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3iji0bilte Mcchln Cljrmtidc, OTcbncsuan, SJawfe 19, 1873.
ffibc OTccHit (Ebronitlc. RULE & KICKS, Publishers, dumber 19 Market riacc, East Side. TI.KM OF M IIM BII'TIOX. One copy, one year $- 00 One copy, six month v..... 1 00 Ton copies, nue uar H - -5 00 Twenty copits. one year 30 00 WEDNESDAY. . ... MARCH 10, 1873! "Wendell. Pjiillits speaks of a Yankee invention for saving labor, as a "Yankee skulking the final curse of getting bis liv ing by the sweat of bis brow." Bismarck has not yet given up the idea of limiting the powers of the Roman Cath olic clergy. He has just made a power ful speech in advocacy of his vjews. The Philadelphia Tress thinks Wm. liloyd Garrison the most magnificent specimen of a fossil on the continent. Alex. II. Stephens not excepted. Hon. W. Y. Elliott, of Murfreesboro', has been appointed Tension Agent at Nashville. Mr. Elliott is a high toned gentleman and possesses the entire confi dence of all parties. , A Florida pnper is happy over the elec tion of Alex. II. Stephens to Congress. It wants Jeff. Davis' disabilities removed so he can take the place of some "despicable carpet-baggers" in the councils of the na tion. Hon. J. I". Jeui has made an elaborate speech before the lower House of the Ten nessee Legislature in favorof a fixed salary for Attorneys General. He gives some xood reasons for his position, which are entitled to mature consideration. We fully agree with the Memphis Aj peeil on the subject of woman s wages. We believe that wages should be regu lated by the work done, and that no dif ference should be made between the sexes. It is fair and just that this should be so. Massachusetts has done well in elect ing Mr. Boutwell to the United States Senate. He is a gentleman of great ability, and a thorough statesman. He is upright and honest in all things. While he will prove a worthy successor of Vice President Wilson, the country will lose his long ex perience and able services in the Treasury Department. The St. Louis Republican, the leading Democratic paper of 'the Northwest, pays the following left-handed compliment to the Democratic members of the 42ud Con gress : "The Democrats in the late Congress demonstrated a singular incapacity to mi prove their opportunities. They did noth- ing for the country, nothing for the cause of good government, and nothing even for their party." In no respect has the enterprise of Chi cago shone lorth more brilliantly than in the conduct of her newspapers after the great fire. The Timet ljas just gone into a new building erected since the destruction of its former ofiiceaud now occupies one of me nnest structures in the city. The &taat Xtilunr, the great German paper of the Northwest, also occupies an elegant new omce. llie Journal will in a few days move into a splendid building erected since the fire, when all the dailies will have removed from temporary iuarters occu pied after their offices were destroyed. THE COLLEGE. Every citizen of Knoxvillfe is directly and vitally interested in having the Mcth odist University for the South located at Kuoxville. All educational and moral considerations entirely out of sight, Ave are interested in it, purely as a question of dol lars and cents. Very few people fully re- alize how many benefits must inevitably follow the location of this grand collegiate enterprise at Knoxville. Every property holder and every business man is directly to be benefitted by it and therefore all should give something t. secure it. Let every citizen give as he is able, freely, gen crously and with the proper , public spirit and this rich prize will certainly fall to us There is no class of men who merit public contempt more richly than the professional lobbyists. They may be found wherever a Legislative body is in session. We have no objection to a man who is di rectly luterested in the passage of a meas ure, going before the Legislature and urg ing its passage. Hut the man who goes be fore the Legislature of a State or before Congress, holding himself in readiness to take a fee on any side of any question, is entitled to the contempt of all honest men. He is generally a man without capacity to earn an honest living, but who makes up lor a want oi brains by ills brass and cool audacity. Such a man is not entitled to any sort of respect from any quarter, and honest Legislators should spurn him. He is not a lit associate for gentlemen. The Memphis Avalanche says " there is not a man iu the Legislature who votes to rob the people by funding 521,0)0,000 as me jusx interest bearing uebt vho can make his constituents think it is all right." We may so too. But there is no man in the Legislature who votes not to recognize our past due interest as a part o the public debt, who can make his constit uents believe that he is not in favor of re pudiation. We have not and do not believe there 1 any necessity for funding bonds, not yet matured. There is no sense in it. It is lolly. But we do believe that past due in terest is a part of the State's just obliga tions, and that we must pay it or Dhow that we recognize it as just aud that we in tend to pay it when we can. This is just rn. i. ni t . I.. I . . - juis is ngui. mis is iioiiesi. THE LATE VICE-PRESIDENT. The whole country has been pained at the attempt which once seemed successful to implicate Hon. Schuyler Colfax with the Credit Mobilier scaudal. Even the more respectable portion of his political adversaries have manifested a desiro to see him acquitted. His friends, those who nvo known and honored him, and who have nd mired his high-toned moral character have never be- ieved him guilty of what he has been barged. Last Saturday Mr. Colfax ar rived at his home iu South Lend, Indiana, and was followed to the court house by an escort of fifteen hundred of his old neigh- ors aud friends who have known him all his life. The Mayor of the city delivered an address of welcome, to which Mr. Col fax responded in a ppeech of considerable length. He referred to the malignity with hich he had been pursued by a portion of the American press, and cspecally Wash ington correspondents. He referred to the Credit Mobilier cbargesand defended him self against them to the entire satisfaction of those who heard him. He read a let ter from Mr. Dillon, cashier of the Ser- geant-at-Armsof the House of Representa tives, in which he stated that he was con fident that the checks to initials or bearer were all paid to Ames himself, especially the one for $1,200, marked to "S. C. or bearer." At the conclusion of the remarks of Mr. Colfax.Col. Humphries presented him a let ter signed with 1,500 signatures of fellow- citizens attached, expressing the confidence of the signers in him.; after which the fol lowing resolution was offered aud unani mously adopted : Ueeolvcd, That in welcoming S. Colfax home to-day auer his twenty years of ar duous public service, in which he has been excelled by none as a model statesman, temperate and faithful to principles, we do so with unlimited confidence in his honor and integrity both as a public man'and rivate citizen. The Louisville Courier-Journal, the leading Democratic paper in the South, in double-leaded editorial after reading Col fax's speech, says : "We have taken the trouble to review carefully the case of Mr. Colfax as record ed iu the congressional investigation, aud compare it with the elaborate defense de livered by the late vice-president at bouth Lend la.-t Saturday. The result of our researches is that he has given successful and satisfactory explanation of the entire matter. It will require closer analysis than that whieh we have made or are capable of making, to alter our opiniou hat in this business Jur, Coltax has been very much abused and wronged, and we are the readier to allow this since we have never been tempted and could not be in- luceu to sacriliee tho j.iivulo oliuvuolvr ot anv man to partisan interest or prejudice n doing what we believe to be an act of personal justice. We desire to be fully explicit aud ungrudging, and therefore we shall not shadow the congratulations which we have to offer to a conspicuous political adversary by any of those minor disparagements which might be sanction ed by a less generous criticism." Thus one of the ablest of his political adversaries admits his innocence, and says that he has given a "successful and satis factory explanation of the entire matter." On the 4th of March, President Grant wrote Mr. Colfax as follows : Executive Mansion, l Washington, March 4, 1S73. j My Dear Mr. Colfax : Allow me to say that I sympathize with you iu the recent Congressional investiga tions : that i have watched them closely. and I am as well satisfied now as I have ever been of your integrity, patriotism aud Ireeuom I row the charges imputed, as it l knew of my own knowledge of your in nocence. Our official relations have been so pleasant that I would like to keep up the personal relations through life. Affec tionately yours, Signed. J L . H. GRANT. It is a melancholy fact, but nev ertheless true, that a great many cor respondents of leading newspapers, with headquarters at the National capital, make it a point to bedaub the character ot every public man who does not court their favor. Their criticisms are too often made with out reason, and with no sort of respect for justice. e trust and believe that time will show 31 r. Colfax the same honorable, high-toned, Christian gentleman that he has always been regarded. THE SCHOOL LAW. Elsewhere in this Issue we publish a pro test against the School Law enacted by the present Legislature, which protest is signed by jrion. w. li,. i.cKie, itepresenta tive from Jelfersou and Hon. J. H. Magill, Representative from McMinn county We are well acquainted with both of these gentlemen, and know them to be honest and true to principle. We also know them to be fast, unswerving friends of a free school system. What they did in retusmg to vote for the school law, was prompted by the highest and purest mo tives. We have not seen a copy of the law as passeu, but an must admit that Messrs Eckle and Magill give some very good reasons for voting against it. We have not believed it was the kind of law demanded by the exigencies of the times, but have been led to believe it was the best we could get, and for that reason have supported it. The feature alluded to in reference to the operations of the law on the poorer and less populous counties is specially odi ous. However, we are in favor of giving the law a fair trial and will urge amend menU and modifications iu the future un til it Is ferfect. A bill has passed its third reading in the Senate, appropriating 575,000 for the erection of an Asylum for the insane in East Tenneee. If the 1)111 becomes a law, the Asylum will probably be estab lished iu the neighborhood of Knoxville as the most central oiiil. VACCINATI0H 0B COW-POX. Of all the discoveries for the relief of suffering humanity, vaccluation undoubt edly stands first. The discovery of anros thesla by ether and chloroform, has saved untold suffering. But vaccination has saved both life and suffering. It is gener ally supposed that Dr. .Tenner was the first to discover the protecting properties of vac cination; it seems howver, that it had been used to a limited extent, in various pnrts of the world, long before his time. Hut though not the first to discover, he was the first to advocate its general employment; and the plan of propagating the disease from individual to individual, was certain ly original with him, and he most assured ly deserves all the honor of an original discoverer. Jenner was an apprentice to the great surgeon, John Hunter, and as the practice of inoculation as a protection against small pox was then in vogue the duty of per forming this operation fell upon the young apprentice. While practicing inoculation among the milk maids of Gloucester, he first became aware of certain rumors that the cattle would also become alfected with small-pox and that the maids who milked these cows were protected often-times against the disease. He himself found that many of these maids could not become affected by inoculation. He communicat ed these facts to his preceptor who hooted at the idea. Still the young apprentice was not to be put down in that way ; he went on with his experiments aud proved to his own mind satisfactorily that the cow pox, if communicated to man, was a protection against small pox. He com municated his views with the proofs.to the world, in a small pamphlet of 70 pages, in June, 1798. But the profession and peo ple received his statements with great in credulity. He hud a holy faith, however, in the trutk of his discovery and contin ued to accumulate facts, and in time they were so overwhelming as to convince the most doubting, and as a recognition of his services, the British Parliament voted him a gift of 30,000 pounds sterling. To prove how effectual a protection vac cination is against small-pox, it is shown that in the half century from 1750 to 1800 in 1,000 deaths from all causes,there were 60 from small-pox, and now in countries where vaccination is compuUory, in 1,000 deaths only 2 are from small-pox. There is no doubt that if vaccination were made compulsory throughout the world, small pox would be entirely eradicated. The great importance of vaccination is thus rendered apparent, and we trust our citi zens will bear these facts in mind, now that the disease has, to a limited extent, shown itself among us. SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. The Clarksvillo Tobacco Leaf under stands that there is a host of "hungry office seekers, thronging the office of Gov. Brown, asking and earnestly pleading for the office of Superintendent of Public In struction. " It is to be hoped that the Governor will make a good selection for this most important position. Thesuccess ot tho fruo school system ns provided for by the law just passed will largely depend uiion the charac ter of the Superintendent. He should be a man of energy, learning, integrity and of patriotic intentions. To his care, more than any oilier one man in the State, will be committed the future destinies of our youth. He should be endowed with a tal ent for organization, it the schools are properly organized and conducted, they will become a hxture, as much so ns our everlasting hills. If we should fail in the organization of of free schools, they would not come up to public expectation, and soon we would hear croakers utter their "1 told you so," trying to poison the public mind and bring about an abolition of the system. It Is by far the most important appoint ment the Governor has ever been called upon to make. We trust he feels all the responsibility he should feel on this ques tion, and that he will give us a Superin tendent in whose ability all the people have confidence and who will do credit to himself and the State, in organizing the tree school system in Tennessee. It is alleged that money is being very freely used to secure the commutation of the death sentence against roster, the car- hook murderer. Mrs. Putnam, widow of the man who was so brutally murdered, has written a letter to Governor Dix, mak ing a strong appeal in i oster's behalf. It is charged that she received ?15,000 for writing that letter. It is possible that by such means his neck may be saved from the liaiter, but we do not tiitnK so. Uov- ernor Dix is a man with a will of his own. and his purposes are not changed without a sufficient reason. It no longer requires an argument to show farmers why they should be organiz ed. The farmer reaps the same benefit by organizing and consulting with his neigh bor who pursues the same vocation, as any other class of men. The agricultural in terests or our country are constantly look ing up, and it is the result of organization. We trust that East Tennessee farmers will appreciate this by meeting together in the convention to be held hero in May. Let there be a general attendance and let every one come prepared to offer something for the consideration of the convention. Hon. W. R. Roberts, of New York city, has written a letter to Secretary Boutwcll declining to receive the five thousand dol lars extra pay, and directing the Sergeant- at-Arms to pay the sum into the United States Treasury. Mr. Roberts says: ' was undecided whether to distribute the amount among the charities of my Con gressioual district or turn it over to the Treasury of the United States, but on con slderation, I deem tho course I have taken the proper one under the circumstances." The law passed by Congress for (be sup pression of obscene literature will meet with universal approval. Strict regula- tlonssnould be olwerveu to keep it from passing through the mails, and iu addition those w ho engage in its publication and trutlln should be punished as criminals. It has a very corrupting Influence on so ciety, and no measures for its suppression can be considered too harsh. BISHOP C. ?. McILVAINE. In n foreign land, away from home and kindred and friends, died Bishop Mc Ilvaine, of Ohio, one of the ablest and purest of American divines. The news of Ids decease will be heard with sorrow in every State and among men of every re ligious denomination, for, though nit ar dent and prominent representative of the Protestant Episcopal Church, Bishop Mc Hvaine had warm friends and admir ers in every sect in the land. Those who ever heard him or saw him loved him for he always impressed every body as a Godly, zealous man. At the time of his death he was In Florence, Italy, seeking better health 1 if that mild climate. He was a native of New Jersey, born in Burlington, January 18, 170S, He was a graduate of Princeton and in 182-3, was Professor of Ethics at West Point. He was consecrated Bishop of Ohio in 1832. He and Bishop Smith were the oldest Bishops of the Episcopal Church He bore the honorary degrees of DC. L. from Oxford and LL. D., from Cam bridge, lie was the author of several standard religious works, among them his Evidences of Christianity. Full of earthly honors, after a long life consecrated to the cause of God, he has gone, beloved nnd lamented, by the entire christian world. T.HE Senate will probably occupy most of the present week in the debate upon the report of Senator Morton's committee to declare vacant the seat of Senator Cald well, of Kansas. When tho debate be gan, it was very evident that a majority of tho Senate would not agree to the report. Some of the democratic Senators argued that the report rnflf?t?d 'with the right of the State to representation. It seems probable now that Caldwell will lose his seat. The debate of Saturday brought out some of the strong men of the Senate, all of whom favored either expulsion or the re port of the Committee. Caldwell used money to secure his election to the Senate aud he ought to be expelled. It is time honest Senators and Congressmen under stood that the people are tired of technical quibbles, behind which corrupt men seek to screen themselves in their unholy work. Congress has not heretofore hesitated to exert questionable powers when it peemed the safety of the country demanded it and Senators may rest assured that even if technical or minor legal objections are in the way in tho Caldwell case the people will endorse them in disregarding them in such an emergency as that new presented We say emergency.for it is patent to every observing mind that some summary and severe measures are necessary to purgo our halls of legislation, State and National of bad men and the Senate of the United States ought to begin the work in the Caldwell case. With this week, the work of the first session of the 3Stu General Assembly closes. A school law has been passed, which, though not just what was wanted, in our opinion, is a great improvement on what we have had. With proper man agement on the part of executive officers, we will have good schools in most of the counties, and in another two years public opinion will bo decided enough to enforce additional legislation on this all-important subject. We have nothad time to look into all tho provisions of the funding bill passed on Saturday, but it seems to be a wise meas ure for the improvement of our public credit. With honesty and efficiency in its enforcement, it will Improve our credit, and place us right before the world. It is saying to our creditors, We acknowledge our obligations to pay our indebtednesss. We are unable to pay you now, but we'are willing to do the next best thing, give you our bond for it." A great deal depends upon the honesty aud efficiency of those having this matter in charge. If they follow the strict letter aud spirit of the law, there will be no ground for complaint from those who are disposed to recognize the indebtedness of the State as anything of a binding nature. Two important measures require action iu the short time left for the session. The revenue bill must be passed. Without it all else fails. We cannot carry on the State government or any part thereof with out money. We presume the House will pass the bill as agreed upon in the Senate, or something similar, this week. We trust also, that something will be done on the subject of immi gration. iVothing has beeu accom plished yet, as we understand, on this sub ject. With these two measures properly acted upon, members of the Legislature can meet their constituents without a blush. Their acts will be a vast improvement on the acts of their immediate predecessors. The Union and American says of the Congressional apportionment law : The House bib" to lay off" the State into ten Congressional districts yesterday passed the Senate on its third and lost reading without amendments. The districts are not such as we would have preferred. Wo especially regret the placing of Robertson county In the'fourth district. The bill now only awaits the Governor's signature to make it the law for the remainder of this decade. THE COMMITTEE AT WORK. Chnnce for Knosvllle in Show II nnd, her The Committeo to raise the funds to secure the location at Knoxville of the Methodist University has begun the work of canvassing. This is really one of the most important exerprises ever proposed for this city. Wo sincerely believe that it is the test of the faith ourjieople have in the future of Knoxville. Locate this Uni versity here and it will bring a thousand additional population at once and cause to be expended hero annually tens of thous ands of dollars. Every property holder and every business man in the city is largely interested in the success of the movement. We dare not be picoyun ish in this matter. Our representative men must show their liberality in this matter. The real estate holders anfl men of wealth owe it to themselves and the city to subscribe liberally. It is a simple busi ness matter with them. Every dollar they subscribe is hound to bring them back ten lold. livery loiauu acre oi lanu about Knoxville would be increased In value by the University and therefore every real estate holder snouia give iiuer ally. It Is a vital question for Knoxville and our people must come up to their duty. Let the committeo make a thorough can vass and every citizen do his duty. - A Badgcrcr. Editors Chronicle : It will be remem bered, that A. T. Lacey was elected Speak er of the State Senate through one of those accidents, which will now and then hap pen through a combination of different elements coming together for a common purpose. We now begin to fear that his is only another one of these mistakes that result from such political accidents. For instance, while the tax bill was up ia the Senate on Saturday last, Mr. Speaker, La cey left his seat and took the floor, and made a speech In which he zealously, and earnestly insisted that a 40 cents tax would be sufficient to pay all the liabilities of the State. Now, this might have been all riirht ! lint, to kp up tho consistency of Mr. Lacey, he argued the same night at the Maxwell House, that a 40 cents tax would not meet the liabilities of the State, and would be the means of rendering the funding policy unpopular. Such are the morals of the Speaker of the Senate. This contrasts strangely with the courso of Sen ator Tillman, Representatives Hyden, Wester and others, who voted against funding, but now insist on a certain tax one high enough to meet our liabilities whatever ;they may reach, taking the ground that the faith of the Stat is now pledged aud that it must be preserved. State Credit. nenttaor Judge Bridge. A private note from a gentleman at Athens brings the Intelligence of the death of Hon. George W. Bridges, of that place, which occurred on Sunday morning. His illness has been protracted for mauy months. He has held several stations of honor and trust, and had many warm friends. In 1S00 he served on the Douglass electoral ticket in his Congressional district. In 1801, he was elected .to the United States Congress, after the Confederate armed forces had occupied East Tennessee. He attempted to cross the Cumberland mountains for the pur pose of reaching Washington, but was captured by Confederate cavalry and brought back to Knoxville. He was released in a short time and afterward served iu the Union army. Since the war he held a judicial position for a short time, being Judge of the Circuit Court. He leaves a wife and children to mourn his loss. They enjoy the sympa thy of many warm friends. Public Address. We are informed that Col. W. F Prosser, of Nashville, will attend the Cen tenial meeting of the Executive Commit tee which meets in this city on Thursday, the 27th of the present month, and will de liver an address at night in the Board of Trade Rooms. Col. Prosser Is secretary of the organiza tion, aud has taken a profound interest in tho work. We hope our citizens will not fail to avail themselves of the opportunity of bearing him speak. He is au able anil fluent talker, aud will prove very enter taining. By the way, we would call the attention of all the members of the Executive Com mittee, whose names we have already announced, to the fact that this meeting takes place on the 27th of this month. The recent changes in tho postal laws which take effect June 30th, provide that after that date no free matter of any char acter can be transmitted in tho malls. Newspaper subscribers after that date must pay postage on all papers, and editors on all newspaper exchanges. Papers have beeu circulated free In the country in which they were published, hut after June 30th they will be charged flvecentspostuge every three months daily papers thirty cents quarterly. A private dispatch received from Nash ville yesterday evening by a gentlemen in this city, announces the appointment of Hon. D. K. Young, as Judge of the six teenth Judicial Circuit, created by a recent act of the Legislature and composed of the counties of Anderson, Campbell, Scott, Morgan, Union and Claiborne. Judge Young is a gentleman of high legal attain ments and long experience in his profess ion aud will reflect credit on the position." . The lianncr, in a sensible editorial on the State School Superintendent provided for by the school law, says he "should be possessed of indomitable will, of large ex perience, of great executive ability and of an extensive acquaintance with Tennessee and her people. Added to these good gifts he should be patient, energetic, enthusias tic, and, above all, gifted with that indis pensable condition of success that people call tact." All of which we heartily en dorse. Under the reorganization of standing committees in the Senate, Senator Brown low is chairman of the committee on Rev olutionary Claims. The expenses of the Inauguration ball ure said to be $20,000 short of the receipts.