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The Cass County Republican. [volume] (Dowagiac, Mich.) 18??-1880, February 27, 1862, Image 2

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be saw that some immediate action on
onr part was necessary to retrieve the
dy. ,, s . .
He immediately gare' order to his
Generals of divisions to prepare for an
immediate and general attack along
the entire lines. T!e regiments which
had suffered most severely in the morn
ing were withdrawn. Gen. "Lew.
Wallace was given a division composed
of two regiments of his own brigade,
(the Eighth. Missouri -and Eleventh
Indiana,) and several' oilier regiments
whose loss in the action' hail been but
slight, and was given the job of clearing
the ground we had lost in the morning,
while Gen. Smith, commanding the
left received order.- to storm the works
under which his division was lying.
General Smith's Assault.
Gen. Smith is, emphatically a fighting
man, and as may be imagined, the
events of the morning had tended to
decrease in no measure his pugnacity.
When he received his long desired
orders for an assault of the enemy's
works, his eyes glistened with a fire
which could it have been seen by his
xnaligners, would have left them in no
doubt as to his private feelings in re
gard to the present' contest. All the
arrangements were complete by three
o'clock, and his column was . tun in
motion soon after,. The force under
bis command was as follows :
CoL; Cook's Brigade 7th Illinois,
50th do., 12th Iowa, 13th Missouri,
52a Indiana., . ,.'.., . .. : ;
Col. Lau man's . Brigade 2d Iowa,
7th do., 14th do., 25th Indiana, 50th do.
; Under cover of Capt. atone s Mis
souri battery, this force began the
assault. It was a formidable under
taking, which, under a less brave and
skillful commander than General Smith,
might have proved a disastrous failure.
- The hills at this point are among the
most precipitous of those upon which
the enemy were posted.: Selecting the
Second and Seventh Iowa, and Fifty
second Indiana for the storming party,
Gen. Smith deflected the main portion
of his division to the right, and having
succeeded in engaging the attention of
the enemy at that point, himself headed
the storming and partly advanced upon
bis works from his extreme left. It; whs
a most magnificent fight. Uuappalled
by the perfect stom of bullets which
rained about him, the General on horse
back, and with his hat on the point of
his sword, preceded his troops, and in
spired them with a furore there was no
""Steadily, with unbroken line, the
gallant Ilawkeyes and Indianians ad
vanced. The enemy's grape and can
ister came plowing through their ranks,
but not a shot was fired in return.
Closing ap the ranks as one after anoth
er of the brave fellows dropped to the
arth, and animated by the fearless ex
ample of their undaunted leader, they
pressed steadily on. The works gained,
one tremendous volley was poured into
the astonished enemy, and, with fixed
bayonets, a charge was made into their
ranks which there was no withstanding.
They fled in confusion over the hills,
And at last we had penetrated the rebel
Sebastopol, and the misfortunes of the
morning were retrieved. Capt. Stone's
battery, which, in the meantime, had
been doing tremendous execution in
the rebel ranks, was promptly advanced
to the position gained, and instantly
supported by the remainder of. his
division, the point was secured against
any force the enemy could bring to
bear against it. '
General Deie. "Wallace's Attach on the
. . : Ilujht.
In the meantime. General Lew.
Wallace had completed his prepara
tions for an attack on the enemy oc
cupying tho position he had wrested
from us in the morning, some two tulles
and a half to the right.. Just as hi
column was being nut in motion, a mes
senger came- with the joyful tidings
that Smith was inside ot the intrench
With a cheer that resounded far and
near, the irresistable Eighth Missouri,
and Eleventh Indiana, which occupied
the front advanced on the double quick
into the encounter they had so long
been seeking. The two regiment,
from their superiority in drill and fight
ins capacities, have been considered a
crack corps," and most noblv did
they uphold to the letter their enviable
... They did not tarry long to bother
with powder and ball, but with a shout,
of itself terrific enough to appal their
foes, gave them the cold steel with a
will which will - long be remembered
Shell and round shot, grape and canis
ter were hurled at them in vain. Still
onward they pressed, and regiment af
ter regiment fled before them. Valli
antly supported by the First Nebraska,
. Thirteenth Missouri, and other regi
ments of Col. Thayer's and Craft'
brigades a steady advance was made,
until by dusk the ground which had
been so hotly contested in the morning,
was ours again, and once more the reb
els were forced to seek the protecting
shadow of the earthworks.
. The effect of these successes upon
.the army was electrical six hours be
fore, with gunboats disabled, and the
. enemy in possession of ourgronnd, the
position of affairs was gloomy, indeed.
But now all was changed. Elated with
. victory, and the knowledge that at last
they had obtained a foothold in the
enemy's fortification, and savage at the
thought of the privation they had en
countered, and at being so long balked
,Sn the possession of their prey, officers
and men alike clamored for an immedi
ate assault that night.
Gen. Grant, however, mindful of the
risks attending such an operation, even
with troops exhibiting such veteran
characteristics as those under his coni-
. tnand had displayed, "wisely postponed
the final coup de roam till the coming
f the morrow's light.
What the morrow brought forth, and
ow the rebels, worn out and dispirited
. by the protectad beleaguerment, con
cluded to give up their Stronghold and
lay down their arms, is already well
known-. The more detailed particulars
f the surrender of Fort Donelson, mid
its cordon of. field works, the departing
, aaail allowB me no time to speak of
I ff , n. CAMPBELL, Em Propueto.
offtcialTpaper of the county.
nOW.A.GIACl. t
. '
TbarsilaV Morning, February 27, l8($2.
The Cassapolis Democrat. of
the 18th inst., indulges In another char
acteristic -howl about lilack Republi
canism, Abolitionists and the Rights
of the South, in which it makes hercu
lean efforts to cover its. warm . sympa
thy for the Southern Rebellion. . But
the Abolition" howl of that secession
organ against all, Union men who cor
dially sustain the Administration, iii
crushing out the Southern Democratic
rebellion against the i -.Union, ! will not
deceive any intelligent reader of the
paper, because it cannot convince the
people of Michigan that it does not har
bor a hidden sympathy for the rebel
lion of its former political associates.
It has not been forgotten by the peo
ple of Cass County that it was not until
after the fall of Sumter and after, its
mother, tho Detroit Free Press had re
ceived a gentle hint to stop its treason
able course, that this suckling inade a
necessity of its uncomfortable position,1
and pretended to asquiesee in the pop
ular decision to put down the rebellion
by pretending to be for the Union
and the war, but very few are so gull
ible as to put any faith in its sinceri
ty. The whole tone of that paper lias
been to embarrass the government' and
its true friends to slander and villify
every prominent Republican, and to de
fend and glorify every Democrat who
has had any connection with, public af
fairs. ' ' . i .;!.,..
The editor of the Democrat, in order
to cover up his sympathy with the
Southern traitors, says: ,
Now those resolutions were adopted
by a republican vote, and that alter
Crittenden's resolutions adopted by
Congress in July last resolutions that
every Republican and the Editor t' the
Republican then endorsed had been
voted down by a strict party vote.
This is one reason we object to (he res
olutious, and another is, as a lend in
Kepubhcan o! Dowagiae remarked in a
store in this town "That thev could
be offered for no other purpose than to
cover a determination to construe them
to mean a general emancipation.".
JNo.v this is all twaddle.- If the
astute editor knows anything about the
passage of those resolutions, he knows
that the Crittenden Resolutions, as he
calls them,' were introduced by Mr.
Riley as a substitute to the judiciary
resolutions, and, that he. offered
them merely to create political capital
to go into, the next campaign with.
When he introduced them he declared
that his only objection to Mr. Wilhey's
resolutions were in . their phraseology,
and yet himself and the .Doniocratic
party are now trying to .manufacture a
little capital, because a large Republi
can majority refused to furnish bun
combe for their assailants to carrv on a
political . campaign. As .regards the
resolutions offered by -Mr. Riley, we
could haVe supported them cheerfully
had we not known that they were of
fered "merely for the purpose of rosns
citating the carcass of a defunct party
This we take it. was the case with the
Republicans who voted against tho
substitute. : ' ' ","'' '-'
Again, the Democrat claims that
another reason why it opposes the
resolutions "" occurred in the same
' legislature .when 'it refused to declare
that the. war was not waged for 'con
quest or subjugation, or to interfere
"with the riirhts or established Consti
"tutions of the Southern States, but to
"maintain and defend the supremmacy
" of the constitulionwith the rights and
"equality under it unimpaired; and
" that when those objects were accom
"plished, the war ought to cease.
The only reply necessary to convict
tho editor of the Democrat with, ere
aling' fictitious issues, is found in the
Resolutions themselves, which declare
That Michigan stands firm inherdc
termination to sustain; by men and
treasure,the constitution anil the Union
and claims that the burthens of loyal
men should be lightened as far as possi
ble, bv confiscating to the largest ex
tent the property of all insurrection
ists, fcc.
As regards the charge that the reso
lutions were intended to " mean
general emancipation" we deny that
there is a solitary word in the rcsolu
tions passed, which can be construed
to mean "general emancipation" or
any emancipation. Tho resolutions
simply calls for the confiscation of
rebel property, be that property horses,
cattle, lands or slaves, in order to assist
the loyal North in sustaining the
Constitution ' and the Government.
This is the doctrine of the resolutions,
and we think no man conM. refuse his
assent tQ them, who was riot deficient
in - patrtcdtlfnj in loyalty, and in love
for the ' Union, all of them being, in
our .; estimation, ; eminently patriotic,
loyal and Union loving. f- -!jv
.The Republican party, as a party
does not propose to interfere- with
the rights of the South, nor does it in
tend rpH4Ui jwitl tlieir jectiWjr in
stitution. As Judge Douglas truly
said, theNortli has neverdeniedthe
South .asingle right that they, were
entitled to under the constitution, and
there was no "more caused for the
rebellion at this time than there has
been for the last forty years,' and yet
these secession sympathizers, will
cackle about the rights of the South ;
and assert that their rights should be
respected- in : this struggle. ' Bah.;..Do
they think that the loyal people of Mich'
gan are to be frightened intoa change
of government, or a . compromise with
those, who have deliberately, taken ; up
arms to destroy the sacred fabric erect
ed by our' forefathers, 'by such' a cry
among the advocates ot the. rights of
secession the apologists and abettors
of the rebellion ? We tell ti??tn.aal
They may ' howl " abolitionism," ; till
thev are hoarse for all the good it
will do them. .';
The earnest purpose of the Repub
licans is ' to nut down this rebel
lion, and if the peculiar pet of the
Democratic I secession - sympathizers
comes in the way, crash it. If it does
not let it alone. If a rebel stand in
the way. of the constitution and Vu
premacy of the Union, put him out of
the way, and if he has any property
that 'we can use, take it. This is our
loctrine. T It is' the doctrine' of the
Republican party, as we understand
Put-down the ; rebellion at all
hazards, ami if in putting down the
rebellion, wo also put down slaver
as a consequence, not as a part of. our
policy then let slavery go downy and.
we for one will thank God. ' The
couutrv lias too man v interests at
stake, just now, to pause in its inarch
for the sake of chaffering about " the
peculiar institution," or of arguing
in regard either to its rights or its
ZW George W. Peck, formerly
State Printer of Michigan, but' now
particularly distinguished as the author
of a new and improved svstem of
Double Entry Book .Keeping.- bv
which ho succeeded in charging and
collecting from the People's Treasury
luphcatesof one and the same account,
in other words, of pocketing pay ticice
for the same job of printing, is scout
ing about the State for the purpose of
procuring his own nomination by the
pro slavery semi-secessionist State Con
vention, -to 'be- held on the 5th of
March. He was at Niles on that same
patriotic mission on Sunday ot last
week, and in the bar room of the Bond
House, with a crowd of listeners to his
self-conceited garrulity, denounced an
able lawyer and distinguished member
of Congress from IHiii'Ms,' now "in the
field as commander of a Regiment of
Cavalry f-oiii that State, as a man des
mule ot nullity who was never as a
lawyer entrusted -with" a cause ii
Circuit Court, nor 'with any decent
cause in a Justices Court; and then
proceeded to denounce one or our
Michigan Senatoisin Congress as "too
damned a fool for him" (the said Geo.
W. Peck) "to talk about P
was not, an mat digmncd in a can
didate for the Governorship of Mich
igan ? About as - dignified, we think,
asfrajidulently obtaining pay the second
time from the people, on a printing
bill. .
The obvious canse of his low-lived
denunciations of the distinguished gen
tleman above referred to, was the fact
that' they are; loyal Republicans who
do not subscribe to Peck's doctrine of
the " immaculate conception' and di
vinity of slavery.. , . f i
1 We devoutly hope that the honora
ble George V. Peck .may. obtain '.the
nomination for which he is thus char
acteristically electioneering. The peo
pie will then bring him mid his doc
trine to trial together, and skin the one
and spurn the other at the same time.
The 22d of February. : .
The celebration of Washington's
birthday seems to have been general
throughout the loyal States. Congress
State Legislatures, public bodies, and
municipal, corporations, all paid their
respects to the day and to the Presi
dent,who had recommended its faith
ful observance. St. Louis, famous for
big processions, seems to have outdone
herself in a procession eight miles long!
Washington's Farewell Address was
read to at least ten millions of people
who felt the truth of its precepts never
before so forcibly. , And while at Rich
mond JcrX. Davis was being installed
for 44 six -years," as provided by the tot
tenng onieaeracy, in now many
homes of the South may 'not the old
Declaration and Address have been
read as if by stealth, and a prayer rjac
nlated for the speedy deliverance of
an enthralled people?
Pro-Slavery Conrentlon.
The pro-slavery sympathizers with
the. rebel secessionists, in this State,
are 'making j their arrangertehti for
another political ! campaign against
the patriotic Republican party.- Their
call for' a State Convention to nominate
a, Siaiejiicket 'for. thecanVass of next
fall, is published in their organs, the
Convention to be held on the fifth day
of March'. This caHy effort to resusci
tare the remnants oh the' Democratic
parly, has created some surprise among
the rank .and. file of ; the. sunterrified.
The object is, first,' to coax,r if possij
ble, conservative. .Republicans to for
swear ; their political .''creed, on the
ground that the Republican party is
ibolit ionized, and oppose the policy of
tho National Administration. In or
der to accomplish this, their : party
press are issuing Rome excessively
funny invitations for Republicans to
join . them in their love' feast.' The
Free Press, quoting the expression of
the ' Democratic press of : the State,
says : 44 They "express a Willingness to
4 join hands' with any and every man
who will unite with them on the basis
of the. Crittenden resolution." .The
Port Huron Commercial says ; " We
fTrrrtl npon onr friends, democrats and
conservative Hej)uhlicanst lQ be up and
loing." The St. Johns Democrat
calls upon tlie Democracy to invite to
to the State Cmiveution, 44 All cOnscri
yative men who heartily endorse Presi
dent Lincoln's course." : ' '
The. second, and great object of
this State Convention, is to provide
for success at the spring elections, in
order to control the Registration boards
in the coming campaign.' . They hope
to accomplish this from the fact that
the Republican party the business
men the patriotic masses of the coun
try 4-all, except Democratic leaders,
are unwilling to divide the sentiment
of - the loyal -people . of the North
in unnecessary political strife, at an
hour when the National existence it
self hangs trembling upon the issue .of
a deadly struggle.
It the Democrats can accomplish
their object of getting control of the
Boards of Registration throughout the
State, they will have taken a most im
portant step towards revolutionizing
Michigan, and gained an advantage
over the Republicans that will be most
difficult for them1 to counteract and
overcome. For the reasons before
given, there is imminent danger of its
Unpleasant as is the duty unwilling
as are the patriotic and Union-loving
masses of Republicans, who have made
and will continue , to make, any sacri
fice for the restoration of the Nation
al unity and integrity, they must meet
this issue thus forced upon them.
Now that the unpatriotic and selfish
schemes of the Democratic leaders are
developed, K-t them be promptly met
and rebuked by the people.
The ofiicial report of Commo
dore Foote relative to tho surrender of
Clarksville, was made to the Navy
Department on Saturday, and contains
all the details of the affair. The citi
zens of Clarksville were much alarmed
at the approach of the Unionists, and
precipitately fled. lion. Cave Johnson,
together with the Mayor of the city,
made a request, which was complied
with, that Commodore Foote would
issue an order assuring the welldisposed
that they would not be molested in pur
suit of their business. The Union
sentiment - was everywhere apparent
along the line of the river. The rail
road bridge across the Cumberland had
been burned by the rebels, who were
retreating on Nashville. An iron rolling
mill belonging to Hon. John Bell had
been destroyed, and Commodore Foote
was rapidly moving on Nashville with
a large flotilla of gun and mortar boats.
A Woman Elected Matob. At a
late local election in Oskaloosa, Iowa,
there was but one candidate presented
to be voted for. Tho "boys" did not
like him, aiid were bound to have
another candidate, and so, more in the
spirit of Tun 'than otherwise, they nom
inated Mrs. Nanoy Smith on the day of
the election, and to the astonishment
of everybody,' when the votes were
counted in tlie evening, it was found
that Mrs. Nancy Smith had twenty-one
majority over the regular candidate for
Mayor." So Oskaloosa has actually
elected a Mayoress who will, we pre
sume, preside over the official destinies
of that city for the ensuing year. V
The Treasury Note Bill Passed.
Both Houses of Congress receded
from the position' of. their, amendments
to the Treasury Noto Bill, on Monday
last, in compliance with a recommend
ation from the Committee of Confer
ence to that effect, and passed the
Ireasury Note Bill with the legal
tender clause attached.
The Case of Gen. Stone. The
Secretary of war has referred tho case
of Gen. Stone to Gen. McCIellan for
his disposition, and . the latter has
ordered a court 'martial,' but the court
has not yet been organized, and it is a
question whether it will be during the
present active operations,. . '. ' "
News items.
It is belieVed at Norfolk that Savan
nah has : been abandoned by its in
fiabitants, and is now occupied by our
forces. ;. -j r.. :r::.
;On the reception of tho news'of Ft.
Don efson most every city and village L
in the North fired national salutes and
raised the stars and stripes.
..Official returns show three hundred
and ' tWenly-one' f killed J ten hundre1
and four wounded ; and one hundred
and fifty missing in McClcrn'ahd's di
vision at 'Fort Donelsqn. . .
The rebel General Bnckner,
captured at Fort Donelson, has been
taken from the military authorities on
a warrant issued by Judge Catron, of
Tennessee, to lie tried for. -treason.
He has been taken to Louisville, KenV
ttlcky. .:-.!!, 'v..-- .: t ; i
The 44 permanent"-: rebel - Congress
was inaugurated at Richmond on the
18th ! inst. ' Vice-President " Stevens
formally opened tlie session . of the
Senate. , R. M. T. Hunter was elected
President pro (em. of that body. In
the House, Thomas S. Bocock was
elected Speaker. ; ,"; ', .
Senator Chandler, says the New
York .Tribune's Washington corres
pondent, has loaned to the govern
ment, -since the 'July session of Con
gress, $41,000. Every dollar he has
been nb1 to snarn from liis hnnrilnnr.
house life he has invested in the war
bonds.",.'., " '; , . .-i' ' '
At Saginaw, in this State,
there is now on the stocks and being
built, a barque of 60u tons burthen, 13
feet in the hold, 33 ' breadth' of beam,
and 150 feet. in length capacity 20,-
000 bushels. She is of beautiful model
and will be launched in the spring.
Her timbers are heavy; and she is very
strongly built. " She is to be called the
"Newsboy." -. . -
ExECUTfox of Gordon. Captain
Nathaniel Gordon, late commander of
the hlave ship Erie, was hung in the
Tombs of New York last Friday af
ternoon, his execution being the first
that has taken place . under the laws
enacted more than forty years ago,
punishing the slave trade as piracy,
He deserved his fate, and now that we
have a 44 precedent" in the execution
of what has been regarded as an ob
solete law, it is to be hoped that all
who follow in his footsteps will not
slop until they bring np at the gal
Senator Rice has introduced into
the Senate a joint resolution providing
for he appointment, by brevet, of
Lieutenaut-Gcneral, for eminent ser
vices in the field. The resolution says,
that when, in the opinion of the Presi
dent and Senate, it shall be deemed
proper to acknowledge eminent ser
vices of a Major-General of the army
in the present rebellion, in the modt'
already provided for in subordinate
grades, the grade of Lieutenant-Gen-
eral may be: specially' 'conferred, by
brevet, only to date from the late ol
such services. Provided,' however.
that when such grade shall have once
been filled and become vacant, the joint
resolution shall expire and be of no
Punishment for Cowardice.
Complaint ; having been made by
General Lander of the misconduct of
an offieer under his command, and the
matter referred to the Secretarv of
War, the following instructions were
civen; '
If General Lander is satisfied that
Colonel Amsanzel was guilty of; cowar
dice or misbehavior before the enemy,
he may be tried on the spot, and, il
found guilty, the sentence of death
may -be executed on tho spot, or he
may be cashiered by his commanding
General at the head of his. regiment.
The former course is recommended as
the preferable one. Cowardice in an
ofiicer, displayed upon the field of battle,
should receive the swift punishment of
death. ...
Signed.- EDWIN M. STAXTOX. ,
Secrtftary of War.
Wa Department, February 16, 1862.
. Soutbju Kentacky.
Our latest advices from Southern
Kentucky states that Gen. Mitc-hel's
forces were at Rnssellvilleen their way
to join Gen. Grant at Clarksyille.
Neither place is over 40 miles from
Nashville. From all indications a blow
may be looked for i that quarter ere
many days. ' Beauregard and Floyd
are at Nashville- the former sick with
typhoid fever, and, apparently iii an al
most dying condition. .It is reported
that the place is not fortified and it is
too late,-, now, to remedy the defect.
Gen. Buell lias left Louisville and gone
in the direction of Nashville.
Interesting trom Tennessee. . . .
- The Cairo correspondent of the Chi
cago Tribune,- under the date of Feb.
22d, writes that a messenger from Itn
elson, who arrived the evening before,
reports that Gen. Grant, accompanied
by Col. Wallace, of tho 11th Illinois,
proceeded under flag of truce up the
Cumberland beyond Clarksville, in 'the
direction of Nashville, and met Gover
nor Harris, who, after a lengthy intcr-
view, flelrwl 'oi-r..i:tTi find Knl?rm nf
hoslilities for ;ihree days, when he
promised the Federal flag should float
yer. every fortified point of Tennessee,
Nashville Ours.
Tlie Flag floats over the State Douse.
Gov, Jlarris and 'tne Jbegisiazure
Gone to Memphis. He Barns the
State Library. itebels Fleeing from
NasJmlle with their Negroes. - . '.
Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune. ! v
- - ; Cairo, Feb. 25,-"
j Nashville vwas yesterday occupied
by 10,000 troops under Gen. Buell, and
the Federal flag is now flyiug over the
J TJiu THmessec Legislature adjourn
ed on Saturday week, and met again
3'esterday at Memphis. It is reported
that Commissioner have been ap-
pointed.to confVKujtlLlhv Federal ,au:.
thoriticsAat WasMngton,v" to rcahge.
terms for 'ft transfer of llegiancv, and
that Governor Harris ..offered -to. turn
tlie Confederate1 forces over to " the
Union. Secessioni.sm is;oji the wane
and Uniouiijin in the nscciulMttU; lnio
ineii threaten; terrible retribution Jjxi'i
their persecutors. . ' " T .
, riehling Hurst, of Punly,-IcIIenry
county, 1 eiin., ten miles iro:n Uor-
with, Mississippi, arrived "p'st night.
Re- was first rarrestel hy: order of Gov
ernor HarrTs, on the 2d. of 'Dycembejr,
confined twenty-seven days in a-diui-geou
at Nashville, and released by
outside, pressure brought to bear on
the Judge, who had sentenced him to
be hung for treason to the Confederate
States. . He was again arrested,' taken
to Columbus, kept two days and per-
miueu io reinrn to funty, by liev.
Gen. Polk, to eUiVUsh his innocence.
lie escajied Irorn the guard and was
taken on. board the gunboat. Tyler and
brought to Cairo.-. Ho represents a
general Unio.ii sentiment in Tennessee J
thinks the Legislature will acquiesce in
the recommendation 'of Gov. Harris
becausu fearful of the rising of the
Union Hcntimciit. . Wheu ho . left
Columbus' there were 30,000 'Confede
rate troops there, who were'eonfident
of whipping-the " damned ' Yankees"
on laud, though' they confessed them,
selves no match on water. ,When
first released he gave a recognizance in
25,000 for his loyalty to the Confede
racy. ' - ' - ' .'-
Another ccntlcman v who arrived
froin Nashville, last night, reports that
the Confederates- will in:k? another
stand 'at lurphysboro.' All the rebel
troops, 4ad , left Nashville except, tin
police force, who were ' picking tip
strnggh-r.V When Govi Harris fled
from Nashville with the Legislature to
Memphis, he burned the State Library
and distributed a large amount . of
commissary stores and . provisions
among the citizens. Stores are closed
and business is entirely suspended.
Secessionists are leaving with their
stock' and negroes, and following the
Confederate arm v. in..,-
Noble Letter from Secretary Stanton.
To the Editor of the New York Tribune.
Sin: I cannot suffVr undue merit to
be ascribed to my official action. The
glory of onr recent victories belongs to
the . gallant . officers and soldiers that
fought the battLs. No share of it be
longs to me.
Much has recently been said of mili
tary combinations and organizing vie
torv. 1 h-ar such phrases with appro
hension.' Thev commenced in infidel
France will the Italian campaign, and
resulted in Waterloo. Who can or
ganize a victory? Who can combine
the elements of succession the battle
field ? -We owe onr recent victories to
the Spiiit of the Lord, that moved our
s'!dtiTS to rush into battle, and niled
the hearts of our enemies - with terror
and dismay. The inspiration that con
quered in battle was in the hearts of
the: soldiers and from on high ; and
wherever there is the same inspiration,
mere win be inc. same results, t'atn
otic spirit, with resolute courage in offi
cers iind men, is a military combination
that never failed.
Wo may well rejoice at the recent
victories, tor they leach us that battle?
are to be won now ami bv us in tl
same spirit and only .manner that thev
were ever won by aay people, or in any
age, since the days of Joshua, by Indd.
ly pursuing and striking the foe. What,
uinier tne blessing ol Providence,.!
conceive to be the true organization of
victory ami military combination to end
this war, was declared in a few words
by General Grant's message to General
Buekner " I propose to move immedi
ately on your works ''
Yours truljr. EDWIN M. STASTOX.
Latest From Gen. Barn side.
Expedition vp Chowan River Enemy
Z,J l TIT' i... ' m t
roKritKss lUONKOK. rei. i he
-M I . rrif
steamer Baltimore, which left here
several days ago with ammunition for
the Burns'ule Expedition, arrived from
Hatteras about 1 2 o'clock to-day, having
left yesterday. The news by the Bahi
more is not of specific interest.' The
burning of V niton . by. the Federal
forces in confirmed. The 9lh . New
York regiment had gone on an expe
dition up the Chowan river wiih three
gunboats, but having found the enemy
in full force,' returned without making
any attack. . : . ; ,
The object of the expedition of the
New 1 ork 9tli Kegimetil was to destroy
the railroad bridges on the Blackwater
and Chowan rivers. The enemy, how-
ever, "was discovered in large force at
V intou, .and ,no. landmir ,was"in:i.b
The enemy fired at our gunboats,. and
in retaliation uie town was shelled. I
The greater part of the Burnside et
pedition ns still at Iloanoke Island
nnd fJi.n Willi.un'a 1.. . r.
teras, had received orders to proceed
A Fraud with Treasury Notes.-
We hear of a shrewd dodge Which has
been practiced upon the retail trade of
this city. Some knave cuts the coupons
off the $50- seven-thirty Treasury
Note, and passes the note as a demand
note i in trade, , thus pocketing some
$10 95; the amount of the coupons for
three years, which he innv iin,.i i.-,ir.
' Jai'ly UDOI1 lireSGltllnor fltm ot tn
,nnnd JloleR0u, w
I f2Q'f,Xf.-: ; "A
" hkh. toere are no cuw tie
From the New Tork World.
. , f 22aicicaitian I.f JSezico.
Were it not tor our civil war, the
whole country would rin, from the Pe- -nobspot
to-the Hio Grande, al the bold
attempt, from whic!i the mask has now
f 'alien; to concert the Mexican Republic
into n monarchy and place an Austrian
archdnke jonjta throne. The crafty
ami perfidious Emperor of France takes
advantage of our weakness to subvert
the institutions of a neighboring Statev
He undertakes to plant s monarchy on
tliis conlinetifarid offers itto Arch
duke Maximilian. According to the
Independence -Beige 1 the'-Cabinet"' or
Madrid presented the infante Dan -6-bastlBofjSfwfn,fft'caiKlidate
for the
new throne;,butFraiiceand Eughnid
peremptorily, declined to-entertain the ,
proposal on, the grend thaX.it wouIA be,'
contrary to the article of the conven
tion by which the three powers stipu
lated that Jione of them should seeb
separate advantage in the expedition.
A recent journey made by the Mexican
General Alinonte to Brussels Jed to thV, t
conjecture--that France and England
had thought of the Count of Flanders -second
son of the-Iii ng of Belgmm y -but
the fact that, through liK mother,'
he is Prince of Orleans, renders it im
probable that he could have heenj
thought of by Napoleon III. - The'of
fer of the Mexican crown to the Arch,
luke Maximilian was not at first wtdi.'
received in Austria. The Ost Deutsche
Post applied to the offer, the . words '
which Virgil puts in the mouth- of s
Trojan rospet ling the wooden, horse
Timeo Danaos et dona fereniesl
fear the Greeks even when thev offer
presents." This journal denied the ex-
islence of-the negotiations relative to '
the archduke, just as every preceding'
step in this perfidious business has been.
preluded by semi-official c ntradietiona
wtiictr-events-'somf-pmTed to e falser
It was denied in- the Loudon ajid Paris
journals: in'an i'early stager,; pf (the pro '
ccediugs mat there was to be any ltiter-
ventiou ; u was then denied that titer
was to be;any concert of action, and
the denials wen presisted in up to tl.o '
signing'of the' 'treaty. iVis' now ,i.ut
beyond question tliat the- Ost Deutsche
Post was deceiving its readers when it '
recently denied the existence of ihdVi
negotiations . rch'iecliui. . the,'' crowii.:;
Maximilian has conditionally acceptt'd'
the throne of Mexico ; but , the c rid "
lions made bv Austria, are dilleHH
froni those proposed by France.' Re.-ent ,
intelligence from ;-Vienua represented '
that Austria was .disposed to accept,
provided a body of allied troops wou'd
remain five years in Mexico to gi.e the
new monarchy lime to get firmly c. '
tablished. But a dispatch from Vienna,
dnted February 4, in the London Morn
ing Post, states that Maximilian wil i'
accept the throne, but that Austria will
not cede Venetia in return implying '"
that this was proposed as a condition. '
Speech of C J. Faulkner.
He Pronounces Secession a lJZti2ltret,
llebels Deserting by thelluaards.-.
Frederick, Md.; Feh.'lir.
Or. Satnrd ay night," at a troaijdiirlpl'"
tary dinner tendered U the. IliTi. .
Chailes J. laulkner, at Martin bur
Va., that gentleman, n a speech, .said,
in effect that the policy of secessinii a
it had been carried nt, wns a failure
It had been accompanied by an un
necessary loss of life; tike best blood of
the South, an immense sacrifice" of
property If this c onr se was continued,
it would pile 'rnin i ruin. :
Tlie public 'sentinvent of . Western.
Virginia was njmsed to it." lie also
intimated that he had" bo a filiation with,
those 'who ' u ixbed the- presentj war tr
continue. His remarks were acquiesced 5
in by the large audience present, audi
he had no doubt butthey reflected the
true sentiments of nine-tenths of the
people of the upper vuuiitics of-.thcij
Potomac' ' '' J ' - ' '. " T-
Ueports'from unnso.tIlyrtrustworthjr
sources say between three- and four
hundred .of the Barkly rrhty militia
have deserted in a body, and-are. ei
route to cross' the Potomac, audi jwi$.
our ranks. "
Price agrain Cleaned ouf by Cien. Cortlc
The Federal Forces being Subsisted by
Provisions taken froni the Enemy.
St, Tuis, Feb. 25.--Dispatches" re
ceived at the headquarters of th De
partment of the West, this ! morning,
aiinonnce that the army .under General
Curtis had again routed General Price
together witii the forces sent to his as
sistance by the Confederates' tinder
command of Ben. McCnllocb, at Croa
Hollows, in Arkansas. This ; wan the
place at whiclr Price w as expected to
make his last determined stand. It is.,
forty miles J'rom the Miss nri Umndary
line, and a point at which a desperate-,
resistance might well be made.': V .
Gen. Curtis forced Price to leave be,
hind him all his military store and
also his sick and wouiuled. Previous
to his abandonment of the ground, he
ordered all his camp , equipage to bo
burned, and it was done,
General Curtis, i his dispatch': to
Gen. Halleck, says Most ,f our pfo.
visions for the last ter. d.iVs have In-ei
taken from the enemy- 5 Price bnrnedi
the extensive barracks at Cross Hollow
to prevent our troops from occupying
On Wednesday,; hi tho Senate,' Mr.
Trumbul said that he had received
authentic iuformaqQiUial therQjj;exo
only twentyight thousand .Union:' sol
diers under Gen. Grant, at Fort Donell
son, instead of forty: or fifty thousand,
as first reported. So it appears h at
the rebel force was in reality the largest..
So much the greater the victory.
Rebel PmsoNERs. Ciieerixg .rorf
xnE Union. The Bloomington Pdnta
graph says when the rebel prisoners of '
the 20ih Tennessee regiment, passed
through that city for Chicago,, tl.ey
were treated, to all the ceffeo tliy cold
drink. When the train mv.l r-rf.ov
yAneiX n iy. Ulhree tos hr
I for the old Tjnion ' . : "
JBit Image. IPdnssilbte

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