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Honesty of Purpose and Equal Rights to all Men,.wiU jXoVr - " : C'J 511 v,il H 3' ----- - - " -
r : ! ; M -J-i -JLLi vli ALT v ! ii a!J Ji V Ai - - . Uvl I J h
Ijicrald ami ftvifowc.
I'UKLISHED KVEKY THURSDAY BY
DBfCi 'WHEELER Oc ' A J.
DR. 71. S. MAIIOEY.
TEUMS: $2 00 per Annum iu advance.
i. U. M'LIN-
M'LIN" & BLAIR,
JONESBOBO', . . . .TENNESSEE.
X'hompt attention piven to all business
CI1triist-tl to througliout the counties
comprisins: Upper East Tennessee.
OFFICE under Keen's Gallery.
THOS. H. BEEVES, ;
JO!KSBORO .' TEWm.v
"WILL attend to matters .connected with
the purchase of; Keal Estate, Settling
Estates, Collecting Debt?, &e. .
Ofilce Up-Stair; .over". Atkinou's Sil
ver tttnith's tiiiop 7Uau2yl
. Ml'XSO.V, -
T.Iunson 4 Seymour.
- K. 1. KA1LEY,
CashiT of Exrhanue and
MUNON & BAILEY,
Real Estate Insurance
3ft. (CUiim Agents,
Office in Exchange and Dff osil Dank
Building, Cay street.
IT N. GRIFFITH,
ATTORNEY AT IAW, d
Oinc ondr Kern'n Photocraph Olli-ry, in the
H'xnnn of tUo Asistant Aisresor,
WXEL. eive iK-ci:kl attention to the collection of
Otini neniuit the Ciovcrnment.
S. T. LOCI AN.
C. J. ST. JOHN.
LOGAN & ST. JOHN,
Attorneys at Law,
and Collecting Agents.
nAVIVG entered into a Partnership,
will practice iu the various Courts of
the counties of Carter, Sullivan, Vah
iu 't'-i. and Greene, and will attend to
..rilerti.!s. and ail other business 011
trtitef to them. decOtf
S. J. KIRKPATRICK,
HCCVES Oc REEVES,
Attorneys at Law,
A. J. BROWN,
Attorney at Law, mid
Piiom PT attention given to collections iu
E.it Tennessee, and Southwestern Va.
J. T. CAZIER, D. D. S.,
OFFICE TIME : , .
Morristown, Tenn., From the 1st.,
to liith of each mouth.
Jone3boro Tenn., From the 13th
to the last of each month.
DR. C. WHEELER,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON,
Ofllce in tlie Cnrt IIusc, -
O. J. 13 -A- c; 0sT ,
Attorney at Law,
Collections ef sail Uinrts promptly
COsepfitf s, ;
H. H. Wordebangh & Co.,
292 Ealtimore St. '
isr o rr j: o jS" ,
IIOSIEKY and GLOVES, full line of
all irradex. f
M.nsSHlirrS and DRAWERS of all
Fine assortment of Fancy Woolens
and Fancy Cioods Ceneratly. .
Ve invite attention of Merchants visit
ing Ball imore to our Stock. c
c. A. NASH,
W-. W. BAXTER.
BAXTER, IT ASH & CO.,
No. 4, Commercial Row,
NORFOLK, 1 VIRGINIA.
ALL Orders promptly Idled at JOwe.-i
Cash market rates, 011 day received. A '
J. B. BLAND & CO.
1321 Cary between 13tlabd Uth Sts.,
BICIIMOXp, VA. " ' . . :
For the sale of WHEAT, COKX BA
CON'. FLOUlt. and all descriptions of
-OUNTKY 1'EOnUCE. t irain"Bai?s
furnished 6hippUcntiMi and liberal CASH
vauee MiiwJu. Produce in hand. .
X. J$. Wo have a general agency, for
, fifteen Tobacco Factories. Ut the cily-PJ
. ilichiuonci and can. furnish f 1kwIp and
'noki!itoaeco at manufacturer"? l'ricep
Kf,julr7m0. ; t;'r: '7 '
.) -T VILLE AD VER TISEMENTS.
A the Passenger Depot,
it loxmlle. Ten.
rpil . undersigned having Leased the
JL ..ove IIoufe for a term of years,takes
pleasure in annouticinr the fact to his
friend-, and the public. It has been placed
in thorough repair, and all necessary im
provements made to render guests com
fortable. . jAiUES BELL.
W. D. Wiley, Clerk. 1 " Proprietor.
HARDWARE , V
' . 70tl5jl-
Gillespie & Co.
Wiiolesaee Dealers Ix
Foreign ' and Domestic
DRY , GOODS,
FANCY COO S,
ETC., ETC., ETC.,
70may"inG A '
Games & Bro.,
Ktfof BOOTS. -j, HATS,
LEATHER a n d FINDINGS,
TRUNKS and TJLIBRELT-.AS,
Ci n v Street,
Atkin & Coffman,
DEALERS iN THE'
E X C E LS I OR
: COOK STOVE,
Hardware, Tin-Ware, Pump3,
AND MAXCTACTCREBS OV "
Tin and Sheet-Iron "Wares,
70m.-ytf i -
R. S. PAYNE7& COT,
(NEW YORK BRANCH,)
Manufacturers and Jobbers of
FUR ATVIJ WOOL IIATS,5
Caps, &c.j &c. .
1870. GUNS. 1870.
STACY & ANGEL,
Manufacturers of Rifles, ;
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
GCAS, PISTOLS AXD CARTRIDGES,
Sporting Articles, and Gun Materials, G.
I), and' Water. Proof and Musket
Caps, Pocket Cutlery, Fish
ing Tackle, Shot, Lead,
And every other article usually found in a
First Class Sporting House.
Agents f r the ORAXGE RIFLE POW
DER. A large lot of Powder and Fuse
always cm: hand.
We have good workmen are prepared to
d repairing of all kinds.
RIFLES MADE TO ORDER.
We are -till buying old arms. Send for
price list. Orders solicited and carefully
i . STACY & AXGEL, '.
70febl"tr . ' : .
O. W. MAi.ST, C. TURNER, J.A.MAURY.
M AB11Y,TURNER & Co,
(Successors to A. a. JACKSOX-A CO.,).
No. 44, Gay SUr ' "
' ' DEALERS IN
Field; and Garden Seedsr'Plas-
: ter, Cement, Salt and
A, Fertilizers.,; .,
Prompt .ittention will be gi-en to eon
Mgunient, of GRAIN, and COUNTRY
Producj., and liberal Cash advances
made on -;ame. -;
' TATf.on Ilcoa., 17, Wall St.,N. Y.
IC. M. JlcCi-rja, CaMiMT lirot
REFER TO- National Rank. Knoxville.
-j I Jon. It. Mitchell. Oislncr Fco-
pie's Bank, Knoxville.
J. S. KHEA.
Drs. RHEA & HARRIS;
thin, of uuif
both sides. (
i . All work ai
and State Str
tea pnt.irp;on Dr.'f Stack's
(far superior to the. former
) by which they are made
riii thickness, elastic and
il 1 polisfi, like enamel, on
all at our olHee, ud esara.
W without pirn. Iy we of
ui.. ..hVk w.n4M "ffikeii
by every boil 5-. ; T '
1 operations In Dental Sci
in the best smd latest style;
Church street, between Gay
u: ' 1 (70jnn30ff i
ROYAL B A. VAN A LOTTERY,
Prizes cashed mWn formntion furnished
by GTEOKGE ,'PHAM. Providence, K. I.
.T..t 1 , ; j; ;7foetlVgprAeo. .
JONESBOROUGH, TENNESSEE, TIIU11SDAY, OCTOBER 27, is70".
: 11 - r . 1 - ! ?
LYNCIIB URG AD VERTISE.VEXTS.
CORNER TH ANT) CHURCH STS.,
-' LYNCHBURG, VA
T. C. S. FERGUSON, Prop'r..
Offers Accommodations to the Travelling
Public not surpassed ' by ahy Hotel in
Virginia.- AAA- -
Low. Charges, IGood Fare, and Careful At
tention. Omnibus Free. . -
70mar24tfA, . . v '
A - ' ' ' ' '' ' " ' ' 1 s 1 :
wfi. c. jtowi.i,'A. tof S. S. Davidson, k Co.
ft. m. DArip8ol j.ateorS. R. Duvidiiou k Co.
. w. xw i.is.i.T--X.TitB wtfa Robinson & Co.
NOWLIN & CO.,
v (Succfessors to Si S. Davidou & Co.,)
Grocers, r .
, . ,ASD WHOLESALE DEAEERS IX
Canned Oools, Confeetionaries, Pickles,
Sauce.?, Preserves. Foitigu Fruits,
Cigars, &c.y 3te.
Agents for tlie Jamieson ISteam Bakery
(Alexandria, Va..) 01, Main Street
-70may5yl i .. '
1 9r BAKKELS Pure old Cider Apple
X.uO Brandy, on Consignment.
70sep29t. LEE, TAYLOli & CO.
7r BARBELS Pure Old Tvockbiidge
f fj Countv, Va.. live Whiskv.
70sept29tf LEE," TAYLOU fc CO.
Baker's Pure Old Kye
70Sept29tf LEE, TAYLOR & CO.
1 A BARRELS Hanger's Pure live Whis
1" " ky. warranted three years old.
70sept20tf LEE, TAYLOR & CO.
BARRELS White's Pure Bockbridze
1 U Countv, Va., Rve Whiskv.
70sept2ytf LEE, TAYLOR & CO,,
B A R Ii E L S Lac-key's Pure Roek
bridsre Countv. Va.. Rve Whiskv.
sept2!nf LEE, TAYLOR & C'O.
B U S II E L S, each, New Crop
Clover and Timothv Seeds.
7Usept2!Hf l.Kli, TAVLUK&CO.
I ff SACKS Liverpool Fine Salt. 1500
1JJ Bbls Thoniastown and Moun
tain Lime. 700 Bbls fresh ground James
River Hydraulic Cement. 100 Bbls. Cal
7()jun!ctf LEE. TAYLOR & CO.
BEXBT ir(l'.MlLIKR. men OrlKMirtFE.
Late of Tennessee Of l.ynchbut, Va.
H. cosk, of Jonesboro. Tenn.
G UG G EN II K I M E R, CONE & CO.
OENERAL commission merchants,
XO. 22, COMMERCE STREET,
Keep constantly . on hand a general
stock of Foreign and Domestic Groceries,
Liquor. AcM and solicit Consign meiitf of
Merchandize, Country Produce", Tobacco,
ifcc, &c. tci the sale and prompt return
tor which our every attention will be paid.
70j:ni jni 1.
w 1 t II
Wilson, Burns & Co,
30 S. Howard Street, Cor. of Lombard,
33 alt imore.
We keep constantly on hand a large and
well assorted stock of Groceries, suitable
for the Southern and Western trade. We
solicit consignments of COUNTRY PRO
DUCE, such as Cotton, Feathers, Bees
wax, Wool. Dried Fruit. Fur Skins, Ac.
Our facilities fordoing Business are such
as to warrant quick sales and prompt re
turns. '-All orders will have our prompt
J. W. ATKINS,
Manufacturers and Jobbers of
HATS, CAPS, and STRAW GOODS,
272, W. Baltimore Street,
Baltimore, -.- - Md.
Wm. D. Barrett, J. D. IIiogins.
70ui?2.tf , -
IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE
FOREIGN AM) DOMESTIC
Xo. 10, K. HOWARD, STREET.
hlvFBik' I BAL.TI3IOREA
i r r ;" "t f - . j'tnelCyl
Pianos ! Pianos ! Pianos !
SEVE GOLD IflEDALS WERE
Jit late F.airs held in the South in. Octo-
'-bcr and November, 1SG9, to 1 ' '
CLas. 3iv; StM;
For the best PIAXOS, ovpr r
Baltimore, Pliiladrlpliia and New
- - : - 1'orli. Pianos. -v
Office and New Wareroom. No. 9, North
, . Liberty Street, above Baltimore :
Street, Baltimore, Md.
STIEFF PIANOS A
Have ail the latest improvements includ
in"the AoR-tEE Treble, Ivory
'Fronts, and the. Improved - -
fully warranted for live rer; with privi
from 850 to e300.
ki2(f"er uhoJinve oriPiano in Use.
' GenR. E. Lee; Lexington; Vfli; On.
"Robert Ifansom, Wilmiuflrton, N. V. Gen.
D. II. Hill, Churlorte.-N.'.;' Gov. John
Ietcher. Lexington, Va.; Bisliop VHmer4
N'ew Orleans, I,a.; T. 11. i.Tau.' x. 11.
Clark, and Dr. Alexander Neil son, Mor
ristown. Teiin.; John L. Rhea. Knoxville,
Tenn.? Gen. T. I. Arnold, Grceneville,
Tenn.; Gen; J. C. Vaughn, Sweetwater;
Ten.: -Jobn W; Goddarfl, Sweetwater,
Tenn.; A. Gains Knoville, Tenn.-viTjr.
. ,8eivd for a Circular containing 8(X) names
of persons w ho have putvhascd the Stieff:
1'ianos in io ""uvhj :vt hit: t t
leeof exenange wiiiuitiie miMimy u
not entirely satisfactory to purcJiasers.
Second' fraud Pianos and Parlor Organs
GANS, LEIBMAN & CO.
JOS. L. BERO, ' MEYER GOLDSMITH,
LEONGANS, LEON LEIBMAN.
TOseptSyl . - f
BAHCIIOFT & CO,
. - ' IMPORTERS . AND JOBBERS
Or Staple and Paney Dry Gals,
Clotlis, Cassimeres, Ulankrts,
Linens, White Goods, Hosi
ery, &c, Ac
NosT, 405 and 407 Market Street,
.-Above Fourth, North Side," -
. PHTT 1 A DELPHIA.
70jun9 " " ' -
WILSON & STEWART
KO. 201 K0RTU FRONT STREET,
.' "' CORNER RACE STREET, " ' "
Consignments solicited of Dried Fruits,
Beeswax, Feathers. Seeds, Roots. Furs
and Southern Produce Generally. :'
70july7mo. - .. .
MELLOR, BAINS & MELL0R,
HOSIERY, S5IALL. WARES
,.u ;AVliite Groods,
Removed to the N. K. Corner Fifth and
Hugh T. Taggart,
Attorney at Law
'oUcitov of Claims,
WASHINGTON - D. C.
All Business requiring the services of an
Attorney at the seat of Government
promptly attended to. 70may5tf
R. W. WALKER,
QW 'OIL AIMS,"
P. 0. Eox 559, WAS1IIXGT0X, D. C.
All business entrusted to his care will
meet with prompt attention.
Correspondence from Attorneys Solici
ted. Rest of references given if required.
Military, naval and general
Clias. F. McGill,
Attorney at Law and Solicitor for
Washington, . D. C.
Continues to attend to Claims, especi
ally those growing out of the late war,
before the several . Departments and
Courts of the. United States; Pensions
due Soldiers, Otlicers of every grade.
Seamen ami Marines, and the Widows,
Children and heirs-at-lw of those who
have been killed or died from wounds or
sickness contracted in the service; Re
cruiting and Quartermasters' Claims;
Claims" for Steamboats, ar.d craft of all
description, used, rented, or destroyed
by Government; Horsec, Cattle;, Fodder,
Corn, and all kinds of property taken for
Government purposes in the Northern
and Southern States; Mail Contractors'
Claims, and tlie Claims of late Posf; Mas
ters. North and South. . 1 s '
Claims, for property seized by the
Freebneu's Bureau Treasury Agents,
and for the recovery of abandoned prop
erty, promptly attended to. " '
. Particular attention given to Claims
for a Refund of Internal - Revenue Tax
and Customs Duties erroneously assessed
and paid. Railroad accounts and Claiuis4
on Foreign Governments.
liountv and Uoiinty Land obtained un
der all existing laws, and laws that may
hereafter be made. : -.
Claims before the Departments, Con
gress, Court of Claims, and Supreme
Court, in the hands of distant attorneys,
requiring the service of ai. agent in Wash
ington, are requested, and will be ener
getically prosecuted on the most; liberal
terms. . - 1 - :
Suspended cases, of whatever nature,
whether of long standing or recent-date,
are solicited ; also, pensions, suspended
by. reason of the late war, revived iu, the
several States. . , . , , . ,
Our long residence at the. seat of Gov
ernment, lauiijiarty with the offices, and
thorough daily practical experience in all
the Departments, well qualify us for the
prompt and. 'energetic,' discharge ot nil
business placed in our hands. - :
References : lloiv.Kugnte-Cnssady,
S. Senate;; Hon. S. 'P.; CbawJCJiief
Justice, U. S. ; Geu. W. T. Sherman, U.
S., A. ; Hon. II. M. McGill. late Gov.;
W. T. Olympia ; Hon. Juo. Sherman, U.
S. Senator. Ohio ; Hon. S. C. Pomerov,
U. S. Senator. Kansas; Hon. W. B.
Stokes, U C. ; JudgG. W..-Clinton
Iiuflalo, N. V. ; . E. -N Griffith, Esq.,
Attorney Jit Law and Agents through
out th eountry w ho desire to form an en
ergetic Branch Agency at Washington,
which will be of.iuutual benelitare re
ijuested to forward business. Detailed in
formation, advice, instruction, and all
necessary forms for every claim furnished
to corronpondeitts.1. Terms moderate. Ad
dress, CHAS-lVMxGlLW P.OBox
609 Washington, D. C Office and .resi
dence 6th street cor.' F. .' 4
Nos. 200 &202 Perm, Ave.
WASHINGTON, D; C.
Best Wines and Liquors at the Baf.
Board & Rooms by the Fay or Week.
. TIIOS. CKEEXf - Proprietor. ;
TOmayStf. " : A AlAllllil '
TirAXTfcb AGK'lS-jf o Vll the OC
WtOTAGOX'iiJBWiXtl.MaCUtNE.' It is icfitsrf, rmakehe'Elastic -Ixek
Stitch and i& warratel.for 5 years. V?oe
.All other nahines with .,an under
feed sold for 415 or less are infringements.
Address OCTAGON, SEWING.,;, JlA
CHINE CO.. St. LohiS.lo.. Chicago. HL,
FtttRbnrjtfu pa-, rvBi?ton, Mass.' pu23tC
:i 1 :
THE TEAR OF GRATITUDE.:
There is a gem more pearly bright,-.. T .
More dear to mercy's eve, 1 - ?
Than loves sweet star whose mellow light,
First cheers the evening sky;
A liquid pearl that glitters where" ' ' "
No sorrows now intrude;
A richer gem than monarcha wear,
. The tear of 'gratitude. . , ,
But ne'er shall narrow love of self.
-'Invite the tribute forth. '
Norean the sordid slave of pelf ' "
'Appreciate its worth: !
But ye, w ho soothe the widow's woe,' "
And give the orphan food, ' i 1 -For
you this liquid pearl shall flow, '
The tear ot gratitude.
Ye who but slack an Infant's thirst
I11 heavenly mercies name,. - r .
' The sweet reward may "felr
Then while you rove Jiljsnnny banks, t
With sweetest How rets strewed, V. !
Still may you claim the widow's thanks
The orphan's gratitude..-.;
: Indian Summer when I . - ; "
BY FREI. S. COZZEXS.;
AVhen the woods begins to change . and
nature like a dying dolphin,' puts on" its
richest hues, and the sunset is gorgeous,
and tlie smoke-like vapor begins to gather
on lake and water courses, and cicada have
hushed their evening" orcestrs A al the
bullfrogs "Jiavc ceased to pipe, and you
sometimes sec, at early dawn. hoar frost
on the meadow tluit is Indian summer J
Or later, when the dried . lea yes" slow
ly winding down from branch to; earth,
atrip the forlorn tree, and the brown" and
sturdy oak rustics bravely." with its . rusty
foliage ; and the green grass is strewn with
the pointed tawny leaves of the chestnut,
and the -highway roads "grow crispAand
echo to the wheels of vehicles and the1 sky
and river seem as if they never could be
so blue, and a thin haze hangs.in the air
then we know that it is Indian summer !
Or later when the trees, are all stripp
ed, and their skeletons stand motionless
aud in the still air, and the open chest
nut burs .still remain upon the ground ;
when all the leaves have been blown iuto
heaps and ridges, and wreaths of smoke
begin to curl up from rural chimneys, and
all the birds but" unusual' flocks of spar
rows have flown, and the, nights are ' cool
with frosty stars, and the da8 humid and
hazy then that is Indian summer I
Or later when the grass begins to grow
gray, and the clouds grow ashy and threat
ening, and the river looks cold and ghast
ly, and the roads are in flinty ridges, and a
flurry of snow has scared away the spar
rows, and coal and kindling wood advance
in price, and butchers grow rosy, and meat
iscxhoildtant, and poultry is firm in price,
and every person - says this is the first
touch of winter ; and, suddeuly, the clouds
break, and the yellow sun comes out like
a bridgrooin rejoicing and warms up again
the dull earth and the hearts of men ; and
the blue vapor is seen again in the heart
of the shadowy woods. Then every bo
dy .says this is Indian summer !
Or later when December has arrived
and wo begin to overhaul the furry robes
of the horses and stable, and horses have
to be carefully blanketed when they cease
to trot, and men find now what overcoats
were made for, and children learn how
kind was grandmother's forethought when
she kuitted the mittens and the wind
howls, and the snow flies, and ' the rain
and sleet becomes blinding, and the light
ning ceases to flash, and the thuuder rto
explode in the sky and then warm and
humid weather re-appears, and the mist
rises and, enveloping with its magic veil,
river, cliffs woods and plain, so that im
agination trieks up the barren landscape
witn nertuigc, nower ana tonage, and we
see in the flushing clouds the roseate hues
of gardens, and once niore the misty plains
seem tempting to' the tooth of grazing an
imals, and the foggy woods seem to be re
loaded with foliage, and the bright squir
rel comes from his hiding place, and now
and then a solitary wasp crawls on ) the
window pane, and we begin to think we
have been premature with blankets, and
we sit by open windows, and let the house
furnace fret itself to ashes, and we begin
to anticipate the mildest of winters, then
every body says that is the Indian summer !
' When, then, is Indian summer? ' Is it
in the full change of the green leaf to the
infinite hues of .October j Is it iu the
November month '
"Er? q'kt tjie frozen earlli the lond winds run,
Or snows ore sifted oe'r the meadows bare,
that it comes, like a plumed and painted
warrior, or is it far beyond this period,
even in the bleak December, that this most
poetical of seasons appears with magic
touch to spread a halo over our American
landscapes? Is it . not a blessed thing
one to subdue the heart with love and
gratitude that we have not one Indian
summer alone, but many ; that during the
dreary months, this beautiful vision comes
and goes, and re-appears and vanishes, not
like the hetic flush of decaying life, but
anticipating as it were, the rosy days of
future summers? Is it not a delightful
source of happiness to know that, even
cmid the cold and tempestuous ; future,
sonie days will be bright and brief seasons
of themselves not singly, but followed
by many other days of gorgeous beauty
a secession as it were of Indian summers?
Is it.au -error to suppose that the colored
foliage is the work of frost or decay. I
have seen the leaves turn", at the appoint
ed scaason, wheu not a crystal bas touched
aitlade of grass when the days and nights
were waruia s many in midsummer. , Jt
is because the time has come for the ripen
ing of the leaf, as it has come ; for 1 the
ripening of the cheek of a Flemish beau
ty, or a Duchess 'DVugoalcme. ' A
, : Thank the. Creator ;f . all seasons ' that
we have dozens of Indian summers between
October and January. 1
, 13ut d i not look for them after the last
day of December,,'; After Christinas, comes
rthe' New Icar, and no more, summers.
But it 'is still a season of hope.': In Janua
ry, when, the sun gcts'strorgcr, .then we be
gin to Hook for, Spring j for the early
.erocua; blooming, amid the snow for the
"resurrection of the- earth" for the tiny
bluebird building its hopeful nest for the
ploughed mould aniLfructifjjngAsbowcrs.
Such, even, is .human life. Many a heart
grows prcmcturely wintry- desolate and
cold, while jjthcrB'in advanced nge carry
with theihn;sort; of frost-bitten bloom, and
live, and bask In an atmosphere of Indian
summers. . ,, - . v ; -.(.
-r A'TOLNO man in Ohio Tfacently opened
a clothing St ere,', and vtras 'sent to1 jail' for
it A 'Jea.'wiithcclothing Store belonged
to another ruaa ut A-Lf. 'ic-:'-. i
ior-.M: '- '" '; ' i r h" '' 1 '-" i-"i
thnt.wbiUfin:;by'ft. monkey ?Vr .vNosir, ;
ithrtw my jvancsfr. -b My eldest xlangbter
had woTffe muiiortunc: 'tne marnen-n
monkey. . .
"Stick To .'
Two successful men of business . were
speaking of some young men of their" ac
quaintance of their capacities and pros
pects.: T, "Young Martin has a fine, opening
before him, and has made a .fair, start'
said one., " ' . r T A " ' ;.
' ' ' "He wont stick to it," said the other.
lle don't lack shrewdness,5 but he lacks
perseverance' l- . - . -...... - ,ir ;
Many young men of adequate 3 intelli
gence and energy fail for want of power
to"stiek to it A, ' ' ; l!A
-f A' reputation for energy and perscver
ancer is the best kind of capital. He who
has; this reputation will never bo out of
e.mplojiment. There (.is in every depart
ment of effort always room for'such men.
How'shall this reputation be acquired?
The best and only safe way of gaining' a
reputation or posscssiug a trait of charac
ter is to possess that trait of character.
If you would have the reputation of be
ing an houest man, be an honest man. If
you would have the reputation for perse
verence," Le persevering. Give your whole
attention to getting the thing to . the re
ality, and let the reputation take care of
itself. , ' , r "' " ' : A' " '
What you need to do is to form the
habit of perseverance. Thii, like all oth
er habits, requires time and effort for its
formation. To ; form the habit of fixing
the attention requires time and effort.
To form the habit of seeing truth clearly,
and in its natural connections," requires
time and effort. To form the habit of ex
pressing thought with clearness, force and
beauty, requires time and effort. Educa
tion consists in the formation of habits.
Among the habits io be formed, that of
perscvcrcnce is one'of the most important.
And j et,: its formation is often left to ac
cident. ; It should .receive definite atten
tion throughout the educational course;
that is, throughout life. , " "
lc careful as to the plans J-on form?
Many form plans , which they never expect
to execute. This is more than a waste of
time. It is : positively ; injurious to the
character. Forjti, no plans' but such as
you intend to execute. Having formed a
plan, etiter upon its:xecution and perse
vere until thffl cud. ' J s
- Some luake' a distinction between im
portant and unimportant plans. The for
mer arc adopted without much considera
tion, and are executed." if convenient. Tf
obstacles arise,' or interest decreases,' they
are abandoned because unimportant. '. It
is true some plans arc more important than
others ; but there are no" plans unimpor
tant so far as the formation of habit is con
cerned. Habit of pcrseverina. of finish
ing, can be formed only by persevering.
The habit of not finishing can be formed
with reference to unimportant as well as
to important matters.
Every undertaking should be finished,
unless it is found to be wrong," or utterly
impracticable. " You may ' be sorry that
yon entered upon it neverthelca finish
it for the sake of the habit. If you re
solve to read a certain book, and find it
less interesting than you .expected, keep
your resolution. ' If 'ou resolve to visit
a certain place, and when the time comes,
feci indisposed to do so, rouse yourself and
go. Do not sayA'I am not obliged to go ;
it is of no consequence whether I go or
not." -That may be true, but it is of con
sequence whether I go or not." That may
be true, but it is of consequence that you
form the habit of keeping your resolutions,
of doing whatever you undertake to do.
There are some whose character is such
that when they enter upon an undertak
ing, men take it for granted that it will be
accomplished. Their entrance upon a
plan is a pledge for its execution. The
reader should belong -to that class. Jos.
AUlcti, D. D. ' i : -A '
Some Features f a Jewish Sab
batli. - -
BT JAMES PARTOSr. ...
From Atlantis Monthly for October. : ' .
Let us accompany a good orthodox
Jewish family through . their calm and
cheerful Sabbath and see how they enjoy
it. I select an orthodox family, instead
of a "lleformed," merely beceuse the ; or
thodox Jew is an historical person ; ' as ho
keeps his Sabboth, as his fathers has kept
it for many centuries. A"""'. 't i '
"The Jewish Sabbath begins on Friday
evening half an hour after sunset, or when
a star ' is visible in the sky.' On Friday,
the day cf preparation," the women and
girls of the Vamily are busy in providing
for the morrow the best food of the week ;
for whatever is eaten or drank during the
joyous sacred hours must be the' very best
the family " can afford. Poor Jews will
piuch all the week in order that their wives
aud children may have something delicious
to eat on the Sabbath. ' But that savory
food must be cooked or" prepared for cook
ing before the Sabbath" begins; for our
Israclitish brethren observe with just strict
ness the law which gives rest "'on the Da
of Rest to their servants. ; They shame ns
in this: particular. They will not use even
their horses on their Sabbafli. ' On a Sun
day, about twelve, m jou may see in front
of Dr. Adam's fashionable Presbyterian
church in Madison square, New York, or
around Dr. Tyngs fashionable Episcopal
church; in St. George's Square of the same
city, from twenty to. forty well-appointed
equippages waiting. for the lasthymuto be
finished ; but you will nvr se a vliolo
before the superb, .Temple Immanuely a
Jewish synagogae in the Fifth Avenue,, al
though theroare many families within who
could ride home, if, fbey . would,, in their
own carriages. ," I do not say .that the Chris
tians are wrong or the Jews right in Ibis.
It is no oue't business but their own. But
if we borrow, the Hebrew's word "Sabbath"
and adopt, verbally, .their Sabbatical law,
oar practice perhaps ought to conform in
some degree to pur, profession. f. It proba
bly does no severely tax. those coachmen
andjfootmen ifo show off, theirgaj tnenouts
and brilliant liveries on, a fine Sunday
morning in theJFiftJi , Avenue. But for
the heavy-lac grudges of the boarding
house kitchen,' aud'the "niaid-of-all wofk in
average fauliliesy.T could wish we were all
Jews, from Saturday night .till Monday
moramgAIt 'li a dastardly shame to coin
pel or'pernut women.' who have faithfully
gorge ourselves with , dainty fixnl- AThe
Je'wg.'avqidfjtfcis7 barbarous tnnnej-f
Tlieir wrvanls'Vcsti on iheir SabbatTi. r
i .lMwfc JoitxsoNV'thi Postmistress of
dy of , thoroughly goo& otanors, soft, apd
rramanly. voiesanjJ Jrec won rotfctujguiesi
tainti btjaCectaioBi: I hf. tfi&:-mp)iJ
eonjplicatfd-HtU Jih'J ijitv wex
never so well perforrtied tref'ff'4
ff. ' r
j1 : 1
A JLetter Troin Jusli llilfincs.
"We are In receipt of the following letter
from Josh Billings, which explains itself :
Orris's ov "Josir BiLtixos Farmers I
i v.iw 2f- t- ; AlMAXAX FOR 1871.: . J
. Mi 'dear Editor: Sum men are born
grate, sum git grate after they are . born,
sum have grateness hove upon them, aud
sum ain't troubled with neither." ' !
' But (mi dear phello) the objektin writ
ing this cpistol iz not this, . but to r inform
you that i shall let loose about the middle
ov Oktober, 1870, "Josh Billings Farmers
Allinanax for 1871." A. " '"
j " No family "who keeps a two bofcacarriagc,
should be without this Allinanax. . A
Az anc-hunt knower, pliull of phaith,' let
slip the pure and innoceut dove from bis
Ark, so doth i let slip this Allinanax, and
hopo it wont como back any more. All
good houscwifes 'will find in this Allma
nax, hoy to train up their husbands in the
way.thcy should go, and they wont depart
from it, and also how tew make a lively
slap jax.' . . ' ;'
. To the weary wanderer this Allinanax
will be a gide board, showing the nearest
cut to the next town, and to' the sorrjv a
soda fountain ov gymnastic delight. "
This Allinanax gives the biography, ct
imology, syntax, . and . prosidy ov bugs,
beasts, and litte cod fishes, - and tells ,11s,
with the fondness ov a step parent, the
right time to trade oph a dog.
In konklniaonr'lt girw TBirgrate plez
zure to remark , ,t. . : , m
" That kussid afe' lobsfcrl and niilt'fbr
supper, for they hav no bowells ov mercy,
nor mercy for bowells..., . ,, 1 . ..... :.
, With grate flexibility of karacter, I am
your liiuber friend,
i , ! V ; Jsii BiLl-tos. -
. i.v -sS t- : - Allmanacter.
fflarlc Twain'i speech on Woman.
I The funny: faculties . of , : the, .celebrated
humorist. "Mark Twain," were called into
play at a dinner once given by the Corres
pondent's Club, at1 Washington. Mark
was called on to respond to the nsual toast
of "Woman," which he did in the follow
ing characteristic style
: ,,Mr. President; Ldo not know, why I
should have been singled out to receive
the greatest distinction of the evening for
so the offiee'of replying to the toast to
woman' has beeu regarded in f every age.
Applause. I do not know why I have
.received this distinction, unless it ;bo that
T am a trifle less homely than the other
members of the club. ' Bo this as it nny,
Mr. President, I am proud of the position.
and you could not have chosen 1 any , onc j
who would have accepted it more gladly,
or labored with a heartier good-will to do
the subject justice than 1, Because I love
the1 sex. Laughter. I love all the wo
men, sir, irrespective of age or color.
Human intelligence cannot estimate
what we owe to women, sir. She sows on
our buttons laughter, she mends our
clothes laughter, she ropes us in at the
ciiurch lairs, she confides in us ; she tells
us whatever she can find out about the lit
tle private affairs of the neighbors ; she
gives us a piece of her mind sometimes
and sometimes all of it ; she soothes onr
acheing brows; she bears our children
ours as a general thing. . In all the rela
tions of life, sir, it is but just and a grace
ful tribute to woman to say of her that she
is a brick. Great laughter.
Wheresoever you place woman, sir in
whatever place or estate she is an orna
meut to that position which she occupies,
and a . treasure to the world. Here Mr.
Twain paused, looked inquiringly at his
hearers, and remarked that the applause
should come in at this point. Tt came in.
Mr. Twain resumed his eulogy. Look at
the noble names of histery ! Look at Cleo
patra ! Look at Desdemonr ! look at Flor
ence Nightingal 1 look at Luc ret ia Bor
gia 1 Disapprobation expressed. " Well,
said Mr. Twain, scratching his head doubt
fully, suppose we let Lucre tia slide Look
at " Joyce Heth ! look at Mother Eve !
Cries of Oh ! oh ! You need not look at
her unless' you - want to but said1 Mr.
Twain,- reflectively, after a pause Eve
was ornamental, sir ; particularly before
the fashions changed !. I repeat, sir, look
at the illustrious names of history. Look
it the widow Machree ! look at Elizabeth
Cady Stanton ' look at Georgp Francis
Train ! Great laughter. ; And, sir, I say
it with bowed head and deepest veneration
look at the mother of Washington ! she
raised a boy that could not tell a lie
could hot he?' Applause.! -But he never
had any chance. Ob ! oh 1 J It might have
been different with him it ho bad belong
ed to a newspaper correspondent's club
Laughter and groans, hisses, and cries of
"Put him out."; 'Mark ' looked around
placidly upon his excited audience," and
resumed. j ;'-?' f- -c Y; he., . ,
r l .repeat, sir, that in whatever' position
you place a woman, she is an ornament to
society and a treasure to the world. As
a swcctbeart.'she has' few eqttals ' and no
superiors laughter; as a cousin, she is
convenient as a wealthy " grand moth r
with an iucurablc distemper, she is precious,
as a wet nurse she has no equal among mcii!
Laughter. . -' , A
What, sir, would the poagde of the earth
do without a woman? -''. '-':
They, would, be scarce, sir almighty
scarce ! Then let us cherish -. her .Jet . us
protect her; let "us" give her our support,
ourencotragement, our ' sympathy our
selvei,'if we get a chancel La tighter. A
i:t But, jesting aside. Mr. President vvo
uiau is lovable, gracious, kind-harted,
beautiful worthy of ' all respect, ,of all
esteem, of all deference. Not any here will
refuse to drink her health right cordially
in tbis"buinpe'r of wine", forV.ieh' one of us
has personally khoirnV and. loved,; and hon
ored, the , y ery7 . best .of them all -Jiis own
mother! Applause. - -. '
ITIooh Fallacy, "h : 5.
i) I have seen 'seTeral articles in'yeur pa
per in regard : to cutting timber by 'moon
signs," says a.corrcfpoudcnt. of the Scien
tific American A More thanr.forty "years
ago' tcut, for, a number.of jears,' at differ
ent timesm the year, considerable second
growth i white beech for plaiO stocks, which
X thmk,,i the. worst, wood ;kmw. to pre
serve'uud j(or keep from cttinj 'dozy,'
as we used to call it.) After trying many
'hiooh'jr-cxpcrlmciits summer and. winter,'!
came to this condusldb,' that tbo' tnio se.
4rct sicas'-o -thiiotbe' tiiuber When tlrara was
UelcastrKble!fI),.inr.thq. body c. of the
.treej a fhe epldcst wyatbcrin the.wijQtcr
of the warnVesfri 'the isummcr-s-June''o
' February? 'wneti tu- kif Ii in the tops?or
inhSrtJobbflhtf treo.i ' Eiert tree I cat
aftecllidiop beganiBo srt iiJtbopnn2
was.sur i-Jiloint il Iiy
founijafto Vutf &',
1 i !..:.
f -i .'':;'' x Jnvenille Mother. " . 7 ",I T
:,' A census-taker, going his round," stoppea
at an elegant brick dwelling-house,' the ex
act locality of which. is. iv businosa of any
body, ,. He. was received f by a stiff, jWelf- "
dressed lady, who could well' be recog
nized'as a Widow of some yearns standing.
On learning the mission of her visitor the
lady invited him to take a seat in tbo hall;
Having arranged himself in a working p.
sition he inquired ,for the number of per
sons in the family of tho..Iady. "JJight,
sir," replied the lady, "including mj-self."
"Very well your age.'m'adatri?" x
-': 4My age, eir.lw replied 1 the .lady, with
a piercingdignLfiod liMjlcvIfloucciye it
none of your business )vbat my age might
be ; you ore ' inquisitive." sir ; . "Tho ' law
compels me wiidutnAto take the age"" of
every person in ther ward ; it's my daty tr
make tho inqiry." . ''Well. - if the la
compclls yon to ask, I presume it compclh)
me to answer. . I am between thirty and
forty."'""! presume that mcaus thirty
five ?' "Xo, sir. it means no ? uch tiling I
am only th irty-three years of age." '"V ry
well, madam," putting down the figure.
."just as you say. Now for the ages of the
children, commencing with the youngest,
if you please." "Jascphcne, ' my young
est, is ten years of nge.'V 'Josephcne
pretty name -ten.J'- "31 incrva was twelve
last week." , Minorva-captivating-twclvo.7
VClcopatra Elvira has just fumcd fifteen.'' '
"Cleopatra ' Elvira -charming fiftceh.!
Angelina is eighteenVsirVjust eighteen'.
"Angelina favorito name ?ghteen.0--"My
eldest and only married daughter.
Anno Sophia, is a little ovcrwonty-five."
f 'Twenty-five did 3'ou sav?"; "Yes, sir. Is
there anything remarkable In her being of
that age?" "Well no, I can't say" that
there is ; but is it not rcmarkablo that you
should be her mother when you were only
eight years of age?", ., ,r...
About that time tho census-taker waa
observed running xut' of tins house.' 1 It
wr.s the last time he pressed a lady to give
her exact age. . ! .! , ,,; r
Story of n Treuch Frteniason. '
The present war has been proline in illus
trations of the value' 'of 'Freemasonry in
dangerous cuiergeneios, aud the wiecdute '
are endless of tlie lives saved by its. means.
Among the cart-loads of wounded of both
sides which arrived frbni Sedan were two
men: whoso ' consideration for each other
was so marked as to occasion inquiry.
They wore the Prussian and tho French
uniform, respectively, and though neither
could understand a word of the other's
language, they shared their rations, and
seemed to bo; interchanging signals of nm
ity all day long. Their story was a very
simpje one. Tho Prussian, who was an
ofliccr, and a man of thirty-five or so, with
a stern, grave face, and a heavy overhang
ing moustache, had met a Frenchman, who
was at least a dozen years his junior, on
the battle-field, the latter being supported
by a couple of comrades.
- Twice did the wave of the conflict bring
these men iu contact, and on the last occa
sion the Prussian, who was himself badly
wounded in the chest, pressed the young
F renchman bard, and had indeed his sword
uplifted to administer the amp d yruet,
when the latter, who was faint from the
loss of blood, made a hasty sign to his vic
tor, which caused the latter to stay hia
baud. Parley was impossible, both from
the exigencies of language and the tur
moil of battle ; and beside, both men lost
consciousness and fell at each other' side.
It turned out that the young Frenchmen
had been made a Freemason a few months
before the outbreak of the war, and that
he had instinctively made the sign by
means of which mcmbcrsof the fraternity,
are taught to osk their brethren for help. .
Tho Prussian was an old Mason, who re
cognized it instantly, and who as instinct
ively paused, and beforo thero was time for
consideration, both men fainted away.
When consciousness was restored; they
found themselves side by idc, aild'ilritu
the dead and dying around them.'0 v
By. a strange coincidence, their wounds
were such that each could give tlie other
some slight' relief, ami the late enemies
employed their weary hours, iu which they
lay disabled and uirt ended j in rendering
littlq kiudncsKcs to each other, and in thus
cementing the friendship .which .had. be
gun so strangely. When hclnjiwc, they
petitioned to be permitted to kcep togcth- -cr,
telling their story with WHidcrablio
effusivenesi to the doctor,, ho, after soilw
tipie,' came to tjiem ou the field..., This gen
tleman, who was'iio' inilitaryr surgeon,
but a member of $ie blessed society whiili
dates fronT Geneva, rniscd his hands in
pleased astonUnmcnt atlLe 'tale'Itc henrd,
and atonccshowed himself to bo. a Freema
son too so that thrco brethren of tha
mystio tie wefc to bo seen wondering over
the strange chanco which had thrown them
together. ' ' " A;r nil";u
Carrying a Parasol Sunday ,
. BY JAMES T AUTOX. 'j
- I rrAvH beforo me a curious ' narratUe
of a young Jewish ladj in Southern llassia
venturing to tarry a parasol 'in thef streets
on the Sabbath, n, Her mother, reproached
by the stricter Isiaelitcs for allowing Lor
daughter thus to- transgras traditional
law, forbSde the young Udy ever agtin m
the sacred day ty in'terpse a human iutor
ve ut ion between her fair countenance and
the san raya. ' ThJ da'iitcT,' offai.'
decT,' refused to go out at all od Hli Sab
bath,' and after four , months , tho mother
relented saying: "I am not so strict us akj
mother is and you will not ha so irii:t''a'
InmA, You may therefore," jdst dsWellbi.'
giu now b practise your laxer. prijiciplcV; "
it is of no use trying to make you what I
am myself." - The ' grandmother,' in fact,
was a pilgrim in the Holy Land" "whither .
shftjbaa gone to cud her days; the mother
was merely a good orthodox I Jcwewi); the
daughter was willing-to carry a parasol on
Saturday. LilUtiUc MvntJy for ,fp
'"''i:.',:iq -nil '---.f. f- ' r-i b.$i
, A Good Jflor;?l Cliaruf &cr. ';'
'; There 'Is,' hothing' XTi'fch 'Hd&i'eo " much t
to the teauy, P ' w4 PV or Jai)' ft J fiTM1'
moral character v. It i his wealthy hUti
fluciice, his life. 'It dignifies hiu wtrj.
station-, -exalts A'.'jn evc'cHdit'mft
and glorifies tijni ify- rcn,H '.
life.- Suchjav character i' more td be "
desired thab bverytliifig else 'on trth. ' U
uia&cj a juaii mix nuu .t,t;I( Vvu,i, . '
servile tool. no'cfouchlrg,y;hoplianf. b
treacherous JioTMiMccker. CTCr boro nucha
clniracleri 'The pure joys of truth 'ttifd
rigliteousness pevejr ej'riiia in jtacb ;per
son.. lf.y(vu,8,,ncrl uf knew ,how r int.H
good character would dignify .and exalt
themVliow'giorloa!l it xirould nlaKe fthe?c
pnf4ct',vei In thw lifei- iJevorJ 'wotiM
wd End. tb'enj yict!:"g the groveling ami
dvMpv kv arid soul.. . - . .
- 4 . , '
' -A '