VOL. III. KNOXYILLE, TENN., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1872. NO. 35.
FACTS ABOUT EAST TENNESSEE.
OTJR CINCINNATI RAILKOAD.
Our people havo heard bo much of tho
;long projected Cincinnati railroad that
they read with distrust all promises look
ing towards ita early completion. Wo had
tho pleasure yesterday of meeting Messrs
.Gunn and Lovett, of the engineer corps
connected with the- proposed road, and
gathered from them some facts that may
bo of interest to tile readers of the CnnoN-
jcle. Wo elvo these facts not only for
eneral Information, but also to explain
tho seeming delay in tho construction of
the road a matter of justice to tho ofllcers
of our Knoxvlllo and Ohio road and to
tho Trustees of tho Cincinnati fund.
As most everybody interested in this
.project knows, tho city of Cincinnati has
appropriated ten millions of dollars for the
construction of a railroad from that city
Southward into East Tennessee. Delayed
by litigation and other embarrassing ob
stacles, tho Trustees havo not yet been
ublo to finallyagree upon the route. They
havo felt.that with so large a trust in their
hands it was their ilrst duty to obtain by
thorough surveys all the information nec
essary to secure tho shortest, cheapest and
most advantageous route. Somo four dif
ferent lines have been bofore the Trustees
and all but the one now being explored,
have been surveyed. In all, the engineers
have run over ten thousand miles. They
havo fully examined the advantages of all
the' Hues and when tho route is finally de
termined upon it ,is expected no subse
quent' changes will bb necessary or better
line ever bo developed. When tho route
is finally agreed upon tho work will bo
pressed vigorously from both ends of the
line. Tho surveys will be all completed
.by March and then tho work will be begun
Tho point naturallyJof greatest interest
taour readers;!?, will Ivjioxviliocet au, aqjj n
road to bo built? -Wo'have no hesitation
in saying that wo believe she will. W
bivso this opinion upon the following fact
irathered from tho engineers. The ex
treme Eastern route which is now near
Iv surveyed, murines' . tne road on
a direct line ' from Cincinnati
via Paris, Winchestcr,,;Itichmond, Rocl
Castle, Laurel Bridge.Williomsburg and
Carevville to Coal Creek. This far tho
routo is almost an air line from the Obi
river to Knoxvillo. From Coal Creek it
trends to the Southwest dobn the valley
north of Kingston by Rockwood to Chat
lanooga on a lino parallel with tho East
Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railroad
This is thoEastern route. This is the best
line for Knoxville, and as wo will hereaf
ter show, tho best line for Cincinnati. Tho
next best lino for us, leaves tho Kentucky
Central Road at Nlcholasvillc cornea via
wood. This route, If adopted, will neces
silato tho building of a new branch from
tho Knoxville Road from Coal Creek to j
tho State line, northwest about twenty
.miles. Theso t.vo lines are the Eastern
Jines and either of them would givo us a
-connection with Cincinnati. The shortest
Jine from Cincinnati to Chattanooga is via
Danville, Montclllo and Jamestown.
ADVANTAGES OF THK KNOXVILMJ KOUTi:.
The advantages of tho Eastern line, or
as we havo called it above the Knoxville
route, arc many. In the first place, it is
only about fifteen miles longer than
the most- direct routo surveyed. In the
Hecond place, tho work is quite as ligh
aud perhaps, on the whole, less expensive.
In the third place, by coming tho fifteen
extra miles, at little if any extra expense,
Cincinnati gels all the connections the
most direct route to Chattanooga gives her,
and, in addition, she gets, by Knoxville,
llio most direct and cheapest posslblo con
nections with the entire railroad system of
North and South Carolina and Eastern
Georgia. By coming tho eastern lino to
Knoxville, at a trilling expense she gets,
liy Morristown, Asheville, Salisbury and
Charlotte, direct communication with tho
.-Southeastern 'Atlantic sca-board. This
communication is not ouo she may get by
further expenditures, but one who will find
existing beforo she runs a car Into Tennesr.
see. Tho road referred to Is assured as cer
tainly as anything of a railroad character
can bo. It will bo completed beforo Cin
cinnati gets hero to uso it. By the same
load she will have, lacking one short link,
tho shortest direct line to Charleston
:ufd Savannah. Tho gap Is from
Ashevillo to Spartanburg, seventy-four
miles. A routo has been surveyed over
ths gap aud caj bo built at a btnall ex
pense. It will certainly bo built, if it Is
needed to complete tho long talked of lino
.connecting the Ohio rlvr and Charleston.
Tho advantages of the Knoxvillo line can
bettor bo appreciated from these figures :
Cincinnati to Kuoxvlllv, by
uunn's now line, -iy
Knoxvlllo to Morristown, 41
Morristown to N. Carolina line, 43
N. C. line to Ashovllle, 44
Ashevillo to Spartanburg, S. C, 4
Spartanburg to Charleston, 220
Total from Cincinnati to Charleston, C'Jl
To reach Knoxvillo but 153 miles need
bo constructed ; to reach Charleston tliero
needs bo built South of Knoxville 101
miles of road.
The distance from Cincinnati to Charles
ton via Chattanooga by the proposed
Southern road will bo S04 miles, leaving .1
saving of 113 miles between tho Ohio river
and the port of Charleston in favor of the
Brielly recapitulating the advantages
Knoxville presents, they are, that by
adopting a lino but a few miles longer,
Cincinnati readies by the Knoxville routo
all tho connections sho would secure by tho
most direct road to Chattanooga aud in ad
dition secures all tho network of connec
tions in North and South Carolina and
Georgia, and reaches her original objective
point Charleston by the'mo'st direct
It seems to us such facts musbhavc. their
weight. Wo know tho Trustees of tho
Cincinnati fund and believe they will build
thoToad best calculated to aid the trade of
their city. We believe their road will be
commenced next Summer and pushed vig
orously, and believing tho Knoxvillo lino
tho most advantageous, wo hope soon to
chronicle tho opening of tho long looked
Our readers will seo in this article good
reasons why our Knoxvillo aud Ohio road
has not been built. To go on with the
work until Cincinnati finally decides
what to do is Impracticable. Nothing can
bo done until tho surveys referred to are
completed and the Trustees locate their
road. Then the work will go forward ex;
peditiously aud unceasingly.
r on. business men.
How I'tiner NIood the I'lro In Jtostoii.
From tho Uoeton Advertiser, Xov. 18.
Curious results have followed some of the
experiments made upon' charred papers
and documents, and tho examinations of
books in safes which proved worthless in
t li o great fire. It has been found that
"wha.t paper-makers call poor paper, paper
considerably "clayed," stood tho'best test.
Parchment paper, used for bonds and legal
documents, shrivelled up exceedingly, and
tho priut blistered so that it could bo read
when writing was illegible. So It was
with tho engraved work on notes. The
gilding on tho account-books burned and
charred showed out as bright and clear as
when tho books were new, which brliigs
up tho question if to introduco gilt-edged
account-books would not bo well, on tho
ground that tho gilt would stay the pass
age by fire of the pages within. Books
crammed into a safe so that It was dillcult
to get them out, sufi'ercd considerably less
than those that were set in loosely, and in
some cases camo out from safes in which
exerything else was worthless, so far pro
served that the figures on their pages could
bo deciphered. With charred papers,
which could not bo mado transparent by
any light whatever used, it was found, af
ter tho employment of vitriol, oxalic acid,
chalk, glycerine, and other things, that
anvthimr that moistened them to a certain
stage to which it was delicate work to get
and not pass mado tnem lines, words, ami
figures legible through a magnifying glass.
It lias been tho almost universal experi
ence tnat leau-nencil marks snow out an
right where ink marks cannot bo dlstln
guished. The success of tho uso of photo
graphy lias already been noted.
The Working Women of Boston.
Tho Boston Post says : With regard to
the working women, it is gratifying to Ob-
nerve that some of the largo manufactur
ing establishments are making arrange
mcnts for tho immediate re-employment
of their usual force; but certainly weeks
and probably months will elapso beforo
this numerous class of industrious citizens
will be able to earn again tho wages that
supply them with lodging and with loou.
The noor that Boston has alwavs-within
its limits form a burden that is borno none
too gracefully ; and as we enter upon tho
Inclement season with thousands added to
that class of dependents, and with other
thousands cut oil' temporarily from tho
means of livelihood, wu cannot allbrd, for
their sakes, to'repulso tho oilers of assist
ance made in their behalf. Theso are peo
ple who will not beg, but who must bo
sought out and cared for ; and In accepting
the Kifts from adroad we concede nothing
of our ability to care for our own poor, any
nioro than to rebuild our own warehouses,
but heartily acknowledge the good will
that prompts such brotherly action.
'It'll h fllnornl Tliluc."
We take from the Baltimore &'un the fol
lowing paragraph, which reminds us of
better days: The only consolation for the
defeated is that which a Georgia negro
suggested to tils muster, whose planta
tion had been HAyept over by n tornado,
The negro was sent out to ascertain iio ex
tent of damages on tho estate, and after In
eludlmr the surrounding farms in his ob
nerval ions, ho summed up his consolations
by saying: "Piaster, there's oniyonocou
solution It's a gineral thing."
TOM SCOTT AND THE GHEAT SOUTH
General Irwin McDowell Succeeds
Gcner.il George G, Meade.
THE ALABAMA LEGISLATURE ORGAN
IZED. Destructive. Gale Reported 0U" lite
Destructive Gale on the Welsh Coast.
DKt'IRION Arrr.CTINCJ KAXKItl't'T.N.
Tho Houghs Jlurtlcrod Union Hunk Sus
Incitement over tho Arrcut or Jny ('oultl.
Memphis, "Nov. 23. Major M. J. Wicks
has" resigned the presidency of the Mem
phis and Charleston Railroad, and John J.
Rather, of Huntsville, Alabama, has been
elected to fill the vacancy.
Tho malady has appeared hero and has
extended to the mules.
New Yohk, Nov. 23. Jay Gould has
been arrested on a charge of malfeasance
In tho Erie management. Bail for $1,000,
000 was given.
A heavy snow fell throughout the North
All tho morning papers agree that Mr.
Gould's arrest was manned to effect tem
porarily Erie stocks. Watson, President
of tho Erie road, asserts, however, that the
stock jobbing operations have nothing to
do with It. Large crowds Gathered around
Fifth Avenue Hotel. The general opin
ion was that Uould's arrest nan not cnccK'
mated his schemes.
Nr.w Yoiik. Nov. 23. Bank state
ment: decreases loans three-eighths of one
million. Decrease of snccio ono and one-
half millions of dollars. Decrease of le
gal tenders seven-eighths of a million. De
crease otabnosdtii'our.and five-eighths mll-
lions. Tins snows a loss oi one-eiginu oi
.... , i . Tf.j.il. -r
Col. Kelsey, who was recently tarred
and feathered In Long Island, is sale at
Tho rfpdcwiek from N ew Orleans, reports
that on tho 21st Inst., In latitude 30, and
ongitudo 73, sho passed a lot of wrecked
tint with two dead Oodles attaencu.
Atlanta. Nov. 23. The Board of Un
derwriters of this city met to-day, and pro
tested against tho proposed reduction of
commissions and asking tho co-operatlou
of other local Boards.
MoNTCIOMKllY. Ar.A.. Xov. 23. Tho
errors having been corrected and a full Re
mibliam State ticket is declared elected.
A bill regarding tho Mobile Bay and
Ilarber has passed both Houses, and goes
to tho Governor for his signature. Tho
other House is doing nothing.
Gov. Lewis will probably quainy next
The Governor aud Lieutenant Governor
elect ronlied to tho committee that they
understood there were two legislatvie
bodies holding sessions, nnd they would
withhold action until -Monday.
PmijADKM'iiiA, .Nov. U3. rno steamer
Frances Wright has arrived tram waives
ton Texas with a cargo of beef and fish
Durliur her vovairo a Hue of tho boiler driv
inir the refrigerating machinery, exploded
and tho heat entering tho refrigerator,
completely destroyed the entire cargo.
Woitcr.STnn, Nov. 23 Two men aro
held under thirty thousand dollars bond
for hiring a negro to assault a State con
stable. The negro has also been arrested
The constable is recovering.
Bellini Grass, vknanoo county, r.v
Nov. 23. Robert's glycerine magazine at
this place exploded tins morning. Jiarry
I. woito. a teiegrapner, aim xji: iv.
Wright, tornedo agent, were blown to
MILWAUKEE, Nov. 2o. Judge Miller, o
tho United States Court for tho East
ern District of Wisconsin, has decided that
a banlcrupt cannot sell ins nomesicau aim
Claim ins storo as ins resilience uy moving
into it. and orders tho store aud lot be tie
livered to bankrupts creditors.
The hor.-o disease is abating, jiepons
from Northern ami western parts siaio
that largo numbers of deer aro dying, ap
narentlv from somo disease.
akw loiiK. jsov. j. in a nruuiicn ai-
fray between some roughs and thieves, on
tho corner ot I'einam ami unerry sireeis,
tho community was relieved of two. An
gustHtandougcr, proprietor of a restaurant
corner of Broadwav aud Broad streets, is
miislng. Robert R. Morton, mileage clerk
on the Morris and Essex road Is also miss
ing. Anthony Eaton, who was assailed
bv ii (firL'fit imrtv is dvlllg.
Montuomkhv. Nov. 2-). Gov. Lewis
and other newlv elected Stato officials as
mimed their oillces this morning. The
Rumi) Legislature adjourned until to
morrow. The new Lieutenant Governor
Informed tho Senate through the retiring
Lletcnant Governor that ho would preside
to-morrow, whereupou tho Senate elected
Mr. Erwln President pro tern. Gov. Lewis
mi farhnsreooirnized neither body. It
rumored that Lewie will issue a proclama
tlon convening the Legislature at tn
llAi.Eioir. Nov. 2-j. A resolution to in
veetigato tho August election haB passed
Tho Conservative caucus nominated
Gov. Vanco for the Senate. Seven
Judge Merriman's friends withdrew
Balloting will commence to-morrow.
SU'im to Nupirrtt the NIhvo TruLc.
London, Nov. 25. Tho Yantlc and
Colorado with tho British steamship Bre
ton, with tho promise of support from tho
Khedive of Egypt, will form an expedition
against the slave trade at Zanzibar. The
Khedive proposes to anticipate tho expe
dition by seizing tho lake region of tho
London. Nov. 25. During tho storm in
tho English Channel yesterday many lives
wcrolost. Tho weather to-day Is tempes
tuous. Moro disasters aro reported. The
steamer Nevada put back the second tlmo
with damaged machinery.
Special dispatches from Paris to London
In this evening's papers report that tho
situation is gloomy. A majority in tho
National Assembly, It is staled, has de
termined to adhere to tho position it has
taken and a compronilso of the diU'erenees
between tho executivo and legislative de
partments and tho Government is regard
ed as Impossible,
Dcnlli ofn Prominent Author.
London. Nov 23. Sir John Bowerlng.
politician, author and formerly editor of
tho West Minister jeevtew and a memuer
of tlio Parliament and British Minister to
China, is dead.
A report is current that Amadous is
dead, but it is officially reported that lie is
Pahis, Nov, 25. It was announced to
day that the members of tho National As
sembly have selected General Chaugear
nlcrasthe candidate for President, In tho
event of tho resignation ot Thiers.
Change in General Oilicors.
Wasiunoton.Nov. 24. A special to tho
Now York I'imcs announces that tho only
icling. to sav authorized, is the return
ing board, consisting of Lynch, Herron,
Hawkins and Longstreet, find tho entire
Republican ticket elected, by twelvothous
and majority with a Republican majority
in the legislature.
General Irwin McDowell suceecdsGcner-
al Meade as Major General. General Mc
Dowell will bo assigned to command tho
department of tho South. Hancock will
command tho Atlantic division, vacated
uy Meade's death. Terry succeeds iiancocic
in command ot tuo department ot uaicoia.
McDowell's headquarters will bo at Louis
ville. Paymaster Hodge, convicted by a Court
iuarsnai oi emuez.uiiii iieaiiyouu,uuiinu
sentenced to ten years' imprisonment, host
r , 1 i- I 1 ! . . l i - ( t A Art .1
been pardoned.-' Facts' seem to show that
paymaster noogo was trapped iuio mo uc-
Tho report that Mr. Greeley's mind is
afiected Is not corroborated by his friends.
They have not authorized the statements
Phillips qualified as Solicitor General.
The Labor (Jncstlon.
Editors CahoNK'iii:: I havo noticed,
now and then, your strictures upon tho
Memphis Appeal with regard to the status
of the colored people, and 1 am prepared
to say that I heartily indorse them. That
the Appcal ably conducted, no ono can
deny who Is familiar with its columns, but
its views with regard to tho race in ques
tion aro wholly out ol tho question and
betray an unusual weakness. Tho ell'ort
of any Southern journal to jnd down tho
black man, is simply suicidal. As to his
votint, ho must be allowed to vote just as
holiucs, without any interierenco or any
threats of ostracism. Ho is a freeman,
and if he don't vote foryour party or mine,
wo must not get into a passion auout it
and threaten him witli annihilation, for
such is tho logic of tho Anneal. That
journal would sweep him from tho faco of
the cartn snnpiy uecauso no tun not voto
tho AnncaVs ticket .'
Now. If any respectablo portion of the
Southern people endorse and adopt the
chimerical and outlandish views of tho
Appeal, they might as well put a razor to
their own tnroats ami no none wiui u.
What would bo the result '.' Just this : de
priving thousands of tho musclo of tho
colored race, without which thoy would
lipcnmn liniikrimt in ten venrsorlcsa time,
No other race on earth Is fit to cultlvato
cotton fields but the black race. Whlto
men cannot withstand the burning sands
and tho scorching sun of a Southern lati
tui o. Tho Southern people Know inis.
and. therefore, it would seem strange for
them to accept the doctrines of tho Appeal
and to carry them out. instead ot driving
oil' tho negro and otherwise maltreating
him, they should draw the closer to him,
cultivate amicable relations with him, se
cure his favor and thus command his co
operation. Tliev can't dispense witli his
. . . , , id...- 1 TT. III
labor, it can't uo sunsiiuueu. iiu wm
mnko moro cotton than anybody.
Tho South has Its periodical spasms with
rctrfird to the colored man. They occur
whenever elections occur. It has
so hannend that ho has usually voted
contrary to tho way tho whites havo voted
niul thU neounts for tho milk In the cocoa-
nut. Those spasms must bo checked, or
else vast Inlurv will befall tho nocket. Such
papers as tho Appeal, in Its fury, may In
flict untold mischief upon the South. Tho
labor question in a vital ono with tuo south'
em States. A Southkunkk.
Hnu. Horace Mavnard seems to bo gain
hie- nrnmlnnncn us a candidate for Sneaker
of tho next Congress. His name is pressed
earnestly bv Tcnnssseo journals : and tho
venerable Truman Smith, of Connecticut,
in a letter to Senator Browniow, inter con
cratulatimr him upon tho re-election o
Grant, seconds earnestly tho recommonda'
tlon of Maynard for Speaker. Washing
The m-ettlcst llttlo knlck-knncks imac
limbic, urns, hunting-horns, tablets, nnd
tho like on oxydizeu sliver aro now worn
slung to the waist belts oi our bones.
WEST TENNESSEE XOTKS.
A. Upfpntr.l Itcllc of Ily.tioiin Dnyn.
Special Corre5iomlcnce of the Chronicle
HUMlioUiT, Nov. 21, 1872.
It is difficult to get a West Tenncssceau
just now to talk about anything oleo than
cotton. The ordinary salutation when you
meet one of them Is, "how's cotton ?"
This Is natural, for to the cotton crop they
look for money to buy clothing, hardware,
groceries, and most of their bread and
meat. Tho crop is n fair one. Thousands
of acres stand unpicked, looking like vast
fields of snow in tho dlstaiicc.and yet every
depot has Its cotton bales, nmountlng in
some places to hundreds. Cotton com
mands a fair price and is going into market
with reasonable activity.
Two days of tho present week I spent in
tho Blufl' City, noted now as being the
homo of the worst beaten man in the
United States, not oven excepting the dis
gusted sago of Chappaqua I mean, of
course, Landon C. Haynes, the great
Spreail-Eaglo orator of the Volunteer State
tho man who Barbour Lewis says spent
his boyish days in fishing for minnows in
tho "beautiful Watauga" and fancied he
was catching whales. In the late campaign
in the Memphis district ho evidently went
feeling for a "Tartar," for he caught one
when ho waked up Barbour Lewis. Ordi
narily, men can become reconciled to de
feat and learn to accept the situation, but
Haynes' caso is without a parallel. There
is something withering and crushing in it.
Caldwell, Key, Golliday and others of the
much ueieated, aro oniy common men.
but Land6u C, he is the greatest orator, In
his own estimation, that ever smiled upon
an audience, and the idea of having been
amazed to death on tho stump uy Jiarbour
Lewis, a Northern man a New England
carpet oagger at mar, is enougn to mean
the great man's heart. Groans and oaths
by night and drinks by day may ease him
in the course of time, but for the present,
ho squirms amazingly. The Idea of belug
beaten never entered his mind as even a
remoto possibility, and the fact that he
was beaten three thousand votes, makes
lhn look with disdain upon his species.
Tho next tiling you hear of him, ho will
be emigrating to ono ot the straignt dis
tricts in Kentuclcy. The "Uoniederate
Cross Roads" perhaps. Just tho morning
of the election, he was boastful of what he-
was going to do. Walking into the bar
room where ho is accustomed to taking
his morning drink, ho said :
"To-day I shall beat uarl'our Jewis inrcr,
Next morning thcelccnon returns made
him want another drink, and ho said,
Barbour Lewis is elected by the solid nig-
icrvotc." When he took tho drink on
Tuesday morning ho smiled, on Wednes
day morning ho didn't. Tho poor fellow,
beaten to humiliation by a man vastly his
superior in point of ability, but whom ho
regarded as his inferior in even' respect,
bo now returns from the political arena
with no one to weep oyer his fate, lie has
gone to his political grave, "unwept un
ored and unsuug." His folly is his, ?nn
ument, and this ho has erected himself.
As in other portions oi tno t?tate, i. linn
that tho people of West Tennessee expect
much of tho next Legislature. They seem
to feel that wo aro getting out of tho old
ruts in which wo havo moved so long, and
that henceforward our pathway will be
smoother, and that tho commonwealth
will make moro rapid progress in the right
direction. Nover sinco tho war, havo the
people of tho wholo Stnto been actuated
by so lofty a spirit, or so eagerly-
pressed forward witli a steady
purposo to achiovo something. Andy
Johnson claims that ho broke the crust of
prejudice, and I think tho senuel will
show that the people havo had their eyes
tuny opened, fossilized politicians win
wako up to tho fact that they aro behind
tho age. They havo proven u ;weigi it to
the prosperity of Tennessee, that is to bo
no longer tolerated. A nulled up. ignor
ant, intolerant, stand still would-be aris
tocracy, the relio or slavery, they have
been a blight to our progress In tho past,
but henceforth progressive Ideas will win.
and progressive men willrule. So mote it
be. w. it.
How It Aflrcf Man nml Gimie.
1'ATAhlA I'OISONKD 11Y A DISKASED JIOHSK.
A man by tho nanio of Becker, who re
sides near Quarry vllle, in this county,
owned a couple of horses that had tho dis
temper, in cleaning out tho mangers the
other day tho'vlrus camo In contact with a
llesh wound on his hand, in a short time
his hand and arm became so terribly hl-
llaihed and swollen they had to bo ampu
tated. Soon after tho amputation ho died.
Persons owning horses cannot exercise too
much prudence in this respect, as the mat
ter from this distemper is rank poison to
tno numan system. Jionaom wanan,
i:iizooty among Tin: di:uu.
Wo understand that a deer was recently
captured In Prince Georgo county, which
showed unmistakable evidences of the
disease now so prevalentamong the horses
throughout tho country. It Is a matter of
regret that this uoblo gamo should be thun
ali'ectcd, and the hunting of them should
ho stopped for awhile. Wo havo noted tho
fact that deer have been caught at several
points elsewhere, so sick with this disease
that they were unable, or rather showed
no disposition to escape from tho hunter.
""llAVAClKS Ofc'jTHE CHICKEN niSUABh".
Tho disease among tho poultry is said to
bo decreasing In this vicinity. Home poul
try raisers havo sutlered heavily, Bevoralof
them losing half their flocks In tho past
ton days, Tho dlseaso is pronounced anal
ogous to tho horso disease, nnd some poul
try raisers think it was canscd by the liens
being allowed to pick their sustenanco
among tho stable refuse of dleaed hordes,
..Y. )' Dispatch, Wh.
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