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Knoxville weekly chronicle. [volume] (Knoxville, Tenn.) 1870-1875, March 19, 1873, Image 4

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3iji0bilte Mcchln Cljrmtidc, OTcbncsuan, SJawfe 19, 1873.
ffibc OTccHit (Ebronitlc.
RULE & KICKS, Publishers,
dumber 19 Market riacc, East Side.
One copy, one year $- 00
One copy, six month v..... 1 00
Ton copies, nue uar H - -5 00
Twenty copits. one year 30 00
WEDNESDAY. . ... MARCH 10, 1873!
"Wendell. Pjiillits speaks of a Yankee
invention for saving labor, as a "Yankee
skulking the final curse of getting bis liv
ing by the sweat of bis brow."
Bismarck has not yet given up the idea
of limiting the powers of the Roman Cath
olic clergy. He has just made a power
ful speech in advocacy of his vjews.
The Philadelphia Tress thinks Wm.
liloyd Garrison the most magnificent
specimen of a fossil on the continent.
Alex. II. Stephens not excepted.
Hon. W. Y. Elliott, of Murfreesboro',
has been appointed Tension Agent at
Nashville. Mr. Elliott is a high toned
gentleman and possesses the entire confi
dence of all parties.
A Florida pnper is happy over the elec
tion of Alex. II. Stephens to Congress. It
wants Jeff. Davis' disabilities removed so
he can take the place of some "despicable
carpet-baggers" in the councils of the na
tion. Hon. J. I". Jeui has made an elaborate
speech before the lower House of the Ten
nessee Legislature in favorof a fixed salary
for Attorneys General. He gives some
xood reasons for his position, which are
entitled to mature consideration.
We fully agree with the Memphis Aj
peeil on the subject of woman s wages.
We believe that wages should be regu
lated by the work done, and that no dif
ference should be made between the sexes.
It is fair and just that this should be so.
Massachusetts has done well in elect
ing Mr. Boutwell to the United States
Senate. He is a gentleman of great ability,
and a thorough statesman. He is upright
and honest in all things. While he will
prove a worthy successor of Vice President
Wilson, the country will lose his long ex
perience and able services in the Treasury
The St. Louis Republican, the leading
Democratic paper of 'the Northwest, pays
the following left-handed compliment to
the Democratic members of the 42ud Con
gress :
"The Democrats in the late Congress
demonstrated a singular incapacity to mi
prove their opportunities. They did noth-
ing for the country, nothing for the cause
of good government, and nothing even for
their party."
In no respect has the enterprise of Chi
cago shone lorth more brilliantly than in
the conduct of her newspapers after the
great fire. The Timet ljas just gone into a
new building erected since the destruction
of its former ofiiceaud now occupies one of
me nnest structures in the city. The
&taat Xtilunr, the great German paper
of the Northwest, also occupies an elegant
new omce. llie Journal will in a few
days move into a splendid building erected
since the fire, when all the dailies will have
removed from temporary iuarters occu
pied after their offices were destroyed.
Every citizen of Knoxvillfe is directly
and vitally interested in having the Mcth
odist University for the South located at
Kuoxville. All educational and moral
considerations entirely out of sight, Ave are
interested in it, purely as a question of dol
lars and cents. Very few people fully re-
alize how many benefits must inevitably
follow the location of this grand collegiate
enterprise at Knoxville. Every property
holder and every business man is directly
to be benefitted by it and therefore all
should give something t. secure it. Let
every citizen give as he is able, freely, gen
crously and with the proper , public spirit
and this rich prize will certainly fall to us
There is no class of men who merit
public contempt more richly than the
professional lobbyists. They may be found
wherever a Legislative body is in session.
We have no objection to a man who is di
rectly luterested in the passage of a meas
ure, going before the Legislature and urg
ing its passage. Hut the man who goes be
fore the Legislature of a State or before
Congress, holding himself in readiness to
take a fee on any side of any question, is
entitled to the contempt of all honest men.
He is generally a man without capacity to
earn an honest living, but who makes up
lor a want oi brains by ills brass and cool
audacity. Such a man is not entitled to
any sort of respect from any quarter, and
honest Legislators should spurn him. He
is not a lit associate for gentlemen.
The Memphis Avalanche says " there is
not a man iu the Legislature who votes to
rob the people by funding 521,0)0,000 as
me jusx interest bearing uebt vho can
make his constituents think it is all
right." We may so too. But there is no
man in the Legislature who votes not to
recognize our past due interest as a part o
the public debt, who can make his constit
uents believe that he is not in favor of re
We have not and do not believe there 1
any necessity for funding bonds, not yet
matured. There is no sense in it. It is
lolly. But we do believe that past due in
terest is a part of the State's just obliga
tions, and that we must pay it or Dhow
that we recognize it as just aud that we in
tend to pay it when we can. This is just
rn. i. ni t . I.. I . . -
juis is ngui. mis is iioiiesi.
The whole country has been pained at
the attempt which once seemed successful
to implicate Hon. Schuyler Colfax with
the Credit Mobilier scaudal. Even the
more respectable portion of his political
adversaries have manifested a desiro to see
him acquitted. His friends, those who
nvo known and honored him, and
who have nd mired his high-toned
moral character have never be-
ieved him guilty of what he has been
barged. Last Saturday Mr. Colfax ar
rived at his home iu South Lend, Indiana,
and was followed to the court house by an
escort of fifteen hundred of his old neigh-
ors aud friends who have known him all
his life. The Mayor of the city delivered
an address of welcome, to which Mr. Col
fax responded in a ppeech of considerable
length. He referred to the malignity with
hich he had been pursued by a portion of
the American press, and cspecally Wash
ington correspondents. He referred to the
Credit Mobilier cbargesand defended him
self against them to the entire satisfaction
of those who heard him. He read a let
ter from Mr. Dillon, cashier of the Ser-
geant-at-Armsof the House of Representa
tives, in which he stated that he was con
fident that the checks to initials or bearer
were all paid to Ames himself, especially
the one for $1,200, marked to "S. C. or
At the conclusion of the remarks of Mr.
Colfax.Col. Humphries presented him a let
ter signed with 1,500 signatures of fellow-
citizens attached, expressing the confidence
of the signers in him.; after which the fol
lowing resolution was offered aud unani
mously adopted :
Ueeolvcd, That in welcoming S. Colfax
home to-day auer his twenty years of ar
duous public service, in which he has been
excelled by none as a model statesman,
temperate and faithful to principles, we do
so with unlimited confidence in his honor
and integrity both as a public man'and
rivate citizen.
The Louisville Courier-Journal, the
leading Democratic paper in the South, in
double-leaded editorial after reading Col
fax's speech, says :
"We have taken the trouble to review
carefully the case of Mr. Colfax as record
ed iu the congressional investigation, aud
compare it with the elaborate defense de
livered by the late vice-president at bouth
Lend la.-t Saturday. The result of our
researches is that he has given successful
and satisfactory explanation of the entire
matter. It will require closer analysis
than that whieh we have made or are
capable of making, to alter our opiniou
hat in this business Jur, Coltax has been
very much abused and wronged, and we
are the readier to allow this since we have
never been tempted and could not be in-
luceu to sacriliee tho j.iivulo oliuvuolvr ot
anv man to partisan interest or prejudice
n doing what we believe to be an act of
personal justice. We desire to be fully
explicit aud ungrudging, and therefore we
shall not shadow the congratulations
which we have to offer to a conspicuous
political adversary by any of those minor
disparagements which might be sanction
ed by a less generous criticism."
Thus one of the ablest of his political
adversaries admits his innocence, and says
that he has given a "successful and satis
factory explanation of the entire matter."
On the 4th of March, President Grant
wrote Mr. Colfax as follows :
Executive Mansion, l
Washington, March 4, 1S73. j
My Dear Mr. Colfax :
Allow me to say that I sympathize with
you iu the recent Congressional investiga
tions : that i have watched them closely.
and I am as well satisfied now as I have
ever been of your integrity, patriotism aud
Ireeuom I row the charges imputed, as it l
knew of my own knowledge of your in
nocence. Our official relations have been
so pleasant that I would like to keep up
the personal relations through life. Affec
tionately yours,
Signed. J L . H. GRANT.
It is a melancholy fact, but nev
ertheless true, that a great many cor
respondents of leading newspapers, with
headquarters at the National capital, make
it a point to bedaub the character ot every
public man who does not court their favor.
Their criticisms are too often made with
out reason, and with no sort of respect for
justice. e trust and believe that time
will show 31 r. Colfax the same honorable,
high-toned, Christian gentleman that he
has always been regarded.
Elsewhere in this Issue we publish a pro
test against the School Law enacted by
the present Legislature, which protest is
signed by jrion. w. li,. i.cKie, itepresenta
tive from Jelfersou and Hon. J. H. Magill,
Representative from McMinn county
We are well acquainted with both of these
gentlemen, and know them to be honest
and true to principle. We also know them
to be fast, unswerving friends of a free
school system. What they did in
retusmg to vote for the school law, was
prompted by the highest and purest mo
tives. We have not seen a copy of the law
as passeu, but an must admit that Messrs
Eckle and Magill give some very good
reasons for voting against it. We have not
believed it was the kind of law demanded
by the exigencies of the times, but have
been led to believe it was the best we could
get, and for that reason have supported it.
The feature alluded to in reference to
the operations of the law on the poorer
and less populous counties is specially odi
ous. However, we are in favor of giving
the law a fair trial and will urge amend
menU and modifications iu the future un
til it Is ferfect.
A bill has passed its third reading in
the Senate, appropriating 575,000 for the
erection of an Asylum for the insane in
East Tenneee. If the 1)111 becomes a
law, the Asylum will probably be estab
lished iu the neighborhood of Knoxville
as the most central oiiil.
Of all the discoveries for the relief of
suffering humanity, vaccluation undoubt
edly stands first. The discovery of anros
thesla by ether and chloroform, has saved
untold suffering. But vaccination has
saved both life and suffering. It is gener
ally supposed that Dr. .Tenner was the first
to discover the protecting properties of vac
cination; it seems howver, that it had been
used to a limited extent, in various pnrts
of the world, long before his time. Hut
though not the first to discover, he was the
first to advocate its general employment;
and the plan of propagating the disease
from individual to individual, was certain
ly original with him, and he most assured
ly deserves all the honor of an original
Jenner was an apprentice to the great
surgeon, John Hunter, and as the practice
of inoculation as a protection against small
pox was then in vogue the duty of per
forming this operation fell upon the young
apprentice. While practicing inoculation
among the milk maids of Gloucester, he
first became aware of certain rumors that
the cattle would also become alfected with
small-pox and that the maids who milked
these cows were protected often-times
against the disease. He himself found
that many of these maids could not become
affected by inoculation. He communicat
ed these facts to his preceptor who hooted
at the idea. Still the young apprentice
was not to be put down in that way ; he
went on with his experiments aud proved
to his own mind satisfactorily that the
cow pox, if communicated to man, was a
protection against small pox. He com
municated his views with the proofs.to the
world, in a small pamphlet of 70 pages, in
June, 1798. But the profession and peo
ple received his statements with great in
credulity. He hud a holy faith, however,
in the trutk of his discovery and contin
ued to accumulate facts, and in time they
were so overwhelming as to convince the
most doubting, and as a recognition of his
services, the British Parliament voted him
a gift of 30,000 pounds sterling.
To prove how effectual a protection vac
cination is against small-pox, it is shown
that in the half century from 1750 to 1800
in 1,000 deaths from all causes,there were 60
from small-pox, and now in countries
where vaccination is compuUory, in 1,000
deaths only 2 are from small-pox. There
is no doubt that if vaccination were made
compulsory throughout the world, small
pox would be entirely eradicated. The
great importance of vaccination is thus
rendered apparent, and we trust our citi
zens will bear these facts in mind, now
that the disease has, to a limited extent,
shown itself among us.
The Clarksvillo Tobacco Leaf under
stands that there is a host of "hungry
office seekers, thronging the office of Gov.
Brown, asking and earnestly pleading for
the office of Superintendent of Public In
struction. " It is to be hoped that the
Governor will make a good selection for
this most important position. Thesuccess
ot tho fruo school system ns provided
for by the law just passed
will largely depend uiion the charac
ter of the Superintendent. He should be
a man of energy, learning, integrity and
of patriotic intentions. To his care, more
than any oilier one man in the State, will
be committed the future destinies of our
youth. He should be endowed with a tal
ent for organization, it the schools are
properly organized and conducted, they
will become a hxture, as much so
ns our everlasting hills. If we
should fail in the organization of
of free schools, they would not come up to
public expectation, and soon we would
hear croakers utter their "1 told you so,"
trying to poison the public mind and bring
about an abolition of the system.
It Is by far the most important appoint
ment the Governor has ever been called
upon to make. We trust he feels all the
responsibility he should feel on this ques
tion, and that he will give us a Superin
tendent in whose ability all the people
have confidence and who will do credit to
himself and the State, in organizing the
tree school system in Tennessee.
It is alleged that money is being very
freely used to secure the commutation of
the death sentence against roster, the car-
hook murderer. Mrs. Putnam, widow of
the man who was so brutally murdered,
has written a letter to Governor Dix, mak
ing a strong appeal in i oster's behalf. It
is charged that she received ?15,000 for
writing that letter. It is possible that by
such means his neck may be saved from
the liaiter, but we do not tiitnK so. Uov-
ernor Dix is a man with a will of his own.
and his purposes are not changed without
a sufficient reason.
It no longer requires an argument to
show farmers why they should be organiz
ed. The farmer reaps the same benefit by
organizing and consulting with his neigh
bor who pursues the same vocation, as any
other class of men. The agricultural in
terests or our country are constantly look
ing up, and it is the result of organization.
We trust that East Tennessee farmers will
appreciate this by meeting together in the
convention to be held hero in May. Let
there be a general attendance and let every
one come prepared to offer something for
the consideration of the convention.
Hon. W. R. Roberts, of New York city,
has written a letter to Secretary Boutwcll
declining to receive the five thousand dol
lars extra pay, and directing the Sergeant-
at-Arms to pay the sum into the United
States Treasury. Mr. Roberts says: '
was undecided whether to distribute the
amount among the charities of my Con
gressioual district or turn it over to the
Treasury of the United States, but on con
slderation, I deem tho course I have taken
the proper one under the circumstances."
The law passed by Congress for (be sup
pression of obscene literature will meet
with universal approval. Strict regula-
tlonssnould be olwerveu to keep it from
passing through the mails, and iu addition
those w ho engage in its publication and
trutlln should be punished as criminals.
It has a very corrupting Influence on so
ciety, and no measures for its suppression
can be considered too harsh.
In n foreign land, away from home and
kindred and friends, died Bishop Mc
Ilvaine, of Ohio, one of the ablest and
purest of American divines. The news of
Ids decease will be heard with sorrow in
every State and among men of every re
ligious denomination, for, though nit ar
dent and prominent representative of the
Protestant Episcopal Church, Bishop Mc
Hvaine had warm friends and admir
ers in every sect in the land. Those who
ever heard him or saw him loved him
for he always impressed every body as a
Godly, zealous man. At the time of his
death he was In Florence, Italy, seeking
better health 1 if that mild climate.
He was a native of New Jersey, born in
Burlington, January 18, 170S, He was a
graduate of Princeton and in 182-3, was
Professor of Ethics at West Point. He was
consecrated Bishop of Ohio in 1832. He
and Bishop Smith were the oldest
Bishops of the Episcopal Church
He bore the honorary degrees of DC. L.
from Oxford and LL. D., from Cam
bridge, lie was the author of several
standard religious works, among them his
Evidences of Christianity.
Full of earthly honors, after a long life
consecrated to the cause of God, he has
gone, beloved nnd lamented, by the entire
christian world.
T.HE Senate will probably occupy most
of the present week in the debate upon the
report of Senator Morton's committee to
declare vacant the seat of Senator Cald
well, of Kansas. When tho debate be
gan, it was very evident that a majority of
tho Senate would not agree to the report.
Some of the democratic Senators argued
that the report rnflf?t?d 'with the right
of the State to representation. It seems
probable now that Caldwell will lose his
The debate of Saturday brought out some
of the strong men of the Senate, all of
whom favored either expulsion or the re
port of the Committee. Caldwell used
money to secure his election to the Senate
aud he ought to be expelled. It is time
honest Senators and Congressmen under
stood that the people are tired of technical
quibbles, behind which corrupt men seek
to screen themselves in their unholy work.
Congress has not heretofore hesitated to
exert questionable powers when it peemed
the safety of the country demanded it and
Senators may rest assured that even if
technical or minor legal objections are in
the way in tho Caldwell case the people
will endorse them in disregarding them in
such an emergency as that new presented
We say emergency.for it is patent to every
observing mind that some summary and
severe measures are necessary to purgo our
halls of legislation, State and National of
bad men and the Senate of the United
States ought to begin the work in the
Caldwell case.
With this week, the work of the first
session of the 3Stu General Assembly
closes. A school law has been passed,
which, though not just what was wanted,
in our opinion, is a great improvement on
what we have had. With proper man
agement on the part of executive officers,
we will have good schools in most of the
counties, and in another two years public
opinion will bo decided enough to enforce
additional legislation on this all-important
We have nothad time to look into all tho
provisions of the funding bill passed on
Saturday, but it seems to be a wise meas
ure for the improvement of our public
credit. With honesty and efficiency in
its enforcement, it will Improve
our credit, and place us right before
the world. It is saying to our creditors,
We acknowledge our obligations to pay
our indebtednesss. We are unable to pay
you now, but we'are willing to do the next
best thing, give you our bond for it." A
great deal depends upon the honesty aud
efficiency of those having this matter in
charge. If they follow the strict letter aud
spirit of the law, there will be no ground
for complaint from those who are disposed
to recognize the indebtedness of the State
as anything of a binding nature.
Two important measures require action
iu the short time left for the session. The
revenue bill must be passed. Without it
all else fails. We cannot carry on the
State government or any part thereof with
out money. We presume the House will
pass the bill as agreed upon in the Senate,
or something similar, this week.
We trust also, that something will
be done on the subject of immi
gration. iVothing has beeu accom
plished yet, as we understand, on this sub
With these two measures properly acted
upon, members of the Legislature can meet
their constituents without a blush. Their
acts will be a vast improvement on the
acts of their immediate predecessors.
The Union and American says of the
Congressional apportionment law :
The House bib" to lay off" the State into
ten Congressional districts yesterday passed
the Senate on its third and lost reading
without amendments. The districts are
not such as we would have preferred. Wo
especially regret the placing of Robertson
county In the'fourth district. The bill now
only awaits the Governor's signature to
make it the law for the remainder of this
Chnnce for Knosvllle in Show
II nnd,
The Committeo to raise the funds to
secure the location at Knoxville of the
Methodist University has begun the work
of canvassing. This is really one of the
most important exerprises ever proposed
for this city. Wo sincerely believe that it
is the test of the faith ourjieople have in
the future of Knoxville. Locate this Uni
versity here and it will bring a thousand
additional population at once and cause to
be expended hero annually tens of thous
ands of dollars. Every property
holder and every business man in the
city is largely interested in the success of
the movement. We dare not be picoyun
ish in this matter. Our representative
men must show their liberality in this
matter. The real estate holders anfl men
of wealth owe it to themselves and the city
to subscribe liberally. It is a simple busi
ness matter with them. Every dollar
they subscribe is hound to bring them
back ten lold. livery loiauu acre oi lanu
about Knoxville would be increased In
value by the University and therefore
every real estate holder snouia give iiuer
ally. It Is a vital question for Knoxville
and our people must come up to their duty.
Let the committeo make a thorough can
vass and every citizen do his duty.
A Badgcrcr.
Editors Chronicle : It will be remem
bered, that A. T. Lacey was elected Speak
er of the State Senate through one of those
accidents, which will now and then hap
pen through a combination of different
elements coming together for a common
purpose. We now begin to fear that his
is only another one of these mistakes that
result from such political accidents. For
instance, while the tax bill was up ia the
Senate on Saturday last, Mr. Speaker, La
cey left his seat and took the floor, and
made a speech In which he zealously, and
earnestly insisted that a 40 cents tax would
be sufficient to pay all the liabilities of the
State. Now, this might have been all
riirht ! lint, to kp up tho consistency of
Mr. Lacey, he argued the same night at
the Maxwell House, that a 40 cents tax
would not meet the liabilities of the State,
and would be the means of rendering the
funding policy unpopular. Such are the
morals of the Speaker of the Senate. This
contrasts strangely with the courso of Sen
ator Tillman, Representatives Hyden,
Wester and others, who voted against
funding, but now insist on a certain tax
one high enough to meet our liabilities
whatever ;they may reach, taking the
ground that the faith of the Stat is now
pledged aud that it must be preserved.
State Credit.
nenttaor Judge Bridge.
A private note from a gentleman at
Athens brings the Intelligence of the death
of Hon. George W. Bridges, of that place,
which occurred on Sunday morning. His
illness has been protracted for mauy
months. He has held several stations of
honor and trust, and had many warm
friends. In 1S00 he served on
the Douglass electoral ticket in his
Congressional district. In 1801, he was
elected .to the United States Congress, after
the Confederate armed forces had occupied
East Tennessee. He attempted to cross
the Cumberland mountains for the pur
pose of reaching Washington, but
was captured by Confederate cavalry
and brought back to Knoxville.
He was released in a short time and
afterward served iu the Union army.
Since the war he held a judicial position
for a short time, being Judge of the Circuit
Court. He leaves a wife and children
to mourn his loss. They enjoy the sympa
thy of many warm friends.
Public Address.
We are informed that Col. W. F
Prosser, of Nashville, will attend the Cen
tenial meeting of the Executive Commit
tee which meets in this city on Thursday,
the 27th of the present month, and will de
liver an address at night in the Board of
Trade Rooms.
Col. Prosser Is secretary of the organiza
tion, aud has taken a profound interest in
tho work. We hope our citizens will not
fail to avail themselves of the opportunity
of bearing him speak. He is au able anil
fluent talker, aud will prove very enter
taining. By the way, we would call the attention
of all the members of the Executive Com
mittee, whose names we have already
announced, to the fact that this meeting
takes place on the 27th of this month.
The recent changes in tho postal laws
which take effect June 30th, provide that
after that date no free matter of any char
acter can be transmitted in tho malls.
Newspaper subscribers after that date must
pay postage on all papers, and editors on
all newspaper exchanges. Papers have
beeu circulated free In the country in
which they were published, hut after June
30th they will be charged flvecentspostuge
every three months daily papers thirty
cents quarterly.
A private dispatch received from Nash
ville yesterday evening by a gentlemen in
this city, announces the appointment of
Hon. D. K. Young, as Judge of the six
teenth Judicial Circuit, created by a recent
act of the Legislature and composed of the
counties of Anderson, Campbell, Scott,
Morgan, Union and Claiborne. Judge
Young is a gentleman of high legal attain
ments and long experience in his profess
ion aud will reflect credit on the position."
The lianncr, in a sensible editorial on
the State School Superintendent provided
for by the school law, says he "should be
possessed of indomitable will, of large ex
perience, of great executive ability and of
an extensive acquaintance with Tennessee
and her people. Added to these good gifts
he should be patient, energetic, enthusias
tic, and, above all, gifted with that indis
pensable condition of success that people
call tact." All of which we heartily en
dorse. Under the reorganization of standing
committees in the Senate, Senator Brown
low is chairman of the committee on Rev
olutionary Claims.
The expenses of the Inauguration ball
ure said to be $20,000 short of the receipts.

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