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The Cass County Republican. [volume] (Dowagiac, Mich.) 18??-1880, February 01, 1862, Image 2

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nost respectable families of Washing
ton, was also confined here for two
Mrs. M. A. Onderdox, who some
times represents herself to be a widow,
and sometimes a wife, was arrested in
Chicago soma months since, and after
being confined here six weeks, was re
leased on parole. Forty dollars were
Siren her to pay her expenses back to
Chicago, bnt instead of going there
she went to New York. She was last
heard of at St. Louis.
An .English lady, Mrs. Elena Lowe,
who was arrested at Boston, and whose
on was with her, having come with a
commission in the rebel army, has also
been confined at this institution. Thu
ion was afterwards sent to Fort ."War
ren, and she returned to England.
Besides the above there were some
eight or ten persons arrested at Alex
andria and in this city, whose names
are not remembered, and who, after be
ing confined at this prison, were shortly
afterwards liberated, on taking the oath
f allegiance.
Miss Ellie M. Pool alias Stevriir
tfai arrested and brought to the prison
on the' 11th of August, 1861. She
ame from Wheeling, where, alter hav
ing been confined for some time in the
prison there, she made her escape by
tying the sheets together and letting
herself down from the prison window.
She has been in communication with
the rebel leaders in Kentucky, advising
them to make certain changes in their
plan of operations. When arrested
the second time, within ten miles of the
rebel lines in Kentucky, $7,500 of un
expended money, furnished by the reb
els, was found upon her person. She
has been a correspondent of the Rich
mond Enquirer and the Baltimore Ex
change. Miss Poole, is'yet in confine
ment at the Sixteenth street jail.
Among the number yet confined here
is Mrs. Baxley, formerly a resident of
Baltimore. She was arrested on the
23d of December. She had just come
from Richmond and had been in con
Tersaton with Jeff. Davis, from whom
he had obtained a commission in the
reuci army lur uer lover, ur. Druwu.
e. . . ir o
Snie is. as she renresents nerself. a vr.
t--i r i i tv tj ... I
explosive" woman, and it was from
. . .. r : j
this fact that her arrest took place on
board of the boat, while approaching
Baltimore from Richmond. This
woman has refused to sleep under a
a blanket marked "U. S.," ever since
her confinement here.
. The above is a hurried shetch of the
prisoners liberated and now confined at
the Sixteenth street jail. Their quar
ters are of the most comfortable char
acter, and under the care of Lieut.
Sheldon, they are furnished with every
thing that, saving their " Secesh" prin
ciples can make them happy.
Laws ol the Extra Session.
A. DILL to amend sections four and
Jive of a?i act entitled " an act to
amend chapter one hundred and fifty
of the Revised Statutes of one thou-
' sand eight hundred and forty six, it
being chapter one hundred and seven'
- ty-five of the Compiled' Laics, and to
authorize the salary of judges of
probate, approved Feb. 15, 1859."
Sec. 1. The People of the State of
Michigan enact, 1 hat section four, of
on act entitled 44 an act to amend chap
ter one hundred and fifty, of the re
vised statutes of one thousand eight
hundred and forty-six, it being chapter
one hundred and seventy-five of the
complied laws, and to authorize the
salary of judges of probate," approved
February 15, 1859, be and the same i
herebv amended so as to read as fol
lows :
&ec. 4. In all cases c
f granting let-
ters testamentary of administratfon,and
letters of guardianship nnder any Jaw
of this State, from and after the pas
sage of this act, it shall bo the duty of
the judge of probate issuing such let
ters to order and require the executor,
administrator or guardian, as the case
may be, to pay into the Treasury of the
proper county, as amount equal to one
per cent, upon the amount of the in
ventory and appraisement required by
law to be taken, and returned to the
probate court in such cases, and the
receipt of the county treasurer therefor,
hall be filed in the office of the probate
Judge before such letters shall be issued
Sec 2. Section nve of said act is
hereby amended to read as follows :
Sec. 5. In all cases of rssiduary leg
atees, and in all other castfs where, by
the provisions of law, no inventory or
appriial shall be required to be made
and returned, it shall be the duty off-he
probate judge, before taking any -ftep
or proceeding in sucn case, excep
where the provisions of the preceding
section, shall apply, to certify to the
treasurer of his county, under his hand
and seal of office, the amount to be paid
by the person or persons interested in
euch proceeding, into the treasury of
aid county, which amount shall be
computed at the rate of one per cent,
on the property to be sold, transferred,
decreed, devised, affirmed, distributed
or oaid, under or by virtue of such pro-
a,edine. as the ease may be, to be de
termined by the examination of the
parties interested, or the other persons
on oath, to the sausiaciron oi me pru
bate judge, and said probate judge
shall require a receipt from said county
treasurer, of the payment oi sucn
amount, to be filed in t.e office of such
probate iudce : Provided, That in the
case of no estate, shall the amount re
inired be raid nnder this act, to the
county Treasurer, exceed one hunu red
dolfars or be less than three' dollars ;
Provided further, That the provisions
of this act shall appiy to estates upoP
which proceedings in the probate court
have been commenend as well as to es
tates upon which proceedings may be
hereafter commenced.
Correspondent Expelled. By or
eTer of Gen. Sherman, a correspondent
of theN. Y. Times has been sent from
Port Royal on account of alleged dis
respectful language used in speaking
f.the officer named. It is understood
the offense consisted in the remark that
-Gen. Sherman was "induced" to make
W. II. CAMPBELL, Kotroa A Fbotoktob.
Saturday Morning, February 1, 1862.
The Effects of the Receat Victory in
The signal defeat and route of Zolli-
coffer's forces opens . the roads to East
Tennessee and the great line of Rail
roads by which the army of Manassas
is supplied. The threatening advance
of the Mississippi Expedition will pre
vent the confederate forces along its
banks from moving, while BuelPs large
army threatening Nashville will keep
Gen. Johnston at or near Bowling
The result will be that the rebel gen
erals at Manassas, seeing their commu
nication with their supplies threatened,
will be compelled to do one of these
three things: they will either (1) send
a largo force by railroad into East Ten
nessee to thwart Gen. Buell, or (2)
they will withdraw the whole army
southward, or (3) they will make ades
pcrate push towards the Potomac, and
offer immediate battle to Gen. McClel
. . ... - . - ..
'an- If they adopt the first of these
expedients they will be so weak that
Gens. Banks and Stone can safely push
forward their columns in a flank move
ment on Manassas. If the rebels come
out to meet this, Gen. MoClellan im
mediately marches to Manassas and
takes it. If the rebels should withdraw
their thin army from Manassas south
ward, (which is highly improbable,) the
several coastwise expeditions particu
larly that of Gen. Burnsides, will be
beforehand with them, having penetra
ted inland and destroying the railroad
In whatever view tho case is looked
at, we think we have the rebels at a
great disadvantage, which we believe,
will increase at every successful step.
Gen. McClellan's plaus arc but begin
ning to be developed, and we have the
utmost confidence that the result will be
such as to vindicate the cause of the
Union and the Generalship of our Com
Iiater from Europe
By the arrival of the Europa, we have
at last definite intelligence from Eng
land, as to how the answer of our Gov
ernment to the demand of Great Britain
in the " Trent" affair was received, and
how it will effect the future relations of
of the two countries. The Ministry
are represented to have declared them
selves gratified and satisfied, aud the
press generally receives the adjustment
in good temper, though one or two of
thesi. Dossessed of a chronic hate of
the United States", cannot give their
acquiescence in the settlement of one
controversy, without attempting to get
up another in reference to the sinking
of stone-loaded vessels in Charleston
harbor. This they affect to regard as
atrocious, although Great Britain has
done the like more than once, and they
give a characteristic growl.
The most significant feature of the
news is the fact that the London Times
and others are disapproving , any step
on the part of the English people to
Mason and Slidell any public demon
strations of honor on their arrival and
we judge that John Bull will give the
fugitive traitors the cold shoulder, and
rAthsr hoot at than applaud them.
T.he War Department.
The change in the War Department
appears to give very general satisfac
tion, and it is believed that the event
will nrni-fl tn ha the inauguration of
more honesty, greater economy, and
more real energy, in the affairs of the
War office and the Arm v. than have
thus far characterized them.
There has been an amazing degree
of mismanagement and maladministra
tion in that department, especially in
the matter of army contracts, and we
have but little doubt that this fact,
more than any other, made the resigna
tion of Mr. Cameron necessary. It is
to be hoped that under the charge of
Mr. Stanton, a man of great energy of
character and business talents, and
honorable reputation for integrity, these
thin ' will be reformed, and all the af
fairs of Jhe Department be properly
administered, and with an honest re
gard to the best interests of the Gov
ernment and the efficiency cf the army
of the Union.
Remember I Remember the solemn
exhortation of Daniel Webster:
" 1 Cling to the Constitution as the ship
wrecked mariner clings to the lastplanh,
when night and the tempest close around
I Aim."- r ,.;
The Position of Parties.
The present Administration is some
thing of a mystery to those who have
no faith in it, because they do not know
its "policy." It is but a short time
since, when the cool-headed President
having his own' policy in operation to
subdue the rebellion saw proper to in
terfere with those expressions of senti
ment in Secretary Cameron's Report,
which did not reflect the feelings and
intentions of the Administration, as he
understood them. Immediately there
went up a huge cry from the emanci
pation party that the Administration
was deeply imbued with pro-slavery,
and that its policy would henceforth be
the ruin of our cause. All over the
country we would find expressions in
favor of arming the slaves. The Ad
ministration said, .''This is a war of ag
gression upon the Constitution and Un
ion ; let us save the country." "Save
the country by freeing the slaves," said
the radicals. "Save the eountry first,"
answered the Administration ; and the
President, remembering his words on
a former occasion "Let us have faith
that right makes might, and in that
faith let us, to the end, dare to do our
duty as we understand it," continued,
and still continues, to do his duty as he
understands it, despite the howlings of
fanatics, who, deeply imbued with the
one idea of abolitionism, before we are
sure of our own freedom, would have
him swerve from the benign principles
which he thus expressed and has thus
far honorably supported. It is no
new party wich thus opposes his prin
ciples ; it is the old party, which has
incurred the blame, in part, of dividing
the whole nation.
The old Democratic party, incensed
in a measure at the defeat which thev
had sustained in the election of Mr.
Lincoln, and only too happy to find
some excuse for an opposition to the
Administration, and forgetting too soon
the dying words of their leader "We
should never forget that a man cannot
be a true Democrat unless he is a loyal
patriot," has divided into two parties,
the one becoming secessionist! and the
other concessionists the latter retain
ing a degree of honor which, after the
day of compromise had passed, bright
ened until patriotism became a princi
ple that put to shame all thoso who
sided with the South. Those of the
consessionists who did not follow the
example of Douglas arc now secession
ists at heart, and would render aid and
service to the rebels if they dared.
Here is the downfall of the Democratic
party. It is worse divided than is the
American Union ; and, while the latter
may be restored to its original integri
ty, the great party of tho Union, in
cluding the Administration, will swal
low up all that are worthy of being "true
Democrats," whilo the other division
will share the fate of traitors when the
reckoning is made.
Nor is the Republican party, which
is comprised in the great party of the
Uuion, unmindful of the loyal words of
the dead Douglas, or the interests of
those who heeded them. The loyal
Democrats are favored by the Admin
istration. One of them now stands at
the head of the War Department
honored by all men of loyal principles,
and his appointment is hailed with en
thusiasm. He represents the only por
tion of the old Democratic party that
is worth a thought, and stands side by
side with Holt and Dix and Cass,
whose partizanism dissolved in the glow
of their patriotism.
W wish we could continue the rec
ord by stating that all has been harmo
nious in the Republican party ; but
clouds have at times arisen, and the
impatience of a loyal people has pro
daced its evil results. The affair of
Bull's Run is a fair example of a too
sanguine and impatient mood, and
brought forth disaster. From this we
were recovering, when other cries
arose: "Remove this General I"
"Why don't the army move ?" "Cam
eron is all wrong P "Why does'nt
somebody do something?" Commo
dore Wilkes did do something. He
brought the country into imminent dan
ger of a foreign war, and with the best
intentions. But the cool policy of the
Administration averted the evil. The
people have gained a renewed confi
dence in Messrs. Lincoln and Seward.
They see the lone-delayed "forward
movement" at last making, and begin
to see that the rail-splitter's policy is
best for the army, the people and the
Union. Chicago Journal. .
Jenitcsox's Coat. A correspondent
of a New York paper, writing from
Leavenworth, 'says tho" first familiar
sight upon the streets was the white
wolf-skin coat of Gen. Jennison, " the
observed of all observers.", "The
Leavenworth Conservative advises the
Secretary of War to borrow this coat
of Jennison, and pat it on some of the
loafing Brigadiers, (if he eannot give
Jennison the command of one of the
Brigades Kansas has furnished,) and
send the decorated mummy into Mis
souri."., g32T Cholera is making great rav
ags in India. At Cawnpore the na
tives are the principal victims. At
Kandahar 3,000 people have died in
eighteen days. .
The Burnside Expedition.
Fortress Monroe, Jan. 27.
By the arrival of the steamer East
ern State, we have the first direct and
official intelligence of the Burnside Ex
pedition. The steamer Eastern State
left Hatteras Inlet last night, and ar
rived here this morning.-
The recent storms were unusually
severe at Hatteras, and considerably
delayed and crippled the Expedition ;
but when the Eastern State left every
thing looked favorable.
The Burnside Expedition sailed from
Hampton Roads on the 11th and 12th
of January, and consisted of over 125
vessels of all classes. They arrived at
iiitteras between the J2th and 17th
inst., having been greatly retarded by
severe storms and adverse winds, which
prevailed during that time.
After their arrival at Hatteras thev
experienced a series of unparalleled
storms, so that at times it was impos
sible to hold communication between
any two vessels of the fleet.
After the storm it was discovered
that no vessel drawing over 7 feet 3
inches could pass into Pamlico Sound.
No vessel either could pass outside the
bar, drawing over 13 feet, unless very
skillfully piloted. In consequence of
this the City of New York struck on
the outside of the bar. She had a
cargo valued at -8200,000, of powder,
rifles and bombs, and proved a total
loss. Her crew were saved.
The steamer Pocahontas went ashore
near the light bouse and became a to
tal loss. Ninety valuable horses be
longing to the Rhode Island battery
were on board of her, and were all
drowned, including several valued at
$500 each.
The Grape Shot parted her hawser
and went down at sea. Her crew were
An unknown schooner, loaded with
oats, and another schooner name un
known, with six of her crew, were lost
on the beaeh.
The steamer Louisiana struck on the
bar, where she still remains. The re
port of her burning is incorrect. She
may get on. I he .hastern Queen and
the Yo!t!;eur are also ashore. The
latter will probably get off.
1 he water vessels attached to the Ex
pedition, had not reached their destina
tion when the Eastern State left, and
had it not been for the condensers on
board some of the vessels, and a yes
sel on shore, the most terrible suffering
must have occurred among the troops
As it was, the water casks were com
posed of old whisky, camphene, and
kerosene oil casks.
It is thought that the pilots of Hat
teras are traitors, having intentionally
ran several vessels ashore.
The waves dashed with a clean
sweep across the Hatteras shore, com
pletely cutting' off tho fort from outside
Col. Allen, of tho 9th New Jersey
regiment, and his Surgeon, (Weller,)
with a boat's crew, and the second
mato of the Anne Thomson, when they
found that the troops needed water,
manned a hfo-boat in order to reach
the shoro and obtain it. The boat
swamped and the Colonel, Surgeon and
mate were drowned. The crow were
Gen. Burnside has succeeded in gel
ting over the bar one-half of his vqs
sels, including the gun-boats and 7,000
troops. Everything appeared to be in
satisfactory condition when the East
ern State left, lho large transports
with transports remained outside until
the arrival of the Spaulding, from Port
Roval on the 24th, when Capt. Hawes
volunteered to bring them all inside.
This was accomplished yesterday after
noon, trie Eastern btate passing the
last of them as she left.
A portion of the tug-boats chartered
by Gen. Burnside for the Expedition
refused to proceed any farther than
Fortress Monroe.
Fair weather has set in, and the
schooners of the expedition are mat
inr their appearance with water, ceal
and provisions, and everything looks
more promising. Gen. Burnside has
been indefatigable ; ho is confident of
the ultimate success of the expedition,
and has the respect of every man under
his command.
The only troops that have been land
ed, are the 24th Massachusetts regi
ment and the Rhode Island battery.
Col. Hawkin's regiment goes with the
Burnside Expedition.
There has been no loss of life except
wbat is abovo mentioned. Different
reports are received at Hatteras from
the surrounding population in relation
to the disposition and intentions of the
enemy. Some who came in say that
the rebels are completely frightened
and will not make a stand. Another
report is to the effect that large masses
of troops will be concentrated in the
vicinity ; and still another story, con
firmed by many, that their exertions
wilj be directed chiefly to placing ob
stacles in the way of our progress to
Gen. Lane at Chicago Ills Plans.
General Jim Lane was at Chicago on
Wednesday, and addressed a large
crowd. Tho Tribune says that Repub
1'icans, Abolitionists, Old Line Demo
cram, nearuiy asserted to his view.
The General said in his speech that the
Government was becoming satisfied
that the plan thus far pursued to crush
out the rebellion was not the true
method, ne continued:
" On Mondey last they opened a new
set of books and came to the conclu
sion that if the Union can't be saved
and slavery saved, then down goes
slavery. The rebels have either got to
submit, to die or to ruri away. I tell
you the time has come when play must
stop. Tho rebels must submit or be
sent down forthwith to that hell already
yawning to receive them. "
This desirable consummation was ef
fected by a compromise. The radical
men agreed that the conservative men
should carry on the war according to
their notions, for eight months, provid
ed they were allowed the next eight
The time is up for the conservatives,
and they now hand the 'war and its
conduct over to the radicals, and every
conservative ;rnan should now extend
the same encouragement and support
which we gave them in t,hc prosecution
of their method, '
There is in the South 680,000 strong
and loyal male slaves who have fed and
clothed the rebel array and have as
good as fought upon their side. Gov-,
ernment now proposes that these loyal
slaves shall now feed and elothe our
army and fight upon our side. The
other" day while I was talking with the
President, Old Abe said to me, " Lane,
how many black men do you want to
have to take care of your army?" I
told him as my army woofcf number 34,
000 I proposed to have 34,000 contra
bands in addition to my teamsters and
wagon-masters. I consider every one
of my soldiers engaged in the glorious
Crusade of Freedom a knight errant
and entitled to his squire to prepare his
food, black his boots, load his gun, and
take off bis drudgery. Vanity and
unue are necessary aotuncis vi
soldier, and I do not propose to lower
him by menial offices nor compeI bins
f r
to perform the duties of the slave.
So while I shall elevate the slave by
giving him his freedom and making a
man of him, I shall also elevate the
soldier and leave him nothing to do but
A voice in the crowd-" What are
you going to do with the niggers?"
lhe General, singling out the owner
of the voice, and pointing his long
finger at him, replied : " Ah, my friend,
you are just the man I have been look
ing for. I will tell you what I am no-
ing to do with them. . I am going to
plant them on the soil of the gulf coast
after we have got through this war, let
them stay there and cultivate the land ;
have government extend a protection
to them, as it does to the Indians, and
send superintendents and governors
among them and pay them wages for
their labor There could be no compe
tition between black and white labor."
He believed, whether the rebels liked
the idea or not, that the blacks at no
distant day would have possession of
that unit country, to which the were
acclimated and physically conditioned.
lie proposed to establish free State
governments as he went along, and he
could promise his hearers that either he
or the rebels would be cleaned out.
Joint Resolution in Relation to the Es
tablishment ol a Naval Station In Mich
Joint Resolution for the location and
establishment of a naval station and
dock yard within the State of Michigan:
Whereas, The relations of the
United States with foreign countries
are such that we deem it important that
prompt and ample measures bo taken
to provide adequate protection to the
commerce of our western lakes, and to
ensure the more perfect defense of our
exposed frontier: we believe it of the
highest interest and the indispensible
duty of the Government of the United
States to immediately establish a naval
station and dock yard, for the construe
tion and equipment of suitable vessels
for such protection ; and
Whtreas, Tho State of Michigan,
almost entirely surrounded by naviga
ble waters, the opposite snores ot a
large portion of w hich are held by a
foreign government, thus exposed to
incursions and invasions by which the
immense commerce of the northwest,
and other property of its citizens are
subject to capture and devastation, and
absolutely demanding, by such peculiar
situation, the care and protection of the
Federal Gevernment;
Resolved, That our Senators in Con
gress be instructed, and our Represen
tatives requested to urgently present
this momentous subject to the atten
tion of the General Government, and
to use all honorable means to secure
the immediate location and establish
ment of a naval station and dock yard
at Grand Haven, or such other suitable
harbor on the eastern shores of Lake
Michigan, or western shores of Lake
Huron, as shall be selected by the
Naval Department for that purpose.
Jiesolved, That tho Governor be re
quested to transmit copies of the fore
going preamble and resolutions to our
Senators and Representatives in Con
gress. The Economy op Health. This
busy nation of Americans have 12,000,
000 working people, whos services
may be estimated at $2 a day, and their
annual loss by sickness at an average
of ten days each in the year. This
gives a total loss of 240,000 000, a sum
three times as large as the cost of the
General Government, including the
Army, Navy, Post Offices, Legislators,
Foreign Ministers and all. The amount
weighs over six hundreds tons in pure
A largo proportion of this costly suf
fering might be averted by attention to
diet, cleanliness, and above all, by the
proper use of the right remedy in sea
son. When a 25 cent box of Ayer's
Pills will avert an attack of illness
which it would take several days to re
cover from, or a dollar bottle of Ayer's
Sarsaparilla, will expel a lurking dis
order that would bring the sufferer to
his back for weeks or months, does it
take any figures to show the good econ
omy of tho investment? When Fever
and Ague is rankling in your veins, and
shaking your life out of you, it is worth
the dollar it costs for the Ague Cure
to have lhe villainous disorder expelled,
which it does surely and quickly ?
When you have taken a cold it is pru
dent to wait until it has settled on the
lungs, when days or weeks or months
must be spent in trying to cure it, even
if it can be cured at all, or is it cheaper
to take Ayer's Cherry Pictoral, costing
a few shillings, and remove the trouble
before it is serious ? It takes no wis
dom to decide.
The Rebel General Crittenden.
It is said that Hon. John J. Critten
den is deeply affected by the news from
Kentucky, and has not been in the
House since the report of the battle of
Somerset was received. Although he
has two sons in the Union army, the
presence of one in the rebel army, his
eldest, overwhelms him with grief.
The : report that General Critten
den deserted his command at Somerset
is not believed by any who know him.
Rebel though he be, he is accounted
gallant and manly.
From the Cincinnati Gazette'.
The Great Battle in Kentucky.
Full Details and Incidents. Desper
ate Fighting on Doth Sides The
Death of ZoUicoffer Total. Rout
and Demoralization of the Enemy.
Camp Near Somckset, Jan. 21.
The enemy under the immediate
command of Major-General Crittenden,
marched, eight regiments strong, from
their camp, last Saturday night. Their
mounted guards were skirmishing
through the greater part of the night
with ours. Col. Wolford's Cavalry
were doing outpost duty that night, and
by their behavior then, and in the bat
tle afterward, completely cleared away
the reproach which some unworthy of
ficers'have brought upon them. The
Tenth Indiana occupied a wooded hill
on the right of the road. On the left
was a field, stretching down.the hill for
several hundred yards. " In front of the
woods was another field about twenty
The enemy formed in those two
fields, attacking the Indiana troops
both in front and upon their left flank.
A section of Captain Standards bat
tery had been brought up, and was
stationed on the road, lhe attnek
here was made about seven o'clock in
the morning. Col. Manson commg up
to the position, just after the attack
began, seeing that his men must be
overpowered before the otherregiments
could come up, ordered his men to tail
back, whieb they did in good order,
fighting as they went. Capt. Standart
reluctantly gave up the privilege of
" giving the enemy one good blizzard
from that point and retired too.
Immediately to the rear of the woods
where tho Tenth was stationed is an
other field, with a steep descent to a
ravine, and then comes another dense
forest. On the left of the road the
clearings continue to tho ravine, the
sides of which at that point are covered
with a growth of scrub oaks and other
After crossing tho river another field
lies on the left of the road. The Tenth
retired through the field on the rujhtof
the road, and through the woods for
about a hundred and fifty yards to the
rear of the ravine. At this point Col.
Fry's Fourth Kentucky came up and
formed along the fence, which sepa
rates the road from the field on the left.
There is no fence on the right of the
road at that point. The two regiments
here formed in the shape of a V,"its
point toward the encmv advancing
from the ravine, behind which they had
formed after their temporary success in
the first attack. For nearly an hour
they tried to break that " V, bnt failed.
What rebel regiments came through
tho woods to attack the Tenth at this
place, I have not learned. Those
which attacked Col. Fry were Battle's
Tennessee and the Fifteenth Missis
sippi, tho "Wigfall Rifles" and the
" Mississippi Tigers," as they loved to
call 'themselves. These were the crack
regiments of the enemy, and they sus
tair.cd their reputation. Again and
again thev charged across the field, but
were always met by the terrible fire of
the Kentucky fourth and driven back.
Ai the point of the "V" died Gen.
ZoUicoffer. He fell nearer our camp
than any other man of his army. He
was with Hatflo's regiment, his own
homo friends, born and brought up
around him at Nashville. A short dis
tance from him, to the right a party of
his men had been broken from their
comrades and wero herding together
like frightened deer. Col. Fry's men
wero just about to fire on them. Col.
Fry himself was at the right of his reg
iment at the point of greatest danger.
Gen. Z. was on foot and within a few
feet of the Colonel. A gum coat con
cealed his uniform. Seeing the condi
tion of his men, as the Col. rode up,
Gen. Z. said to Col. Fry, " Colonel, you
would not fire upon your friends, would
you ?" Col. F. supposed from the
General's manner and remark, that he
was one of our own officers, and at
once replied, " Certainly not, sir; I
have no such intention." He turned
and rode a few steps, when one of the
General's Aids fired at him, wounding
his horse. Believing that he was
tricked, Col. F. at once wheeled and
fired at the General. The latter raised
his hand to his breast and fell dead.
Another ball struck him at the same
moment, I believe, in the arm.
Here, too, fell young Baillie Ppyton,
son of a venerable man well known to
the nation. Young Peyton, like his
father, struggled long against disunion.
He was hissed and insulted in the
streets last May for telling his love for
the old Union.
The death of their General does not
seem to have greatly disheartened the
enemy. They continued their attacks
with as much vehemenee as ever. The
Second Minnesota Regiment came up
and formed along the fence, on the left
of the Fourth Kentucky. The rebels
still extended their line to flank us on
that side. The Fifteenth Mississippi
charged up to the fence, and the" men
in the two regiments fought hand to
hand, catching hold of each other's
guns, and trying to drag them through
and over the fence, but it was all in
McCook's gallant Germans came up
to support the Tenth, forming on their
right, and with them, driving the ene
my out of the woods, over tho ravine,
up the hill, across the field to the right
of the road. The Fourteenth Ohio,
which, with the Ninth, had marched
all night to get to tho battle, together
with the two East Tennessee and the
Twelfth Kentucky regiments, were
coming up. The enemy themselves
were in danger of being outflanked and
cut off from their retreat Standart's
battery was in full play, with deadly ef
fect on their oenter. Kinney's and
Whitmore'a were advancing. There
was no help for it, the day was lost to
the rebels, and they must retreat.
They were pushed back, flying as they
went across tho fields. Our deadly
Minie balls told fearfully on their
ranks; yet the loss was not all theirs.
Many of our brave fellows dropped.
Col. Wolford's horse was shot under
him, as he charged upon their center.
Bob McCook was wounded, and his
horse shot under him, but a bullet
through the heart would hardly stop
On they went. The enemy is driven
through the woods where, an hour and
a half before, they so nearly surround
ed the Tenth, the heroei of Rich
Mountain. Many regiments are com'
pletely broken, and run for the forest ort
the left. Wood's Alabama Regiment
breaks for a swamp and scatters there.
It has a home look to them, and is
safer place than the road or the fields.
Some regiments act together, and form
in a field a mile to the rear of their first
position. jui oianaarv shells, thrown"
from the hill where the section wti ma
nearly taken, begin to fall among them
They fly again, pursued by our victori
ous troops, tor the third and last
time they form, only to be scattered ar
After this the rout is complete.
Panic stricken, they fly in all directions.
The pursuit is presssed up to the very
entrenchments of the enemy. Two of"
tbeir pieces have been taken. The
third, which they took, with them, is
only saved to be left behind in their"
flight across the river. Our eannocr'
open on their camp, our shells falling;
into their most effective battery, killing,
four of the men at their guns and" dnr-
the rest away. The darkness ot
nightfall only prevented a general as-
sault, and our troops lie down, hoping
in the morning to complete the good
work of that Sabbath, a work they nad
not sought for they were resting that
day, preparatory to the attack which'
Gen. Thomas bad intended to mate on.
I rode over the battle field in the
evening. Kjar men were ourying tner
dead, but many still lay ghastly where
they fell. The wounded had been all
taken up. lhe same kind troatmen?'
was extended to the enemy's wounded
which was given to our own. The
universal remark which they made to
me as I passed through the hospital,
was, ' We never evpected to be treated
so. We have been misled, we ex-'
pected to be served like dogs should
fall into your hands, lou are
kinder to us than we would have been
to you." The only difference was in
the burial of the dead. Those of the-'
enemy were laid together in common
pits. Our own were buried in separate
graves, and on many of them I saw
young cedars already planted by tbeir
Beside one of the graves prepared
for the enemy's killed, I noticed several
lying ready to be interred. One poor
boy Jay in the exact position, I was
told, in which he was found. He rested
on his side, his head lying on his right
arm, whilo his-left hand was loosely
closed on his right elbow. His eyes'
were closed, and he looked as though
he had just fallen asleep.
Col. Conn ell, who bad known Gen.
Z. in Washington, asked to be permit
ted to see the corpso and I went with'
him. He lay in a tent wrapped in an
army blanket, his chest and left arm
and side exposed. A tall rather slen
der man, with thin, brown hair, high
forehead, somewhat bald, Roman nosej
firm wide mouth and clean shaved face.
A pistol ball had struck him in the
breast, a little above tho heart, killing,
him instantly. His face bore no ex
pression such as is usually found on
those who fall in battle no malice, no
reckless hate, not even a shadow of"
physical pain. It was calm, placid
noble. But I have never looked on a
countenance so marked with sadness.
A deep dejection had settled on it.
" The low cares of the mouth" were
distinct in the droop at its corners, and
the thin cheeks showed the wasting
which comes through disappointment
and trouble.
I need not tell yon how we marched
that night, through the horrible mud,
nor how our boys have been dropping
in all day, worn out with fatigue, dis
appointed because they had all the la
bor with none of the glory ofvictory,
and only consoled by the promise that
a few days more will see us on our way
to Tennessee. Crittenden's army is no
longer, and never again will be, an
array. Totally demoralized, scattered
to the winds, they will go home or be
captured peacemeal. We wait only
for our provision train and means of
crossing ine river.
It will be a matter of surprise to the
whole nation that the rebels should
leave a fortified camp on the river to at
tack us in the open field. The fact is
they knew that they had either to fight
or retreat. Gen. Boyd's brigade had
cut off their river communication with
Nashville and threatened their rear.
They knew that General Thomas was
advancing on the Columbia road,
and that his regiments had necessarily
become scattered by reason of the bad
roads and high water. They bad found
out that we had taken possession of
Hudson's Ford. They belieyed that
Fishing Creek was so high that Gen
eral Shoepff's forces could not cross,
and were totally unaware of the two
Tennessee regiments and the 12th Ken
tucky at General Thomas' camp. In
danger of bein surrounded complete
ly and starved out, they bad either to
retreat or do what they did try to cue
us up to piecemeal. They thoutrht
that they were attacking but three reg
iments. They made the attemnt n-
were bitterly foiled. They left on th.
field one hundred and fifty dead and at
many wounded, besides the manY-
whom they succeeded in sendincawav
before the pursuit became to hot fop
them. Our loss was thirtv-eitht
and one hundred and thirty-four
Notice. The Ladies Mite Societv
will meet at the residence of Uenry Btfcr. o
Friday afternoon and erc.Dln&net, Feb.7tt 1662
All are cordially inTited to attend. ' '
Mrs. Caehi. Cla&x; Sec',.
Notice. The Congregational SaoUI
Aid Society will meet at th residence of M,
t. bmitvon luesd.y erealng neit. February
4tH, 1S62V All ar cordially tnTited attenL
Mrs- L. M. Bigelow, See'y.
o 2r ? 7 h f Vohai. to LYDIA A. DIX,
V2i, of the sime town.
A Fresh Supply of CHESTNUTS at tht B.V.rr

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