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Obituaries, and calls on candidates Fifty Cents ter smuuic fey The privilege of yearly advertise i etrictlv limited to their own immediate and regular business; and the business of tn idyerttsiufc linujs fut considered as in cluding that of the individual members, 65" No deviation from these terms under any circumstance. Advertisemts not marked with the lumber inserlionjv.hoh handed In, will be continued until ordered out, and pay ment exacted. Q- So advertisements inserted gratut onsly. ' - ' " " " ' '. 3- Advertisements of an abusive na ture will not be inserted at any price. ' ' t5" Announcing candidates County. Five Dollars-Congressional. Senatorial, oi Judicial, Ten Dollars to be paid iu ad vance. ' .' Church Directory. rtesbytcrian, FayeUcvillc services 1st nnd 3rd Sabbath at. 10:30 and niht; Kev V II Groves, pastor, Sunday school, 8a. m. McUio lust services every Kablmth at 10U$J and at night; T.ev V A Kowell. pastor; Sunday school at 8 o'clock. Cumberland Presbyterian services ev ery Sabbath 10:30 and at niht; Kev W G Templeton.pastor; Sunday school 8 o'clock. Cniou CJuirch, l'leasant Plains scrvictu 1st Sabbath each month at 11 and night by the Methodists, Kev- V B Ixwey and F L Carpenter--2nd and 41H Sabbath each month at 11 by the Associate Informed Presbyteri ans, Uev J B Muse, pastor. Methodist Sun day school at A K lVesbyterian, New Rope services 1st end 3rd Sabbaths at 11; lU ihel, 2nd and 4th Sabbatlia at 11 Kev A S Sloan, pastor. Methodist, Mulberryservices 3rd Sun day in each month at 11 o'clock and every Sunday night; RcvTII llinson, pastor; Sun d&T School at 9. ..... - , ' Captist, Mulberry ervics 1st' SaWth in ach month at 11; Ucv Win Huff, jastor. Cumberland l'rcsbj tenan, Mulberry UN-vices 2nd Sabbath in each month at 11 nd night; Rev W G Templctou, pastor. TJnitod Frcsbytciian, Lincoln nervicen every Sabbath at 11:15 A m; Uov David SUai. pastor; Sunday school at 10. Liberty Grove servicua 2nd Sabbath at 11 a m; KctTL Darnell, preacher in charge. 'Methodist, Shady ; Grove,. ISbeltoa' crock) services 2nd Sabbnth in each womb at 11 o'clock; Uov M U Tucker preacher iu charge. . , r . . i CuiabcrlaT.dlEbyterian,,SulphurSpnngs services 3rd Sabbath" ll'o'clock; Kev Win; llKtill pastors . Methodist, Oak Uill services 4th Salj Vath each month at 10 a. in; T L Darnell preacher in charge. r.imbcrland Presbyterian, Oak Hill, Rev J 1J Tigert, pastor- ' ' ' ' . IVMspcct, Wells' hill, "Saturday before 2d Sunday, each month, Kev U T King, pastor. " Hester's Creek, Saturdavbelore 4th Sun day, each munth' RcT B T King, pastor. Methodist, FlyutviUo serviocs 4ih Sab bath at 10;3"Vm; ML lhruitfn, Flintvillc circuit, services 1st Sabbath at 10:30 a m ; Macedonia, Flintvillo circuit, services 3rd Sabbath at 10:3,0 A u Key M It luckcr recher in charge.. ' . n ' ' VuUm. 1st SuiHlay; rrovidcnce, 2nd; Lib erty We; 3rd; Oa'CllilV 4lb;Wiev,'f L Darnell, preacher iharge. - ' , . Shiklr,McthdisVi. :ir Millville pcoaah inc on 2n.lunday ht wiclV moa th vat .3 r. SitHrdaV at'll a! W 'befbie the find and 4th S,uuuay, V&v&V itVy, pastor: Korris Crock i;hureti,x miles norm oi Favcttevilb, serviceit-cvcTy 2nd and 4th Sunday, Kev. J. Ti. Tig-rt, pastor. XLio.ll Dirootory. Faycttcvlllo Post-Office. riVond leaves every day except Sun day nt i:15 a.m.: arrivosat.r:10 p.m. Supplies the following offices: Kelso, Lincoln, Flynt tillc, Oregon. George's Store, Flora, Hunt's Station, Salem, Winchester and Docherd. . Shelby villc stage arrives Monday, Wed ad Fiidav at 11A 3Ui, kaws same Avk t 2 p.'m. Supplies Mulberry, Lynch burg, Booncvillc, County Line, Shclbyville. Ihrntsvillc stajc leaves Monday and rhnrsday at a.-m.; anives Tuesday and Friday at & r. M. Supplies Goshen, Ilar.le Green, Meridianvillo and lluntsvillc. Shclbyville hack haves Mondays and Thursdays at 8 A. U.l arrives Tucday and Friday at 5 r. ii. Supplies Xorris Creek, Chestnut Kidgc.IIawthorno and Shclbyville. Pulaski horse arrives every Saturday at 11 :30a ; leaves same day ai 12:30. Supplies Cvruston, Millvillo, Tisgah, Bradshaw and PulaKki. ' Blanche horse leaves every Tuesday and l.vi.Lv at 8 A. M.I arrives Wednesday and Saturday at 3 r. m. Supplies Camargo, Mo lino, Cold Water, Blanche. Boons Hill horse arrives every Satur mt ! m: leaves same day at I r si. pnd.unr horse leaves Saturday at 8 a y arrives at 5 r M same flay, cuppues Kcnfiow Station and Petersburg. Money Orders can be obtained at this of fice upon pout offices in all parts cf the U nited States. A list of Money Order ollices ij.ay bo seen on application. Kates of com mission for Money Orders are as follows: Ov , is ami noi excer.unrg T.... - 30 "do ""uo-, do 40 do 00 1U.... CO V. B. HOUTllAT. V. M. countyomoors. - V. r. Carter, County .Tud-e. V B. Martin, CerkChanccrj Court W'C Morgan, do Circuit do P.'D.Poyce, do Couuty do T, Holland, ShenfT. G: W.Giunl", W. A. Cunumghtra, Dep. utT-Sherln"' . ' Henry Uenderaon, Trustee, n n Thompson, Kcgister. T H C. Iitr, County-Surveyor. J B." Morasn, Coroner.. V 0. Wallace. Rau'w. - wi t ivp. ruu u.i . J Xmh Eslablisbed Jecemher JSIh, HANCOCK'S RECORD. His Celebrated Letter to Gov. Pease, cf Texas. " : f The following admirable let ter wan written and., published by' Geii.' Hancock toward' the close of hU adininibtration at New Orleans, in reply, to the application of Gov. Pease, of Texas, for the establishment of military commissions in that State. It deserves a carciul reading, and it may be found a triumphant, vindication of the principles- upon which Gen. Ilancock conducted his admin istration. No conservative cit izen can read it without being impressed , with the 'pound ness oi 'ihe water's political princi ples, the firmness and independ ence of his character, the excel lence of his judgment, his states manlike' ability and 'patriotism: -JlKADQUAiiTFJts Fifth Mili taky District, "New Orleans, La., March 9, 1808. To His Excel lency & urease,' Gov fiuor oi Texas: Sir Your com munication of tbe 17th January last was received in due course of mail, (the 27th January,) but not until it had been widely cir culated by the newspaper press. IVa suqh u detterT-wrilten and pUbllshetf for 'maniiest purposes it has beeu my intention to reply as soon as leisure from more important business would permit. You" statement that the act of Congress "to provide for the more efficient government of thcTrcbcl States," declares that whatever government existed in Texas .was provisional; that peace and' order should be en forced jthat Texas should be part of the Fifth Military District, and subject to niilitaiy power; that the President should ap point an officer to command m said dihtricr, and detail a force tqf protect the lights of person and property, suppress insur rection and violence, and pun ish offenders, either by military commission, or through the ac tiou of local civil tribunals, as in his. judgment might cein best, will not be disputed. . One need only read the act to perceive it contains, such provisions. But bow all this is supposed to have made it my duty to order tnc military commission requested, you have entirely failed to 6how. The power to do a thing if shown, and the. propriety of do ing It, are often very different matters, lou observe you are at a loss to understand howja nt: uilliont rcniesen- o . ' ...... tation in Congress, or a militia force.' and ' subject to military ver,'C3n be said 'to be in Uie 1 exercise of all' its proper wcrs. You do not reflect that this government,-created or IHJrmitttnl by Congress, has all the powers which the act intends, and. may. fully exercise them ac cordingly. If you think it ought to have more powers, should be allowed. ;lo send memoirs to Congress, wield a militia iorce, and possess yet other powers, your, -complaint is atotto.be jm- nsr me, out against. Congressy who made it what it is: , ; As respects the issue between1 u. any quest ion as t o what Con gress ouglit to nave none nas no pertinence You admit the acH, of Congress authorizes me to try an offender by military com mission, or allow the local civil tribunals to try, as I shall deem best; and you cannot den v the act expressly recognizes such local tribunals as Jegal authori ties for the purpose, specified. When you contend there arc jip legal local tribunals for any pu& nosfi in Texas, you must either den v the plain reading of .the act of Congress or the powcr oi Congress to pass the act. . a . You next remark that 'you dissent from my declaration, "that the count rv (Texas) is- in a state of. profound peace,!. and proceed to state the grounds ol your dissent. They appear' to nic not a little, extraordinary. I quote your words: 'It is true there no longer exists here (Tex as) any organized resistant to the authority of the United States." "But a large mijoiUy of, the white population, -.who participated in the late rebellion are embittered against the .Gov ernment, and yield to it an un willing obedience." Xcvcrthc lcss, yon concede they do yield it obedience. You proet?d:i "Xonc of this class have anyj affection for the Government, and very few any respect for iU T'l.i rno I'll tlwi litfriffif irtll tF '. Cougre8 ou the subject .of re-Ji construction as unconstitution al and hostile to their intcrgsts, end., .consider the governmnjt now existing hero under author- ity of' the United States as anthc close of the war, we shouidcal laws, i "let all 1850. ; it ... . usurpation of their ghts.. ,Tliey rv; ' i . look on the emancipation of their lae, slavcsand the disfran chisement of a iortiou of their own class, as 'an act oP insult and oJ&plesslom"'''' dt i-;n -y. And'tfHs' is-'aUi'Ybu have - tb present fjr proofth'at war ;and not peae prevails 'in Texa;and hence it bedomes 'niy 'dbty-sb you suppose- to'eet-hsido itlte local civil tribnnals,Mnd enforce the penal code against' citizens by means' of nii.iitar-l tdmmis sions. i-'i " t ' i ih "i My deai- sir,' I iin.Inob a law ycr, nor has.it bedn riify bdsindss, as i t may lia vo . brcn ! 6ui, 'to study 'tl) 'philosojthy of State craft nnd ponticV. liutil niay lay - claiin, Wtdr ilii' xlperlence of more than half atlifetiitntptb some pooV- kiiowledgoilofl nieii, and rme"n)pfeela1toli!bf' what is necvisar to i social i order and llappinosK;;uVnd for the future of Our common cotihlVyjl ;could de voutly u i si thai not great niim Ixr of 'biir jAfojdu faai yet fallen in with the views jou appear to entertain. -Wtfae to us when-; ever it shall iddiile ItocpasS' lhat the po'wer!of the; magistral e.-i-civil oipfinlliiaryris permitted to tleal withllho lmero i opinions or feelingsofi tlie- people. .- ij ( I havbeenua'ctistomed to believe that; stntiinut of .ins pect or!disr(jspecly ami feelings of affection,' love tir ihatrcdy so long us iiot devcdopekl.' into, acts in violation of laf were matters wholly beyond utthe punitory powei of f hmnatf iribflnultv i.i I will fnaihtaiiitthatthe tintii-e frecdoni of t bought 'a:ul speech, however'acnmoniously .imlulg- ed, is consistent'With the noblest aspii-titioiW fnau'aifd the hap piest condition 'of his'ractt -V AVhep a boy'T-em'inber" to htivjb -read., a pecKtlof'Xoiril Clta'Uiaittf.. delitX'dii n I'ai I la- ment. It was during our Kev- olutonap' Wand , related to ihcpic Ctirrjloy J the sav arescon the side 61 Britain. You mav be more familiar with thclucUrlIuiifl'sMU. J I am nnt friPMtlV mistaken, his Lord- hhipDtcMiceil thc BritislGov c r n men t his ' 'go ver n men t- i n t erms pf tu mp.Qs y red, bi t terncss. lie characterized its policy ( as revolting to eveiy sentiment of humanity and religion,proclairo- cd it covered with disgrace, arid entcd his eternal abborencc of it and its measures, i It may, I think, be safely asserted that a maiorityoI lhe..lritish nation eoncuriiitl in theiviews of Lord Chatham. 1 But whoever sup posed.thatq)rofound pcaco was not existing that kingdom, or lhat government had any au thority to question .tile absolute right ol the opposition to express their objection totlie propt'iety ol theKinjr's measurcsin any word or to any extent they pleased? It woiuhlbQt 0iJtoul1fc1,tq.,shpw that the opponents of tbe Gov ernment in the days 'of the elder iUlluysH)i)ti4uysQJV'0l,vack- son, exhibited for it either "af fection'1 'oVpeca.? . you are conversant with the liistory-ol our" past parties and political stJUiriries i.ioucnins , legisja- tiont?onn alienage, sedition, lhe now regrets,) th6 laws of Lou cnoigiiinrlloual lianksV burj'.hiana and Texas existing prior wars with Lngland and Mexico, and cannot 'ighdiant of the fact, that fonone party to assert lhat a law br.l?ystcui oi legisia lion is unQojistttutioual, oppres- criminal. :It required not i vol isive andauurpatrve), is not ajumes only, but libraries to con new 'tViifig in'lhe UnitetTSlaies. I tain them. They laid down That the, people pf Texas con sider acts' of Congress uncon stitutional , oppressive, or in sulting to them, is of no conse quence id -the matter tin' hand. The, .President of. the United States has announced his opin ion' lhat these acts of Congress nrn 11 twOtl4t if llt H) ual. .The .bu uix., v" ""r y ' . - ,- preme Court, as'ybu are aware, loiii t aco itecidea unani- mously that a certain military commission was unconstjtutiou - al'OurqwopIe everywhere, in every State, without relcrcnce to Ui0 $id theVi look (luring - the rebellion, ctiller as to, the con stitutipnalHy1 of' these acts ot Congress. How the matter re ally is, neither you nor I may dogmatically aflinn. - If you 'deem them constitu-J competent to judge, they are a t;p9alt law, and beneficial to the perfect a system ot laws as may .nnitrv4"vou not only have the be found el-icwherc,, and better riht to publish your opinions, 'suited than any other to the con but it might be your bounden dition of this people, for . by duty as a citizen to do so. Not them they have- long been gov IcsSjHi it! the 'privilege: and dtity crned. Why should it be sup of any c'diaen, wherever resid- posed Congress has abolished in", to publish his opinion free-;lhese laws? Why should ' any - -MM ar l ,llYai2l,leiiv)elssly,dii thisnd ev - iTv nucstion which ho thinscs whnr(rn his interest. 1 Ills IS Unerely in accoi dance with the! principles ot our tree i govern- inent; and neither you nor I woilld wish to live under any other. It is time now, at the fend of almost two years from the ends thou aini'st at be FAYETTBVILLE, TENNESSEE : !' . ... ... begin to ' recollect what manner of 'people we' are; to tolerate a gain free, popular discussion, and 'extend ' soma 'forbearance and 'conshleration- to opposing views.; Thc maxiois that in all iutetectual . contests truth , is mighlyj ajul must prevail, and that error is harmldss ylen jfea-soWis-'left' fttk1 t'combut'ttj-are not only sound , ' ' bu t ' sal d tary . It is a poor compliihei'it' to . the merits of such a cause,' that its advocates ybuld silence opposi tion byfdrcej and generally tiffed only .who!'dre in the wrong will resort to.' this", ungenerous means, j,I am confident, jou jvil( not commij; your sprious judg ment to the proj)osition that any amount of discussion,' or. any sort of opinions, however un- Wise in(your juagmeni, or any iiKseriTon of fo'elini?'.' however re sentful 6V bittci-i'not' i-esiilting in a' breach of law, can furnish justification for your denial th'at'profouiid' peace' 'exists in Texas.; You might as well de ny 1 hat profound peace exists in New: York, Pennsylvania, Mi ry land, California, Ohio and Kentucky, where a majority of the people differ with a minority oil these questions; or that pro found peace exists in the House of Representatives, or the Sen ate," at Washington, or in the Supreme Court; where all these q tiestidn s have' been repeatedly diecuased;!aud 'parties i-espect- full V 'and ' pdtieni IV hdard. ' You niyxtc6mplaiit' tlult ; in parts of the State (Texas) it is difficult to enforce i. the.. criminal . laws; that sheriffs fail, to arrest; that in some cases the military act ing in aid of the civil authori ties have not been able to exe cute the. process, of tho courts; that petit jurors have acquitted persons adjudged guilty by you; and'that other persona charged with offences have broke jail and fled from prosecution I know not how these tbjngs arej buV admitting your representatibiis literally true, if for such reasons I should set aside the local civil tribunals and' order a i military commission, there' is mo - place in the United States whero it might not'lc! done with' 'equal propriety. -'There is not a State hi the Union Korth-'or South where the like ! facts are not to be predicated -of 1 man or his works; ' Ko one can 'reasonably expect certain and absolute jus tice in human transactions; and if niilitaiy power is to be set in motion, ou the principles for which you, would seem to con tend, I feaj' that a civil goverur meuj, regulated by iays,:coultl liavc no abiding place,, beneath the , circuit of . the, sun. , ; Xt . is rather more than intcdn your ietter, that there is no .local State government in Texas, and rio'local las outside of the acts of 'Cdiiress' ' Which I ' ought to respect;' and that 1 1 ' should 'un dertake to protect the rights of persons and property in my own way and in an' arbitrary manner. If such be yom; meaning I am compelled to difler with you. After the abolition of ' slavery, (aiv evetit which I hopc'no one to the rebellion, ana not in con flict with the acts of Congress, comprised a vast system of ju risprudence, both, civil and A - hey principles and precedents for ascertaining the rights and ad justing the controversies of men, in every conceivable case, They were the creation of great and good and learned men, who had labored, jn their day, for their kind, and' gone, down .to the grave long before , our re cent troubles, leaving their works an inestimable legacy to the human race. These laws, as ! I am informed, connected the j civilization of the past and pres- cut . ages, and. testihed ot the justice, wisdom, humanity and patriotism ot lruare than one na fton, through whose records they 1 descended to the prcscnt people ;0f these States, I am satisfied, from, represc'ntittious of 'persons ;one wish t6 abolish thernr' Ihcy nave commuieu m u cawn, nui a e nosilie to 1110 uuuuu ouuc.i, nor countenance crime; no. la- vor injustice, wu tueui, m un a foundation of rock, reposes almost the enure superstructure of social' order in these two ' States. Aunul this code of lo- aud there would be no thy Country's, thy God's, and THURSDAY, JULY longer any rights, either, of per son or property, here ; Abolish the local civil tribunals made to execute them, and you would virtually'annnl the laws, except in 'reference to the very, few cas es cognizable in . the federal courts, t Let us . for a moment suppose the whole-: local 'civil code annhled, and that I am' left, as commander of the Fifth' 'Mil itary District, the sole fountain of ;law and justice..,; This isjhe position in . which you : would place me. I am now to pro tect' all 1 rights aiid redress all wrongs! '.How is it possible for me to do it? Innumerable ques tions "arise, of which ; I am not only ignorant, but: to the eola tion of which a military court is entirely unfitted. ' One would establish a will, another a deed; or the question is one of succes sion, or partnership, or descent, or trust; a suit of ejectment or claim to chattels; or, the . appli cation 'iriay relate . to robbery, theft, arson ? or murder. How am 1 to take,, the . first step in any such matter? If I.turii to the acts of Congress I find noth ing on the tiubject. I dare not open the authors on the. local code, for it lias ceased to exist. , . And. you, tell me that in .this perplexing "condition I am to furnish by dint of my own has ty and crude judgment, the leg- lsiaiiou tiemanucu oy mo vast and manifold interests of the peo-; pic. I-repeat, sir, that you, and not the Congress, arc resiKnsi- ble tor the monstrous suites tibu that there. are ho local laws or institutions hero ' to be res pected by me, outside of the acts'of Congress I say unhea itatiiigly, if it' were possible that Congress, thould pass an act a bolishing the'1 local codes for Louisiana and Texas Avfiicli' I do not believe and it should, fall to my ', lot to "supply their places with, something ot my own,' I do not see how I could do better than follow ! the -laws in force here prior to the rebell ion,: excepting whatever there in shall relate to slavery. Power may 'destroy the forms,' but not the principle of justice, these will live in spite even of thei sword.. History tells lis that tho Roman pandects were lost for a long period among the rubbish that war and revolution had heaped uptin them, but at length- were dug out of the ruins again to be regarded as a prec ious, treasure. .. . '' You are pleased to state that, "sincc'thc publication of (my) general Orders No. 40, there has been a:perceptible increase of crime and manifestations of hos tile feeling toward the Govern ment and -its supporters," and add ; that : it is an "unpleasant duty to give such recital of the condition of lhe: country." f , : ' You will permit me to jsay that I deem it. impossible the first of these statements can be true, and, that I do very greatly doubt the correctness of the second. .General orders, No. 40 was issued at New Orleans, Nov. 29, 18G7; and your letter was dated Jan. 17,1808. Al lowing lime for order No. 40 to reach Texas and become gener ally known ' some additional time in list have elapsed before its effect' would be manifested, and yet a further time must transpire before you would bo able to collect the evidence of what you tehn "the condition of the coun try;" and yet after all this, you would have to make .. the neccs-i sary investigations to "ascertain if order 'No. 40 or some tiling else was the cause. The 'time, therefore, remaining to enable you, before the 17th of January; 1808, to reach a satisfactory conclusion on' so dolicate and nice a question must have been very short. How you proceeded, whether you investigate! your self or thorugh thud perons,ana if so, who they were, what their competency and fairness, on what evidence you rested your conclusions, or whether you as certained : any facts at all,;are points upon which your letter so directly omits all mention, that I may well be excused-for relying implicitly upon it; nor is my. difficulty diminished by the fact that in another part of your letter you state that ever since tho close of the war a very large portion of the people have had no aft;ction for the Govern- but-bitterness of feeling only.' Had the duty oi publish ing and circulating through the country long before it reached me, your statement that the ac tion of the district commander was increasing crime and hostile feeling against the Government, !L' 14 Truth's." 15;: I .. been le&3 pajnful, to your serisi bilitie's; i t ? might possibly hayo occurreu to you to lurnisn some thing on the subject in addition to your bare assertion.., . ' , "' But what was , Qrder , Np. 40, and .how could, it. have the effect you attribute to. j it? ; . It ; sets forth tha thq ; ;g rput pri.nci pies of .Arae,rican Jibej-.ty; are still the inheritance of thispeoplo;.and ever should be, that tho. right of trial by iurv, thq habeas ,cor- IjmSy the liberty of "Ujprea, the freedom of speech,, ana the; nat ural rights of persons and prop erty must bo preseryedV Wll you question the truth- of these declarations?, ; .Which' one , of these, great principles of liberty arc you reday to deny and repu diate? ... Whoever does so avows himself the enemy of human .liler ty and the advpeate of despotism. Was there aii intiniatioh in gen eral orders, .fjTp.;.40 llat . any crimes, or ;brcaches'6f law would be , countcuanccd? that there ' was fnot," .'t pij't lie contrary,. . yoV .'tnbw(f perfect ly well that vwiulei rthe con sideration of crime and. offences committed in jtho jF ifth'Mnrtary District , was ', referred , to, the , judgmeiit of ,'(ho T; regular 'civil tribunals," 'a pledge was 'fven in order -KolO wHeli 'ah ri derbtbod, that ' tribunala', would be supported in their, lawful ju risdiction and. tluft ffbrciWe 6istance to law woul be instant ly suppressed jbyjarms.", ,"You will not' affirm 'that this pledge has ever, beeu forjeueu. ... Ihere lias not been : a ''mqinent .'.'since jl j have been in ' command' .of i tbc Fifth District, , when' the.' whole military .force ji'n my hands has not' been ready! to 'support the civiljiRUthorit,e of Texas in the execution of 'the' laws,' ' And 1 lira unwilling '. tb'.', belie yc,' they would' refuse tb call for 'aid if they needed it.1 ' ; j:Therc ar .spmq cpnsiucratipns which, it seems to racr snpuld cause you to .h.CMitate; before in d ul gi ng .J a , wliolesa 1 e ce n s u res against the. civil authorities, .not elected ,by; the; people, butrtia,- tea .Dy ine; miuiary. ; o.Mpi. igug after ;you had 7thus come .into office, a(l the judges of , the Su preme Court of Texasfive iu number were removed f rom of fice, and hew appointments made; twelve of the seventeen district judges wereremoved, and others appointed. County officers, more; or less, in seventy five, put ofJt one ;huii(lred aud twenty-cigfw, counties, , were , re moved,, and others, appointed in their placcsv,; Jt is fair, .to. con clude r.that .tho.'.cxecutiye, and judicial civil,, .functionaries in Toxas varc jthcj persons k wbom you . ilci rcjd : . t o. , lil 1 .the offices. It is . proper, to . mention,, also, that none but registered citizens, and only.thpse ;whq cpnld takc the test path, hayq,beei.f llviyed to .serve .as jqrprs during your administration. j, Now;, it;, Li ;a- gainst -this , local,, govcrnmetit, created by5military. power prior to my . coming here, and ko com posed of your personal and po litical friends, .that, you- have preferred the , . ,most grievous complaints. It is. of them that you havcasscrtcd they will not do their 'duty; they will not maintain justice; will not arrest offenders; will not punish crimes; and out of. one .hundred homi cides committed, in , tho 'last twelve months,' hot pver ten ar rests have been - made; and by means of such gross i disregard of, duty, you declare that neither property nor lite is safe in Texas. Certainly you could have said nothing more to the discredit of the officials who aro now ;h office. If the facts be as you allege, a mystery is presented for which I can imagine no explanation. Why is it that your ' political friends, backed' up and' sustain ed by the whole military power of the United States in this dis trict, should1 be'.:unwilling to enforce .the ''laws against that part oi. the population lately in rebellion, and whom you repre sent as the ofleiiders? In all the' history' of tL these troubles, I have never seen or heard be fore of. such a fact. I repeat, if the factlbe so; it is a profound mystery; utterly surpassing my 'comprehension. I'aui constiain ud to declare that I believe you are in very; great ; error as to factsi . On careful examination at the : proper source, I find lhat at the date of j'our letter four . i I ' I- 1- 1 cases . omy oi nuiuiuiuc uuu been reported to these head quarters as having occurred mce Nov. 29, 18G3, the date of order. 40, .and these, cases were ordered to bo tried or in vestigated as soon as the reports were received. ' However, the fact of the one .hundred homi cides may still bo correct, as stated by yoa. The Freeman's ItXWIilWH LJ.L'J. 'Proprietor. 10L. XXVHO, 21. Bureau in Texas reported one hundred and sixty; how many of these, were by Indians and Mexicans,, and how the remain der were classined,is not known, nor is it known whether these data arc accurate. The report of the command ing oflicer of the District of Texas shows that since- I as sumed command no applications have been made to him by you for the arrest of criminals in the State of Texas. To this dale eighteen cases of homicides have been reported to me as having occurred since 3ov. 26, 18G7, although special instructions had been given to report such cases as they occur. Of these,five were committed by IndianSjOue by a Mexican,ono by an insane man, three by colored men, two women by their hus bands,and of the remainder some by parties unknown-all of which could be : scarcely attributable to order No. 40 arc correct, they exhibit no increase of homicides in my time, if you are correct that. one hundred had occurred in the past twelve months. ... , , That there has not been a per fect administration of justice in Texas I am not prepared to de ny. -: (.That there has been no such wanton disregard of duty on the part oi omciais as you anege, i am well stttisfied. 7A yery little while ago you regarded the present officials in Texas the only ones who could be safely trusted with power. Now you pronounce them worthless, and would cast them aside. I have found little else iu your letter but indications of temper, lashed into excitement by causes which I deem mostly imaginary, a great confidence in the accu racy of your own opinions, and an intolerance of the opinions of others, a desire to punish the thoughts and feelings of those who differ from you, and an im patience which magnifies the shortcomings of officials who arc perhaps ;as earnest and con scientious in tho discharge o their duties as yourself, and a most unsound conclusion that while any persons arc to be found, wanting, in affection or respect for govern me nt,or yield ing it 111 obedience from motives which you do not approve, war, and not peace, is the status, and all such persons are the proper subjects Jori military, penal ju risdiction. ; ' ...If I hayc written any thing to disabuse your mind of so grave an error, I shall be gratified J ' I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, r ' ! ;W7S. Hancock, . Jfajor-CJncral Commanding. 4- if V Tor the Fa jettcville Observer. SUICIDE. BY B. E. HEF.LP. M'ia braver far to lire than die, . To weep than ha?e a tearlea ejr, . A otoic's heart, locked up in Ptetl Which only for itself can feel. The clotl is light upon tho Lrest Of dead men in the dreamless rest, '. But living hearts hare tons of woo, Which God, and onlj God, can know. "Ti not the tea, in wild unrest, That mirrors stars upon its breast, But depths majestic and profound Howled in by all the world around The star-man of the stalwart will Holds wave of frantic passion still. Life's bilter enp may brim with gall, Yet lips heroic drink it all, While loved ones have no weight of care Wliich, stooping, ha forgets to share. Erect and strong to fight the blast. The sturdy oak is rootod fast, Tbo' from its top to bottom riven . . By thunderbolts sent down from heaven. So place of peril is untrod By one whoso panoply is God; Th laurel wreath to him we give Who suffers moat, yet dares to live. Tinellas, Fla., June, 1880. I I' ' Taxa3 Heroism. The Galveston Xcws gives this as an illustration of the Tex as idea, of real heroism: Quito a number of darkies, young and old," were fishing down on Kuhn's wharf, when a boy about twelve fell off, and would have met with a watery grave had it not been for the en ergy and presence of mind of oltl Uncle Mose. After the boy was safely landed a bystander took occasion to praise old Mose for the heroism he had displayed. "Is the bov your son? asked the sympathetic spectator. "No, boss, but lie mout jess as well a been. He had all dc bait in his pocket." The alarming peculiarity of certain counterfeit bills on the Kxchange National Iank of Baltimore ia that they differ from the genuine article chiefly by reason of artistic superiority. 't.LHIIflJi'J.W.LilllW 'Ml 1H,Miii.''..VUt-ld.T! Aaron Burr's Gallantry. Colonel Aaron Burr wore a loftiness of mien that could nut pass unnoticed by a btranger. His deportment was polished and courtly. The appropriate civilities of the drawing-room were performed with a grace pe culiar to himself. His manner was inconceivably1 fascinating. He acted upon the principle that the female was the weaker sex; that they were all susceptible of flattery, and his great art con sisted in adapting it to the grade of intellect he addressed. Such traits of character would appear to bo incompatible with an elevated .and towering mind, yet they frequently "controlled one of the' most extraordinary men of tho age. A volume of anecdotes might be related a3 evidence of Colonel Burr's quick ness of perception and tact at reply." After his return from European 1812, he met a friend, manicu lany, 111 xruauvuj. He had not seen her for many it 1 years. As sue passed mm sne exclaimed, "Colonel Burr! you do not recollect me?" - "I do not, madamo," he re plied. "It is Miss lv., sir. "Whatl" said he, "Miss K. yet?" , The fatly, somewhat piqued, reiterated, "Yes, sir; Miss K. yetP Reeling the delicacy of hia situation and the unfortunate er ror he had committed, he gently took her hand and emphatically remarked, "Well, madame, then I venture to assert that it is not he fault of ray sex l" Ruined by a Spider. Spiders crawling more abun dantly and conspicuously than usual ujwu the indoor walls of houses foretell the approach of rain; but the following anecdoto intimates that some of their hab its are equally certain indica tions of frost being near at hand. Quartermaster Disjonval, seek ing to beguile the tedium of prison-life at Utrecht, had stud ied attentively the habits of the spider; and eight years of im prisonment hail given him leis ure to become well versed in its ways. In December of 1794 the French army, on whose sue cess his restoration to liberty depended, was in Holland, and victory seemed certain if the frost, then of unprecedented se verity, continued. The Puteh envoy had failed to negotiate a peace, and Holland was despair ing, 'when' the frost suddenly broke: The Dutch were -now exulting, and the French Gen erals prepared to retreat; but the spider warned Disjonval that tho thaw would be of short duration, and he knew that his weather monitor never deceived. He contrived to communicate with the army of his countrymen ami its Generals, who duly estima ted his character and relied. up on his assurance that within a few days the water would again be passable by troops. They delayed their retreat. Within twelve days the frost had return ed the French army triumphed. Disjonval was liberated; and .a spider had ; brought down ruin on the Dutch nation. A Dog Did It. Gunnison News Several years ago a man who had lost everything but his dog by stock speculation iuNew York came West, accompanied by the dog of course. After running around in this State for awhile he finally pitched his tent where Leadville now stands. "Inexorable fate" and the dog still pursued him. Owing to the high altitude, perhaps, and tho meagreness of his fare, jxor Tray had to succumb, and tho 8orrowing owner consigned tho body of his faithful friend to mother earth, marking the sjMjt with a stake driven deep into tho soil. Years rolled by, bringing around at last the great carbo nate excitement of Leadill?. The unfortunate man bethought him of the sepulcher of poor old Tray in the far away carbonate deposits of Colorado. He came back and found the "stake which protectors had regarded as marking a "claim," and now sjendft his time at a first-class hotel tlainking mint julejw. A Poor Woman's Gift. A poor Irish woman went to a venerable priest in Boston last week, says tlc Pilot, and asked him to forward to Ireland her help for the famine sufferers. "How much can you spare?" asked the priest. "I have 100 saved,'' she said, "and I can spare that. The priest : reasoned with her, saying that her gill was too much for her means, but she wan firm in her purpose. It would do her good to know that sire, had helped she could rest hap pier thinking of the poor fami lies she had saved from hunger and death. The priest received her money with moistened eyes. "Now, what is your name?'' he asked; "that I may have it published." "My name," said tho brave soul, counting over her money; "don't miud that, sir. Just semi the help, and God will know my name."