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i - MORRIStOWN, TENN., WEDNESDAY, JULY 30, 1SS4. VOL. XViri.--KO. 18. fly JOHN E. HELMS. D.B.LOVE! Dry 0fli3s, Silks, Velvsls, duiisses made to order. ZnA Lar. RiUwca. KW, 8Itk Mi Lm. .l am. .Huilrnii FaraiaUinsa, TITK MOST COMPLETE DRY 60QDS ESTABLISHMENT IS IKE SOUTH. tiic a-jy. I' OrJ f Oood Oar fi ,u.!.J llln.frat'd CtW aoailaJ f r MJlCi'.. tu I !- of Oood ax ant r- w.jay x.rM ctrg oo UCmU OtJ.m ( Ten l- or or. D. B. LOVE MAN & CO.. Cll ATT A NO i A, TKS.f. trrliM l II TijStroiEEraAEe to Prelect!!! Icti :o:nt Nr. irlv twextt-iocb mil h a cf lUr if Icoram-a Awls The Continental of X. V., A-en over - - $l,5UO,000 The Trailer.-.' of Chicago, Ak-cu - - - 1.0S2.000 The North America of lMilla., Act S,?)oG,O00 Tho .Etna or Hart rord AiUovir - - - 9.000.000 ir-Mlrrit.LnulUa Ua CBfrix-aa tla lr i.irr I khoit y.-or fcaatoaaa. J. C. HODGES. ott. -.i. : J. I. R. Binyon, X'jufXrtr and Ve.ilerin Saddles, Bridles, HARNESS, &.C., VAIN KTUtET. MOUUISTOWN, - - TENS' l f ttU htitn tjUen U d kind tf J!ri firing. ;. .t . r u4 !tt j.ri-. Term. cb or Ita lit. tuaJl tf CLARENCE t. TUCKER, ' DENTIST. 3I0KKIST0WN, TENNESSEE. TOIMD FACTS BCASiN2 LADl ES .r l..lrr mtH 6ml ! . t ..... i.. a. wtf " 1 1 Oh. Hum on Tonkj a row 8Lt A4 D. W. C. DAVIS, Watclimaker and Jeweler, Ki rouftabtly n band aod ftect Mock fcf Silverware, Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &e. ?lftln Street, Morristown, Tenn. SjKciJ atleiitioa pven to repairing of all k-inI., and satisfaction guaranteed. at.i.l?-l ly. l" Fcr Cycles Fanilj Grcccrles CO TO W. 31. WILMETH Dry Goods, Groceries, Roots, Shoes, Jfats, . Am.1 fur IUbt-Baualn DAVIS SEWIHG MACHJHE r-gwlfi( kUcUaaNCttLX8 of .n biada. Oil , eunauaBtly ua kaAd, Upbeat i&axba4 priee for aS Uadl of Covtrr rrjJora. MAI.V ST., MOIiniSTQWy, TKJN. iaatii-Jf THE FIRE FIEND THECSITTRUI rzi'".. u .... iirivs ilr." lutair "7','r'"7'U"JufVM .M. I.. a l r.--t "e. Uf aa Il r ! TuMC 1 II friaeKt alteaapta CARPET DEPARTMENT OF Jo. B. Loveman & Co. "When you want anything in Cansfe, Oil Clotts, Matties, Stale., Lace CnrlalES, Lsitomiiiis, Valances, icio? Ccrtices, ani CcnilcB Pete. It will Pay You to Com or Wrlto to Us. An ImmeaseStccl, any class of Goofls Altcays the yevrett Styles. The Lett Goods for the Money. Cotton Chains from 20c. iU-Vool filling Carpet, fruut Sac. , AJWWoul Ictra Snjor., from 65c. Tpentrie CruaaclB, from SSc. Body Rraaaela, from $1 35. TrlTtt Ptrprta, Mono.t Carprt, Axn.UiUir Carprta, at e.junT low prt.-r. Srn4 tor uf Uautifully Ultutrated Spring Ct kCie. D.B. LOVEMAN &CO . Chattanooga, Tex.v. prl b lj UP? B!ck n.' nd rell H the t rootle fncW 4rat to a b.uoai tatbf the .Ttum. .ach . IJ liMM, KtaM. Prowi.i, l:.Urt. ihitftliiif, aiJt uccM hu bee (bow, ia cur in f u&bi hi C'oDMipKttoa, curiar ftnd bravvaticr th: mnoylBff eomjimt wtui thy kiaoeerrect 1 ciiw.rd- r. of tb tsaach. tlmsUta tha lirer aditg;ttLtwweU. J(tcs U Ury OBi cu4 AeSa try wobM b kloioat pricrlrM to ttiaaa euii.r fr.m l!via diuwuyr complaint; kot fortn- BmtaJ y thvir eooOaamm duet doi tea crre, ua wioooc. try Ihrm will tad U litUa pUla raJa. abla io o many aya that thry wlUeot be wOal Ut tit wuiiol lice 2iutaitrJi.ckficaa la the fcane of M many Urea tbal hrrtj 1 where we anata our ra boaU Our tUU cora te vbiia oitfa do t. . . Carter' Little. JJt T31 are Yrry ma;l an eryaajytouka, Onecr two pJIa makea doaa. they ra atrictly Tei:bl md do o frre ee orrbutbytb. r ffsU. action ,lraaa aJwb it.ikra. UialaatSJeenta: tmtettU BoU I j lxBit ercrywbcia, of cct by icaX CARTU 3IEDICIXE CO., ew York. To the nreila f tha tout it, rommrrrltl traTrUr ami urw atiler, II.u-tttT'a Stu--h Ililtrra is eculiarly .laplrd, aiace It atrrDKlbros tba t!jtiy otgans, and feraors tbe thjrairal rutT,-itl U Uuhealli. ful infliM-iMva. (t rruwirrt ami rcTnu auiUnal fcrr, r.uUptioi, il jprla. bnltblully atiiunlalra Ibe ki.io.jr. aod bU.Mrr, an1 rartclM-a a. w-H u puriiica tbe blood. Wbea oercine tjr lalicue, wbrtb.r roectal or ihyirl. tbe wrary fcnd ilrbilitati J And it rrlULle aoure of rfarfl ktrrnirtli an.l et.mfort. Kur aala bf all lrus;i.la and Drak-ra KdMrrally, HOPE & BRO. Watchmakers AND JEWELERS, Cor. Oay k Cbnrch su KSOXVILLI, - TlSN., Keep la atock a foil Una of Watcles&JeielFj, Solid Silver, jA SllTei.riatel Ware, Superior Table Cutlery, &c" tW IUi trio'f and Engraving .kmally eeenU4 po rraooabie lnaa. AQ ordera by auail anlra cvlre promj.t ailauUou, and aaUsfaction poaraa. taod. Bean's Station, Tate Sprinjs and Mineral Hill Daily Hail ail Express Line. COMFOHTADLE HACKS ABE KUI'LOTED on tbta hue aod nnt-rlaM t aaaauprr and frrlgbt ac.niiuu(lUtsa ara afforded, at vary mHiit'lr r.tr. ir lla'k Waea MorrUtovn T I. n ; arriee licaa'a '.mim 10:1 a. m , aod Tata hprlni, II a. a-: IroTra TaU irlua 11 ta., and arrrvea Mnrrtatown 5:30 p, n . For further uLfurmatina rail on J Oil 1ST NOE, mal tf Uorikuii, lma. MJLS. LOU FLYXy, ' AO EXT FOR MRS. A.' T. FLYNN, has the bet lelectcJ atock of Ladies' FlaUand Bonntl In tbi tnJ of tb SUte, and he trimi thera to suit tbe Ute and style of Ler patrons. While ibe girea yoo fatuy tfjUt, abt cliargea reatonoHe jricet, Eonekl gooii low pxlcea! &wn t n- CARTEKS t - 4 f - VI AN & CO MILLINERY ! Do you want a Bonnet or Hat ? If yoa eaaaot coma In peraoa aand your order ta Millinery Department, T3.T3. Lovemnn fc Co. CHATTANOOGA, TENN. The IWat, loa Fa.hlon.bl. and Cbrapeat Milli nery in toe Bourn. Big Line Cllildens, Hats. Rand ua tbe aaiou-jt of money yon wiab to expend and vt will put np and .end you me oeei tvouibla article for tba price. Write a abort deecription of yonraelf and alao atata wbat color Drrw or UreeMa you want to waar tbe Hat or Bonnrt Try ., yoa ran do no better. Wa do not aend aiumery on lyiirowuu. . D. B. LOVEMAN & CO., CUATTANOOOA, TtltX. aprl ly THS MORRISTOWN GAZETTE. Subscription Price, $1 SO. Invariably in advance, otherwise $2. EntareA at tba ros Office at Morrlatowa, Tana, aa.acocd claaa matter TERMS OF THE GAZETTE- RATES OF 8UBSCRIPTI9X On Vr (53 wum) $1.50 tiLi months, 75 ctt; ir4 men'M, 40 etntt. r a rrr.t nv An vrrrtTr.trvn im fint insertion, ; tach $ubeqwnt inser tion, 50 ent; displayed advertisements oul m chnrgd according ts the space occu pied at above rates. 70 RE Q ULA R AD VERTISERS we . fer superior inducements, moth as ts ruts sfcharfe and manner sf displaying their f4rt. QOVirUXICATIOXS must le accompan ied fry the true name and address ef ths writer in order to receive attention. . OBITUARY NOTICES, Tributes of Re spect and Cards of Thanks charged for as regular advertisements. ALL BILLS for advertising are due when contracted and payable on demand. NOTICES IN LOCAL COLUMNS 10 cents-per line for first insertion and Scents per line for each additional insertion. We have received a beautiful pic ture of the Southern Exposition, which opens at Louisville, Ky., Aug. ICth, and continues until Oct. 25th. The views is of the main building, which i.4 ons of the largest Exposition buildings ever erected. It covers thirteen acrea of ground, and will be lighted throughout by five thousand electric lightfC-l - ' - Ex-Senator Iiarnum, of Connecti cut, says a Now York special, arriv ed in this city from Albany by. the early train this morning. It is un derstood that he has reconsidered his determination not to servo an other term as Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, and will be re-elected to the Chair manbkaip at next Tuesday's meeting of the committee at the Fifth Ave nue Hotel. The meeting will be lor organization and the selection of headquarters for the campaign. Mr. Barnum announced his intent tion somo days ago of refusing ,to retain the Chairmanship, but chang ed his mind after conferring -with DanieL Manning yesterday. When Gen. Barn urn's withdrawal was an nounced, Boswell P. Flower, ex Sonator Wallace and AT. L. Scott, of Pennsylvania, loeraed up as can didates for the place. It is under stood that it was Mr. Tilden's wish that Gen. Barnum should serve, and it was "rumored about political headquarters to-day that he aad x-Senator Kernan, who is also in town, had conferences with the Sago of Grey stone and local Demo cratic leaders to-day. Polishing the Wronjr End. Many men daily polish t hair boot a wbo nuTer give a thought to the condi tio or their hair, exrr pt to harrow- it casually with brush and cemb, or sub mit to tbe paralyzing attention of the average barber. What happen? Why, this : From neglect, mental anxiety, or aij of a score of causes, tbe bair turns prematurely gray and begins to fallout. Parker's liair Balsam will at once stop the latter proceaa and restore tbe original color. An elegant dress ing, free from grease. 1-t New Jersey "Wine Sent to Eu rope. ilr. Speer, of New Jersey has a repu tation extending oyer tbe whole Union and in Europe as being a reliable pro ducer of pure winta. Ills Tort Grape Wino is ordered by families In Dresden. London and Paris for its superior medi cinal virtues, and its bleed .reeking quality, owing to tbe iron contained in tbe sail in which tbe vines grow. For sale by druggists. , , , . Smart Weed and Belladonna combin ed wlib tbe other ingredienra usel la the best porous plasters make Carter's S. W.& U. Backache Plaslets tbe best in tbe market. Price 25 cents. - Atlanta Constitution: It men will let whisky alone whisky will lat men. aluar. Whi.kjr oarer takas the initiative. ; It neter hunts around for a maa to wrc tie with. If jou don't epen a barrtl th. xKI.V v U Ir ikill nrtt t Ant and at. 1 ucimeu. Ifm.n will iUj out of a bsr.roem the batkeeper will not ru! tut id int tara i. ' LOGAN SELLING Fit EE NEGROES INTO SLAV ERY AT AUCTION. From tbe Uemiibis Appeal. No man in the United States has shown as much hatred for the negro as John A. Logan, the Republican nie;wr uiB.xrc..ucuw has pursued this unfortunate race with beastly' ferocity. !! In other days, when the negro was in slav- ery and needed' sympathy, Logan regarded the soil of Illinois as-,too sacred to be polluted by his cen- taminating tread, If there is a col- ored man in the South so lost to self respect as to" vote for. John' A. Logan after reading the exposure we intend. to make in thie articJe, then he rs so debased and degraded as to vote for the most cruel slave- driver that over wielded the lash. Ignorant of the' past record of Lo- gan his atrocious cruelty . to .the race . when no... proposed to nam th em down as wild boasts the ne groesare hewling fer his election, Can it be possible that this is the same John A. Loganwho, in the Illinois. Legislature, , secured the passage of a bill selling in te slavery, at public auction, all free negroes in the SUte ? ' When the constitution of Illinois was framed in 1848, there an African slave-dealer or. : the wero two provisions in it which Southern slave-driver with blood were separately , submitted to the hounds in pursuit of their runaway people for their adoption or rejec- negr0es, with thD view ot making tion. One was that o,egro or Blaves of freemen who had either mulatto shall be permitted . to mi- grate or 'settle in the State. On this the vote was 171,890 to 71,306, being a majority of 100,590 ; for the provision against the admission ot negroes or mulattoes into Illinois. John A. Logan voted with the ma- jonty t exclude the negrees from the State. The other constitutional provision submitted; to the people was that the negroes should not hold office or have the right of suf- frage. On this question the vote stood 211,920 to 35,649, beintr a ma: jority of 176,271 against allowing negroes or mulattoes to hold omee or to vote in Illinois. John A. Lo- gan veted with the majority against tho negroes. To carry . these pro- visions into effect, John A. Logan, wuo was a memDer oi too xegisia- ture and or the Judiciary Commit-1 mueh labor to hunt up this damn tec, reported to the Legislature of in record. The colored voter will 1853 and secured the passage of the J-ll a lonowing Din : It A iN.kliKU Ult JJ.ULA11U, BOND OR FREE, SHALL nERE AFTER COME INTO T II IS STATE AND R E M A I N TEX DAYS WITH TIIE EVIDENT IN TENTION OF RESIDING IN TIIE SAME, EVERY SUCH NE GRO OR MULATTO SHALL BE DEEMED GUILTY OF A HIGH MISDEMEANOR, AND FOR THE FIRST OFFENSE SHALL BE FINED THE SUM OF . $50. v. IF. SUCH NEGRO OR MULATTO SHALL BE FOUND GUILTY, AND THE FINE ASSESSED BE NOT PAID . FORTHWITH TO THE JUSTICE OF THE PEACE BEFORE WHOM THE . PRO CEEDINGS WERE HAD, IT SHALL BE THE DUTY -OF SAID JUSTICE TO 1 COMMIT SAID NEGRO OR MULATTO TO THE CUSTODY OF VTHE SHER IFF, OR OTHERWISE :KEEP HIM, HER OR THEM IN US TODY; avttv ottY TTTOTTr-T? I SHALL FORTHWITH ADVER- TISE SAID NEGRO OR MULAT- TO ' A"D ON ' THE DAY AND ie e0: that his course as Gov AT TIIE TIME : ATD PLACE ernor h" fWendly to the MENTIONED IN SATD ADVER. interest of laboring men, and that TISEMENT THE SAID JUSTICE I SHALL. AT PUBLIC AUCTION. PROCEED TO SELL SAID NE GRO OR MULATTO TO ANY PERSON; OR PERSONS, WHO WILL PAY SUCH FINE AND COSTS FOR THE SHORTEST TIME; AND SAID PURCHASER SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT TO COMPEL SAID NEGRO OR MU LATTO TO WORK FOR, AND SERVE OUT SAID TIME. IF SAID NEGRO OR MULATTO SHALL NOT WITHIN TEN DAYS AFTER THE EXPIRA TION OF HIS, HER OR THEIR TIME OF SERVICE, AS AFORE SAID, LEAVE THE STATE, HE, SHE, OR THEY- SHALL BE LI ABLE TO A SECOND PROSE CUTION, IN WHICH THE PEN ALTY TO BE V. INFLICTED SHALL BE $l,OOf AND SO ON FOR EVERY SUBSEQUENT OFFENSE TIIE PENALTY SHALL BE INCREASED $50 over and above the last penalty. ; : , John :A. Logan was the author ad champion of this bill, which was not repealed until 1SC5.: He draftfd itand the records of the Illinois Legislature show that he carefully guarded . its 6evero and cruel provisions against all amenda ments. 'The slave codo was called bloody, aud. it is charged that the negroes were . of'.en treated with great Cruelty; bu.t tho Listcry of iliyirf fnrolsbc m parallel tf wicked and atrocious cruelty ' with which. John A. Logan pursued the negroes in Illinois. This is the man who is traducing and vilifying the South and charging our people with being .si are-drivers and hostile to the blacks. "Losran's bill soiling free negroes into slavery was monstrous in its' provisions ; yt, ' in the face of i u barbarit y toward the colored people who had fled to the free, soil of mxii fer protection, he now forward as the champion of the enfranchised blacks. He re fuged lha shelter in raisfor- tano, but now. claims the vote of tha race" he DroDOsed to sell into BTavcrv for tho crime of baing free anj darinir to locate' in the free state of , Illinois. Blaine, tattooed w'ith his corrupt schemes, is a hide- m0nster. : But a cartoon repre. Bentins Loean on the block auction- eerin freo negroes and mulattoes to the highest bidder selling them - gltveryr-becauso they w ere Unfit to live as freemen in Illinois wUi preaent a picture still more dis J crusting and revolting. r Logan, now that the negroes are enfranchised, regards them as "the wards of the nation r'.':but in 1853 he regarded it as a high misdemeanor" for them to pollute tho soil of Illinois, with their presence and proposed to hunt them down with all the" ferocity of purchased' their freedom Or been emancipated by their owners. Un- der the provieiens of Logan's slave C0(je;if the negroes did not leave the State in ten . days aAer regain nz their freedom they were again placed on the block and the punish ment increased bv extending the period of ownership and slavery, Less than thirty years ago Logan regarded the negro as a nuisance in Illinois net to be telerated, and be wag hunted down like a wild beast, If the colored people are not lest to shame and . self-respect they will I:a8t a vote against the man wh persecuted them in tho dark dars 0f giaye but now that they -,rA vtpra wmil,1 hnmhno- thom into th0 belief that he has always been their friend. It has cost the Appeal lotb to beylQye it but Loean and I h;B riends dare not deny it is readi ly found in the record of the Illinois Legislature, written in letters which time cannot obliterate, making , a damned spot which will not out. Gov. Cleveland. His Opposition to tlis Interests of. tbe r; :. WoriiBpeii a Slander." His Vetoes The Reasons for ' Them and Their Signifl .. . cance. Clercland the Friend of Work. ' -' ' ingmen. Kew York Times (lad. Bap.) . There is a little evidence that the workingmen of this State are op posed to Got. Gleveland as there is gr0DBd for oppesition. It will be observed that most representations as consequence they are unfriend lJ him,: emanate from those who have no authority to speak for work ingmen, but who have - some griev ance ef their own against the fears less Governor, or some object to bo promoted by stirring up discontent. The first and most presistent in de claring, that .workingmen are not friendly to Cleveland has been the Tammany- leaders. ' Their purpose was clear to the simplest understand ing.' They : had their own reasons for opposing the Governor, which havo been sufficiently shown up in tho last few weeks. To give any show ef strength to tfleir opposition they are forced to claim that he would lose votes in this State which some other Democratic candidate might get. "What votes wonld he lose ? , Tammany would not direct ly admit that such votes as it could control would bo withheld from, the neminee because the Governor had made an enemy of Grady and re fused to be subservient to the wishes of Kelly. - Such an admission would be too honest and straightforward to come' from such a source. In cast ing about for a class of voters which could with more or less plausibility bo represented. as.. against the Gov ernor, Tammany seized .upon the laberiug men as a class ior which a griovanco might be manufactured. . " WHAT WAS THE GRIEVANCE to be? -i Tho workingman had ask d tpr the establishment of a Bureau pf LtQF StasfiUcs," It had lt$n created with "the : prompt approval of the. .Governor, and he had ap pointed ft Cmmissioner entirely ac ceptable to the labor organizations of the State. The demand for the prohibition of cigar-making in tene ment houses came from the work- ingmen Tho Governor; signed the bill for that last year. The act was declared invalid byi the.Cpurt of Appeals, and another was passed which was intended , to obviate the fatal objections raised, and this was signed without hesitation. . PRISON LABOR. The workingmen made'a loud den mand for the abolition of contract labor in the prison, and one which we have been foreed to regard as mistaken; but that proposition was favored by tho Governor in his message and in his signature of tho Comstock bill, and his criticism upon the measures for an investi nroflnnr rnmm!adinn . In tha (rsnoro 1 r, . , . . ... courano.T. .CTmuu ,ia buuwu Wu special regard for this or that sepas rate interest, but has kept in view the general well-being in which all have a share; but if there is any class to whose demands he has ex hibited a friendly leaning, it is the worklng class. Out of what, then niences afforded. The enhance was the preteuded grievance to be nient in the value of real estate made? lammany hit upon just three ot the trovernor s vetoes or failures to sign bills in his two years 1 1 V, - I J 1 x . 1 a 1. - n on uLl its pretenso on those. THE FIVE CENT FARE BUGBEAR, In 1882 there was a loud demand ior nve-eni lares on eievaiea ran- roads of this cityj at all hours, bas- ed ou the belief that tho receipts of thu com nanifts . wmi Id iwrnit it. The Legislature's failure to pass the Crane bill produced a good deal vi luuignaiurs, auu iui y ear a tiuii - lar bill was passed. The Governor heard ar-uments for and against it aim gave tue suuject careiui consiu- eration. He concluded that, in view of previous legislation and the onnimot nf th T?nnM Trr,eif f!rtm. . . ... JT, , . ., , ",,M,UU "u iuo x.ievaieu Avai.ruau vumpauiCT, tue iuresuouiu not jusuy or constitutionally be reduced un- less the net receipts of the compa- a tl, amon,i ian r,nr , . . - 1 cent, on v tho capital actually ex- pended. His reasoning convinced such an earnest and fair-minded ftdvnr.ntA nf tha PAHnMt.n oa vwa.w v a wa-as Aa.U.avbavu JS. ilVW dore Roosevelt, and his conclusions were subsequently acquiesced in by the anti-Monopoly member of the Railroad Commission, Mr. O'Don- ' nell. Moreover, the demand for A. the reduction of , fares through all hours of the davdid not o.ame f'rnm the workingmen, was not for their 7 ' benefit, and its . failure has never been regarded as a grievance by them. The Other , two trumped-up grievances wero the Governor s failure .to sign tho Mechanics' Lien bill and the Examine for a moment -the fol bill regulating the hours of car lowing table showing the great re drivers and conductors," passed at duction in-the construction of rail i t. i -i , , roads in the States of Illinois, Wis tho late sess.on. It has been clearly ,.n Minnftllftr.!1. wa Missouri. shown that the former has been Kansas, Nebraska and Dakota, con passed in a shape that would have sequent upon the hostile legislation wrought injury and not benefit to mechanics, and it was precisely en that ground that the Governor re fused to sign it. His act was a fa vor to workingmen." There was never any evidence of a demand for the- conductors' and car 'drivers bill. 'It was introduced by a cheap demagogue as a bid for their favor? dm irom them nothing, was Heard on the sabject. This bill simply re- quired that twelve hours should be adav's work for thia narfifvnlftrf.lflss ' l i i- it!':" i - o .. w workers, without providing against a corrcspending reduction'of wages or preventing contracts for overtime, t (...'. r In rAtnsinrz tn aiorn ir. inn (mrfirnnr . saia : "l cannot tbmt this bill is in the interest of the workingmen. : ; This. then, is the case made up. not bv tho workin-men but for " :. '. .. .. tnem, and they are quite promptly repuuiaung n as noneoi taeirs. xi was made by Tammanv in the hope Kimnnrh from Clovflv a 1 1 land at Chicago. Tt is taken up now only by small demagogues who wish to gain notoriety or conse quence as agitators and by supporters of General Butler in his Greenback AntNMonepely "racket' It is based on false pretense and misrepresenta- tion, and ibe workingmen are sensi- ble enough not to be fooled with. " 1 - 1 - -U" A lady addressed a letter to a New York editor the other day, stating that her husband was a confiirraed snorer and . asking for a cure. The callous hearted editor instead of re comending a . devorce. ann a now snoring husband, Vi advised her to hit the. patient-on the nose with a sledgehammer." . A. S. Embrey, a prominent business man of Wlncheater, Tenn., died last week. -'All the business houses were closes and all the merchants, officials and attorneys attended his funeral aad burial. He left a handsome fortune to his oa and bid child, Thonias A. Err. brey, nn attari'ey of the firm of Mark, THE RAILROADS AND THE FARM ERS. - NO. IV. Newport, Tenn., July 4 1881. Ta tbe Editor of Tbe ilorrietown Gazette : Popular opinion runs in devious channels. It ebbs and flows by no fixed laws." It is restrained and con trolled by. no positive landmarks. Reason, like the voice of the master, can alone curb and restrain the tempests which error and folly too often evoke but tbe voice of reason at times- is unheeded, and' when heaed may be heeded too late to prevent disaster and ruin. ; Every farmer and laboring man in the btate should bear in mind that the coming warfare upon the roads is in fact a warfare upon his t own interests. Blatant stump ora tors imry, and doubtless will en deavor to allure, them into the be lief that the, railroads are a curse to the State and an enemv to its n ;ri - cultural and mechanic c lasses. Tha they prey upon the farmers as so many vultures, with a rapacity that., has no limits. It is well for men to think for. themselves to contrast t- wealth and rmnnlation f th state before roads were built and since. Reflect upon the amount an nually paid into the cotters ot tho State and counties by these cornor- ations in the shape of taxes, which otherwise would be imposed "upon hand and labor. Upon tho cnve- I, , . , since tueir construction. ductS 0f the farm I VHIIIK III MIHI kl'lll ilr . Ill (I- hanced value m. The. avenues of- fered for emplerment to labor The If-ifilitTAa fVv nriArki n nr n r ntwl ( T j " -! pment of ftie various resources of R T. - avr. fmm'M(l county to-day are more than treble wha.t they were before the single , , It8 reaI estate has more than doubled. A few years ago we collected from this railroad over Ave thousand dollars in taxation. Bum P?id al ,tLf? debtednew I At thA raiint- ni left. n. snrnliw in its treasury. To-day iron bridges 1 are oemg ereciea, spanning our riv rs, aud every dollar expended in I tueir construction is pam uy taxes Bearing as theae corporations do their burden of taxation, subject to all the liabilities imposed bylaw held to the very strictest accounta j bility by common law and by harsh Statutes, it is contemplated to sub ject them to un ust and illegal ex actions, by depriving their owners f the right to operate, manage and Control their own property. Such legislation will necessarily react upon the State, now attempting to imitate the folly f the boy in tbe fable "killing the goose that lays I the golden egg I ' . . . . - . ine recent reduction oy tue rast Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia railroad in tho waes of its opera- tives has been ascribed by the. Knoxville Chronicle, and with great I X , . I. n V 1n!J.if mn IBa?ou' ? i r TV i - and political warfare against the road8 Why not ascribe this action tn ihaaa ranAa? l.vfrv man knows that capital is extremely sensitive. I rait - a . . 1. 1 a . M le"1 unwarranxaoie inicriei- invested to a certain decree para. lv:. it-hrintrinn- about reduction -j 0--0 . in wages, discharges of operatives, tion ia vro&t. enacted in those States after tl "Grange craze" of . 1873-4. The alter tne re were constructed in those States as follows: Year. Miles of Road. 1872 3086 1873 ....1130 1874..... 509 1875 ....,357 What more -is needed? Can a stronger argument bo made than is 8hown on the face of these figures as to the vast injurj1- sustained by States in listening to a popular amor lor repressive legislation gioner of railroads in Minnesota in his report madoin 1881, frankly ad- mits as follows: "Railroad enter- "prise was paralyzed, and the gem "eral prosperity of the whole btate r r . . at a low ebb. To nfce the terso language of Ger- ritt L. Lansing: "While the atli 4:tude of the State towards railroads "i8.of sucb ? nat.ure 4.hat n0 df Pend I "ence can be placed upon us ac. Uion8 tho invefltment of capital in railroad buildinff becomes an en "terprise of a highly speculative na- "ture. Great returns must there. "fore be promised to luro capital in "so uncertain a field. The State be- "comes, however, unwillingly the "enemy ot capital, delays tno con "construction of competitive lines, "and so tends by its interference to "maintain higher rates of transpor "tion:" - ; i "Will the farmers and 'laboring men of Tennessee in the face of the disastrous results produced in other states, by warfare against the roads, allow themselves to be influenced by stump orators to further . merely political ends. Or by offico Beckers whose aim is "self," These are grand questions. Tbe issuo of re pressive measures against the roads, are for reaching in their results. Affecting every man's farm, every man's labor, and the fruits of his lax bor. To East Tennessee, especiallj, this question ' comes at an unfortunate time. On each; side of the East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia rail read, from the Kentucky ' borders on the north to the Carolinas and Georgia on the sonth lie great coun ties rich in coal, iron, load, marble, and boundless forests,whose owners are anxiously awaiting, and every (Jy a.rfr.nrgipg the completion p branch lines tomake productive these vast sources of weallh. Capital unfet tered and uncontroled will speedily open these magnificent mines, quar ries and forests. Capital hampered, ' and fettered by tho hostile hand of legislation, will leave them for j'ears untouched. Shall weehcourago re pressive .measures, and leave this great wealth undevelopeJ.,and neg lected, or ,shallive vote down such measures, in order that we may meet capital, eager , and anxious for profitable investments? If we want lower rates Of transportation they can be had, and the best and speediest way to accomplish this, is to leave capital free and unhamper ed. This will causo Coitipetition. In an article in the Ma' number, 1S84, of the JSort h American Review Mr. Lansing, in an able article en titled "The Railway and the State" says: '.'Competition of parallel lines by "water or by rail, is tho surest possible guarantee of the lowest "rates aud best service. This is a ''t 11 . i i. .1 "generally aamiuou iruu., ana u i 7" 9vcn W . uncc' l.ni" -poriant uas inis uireci competuion ' been considered, that a select com mittee of the IT. S. Senate on trans "jjortation, in 1S74, prescribed it as "the best remedy for tho evils conn "nect.ed with the subject, which ex isted or were anticipated." In the conclusion of their report they say, "wo are unanimously of tho opinion "that the problem "of cheap trias "portation is to be solved through ''competition as here in often stated, ," rather than lu direct conaressional i J -I I "'''f'wfafiOflS of existing lines." And 1 1 writer iuriner remarKes. 10 snilt control (ot the road) "l n5r to eommiss.oners, only i "shifts it from the responsible and 'interested, to tho irresponsible and "non-interested Tho con trol of the trade by tho State,though directing the management and fix ing the vote of rail-roads, must re sult as similar efforts havo resulted in the past, in interference, in re striction, instead of extension, in an injury instead of a benefit. Patrick Henry once said, "the light by which he was guided was by tho lamp of experience." It furnishes ! certainly light enough to guide us safely through the dangers which now threaten us, in this regard. Other States have suffered keenly and deeply the results of a reckless disregard of tho plain rules of polit ical economy, of the invasion of the rights of others, for the sake of grat ifying a once popular error. Destroy the roads, and the future of our State is indoed gloomy. V. W. LaN'.iuoun. FKMAIYH LIFE IN CHINA. Tho dark side of female life in China is exp'osed to view in a letter from a missionary to the American Board published in the Missionary I Herald. Speaking of a visit lo a village about thirty miles from Pc- , kj,, the writer says: "We found ! I l,ero il ncw 5"l'o r the de- i. ! "truc.tion of infant girls. It is simp- ! 'Y ior lllC molher-in-iaw to talce a willow dust pan and fan the littlo creature until' life is extinct. The doctor found one young mother weeping over tho murder of her in fan t, Whom tbo mother-in-law had allowed to live two weeks before smothering it The poor girl was sick and weak, yet sho was pushed about and kicked like a dog, and scoffed at when sho wept. The husband is helpless in such a case. If a sou is the first-born, the young mother is tolerated ; if a daughter, her lot is most miserable. Tho only retribution feared bv the mother-in- a law is that the young wife will com mit suicide, whon her family may come en masse and tear 'down tho houso of her ' oppressors. They manage to keep, if possible, inside tho limit of their persecution which drives" to suicide; but they make her life more miserable than you can conceive. 'But these same wives, when they become aged and ugly, aro cruel as death to the young "wo men who fall into their hands." Philadelphia Times : It will be no neck and neck race, Vermont will. first give token f the ebb or flow; of the Republican tide, by a reduced or increased majority early in September, and Maine will fol low and swell the winning tide by a largo , or small majority later in the samo month. A majority of fif teen thousand for Blaine's candis dato for Governor in Maine would bo an unerring-index-of.a-BIaino tide, and a majority tinder ten thousand' would clearly indicate chilling storms for Blaine in , No vember. Ohio und West -Virginia will be likely to vote practically ono way. If both vote Republican, as would bo more . than possiblo with tho popular current in favor of B'aino, the national contest would bo almost irrevocably settled in his favor. It both voto Democratic, or if West Virginia shall vote Demo cratic and Ohio give only a nominal Republican ; majority, the election of Cleveland would bo next to cer-. tain. ' : .' ' ; I A Milwaukee dispatch of the 8th sys a special from' Fall Creek, Wis., jaja thatPatrlck O'Mcara was boa ten. to death with billiard cues at . that place by three; sons of promir.ft (ieinita fat mors because he refused to treat them -to liquor. .The assailants were Herman FrHZc Herman Slnheaow and Hei man Htntenberg. Tl:ey wore ar resied. Threats of lynching are lu