Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVIII.--NO. 17.
By JOHN E. HELMS. MORRISTOWN, TENN., WEDNESDAY, JULY 23, 1884. .B.LOVEMAN&CO. D Dry kk Sis, Velvets, MUSSES MADE TO ORDER. SjIesiiJ DrtsHaliillLTHilMt L-. HibUne. KiJ, Bilk end t. ij- 1U. nihiin. Fnrniahlnga, Ladiee' WUite ruJr Clanueute. MILLINERY. TUK MO.ST COMPLETE DRY 600DS ESTABLISHMENT IS TUE SOUTH. rtr. J .w any. rvt Grade of OooJe. 0r J tend 4 i:iitrai'iCaaliTU mailed trr oa p;-iw:f-u. Kaani'lve tt lra tjuodi r. eent " w ry etrrrea cUrg on lUCui Order J Ten l-llr or ocr. D. D. LOVE P.IAN & CO.. ATTASOOtJA, TENN. Dili a ly THE FIBE FIEND ! ! Tla Strcne are Atils la Prelect!!!; I REfRV FNT NEARLY TWESTMOI O KlU l-a of iHjlLir. of llxrurur AimU. a. fut I..-.; Tin Continent:;! of N. Y., Awu over - - $4,500,000 Tho Traders of Chicago, Aets - - - 1.US2.000 Tho North America or Phila., A-i'tH .... 8,056,000 The .Etna of Hartford AsM-tsovcr - - - 0,000.000 r-tfrr in.ureuce than tb.ee CoB'Veniee gle for li.- rtiuM I eoiirit y.ur boaineaa. J. C. IIOIGES. Oct. 21. 1-Jy. I. R. Binyon, Manufacturer and Dealer in Saddles, Bridles, HARNESS, &c, MAIS KTia.ET, MOIIIMSTOWX, TKXNJ I'lQmjt atUhtitn giren to uii kin J vf Hep-tiring. M iuri ani Utt pr&m. Term, eta or U.r.4iU . ut. tna21tr CUBENCE L TUGKEBt OISrS'TIST. JIOKIUSTOWN, TENNESSEE. OJlt vetr W. P. Currij-er's Ihrvg tort. flRON FASTS BtCAIOMS ft. Erb'i Ira 11: .ii and .rrtM tcrlx rw iurc. a a nirP wdrrih tin. all row-plaint. 1-A DI CIO MttllnWinlfirttlllW 5V haItkr j nxm ionic a mi. a; H7r TM lr, r.l tl.o..T I.. Ih. .ti; Jwl .ikiimi. i-i ih au But l siio Mnau4 arfai latarauUaa.fraa. DR. MawTTB-m lOM ToaaC It rom AI. T AU 00Tt ao 0at EvumnrtW. D. W. C. DAVIS, Watchmaker and Jeweler, Katpa roiMtaBtly oa band a utw anJ klxt Htock of Silverware, Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c. 3Ialn Street, Morristown, Term. SjKHial attention pven to repairing of all kind j, and satisfaction r "" rt. 4-11-1 ly- nr Fcr CHalcs Faailj Groceries OO TO W. M. WIL3IETH CCALER 13 Goods, Groceries, Dry IJoots, Shoes, J Tats, Ac, uto Afenl for Cm LitiHtanalAf DAVIS SEWIN6 MACHINE $rtwUt V.cLlo. XlfWJJ of an ktada. OIL, nuy u Htkr.t maxkrt prte palJ for at klad. f Cov&try 1 rvMja-.. WAIN ST.. lIOnillSTOWN, TENN. Jaa j It ri rsHy ani ertr!-li the LOOO."r.ltl MtTU VlcS" "! 1. .H th. a.". roinlr1i. aorialnand .iiiclt tONK, ua Inwul. .4 o.rr;l rlt.. DEPARTMENT OF D. B. Loveman & Co. When you want anything in Carrels, Oil Clotlis, Hatlims. Shales, Lace Curtains, Lamtreimiiis, valances, Winflow Cornices, ani Cornice Poles, It will Pay You to Come or Write to Us. An ImmenseStocl. any class of 600S1 AUcays the yetcest Styles. The fiest Goods for the Money. Cuttou Cbaina, from Oue . aU-tfToot niliBf Carpet, from He. All-Wool Extra Super., from C5c. TiatrieBraaer!a, from 6Hc. Body BrauwU, from tl 25. TrlrM CarprU, Mooqu.lt. Ctrpft, Axrulultr C.rpm, .1 uallT l prlcre. Send for our Uaatifutly u:uatratc4 Fpriug C.ta- 1. ue. D. B. LOVEMAN &CO v Chattanooga, Tens. aprlB M ly CARTERS OlTTLE IVER PILLS. Bick TTeaAueh and rclie al th trooDUa !ocU nttA biiioaa .tat of th. .jrium, uch aa Via- ncaa. Naoai-a. Drowaux-aa. liiatma aUTcaticr, Ji in tttaS.de, Aft. Vt tail their moat tvuuut auccaaa baa bocm ihova la curie H-Tvhr.yrt Carter". Little Lhrr PUla ar eqnaflf vuluabla la Cooatipatioa, curi&f and r.iiUiif th:a afinoTtDrompiauit. riuiIhry al ao correct all diwrtlt ra of th atoaaf-h. atimulat. tha Urtr aud r.t,u.ie tha bowrla. Jtrea U lacy only caxvd Araa tfiry wcnld bealmort priceleaa to thaM who auilcr fr ia Uua diatraaauig complamt; but forta- la tht bae f o maay llrea that here la where w aaka our treat toaaU Out piila cur It whiia OtheradoBut. . Carter'a LitHa Urtr Tifta ar very rmail aa Trryca y to take. ln or two pUIa make a doae. They ar. ttrictly Tetrrtabl and do bo frvp c rrTZ bat by tbclr ymUe action j,leaa ail who tMlhtm. IaTialaat5eeiitt; fl forfL boU by (Uuiata rrixywLoa. or aaat by mai CaRTER SIEDICIXE CO .NeTT Tort 00S11TEE1 To the need, of the touri.t. commercial tratrt-Ur ami new aciiler, Uoaletter'a Muni- era Hutrra la iwculiarly adapted, aiuce it atrrnKlbena the digr.tire organ., and brace-a tn physical rncrgiea to uo health ful influence. U rrmovt-a and prerenU aoalarial fcrer. eou.tipatiou, riyupcpaia. healthfully atnuulatra the kilnr). and bladder, and enrieliea aa well aa purifiea tbe blood. When overrome br fatifrue, whether mental or physical, the weary and tia-bllitated nud il a reliable anarce of renewed MrrmMli and comfort. For aale br all IruKZl uJ LValcra generally, HOPE 6l BRO. Watchmakers AND JEWELERS, Cor. Oay Church BU., Knoxvilli, - TlNN., Keep la rtock a full line of Walcles & Jewelry, Solid Silver, Silrei -Hated Ware, Superior Table Cutlery, &c tar Beplrlnf and Eufravlna .ai'.lfulty emacuted upon reasonable term.. All order, by wail wil re ealve prompt alteatloo, aad aaUafactkon gaarma teed. "1 " " nean's Station, Tate Springs and j Mineral Hill Daily Hail and Eipss Line. c OMF( to TABLE HACKS ARE EMTLOTED freight acioniBiodaUona are afforded, at rery raanxiaute ratea. tar- Hrh leave. Morriatoma 7 a. m ; arrlTee Bean fetal 10:30 a. m , and Tate kprluf.. 11 a. aa-; leave. T.te Springe li DU, and arrtTca Morriatos n : jo p, a. . for farther lnfrwatbn ran oa JOHN NOE, aaat tf atortiatowa, l.na. " MllS. LOU FLYSX, AGENT rOU MRS. A. P. FLYNN, has tbe bfit selected stock cf LAtliea IIU tnd Bonnets In sLtl eoJ of tLt State, and ahe trirna tbem to auit tbe Uate and atjrle of ber patrona. Wbile abe girea you fanry ttglsg, sba chirgcf rtatanaUe pnce$. Ilonf.t goodi low piicft! hnns -! IrTpriaf . a.iaiy tfacirirnmlnr.a'ntrr. ootcDaarre,anauoaa who once try tbeia will nd the. UtUepiliaTala- M.Iqm many waya that they arill lot be willuij Ut K wiUiunl Ukem. But after all ajttcfieaa ASH El 7 ffi stomach i f h a MILLINERY ! Do yon waat a Bonnet or Hat? If yoa cannot coma In peraon aand your order to Millinery Department, 13.13. Loveman fc Co. CHATTANOOGA, TENN. The Beat, Moat Faahiooable and Chaapaat Milli nery in uie Kuia . m His Line ChIldens, Hats. Rend na the amount of money yon wUh to eipend and wa will put up and eena you ine oe.1 TMiaubla articla for tha Price. Write a abort description of youraelf and alao atate what color Dreaa or ummm you want to wear tbe Hat or Bonuet wUh. Trv u.. tou can do no better. We do not aend Xi.iuiery on appro wuou . D. B. LOYEMAN & CO., Chattanooga, .Tinn. aprl 84 ly THE MORRISTOWN GAZETTE. Subscription Price, $1 CO, Entered at tbe roat Offlo. at Horrtatowa, Tenn. ae.eeond claaa natter ) The advertisement of Harper's Weekly "for the campaign has at its hcad"Grovcr Cleveland for Fresi- dent 1 he prediction may safely be ventured that tho Tl eekly has never had such a circulation as will bo rolled up for it between now and November. It having been reported that Samuel J. Randall was dissatisfied with the National Democratic plat form, tho Louisville Evening Fost telegraphed him, asking an author ized statement. Mr. Randall repli ed that not only was he heartily satisfied with the declarations, but the platform bad been submitted to him by the committee, to whom he expressed his warm concurrence, and stated that the principle there in promulgated were those for which ho had fought for years. In fact tbe Democratic platform adopted at Caicago was exactly Mr. Randall's position on the tariff question and tho other national issues. When Cleveland was Mayor of Buffalo and Blaine Secretary of State, a meeting was held in that city to protest against the inactivity of the government in behalf of the rights of Irish-American citizens arrested in ' Great Britain. Mr. Cleveland said : It needed not the statute which is now the law of the land, declaring that "all naturalized citizens while in foreign lands are entitled to, and shall receive from this government, the samo protection of person and preperty which Is accoidod to na tive born citivens," to voice the poli cy of our nation. In all lands where the semblance of liberty is preserved, the right of a person arrested to a speedy accusation and trial is, or ought to be, a fundamental law, as it is a rule of civilization. At any rate, we hold it is to be so, and this is one of the rights which we under take to guarantee to any native born or naturalized citizen of ours, whether he be imprisoned by order of the Czar of Russia or under the pretext of a law administered for the benefit of the landed aristocracy of England. Wo do not claim to make laws for other countries, but wo do insist that whatsoever those laws may be, they shall, in tho interests of human freedom aud the rights of mankind, so far as. they involve the liberty of our citizens, be speedily administered. We have a right to ay, and do say, that mere suspi cion without examination or trial, is not sufficient to justify the loag im prisonment of a citizen of A merica. Other nations may permit their citi zens to bo thus imprisoned. Ours will not. And this, in effect, has been solemnly declared by statute. We have met here to-night to eon- ftidcrtbis subject and to inquire in to the cause and the reasons and tbe justice of the imprisonment of cer tain of our fellow citizens now held in British persons without the ecm-. blance of a trial or legal examination. Our law declares that the Govern, ment shall act in such cases. But the peopleare tho creators of the Government Polishing the Wrong End. Many men daily polish their boots wbo naver cive a thought tn tbe conil tioaof their balr, ex ept to barrow it casually whb brush atd comb, or sub tnit t iho rr'j'r)K attentions the average barber. What happantr Why, tbia : From neglect, anantal anxiety, or say of a score of causes, tbe bair turns prematurely (fray and berlDS to fall cut. Parker's Hair lial.ara will at obce Hop tbo latter process and restore the original -color. An elegant dress ing, free from grease. 1-t New Jersey Wine Sent to Eu rope. Mr. Speer, of New Jersey has a repu tation extending over tbe whole Union and in Europe at beine; a reliable pro ducer of pure atinta." Ilia Port Grape Wine Is ordered liy families In Dresden London and l'arls fur Its superior r medl- J f ikDte Cinal values, and its blood quality, owiog to the Iron contained la tha anil In nrliirh Ilia vlnra rmv. Yeir itlo ty drursliU. POLITICAL GOSSIP. Independents Pormulating Op- position. They Will Oppose Blaine and Logran and Support Cleveland and Hendricks The Boston Indedendants Already In Line The New York Sun in the Field lor the Ticket. : Tammanv tcill not Oppose the Democratic Ticket The Four teenth New York District: Asso ciation Endorse Cleveland and Hendricks Irishmen Declaring for the Ticket. . . .New Yobk, July 14. A meeting of Independent Republicans general committee was held this evening at their new headquarters, 35, Nassau treet. Carl Schurz presided, and the fbllowinar ananimouslv: 'The undersicrned committee, invited all llepublicans and Independent voters who disapprove of the nominations maae Dy tne itepuDUcan -.national Convention at Chicago, as unworthy of support, and whe think that the interests oi good government ana oi public morals demand the defeat of the Republican candidates for Pre&i dent and Vice President, and who are therefore resolved not to vote for Blaine and Logan, to meet for con ference either in persom or in dele- gation for the purpose of determin ing upon a common course of action in the impendiBf? canvass. I lie Conference will be held at 11 a. m, July 22, 1884, in the City of New York, at the University Club Thea tre, Madison avenue and Twenty- tre, Madison avenue and Twenty- sixth street Gentlemen desiring to sixth street Gentlemen desiring to take part are respectfully requested take part are respectfully requested to report their names to S. W. Gner- son, Secretary of the Independent Republican Committee, at 35 Nassan street, New York." (bigneat) George Wm. Curtis, Chairman ; S. W.Grier- son, Secretary of the Jsew York In- uepenuent itepnoucan ommiuee. . i . -r i l- 'if Charles R. Codman, President ; Dar- win E. Ware, Chairman ex-commit- tee ef the Committee of One Hun- dred. Boston, Mass. Simon E.Bald- win, President ; laicot il. itusseu, Secretlry of the Committee of Twenn a a-w -WW -BT 11 nve, xSew Haven Conn. - J Ml Lam-1 ed, Chairman; Ralph Stine, Secreta- ry of the Independent Republican! Committe, Buffalo, N. Y. BOSTON INDEPENDENTS ENDORSE CLEVELAND AND HENDRICKS. A special dispatch from Boston i says the Massachusetts Reform Club at its meeting Saturday formally ens dorsed the nomination of Cloveland and Hendricks. The gaihering was tho largest the Club had ever had, and among those present were a number of tho most prominent of tho Independents of the State. All the after-dinnerjspeeches were favor able to Cleveland, and his name was repeatedly cheered. The speeches wore bv John S. Farlow. the Presi of the Clu ; Colonel Theodore Ly- ' J I man, the Independent Congressman from the Ninth district; George Frederick Williams, late Secretary of the Norfolk Club, another politic! cat organization, from which posi tion he retired because he would not support Blaine and Logan ; Colonel T. W. Higginson, Edwin Atkinson, William Everett, Frank Bird, Wins- low Warren and others. A tele gram was sent to Governor Cleve land congratulating him upon the nomination rejoicing that ho was selected to lead the opposition to Blaine, and tenders him the assure ance of its enthusiastic support. A formal indorsement of the latest Chicago nominations was made in the adoption of a series of strong resolutions. New York Sun All Itlgh't. Washington, July 14. The New York iS'un, whoso leader the morn-, ing after the ' nomination ef Cleve land waa confidently pointed to by the Blaine people as an evidence that it would take no part in 'tho fight, has a leader to-day, entitled "Integrity as a Factor in Politics," which shows that, although opposed to his nomination, tho Sun is net without a high regard 'for the nom inee of the party, and will cordially support him. The Sun says : v "The nomination of Cleveland by the Democrats is, moro than any thing else, a protest against tbe as sumption involved in tbe nomina tion of Mr. Blaine by the Republi cans, that it does not make any difference whether a man is honest or not, so long as he possesses the ether qualities of a groat political leader. The one conspicuous defect in Mr. Blaine's career has been his bis indifference ef official integrity the one prominent feature of Gov. Cleveland's administration has been the confidence which be inspired in his rectitude of purpose and honesty of aetion as a public officer. . In training, in experience, in know ledge of affairs, it can not truthfully be said that he is Mr. Blaine's equal. He had a vast deal to loam when be became Governor, and the field of necessary knowledge which the WThite House opens to view is much more expansive and exacting. But n0 l strong where his antagonist is weak his honesty is not doubted. ThU ia ttie point ef ctiaf ariioa to which the Democrats will do wel to turn the drift of oopular discus sion." The Sun speaks highly of the nomination of Mr. Hendricks, whose name strengthens the tickt, and savs that it is to the credit of the patriotism of Mr. Hendricks that he was willing to lay aside Ins natura objections from a peint of mere per sonal dignity and consideration and te jive the party tne Denem oi nis name It Will Grow In Confidece. Washington, July 14 The Cap ital, of this city, says : "The Capi tal is not anxious to figure as a polit ical propht, but is sincerely believes that Mr. Cleveland is eroine to be elected this year, and it supposes that if he is elected Mr. Hendricks will be elected too. The people who talk so glibly of Cleveland and Hendricks being easily beaten either do not mean what they say, er else do not kaaw what they are talking about. The ticket from a Demo- cratic int of view is unassailable, and to a test of .Republicans, it is entirely acceptable. It will grow in gtMrjffth and public confidence every daT from now until Nevetnber. Butler's Scheme. Eliza.bith, N. J., July 14. B. W. Terlinde, of this city, Secretary of the National Committee of the Greenback party, who accompanied Gen. Butler from Chicago to Buffalo, says Mr. Butler stated distinctly to Gen. Weaver, himself and others that he had accepted tbe nomination of the National and Anti-Monopoly parties, and would run, probably eoncentraling his work in New York. New York, July 16. The Young Men's Republican Club of the Third Assembly District, which was form- ed last May, has been disbanded be cause three-fourths, of the members were in favor of Cleveland and Hendricks. The members are em- ployed in stores and engaged in var- ious trades and laboring pursuits I r- . . eonte oi the leading members re- cently began to show a strong anti Blaine sentiment, and at last Fri- day's meeting John Lyons, of No. 131 Mulbery street, a well known, active Republican in that district, declared himself for Cleveland stat- ing as his reasons that ho believed the interest of the workingmen de- manded the election of the. reform candidate. One after another of tho members expressed the same convictions and it beeame apparent that almost the entire club would flock to the Democratio standard. Before adjournment it was agreed to disband the Young Men's Repub lican club of tho Third Assembly district, and every member was re turned the money he contributed. Immediate steps were taken for organizing a Cleveland phalanx, and before the lights were extinguished three-fourths of the members had renounced their- support of Blaine and enrolled themselves as active members of an organization to be 1 il . "V 1 1 TV known as the Young Men's Demo cratic clab of tho Third Assembly district. TAMMANY MEN FOR CLEVELAND. The first gun in favor of Cleve land and Hendricks from Tammany Hall waa fired Ia6t night by the Fourteenth Assembly District As- sociation, amid great enthusiasm. Register John Reilly made a for- ciblo speech, in which he showed that the unanimous selection of Cleveland and Hendricks as the Democratic standard bearer for 1884 warranted all Democrats, te work zelously and faithfully for the ticket. He thought it was the greatest con- vention'that was ever held and the nominees the most available that have been selected in many years. He was loudly applauded at the con clusion of his speech, and an motion the' following resolutions were unan imously adopted: " Resolved, That the Tammany Hall General Committee and Tam many Association of the Fourteenth Assembly District give tbe Hon. Grover Cleveland, Democratic can didate for President, and the Hon. Thomas A. Hendricks, Democratic candidate for Vice President of the United States, our hearty, honest, undivided and unwavering support, and, that we,tho several members of this committee and association pledge ourselves upon our honor and reputation as Democrats, not only to vote for the entire Demo cratic electoral ticdet, but also zeal ously to labor and , exert ourselves for its triumphant success at the ens suing election. " Resolved, That we denounce a traitors and unfie for the association3 of honest Democrats any person who, professing to be such, fails of his hearty and generous support of the Democratic nominees." . " : - nOW PRODUCE MEN VOTED. - Business being dull and uninter esting the members on the floor of the Produce Exchange yesterday afternoon amused 'themselves by takiag a vote upon the Presidential question. ' Regular ballot boxes wero set up in tbe call room, tellers wero appointed and armed with offi cial lists of the members of the Ex change, to bo checked ofi as the bal lots wero deposited and to guard against any redeati ng or "colonu- Of ipteri, 'lne .Blaine campaign was not conducted on, the aggressive plan which the political friends of the Maine statesman have promised mi i r mm. w xne aamirers oi tne tattooed man wero decidedly apathetic, and the Cleveland men were awaj' ahead in the matter ef enthusiasm When the polls closed at 3 o'clock there were 274 votes for Cleveland and 140 for Blaine. IRISHMEN NOT FOR BLAINE A large and enthusiastic meeting of IrishsAmerican citizens, called by the Young Men's Independent Democratic Association, was held last evening at Central Hajl, No 144 East Fifty-ninth street. Cant. a ' aV William F. Kelly, president. Reso lutions were passed unanimously endorsing Cleveland and Hendricks. It was resolved to form a Cleveland and Hendricks legion, and four com panies were immediately organized. Addresses were delivered by Col. James Doyle, Major James McEn ery, Professor Keenan ond othors. Officers of the legion will bo elected next Monday. DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM The democratic party of tho Union, through its representatives in National Convention assembled, recognizes that as the nation grows older new issues are born of time and progress, and old issues perish ; but the fundamental principles of the democracy, approved by the united voice of the people, remain, and will ever remain, as the best and only security for tho continu ance oi tree government. lne preservation of personal rights, the equality of all citizens before the law, the reserved rights of the States and tho supremacy of the federal government within tho lim its of the constitution will ever form the truo basis of our liberties and can never be surrendered without destroying that balance of rights and powers which enables a conti nent to be developed in peace and social order to be maintained by means of local self government ; but it is indispensable for the practical applicetion and . enforcement of these fundamental principles that the government should not always be controlled by one political party. Frequent change of administration is as necessary as constant recur rence to the popular will. Other wise abuses grow and the govern ment, instead of being carriod on for the general welfare, becomes an in strumentality for imposing heavy burdens on the many who aro gov erned for the benefit of the few who evern. Public servants thus ben come arbitrary rulers. This is now the condition of the country hence a change is demanded. ARRAIGNING THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. The republican party, so far as principle is concerned, is a reminis cence. In practice it is an organi zation for enriching those who con trol its machinery. The frauds and jobbery which have been brought to light in every department of the government are sufficient to have called for reform within tho repub lican porty Yet those in authority, mado reckless by the long posses sion of power, have succumbed to its corrupting influence and and have placed in nomination a ticket against which tbe independent por tion of the party are in open revolt. Therefore a fhange is demanded. Such a change was alike necessary in 1876, but the will of the poople was then defeated by a fraud which can never be forgotten nor con dons ed. Again, in 1880, the change de manded by the people was defeated by the lavish use of money contrib uted by unscrupulous contractors and shameless jobbers who had bar gained for unlawful profits or for high office. The republican party during its legal, its stolen and its bought tenure ot power has steadily decayed in meral character and po litical capacity. Its platform prom ises are now a list of its past fail ures. It demands the restoration of our navy ; it has squandered hundreds of millions to create a navy that docs not exist. It calls upon Congress to remove the bur dens under which American ship ping has been depressed ; it impos ed and has continued those burdens. It professes the policy of reserving the public lands for small holdings by actual settlers; it has given away the people's heritage till now a few railroads and non-resident aliens, individual and corpora te,pos sess a larger area than that of all our farms between tbe two seas. -It professes a preference for free insti tutions; it organized and tried to legalize a control of Stato elections by federal troops. It professes a desire to elevate labor ; it has subs jected American workingmen to the competition of convict and imported contract labor. It professes grati tude to all who were disabled or died in tho war leaving widows and orphans; it left to a democratic House of Representatives the first effort to ovnalize both bounties and pensions. It profiers a pledge to correct the irregularities of our ta riff; it created and has continued them. Its own Tariff Commission confessed, the need of more than twenty per cent, reduction ; its Con- 'gress gave a reduction of less than i four per cent. It proiesses tne pro, tection of American manufactures; it has subjected them to an Increas ing flood of manufactured goods and a hopeless competition with manu facturing nations, not no of which taxes raw materials. It professes to Krotect all American industries; it as impov(rished many to subsidize a tew. It professes tho protection of Amerigan lalor; it has depleted the returns of American agriculture -An industry followed by half cur people. It professes the equality of ail men before the law ; attempting to fix tho status of colored citizens, the acts ' of its Congress were overruled Dy tne decis ions of its courts. It "accepts anew the duty of leading in the - work of progress and reform : its caught criminals are permited to escape through contrived delays or actual connivance in the prosecution. Honeycombed with corruption, out breaking exposures no longer shock its morals sense; its honest members, its independent journals, no longer maintain a successful contest for au- thorny m its councils or a vote up on ban nominations. That change is necessary is proved by an existing surplus of more than 11,000,000, which has yearly been collected from suffering people. Unnecessary taxation is unjust taxation TARIFF REFORM. We denounce the Republican party lor havmg lailed to relievo the peo pie from the rushing war taxes. which have deprived labor of em ployment and of j'ust reward. The Democracy pledges itself to purify the administration lrom corruption, to restore economy, to revive respect lor law and to reduce taxation to the lowest limit consistent with due regard to tho preservation of the Kt ays. VfOVi VMkAVU ISA bUV7lAA l A?AA Jl a. . . 1UI WAA VA tUO UaktlFAl 1V Hi? ji vUlLUI 9 nd pensioners. Knowinsrfull well. a however, that legislation affecting the operations of and the people snouia do cautious, conservative in method, not in advance of public opiiiion, but responsive to its des mands. The Democrrtic party is pledged to revise th tariff in a spirt of fairness to all interests. But in making reductions in takes it is not proposed te injure any domestic in dustries, but rather to promote the.'i healthy growth. From the founda tion of this government taxes col lected at tho custom house been the chief sourco of federal revenue ; such they, must continue to be. More over, many industries have ceme to rely upon legislation for successful continuance, so that any change of law must bo at every stop regardful f tho labor and capital thus involv- ed. The process of reform must bo subject in the execution to this plain dictate of justice all taxation shall bo limited to the requirements of economical government. The nec- essarv reduction in taxation can and must be effected without depriving American labor of the ability to com- sail e.a a 11 pete successiuiiv witn loreign laDor and without imposing lower rates of duty than will be ample to cover any increased cost of production whichmayexistinconsequenceotthe higher rate of wages prevailing in this countrv. Sufficient rovenuo to nav all the expenses of tho federal government economically adminis- tered. including pensions, interest and of the public debt, can be got underour present system of taxation from custom houses taxes on lower imported articles, bearing heaviest on articles of luxury and bearing lightest on articles of necessity. WHAT IS DEMANDED. We therefore denounce tho abuses of the existing tariff and subject to the proceeding limitations. We de mand that federal taxation shall bo exclusively for public purposes and shall not exceed the needs of the government economically adminis tered. The system of direct taxation known as tho "intermal revenue" is a war tax, and so long as the law continues the money lovied there from should sacredly devoted to tho relief of the poople from the remain ing burdens of the war and bo made a fund to defray the expense of the care and comfort of worthy soldiers disabled in line of duty in the wars of the Republic and tor the payment of such pensions as Congress may from time to time grant to such soldiers, a like fund for the sailors having been already provided ; and 1 1JU J ?X- it- any surplus snouia oe paia into tne ..rcaauij. . " rtUlw continental policy based upon more intimate commercial ana pouuci relations witn tne nueen sisters re- puDiicsoierin.v.entraianuoouin America, out entangling alliances vii,u uvuv. im,.".;'' """" money, inegow anu suver coinages ot tne consiitui on ana a circulating U1WIUUI WU.UHV . iuiuvi. uiuV witnout loss. Asserting the equality all men bo- fore the law, we hold that it is tbe duty of the government in its deal- ings witn tne people, to. mete oui equal and exacting justice to all citi- zens,ofwhatever nativity, race, color or persuation, religion! or political. Wo believe in a free ballot and a fair count, and we recall to the mem ory of the people the noble struggle of tbo Democrats in the Fortysfifth Congresses, by which a reluctant Repuplican opposition was compell ed to assent to legislation making evory-where illegal the presence of troops at the polls, as the conclusive proof that a Democratic administra tion will preserve liberty with order. The selection of federal officers for the Territories should be restrict ed to citizens previously resident therein. We oppose sumptuary laws, which vex tho citizen and in terfere with individual liberty ; we faver honest civil service reform, and the compensation of all United States offices by fixed salaries, the separation of Church and Stato and the diffusion of free education by common schools, so that evory child in the land may be taught tho rights aud duties of citizenship. SIGHT8 OP PROPERTY AND LABOR. While we favor all legislation which mill tend to the equitable dis tribution of property, to the preven tion of monopoly and to the strict enforcement of individual rights against corporate abuses, we hold that the welfare of soeiety depends upon a scrupulous regard for the rights of property as defined by law. We believe that laoor is Dest ro warded .whero it is freest and mwt enlightened. It should therefore be fostered and cherished. We favo? tU3 repeal of all law restrict ing the free action of labor, and tho enactment of Jaws by which labor organizations may be incorporated, and of all such legislation as will tend to enlighten the people, as to the true relations of capital and la bor be believe that the publie land ought .as far as possible to be kpt as homesteads lor actual settlers ; that all unearned lands heretofore improvidently granted to railroad corporations by the action of tho Republican party, should be restored I to tho public domain, and that no I more grants of land shall be made I to corporations or be allowed to fall - 1 into the ownership of alien abscntcos. We are opposed to all propositions " which upon any pretext would conn vert the genoral government into a machine for collecting taxes to be distributed among the States or tho ' citizens thereof. ' In reaffirming the declaration of the Democratic platform of 1869, that tho liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence and sanctioned in the tonstitution which make ours tho land of liberty and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever been candinal principles y;, Lie Democratio faith, we nevertheless do not sanction the importation of foreign labor or the admission of I li a a -re ' ?n or lo.r rP- tion into the great body of our peo ple, or for the citizenship which our laws confer. American civilizatioa demanns that against the iinmigra tion or importation of 3Iongolians to these shores our gates bo closed. RIGHTS OP AMERICAN CITLIBNS. The democratic party insists that it is the duty of this government to protect with edual fidelity and vigi lance the rights of its citizens, na tive and naturalized, at home and abroad, and to the end that this pros tection may bo assured, United States papers of naturalization is- 1 sued by courts of competent juris diction must be respected by the executive and legislative depart ments of our own government and by all foreign powers. It is an im- porative duty of this government to efficiently protect all the rights of persons ana property ot ovcry American citizen in foreign lands, and demand and enforce full repa- ration for any invasion thereof. An American citizen is only responsible to his own government 'for any act dono in his own country or under 1, 1 V- uag, auu can oniy oe tnea therefor on her own soil and ac- coming to her laws: ana no power exists in this government to oxpas "jaie an American citizen to oe tnea in any loroign lana lor any such act. This country has never had a well defined and executed for- eign policy save under democratic administration. That policy has ever been in respect to foreign na- tions so long as they do not act dotg omental to tno interests oi too country or hurtful to our citizens, to let them alone. That, as the result of this policy, we recall the acquisi tion ot .Louisiana, rlorida, Califor nia, and of the adjacent Mexican territory by purchase alone, and contrast these grand acquisitions of democratic statesmanship with the purchase of Alaska, the sole fruit ot a republican administration of near ly a quarter, of a century. lhe federal government should care lor and improve the .Missis sippi river and other great water ways of tbe Republic.so as to secure for the interior States easy and cheap transportation to tido water. OUR MERCHANT MABLKE. Under a long period ef demo cratic rulo and policy our merchant marine was fast overtaking and on the point of outstripping that of Great Britain ; under twenty years of republican rule and policy our commerce has been left to British bottoms and almost has tho Ameri can nag been swept on the high geas Ingtead of tLe republican part y's British policy wo demand for the ,0 Qf ihQJ Vnited Suteg an American policy. Under demon ciatic ru,e and policy our morchanU and Bailow, flyinir the Stars and StripefJ in eveiy port) 8UCCegSfully searched out a market for the va ried proauct8 0f American industry. Under a quarter of a centnry of ro- pBWttB ruJe an(J poJKjy. ddBpitO ajj our manifest advantage over all other nations in high pai3 iabor fa. vorab0 cHmates and teeming soils ; d he freedom of trade among .au tiMA TTnitA HAanirA t.hii nrtnn.irn y,v ,iia f.mM. rm nr men ftnd an annual immigrat;on of the 'oung, thrifty and adventurous of all nations; despite our' freedom here from tbe inherited burdens of life and industry in Old World mo as archies, the costly war vavies, their vast tax-consuming, non-producior standing armies; despite twenty years of peace, that republican rule and policy have managed to sur render to Great, Britain along with our commerce the control oi tbe markets of tho woiTd. Instead of tho republican party British policy we aemana in oenau oi tne Ameri can domocracy an American policy. Instead of the Republican party s discredit scheme and false pretence of friendship for Araoriean labor ,ex pressed by " imposing taxes, we de mand in behalf ot the Democracy freedom for American labor by re-' ducing taxes,' to the end that these United btates may compete with unhindered powers for the primacy -a a a t among nations in ail tho arts ot peaco and fruits of liberty. , MR. TILDEN COMPIMINTED. . Without profound regret we have- been apprised by the venerablo statesman through whose person . was struck that blow at tho vital princible of republics, acquiescence in the will of the majority, that he cannot permit us again to place in his hands the leadership of the Doraocratic host for the reason that the achievement of reform in the administration of the federal govern ment is an undertaking novf too I