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•in it i»'}f I! I 1 II 1 jllesteni j\ilrancc. Terms $2.00 a Year, $1.00 for Six Month*. SATURDAY. APRIL 18, 1874. Th reuiiiin.s of Dr Livingstone have arrived in London. Through the efforts of our member, Mr. Dunnell, the following bill to ex-2. tend the tilne of iire-eiuptors lias passed the House of Congress: Tha the time at which pre-emptors 011 the public lands in the Slate of Min neso a. including the land within Fort ltidgely and Sioux Indian reservatieuia, are now required to make final proof and payment, is extended for the period of years. Th last monthly report of the De partment of Agriculture gives a liberal amount of information touching the transactions of the Grangers. Th statements indicate that the co-opera tive efforts of the Western farmers have resulted to tliein in a saving of l»etween $6,000,000 au $8,000,000 in the pui chase of agricultural implements. Th exodus of the Menonites from Russia will commence soon. Th first detachment will come by way of Con stantinople and the next by way of Hamburg. A uuml»er of these go to Dakota, aud live hundred families will settle in the Ued ltiver valley on the liiitish side of the line. A portion of the first comers, we lelieve, are to set tle at Mountain Lake in Cotton wood County, on the line of our own railroad. These are the vanguard of hundreds who are to come, and for years there will be strenin flowing into this. State and spreading from the Sioux City and St. I'aul railroad to the Northern Pa cific. Their principal business in Itus sia was wheat raising and they will be iliAine in Minnesota. Till: .\ ORVIIEHX PACIFIC. he Washington crt-uesponrtent oMTie St. Paul /'/.«.• says that an a a frieot ba Ieen consummated with the Northern Paciflic railroad whereb freights a.e to bes ipped through Min nesota at a less price than by the Union Pacific to.ite and at a great saving of distance and time. Th time saved be tween N York and Helena by this route will be twenty a s, and nine tenths of the freight shipped to Mon •tano will go through Minnesota. HE (JJtlO ELECTION. Th Ohio election, in many places, turned UIMUI the temperance ISMIC. A Kenton, Warren, Mt. Vernon Marion, Lima, and several other places, the temperance ticket was successful. A Van Wert, Pomeioy. Uucyrus, Shelln, and other points the anti-U mperance nckeo was elected. In the larger cities," ou-li as Cincinnati, Cleveland. Colmn- ims and Dayton, the it olaim v«l victories. Th Cincinnati f.ivjnirt'r 1 Democratic), say* tliese re«8rfits were gieidly strt ngthened by nuoJlerate, Ke pnbiicans, wJn» '•ivbelled-against fauat- icisiu which is attempting tr regulate fh^rpersonal affswrs-of citizens. This ffUeJius that tlie F)efHocr itic ticket was elected by the aift »»f the (ieiiimn He puiiiicans aitdMthers who are opposed to tempemooe. Ho readilv everv -v il flees-ho the arms of the Demoerat .• pai :-fW sympathy and suceoi! A Dayfr.m the- Den.ociacy are jultilant. iifi Nay the temperancv crusade is entl- A that city. Hut the wom.'ii were •ronip'ly out praying on the sidewalks .ud kept it up until a mob gathered 'liout them with knives and pistols. We do not set' in this election, as .-me of our coteinporaries do, an indi -.lion of the political lesulls of tlie mperatu-e crusade. It is uaturul that •ai elections should turn upon the mperance issue, as they frequently ive done and as they alwaj do in the .itional Colony, but the temperance -ue has not yet become a general one iiling the two leading parties. Pt r ips the sooner it does bt come general a- bitter it will be for the country. IMPURE WATER. !t is singular that large cities shoul 1, rule, have purer water than villages, this is the case. Tu London Lin in an article on impure water,says: i'hc shallow wells of villages are among p"ts of the countr) and it is liigii in- iiiat a zealous aud well organized ^aie should be brought to bear upon in. It is sickening in most country .tee-t observe the uuifoimity with ilcli the cesspool and well-are made .lamlsid by side, as though each necessary or the other and to ak of the twenty feet or so of foul. .vci.igc-reeking soil through which \..Uci percolates to its fetid lied! i'lii- applies with a good deal of force .ti.my of the wells in this vicinity. re there is a spongy soil three or fe.t deep, like ours, and the refuse 'lie town is thrown out as it is here. ..' 01 the tilth must drain into the i.low wells. 'i :.•* commissioners to distribute seed it have completed their travel* a •. -etui i.ed home. Th St. Saul Pros* ey ittributea large pn|ortion of ii in Lyon county te the hat the Winona & St. Peter rail otrip.iny failed to open their line "i :.i l.o.ni. They have declined to op •".!•'• tin western |Mrtion of the road, .•e L'enrnary, though only about i-et of track lietweeu Marshall .. iui is covered with snow. i\.e men hants of Marshall had for si'n ., le dry goods, but no groceries .• '.eieft tor sale, and the bare neces -.M ies life are- extremely s£$tee,, ow 'i ,M.I givt extent to ttuvJIEt* that .uis ot tnansportatioii have been I !c who live on the line of a good In).. I milling daily trains have cer :.....* he advantage of those who do l.i ek which attends the WHSII in political life is still active. s'eiday Wiu.B Washburne w.tsele.- .£ ^(JT, TREE CULTUJtE. in L.vw TO E N O A E E I O S OK A N I N O I S O E E W a a daily called UIKIII to answer questions about tree culture bearing upon one or all of the follow ing points 1. Wha are the laws relative to tree culture on the prairies Wha are the methods of tree cul ture 3. Wha are tlie profits W propose now to give, in as brief space as possible, the essential points in the and also some information as to methods, au some estimates as to profits. I will be useful to have the subject in a nut-shell, so that it may be carried in a side-pocket. A first, as to the laws. There are three laws, one national and State, designed to encourage tree culture on the prairies. he following are the es sential features o. the a E E E A W 1. Th Amende Tree a passed by Congress last winter (and for which the on the prairie are chiefly in debted to Mr. Dunnell, member from this District,) provides that any person ent itled to the benefits of the homestead act, who shall plant, piotect au keep in a healthy growing condition for eight years, forty acres of timber on any quarter section of the public lauds of the United States, shall be entitled to a patent or title for the whole of said quarter section. Th trees must be planted no more than twelve feet apart each way Only one qua. ter sec tion can be entered by one person, and only one quaater OP siny one section. The person making an entry of any quarter section is required to break ten aci es the Hist year, ten the second and twenty the third year, after the date of entry, and to plant ten acres of timber the second year, ten the third and twen ty the fourth year after the date of en try. In case entry is made upon a lessquantity than a quarter section, the number of acres planted shall be in pro JM»I tion to .the quantity entered, that is, one-fourth of the land is to be plant ed to-trees. .No patent can issue until the expiration of eight a from the date of entry. Th fee for making such entry is-fixed ly the law at $10. E O N O N il The-iirst 'state law to encourage tree culture became a law on the 6th day of Marcli, 3871. is law provides that every VH?ZOU who shall plant, pro tect and eultiiviite ou acre or aiore of prairie land, it any kind of forest tree except the black locust, shall be entitled to an annual bounty of dollars fi»r each acre so planted, to be paid fio the. treasury of the county in winc the trees are growing. Th pay ment ot bounty does not begin until 11aee years fnuii the t-ime of planting, aiid continues ten years. Tn tiees must be pianted witm live years from tue passage of tlie act or before March, lbTb, to get the benelit of tlie act.— I'uus, tiees planted tnis and next \ears will be in time. A in of trees along any public highwa) the trees to be planted not more tnan one lo apart, wiii count as one «cre tor every na mile, so that a line of tiees along the it out of lUu acres will secure an annu al bount\ of two iloilais, after the trees iictve been growing three years. Tins law does uo fix the distance apart at which tieea snail be planted in groves, out only iixes tlie maxim distance for the along the highway. TUE STATE BOUNTY. 3. Th second State law to encour age tree planting was passed Feb 20th, 1^73. Th provisions of tiiis law art identical with tlie one passed March, 1&71. witu tne&e uilferences, viz that under this 1. the bounty shall be paid out of tue State instead of tn count) treasury and .at not more than ^0,ooo dollars .shall be distributed in boun ties in any one year. us pro vision is made to pay uu ten thousand acres, or 230 tree claims each year. It the aggregate bounty applied for in any one year exceeds $-JO,uoo, tnen that sum is to be equitably distributed among those applying. Under both these acts, the trees must be planted before March, le7u, must be planted, protected ami cultivated three vcars before any bounty can be drawn, and the person so planting and culti vating may then draw the bounty foi ten years. METHODS OF TREE CULTURE. N as to methods of culture.— These are numerous. he trees may oegrow from seeds, ii or young trees. Evidently, the most economical method, say on a tree claim, would be to break four furrows every twelve feet and drop soft maple or other seed, his would yive sufficient ground for cultivation, save half the breaking, and probably be better for the grove*in tlie end. lint where persons wisn to grow a crop or two of corn between the trees, of course this method cannot lie follow ed Th trees would 11 if the seed were dropped at the time of the first breaking, but would doubtless do bet ter if the ground were wtll plowed in the fall and planted a year from the time of breaking, 'ih lot formerly owned by Gov Miller, here in Worth iiigton, was planted with soft maple set two years ago, just after the break ing, and although the trees have had no cultivation, they are from three to five teet high. Thi method is given for just what it is worth, and as the most economical one that can be fol lowed. W notice that Mr. L. B. Hod ges, who planted the trees for the St. Paul and Pacific railroad, recommends thorough preparation of the ground and thorough cultivation. says "re- 1 I ". senator, f/om Massachusetts, i'. ie i«l ice of Charles Sumner.— i,.iii-: ttf votes necessary to a is 14i, and, Wscjliburne'receiv lot. member, Utorowjlt cultivation the first season and the battle is won Neglect this, and you will find it difficult to make satisfactory atonement.' Thesec ond year, they will do with half the cultivation, and at the end of the sec year's growth they will require no '^'^^fZ'^^^~i^':Vs^'^'Vsfl!!V1''Ka*^"^ further cultivation, and will protect themselves from grass and weeds. Af ter the year, he recommends a liberal mulching of manure. Cutting should be planted as soon a the frost is at of the ground, yet they may be planted with success up to the first of June. In one of his letters to the St. Paul Press, Mr. Hodge gave his experience in planting white willow cuttings upon green prairie sod. took large cut tings, half an inch diameter and ten inches long, drove them into the ground and covered them with manure. I about three weeks they began to come up. The were hoed twice by A first, when they were feet high. They were then plowed and hoed again and in September, Mr. Hodge took one up which was over seven feet high and had it on exhibition at he State Fair last Fall. A 90 per cent, of these cuttings lived and grew into trees. Mr. Hodges says, to his farmer friends, "Co thou and do likewise, and in live years you will be as "snug as a bug in a rug,' with wind-brake grove around your house and farm yard twenty feet high. PROFITS OF TREE CULTTRE. A word, iii conclusion, as to the prof its of tree culture. N kind of farm ing will pay so well in the long run. Th man who grows forty acres of tim ber on these prairies is doing more for the country, and is more of a public benefactor, than he who grows 1GU acres of wheat from year to year. Mr. Mendeuhall, of Iowa, values his groves, after 8 or ten years growth at $-500 an acre. Mr. Joseph Claggett, in an excellent letter published hist year in the Jackson Republic, estimates that he can cut $240 worth of fence-poles from and one-half ac of his grove. Thi would be about $'M worth of fenci ig to the acre, leaving one-half of the standing for grove. Estimate now the profits on a tree claim. Should the full bounty be re ceived for ten years (j4 an acre or 5loo for forty acres,) the total amount of bounty drawn would be 31,1)00. Tnis would pay the priuciptl on a 100 acre farm near Worthmgton If Mr. Men denhalPs estimate is correct, the forty acres with trees on are worth $"»00 an acre, or $20.00'I. Th remaining 120 acres would, by that time, be worth from $20 to $40an acre. Say $20, and we have $2,400 more. Thus a tree claim will be worth £24,000, Th whole cost of growing the trees, even at the highest estimate, will not be more than $400 or $o00. Where crops are grown between the rows, the crops will nearly or quite pay for the breaking and culti vation. A man can as we nave before stated, buy a farm near Woithingto at ten dollars an acre and pay for it, excepting the interest, out ut the boun ty on a tree claim. A rJl£GI-\I.l.\"S UI'IXIOX Ob' THK XA TIUXAL COLUXY. Mr. P. Shafer, who spent some weeks in the National Colonj last win ter, with his friend Mr. Maun, has been writing a series of letters for his home paper, the Morgantow J'ost, published at Morgantown. West Virginia. Fro one of these letters we make the follow ing extract: The remarkable success of this colo ny is not due so much to its mateiial fea ures (although these are snpenor as to its moral features. N intoxica ting liquois are llowed to be sold in tne colony, the charter of the town contains a perpetual prohibition, and what is still better, public sentiment sustains tins law, and all attempts to sell liquor are promptly suppressed. Gambling houses and billiard saloons are alsb prohibited. I can buy lumber, for fencing and building, at less per tuousautl than 1 can in Morgantown, and living in every other respect is cheaper than it is here." Worthington is an orderly town about 000 inhabitants, ami they claim, with pride, that have no ague, no consumption, no liquor traffic, no crim inals, no paupers, no ruffians, no In dians, and not a '"pizciious" rep tile among them. A to the lauds, they can be had of the government for homesteading within a nasonabl distance, can be nought at a moderate ligure of the rail road company, through the colony man ager. They lie ready for the plow, without the toil and haidship of clearing awaj the timber. I was there during a portion of De cember and Januai last, aud experi enced what the oldest Miunesotiaiissay was an average winter: many are mild er wet tnan tnis, while they "have some much moi severe. Last winter was said to hav been by far the coldest known in that State for many \e-ars, and they all agree that the-y would not wish such to come very freepieiitly, but are willing te endure one occasionally, for the pleasure and comfort id" tne milder winters ami delightful sum mers. I saw an a it id in last week's O S on the cold weather Minnesota, which to me, seems a little "over-plumb" on the cold weather sule of the question. Th editors very kindly suggest that all West Virginians who do not wish to freeze to death should not go to _dinne sota. 1 will say I saw some WVst Virgin ians thejv who told me that the went through last winter, ami were well pleased with the country and I think they were enjoying tine health and plen ty to eat, fiom their appearance. suppose the editors meant that hit for me, aud of course I appreciate their ml intentions. Siuee writing the above I have just discovered the following, which I call another feather in Minnesota's cap From the Amcriran Ayrkulturist, Janu ary, 1S74. A O E S E A I N I N N E S O A T. Clough, Wiluiar, Kandyohi countv, Minn., writes us that be and his broth er took up homesteads the central parted' Minnesotafouryears ago which lias rapidly lieen settling up since then. found the soil rich and the climate healthy. has now 4o acres under crops, and raised last year 400 bushels of spring wheat upon 20 acres, 000bush els of oats upon acivs, 75 bushels of IHitate es upon a qua iter of an acre, and 300 bushels of ruta-bagas upon another quai ter-acre. does his plowing with tw ox-teams, has also 20 acres of Odessa wheat sown last fall. has planted five acres with timber,—oak, maple, ash willow and cot ton wood. he willow is very successful as a hedge plant. Timber grows very rapidly, and fire-wood will be plenty at his door. FARMERS' DEPARTMENT. TO THE FAKMKliS OF MINNESOTA. The Secretary of the State Agricultu ral Society has issued the followingcir cular to the farmers of the State: To the Farmen of Minnesota-. A a late meeting of the Ex?cutive Con mittee of the State Agricultural Society, held in this city, it was unani mously voted to largely increase the pr miiims ered on farm ami garden products, and also to offer a sweepstake to the county presenting the laigest and best varities of vegetables of any county in the State. Firs- premium, $75,00 second premium, $50,00 third premium, $25,00. the county in the State presenting the largest and best variety of grain is premium, $50, 00 second premium, $25,00. Th premiums offered are liberal and sufficient, we hope, to stimulate extra pains in growing products for this ex press purpose but the sole object not be competition onlv, as farmers should have a pride in showing to the world our capabilities. A we ask the co-operation of every farmer in our State to make the coming State Fair the Fair par excellence of all oth er previous exhibit.ons in this one re spect. W A I S Secretary. WHEAT, A correspondent in the Western Farm Journal says: I took a farm last spring, that had not produced more than eight bushels of vheat te» the acre for he last ten years, and some eif the crops elid net average more than six bushels to the acre. When seeding time came, I soaked my wheat in strong salt brine until the hull was thoroughl\ wet, then I drained off the surplus brine aud sprinkled gypsum and lime over the wheat, and ini'xeel it up thoroughly together, and sowed while wet. I plowed it both ways with a walking cultivator, and harrowed it both ways with a good harrow. When harvest came, I cut and threshed twen ty bushels tei the acre. My neighbors were surprised to see such a large yield from such poor land. Prom eighty pounds of wheat, sowed tin three fourths of an acre, treated with salt, lime and gypsum, last year, I raised thirty-one bus els of wheat. l»v weight, of the variety called Australian. SEEDIMi AX1 THE GRASSHOPPERS. he St. Cloud a that farmers in the grasshopper district ought not to sow wheat, oats or bailey this spring, for the reason that there is sure be a good creip of young grasshoppers who w'll devour it. These will get th ir wings and leave about June. The* Press says W advise those interested to keep their se wheat dry till they as certain whether grasshoppers are com ing out of the soil around them and if this is found to be the case ke*ep their seed wheat in the granary till another year if they do neit have to use it in meantime for bread. Corn, potatoes, buckwheat, pe'as, turnips, SLC, will pay for cultivating. Wheat will not. We went through the same experience in S a ms county, in 1857, that Nobles, Jackson. Cottonwood and other coun th'Sof the southwest part of the State have before them the coming season. If the settlers in these counties wish to avail themselves of the benefits of our experience they can do so gratuitously. STATE XEW'S. A timber thief was lined $30 and costs at Owatonu a recently. There are now 4hJ Granges in Minne sota. ltejel wing is to have a $47,000 hotel. Th temperance ticket was defeated in Kocl.ester. Wheat was sown near Mankato on tlie^7tho March au near Hasting on the oOth. Mr. Ulakely, formerly of the Chicago Post is to take charge of the St. Paul Ptoiair. ranks as one of the most successful journalists in the west. N E W A E I S E E N United States Mail. sr N E so I'oaT OKI ICE DKI'AKTMENT, AJsiiiNoios, M.ucli :il, 1SV4. PROPOSALS will be n-t-i-iml at the ('untiiiet Ollsct' of UUN l)eji,nti..t'iit until .xielurk in. of Ala.\ 'Sdtli. 1S74, (to he tleeitletl li\ .lui.e li-lli,) for i"a lnv, in- iiW of I In- liitfil Mutet» horn .liu i-t, is 4, to .June •'-, 1ST., on the following lollies in the Male ol Aiinnesohi, tiii (lie vhed iii«M»f «ii't»urtim'*aii«l ariivui.t herein specuii-d, iii.: No. :()ilS Prom Weaver, ly KiiiUhflelti mid Lyon, to .Mui\iilt, -7 miles and hack, once a week.. l.ea\e Weaver l-'lida at 7a in An ive at .\iiil\ilie h_\ in l.e.ixe .Milniile s. in'id.tx .il 7 a in Ani veal Wiawrh\ m. -01J8 liom Korean ille, e'.oimoiia, to Preston, i* miles and l»a«*k, thiee times a week. Leave l-oie^tvilie 1 IU-M1.I. lhuisdaj, and Satuid.iy at 1 in. Allheal Pieston hy 12 in Leave Pieston 'luesda. '1 luirsday, and s.iiiiitLi at 1 pin Ail ive in Vorestviile hy 4 |i 111 •-I15134 From 1'ieston to Isenoui's, 3 miles ami hack, six limes a week, la-.ive Pie.sion Haily, except Sunday, at 8 a in An ive at Isemnii's hy'.' a in Le.ive IM'IIUIU'M daily", e.\et j»i Sunday, at 10 a 111 Aniveat Piestonhv 11 a 111 Close eonnetloii to he ni.ide with the inail 11,11us east anil west. Proposals forseiviee twice daily invited. 20143 Fiom hast Ciarcniout to Wasioja, 0 miles and haek, one a week. Leave Last Claieinont Saturday at 10 a 111 An ive a Wasiojahv 1_! in Leave Wasioja nat unlay at 111 Anive al Last ('.an mont 4 in 20141 From Dodge City Melton and hllwood, to owatonua, l'°J miles and hack, once a w. ek. Leave lodp- Citj l-'iitl.iy at VI in Anive at ovvatoiina hv :p Leave matouna l'i id:i\ at »..n 111 An ive at Dodjie eiij 0.011 111 2G148 From Moscow to It. K. station, 3 miles and hack, once a vvi'ek. Schedule to make connection with inal traiits. 26187 From Klvci.in, by Maryshuifr and Lake W ashinj ton, to'saint. Peter, 22 miles and twice a week. Schedule to by satisfactory to the Depart ment. 2C188 From Jordan, by Helena, Saint Benedict, Pi aha, Heidelitenr, Saint Hubert us, and liavfiistrcani. to Jordan, cMjual.to 20 miles and back, once a week. Leave .lordou Sat unlay at 5 a in An ive at .1 in dan by 7 111: Proposal* invited lot twiee-a week service. 26190 From Shakopee, bv Saint Mary's, Lydia, Cedar Lake, Plum Cieek, New Maiket, Suel (11. o.), Laslieen, and Maple (ilen, to Shakopee, equal to 26 miles and hack, twice a week. Schedule to be satisfactoiy to the Depart ment. 26204 From Holden to Kenyeii, 6 miles and back, twice a week. Leave Holden Wedm-sdav and Saturday at 1 111 An ive at Kenyon bv 3p in Leave Kenyon Wednesday and Saturday at 111 An ive at Holden by 26215 From Hush City, by Bmnetteville, (Wis.), and Anderson, to Orai tsburg, 2u}i miles anel back, once a week. Leave Kush City Tuesday at 6 am Arrive at tirantsburg bv 12 111 Leave grautsburjc Tuesday at 1pm: An ive at Kusli City by 8 Proposals luvited for twic*-a-w««k ferrice. 26226 From Excelnior to Eden Prairie, 6 milesaud back, 6 times a week. Leave fcxcelstor daily, except Sunday, at 10 a Arrive at Eden Prairie at 12 Leave Eden Prairie daily, except Sunday, at Arrive at Excelsior by 3 in: 26228 From Wayzata, by Llnz, to Leighton, 13 miles and back, once a week. Leave Wayzata Saturday at 1 ni Arrive at l-eighton bv J^jave Leighton Satuiday at 6 a ni Arrive at Wayzata by 12 in Proposals invited to embrace Parker's Lake. 26229 From Maple Plain to Saint Bonifacius, 9 miles and back, once a week. 1-eave Maple Plain Friday at 9 a in Arrive at Saint Bonifacius by 12 ill Leave Saint Bonirauius Friday at 1 m: Anive at Maple Plain by 4 26233 From Bloomington, by Richfield and Minneapolis, 13 miles aud back, three times a week. Leave Bloomiugton Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 8 am Arrive at Minneapolis by 12 in Leave Minneapolis Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 1 in: Arrive at Bloomington by 5 m. From Lake Town to Chaska, 6 miles and back, once a week. Leave kike Town Satuiday at 10 a ni Arrive at Chaska by 12 in I^eave Chaska Saturday at 1 pin Anive at Lake Town by 3 in. From Glencoe, by Sumter, Lake Addie. 26238 26242 Collins, Swansea, Palmyra, and Birch tolley, to Beaver Falls, 60 miles and Back, once a week. Leave Glencoe Monday at 7 a An ive at Beaver Falls next day at 4 Leave Beaver Falls Wednesday at 7 a in Arrive at Glencoe next day at 4 in. From Saint Cloud, by Brockwav, North 26266 Piaiiie, Two liivtis. Pike Uapiels, aud Green Prahie, to Fort iiipley, 52 miles ami back, once a week. Schedule to be satisfactory to the Depart ment. Proposals invited for tw ine-a-week service., From Litchfield, by Manannah ami Koro nis, te Paynesviile, 26 miles and back, three times a week. Leave Litchfield Monday. Wednesday, and 26277 Friday at 7 a in Anive at Paynesviile by 5 in Leave Paynesviile Tuesday, '1 hursday, and Saturday at 7 am An ive at Litehtieiil by 5 in. 262S2 From At water, by Harrison and Green Lake, t« New London, 18 miles and back, iwiee a week. Leave Atwater Tuesday and Fiiday at 6 a in A ive at New London l»v 12 in Leave New London Tuesiiay and Friday at 1 Arrive at Atwater by 7 in. From Lear Valley, by Miltona, to Alexan dria. 2u miles and back, once a week. Leave Leaf Valley Saturday at 6 a in Anive at Alexandria by 12 ni Leave A'exandiia Saturday at 1 in Arrive at Leaf Valley by 7 m. From Clitherall, Battle I^ike, Blooming 26293 26298 Grove and Am dale, to Fergus Falls, .3D miles and back, once a week. Leave Clitherall Monday at 7 a in Anive at Fergus Falls by 7 a in J«e:ive Fergus Falls Tuesday at 7 a in An ive at Clitherall by 7 in. Fiom ltichvvood to Detroit City, 11 miles anil back, once a week. Leave itichwood Satuidav at 8 a in Anive at Detroit Citv l»\ 12 in Leave Detioit Citv satuidav at 1 Aniveat liiuhwnod by 5 iii. From Du Lutli, by Beaver Bay, Grand Mau rais Saxlon (n. o.), aud (hand Portage, to Pigeon Kiver, 160 miles aud back, once a week. Leave Du Luth every Thursday at 7 a in Arrive at Beaver Bay next Saturday by a 26302 26336 Leave Beaver Bay every Mnoday at 7 a in Arrive at Du Luth next Wednesday by ni Leave- Beaver Bay every Monday at 7 a Aniveat Pigeon'Bay next Saturday at 12 in: Leave Pigeon Bay every Monday at 7 a in: Anive al Beaver Bay next Saturday bv 12 in. 2(5344 From Lake Benton to Flandreau, 25 miles and hack, once a week. Leave Lake Benton Fiiday at Sam Alrive at Flandieau by tip Leave Flandreau 1 nuisday at 8 a An ive at Lake Benton by in. 26345 From Lake Benton to Medary, 27 milesaud hack, once a week. Leave Lake Benton Mondav at 8am An ive at Medaiy by 4 in" Le'ave Medary 1 uesday at a in Arrive at Lake Benton by 4 in. 26346 Frenn Calledonia to Brownsville, 14 miles and back, three times a week. Leave Caledonia Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday at 2 Anive at Brownsville by 6 in Leave Brownsville Tuesiilav, Thursday, and sat unlay at 7 a Anive at Caledonia by 11 a in. 2tM7 From Chattieid to Fountain, 9 miles and hack, six times a week. 1/a ve Chat field daily, except Sunday, at 7 a in Arrive at Fountain by In am Leave Fountain daily, except Sunday, at 1 Anive at Chat licit! by 4 in. Close connection to be made with eastern and western mail-trains. 2i»:US From White Laiih, to Audubon, 22 miles and back, three times a week. Leave White Earth Tuesday, Thursday and Satuiday at 9 a in: An ive at Audubon by 3 Leave Audubon Manday, Wednesday, and Fi iday al 9 a Arrive at White ksirth by 3 in. 2G349 From Blue Faith City, by Kmerald and Biush 1'ieek, to Bank's, 2o miles and back, twice a week. Leave Blue Larth City Monday and Fri day at 7 a Arrive at Banks by 2 m: Leave Banks Tuesday and Saturday at 7 a in: Anive at Blue Earth City by 2 m. 26350 From Swansea, by Lake Side and Cosmos to Lake Lillian, 26 miles and back, once a week. Leave Swansea Tuesday at 7 a in Anive at Lake Lillian iiy tip in: Leave Lake l.ilhan Wednesday at a An ive at Swansea by 6 in. 26351 From Alexandria, by Moe, to Hermon, 75 miles and back, once a vve^ek. Leave Alexandria Monday at 7 a Aniveat Herman next day hyfipm Leave lleimon Wednesday at 7 a in An ive ,it Alexantli ia next day by 6 m. 26352 From Winnebago City, by Elo, Pleasant Mound. Hope. Antrim, and South Branch, to aint James, 30 miles and back, oi.ee a week. Leave uinebago City Fi iday at 7 am Al ive ai Jsaint James' In 7 pin Leave Saint .lames Satuiday at 7a in Anive at W inuebago City l"»y 7 in. 2G353 From Wabasha to Alma, ten miles and back, MX times a week, by steamboat, dm ing season of navigation. Schedule to be satisfactory to the Depart ment. 26354 From Wadena to Parker's Prairie, 30 miles and back, twit" a week. Leave Wadena Tuesday and Fiiday at 7 a Ani\e at Parker's Prah ie by 6 in: Leave Parker's Prairie Wednesday and Saturday at 7 a in: An ive al Waden by 6 pin 2G3.V) From Lake Johanna, by Gilchrist and An dei'son. to (ileiivvood, 22 miles and back, once a week. Leave Lake Johanna Wednesday at 8 a in Anive at eilenwootl bv 5 Leave Olenwood Thuisday at S a in Anive at Lake Johanna by 5 in. 263:6 From Eden Lake to Coltl Spring City, 12 miles and back, once a week. Leave Eden Lake Fiiday at a m: Arrive at Cold Spring city by 12 Leave Cold spting City Friday at 1 pin Anive at Eden Lake by 5 in. 26357 From Kiee Lake to CUremont, 5^ miles ami hack. Puree time- a week. Schedule satisfactory to the Department. 26355 From Saint Peter to Xorseland. 10 miles and back, once a week. Leave Saint Peter Saturday at 9 am An ive at Norseland by 12 Leave Norseland Saturday at 1 in Arrive at Saint Peter by 4 in. 26359 From Wells, by Mansfield, State Line, and Hartland, to Northwood. 35 miles and back, once a week. Leave Wells Fiiday at 6 a m: Arrive at Northwood by 7 pin Leave Northwood Saturday at 6 a Arrive at Wells by 7 in. 26360 From Worthinjrton toShetek 35 miles and back, once a week. IJCH ve orthi irton Friday at 7 am An ive at Slietek bv 7 in Leave' Shetek Satuiday at 7 a Arrive at Worthington by 7 m. 26361 From Fairiuoutit by Amber, Tenliasse", Lake Belt, anel Dunnell, to Estherville, 32 miles and back, twice a week I Leave Fairmount Tuesd and Thursday at 7 a Arrive at Kstherville by 7pm I Leave Kstherville Wednesday and Friday at 7 a in Arrive at Fairmount by 7 in. 26362 From Blooming Prairie, to Geneva, 13 miles and IKICK, once a week. Leave Blooming Praiiie Saturday at 8 am An ive at Geneva by 12 in Leave Geneva Saturday at 1 Arrive at Blooming Prauie by 5 m. 26363 From Blooming Prarie to Dodge Centre, 21 miles and back, nee a week. Leave Blooming Prairie Thursday at 6 am I An ive at Dodge Centre bv 12 in Leave Dodge Centre Thurstl.tv at I An ive at Blooming Prairie 7 m. St. Paul I Sioux City AND Sioux City & Saint Paul R. R. TIME CARD. Going West. Leave St. Paul at 7.30 a. in. Worttiiugtou, at 5.05 p. in. Arrive at sioux Oily, at y.-io p. in. Ouiup East. Leave ssiuux City at 6.30 a. in. Woithiugtou, at lu.50 a. m. Arrive at ol. Paul, at o.uo p. in. 1,500,000 ACRES PRAIRIE & MEADOW LANDS, Situated in Southwestern Minnesota and North western Iowa, O S A E at moderate prices with easy terms of payment. ALSO lOWN LOTS, in towns at rair ad stations. Laud bonds of the Sioux City and St. Paul Kaiiroad to be taken at par in exchange lor land vvuiriu their minis. For paiiicuiars address: "Laud Department St. P. & &. C. and s. C. & at. P. 1C. It. Co., St. Paul Minn. MUKTGAGE SALE.—Whereas default has been made in the conditions ot a certain in ueuture ot .Mortgage ueaiing dale the u7tn day ot Januaiy, A. 1. 1873, aud executed and elenv eied by Michael L. Donohue and His wife, Mary Jane lononuc, both of vviudom, Minnesota, Morlgagois, to C. Seahury for tne creditois of the said Michael E. Dimotiue, Aitu tgagee, wheieby tne said mortgagors did bargain, grant, »ell and convey unto the said uioiigagee he following desciibed real estate situate and being in the county of Nobles and Male of Minnesota, and known and designated as lollows, to wit: me souiti east quarter (s.e.y4) ol section tweuty-two (z2j, in lovviisiiip one hundred and two (\\rl), in range Ihiity-nine (39) containing one hundred and sixty (160) acres of land, in.ne or less, accoitiii.g to government sur vey wan in hereditaments ami appurtenances theieun behingi.m, 10 secure the payment of the sum ol eight hundred dollars.acconliugtothe coi.diihiiis utu certain piumissory note lor the si niol eight hundi ed dollars executed by the said Micnael L. Doiiohuc to the said C. aeabury or or eler lor the use ei me creditors of the said Mi chael L. Douohuc, and beating date .la. u.try -iln, ls73, and due one year after date and which said mortgage was alterwards, on the 17th day oi i'etuuaty, A. I). 18To, duly recorded in the ontee of tlie Register oi Weeds lor said No bies County, in Book "A' ot mortgages, on pag es si\iy two (62) ami sixty-three (03), and there is ciaiined lobe due at tne date ol tliis notice, aud is due on the said note and mortgage for piiucipal aud interest, the sum of eight htiiKired and nine and tniity-tineehuntlredthsdoiiars,and no action or proceeding at law lias been insiitu ted to recover the said moitgagedeut or any part tiieieol. Now theielore, notice is hereby given thai under and by virtue ot the power ol saie in said mot tgage contained, and in pursuance oi tne statute in such case made and provided, said mortgage will be toreciosed by the sate ol said mortgaged oii-mises, at public auction to the highest bidder lor c:ish, at tne front door of tne County Auditor's ortice, in the village of Worth ington, Nobles Countv, Minnesota, on the 26lh day of May, A. D. 1874, at ten oclock in the fore noon, to pay oil and satisfy the amount then due on said note for principal and interest, and all costs and xpense of such sale, together with the sum of twenty dollars Attorney's lees stipulated to ue paid iu said mortgage in case of a loreclo sure tnei cef. Dated April 1st, 1874. C. SEABUHY, Mortgagee. KOGEKS & HOGhltS, Attorneys for -Mortgagee, 3d] &t. Paul, Minn. WOli THING TON HEMINA it FOR VOlTlt OF BOTH SEXES, AT WORTH IX OTOX, OB LEU CO. MINN. OX THE ST. J'A UL A ISlOUX CITY RAILWAY. TO COMMENCE ON WEDNESDAY, NO VEMBER 19th, 1873. This institution is announced in accordance with the declaration of the founders of the Na tional Colony, that the early establishment of a seminary of learning, on a liberal basis, at some favorable point, was part of their plan. It has been judged advisable to put the enter ptise tinder denominational control it is, accord ingly, introduced under the patronage of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and as auxiliary to Ifitmline Cniivrsiiy. It will be conducted in the most catho ic spirit: the object being to unite liberal cultuie with the precepts and spirit of the Christian system. The Seminary building, now known as the Methodist Church Block, is spacious and attract ive, and admirably located. It fronts on the Public Square, in Worthington, within a short distance of West Okalipiia Lake. It i» intended to make the Seminary an honor to the State—the equal of any similar institution in the West. The board of instruction is already large and embraces, in an unusual tlegree, both the expei ience and ability essential to success. As occasion demands it will be enlarged and nothing shall be warning to the completeness of the several departments. The contemplated course of study will cover a pi'tiod of three years: the design being to pre pare students for a collegiate course, or to quali fy them to engage successfully in business pur suits. Preparatory classes, hpwever, will be ormeil, especially for the first six mouths, during which time, it may be piesumed, many will be unprepared for the regular course. While the school in itself will be unequivocally Christian, it possesses, also, the external advan tages of local ion in a community not only highly intelligent and moral, but uuctirst by the liquor tralic. This nefaiiotts trade, the prolific source of poverty and crime, is, by law, utterly exclutl ed from Nobles county. No thoughtful parent or guardian will under-estimate the importance of this most significant fact. Prof. Humiston takes charge of a department with which he has been long and honorably con nected, and brings with linn, o» tipi.U to the in stitution, philosophical and chemical apparatus worth six hundred and fifty dollars. PiticKs OF TIITION.—Iii oreler to extend as far as possible, the benefits of the institution, to those who desire it, and to meet the stringency of the times, tuition, for the first six months, will be but *5.00 per quarter. This charge will be uniform for all studies except instrumental music, French ami ornamental needlework. The First Quarter will begin, as already an nounced. Nov. 19th, 1873, and end Feb. 5th, 1874. The Second Quarter will begin on the 6th of Feb. 1874, and end on the April 16h, 1874. Exercises will be suspended during the Holidays. Address all communications in regard to th Seminary to B. IL CKEVEH, Worthington, Nobles Co., Minnesota. BOAKOINO.—Students can, during the coming inter, be accomuuKlated iu private families on reasonable terms. Immediate efforts will also be made to provide for any students who may pre fer to iMiard themselves. As soon as the success of the institution is assured, a boarding house will be added to our present accommodations. BOAUU OF IN8TBUCTOB8. B. H. CKEVEK, A. M., Principal. Mental and Moral Science. K. F. HUMISTON, A. M., Natural Science. CHAS. T. DUNNING, B. A., Greek, Latin and Mathematics. CIIAS. H. BAH hows, Book-keeping and Penmanship. MAKT H. CKEVEK, Instrumental Music—Piano and Organ O.AKA J. CKAFT, French. J. CUAFT, M. D., Vocal Culture. ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF MAILS. ABBITE8. Eastern (daily) 5:5 p. m. Southern 10:50 a. in. Western—Lu Verne, Sioux Falls, Mon days, Wednesdays aud Fridays at 6p in, 6 p. in, 6 p. in, 6 p. in. Spirit Lake Tuesday Jackson, Tuesday aud Friday Lake Shetek, Saturday DEPARTS. Eastern (daily) 10:50 a. m* Southern 5:5 p. m. Western—Lu Verne and Sioux Falls, Tuesday, Thursday aud Saturday 7 a. in. Spirit Lake, Monday 7 a Janksin, W ednesday and Saturday 7 a. m. Lake Shetek, Friday 7 a. m- Alf mails close 20 minutes before departure. Office hours from 7 a. in. to 7 p. in.—Sundays, from 12 m. to 1 p. 111. C. C, GOODNOW, P. M. WORTHINGTON MARKETS. WHEAT #900 5,5U FLOCK f» bbl. COltN IP bushel OATS HAY W ton BEANS, WHITE, bush BUTT hit fcGGS doz. GltOChlilES-COFFEEXv @40c TEA S^GAK, (Coffee A 12 14c: Ex. 1,00 8,00 85c t5 4,50 6.0O 4,00 25 18 20 75 1,50 12 Vi Brown lu lie SYKUP 65 1,00 KICE VIM SALT W bbl. 3,00 PROVISIONS—POKK (mess) bbl, »,00 HAMS 16c SHOULDERS 10 & 11 BACON 13c LARD 13® 17c D. APL'S 16 @17 PEACHES 14$ 20C 14 & 20 FU EL—W« KJD $ cord 6'"J0 8,0t COAL $ ton 6,.J0 (ffi h,0) LUMBEli-C'omiiiOii$ni. l«,OU@_e),00 FINISHING 3o,00@40,0O J. S. SHUCK, Atfy at Law. H. D. OCDKSTAVER. Notary Public. WESTERN HOME Real Estate, Loan & In- surance Agency. SHUCK & BOOKSTAVER Have established an agency for buying and sell ing real estate and offer unsurpassed faci.ities iu selling land or providing purchasers, with the most desirable bargains, in both wild and im proved lands, Homesteads, Pre-emptions aud Tree Claims located in Nobles and adjoiuiug counties. In connection with this branch of our business, we have scureel the services of B. W. Woolstencroft, County Surveyor, one of the oldest settles and most experienced men in the country as locating agent. Special attention given to Land Office business^ to contested and appeal cases arising under the Pre-emption and Homestead Laws, Insurance effected iu first-class companies. Loans negotiated, Conveyances promptly and neatly done. Office first Door east of Post Office. WORTHINGTON. 3_tl MINNESOTA. TEED & BAKER, General Dealers in Ready-Made and Custom CLOTHING, Have received their Stock of WINTER Goods HE A O VEUCOA IS, -B*_c______Nr_Nr_E:i_.s,' Wool Yarns, Home-Made Socks, Ladies' and Gents' FUR GOODS, From Alaska Mink to the Finest or the Cheapest Kinds and Grades, Buck Gloves and, Mittens, A Full Line of Gents' Underwear, &c. Clothing made to order, by a first-class workman HO! For the Spring Trade. We are now prepared to receive orders for Seeders, Harrows, Cultivators. Plows, etc. Persons desiring any of these goods will And our stock complete. 49-Also Stoves, Tin and Hardware, At Panic Prices, at the Colony Store. HUMISTON & STOCKDALE. O. I O E O W Proprietor of MEAT MARKET, Opposite Worthington House Stables WORTHINGTON. MINN. FIRST-CLASS, PERMAMENT.