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: ! ri JO MORRISTOWN, TENN., WEDNESDAY, MAY 9,1883. VOL. XVII.--NO. 7. By JOIIN E. HELMS. i i 1 1 I 1 1 i n n 1L 1 1 , 4 1, New Advertisements. WX. VAX HCSS. VAN HUSS & BRO., Dealers in Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Boots, SHOES, HATS, CLOTHING, NOTIONS, &c. A Complete Assortment of Groceries, JBCax-drwxe, Crockery, Tinware, Lumber and Bnildlng Material. Ve arc sole agents for the Georgia Cement and can supply mer chants at wholesale prices. forrttr of Mill and Brt-k Yard. We bar on ban! and for aaU the CELEBRATED IfTTrilFLX. WAtiO. made at Racine, Wiaconsm. A!o l(tfnu f.T th C. O. C-ioper Enginea, Saw illa,Tlhin Machine Ola. Ac. CaU on or address ns at MORRISTOWN, TEN, mattjn ly D. P. BO WE MORUISTOWN, TI31V1V., Frdumre Wh6Ut.de and Retail Dealer in MlMSlhaw aBBBBBBaBV Hardware, Cutlery, -, FARMING IMPLEMENTS, " Full Lins of Carpsnters'ToolsandBuilder'sMaterial SOLE AGENTS FOE CHATTANOOGA CHILLED PLOWS & REPUBS, Every TIow Fully Guaranteed. Also Agents for tho FAMOUS " OLD HICKORY WAGON." Warrant! fr T!ve Drois, lefties. Paints and Oils. Choice Tobacco and Cigars. MAIN ST., .... X. S. Hyder, SUCCESSOR TO I. C. M. LYLE, FASHIOISTABLE CUSTOM Boot, Shoe, and Gaiter Maker, mliOttm.STOll TJJ.V.V. IT ijcial attention gtren to order by mail. Shop on tha BR ., near Cain Huuaa. feblltf MECHANICS' NATIONAL BANK CAPITAL SIOO.OOO. DESIGNATED STATE DEPOSITORY. U J. Sttnfartl, IVm i de u t. Set m House. Cetshler. M lt m.irmtroHgt ftxf. Cashier. ISARD Or DIRECTORS. Tlu nX'olIII, n. I.CTTBBLt, A I ILIIII. at N. Hoor, Ji. P. Krioa, J. T. licit KB. U.Lkou, M. U. Htboio, rnjii McXtui, t,J. Iitruia, -' Hrr, t. . Williams, i ' hlVCy HOLDERS. 1 ht cV-nr. E. J.Aanferd. A. J. A!r. M. L. tr.l!, Prank Menu tj II It. IlK-rw tl, H V. I'm., Jna. A. f C. Siguier. 1. It. iiaald, K. U. !..... F C.n.p. Vt Jie.-B, Corux t. W. A. iirbdrrsou, miukb Mayer. J. bo F. Home, (".. W.k.M, M.A !Utlrn. l::.x.U4 l-M. Wiu. 1. I'haimnertatu. Knoirllle; W. ;. A Oeo. D Taylor, j.j,,.,, ir j . M. Mul. K Market: J W. Hr.wra.-a, Hirawlrr.T rim; 8 ('. Jour. Newitort; Hairt. lmi.lrMns DaadneV: it. S. ll.td, 'nu, M ffkam; V!T x. ri. . BW Tho rutrr, w. bv kxrUie. w. r. UauK. Jr., t.. iiuaenneiaa A li. Naaliolie; lliM. A, itayU-r ' I'atti Va. Transacts a icneral ItHnklnff Huslucat. Deals lu Foreign and Domestic exchange. SelU Dralts on all the principal cities of lluropc. May 96b IS ly W . A . R A Wl S E V , PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANT, AND MERCHANDISE BROKER, JACKSON AUGUSTA, ll.teinj ButiHtM experience, of iter t'arty jeirt, ami confining mytnlf ttrtetty U e Cmmii IttmneM. tetCttott eperutinj on tng otr arrvunt, retpeetfuUy euiidt your eon tftwiii of list'. Flour, Lard, Tor. O-Us, I fay. D-itter, CAeete, Wheat, iVta. CMa'itf, A'i, Firrida Fruits And VegeUtjiet, and all lin''t of I'rvtuee. Jao J4 6aa , MORRISTOWN WAGOIT SHOP. For snl at low figures : 8 FAKH WACOXS: 3 HACKS; 1 PLEASURE WAGON ; 1 PHAfrrON; 1 DUGGY; 1 CARRIAGE. .1 home manufacture and made from the best material. ORDERS AND REPAIRS ATTENDED TO PROMPTLY. ALSO AX THE A fondant Supply of leather. 3 50 anl $4 OO Paid for Dark. A Iare5 Quantity M'aiilul. WI. .T. IIOYT. BMikie tf JOnN VAN HCSS. W. T. MAK9H. Vontba. ftfl -DEALER IN- MOKUISTOWB, TENN. K-'a-, T. MTir. M R Mroiif, 8. B. Lu J- hurfr, J. M. trrT. Maryrilie; Jim! STREET GEORGIA. New Advertisements. EAST TENNESSEE FE3IALE SURGICAL INSTITUTE At Knoxvllle, Tenn., 75 YanUfrom Dtpot, Opposite Atkin, House, Depot Street. (Strut Can Paaaiug erery 30 MlnntM.) PROPRIETORS: J W. HIT.U M. D.,rreident ; 1E. K. MILKY, M. I Secretary; M. M. ALEXANDER, M. 1 , Treasurer, Tbia ia a PriTaU UoaviUl, with HoM pririlegaa, for tbe treatment of Female Troablea and all MnrKU-al Uiaeaaea of both Hexoa. for referencea or arttculara, addreaa tbe Secretary. GEO. E.WILEY. neb 21 83-ly F. W. HAMILTON SALESMAN FOR 3Ianufacturcrs of MENS', YOUTHS' AND BOYS' clothing; Blooi, Golflsmitli, Taclian & Co., 613 k 644 Main Street, . 73 A 75 Wooater 8t LOUISVILLE, KT. HEW YORK, mchl 3m W. C. HOFFMASTER, Architect ana Sopsrinleflient, With W. P. TINS LEY, KXOXVILLE, TESX. Offloe Foticbe. Block, Room No. 1. nich73iu D- W. C. DAVIS,. Watchmaker and Jeweler, Keepa cocatantly on hand a new and Hvlevt Stock of Silverware, Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, Ac. Main Street, IVIorri8town Tenn. Special attention given to repairing ot all kind, and satisfaction guaranteed. act. 4.1 ly. II. W. CURTIS, falclss, Jeielrj & Silverware Large atick and low price. SMITH'S OLD STAND, Knoxville, : : : : Tekk. feb25't-ly JAS O. ROSE, lOBN MCRPnEY, President. CaaUur. LOOKOUT BANK or Horristovvn - - Tenn. STATE DErOSITORY.l Paid Up Capital Stock $50,000. Will transact a GENERAL BANKING EUSINESS. Receive depoalta, bay and aell. exchange gold and allrer, aud make collections npon tbe moat favorable terma. maylstf w For Choice Family Groceries GO TO W. M. WILAIETH DEALER IX Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots, Shoes, Hats, &c, Role Agent for the Light-Ruunlng DAVIS SEWING MACHINE t-Sewing Machine NEEDLES of all kinds, OIL, Ac , constantly on hand. Highest market price paid for all kinda of Country Produce. MAIN ST., MOUUISTOWN, TENN. jan 4-ly DENTISTRY! DENTISTRY I THOS. J.SPECK.D.D.S. OKFICKS: K-H.'rsville, Tenn., from 1st to 15th of ewb month M' irrletown, from 1Mb to last of each month. Terms Cash, or Us Equivalent. HOPE & BRO. Watchmakers AND JEWELERS, Cc.-. Gay k Church SU., Knoxville, - Tens., Keep in stock a full line of Watches & Jewelry, Solid Silver, SilTei -Plated Ware, Superior Table Cutlery, c ltr nrplring and Engraving skillfully executed pon reanable terma. All orders by mail wil re ceive prompt attention, and satisfaction goarau teed. a&gl1-a SMITH' HOUSE. FETES flUITH, PoraiTOa ROOKIUVII.LK JCNCTION, TENN. Hnpi-rr hurue for pasaenger train No. 1, going East, aud breakfast bouae for paaseuger tram No J guiug West. A desirabla home for summer yiaitora to this section. nort, if knautiwx rnuiti wiMytiplSaltad WurkL IMKiKjLl tXracto. kMirraM. U.. H. Aildreai J. C aioCUKOf A U Co. Market SS, H. LaaM, kitk e o I i UUaSAUtaaai New Advertisements. ESTABLISHED 1816. CHAS. SIMON & SONS, G3 N, Howard Street, BALTIMORE Ml). Importeia and Dealers in DHY GOODS Of Every Description. LaJies' Beaiy-Maie Underwear. CORSETS, &C SAMPLES SENT FREE. IWOrdera amounting to $20 or over Bent free of freight charges by express. DRESS-MAKING DEPARTMENT. Rules for self-measurement, sample of materials, with estimate of cost, sent npon application. TERMS CASH. feb21 8 ly McFARLAND & McAMIS, EXCLUSIVE DEALERS IN Family Uncos OP EVERY DESCRIPTION, Corner Main and Henry Streets, MORRISTOWN, TENN. We will keep constantly in stock the very best quality of Choice Groceries, Canned Goods, PROVISIONS, Ac, &c.t which we will sell at the the very lowest retail prices. Our ohject ia to supply a long need ed want in Morristown, that of a first-class exclusive Grocery and Provision store. Our 6tock will be complete in every department, and we respectfully ask the public to patronize tis. McFarland & McAmis. mch 14 lm Dr. J. E. Robertson, Morriatown, Tenn., Can be found daring the day, when not profes sionally absent, at Armitage JSro. a JJrug Btore. After night at J.C. Matbes' residence. Aran. 25, 1883 it KNOXVIXIiE Fire Insurance Company. Office East Tennessee National Bank. Capital StockS 100.000. OFFICERS ; D. A. CARPENTElt, President. F. II. McCLUNO, VlCK-PRESIDEliT. W. n. SIMMONDS, Sec & Treas. DIRECTOR8. JOSEPH JAQCES, A. CALDWELL, E. J. BAN FORD, 8. B. LUTTBELL W. W. WOODRUFF, O. M. McGHEE, T. W. TAYLOR, 8n., C. E. LUCKEY, K. C. JACKSOX, r. H. MoCLUNO, FINANCE COMMITTEE: JOSEPH JAQTTES, O. M. MuGHEE, E. J. 8 AN FORD C. K. LOCKET STOCKHOLDERS: O. M. McOhee, F. H . HcClnng loseph Jaques, D. A Carpenter W. W. Woodruff A. Caldwell, . F. W. Taylor, Br J V. Fulkerson, O. W. Palmer. 8 . B. Lnttreli, M. J. Condon, Chaa. H. Brown, Bngb Martin, C. E. Lnckey, B. E. Earneat, R. T. Wilson, Tbos. O 'Conner," J no. O. Earnest, N. Bogart, B. M. Rhea, J. W. Lilliard, D. F. Boas, E. i . Sanford, Joseph H. Earneat, A. i. Albera, A. I. Mountcaatle, W A. Anderson, 8. T. Logan, R. C. Jackson, W. P. Chamberlain D. T. Boynton, J. Y. Johuston, James L. Oasnea, T. 8. Webb, ' W. P. Washburn, John E. Chapman, Jos. T. McTeer, R. O. Powell, S. Saltmarsb, Thos. L. Williams, J.D. Hoxaie, ng 14 7817 D. A. NEILSON, M. D., Offce over W. P. Carriger's Dru Store, where he can be found day or nigbt, unleaa professional' lv abeent. N B All who have owed me medical bills for twelve months or longer need not call on ma for prof eaaioual services under any circumstances. oct.4 1883 tf HATTIE HOUSE. It it Located in the Exact Businet Center of KnoxTille, Tennessee, One Square from, the Post Office, Cut. torn- Uoute, Banks, and in the . immediate viciiiity of all the Principal IVholesale and Retail St ires. A'EW THROUGHOUT. Furniture, etc, Electric Annvruiator, Oa$, Wide Ilalla, and the Ventilation i No. 1 and No JfuUiie. THE TABLES SUPPLIED with the beat the market affords. Choice Sample Routne fr Commercial Travel ler. on first floor if desired. tsr-ttpeclal rates to Merchants and Commercial I Travelers. . i . . . . . i . . jt i . rvriers biwbtb a iu iraiu. vmuisui ires. J. C. FLANDERS, JulyJl.'SO ly PBOPBIETO. THE MORRISTOWN GAZETTE. Subscription Price, $1 BO, Invariably in advance, othertcise 82. Entered at the f oat Office at Morristown, Tenn. Va second class matter. Oxo. E. Pubtjs Ac Co.. proprietors of the Jissh- ville Advertising Agency.No. 4 Noel Block, Church street, are authorised to solicit and contract for advertisements for Th MonnisTOWit Gazette in that city and elsewhere. A file of The Gazette can be seen at tneir omce. aasssassBaaaamaBaasaaaBamaaaaaaBS MORRISTOWN CIRCUIT. METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH, SOCTH. APPOIKTMEXTS FOR 1883. Betbcar church, 1st Sunday, 10:30 a. m. Graham's chapel, " " 3:30 p.m. Russellville. 2d Sunday, 10:30 a. m. YVbitcsburg " " 3:80 p. m. olstoa's chipsl, Fri 1 ty b sfu'-e 3d Sun. Liberty ill, 3d Sunday, 10:JU a. m. Noe's chapel . ' ' - 3:30 p.m. Ebenezer,. .Friday before 4th Sunday. Panther Springs, 4th Sunday, 10:30 a. m. Pleasant ill . .." " 3;30p. m. 5i.h S'dys and Satd'y before at Ebenezer. Appointments on Friday at 10:d0 a. m. J . It. ayne, if astor. The Spring poets are generous in their contributions. From a number of spe cimens we have on our hands this, from Isra, is the only one possessing the clear ring of the true coin. We are much mistaken if there isn't pure gold in the strata it came from ; TO A HYACINTH. Sweet little Hyacinth, first burst of the Spring ! Telling, in thine own way, a wonderful thing ! Was it an angel that hath whispered to thee, That we thy sweet face were still long ing to see ? Did'st go to Fairylaud, of which we oft hear ? Did its Queen, as we do, hold thee flow er most dear ? Did she breathe on thee, oh, most beau tiful flower ? So sweet and refreshing tLou ait, every hour ! Where hast thou been, then, if thou hast not been there ? Thou hast hid from us long thy beauty so rare. Then, come back again, and smile on as of yore, And we will, if we can, never 'jfart wilh the more. Did'st thou visit those fair oil isles of the sea ; Where breezes elysian brought kisses to thee ; And birds of rare plumage have caroll ed their song, And wooed thee to tarry from us there so long ? We've missed thee, dear flower, with pink petals so sweet, As we do those we love, and are longing to meet. Dost thou say they'll come back, at no distant day, And our waiting and longing vanish away ? Will they come as of yre, and care be forgot, And bright golden moments with pleas ure ue iraugiit ? If this be thy message, no dearer could be, Than that which the fairies have trusted to thee. Morristown, April, 1883. Isora. THE NECESSITY OF A REVELATION. Dr. Downs Analyzes an Infidel Over a Coffin, Washington Post, April 30. Rev. Wilford Downs, pastor of the Waugh Methodist Episcopal church on Capitol Hill, concluded his ser mon on "The Necessity of a Revel ation," as suggested by " an infidel over a coffin," j'esterday morning. The text was from Psalms cxix, 105: " Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path." lie spoke substantially as follows : . " Standing some days ago on K street northwest, over the coffin of a deceased friend, who had been an independent thinker as regards re ligion, the great 'missionary infidel' of this age, an eloquent man, strong, self-reliant, and doubtless warm in his friendship and affections, bro't his views of religion and philosophy to the test. The funeral was singu larly a sad one, and revived the memories of the funeral of Mr. In gersoll's brother a few years ago. There the Bible was closed ; thero was no voice of prayer heard in the house ; there was a profusion of flowers, but no recognition of the Being that made them. The con solations of religion we are accus tomed to seek when death invades our dwellings were carefully exclud-. ed. 'Not a star-ray of hope' came to the speaker ' from the yast outer vid of darkness.' -It seemed to be all darkness, both without and with in. Nothing really supported, noth ing cheered him with the promise of something sweetand restful to come. How hollow 'pretty talk,' how un satisfactory the 'flowers of rhetoric' on such an occasion ! And yet, that was all that Colonel Ingersoll had to offer. Hear him: ' Again we are face to face with the great mystery that shrouds ihis world. We ques tion, but there is no reply; out on1 the wide waste sea there drifts no spar. Over the desert of death the sphinx gazes forever, but never speaks. Iu the very May of life ano ther heart has ceased to beat. He was not a Christian. In many languages he sought the thoughts of men, and for himself he solved the problems of the world. He accepted the philosophy of Au guste Comte. Humanity was his god ; the human race the supreme being. Iu that supreme being he rested. The mystery of death and. hopo we carmot comprehend. Fate is speechless ; destiny is dumb, and the death of the future has never, yet been told. What can we say of death ? What can we say of the dead? Where they have gouo reason can not go, and from thence revelation has not come.' " Now, could any of you imagine anything more icy for a funeral ora tion ? In these words there is no assurance of another and better life. It was the funeral of an infidel, at which a free-thinker of the most professed type was the officiating priest. At this funeral the God of ' consolation and salvation' was ig nored, ' humanity was deified,' and made ' the only religion,' reason was lauded as 'the only torch,' while re velation was not recognized as with in the scope of possibility. "But what of Auguste Comte's philosophy, which Colonel Ingersoll's friend, John Mills, accepted, and which the colonel said 'enriches poverty,' and 'enables us to bear the sorrows of the saddest life?' It is but a revival, under the name of 'Positivism,' of the old dogma of Protagoras, a Greek philosopher nearly 500 years B. C, that 'man is the measure of the universe.' It ex cludes all recognition of divinity from the universe, and was inaugu rated to ' renevate human society.' After Comte's love affair with Mad ame de Yaux in 1845, his project assumed more the form of an attempt to institute a new religion, which Prof. Huxley has described as 'Ca tholicism minus Christianity,' and in which Comte instead of. the pope was to be the sovereign pontiff. And as Comto himself was not able to imagine a religion without some sort of a God, it became necessary to furnish some kind of deity as the source of the new religious impulse. Hence this new kind of deity called ' humanity,' which we are to 'serve,' and 'deserve well of.' The 'ethical side of this conception of religion ia well enough, but the 'speculative' side is too ridiculous to be seriously entertained. That 'the units of the living race are separately united by death to this new divinity, and be come atomic constituents of the im mortal essence,' as one expresses it, is too far in the past. Such a com plete deification of man, or complete resolution of divinity into humani ty, is too ridiculous to command re spect. " This brings me now directly to my subject as announced : 'The Ne cessity of a Revelation.' It is un. questioned that there are certain great and important 'problems' to be 'solved' by us problems insepara bly connected with our well-being, and for the solution of which we will seek 'in many languages.' in vain, 'the thoughts of men' unas sisted reason is wholly inadequate to the task, and hence the necessity of a direct revelation from God to man. He was not there, he said, to detract from reason, but he did say, unaided by revelation, reason can not discover moral and religious truth. When made known to us, reason may apprehend and recog nize the truth, and canvass its evi dences, and 'elaborate it into formu las of scientific thought;' but to dis cover it, never ! Reason is not our 'only torch.' 'Thy word is. a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. " The world's first great 'problem' is, whether there be a God, and what is His true character ? But for tho Bible wo would no"tknow. Men born blind, or deafr or reared up in the woods, have been lbund destitute of all ideas of a Supreme Being. Some of the philosophers and sages of Greece and Rome denied the exist ence of a God, and there are mill ions in China, Tartary and Japan who dispute it vehemently. And without the Bible how absurd the views of men with regard to tho character of God. Aristotle believed that His nature is something like the principle which gives motion to a machine. Others maintained that God is a Being destitute of intelli gence, remaining in profound repose, observing and caring for nothing beyond Himself. The stoics believ ed God a corporeal being, and sub ject to an immutable fate, while the New Zealanders contended that He is 'an invisible man-eater.' "Another important 'problem' to 'solve,' and lying at the very found ation of the well-being of society, is a true code of morals for the Regu lation of each other's conduct. But for revelation man had never had this. This was shown by the speak er by an examination of the opin ions, errors and practices of some of the world's greatest intellects on the subjects of murder, suicide, in fanticide, hatred, revenge, honesty, lying-, divorce, adultery, prostitu tion etc. Well may we blush for human nature, for without revela tion and cultivation it is everything vile in principle and detestable in practice. "And another important 'prob lem' for 'solution' is a correct relig ious knowledge. Is there a true re ligion? and what is it? We are so constituted that a religion of some sort is a necessity of our nature. Mr. Incersoll & Co. accept 'human it'' as their 'God.' They worship 'the human race as 'Supremo Be ing.' It may be said, as a rule, that one great doctrine of all religions is the immortality of the soul and a future state of . rewards, etc. But wherever revelation has not gone this doctrine has always been either denied or diminished by being mix ed up with notions entirely subver sive of its moral enect. feome con tended for the soul's transmigration, others for its absorption, while oth era &ram believed in its total anni- hilatiou. Aristotle taught 'when death is we are not,'r and Cicero be lieved 'death an eternal sleep.' The 'torch of reason' unassisted cannot find out the truth, so we must turn to the Bible and learn what God says. Here we are assured that God created man to bo immortal, an imago of his own eternity, and that the soul will live on and on ; that af ter the death of tho body the soul returns to God, and if justified, it loses not its individuality, but will bo reunited to God in a state of .de lightful and holy communion. "Againrif there be a God, should He bo worshiped by us, and how? is a most important 'problem' for 'solution.' If there be a future, how make provisions for it? What r about the rtility and efficacy of prayer? Let us look into the 'many languages,' and judge from 'the thoughts of men.' What about the pardon of sin and its conditions? What of a restful future for the soul? for there is a universal intel ligence and consciousness of violated moral obligation among men. Man has ever felt himself a sinner, and that he must do something: and if ever saved some power beyond him self must interpose in his behalf. Hence the all-absorbing inquiry in all the ages past, and now is, 'what must I do to be saved?' Reason does not tell us, Auguste Comte's philosophy does not help us any. It does not tell us how trusting in 'the human race' brings deliverance to a burdened conscience. Outside of the Bible we find no response to this question. Who can explain this on any other supposition than that 'the world by wisdom knows not God.' Let those who advocate the omnipotence of human reason point to all the massive. intellects of by-gone ages, and show how it came to pass that irien who were our equals, if not our superiors in all but the light of reyelation, were, in regard to God's existence and character, and morals and religion, so deeply debased and hopelessly wretched. It has never been, it cannot be satisfactorily explained on any other ground than that of the insufficiency of human reason to find out God. The 'torch' goes out just when we need it most. " And what is the condition of modern pagan nations? The in habitants of Ceylon worship devils; the Chinese burn gold pirper before their idols to help the departed spirits of the poor to pay their way to Heaven. The Hindoos worship the Ganges and wash in it, and as they believe, go cleansed and saved. In some parts of heathendom the offering of human sacrifices is a nec essary part of their religion. Slaves are sacrificed, children are murder ed, parents are abandoned, husbands buried alive and wives burned to death. Some again sentence them selves to exquisite tortures, and oth ers betake themselves to the tar of Juggernaut and cast themselves un der that idol, etc., etc. Such gloomy superstitions foster the greatest cru elty, degrade humanity and at once destroy every principle of true re- bo we must turn away from the inventions of men and the rea sopings of men to the word of God, to know 'what we must do to be saved?' Colonel Ingersrll may make merry over it ; he maT laugh at the answer given, but here it is: 'Be lieve on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved. Millions em brace this truth and obtain the promised salvation. They live and die in the faith and pass triumph antly to the home above. Thank God, 'life and immortality are brought to light through the Gos- "One more thought: Unassisted reason tells us nothing about a res urrection; revelation does. Cicero was inconsolable when his daughter died. Ho knew nothing of this precious doctrine. Christianity, however, assures us that 'If a man die he shall live again,' that 'the hour is coming when all that are in their graves, shall come forth,' that 'them also that sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him,' etc. Man, both soul and body, is destined of God to be immortal. This is exclu sively a doctrine of revelation. It is found only in tho Bible, and is .inef fably precious to all who take the Christian view of death, and cling to the hope of another and a better life beyond the grave. Most won drous book! What a dark, dark world this would be without it! May its truthjs soon echo round our globe and its light invest the whole earth, guiding all nations, kindreds, tongues and peoples to God, to hap piness, and to heaven." ' DYNAMITE. ITS INVENTION AND HISTORY, AND HOW IT IS MADE. From the Philadelphia Press. Dyiamite is one of tho many pro. duets or combinations of nitro-gly-cerine, and is about thirteen times as powerful as gunpowder. The discovery of this dangerous and po tent explosive was made in 1846 by Ascagne Sobrcro, then a pupil in tho laboratory of Peloiize, the emi nent French chemist, jwho devoted twenty years of his life to the in vestigation of the chemistry of and fats. Dynamite was patented in United States May 26, 186S. oils the the patent being granted to Alfred No bel of Hamburg, Germany, assignor to John Bandmann of San Francis co. It consists of a combination of nitro glycerine with a substance of great absorbent power., such, for in stance, as fullers' earth or rotten stone. By this composition the ex plosiveness of the nitro-glycerine is controlled, as it were, and the com pound is capable of withstanding all the ordinary dangers of transporta tion, while at the same time its ex plosive power is not lessened. Tho process of manufacture is very sim ple. You take a certain proportion of nitric and sulphuric acid and mix them with certain other proportions of srlvcerine, which is tho essence of fat, to make tho nitro-glycerine. 10. make dynamite you only need to mix nitro-glycerino with some ab sorbent material fullers' earth is the best to have dynamite. It is said that David Davis, who has just become a husband, weighs over 300 pounds. If there ever comes a period in tho gentleman's life when ho will wish he was a bachelor, or had been born a living skeleton, it will be when he returns home from an alleged political cau cua at midnight and attempts to as cend the stairs without making them creak liko stage thunder. Li o-ht-weiirht married meu who have triod to perform,, the feat can svmnathize with Mr. Davis' awful predicamont at such a moment THE ITURBIDES. Romantic History of Don Angus tin de Itnrbide. New Ycrk Herald Among the passengers by the Germanic, which arrived yesterday from Liverpool, was Don Augustin de Iturbide, the eldest lineal repre sentative of the only North Ameri can imperial family, but notwith standing that relationship, quite as steadfast a Republican and loyal a citizen of Mexico as ex-President Diaz, who is a visitor in New York at the same time. As there has been some lively discussion lately in magazines and journals concern- lnsr the lineajre of tho young Don Augustin, the following brief state ment ot it has a present interest: ON THE FATHER'S SIDE. On the paternal 6ide he is grand son of Don Augustin de Iturbide, the "Liberator of Mexico" in 1821 and Emperor under tho decree of the Mexican Congress of May 21, 1822, which declared the Empire hereditary in the family. The throne was overturned in 1822 by a revolution headed by Santa Anna, and the Emperor abdicated and went to Europe, but came back in July, 1824, and by Santa Anna's order was seized and shot although he protested that the intention of his return was not revolutionary. Almost his last words were an ex hortation of the Mexican people to loyalty to their Republican govern ment. His widow lived in the Uni ted States and afterward in France. His eldest eon, Don Angel de Itur bide, was Secretary of the Mexican Legation at Washington during the second term of General Almonte's service as Minister and was .Charge d'Aftairies for several months in 1856. He was the young Don Augustin's father, and died in Mex ico in 1872. ON THE MOTHER'S SIDE. On the maternal side the young Don Augustin is a great-grandson of Genaral Uriah Forrest, of tho American Revolutionary army who lost a leg in the battle of Brandy wine and was wounded again at Germantown, was a delegate in tho Continental Congress in 1786-7 and a-representative in the Federal Con gress in 1793-5 and died in 1805 at his country house, "Rosedale," near Georgetown, D. C. General For rest's wife was a daughter of Gover nor George Plater, of Maryland, who was president of the Conven tion in which that State ratified tho federal constitution. One of their daughters eaarried Mr. John Green, a gentleman well-known in the so ciety of Washington in tho times before our civil war. Mr. and Mrs. Green resided at "Rosedale," where their daughter Alice married Don Angel de Iturbide during his diplo matic services at Washington. THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER. .... . . . . . On his mother s side the young Don Augustin is allied with the family of Francis. Scott Key, the writer of the "Star Spangled Ban nerj" whose uncle, Judge Philip Barton Key, married one ot Gener- al Forrest's daughters; and with the Custis family descendants of the wife of General Washington, one of the Platers having married one of her four grand children, whom Washington treated as his own after the death of their father, Colonel John Parke Custis, his aid-de-camp, from camp fever contracted in the siege of Yorktown. "Rosedale" is still in the posses sion of the family of Mme. Alice do Iturbide. Its site, according to tra dition, was selected by General Washington for General Forrost, who was his familiar friend. Don Angel Iturbide and his wife, in 1865, signed the articles at Cha pultepec by which the Emperor Maximilian adopted their only child. The romantic history of tho renun ciation of the compact by the moth er and of her recovery of her son after the downfall of the second Mexican empire is too familiar by the recent magazine and journalistic discussion to need extensive men tion. A POPULAR NAME. The name of Iturbide is still a name "to charm with" in Mexico. There is scarcely a city in that re public which has not bestowed it upon some of its public worksa plaza, a market, a street, a scnooi, a theatre, or a library. It doos cred it to the self-reliance of the Mexican people that imperial traditions do not deter them from honoring us association with their liberation from Spanish sway. The brief term of the "Emperor is of small signifi cance to them in comparison with tho services of the "Liberator" and on the 27th of next September the hundredth anniversary of the "Lib erator's" birthday is to bo generally celebrated throughout the country. We cannot vouch for tho truth of the following story, but an Austin gentleman said he was an eye-witness of tho occurrence. He was on a steamboat on .tho Hudson river, with a party of "excursionists. The boat stopped at a place in tho river where there is a wonderful echo. One of the gentlemen asked every body in the crowd for a pistol with which t j wake up the echoes. No body had any pistol,, but a gentle man from Arkansas said he had something that was a darned sight more reliable than a pistol, and pull ing out of his boot a knife with a thirteen inch blade handed it over to tho party who wanted to stir up the echoes. "I guess that girl must be the flour of the family," remarked the young man who had been waltzing with her, as he essayed to brush off the white spot on his sleeve. A reckless use of numerals; "How is it that you, a healthy, robust wo man, come to ask for aims?" "I beg pardon, madam, but I am a poor widow with fivo or six children."