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A DESCRIPTION OF NEBRASKA.
Mr. Walker, llio chief iho Wyandot tribo of lu ll iii-i wlmli removed from (): 10 and is luea U'iI in tlu Iiulla-i Territory at tlio junction of tho Misuri atiil Kmh h rivorg, writos to llio C ovcliin I Ilitnlil, "i'.iiii it vory nxcollont des c -iption of tlio Nubraskn territory, from which wo take tlio following as being instructive to thoso who aro hI) nit to remove tliithor for tlio plirpOaO of S.'ltH'irj: TKoro is tm fiet rul.ttinjf t 6!avcry in thin torritory, of which you aro porh.tps not aware, n I jiorooivo it U not generally known in tlio )mt, viz: tho existence of slavery liero.amon Uio Indian ami whites in defianco ot tlio com juiniiiso of 1820. It has boon in oxistenco over 6U1CO it wag organize. I as uti Indian IVr rit'iry. Truo, there aro not many slaves, but binvory still osists. rimo slaves aro held by llio Indian by viituo of lliuir own laws and usages, uml romo by regular bilU of salo from oituiiiii of Missouri. Whilo pooj)lo going into tlio torritory by Authority of tlio Government, character ot Im.i in Agents, licensed tiuders, mechanics, teachors, niissioiiaiitM, fee, hofitato not a inoiiKMit to take slave with lliom, roirar- , ling it as sluvo teiiitory, and tho prohibition chuap a ifeaJ lot tor. Tliis op nioa pruvailinj bo generally, wa? furtifio l a few years ego by a decision of ono of tho Circuit Courts of AIU Bouri, deciding lli it tho Indian territory, pro perly 60 called, was slave torritory, I will briotly stato tho naturo of tho suit that called forth this decision from Jndo Ryland, now of too oiipromo Lourt of Missouri. A. was np pti ted by tlio lYobnto Court Administrator of tlio estate ol 15. Anion; tho assets that camo into U.'h hands wero a iiumbor of tlavrr. Tlioso wero hire I out to sorvico for tho timo boing. Ono (a man) was hired to a person ro Biding in tho territory, lie tnanagod to csoipo and Buccoodod in reaching Mexico and novcr was rcelaimod. Tho heirs afterwards brought tint ajinst A. for tho recovery of tho value of tho runaway slavo on tho "round that A. bad put tho slavo to service in froo territory, vir-j tually emancipating him. . Un llio part oltho defonso it wa contended and proved that "f la vory and involuntary servitude' had existed and did exist in tho Indian territory, mid it was not free soil. Judgooiout for tho defen dant. Such is tho prosent atlitudo of slavery lur.t ll.it T m... I. a l.rinP 1 havo not answorod a single question yol. As yet tho Kan jus rivor has not boon navigatod by 6toam craft, except in a few instances by eoecial contract when th-ro was any consider ablo amount of freights to ro up to tho Indian trading posts, and this done in u flush tinio of wttnr. Tho rivor can bo navigatod by light draught boats from tho oponingof navigation (February) till August; during tho autumnal months tho wator would bo too low. Thcro has horotoforo boon no business to employ boats on tho stream. Ono boat, I learn, is now in preparation for running and making occasional trips to Fort Riloy, near tho junution of the Republican with tho Kansas. With regard to tho physical charnctor of tho country in tho njighborhood of Fort Kilo y and, on tho Ko;uMioan, 1 am not ablo to speak from personal observation; but from informition derived from my neighbors who havo visited that country, it must bo ono of thn fin Art! nrrrifii'iir:il run! ntni-k r.-iisinir districts in tho territory, being a rich, open, chimpaign country, and richly watcrod. The neighborhood of Fort Leavenworth adn Wyan dot t, like tho ro3t of tho '-Far West." 6ubjocts tho sottlers to a twining and seasoning to thoso Bilious Intormittcnts, to well known in tho Worft, but still I rognrd tho country as healthy so far a3 othor ompl lints aro concornod. With regard to tho chances of purchasing land from the Indian, nothing of tho kind can bo dono; bocaiHo since tho foundation of our government, it has kept tho rovor.-donary right the exclusive right of purchasing or extin guishing all Indian titles. No lands can, as yet, bo purchased in this torritory by individ uals. I nave no doubt but as soon as theso territo ries aro organized, tho initiatory stops will bo taken immediately that of holding troatios for the purchaso of a whole or part of tho In dian domain. This dono, thoy will, without necessary delay, bo surveyed and brought into market. Then, and not till then, can any land bo purchasod. Wo havo boes in great nbund inco. Scarooly a family, either red or white, but what havo tho hum of tho 'iittlo busy boo." Tho great variety and abundance of Floral produoiions rendors it iavorablo to their products and mul tinlirvilinn. f!:imit in neuron Sue'i as aro fond of tho excitement of tho chaso, bnetch occasi n ul periods of enjoyment in a wolf ortox chase in tho winter. Others, who prefer the etorner and moro dangerous excitement, go out to tho Buffalo range, distant about 150 miles. Tho common squirrel is here, but it is a singular fact that they aro all gray. A black 6quirrol would bo a rara avis in this country. I havo heard of one, and only one, nnd ho must havo boon on his way to California. Of the com mon gray rabbit, it may bo truly said, their name Legion. Wo havo tho largo gray wolt, nnd the small prario wi!f. Hats that borough in the wood., no ond to them. Opossums, Wild Cats, Polo Cats, Minks, but no Porcu pines. With rogsrd lo tho Piscatory tribos, thoro is truly but Iittlo to bonst of in our waters. Tho Catfish is thoroiguing monarch in tho Mies mri tmd its tributaries. Thoso aro generally of an enormous size weighing often 150 lbs. Tho old, or largo Cats, aro not very good oating, but tho young aro bolter, or passable on a scarco table. There is tho Buffalo fibh, but they are not considered nnv pro at affair with tho lovers of tho finny tribe: ar.olhor also, called, from his peculiar shape, tho spoon fish, but I havo nover been so fortunate as to soo one; they aro said to bo fino eating. Thoro is also a small fUh, unswering to the Lako Perch, or Pierch. Theso aro all that aro worthy of nolo found in theso waters. As to tho feathered tribes, thoy nro tho samo as in Ohio and Michigan, except tho Policm and Paroquet. Tho former is as largo as tho Largo Swan. Tht Paroquet an swers precisely, in color, shapo, and sizo to tho Parrot, except in tho "gift of gab," though noisy enough, in all conscience Thoy herd in largo flocks, like Black Birds. From Lake SiTERton. H. F. Slaughter, Eq., returned from Fond du Lnc Superior last ovoning. Ho loft thcro on Friday last and camo through on fot in four days and a half traveling timo. When ho loft tho ico was breaking tip in tho Lake. Improvements are rapidly going forward, at tho mouth of the St. Louis. Mr. Stnntz is crigagod on govern ment survoying. subdividing a township wost of tho one already surveyed at tho mouth of St. Louis. Minnesota Dem. April 1st. -"Hon. John Davi of Massachusetts, diod on Wednesday last, at his residenco io Worcester. Ho has be a long timo in public life, boinsr many years Mr. Wobstors colleague in the United States Senato. Ho was univer sally regarded as a man of strong good sense extentdro acquirements and general usofulncs and uprightnoss. Pity wo had not enough moro such legislators as "honest John Davis." Temperance Gix. Tho Providonco Journal tells a very good anecdoto for a strict tcmpor anco pnpor. Tho town of Exoter, U. I., had a vcrv clt)sn election for Kcdectmen. fie. in which temperance was tho moving question, ond just befure tho cloo of tho polN,fivo votes of tho nnti-Maino Law stripo arrived in a wagon, ond ns thoy proved tho halanco of power, deRpcrato moans had to bo reported to. Consequently th leader of tho tmpcrfttieo party stepped forth and offered two gullon "f em to tho pquad if they wmild veto his ticket. Tho ofTVr was accepted, and iho two e.il! ns of gin elcc a tetnpcr'inco board of tow n ofileors. It tnov o I hit S iturd iv. FromtlieN Y Tribui THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH. Wo bog our readers, to compare with us, tho present rehitivo roMtion of northern and sou thorn Rtntrs and cities. Sixtv vears sincu. Vir L'inia stood ot tho head of tho Union, wbh ton Representatives in Congress, while this Stato had only six. Where stand they now.' New York has thirty-throo and Virginia thirteen. -Sixty years since. South Carolina had fivo ret resontutivos, while Ohio had scarcely a w h. to inhabitant; ikw, tho forn.er has still lur old number of fivo. while the latter has twenty-one In that timo Massachusetts has grown from eight to elorcn. Pennsylvania from light to twenty-five; and even Iittlo Now Jorsoy, which then had only four, now balances the State which furnished tho groat aristocracy of the land in its Pinkncys, Kulledgcn, Cbuveses and uadsdens. At that time, this city, isorfulk and Charleston, might fairly havo disputed the chances of commercial greatness that hung upon tho future; but whoro stand they now? At tho last t-eiiMia, Charleston had 4.',H0U in habitants, havin; increased in ten years pre ciscly 1,0(59. Norfolk had 11,320, or 3,400 moro than the had in 1810, while Iow lorlc ond Brooklyn havo risen to more than 000,000. Wo aro told, however, that this is all duo to tho action of llio 1 ederal (jovcrumcnt; that the ''iininenso commercial resources of tho South are among tho most startling and certain resources in all emergencies;" that "if thoro was no tariff of any kind, and absolute free trado, tho Southern sea ports would in a quarter of a century surpass tho Nortiioni ones, not only in imports'and oxports, but also in population and oris nnd that tlio way to bring about this reign of Troe trado and pros perity is to tax all mcrchandiso imported from Northern ports, or in Northern ships, whilo admitting free, all theso imported trom Liiiropo, or in Southern vessels. Increditablo as it may 6oom to our readers, such is the modo we find advocated in tho Richmond Enquirer, as that required for tho establishment of perfect froo trado. ' ' If. howover, tho prosperity of New York, Massachusetts, or Pennsylvania, which aro manufacturing States, has roally boen duo to tho tariff, and if protection is injurious to agri cultural communities, how, we would ask, can we account for tho growth of Indiana and Illi nois, which nro not manufacturing Statos. Agroeably to tho slavery theory, thoy should suitor equolly with oouin Carolina ana v irgin ia: and yot we find thorn growing to almost a million each of population; while Arkansas, almost as old, has less than 200.C0O, although sho has offered, in free gift, the choice of all her lands that havo beon sold for taxes. Their railroads count by thousands of miles, whilo Arkansas, has, wo boliovo, the first mile of road yot to make. Southorn men can scarcely chargo tho new Stato of Wisconsin with pro tection, and yet, sho bids fair to havo a thou sand milos of rail before Texas shall havo com pleted fifty or sixty miles of her first road. Telegraphs abound through tho western and north-western Statos, ond Ohio contains a perfect network of them : whilo Virginia, the Carolina, and Georgia present to view a Iittlo moro than a Binglo lino, and even that main tained almost exclusively by tho transmission of intelliijonco across them from northern cities to Now Orleans. Look whero wo may, wo find tho samo rosult; throughout tho North thcro is the activity of freedom ond life, while throughout tho South thcro is tho palsy of Slavory and death. Tho aristocracy docs not work. The de mocracy do; nnd honco it is that the six froo and six slavo States, having received from tho Treasury, for all purposes, an equal quantity of land, presentod to view, at the dato of the last census, tho following comparison between the railroads completod and in progross: "The hireling StaW The aristorra'ic States of Ohio, Indinna, 1 1 li of Minouri, Alabama, nnis, Iowa, Michigan, Misnisnippi. Ix)iiisiana, Wmconun, ArKnnnna, l- loruin. Computed lit proQTtf. Completed. In )rojrts. 2.913 4,955 417 2.318 A similar comparison, now mado out, would present results still moro striking, but even this should bo sufficient to satisfy our roaders; first, that tho trodo offorod by tho South to tho North as tho price of submission to tho dic tates and extension of Slavory, cannot bo oth- orwiso than insignificant when compared with their own trade; and second, that the enor mous difference existing is not duo to any ao tion of tho Fedcrol CSovernmont, in tho man agement of which tho North has almost uni formly been denied tho slightest control. IN . i . Tribune TRIUMPH OF GRADUATION. Tho bill introduced by Mr. W. R. W. Cobr of Alabama, proposin? a reduction and gradu ation in tho prico of Publio Lands, passed tho House on Friday last by nintteen majority, with between eighty and ninety Mombers absent from their seats, or refusing to voto when call ed. Wo bcliove that no mcasuro moro fraught with vital and lasting injury to the best inte rests of the country has boon before Congress at this Session. Though ostensibly reducing tho prico of Land to settlers only, it provides no safeguards against the absorption of whole Counties by individual settlers; and though professing to codo all tho lands which may nave remained thirty years in market -to tho States embracing them respectively, this is kill ed by providing that tho Lands shall first be offrrbd at lSJconts por acre, at which prico all that either nro or aro over likely to do worm anything will bo clutched by spectators. The natural effect of this bill will bo to give us choap lands f ra fe years and dear lands ov er after. If tho avowed object bad been to creator Landed Aristocracy, with tho great mass of tho laboring population for thoir do- pendents and vassals, it would hardly bo pos sible to havo framed a bill better adaptod to tho purposo. How tho samo Houso could pass this and tho Homestead bill wo cannot understand. Thai bill tends directly to diseourago specula tion by rondering it difficult and unprofitable. Keep tho prico whero it hns boon, but let eve ry settler tako a quarter-section for his own tiso without nay. and hero will bo poor encour agement to jnonopolizo and hoard lands with a viow or selling them to thoso who may ncca land hereafter. But run tho price rapidly to a York shilling per aero, let every man grab a largo tract at that prfeo, and very soon there will bo no lands in tho district or rogion thus operated on, and settlers or young farmers must pay tho speculator's prico or bo drivon out. It is tho old game that has beon played out in our 'Holland Purchase' and othor groat oslates, so:d out by the Stato for a song and bought back by its citzons at two to twenty dollars per aero. Aro we ncvor to learn any thing from past errors? The Houso has sont this and tho Homestead bill to the Senato, which wo apnrehond, will stiflo tho Homestead and pass this It would bo just liko it to do so. It so. tho House Ab sentees and Dodgers on Friday will havo in curred a fearful responsibility. N. Y. Tri. Struck with LiaitTxixa A small cloud, rhlv charged with eloctrieitv. nasscd over this village about noon on Wednesday, and iraves. A rod was attschou to me nouie, in s centre, suffioiontlv hieh to rtrotcct the main ixiildin" had thoro been anv virtue in it. As iho lifrhtnintr descended at fi ur places at tlio same instant, on tho gutters on each sido and on tho ends, ono into tho cistern nnd ono down into tho kitchen, it is nrobablo the bolt might havo been split into four parts by tho rod. Considers iiio damaro was uono to me cutter, and by tho bolt which went into tho kitehon. whore it tore off tho latch and plaster, lro:o glass ani toro uown mo winnow sui, sndsotfiro totho houso. whicn vrns soon ex tinTined l.v Mrs. Graves. A cirl was iron i"g e!o!o t it, but was hut slightly shocked. No pcisuii was injured .S lies hep. - TUESDAY, MAY a. 1H51. To Aovlktiskks. ertif nifiiti kliould be bun ded in as early as Saturday inorninir. M A8SACHU8ETT3 FOE NEBRASKA. A Nebraska Emigrant's Aid Society, is about being Incorporated by tho LogUlaluro of Mas sachusetts, wilh a capitol of $3,000,000. Tho objocts of tho corporation appear to be the buy ing up largo tracts of government land, and tho sending out of eitizons and foreign born emigrants as tenant settlers, as soon as tho ter ritory shall bo organized. Tho Society thus proposos to fill up tho Torritory with froo in habitants, and to forestall publio sontimunt thcro against slaveholding. A Convention was recently hold in Worces ter Mass. of persons fivorablo to tho estab lishment of a colony or colonies of Now Eng land men, in tho territories of the West. Thcro wtro forty or fifty delegates present, represent ing somo twenty towns in Massachusetts, llhodo Island and Connecticut. JohnM. Earlo was 'chosen president, and A. A Cleveland, of Now Sulem. secretary. A series of resolu tions in favor of tho movomont, ond providod for the appointment of a committ'eo to confer with tho Emigrant's Aid Society, was present ed and adopted. A coinmitteo'of seven was also appointed to rnako arrangements for a second Convention, to bo hold at Worcester on tho 3d of May. BASS WOOD CORNERS. Wo know of no new villago that has a fairer pros poet for a rapid growth than Bass Wood, its location is dcsiroablo and inviting, being situated cloven miles south-west of this place on tho Indiana and Hillsdalo Plank lload, which will be complotod to that place in a fow days; and surrounded by tho most wealthiest and ontorprising farmers in the country. Tho prospect of a spoody completion of tho lload to tho Indiana stato lino and tho rapid im provements in that part of tho eounty gives renowed vigor to that village. Sovcral me chanics have alroady locatod there, and moro aro expected during tho spring and summer. Mr. Adam Howder, tho well known landlord. formorly of tho "Hillsdalo House," has open ed the Plank lload House at this now and prosperous villago. Thoso who have occasion to visit that placo will not only find Adam at home but will find a homo for themselves du ring their Btay by calling at this house. j?TnoMAS II. Bexton is ogain to repre sent Missouri in the U. S. Senato, nccording totho St. Louis Domocrat. Tho election of eighty Bonton domocrats to tho Legislature, in tho rocont oloction, sec-rcs this result over all opposition united. TitE Weather Wednesday last was a scorching day, that would answer for dog-days, straw hats and Linon coats wero in great de mand, and a goneral rush was made on Keat ing' s now stock of summer clothing. ''But oh, how shiftless," Thursday morning brought to mind tho overcoats and other comforts of win ter, for it snow, blew friz and rained through tho day. If "rarity is tho spico of life," put down last Thursday a3 allspice. To Wash Siieeiv A correspondent of tho Ohio Cnllivator, says, 'I tako a hogshead with ono head out, water tight, or a large meat tub, ond sink it in tho stream whoro thoro is con siderable current, and tako a few rocks and put in tho bottom of tho hogshead. I tako four stakes with forks on tho ond, and drivo them down until tho forks come over tho top of the hogshead to socuro it from coming up. After this is dono, I dip out tho water and get into tho hogshead, and havo a man to hand tho sheop to mo, and I can wash 100 in a vory short timo, and bo perfectly dry only my arms." f7Tho Chicago Journal says: "Mr. Doug- las claims credit among tho "Hards" for tho defeat of Angol as Consul at Honolulu, and says that if any moro Freo Soilers como boforo tho Senato they will bo served in tho same manner. Having essayed to floor tho Clergy, it ap pears ho is now pitching into the Qngels! The Wheat Crop. Tho whoat crop in this county, as well as in Southern Michigan, looks hotter by ono hundrod per cent, for a good crop, than it did at tho opening of spring The weathor during last month was decidedly in its favor. Wo oro informed that sovoral fiolds that wero thought worthless, a few weeks ago, aro now in a prosperous condition, and bids fair for avorago crop. Cattle Goino East. Forty-two cars load ed with fat cattlo for tho Eastern market pass ed over Mich. Sou. R. R. Saturday morning last. Thoy aro from Illinois and Iowa. Ocr Streets. Our Marshal has made a do- oidod improvement in tho streets within a fow days. Wo challengo any villago in tho stato to show a cleaner faco. HiLLfaDALE House. Tho public aro refcrod to tho advertisement of this Houso in todays pa per. Tho House has beon fitted up in a stylo that is second to nono on tho lino of this Road. German Lutheran Church. Tho corner stono of this Church, now in progross in this villago was laid on Wednesday last, with ap propriate exercises. Ministers of that denom ination from Monrooand Adrian wero present, and addressed tho Mombers in the Gorman lauguago, which socmod to iuspiro them with renewed vigor, in tho undertaking. Rev. Mr. Clark and Prof. Whipplo mado a few remarks in English. The telegraph brings account of tho ncquit- tal of Mativ F. Ward for the murder of W. II. G. Butler at Louisville . Wa havo ofton hoard ladios Axnrass a dnoirn to know bv what process tho fino closa onsorv- ablo on now linen, shirt bosoms, etc., is pro duced, and in order to cratifv thorn, wo suit. join the following rccipo for making orabio siarcnt Tako two ouncos of fino whitornim nrabio powder put into a pitcher,ond pour on it a pint vi Doiung waier, acooruiiig io tno degroo of stiffness you desiro,) and then having cover ed it, let it sot all night. In tho morning pour it carefully from tho dregs into a clean bottle, cork Hand keen it for uso. A taldn- spoonful of gum water, stirred into a pint of siartn inai nas dcii inauo in uio usiia man ner, will giro lo lawns either whito or print ed a look of newness when nothing clso can restore thorn after washinir. It is also rood (much diluted) for tvhito muslin nnd bobjnet, Loss of Life in New York The Arabia's News Success of the Tnrks-The German States Siding with the Western Powers Spain Apologising for the Black Warrior Affair. New York, April 20. A firo broko out at 231 Broadway occupied as a clothing establishment by W. P. Jennings & Co. Half an hour after tho firo broko out tho walls fell in, w bile tho firemen wore nt work causing diitostsous loss oflifu and limbs; 10 or 12 aro supposed to bo killed and others woun ded. Ls oi-tiuiated from 75,000 to $100,000 It is believed that many of tho wounded will die. Tho screw steamship Glasgow from Glas gow, got aground in tho Clyde on tho 11th of April ond sprung a leak, cempelling her to ro tnrn and discharge her cargo. The Arabia ro ports passing on tho ICth April tho steamer Af rica foi Livorp(ol. - On tho 20th March an Important sally was mado from Kalafat and a sanguinary engage ment of 4 hours duration touk place. Tho Russians woio routed and pursued to some distance. A British 6tcamer of war arrived at Malta on tho 7th with important news Tho Turks purposely left a freo pasyngo for tho RuFsians to Ilirsova, ond thoro attacked them in tho rear; after a hard fi-jlit half tho Russians woro cut to piooep, and lherot crossod tho Danube. (Jen. Coriobent nnd 20,000 troops orrived at Constantinople April Cth. Tho declaration of war by England ond Franco wa known in Turkey and caused much excitomont. Hanover iddcs with tho Western Powcjs; oil the minor German Slates except Bavaria do likewiso, and will support Austria in forcing Prussia to decloro herself should tho subject como boforo tho federal diet. Tho Independent Beige announces that o treaty of permanent ollianco ofieiisivo and do fcnsivo had just beon signed by Franco ond Enzland independent of tho present war. Copenhagen. 13. Four Btoam frigates un der Admiral Phinris had detached from Sir Charles Napior'a fleet and wero sent to tho Gulf of Finland. Tho British Frigate Em press had chased a Hussion Corvetro into Shoaborg. Marseilles. 13. Admiral Brunt had re placed Admiral Hamlin in tho Black Sea, for tho purposo of giving Admiral Dundas .tho chief command of both fleets, whilo Got. Star rand is to havo command of tho combined land foroes. London, Saturday. Tho Daily News, under dato of Coponhagan 14th, says: Tho British frigate Anposon, 34 guns, ia ashoro near Dro co, and all attempts to got her off havo proved fi-uitlcss. The Post, from Hamburgh 14th re ports Adm'ral Nnpior having rocoivod a report from Admiral Phillrad, that six Russian ships of war woro anchored at HelzingfircB and wish ed to attack. Odessa, 20. All tho French nnd English vossols havo beon sent out of port. In Eng land nothing doing on account of eastern holi days. Weathor dry and farmors complaining. Spain. Soulo has received instructions to demand reparation for tho Black Warrior af fair on tho Cth. Tho Spanish Government mado all needful npoloijios, and fully securing recompense, besides blaming tho Captain Gon eral of Cuba for his endue. China. Tho Russian mission had apparent ly sneceoded in its mission to Jnpan. Tho Russian 6teamer Botzwick arrived at Shang hai, from Mincsirki, en tho 10th February. Sho reports that tho Emperor of Japan had consented to negotiate and had sont ministers to treat wilh tho Russian Admiral. Tho Jap aneso ministers reportod they would undoubt edly open their ports, but rcquirod timo. Perjcrt for Love to Crime. A trial of a somewhat singular charnctor took placo yes torday beforo Justice Rowekamp. A young man bv tho name of Louis Wisener, was ar ranged upon a charge of perjury nt tho in stance of his stop-fathor, one of tho great fam ily of tho nnino of Smith. It appears that tho young man had become enamored of a blush ing young damsel, and was exceedingly anx ious to marry her, but tho step-father objected for a pecuniary reason that of koopinj tho wncrrsofhis step-son for the support of him self and wife. Tho young man being but twenty years old. went boforo the Probafo Court, (notwithstand ing tho objections of his step father,) procured his licenso by taking tho usual oath that ho was of lawful ajjo. viz: twentv-one years of bpo and forthwith married tho girl. Tho etep-fathor ragod ond stormed, and fi- ually had tho vouth errcsted upon tho chareo of porjury, and sworo ho would send him to tho penitentiary. But on trial the ease took on other aspect; there was no proof thot went to show that tho dofendant knew he was not twenty-one, and the mother tcstifiod that sho had never told him how old ho was. Now, tho Justico is not a hard-hearlod man, nnd oppro ciated the feelings of tho young and loving couple, to bo torn apart and separated for years, perhaps, for reason that the young man un fortunately did not know bis own ago, and fur thermore to pratify a mean revencrofiil spirit entertained bv tho old man. Tho defendant was discharged, ami with his rosv cheeked wife on his arm, stnlkod out of tho office, rejoicing at his narrow escape from the penitentiary. Cin. Enq. 15th. Launch of the Largest Steamboat ever Built. Tho new steamer Metropolis was laun- cnodatiNow orkon Ihursdav. I his Ftpamor is for tho Fall River routo.andwill run in connec tion with tho Bay Stato and Empire State. The Metropolis is tho largest steamboat ever built, being 3.10 feet long, 45 feet beam and 15 feet hold. Sho, unliko other steamboat, h timber ed tip to tho level of her stato room floor, and thus in reality is 24 feet deon. No exoenso has boon i pared to make her a - strong ns wood nnd iron can inaico ucr, tor besides being hoav ily timbered she has fifty tuns of tho best Uls ter iron in tho form of diagonal bracing, similar to tho bracing put into tho Collins stenmors. This iron bracing oxtends totho top of tho timbers, and it ii calculated will giro far creat or strength than tho old plan of tho unsightly nnd clumsy foro and aft frames termed hog frames. Her enirine. which is to bo nut in bv tho Novelty Iron Works, is nearly double tho power ot any steam ongino now in uso. Iho cylinder is 105 inches (ono hundrod and five) diameter by 12 feet Btroko. Tho Motropolis will measuro about 2,300 tuns burthen. Sho will take hor plnco on tho Fall River Lino about tho 1st of August. Sudden Death. Anothor victim of intompe ranco. A Mr. Guy Carlton, of Galosburgh, in this county, whilo in a hotel in that village on Thursday last, fell on tho floor in a fit of apoplexy and expired in a few moments. Ho was In apparently in good health at tho time, but for months had drank to excess, which un doubtedly brought abont this result. Wo aro informed that for somo days past he had been celebrating tho success of anti-temperance tickets at tho lato elections, by drinking moro than usual. This is the molanchollv conolu- slon of the lives of many unfortunate boingt of una nrcurscn nauii. wnon win intomporanco, which has led to so much crimo, pollution and blood, ceaso to mark tho history of our race? Kalamazoo Telegraph. Ratification of Gadsden Treatt. A tel egraphic dispatch from Washington, dated yes terday eayss Tho Senate in oxecutivo session to day, ratified the Gadsden treaty with amendments, by a closo voto Tho treaty, as ratified, rivrs Mexico S 10,000,000; roducos tho extent of torritory, and abolishes tho clovo'ith arlielo of tho troaly of Guadalupo Hidalgo; ignores tho Garay aud all other privato claims, butoxtonds protection nnd security to tho intorocoanic communication across Tohauntonoo undor ihn Mexlcnn grant of the Cth of Februarv. 1833. (Sloo) as embraced in tho Conkling treaty. Tlio President will sign it." FURTHER EY THE ARABIA. j The Arabia's mail roach ed hero' yesterday. Tho carrison at Kalafat, accordii.ir to intel ligence which has reached Vienna, sailed out on tho 30th ult , with 18,000 foot, 2,000 horse and 00 suns and advanced ngint tho Rus sians, wrowero ihon in strong forco at Soraptai. After a sanguinary engagement which lated four hours, tho latter wero pursued somo dis tance. Loss of Turks, 200 men, and that of Russians, COO men. From tho 28th of March to tho 2d of April there wero ongagomonts of greater or less soverity. From Karlsruch it instated that 40.000 men and 140 guns were hastening to attack Silis tria. Tho heavy sized guna end tho rocket batteries had arrived. The garrison of SilU tria was stated lo bo 10,000 men including two regiments. Tho Turks corps nt tho command of Mus lapha Pasha, who at last dates ttood at Karls ruch, consisted of from 45,000 to 50,000 inon. Tho London Times of tho 14th says, "our correspondent at Vienna sends us tlio follow ing, dated Vienna, yesterday : It is believed that tho Austriuns have this day ontcrod Ser via." Gothland, April 2J. A Russian Squadron is reported to bo off Faroe. Copenhagen, 11th. Sir Charles Napior is reported to havo left Kiogo to-day for Goth land. Warsaw 8th. Paskiowitch has sot out for tho Russian head quarters in Wullachia. IIamhurgh, 11th. Tho exportation of arms and ammunition to Russia has boon pro hibited, and a corps do arms, with 40 guns, is roportod to bo stationod between Momomil and Saraalakch. The Prixcton. Wo find tho following ad ditioual particulars concerning tho sinkingof tins propeller, in tho Cleveland Uerald. Tho vessel fillod slowly until the wator reach ed the upper deck, when t she sank rapidly, tearing tho deck .from tho hull, nnd leaving it floating. Tho crow had prepared a raft upon the ico, and had got upon it and hero they wero found Friday forenoon, thrco milos from whero tho vessel sunk tho raft and tho ico hav ing floated off. As soon as the h rgo hole In the bows of tho propeller was discovered, tho passengers, two men, their wives and two infant children, wero placed in the yawl, which with tho Captain pushod for tho shoro to send aid. Aftor work ing through ico all night, they reached shore, and tho Captain telegraphed the propeller Os wego, Captain Vorco, at Dunkirk, which in stantly fired up and procoedud-totho wreck. The Oatrro took al! tho crew off thoir ico snpportod raft, and picked up nearly one hun drod packagos of merchandize which had float od off on tho upper deck. Tho Princeton was run on the Detroit Rivor during the Inst winter as a forry-boat for tho Great Westoru Railway, and it is thought tho floating ico in the river fio weakening her bows as cavity to enable the ice in th Lake to make an cntrunto through her forward plunks. Legal Doings in Calhoun County. Tho Circuit Court adjourned on Tuesday last to the first Monday in May. Tho last two davs in session wero motly occupied in tho trhf of a suit brought under tho liquor law of 1851, by Adalino Brott, against Reuben Storrs and Geo. W Storrs, and their sureties. Tho action wns upon tho bond of tho defendonts. Deft-rdonts wero retailors of spirituous liquors keepers of tho Battle Creek House and it appears that Inst summer they sojd tho husband of tho plain tiff liquor,' in coincqucncoof which ho became intoxicated and fell into the mill ra'-e and wasdrowned. Tho causo wns tried by J. Van nrman for plaintiff, and A. E. Campbell for de fendants. Tho jury found for tho plaintiff $500 damages, being tho full amount of the bond. Goorgo W.. Brown, aged 10 years, nnd Ed win Merrills, aged 17, wero sentenced to State Prison, tho first for throe, and tho last for two years, for tho crimo of grand larceny, commit ted in a dwelling house. Marshall Expounder, Willow Dock. Something JVew. The La Cross Democrat of tho 7lh inst., states that the ''Willow dock at that place i noarly com pleted. It will cost about 83 000. It is con structed entirely of willow twigs, obout twelvo feet long, hound in bundles ono foot thick, which are so ingeniously arranged ond woven together, a la Rhine, that it is impossible for tho sand to work out or tho Water in." These docks oro usod freely upon tho banks of iho Rhino, in Germany. Tho ono at La Crosse U 235 feet front on tho river, 150 deep and 12 feet high; each bundle contains about 100 small trees, ond it will tako 50,000 bundles of theso willows to eompleto the work. It is said that theso willows will sprout up and grow, rooting firmly together, theroby forming a living superstructure; which will last for ages without tho least tendency to decay." P-fT A poor unfortunato Irishman by tho name of John Whalen, fell from his own door step on Thursday night last, whilo in a itoto of intoxication, and broko his leg. Ho is in almost utter destitution having long beon a confirmed drunkard, and his "better half of about tho samo naturo and must beenmo a town chargo if no assiatanco is rondcred by our citizens. p. S. Wo loam that thoro is but Iittlo hope of his recovery, having been so long addietod to intemperance that his constitution is almost wholly destroyed.' Kalamazoo Tclograph. Rejected The U. S. Senato havo refused to confirm tho nomination of Benjamin F. An gel, of New York, who was rocommonded by tho President as Consul at tho Sandwich Is lands. Mr. Anpel was an nctiva Van Huron man in 1848, and ran on tho Barnburner Stato ticket. Sineo thon he has been a sort of pet of Gov. Marcy's, and his rejection is a decidod "Hard Shell" triumph. Ho has been at Ho nolulu since Inst spring, but will probably soon return. Railroad Accidemt. An aceidontoecurrod night before Inst on tho Central Road, 24 miles this sido of Chicago, by which several persons emigrants were hurt moio or less, somo 6 or 8 of whom oro badly injured. Two freight trains running into Chicago, camo into collis ion. The forward train had about 0 cars, and ono emigrant car attached -the hindmost had about 40 cars. The latter run directly Into the former smashing up ears and injuring emi grants as above stated, iho men say, thcro wero no lights in tho foremost train. Dot. Tribune New York. National Democrats of Now York Stato Committeo held a caucus on Tucs- day.at Albany, Augustus Scholl presiding, and passed resolutions relativo to "tho desorlion by tho Prosidont of thoso groat principles which achioved his cloction," complimontod F. B Cutting, and called a State Convention, to mcot at Nyracnse, Jnly 12, tonorainato stato officers. Judge Bronson, it is said, will bo their can didato for Governor. Delta Wf.rstfr Acquitted. Tho case of Miss Delia Webster, at Bedford Ky., charged with enticing slaves to seek "iho land of the ireo across tho Liokos, resulted in nor acquit tal. She was brought boforo Judgo Winn or writ of harwa. corhns. and although her conn sel invitoa the widest rango of investigation, tho Commonwealth failod to produco any ov denco against her. An Old Coot. Wo loom by tho Pittsburgh Journal, that a woallhv farmer in AlWhnnv county by tho namo of McCormick, has just had a vordict of 91500 rondered against Mm for breach of promiso In marriago. The joko of tho thing Is that tho faithful swain is in his second chiUr.ooJ, being obout 70 years of ago Special Notices. A (JURAT AND NOVEL KNT EK I'll I H E. We publis ; in our advertiing colums a magnificent Gift Enterprise, (the third of a series,) started in New York fcy Mr, Per ham, who bus been loug and favor ably know n throughout the North and Kant. An ex amination of it will prcneitt features that commenddt to the attention of every man, woman and child in ihe community. We have only to say that the for mer enterpriacs of tit indefatigable manager have been characteiized by the greatest fairness, and given the utuiostiatijfaction to all concerned Send in your order Tor tickets ns early or posNjble, as they wil uadoubtcdly be taken up in a short time. ' x vaudT' TO OVll PATHOS We sincerely and respect fully return thanks for the extensive and liberal pat ronage, which we have received during many years renidencu in Ilillxdiilo. We have returned from New York with a large and well selected stock of Good w hich u intend to null to make it an object fur old friend and new to purchase. See Advertisement. Mil. & MItS. KEA l ING. TIIK U. S. HXPltESS COMPANY IIavingetablihcd Age neiefcon the Michigan outh ern IUilro,id( vvillUercafterreccivelJankNotca.l'oiii Merchandize and l'scknges for co-tern ond southern States, Mensetigerfclcaveforthoeaitand westdaily S.CHANDLER.&CO. Hill-dale. May 1, 1051. 395 tf , Agents. Mycr's Extract ol RockRose. Rock Rose, the principal ingredient in this valuable medicine, bos been long known to phycians nnd others, in New Haven and vicinity, as one of the best' alteratives in the vegetable kingdom, superior (n Ho" far and widely kdown Sareaporilla. Myers Com-- pound Extract, one of the nicest anJ most scientific preparation in the country, has I ten tried and found nuccesriful in the cure of many diseases that have baffled the skill of some of the Hrt I'huicians of our land. After the principal medicines of the day have failed, Scrofulo, that dreadful disease, which shows itself in so many forms, is quickly and permanently cured. 15 purifying the whole system, it gives to the patient a healthy appearance and good spirit. Myers Extract of Roek Rose, for tale bvG.W- UNDERWOOD, nnd Drtnrnuta Generally, where pamphlet, Ac, may be had gratis. n3UJw2 Baunum's Riarded Woman! By some this won. der ia snppotted lo have grown her beard by uin3 Einern's Ame ican Ilsir Reitioraiive which fails not. Price $1,00 in large hot t let. Sold by n391w4 MoTT &. BRO. A WHOLESOME THOUGHT. 1 "Bring hither the poor, the inaiinej, ihe halt, and th blined," if jnu would have the.n healed of th'iir ininy infirmities. We boldly ami fearlessly assert that the Mustang Liniment will positively CCRC iihutnatism Lei any who are afflicted with that mmt painful com plaint iry it thoroughly according to the directions, and, ifihey are notcured, we will give them their money bnck. What more ran we ay? ltjw'll also cjrathe Piles. Thousand hare rieJ i. an I all were cured. liruisen, Sprains, Sores, or Eruption fade owoy a if touched by the tnagii:iatis wand. Il application to a Bum or Scald act like -.! upon the troubled waters. The tempest ofpnin and agony isio a spilled, and the Patient ishenheJ toquietand peaceful sIupiImts There is a bahn for every wound," and that balm is the Mua. tang Liuiineni Every body that sells medicines keeps 't for sale. Hold you r Horses!' and if they are crip pled galled or sprained, use ihe Mustang Liniment, See advertisement in another columu. n39lv4. Il ildnesscnn be Cured. Mr. P. M- Marks, of this city, can testify to thia. he huviiiL'n fine crop of vouns hair on hiiiliead. whom a month ago it wna as bald as the palm of vonr hand. There is no mistake nbout this. Emerson's Hair Re stomtivedid the work. Burlington, Iowa Gazette, Dec. 2, 1 5.1.-). nnrl.3m HILLSDALE HOUSE. C. B. M KVIV, Proprietor. S.iuihwest Corner Public Square Hillsdale. Mich. Tiiis House has lately been purchased bv the Tronrl. etor, and thoroughly R ENOVATED AMD REPAIRED, nnd newly fined up nnd furnished from cellar lo caret, making it om of the most delightful and commonable re. H eats in t ie Wen. No labor, attention or money will be spai'eJ to muke the weary Tit AVELEU A HOME, in every sense of the word. Hillsdale, wilh Its adjoin ing lakes and slnpirc L'lena, together wilh ita healthy lo. nation, affords a theme for the Poet, a field for the Artist that is worthy of cultivation. As a place of surnmerre treat, it is uuequnled in the West; and we hope to see Soore of friend avail themselves of its healthful breezes Hillsdale. April ISM. HEAR YE! HEAR YE! HEAR YE! The Spring and Summer Trade in Hillsdale I H NOW OPEN. N. M. FOLKOM, Has jiiKt returned from the eastern Cities, with tha beht selected etock of Goods ever offered in this vi cinity, roiudsting of the usual variety of Dry Goods, Groceries, Hats, Caps, Rvady-Madc Clothing, Straw Goods, Boots and Shoes, Jcicelry, Notions, nnd every variety of riOUSK I L UMSIIIXU AltTICLES all of which will be sold nt tho very lowest cash prices ir you wmii to ieat your eyes on beautiful I) It ESS ttOODS & EMBROIDERIES, Of every style and Pattern, and all other kinds of Goodtof every n-mie and nature, yon have only to call at tho HILLSDALE CASH STORE, where four expectations win oe more man realised, hoth in n'uuty and in quality, as well a the exceedinir low pricasof hi Goods. Ho has no dotibtvou will he greeted this spring with any amount of ya from the north and south, east nnd west; but you may set it down a n fixed fact, that he is determined this sea son, as usual, to give as good and a (leatle) better bargains than any other establishment west of tho great Metropolis. He haa no bad debts to make one help to pny thM is lost by anothor. So you seethe a!v.-ntPgo of ptirahnsing when you have the ready at a gi;nnine Cali Store. The coast is clear and you m iy expect to see the fur fly. April hi, i.Ha4. N. (11. FOI.SOM. NE W GOODS. FIRST ARRIVAL Of Spring ond Summer Goods in Hillsdale, may be found at the it: II MRS. E. J. KEATING, Would respectfully inform her friends and custom ers, that she has returned from New York with a spl- endid nssortmentof Spring and Summer Goods which) she offers to the public on the most reasonable terms for Cash wishing to pay her debts as fast as they be come due, she therefore has an object in selling at a small advance, while toe public will find it an object to purchase. A large assortment of rashionable llonneU. , Silks for Dresses of the most elegant styles. I .n wns nnd Detains a splendid assortment. Prints of the latest patterns. Fashionable Jewelry, warranted gold. My stock is so estensive this sermon, that it would be too numerous to mention but a few of the Goods I have to sell. 0I.adies will you please to call. I have endeav ored to purchase Goods, such as I think will be wan ted. I intend to conduct my sales on the same prin ciple ns I have done, that is, one price and rash sales. O Ronnets bleached, trimmed and altered into Fnshlonnhle shapes, ws usiinl. J April 12, '54. iminlnlc A: Ind. Plunk Road Co. NOTICB is hereby given dial tickets in payment for 1'arel on said road. will bo sold as fulkiwsi. - " 'For 91 paid in advance, l 03 will be given in ticket. " 2 in advance, 13 in tickets. . ' . " ti in advance, 3 40 ia tickets. " ' 1 Tk-kkt st the above rates can be had of P. FOWLER Esq., President, and. al the office of the Treasarer ia Hillsdale. By vote of the Directors, . ' ' O. W. UNDERWOOD. Tress; Hillsdale, Apr. If 1834. a394tf IIILI.ftDAI.i: V IND. PLANK ROAD CO. NOTICE ia hereby given that Toll, at the rate of two eenta per mile, on thai port'onoTthe Road comple ted, will b charged on and afterthe lot day of May nes, Dy vote of Directors. ' ' A. HAMMOND, See'. April 9. 1854. " . . LOOK AT TIH8P AY UP. ; AM. thoso indebted to me by Note or Account tu due w ill please mil snd settle as I am tnu nvmey alwut lhee days. U PRATT. Mfe :.fi