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KNOXVILLE WEEKLY CHRONIC LE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1870.
XfUX.12 3c TAKW'ATER,
OFFICE i BR0WNLOWS.OLD STAND,
i:nlriiucn on AY -NTRKET, IinI Side,
Between Main and Hill streets.
xr.HMK or .si'nst'iurTio.v.
Ono copy, one year, . 00
One copy, tlx month! 1 00
Ten copies, ono year 1" 60
Twenty copies, one year,... -W 00
fifty copies, ono year,- if.i 60
WEDNESDAY, . .
. MAY 4, 1870.
REPUBLICANS OF KNOX COUNTY!
The contested election case of Mynatt
vs. Boyd was determined yesterday by the
parties, themselves, consenting to again
submit their claims for the ofllce to the peo
ple of the county. -A'n' entry wns accord
ingly made by the County Court, declaring
that, by consent of the contestants, the
election of the 20th of March last, so far as
it effected the olllce of Trustee, was null
and void and ti new election ordered. The
Court then fixed Saturday, ihcUth of May,
as the day for the election.
The notice is very short and every mo
ment of the intervening time must bo im
proved. In the Inst election there were
two candidates claiming the sufl'rages of the
Republicans for ofllce. They were both
good citizens and true Republican". We
mado that fight under disadvantages. We
arc glad this morning to announce that B.
F. Rearden, Esq., who made so creditable a
race in the last election, has, with a spirit
of true manliness and unselfishness, de
clared that he will not now be a candidate
for the ofllce, but pledges his best eflbrts on
behalf of Mr. H. L. W. Mynatt. Wc arc
therefore warranted in saying that 21. 2j.
W. Mynatt will be the only 2!epublican can
didate before the people in the coming elec
tion. Republicans of Knox county! we am
elect Mr. Mynatt Trustee on the 14th in
stant, if we will but make the effort. We
have a clear working majority in the coun
ty of at least live hundred. The only dan
ger we apprehend is that the people will
not turn out to vote. The strength of the
Democracy is in KuoxYille. The vote in
the city can be readily brought out. The'
Opposition are active and determined to
succeed. They have a candidate who
knows how to work and who will work.'
Our friends in the country must therefore
work, and begin at once. Organize in ev
ery civil district and see that every man
votes right. Let no time be lost. Begin
to-day and work every day until the elec
tion and wo will certainly succeed.
A W0ED TO OUB BOARD OF TRADE.
Through the eflbrts of a few public spir-
Itcd gentlemen, we have now an organiza
tion made up from the best business talent
of the city, which, under proper direction,
will certainly accomplish much good. The
association Is perfected at an opportune
tinle, and -vc hope "Will at once vigorously
begin its work. It affords a nucleu- about
which the friends of every enterprise can
rally. It offers what we have long needed
an organised body of business men to
care for the Interests of our city. We can
never hope to accomplish any public enter
prise without agitation or organized eflbrts
in its behalf. We trust, therefore, that It
may not be deemed presumptuous in us to
invite the attention of our Hoard of Trade
nnd of the public to some things which we
deem of pressing Importance to our city.
In the first placo we cannot hope to make
Knoxville u city of any slzo without addi
tional railroad facilities. Ourmanufactur
ing establishments are laboring under heri-
ous disadvantages, owing to their limited
means of transportation. Cheap freights
will do more for our business men and man
ufacturers than any other one thing. This
can only be secured by competition in rail
road transportation. We are now practi
cally a. way Ktatlon on a great national
highway, and must nubmlt to the disad
vantages tho tuition imposes. But wc
have railroad lines projected and partly
completed wjiich will bo of the very great
est advantage, We dp not overestimate its
importance. With a through line com
pleted from Kuoxville to Charleston, and
from Knoxvillo to Cincinnati, we will find
a new life coursing through ourstreets and
business circles. The advantages such
roads would give us arc appreciated by us
all, as we are persuaded. Now why are
they not built? That they will be profi
table lines of road no one disputes. There
are capitalists in the East planning and
mapping out new routes to the West, in tho
building of which they are ready to invest
millions. But if we cannot raise tho money
to completo these roads, we cuu certainly
get the means, if we "will make the proper
cftbrte. What we wnt Is sonieiystcmatlc,
persistent eflbrts in that direction. If all
the factH can be obtained, see that they arc
brought to the uttentloli of those who will
likely Interest themselves In the work If
tlio railroad or some other committee of our
Board of Trade will now take hold of this
.11,.,. .,i.i It .l.mi-riiiulv If rim lid
lHurr ...... , - - -
comnilsli. mucli. it tnc worn ou mo
'Charleston roall is under contract, let us we
if it cannot be hurried, along. If it is not
underc'oiitracffllet uknow why, and what
'I.. -Si i, i;t.w. tl.i. t.mttiM- it th'it nnlni.
in iiuim-ii luV o ...... . .......
befievo that Cincinnati, defeated in the
Legislature of Kentucky, bus gone to Con
gress for a charter for its Southern road.
We have been informed that several of our
cltlzonsaro named in tho bill now before
the Committee of Commerce a incorpora
tors. Is not this the golden opportunity
for Kuoxville? .If Cincinnati cannot get
a charter to go to Chattanooga, but can get
ono to come here, 'why not see that we se
cure the priie? Wo have made some
praiseworthy spasmodic efforts In the di
rection referred to, but nothing can be no
compllshed In thatjway; ' Let us have or
ganized efforts," 'and in due time we will
There arc other enterprises long discuss
ed, the advantages of which are always
conceded. We need a bridge ovor the Hol
ston river. A large portion of the money
is already subscribed. The charter is se
cured, and all that is needed to insure sue-J
cess Is a dctermlned'eflbrt on the part of our
We need more manufacturing establish
mcnts.We can never secure a permanent
prosperity in any other way. We are in
formed that a prominent, public spirited
citizen oilers to give one-sixth of the capi
tal stock (not to exceed $100,000), of a man
ufacturing establishment, and holds his
check ready for that sum. Tf our Board of
Trade will make the eflort wc know they
can secure the balance. Wcknow the pro
per i spirit exists among our people, but tho
great work now needed is to crystalizp the
different elements arid work through or
ganization. One other suggestion and wc have ended.
We have on theprineipal streets of ourelty
a large quantity of unimproved projwrty,
which is held at fabulous price. The
owners are men who seldom take part in
our public enterprises, but stand ready to
reap the harvests which will come in due
time from the energy and public spirit of
others. We suggest that the proper com
mittee take hold of this matter, and see
that this property is asses-ed for taxation
at prices something near the figures de
manded by the holders. If they will not
Improve it themselves, or sell it at reason-
aide rates to those who will, let them be
taxed well for it, and wc M ill guarantee
that it will soon be made of more benefit to
the city. There should be Pome change
made in the system of assessment. Men
who improve their property and make Itof
use to themselves and the public, ought
not to be taxed higher than those who re
tard the growth of the city by their extor
AN INSULT. -
General Fitzhuch Lee has written a letter, in
which he asserts that the late General Georire
H. Thomas offered his services in writing to the
Governor of Virginia, nt the beginning of ths
Into war, and was Southern in his feelings to nn
" almost bellicose degree.
The above is from tho J'r and 2Icrald,
and isa shameful illustration of the malice
which such new converts to Democracy, in
common with their allies of IMS, bear to
the dead hero whose valor nnd heroism
made them strike their colors on many a
sanguinary battlefield. Over the open
grave of tho great soldier, they hasten to
repeat their vile calumnies.
This story which the 2' rim and 2fe.ratd
repeats with such evident relish, has been
again and again contradicted and branded
as false, and is now resurrected by one who
boasts of the chivalry and gallantly of a
Virginia gentleman. No true soldier or
gentleman would now attempt to malign'
the character of such a man as Thomas
and it Is but lit and proper that theslander
should be circulated through the medium
to which we refer.
This falsehood is often coupled with an
other that in 1801 (ion. Thomas tendered
his resignation to the War Department In
order to serve the South. The following
letter contradicts It. Both these stories
were circulated two years ago, when it was
said Gov. Fletcher had the letter now re
ferred to. The letter never has been' nor
. never will be produced :
" Adjutant Gks2rai.'i Office, I
Wasuixotox, April t, 187. i
"Mm. J. W. Forney. Wathinaton. D. C :
" DE.ut Snt i Iti reply to your note of thin af
ternoon, there is no record of General George
II. Thomas, ever having tendered his resigna
tion, li una statement win true, no wouia not
havo been afterward found in our army. He
happened to bo at Southampton Virginia, in
1861. In February he wn in New "iork citv.
and in the following March and April was ut
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and on the ilut of Mav
ho marched 'to'Chambewhurg 'With his com
mund of ITnitwl State tronns.
" You will rem ember thai the rebel catiitul
wns at Montgomery, Alabama, before it whs fi
nally removed to Richmond, "(after 'June-1,
1801,) und General Thorna certainly did not get
"E. I). Townskni). Adiutant General'.'
In a recent conversation befween' two
sisters, who had taken opjiosite sides In the
late unplcasunhi'ess, In regard to an oppor
tunity which thex-x-rclicl had lost of mar
rying a boy whovoje f l(e bluoj the recon
structed sister Saul that it m iis on account
of too much devil. sarcastically
replied the other-'" tlfatwa noblt It wa
too much rebel." " 0, wcll,'raj)ologctlcal
ly responded the ex-rcb., "the difference
Is so Insignificant, sister, we will not quar
rel about that."
LOYAL CLAIMS IN C0NOBE8S.
From the very ablo speech of Hcuator
Pratt, of Indiana, ono Of the' Senate com
mittee on claims, delivered In the' Senate,
on the 27th of April last, we make the fol
lowing extract, rclativo to the well known
Claim of our esteemed fellow-citizens,
Messrs. Cowan & Dlcklnsqn,"bf this city.
"NN c hope soon to give other extracts from
this speech, which is of great Interest to
most of our readers.
In speaking of the dlflerehtvkiuds of
claims presented for payment, 'Senator
Pratt said :
1 In order to brine home to the Senate the real
inorifK of tlipso elniina. let mo uresent a few ex
amples from cases now lying upon your table
awaiting your action. Bear in mind -in every
case tlie property was lost to tnc loyarinan, not
In conseniienco of nnv crime or fault 6f his. but
becauso it was 6n the theater of tho war, or in
the pathway of the army, it was.iost in conse
quence of the war and as nn incident of the
" hen General Iiurnsidc was m command of
knoxville. with his ill-nrovideu armv. nntl tho
rapid approach of Longstreet wa known, obey
ing that necessity which admits of no delay and
knows no law. he seized two hundred nnd fiftv-
six bales of cotton belonging to a loyal mercan
tile firm of tho city and used them to complete
Ins works ot defense, 'liioy were used tor
making parapets nnd traverses. At Fort Saun
ders, where the assault of the enemy was made
with the greatest vigori and where they were re
pulsed with greatest slaughter and with littlo loss
iu u-( L'uiy irutiTsuium wiuu inuui iii ui uii-
ton, That memorable siege lias passed into his
torv. and is one of tho bright snots of tho war.
That hastily constructed fortification of cotton
bales probably saved Knoxville and tho army.
in tnc nurry ot military operations no voucners
were civen to the natriotic merchants who readi
ly threw open their stove-hnutes Upon tho gene
ral's demand. This cotton, or a great part of it,
was wntcd and destroyed by tiro while under
control of tho military authorities. Well, sir,
in a ease to seemingly nlain as this, the owners
of this cotton having been seeking justice "of
i.! i . imi .1
UU1 I'lUIUlill- IJlUCt: ICrt llllUUM l 11 il V.'-
nue of approach. Their papers, soiled with
much handling, show the marks of a dozen dif
ferent officials. Ilut all has been to no purpose,
and havo at last brought their case before Con-
;rcfs. uenerai uurnMuc ana tno omccrs tinner
lis command bear the most generous testimony
to the loyalty of these claimant, and show how
freely they yielded their property to the necessi
ties of the army, nnd how meritorious is their
claim. lor recompense j aim ye wo Hesitate.
From the proceedings in the Senate on
Friday we extract the following:
I'AVMENT OF SOUTIIKKX CLAIMS.
"The bill to nav the claim of Mr. Cowan and
Mr.- Dickinson. tf Knoxville. Teim.. was ob
jected to by Mr. Trumbull, on the ground that
ment snouiti pay tor cotton used uy our army in
erecting fortification. He could see no more
reason for thi- than for paving for the lumber
1 .1. .1 ! 1. - - 1
ami ciiriii uscu 111 sueu urK.
"Mr. Willey said that half an hour had not
elapsed since tho Senate liaised an exactly simi
lar clause, mid that the only reason for its assent
m imo cac anu reiuai in nnotuer was unit one
clniinant lived in Missouri and tho other in Ten
nessee, lie thought the Government could not
much longer afford to deny justice to loyal men
simply because they lived in "tho South. A few
flllllk UU11IITO Ulljlll UU Ml LU, IMU 111' CTUUll, UUU
honor of the nation was threatened by persist
ence in Mich a policy.
"Mr. Fowler, in support of tho claim, stated
inai .nr. uicKinson. onooi mc Claimants, puouc-
l,v refused to take the oath of allegiance to the
"Mr. Trumbull said if the bill which had parsed
involved tho principle presented by the one now
pending, it wns equally objeptipnablc. ho there
upon nsKcu unnnimous consent to enter a motion
for it? recall from tho llouse.'
Mr. Davis urged the selection of n te-t case
and discussion ot the general question as n means
of determining a future policy of the Senate
witn a view to tne guiuance oi memoers.
Mr. Trumbull's motion was then entered.
THE ELECTION FOB TRUSTEE.
- We hone ull our friends will notice the
article we print elsewhere on the coming
election for Trustee. By the action of the
County Court, the last election for Truste
has been declared null and void. A new
election lias been ordered to bo held on
Saturday the 14th day. of the present
month. Remember the day and be sure
The above isamilltaryorderwith which,
perhaps, almost all- are familiar, and to
those who understand it, it furnishes an
apt illustration of the position of Anjerican
Democracy. They have kept up a contin
ual tramp, trump, tramp, for the last ten
,VeaiH, and 1870 finds them marking time
in the same old ruts of 1800, with a faith
fulness Worthy more enterprising leaders".
While she has been engaged in tills useless
shullling of the feet, Republicanism has
marched forward with the elastic stop of a
volunteer brigade, and triumphed over
Gkxskai. Gkaxt's plan of tho summer cam
paign is published, it is a large and improved
odition of last summer's campaign, Including
more Long Urnnch, more travel, moro horsc
rncing, and more junketing generally. After a
careful perusal of tho proposed "operations,"
wc have come totboconclusionthat Mr. Grant's
PTp,llc,r "pliere would be a circus, rbich would
afford him plenty of travel, an abundaneo of
horseflesh, and unlimited facilities for turning
somersaults. A'athville Union and American.
We guess the Union and American and
its friends would have been better pleased
-iUliHsUsJ d ..Oenvralmtjiad
lieaTrof the Union ArinvT U.rn.'Kl.s!
"Johnnies" come down, and that's what
I'oisitu ai. KooNOMY '!). A farmer Io
ing ou.cach jwund of butter, ten cents; on
each dozen of eggs, 'live cents; on each
chicken, ten cents; on each bushel of po
tatoes, fifty cents; on corn, twenty-five.;
on" wheat, forty, and about ten ier cent, on
everything which he produces beside
Whut wo have enumerated, to. save paying
one cent per pound on Iron. , ' ' '
The 'chief opjwnents of annexation In
Han Domingo aro the priests. '
strawberries are two cents n piece lu
Tennessee Claims nud 1'cusIoum.
Mu, Rule: I take this method of re
plying to lottery so numerous that I can't
write to the authors Individually.
Such petitions and memorials as have
come to my address I have presented to the
Senate and asked their reference to appro
palate committees. Some few have been
reported on favorably and others adverse
ly. Such claims as rest altogether upon
the petition of an Individual ure, of course,
set aside. Now, I will take occasion to say
that many Tennessee claims arc prejudiced
by the extravagant amounts demanded.
For Instance, men claim to have lost by the
Federal army more, twice over, than they
ever possessed In the world.
When I huve been called upon, I huve
borne testimony to tho loyalty and respec
tability of parties, but I have stated that
I knew nothing personally of their losses.
I huve, no doubt, given offence to some
few persons, by refusing to endorse their
loyalty during the war, when I know that
they had voluntarily aided the rebellion.
As a member of the Committee on Pen
slons, I am expected by many who write
me to accomplish what it is Impossible to
do. Of the seven members of the commit
tee, four aro able and experienced lawyers,
and when a petition is presented It is sent
by the clerk to the War Department to see
If the records there harmonize With the
statements of the petitioner. When It is
found that they arc not sustained, the pe
titions are, of course, rejected. We havo in
our committee-room jill tho law the Gov
ernment has enacted on the subject of Pen
sions. As much as it would gratify me to see all
sufferers by the war receive Just compen
sation from the Government, in the way of
Pensions, I cannot urgo before tho Com
mittee any clulm In violation of law and
without a particle of evidence to sustain
the allegations of I'.. a petitioner.
I have received one petition and one me
morial asking me to vote against any fur
ther appropriation of land to railroad com
panies. As my whole political life and ed
ucation are on the side of internal improve
ments by tho General Government, I re
spectfully decline to obey such Instructions.
I will vote for giving the public lands and
otherwise aiding the improvement of rivers
and harbors, and what Mr. Calhoun termed
" inland seas," as well as to all x'roper rail
These develop the vast resources of our
great country, and invito immigration from
all parts of the world.
Such was the " American system " of the
immortal Clay, the wisdom of which is at
tested by increasing years and experience.
I would improve rivers and harbors, and
build railroads by the Federal Government
without regard to any section East, West,
North or South. Nay, more, had I ray
way, I would so reconstruct the Govern
ment of the United States as to form a
STRONG CKXTItAI. COVEKNMKXT llCTO 111
the District of Columbia, and organlzo the
States as so many colonial corporations as
will of the central power at Washington us
are counties to Stutes.
Thus I would wipe out and extirpate the
whole theory and pretense of States Rights
and State Sovereignty to which wc aro
mainly indebted for the late rebellion.
While f only speak for myself, T believe
that Congress and the country are looking
In the Paine direction.
W. G. Bhow.vlow.
Washington, April 23, 1870,
That School Moncj.
Dkah Cjihoxicxk: We rustics In the syl
van retreats of Andcrsou,seldoin havejany
thing to say in a public way, and when wc
do speak our words arc short,simple, but not
sweet. In your last issue I noticed tho
Comptroller's card to the County Trustees,
directing them to forward their claims, and
receive their money for the schools. He
also says that if the Trustees will ascertain
the amount due each teacher, ho will Issuo
separate warrants, &c. Now we would
like to know whether the subjunctive
clause Is intended to save tho Trustees the
trouble of making out the warrants for the
teachers, or Is It Intended to make teachers
part with said warrants at a discount?
We may be needlessly frightened, but we
hope our Trustees will make an unqualified
and unyielding demand for tho wholo
amount duo the county, without any re
gard to the respective amount of each
teacher's -lKim. Go ahead Sir.. Trustee I
There is not the least particle of danger of
your getting too much. Ri'.sticts.
Ownto.v, April 20.
TliiU . fliy Onlinnuce.
The CJty Couacll havp been enacting an ordi
nance aguiiitt leaving horses unhitched in tho
street. An old ordinance, still in force, forbids
hitching horses -Intllo 'streets of Knoxville.
Wlmt next? Will it bo a'prohlbition of horses
coming into tlio city ? In the interest of what
livery fctable, or of what colored men tho lat
ter to hold thp how while tho driver attends
to hiisine, and the former to catch all tho eparo
dime! tho farmer may get fur their truck has
the preicnt ordinance been passed. '
Tho samo city fathers have patjed another
rillnance'agidp6t fast driving. Was not thp
old one mfticicntly stringent? But then the
presumption is, that these Solons thought- they
must bo doing Miiiiethbig, nnd hence thy have
gone and dune itt ltvTU.
To East Tennessee Republicans.
Clinton, Tknn., April 20th, 1870.
Wc all desire the bucccss of tho great
Republican party, believing its principles
calculated to promote the welfare, progress,,
advancement and happiness of the people.
Apart from all mere party considerations,
wc have closely at heart the success of the
great principles of Republicanism free
schools, general education, n free ballot
box, development of American enterprise
and Industry, home manufactures, rail
roads, progress, enterprise and improve
ment. Now is there any way fn which, Just at
this time, wc can better promote the ad
vancement of these causes than by each of
us getting subscribers to the CmtONicLK ?
Let us see. You would not begrudge the
time and trouble of a few minutes' talk
with u well-meaning but misinformed
neighbor to contradict some slander of our
enemies on our party, our principles, our
President or other public officers, and to
show him his error and confirm him in his
faith. The same time and trouble spent in
obtaining his name as a subscriber to the
CimoNici.K would give him a friend that,
every week in the year, would furnish him
moro information, more convincing argu
ments, more Intelligence on political sub
jects than you could possibly dp. You do
not grudge several times a year to spend a
day In attending a convention, or in work
ing diligently at tho polls to ensure the
success of the party. A singlo day, or half
j a day, spent among your neighbors, or
among the people In town on court day,
would Httfllcc to get a handsome club of
subscribers, and thereby accomplish vastly
moro good to the party than your efforts
at the polls could do. Is It not so ?
AVc see already, though but a few uum
bersof thc-CinioxicLE have been Issued,
how its hilluenco is consolidating, strength
ening and building up the party, giving us
union and strength, and communication
with unl confidence in each other, and in
a corresponding degree discouraging and
weakening our political opponents', who
formerly had matters nearly all their own
way In respect to newspaper influence.
The Cmtoxici.u will be worth thousands
of votes to us in the coming elections.
You would not begrudge a day or a week
or a liberal money contribution to erect a
school house in your neighborhood, and to
employ a competent teacher, or to attend a
fair and promote the Cause of Improved
rgrlculture, arts and manufactures.
A small fraction of that fepacc of time
would enable you to get a large number of
subscribers to a journal that will ably bat
tle for the cause of free common schools,
universal education, and improvement in
arts, agriculture and manufactures, and
you will thus accomplish a work to which
your unaided uim and voice Would be un
equal. Do all you can yourself, and aid
also to set the printer's types ut work in the
Let me add to all this that apart from all
considerations of party and of desire to aid
in the improvement of the country, the
Chuonicu: is well worth several times its
price to every subscriber, in the informa
tion, intelligence and interest to be derived
from it. Every one who has seen it knows
this to be the fact.
. I would say to every Republican who has
not already done so, send at once yourown
name and all the names you can obtain
among your neighbors as subscribers to the
Chuonicij:. Raise a club if you can. It
can lie done in almost any neighborhoods
If one has already gone on It is often prac
ticable to raise another. If not send in
your own name and that of at least one or
moro of your neighbors.
Our political enemies have displayed
much energy in extending the circulation
of- their journals.
Let us hot be behind thonl, Let every
One.put his shoulder to the wheel, and the
work will be done. Let us act, and act
The seven wonders of the world were :
1st. The Egyptian Pyramids. The lar
gest of these is C03 feet square and 409 feet
high, und its base covers eleven and one
fourth .acres of ground. 1M Tho Mauso
leum, erected to Mausolus, a king of Caria,
by his widow, Artemisia It was 63 feet
long and 3-5 feet high. 3d Tho temple of
Diana at Ephesus. This was 435 feet In
length and K) feet In breadth. 4th The
Walls and Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
These walls are stated by Herodotus to
have been 87 feet thick, 350 feet high, ami
60 miles In length, and tho statement is
deemed credible by modern antlquarluns.
5th The Colossus of Rhodes. This was a
brazen statute of Apollo, 150 feet in height,
standing at tho mouth of the harbor of
Rhodes. 0th Tho Statue of Jupiter Olym
pus, at Athens, which was made of Ivory
and gold, and was wonderful for Its beauty
rather than for its size. 7th The Pharos
Of Ptolemy Philadelnhus. This was a
light-house 500 feet high, on the Island of
Pharos, at Alexandria, In Egypt. A lire
of wood was kept burning on its summit
during the night to gitide ships to the
Master Charley, aged four years, was not
pleased on being reproved by his mother
for some mischievous prank, and showed
his displeasure In his face, "when his moth
er remarked : Why Charley, I am astou-
Islllll tn so vnn lmiklnir t'nnovi nt
mother I" Charley brightened up at o'nee.
and retorted: ''Why, I calculated to
utugu, mu, mamma, my iaee supped. "
There itru now laid and in operation, in
all parte of thu globe, (14 lines of submarine
telegraph, embracing U-J.OOQ. miles of dis
tance. Nothing is lacking now to an elec
tric girdle around tho worldbut a line from
San Francisco to China, across the Pacific