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BUSINESS HOUSES. , I ' "T t 'V " -'"'' '! ' ''50"f?i ' . . .lJ , ,!
PAPER. t - K 6WMAN, C, H., MACHINIST w AND Seal. Faotor. Uaiti etro.tx J!MiaJ w LJi:uiu x. enuirtJi a in Kl aa luvvt 'bw i if" w -mm mm m mm m I . I i i - - - r i v. f as mr mw , m m mm m mm mm M mm attention given t repairing scales. lfYTAWTliKWBANK: BUILDING, 8 Madison street. 8. H. Toby, IWtl K.J!. Kirk. Cashier. i , ihAROLINA UFB 1KB.' CoUi MADIBOtf L at. J. Davia. Prea'ti W. F. Boyle, Keo'y. TTANCK A ANDEHSON, ATTORNEi'Bt i Main street. Heinuhiai 1 ou. IT t- LaW. 523 TICKINSON, WILLIAMS A CO.. COTTON U tractors, ail) rtoui nrwt, ; - ,j "SUMMONS A SON. BOOKS. STA' TT6NKRY, Xj Magaiinea, .to., 10 J.fl'eraon and 631ieal 1" USHER, AMIS k CO.. MARBLE-WORKS 1 and Brain Pipe, eor. Adams and Beoond. GOEPEL, LEOPOLD, AGENT, 1BALEH in Organs and Knabc's Piano, 375 Main. H EINRICIt, P. II. A- BR0Tr"C0NFEC tions, Groeeriea, Liquors, etc., 224 Main. McC0MI)H, KKLLAR "BVKNEs71lARI ward, Catlory, eta.jaaMi and Sit Alain. ORtfilLVnos. i co.'ii Alio A k cct lery, Agrlxulturul Implement!, 312 Front. IDESTA k CAZARSA " DEALERS" IN Confections, etc., 252 Main, our. N. Court. JRESCOTt, 0. F. It CO.. DEALERS IN. Jocil Oil. Laniyii, SoW, se., 40 JelTenon. OTEAM DYERS A CLEANERS 0 . Uunaon k VValkttc Uate iiuofc k Uaawa), 24ii Second struct. iT illT terry mf chell;' wirolE- 1 L lain dealer) in Boots, -boei and Uuts, 329 Main street. i rX7'HITM0RB,B.,BTBAK JOiPBIXTER, VV- MM n tnn dtroot. " t ' ELECTION NOTICE. Rhebikp'b 0?rtf.' 1 MPHia, Auguat S, 1870. j ON SATURDAY, AUGUST 13, W70.'I WIH open and hold an election in the city of i. Memphia, for the purpoae of asoertaininir the will of the qualified votora of the city of Mem r, phis in the inuanoe of tAOO.OUU of oity bond, aa deaiicned in the ordinance of the Common Couneii of the city of Memphia. Those voting in favor of the issuance of said bonds will in-, dorse upon their tickets Bonds"' and those voting against said issuance will Indorse on their tickets "No Bonds." The following officers, judgea and olerkl are appointed to hold aaid election: . First Ward Deputy Sheriff, J J Murphy s Judgea. John Newsom, J D Davis and A Hen kert; Clerks, C W Sturdivunt and F CSvha- P Third Ward-Deputy heriffE T Bnliti Judges, S W Uroeo, L Amis and W J Chase; Clerks, J E Bridges and S L Barinds. Fifth Ward Deputy Sheriff, Martin Cohen: Judges, II B Chiles, Jainea Banks and T B ,. Norment) Clorks, T.L Risk, Bod John B Gib- '"seventh Ward-Deputy Sheriff. J G Moffutt'. Judges, W W Davidson. J J Lovni and W W gmsll ; Clerks, Eugene Finn and II E Hoy. , Officers holding election will report to me, at my office. Grueulaw Building. Second sU w MARCUS J. WKIUHT, 135-142 Sheriff of HhelnyCiunty ELECTION NOTICE. BY VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF TOE County Court of Shelby county, I will, on Saturday, the 27th of August, 18?0, Being the fourth Saturday In' August, open and hold an eleetion at all legal voting placos in said county, to ascortain the will of the qualified voters of said county upon therinp provalV of a' gnbscriptlon of - live hundred thousand dollars fot Shelby unty, of the capital stock of the Memphis, Holly Springs, Okolona and Selma Railroad Company, made and subscribed by the County Court of Shelby county said subscription to be paid in twenty year aix per cent, bonds, payable semi-annually, in the oity of New lork, with opons attached ; the tax to be paid by every voter, to be converted into the etock said S MUroad company under tne charter. - On ol " the conditions of this subscription is, that the 1 company will transport all oitiiens of Shelby county at rates not to exceed the following: that is to say, for ten miles and ynder rfrom Memphis, ten conUs for the 6rat ifleen asiles from Memphia, over ten, fifteen cents j, for the first twenty milca, and aver fiftec iihIh. in Fhelby ooiinty, twenty cents : and Uliot) the further couditimi that the western termirriia is to remain at the city of Memphis. Those voting in favor of said subscription ertll fcave upon their tickets the words: " For aubsorip . tion :" those opposed to it wiH have poij their tickets the words: "No subscription." A list of oflioers, judges, etc., to hold said eleclion wi" pm$TAnT;:,:u 1c.-irv( Hlwriff Pholhv county. ANNOUNCEMENTS. Jad f e o r Fl nen t b J a d Iclal CI r c o 1 (. In answer to the calls of the bar and people of thia oircuit, I announce myself a candidate forjudge of the Fifteenth Judicial Circuit, .comprised of Shelby, Tipton and Fayette comities. It"l T. .1. ! lill'PIN. . ATTORNEYS. A.WBIQHT. ' LUKI 1. WBIQHT. 1VKIOIIT WKIGUT, ATTORNEYS .XT LAW, KltWIIllama Work. IM-t W. P. IKIND. LVKlt BOND. W. P. A I BOD,r, , , attohm: VH .AT - IVA.'VV, .: 'AND 4Jrnral Colleetinir Arrets, BROWNSVILLE. - - - - TENNESSEE, V.!M-r4 ' HOTEL.. Peabody Hotel ! ., i , -..." ' ' ' ,'. ' 'r;' THIS FAMOUS E!TABI,rSHMEKT R?. cently built and nerfectly fitted np with every a.ljiinct or comfort and luxurious oaso, has been transferred by Colonel Davis Cock rellto the undersigned, who assures the trav. ling public that be will do all In bis1 power to make his guests comfortable. m l""- P. H. mi'll.R. Proprietor. : NEWSPAPERS, f The Southern AdYCitiscr. "ANZEIGtR DES SUDENS," K3TJIBI.I8HXD KDCCCLTI1I, Leading Organ of th German Population of the Southwest. "( LOUIS WUNDEKMAN,...Entn i'B lo Pbop'b. , ; Office : Cor. TUid uid JeffiergaM,- In Poatoffic Boi1d1ng7empnli. Tenneisee. ! Its exceedingly Urge eircnlation tbwngboot let city and rotate oilers business man am ex- Ilent opportunity to make their business known to the thousandt of Germans living in (hi. "ftton of fnnnf rv. ' V , M E D I CA L. L j 1 1 fi: Vt. S YPHILIS ! r ;ii...:i- THE rXDERSIGNED HAS A SPECIFIC fur the cure of Syphilis in all its stares. It is a veretable prcuaratioa, entirely tree from mercury, and the most extraordinary cue evwr discovered for th cur of this d'T' t ; ; f " I 1 I 'I' It Has Never Tailed to Cure the Worst Cases. .Is perfectly Tiarmles when nsed as directed. It is arnejUy reoosnm'ndcd lo all who aaay t afflicud with this disease. A Utmtasb ure giiaraatccd or no pay. Charges moderatij, ad all rommunlrations HELD blttluiLk toXUDENTI AL. Addr.a . . J. V. ri'SSELL. No.JW rVintit.' X 11-44' rli" o-ovrT""f. T':,:r" "o, PLUMBERS. KROWSE et HitOWKE, 'y1 Practical Plumben, CIAS AND STEAM TIPE FITTERS. t luro repaired aad St m Works pat ap. 81J l- IEC0HD 8T.,mP I8,TEKjT. AH orders prompt! attended to. ' " i)t ByEeWmTMORE. Tvriz'A ,r,:i i lit VOL. X. , PUBLIC LEDGER. rpHE PUBLIC LEDGER 18 PUBLISHED J. every afternoan texcept bunaayj oy j E. WIIITMOBE, j AtNel8MdlontreeL,j' 5 . '.' k. Vimi iJI T.iirivtt t. MV.fl tfl ftl SubSCrl- bers by faithful carriers at FIFTCUN CbNIS PER WEEK, payable weekly to th carriers. I)y mail (in advanoelt One year, $; J months. 14: three month. 12 1 on month. 76 cettta. . , , ....... t r- j N Kcws'dealen aupplled at 2H oent pr copy. Weekly PuWIc Ledger, tr r f Publbhoi very Tuesday at $2 per annum (in auvunoe) ) olubs el Ave or more, II au, rOomminlctitionl upon subject of general intoreit to the iiablio ar at nil times neoept able.i - - - Rejected manuscript till rot be re turn a. BATES OF ADVERTISINS IN DAILY. ; . Firat Insertion $1 00 penquaro. Subsequent insertions. W i FoFOf.wk 8 00 " ' " ,! For two weeks - 60 !! !. For three weeks..... 00 " " For on month ........... T W , , , RATES OP ADVERTISING IN WEEKLY. First Insertion .". ..ll 00 periquar. Subsequent insertion o0 Eight line of nonpareil, solid, constitute a square. Disnlaved advertlsementa will be charged according to th bpaci occupied, at above rates there being twelve lines of solid type to the inch,, i ( i ; Notices In tocsl column inserted for twenty cents per line for each insortion. Special notices Inserted for Un cent per lin for each insertion. Notices of deaths and marriage, twenty oent per line. ' Advertisement published at interval will be charged ona dollar per square for each in sertion. T. nmiU. j4v..tt.A" w. AlFnr snnerlor in ducement, both a to rat ot charges and manner or displaying tnetr tavors. All tills for adr rtlsint are du when con tracted and payable on demand. All letters, whiither npon basines or other wise, must be addressed to. K. wniTiroRE, Publisher and Proprietor. sforihbPBbii8l.edr.J,-fc 1 HOPE. , Hope, thou aweet soother of sorrow, ' Thy presence can lull all my pain, ' ! And bid rae look to th morrow, . When shall sniije and bf luippy again.' ' 'Tis Hope, with her resplendent ray, I That illumine my path here below ; And she sings to my heart her beautiful lay, ' And cheers me wherever I go. i i .'Tia Hope that bids me look vr 'ft J '( through tlge dark viata of years, To Joys that await me. No, never, i.ik thorn nefranght with lad toarsT : ' , Oh. Hope I plume not thy bright silvery wing 1 To Uk thy last final aight) . ,Tb pleasuros whiob you only ran bring,' ' Jj JnJt y gd path bright. L ; rTU Hope, frith her swct syren voice, ' Alone can dispel every gloom, ' lAnd make the careworn heart rejoice, . . Ai it meditate on the tomb. ' Hope! the sweot angel of light, " 'A bequest to mortal was given ; 'On earth it lends us its radiance bright, : And reaches a high aa tho portals of !. heaven. i (.:' Julia A. Bowdex. . MgyrHis, Augusts, 1870. rlf FREDERIC THE GREAT. the Hohcnaollero Family of Praa- mtm. .. ! Prussia, now well-nigh the dominant power in Europe, and with the climax of her greatnes not yet reached, is the youngest of continental nationalities, ller origin ia duted no further back than earlv in the fifteenth century, when the Kmpcror Sigismund gave the marquiBate of. Brandenburg to the liolienzollern family, and thus virtually planted the seed from which has grown the mighty tree of Germanic unity, whose branches promise to overshadow the ancestral do main of the house of Iiapsburg. In the sixteenth century Protestantism spread among the northern people, and the Uolienzollerns, previously Catholics, em braced the Lutheran creed. ! Within a hundred years after they obtained from the king of Poland the investiture of ,fhe duchy of Prussia, which gift was re worded in 1772 by the subject of our no tice, when he joined with Russia and Austria in the dismemberment and anni hilation of the unhappy land of Sobieski and Kosciusko. But the duchy of Prus sia, when thus donated, amounted to but little, either in natural advantages or acquired resources. The poorly culti vated oil was almost a desert, the prime val Wests stretched far and wide, and the scattered population, sunk in igno rance and poverty, were scarcely able to find the means of even the most acanty subsistence. The Hobenzollerns, how ever, are a thrifty family, and none of their chiefs hav ever been more thrifty than Frederic William, commonly called the " Great Elector." By shrewd diplomacy at the treaty of Westphalia, he managed to obtain possession of con siderable additional territory, embracing tho eity and dtatriat of Magdeburg, and the inheritance left to his son was )ill in iz and wealth to any of the minor principaliliM of Krop, This son'i sole object in life was to secure the title of king, and that object fU finally gained in 1770. Dying, he ws succeeded hf another Frederic William, who was per haps the meanest specimen of humanity that ever sat on a throne. The closest of misers in financial matters', the harsh est of tyrants in bis family as well a n his government, he labored ateadily to ward one end the organiiation of an army. He starved his children and im poverished his kingdom for the sake of his soldier, and ransacked the world to ' fecruit ' hl fotnons ' corps of gigantic grenadiers, who proportion- and t are among the strangest legends of military history. But I red eric William was only an amateur war rior.rile, fought no bailie, rttsbed no L.1 I 1.... f..A a,, nltViA And dLlili- M'Pin. vh -' ... v.v... -"-- T 1 pJineuY bur splendid iiattijion for ike' sheer love ot the Wing, ana Doming eine. The fruit of hi ocoooBsy tuid (Mirioas taste were destined to be enuployed fof less peaceful, though grander purposes by his illustrious on. Frederic, fairly entitled to the surname of" Great,'' ra born January 1712, and from the hour of; hi birth, until he became king, he led the life of a dog rather than that of a prince. His father's avarice was not the 1 worst feature in that royal beeat's dispo sition: he had an intense appetite fori inflicting pain upon others; and never hesitated to gratify it at y time or in any way. If he ehaneed to saeet a lady on "the street, he would first curse, then kick ber, and then Lid her go home oi MEMPHISrTENK;.: FRIDAY, EVENING, AUGUST 5, IBJp. nnrse her brats., If a citizen looked at him, the irate monarch would seize the innocent offender by the collar and eane him unUt he cried for-mercy. ' The in habitants o( Berlin and Potsdam ran from' him as they would from a rabid cur. bnt bis luckless children, Frederic and his jiister Wilhelmina, afterward Margravene of Bareuth, could not escape his clutches by flitch t. and were forced to endure the torments of the damued at the hands of their affectionate parent. At table he was wont to amuse lumselt by flinging dishes at their heads, or prodding them with the forks. The son was fond of flute playing, the futher hated it, and whenever lie caught tne heir apparent spending his time and breath in this way. the flute waa sure to be broke over his head, and on one oc casion he was only prevented from fling ing him out of the second story window by; the -interposition , of ' the ' Queen. Pounded with cudicels. dieted on bread and water, insulted and .outraged in every conceivable manner, Frederic at last attempted to run away, uui ne was caught, and being an officer in the army, was tried and convicted of desertion. A friend und comDnuiou of his flight was actually hung, and it required the inter ference ot tho kings ot roiuna ana owe- den and the Emperor of Austria to pre vent rreueno iroin snaciun mo hujc fate and closing his career at the end of a rope. Alter mourns oi weary aim anxious confinement he was finally re leased, and having attained his majority retired from the king's reach, and sought refuge in a lonely chateau near the tron tiers. Here ho employed his time in laying' out garden walls,, building Chi nese pagodas and oriental temples, at tending to Uowers, and playing villuin oug solos on the flute. But ho had a strong leaning toward literature, espe cially French literature, and this leaning developed itself in hard study and soft poetry. , Ha wrote ream of verses of tW nnenliar atvlc which sods and men abhor, and samples of these ho sent off to Voltaire, with whom ne naa openea a sentimental correspondence. .Ibe phi losopher appreciated the compliment, and reciprocated in kind, and thus laid the foundation of an intimacy which he had bitter cause to regret afterward. From this easy, voluptuous life Frederic waa aroused by the death of his futher, ia 1840. Those who thought the young king of twenty-eight would dedicate his reign to the servieo of music and letters, nl uticfid his dats in luxurious leisure, were U-rribly toistakenr- He- seemed to nnUriro a moral and intellectunl trans formation at onc, denounced his previous pursuit as fooleries, bis old companions as foola, od proceeded to show that; In some.respectSj at least, he had inherited the traiu of his progenitor. He as economical, energetic, thoroughly prac tical in all things, and with a will which neither persuasion nor misfortune could break;. y Added to these qualities he had an executive ability of the highlit order, and an Bmbition at once daring and Bt t,..!.. nnaniMiniilnns An oonortuuitv soon offered , which displarea the; stuff that was in the man. ' Cliarie pi Austria died and left no male heir to tne imnpnal throne of Germany.' but previ ous to his decease, by the law of succes sion, known as the " Pragmatic Sanc tion,'.' he bequeathed the crown to ins dnuuhter, the Archduchess Maria Theresa, wifo of Francis of Mrrali)t, This arrangement was solemnly indorsed by all the principal European powers, Prussia included; but yet before the ink of his signature to the contract was hardly dry, Frederic prepared to violate the agreement and plunder the youthful queen of an important portion of her do minions. He wonted Silesia, and made ready quiotly to fight for and take it. He stooped to no disguise in the matter, and his memoirs says: 'Ambition, in terest, the desire of making people talk about me. carried the day and decided for war. Maria Theresa ! trusted im plicity to the honor and honesty' of Ijer ally, and would believe nothing to his disparagement. Frederic took advant age of her unsuspecting confidence, and, without warning of any kind, launched his army across the borders into Silesia, and overrun the country almost unop posed. Finally the' Austrian troop were concentrated and a bottle ensued at Molintz. It was Frederic's first smell of hostile gunpowder, and did not agree with him;-in fact, he ran off as fast as his. horse's legs could carry him, and took refuge in no old will maiiT amies In the rear. Here the news of victory was brought him, for Field Marshal Schwerin was a veteran soldier, and while his King turned coward and fled, he fought on and won the the day. Molwitz called Furope to arms, France and Bavaria espoused the cause of Fred eric, and Austria Was beaten at nil points.. ' But after the battle of ChotusiU, in which Frederic did not run, he deter mined to secure his plunder without divi sion, and to deserted his new allies, made iie&ce with Ma. lit There, and ac quired Silesia. France and Bavaria thus abandoned, Were successfully vanquished by the Austrian armies. Jo this extrem ity, Vojtairp was sent by the court of Ver sailles to Uerun to Beg tun assistance oi Freilerin. bnt the Wllv" Kill! WUJ too shrewd to commit himself until the rapid triumnhs of Maria Theresa threatened ! do rob hiw of Silesia. Ambition and selhsliness eneciea wnai rncnusmp anu good faith could not, and in ITU he again commenced hostilities. ' At the outset of tba campaign he committed many blunders, and forced to make a diaotftroua retreat, but In 1715 he proved .himself m gruat soldier in k8 j akullul "dispositions at - tne name - ot Ilohenfriedberg, where ho gained a sub stantial victory, followed speedily by anptber bt Sorr. There he made pence again, ftJ fbi time itlasted eight year. The interval retfcy; ; i.ely improved in consolidating in. jjuws, n;-f putting Prussia 'in proper shape to jpeet coming emergencies. He wa aluuiit AS great a worker as Napo leon, though lUs Jfas only talent and no genius in his work, bis 1,t5 dence at Pottsdnm was nothing wore thap a military headquarters, in lura nier he u uiil of bed at three o'clock, and in winter at fott. As "n M newM dressed a servant brought tit M wtr lancliA pf letters of all descriptions; these b oe4, read and assorted in different piks.sigulfjtng tfc answers his aacretarieS were to make to emc-b ttf It eeruia riyate mark or vmposite quota tion in prose or poe'ry. He finished his Uii by eight o'clock, ami then gave au diencw to his adjutant general, and ihfi.ee pa.-wed to th psrade ground and re viewed his guards with wore than the atrieseasi of a drill sergeant When this business was over he went back to hi cabinet, where the four secretaries were workio j like cart-horses at the mais of LARGEST CITY CIRCULATION!' Ui '"iU4,Ki " H ' 1 corresnendenee. " He treated them worse than negroes on a plantation; they had neither dinner nor holidays, but toned month after month and year after year under the eye of a taskmaster whom no trick, however Bharp. could deceive. He was accustomed to take from the heap a dozen or fifty 'letter at random, scan them closely to see if his instructions had been strictly obeyed, and if he de- tectea an error, woe to the unlortunate scribbler.' When all were completed to bis mind, ha signed them, and they were at once forwarded to their several desti nations. Like his father, Frederic cut down all other expenditures for the sake of the army; - he had no navy, no colonies; be paid nit judges ana dinloniatio auonts the ainalest -Dossible salaries; ho knew the cost of every dish on tho royal table, and no bottle ot wine was ever opened without his express permission. He never had but one court suit, and that lasted him through life; his ordinary dress was such as could not be sold at a second-hand clothing store an old rusty coat, a vest stained with soup and snuff, and a pair of jack boots guiltless of blacking and grim with old age and hard service. ' But in spite of his closo pocket, iron hand end shabby wardrobe, Frederic, in the main, was a good ruler, and bis people loved turn. Tie paid nb attention to the caricatures and libels which some of his disaffected subjects scattered through Berlin. One of these, posted high npon a wall, was onco shown him, and, instead of being angy, he ordered his attendants to put it down lower, so that the pnssers-by could sco it more easily. ''My people," he used to sny, "have come to an agreement which satisfies us both. They are to sny whaPthey plcase, and I am to do as I dense." . His administration of civil iustice was rigid and impartial, though ie governed the ' army with 'merciles severity, and religious persecution' was comparatively unknown. , Singularly enough, he retained his love for music for hooks, and fer poetry, and all his leisure time was devoted to these, tie surrounded hiiDBult' with a small circle of kindred spirits, whom he alternately caressed and bullied, and at last, after much per. suasion, induced Voltaire to leave Paris and take up his abode in ' Berlin.' But the author of the Henriade and tho mas ter of Potsdam could not long agree; Voltaire was a great writer, Frederic a small one; Voltaire was greedy after money, and so was Frederic;' and after bickering and quarreling for - months, thev bade each other adieu, and the phi losopher departed ., from Prussia. Jt seems that intentionally or otherwise, VoltairA carried away with him a manu script volume of Frederic's rhymes, and on hi arrival at Frankfort found him self under arrest, i The liook was given up, but this did not suffice. He, was thrown into a dirty guardhouse, watched nver rtr sentinels for twelve dnvs. and finally forced to pay n ransom of $1600 to secure his release from the ignomini ous confinement. From that day for ward, it was a part of the very little re ligion which Voltaire possessed to hute Frederic, and though intcrcouso was afterward resumed between them, they never uiet, and the preach was never healed. In 175G the seven years war oom menced. ' Maria Theresa had not forgot ten Silesia, or the man who stole it, and for years had been preparing to wreak a fisa of revenge. . She had hoped to take Frederic unawares, but he was fur too keen-eyed a politician not to see the storm brewing in the Anstrinn horizon. In August he assumed thp qffensiye, and poured sixty thousand troops into timr ony, blockaded Pima, and captured Dresden. An Austrian army under Marshal Brown, nrtvunced to the rescue of Pima; Frederic met the enemy at Lowositz and defeated mm. llusmuilc tho victor supreme minster of Saxony. In 1T.'G he fought the buttle of Prague and defeated Brown again, but was in turn defeated on the lHth of June at Kolin by the Austrian Marshal luun. , This forced him to abandon the siege of Prague, and retreat, from uolicmia as rapidly as possible. Beset on all sides, his army discouraged, his kingdom, overrun, his prestige gone, he almost gave up in despair; but on two points he was resolved, first, never to be taken alive, and Mbonq, never to make a dis honorable peace. So he fought on, us one of his biographers remarks, with a quire of bod verses in one pocket, and an ounce of poison in the other." Hut Fradu'if was not doomed to sacrifice his Fower or swalloqr hi? PQrrosive sublimate, n ' November, l"57, he . defuoU'd the; r rench army under Marshal Miubisej at the famous battle of liosbacl), and one month later demolished the Austrian urmr under Prinoe Charle, at Leuthcn, in Silesia. Ibis last contest 4npoleon prouounced a military master-piece, "enoueh of itself to entitle Frederic to a place in the first rank of generals.". But if leuthen established the tame ot Frederic, it was Kosbach which laid the foundation of that united, Germany which to-day nine fiance an tho banks of the If nine. I he Prussian triumph of one hundred and thirteen yenrs ago was the birth of that confederation which now holds the heart of Europe, and preparing to fly its. banners from the Baltic tp tho Adriatic. Early in 1758 Frederic marched against the Rus sians and defeated them at Zorndorf, bnt this was the lust of his victories for a time. The subsequent campaign of 1758, '59 and the first part of l(b0 went heavily against him'; Prussia was over run, Berlin plundered, and the entire country swept with fire and sword. Eveiy i,ai)ub rnu and bqrse was put into the field, the lust dollar was drawn from the treasury, the lust cannon and musket from the arsenals, and the stub born old hero, consoled by his poison and his poetry, and sustained by a onenebjess will, inflamed by vindictive Kate, dewrfKiririd t1 J'fl t1;" lat ditch. Writing to a friond he saidi !' I ni a man, tnd therefore born, to suffer. To the rigor of destiny I oppose my own constancy: menaced 'with shipwreck, I will fcaar the "'orm. will be a king in spirit. I will die a I have lived, a kiiig." But at this crisis of fiis fortune, the tide changed. ' The English ministry went out Elizabeth of Russia died, France nd frr,d off from ,he continental lrui:i;le, llarta Theresa, de prived of her allies, was obliged to yield, and jn February, 1863, the seven year war wa trriuUiitcd by the peace tit lia bertiburg but Frederic still held, and hi nocessors still hold the bone of con tention, Silesia. The nnccBjnere4 and unconquerable Hohenzollern livud twenty-three yean longer, but they pre comparatively un eventful year. He employed them in repairing the ravage of wnr, improving his capita) to4 kingdom developing the resources of the people, and establishing the prosperity of Prussia on a olid basis, Vbat Prussia i now, she pwes mainly to the undaunted courage' and astute statesmanship of him who sleeps under the wings of the black eagle in the gnrrison church at Potsdam. It is a curious fact in literature, that Shakespeare died from drinking too much wine, and it is a, no i. less curious fact in the annals of heroism, that Fred eric the Great is supposed to have fol len a victim to eel pie EDUCATIONAL. THE GAINES INSTITUTE, His T, D. Bower anil HisiX. W. 2owrs, .i uuu'l'iWilpli.j'r).t. i Will Open Monday, Sept. 5, 1870, In tho building formerly oeoupied by Mrs. Haile, No. KM Madison st. Circulars obtained at Institute- and bookstore. , ) , lSMM Memphis Female College, NO. 283 ADAMS ST BEET. YVM. CARROLL, A. M., Principal, S8ISTED BY A FULL CORPS OF COM 2 V iietsnt teachers. Th next session of this Institution will begm on mo 1'irat Monday In September. Circular ean be obtained at th book stores, or on apoliuution to the Principal. 135-11-12 SOUTH MEMPHIS SCHOOL, (Wellington at., bet. Linden nd Vance,) W. Harrl Ilowera, A.M., Prlnelpnl. TUEEXERCIBK8 OF THIS SCHOOL WILL open on the firat Monday of September. Location most desirable in the city. For cir culars, oontainin all desired information, inquire at the book stores or 1W Madison street. ' - ' MM ARMOUR INSTITUTE, ' ' FOn VOl'Jitl LADIES, No.' 37i Madison Street, "yiLL OPEN THURSDAY, SEPT. 1, 1870. 11-12 , H&k. S. B. ARMOUR. Principal. Memphis 1 Inlie' Institute, tia DESOTO STREET, ' Mrs. Fnnnle V. McGehe'e, Principal, Will open Monday, Sept. 8,1870. )rSc Circulars.' ' "'' "' ' Wfc-ICT St. Mary's School, ' 5'POPEAB STREET, ; 1 MRS. MARY E. POPE, Principal milE TWENTY-NINTH BEBS10N OF THIS S SV.-UUW, U(,V,)B HIV ( r;( f ,. . . , , ; , First Monday la September. ' It is dotirahle that pupils should be entered before the duy of opening. Circulars at the principul book stores ana at tne icdooi. , lH0-H-ti RIVERVIEW MILITARY ACADEMY, ' POl'OIIKEEPMIE, N. T. OTIS BISDEE, A. M.. PRINCIPAL AND proprietor, A wide-awake, thorouirh troinK School for boys wUliln to be trained tor limine, for College, fur West Point, or the aval AoaUcmy. i ui-ii-i Park Avenue Academy, S M NIIps from Memphia. near Memphia A t liHrlenlou K. K. milE SKVENTII SESSION OF THIS I .III i ..:n - c...t.R.i.ii turn K f IUI1UU1 Tf 1 1 1 UfOU U Oil Ul lc a va iuiv. ' dents prepared for tho Cnivernity of Virgin ... T.tirw .mt.il.nnn Urn ai.Ai mcrdittod with board, cor ciroulari apiily to Taylor, Had fur d k Co. and H. Wudo k Co., u i.:. v i. uii.i I'u Vf a . allUIIlfllia m M.&Muuxt '- 110-11-7 Principal SEED. TURNIP SEED ..New Crop I . KAKI.Y FLAT DrTCIf, " MKI TOP, I.AItUE lil.OUE, . , " XOItlOLK, KIT! ItAU A. TKI.I.U1V aHCBDEEX, EARLY KfOSiE, , . VKVMIABT UAKOVER. , SEVEX TOP, ; ; i FOB SALE BY , , R. D. WARD & CO., ' 232 Main Street, Memphis, v i ' PIANOS, ETC. On your Jf ontha Time. Pianos, ' .ffiStl Organs, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, On Three and Four Mentha Tlrno, with Good t'Kjr Acreptsare. XJ0W 19 TOUR TIMK TO MAKE TOUR X purchases. My stuck is yery larr and must be ulosed out to make room for my fall stook. Steinway k Sons' Pianol.-..,..-.VXI t f W0 Ernest trivhler'a Pinnoa. 43 to tiilO Witt. J". Uuierson' fiaaus.... 375 to 4o0 Also, food SKOOMl-HAM PIANOS, some at teui aiutosi as bimmi as new. I'riees irom ilU) k ttoU ciich. Mason A Hamlin s Orrans from to t-1) rh. Also, the celebrated Itunlett Orsana. tiennina Italian and Roman Violin Slnugn. Country m.rehaiit aod deal ers will ploase give me a call. E. A- BKXSOJI. FLOUR. NEW FLOUR. 350 Ilbln. Clioico Aew Wheat Flour, Just rwcived and for ' IjTAXTOX at 3IOOHE, 12S-14H o. 322 Front Street. LUMBER. L.UIMBER, , . . . i i . Laths and Shingles T H AVE NOW OX HAND A FULL STOCK lof Cypress, Poplar and Walnut Lumber, Laths and sawed Fhins-lea. I bar sU. a Unr pUm-K .flw! am eoaHantlynw ius. aud aia r,raured Ut 111 orders tor lumber uf any ditnrHMi.n. on hort notir. Mills and l.uiahrr Vard Wolf rirwr. imnie.ti.it;ly aorlh ot b.ua iay"o. IJ1H-47 U. M. Vt.ABLE. ! Tifteen Cents Per Week, ' ; . NO. lG ,8.1 g WE DEAN ' DKALKHIM-. Choice Groceries, PROVISIONS. THE; FAVORITE AND;BLACK OAE" ' ' COOKINGSTOES, NOW RO WELL AND FAVORABLY KNOWN,'1 CAS BE FOUND ' AT ALL TIMES toother with a toud assortment ot . Heating Stoves ; Lamps, Tinware, :. V GRATES, HOLLOW-WARE, ETC., ' : ,t'".' s . . ; j' tj'kJhs v No. a Second Street, Memplilti, Tennesseeo. . Roofing, ti altering, Cotton Brands and General 'Job Work will ,i . : receive Prompt Attention. 9-3-t RAILROADS. I M-. I LOUISVILLE ROUTE. ( .'..1 SUMMER SCHEDULE. 'i-i.i.'f Takes Effect June ' 12tli, 1S70. Tim Leave. It? 17.30 ki.OO 17.10 22.30 21.50 32.55 3S.40 41.30 34.20 40.40 50.10 4S.30 4H.30 Memphis St. Lou is... Nifhvillo... Louisville. Cincinnati M Indianapolis.... Cleveland., Kuflulo Niagara Falls.... ,1.00 a.m. 1.15 p.m. ArriT at: " .10.30 p.m. : 7.80 a.m. .lO.fn p.m. .. o.OOa.in. . 3.40 a.m. .. i: p.m. .10.40 p.m. . 7.m) a.m. 4.15 a.m. 6.40 a.m. 12.00 m. 11.20 a.m. 10. 25 p.m. 4.10 a.m. 7.00 a.m. 11.A0 p.m. 12.10 p.m. 3.40 p.m. 12.20 p.m. 3.00 p.m. Pittsbur Kill tiiimro....j. WnshingtonCity. 7.ln p.m. ,uu a.m. .00 p.m. .'Ml a.m. fniiariL-ipnia... New York...... .12.00 in. The trnin leavinn Memphis at 1.15 p.m. runs daily. The 4 a.m. train does not run on Sun day. Both trains run through to Louisville without changes. Klenant sleeping ears run through on the 1.15 p.m. train from .Memphis to Loiiisvillo, eonnoetinf at Louiaville with through cars to l'hiladellhia, Cleveland. Buf falo aud New York, without rbuiiKe., Only one change from Louisville to Baltimore. Washington City and Boston. Berths and staterooms, in through cars, can be engaged at the Ticket Office, iiTUSlain street. J. K. BOTD, Superintendent. Jab. PrgKP. Ticket Agent. Q-ti2-t' PASSENGERS GOING EAST, 1 Via Louisville or Cairo,1 SHOULD fCkCIABf TICKETS ST TH Erie 4 Atlantic & Great Western R'y Forming the but and moat comfortable lis to New Turk, Boston.and Northern and Atlantic cities, with magnificent Palace Combined Bay aud Night Coaches, through to &ew York without ohang. Tare lightning Expres Trains Daily. This ia th only lin. from Cincinnati to N ew T.rk under one management; the only lin. from Cincinnati to New York without break of (iaugo; the only line whose trains run through to New York without change; the only lin running coache. through without using com promise wheels ; the only line running Palao Broad (JangeCoach. through withoutchaago. mrlt you desire iirouint time aud corlaip. connections, finest scenery on. th continent. bdosi eomioruiDie car. in it. uriu, uivsi mag nificent dining hulls aud ample time for meals, knd tb. safuAl, best, and most couifortabl. rnnt. so to New York by the Kitia ahb At lantic and Great Western Rail at. Tickets by this line for aattt at all Ticket UHioes turougn tu. buuth. , Ti n mis 1 Oen'l Puusiw' A'l. H. T. W. B. 8IIATITC, Oen'l Sonth'n Ag1!. t'inclnn.H. V l?-1 EDUCATIONAL. JT. 1. BXJBAVAltX'M Collegiate Institute! 110 ALABAMA STREET. : TUE NEXT SESSION WILL BEUIN ON Thursday, the 1st day of September next. Number of Students Limited. m no IRON RAILINC, ETC. SPAKKS, STILLXAN & (JARLAS1). ANUTACTVIEES Or CAST AXI wiiorGirr IRON ILilLENG Iron Sulr. Straight aad Spiral, eardcai sail Melrj A.ramrBls, FOl'NTAIXS, VASES. VERA5DAHS. Settees, Cbalrs, c. New and Improved MtiM furwuurc, c. rOVBDBT AND WAKEEOOMS, Xs. 1514 i4l 1516 Spring Gardes SU IIIIt.AIElIIIIA. 1M 11 JOHN KEI1), . Carpenter ami Builder, lia Ik alley, rmr wf 3 JclT.rawB. mr ResiJeac. No. S Excsaar Itrr-t (rx- lBdd. K 1W Paper ! 4 Paper ! 'Paper ! '"''of all KIHDS. 'j ;.'(' :jf!Aiii..J Ud :;.;. As V. DTJ PONT tfc CO. '10. 1 ', t; ';.. I w,i . " - ' r Manufaotnren and Wholesale Dealera, til -,!'0'- ''i I' LoulsTllle, Kentnckj, u. .. . i tj . - . ' . - - - Have Jnrt removed to their new, large, four-story warehouse. No. 1S4 Main St. Wl-lfff . ' km & CO., X Tf a. MEDICAL. DR. RUSSELL'S ' ... ; RErTENIAI. Medical Institute, 42 North Court St, Memphis. THIS INSTITUTION, INCORPORATED by thefetaite of Tenneiiseef is a legalised Assooiation of Scientific 1'hysicians and Sur geons, devoted to tiie treatment of patients, and instruction in theory und practice of th CHEMICAL SYSTEM OF MEDICINE.. It is divided into the following departments : Feuali l)f aktuknt. In thia department every oomplaint known to w.man is treated with unvarying success. Cnuw DspABTiitKT. Cancer and tumors are here cured in ninety-eight cases out of very hundred. Dkpartunt fob IIkast Diskas. In thia department this formidable di.easo ia treated with the most gratifying result. Ukfaktukxt n Skin Dimkarks. Every form of skin diseases permanently cured hero. CuxHi'urTioN and Catakkm Drpaktmknt. The professors ihthis department have made many important discoveries in the treutuient of lung, throat and nose diseases. Kv and Kar Bkpartuknt. The eye anil ear most tenderly and triumphantly treated. Confidential Bepartiiknt. Devoted to the exolusive treatment of a class of muludies nameless here, by an ablo professorship. Surhicai. Bkpartuknt. Wo daily perform the most important operations known to sur gery. All affairs of a private character held sa crodly confidential, mr Ofiic hours from 8 o'clock in th morn ing till 6 o'clock in the evening. Open every Sunday forenoon, from 9 a.m. to VJ m. , .,. . J. B. KUSiSKLL. M. 1.. Consulting Physician. ' . J. C. Watsoj, Secretary. L. U. Wuriv. Trcnrcr. 107-10-32 FOUNDRY. Stereotype and Electrotype FOUNDRY, ICS Vine St.bet. 4 th and 5th, CIICINH ATI ALLISON, SMITH & JOHNSON, Manufacture rs of, and dealera in BOOK AND NEWS TYPE PKIST1XG MATERIALS Of Try daacriptio. Stereotyping and Hectrotjpins I ail their various branrhe. mr Wood Engraving, .mi Patttrm LatUr fur FeiBdar. 1 TYPE,