nished on paper after ever so careful a
It said this : That young man is re
liable, conscientious, faithful, truthful.
intelligent, competent, and essential to
my business.' 1 would as soon think of
setting a watch upon my own actions
as on his. His statements liear upon
their face the seal of truth. .His mem
ory is never at fault. He in thorough
ly methodical and cautious in all that
he does that he seldom, if ever makes
a mistake. He is as much interested
In my business as I myself am. A hint
to bim is equal to a command. - If he
knows a thing should be done, he does
not wait to be told, but goe at it at
once, aud when he puts his hand to a
task, you can venture auy small
amount that it will be finished before
be leaves it.
All this and more was included hi
that brie', pithy, commendation ? and '
we felt sure then, as we do now, that
we can forecast thnt young man s fu
ture. He will be not simply an honest
mau aud a 44 useful member of socie,
tj'," but a positive man a man of in
dependent cliaraoter and assured tui
tion possibly a man of wealth, but
ur?ly, without misfortune, blessed
with competence. His wife, hhoiiM he
marry, and his children, ' should . lie
have any, will find in him not a pro
tector only, but a companion and
friend. They, like his present employ-;
cr. will "Know tustwnereto nnd hmi.TTi
His neighbors, too, will have decided
opinions as to lib whereabouts. They.:
will rarely guess wrong as t- w hat la- j
will say or do iu any matter of public i
worthy ixior whom heinsy know, will
learn to discount his, nhiianthn.i.y at!
ratable figures,' and the worthless vag-,
abonds who may ciws his atb, wili j
fix as iwsitivc an estiniat- uioii his 1
Mtltilit.. II.. nit iifrlitji unit i
limui UJ . . . i 1,1 i . w-i iriv nj X i
liticol fence; but, on one fide or the r
oilif-r. will lie found earnestlv'nt work.
If a orofessiiia Christian, the iut will
1 known outide of his church jew,
not throusrh a blatant self-assertion. .
itut In those niaiiv oniet wavs-whlt-li I
speak more loudly than wenls. He j
will forget, wlnle young, to 44 sow Ins i
wild oats" and so. wheu u, Le -will j
reap otily ike mature and plump Keri
which is the fulnass -of joy and
i.HicknnF MontJit. , -
- 11 " ' '
Krcd, f lanls, Etr,; bj flaH.' "
The Allowing ace rate by law : '. .',..'
For all parcels of (w,wi2.-
' e'ffMove. " 1
-, "if pf'rfjt.,.,,. n -
44 ftwr ' 44; .......S':' 4 r
,o jiaruc'is io oe aiMive jom-pmit'i.
. . .... .II 1 S I I
All itarctiis si riii Id
be carefuJIv Uoucj
Dp and sealed.
TlMTt U nothing purer than lmuety;
nothing sweeter than charity; nothing
wanner thai love nothing tighter
than virtue, and nothing more stead
fast than faith. ' . , . 'j
Men are like iMtvIes the ianr l'tss
they contain, tlieiurthcr you win bear
Women are like tulips the (
more miMtesHHi Mired
i nir.v aMpini, -i
m. We knew
cynical fellow, f
... L i
me nrner you iov rnrni
r. -. i
an 41(1 bachelor imi-e a
who used to say, that women were like,
watches pretty cnougu to-looK at-'i
sweet faces, and delicate haiuls, Imt
somewhat diflKult. to regulate whmi
once started agoing..
VOL. XV. NO-.
llahl, o!il scuttle! good bid 5nl,
What's Ihi-oiiw of all jrosrcoal ?
Why thp ton:? h nunc wtt h it ncl)l!eil--gun
And took my coal out one by one;
An4 the biaae mu in with.arirkxy-e.ii
And s-t the pretty thinic afire ;
And th blower crime with a rouriinf-ronr.
Aim! iilaile them hum nn mre:iiiil hioit:
.And lhn the poker, with ktjjiiiy-koi,
nr wwi u:rirane4 a.Kl unule 'em ilrup
ht wltalViMi-onieof all mycoul! . -
Pitw iu the enrper, tacks in the floor, -Needles
iu the drugget, wind through the
door, . .
Kire in the lender! Pon'i It bent iii: -
There isn't a phteu where our laily ran erawl.
TwHtan Turnem, let ine ee ' J
4 Whtrli U the way VTweeii:-lee?; '
Why, turn nlxmt the way a-nu've eoine,
And take the road UTweeile-ilum.
O'd Can-an-mtist Is Kiant.
He own all the bread that
Is made or MiU.
Oh ! hisdouuli Ha(Kl,ainl his weight I -just
A very nne K"i)i' -4U-au-niuM :
Old Cau-an-inu-4 is a giant lo!dt
But one thliur scai-es him. I've heen told :
i4l'm afraid when a youngster wutei hi
He'll never le thrifty ,rt say Cau-un-imist.
f)M Cn-h i-musf is a ginnt hold,
And only one thing luuke him M-old :
44 If 1 ettli a Tniin-'rvr kiviliv m t-ilvt. .
tl'il Koobie him up ."' says Cao-aii-mtut,
Some are starving, aouie are fUlinii
Home are lar.y, and soine are willlnu, '
Konie are frowsy, und othent are euritl
It taken all kinds, r, to make a world.'
JTi-ottery troltery out of hrealh ; "
(1h troc t he halir mo- to rteat h :
Nitkor well, orcolrior hot,
It's trotterty.trotierty, tiot.erty-lrot !
' ' TheBastnr
If you have beard rauch about the
Bastue, dear children, you will be glad
that nowhere on the broad earth can
the building be found to-day. Kighty-
one rears atro. it was destroyed by the
people of. Paris,; and its horrors laid
open to the sunlight. It had then been
standing nearly yfour hundred yeara,
though it had been enlarged ly fre
quent additions in the mean time.
The Bastile was a citadel or fortress
erected to defend the principal gate of
ran, and tne paiace oi unanes tne
Fifth. It afterward became a prison
w here criminals or rank were eonnned,
as well as innocent persons who were
merely suspected of being enemies to
tlie state. ; Strange to sayj tne very ar
chitect who planned the building, aud
who exerted all , nis powers to mu&e it
the strongest fortress of ,hisj ceutury,
was the .first State prisoner received
into iU vaults. For years he. lay in
damp dunireon, where . tlie :daylight
never entered ; but he escaped at last
during a public Insurrection, when tlie
l las tile was forced open ry tne people.
There were eight towers to the build
ing. ' They-' were '-one 'hundred and
twenty-nine feet high, and had very
heavy double ' Iron doors. Tlie walls
were twelve feet tnicK at tlie lop, and
nearly forty feet thick at the base. All
the towers contained cells, end the
windows of these were merely slits near
the ton. ooemnir throuch tlie solid ma
sonry, and guarded by three heavy Iron
gratings. There were five difierent
kinds of cells, but tne dungeons' m tue
vaults under the towers were the most
dreadful of all. They were dark, and
swarmed with toads, spiders, and great
hungry rats. -" ' : i
i ne floor, a mass or siinie ana mau,
sent up the most distressing orders :
a rough iron, bed, fastened to the wall
and covered with a few planks, was
the only furniture ; aud the entrance
was by two iron doors, each with three
heavy locks and three outside bolts.
The other cells' were not much better:
some were eizht-sided or octagou' in
shape : some were small, and so arched
that tne prisoner could stand oniy m
the middle ; some had floors that were
rounded in all directions toward the
eentre ; and - all ' were wretched and
gloomy, sufftcatiug in summer and
cold In winter. : ' . ir i
The Governor of the Bastile had full
control over its management..; Under
him were a major, an assLstaat major,
a lieutenant, and two hundred soldiers,
wliose musketa were always kept load
ed.. The jailors and turn-Keys, tue
roughest and most barbarous men that
could be found, were tools In the hands
of their superiors. . They cleaned tne
rooms, brought 'the prisoners their
food, attended them in sickness, were
spies of the Governor,- and carried out
his wishes. Each wore a huge bunch
of keys In bis girdle, Each cell bad
five keys.',? - , - .. ,r,
' '-'A prisoner would generally arrive at
the Bastile In a coach, surrounded by
from bim erery loose article lie carried
rings, papers, knives, or whatever
they might be befofr conducting him
to his eel). Three or four heavy doors
shut behind himiand the prisoner Is
buried in his dungeon, perhaps forever.
if he should be tortured or put to detun
there, no human being outside the pri
son would ever know his fete.
At first: the prisoners were suflered
to have neither books ox .writing mate
rials, but afterwards these were allow
ed them. There were two meals a day
of the most wretched kind, yet even
tor these the Prisoners were charged
higli prices. Woe-lo tho. poor wretch
who made any complaint ! He would
have to suffer heavy punishment for
the offence, and perhaps even be cut off
fronj Lis few' minutes' daily walk in
the courts and passages of the Bastile.
These walks were always closely
watched, and tlie guard had orders to
lire at once ou any who were making
tlie faintest attempt to escape.
One day a mysterious prisoner
jK-ared whose name was kept a pro
found secret.'; To thin day It uevef has
been found out who he was or why he
was put tbert4 No niarT -exTfpf- tlie
f tovernurf so, far tifl U kuqVii, ve? sus
his face or heard his voice. 1 i'. always
wore a mask of black velvet, fa.-teiicd
at the 1 Kick of . his head willi steel
No one waited 'uuLbhii but
the (jovtriior, who atU-ndni wht n hv
ate aud wltcu - he Jre4'ei. Wlieu his
lim n was changed it was leoiysl by
the Governor us soon it4- It was taken
an Instant, im! when ho went i hear f
nA which- was held I:i thf, prWon, 1
armcsl men who yer prescut wera in-'
. . v. ....... I kill V. M A I ....... ,,.. I,, a....'..
strtKJtsito kill hna lustuut'y mcasftn
his speaking or showing hLs fac. For
h iV? Vi'!lr4 lia i-Hiin filial Ilk ttt-
- - ........... ... - - - . n,v.
and aluyyfore tbe iu.k. , 11 litf
III' I he prison, and was buried at St
Paul's, ik-wus evidently a ier.n of
high rauk, pnlably a relative of the
nival family, but the iuvterv ha nev-;
er Jiecil sofvetf. lie was alwavs'iir.-
tetnld by iht ?tjovcnoi-, a;nl ,iuajui j ,
into a room to be searched, and takef0 rale of '
r.m uim r- i. rtti i, Mr.:.i 1 school against entering the conser
dfd by tht .tvcntt ,uajui'j . sli'M's arc turned to account by
tuf.M'u tffcatt4 wb prekcjinider-f Biidiunicturcrs hi tlie following man
m; liisl very KUkk-nlyi aiitl' sifter ulr! ,TIcy are cut into-very small
death all his furniture," iKii-eiN, etc . 1msv, anl kept for a couple of days in
were burned, and las money and jewels
were melted dowu. .... ..
When tlie Bastile was ikr-trovcd by
the infuriated mob iu the French Rev-
olution. it was honed that Mimliii"
would lie Ulsvovered In regard to this
Man In tho Irou Mask, as he. was call-
fed Rut no. Not vYen.tfje caic'ullyr
'Kept lecorusor tue pnsou wuicu were
discovered, threw auy Ihrti upon tlie
nivalun. If., n-ou r i,..l iiiiuriniu.)
. . T
, "J'- . . IUVIVIJ .... Uk..'I...
as an linknowii iirisoiior! bi:t tho fai t
is t down that be was ohihrtsj always
to woar a mak of black velvet.
- When the Bastiis was tlHowiv n'ii
and ransacktsl on that terrible Jiinc
day, only sven prisoners were foimd
In lt cells and dunge-us, (hi, the
Count du Soluge, had lieen there a close
captive ever sinee he was a little htry of
Another, named -TaveVidr. 1
had passed thirty years in the Bastile.
u"u jic luuuu uh uoors of ine pn- i
son open, and his fellow-creatures
crowding hi, eager to, welcome hrro, he '
ahI ta.I.jb. JU.....I . 1. . .... .1
was like one waking from n tliirty
3-vars' sleep. Hw mind was dulled
thesnushinc frtehtened and bewildered
him; lie scarcely knew what fiwlora
- . They itand records there of or ;
old man maraed Lebarwho he j
arrested when seventy-six- ye" J, :
and bad died in one cf its vault: ; C i
age of ninety; '
Dreadful deeds were done dart Z tl-3
French lievohition, but one briglt eut i
in its record is tlis destruction f the s
Bastllc. No more shall broken-hearted
prisoners languish, In its gloomy tow
era. The place where it stood so Ions'
is now one of the gayest and oriLoi i
in the city of Paris, and th fmniM
J uly column marks the spot where the
cruel old walls fell in. ' w .'
! True Pride."- v ? : r?
- A young man named Parks, from '
Worcester, entered- the store of the -Lawrences,
in Boston, and found Amos '" ,
in the office. He represented himself
a9 havingjust commenced business, and
desired to purchase a lot of goods. He ,
Iiad recomixeudatiousas to character '
from, several influential citizens of
orcester, but none touching bis busi-
ness standing, r capacity. The nier-' '
chant listened thiMstry, and, at its
closci shook hi head.
uIhhveiiodiilt," hv said kindly,';
44 tliat you liafc fiill faith in your abu
ity to promptly meet the obligations .
you would now asstune; but I have no
knowledge of your tact or capacity;
and, as voir admit, you are just launch- - '
ing forth irticrt the sea of business, I
should Ins Joiug you injustice to allow
you to contract a debt which I did not "
f feelystH-eil yo-,1 could pay at the prop--L
Cut 2lr. Lawrence liked the annear-
anoe of the young man, aud nually
told hfni that he would let him have '
what goH!s he could pay for at the eost -
m manuueture about ten pec . cent,
less than the regular, wholesale price,
Tho hill wan made out and pakf, and
the clerk asked where the goods should
44 1 will fake theni myself, " '
41 You'll find then rather heavy,"
sujrpested tlie clerk, smiling. .i. .
' 44 Never mind I am strong, aud the
stage office U not far away; and be
sides I have nothing else to occupy my
time " . , . , . ;
44 But," said the ckrk, expostula
ting, 44 it is hardly in keeping with
your position to be shouldering such
ponderous bundles through the city."
44 There you mistaircT replied the
young man, with simple candor. 44 My
position just now is one . in which l
must help myself, if I would be helped
at all. I am not ashamed to carry any
thing which I honestly possess, noram
I ashamed of tlie strength which ena
bles me to bear the heavy burden. "
Thus speaking he shouldered a large
bundle, and had turned towards the
outer door, when Mr. Lawrence, . who,
from hLs office, had overheard the con
versation, called him back.
44 Mr. Parks 1 have concluded to let
you have what goods you want on
time. Select at your pleasure. "
' The young man was surprised. '
44 You have the true pride for a nw
cessful merchant, sir, " pursued Law-'
reuee;44and Ithall be much disap
pointed if you do not prosper. "
' Amos Lawrence was not disappoin-'
ted. Within fifteen years from tht
time Samuel Parks was himself estab
lished on Milk street one of the moat
enterprising and successful merchants
in Boston. ,
, The Value cf a Good Same.
If we could tell our bovs and crirt.
how many hundred times In life and
in how many unexpected ways, they
will find it to their profit as well as
pleasure to have a re'Hitation for troth
fullness and integrity tliatnosumWrma
circumstances can destroy, they would
hardly believe us. And yet just thmga
often happen as are narrated in this
story, which we find going round the
.. in tlie school of Dr. Woods, none
were allowed to enter the conservatory
without leave: but a bov's handkw. '
chief, with his name upon it, had been
found there. Just at tlie close of the
seltool, tlie doctor called the namt nr
James ' Howard. The whole arSnni
lcanie silent with suspense. 44 James .
Howard, what has he done such a no
ble loy, such agoodbov! "all thought
Dr. Woods himself believed he mast
hare been sent into the conservatory
by the teacher of botanv. So h
asked ; .
4 James Howard. 'have von-Wn
uito tlie conservatory, today?"
I have not sir, " replied Jai
a ciear, caun tone.
44 1 believe you, James. " said Dr.
Woods 44 although vour handkerchief
has been found there. You are not the
boy to tell an untruth."
So James sat in hLs seat unmowrL
Evey boy in the school believed blm
and almost envied him his good name.
Dr. Woods said no more on this sub
ject, except these words: 44 Let every -bay
learn from this incident the worth
of a -gttitdname; especially when ap
pearances are against him." t - V -
How came James' handkerchief In
the conservatory for as I have said, it .
was contrary to the rules of the school '
for a boy to enter there unbidden.
James had loaned it to a small boy,, , ,
named John Rand, to tie up some nuts, -the
day before, when they had a little
entering the conserva- .
tory, but, seeing the door open, rushed
in to see some rare flowers. The band-"
kerchief, being partly out of his pocket, .
dropped to the ground. . . - -
Sde the evils of heedless forgetfulneu
The boy bad exposed a schoolmate to
censure; and had it.not been for James .
Howard's . good name, ; his teacher
would have surely thought him to-be
the oll'euder. 1 At least, so thought
1 How ' ashamed he felt when ,Dr.
Woods said those words about a good
nante! The words kept ringing ia bis
ears, lie had broken a rule of the
school,' and was afraid to own If He
thought tho doctor would despise him"
if he knew, and so would the boys.'
All that day, all that night, he had no
peace. At length he went to James.
He was not afraid to tell him all about It.
M I ,l,,t tn.i-n.t If 1-v. I.
otly, I did, " said the child; 44 but I'm., ,
afraid the doctor won't believe me as
be-does yotiJ1 '
Yes, he-will, " replied James. 44 Yoi
have been so short a tiuic in school,
there's some excuse for you. Go at
once, and own up: for the longer you
put it oil, the harder it will be. Al- ;
wuys own a 'fault at once. Don't be
afraid; thetloetor will forgive you. "
Thus enciniraged, the boy went to
llr. Woo. Is,- confessed his fault and
was fir!tiveii: but he learned a lessou .
ugnlust forgotfulness which he always
remtiaberetL ? . .
', XliiUlr-ii; you luiiltoUy think' that, if
you limk vry sliarply at an old shoe
IV - 1....4 .i 1 I..-. .., i at i:, .11 U 1 ) I tmnOf
it a-'aiii if ever it conieM lck to you.
li'stiJclB" U;at diii't ut ail all follow. One
oiffiKrH-if.y.s you may uuiton . your
dress with an kl pair )l'lijpers comb
yur luiir wiUi a !r, or gr.tsp & cast
'! gaiter i;i yi-.uf hand while you. eat
y:ir liiniicr. mnl.m't we how this
can I-',' Wi ll, we'll tell tmr.
,Ml turned to ats-ouut by
li!i.ridt fsuli!nir. The eflect of this
U to make the leatlier bard and brittlo.
Xi-xt, the material is withdrawn froja .
the actioif of the c-hloriile of tilphur, .
wasiwl with water, and dried. Vhcn ,
thorouxlily ilry, itiis gmund to puwder ,.
and mixed with some su!taiue like
logcuier. , . ii ia . iheu praised lilio
moitlo's and shajied into buttons, combs, ,
kuifeIiand!es, etc. So you see how it
may yet enrue t pa that you will
comb your hair with a boot,-and fasten
otlics with aslipper.
' A W rmotit paper says that Miss Lou-
ki m-adit, if rcacnam, iici rpceoriy
from tho'efwts, a supjxel, of a fall i
oiitheice. ---Inihe post: mortem exaraiD-
atiotrflf lef ln;r, however, tae lower
i:irt of Imili orsmin
wre khiihi to oe
jxtent, and .ia a -,
ossified to- a certain
were- a t"m
tlie 1 n-e-t ,
verlie-fore iJiscrvtsl. .Tiicre ,1
t numtcr.f small ' v
a 1 tout an 'inch in leu :.V "r " -
and v-vinf in sie and silape Ic - -would
ii only a slight exagtration to '
say tlie lungs wore fall of them.
hnmwliaw caue of death wasotm y-'
tlou of theluiigs, however.' .'S