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1 rrW'W VOLUME III. DOWAGIAC, CASS COUNTY, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1861. NUMBER 43. v i 4$ u t. I ' J 7; x ' t JUpblioit, .-..,' .j Is Published every Thursday, ' At Dewasiac, Cass County, Michigan. '- " - Br W. H. CAMPBELL. OFFICE: la G. C. Jones & Co.'s New Brick Block. Terms f Subscription. To office and mail subscribers $1 ,00 per annum, ' txTABIABLT w Abtascs. ? When left by the Carrier, Fifty Cents additional rill be charged oa regular rates. Jlates or Advertising : TweIrt lines or less considered as a Square.) 1 w.8w. 4w. 8 m. m. ljr. One Square.. 50 1.00 j 1.25 j 2.50 8.50 5jW yj Column.. 1 2. 00 I 2.50 j 8.00 j 6.00 1 8.00 15.00 X Column., j 8.00 j 8.75 j 4.50 7.00 j 12.00 j 2000 'X Column., j 4.00 j 6.00 j S.00 10.00 j 15.00 25"00 1 Column 1 5.00 7,00 1 8.00 1 15.00 25.00 j 50.00 The prmleges of yearly adrertisera will be con fined rigidly to their business, and all other adrer lisementa not pertaining to their regular business, 4.o be paid for extra. All legal advertisements charged at the statute prices. . All transient sdrertiaementa to be paid for in advance. t"TuS ABOTB TkRXS WILL SB STBICTLT A- - naasn ro - t5T" Job Wobc every description neatly exe euted with promptness, on the most favorable 1 terms. Orders solicited. CM. CTDELL, M. D. " Homeopathic Physician, Surgeon and Obstetrician. oUarinsr bouzbt out Da. Babxes and taking his . - Practice, feels happy to say to the citizens of isowagiae ana vtcwiiy, ium ue is prep&reu w -: ' Practice his Profession in all its branches. He . also keeps Medicine by the case or single phial for sale and Family Guides. Office at the former residence of Dr. Barnes. - Dowagiae, January 23th, 1861. jan31-41yl GEO. W. FOSDICK, M. D. Office over Mr. -Bates Provisirn Store. Front . , Street, Dowagiac nov22-lyl JH. PORTER, M. D. PHYSICIAN' Sc SURGEON". Office at AlwardTs Book Store, Denison Block, Front Street. Residence first door below the Methodist Church, Commercial St, Dowagiac, Mich. . . W. E. CLARKE, 31. D. Phvsician A Surgeon. Office at his residence, on Division Street, directly north ef the Methodist Church, Uowagiac, .uicn. W. II. CAJJIPBELL, Notary Public SVill attend to all kinds of Con veyancing Republican Office, Dowagiac. Mich. JUSTUS GAGE, Votary Public and geueral Agent for the exchange and transfer of Villa-re lots. and sale of real Estate. Agent for the Manhattan and Irving Insurance Companies, of New York. Office with James Sullivan, front room, second floor, Jones' . Brick Block. CLARKE & SPENCER. Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, and Solicitors in Chancery. Office in G. C. Jones A Co.'s Block, Dowagiac, Michigan. Especial attention given to collections throughout the North-west. Jossra U. Clabkb. Jams M. Spknceb. JAUES SULLIVAN, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery, Dowagiac, Mich. Office on Front Street. " D. II. WAGNER, Jattice ef the Peace and Collecting Agent, Dowag iac. Mich. Office on Front Street. CLIFFORD SIIANA11AN, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery, Cassapolis, Cass county, Mich. CHARLES W. CLISBEE, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Solicitor in Chancery, and Notary Public, Cassopolis, Cass Co., Micju Collections made, and the proceeds promptly remitted. . MERCHANTS. C D. DAVIS, 'Watchmaker and Engraver, Dowagiac, Mich. Particular attention paid to all kinds of Watch, Clock and Jewelry repairing, . and Letter Engraving. V. H. All work warranted. nov8-29tf II. B. MACKIN, Tailor, Dowagiac, Mich. Shop second door east of Alward'a Bookstore. Cutting and making done on abort notice. All work warranted. TUTHILL Jb STURGIS, J)ealera in Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Clothing, Crockery, Ac, Ac. Dowagiac, Mich. Ctbcs Tcthill. Wm. R, Stcbgis. GEORGE SMITH, Tailor. Shop orer Brownell's Hardware Store. Cutting and Making done to order, .and warran ted to tit. A. N. ALWARD, General Dealer in Books. Stationery. Periodicals, Wall Paper, Window Shades, Wrapping Paper, Pocket Cutlery, Ac. Dennison Block, Dowagiac, Jlich. G. C JONES & CO., .eaters in Dry Goods. Groceries. Boots snd Shoes, Crockerr. Glassware. Hats and Caps. Front Street, Dowagiac, Mich. DANIEL LARZELERE, Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes, - rCroekery, Hats snd Caps, Glassware, Paints and tOUs, Hardware, c, c Front Street, Dowag tSae, Mien. Mamxoth Sroaa. JVIISOEI-AJSrEOTJS. II. B. DENMAN, -lUnkinT tnd Exchansre Office. Dowaeiac. Mich. - But and sell Exchange. Gold. Bank Notes, and ' Land Warrants. Par interest on School and Swamp Lands, snd Taxes in all parts of the BUte. DOWAGIAC NURSERY. J3EELEY A COLE, having established themselves ia the Nursery Business in this village, will fur nish to order Fruit and umamentai irees, Law ton Blackberries, Cherry Currants, Grape Vines, - V.rTH.n. ami every variety of Shrubbery. titF" Office on the corner of Commercial su, near rost Omce. T. P. SEELET, M. D WM. P. COLE. P. D. BECK WITH, Machinist and Engineer. Foundry snd Machine boon at we iooi ot front street, near tne ran- road bridge, Dowagiac. Mich. Fine Pocket Knives AT ALWARD'S BOOKSTORE. vCA.SH FOR RAGS AT ALWARD'S BOOKSTORE. SUGAR. TEA, COFFEE. SODA, CANDLES, S0APfcFISH, RAISINS, FIGS, at the Bakery X O. TOWNSEND. mortgage Sale. DEFAULT having been made in the condition of a certain Indenture -of Mortgage, bearin g date the eighth day of October, one thousand eight hundred ana fifty-nine, executed by Nicholas Au gusta, and Mary, his wife, to Oscar F. Clendencn, and recorded in the omce of the Register of Deeds, in the County of Cass and State of Michigan, on the tenth davof October, one thousand eight hun dred and fifty-nine in Liber J. of Mortgages, on pages 83 and 84, on which said mortgage there is ciaimea to De due, at the date or tins notice, the sum of sitxy-three dollars and eighty-eight ceuts. and no suit or proceedings at law for the recovery thereof having been instituted. Notice is there- tore hereby given, that by virtue of a power of sale contained in said mortgage, now become op erative, and in pursuance of the Statute in such case made and provided, the premises therein des cribed, to wit The north-west Quarter of the north-west quarter of the south-west quarter of Section twenty -two (22) in township five (5) south of range sixteen (18) west, in the County or uass and Mate ot Michigan, will be sold at Public Vendue, at the Court House in Cassapolis, in said County of Cass, on the second day of February next, at one o'clock in the afternoon, to satisfy the demand then due, together with the cost and Attorney's fee. OSCAR F. CLENDENEH; ' JAMES SULLIVAN, Mortgagee. Attorney for Mortagee, Dated the 25th day of October, A. D. 1SC0. oct25-27wl8 The above sale is postponed to the second day of March next. OSCAR F. CLEXDEXEN, Mortgagee. Dated, this second day of February, A. D. 1861. PROBATE ORDER. STATE OF MICHIGAN County of Cass. ss. At a session of the Probate Court for the County of Cass, holdcn at the Probate Office, iu CassSDotis, on Thursday the thirty-first day of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one. 1 resent miiurd buananan, Judge of Probate. In the matter of the estate of Abraham Weaver, deceased. On reading and filing the petitionduly verihed, or uatiiarine weaver, praying for proof of will of said deceased and for letters of Administration. Thereupon it is ordered, that Saturday, the second cUy of March next, at ten o'clock, in the forenoon, be assigned for the hearing of said pe tition, and that the heirs at law of said deceased, and all other persons interested in said estate, are required to appear at a session of said court, then to be holden at the Probate Office in Cassapolis, and show cause, if any there be, why the prayer of the petitioner should not be. granted. And it is further ordered, that said petitioner give notice to the persons interested in said estate, of the pendency of said petition and the hearing thereof, by causing a copy of .this order to be pub lished in the Cass County Republican, a newspaper printed and circulating in said County of Cass, for three successive weeks previous to said day of hear ing. C. SHANAHAN. fAtrneeopr.l Judge cf Probate. January 81,' 1861. feb7-42w3 PROBATE ORDER. STATE OF MICHIGAN County of Cass. ss. At a session of the Probate Court for the County of Cass, holden at the Probate Office, in Cassapolis. on Tuesday the twenty-second day of January, in the rear one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one. Present, Clifford Shanahan, Jndge of Probate. In the matter of the estate of Wilson Blackmar, deceased. On reading and filing the petition duly verified, of Joseph W. Lee, praying for proof of will or said deceased. Thereupon it is ordered, that Saturday, the twenty -third day of February next, at ten o'clock in the forenoon' be assigned for the hearing of said petition, and that the heirs at law of said deceased, and ail otner persons lnxerestea in saia estate, are required to appear at a session of said court, then to be holdcn at the Probate Office in Cassapolis, and show cause, if anv there be, why the prayer of the netitioner should not be granted. And it is further ordered, that said petitioner give notice to the persona interested in said estate, of the pendency of said petition and the hearing thereof, by causing a copy of this order to be pub lished in the Cass County Republican, a newspaper nrinted and circulating in said County of Cass, for three successive weeks previous to said day of hearing. v. miajaiiaj, 1A true copv. Judge of Probate anuary 22," 1361. jan2t-40w3 PROBATE ORDER. CTATE OF MICHIGAN Conntv of Cass. ss t At a session of the Probate Court for the Countr of Cass, holden at the Probate Office, in Cassapolis, on Saturday the nineteenth . day of January, in me year one mousanu eigm uuuureu and sixty-one. Present Clifford Shanahan, Judge of Probate. Iu the matter of the estate of Jonathan W. Lewis, deceased. On reading and filing the petition duly verified, of Jeremiah R. Grenell. praying for letters of Administration, on the estate of said deceased. Thereupon it is ordered, that Saturday, the sixteenth day or xebruary next, at ten o clocK in the forenoon, be assigned for the hearing of said netition. and that the heirs at law of said deceased, and all other persons interested in said estate, are required to appear at a session of said Court, then to he holden at .the Probate Office, m Cassapolis, and show cause, if any there be, why the prayer of the petitioner shonld not be granted. And it ia further ordered, that said petitioner a-We notice to the persons interested in said estate. of the pendency of said petition, and the hearing thereof, by causing a copy of this order to be pub lished in the Cass CountyRepublican, a newspaper nrinfjwl mnA circulating in said Countr of Cass, for three successive weeks previous to said day of hearin. v. oiiAiXAtiA.', iA true copr.J Judge or l'robate. anuary 1.161. jan24-40wS PROBATE NOTICE. TATE OF MICHIGAN County of Cass Pro bate Court. Whereas application has been made to the said court by Ira I). Moshcr, admin istrator of the estate of Martha Mosher, deceased, for the final settlement of his administration ac counts in said estate : And. whereas, no commissioners have been annotated to examine and adjust the claims against said estate : Notice is therefore hereby given, that the third Saturday in February next, has been appointed by said court for examining and adjusting the claims azainst said estate, ana lor tne nnai settlement of the same, at the Probate Office, in Cassapolis. of said countr, at ten o clock in the forenoon, at which time and place all persons hav ing claims against said estate will present them to said court for final settlement. And it is hereby ordered that the above notice be published in the Cass County Republican once in each weea ior iour weens in succession, uiuuc diatelv preceding said settlement. January 5, i86L ' jan!7-89w4 Commissioner's Sale in Chancery. William Arbour, Complainant,! The Circuit Court Edward A. Allen and Justus Gage. Defendants. for the County of Cass. IN pursuance of a decretal order of the Circuit Court ft.r th County of Cass, in Chancery. entered December 15th, A. D., 1860, in the above entitled canac nd to me directed. I shall sell to the highest bidder, at public auction, at the front door of the Court House of Cass County, iu the rilla?e of Cassanolia. on the eiirhteenth day of Feb ruary next, at one o'clock in the afternoon, that certain parcel of land, situate in Cass County, Michigan, and known as the south half 04) of the north-east quarter (V) of section thirty-two (32,) in township five (5,) south of range (15) west. K?"Terms Cash. CHARLES W. CLISBEE, . - Circuit Court Commissioner, - Cass County, Michigan. N. B. Holustkb, Solicitor. Dated, January 1st, 1861. jan3-S7w6 DENTISTRY. Dr.A. C. Jones WOULD respectfully inform the Ladies and Gentleman of this Village, and surrounding country, that he has permanently located himself in thla'place, and opened an office for the practice of Dextrtbt it n it departments, over Pott bbs' Guk Shop, on front street, where be may be found, prepared at all times to make a variety of styles of Dental Plates, to suit the various tastes, and also, to do all the various operations in Deutistry. In neat ness and durability, his work is unsurpassed. Call and examine uiy work. . AH work warranted A. C. JONES Dowagiac, July .80, 1350, ang2-15tf. Friend Sorrow. Do not cheat thy heart and tell her, Grief will pass away "Hope for fairer times in future, And forget to-day." Tell her, if yod will that sorrow Need not come in rain; Tell her that the lesson taught her Far outweighs her pain. Cheat her not with the old comfort, "Soon she will forget" Bitter truth, alas, but matter Rather for regret ; Bid her not "seek other pleasures. Turn to other things ;" ' Rather nurse her caged sorrow ' Till her captive sings. " ' . Rather bid her go forth bravely - ; And the stranger greet ; Not as foe, with shield and buckler. But as dear friends meet ; Bid her with a strong clasp hold her By her dusky winss, And she'll whisper low and gently Blessing that she brings. . Correspondence of Cass Co. Republican. Abolition Convention at Ann Arbor Freedom of Speech denied. Mob Vio lence Used. Aunt Abbob, Mich., Jan. 23th, 1SC1. At the request of Parker Pillsbury, Boston, an Abolition Convention was advertised to be held at this place on the 26th and 27th inst., when he should be present to address the Con vention. Reports were soon circulated, that an attempt would be made to break op the Convention, which became so seri ous that they found it impossible to en gage a hall for the occasion, and it was accordingly held at the "Free Church." At the appointed hour on Saturday afternoon, the church was densely crowded, mainly with students of the University, the great majority of whom were decidedly in favor of free speech and opposed to mob law. Mr. Pillsbnry not having arrived, the meeting was called to order by Mr. Stebbins, a member of the Convention, who introduced to the audience Mrs. Griffith, who spoke ver eloquently for one hour, during which time 6he was frequently interrupted with hisses, cries ot "time s np, "or any oiner man," &c. Alter she nad taken ner seat, Mr. Seneca Taylor arose and of fered a resolution, "That this Union was the best the world has ever known, and pledging life, fortune and sacred honor to resist traitors at the North as well as at the South. Mr. R. Fraser then arose and made strong Union speech in support of the resolution, and was answered by Mr. Stebbins who denied that they were traitors, or endeavoring to stir up an irrepressible conflict, for, he said that such a conflict was the natural result of oppression, and referred to the wars of the Helots, and the servile insurrec tion under Spartacus the Thracian shephard who had been kept at Capua as a gladiator, and who escaping, called his fellow cladiators to arm and be men and who for two years harrassed the Roman Commonwealth. He sta ted that thev had been denied the use of the halls of the city for fear of con sequences, but he had too much confi dence iu the people of the place to think that they would deny to them the right to express their own opinions, and besides he did not wish to confine the discussion to one side of the qnes tion that now agitate the country, And as for the resolution, if those op posed to them wished to pass it, they might do so. The resolution was adopted. Mr. Blair of the University said that he desired that the Convention should not be interfered with, and that they might have a larger hall for the eve ning session, and he offered a resolu tion, "that if the Convention would ob tain a hall that th.e students would pledge themselves to maintain order to the best of their ability," which was unanimously adopted, after which the Convention adiourned until V o'clock in the evening. EVEXIXG SESSION". . Notwithstanding the resolution which was passed in favor of order and the freedom of speech, the fear was so great that a riot would ensue, that the Convention could not obtain a hall for the evening and accordingly it was held at the same place. Long before the time, the house was crammed to overflowing, and when Parker Pillsbury and the members of the Convention arrived they found Democrat, named Welch, a young law yer of this place occupying the stan as President of the meeting, and who refused to give way having been placed there by the persons who created the disturbance. Notwithstanding th remonstrances of the Convention, that it was their meeting, and tha ithey should be permitted to choose .their own President, The excitement now became intense, cries ot "put him oat," "he's no gentleman," "he's a disgrace to Wash tenaw county Bar," &c. were heard on every side, mingling with cheers and groans for the same gentleman, mak ing a dreadful confusion. Mr. Welch finally gave way, but was again nomi nated by a drunken; fellow, who had taken the stand and was damning the Black Republicans and Abolitionists as one thing, and all niggers. In the meantime Mr. Pillsbury was introduced to the audience, and was received with pplause and hisses, and so great was the confusion and uproar, that he could not be heard. The opponents of the meeting, said that they claimed the ight to discuss the question of the day and appoint their own officers, but Mr. Pillsbury returned that the Convention was called at his request, and that they should choose their President, and hav ing come this distance to speak, he would not make terms with any set of men, as to now long be should speak, or what he should gay. At this period, the question as to the nomination of Welch as President of the , meeting was put in the affinitive, but not in the negative, and he declared by the rab ble as elected, and hurried to the desk, amid cries of "down with the'traitors," the pelting of eggs and the breaking down of pews, which were heard at hort intervals above the uproar, as they were crushed with their weight to the floor. One of the members of the Convention attempted to maintain his position on the platform, and with this act a general fight began which lasted for some time, when the Sheriff ap pered with his Deputy, and declared that they wouhl now take possession of the church, and ordered the crowd to disperse, which they would not do. The officers soon left, and the fighting gain began in good earnest, and as it now became dangerous to remain around the platform, and the surging mass were crushing pews, fcc, your- informant assisted several ladies out of the window, while Mr. Pillsbury and le members of the Convention made their escape out of another. Order aving been partially restored, Welch gain took the stand and proceeded to peak, when those opposed to such surpation cried "down with him," "put im out " Jfcc. and again the fight commenced and lasted until the lights were all extinguished, and then by the light of the moon, these persons sacked the church, tearing down pews, stove pipes, tCc, and with sticks, crushing the windows from top to bottom, while above the dine was heard the voice of the drunken rabble, crying, "You can't preach treason here." There were but four pews left standing and they in shattered condition, while the other things were in about the same state. It was now after 9 o'clock and the crowd began to disperse. We believe that no one was seriously injured al though a great many were bruised and cut. On Sunday we did not attend the Convention but understand that Mr. Pillsbury spoke in the morning and afternoon, and although a riotous spirit was shown, yet it was promptly frowned down and the freedom of speech vin dicated. The avowed intention of Welch and his party was to take possession of the church, and not allow the members of Convention to act, notwithstanding they had engaged the church and ap pointed the meeting and we think that Mayor Barry should have been on hand with a sufficient force to quell every at tempt to disturb the meeting and the peace of the community. While I have named Democrats in connection with this, I must say that they were the grand moving spirits and openly boasted of what they would do. Yet it was not the respectabl part, but the tavern wing only, the re spectable portion frowning upon all such acts. Yours. R. First Gun. A boy got his gran father's gun, and loaded it, but was afraid to fire; he, however, liked the fun of loading, and so put in another, charge but still was afraid to fire. He kept on charging, but without firing, until he had got six charges in the old piece. His grandmother, learning his temerity, smartly reproved him, and grasping the old continental, discharged it. The recoil was tremendious, throw ing the old lady on her back. She promptly struggled to regain her feet, but the boy cried out "Lay still granny, there are five more charges to go off yet!" t7 "Tom, what's monomany Well, you see. Dick, when a poor fellow steals it is larcenv; but when it's a rich "un. the jury says its mo- 5 nL.i: !,.,: JJUlli;illJj .IJJIJ V" bllCIJ b n,UJlk o jHiehigan - Legislature Thm Virginia Proposition for a Convention. Caucus of the Republican Members. Lapsing, Jan. 30, 1861. On Saturday last the Governor sent into the Senate the following preamble and resolution of the General Assembly of Virginia., adopted on the 19th inst: Whereas. It is the dehbarate opinion of the General Assembly of Virginia that unless the unhappy controversy hich now divides the States of this Confederacy shall be satisfactorily ad justed, a permanent dissolution of the nion is inevitable ; and the General Assembly, representing the people of the Commonwealth, is desirous of, em ploying every reasonable means to avert so dire a calamity, and deter mined to make a final effort to restore the Union and the Constitution, in the pint in which they were established by the fathers of the Republic ; there fore, ' Resolved, That, on behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia, an invita- tation is extended to all 6uch States. hether slaveholding or non-slavehold- wg, as are willing to unite with Yir- inia in an earnest effort to adjust the present unhappy controversies, in the pint in which the Constitution was originally formed, and consistently ith its principles, so as to afford the people of the slaveholding States ade quate guarantees for the security of their rights, to appoint Commissioners to meet, on the 4th of February next, I .t. "a T..l! . .1 in me cuy . oi v asmngion, similar Commissioners appointed by Virginia, consider, and, if practicable, agree upon some suitable adjustment. ICesolved, lhat ex-rresident, John Tyler, William C. Rives, Judge John . Brockenbrough, George W. Sum mers and James a Seddon are hereby appointed Commissioners, whose duty shall be to repair to the City of Wash ington on the day designated in the foregoing resolution, and to meet such Commissioners as may, be appointed by any of the said States in accordance with the foregoing resolution. , Jiesolvecl, 'That if said Commission ers, after full and free conference, shall agree upon any plan of adjustment re quiring amendments of the Federal Constitution, for the further security of the rights ot the slaveholding btates, they be requested to communicate the proposed amendments to Congress for the purpose of heaving the same snb mitted by that body, according to the forms of the Constitution, to the several States for ratification. liesoloedy That if 6aid Commission ers cannot agree on such adjustment or if agreeing, Congress shall refuse to submit for ratification such amendments as may be proposed, then the Commis sioners of this State shall immediately communicate the result to the Kxecu tive of this Commonwealth, to be by mm taiu ueiore me convention oi me people of Virginia and the General Assembly: Provided. That the 6aid Commissioners be subject at all times to the control of the General Assem bly, or if in session, to that of the State convention. Resolved, That in the opinion of the General Assembly of Virginia, the propositions embraced in the resolu tions presented to the Senate of the United States by the Hon. John J. Crittenden, so modified as that first ar ticle proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States now held or hereafter acquired south of lat itnde thirty-six decrees aud thirty min utes, and provide that slavery of the African race shall be effectually protec ted as property therein during the con tinuance of the territorial government and the fourth article shall secure to the owners of slaves the right of tran sit with their . slaves, between and through the non-slaveholding States and territories, constitute the basis of such an adjustment of the unhappy controversy which now divides the States of this Confederacy, as would be accepted by the people of this Com monweaitb. Resolved, That ex-President John Tyler is hereby appointed by the con current vote of each branch of the General Assembly, a commissioner to the President of the United States and Judge John Robertson is hereby appointed, by a like vote, a commission er to the State of South Carolina, and the other States that have seceded, or shall secede, with instructions respect fully to request the President of th United States and the authorities of such States to agree to abstain, pend ing the proceedings contemplated by the action of this General Assembly, from anv and all acts calculated to pro duce a collision of arms between the States and the Government of the Uni ted States. These resolutions were referred to specified committee of three Messrs. Carpenter, DeLand and Monroe, who reported as follows : The special committee to whom was referred the resolutions of the General Assembly of the State of Virginia passed on the 19th day of January inst. have had the same under consideration and beg leave to repert : That after thorough deliberation as the brief time allowed your committee would admit, they have failed to ais cover any good and sufficient reason for any of the intestine strife that seems to exist between portions of the States i f this Confederacy, or for the attempts now being made to disrupt the Union and destroy the Federal Constitution ; hence they de not feel disposed to rec ommend any action on the part of the Legislature of this State which shall seem to indicate any necessity for the assembling of a commission ot the several States to revise or amend the Constitution.' While agreeing, in the language of the preamble to the resolu- nous, mai ine present is an unhappy controversy which now divides the states of this Union." we at e not with out the hope that it may soon meet a satisiactory adjustment," by a speedy return of the dissatisfied States to their full and, proper allegiance to the Con stitution and the Government, and the submission of their grievances to the arbitration of the Congress of the United States the only proper and le gally constituted tribunal to settle such differences. ' ,-, Your committee are not insensible to the feeling of devotion to the Union hich has prompted this appeal, yet they lament that the language in which is couched is such as to lead to grave doubts of the propriety of acceding to the requests which it contains, and that is accompanied with a proposed basis of adjustment which, is entirely at vari ance with all our ideas of public policy, the maintenance of self-respect as co equal members of- a great confederacy, and the enduring principles of Justice, iberty and Humanity. The invitation is extended to all slave- holding and non-slaveholding States who are willing to unite with. Virginia in an earnest effort to adjust the pres ent unhappy controversies in the. spirit in which the Constitution was framed, and consistently with its principles so as to afford the people of the slavehold ing States, adequate guarantees for tne security of their rights. As an ndication of what those guarantees are taken and supposed by them to be, the resolutions referred to us undertake recite what they the General Assembly of the State of Virginia would consider a fair and proper basis f such settlement, as follows: . "Resolved, That in the opinion ot the General Assembly of Virginia; the propositions embraced in the resolu tions presented .to the Senate of the United States by the Hon. John J. Crittenden, so modified as that the first article proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States hall apply to all the territory of the United States now held or. hereafter acquired south of latitude thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes, and pro vide that slavery of the African race shall be effectually protected as prop erty therein during the continuance of the territorial government, and the fourth article shall secure to the owners of slaves the right of transit with their slaves between and through non-slave holding territories, constitute the basis of such an adjustment of the unhappy controversy which now divides the States of this Confederacy, as would be accepted by the people of this Com monwealth." So far from being conciliatory, this resolution precludes all possibility of djustment. It not only makes a slave code for present territories south of 36:30 an ultimatum, bat demands that all the domain hereafter acquired shall also be dedicated to slavery. No ter ritory south of 36:30 shall ever be ad mitted into the Union as free soil. No matter what the choice of the people may be who inhabits those regions; no matter what the climate or productions may be; no matter what the character of the people or the capabilities of the country, from the moment it is recog nized as territory of the United States slavery is legalized, protected and es tablished throughout its length and breadth. The resolution demands that slavery shall be forced upon an unwill ing people; forced on them in defiance of their wishes and protests and powers of resistance ! . Without stopping to analyze further this proposed basis in all its bearings, your committee unhesitatingly express their belief that the people of this State should not and would not consent to any compromise with the slave States which allowed or favored the extension of African slavery into any of the com mon territories of the nation, to say nothing of granting the further com promises and demands therein con tained, which would practically, annul and render void one of the most cher ished and sacred provisions ot our State Constitution that providing that slavery shall never exist in this State, except in punishment of enrne. Your committee have also met another, to them, serious objection. lhe assembly ot Uommissioners is called at a place and time when and where undue excitement exists, and where the danger that men may be swayed by passion and prejudice, rath er than by reason, patriotism and judg ment, is most imminent lhe time for convening the convention is by far too summary and hurried to allow that careful and cautious deliberation the magnitude of the interests which is to assume to dispose and decide, irapera tively require. Sixteen days from the passage of the resolutions, to - the as sembiing of the Commissioners, much too brief a period - of time to transmit the . resolutions to distant States, . allow them to be presented to the various legislatures, to allow the legislature to calmly and judiciously mark out a course of action and settle upon enlightened and patriotic citizens to represent and enforce their views and after all this to allow the Comniis sioners to reach the place of assembling in our national capital. Your commit tee cannot but look upon this undue haste either as a great oversight in th Ueneral Assembly of V irginia, or else intended to put it entirely out of our power to consult the wishes ot the peo pie of this State upon the momentous i j i t . . . issues invoiveu, aim iiaaieu u into pre cipitous action, or compel remote States to an apparent refusal of their request. In either case the effect is bad, and pru dence seems to dictate that we keep entirely aloof, rather than jeopardize the ' great interests and principles of human liberty by hasty, ill-timed and inconsiderate action. Your committee beg leave to further trespass upon the time of the Senate by discussing a further objection. The resolutions referred to Your committee provide .that if said Commissioners, after a full and free conference, shall agree upon any plan of adjustment re quiring amendments of the Constitu tion for the further security of the rights of the people of the slave-holding States, they are requested to com municate such amendments to Con- gres8, to be by it submitted to the peo- pic iui i anneal ion. uy mis resolution it woild seem to be indicated that the powers of the Commissioners were to be restricted to providing further secu rity to the rights of the people of the Biavu-iiuiunij; otaies. i nis your . com mittee regard as a stultification of the pretence that the General Assembly of Virginia are willing to unite in an ear nest effort to adjust the controversies they seem to deprecate in the spirit in which the constitution , was originally formed, and consistent with its princi ples. The spirit of the fraraers of the constitution was honorable concession, when it was essential to the happiness and prosperity of the people. . The spirit which animated the fathers was to establish justice, and to secure the blessings of liberty to themselves and their prosperity. After the most care ful investigation, your committee have failed to' discover any such spirit of concession manifested in these resolu tions as was manifested by the fathers, and none, of that spirit of hatred of human slavery or love of equal and ex act justice to all mon, which animated the framcrs of the federal constitution. Again, your committee consider tho fact that the action of the commission ers can only be considered advisory as another serious objection. If they cannot agree upon any common basis of settlement, the sectional animosity, now too rife, must be greatly increased, and indeed, if they do agree, it still de pends npon Congress to say whether action shall be submitted to the people. The mode proposed of agreeing to amendments of the Constitution is novel and new; it is taking from Con gress its constitutional privileges, and making it subservient to the demands of a few dissatisfied States whenever they may seek a modification of "that instrument. All the loyal States are now represented in Congress, and all the dissatisfied btates may be if they choose, and thus assembled in the Con gress, each State upon an equal footing with the other, the privilege to amend the Constitution is undisputed. We can readily imagine the accumulated evils that would result from the rejec tion by the Congress, of anTTiTncki tions submitted by 6uch commissioners; ana yet we nave no guarantee, but the probabilities all are that Congress would reject any and all propositions thns made. Your committee ' are unanimous in the opinion that an assembly of com missioners lite that proposed in the Virginia resolutions, should be com posed of patriotic and Union-loving men ; men wholly and entirely loya! to the Constitution and the government as it is. Only such men would seem to be capable of framing amendments to that compact " in the spirit in which it was originally formed, and consis tently with its principles" and purposes. Yet your committee arc surprised to find among the commissioners proposed -hy Virginia, men who within the pres ent month have endorsed publicly the detestable and treasonable doctrine ef secession ; men who within the last thirty days have put upon the record the assertion that the Constitution is a purely mercantile partnership and de nying the right of coercion of a State by the General Government; doctrines wholly and entirely at variance with fact and the settled convictions of every Union-loving citizen. We deem it questionable policy, to say the least, to undertake to procure an honorable and equitable adjustment of existing diffi culties with men now holding and giv ing currency to such manifested im proper and disloyal sentiments. In conclusion, your committee would respectfully suggest in view of the facts and premises presented, that it is inex pedient and unnecessary, if not unwise and unsafe, for this Legislature at this time to take any action looking to, or the re-construction of the Federal Gov eminent. We believe that ample pow er exists in the Congress to correct all abuses, and set aside all the grievances complained of by any of the States, and that any and all attempts by State Legislatures or the people of the States to usurp and use those powers are fraught with great danger to the stabil ity ef the Constitution and the perpe tuity of the Union. While we have felt it our duty thus to refuse the re quest of our sister State, we do it out of no spirit of indifference to the re sponsibilities she has placed us under, and only regretting that the proposal is not couched in such terms and the mode of its accomplishments confirmed so strictly to the forms prescribed by the Federal Constitution, as to allow us to second her desires. Duty to our selves, our principles, and oft repeated sentiments of the people of this State as expressed through the ballot box, has left us no other alternative than to decline. the propositions contained in the resolutions of the General Assem bly of the honored, and, we believe, loyal aud Union loving people of Vir ginia. -" J J