Newspaper Page Text
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V Honesty of Pjirpose and Equal Rights to aU Men, vriXL secure Happiness to the People.'
JONESBOROUGH, , TENNESSEE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1870.
' . , . . . , - ... . - 1,1 f ' - . . . ... i .. 1 , ,' . ' . 1 "
'TjGtraW anil 55ti"JHnc.
J PUBLISHED EVERY TnUESDAY BY
. '-DR. C WIIEELER 3c
DR. n. S. MAIIOXEY.
TliILS: f'2 00 per Annum in advance.
J. B. M'LIN.
R. I. BLAIK.
M'LIN & BLAIR,
!ttotncus at tato,
1 J Collecting Vents,
1 ' JONESBOBO'. TENNESSEE.
Piiomit attention given to all business
h! ntru-it'l to in throughout the counties
comprising L'pper East Tennessee.
OFFICE under Keen's Gallery.
, t 70octl3-ly
"THOS. H. REEVES,
- attomm at Bair,
wit I. ittcml to matter connected with
tin purcliii of Ueal Kstate, S.'ttliu
K-tates, Colifi-tin Debt?, &e. : . "
Ollit'C U-Stairs.. over Atkin-oiTs Sil
ver Smith's !-hp.- 70au2'y I
K. 1. I5AII.KY,
CatthiT of Exi'hnnir ami
. Ih-posil Bank.
MuuMn a Seymour.
I MUNSON & BAILEY,
1 R e a 1 Estate Insurance
h. s,-. claim gtnts,
Office ia Exchange and Drposit Bank
Cuildin?, Gay street.
E. N. GRIFFITH,
ATTOKNEY AT LAW, ni
j C' J L. LECTIN t AOKNT.
! 0:tlc-H uml.-r Km'i rhntrruli Ti:llTy, in the
I KfMjmx of tlm Aitant Aswwor,
WII.I. jrivp i'c inl attontion to the collection of
'l:uin c:nnt tun -oreriiinent.
I T. I.OOAN.
C. J. ST. .JOHN,
LOGAN & ST. JOHN,
Attorneys at Law,
and Collecting Agents.
HAVING entered iuto a I'artuer.-iiip.
will pra!-tiM- in the various Courts l
the oiiutH's of Carter, Sullivan. Wa-h-inr"M.
ami reene, anl will attend t
-oM-ctioiis. and all otiier busim-ss -u-tru-t.Ml
to them. dceluf
S. J. KIRKPATRICK,
Attorneys at Law,
A. J. BROWN,
Attorney at Law, and
Pkomi'T attention pi yen to collections in ,
East Tennessee, ami Southwestern Va. j
J. T. CAZIER, D. D. S.,
OFFICE TIME :
Morristown, Tenn., From the l..
to ."th of each month.
Jonesboro', Tenn., Vrm the inth
to the last of eaeh month. I
DR. C. WHEELER,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON,
; " A N I
i: Amir. s v nts i:ov
Office in the Court Hoiimv
JO ES BO ROUGH, TE.ESSEE
o. ,t. J iv c; o jst.,
Attorney at Law,
Collections of all kinds promptly
L. : FULKEESOJf,
H. H. Wordebangh & Co.,
292 Baltimore St.
Jomilete Assort moiit.
IIOSILBY and GLOVES, full "line of
M-h's SHIM'S and DUAWEKS of all
Fine assortment of Taney AVoolens
and Fancy Uods Ceuerally.
We invite attention of Merchants visit
5iar Baltimore to our Stock.
C. A. NASH,
W. W. BAXTER
BAXTER, NASH & CO.,
No. 4, Commercial Row,
ALL Orders promptly filled at lowest
ah market rates, on day received.
J. B. BLAND & CO.
J324 Caxy between 13th and 14th Sts.;
Fr the mV of WHEAT. COBN BA
. COX. FLO UK. and U decriptjon of
J. OL XTUY. , PBODUCE. Grain Bags
"rnbhed on tppllcatin an4 liberal CASH
advances made on Produce in hand.
X. IJ. We have a general a-jency for
mtfi Tobalco Factorloa In the city of
Bichinood ajid can 'furnish chewing and
rnling tobaceo ax njanuCicturerspricefl
At the Passenger Depot,
w. y. wi
lersigned having Leased the
louse for a term of years, takes
i announcing the fact to his
! the public. It has been placed
i repair and all necessary Un
made to render guests com-
. James bell,
i.EY, Clerk. Proprietor.
Woodruff & Co.,
Gillespie & Co.
Wholesale Dealeks In
Foreign and Domestic
ETC., ETC., ETC.,
Gaines & Bro.,
DEAi.EHS IN !
BOOT.-. rm, ; II.VTS,-
LEATHER a " FINDINGS, j
TRUNKS and UMBRELLAS,
Ct !1 ' t VO Ot,
Atkin & Coilnian,
DKAI.EHS IN THE
E XCE L S I O R
Hardware, Tin-Ware, Pumps,
AND M A X I" KACTt'It EKS OF
Tin and Sheet-Iron Wares,
R- S. PAYNE, Sl CO, ;
(NEW V RK BRANCH.)
Manufacturers and Jobbers of i
riTK AD AVOOL IIATS,
1870. GUNS. 1870.
STACY & ANGEL,
Manufacturers of Rifles,
Wholesale and Betail Dealers in
f;r.s, pistols xd cartridges,
Sporting Arti'-les. mid Gun Materials, G. I
1. itud W.iter J'roof and Muket j
Caps. Pocket Cutlery. Fish- j
in T:u-kle. Shot. Lead,
And evi'rvfit'ier article usually fo'.in.i in a
First lass Sporting House.
Airents for the OKAXtiE B I I'LL l'OW
DKi:. A l:u;e lot of I'owder and Fu.se
always on hai d.
Wc Iiave go.. workmen arc prepared to
lo re -airiiig f all kinds.
RIFLES MADE TO ORDER.
We are still huviuold arms. Send for
price lit. O ler's solicited and carefully
70iVb17tf 'I t.
W. MA11UV. ('.' TL'it.VEH, J. A. MAURY.
(Successor- to A. t. JACKSON CO..)
No. 44, Gay St.,1-
KEAEERH IS ' '
Field and Garden Seeds, Plas
ter, Cement; Salt and
Prompt attention will be given to con
. sigmiients (,f GKAIN. and COUNTRY
l'KODt'CE. and liberal Csi advances
made ou same.
f Tati.ob lt(., 17. Wall St., N. Y.
i It. M. Mct'irsi, Cashier Eirt
ItKEKR. TOl Nti,,Ml Hank. KnvUW.
J . R. SIitchkll, asmer
pie- Rank, KuoxrllH'.
J. S. RHEA. M.M.HARRIS.
Drs. -RIIEA & HARRIS,
Bobber Plate put up on Dr. Stuck's
new method, (far superior to the former
Bubbf r Plates) by which they are made
thin, of uniform thickness, clastic and
with a beautiful polish, like enamel, on
toiU id. Call at our olhce and exam
.. 'fth extracted irithout pain, by neof
5"itrois Oxjd fia?, which can be taken
ith impunity by vtry body.
All work and op ration fu Dental Sci
ence executed io tbt benf f.n1 latest style.
, OFFICII. Chnrclj itreei, b'n Oay
and Stata Streets. . t , . llmtOtf
A,MILY 'Qi:OCERIES, the ' heat !n
market, sold, at rasonable ratB by
Uenrt Lynch. tnijs
LYNCHBURQ ADVERTISEMENTS. ..
CORNER 6TH AND CHURCH STS.,
T. C. S. FERGUSON, Prop'r..
Offers Accommodations to the Travelling
Public not surpassed by any Hotel in
Low Charges, Good Fare, and Careful At
tention. Omnibus Fkee. - '
70mar24tf . . '
wm. c. iowu.... Late or S. S. laTidOB, k Co.
s . aT !.. lnte of S. S. Lrridson & Co.
. w. jowiu Late -with Robinson & Co.
NOWLIN & CO.,
(Successors to S. S. Davidson &. Co..)
AND WHOLESALE DEAEEUS IN
Canned Goods, Confeetionaries. Pickles,
Sauces, Preserves, Foreign Fruits,
Cigars, fec, ic.
Agents for the Jamieson Steam TJakerv
(Alexaiidiia. Va..) Gl, ITInin Street,
P.AIiKELS Pure old Cider Apple
XCmJ Jlrandr. on Consignment.
70sep-2Jt. LEE, TAYLOll & CO.
rr: BAII15ELS Pure Old Jtockbridge
) Comity, Va.. Tire Whikv.
70sept20tf LEE."TAYLOU& CO.
in JiAHlIELS Baker's Pure Old ltye
7DSept2'Jtf LEE, TAYLOIt & CO.
BABIJEESHanirpr-.s l'uri! Hve Wliis-
ky. warranted three years fld. !
7l)scpt2ytf LEE, TAYLOIt & CO.
;) f BA1:1:ELS White-? l'ure Rockbridge
U County, Va.. Bye AVhis'kv.
7(sei)t20tf LEE, TAYLOli & CO,
OH B A KB ELS Lackey's Pure ock
i)U bridire County. Va., live Whisky.
sept2!)tf LE E, TAYLOIt & CO.
OAA B U S II E L S, each, Xe w Crop j
OUU Cloverand Timothv Seeds.
70cpt2'.)tf LEE. TAYLOJt & CO. j
SACKS Liverpool Fine Salt. 1;00 !
BMs Thomatowu and Moun- I
tain Lime. 7!X) Bbls fresh jrround Jaine.s
Biver Hydraulic Cement. WJ Bbls. Cal
7.juii!ietf LEE. TAYLOli & CO.
I1KMIT OI'Oi.KMIKlMKK. KKF.n H TCI K Ml K I V K .
Late of TtMiuei-u tf LyachbuiK.Va.
ii. ci'xn, of Jonofboro. Ttiiu.
G UGG ENII KIMEK, CONK & CO.
;t?7 v v,
! GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
j NO. 22, COMMERCE STREET.
Keen constantly on hand a ireneral !
stock of Foreign and Domestic Gnu'eries. ;
Liquors, &c, and solieir. Consignments of I
Merchauilie. Country I'roduce. Tobacco. ,
c, Are., to the sale "and prompt return;
for which our every attention will be paid.
W I T II
Wilson, Burns & Co,
W II O L E S A L E
'SJ S. Howard Street, Cor. of Lombard,
AVc Ueoj) constantly on hand a large and
well assorted stock of Groceries, suitable
for the Southern and Western trade. We
solicit consignments ,,f COCNTBY l'BO
IrCE. such as Cotton. Feathers, 15ees
wax. Wool. Dried Fruit. Fur Skins, ..
Our facilities fordoing Business are such
as to warrant quick sales and prompt re
turns. All orders will have our prompt
attention 7(may20 1
. J. TST. ATKINS,
W I T H
Manufacturers and Jobbers of
HATS, CAPS, and STB AW GOODS,
27, W. Baltimore Street,
Baltimore, - - - 31 d.
Wm. I). Barrett,' ' J. I. Hiugins.
lMFOItTEBS & WIIOLESALi:
FOBEIOX AX DOMESTIC
o. lO, X. IIOWARI), STREET.
XZ: I Baltoiore.
,..-. cu.j. junelfiyl
Pianos ! Pianos ! Pianos !
SEVEX GOLD 1EDAES WERE
At late Fair held in the South in Octo
ber and November, lSt;9.. to .
Chas. M. Stieff,
For the best PIANOS, over
Daltluiorc Philadelphia unci Xcw
Oflice and New Warerooms, No. 0, North
Liberty Street, above Baltimore
Street, Baltimore, Md.
Have all the latest improvement? includ
ing the AGK.WK TKEBLE, 1VOKY
Fronts, and the Improved
. ..Miitnl for five years, with nrivi-
lceof exchangi within twelve mouths it
not cntirelr satisfactory to purchasers.
Second hand Pianos ami Parlor Organs
from 850 to t3(HK
Rfferettcri tc7io hare oitr Pianos in Us?.
Gen. K. E. Lee, Ixiugton, Va.; Gen.
Robert Ransom, Wilmington, N. C; (.en.
D. H. Hill, Charlotte. N. C: Gov. John
Letcher. Lexington, Va,; Bishop Wiliuer,
New Orleans, La.; T. 11, Evans. 1--B.
Clark, and Dr. Alexander Neilson, Mor
ristown. Tenn.; John L. Bhea. kuoxvilhs
Tenn.; Gen. T. D. Arnold, Greencville,
Tenn.: Gen. J. C. Vaughn, Sweetwater,
Ten.; John W. Goddard, Sweetwater,
Tenn.; A. Gains.. Knoville. Tenn.
Send for a Circular containing SIX) names
at peraona who have purchased the Stieff
piano In the South, since the war closed.
i.',:. . PHILADELPHIA.
GMS, LEHMAN & CO.
Manufacturers of ,v
' MEM AM (BOYS'
N. 334 Itla ket Street,
JOS. L. BERG, MEYER OOLDSMITII,
LEON CANS, LEON LEIBMAN.
E. K. HERNDON
BARCROFT & CO,
IMPOKTERS AND JOBBERS'.;;.
Of Staple and Fancy Dry Gds,
Cloths, Cassiincrcs, lilankets,
L.inens, White Goods, II si
ery, &c, &c.
Nos. 405 and 407 Market Street;
Above Fourth. North Side,
wilson & stew Art
AO. 2013kORTUFROXT STIIEET,
CORNER RACE STREET,
Consignments solicited of Dried Fruits,
Beeswax. Feathers. Seeds. Koot.- Furs
and Southern Produce Generally.
MELLOR, BAINS & MELLOR,
HOSIERY, SMALL WARES
Iicmoved to the X. K. Corner Fifth and
WASHING TON CITY.
Hugh T. Tabggat,
Attorney at Law
A N D
Solicitor of (Claimsi,
WASHINGTON, - - D. C.
All Business requiring the services of an
Attorney at flic seat of Government
promptly attended to. 7may.jtt
II. TSr. WALKER,
P. 0. Box 559, lVASIHXGTOX, D. C.
All business entrusted to his care will
meet with prompt attention. I
Correspondence from Attorneys Soliei- j
tcM. JSet oi reierences given u requires
Military, navai, and oeneral
Chas. F. McGill,
Attorney at Law and Solicitor for I
Wasliincfton, X). C
Continues to attend to Claims, especi- i
ally those growing out ot llie late war,
before the several Departments and
Courts of the United States; Pensions
tlue Soldiers, Otlicers of every jrade.
Seamen and Marines, and the Widows,
Children and heirs-at-law of those who
have been killed or died from wounds or
sickness contracted in the service; Be
eruitinir and OMiar tei-masters' Claims;
Claims' for Steamboats, and craft of all
description, used, rented, or destroyed
by Government; Horse.:, Cat Me. Fodder.
Corn, and all kinds of property taken tor
Government purposes in the Northern
ami Southern States; Mail Contractors'
Claims, and the Claims of late Post Mas
ters. North and South."
Claims for property seized by the ,
Freedmeu's I.ureau l reasury .Agents,
and for the recovery of abandoned prop
erty, promptly attended to.
Particular attention given to Claims
for a Refund of Internal Revenue Tax
and Customs Duties erroneously assessed
and paid. Railroad accounts and Claims
on Fore'mn Governments.
Boiiutv and Bounty Land obtained un
der all existing laws, and laws that may
hereafter be made.
Claims before the Department.. Con
gress, Court of Claims, and Supreme
Court, in the hands of distant- attorneys,
requiring the service ot an agent in Wash
ington, arc requested, and will be ener
getically prosecuted on the most liberal
Suspended cases, of whatever nature,
whether of long standing or recent date,
are solicited; also, peu.-ions, suspended
by reaf on of the late war, reviveu in the
Our long residence at the seat of Gov
ernment, familiarty with the ollices. and
thorough daily practical experience In all
the Departments, well qualify us for the
prompt ami energetic discharge of all
business placed in our hands.
References : lion. Eugene Cassady,
I. S. Senate; Hon. S. P. Chase, Chiet
Justice. I". S. : (Jen. W. T. Sherman. U.
S. A. ; Hon. H. M. McGill. late Gov.;
W. T. Olvmpia : Hon. Jno. Sherman. U.
S. Senator. Ohio ; Hon. S. C. Pomeroy,
IT. S. Senator. Kansas ; Hon. W. li.
Sroke. M. C. ; Judge G. W. Clinton,
Buffalo. N. Y. ; E. Grillith, Esq.,
Attorneys :tt Law and Agents through
out the country who desire to form an en
ergetic Branch Agency at Washington,
which will be of mutual benefit, are re
quested to forward business. Detailed in
formation, advice, instruction, and all
no',, ssary forms for ever)1 claim furnished
to .'urres"pondents. Terms moderate. Ad
dress CHAS. F. McGlLL. P. O. Box
Washington, D. V. Olllce and resi
dence 0th street cor. F.
Nos. 200 & 202 Penn, Ave.
WASHINGTON,- D. C,
Kot Wines and Liquors at the Bar.
- ' AT ALL 3H!15R.'
Board & Ecoms by the Day or Week.
TIIOS. GREEX, Proprietor.
-ITT ANTED AGENTS To sell the OC
Y TAGON SEWING MACHINE.
It U licensed, makes the "Elastic Iock
Stitch, and is warranted for 5 years. Price
8i5. All other machines -with an iiikUt
feed sold for 815 or less are infringement?.
Address OCTAGON SEWING MA
CHINE CO.. St. Lontft, ilo., Chicago, 111..
Pittsburgh, Pa., or Boston, Mass. fjn2;$tf.
t or the Herald and Tribune.
. BY SILEX. .
I have tried to enumerate the many
evils arising from the want of a system of
education. I know there are corrupt men
in power. I can hear of crime and villainy
triumphing over the right. I can see that
political chicanery takes the place of
straight-forward manhood. These facts
stand out prominently, and good men fear
the result. Behind all theso there ia yet a
train of evila whoee weight and power are
still in the distance. i' -
It will not be denied that much of the
best talent of the country was born in the
lower classes of society that from the
humblest walks pf life real talent has as
serted its power, magnetized opposing
forces, and done much good for mankind.
Rut, not without a means of develope
ment. This State, every State boasts of
men who rose from obscurity to eminence.
In every case the State was, in some sense
a tjfnefacVtr. This is the prime relation
of States to citizens to the youth that
of sesuring system of education, the first
duty and well defined right. " '. '
If that series of Legislative enactments
which took away from us a Common School
System, cursed any man with a bitter
curse, it was surely that 3'oung man who
had no other means of education that
man Mho longing for the developement of
those inborn powers which assured hini of
success in life, must know that he can only
hope against alrMiope. The case is not
an isolated one. There are hundreds of
young men just upon the threshold of real
life, whose hopes are crushed, whose life- !
plans lay in ruin;, before them, all for the j
want of a means of education. Nor docs
it stop here. Others are coming on and
the State refuses did I say State? Its
dignified (?) officials refuse to act wisely j
in the ;;;attcr. From the lonely school
houses whose ghostly shadows remind one
of desolation itself, there comes the assur
ance that ignorance "shall reign for a sea
son." Nor Iters for there have been
limited means of education to all classes
liberal means to the few. From the
few thus favored we are beset with a host j
of aspirants for every kind of honor. j
These are the youug men who have such a j
splendid out-look so many uneducated ;
men inspiring them with the idea of lead- !
ership. Very often in the fierce upheav
als of social organizations, the lighter ele
ments are thrown to the surface. It is ;
largely true here. Admit that in any j
contest for distinction, qualification ought j
to stand first but if that qualification (?) j
has been abridged by Legislative enact
ments which bearj.1ishouesty upon the very
face of them, who is to blame if the noble
professions are crowded with illiterate
men? If the means of developing talent j
have been taken away from those who i
have talent, who will not expect others,
whether they have it or not, to- step in the
places they could have so honorably filled ?
Who does not know that "when diamond
cuts dimond" genius and talent most forci
bly assert their superiority ? Who does not
know that men love distinction, fame;
that they will barter the best means of
happiness for either? Who does not know
that when a field is open for rivalry, the
higher the standard the fewer the contes
tants? Lower the standard and the medi
ocre has a reasonable hope of success.
Take it down and the bully may carry off
the prize by brute force. Words of coun
cil may come from the lips 6f wisdom,
warning such characters against the folly
of such a course, against the chances of
success but they are not responsible, since
it is no longer a field of honorable rivalry,
talk to the man who took down the stan
dard. ' .
It mo be wholesome to say to those
young men who spurn the idea of toiling
wfth their hands, and sigh for the fame
and gilding they think is attendant ' upon
a professional career, that not one-third of
the lawyers who hang out their signs as
"Attorneys and Counsellors at Law,"
make as much peryear as good hiechanics.
The few that succeed are those of which
they read, pf which they hear. Those that
fail utterly, are too numerous to be made
known. If all who are smitten with a love
of fame could become acquainted with
really famous men, their eyes would be
opened. They would find thit the laurel
crowned goddess who seemed so charming,
soenchantingtothem, was actually ignored
by those who had secured the favor of her
smiles. They would find them working
hard and painfully for the developement of
some great idea, or the accomplishment of
some grand task, without the slightest ref
erence to the admiration their labors might
excite in the minds of men. True there
are men who live for fame, who are famous
without the greatness on which true fame
depends. A glanceatthe inner life of
such men will reveal the hollowness of such
a life. Young men, do not be misled by
the glitter of popular applause.' The ap
proval of judicious, thoughtful men of
conscience, is worth more than the sense
less shouts of the whole world. There is
only one way of becoming truly famous
do your icork veil.
If the country suffers from the rash of
talent to the professions, judicious legisla
tion will relieve that suffering. The pro
fessional mania will be abated in propor
tion to the developement of the talent of
the whole of society. That developement
will be in proportion to the means afford
ed. The means in proportion to the de
velopemed manhood in the law-making
Well, madam, what do 'you hold on
this question of female . suffrage ? "Sir,
I bold my tongue !"
The Cave of Bellamar in Cuba. .
Whatever advantage, as to extent, other
caves may possess over Bellamar, surely
none in the world can surpass its wonder
ous wealth of rare and exquisitely beauti
ful crystallizations. Nature seems to have
exhausted her fancy in producing these
myriads of quaint forms and curious com
binations. The stalactites are Mngularly
capracious and beautiful. From the gigan
tic "Mantle of Columbus" to tho uewly
formed delicate tubes and cones, scarcely
an inch in length, there exists every inter
mediate variety of size. Some are flat
and transparent, and will vibrate when
struck, with a sound as clear and melod .
ous as a silver bell. Others are tube-like,
hollow, twisted, or curved, sometimes
branching like coral, at others banging like
hooks, or darting . sharply upward. Ac
cording to the accidents of their position,
they assume at times entirely different
forms. Now they are frozen dribblets
along the yellow surface of the rock ; again
they have worked themselves into gro
tesque fringes, or are scalloped into deli
cate frills ; now they : are Jlike glittering
.serpents flashing wildly in the torch-light ;
then the rock is coated as if with a heavy
frost ; and again, the shapes take tho form
of cruciblej, of eomicopke, or of flowers
tinged with delicate colors and resembling
In the complex web which they form it
is difficult at times to separate the stalactites-
from the stalagmites.' The' latter
form, in some places, rich curtains of tho
whitest and most quaintly patterned lace ;
they hang like the rich drapery of silken
robes ; or like motionless cascades of glit
tering diamonds, they extend, wave after
wave, and fold after fold, from the ceiling
to the floor. Sometimes they assume the
most grotesquo forms and resemblances;
here and there we see them about the floor
like devotees kneeling befwre fantastic idols
in silent and eternal adoration ; again they
seem like weary travelers stretched out to
rest at noon on the cool grass by the way
side : or, perhaps again, like plumed and
naked savages gathered in dread circles
around the couucil fire to plot the war-path
or to plan the chase.
And all this is accomplished simply by
the combination of water with lime A
feeble stream of water penetrates tho lime
stone above, and filters through it, carry
ing along some minute particles of lime in
solution. As this water drops from the
roof of the cave, or dribbles along the
surface of its walls, it leaves behind 'it
these calcarious particles, which, in the
form of carbouate of lime, harden and are
crystallized, forming a thousand capricious
If the dribblet of water, however, flows
along the surface of a rock, then it leaves
the lime behind it to mark its devious
path in the form of delicate tracery and
tringes. If the quantity of water is large,
then the cascades and curtains and snow
drifts are formed. The roof of the cave,
its walls, and its floor, are thus all, at the
same time, being ornamented through the
agency above described. Considering the
extreme slowness of the process, how many
ages it must have required to agglomerate
gigantic inasies of crystallization like that
called the "Mautleof Columbus!" And
yet this, necessarily, is not so old as the
cave itself. . .
Caves such as Bellamar are to be met
with on a smaller scale in all the calcare
ous formations on the island, where natur
al bridges, tunnels, and subterranean rivers
are likewise found. The origin of the
Cave of liellamar may be due to volcanic
action ; but it is more probably owing to
the gradual erosion of yielding strata by
the action of water. The wonderful tuu
nel bored by the Cuzco River, in the east
ern part of the island, might suggest the
origin of a cave like this of Bellamar.
The Cuzco is an insignificant and shellow
stream which, however, in the rainy sea
son, becomes a powerful torrent. A lofty
ridge barred the course of its ancient chan
nel, and through the heart of this ridge it
has carved a tunnel large enough to admit
of tlie passage of huge trunks of palms
and eriodendrons. After disappearing at
the base of the hill, several hundred feet
below the crest, it does not appear again
until it comes out at the other side of the
ridge, a distance of nearly thre miles.e Any
volcanic action tending to alter the level
or bed of the stream might divert its wa
ters into a different channel ; the former
one would be soon covered with a dense
vegetation, and all distinct traces of it bo
lost. . The tuunel, or cavern, itself proba
bly disturbed from its original horizontal
position, would remain to puzzle .future
geologists. Maj. Gen. Fredrick Ca
vada, in Ilarjjcr's Magazine for Novem
ber. The Oldest City.
Damascus is the oldestcity in the world.
Tyre and Sidon have crumbled on the
Bhore ; Baalbac is a ruin ; palmyra is burn
ned in a desert ; Ninevah and Babylon
have disappeared from the Tiris and Eu
phrates. Damascus remains what it was
before the days of Abraham - a center of
trade and travel, an island of verdure in
the desert, a "presidential capital," with
martial and sacred associations extending
through thirty centuries. It was near Da
mascus that Saul of Tarsus saw the light
of the brightness of the sun ; the street
which is called Stright, in which it is said
he prayed, still runs through the city.
The caravan comes and goes as it did a
thousand years ago. There still is the
shiek, the ass, and the water wheel. The
merchants of the Euphrates and the Med
iterranean still occupy these with the mul
titude of their wares. The city which
Mahomet surveyed from a nighboring
height and was afraid to enter "because
it was given to man to have but one par
adise, and for bis part he resolved not to
hflve it in this world" is to to-day what
Julian called "the Eve of the East." as it
was. in the time of Isaiah, "the head of
From Damascus comes the damson or
blue plum, and the delicious apricot of
Portugal called damasco ; damask, our
beautiful fabric of cotton and silk, with
vines and flowers raised upon a smooth,
bright ground ; the Damask rose introduc
ed into England in the time of Henry
VIII : the Damascus blade, so famous the
world over for its keen euge and wonder
ful elasticity, the secret of whese manu
facture was lost when Tamberlane carried
the artist into Persia ; and that beautiful
art of inlaying wood and ' steel with gold
and silver, a kind of Mosaic engraving and
damakeening, with which boxes,' bureaus
and swords were ornamented. It is still a
city of flowers and bright waters; the
streams of Lebanon and the "silk and
gold" "still murmur and' sparkle in the
wilderness of the Syrian garden?.
A Thrilling Incident.
A clever and genial writer in the Mich
igan Freemason gives the following graph
ic skectch of an incident occuring during
a Masonic excursion on the Mississippi,
which cool and chivalrous Knight Templar
ship alone saved from proving fatally dis
astrous: It was amagnificent sight to see our im
mense Voat accompanied by the Lady Gay
and the, Belle of Alton. Their .decks
crowded whh fair ladies and Knights Tem
plar, bands of music, distinguished citizens,
and invited guests, as they steamed up the
Mississippi, then 4own to Jefferson Bar
ricks, where we aU Tent on shore to spend
a pleasant hour ; aftr which w again
went on. board, and steamed merrily up
I was standing near the ciptain." The
commander of the Templars came and
leaned wearily on the capstan.. I turned
to lieuben Milton and wispered in his ear
these words : "Tliat man was born to com
mand." He had the form of a Hercules,
the head of an Apollo,' and the eyo of au
eagle, and, as circumstances afterwards de
monstrated, the heart of a lion." Although
not so- very large, hq appeared larger than
he really was : he was full and atheletic.
and still every proportion was a Hymemetry
and everv movement a grace.
Whilst be was still leaning silently on
the' capstan, and while I was yet annalyz
ing his fine countenance, the captain of the
steamer with pale lips and blanced cheeks
approached the young Templar and with a
low tone and trembling voice said :
"Great God ! sir, we are sinking. We
are snagged in the bottom, sir, and noth
ing can save us." 1
"How long can you keep her afloat?"
carelessly inquired the young Templar.
"Sho may go down in five minutes : she
cannot keep afloat more than fifteen, re
plied the captain. ' .
"Do not make your situation known to
any one except your crew, or we will have
a panic, then nil will be lost. Signal tho
Lady Cray to lean to ; none will notice or
understand the 6ignal of distress. Get
your crew and hands ready to move. I
will manage the rest."
Blow. Warder, blow?" said the young
Templar, speaking to his ensign, wno siooa
near him, at the same time leaping upon
the capstan. Every one was startled by
a shrill blast from the warder's trumpet.
A hundred Templar's swords leaped from
their scabbards at the blast.
' "Attention, Sir Knights." shouted the
young commanded "The next ceremony
in the programme is for the Sir Knights,
ladies and gentleman on this boat to Iady
Gay. As the steamers are rapidly ap
proaching each other, and cannot be kept
but a minute or two together, the move
ment must be u rapid one. You will form
procession at once, and, as the boats come
together, ja s over the gangway under an
arch of steel, to tho lower deck of the La
dy Gay. Forward. Sir Knights to the
gangway. Music in front. The band
will play. The Kuights Templar Quick
step." In obediancc to the orders, the Knights
formed a double line to the gangway,
facing round, with sword crossed above
the heads of those forming the procession.
In less than eight minutes the whole pre
cious carco of human life had passed from
the Mississippi to the Lady Gay, even to
the colored cook, except tue two nies oi
Templars, when the young commander or
dered : "From the rear right and left in
ward wheel, march :" and filing inward,
the Teninlars rannidlv passed over the
gangway to the Lady Gay, the young com-
maimer oeing uie last v icnvc. ..,
ute more and the Mississippi steamer
sank to the bottom. : 1 '
The nartialitv of the darkey for the sun
is proverbial.1 At noonday, with the fierce
rays shining down on nis Dare neaa, me
mnsnnitns sineincr around him. and the
flies making amorous dalliance with his
nose or lips, be sleeps ana areams. yne
rdd dnrkev in the Fourth District, New
Orleans, has daily, for months past, select
ed the doorstep ot. a prominent resiuence
fnr his nonndav nan. Beine driven off one
day, he comes the next. With his head
thrown back and his moutn wiao open, ne
snores away, to the exceeding discomfort
of the inmates. Called to the door by
this disagreeable diapason a few days since,
the lady of the house concluded she would
try an experiment. For this purpose she
procured a small piece of ice and dropped
it into the huge orifice that served as Sam
bo's mouth. It disappeared like a shot,
and with a cough and snort Sambo start
ed to his feet.
"Ugh !" he cried, as the ice sent violent
thrills through his stomach.
"What dis?" and his fingers clutched
nervously the afflicted parts.
Just then some one cried out in the
house that a big rat had run down "Uncle
Sam's" throat. This addod terror to his
pain. He rolled on the banquette and
cried lustily' for help.
"'Fore God, missus, he's gnawing out'n
me. . I feels him. O, golly, he's kill'n
me," and the whites of the darkey's eyes
protruding like saucers, and the convulsed
and anguished face, showed that real pain
was strongly enhanced by his imaginary
"O, golly, how he do jump and kick
about," and Sambo again gave himself up
to a paroxysm of lamentation.
"Drink warm water, Uncle Sam, and
drown him," the lady suggested.
Without a moment's hesitation Sam
started for the water-plug. He turned on
the crank and the water started. Sam
glued his lips to the nozzle until his sides
were puffed out like an inflated balloon.
"How do you feel now, Uncle Sam ?'
the lady inquired, as Sam ' staggered back
to his seat.
"I guess he's drowned, missus: but
here's what's troublin' dis chile : Iiow's dot
rat ywine to git oufn dare f"
The pension rolls of the War Depart
ment contain the names of twelve widows of
revolutionary soldiers, each one hundred
years of age. Of these relics of the Revo
lution two have reached the ripe "age of
117 years ; another counts nine years over
a ccmnrj , iuiu uei sou y i unnom ou
of eighty-seven. ..Ll.. ' '
One of the most decisive political rev
olutions of the year is in the ninth (Ohio)
district, wb.cre Dickinson,' Democrat, bad
a majority of 1,645 majority two years ago,
and Foster, Republican, has 1,101 'ma
jority now., . , , . . . . , . . . ,
' November 24th is universally appointed
by American Governors for Thanksgiving
The Murderer of Adolf Deutsch
to be Hung- December 16th.
We clip the following from the Knox
ville Chronicle of Nov. 9th :
Yesterday the case of Andy Willams,
colored, convicted of tho murder of Adolf
Deutsch, iu Hamilton county, in 1867,
for which crime he was convicted and sou
tenced to be hung, was disposed of. Ho
was sentenced to be hung on the 16th of
December. This was an appeal to th
Supreme Court, and the opiuion rendered
by Chief J ustice Nicholson. . .
J ustice is slow, but it is sure. Tba
crime for which this man is to be hung is
still fresh in the minds of our old citizens,
but it is well for the benefit of soma of tho
new comers, that we should recall the cir
cumstances. Adolf Deutsch was a young
er brother of Henry Deutsch, ; the , well
known watchmaker of this citj, and was a
partner in the business. Ho was a young
man of fine talents, good looking, and uni
versally esteemed. Indeed, we doubt if
be had an enemy iu the city. On the
morning of the 5th day of November,
l67, be .started into the country towards
Bird's mill, to recoversome watches which
had been stolen from the store by Andy
Williams, the negro now under sentence
of death for his murder.
He did not return at the time he was
expected, and towaHs night his brothers
became alarmed, and parties were sent out
in search of him, but failed to find him.
Early next morning, Wednesday, Nor.
Cth, another party was organized to search
for Mr. Deutsch, and at 5 o'clock in tho
morning his lifeless body was found by
Esq. Blackford, stripped to the shirt, ly
ing in the woods, within S00 yards of
Sheriff Connor's house. , - :-
A coroner's inquest was held which de
veloped the fact" that Mr. Deutsch was last
seen alive near Connor's house, which tho
negro Andy Williams following him witli
a club which he was proven to have pick
ed up near the house of Wm. Rogers, j
The Erst blow was struck from behind
with the club.
The negro confessed that ho committed
the crime, and said that after he had strip
ped the body, ho saw that Mr. Deubwh
was not quite dead, and thought he. had
better finish him, which he did by another
blow. The negro ran to Georgia, but was
hotly pursued, and was finilly captured by
some farmers on Lookout Mountain noma
20 miles from here.
He was first tired before the Circuit
Courtat Harrison in June 1868, and was
ably defended by Col. J. Burch Cooke,
B. Heuderson, Esq. and Mr. W. Marshall.
For the state. Attorney General Hyde
and Hon. D. M. Key, now Chancellor, ap
peared. He was convicted, and sentenced to bo
hung on the 16th of August 1868, bat an
appeal was taken that tho venue was not
correctly laid iu the indictment, and also
on error in the charge of tho Judge. This
appeal came before the Supreme Court at
Knoxvillo in 186'J, and a new trial was
The new trial was held at Harrison in
Feb. 1870, and another conviction follow
ed and sentenced to be hung. A geneml
appeal was again taken, resulting in the
action above indicated. '
No more dastard- or unprovoked mur
der was ever committed, and we rejoic
that after so long delay justice u at last to
War Xewa front Europe.
The failure of tho negotiations for an
armistice continues the leading topic, and
th re is a disposition in, some quarters in
Englana to attribute the failure to the
"fatuity of the French." .... From tho gen
eral character of tho dispatches, however,
it would seem that the I'rench have acted
with quite as much frankness and fairne
as the Prussians. The points at issue are
not yet entirely clear, as, according U
divers correspondents, the ," hitch" is eaid
to rest severally on the questions of re
yictualing Paris, cession' of territory, free
ingress and egress in and out of Paris,
and supply of ammunitiou to the army b
sieged. Possibly each item has something
to do with tho matter, but it is not likely
that even a passable approximation to the
truth of it will be presented until Bismarck,
ou the Prussian side, and Thiers, Trochu
and Favre. on the part of the, Fronclu
shall enlighten the world with their in
evitable circulars to the neutral powers.
The fact that Mr. Th iers was still at Ver
sailles yesterday morning led to the hopo
that negotiations were not altogether end
ed. ' , ,
The Prussians, however, have resolved
to push tho war to Its extreme, and it U
announced at Versailles that the bom
bardment of Paris will conmicnco to-dav.
Similar announcements have been inado
before. It is held by French authorities
that no bombardment of the city is possi
ble until the forts are taken, and that the
Prussians will not be able for two weeks
to make an attack upon them. The Paris,
forts, it is stated, have heavier guns thou
the Prussians have yet been able to estab-.
lish, and can silence any battery that may
be opened against them now. Even shoulU
tho forts eventually be taken, the fpoco
between, them and tho inner line is honey
combed with mines, the roadis leading into
the city are barricaded, and the army to
be defeated numbers 800,000 men. 650,
000 of whom are armed and have arrived
at a high state of discipline. . The city is f
said to be amply supplied with provision j
sufficient to last several months. On tho ,
other hand, the Prussians will have to keep
up their supplies from Germany during
the winter, beset by Franc-tireurs and with
winter's weather against them, ,to say '
nothing of what may bo done by the armiM
of Keratry. IJonrbaki. and other organisa
tions for the defense of France.
These and similar considerations lead
many of the French people to believe that
they can eventually repel tho invaders,
preserve their territory, and save the
honor of the country. It is asserted by
the same authority that whilo Bismarck
refused to allow Paris to be rcsupplied,
the prime cause of the failure of negotia
tions was the refusal by Favre to cousider
the question of, yielding territory. Tlo
Tours Moniteur charges the failure direct-
IvJ to the account of Bismarck's duplicity. ,
The French loan has been conceded a plui-n
on the lists of tho : London atock board,
and is quoted at ljaj premium . . , , ,
If the German invasion and armed oc-'
cupation of France fcave made sad liavoy
in the champagne depots ahd ivlneyarda, -the
enormous apple, crop, of thl seamon '. '
throughout the Eastern hUtes will meet ,
the defioncy of gonulue cha:hpagne in tho. ' '
cider substitute. . V-J'r.- - ' '
' ' A'Louisville lady i owplaina tha,t fh.o
w8 drugged and marrijo, . ;.. ;
. ' -.