OCR Interpretation

Nashville union and American. [volume] (Nashville, Tenn.) 1868-1875, March 25, 1869, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85033699/1869-03-25/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

r 'Uoittit.
as a
each succeeding month until the entire
quantity has been furnished.
Intra. Let these notes be convertible
UCCOIlStl'UC- mto 10AQ bonds ot G per cent like thosa
years from date, but ot before.
Fourth. Lot Congress .nperalivo hre
quiro that these notes, and bo others, bo
paid out for all disbursements of the
Treasury, except those parable in coin.
so long as these are sufficient to meet the
wants of the government, and if the
whole monthly issues are thus put in
circulation, let the Clerk of the Treasury
1 1 j , . .
uo required to excuange me Rreenuack-?.
as he will undoubtedly bo ablo to do.
sinco mey in use oe mucn preierrea to
the latter.
In the case of Frank P. Blair. Jr..
plaintm in error against Jno. P. Thcmp
son et al., and Warren Woodson, plains
tin in error against the btato of Missouri,
was argued in the Supreme Court to-dav
ty Monigomery Ulair for tne plaintiti in
error and bv Senator Drake lor the iin
rl rilin CSS Orilltlinna DcillOCraCV. fendant ' onw. The case involves the
vuuauiuuuuauiv ui iuu iui.iuun lest
A Subslitutcfor HicJTeuurc-of-
offiecJJHI Passed Hie Senate.
Tlie Ninth Census,
New Basis of Congressional Uep-
A New Way lo Pay Old Debts.
I'roceoUftiga lu the Senate.
Washington. March 2L Mr. Trum
bull, from the Committee on the Judi-
ciary, jporled a substitute iur me uiu
poeahng the tenurc-ol-otuce ace
Mr. Grimes said he would not vote for
Knniorcd Transfer of Paraguay
to the United States.
Distinguished Arrivals
rii. Proposed KuipeiiiIon ut'llio 4 IvII
Tenure Act Butler's Idea ofSIUilH-
tilppl Reruns trurilou PoHtmnsiter
Appointed, etc.
Washington, March 21. The Repub
lican caucus this morning agreed to the
report of the Judiciary Committee ou the
tenure of-omce question the main fca
tures are as follows:
The President is to have power to re
move cabinet and other civil.oflicers,
during tne session 01 tho Senalo, with
out giving reason, providing tho Sen.
ato shall have power lo fill the vacancies,
ana during the recess of the senate may
suspend and appoint to ofllco until the
end of next session. Within twenty
days 01 tne commencement ot the ses
sion he shall report tlie.su suspensions to
the Senate, and if that body by a direct
athrmative vote refuse to concur, then
the suspended officer shall bo reinstated.
If tho matter be simply passed over the
othcer shall not bo reinstated.
The President to-day nominated Gen
Giles A. Smith for Second Assistant
Postmaster General. Also, William
Price for Postmaster at Grenada, Miss.,
and J. P. Bard as Postmaster at Colum
bia, Tennessee.
Tho following discussion took place in
tho House on Mr. Butler's Mississippi
reconstruction bill :
Mr. Butler expressed his acknowl
edgment for tho confidence in the Presi
dent expressed by the amendment of
Mr. Beck, and said he could not help ad
miring tho new-born zeal of States'
rights men, who now wished State
officers to bo appointed by Fed
eral authority rather than by the
proper authority of the State. The
committee however, thoughttho appoint
ments should be made by the President
of the couventien. Ho proceeded to ex
plain and advocate tho various provisions
ef tho bill. It had been reported from
tho committee with great unanimity; it
had been sanctioned by tho committee
of the last House; it had been carefully
and thoroughly considered. If the House
thought it best lo have any reconstruc
tion in Mississippi, ha hoped it would
Stand by the bill.
Mr. Beck addressed the House for an
hour in favor of the amendment offered
by him. Ho declared that the last cons
venlionof Mississippi bad rendered itself
infamous and was utterly unfit to be the
depository of power. He contended that
the President of tho United States, hav
ing no animosities to gratify, and being
presumed to desire the restoration of
j;ood relations with the whole country,
would appoint a provisional Governor
who would seo tha: at least thero was a
fair election. He urged this, not from
any new-born zeal for tho Federal au
thority, but as a choico of evils. Tho
Democsatic minority did not look to any
party advantage in this. They did not
expect the President to appoint any
Democrat to such an office, but they be
lieved the President would do justico
and see that fair men wero appointed and
fair elections held. Therefore they were
opposed to depriviug tho President of the
. .powers which he now had.
Mr. Lawrence asked whit powers this
bill took from the President?
Mr. Beck said the President now had
power under all tho reconstruction laws
to appoint provisional Governors and
" military officers, who had authority to
appoint registrars and judges of elections.
By this bill the President was deprived
of this power and the military comman
dant deprived of all power ; all that he
cculd li) was to aid the provisional Gov
ernor m carrying out his orders, how
ever infamous they might be.
Mr. Beck proceeded to give illustra
tions of tho unworthiness of tho last
Missisnppi convention which this bill
pioposcd to reconvene. Having done so
at considerable length, he asked whether
it was wondeiful that the whiles voted
against the constitution? Was it wonder
ful that the decent negroes of Mississippi
voted against it as thuy had f Was it
wot wondeilul that any :et ol gentlemen
Otjuld now seek to restore the power to
" such a convention without i-veu giving
the President of the United Slates power
to seo that the next election was fairly
held ? That was tho amazing proposi
Mr. Lawrence replied to the comments
of Mr. Beck, ou depriving tho President
of the power to appoint the Provisional
Governors. It wasanrued that no such
power was vested in the President. Pres
ident Johnson had unkertaken to
exercisothe power of appointing Provis
sunal Governors, and such action on
his part had never received any
validity from Congress, and no act
conferring such power on the President
had ever passed congress. 1 hat power
had been conferred by the reconstruction
nets on the military commanders in the
Sujlh, and on the Uencral of tho army
This bill, therefore, took no power from
the Pie.sident. It merely transferred
hoiii the military authorities to the con
veutiou, the power to appoint a provision
al Governor for Mississippi.
Mr. Beck sureosled that Mr. Liucolu
had exeicised the samo power in the ap
Liiiiituient of Mr. Johnson as Uoveiiuu
iiif Tennessee.
Mr. 1-auionco replied that was notso.
Mr. Johnsmi had been appointed Mili
tary Governor of Tennessee, which was
a very dili'menl thing from Provisional
3 Governor. Tho i-no exercised lnntial
powers the other civil jiowers.
Mr. Ward obtained the lloor to oppose
tho bill, but jieliled to a motion to ad
juuin, and the llous, adjourned.
Araasa Walker has written a long let
ter to Mr. Garfield, chairman of tho Oom
milteo on Banking, submitting another
plan for the resumption of specie pay
ment. Ho proposes
First, L it Congriss authorize the issue
of compound interest notes precisely
like those with which people arc already
familiar, to an extent equal to its treasury
notes, say 300,000,000, or as many as
may be required to redeem the green
backs; let them be of the denominations
cf S5. $10, $20 and 50 bills, with a
suitable p oporlion of 100 and 1,000,
for large speculations.
Second. Let these notes be dated on
tho fust day of each successive month,
commei.ciiig with the first day of July
next, when 10,000,000 should bo made
jcady for issue, and an equal amount in
Montgomery Blair in the course of his
argument said Francis P. Blair.Jr., could
not take tho oath that be had never re
resorted to arms for the purpose of over
throwing the State government of Mis
souri, because at tho outbreak of the
rebellion ia October, 18G0, ho organized
a military forco to protect the United
States arsenal at St. Louis, and after
wards organized four regiments and
tendered them lo the government with
which to operate against, and which cap
tured camp Jackson.
iha oath prescribed by the Conven
tion of Missouri, is called tho oath of dis
loyally, for it required a man to swear
he stcod by the government of his Stato.
which made war upon the United Statcc
senator Drake m his reply defended
the Stato constitution, and argued that it
is essential to protect the State from its
enemies by excluding them from partici
pating in its government. Nono but
qualified voters cau exercise political
power, and it is by and through the bal
lot that this power can be exercised
by the people. The constitution
demonstrates while it affirms that the
people are the only sourco of power. He
then proceeded to show tho necessity for
the amendment to the Slate constitution
requiring an oath of loyalty
Air. Drake will resume his argument
l eiiiule lloolors A Krw Iranilitrntlou
Alovomei.f Work on IIieMlevens Unt
idy, etc
Ihew oeek. March 24 Tho Sixth
Annual Commencement of the Now York
Medical ColLeo for womon. took place
last evening, at which ten lady students
A movement is on foot lo call on tho
Irish National Convention for tho pur
pose of forming a central bureau immi
gration society.
All the ship carpenters employed on
the Stevens battery at Hoboken, lave
been discharged, because they objected
to a reduction in wajres. Gen. McClel-
lan has charge of the completion of the
Sl.(i SISG.
1'rlHnucrx ou Auolhcr Kit Ike.
PouciiKEErsin.N. Y.. March 21. Dur
ing yesterday evening several convicts in
the Buckle shops at Sing Sing prison
turned on one of the newly appointed
keepers, Joel Dubois, of l'ouhkeepsie.
and after knocking him down beat him
severely nbont the head. They wero
restrained only by the sudden appear
ance of the foreman of the shop.
gillOIH-: IM.4X1).
I.yiiinu l'lerc tor Uovci'iior.
Providenvp March 24 Tho Rhode
Is'and Demociats have nominated Lyman
Piece for Governor.
Hie Jovrro.ur Opposes the Fifteenth
Trenton, March 21 The Goveinor
sent the lilteenth amendment to the Leg
isdatnre with a message giving reasons
why it should not be ratiGed by New
hpiiiucrnlH tte-elrrlfl to the l.eiii-ln-
tnre Kvtrit Nrsstou.
Indian-atoms, March 21. The returns
from the counties where unccial elections
were held yesterday to till the vacancies
in the Legislature occasioned by tho
Democratic, members resigninir. show
that all Democrats will be returned.
1 here was no opposition except in two
or three counties.
The government has called n special
session of tho Legislature to convene on
the 8th of April.
Arrival of RriKliain Tu.i:is'4 Wives.
And Illx iSoiii mid '4 heir Hlvrs.
Cnu ago, March 4 Quite n number
of the members of I'ncham Younc's
family arrived in this city to-day, and
arc stopping at the Briggs House They
are .Mrt. A. loiiup, wile of lirifliaui
K .1. oiuifr, win ol B V . and wife , J.
V. ounir, Hon and wile, Mint Nettie
ountr, daiii'hter of Briifham , .1 1 and
Mids I.ettie, Hrigham oiinu'd nephew
and niece Accompanying them arc J
B Htenhouse, proprietor of the Salt
l.il.e telegraph, hit daughter, and others.
Mr. Davis moved a substitute abso
lutely repealing tho tenuro-of-offico act,
but the President doclarcd it out of order
Mr. Norton said tho report of the com
mittee preserved the shadow rather than
tho substance of tenure-of-office act. It
was merely a bad photograph of a dead
body. He would not vote for it.
Mr. Harlan argued in favor of the ex
isting bill.
The report of the committee was then
adopted as a substitute for the pending
bill. Yeas, 37; nays, 13.
Mr. Brownlow voted yea; Mr. Fowler
Air. Trumbull brielly explained the
bill as reported from the Judiciary Com
mittee. It was designed, he said, to ros
move any obstacle which the Tenure of
Offico act unchanged, might throw in the
way of the President in reforming the
public service, and at the samo time pre
serve the principle which some Senators
thought a constitutional principle, un
derlying thoTenure-of-offico act.
Too bill then passed.
The Senate, at 5:35, went into execu-
tivo session, and soon afterward ad-
Proceeding In the House.
The bill on tho civil service bill was
ordered continued. The bill regulating
tho manner of applying to Congress for
tho romoval of political disabilities was
referred to the Reconstruction Committeo.
Tho bill enforcing tha third section of
tho fourteenth article to the constitutional
amendment was referred to tho Itecons
struction Committee.
Several other bills were introduced and
Mr. Garfield, from tho Select Commit
teo on Census, reported a bill for taking
the ninth and subsequent census. Ord
ered printed and recommitted.
Mr. Uarheldgave nonce that he would
call it up for action next Tuesday. The
bill establishes a census bureau in the
department of tho interior, the head of
which is to be appointed by the Presi
dent. An Assistant Superintendent is
to bo appointed by the Secretary of the
Interior, for each Congressional distiict
or territory. The district superintendents
are to employ all tho subordinates they
need for taking the census. The census
is to bo taken by the first of April,
1870, tho whole work to be done in two
months, and final publication made, and
the bureau closed by the first of May,
1872. Tho Secretary of tho Interior,
Attorney General and Census Commis
sioners, are to preparo and perfect sched
ules and tables to lay before Congress on
tho first Monday in December next.
When tho consus is taken, tho popula
tion of each Stato is to he divided by
150,000, and the quotient will give tho
number of Representatives to which tho
State is entitled in Congress. This is
cxpectod to give 270 members in the
House. I he basis of representation
hereafter is to bo fixed at one member
for each 170,000 of population.
the benato bill to incorporate the Na
tional Junction Railroad Company was
amended and passed.
Mr. Butler, of Massachusetts, from the
Committee on Reconstruction, reported a
bill for the Stato of Mississippi. It au
thorizes tho reassembling forthwith, on
the call of the President of the consti
tutional convention heretofore elected un
der the act of March 2. 1807. If the
President declines to issue the call
within thirty days, the command
ing uenerai ol tho Fourth Military
District is to summon the conven
tion by proclamation. Tho convention
is empowered to appoint a provisional
government, to authorize him to remove
and appoint registrars and judges of elec
tion, and to provide lor lorwarding the
vote on the constitution to the provisional
government to be counted in his presence,
and that of tho General commanding the
Military District of Mississippi. The
convention shall not continue in session
for moro than sixty days, and the consti
tution Iramcd by it shall be submitted to
the people within ninety days after ad
journment. The district unrepresented
at the time ot tho last adjourment sha'l
proceed immediately to elect delegates
under the direction of tho com
manding General. One or more
provisions miy be submitted to a
separate vote. The ordinance -which
may be passed by the Convention shall
be in force until unapproved by Congress,
or nntil the State shall have adopted a
constitution, and it shall have been ap
proved by Congress. The right of trial
by jury shall not be taken away by the
The military commander shall, cn a
requisition of the Provisional Governer,
give aid to the oincers ot the rrovisionai
government in preserving peace, etc. Tho
Provisional Governor may remove olh
cials in the State and appoint their suc
cessors, subject, however, to orders and
direction of the President of the United
States, who may remove tho Provisional
Governor and appoint his successor.
Mr Beck moved to amend by striking
out tho sentence authorizing the conven
tion to appoint a provisional Governor
so as to leavo that power with the Presi
dent of the United States.
Mr. Fartisworlh gave notice that he
would move to postpone the considera
tion of the bill until the next session.
Debtttv nml Vote in tho House of Coin
mona ou Hie Irish Church Question,
lonoon, March 'Zi The debate on
tho bill for tho disestablishment of tho
Irish church was resumed in the House
of Commons last night. Mr. Spencer II.
waipoio, member Irom Cambridge Uni
versify, opposed the bill, and Tho
O'Donoghue, member from Tralec, made
a tervia speech in it" lavor. Mr. Uothern
Hardy followed. He taid the strength
of the Liberals tMise arose only from
the majorities at the hustings it rested
on no firmer basis. Mr. Gladstone had
pledged himself and followers to the
destruction of all that was deemed most
sacred. The destruction of the chnrch
was urged by envious jealousy. The
speaker maintained that the church had
always fulfilled its mission.
Mr. Gladstone then rose to conclude
the debate. He reviewed the course of
the bill and tho arguments which had
been made for and against it; declared
that a now policy was necessary for Ire
land, and this was the first step demanded
by the unanimous voice ot the majority.
Mr. Gladstone resumed his seat amid
deafening cheers, the and house divided.
On motion, the bill was read a second
time, with tho following result : for tho
motion, 3CS; against the motion, 250;
majority for tho government, US. Tho
announcement of tho result was greatly
cheered in the House. The cheers were
taken up by tho people in the lobbies,
and the news was thus conveyed to an
immense-rowiL.QUtside. thsJlouso, who
joined in the applause with the wildest
enthusiasm. The House at J o clock ad
journed over tho holidays to the first day
ot April.
t'ou&rrintlou null Taxation.
Mapbid, March 21. A guard mobile
has been organized in Andulasia to en
force the conscription and the collection
of taxes.
Additional ieH from the Indian
St Lot is March 24. Au Omaha dis-
mtcii says mat military advices irom
ort Steele stare that Lieu t. Young had
surprised the Indians who lately stole
etoek, killed a number of them, die,
peraed the othen, and recovered the
tttolen mules , also captured ii lot of
ponies. A party of Sioux killed a sol
dier within a mile ot fort Uaudul on
the 1Mb, and ran rti" three mules. The
Indians were pursued and scattered, but
none tilled
Independent lie In' I lor CI 13' Ollleeis,
St. is, March 21 The Democratic
central committee of this city have de
cided lu make no party nominations for
city ollieers at the coining municipal
election, and recommend citizens, with
out distinction ol party, to hold waid
mcetini's Saturday night, to select dele'
r;itea to a citizens convention to noun-
ii itu eitv officers
itf i:m puis.
Airt-Hls ou riei lons llBlxe-
Mkmi'IHi, March 21 lv C. Patterson
was arrested yesterday, charged with
lOiuplieitv in I'"' murder of u man
named ilson and a nepro woman a few
miles from tho citv ssveral weeks sine.
He was subsequently relea:cd on twenty
thousand dollars bail to appear to-morrow,
A. C lang sccuiity.
A grain dealer from Detroit, charged
with forgery, was arrested ut Madison.
Arkanste, yesterday, and brought to this
city to await a requisition from the Gov
ernor of Michigan.
Xrw lloftl'-tratlon Inw-An Imleiunll y
Ulll Wanted fr the Slllltln.
Memphis, March 24. Tho Appeal's
Little Hock special this evening says the
new registration law passed the House.
The Senate appointed u special com
mittee to investigate outrages committed
by the militia iu Eastern Arkansas.
The llepublican calls on tho Legisla
ture to pass before adjournment a mili
tia bill to protect Upham and Calleron
from ptOieeutiun in the courts.
Baltimore, Md, March 24 An Is
raelite named Hirsh committed suicide
this morning by hanging him himself in
a Hebrew Synagogue iu this city.
New Yobk, Match 21. Advices from
St. Johns, N. B. state that snow is six
feet deep ou a level, and that the Canad
ians are leaving the fiats, as they fear a
disastrous llood".
Cincinnati, March 24. Three rob
bers enUred Mr. Schlenker's houso yes
terday afternoon, in tho northern part of
the city, gagged Mr. a., who was alone,
and escaped with S230. Mrs. S. had j us
received pay for property. John fierce
was arrested and confessed he was ono
of tho robberi. Win. Ellis was arrested
on suspicion. One escaped. The money
was not recovered.
Ciiicauo, March 24. Sheridan arrived
here to-day en-route west. He will soon
return aud establish headquaiters here,
Nkw Yonic. Maich 24. A man who
passed twonty-four hours in New York
sewets, emeiged to day with a bag full of
walehe, jewelry and other valuables.
Linpon, March 21 The Fenian Hal
pine is to be set at liberty upon guardi.
teeiiiir futuie uooJ conduct.
Paris, Mnrch 24 llio Janeiro advi
ces state that Lopez is collecting his
arm7at the mouth of Debeqna river
Nr Yor.K, March 21 A Buents
Ayres letter states it is reported that
Lopez has ceded Paraguay to the United
Brother Pcarno says, ' in another par
ticular Gov. Senter is civing satisfaction,
lie refuses to pardon men who have
been cvnvicted of crime. Has the dear
brother forgotten, so soon, that the indis
criminate pardon of felons was a leading
characteristic of Brownlow's administra
tion Y Or was ho "moyed and seduced
by tho instigation of the devil" to inflict
so terrible and malicious a stab upon his
old benefactor, upon whose personal and
nnlitical bounty he has so long fattened ?
Ingratitude is said to be -the basest of
f jns jMOXVllie j-ress imu jjvrum
Mr. Samuel Miller, of Lynchburg, Va.,
has presented tho sum of $100,000 to
tho University of Virginia.
. Tha negro woman who murdered tne
little white girl in Macon, was caught
near that city on tho 19th.
The Evening Bulletin bffico, in Cai
ro, was destroyed by fire on Sunday
night. Loss 5,500; no insurance.
One of tho greatest feats yet done
with the velocipede is a journey of 123
miles in twenty-four hours. I his was
in Franco.
Sarah Sherman sued Richard Rawson
for breach of promise, in Worcester,
Mass., and a jury has just decreed her
4,000 damages.
A girl often, undergoing an operation
to straighten her eyes, in New York,
last week, died from tho effects of c hlo
roform administered.
It is reported that Gen. Sheridan pre
ferred Chicago to St. Louis in consequence
of tho citizens there having promised
him a handsome residence.
A wicked wretch, who claims lo know
the rich men of Cincinnati and St. Louis,
says that "tho great wint of each city is
about thirty-five first-class funerals."
Messrs. Pratt & Fox have offered the
city of East St. Louis tho sum of $100,s
000 for ten years lease of tho ferry priv
ilego granted by tho Illinois Legislature.
M. Fabens, Special Commissioner of
the Dominican government to Washing
ton, brings with him instructions to rent
the Bay of Samana to the United Slates.
Gen. Grant has made the Buffalo boot
maker happy by an autograph letter of
thanks. The poor fellow expected an
office, and thinks he has been swindled.
The depth of snow in Canada is shown
by the statement that a traveler's horso
was fatally injured by becoming entan
gled in a telegraph wire twenty feet from
the ground.
Miss Van Lew, tho new postmistress
of Richmond, lived in that city during
the war, occupying an elegant mansion
on what is known as Church Hill. She
sympathized with the North, and ren
dered many kind sorvices to Federal
Charley Decker, tho Memphis giant,
either thirty-one inches or thirty-one
feet high, wo will not positively say
which, is soon to set sail on the MediU
erranean sea of matrimony, in which
caso ho will become a double-Decker.
A dispatch from Des Moines says $3,-
000,000 of the first morigage bonds of the
Iowa and State Lino Railroad Uompany
will soon bo issued by that company,
with J. Edgar Thompson, of the Penn
sylvania Central Railroad, as tho trustee.
Port au Prince news, of March 11,
states that Salnave's forces wero bosieg-
ing Jacmel, and tho insurgents had com
menced a siego of Gonaives. Salnavo
arrested 200 merchants in Portau Princo
and sent them to rcinforco tho garrison
of Gonaives.
The cotton trade in England is very
dull, and tho foreign papers report that
very few of the largo manufacturers arc
running their mills six days in tho week.
The majority of tho establishments have
been open only four and five days in the
week, and now the time is generally to
be reduced to three days.
A horrible crime has been committed
at the village of Dulce-Aqua, North
Italy, caused by the enforcement of the
grist tax. Tho population rose in mass
and killed tho mayor, whose head was
mounted on a pike and then paraded
through the streets. During the same
day twelve of .tic municipal counselors
were assassinated.
The New York Beard of Police Com
missioners have unanimously expelled
John S. Young, Chief of Detectives, from
the police for taking nineteen thousand
dollars belonging to tho New York
Windsor Bank as a reward for the ro
coveryofono hundred and thirty thou
sand dollars, and refusing to make a re
turn of the same to the department when
called upon.
Tho Havana Almanac for last yetr
has tables of tho population ot Cuba and
its different departments and civil dis
tricts for tho year 1SG7. At that limo
tho population of tho island waa 1,370
000, of which 740,500 wero whites and
GOo.550 wero colored. Of the colored
population, 220,000 are designated as of
tho lreo class, but includes, beside the
freemen of negro blood, a large number
of Chinese More than three-fourths of
the population, white and black, is in tho
Western Department, where the insur
rection has, as yet, hardly made its ap
A movement is on foot in St. Louis and
other cities to call an Irish National Con
vention, whose members shall be com.
posed of representative Irishmen, and
delegates from the various Irish religious
and benevolent societies in the United
States. The object of the Convention is
to form a central bureau in New York,
with auxiliary societies in all tho States,
for the purpose of furnishing aid an infor
mation to Irishmen in regard to the price
of land, labor, etc , in this country, on
tho general plan of emigrant societies,
and render any other assistance neces-'
sary to secure benefits to Irish immi
grants landing on our shores.
Ever since his peremptory removal
from command by Sheridan at Five
Forks, Gen. G. K. Warren has manifested
great resentment toward Grant. He in
spired very much, and passed in examin
ation before it was published, tho wholo
of Swinton s volume, which aims to prove
that Grant was a "butcher," and nothing
more. The President manifests his
malico in banishing tho able Warren to
the important position of Unioa Pacific
Railway Commissioner.
i:ulliuiaitlc Reception al Charlottes
vllleand I.yuchburjr, Va.
We learn from tho Lynchburg (Va.,)
papers that the reception of ex-President
Johnson in Lynchburg, on tho 18th inst.
was very enthusiastic. A committeo ap
pointed by public meeting of tho citizens
met the ex-President at Charlottesville,
where an immense concourso of persons,
consisting of university students and
citizens, had assembled, to greet the ex
President From tho Lynchburg Vir
ginian wo make tho following extracts
At Charlottesville Mr. Johnson wa3
hailed with shouts by the crowd, and was
conducted by a committee to the porch of
the Central Hotel, where be responded td
the demonstration in one of the happiest
speeches of his life. After the speech,
which lasted some fifteen or twenty
minutes, Mr. Johnson was escorted into
the hotel, whero he partook of a repast
which had been provided far him. The
train left Charlottesville amid tho shouts
of tho multitude, to whom tho ex-Presi
dent waved his adieu.
Tho trip to Lynchburg was a very
pleasant one. Mr. Johnson was ox
ceedingly sociableand agreeablo, as were
tho members of his family and suite.
Thoy all conversed freely and pleasantly
with the gentlemen ol tho committeo,
and seemed to bo gratified at the atten.
tion shown him.
On arriving at Lynchburg Mr. Johnson
was enthusiastically greeted at tho do
pot, and convoyed in an open carriage to
the Norvell House. Tho route was
lined with spectator.", and tho windows
of tho houses wero thronged with ladies,
who waved their welcome to our distin
guished guest. He acknowledged the
compliment by repeatedly raising his hat
and bowing to the right and left. A
large crowd at the hotel called Mr. John
son out, and ho made a speech, in which
he thanked the people, and said he was
on his way to his homo in Tennessee,
whore ho would go into retirement.
At night a banqnot was given at the
Norvell House. The dining-room was
handsomely decorated, and among the
inscriptions was one, conspicuous iu
evergreen letters, "Andrew Johnson, tho
Patriot." Hon. Thomas S. Bocock pre
sided over the feast. The regular toasts
were to Mr. Johnson; to tho President of
the United States; to the United States;
to Senator Patterson of Tennessee, and
reply to a toast to himself, Mr.
Johnson said ho was cheerful in being
emancipated from the slavery of the
W Into House, tie also spoke ot the ag
gressions ol congress on tho other
branches of the government, and its usur
pations, exercising powers, said he,
which kings would tremble to wield.
Ho also alluded to tho enormous ex
penses of the government and tho bur
then of taxation which tho people were
called on to bear. In this connection, he
said, corruption permeates overy depart
ment of the government.
In conclusion, hu said that in retiring
to his rural home ho would bear in mind
tho advico of Cato, to "pray for Rome."
A public reception was held on the
lUth by tho ex-President, between the
hours of Hand 3 o'clock, on which oc
casion tho citizens generally paid their
respects to tho lato Chief Magistrate.
TeiTiftc Fight Between Ihe Ku
Eliix and United States
"Nobody Hurt" One Ku-Klux
Captured and Sent to
All Quid along the Tallahatchie.
TerriMo Hull Storm In l.lltle Boric
Urrnt IWmI ruction of Property.
The Litllo Rock Gazette of the ICth
inst. says, of tho great hail slorm thero
last Sunday night week :
About eight o'clock wind and hail
broke foith in all fury of maddened ele
ments, carrying terror and disjnay to
the hearts ot the fair sex, and disturbing
the equanimity no little of the bolder
lords of creation. For about an hour the
hail fell in such quantities as to cover
tho ground as it with a sheet of snow;
breaking window panes and the wind raz
ing fences and tearing from their roots
many trees and shrubs that were not
firmly bound to mother earth. An in
cessant rain, interspersed with occa
sional hail and sleet, continued during
most of tho night, and yesterday morn
ing in many places the ground was
white with sleet.
The ravages of the storm were most
apparent on Markham street. .Not a
whole glass was lett on the north side ot
the Anthony House; thu upper rooms of
Bernay's Dodge's, Uibbs' and Ackerman'3
stores were all minus a whole pano ot
glas3. Tho samo scone was to be met
with on overy hand, whero tho windows
wero not protected by outsido blinds.
Every skylight and nearly every pano of
glass in the windows ol our office, was
broken; tho giasj coverings ot hot-,
houses were ruthlessly shivered to pieces,
and the leaves and buds of plants which
had received the delicate care and atten
tion of fair hands were torn from tho
stems, and dashed to tho ground with
Some of tho hailstones wero as large
as a hen's egg, and the damage done to
property is more terrible than any that
has visited U3 lor many years. 1 hero is
scarcely a house in tho city which has
not Butlerel more or leas. The glaziers
hands were yesterday busy in repairing
tho damages to windows, and they had
more to do than could bo accomplished in
ono day.
We learn that the body ol a colored
man, nieiess anu coiu in ueam, was
found early iu the morning near the
arsenal grounds. No marks of violence
wero detected on his person, and it was
supposed that ho had been intoxicated
and, without shelter in the storm, had
frozen to death during the night.
Tho town branch was on a regular
rampage, oveillowing several houses in
its onward march. The lloor ol the
Anthony House livery stable was
covered two feet deep with water.
Other buildings were equally as badly
treated. The streets ol the city look as
clean and neat as a new pin.
Lokkn.o Dow is reported to have
stopped persons from leaving his meeting
ii II I 1 1 1 1 .
ny requesting an who uau nuie iu iuu
heels of their stockings to go then or
stay through." A similar instance,
though in better taste, is given in tho
history of Phineas Rice, a Methodist
itineraut. While P.ico was stationed in
one of tho New York churches he found
that many of the young people of both
sexes wero accustomed to leava the
church before tho close of the evening
service. It annoyed him, and he deter
mined to stop it. The next Sabbath
evening, before he commenced his ser
mon, he said :
Some ol my brethren have been
greatly atiucted that so many young
women leavo church betoro the service is
throuph. But I tell them thoy ought
not to feel so. for doubtless most of thoso
who go out are young women who live
at servico, and their mistresses rcquiro
them to be at home at nine e'clocl; ; and
the young men have to go out to wait
upon them home ; so hereafter when the
young women leavo church before tho
service is over, you will understand who
they are ana not feel badly about it."
The brother who gave me this fact
said : "We were no more annoyed after
this; they either staid away, or staid till
the meeting was closed."
A Sea of Snakes. We understand
that Capt. KitCeld, of tho bteamer Mex
ico, when off Tor tu cad. on his last trip
steamed for two hours and a half through
a tangled mass of snakes of all sizes
and colors. Where these myriads of
snakes came from,' and whither bound
are questions tor tne scientinc to an
swer. New Orleans Times
Wo gleaned last night the meager
outlines of one of the moat ferocious
and terrific affairs of the war equal
if not surpassing in its bloody de
tails, the celebrated fight so graphi
cally described by " Mai. J. Iv.
Klingman, commanding 2dBattal
lion, 1st Tenn. Reg. State Guards,"
in bis dispatch to Gen. Cooper, de
scribing the "fight" which took
place at Humboldt last week
(where they fought thirteen morta
hours,) and in their "backer.din
an' furriddin," tore up ten acres of
ground, and there was ten rebels on
every single one ot the State
(black) Guards, and one of the latter
got his thumb nearly chawed ojf
uelore he 'hollered 'nulr. Hut to
our story :
A lew days ago, a negro, whose
namo we could not learn, had a cit
izen of Batesvillc arrested for beat
ing mm. I or this reason, so it is
said, the party's friend talked about
lynching the darkey, and baturday
night last was set as the time for
this interesting ceremony to come
oil. 1 his was done, so it appears,
in secret conclave, but the matter
was noised about and came to tho
cars of the commandant of the post
at Fanola, baturdaj- afternoon, and
he immediately started a company
of troops to the scene of the im
pending conflict to protect the dar
key. The military met with no ad
venture or opposition in their march
until within about two miles of
Batesville. Hut here they were
startled, at a turn of the road, by
the loud, sharp command, "halt!"
and the challenge, which rung out
on the midnight air and brought
every man " up standing, " no
goes there r
Before an-bodT had time to an
swer, the moon, which had hid her
face a moment before under a
cloud, shone out and disclosed a
comnanv of mounted Ku-KIux. in
all their horrid paraphernalia, occu
pying the road, in position, and
ready to dispute the wa Few aud
short were the words of the party.
hach parti' was xed lor war, and
the dread tocsin sounded, and the
foemcn "mixed."
The fight was terrific ; and " cav
alry charges "against infantry, and
" infantry charges" against cavaln,
that are frightful to contemplate,
were made. How long the battle
lasted we know not, but our infor
mant states that theere were several
hundred shots fired.
All at once, something scared the
KuKlux, and they fled incontinent
ly and ingloriously fled, vamoosed,
fizzled, and left the field all of
them, save one. i
He was mounted on a mule, and
the mule would not fly. In vain the
savage KuKlux cussed and spurred
him ; the mule obstinately stood
still, moving neither backward nor
forward, and, at last left by bis
companions, tlie Kuh.lux was sur
rounded and captured.
On tearing off his mask, he was
found to bo a man named Jesse
Rhodes, who lives iu the neighbot-
hood of Batesville. lie was put in
irons immediatel', and on Sunday
was sent down to Vicksburg, where
ho will no doubt have a " short
shrift,' under tho determination of
Mr. Grant to " let us have peace.''
Memphis Appeal, Jfarch 23.
tetter from Kx-Henalor Itlxon. of
To the Editor of tho Hartford Co c rant.
Wasuinqton, Feb. 8, 18b"9. I
am glad to see that you are discus
sing in your influential journal tho
question ot tho true relations of
thobtate and Federal governments.
.no political question is of greater
importance, and at this period in
our history, when our countrv is
- j
justifies mo in asking you to pub
lish this outlino of mv views on
that subject, especially as they are
given in rcsponso to a distinct in
quiry addressed to mo in your pa
0 7niu V
, k mum
ijuiij iiuuiwacu w iuu m your pa-1 finni Bfclt
per. Tho direct questions which BOOK AND JOB
you proposo to mo, I will now pro
ceed to answer. You say :
"And supposo tho power above
our btate, created in accoruanco
with our own free will, that has
exclusive power to do all these
suffering from the consequences of J tuing3 and many more, the power
carrying the doctrine of State rights inat claims our supreme allegiance,
to a dangerous extreme, it is very
important tnat we should guard
against an equal and perhaps great
er peril in rushing to tho opposite
extreme Thero is somewhere a
point whero tho rights of the States
and that can call every man of us I
to die and fight for it, and that
guarantees every man of us our
rights of the free exorcise of re
ligion, and of speech, assemblage,
press, petition, arms-bearing, trial
Federal government meet and har- aentment by grand jury, etc., etc., flTiTj STAlVjJ
monize. Since you call on me. m auuuiu guarantee an impartial J
. . ' i n-v-i.-.!. n.:. ii i - - r t
you paper ot baturday last, to ro-
A correspondent of the New York
Journal of Commerce writes as fol
lows in regard to tho proposed Cuba and
St. Domingo annexation schemes now on
foot in Washington city .
It is now positively known, and I Lave
it from a prominent member of Congress
who is active in this business, that Gen.
Grant- is strongly in favor of immediate
annexation of both Cuba and Santa Doms
ingo, whenever thoy shall desire it, and
it is rumorod that ho would recognize
tho belligerent righta of the insurgents
in Cuba at the present time. Mr. An
genard, Eaez's special envoy lo this
country, has been in Washington for
some time. He is a Frenchman. Baez
has given him ample authority to make
a full and freo transfer of the republic
of Santa Domingo to the United
States. Mr. Angenard hopes that
Congress will accept the offer, and says
that, without Santa Domingo, within
whoso territory is included the maguifi
cent Bay of Bamana, the Island of Cuba,
which ho considers destined very soon
to become part of the United States,
loses half its importance. He contends
that Samana Bay, with its fine adapta
tion to the purpose of a safe harbor and
naval station, is a point from which all
the islands in the Carribean Sea may be
commanded. Until the Secretary of
Stato shall he heard from, no action will
be taken by tho committee upon the res
olutions introduced in tho House by Gen.
lianks, but it is highly probable that both
houses will, bolore the sesjion ends, pass
a resolution authorizing tho President to
accept proposals and consummate the
annexation of cither of the islands to
this government when it is clearly shown
that tho offer is made upon the proper
authority, and in good faith.
Col. Bob Byrd crossed the mountain in
the peiiloii3 days of '01, organized the
First Regiment of Tennessee troop3 and,
with it. returned in triumph at the beau
of Burnside's column. With his gallant
littlo band, at Kingston, ho repulsed the
combined force of Wheeler's cavalry,
while Longstrset was thundering at the
sates of Knoxville.
Maj. Dan Carpenter, with a few brave
mon. perilled his life to burn the mill
within tho Rebel fortifications at Cumber
land Gap, thus compelling its early sur
render was afterwards captured near
Rogersville, and lay for months in a Rebel
prison, barely escaping witn nis nio.
These two men the former, late Col
lector, the latter, lato Assessor of this
distiict are too disloyal to hold office
under President Grant !
Gen. Longstroet, whoso campaign
through East Tennessee was the sourco
of more than half tho woos of tho Union
men, 13 sufficiently loyal, and Bishop
Foirne cries, Amen! Knoxville Press
and Herald.
The negroes of tha District of Columbia
are makioe arrangements to celebrate,
on an extensive scale, the anniversary of
the abolition of slavery in that district.
pty to certain interrogatories on
this subject, you will, I trnst, per
mit me to give my views briefly in
iou deny, it l understand your
position, that by the true intent
and meaning of the elector's oath
required by the constitution and
laws of Connecticut, that Stato is
independent, because the elector is
also bound by the samo oath, to
snpport the constitution of the
United States. The oath is in the
following words
'You, A. B., do solemnly swear
that you will be true and iaithful
to the State of Connecticut, and
to the constitutional government
thereof, as a free and independent
State, and to tho constitution of
tho United States, etc."
Now, it is perfectly evident that
the framcrs of this oath did not
suppose an oath to support the con
stitution ot the United btatcs in
consistent witn tne obligation in
the same oath to be truo and faith
ful to the government of Connecti
cut as a free and independent State.
in other words, Connecticut is a
free and independent State, not
withstanding the obligations of its
citizens to support the constitution
of the United States. The latter is
not in conflict with the indepen
dence of tho States. This is the
true doctrine:
"The constitution of tho United
States is a grant of powers where
they did not beloro exist, but the
constitution of Connecticut is a
imitation of powers already exist
ing, leaving the legislative depart
ment, subject to the limitation
specified, as it iotind it. Opinion
of Chief Justice Williams in the
case of l'ralt vs. Alien, l? Conn.
Iteports, patc 1 ID.
The grant ol powers to the gen
eral government did not deprive
the States of their independence.
All powers not granted were ex
pressly reserved b- tho tenth ar
ticle of the amendments of the
constitution of the United States to
the States respectively or to tho
people. See article 10 of amend
It is thus apparent that the gov
ernment of tho United States is
imitcd in its powers. Tho first
section ot tho first articlo ol the
constitution of the United States
provides that " All legislative pow
ers herein granted shall bo vested
in a Congressot the United btates.
Powers not granted being reserved
the government is, ol course, lim-
ted to tho oxerciso of the powers
granted. Yet, notwithstanding this
limitation, you arguo tnat tne gov
ernment ot the united btates is
sovereign and. of course, you
claim that it is independent. A
imitation of its power, therefore,
does not in your view conflict with
ts sovereignty or independence.
Yet you hold that because Connec
ticut has "delegated usa tne
word used by the constitution)
certain powers, therefore her gov
ernment is not independent while
in truth the delegation of powers to
tho General government does not
at all conflict with the independence
of the Stato in- in other re
spects. That this is correct doc
trine is shown by the fourth article
of the declaration of rights in tho
constitution of Massachusetts which
is in the following words
The peoplo of this common
wealth have tho sole and exclusive
right of governing themselves asa
free, sovereign and independent
State; and do and forever hereafter
shall exercise and enjoy every pow
er, jurisdiction and right which is
not, or may not hereafter be dele
gated to the United States of Amer-
a, in L;ongress assembled.
The constitution ot iNcvv Hamp
shire made in 17!)2 after the
adoption of the constitution, also
declares tho sovereignty- and inde
pendence of that State in the lul-
lowing words :
Tho peoplo inhabiting the ter
ritory formerly called the provinco
of Isew Hampshire, do hereby sol
emnly and mutually agree with
each other to form themselves into
a freo, sovereign and independent
body politic, or btate, by the namo
of the btate ol JNew Hampshire.
These two States, Massachusetts
and New Hampshire, claim in their
constitutions not only independence
but sovereignty, notwithstanding
their delegation of certain powers
to the irovernment of the United
The framers of our constitution,
and of our elector's oath, were there
fore guilty of no inconsistency when
they required our electors to 3wcar
to be true and laitiitui to tne gov
ernment of Connecticut, as an in
dependent State, and at tho same
time to swear to support the con
stitution of tho United States. The
two obligations are seen to be en
tirely consistent with each other,
when wo remember tnat the gov
ernment of the United States is
one of delegated powers, to the ex
ercise ot which it is expressly Iim
ited and confined, and be'ond
which ii cannot go without, a viola
tion of tbo constitution
I refrain from any remark as to
tho nronrietv of an amendment of
tho constitution of tho United
States, by which the right of an in
dependent Stato to regulate its own
suffrage laws is taken away, because
at this time such a discussion might
partake of the nature ot party con
troversy, lor wnicn purpose i nave
no right to ask tho use of your
columns. But tho importance ot a
correct understanding by tho peo
plo of the true rolations of tho
State to tho general government,
Church and Cherry Sts.,
application of all conditions of suf-
frago to every ono of us, what
wrong would bo dono.Mr. Dixon ?"
In reply to this I denv that the
government of tho United btates
has any exclusive power " to call
every man of ua to fight and die
for it." The government of Con
necticut may do the samo thing.
(See General Statutes of Connecti
cut, pago 578, chapter 9.) You are
also mistaken in supposing that the
constitution of tho United States
" guarantees lo overy man of us I
our rights of the free exercise of I
press, petition, arms-bearing, trial alaXWCll IlOUSe & I'OStJOfllCC.
by jury," it ., except so far as it re
stricts the action of the general
The provision with regard to
most, if not all of these righta, are
contained in the amendments to
the constitution of tho United
States, and only relate to the action
of the United States trovernment.
and not to the States or the State
Courts, as is clearly shown by
Uliiet Justice Jlarslialf in the easel
of Barron vs. the Mayor of Balti
more, 7th Peters' reports, 243, and
Livingston vs. Moore, "7th Peters,
551 ; also in tho case of Murph' vs.
the people, 2d Cowen, 21S. In the
case of Livingston vs. Moore, tho
Court said : "As to the amend
ments of the bonstitulion of tho
United States, (relating to the
rights you speak of,) they must bo
put outot the case, since it is now
settled that those amendments do
not extend to the States." 7th Io!
ters, 5.J.
Chief Justice Marshall, in the
case of Barron vs. Mayor ofBaltis
more, after fully elucidating the
idea that the guarantees iu the
amendments only restrict the Uni
ted States Government, and not tho
States says "the fifth amendment"
(and the same rule obviously ap
plies to all amendments and tho
same rule obviously applies to all
amendment?, and to the constitu
tion itself) must be understood as
restraining the power of the general
government, not as applicable to the
States. In the case of Colt vs.
Eve3, Conn. Keports, the same doc
trine is declared b' Chief Justice
Williams. "It has been well settled,"
he says "that the amendments to
that instrument were never intended
to limit the power to control the
proceedings of the Stato Courts."
l ou will see, thcrelore, that it is a
grave error to suppose, tnat tne
Federal government guarantees our
rights of the free exercise of reli
gion. It only restricts Congress
from making laws respecting an
establishment of religion or prohib
iting the free exercise thereof, etc.
So of the freedom of the press, of
speech, of petition, of assembling,
of search, of bearing arms, and all
the rights specified in the amend
ments. They prohibit interference
with their rights by Congress. The
States are left free to act, and, until
very latelj, New Hampshire lias had
in her constitution, it" she has not
now, a religious test, with which the
government of the United States
could not interfere, and to which
the constitution of the United
States has no application. The truth
in, all these guarantees ot our rights
which you mention are found, if
anywhere, in our State constitution,
and not in the constitution ot the
United States, as the above quoted
authorities clearly prove. All that
the constitution of the United States
provides is to prohibit interference
with these rights by the general
government, except where by ex-
press terms it provides that no State
shall do certain specified things.
This distinction, clearly laid down
by Chief Justice Marshall in the
cases above cited, shows the error
into which you have fallen so
plainly that I need not pursue it
lurther. Ihe only guarantee in the
amendments lo the constitution is
that the general government shall
not interfere with the rights speci
fied, leaving our protection irom
State action to the Stato constitu
tions Yours respectfully,
James Dixon.
Notice and VEKV LOWEST termi, in
tlie very neatt style of the art, all kloili a nit
ilc?CTilKus of
In any Style or Color.
ticolar atten tien givn teall t
Legal Blanks,
Lawyers' Briefs,
Letter Heads,
Ballroatl Receipts,
Bills or Lading-,
Shipping Tags,
special attefiUen given to riatiag
Posters and Show Bills
Cor wliKh, wo have the host facilities in Itia
A Ten Hiomauil Dollar I.lfo Insur
ance I'ollcj Involved.
So mo inoutli3 ago a irentleman named
Parbam, who was then a member of the
firm of Shellon, Parham & Privet, in
sured his life for the sum of ten thousand
dollars, in favor of his sister, lo ha paid
to her in case ol death. Mr. rarliam
drew tha money to pay the first pre
mium, ono hundred and twenty-hve
dollars, from the funds of tha company,
who were cotton brokers, doing business
on Piont street. .Shortly after taking
out the policy, and before a renewal pre
mium was due, Mr. Pathain died.
The sister for whose benefit tho policy
was taken, came forward and claimed
the inauraneo. The company were ready
to settle with her, but the surviving part
ners of her brother, Messm. Shelton &
Privet, lail an injunction upon thero,
forbidding them to pay the money to her.
Tho ground upon which this injunction
was obtained was, that Mr. Parham'sac-
count with the firm was overdrawn, and
ho was already in debt to them when he
drew the hundred and twenty-five dol
lars to pay the premium, and that he had
nover made tho sum good.
The case came up for a hearing on a
motion to dissolve the injunction, in tnu
Chancerv Court Yesterday, and after be-.
ing ably argued by tho counsel on both
sides, was decided in favor of the lady,
tho Chancellor dissolving tho injunction,
but allowing Messrs. Shelton & Pnvet
ono hundred and twenty-five dollars and
interest on tho same to date. Memphis
Appeal, March 23.
Briebam Young's address to tho Legis
lature of the "State of Deseret" consisted
chiefly in assertions that Congress ought
to admit it to tho Union, and recommen
dations that tho members ''apply their
hearts unto wisdom."
Steamboat Pinting
Also, we'are prepare.1 tojexeiute
Riiliug and Book BiudiHg
Of Evory Description.
In tno best ami most substantial manner, at
greatly reduced priecs.
All Work Warranted.
All Orders sent by Mall w til rccefye
prompt attention.
T ""TMWHMWHMMiit ' 1 T " M If 1 1 111,11 ' T . .
- lJV&,r -a ' l """''-ilPW i . . IM PMJWWggfgE I illt l I III II 1111 WW II Wl I BlMM I ilM lllllWMP in Mil

xml | txt