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JLV J lL2LlLbJ JLL V V JL N I V H jti. : ; p l FACTS AND FIGURES. The Itesult of the Kailroad Commission lu Tennessee. Irjury Icfiicted on the Industrial Interests New Charters Dead Letter. That industry which more nearly contains within itself all the elements of scientific development, embracing the whole tcope of the intellectual Lasine requirements, is the railroad industry of this country a national pride, the ower nd strength of the" Land, which permeates the whole internal economy of the coun try, and magically spreads prosperity and activity from its approach as the aun does light and heat to the dawn in day. From a feeble, fetrugsling line, looked upon with indifference and subjected to disastrous prophesy, the railroads of the I'nion Lave gathered the people of vifi earth together, built cities, es tablished prosperity and made deert places bloom. A a tingle bound the vast continent is spanned and spider- wi-bbed with inviKorating'lines.Hhich, like arterirs, grow tense and full with plorious life. Prosperity, energy, ac tivity, LnielI:iT.ce and wealth are ail handmaidens of thLj queen ol modern industry. What land, what eople, what nation, what state, what coanty. thiols nam let, neighborhood or man dartH in the fare of its irrand accom- p!ihcie:it cx:ly to reject such an en ter prue . In the li'lit of present political ?ur- roundinirs in It DM.we riil in the gijnt of its present railroad future, tbe answer is tiiat, like Georgia and South Carolina, Tennessee cowers andcrinires. falters and n.uinblea our, that she has added herself to the list of the In glorious, and frowns upon them with in her borders. She puts it into the hitnory of her people that, in 1S82, misled. Minted and etulUfied by the voices ol a score of weak-minded real ot, she put an extinguisher upon the glowing l;ame of railroad advancement and plan led her foot upon its prosper ity and growth, by inserting in her iemocratic platform the plank for the commia6io advent, the heralded it to capital the nioct sensitive financial plant, which anything lees than a breath close tilat not only dos nhe intend to cripple those roads which she now has, but, by her conduct and code of doctrines, that she will prevent any further lines from being estab lished iu her borders. he says to en terprise, energy and commercial pros perity : ' inrvy y,ja vth my left hand nruJ cut ymir throat with my rghi." fche proposed, in that year of all misadventure, to say to all railroad projectors that they might come and toil and build, but when complied they should have foisted, as overseers, over their skilled and experienced servants, the arbitrary, unlearned and prejudiced judgment of three men, not one of whom had had the least training for their special forum, and ho should wield unlimited and des potic powers. What has resulted? hutistics illustrate the disasters which have followed, and which will continue, unless sober and cool judg ment is sprinkled upon the passions of such leaders as have put this folly in existence. In the war upon railmids was inaugurated. Its baleful effects are to be seen when it i C nsidered that, of nearly one hun dred railroad charters now on file in the office of the Secretary of State, ka than one hundred mile of rail road have been built in Tennessee since that period. In lNa there were built in the United Mates i,70 miles of railroad, of which the Southern States received 1,716 miles. The effect of commis sions upon railway construction can be fairly illustrated by a comparison of three Southern States which have a mandatory commission with three others which have none, to-wit: With CommUlnn. Without Commission. Mile. Mil-. Cieorsr'.a .. v Foutn l aroltaa .. )' j lefinoee... o Py reference to FlorM .. 2 Miviiippl... S2 Louisiana. Poor's Manual 2. J Of for the railroads of the United States 1N4 we are informed by the Statisti cian that there were at the close of the fiscal year li3 in the United States U0k2 mile of railroad, and according to the report of the Ilailroad Tax .fcteor of Tennessee for lS'M, there were in the State of Tennessee at the same period enly 2,103 J miles ; distributed among the counties in the three divisions of the State as follows: WEST TEX3EEZ. B tton arroli ........ Cm. itlt- P-r FsTette. tilbaon H 1 T wood Hinrj I-i.1Tl:e.. 5d kiiiHOD .... f Nairy (iMon.... fcheibv.. Tipton... MIDDLE TE59EEE. I"dford.... . 1 hyihm , tffr Cumberland.. lariiiiuD. TH kn ... Frankiin GUes .... CniBdy.... Houlo Humphreys... Law r-iiie lwl Liacoln. Marshall Maury Mitnurumery Rotruoo .. Hu'.berford hirwart MUSBfr a-rvn ''i:amon KAST TX55E&SEX. I'Uoiint K-a4;y mf arter. t'ocke...-.... .rvn.. .. )(idM(D Ham ilun Hawkins. Jtmt JeiteixuO Keui l!in ... Mar;. .a ... Mrr- Norirau WrMmo. JJaea. Jtiaoe. h-i-tl Mii.iau WahlKKtB. . t ! 31'. . . Ml . IS , r . .'. 17 1, 47 'Si 41 If it ful'owing oouniics have no rail roads: T !is!re. riancock. IVk. Oalborue. John oa.iYTltr, GriBfvt, Mrl, 9riutclai, I'ni el. l"non. CtDDun, Jakaon, I'irkett. Van urcn, CUy, alacoo, lutaam. Wayne, i- MHea. M 71 J TTt-n . t Oj " 54 ZZ'.'.7.'Z.Z1 r. T L -t i , , O 1 ItVftHUU 14.04, fork, Pa, ft ? Fulttii CM:' P, Kalb, Moor. Smith. Wait. Fentress, Over vn. iroMj;e, Lake, Decatur. JiarJia, Hen aenon, I erry, caester. RrtrmtATioN. Total liiimber mile railroad la M Tfimeww MiilJ Tenntsee. . 677 iasi Tennee ...... v7.i Total Dumber mi!ei la Tenneaaee-2,103.7 It wiii be seen that of the ninety six counties in the State, tkirtnro (one Aim ) hare uo ra 'droad at all. Mid die Tennessee, by reports of Kille brew, Haw kins and McWhirter, rich in everything, from a smiling sky to teeming land, and peopled by a high proud people, slunk along, and now skulks behind poorer places elsewhere located, wiin its sou ana grand re sources, has fifteen counties as yet nn traversed iy a single foot ot railroad while three of the twenty-five counties which have railroads have only l. miles. Ihe same may be said of both Ea9t ana vt est lennessee. from the following list of railroad charters which compose only forty tive of near one hundred on tile in the office of the Secretary of State it will also be seen that the still-born rail road schemes if the Ilailroad Com mission had not killed them before the breath of life came upon them, and they had lustily lived would have rfi 'i rtuJroaif in ereri county in Ten iwawv. Trace the lines of railroads marked by these charters and you may lorm some faint idea ot what load of actual wealth misiht, under favorable auspice, have been poured into the state. The following existing charters in Tennessee are ot record in the office of the Secretary of State: Charlotte, Clarksville Bon Air Pail road Company t roru any convenient btauoa on tbe ahville, Chattanooga A St. Loais Itailroad in Uickson County, through the tow of Charlotte, via Cum berland Furnace to Clarksviile in Mont gomery Coanty. Morile, Clarkaville & Evansville Rail road Comnanv From some point on tba lennetaee and Kentucky state line throajrh Montgomery, Dickson, ilick- man, Lewis and V ayne counties to tbe Alabama State line, to Mobile via Florence, Ala. Tennessee dt Kentucky Kailroad Com pany From a point on the Owensboro A asnvllle lUilroad tnroagn Kobertson Coanty to Naahrille, in Davidson Coanty. Tenn. Memphis & Unstol ilailroad Company from Ai em prut, in bneioy coanty, through the counties of Fayette. Harde man, Madison, Henderson, Decatur, Perry, Hickman, Maury. Williamson, Rutherford, Wilson, Davidson, DeKalb, Putnam, White, Fentress, Cumberland, Morgan, Scott, Anderson, Campbell. Union, Claiborne, Hancock, or Grainier, Hawkins and Sullivan, to iiristol, on the Virginia and Tennessee State line. bparta x Cincinnati Kailroad Com pany From Sparta, in White County, through Van Baren and Cumberland counties to soma convenient station on the Cincinnati. New Orleans & Pacific Railroad in Morgan County. Clarksviile & Kentucky Kailroad Com- Danv From Clarkarilie. Montgomery Coanty, to a point on the Kentucky and Tennessee State line, in the direction of Princeton, Ky. rtaihviue & Knoxviile lUilroad Com pany From a point on the Cincinnati, New Orleans dc Texas Pacific Kailroad. in Scott County, through Fentress, Over ton and Putnam counties, to tbe Cum berland lUver, in Smith County, with branch to Sparta, in White County. Middle dt .Last Tennessee Central Kail road Company From Gallatin, in Sum ner County, through Trousdale, Smith, Putnam, DeKalb, V bite. Cumberland and Koane counkes, to Knoxviile, in Knox County. Grand IWt JUiIway Company From Gallatin, in Sumner County, through ilson, Rutherford, llliamson, Mar shall, Maury, Lewis, Hickman, Dickson, Houston, Stewart, Montgomery and Kobertson counties, back to Gallatin, in Sumner County. Tennensee Southern lUilroad Com panyFrom a point on the Mississippi and Tennessee State line, in Shelby Coanty, to Memphis, throagh Tipton, Tronsdale, Dyer and Obion counties, to the Tennessee and Kentucky atate line. Brownsville & Jackson Kailroad Com panyFrom Brownsville, in Haywood County, to Jackson, in Madison County. bomerville & Jackson Kailroad Com panyFrom Somerville, in Fayette County, through Haywood or Harde man counties, to Jackson, in Madison County. Nashville. Jackson fc Memphis Kail road Company--Froro Nashville, in Davidson Coanty, wia Franklin, Centre ville. Lin ieu. Lexington, Decaturville, Jackson. Somerville, through the coun ties of Williamson, Maury, Hickman, Perry, Decatur, Henderson, Madison, Hardeman or Ha v wool. Fayette, to Memphis, in Shelby County, or via Waynesboro, Savannah, Adamsville, Purdy and Bolivar, throagh Lewis, Wayne, Hardin, McN'airy and Hardeman counties. Alabama t Tennessee River Railroad Company From a point on the Tennes see and Alabama State-line in Wayce or Lawrence County, throagh Vayne or Liwrence County to Centerville in Hick man County. Valley Mountain Kailroad Company From Sparta, in White County, to Bald win Knob, in Van Buren Coanty. Sparta ft Southeastern Railroad Com panyFrom Sparta, White County, Van Buren County to Tennessee dt Sequatchie Kailroad in Cumberland County. Selena, Marion t Memphis Kailroad Company From Memphis, in Shelby County, to Tennessee and Mississippi State-hne, in the direction of Selma, Ala.. Tennessee River, Rhea Springs & Cross rill Railroad Company From Brady's Ferry, in Rhea Coanty, via Rhea Springs to Crossville in Cumberland Coanty, in tersecting with the railroad project from Nashville to Bristol throagh the counties of Rhea and Cumberland. Griffith Creek Coal Railroad Compa nyFrom Victoria in Marion County to Tracy City in Gnpdy County, via Grif fith Creek, Miller's Mill and a point where May Creek empties into Collins Hirer. ' Tennessee fe Iron Mountain Railroad Company From Elizabeth, in Carter County, via Limestone Cave and Erwin through Unicoi to tbe Tennessee and North Carolina State-line. Tennessee River A Ooltawah Ilailroad Company From Tennessee River Junc tion, in Roane County, through Meigs County to Ooltawah, in James County. - Coal Creek & Winters Gap Railroad Company From Coal Creek, Anderson County, to Winters Gap, near the corner of Roane and Anderson counties. Cincinnati Southern fc Clinton Rail road Company From Clinton, in An derson County, via Henderson Spring Branch, Dividing Ridge, and Little Kmory River and Stephen's Gap, to mile joet in Morgan County, on the Cincin nati Southern Railroad. Morristown .t Carolina Railroad Com pany From Morristown, in Hamblen County, through Green Coanty, to the Tennessee and North Carolina State line. Cumberland Railway Company From a point on the Tennessee and Kentucky State line throagh Claitrne, Grainge-, Harublm, Jefferson and Cocke counties, to the Tennessee and North Carolina State line. Knoxvil, Winter Gap it New River Railroad Company From Knoxviile. in Knox County, through Roaae, Anderson or CampSeU. via New River, to an inter action with the Cincinnati Southern Ilailroad, In Scort County. inters Gap iUilay Company From acme point on the Knoxviile C nciu nati Southern Railway, in Roane County, via Indian Fork of Poplar Creek jfi!P0Wnn"1CadroVa""tMMK'' "PncnomeraTn,cn",lre "Ijlr. Cleveland th'uVto 'I"- iconio. ' from flonatj Btp BtOtf Mil 'tl rest, Xti and tbe Big Basby Mountains, in Mor gan coanty, to Cumberland Mountains, in Anderson usunty, and various branches forming said Poplar Creek. New River Railroad Company From the Anderson County Coal Company's Kauroad, in Anderson County, via New River, via Burch Fork, to the Cincin nati bout hern Railroad, in Scott County. Hiawasaee Kailroad Company From a point on the Cincinnati Southern, in Rhea County, via tbe valley of Hiawas aee. Cog Hill, in McMinn County, end Gus Creek, in Polk County, and the Spring City or Big Emory Gap, to Boyce Btauon or Chattanooga, in Hamilton Coanty, through the counties of Meigs, aiCMinn, i'olk. Kradley and James. Kingston & Emory Gap Railroad Com pany iron), or near the town ot Kings ten, to a po'nt on the Cincinnati South era, in Roane County. Roane Mountain Railroad Company rromapoint on tne tan . iennesse, Virginia A Georgia Railroad Company, in Wa&h'liigton County, to a jor.t on the lennessee and rtn Carolina btate line, on the borders of Carter or tnicoi coun ties. Kings'on &. Cleveland Railroad Com pany, from a point in Roane County through Meigs County, via Riley's Creek, to Cleveland, in Bradley ( onnty. Sweetwater A Tellicoe Railroad Com psny From Sweetwater, in Monroe Connty, via Madisnvilie, to Tellicoe in Frentrts County, with the auihori'y to connect with any line ruonii g from Murubv. N. C . to connect with the Cin- cincaii Southern lUilroad, extending through Scott County, and ihe counties of Monroe, McMinn, Koane, Loudon and Meies. Emory River A Carejville Railroad Company From Emory Gap. in Roane County, through Anderson county, to Carevville, in Campbell County, via Mountain Fork of Poplar Creek, and Stone Ccal Fork and Welden Fork of Coal Creek. Tennewee Central Railroad Company From Rbea Springs, In Khea County, throngs McMinn. and Monroe counties, to tbe Tennessee and North Carolina State line in tbe direction of Murphy, N. C. South Atlantic A Ohio Railroad From a point in Sullivan County,' on the Ten nessee and Virginia State line, through Carter County, via Elizabethton, to the Tennessee and North Carolina State line. Rocersvilie & Manchester Railroad Company From Rogersville. Hawkins County, throagh Hancock ana Claiborne counties, to the Tennessee and Kentucky State line. Tennessee A Ohio Railroad Company From Rogersville. in Hawkins Conoty, to a point on the Tennessee and Virginia State line. Knoxviile & New River Railroad Com pany From Robertson, in Scott Coanty, to tbe summit oi tne amae ootween Brimstone Creek and New River. Dandridjte fc Moesy Creek Railroad Company From Dandridge to 'Mossy Creek, in Jefferson County. Tennessee. Iron Mountain s Carolina Railroad Company From Vanderbilt, Unicoi Conntv. alone tbe line of Nola- chucky River, to the Tennessee and North Carolina State line. North Carolina, Cleveland A Chatta- nooea Railroad Company From a point on tbe Tennessee and North Carolina State line, in Polk County, through Brad ley (via Cleveland) and James, to Chat tanooga in Hamilton Coanty. i Clinton. Poplar Creek iiuntsvuie Railroad Company From (Clinton, in Anderson County, through Campbell County, via Donegan Gap, in Waldren Ridge, Hellenwood and New River to such coal mines as may be open in Scott County. Cincinnati, ureen Kiver xsasnviiie Railroad CompanyFrom Nashville, In Davidson County, through Sumner (via Gallatin) to a point on the Tennessee and Kentucky State line. This com-! pany proposes to construct their road under the charter of the Cumberland fc Ohio Railroad Company. Atlantic, Gulf C Northwestern Itail road Company From a point on the Cincinnati Southern Railroad, at or near Rockwood, in Roane County, through a portion of Loudon. McMinn (via Athens) and Polk counties, to the Tennessee and Georgia State line. W ith thirty-one of the counties In the State which have not one foot of rail in their confines, and the silence of their groves still unbroken by a train, all are provided for with chartered roads. Taking the counties of Can non, Clay, DeKalb, Fentress, Jackson, Macon, Moore, Overton, Pickett, Put nam, Smith, Trousdale, Van Buren, ayne and bite all of Middle Ten nessee the crerage values of land pre sent an appalling consequence to be visited upon those who deterred the spirit of improvement from their bor ders. The lowest average value of and in these counties is 97 cents per acre in Fentrm and the highed $12.30 in Smith, uhue the grnsral average of the land in all these fifteen counties unten anted bi a railroad is ls than $o.00 per acre. Wirh a railroad through them, developing and furnishing an outlet for the inexhaustible iron, coal and timber in which Killebrew, Hawkins and McWhirter tell us in their reports they abound, it would be fair (though csmparatively a low estimate) to Bay that these lands would be enhanced to three times their present value, and thus enrich the people and enhance the revenues of the State. These counties had Representatives in the last Legislature who should not have been deterred from doing their people a service, yet under 'the lash of the party they aided in the commission folly, rather doing the misdeed of wronging their country than to stand the penalty of being "read" out of On fari'' for darin? to oppose the commission. Ihe bare truth of 'this iniquitous railroad warfare has done more to cripple Ten nessee than a dozen civil wars. The whole future of the State depends up on the integrity of her commercial Bvstem, andyetshe seeks to stay it, and set her Railroad Commission, like starving vultures, to prey upon its half-dead body. Falling in line wifh her sister fanatics, she has by her Rail road Commission, and her Board of Tax Assessors, unjustly assessed the railroad property of the State at from twenty-five to one hundred per cent, higher than apy other State in the Union, warned capital and enterprise to keep from within her borders, and, aa it were, placed a Chinese wall around the State. Wise men of the day of all par ties must soon be turned upon this awful calamity that has been foisted upon the State affd sought to be con tinued, and put pure, w holsome doc trines in the place .of the malignant principles which have lowered in the scale of prosperity so potential a State down into the last notches. Giving her a fair chance with her share of material improvements, Tennessee ought to stand -foremost in the Southern galaxy. Put a Railroad Commission to sap the foundation of her strength and cut her prosperity in twain, and Tennessee, like a foolish virgin, will ever be "too late, too late." , Without Diuion. ClarksviJe Tobacco-Leaf. So anxious was the convention to end its labors after the fight over the tariff plank was ended, that it was prepared to accept almost any. propo sition. Man v counties were "instruct ed against a Railroad Commissiori, yet that plank of the platform wis not discussed and the old Commissioners wee re-nominated without a contest. ALL PRAISE CLEVELAND. Ills T-etter of Acceptance Com mended on Every Side. Its Sound Common Sense, Its Maiterly Dealing with tbe Labor Question, tbe Sumptuary Laws and the Question of Re-election to the Presidency Meet with Popular Approyal Summarized aa "Concise, but to the Point," Nashvllla American (Dem.) If the Republicans in other parts of the country are as much exercised on the subject of Gov. Cleveland's letter accepting the Presidential nomination as : those of this immediate vicinity, the Governor's formal acceptance must have been a subject of no small solic itude to our Republican friends. We had supposed, as a matter of course, that the Governor would accept and signify his acceptance ' through the usual form of a letter, but we had not supposed such an epistle, by way of acknowledgement of a distinction, should necessarily bear all the signifi cance of a party platform, simply be- cause air. iiaire naa aeemea it im portant to obscure the platform of his part' with a voluminous pronuncia- inento ot my policy. We Ixave been . amused at the strained criticisms of our localRepub- lican oihce-holi lers ot Mr. Cleveland s letter, which was given to the public through the press yesterday. They ail have their partisan microscopes bearing upon it, eagerly searching for points to nang a Republican hope on. One complains that it is too short evidently drawing the mental com parison between its brevity and the voluble volume of Blaine s perform ance, aa it it were a contest for tbe premium as the boss letter-writer of the tperiod. Another says: "Why, he says nothing about the tariff 1" But he docs say a good deal about it. He unequivocally, and cordially en dorses, in letter and spirit, the plat form upon which he was nominated tariff plank and all, and . well says that "so plain a statement of Demo cratic faith .and the principles upon which that party appeals to the suf frages of the people needs no supple ment or explanation." Evidently Mr. Blaine did not so regard the Re publican platform. i Memphis Appeal (Dem.) ; It is short and to the point. It is also manly, frank and outspoken, and is worthy of the brave man who tele graphed his friends to "tell the truth" as to the Hal pin scandal. He cordi ally approves of the platform, under stands and appreciates the responsi bilities and duties of the Chief Execu tive, and if elected to that position will dedicate "every effort to the tub- lic good." This is all that could be asked of him, but he goes further and dwells at some length upon the claims of the workingmen, which he insists must be satiefaed, with, of course,' a just regard of-the rights of employers. lie also indorses very strongly the civil service act, and the passage of appropriations to improve the great waterways of the continent. There is no attempt at style or literary display in this letter ; no spread-eagle non sense, no innuendo or ambiguity. It is couched in plain, honest English, and will be accepted by the people as another proof of the worth and intel ligence of a man who is evidently above all things honest and direct. This letter is a remarkable contrast with that of Blaine's, just as the writer is a remarkable contrast with j the Maine statesman in official integ rity and manly independence. Memphis Avalanche, Ind. Cleveland accepts the Democratic nomination and the country breathes freer. The Blaine business was too promiscuous and Butler darkened the political horizon with words. While Blaine covered all the States and Ter ritories he neglected the navigable streams, especially omitting the Mis sissippi river, which is now a great national highway and a grave political issue. Cleveland has steered clear of the rocks upon which the Blaine and Butler crafts have foundered and with the fewest possible words clears all stumbling blocks from the Presiden tial track with one exception. That exception is the tariff. It is true, it is not his fault that the platform is a tariff straddle. It is not his fault that the free traders say that it means free trade and the protectionists say that it means protection. One merit in Mr. Cleveland's letter deserves special commendation. It is brief. Being brief and covering a wide range of subjects it is necessarily to the point. With the one exception before men tioned, the sentiments expressed in this letter are so broad that they can be heartily indorsed by every citizen of the republic. ; ; Courier Journal, (Dem.) One is forced to contrast this letter with that of Mr. Blaine, and at every point the advantage is with Mr Cleve land. He speaks without affectation ; without restraint. - He is not striving to make fictitious issues, nor to formu late meaningless phrases to conceal a want of real earnestness and deep conviction. He does not Btoop to the mutilation of public documents, nor does he rest his cause on manufactured statistics. Every line will bear examination, and will win with approbation. It is the letter of one familiar ' with the need3 of the times and well fitted for leadership. Strong in his own con victions, confident of the loyalty of his partv, and relying on the patriot ism of the people, he at once lifts the campaign into a higher, clearer and purer atmosphere. Hereafter ! the campaign speakers and party journals must deal with living issues, with vital questions; they must' discuss the principles the party platforms are sup posed to express, and must give good reasoa for the faith that is in them. No honest and industrious laboring man can fail to be satisfied with what the Democratic nominee has to say of labor, of the difficulties w hich beset it, of the relief to which it is entitled. "Honor lies in honest toil," he says, and contented labor ' is the sign of national prosperity. He would secure to labor all freedom of action, and pro tect it from unfair and unjust compe tition. To this end, while throwing no impediment in the path of the im mizrant who comes ot hu own free will, imported labor, purchased labor, contract labor, or whatever it may be called, should, he thinks, be restricted. The letter, altogether, is excellent. No laboring man reading this letter and comparing it with Butler's pub lished yesterday can fail to see that with Cleveland, and the Democratic party back of him, lies the only hope ot the working classes. Cincinnati Enquirer (Dem.) Mr. Cleveland regards the platform adopted at Chicago in July aa a proper statement of the Democratic position, and he . only discusses a few of the leading Democratic ideas of govern ment. In this he is pithy and happy. He wastes no words. He comes to the point direct. There is more in his declaration that it .is not a govern ment by the people in which the office holders seelc to control the people in stead of representing them than there is in a volume of the general political literature oi the day. He points out the danger of corrupting suffrage, and leaves the reader to reflect on the prostitution of elections bv the Re publican party for the . benefit of Ee publican office-holders. He regards a constitutional disqualification of a President for re-election as one of the means which ought to be adopted to secure purity in elections and govern ment. While there may be Demo crats who will differ with him as to the importance of limiting a President to one term, nobody will quarrel with him about the point, and there is no body who will not accept his opinion as sincere. 1 In behalf of the wdrkingmen, Mr. Cleveland addresses a few words which are full of meaning, and which stamp him as the friend of those who labor, lie writes like a man who had studied the question honestly, and had come to the conclusion with out the assistance of demagogism. "Our workingmen," he says, "are not asKing unreasonaoie indulgence; dui as intelligent, manly citizens they seek the same consideration which those demand who have other inter ests'at stake." " ; ' Missouri Kepublican, (Dem.) This , brief, cogent and masterly document appears to-day. In style and manner it is a model. Terse and plain, a synopsis, however close, would be but a mere repetition of its state ments. Gov. Cleveland pictures the evils of a system of government where the administration seeks to perpetuate its power and to control the people, instead of serving them ; where the acceptance of a public trust becomes a "dedication to the profession of poli tics;" and the best way, in his judg ment, to abolish this is by a constitu tional amendment disqualifying the President from re-election. Splendid points are made in the letter on the subject of the dignity of labor and the full protection of this interest, together, in respect to immi gration, with a proper discrimination against those who are brought to this country, not to become Americans, but to compete for gain with those justly entitled to their field of labor. On the "sumptuary . subiect uov. Cleveland, is explicit, being opposed to arbitrary curtailment of personal rights; and urging careful attention to the line between governmental con trol and moral and individual re straint. The paragraph relating to cheap transportation and the improvement and protection "of our natural water ways will be particularly pleasing to the people of the West and South; but no part ot this magnincent docu ment will strike the public sense with greater force than the portion treating of the relation of the executive to tne employes of the Government. There must be no drones, no sinecures, liie tenure of office should depend upon the fitness and not the questionable party work of the incumbent. Kew York World, (Dem.) "I like Gov. Cleveland," said a prominent citizen who recently met the Governor for the first' time ; he .is a plain, blunt man, who says what he means and means what he says. These characteristics of the Demo cratic candidate for the Presidency are made apparent in his letter of acceptance. Its strength lies in its simplicity. It is free alike from ex travagant assumptions and blatant demagogism. It does not strain after votes as an auctioneer caters for bids. It is not filled with high-sounding E latitudes. In language clear to the umblest intellect, it lays before the people the principles which are con sidered by its authdr vital to the safety and welfare of the nation, and which would guide and control his policy if he should be elected. t The opponents of Gov. Cleveland are in despair because there is not in the letter a line or a word with which they can find fault or the true mean ing of which they can distort. They held their pens sharpened to criticise the letter. Its strong common 6ense and homely truthfulness confound them. . Gov. Cleveland's brief and direct address goes straight to the heart of the people like Lincoln's letter of ac ceptance, and points out to them the candidate whose straightforward hon esty and stadfast integrity of purpose render him, worthy of their confidence and support.' This admirable document, dignified in its simplicity, great in its truthful ness, is the fitting opening . of a cam paign in which honest government is to be vindicated and official corruption rebuked. ; " . New York Herald. (Ind.) , - . Gov. Cleveland's letter of accept ance, which, we print to-day, is typical for its clear good sense and its com prehensive yet concise statement of the leading points in our political con dition. It is characteristic of the man who is always equal to the occasion that arises, and -who, standing upon his record, has no explanations to make and no need to conceal his thoughts in a "wilderness of ; words. It would appear that this year candi dates are making letters of a length that i3 in inverse proportion to their hold upon the people ; and confidence and strength are implied in the Gov ernor's simple, direct declaration of his views. - . ; t . KewXork Times. (Ind. Rep ) , . , . He declares, and justly, that ours is not a government by the people "when a class is tolerated which arrogates to itself the management of public af fairs, seeking to control the people in stead of representing them." This is a view of the professional politicians and place-seekers that will find hearty approval with a people long since tired of their im pertinent domination. As a means toward checking the influence of this class and toward keeping the head of the Government faithful to his public duties and undistracted by per sonal interest, he advocates an amend ment to the Constitution disqualifying the President from re-election.! Mr. Cleveland's estimate of the evils due to the desire for re-election is sound. His remedy for them is simple and direct. It is more radical than is necessaiy, and it has its disadvantages, BUILDERS' RIDDLE asli, Dools, JSliiids and Glazed Windows, PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, VARNISHES, Etc., No 96 Church, near College St.; . - - NASHVILLE, TENN. but it is significant of the spirit of the man. ' Philadelphia North American (Ind.) i Mr. Cleveland's letter of acceptance has at least the merit of brevity. ; - Philadelphia Times (Ind. . The letter, as a - whole, is a modest, sensible, straightforward document, ad vocating the soundest principles of gov ernmental policy, and is highly credit able to it author. - It can be understood by the plain people. There is no double meaning in it anywhere. r .. . New York Evening Post. ?. The letter in which Gov. Cleveland formally acceps the nomination is a plain, straightforward document, in which perhaps the most important sen ' tence is that in which he recalls the fact strangely enough overlooked by his rival tbat the Presidency is an execu tive oflice and the President an officer charged with the duty of enforcing, not of making laws. New York Graphic. ' The letter is characteristic of the man. It is plain and modest and at the same time dignified and shrewd. Its leading characteristic is common sense, and there is evidence in every line that the writer is duly impressed with the responsibility of his position without being over whelmed or unduly affected by it. New Haven News (Tnd.) Cleveland's letter of acceptance has at least the advantage of brevity over those of Blaine and Butler. Its suggestions on the subject of a single term for our Presidents reflects the best sentiments of those who see the evils which the desire for a second term inflict on the civil service.. Its best utterance is that which declares the Presidential office a simple practical trust to be administered strict ly under law in the interests of the peo ple as distinguished from class or party. Baltimore Sun (Ind). . '" Gov. Cleveland's letter of acceptance is a brief and straightforward document, in which the main purpose is evidently to express in few words the writer's sol emn determination, if promoted to the highest office within the gift of the peo ple, to dedicate, himself to securing, as far .as lies in his power, the well-being of the entire country. The character of the man and his conception of his relation to the office of President is fully ex pressed in this one sentence, with which, referring to the people, he closes his let ter: "The statesmanship they require consists in honesty and frugality, a prompt response to the needs of the people as they arise, and the vigilant protection of all their varied interests." Boston Herald (Ind.) , ; We do not need to commend Gov. Cleveland's lette of acceptance to the notice of our readers. It will secure universal attention by its own merits. It is a true reflection of the political sentiments of an honest man, given in plain language, which the simplest can understand. The perfect sincerity and upright purpose of its author are made manifest in every line. There is no weaving of phrases to hide opinions, no attempt to play fast and loose with mo mentous issues, in reading tne letter you feel sure that its author means all tbat he says, and that, if given a chacce to nut bis principles in practice on - the national field, the country will find him ready to make good his professions in every particular. Boston Globe (Ind.) Gov. Cleveland's letter of acceptance, published this morning, is one of the manliest, moat vigorous and unambigu ous documents of the kind ever pre sented to the consideration of the Amer ican people. After reading this letter no fair-minded workiDgman need be re minded that in Grover Cleveland he has a sincere friend. The demand for hon est, simple, plain government is just what might have been expected from the great reform Governor of New York. Every sentence in tne letter, tne orevity. of which is not the least commendable feature, bears the impress of integrity, force, ability. Grover Cleveland does everything faithfully and well. He has made no exception in writing his letter of acceptance. Tennessee Judges Sustained. State Exchange. We assume any defense of Judges Baxter, Key and Hammond's acts en tirely unnessary, but to show . they have been sustained in their opinions, we give below the action of two prom inent Mississippi Judges upon a like question : The Legislature of Mississippi enacted a railway law, substantially the same as the law enacted in Ten nessee. The railroad applied to the courts for relief. Judge Hill, in the case of the Illinois Central Railroad Company vs. the Mississippi Railway Commission, granting tne injunction, closed an able and exhaustive opinion in the following words: , "It will be observed that the Constitu tions of Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin, in which the cases relied upon by defend ant's counsel arose (in the Granger case). reserved the right to the Legislatures re spectively to fix a maximum, or regulate tne rate oi cnarges ior transportation within their respective States, which is not reserved by the Constitution of this State." ' Chancellor Pevton, in the case of the Natchez, , Jackson & Columbus Railroad Company vs. the Mississippi Railroad Commission, said : . "After mature consideration of the case, I have been brought by the cur rent of authority to the conclusion that the stfpervision law Is unconstitutional and void so far as it attempts to inter fere with or interrupt tne ngnts con ferred on corporations by its charter. It is insisted that the Granger cases and some others establish a different doc- trsne. but upon a careful examination of these cases, the power to repeal the charter was reserved to the Legislature, either by the charters, an existing gen eral -. law, or the Constitution of the States." - !- What applies to Mississippi will ap Iv with equal force to Tennessee. 6th commission acts were substan tially the same. The Constitutions of the States and charters of the roads of both States, so far as they relate to rajlway legislation, are also the same. ' The Time to Scratch. The Nashville Budget. ' This i3 an age of scratching, and all honor to those who . have the courage " to scratch.' The hope of the republic rests - with the scratcheis. Citizens , should weigh both men and measures, and select the least objectionable. There are too many ot us wno are one wing or another by tradition. "He serves his party best who serves his country first," is the motto which every true American snouia Keep in view. "Search" should be the watchword, and, acting thereupon, we should search for the best men, and for the principles that are calculated to pro mote the general prosperity and.hap piness of the American people. lot fell qntho negro segijgliftrymt?" ' ' cfVsSi' SUPPLIES. - & CO., IROX. HUH, WORD &JUM I o M NASHVILLE, TENN. VETERINARY ME D fCINES. V use Dr. E.Y SALMON'S w-rmf. . 4... mciim CIRCULARS AND PRICES. HORSE GOODS. HARNESS Horse Goods of All Kinds. ; ADDRESS, FOR PKICES, CORBET! BROS., NASHVILLE, TENN. PIANQ3ANDOBGAN8. PIANOS AND . ORGANS . CHEAPER THAN EVER BEFORE At the Grand Wholesale Distributing Depot for the South. JESSE FRENCH, NASHVILLE. FIELD, FRENCH PIANO & ORGAN CO., St. Louis, Mo. 0. K. HOUCK, Memphis, Tenn. SCHOOL AGENCY. SOUTHERN. SCHOOL AGENCY, 3. S. WOOLWINE, Proprietor. 2 3 3S Church 8treet, NASHVILLE, TENN. - Send Stamp for Circular. 1. Procures Competent Teacher for Schools and families without charge. 2. Supplies Teachers seeking positions with suitable places at small cost. 3. Rents and sells School Property and all kinds of School Appliances. 4. Gives Parents and Guardians information of good schools without charge. PERIODICALS. The Budget Shouldbe in every counting-room and at every fireside. It is a JOURNAL - free from puffery and scandal. Send for SAMPLE COPY. SCBSCRIPTIOX OSLY 50 CIS. A YEAR. Address THE BUDGET CO., Nashville, Tenn. SEWING MACHINES. WHEELER" . & W ILSON'S SILENT Sewing ' Machine NO. 8. The Universal Favorite the wide world round. Light. Rapid, Silent, Dura 338 Church St., Nashville, Tenn. Milan and Gibson. Milan Exchange. , A thoughtful . communication, em bodying a very plausible argument in ' favor of the State controlling the rail roads, appears in this paper. While yce cannot agree with the writer in his position?, yet we are willing the public should have the benefit of his thoughts on the subject As the whole ques tion is now before the courts, we do not see that any good can result from its agitation. There seems to be a disposition ttmong the people and with the press of the State to discuss other matters, and leave this for the courts to decide, and - we think it is vrell. Milan and Gibson County can not afford to array themselves against railroads, and we believe there 13 a little disposition to do so Our won- , derful growth and prosperity are at tributed to these great enterprise, and we should do all in our power to build other projected lines through our county. We have not yet lost all hone of seein the completion of the Tennessee Central. No More Nonsense. ,"- , Shelbyville Gazette. The candidates for the Legislature are, as a rule, letting the railroad ques tion alone, and well they may. They , had as well understand, first as last, . that no more nonsense will be in or der. The. State has paid out a large . sum of money to these healthy gentle men for cervices not rendered, only to find out that the legislature blun dered in the enactment of a foolish and unconstitutional law. Tennessee can't afford to indulge in any further hostility toward her railroads, and the politicians who run contrary to this sentiment will find their mistake. No Need of Abuse. . Athens Post. There is no provocation for indis criminate abuse of railroads in Ten- neessee during the present contest, and nothing can be added to Demo cratic strength by such i course. The general issues of the canvass will be aoificient to employ the talent and pencils of all who really desire Demo cratic victory in November. wmmT .-(. - i raw iii- i ir ft rrnrm v.