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The Cairo bulletin. (Cairo, Ill.) 1872-1878, June 01, 1875, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85033413/1875-06-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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Jlrpp orcrylhlnfi norlainhi: to
ilia lino of Hfnploimd Vimcy !to
jeripu, wooilonwarc, Vo;otnbloH,
IVuttii, &c., &c.
Bass and lnjyrubor
'J?LaG.eizig Tcioclo,
Aggct and Opal
M A R B E L I S,
Bollc and lurn boundc
Fur Boiso and Gurlz.
Jumping Roaps,
Krowkay Oots,
J&. Htorso for S do.
i:i:jm. iuta'it. amj.xt.
Real Estate
Laud Anuutu of tho Illinois Cnntrul and
Iiuillnuton una Uulncy K. It.
North Cor. Sixth ami Ohio J.ovoo,
Dolloctors mid Conveyancers.
OFI'ICE-At the Court IIoubo.
Wew-York Stove
Goods Sold Vory CJoso.
Corner 10th St. md CotmnurciiU Av
C. 0. PATIER & CO.
II l-JJ L 1- i '
3ullotla Buildlnir, Corner Twelfth Stroet
nd WoUinuton Avonuo,
Cairo, Xllixxolo.
tfCountyiiaa nullrowi Woik eiwlftlty.
, .j i caw
Offlco, l!..UoUn. TOvtlliUncr. Carlos .Jiroot o.m.3.
VO L. 7.
mu lu! In It iv.
Di'illnilloii nh :,nl HMitnln.v. .Mny "i't.
Oration of JoVj II, Obcrly.
.Mr. Obcrly unlil:
I'r.M.ov('iM7.iWfi: Tile eminent gon
lloinoll Holintor l.ognil, Ogloeby mid
Muitnii who were t-vpoetod in ttddrcm
vou Upon lid orcii'Iou, could not make
ll convenient Id lie present. At 1 1 le
iiict til' tho committee, niHili' to mi' only
it lew day ngo, I oonscnbil to Biipply, lii
llii' .conlhigonoy Hint hn nrlcn," the
jiliiiv of llii' ilintliixiililxil orators I linvc
imini'i). Tlml I will do W) to your .-ntK-lactlnn
I iId not b('llr: : litit, iniili'i' tin
olrniiil'tiuiWH, you will, I Imvi; no iloiiljt,
llMcii to mo Willi palli'iii'i', ninl pn
Jiiilmeiit, Willi Iciili'iit irltlclnni. iijioii
wImi I Mmll Hiiy.
On lY'lirimiy 111, 1S7U, Hon. N'imMoii I'.
Cnci-y, nl ilih fount v. lln'ii ii int'inld-r oi
tin' lloii'i- of (Ji'ri'wiittlv In tin' O'l'ii
finl Affinlily, Inli-oilnriil nnil IdiiI ro
Irriiil to tin- nnnroiirliitu i'oiiiinllti.c, ilio
lollouln- bill;
Wiikiikim.TIio Ttili'ml .'ovtTiimcnt him
niivliaM.il a plat nl' jjroinul nwir Moiiml
City, ami Im cniil to Ik; IiiuIimI Hhti'
tin- M'limlns or i.l(j:i brave ini-ii, who li'll
In ili'lcii'liiii; tin- prini'lpli". oftlif roiikll
tutlon ; ami wln nin. in said i-cmi'tfrv
miiiiy fiftlii'Mtiii or Illinois nlw p tlicfr
iai hii i'p; nun wm ri'iii, It N liul n ju-t
mid lilting trilmti.- to tlit-lr iin-nioi-y tlmt
tin- stiiti' of Illinois lumUl 1'ivci upon
Mililnmuds ii Miitablu monument; tlii'ir
I'uri' :
.Sixrio.v 1. Tlio irovornor niiuniiit
tlini' t'Uiiiiiil'hloiiiTri, wlio.i' duty Ii hall
hi- to nilopr a uItnMt.' diiBljrn nod n plan
lur ii iiionuuii-iit to lx creeled unun the
ground- of (In. uatlounl ivtm-U'ry n-nr
.Mound (Itv; and micli .;i)iiiinlsIoin r
iilf by tills net, r'inpoiveiiHl to receive
tiropotiU and wnitmet ftir tlie ereetlnn
and coinnletlou thereof: Vor..- tlie
kinii' uliiill not oo'it toi'MniMl Sij.OX).
i:c. 2. I Iw Maid e.jintnl-loneri are
onipowerud for and on beliull ol' the
tnte of llllnol-, to i'ihiIVt with the proper
oIllceiK ol the ''ovornmeiit and uareu
I1IMIII tlll'tltC IlirMlill IllOIIUUlellt.
Sue. 3. l'"or tho purpo' ol ineotln
tilt: cot r the eon-lriH-llon of ."aid moil
tinient. tho mm nrSTi.OOO, U. lierebv ajt
proprlatcd out of tho state treai-in-j-, and
the auditor of public accounts U licreliv
luthorix'd to diiiw lii warrant on the
Mate trcuHiry for 'aid amount, out of
my money nut otliernl-e aniiionrliitcd.
upon the eertilicatc of the (!Oininl--!oni r
appoluti d under the provi-lon- of thU
act, irom time to lime, a may lx; nit'O'!
snry, during the proiv.-ii of "tho work:
IVurUlai. no money chall Im; drawn under
lln.'provli'lons lii'rtfol. prior to the lirt
day of April. 1S7J.
On March V' lollowinir. Urn hill imswil
the lloui'. :i voles bfln lu the iilllrin-
iitlveand II In tint negative
On April 10. liillowiiiL', the bill pa'-ed
the Senate, 31 vole ImjIiil' lit the ulllrin-
:itie and" In the ne-ntlve.
tin April II. Hie bill va approviil by
the Ciovcrnor, and was In Torco .July 1,
On.Ianuary 10. 1-x I. (iovenior lli'ver-
Id'e appointed lion. .1. Willis of .Me
tropolis amlMes-is. Win. 15. llambli'tou,
of ilound City, and William A. I.ouney.or
lolniMiii, eoiiimi''iouers to muni inc
'i'lie eomnilf-ion wan organized In .May
and the cuutnn't for the work tut In Juno,
following, to htnory iv Co., ol raducnli,
ntuekv. who very eneruetleally proke-
euted Ihe work to completion.
This, brlelly, h the history of the beauti
ful monument you purpo-e to now dtill
e.ite to the memory of the heroes who
livp in the national Cemetery close at
(IT.st ion's .M answi:i:.
Wliv did tho iieonle of Illinois, in
fiei'.er'al Asrcuibly-convcneil. appropriate
money to imiiu tins monument? ny
ire vou here to-day to dedicate it. N ny
have vou broni'lii In your hands the lra-
rant ilower.s ol hprliiif to make beauti
ful the "Rives of tun dead burled here?
Who were tliev that thee honors -liouKI
be paid to their dii'-t V The i!e.id;aro every
where, tlraves furrow the earth, the
L'real tomb of man. and raeh contains
but a linmllill ul iiu-t. l tlie iiu-l ol tlie
lead of this cemetery mure precious than
that of the dead of the villain) chinch
vtirdV of the dead of the more preten-
ilou- cemetery ot the biiitliui' city 't of
the dead who sleep
Wliiir1 rolls tin- Hiiitoii. nml lirarj no mhiihI
Sum' IiU iU'n ibflilm;'.' '
In "raves not lionoied by mouuineuts
like tills, not ilislliiKul-hed annually by
theiiresciiee ol niullllnilo- who comu Willi
lloral decoration- lor them in graves
iiik't lu the Min-lilne and the darkness,
imremembered save by tho-e who knew
and loved them, repo-e the a-hei of men
ii , 1. 1 tt'titiii tti-ii in iiiiwUipiiiiiiiit liiHiiitiiti-
llllll I, Will' II .111.1 IIIIIIVIH.IIIMI I II. II II I I ,
were true to duty, and with kind hearts
tiuil open hands lived faithful to the
olden l.ule moral heroes ol private
Hie who-o iniinuuienifi are tne inuuences
tlieylhave left behind liieni tiielrood
works that were not imvieil with tla-lr
Here, however, sleep greater than
those live thou-aud oim lumilred
sixty-tluce brave men who fell defcudhi;;
Ilie luiiieinles of the constitution, devo
tees of patriotism, of nil forms ul liero-
lsm the inot uuselllsli. Thev died lor
their country, and their reward Is the,
urutltudc oft he nation, to which this umu
itiueni w in give iiiysue iiueraiice, not oui
of lis iiouilerous and maiblejaws, lint in
a silent lanj'uaiio more potent than hu
iikiu wonU.
niK sAcr.incr. or iiu: i'kivatiis.
At Ilclmont, I'oit Dnunelson. Slillnl),
Vicksburtf, and on other llelds, tliey fell
went down In lliu tumult of battle. Must
of ihein died without even the hope ol'
posthumus liime, forcibly called by I.iTkv
"the mo.-l vcllned and siipersensual of all
that can bo called reward," and "tho
martyr's ec.-tacy ol hope had no place in
tlielr dying hour."
It Is true the common s-oldlers that fall
In any great caue am not forgotten tu a
uinss.'bul few of them are ichienibercd
as Individuals. The lollv ver?u Is bulldod
and the rhetorical line written, sacivd to
tho memory of tho great soldiers of an
tiquity; but who remembers Ilio ho-H
upon who.-u sacilllced lives was built the
grand monument of their
fanie'i1 lu France .still laughing
though In woo by all her pleasant rivers,
lu all herdellghtlul valleys, on all her
vine-clad hills, in her cities and villages
and hamlels. Is cherished a name that
once "kled Hie woild a sky fioiu wlih li
fell the lightning of the ftwonl,
"Sciililiijt tlie mbiii ef Hip world 'Irawn
In liiiriilnjt, by lliutiii'lal nfu cmn"
but who remembers the bravo men, Unit
believing Napoleon In be France, on
Inunlilei baltle mil, with shouts ol Ha-
trIotlm.dieil ns'lliey had lived, brave and
true? Ilv the placid lakes and on tho
hi athercil hills offjeolland. still tvWnuidrf
Die nue-lis of the names of Wallace, and of
llruee. but w ho remembers the Scots Who
bled with Wallace and whom llriici' so
olteiiled? Here In America, and under
i'M.ry ky in which the bird ol fame has
lliiwu. the name of Wn-hlngton Is hon
ored; but who can mention the names of
thr heroes that lell lu the lm I tics In which
were achieved our ludciieiidenci'i' And
the brave men who sleep hero I lice pa
lilnls who died Hint the government
v. as iluzton iave to us inlubt be pi-met-
liabsl what Iihs l'mui'to do with their
names UN trumpet peals forth the
the name ol limit mid Sherman lu every
corner of the ciirlh, but how few of the
naiinn of lliii' they lei in tlie morni "i
battle to wounds and death gnuv the
blatant mouth of the world! Yon can
count them without trouble. In a
lew years more ami our children may
miiuiHT them upon thu lingers
or one hand. Hut you our heroes In
ahes ! vou Who 'eep beneath tlie-e
waves ot llowcr-deel.ed earth you shall
not U' wholly lorgotteu ! A grateful
poopl" linve iletermlued to perpetuate
emir iifiiiii.j If iwilrfi lntm will lint
mouth them In the market place, and
give Ihcin to poetry and rhetoric as pre
cious Jewel i to adorn verse and declama
tion, mi' poop in oi mo rcpuijuc win, ns
we do tiMliiv. bid the granite of our hills
speak them in quiet places to generations
yet unborn nud lell Hie story ol your
The granite blocks ol this monument
have, hidciil, been made vocal. A lew
month- ago, they were in the quarries of
(icorgia, whore tliey had n-ted for un
told i-eiitiirles. When they were uncov
ered, they suggc-ted to the mind of llllll
who looked upon them no Idea, except
ol the mystery of the creation, lint man
iooi; inuin, rougu ami silent, irom tiicir
resting places, and mrricd them to his
workshops, where hi- chin;! fa-hioucd
tiiem iutoiiietrpre.M.'iitproportlou. beau
tilled them nud carviil iqion them human
name, -j nen tliey were Drought here
and placeil over the allies of those wjio hi
uie ie-K)inie.l to tho-e names were
niadi' a iiionumeut sacivd to their mem
ory, and which, with a moit wonderful
toii'Mle. Mieakfi of their vutomus
ilii'ds and Iifi'-i.acrlllelng iiatriotl.-m.
lake the statue that sits In the
mid't of a nlnlu near old Cairo.
'Mrene and vigilant, still keeping tin
tlreil watch over the lapse of ages" and
the eclipse of Kgypt." and which, In tho
olden time, sent lorth, from lips of stone,
a voice of uin-le to the morning sun, so
shall this monument. .M. ninon-llke. sing
the prai-e.s ol the heroes It commemo
rate.-; but, unlike the statue of ancient
Kgypt, It will never lo-o its voice, nor will
It be ever dumb. It will speak forever
to all w ho shall come to hear .Mciunon.
what tun Titi:v no?
"Tire thoil-aml one hundred slxtv-
tliree of the brave men buried luthlscem-
etry," k:iy the nronmblu of tho (.'si'-ey
mouumeut act, "fell defending the prin
cipled of the constitution." What are
limy? union linn noeriy, one uuu ui-i'iia-rable
the government of the people, by
Ilio (icople. for tin people. tV e may illl
rcr about the tarill'and the currency and
Internal Improvement. upon an infinite
variety of otherqilestlons but there inil-t
be no dlU'oreiieeoii the subject of the L'ntou
ofthfje States and the liberty oi the cit
izen. Tlie-e are the pillars ol the Con
stitution, and 11 any Sampson or mi-
clilet should ever tear tiiem itown. me
temple of the Kepubllc will fall with a
cra'h and all our Iioik-s be crushed.
union out or w.u:.
"The i'nlon: It must ba preserveil!"
rang from the lips of Jackson, years ago,
and his hand made motion to grasp the
sword ; but Jitt before the War of Seces
sion was Inau-'iirated. tho Ijcllef pre
vailed very generally throughout tho l!e
publle. that the Union could not bo pre--ervcil
by the sword. Douglas declared
that war was disunion, and his words be
came a common echo in the land. "If tho
mailed form of Civil War shall ever ap
pear In tho ltepublie." iall timid pa
triots, "tho I'liion will be destroyed, and
the lair features of Liberty be beaten by
the clenched hand of .Military Power Into
the ugliness of Despotl-m."
Kvents have not luitilled these aser
tlnns. for out of war has come true Union;
and tho:o who look back beyond the late
eontlict of arms, now know, that Micro
existed, for many years bcloro tho .South
ern States took up tho sword, no real
Union between the North and South.
The Union of the constitution had been
destroyed by the fell spirit of
Sectionalism, that was bum of tho
womb of Slavery, and sat with its
mother, as ugly as she. shaking Its dart
and execrating Freedom. Ho of the
North who paoil to the South before
the war, felt that he was a stranger hi a
strange laud. The moment ho cros-ed
the imaginary Iluo between the Northern
and Southern States, the knowledge
c.iuie forcibly to him that ho wa among
people who 'did not sympathise with the
seutlnienu of the pconle of his section
among people proud and Jealous of In
stitutions he deprecated, who applauded
what he dl-approvcd, and denounced
what he levereiiced.
There was. Indeed, as much bitterness of
leellng existing between the North mid
South before tho late war. as ever existed
between Franco and Fuglaud, when those
two countries were mortal enemies and
kept F.uropo constantly In war or hi dread
of war. "There was a time," says
llueklo lu the Introduction to his Civ 1
l!ltorv ol Ihigland, "when every honest
Fugll'lunau firmly believed hu could
beat ten Frenchmen : a class ot beings
whom he held In sovereign contempt, as
a lean and stunted race, who drank' claret
Instead of brandy, who lived en
tirely oil' frogs." Our people have
not lorgotteu there was a
time when the Southerner llrmly
believed ho could heat leu Northern men,
and held the people of tho North lu con
tempt as a race of despicable and cow
ardly beings who drank cider Instead of
whl-ky, nud lived entirely oil" cheese.
Wo were holllo people-, bound together
bv n compact that was labeled tho Union,
but which was i weak thread. Tho
progress of Improvement, by bringing
the two countries closer together the
mere forceof Increased contact dls-Ipated
tho foolhli prejudice. exhtlng between
l.'i'iiiieii mill iNii'lanil. mid lieido tbein
friends hy teaching thcin to respect each
...1 ..... .V...H...I 1.. .1
(iincii oicain, iiipiicu iu iiiij piii
pose.S of traveling, was tho great
peacemaker hi that instance. Hut
not so hero, intercourse between tho
sections was common ; There was no
barrier to trade; hut thu people were lu
name only, fellow-cltl.ens. Tim Yauceys
of tho .South might, It U true, arguolu fa
vor of the doctrine of ScccmIoii nt tho
North, and the Hammonds,
without exciting our icent
menl. denounce our mechanics us
mudsills; but the- uplclnn that the
Northern man lu the Soulh admired
Wendell Phillip "r William
I.oyd Harrison that he hated
slaverv-pWiis resented hy lu-ult, and
sometimes by violence and even death.
Steam could not cure till - ilUc;tc or ha
tred between the section': but the sword,
n medicine wo reared tho hereto treat
ment did.
At the South tin Northman round
slavery dominant and luvdenl, and was
compelled to speak with hated breath lu
Its pre-ence. A monster It wa, that sat
like a blighting rate upon tho posterity or
the falre't lautl the mm hi nil bis eoiiro
looked down upon. It created a favored
class the lords (r tin.' South, who
ruled at homo with absolute
swav nud would not brook' opposi
tion" from any source an oligarchy of
ruleorrulu. It destroyed Ihe Union lu
fact; and when at lastlts votaries inauv
ol them honest but all ml-led attviupteil
to ootmiinmale disunion by theeeroiii'iny
ol Scooselon, the dread the monster hail
created the tear It had Instilled Into tho
public mtnd the perverted lcssoin It had
taught ludiiecd publle sentiment at the
North to declare, that If Hie resistance of
Hie sword were Interposed, all hopes ol
the Union must bo abandoned and tho
pro'ence ol' Anarchy and Despotism an
ticipated. There was therefore Invita
tion at Ihe North, always slow to wrath
and Inclined to walk with steady step hi
tlie pleasant paths or peace. Hut when
a blow had been struck by the South
when Slavery angrily sprang upon Free
dom the spirit ol'the days ul Lexington
nud Concord wasarou-cd.
"Who ilnn. " Ihla win the ntrlot'i crv
"for Iht to lire, fur her toilicv "
A million hin.lifluntjup reply,
A million voirrsinuvmril, "I "
And the Northmen then, with resolute
step, roll hastily Into the ranks or war.
I will not recite tho story ol'tlioeonllict
that en-uial. You all do know It by heart.
For years tho shadow of war was upon
tlie land ; for years tho death angel went
about marking tho lintels ol doors with
the blood or loved ones ; for years the
nol-e of battle rolled among the moun
tain, through the valleys, by the sea, and
valor was exalted. Finally, Victory, liko
:i luminous bird, perched "upon the ban
ner of tho Ill-public, and the Confederacy
went down never to rise again. The
Union was restored, or rather a true
union was created. The people of the
North and South were taught by war to
think more favorably of each other, and
with the destruction of slavery the Insti
tutions of tho Hcpubl!c became homoge
neous. ".Maon and Dixon's line" was
wa.-hcd out lu the blood of Northern and
.Southern soldiers; and to-day the land
across tho river there the lair .Southern
laud Is no longer the landofthe stranger
to the people of tho North. Day alter
day tho fact Is becoming moro apparent,
that out of tlie war has grown, like a fair
and fragrant flower out of a nlo-oine soil,
a perfect Union ol'the States.
lint wo
are told, sonutlnics. that the
goMTiiiiicui is ciianged mat the war
revolutionized our Institutions that the
ltepublie is no longer tho ltepublie of
Washington anil Jellorson that wo bayo
In ii' siead u corrupt desputliin. I ho
Imagination ol" thu evil birds ot onion
who sing this song of woe, might call to
our mind tho picture Dante paints ot a
conflict lu the doleful regions of .Male
liolgo between ' riMut mill a spirit
In human form. md say to us that it Is
tvpieal ol'the results of the war between
the Serpent of slavery nud the Spirit of
"liJt in! IooU.1
Toward tlicm, lo' a scrnt with ix (tel
-prlnps lorth cm One, met fi-trns full iion
And then a transformation !
"Kacli Dii-lteit Intootlier, inlaslln? Imcs."
The two heads became one, and tho fig
ures wero blended Into one form, In which
both of them were lost. Thus,
It Is said by some, lu the battle
between Freedom and Slavery each
melted Into the other tho two were
blended into one lorin tho form of Cen
tralized Despotism In which both were
lost, and that we lu.vo therefore neither
the l.etiublie ot the early times nor that
of the days of the domination or slavery.
Those iioieiui smgers slug an untrue
song. Freedom was not lost In the con
tiler, hut was triumphant. A political
St. George, he placed his foot upon the
uragou, nnu in ins victory was louim tno
consummation of the Republic of tlie
fathers stronger of limb somewhat,
-tcrner It may be, proudor-oyed, but still
tho same ltepublie the boy grown Into
tlie man.
Hut wo cannot hide from ourselves tho
fact that the results of the war have had
a tnaiked effect upon the government
nud tho people. ealth has been con
centrated Into mounded heaps, and
money has obtained undue power. Tho
men of tho bonds and stocks have step
ped Into the domineering shoes of the
old-time slaveholders, ami monopolies
have a-siiincd the ri';ht to rob ihe peoplu
and crush all who ilaro to question the
wisdom of not permitting them to con
tinue lu posse-sion of dangerous
powers, a great debt ha- li'en put upon
tho public shoulders a heavy globo It Is
true, but stiong as those or Atlas are the
shoulders ol the American people. Cor
ruption, like a noxious weed, has grown
lu rank luxuriance out of speculations
that resulted Irom the Ihianelal policy tho
war rendered ncce-sarv. l'eonomyls no
longer tho rule. Ignorance has been
niado an clement In our pullHc, nud the
Idea of tho ccutraliAtiou power has
become familiar to tho people.
There are many evils to ho de
plored, but lu hat nation and
lu what era or the world's his
tory was this not true? Whatever may bo
salil tho liiet remains that
tho liipublic still exlsts-iiot Im
paired, hut strengthened and beautllled.
Still, us when llrnucroft wrote his first
volume, we mav boast that the sov
ereignty of the people lswlthus a con
ceded axiom. Tno laws, e-labllthed upon
that basis, alii eherl-hed with faithful
patriotism. I'rospeilty follows tho exe
cution of even Justice; Invention Is
quickened hy tho freedom ot competi
tion, oui' national resources are devel
oped by an earnest ciiltniu of tho arts of
peace. I'.vci v iu;ui iioij nio tow nun-
of his hidii'try;. every
Mill I?
free to
publldi In convictions, i.ven tho cue-
I .. ... ...1.11,1. 1I...I..
IIIIOS Ol lllO nllllO UIU lieu n piliilisil llicii
opinions undisturbed, llellglon Is
' . . 1.1 t.l I... .1... l!....
. neither persecuted nor paid by tho State
' A ml ,w.ve. also. WO Cllll POlllt to II gOVCI'll
liieut no lunger in pern nuui uiu iiiuiic
tlvo but dangerous doctrines of Ciilliouu
to a euvTi-iiuicnt against wldtli can
not hu thrown tho reproach Unit tho
l.'uloii under It is u rope oi sauu ; unu,
moro than tills, wo can face Christendom
without the color ot siiamu upon our
cheek? and point to n land untainted by
liuinau' slavery, lu which the Declaration
of ludepeudeueo has been vindicated.,
uud all horn lu the llepubllo aro equal In
-waan.itcrt. .A.vmAo.
Political rights. Wo might, with proilt,
have lost, more than we have to (
cure from war u more perfect Union
and the destruction ofMavcrv that tloil
cursed and man-execrated h'it!tutlon of
Inhumanity and Injustice.
to Tin: oiikat nt.vMixo
of n free country we advanced slowly.
War thu war In which lell the bravo
men who sleep lu this cemetery forced It
upon in. At Urol. In tho language ol tho
Crittenden resolution, with general voice
wo demanded the "Union as It wa,"
with slavery undisturbed. President
Lincoln long hesitated to strike at slavery.
"What good," he exclaimed on onu oc
casion, "would u proclamation ofemanel
patlou from mo do at this time V I do nut
want to Issue a document tho whole
world will see must netrssarlly be Inopera
tive, like the Pope's bull against the
Comet." Itut (Jod was wler than the
patriot. Crittenden, or tho leader. Lin
coln. e were led along by thearbltrary
power of ii Higher Will out of the crime
of slavery. "What urn IV" said tho Pre--I'lcnt.
"that l should contest the will of
Ood Y' And ho was compelled to be
come the Oreat Knianclpator. Timidly
he advanced, ills first word was a threat
to tho government of the South, a prom
ise to the slave. "II the arms of the reb
els are not laid aside by the 1st of Janu
ary, isi,:i.'' he said lu September, 1SC-J,
"I will take the sword and knock the
shackles rrom the limbs of the slaves of
the South."
what was lr'r
On the night of December 31, lSOJ,
those of tho slaves of the South who knew
the matter, if in their squalid cabins time
was marked, watched with awttruck
gaze Hie hand upon the dial until it told
the hour of twelve, and tho new- year was
born as they experienced for the llrst
time thu sensation of freedom. They had.
ir, out wnat was it? The simple ml ml of
the negro could not comprehend it. lie
had dreamed of It had built often thoalr
ca'tlo of liberty, a gorgeous castle, full
of splendor anil happiness, through
which roamed angels vvltn golden crowns
upon their heads, shod with sllppcr.s of
silver, harps lu their falrhauds and songs
upon their lips. Freedom to him was
gold a'.Calllbrnla or wealth, a Paradise
of rcitund enjoyment: nud, as the llrst
moment or the Oreat Day was marked
upon the dial, and ho grasped the longed
lur prize, lie wondered that light did not
burst upon III ri t In a Hood, and glory did
not ral-e him Into tlie heaven Ids Imagi
nation had pictured. Ills castle fell stone
hy stone, slowly, from turret to founda
tion; thenngcls melted Into the darkness,
and tho mu-lc ot harp and voice died into
miserable silence. Ilis California lived
no longer lu Ids Imagination, and the
Paradise ho had pictured became the
bleak and Inhospitable world. He was
alone with Freedom and the Night.
lieslde the Ideal of iVccdoni how cold
was the reality ! The freediuau soon as
certained that freedom gave to him no
exemption from labor, but that in the
sweat of his free face he intut earn his
Falling to obtain the blessings he be
lieved he would secure with Ins liberty,
he looked for something cNo tu''l
that lu "" -c.i.o iauot was fortune
nun happiness ; but wheir that nlso
l.oii so-or.'.l to him, the consummation
of his hopes was still In the future.
In tho freedom of the slave and his en
franchisement, the desponding patriot
sees danger to the lEcpublfc, and pro-
cj.-niiu tiiui in uietfo rc'iius oi inn war
will bo lost the ble-slngs lor which the
government fought and soldiers uacrl
iiced their lives. In these gloomy fore
bodings I share not. True it Is that Iguo
rance was enfranchised when the negro
secured tho ballot, and ignorance is al
ways dangerous to tho liberties of a peo
ple" wlio govern themselves. It Is there
fore tho duty of the State, since tho bal
lot cannot now be taken from Ignorance,
lo drive Ignorance out ami enthrone in
tolligoneo In Its place. Tho schoolmaster
has become the nope or the Republic.
That there are dangers In the path
way ot the ltepublie who can deny ! ;ilut
they cannot harm us If wo are true to
ourselves. They aro bound, like tho lions
that roared against Christian, and 11 wo
keen In the lulil.it of the path, no hurt
shall come to us. The future Is certainly
-eeure. The sacrifices made by tho he
rocs who slumber here were not made hi
"My mint! throw wllli'slilnlii-r nuj;iirlv
i! on elide, lirUiit m Clivrtililm,
Willi pil.l. ii lniiii..'U MU'iit, lint uwult
'Ihe signal to blow iiowsof Rood for man."
With the Union vindicated, the great
doctrines of the Declaration ot Independ
ence become facts, ami u whole continent
fur Its theater of action the ltepublie
must porlorcu go forward upon n grand
career. It is the hope of humanity the
refuge of the downtrodden oi all the
Tin; woulp's.
In Ids funeral oration, at Ccrainlcus,
over tno iicau wuo nan iiiiieu in name.
Pericles boasted that tho Athenians were
ready to euiuumulcate to all tho advan
tages which they enjoyed ; that they dm
not exclude tho stranger from their walls,
and that Athens was a city open to tho
human famllv . i'el'erring to tills proud
boast ol'the great Grecian, Senator Sum
ner, said, in his eulogy oi tno lainenicu
llaker tho soldier, orator and patriot,
who fell at Hall's illull that "the saint
boast may bo proudly repented by u,
with better reason, as we coiuuiemorati.
our dead fallen hi battle."
With much better reason may
we repeat the boast of Pericles, for the
ltepublie of America belongs to the
peoplu or the whole earth. It is theirs to
enjov. Haw thorne calls St. Peter's, at
itonie, the cathedral of thu world. Its
doors aro never closed. In thu Whiter
nud the Summer time, day and night.
thev stand open, inviting all to enter, and
on is pavement, stretching '-out iiiinui
able, ii plain of luauv-eolored marble.
where thousands of worshippers might
kneel together, and shadowle-s angels
tread among them wlthoiitbrushiug their
heavenly garments against those earthly
mil's." t'bo man or woman of almost any
nation mny Hud an altu- beroro which he
mav bow a confessional at which, lu
his own language, hu may pour out
Into ears that will lllldcr
stand him, tho feelings of his
heart. "In this vast and hospitable ca
thedral," say- Hawthorne, "worthy to bo
I tho religious heart of thu whole world.
t hero is roo m mr an uiiiioiis, .mi
wrong when 1 say, that wnat ni. i eiei s
i.i.. I..T l..... ,1.11.. ,.l' A iii.irii.'l
IS III ll'llgniUi in'l'iimii. ..ii. ..v..
' is In polities that It Is the politlca ca-
- 1 I .'tl... ......I.I V II to nt-iillli.ltl.lll ItS
l I nil lllill Ul l HO , in hi ii. n .' I'n ... -
lions, and vet how vast ! iti
pavement ! thu broad acres ot
a continent, decorated with mountains,
forests and cities; Its ilomo, tlio( skies;
Its proportions, grand beyond concep
tion. No door bars the entraneu of any
one ; and, to employ tne worus ot uurrau,
"no matter in wnat language ms uuum
may have been pronounced; no matter
what complexion an Indian or an African
sun may (mvo burnt upon him : no mat-
terln vvlint disastrous battle Ids liberty
NO, 139:
may have been cloven down ; no matter
with what solemnities he may have been
devoted upon the altar or slavery, the llrst
moment ho crosses Us thresh old, he
stands redeemed, regenerated, and dlscii
hralled," about him Is the panoply or the
u Vii?"1 I he equal ol the greatest.
Ithlu Its portals dwells the Oenlus ol
lluinan ! ii-edom, and all tho oppressed
or tho world may bow before Its altar
and obtain tho consolations of political
liberty. To such heroes as those who
sleep in the graves of this cemetery do we
owe does Hie world owe the prcsorva-
lon or this great temple from detraction.
I hoy died that It might continue to bless
mankind, and to their memories, there
fore, be all honor paid.
who wrniu tiikv?
They wore not or the common stull
out ot which hired soldiers are made a
body of men got together to kill other
men fur money, when they are bid.
Ihev had not, many or them, read the
noble pa-sago of Cicero, In which he
echoed the common opinion of antiquity,
hut they believed that the love We owe
our country Is even holler nud
more profound than that wo owe
our nearest Mnnum, nud that ho can
have no claim to the title of n good man
who even hesitates to die In Its bohair;
and, when tlie alarm was sounded, they
rallied irom the hills and plains of the
North-4'rom .Maine and Massachusetts;
from Connecticut and New Hampshire:
Irom New ,lerey and Vermont; from
Ohio and Indiana; from Wisconsin ami
Iowa; from Minnesota and Michigan;
and from the prairies or our own beloved
The falr-lmlreil boy was among them,
and, ns ho leil the paternal roor, the tears
of mother, father ami sisters fell In
showers ot sorrow ; the young man In Ids
vigor, of high aspirations and great
hopes, tore himself from tho loud em
brace of mother and nearer one still
and dearer one; the husband ami father,
clasping wife and children to his breast,
marched forth into thebattlo; and even
the gray-lialrcd man, his patriotism
making him young, from underneath Ids
own vine and tig tree, went forth to defond
the llag of the tree heart's home and hope,
"Alas I nor wlu nor children more
shall they behold, nor friends, nor sacred
home." Where the battle was llerccst
they fell, martyrs to the causo of their
country. AH that remains of them rests
within this hallowed ground.
"IU the How of Uinlnliinil rltiT,
VVhoiiiv Ilie Diets nfiroii h(Hf (lid,
Where Ihe lilvln ol the Knitc-gnui quirrr
Afti-cp ore ths wnks ol the limit."
l'eace U their manes, heroes of the
Union !
And now. with tho recollection of the
sacrltlces made for us and posterity by
the slumbering; heroes of Ibis burial place
iresii in our hearts, with all revcrenceanil
yet with patriotic pride, wo dedicate this
monument dedicate it to the memory ol
thu soldiers whose valorous names are
carved upon It In letters of granite to
mo memory oi uicse our ueau, our glo
rious dead !
I'rom lltf
Depths of Hit
, v., aUB.2I,!S74
Dit. it. . Vir.iiCK, lluttato, N. .:
Deur Mr : Your medicines, Uoliluu Med
ical Discovery. Dr. Sae,e' Cat'irrh Kcuiedy,
nave proved of tne greatest service, tn me.
Six months iwo, no ono thought that I could
po-slbly live loti". ! h-ui a compile ktlon ot
dl-eisi's scrofula, luaulfctting Itself lu
cruutfon anil !?reit blotches on uiv hand
taat m :uli) such sor?ilit J muJJ uni
my Jifreoiiilicil without caudiu,' mu much
suirerfiig ; ulsj causing swollen glands, ton
sils enlarged, enlarged or "thick neck," and
large nud uumoious bolls. 1 also sullured
from a terrible Chronic Catarrh, and lu
fact I wussodlkci'eU that life vvnsu burden
to tne. 1 had tried many doctors with no
bencllt. I finally procured one-bait ilor.tm
bottles of your (I jldcn Medical Discover
and ono dozen Sugo'a Catarrh Itemed' and
eouiuicucid their use. At llrst, I was bully
dbeouraged, but alter taking four bottles
ol tbo DUcovcry, I lie?an to Improve, and
when 1 had taken tho remaining 1m us well.
In addttiou to tho uso of tho Discovery, I
applied a solution of Iodine to tho Uoitro
or thick neck, ns you edrlso In pamphlet
wrapping, and ft entirely disappeared.
Your Discovery Is certainly the most won
dcrlul blood medicine over Invented. I
thank (i'jil and you, from tho depths ot my
hcatt, or tao great good It Ins done me.
Very gratefully,
Mits. I.. Oiiaitkh.
Most medicines which aro advcrthril as
blood purifiers and liver tncdlclnos contain
either mercury In soino form, or potassium
and Iodine variously combined. All of
these Agent have strong tendency to break
down the blood co,-psucles, and debilitate
and otherwise permanently Injuro the hu
mm system, and should theieloro bo dis
carded. Dr. l'lcrco'stlolilcn Medical Dis
covery, on tho other haud, being composed
of tho lliild extracts ot uatlvo plants, barks
nud roots, will In no ca prouueo Injury.
Its eil'tfcts being strengthening and curative
only. Sarsapanlla, which used to enjoy
quite a reputation as a blood purillvr, Is a
ruiiiedvof thirty yoars ago, and may well
give place as It U doing, to tho mora posi
tive nud vahublo vegetable alteratives
which later medical investigation and dU
cotcry lias brought to light in Scrofula
or King's F.vll, Whlto Swellings, Ulcers,
Lrydpi'las, Swelled Neck, (loltre, Scrofu
lous I illuminations, Indolent Intlanunntion,
Mercurial allootlons, Old Sores, Kruptlons
of tho Skin and Peru eyes as In ull other
blood dbcnsi's, Dr. I'lerco's Uolden Medi
cal Ulsrovery has showu Its great remedial
power-, curing the mo-t obofuito and in
tractable cases. Sold hy all dealers In Hied
Wholesale, Retail and
Wiloox'H Bloolt,
Corner Poplar ami Eluvonth Btreeta.
EQy-nigliost Cash Prico paid for
Hogs and Cattlo.
( Evorpreuont "Rest for tho Woai-y."
1 .Mnllw.i'S, l'lllowj and Iloltei at
Mattress Manufactory,
Cnnier of Nluvlii-nth and I'oiihir lrM-t. N
twts'ii the New York sIoid anil L'ol, Taylor' of
llce, ns follow. Kxcelilor uml Hhuck Mat-
liv.ssi, full Ue, cotton tup,3 ij tecoiui tiz,
culton top, Vi goo.1 plain rtluick Mattre'ie, 1
unit 3 hoiniKg, .ShiKle. und t'rlli Mattrc'ie ut
mlvirciliirleci to nun the hard time. 'In mi
strictly cah. Hlglieit iiult prlc paid r.ir euro
Dluicki. itullreri'd at my laclory
Cdniniisnion Merchant
HAIR, o:, -
Undcr City lUUoaal Bwk,
I K rJ.,,uT.,oU m"ctu
(Succtuort to John H, rhtUU)
Commission Merchants
AU'I Dtulera la
Agenti for LAFLIH ltAHD fOWBtt 0,
:Corar Tntk ftreat ul Ohio
Z, 1). Mntlmas. B. C. Ubl.
And UuenU
Commission Merchant!
Dwltrl In
a& Ol&lo Tjovoe,
K. J. Ayrea. 8. I). Ayn,
FZjO uu
And general
Commission Merchants
No. 78
X. W, I'AllKkn. W, r. ATLKV. J. It. WILD.
(Successor lo Parker A Axley,)
Draler in
nay, Corn. Oats, Flour and Coun
try if roauoo ucnarauy
A ScUlLy,
190 Commercial Avanua, OAJBVO, ILL.
City National Bank
CAPITAL, - - $100,000
TV. 1 H.UXIDAY. 1'ruUUnt.
IUCMtV ,. 1IAI.LIUAT, Vlcal'rtlt.
A. II SAKFOItl), Cutiiir.
VV'AI.TKIt II VSI.01', Aaa't Caihlor.
S. Staato Titloh, U. II, bVxiraiaHAM,
U, I), WiLLiiwnox. Urarirui Biub,
A. II, SArrouo
Exchango, Coin and Unitod Statoa
Bonds Bought and Sold.
DKI'OSIT.S remlTtd ami a general Unking
Enterprise Savings
A. n. RAFFOIlt), I'nMnt.
H. 8. TAYI-Ole. Viet frwidnit.
Vf. 1ITSI.OP, 6eo'yna'I'ttim.
1'. M. IUucnv, CnAi. Giuutru,
r, U, HrocKrLaTn, I'acl O. Scnvti,
J, l. 1'iiiLLirt.
IXTKUKST rlii on drpotlU al Um rata of ill
per ei-ut. per annum, March lit and StcUaa
IwrUt. Inlumt not withdrawn la addtduara.
illHtrly to Um principal of th djiotlu, Uiaeliy
glvlnij them comuound Interest.
Mnrriod Womon and Children may
Deposit Monoy and no ona
olso can draw it.
0ien ttery builiieisilay fromfta.ni. to S p.m.
ami .-nlunlay ev,nlni for laving, depoilu only
nomO to 6 o'clock.
W. HYBLOP.Traatnuar.
TranaaotB all kinds of a Legiti
mate Banning uuuneis.
p. C. CAXEDY, Praatdant.
JIKNRY WELLS, Vice Praatdaat.
tmomab JUKWIH, gaaliur.
T. J. KBt'
, Aaalataat Caabler.
Tow-Boat For Sale
THK fiubiirlber offer for aale the Utmta
TovTlng dtern-Wheel Ua. ! IUmmM.
with engine machinery, uekl. apparel aad
(irnlture a the now lie at tairo, in-"
Her lengthl Hi feel, bei r breadta4 ftat. a
JtetitliSfeettnil mouura tit ttu. Hae Ui I
boiler S4 Ital Ions and 3 nctiea daaMtar, l Uak
iireurBeuilnewlOi cylinder ll
ilameteraidUfteHtokei tad pujapa lH ta
die in dlauater and IT tBCkaa Uoaa aM all
modern InvroTeiuenU.aad U In Ty repee
staunch, tea worthy, and In good asailrtsB a
naTlgatloa. ror term apply W-
CAino,Ul..NoTanlwllM.' TjtSoV'

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