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The Cass County Republican. [volume] (Dowagiac, Mich.) 18??-1880, February 14, 1861, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85033611/1861-02-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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t JUpblioit,
.-..,' .j Is Published every Thursday,
' At Dewasiac, Cass County, Michigan.
'- " - Br W. H. CAMPBELL.
la G. C. Jones & Co.'s New Brick Block.
Terms f Subscription.
To office and mail subscribers $1 ,00 per annum,
' txTABIABLT w Abtascs.
? When left by the Carrier, Fifty Cents additional
rill be charged oa regular rates.
Jlates or Advertising
: TweIrt lines or less considered as a Square.)
1 w.8w. 4w. 8 m. m. ljr.
One Square.. 50 1.00 j 1.25 j 2.50 8.50 5jW
yj Column.. 1 2. 00 I 2.50 j 8.00 j 6.00 1 8.00 15.00
X Column., j 8.00 j 8.75 j 4.50 7.00 j 12.00 j 2000
'X Column., j 4.00 j 6.00 j S.00 10.00 j 15.00 25"00
1 Column 1 5.00 7,00 1 8.00 1 15.00 25.00 j 50.00
The prmleges of yearly adrertisera will be con
fined rigidly to their business, and all other adrer
lisementa not pertaining to their regular business,
4.o be paid for extra.
All legal advertisements charged at the statute
prices. .
All transient sdrertiaementa to be paid for in
- naasn ro
- t5T" Job Wobc every description neatly exe
euted with promptness, on the most favorable
1 terms. Orders solicited.
" Homeopathic Physician, Surgeon
and Obstetrician.
oUarinsr bouzbt out Da. Babxes and taking his
. - Practice, feels happy to say to the citizens of
isowagiae ana vtcwiiy, ium ue is prep&reu w
-: ' Practice his Profession in all its branches. He
. also keeps Medicine by the case or single phial
for sale and Family Guides. Office at the former
residence of Dr. Barnes.
- Dowagiae, January 23th, 1861. jan31-41yl
Office over Mr. -Bates Provisirn Store. Front
. , Street, Dowagiac nov22-lyl
Office at AlwardTs Book Store, Denison Block,
Front Street. Residence first door below the
Methodist Church, Commercial St, Dowagiac,
Mich. . .
W. E. CLARKE, 31. D.
Phvsician A Surgeon. Office at his residence, on
Division Street, directly north ef the Methodist
Church, Uowagiac, .uicn.
Notary Public SVill attend to all kinds of Con
veyancing Republican Office, Dowagiac. Mich.
Votary Public and geueral Agent for the exchange
and transfer of Villa-re lots. and sale of real
Estate. Agent for the Manhattan and Irving
Insurance Companies, of New York. Office with
James Sullivan, front room, second floor, Jones'
. Brick Block.
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, and Solicitors
in Chancery. Office in G. C. Jones A Co.'s
Block, Dowagiac, Michigan. Especial attention
given to collections throughout the North-west.
Jossra U. Clabkb. Jams M. Spknceb.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Solicitor in
Chancery, Dowagiac, Mich. Office on Front
Street. "
Jattice ef the Peace and Collecting Agent, Dowag
iac. Mich. Office on Front Street.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Solicitor in
Chancery, Cassapolis, Cass county, Mich.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Solicitor in
Chancery, and Notary Public, Cassopolis, Cass
Co., Micju Collections made, and the proceeds
promptly remitted. .
'Watchmaker and Engraver,
Dowagiac, Mich. Particular attention paid to all
kinds of Watch, Clock and Jewelry repairing,
. and Letter Engraving.
V. H. All work warranted. nov8-29tf
Tailor, Dowagiac, Mich. Shop second door east of
Alward'a Bookstore. Cutting and making done
on abort notice. All work warranted.
J)ealera in Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes,
Hats and Caps, Clothing, Crockery, Ac, Ac.
Dowagiac, Mich.
Ctbcs Tcthill. Wm. R, Stcbgis.
Tailor. Shop orer Brownell's Hardware Store.
Cutting and Making done to order, .and warran
ted to tit.
General Dealer in Books. Stationery. Periodicals,
Wall Paper, Window Shades, Wrapping Paper,
Pocket Cutlery, Ac. Dennison Block, Dowagiac,
.eaters in Dry Goods. Groceries. Boots snd Shoes,
Crockerr. Glassware. Hats and Caps. Front
Street, Dowagiac, Mich.
Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes,
- rCroekery, Hats snd Caps, Glassware, Paints and
tOUs, Hardware, c, c
Front Street, Dowag
tSae, Mien.
Mamxoth Sroaa.
-lUnkinT tnd Exchansre Office. Dowaeiac. Mich.
- But and sell Exchange. Gold. Bank Notes, and
' Land Warrants. Par interest on School and
Swamp Lands, snd Taxes in all parts of the
J3EELEY A COLE, having established themselves
ia the Nursery Business in this village, will fur
nish to order Fruit and umamentai irees, Law
ton Blackberries, Cherry Currants, Grape Vines,
- V.rTH.n. ami every variety of Shrubbery.
titF" Office on the corner of Commercial su, near
rost Omce.
Machinist and Engineer. Foundry snd Machine
boon at we iooi ot front street, near tne ran-
road bridge, Dowagiac. Mich.
Fine Pocket Knives
S0APfcFISH, RAISINS, FIGS, at the Bakery
mortgage Sale.
DEFAULT having been made in the condition
of a certain Indenture -of Mortgage, bearin g
date the eighth day of October, one thousand eight
hundred ana fifty-nine, executed by Nicholas Au
gusta, and Mary, his wife, to Oscar F. Clendencn,
and recorded in the omce of the Register of Deeds,
in the County of Cass and State of Michigan, on
the tenth davof October, one thousand eight hun
dred and fifty-nine in Liber J. of Mortgages, on
pages 83 and 84, on which said mortgage there is
ciaimea to De due, at the date or tins notice, the
sum of sitxy-three dollars and eighty-eight ceuts.
and no suit or proceedings at law for the recovery
thereof having been instituted. Notice is there-
tore hereby given, that by virtue of a power of
sale contained in said mortgage, now become op
erative, and in pursuance of the Statute in such
case made and provided, the premises therein des
cribed, to wit
The north-west Quarter of the north-west quarter
of the south-west quarter of Section twenty -two
(22) in township five (5) south of range sixteen (18)
west, in the County or uass and Mate ot Michigan,
will be sold at Public Vendue, at the Court House
in Cassapolis, in said County of Cass, on the
second day of February next, at one o'clock in the
afternoon, to satisfy the demand then due, together
with the cost and Attorney's fee.
Attorney for Mortagee,
Dated the 25th day of October, A. D. 1SC0.
The above sale is postponed to the second day
of March next.
Dated, this second day of February, A. D. 1861.
STATE OF MICHIGAN County of Cass. ss.
At a session of the Probate Court for the
County of Cass, holdcn at the Probate Office, iu
CassSDotis, on Thursday the thirty-first day of
January, in the year one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-one. 1 resent miiurd buananan, Judge
of Probate. In the matter of the estate of Abraham
Weaver, deceased. On reading and filing the
petitionduly verihed, or uatiiarine weaver, praying
for proof of will of said deceased and for letters
of Administration.
Thereupon it is ordered, that Saturday, the
second cUy of March next, at ten o'clock, in the
forenoon, be assigned for the hearing of said pe
tition, and that the heirs at law of said deceased,
and all other persons interested in said estate, are
required to appear at a session of said court, then
to be holden at the Probate Office in Cassapolis, and
show cause, if any there be, why the prayer of the
petitioner should not be. granted.
And it is further ordered, that said petitioner
give notice to the persons interested in said estate,
of the pendency of said petition and the hearing
thereof, by causing a copy of .this order to be pub
lished in the Cass County Republican, a newspaper
printed and circulating in said County of Cass, for
three successive weeks previous to said day of hear
fAtrneeopr.l Judge cf Probate.
January 81,' 1861. feb7-42w3
STATE OF MICHIGAN County of Cass. ss.
At a session of the Probate Court for the
County of Cass, holden at the Probate Office, in
Cassapolis. on Tuesday the twenty-second day of
January, in the rear one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-one. Present, Clifford Shanahan, Jndge
of Probate. In the matter of the estate of Wilson
Blackmar, deceased. On reading and filing the
petition duly verified, of Joseph W. Lee, praying
for proof of will or said deceased.
Thereupon it is ordered, that Saturday, the
twenty -third day of February next, at ten o'clock
in the forenoon' be assigned for the hearing of said
petition, and that the heirs at law of said deceased,
and ail otner persons lnxerestea in saia estate, are
required to appear at a session of said court, then
to be holdcn at the Probate Office in Cassapolis,
and show cause, if anv there be, why the prayer
of the netitioner should not be granted.
And it is further ordered, that said petitioner
give notice to the persona interested in said estate,
of the pendency of said petition and the hearing
thereof, by causing a copy of this order to be pub
lished in the Cass County Republican, a newspaper
nrinted and circulating in said County of Cass, for
three successive weeks previous to said day of
hearing. v. miajaiiaj,
1A true copv. Judge of Probate
anuary 22," 1361. jan2t-40w3
CTATE OF MICHIGAN Conntv of Cass. ss
t At a session of the Probate Court for the
Countr of Cass, holden at the Probate Office, in
Cassapolis, on Saturday the nineteenth . day of
January, in me year one mousanu eigm uuuureu
and sixty-one. Present Clifford Shanahan, Judge
of Probate. Iu the matter of the estate of Jonathan
W. Lewis, deceased. On reading and filing the
petition duly verified, of Jeremiah R. Grenell.
praying for letters of Administration, on the estate
of said deceased.
Thereupon it is ordered, that Saturday, the
sixteenth day or xebruary next, at ten o clocK
in the forenoon, be assigned for the hearing of said
netition. and that the heirs at law of said deceased,
and all other persons interested in said estate, are
required to appear at a session of said Court, then
to he holden at .the Probate Office, m Cassapolis,
and show cause, if any there be, why the prayer of
the petitioner shonld not be granted.
And it ia further ordered, that said petitioner
a-We notice to the persons interested in said estate.
of the pendency of said petition, and the hearing
thereof, by causing a copy of this order to be pub
lished in the Cass CountyRepublican, a newspaper
nrinfjwl mnA circulating in said Countr of Cass, for
three successive weeks previous to said day of
hearin. v. oiiAiXAtiA.',
iA true copr.J Judge or l'robate.
anuary 1.161. jan24-40wS
TATE OF MICHIGAN County of Cass Pro
bate Court. Whereas application has been
made to the said court by Ira I). Moshcr, admin
istrator of the estate of Martha Mosher, deceased,
for the final settlement of his administration ac
counts in said estate :
And. whereas, no commissioners have been
annotated to examine and adjust the claims against
said estate : Notice is therefore hereby given, that
the third Saturday in February next, has been
appointed by said court for examining and adjusting
the claims azainst said estate, ana lor tne nnai
settlement of the same, at the Probate Office, in
Cassapolis. of said countr, at ten o clock in the
forenoon, at which time and place all persons hav
ing claims against said estate will present them to
said court for final settlement.
And it is hereby ordered that the above notice
be published in the Cass County Republican once
in each weea ior iour weens in succession, uiuuc
diatelv preceding said settlement.
January 5, i86L ' jan!7-89w4
Commissioner's Sale in Chancery.
William Arbour, Complainant,!
The Circuit Court
Edward A. Allen and
Justus Gage. Defendants.
for the County of
IN pursuance of a decretal order of the Circuit
Court ft.r th County of Cass, in Chancery.
entered December 15th, A. D., 1860, in the above
entitled canac nd to me directed. I shall sell to
the highest bidder, at public auction, at the front
door of the Court House of Cass County, iu the
rilla?e of Cassanolia. on the eiirhteenth day of Feb
ruary next, at one o'clock in the afternoon, that
certain parcel of land, situate in Cass County,
Michigan, and known as the south half 04) of the
north-east quarter (V) of section thirty-two (32,)
in township five (5,) south of range (15) west.
K?"Terms Cash.
. - Circuit Court Commissioner,
- Cass County, Michigan.
N. B. Holustkb, Solicitor.
Dated, January 1st, 1861. jan3-S7w6
C. Jones
WOULD respectfully inform
the Ladies and Gentleman
of this Village, and surrounding country, that he
has permanently located himself in thla'place, and
opened an office for the practice of Dextrtbt it
n it departments, over Pott bbs' Guk Shop,
on front street, where be may be found, prepared
at all times to make a variety of styles of Dental
Plates, to suit the various tastes, and also, to do
all the various operations in Deutistry. In neat
ness and durability, his work is unsurpassed.
Call and examine uiy work. . AH work warranted
Dowagiac, July .80, 1350, ang2-15tf.
Friend Sorrow.
Do not cheat thy heart and tell her,
Grief will pass away
"Hope for fairer times in future,
And forget to-day."
Tell her, if yod will that sorrow
Need not come in rain;
Tell her that the lesson taught her
Far outweighs her pain.
Cheat her not with the old comfort,
"Soon she will forget"
Bitter truth, alas, but matter
Rather for regret ;
Bid her not "seek other pleasures.
Turn to other things ;"
' Rather nurse her caged sorrow '
Till her captive sings. " ' .
Rather bid her go forth bravely - ;
And the stranger greet ;
Not as foe, with shield and buckler.
But as dear friends meet ;
Bid her with a strong clasp hold her
By her dusky winss,
And she'll whisper low and gently
Blessing that she brings.
. Correspondence of Cass Co. Republican.
Abolition Convention at Ann Arbor
Freedom of Speech denied. Mob Vio
lence Used.
Aunt Abbob, Mich., Jan. 23th, 1SC1.
At the request of Parker Pillsbury,
Boston, an Abolition Convention
was advertised to be held at this place
on the 26th and 27th inst., when he
should be present to address the Con
vention. Reports were soon circulated, that
an attempt would be made to break op
the Convention, which became so seri
ous that they found it impossible to en
gage a hall for the occasion, and it was
accordingly held at the "Free Church."
At the appointed hour on Saturday
afternoon, the church was densely
crowded, mainly with students of the
University, the great majority of whom
were decidedly in favor of free speech
and opposed to mob law.
Mr. Pillsbnry not having arrived,
the meeting was called to order by Mr.
Stebbins, a member of the Convention,
who introduced to the audience Mrs.
Griffith, who spoke ver eloquently for
one hour, during which time 6he was
frequently interrupted with hisses,
cries ot "time s np, "or any oiner
man," &c. Alter she nad taken ner
seat, Mr. Seneca Taylor arose and of
fered a resolution, "That this Union
was the best the world has ever known,
and pledging life, fortune and sacred
honor to resist traitors at the North as
well as at the South.
Mr. R. Fraser then arose and made
strong Union speech in support of
the resolution, and was answered by
Mr. Stebbins who denied that they were
traitors, or endeavoring to stir up an
irrepressible conflict, for, he said that
such a conflict was the natural result
of oppression, and referred to the wars
of the Helots, and the servile insurrec
tion under Spartacus the Thracian
shephard who had been kept at Capua
as a gladiator, and who escaping, called
his fellow cladiators to arm and be
men and who for two years harrassed
the Roman Commonwealth. He sta
ted that thev had been denied the use
of the halls of the city for fear of con
sequences, but he had too much confi
dence iu the people of the place to
think that they would deny to them the
right to express their own opinions,
and besides he did not wish to confine
the discussion to one side of the qnes
tion that now agitate the country,
And as for the resolution, if those op
posed to them wished to pass it, they
might do so. The resolution was
Mr. Blair of the University said that
he desired that the Convention should
not be interfered with, and that they
might have a larger hall for the eve
ning session, and he offered a resolu
tion, "that if the Convention would ob
tain a hall that th.e students would
pledge themselves to maintain order to
the best of their ability," which was
unanimously adopted, after which the
Convention adiourned until V o'clock
in the evening.
Notwithstanding the resolution
which was passed in favor of order and
the freedom of speech, the fear was
so great that a riot would ensue, that
the Convention could not obtain a hall
for the evening and accordingly it was
held at the same place.
Long before the time, the house was
crammed to overflowing, and when
Parker Pillsbury and the members of
the Convention arrived they found
Democrat, named Welch, a young law
yer of this place occupying the stan
as President of the meeting, and who
refused to give way having been placed
there by the persons who created
the disturbance. Notwithstanding th
remonstrances of the Convention, that
it was their meeting, and tha ithey
should be permitted to choose .their
own President,
The excitement now became intense,
cries ot "put him oat," "he's no
gentleman," "he's a disgrace to Wash
tenaw county Bar," &c. were heard on
every side, mingling with cheers and
groans for the same gentleman, mak
ing a dreadful confusion. Mr. Welch
finally gave way, but was again nomi
nated by a drunken; fellow, who had
taken the stand and was damning the
Black Republicans and Abolitionists
as one thing, and all niggers. In the
meantime Mr. Pillsbury was introduced
to the audience, and was received with
pplause and hisses, and so great was
the confusion and uproar, that he could
not be heard. The opponents of the
meeting, said that they claimed the
ight to discuss the question of the day
and appoint their own officers, but Mr.
Pillsbury returned that the Convention
was called at his request, and that they
should choose their President, and hav
ing come this distance to speak, he
would not make terms with any set of
men, as to now long be should speak,
or what he should gay. At this period,
the question as to the nomination of
Welch as President of the , meeting
was put in the affinitive, but not in the
negative, and he declared by the rab
ble as elected, and hurried to the desk,
amid cries of "down with the'traitors,"
the pelting of eggs and the breaking
down of pews, which were heard at
hort intervals above the uproar, as
they were crushed with their weight to
the floor. One of the members of the
Convention attempted to maintain his
position on the platform, and with this
act a general fight began which lasted
for some time, when the Sheriff ap
pered with his Deputy, and declared
that they wouhl now take possession
of the church, and ordered the crowd
to disperse, which they would not do.
The officers soon left, and the fighting
gain began in good earnest, and as it
now became dangerous to remain
around the platform, and the surging
mass were crushing pews, fcc, your-
informant assisted several ladies out of
the window, while Mr. Pillsbury and
le members of the Convention made
their escape out of another. Order
aving been partially restored, Welch
gain took the stand and proceeded to
peak, when those opposed to such
surpation cried "down with him," "put
im out " Jfcc. and again the fight
commenced and lasted until the lights
were all extinguished, and then by the
light of the moon, these persons sacked
the church, tearing down pews, stove
pipes, tCc, and with sticks, crushing
the windows from top to bottom, while
above the dine was heard the voice of
the drunken rabble, crying, "You can't
preach treason here." There were but
four pews left standing and they in
shattered condition, while the other
things were in about the same state.
It was now after 9 o'clock and the
crowd began to disperse. We believe
that no one was seriously injured al
though a great many were bruised and
On Sunday we did not attend the
Convention but understand that Mr.
Pillsbury spoke in the morning and
afternoon, and although a riotous spirit
was shown, yet it was promptly frowned
down and the freedom of speech vin
The avowed intention of Welch and
his party was to take possession of the
church, and not allow the members of
Convention to act, notwithstanding
they had engaged the church and ap
pointed the meeting and we think that
Mayor Barry should have been on hand
with a sufficient force to quell every at
tempt to disturb the meeting and the
peace of the community.
While I have named Democrats
connection with this, I must say that
they were the grand moving spirits
and openly boasted of what they would
do. Yet it was not the respectabl
part, but the tavern wing only, the re
spectable portion frowning upon all
such acts. Yours. R.
First Gun. A boy got his gran
father's gun, and loaded it, but was
afraid to fire; he, however, liked the
fun of loading, and so put in another,
charge but still was afraid to fire. He
kept on charging, but without firing,
until he had got six charges in the old
piece. His grandmother, learning his
temerity, smartly reproved him, and
grasping the old continental, discharged
it. The recoil was tremendious, throw
ing the old lady on her back. She
promptly struggled to regain her feet,
but the boy cried out "Lay still
granny, there are five more charges to
go off yet!"
t7 "Tom, what's monomany
Well, you see. Dick, when a poor
fellow steals it is larcenv; but when
it's a rich "un. the jury says its mo-
5 nL.i: !,.,:
JJUlli;illJj .IJJIJ V" bllCIJ b n,UJlk o
jHiehigan - Legislature Thm Virginia
Proposition for a Convention. Caucus
of the Republican Members.
Lapsing, Jan. 30, 1861.
On Saturday last the Governor sent
into the Senate the following preamble
and resolution of the General Assembly
of Virginia., adopted on the 19th inst:
Whereas. It is the dehbarate opinion
of the General Assembly of Virginia
that unless the unhappy controversy
hich now divides the States of this
Confederacy shall be satisfactorily ad
justed, a permanent dissolution of the
nion is inevitable ; and the General
Assembly, representing the people of
the Commonwealth, is desirous of, em
ploying every reasonable means to
avert so dire a calamity, and deter
mined to make a final effort to restore
the Union and the Constitution, in the
pint in which they were established
by the fathers of the Republic ; there
fore, '
Resolved, That, on behalf of the
Commonwealth of Virginia, an invita-
tation is extended to all 6uch States.
hether slaveholding or non-slavehold-
wg, as are willing to unite with Yir-
inia in an earnest effort to adjust the
present unhappy controversies, in the
pint in which the Constitution was
originally formed, and consistently
ith its principles, so as to afford the
people of the slaveholding States ade
quate guarantees for the security of
their rights, to appoint Commissioners
to meet, on the 4th of February next,
I .t. "a T..l! . .1
in me cuy . oi v asmngion, similar
Commissioners appointed by Virginia,
consider, and, if practicable, agree upon
some suitable adjustment.
ICesolved, lhat ex-rresident, John
Tyler, William C. Rives, Judge John
. Brockenbrough, George W. Sum
mers and James a Seddon are hereby
appointed Commissioners, whose duty
shall be to repair to the City of Wash
ington on the day designated in the
foregoing resolution, and to meet such
Commissioners as may, be appointed
by any of the said States in accordance
with the foregoing resolution. ,
Jiesolvecl, 'That if said Commission
ers, after full and free conference, shall
agree upon any plan of adjustment re
quiring amendments of the Federal
Constitution, for the further security of
the rights ot the slaveholding btates,
they be requested to communicate the
proposed amendments to Congress for
the purpose of heaving the same snb
mitted by that body, according to the
forms of the Constitution, to the several
States for ratification.
liesoloedy That if 6aid Commission
ers cannot agree on such adjustment
or if agreeing, Congress shall refuse to
submit for ratification such amendments
as may be proposed, then the Commis
sioners of this State shall immediately
communicate the result to the Kxecu
tive of this Commonwealth, to be by
mm taiu ueiore me convention oi me
people of Virginia and the General
Assembly: Provided. That the 6aid
Commissioners be subject at all times
to the control of the General Assem
bly, or if in session, to that of the
State convention.
Resolved, That in the opinion of the
General Assembly of Virginia, the
propositions embraced in the resolu
tions presented to the Senate of the
United States by the Hon. John J.
Crittenden, so modified as that first ar
ticle proposed as an amendment to the
Constitution of the United States now
held or hereafter acquired south of lat
itnde thirty-six decrees aud thirty min
utes, and provide that slavery of the
African race shall be effectually protec
ted as property therein during the con
tinuance of the territorial government
and the fourth article shall secure to
the owners of slaves the right of tran
sit with their . slaves, between and
through the non-slaveholding States
and territories, constitute the basis of
such an adjustment of the unhappy
controversy which now divides the
States of this Confederacy, as would
be accepted by the people of this Com
Resolved, That ex-President John
Tyler is hereby appointed by the con
current vote of each branch of the
General Assembly, a commissioner to
the President of the United States
and Judge John Robertson is hereby
appointed, by a like vote, a commission
er to the State of South Carolina, and
the other States that have seceded, or
shall secede, with instructions respect
fully to request the President of th
United States and the authorities of
such States to agree to abstain, pend
ing the proceedings contemplated by
the action of this General Assembly,
from anv and all acts calculated to pro
duce a collision of arms between the
States and the Government of the Uni
ted States.
These resolutions were referred to
specified committee of three Messrs.
Carpenter, DeLand and Monroe, who
reported as follows :
The special committee to whom was
referred the resolutions of the General
Assembly of the State of Virginia
passed on the 19th day of January inst.
have had the same under consideration
and beg leave to repert :
That after thorough deliberation as
the brief time allowed your committee
would admit, they have failed to ais
cover any good and sufficient reason
for any of the intestine strife that seems
to exist between portions of the States
i f this Confederacy, or for the attempts
now being made to disrupt the Union
and destroy the Federal Constitution ;
hence they de not feel disposed to rec
ommend any action on the part of
the Legislature of this State which
shall seem to indicate any necessity for
the assembling of a commission ot the
several States to revise or amend the
Constitution.' While agreeing, in the
language of the preamble to the resolu-
nous, mai ine present is an unhappy
controversy which now divides the
states of this Union." we at e not with
out the hope that it may soon meet a
satisiactory adjustment," by a speedy
return of the dissatisfied States to their
full and, proper allegiance to the Con
stitution and the Government, and the
submission of their grievances to the
arbitration of the Congress of the
United States the only proper and le
gally constituted tribunal to settle such
differences. ' ,-,
Your committee are not insensible to
the feeling of devotion to the Union
hich has prompted this appeal, yet
they lament that the language in which
is couched is such as to lead to grave
doubts of the propriety of acceding to
the requests which it contains, and that
is accompanied with a proposed basis
of adjustment which, is entirely at vari
ance with all our ideas of public policy,
the maintenance of self-respect as co
equal members of- a great confederacy,
and the enduring principles of Justice,
iberty and Humanity.
The invitation is extended to all slave-
holding and non-slaveholding States
who are willing to unite with. Virginia
in an earnest effort to adjust the pres
ent unhappy controversies in the. spirit
in which the Constitution was framed,
and consistently with its principles so
as to afford the people of the slavehold
ing States, adequate guarantees for
tne security of their rights. As an
ndication of what those guarantees
are taken and supposed by them to be,
the resolutions referred to us undertake
recite what they the General
Assembly of the State of Virginia
would consider a fair and proper basis
f such settlement, as follows: .
"Resolved, That in the opinion ot
the General Assembly of Virginia; the
propositions embraced in the resolu
tions presented .to the Senate of the
United States by the Hon. John J.
Crittenden, so modified as that the first
article proposed as an amendment to
the Constitution of the United States
hall apply to all the territory of the
United States now held or. hereafter
acquired south of latitude thirty-six
degrees and thirty minutes, and pro
vide that slavery of the African race
shall be effectually protected as prop
erty therein during the continuance of
the territorial government, and the
fourth article shall secure to the owners
of slaves the right of transit with their
slaves between and through non-slave
holding territories, constitute the basis
of such an adjustment of the unhappy
controversy which now divides the
States of this Confederacy, as would
be accepted by the people of this Com
monwealth." So far from being conciliatory, this
resolution precludes all possibility of
djustment. It not only makes a slave
code for present territories south of
36:30 an ultimatum, bat demands that
all the domain hereafter acquired shall
also be dedicated to slavery. No ter
ritory south of 36:30 shall ever be ad
mitted into the Union as free soil. No
matter what the choice of the people
may be who inhabits those regions; no
matter what the climate or productions
may be; no matter what the character
of the people or the capabilities of the
country, from the moment it is recog
nized as territory of the United States
slavery is legalized, protected and es
tablished throughout its length and
breadth. The resolution demands that
slavery shall be forced upon an unwill
ing people; forced on them in defiance
of their wishes and protests and powers
of resistance !
. Without stopping to analyze further
this proposed basis in all its bearings,
your committee unhesitatingly express
their belief that the people of this State
should not and would not consent to
any compromise with the slave States
which allowed or favored the extension
of African slavery into any of the com
mon territories of the nation, to say
nothing of granting the further com
promises and demands therein con
tained, which would practically, annul
and render void one of the most cher
ished and sacred provisions ot our
State Constitution that providing that
slavery shall never exist in this State,
except in punishment of enrne.
Your committee have also met
another, to them, serious objection.
lhe assembly ot Uommissioners is
called at a place and time when and
where undue excitement exists, and
where the danger that men may be
swayed by passion and prejudice, rath
er than by reason, patriotism and judg
ment, is most imminent lhe time for
convening the convention is by far too
summary and hurried to allow that
careful and cautious deliberation the
magnitude of the interests which is to
assume to dispose and decide, irapera
tively require. Sixteen days from the
passage of the resolutions, to - the as
sembiing of the Commissioners,
much too brief a period - of time to
transmit the . resolutions to distant
States, . allow them to be presented to
the various legislatures, to allow the
legislature to calmly and judiciously
mark out a course of action and settle
upon enlightened and patriotic citizens
to represent and enforce their views
and after all this to allow the Comniis
sioners to reach the place of assembling
in our national capital. Your commit
tee cannot but look upon this undue
haste either as a great oversight in th
Ueneral Assembly of V irginia, or else
intended to put it entirely out of our
power to consult the wishes ot the peo
pie of this State upon the momentous
i j i t . . .
issues invoiveu, aim iiaaieu u into pre
cipitous action, or compel remote States
to an apparent refusal of their request.
In either case the effect is bad, and pru
dence seems to dictate that we keep
entirely aloof, rather than jeopardize
the ' great interests and principles of
human liberty by hasty, ill-timed and
inconsiderate action.
Your committee beg leave to further
trespass upon the time of the Senate
by discussing a further objection. The
resolutions referred to Your committee
provide .that if said Commissioners,
after a full and free conference, shall
agree upon any plan of adjustment re
quiring amendments of the Constitu
tion for the further security of the
rights of the people of the slave-holding
States, they are requested to com
municate such amendments to Con-
gres8, to be by it submitted to the peo-
pic iui i anneal ion. uy mis resolution
it woild seem to be indicated that the
powers of the Commissioners were to
be restricted to providing further secu
rity to the rights of the people of the
Biavu-iiuiunij; otaies. i nis your . com
mittee regard as a stultification of the
pretence that the General Assembly of
Virginia are willing to unite in an ear
nest effort to adjust the controversies
they seem to deprecate in the spirit in
which the constitution , was originally
formed, and consistent with its princi
ples. The spirit of the fraraers of the
constitution was honorable concession,
when it was essential to the happiness
and prosperity of the people. . The
spirit which animated the fathers was
to establish justice, and to secure the
blessings of liberty to themselves and
their prosperity. After the most care
ful investigation, your committee have
failed to' discover any such spirit of
concession manifested in these resolu
tions as was manifested by the fathers,
and none, of that spirit of hatred of
human slavery or love of equal and ex
act justice to all mon, which animated
the framcrs of the federal constitution.
Again, your committee consider tho
fact that the action of the commission
ers can only be considered advisory as
another serious objection. If they
cannot agree upon any common basis
of settlement, the sectional animosity,
now too rife, must be greatly increased,
and indeed, if they do agree, it still de
pends npon Congress to say whether
action shall be submitted to the people.
The mode proposed of agreeing to
amendments of the Constitution is
novel and new; it is taking from Con
gress its constitutional privileges, and
making it subservient to the demands
of a few dissatisfied States whenever
they may seek a modification of "that
instrument. All the loyal States are
now represented in Congress, and all
the dissatisfied btates may be if they
choose, and thus assembled in the Con
gress, each State upon an equal footing
with the other, the privilege to amend
the Constitution is undisputed. We
can readily imagine the accumulated
evils that would result from the rejec
tion by the Congress, of anTTiTncki
tions submitted by 6uch commissioners;
ana yet we nave no guarantee, but the
probabilities all are that Congress
would reject any and all propositions
thns made.
Your committee ' are unanimous in
the opinion that an assembly of com
missioners lite that proposed in the
Virginia resolutions, should be com
posed of patriotic and Union-loving
men ; men wholly and entirely loya! to
the Constitution and the government
as it is. Only such men would seem
to be capable of framing amendments
to that compact " in the spirit in which
it was originally formed, and consis
tently with its principles" and purposes.
Yet your committee arc surprised to
find among the commissioners proposed -hy
Virginia, men who within the pres
ent month have endorsed publicly the
detestable and treasonable doctrine ef
secession ; men who within the last
thirty days have put upon the record
the assertion that the Constitution is a
purely mercantile partnership and de
nying the right of coercion of a State
by the General Government; doctrines
wholly and entirely at variance with
fact and the settled convictions of every
Union-loving citizen. We deem it
questionable policy, to say the least, to
undertake to procure an honorable and
equitable adjustment of existing diffi
culties with men now holding and giv
ing currency to such manifested im
proper and disloyal sentiments.
In conclusion, your committee would
respectfully suggest in view of the facts
and premises presented, that it is inex
pedient and unnecessary, if not unwise
and unsafe, for this Legislature at this
time to take any action looking to, or
the re-construction of the Federal Gov
eminent. We believe that ample pow
er exists in the Congress to correct all
abuses, and set aside all the grievances
complained of by any of the States,
and that any and all attempts by State
Legislatures or the people of the States
to usurp and use those powers are
fraught with great danger to the stabil
ity ef the Constitution and the perpe
tuity of the Union. While we have
felt it our duty thus to refuse the re
quest of our sister State, we do it out
of no spirit of indifference to the re
sponsibilities she has placed us under,
and only regretting that the proposal
is not couched in such terms and the
mode of its accomplishments confirmed
so strictly to the forms prescribed by
the Federal Constitution, as to allow
us to second her desires. Duty to our
selves, our principles, and oft repeated
sentiments of the people of this State
as expressed through the ballot box,
has left us no other alternative than to
decline. the propositions contained in
the resolutions of the General Assem
bly of the honored, and, we believe,
loyal aud Union loving people of Vir
ginia. -"

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