- -"111 't J I ; ii iI li s eJ t i J ,vjii (if ll ilE:y'lj ;i; ii j, B " " . :C
.. ' , ., ......... ; i . t - ...
JT. O. WAIXACE . -.r , -Let all tbe ends Ctaou aim's t at be thj Country's, ihr God's, andruth's." - v , . rpBLISUEX & I'lEOl'Uiiyros. ' -
" ' , .. . 1 ' : ; ; , ,- . ': "' .". . ..
.,y. - t ' T " ; : . .... . , . ,. - ; ,f ' : : 7" '
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GLEANINGS FROM PAPERS,
TiJiT Edilorial Spriakliass.
- . -..
.It is asserted that there is rioth
iiig iatho charter or constitution
of the American Tract Society which
reed hinder Bishop . Hughes from
making a thousand Irish Catholics
life members of that institution, and
then, under the charter, publish his
reply to Kinvan as a" religious book
. nothing to prevent Unitarians,
Univcrsalists, Spiritualists or Mor
mons, from getting possession of it
The constitution requires no test or
condition of membership but the sim
ple payment of twenty dollars, and
the charter merely specifies that tHe
publications of tho society shall bis
" religions." It contains neither the
word . "Protestant '' . nor .the word
"Evangelical," nor the word "Chris
a term "of wide signification.
The first Methodist class-meeting
in' this country, was formed in the
city of New York, by Philip Embu
ry, in I76G.' The first annual cop
ferenca was held in Philadelphia, in
1773. when the . body consisted of
10 preachers and about I, J uu mem
bers. The first formal organization
of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
l :an ecclesiastical body, took place
December 25th, 1781, in Baltimore,
; where CI of the 8G preachers be
. longing to the church assembled to
gether for conference; and the Re?.
Francis Ashbury was ordained by
Dr. :Coke, r who was present from
England, the first bishop-inabe A.
merican church. .
TSnKnn. Letter Envdopes.tons of
paper and' barrels of- mucilage are
used up in New York city' evejy
month in the manufacture of an ar
ticle so insignificant and unpretending
as letter envelopes. lour firms are
engaged in the business 'on a large
Bcale, and -several others- in a small
way." It is estimated that the num.
ber of envelopes made: in. that city
every week is, at least, 4,000,000. -.
In Lues. Mr. E. Kinsby, living
Cvnthiana. Ky., awoke, one
lflstwsek. to find himself
not "famous," bat a great (led rich
er than he went to bed. . There jrere
boru the iiight before, on his planta
tion, eighteen mules, six calves, and
eix darkies! V . " V
An" eminent English physician
. states that ani6ng his female patients
cases of tic doloroox,"los3 of eyesight
end pain in tho ear, are complaints
which have become very frequent In
his practice since ;fashionaequir6d
the dressing of the back insteadof
tho bead. 7 - '
TLo'Turks consider that their
Sultan has mader a great approach
-RiirnneAn' customs, from, tll9 v fact
r.pA the number'.of
ladies in his harem from 1000 -to
Perhaps you will not object to a
few short military yarns which I have
hastily twined for your edification.
And if the interestinsr fair-harred
i blUG-eved for : otherwise son thft
w x " j ;
reader, now sitting onhis parent's knee
on hearing them, should inquire "Is
that true, Papa?'J then reply, oh; read
er, unhesitatingly ' My son, it is.";
. Many years since during the height
of the Florida war, a company of the
Second Infantry made their camp for
the night, after a rainy day's march,
by the bank of a muddy stream that ,
sluggishly meandered through a dense
and unwholesome everglade. - Dennis
Mulligan, the Irish servant of tho
commanding officer, having seen v his
master s tent comfortably pitched,! lit
a small fire beneath a hugo palmetto,
and haying several slices of fat pork
from the" daily allowance, proceeded
to fry that edible for th e nightly ie-.
In tho. deep glooni of tho evening,
silence reigned unbroken but by the
crackling of Dennis small fire, and
the. frizzling of the pork as it crisped
and curled in the mighty mess pan,
when suddenly, with fa , tremendous
"woosh" the leaves, of the palmetto
were disturbed, and a great barrel owl
five feet from tip to tip, settled in the
foliage. '. Dennis was superstitious as
most Irish 1 are, and started by the
disturbances, he suspended for an
instant his culinary operations, and
frying pan in hand gazed fearfully and
siowiy about him. Persuading . him
self that the noise was but the effect
of imagination, he again addressed
himself to his task, when the owl set
up his 'fearful hoot, which , sounded
to the. horrified ears of poor Dennis,
"Wh o cooks for you alR" Again
he suspended operations, again gazed
fearfully forth" into, the night, , again
persuaded himself that his imagination
was at fault, and jras about to return
to his task, when accidentally gazing
upward, be beheld the awful counte
nance and glaring - eyes of the owl
turned downward upoD him, and from
that cavernous throat,, in hollow tones
again issued the question, "Who
who cooks for youall?'1' "God
bless your honor," said poor Dennis,
while the mess-pan shook in his quiver
ing grasp, and the unheeded pork
poured forth a molten stream,fallingup-
on the flames,causing aburst of illumin
ation that added to the terrors of the
scene, "God bless your honor, I cooks
for Capt Eaton, but I don't know, sir,
who cooks for the rest of the gentle
men." A burst of fiecdish laughter
followed from those who . had wit
nessed the incident unseen, and "Den
nis, Devil," became a . favorite yarn
in ' tho Second Infantry from that
time forth- - - '
Catchixq Elefhams.- The man
ner of catching them is simple e
nougb, and with the stealthy, cat
like peculiarities of the Moormen of
Ceylon, is attended with little dan
ger. When a herd has been discov
ered, in which there are young ones,
they watch them till mid -day, when
they are either drowsy or asleep;
then creeping up behind with ropes,
fasten Iheir legs together; they then
setuplyud yells to frighten away
the old ones.. . The course of educa-
tion alterward pursued is very . sun-
pie, but speedy and effective; they
are left tied, with no water or 'food,
for throe or four dAysJ' 'hen. theso
requisites ore administered as spar
ingly as possible; in a week they , be
come so tractable as to kneel, down
at tho word of command. ; . '
It is said that cattle and horses
are dying by hundreds on the Amer
ican Bottom and in that region in
Illinois supposed .'to result either
from the effects of . some . poisonous
herb growing there, or some virulent
disease, which have become V epidem
ical among them. All those attack
ed manifest tho same symptoms, and
it'is .therefore probable that it's from
the same' cause. ; ' r
JIailstoncs, nine inches in circum
ference,' fell at Natchez the other
day, some' of them going through
tho roofs.oX tbe baildings! ; -; : - -v
FAYETTE VILLE, Tl N Ni T tt URSD A Y,
- OTTO Or ROSES.
The. principal of the manufacture
is in the district of Ilassanlik, which
comprises about 36 .villages, and is
situated in Bulgaria, "about 200niiles
northwest of Constantinople. This
district is devoted almost entirely
to the cultivation of roses, and during
the season of harvesting, which is
from the first of May to the middle
of June, the country, for miles beyond
the borders of the district, is redolent
with the odor" of roses. The cultiva
tion of the ro6o and the 'extract of
the oil, occupied " nearly all of the
time of the people. ' In the distillation
of tho roses, the water which comes
off . is successively re-distilled, and
finally the oil, being the lightest rises
to the top, and is skimmed off. It is
limpid, with a tinge of orange color.
It is said to take 300,000 roses to
yield an ounce of oil.
This is brought, to Constantinople
in hermetically .sealed copper vessels
varying in size irom inose capaDie 01
holding an ounce to those Which hold
seven pounds SO that at the. regular
market price, ?btaa ounce, s one of
these CODDer cases "ma V . be WOlth
ftnrtO. rTh nil 15 wnrTi riv flrnAo if a
I 1 - fc -
ii . "i rri t v
irpifhr. in Ki vp.r.. 1 ho nmirwrv .
O V J
" , . -. "oaoauuik,
13 a UlUe ieSS man d,UUU pounds. At
Constantinople the oil is - put up in
gilt bottles, manufactured expressly
lor tho purpose m Uohemia. The
rose water which remains from the
distillation alter " the oil has been
skimmed off, is sold for 810 cents
a quart, and is used by the y Greeks
and Amencans . on all festivalj occa
It has been stated that the otto is
worth in the land of its manufacture,
6 an ounce; and it. is fiequently
sold for a considerable "less amount!
This apparent, inconsistency is owing
to the fact that "the soil is susceptible
Ot an extraordinary degree pi 'aduf
teration. Jt was foimerly mixed
with sandal-wood oil, .which is Val
ued at about one-twelfth as much
as the otto of roses. It is much less
limpid and flowing than the oil of roses.
Of late years, however, a .new oil
has been introduced to dilute oil of
roses, and render it less overpowering,
It is brought by the Arabs from Mecca
and is called by them. "Shepherd's
perfume." It is extracted from , a
kind of geranium, at a costof 2 per
pound, or one thirty-sixth the price of
otto of roses.
Both on . account of its cheapness,
a certah) similarity of odor, and its
likeness in color and weight to otto of
roses, no other "oil is so well adapted
to mix with it and reduce its strength.
In the common: oil of roses -found in
the shops, there i3 probably 15 per
cent, of foreign oils; and the difiusi
bility of .its aromals such that it may
receive without perceivable deprecia
tion, in the opinion of ordinary judges,
80 per cent per -puie foreign- oils,
especially of thV'oil of geranium.-
, Campiiob axdISirychnixe. The
beneficial effects of camphor,, as an
antidote to strychnine, are illustrated
in a case reported by Dr. Tewkesbu
ry, of Portland, Maine. :-It appears
that a boy was seized with convul
sions, and it was ascertained that he
had just eaten a biscuit,, picked up
at ithe' door of j an eating, house,
that was made for the .purpose if
killing rats, and contained about One
land a, half grams' of; strychnine.
The boy 8 spasms were so aevere
that immediate death -was inevitable,
though all the usual remedies we're
resorted to.. Camphor could not "be
introduced into tho stomach on ac
count of the "continued lockjaw.
Accordingly strong injections of
camphor were used, and ' the body
immersed in a bolTcamphor bath,
and in a few honra.the boy was com
paratively wehV j .. . . , ,
A bill repealing the i personal liberty
law passed thaRbsachusetts Assem
bly onlhe22d fit., by a vote of
130 to 1137 J ,
. - - f ' .
- - SoirETniNQ Nest.-A- Mr. Lamar
advertises in thevolumbus, Ga., pa
pers that he boa discovered a receipt
for making honejf witbouthe ajd of
bocsi ; . ' ' '
Meet Me by the Running Brook,
Meet me by tbe running brook i '.
. "Where the drooping willows grow;
Meet me 3q the Bhady nook
Whore the silvery waters flow. "
Friends we loved are broken-hearted, '
Smiles have flown and tears have started,
. Since the time when last we parted j
" In. the days of long ago. V
Meet me where the sunlight plays ' ' :
, " O'er the wavelets bright and low;
Tell me of my youthful'days,
Ere the heart knew pain or Woe. ' f
Joy will come to charm and leave us,
Lingering Hope will still deceive us
. Lifa had nothing dark ta grieve w " '
In the days of loDg ago... " v"
II M M . ' . - -
Never Eiss and Tell. "
I kissed a maid the other night,. '
'. But who she was I taay not tell; ' -
Iler eyes were as the diamonds bright, , -
. And soft as those of Isabel ,
But I never kiss and tell.
iier breast a bank 6f virgin snow,
Wherein no thought of eia should dwell
Iter voice was very sweet arid low.
And like the yoke of Isabel
. - But I never kiss and tell.
i xici lius as tuerrios, bwees ana reo.
I A B(l A Tl'O l3 critr o a n rt rrw T
kissed me back and then she fled,
Just iike our iharmin- Isabel
. s . But J never kiss and. tell.
Boanets and- Skirts.
Little head and little bonnet! .' . .
" Little pate with nothing ou it!
(One might say, "with nothing in it,
But that you charm me evqry minute;)
Little lady, now I know
Why maideus let their ringlets grow;
For dtherwise asbonneiigo
Tbeir heads would freeze.aad that is so!
- , r'--"
Little waist and monstrous flounces!. ''
How the silk sea wave's and bounces! '
How the hooping billows quiver, " '.
Ljko a lovely rustling river!
Oh, wondrous watered-silken sea, ;
: What whalebones in your depths must be!
What lots of gold- all wastefully
Squandered on you bright silken sea!
Tlie Imperial Stable.
A letter from Via ana, Austria .to
the Springfield Republican,' gives the
amiexed description of the Imperial
' "I have visited some- pictured gal-
leries, twenty or thirty churches, a
great many cabinets of natural history,-
a few palaces," and most-interesting of
all, the 'Imperial stables, where six
hundred noble steedre lodged most
royally and. fare sumptuously every
day, dutifully attended by three hun
dred servants. The ' apartments of
their equine highness, are" at once
splendid and comfortable, free, from
tbe'scent of the stable . and clean as a
lady's parlor. Their blankets aro em
broidered with ' the Imperial crest;
their harness, saddles, and all tlieir
equipments are of the most- costly
kind, and generally excellent in taste.
In oner large hall are some two hundred
carriages, of which the cheapest cost
two or three thousand dollars, and the
coronation carnage ' adorned with
paintings ; by Rubens, and covered
with diamonds and gold, wheels and all
cost about two, hundred and ;, fifty
thousand dollars.' Another hall, filled
with slate saddles and trappings,
of various descriptions is' still more
magnificent. But the animals them
selves, unlike most occupants of pal
aces, far outshine all exterior 'adorn
ments. The bright, fiery, intelligent
eye; jthe ', proudly.. ..acching neck, (the.
horse is the only animal whom pride
really- becomes;") the form of perfect
symmetry, the' delicate h'ul; powerful
hinbs, the grace of every- movement,
the gentleness and courtesy with
which they receive every little atten
tion bestowed ' upon them, ,the high
bred nobleness and . dignity, of their
whole deportment, filled me with ad
miration. I would- rather. have my
choice from those. ix hundred horses
than"the Imperial crown of their own-
er. lhe carnage horses aro all white,
but those for riding are all colors,some F
" A man seldom attacks the charac
ter of another without injuring his
-'. No man who has a good .character
will attack that oftanpther, ;
J DP 12, 1856.
, CLERICAL TRAITORS. v
; D uring the war of 1812, the fede
ral clergy of New England denounced
the'war and the Administration of
President '.Madison in the most fe
rocious manner, declaring that it was
unbecoming a moraKand religious
people, to rejoice over victories a
chieved in such a war, and advising
the people not . to volanteer. In
1840 the same class of clergymen de
claimed "loudlv.a'g&inst the "Mexican
war, and shed many a tear over the
terrible slaughter occasioned by it.
But these holy 'menj .though' they
thought it to the last degree shocking
to kill red-coats - and ' Mexicans, aro
among the first to advise their flocks
to procure harp's rifles- Rnd repair
to Kansas to shoot down American
citizens. . We have published an ac
count ' of " the doings which took
place in a church at New Ilaven on
& Sunday evening, where a subscrip
tion was opened for the subscription
of money to- buy Sharp's rifles, and
also -Ut Plymouth church, Brooklyn,
whero similar proceedings took place,
both under the directions of the Iiav.
Henry Ward Beecher, assisted ,by
other professed ministers of the gos
pel. .4 Such things are calculated to
shock the moral sense of - any- com
munity not carried away by the wil
dest fanaticism.., Men will ask .one
another if this is Christianity ifAjs
is la accordance with , the teachings
and precepts of the Saviour of the
world? " The truth is, these .Yankee
clergymen are doing moref injury to
the cause of religion than all the in
fidels and scoffers . in the land, ind
they will have a terrible account to
render for the miuries they have
done to the cause;;of true religion
by their fanatical course: - -They are
traitors to their country and traitors
to their God; and, although they
may escape tho punishment meted
out te the first class of offenders, they
need not flatter themselves that they
will so easily escape tbe punishment
due for their treason to the holy
cause they espoused when putting
en the clerical robes.. -
AbVAXTAGE OFt UsiKO ToBACCO.--
The following was' communicated to
Commodore Wilkes of tho Exploring
Expedition by a savage of the Feejee
Island.., He stated.th.it- a vessel,
the hulk of which was still lying on
the beach,' had come , ashoio in a
storm, and that all ino crew, had kil-
len into tho hands of the Islanders.
- "What did you do With them?"
inquired Wilkes . ;
"Killed em all, ' answered the sav
e. , ; .. . -. . . -
"What did you do with them after
iou had killed. them?" . . ,.
"Lat em good, returned tbe can-
"Did you eat them all?"
the half . sick Commodore,
i "Yes, eat all but one." . -
"T; "And why did you spare one?" .".
. : "Because he taste so much like to
bacco, , Couldn't eat no how!"
: If the tobacco chewer should hap
pen to fall into the hands of &New
Zealand savage, or get shipwrecked
somewhere in the Feejee group, he
will have the consolation of knowing
.that he will not be cut up into steaks,
and buried in the unconsecrated
stomach of a cannibal.
Mr. WilliHm H. Pfescott, the em
inent American ' historian . who re
sides at Groton, Mass,, Io3t one - eye
Lwhile at college by" a blow from a
crust thrown by a' boy. The sight
of the other was. sq much., weakened
by sympathy that he cannot use it.
He accordingly uses the apparatus
invented, for the blind a. stylus,
with guiding paper, and strings, to
guide the hand. By means of this
most useful instrument, be is enabled
tn sit tin .it nicrht and writ a without
hjgbtiofa candle. ' : '
The hrzest church iii Europe is
at St. Petersburg. .It was begun ih
1771, and in twenty years two .thou
sand men had not finished its walls.
fit is of polished marble, "both -inside
lani oat; tha pillars arVbfpne. piece,
miy iee& nign; me Dase ana capuoia
of solid siher. '-
v This is the main know nothing
ffrtme. It hj5 Leen commenced al
ready by the leaders. Mr. A." II
H.; Stuart oi Va., m a speech, .puts
down the following States ascertain,
in his opinion, fur the Philadelphia
nominees: "Massachusetts, (omm
ous commencement !) Rbode Island,
fsew lork, New Jersey, Pencsylva
nia, Maryland, Kentucky, Tennes-1
see,' North Carolina,. Louisiana, Mis
souri, California, Delaware and Flor
ida!" making 153 electoral votes,
six more than.are necessary" to elect
What of the above Korikci n States
the democnicy do not carry the black
republicans will, and no fuel confi
dent that the know nothings will not
carry a sicglo Southern State, un
less it is Maryland. - In reference to
this claim tax the know nothing nom
inees by Mr. Stuart, the Nashville j
Union is authorize to offer the fol-j
lowing propositions: 200 that the j
knew nothing cominees will.net car
ry the foregoing States, $200 that
they do not curry one-half oi. them;
$100 that they do not carry a tin
gle State in the Union all ; to ; lx
taken together.--. They will not be
icg is always wrong;
but tho poefot-nerve is a good ther
mometer of the state of the public
pulse. . . . . . .;r . . . ..
" " ; - The Garrete. ;
A correspondent of the New .Mir
ror, beiDg at Havana,' inspectei) the
garrote, and thas describes it:"
.'It is the most complete thfng I
ever saw -for choking a man. .It is
attached to a pitce of timber about
three feet long, half a foot ftide, and
two inches iii i thickness; one end off
this piece -of wood is so shaped as to
hi in a hole la a solid flooring, and
the criminal is placed in front of the
upright post, on a . seat made some
thing like Vpiano stool; his legs are
pinned to the side of the stool, and
his arms are tied behind him, his
head is then placed between two iron
prongs, made to as to fit on the back
of the neck; directly under these are
inch square, a, liillo over a foot in
length; and perfectly smooth; these
pieces puss through the post, and are
moved with.gretit rapidity ,and pre
cision along the shies of the neck, by
the action ol a tcrew which passes
thro'ugh an irua plate that unites
with the ends behind the post; tho
screw is tursed W an iron bar, about
hree feet long, that fits on the end
of it; a piece of iron about as large
around as your finder, is "attached to
the outer encs. This completes, tho
apparatus; uhd by a turn ot the screw
the side pfecesare drawu iny pressing
the front piece against tbe threat, so
as to break the neck almost instantly
v Ground Oats. The London Vet
erinary ' Journal say3 ground pat3
furnish more nutriment and keep tbe
bowels in better condition, than when
served out whule. By grinding the
oats we separate them iu myriadiof
particles, an J present them to tho
gastric solvents in a form calculated
to secure their speedy digestion.-
Ground oats aro more nutritious than
ivkole, for the same reason that flour
is more .nutritious thau ungroucd
wheat. ' -
Novm. LA7-suiT.The. First Dutch
Reformed Church of Jersey City, has
sued Mr. Welch the architect, for
25.000 damages. They allege that
Mr.- W. furnished an estimate to
build a church for 20,000, buVihat
.already, when only halfccmipletcd,
it "has -cost $25,000. Henco . the
in Mellvdle Avenue, Boston, located
immediately alongside of a fine plum
garden, from which n abundant sup
ply may be stolen during the sea
bo n. , Rent low and the'greaterpart
to Do tak6n m plums. - ; ,
. . . ...
The cost of living in-California
has becomo quite re'asocabb, and pri
ces' have comw down on many articles
to pretty much the same rites as in
tho Atjantie States. .
WHOLE -NO. U
. Two of the greatest "guc3 of. tie
New-IIampshire bar, Jirtniiftk H&tS
sbn and Icimbod Burlett, t?.d tctnj.
battling ell the week, and tho most .-.
important case had beerv dScp.td of.
The judge was half csltep, ..the jury '
in scarcely a better -cunditian, und
cases were decided lefcre thcSd in-
tercstcd hardly knew wlicii way to .
turn At about Lur o'clock, n old
man was placed at the tar, Kccuheu
of passing counterfeit money, TL6
lawyers, who hadTGnisLed tLur busi
ness, had gDce. home, and the old
fellow seemed in a fair way to bo rap- -
iJly consigned to - the State prison. '
Mr. Barlettv tho younger eat
Tith his arms foldtd, aod hia feet up
on the edge of the table, apparently
asleep, while the attorney general ,
examined two or threo witnesses.
Never was justice hurried through
m a mora . summary manner.
evidence was direct '4ud coecIuj
and as witness after witness left tho
stand, the old ; prisoner's face gie7
paler and paler, and he trcmlltd at
th certuiuty of his fate.
By-and-by ; Mr." Barllett
his eyes, cast a glance at tho gray
hairs ot the culprit, yawned gently,
turned to the attorney general, and
said, audibly, "I'll defend this man."
He asked noqaestions of the witness
es, and took no notes, but- when -the
evidence was through ho rose and
delivered onu cf the most-beautiful .
arguments over heard. The testi
mony, which appeared bs. clear ad
noon-day, he pulled all to pieces; Lu .
made discord of harmony nonsensu
of sense- discrepancy of the most
exact agreement, and, when he touch
ed upon the old man's unjust suffer-
ings, he even drew tears
leaving their seats the jury declared.
the prisoner "Not Guilty 1" Tho
weeping man, with - clasped hands,
leaned forward, seeming to invoke,
a bletsing upon the head of his de
fender.. "Let- him out, constable,"
said Mr. Bartlett; "and noictycucld
rascal, go clout your - lusiness, and
never let me catch you passing ccun- .
terfeit money again!' The jury
started in wonder and we left the
court-house laaghiDg, yet sorrowful.
Tho South Side (Va.) Democrat
gives the following extract of a lat
ter from tho Hon. Henry Clay, dated
March 23, 1850, addressed to Gard-
ner Jones, rresiaent oi a couthera
"I have never believed that tho
creed of the Catholics was anti-American
and hostile to civil liberty: oa
tho contrary, I have with gseat pleas
ure and sincere conviction,' on sever
al public occasions, borne testimony
to my" perfect persuasion that Catho
lics were as . much ."devoted to civil
liberty, a'nd as much animated by pa
triotism, as those who belong to tho
. Among the resolutions adopted- at
democratic convention recently
held in Owen county, Indiana, was
tho following: .
"liesolued, -That the party, lyhich
proclaims through its authorized ,
leaders, 'Sharpe's rifles as a moral,
agent superior to the Bible, 'our
constitution & covenant with death
and a league with hell and 'let tho
Phion slide,' is tut bogiasreg tho
work which they would accomplish
had they the power a dissolution
of the Union.
r The people of the Cape de . Verd
Islands are starving to death.', Their
crops failed last year. Subscriptions
are beirig taken up in New York to
send them relief. OvergO,000 fcavo
bwen raised." A letter was received
from the Bishop imploriDg aid, and
tho V-mer chants,- of New York aro
endavoring to raise money enough
t6 freight a ship, with provisions
and clear it off for the Inlands .as
soon as possible.
Among the late arrivals at ona of
the St. Louis hotels, is one that reads
"E. Smith and four wives, Halt
LakeV" ' - .. '
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