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Knoxville weekly chronicle. (Knoxville, Tenn.) 1870-1875, April 06, 1870, Image 6

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l'nnn Interels.
Tho agricultural interests of tho country
tsct'iu to bo more tardy ami Itiickwnnl In
partaking of the progressive spirit of tho
ago than any other' of the various Interests
of ,our people, "Which should not bo so, nsj
It the most Important or, at least, is ono
of the most important nnd tho present de
cade should be marked by important
changes and improvements In our agricul
tural interest.
TJie great Improvements which havo
been made in agricultural implements can-.
not bring to tho tiller of the soli tho proper
reward, unless lie who uses them knows
how-to takftcaro otyhem, aud mako them
serviceable inthci fullest sense of tho. word.
fcfcsJJtit our hlll-sulo land cannot be mauo bus-.
eeptiblo of reoeivlng nil the benelits wnicn
are to bo derived from improved agricul
tural, Implements, audit is time thnt farm
ers should1)egin to. realize the vast differ
ence, 'iii cost, of producing and taking care
of crops .hi flic old wny, when rcap-hooks
nnd se'thctulld the work of thejreanejand
mower of toiSay.'WnITfllteiTco" In cost
will, In a few years, render th'o cultivation
of hlll-sldo land unprofitable, except where
it produces a very "abundant crop which
our hlll-sldo kind, even the bost.of it, un
dOrvthe ipresentwdcatrnctivo. system, -wjll
soon full'to do. , ,
Now,l by the use of tiles (which any
brick maker can furnish, and Would fur
nish if, there Was a suflleient demand) and
n regular system of dndnagc, our hlll-sldo
farms could, with all their disadvantages,
bo nuulo to pay a handsome reward to the
husbandman, and instead of being passed,
in a worthless condition, from sire to son,
after generations will receive them a rich
heritage in a productive condition, bring
ing forth grain and grass injduo season.
There is also a murderous system of farm
ing in this country which should bo aban
doned, land abandoned at once that of
"corning'.land to death." A good farmer
ought to know whatjhls land will bear, and
never kill the landlby over corning. Some
kinds of soil will stand corn much longer
than other soils, but all kinds of soil must
have some kind of nutriment, if you would
keep it In n healthy condition. Vegetable
ami animal matter combined are best, but
one or the other, if you would have your
land productive, It must have ; and with a
ilue regard for the providing of this nutri
ment, your land will be more profitable
now and more valuable hereafter.
Tho mlscrablo system of shallow plough
ing, for which there can lie no excuse, is
another fruitful source of disaster to our
agricultural interests, andshould be disal
lowed aiid frowned uinm by all intelligent
(inner. Land ploughed very shallow will
lot produce as good crops In ordinary sea
sons as the laud that is more thoroughly
wl, and during the extreme dry
er, which Jwe sometimes have, tho
an the former suffer much more than
crops on the latter the uiuerence in
rst of farming.Jwhich is the smallest
fJpn--in the count. Shallow
Is especially'ruinous to hill-side
hig it to "wash," and rendering
kXJitrjpplni; it of ijsojl.and
Once stripped of these, it
leult to resuscitate hill-
more favored llelds
lv Hat. or level.
'lt fkoly to remain in
i tc, there is very little
fr which is not the ease
f the treatment of worn-
asulifure article, showing that
productive with very little
etat small cost.
Essex Figs.
TheE-sex is the largoslof the small breed
of pigs larger than tho Biiuill Yorkshire,
nrKnhiilk. r small Yorkshire. It is. in
j . tn t-t vnnr ktiilw
blklau year after year, and
6 em. -uy metnou is to pick
fiilerfln tho Spring, after nar-
'inv lrraiii iinii sowimr mvirrass
ffuehjl think sliould not be harrow-
jly busiieu or roiieu. (stones can
much cueaner anu cneaner men
I v other time, i naui mem on
illtlJ lUAlllJ, VII HIU llllll, l mi-
fciot too wet ; if so( any timo after
L Any fanner am find time to
lis fields and fit them for a mow-
lie. Clear out nil the fust rocks
io the holes, feee to it yourself.
rt trust It to tho bovsi once well
twice done. It is roor economy to
kit, cattle to your neighbor's or to
lig to water, week after week, be-
ir pump nas laiieu. jjy so uoing
amy trouuie your nemiibor. not
uey every time you take your
van . ii vour tmmit is out
..vWuct a now one at once. 1
Wloss iump to be tfio cheapest
mnnn now In nse. It is noor
to' hitch colts" ifrThe barn lioor.
they aro liable to cot huiiEwith the
poor economy to Keep more nogs
Hhiajn wen ieeti, aim poor economy
' TfJliay and straw to sheep, or
-cW&, It is poor economy to
LnC&in anything you do not need,
r-i at it tin
1 xt-p fne fjm
prospect of being ablo
o. Tho wuecessful manuecnient
tiCi especially infills age of progress,
LT;ries thought, not less than hard work.
U' -A. t ... r, i....,i,.., .i.....
'i 1 '1... , I ....... .1...
lit, - II1U IH.TM ilIKi ioii UIV n4.-ri,
"it-rons: um
vMJEia, what implements, to secure the
iitit all these things need to be con-
L1,l'npruvf leur.e or winter
uu jiitniig is upon u, uiiu
iir Oumimli-u mu-t bo com-
ji'panbgrJio iievupiuy means
flu k.im1 lilid
Mto plant, in iirderjfto be tolerably
,"'Uo obtain a. gftod prh;Q for the pro
c; J.'HiilmtVill. iirt fo fiiinlltv and rota
ti a ' r ! . : ;
" l vrmw mill IUhI U'lli'n in .11111 V.'IIO
fact, wliat is now known 4n England as n
medium or middle brepti. ai iwoivo or
fourteen months old., we have had them
dress over 400 lbs. They are entirely black,
but when dressed areas whltoas tho "Whit
est. Their flesh is remsrkably firm, and
tho lord of the best quality. They havo
small bones, small upright ears, short,
snout, good cheek nhu shoulders, stiuare
bodies, short legs and capital hauls. They
are remarkably compact, rind appear much
smaller than they really are. They are tho
quietest and most gcnllo of nil pigs: are
irood breeders nnd mothers, llut their
crowninc excellence is their purity of
breed and, as a consequence, they im
press their good qualities with great force
on any common soavh with which they
may be crossed.
They will iniprovoany breed which they
are crossed. Wo havo crossed them with
the largo Berkshires. with perhaps a slight
reduction in size, but with n marked Im
provement In form, fattening qualities and
early maturity. Crossed witli a large,
coarse, Chester "White sow, we get .pigs
cither all black or black-aud-whltoi JFor
large, common pigs, to bo kept until they
aro n year or eighteen luonths old, this
cross is admirable. For smaller pigs," with
less bono and offal, and that will fat at nine
mouths or a year old,, another cross with
tho Essex is desirable.. A thlrdcrosa would
givoplgs almost aa nne-bonea ng tuo pure
Essex. Such pigs can be fattened nt four
or live months old, and afford tho choicest
and most delicate of. fresh pork an article
as yet almost unknown In our general
markets, bnt which, when once Known, is
sure to command good prices.
II.. 1 T . 1' 1 1 - 1
rxoni mo smaiuiess ui oniu mm i-Aceuu-ingly
quiet disposition, tho Essex are easy
keepers. They are good graziers. 'Wo
know of no breed superior to, them in this
resnect. With tho run of a cood clover
Easture, well-wintered grado or thorough
red Essex pigs will keep in fine growing
condition all summer, and if allowed in
Buch a pasture, two or three ears of corn
each per day, with access to fresh water,
win grow very rapiuiy,. anu do ni an times
ready for the butcher. This is the cheap
est way of making pork. For the mere
purpose of making pork, wo wo'uld not re
eonunend the thorough-bred Essex. They
are too flue and delicate. Their great value
conslsls in their capacity of improving any
of the large, coarse breeds, or. In fact, any
kind of common pigs. For this purpose,
they mut be breu pure. What a farmer
needs to improve Ills stock is thorough-bred
males. And in pigs there is no breed moro
thoroughly established than the Essext
Anicrican Agriculturist.
X Treaty on tlio PertaturHistoriclc nnd
Biograplilcle. '
Vegitable and slenttflcly speekin', the
pertatur is a edible, subtyranean, radicle
excressence, witch, at the rate of 3 a duz
zen, and 3 blew stamps (3 scent ones), is
tho greatest boon ever inflicted onto hu
manity. Jn its screen and magnificent influences
upon mankind, it cerpnsses all the other
serials, except, perhaps, the olster, to wich
it lears a close aflnity.
The pertiitur is a feast in itself, being hlly
salutary both bfled, and baked, and fride,
ana stuue, tno' naraiy ot the nrst quality,
takin raw. , But it is in its concentrated
aud etheryal form In the arrowmatlc and
invlgeratiir eouuisiun ot that most useiul
of all. Hooids, wich is viz, to wit, namely,
whiskey, that the pertater develops all its
laytent loveliness and exhibits all thoso
salubrious vertifee wich has, from time un
memorial, rendered it the most delishus of
all fmlts.
Simnkinsos natcnt is nertlcklv desirable
for the fulness with wicn it abounds in tho
latter refreshmentary rinslnlc. Beware
of counterfits none jenulne onless im-
nrrted directly from us (Me and Joanny),
lenrln our traid mark, wich is a accoorato
illuntrashuu of one of our Jewkundy pigs
a catm or a naueii pertato observe that
the tales curl to the left. Copies cent by
male on reseat of prb-e.
Elder Spugglegris informs me that the
pertato was originally dlskivered by Brig
adier Sargent. Corteez when lie invaded
2soo Jersy in serehof Coobansinipathisers,
at which time they was so small as only to
be visible by tne aue ot iieoniiensinsteary-
scoih.'. w hat a change aence them periods.
fills execrable root has been enhanced itin
erations arter gineration, ontil Anally, at
last, the pinnycie of perfection is chimb.
aml.JNIe aiuLJoiiimy-iiiusvtting on tlie top
on it. . .
Is. B. Therls no room for auy one else
on the same nlnnvecje. it is saiu thet
diiorln tho bluddy aud sangAVln conflix be
tween the erly J'ilgrhiL Fiithers and the
A posh lulius, on occashun the Pilgrlma
running snort of aminishuu, they wred a
cupple of pales full of nitro glisserfng into
a flour ban, and filling it up witli tubercles,
tetched it oil into the raux of a fu regi
ments of penile warvurs. wicli so astonish
ed, the inlins uint tneyquietiy piieu uptuer
hofds ami revolvers, gerueu up iner 101ns,
and lied to-Checawiro.
In our recent tussles with the untOotered
savij, it has been found' more economlclo
t' doos the turners toallkwidstate, wicli
n lad a hlly clvllzin elfeek onto the bar-
We recomend bhnpklii'-es patent.nii noo
ixjriur to all others for tills chrlschun per
pus, fernislien, lis it (luz, more bliss and
enlightningnient to the gallnti, than any
other knono means of civillzushlu.,
,Ak another evhlence of its usefulness, let
us refer to the facility with wich lt"ntfords
happiness to that outrnjious, insignificant,
ongrateful, sllinv little vljer, tho Colorado
I Bug, wich isoileof theblessinsof hevln
for wich wo liev no spexhll use. True they
air luvly, but tlier ltrvliness, like the coun
tenance xf a jilligater, sullies but to de
stroy. .
Lastly we remark what we hev never lie
fore olwrveJ, that irtatoex jiev reached
tlier present perfected and celestial state
ejiealfy tlini' thesuperanuated couseptlons
and Herculoueum ellbrtsof Mrs Slmpkins.
wich is Joannv and inciter hlmenlal com-
i.... n.. ......i 1......1 . ii. ...... r...
obtaineil ill tlier tniritv only bVaddresslng
m with the proper greenbax. Ordtra for
less than one not roneaved. .Send us a
handful of utanips. and we will forward a
cuttleog of tlil-exfuti" bulb, with esculent
reniuriis on iter virtue, eoiisisieucj , uiu
freedom from eveo'thing derogatory to n
uood monil carakter Ilustrated )y an nf
feeting-view of our pigsty during a dark
and storiiiy nite in January. .
JoaknV nnd. Sim Eoy .SIMI'KIKS.
Pi'HI.kv Xmc-KBiSj Egypt, Ellinoy.
Timely NairKcMion 'oncemlHK Some lfjl.
vcranl Evils.
The Chrhtlan Union takes up the sub
ject; of "ChUrch Manners," and treats It In
a most sensible manner. Wo, give n sum
l'isrv! Wn Vimii mli snld about n "bc-
comng behavior" ih'thohoitseof God niid
it is laid down that ond should bo devoted
and rovcrcntlal In church But will this
Justify a man in keeping his pcwdoor shut
when strangers nro without seats? or In
permitting those who are within his reach
to go without a book while ho is dovoutly
using tho best one in the pew ? If in some
thero were less sobriety nnd hiore polite
ness, would not tho devotions bo moro pro
fitable to tho soul and more acceptable to
God ? The fact is, one may have Ills mind
so entirely raised above the world on Sun
day, as to forget a great many little duties
quite allied to that beiievolcnco which tho
gospel Inculcates. No Christian man has
a right to mako another pt'rson unhappy,
Or even to annoy him, through self-indulgence,
carelessness, or selfish devotion.
Violent perfumes, especially thoso contain
ing musk, rirc disagreeable fo most persons.
and to some positively distressing, and
oucht therefore to be avoided when crolnir
into a crowded assembly. Whlsnerinir in
church, during service, is an affront to po
liteness, coughing can bo avoiueu, m a
great degree, by taking a few precaution
ary measures j and In all cases when It is a
man's uuty to sleep in cnurcu, u is ins uu
ty, rils6, to snoro with the soft pedal down.
Since every one likes to seo tho minister,
each one should take some thought that he
mav obstruct the sltrht of thoso behind him
as llttlo.as possible. Many churches have
uie ten commanuments set upon tne waii,
ill sight of the whole congregation, al
though not ono of tho sins reported therein
is likely to be committed in church time.
Would it not bo well to havo another tab
let, enumerating tho sins which men are
prone to commit in church time?
Stewart's Store.
Edward Cropsoy tells of A. T. Btowart'a
store, "that 'the- average dally sales havo
been: siik. si&,uoo: uress roous, su.uou:
muslins, 53.000; laces, 2,000; shawls, $2,
500; suits, $1,000; calicoes, 81,500; velvets,
S2.000; gloves, $1,000; furs, $1,000; hosiery,
$000; boys' clothing, $700; Yankee no
tions, suuu ; embroiuenes, i.wu ; carpets,
$5,500. The total average dally receipts of
tno entire cstaoiisnment aro fcsu.ww, anu
have been known to reach $37,000. To do
all this business requires an army of em
ployes, 'mere is ono general sunenntenu-
ent and nineteen superintendents of de
partments, nine cashiers, twenty-five book-,
keepers, thirty ushers; fifty-five porters,
two hundred eash-boys, nine hundred
seamstresses, and others in the manufac
turing department (including tho laundry),
three liundred and twenty clerks, of whom
a small portion are women, nnd ono hun
dred anu nrty in the carpet department.
Without particularizing further, it is suf
ficient to state that with the extra help
often, required, twenty-two hundred per
sons are usually needed to discharge the
duties of tho establishment. Such 11 cures
were never known in the trade of a single
house, it is because they are so exceptional
and so fast, that I havo given them. Tho
number or persons visiting tne store in a
single day has been estimated to reach
fifty thousand, on some raro occasions,
sucii as opening days; tho averag6 daily
numDer is piaceu ni nueeu uiouhuuu. ivuu
this traffic is no respecter of persons: the
wealthy dame in quest of silks and velvet,
and the poor worKing-woman in wane oi a
cheap calico dress, here meet on a common
TVhat will Fit Him to be a Farmer I
A boy 15 years old, who is at school, asks
us what books wo would recommond him
to read. to. lit him to be a farmer. If our
young friend is at a common school we
wouui auvise him to give njs attention. in
tho nrst place to thoroughly mastering an
the Btudlea that are taught thero Do not,
in a haste to build your house, forget to lay
a good foundation. The great trouble with
many men of excellent talents is, that they
hud not the opportunities for a good ele
mentary education the foundation or if
they had them, they neglected them for
something more attractive. Do not let the
desire to bo a good fanner, or any thing
else, turn your attention from the common
6chool studies. No accomplishments, or
picked up bits, of science, can answer In
their place. These being attended to, then
we would advise such reading as will teach
the laws that govern the common opera
tions of the farm. One of tho best books
for an intelligent boy is Thomas' Farm
Implements, which is full of interest, if he
would know the why and wherefore of
thlugs. The first principles of Mechanics,
or Natural PhHosophy, as it is often called,
are given, and tlieh1 application to various
kinds of farm work shown. AVe hope that
there are many boy who propose to bo
farmers, and we advise them, aud Indeed
other boys, and tho girls too. iq learn the
laws pf motion and gravitation, tlio pro
perties of air, water and steam, etc., as
they will' not only be of great use to them
lu all mechanical operations, but make
them more intelligent men and women.
American AgrloulturlHt.
Ice Mountain In West Virginia.
On tho east bank of the North river, In
Hampshire county, West Virginia, is per
haps one of the greatest curiosities in tho
State. It is literally an ico mountain, in
height from four hundred to five hundred
feet. The western side of this mouulain is
covered with looso stono of a light color
from base to 'summit. By removing tho
stone, pure, solid crystal fee can le found
in the warmest davs of summer, and it lias
been found there aa late as the middle of
Kentember. It mav oxlst tliroUKbout the
entire year if the rocks were removed to a
sufllcient depth. What seems strange is,
that the side of the mountain where tho lee
Is found is exposed to the sun throughout
tho day ; and it Is snld the sun doe not
linvoaH much effect in melting the lee as
continuous rains. At the base of this
mountain is a snrinirof water, very clear
and cold. Some years ago the owner of
the property removed thetonc and erected
a small losr dairy or snrliiK houso. hi which
meats can bo. kept at any reason iis wife us
thev can bo preserved In an Ico house.!
Fliis ainl snakes wnnef hues find their way
Into the siirimr house, where they inline-
tliatfcly beeome ehlljed and torpid. On be-
linr removed thev'hoou recover life and ino
Utm. This eeleljroted mountain Is situated
twenty-six miles nornieast ot v uteneiter,
and sixteen mlleM'from'Itomiie.V! iifllnnip-
shire county, Went Virginia. I'unhamUe
or inc y
A Political and Family Paper.
With tills issue, the undersigned propose
to commonco tho publication; of a Weekly
Newspaper, styled tho Knoxville Chkon-
icle, to be followed In a few weeks by a'
Believing tho principles of the Republi
can Party best calculated to perpetuate tho
theory of Republican Government as set
forth In our Constitution, and best calcula
ted to promote tho peace and happiness of
our people the Ciironiclh will advocato
tho principles of that Party as set forth in
the Chicago Platform of 1868, and will yleld
a cordial support to tho administration of
President Chant. But, while advocating
these principles, tho Publishers will reservo
to themselves the right to criticise pv.bllc
men and measures without regard to party.
Believing tho education of tho mnseetJ to
be highly conducive to morality, prosperi
ty and happiness, wo shall advocato a. lib
eral, wise FreoSchool system, and demand
It as the first and most important duty to
bo performed .by the General Assembly.
We share with all our pcoplo tho pride
and spirit becoming Tcnnesseeans.'but we
claim a share too of the greater prldo and
glory becoming Americans. Our fields and
rivers and mountains aro but a part of this
great Bepubllc dedicated to liberty and
progress, and the Chiionicxe will always
be found battling for such laws and such a
public spirit as encourago cnterprlzo and
capital from every clime; and wo shall
know "no North, no South, no East, no
West," but shall meet every man as a fellow-citizen
of our restored Union.
Wo will do nil in our power to. advauco
aud protect the interests of home industry,
advocating from time to time such meas
ures as in our opinion aro best adapted to
secure this end.
We will devote a portion of our columns
to Reports nnd Reviews of the
In which business men nnd tho people gen
erally are Interested.
Special nttention will be given to the
Of the Chronicle ; tho Publishers design
ing to make this one. of "the principal fea
tures of tho weekly Issues.
Will not be neglected. Neither labor nor
means will be spared, to at nil times collect
the latest Items of General and Special
We will endeavor to publish such a Jour
nal as can be taken Into the family circle;
containing sometldng In each issue inter
esting to nil ages, sexes and conditions of
To every friend of the Republican Party ;
to every friend of .' Free Schools ; . to every
friend of American Enterprise and Indus-
trj'i we appeal for "aid In this our new en
Our terms nro as follows, invariably in
advance :
Ono Copy, one Year,-. . $2 00
One Copy, Six Months, . 1 00
Ten Copies, Ono Ycar,- a? 17 50
Twenty Copies, One Year, 30 00
J86T Address,
Kkoxville, Tens.'.
Tlio Pope's Precautions against Poison.
At tho tlmo of mass, beforo tho consecra
tion, tho iwx containing the hosts Is placed
ou the altar, from which the Holy Father
selects three, which aro placed in a row.
Tho pope indicates one, but refrains from
louomngu. mis tne ueacon mises to juoii
slguor Marinclli, who consumes it at once,
being careful " fo look into the eyes of the
none.'1 The none then points to ono of the
remaining two, which tno ueacon at once
consumes, looklmr nt tho popo. Tho third
is used by tho pope himself, no one being
allowed to' touch it, under pain of excom
munication. Tho deacon then takes tho
cruew containnm tno wine nnd water, and.
without wiping tho chalice, pours a littio of
capn into it. this is uruni: uy tno sacris
tan, looking'at tho pope as beforo. The
deacon then does tlio same. The remainder
Is consumed by His Holiness. These pre
cautions presuppose that if tlio sacristan Is
guilty of poisoning, either personally or by
collusion, ho will show symptoms in hfs
Countenance when' ho lias to coiisunio tlio
elements. Hence lio must look at the pope.
then the deacon, who is a cardinal treneral-
ly, is Interested in the sacristan's cood
faith, for he shares the snmo rial;. It tho
chalice Is poisoned, it will probably bo by
some mixture rubbed on its Hides. This is
,jnuch more than a cercmon,', and the pre
cut pontiff exuets every tittle of it.
Alexander H. Stephens says that Jef
ferson's llret inauirural and Lincoln's first
inaugural are tlio two flueet pieces of com
position or tne kiuu in tne couuiry.
AgriCHltHral Implements, &c.
O. W MABRY. 0. TtmiTEl!. JOS. A. MABltt.
" it j .w'sAtmm
(SuecessotJ to A. 0. Jackttoi k 00.1
Commission Merchants;
, : . .;;!,
,- J if
. T
. .i .i n't... '.
Mechanical Implements',
Mill Furnishing Goods,
We aro tho exclusive Agents for East Ten
nessee for tho celebrated " '
Tornado Thresher,
Manufactured by
Reaping and Mowing Machines,
- Sweepstakes Threshery
Manufactured by
Wlicclcr & Itlclllck'
T TT T) 1? Q II 1) O
Horse Powers,
Wo are the exclusive Dealers in tho cele-
brated Pittsburgh x
Manufactured by J. C. Bidwell. (Tho
Only Genuine.)
Cast Cast -Steel Plows,
.III! X.
Wo keep constantly on hand every variety
Hand and Horse Rakes,
(Yankee and Dutch)
(iSy-Wo atk a call frpnf our old friends
and customers, and ,tho Farnierlj of East
nrril 0 tf

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