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NASffVILLl AN JLHERIOAST, 3yBDNESDA.Y. SEPTEMBER 18, 1872.
Sf ire and Marine.
INSURE !M THE STATE
(DfRce in the Company fs
SO JfOETS COLLEGE ST.
John Jjumsden, 3res?t.
G. P. Thrusbon, Vice Pres't.
2). St. Johnson, Se&y.
B. F. "WILSON. Pbs8IP2J!T.
M. B. NEWF.LL Yiob-Pbbsidest,
"W. M. DUNCAN... Oashixk.
.NoV SO College Street,
r, JSASHVILLE, TKHK.
-frt.i.. 1..; -. . "
Does a General Banking Business
- LOANS ON COLLATERAL.
Deaf a In Foreign and Domestic Es-
change, Go'd, Silver, Stocks,
' Bonds, etc.
eep7 sp lstcol,4thp Ull Jan13,73
EiiLROAD JHME TABLE.
' TeaBewee bh PaclSo KallroaA.
sa. 1 Leaves Lebanon at. &t0 A. .
Arrives at Nashville at-.8:40 A. x.
Leaves Nashville at,....4:f0 p. fc.
Arrives at Lebanon at..6:30r.x.
Price's Stage leave Lebanon at 7 o'clock r. M.
on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. Arrive
at Lebanon at 5 o'clock A. x. on Mondays, W ed
nesdays and Fridays.
Bt. liOols, Memphis, NasUvllle and
Ctiattasooga Great Central
Chattanooga train leaves.8:l5 a. k. ana 8:15 r. it.
srrlTeg.l:05 pk. and 12:60 a. si.
Memphis train leaves.. ..2:00 a. andl:43r.sf.
ii arriTes..-4:45-p. M. and 6:20 A.M.
St. Loots train leaves.. . .2:00 a. x.
" arrives... 6:00 P. n
Tullahoma train leaves. .3:30 r. K.
" " arrive. 9:45 A. ir.
The 8:15 A. x. train does not run on Sundays.
The 2:00 A. X. and 8:15 r. X. and 1:45 P.X. trains
Louisville and KnsliviUe BollroatS.
Leave Statlen on North Collo street, at 5:30
A.x.. 1:40 r. x. and 1:00 A.x.
Arrives at7:30 a. x. and 6:05 r. x.
V The 1:40 P. x. train does not stop at any point
between Nashrtlle and Gallatin, except Kdge
11 eld Junction, and does not run on Sunday.
Gallatin AcoommoUatlen, Bally.
Leares Nashville 4:05 P. x.
LouiHvlllo and Nashville and Great
Noathern llallroaa Nashville and
Goiko South. Nashville an Decatur trains
leave stations on South Cherry Ji ( f t at 6.CO A.
x. nd 6.00 i-. x. No train Sunday morning.
Accommodation at 4:00 r. x. (goes to Colum
bia.) Trains amve at 4:45 a. x. and 9:45 p. v.
Accommodation at 9:30 A. M.
St. Louis, Bvansvllle. Henderson and
St. Louis Mall leaves Nashville 6:10 A.x
AccommodU on leaves Nashville 100 r.x
St. Louis Mail arrives at Nashville 11:25 r.x
Accommodation arrives stNashvllle....7:40 a.x
Iioalsvillo and Cincinnati Short Lino
Trains leave and arrive at Louisville as lollops:
, LSAVS. ABRIV2.
Southern Fast Line, except
Sunday. 8 35 a. x. 7:E0 P. x.
Cincinnati Express, daily.. 3:55 r.x. 12:0r.ll.
CincinnaU Nigbt Express,
except Latirday 11:00 p. x. 6:00 a. x.
Lexington Mall, except
Sunday. 6:00 A. x. 6:S0p.x.
Lexington Express, except
Sunday. 2:53 p. x. 1100 a. X.
except Sunday. 6:05 P. x. 8:08 a.m.
R.W. Brown, agent, 04 North Cherry
street, advertises $5,000 to loan.
Dollar Bto c.
"Road notice of Juo. H. Williams relative
to the renting of booths and dining halls of
the Tennessee Agricultural and Mechanical
J. D. Horton, trustee, and Newsorn,
Horton& Co.f agents, advertise for public
sale, Tuesday, Oct. 1, 1872, the beautiful
and costly residence of M. G. L. Claiborne,
together with four acres of shaded lawns
and garden ground attached, situated on
Fi lmore street. Parties wishing to pur
chase are invited to examine the premises
before the day of sale. This property is
well known, and is regarded as among the
most valuable in thiB city.
Artlnzton, Farrar & Weakley, agents, 02
North College street, have for sale a splen
did farm nsa' Brentwood, Williamson
county, and containing 115 acres of rich
land adapted to cotton, grain or grass. The
1 tod has a two story dwelling with all con
veniencies aud necessary outhouses.
Read the card of J. E. Foster, of Foster
& Blessing, oldest real estate firm in Hous
P. G. Brean, of the Seventh ward, is a
candidate for Aldeiman.
A. B. Foster, at No. 0, North Cherry
street, hts tickets for sale in the Maury
Ounty Fair, which commenced yesterday.
Persons wishing tickets in this drawing
bhould not delay, but make application at
Season tickets for the grand drawing of
S15.C00 prize In the State Fair are for sale
at No. 9, Cherry street, by A. B Foster.
Thompson, Bros & Kelly, Summer street,
announce the reception of a large stock of
clt'gant and fashionable goods, which the
ladies are invited to call aud examine.
United Mate Internal Revenue.
Yesterday the sum of $1,249.49 was paid
into the United Slates Internal Revenue
Martha Thomas and Mary Lynch, two
colored women, were arrested last night
on the charge of larceny and will have a
Three convicts were imprisoned yester
da: From Tipton county, Martiu Moran,
1-rceny, three years; from Carroll county,
Frank I'attersoo, -malicious stabbinc, two
vears; Get). Johnson, colored, malicious
stabbing, f ur yars.
First Cumberland l'resbyterlan Sab
This school w ill meet next Sabbath at
the Masonic Hall at the usual hcur. Our
Cumbeiland Presbyterian brethren will
woi ship with the congregation of McKen
ilnMs church iu regular services and prayer
meetings, Drs. Kelley and Baird alterna
ting. Itohlnd 'lime.
The Louisville train due here at 6 o'clock
yesterday afternoon, wa three house be
hind time in consequence of being delayed
at Bowling Green, Memphis Junction and
Woodburn. It was rumored that one or
two freight trans had jumped the track and
occasioned the delay.
Wilson Connty .Fair.
The annual Fair of the Agricultural So
ciety of Wilson couuty commences to-day
at Lebanon, and will continue throughout
the week. Testerday splendid stock was
constantly arriving, and it Is expected that
the exhibition, as a whole, will be surpassod
by none other of a similar cliaracter In the
Dolly Varden on the Stage.
Mr. E. J. Thompson of this city has re
ceived from a friend across the deep a hand
bill of the Theatre Royal, Belfitst, the at
traction being '-a new version" of DickeD6'
Barnaby Budge, entitled Dolly Varden.
Miss Virginia Blackwood appeared as Dolly
Varden, who it is to be hoped will never
again be eo popular in calico and lawn as
we hear the character has been at the
An 'Indnstrlous Tonnic Lady.
From tho Troy (Tenn.,) Time, of the
13th icst-, we take the following paragraph:
"Miss Luciudif Bryson brought the first
wagon load of cotton of the season to our
market, this morning, (Wednesday,)for sale
sho sold to Mr. J as. S. MoiTatt & Sons, at
4 Jc. Miss Bryson is about 15 years of age,
;i.nl raised this aud several other- loads of
catton byher own Industry." Miss Bryson
Uesorves a good husband.
TIm SCaHry Cematy Fftlr.
The Maury County Fair opened yester
day under most nattering auspices. Our
correspondent writes, lis-s- follows: - "A
larger number of people were present than
have over attended the first day or our
Fairs. . The ladies were there in large num
bers, and every thlngindicatos that the Fair
win oe a finnans success. ibis was 'cat
tle day,' and notwithstanding the splendid
.reputation our noblo 'blue grass conuty'
1)es achieved in this line on former occa
sion?, it was eclipsed by the magnificent
display to-day. The rings were large in
quantity and far tuperior in quality to any
thing ever before exhibited here. M. r .
Cockrill, Dr. Noel and other prominent
stockraisers of Davidson county, exhibited
a good many cattle, and carried off quite a
number of blue ribbons. Capt. Thos.
Gibson, S. Walker Scott, Col. Geo. W.
Polk, and Maj. Ben. Harlan, exhibited as
fine heads of cattle as ever were grown in
the famous blue grass region of Kentucky."
Popular fecJeuco Bfontbly.
This valuable periodical, puUished by
Messrs. Appleton & Co., of New York, for
October, is on our table. To say mat tbis
is tV.e best scientific journal in America
would give but an Indefinite idea of Its
real merit. It is not only the best, but it
is adapted to the comprehension of the or
dinary reader, and while detling with the
highest deductions of modern science it
never Tuns into obscurities and technicali
ties. In this number we find an able arti
cle on the comparatively new science of so
ciology, by Herbert Spencer, the most origi
nal and the most profound thinker of Eu
rope. An arlde on a class of water is un
ique, suggestive and interesting. Mr. Drap-
er,the director of the meteorological observ
ations at Central Park, New York, contrib
utes an elaborato paper upon the mooted
question of th change of climate, in w:iich
he draws the general conclusion that with
in the time embraced by reliable records
there has been no change, either in the
amount of rainfall, or in the degree of heat.
Theseccncluaiona are supported by several
tables of meteorological observations.
The article on tpiders is T)orh able and
interesting, and the paper contributed by a
Scotch graduate, on the subject of English
against the Classics, is one in which every
educator iu the land sbould read. It shows
the sheer folly of devoting so much time to
the ancient languacts to then., elect of the
English. The glaring fact is presented,
that many classical ECb&lars are unable to
express themselves m passable .hnglith.
In tbis same number are two addresses
or the l'icsiueuts ot two scientitio asso
ciations, held in August, the ony by Dr.
Carpenter to the British Association, and
the other by Prof, -tea Gray, btfore the
American Association for the Advance
ment of Scence. Both of these sddresses
are rich iu thought, elegant in expression
and original in conception. 1 here are va.
rious other papers of great interest and im
portance, any one of which is worth the
prim of the number. We have extended
this notice bejond cur usual limits, be
cause we are really anxious that a periodi
cal of such transcendent excelleLce sbould
be better known to cur people.
THE COLORED FAIil TESTEBD.VT.
Attendance and Award of
Excursionists from 'Memphis and St.
Yesterday, the second day of the colored
fair, created a general interest aud attract
ed a very large attendance, among them
being a goodly number ot wulte people
Straugers from Alabama, Missouri and
Kentucky were numbered amongst its
visitors. The musi., 33 usual, was excel
lent. The Floral Hall is quite complete iu
all its departments. The following pre
miums were awarded:
Best single harness mule J. B. Bosely,
premium; Beu Thomson, certificate.
Best aged stallion Ben Thompson, pre
mium; J. X. Bryan, certificate.
Best mare mule E. H. Campbell, pre
mium; J. N. Bryan, certificate.
Best two year old harness stock L. T.
Jones, premium; Ben Thompson, certifi
cate. Rest three year old blood stock to har
ness J. B. Bosely, premium; Rankin Roul
s ton, certificate.
Best suckling horse colt Hardy Silvas,
premium; Jordan Hadley, ceniBcate.
Best suckling mare colt Ben. Thomp
son, premium; Albert Campbell, certificate.
Best hogs.under year old Robt. Green,
premium; Dan. Robinson, certificate.
Sbeep, short wool T. E. Crawley, pre
minrn. Sheep, long wool R. Green, premium.
First rac , 3 in 5, was won by J. B. Bos
ley, in 4:10,4:04J, 3.
The second race, best 3 in 5, won by
Ellas Napier, in 4:27, 4:47 and 4:10.
The second day was a grand success. A
very irage excursion is looked for from St.
Louis and Memphis to Bwell the already
largo crowd that will be present to-day.
Probate Court. Nothing unusual.
Circuit Court. Jenkins vs Burt
judgment for defendant. W. F. Cooper vs
Mrs. B. W. Guerin judgment for 61.15.
Joseph Acklin vs R. D. Mallory pending.
Law Court George B. Edmunds vs
City of Nashville judgment for $360.
Moore and Willeford vs Security Insurance
Corapmy judgment for S360 61.
An effort was made to secure a jury in
the case of Madison Stratum et als vs Tho
Tennessee ilarine and Firo Insuarauco
Company, which involv.es several impor
tant or at least intricate questions of law.
Tbe facts therelu are summarilv these.
This suit is instituted by Madison Stratton,
and Wilson and Onne, for the use of Bailey,
Ordway & Co. Wilton and Ormo were
tho owners of MadisdnStratton's residence
and ten acres of land attached thereto, by
virlueof a Sheriff's sale, in satisfaction of
an execution held by them a?a!ust said
Stratton, aud before the two years for re
demption had expired, Stratton wanted to
sell five acres of the land to Toney Johnson,
and asked a release for that amount, which
was granted by Wilson & Ormo, upon
said Stratton effecting on the residence and
its furniture an ineurance policy iu the sum
of $S,000 in tbo above named company.
Stratton then sold all the interest he had iu
it to Bai ey, Ordway & Co. for S 12,000, re
taining tho usual vendor's lien for the piy
ment of the same. Bailey, Ordway & Co.
paid off Wilson & Orme's debt
of S0,000 against Stratton, and for
which tbe abovo mentioued sale on
tho decree of exponas venditioni had been
made. Subsequently the lesideiice was
burned, and for the recovery of the polrv
of $6,000, sui: was instituted against the
Insurance Compiny, who claim lhat at the
time the said policy which caused the re
lease was effected, Madison Stratton bad
failed to pay the premium thereno. Yet it is
claimed by tbe plalntifi's that the Insuraucs
Company acknowledge the receipt of its
payment on the face of the policy. Tho
question Is a knotty one and the points in
volved, inasmuch as circumstances of time,
and the eflect of customary contract will
necessarily op9rato in the application thore
of, assimilates in some respacts to a case de
cided last voar iu ths Kentucky Court of
Appeals, wherein the St. Louis Mutual
Life Insurance Company was a party liti
gant. VIP III DINTIUCI'.
Convention Called at Gallatin, Oct.
10, to Koiulnate Candidates tor Con
Krrctxninu and Elector.
At a meeting of the Democratic Execu
tlve Committee of the Fifth Congressional
District, in Nashville, Sept. 5, 1872, the fol
lowing address was adopted :
To the People of the 3th Congressional District:
Nabiiville, Tenn., Sept.. 5, 1872. The
Executive Committee for your Congres
sional district, ufter mature deliberation,
have deemed it best, In view of the multi
plicity of candidates, and the danger other
wise of the election of a Radical Republi
can, to call a Convention at Gallatin.,
Tenn., on Thursday, the 10th day of Oc
tober, 1872, for the purpose of nominating
Democratic candidates for Congress and
District Elector. Lot steps be immediately
takcu by tbe County Committees in all the
counties lo send a full, fair and honest re
presentation of the sentiment of all who
will support the regular Democratic nomi
nees for National, State and District offices.
The indications are that this Convention
will be of serious importance, and wo
therefore ask you to send your very best,
most honest and most fair-minded' men to
The Convention will rnet In the court
house at Gallatin, at 11 o'clock, a. m., on
Thursday, Oct. 10, 1872. V.
C. K. Winston, Chairman.
. Jar. W. Blackmobk, Secretary.
THE GUBEEMTGlIAl liCS.
.Canvass Opened at LebaasB. Yesterday
The Camlidats.,fjjr. Goyprnor Meet
on the stamp,
Speeches l& j" GoT.BroWB, A. A. Free
man aud Col. Coiyar.
An 'excursion train left tho depot of the
Tennessee and Pacific railroad at 8 o'clock
yesterday morning en routo for Lebanon.
wnere tho tnree candidates lor tne omce or
Governor of the State were announced to
speak. The train, arrived at Lebanon
at 10J o'clock, and at 11 o'ciock too speat
itig commenced, in the court-house, Gov.
Brown boirg the firs, to take the stand.
i no audience, consisting or about WU or
700 men, mostly farmers of Wilson county,
who listo.ied to the speakers with rapt atten
tion, and frequently attestei their apprecia
tion of the many well put and trite sayings
of the three opponents by applause. The
Circuit Court was in session when the
speaking began, but Judge Williamson
very courteously adjourned to give a 1 who
were compelled by business to be there an
opportunity of hearing the discussion.
Without exhibiting any impatience the au
dience Jstaoedi and heard the speakors
throughout, tho meeting breaking up at 4
o'clock. After all was over a grand rush
was made to gratify the Inner man, and the
Lee House was not slow in proving bow
well worthy it was of the reputa'.lon iten-
iovs of being a first class hotel. It is in
charge ol tnoio courtly gentlemen, v
Rutland and L. B. Webb, tho former some
years ago being a well kown citizen of
Nashville. It Is unnecessary for us to dilate
upon the merits of the speeches; below they
are given, and let them speak for them
sdvrs: Fellow-citizens: I hope I may not be
obnoxious, or charged with affectation
when I tell you I appear before you tinier
peculiar drcumstauces. I have long known
many of your distinguished men. I have
long known of Wilson county and hergreat
men, but never had the pleasure of ming
ling to any great extent with tbe masses .of
your good county. I have had the pleasure
of knowing well such men as your Stokes,
and Caruthers and Judge Campbell, whose
tomb is in sight. A little less than two
years ago, you gave me your suffrages, and
I have no language to express my thanks..
I am here to day as a candidate f x re-election,
and to ask you to endorse my admin
istration. You have tbe right to ask of me
to give an account of my stewardship while
The increased debt entailed upon the
State by the Internal Improvement system,
the events of tho war ami the reckless ex
travagance of Jladical rule presents a
grave, but embarrassing question to the
people of the State. When the S ate gov
ernment was wrested from tha bands of an
oppressive, tyrannical and usurping minor
ity, comp' ted largely of birds of passace,
the citire debt was about $43,000,000.00.
The bonded debt now, with interest to this
1st of January, 1873, after giving credit by
the sale of delinquent railroads and the
debt? of solvent, rai roa 1?, Is about $20,000,
000.00. This amount must be paid out of
the revenue of the State without aid from
railroads or from any other source. It is
increasing too at the rate of nearly $1;200,
000.00 per arnum. By the exercise of the
most rigid economy for the last year, aud
pursuing the same policy in the future, -we
hope to reduce the outstanding warrants,
redeem the remnant of the old issue ,of the
Bank ot Tennessee aud pay the current
expanses of this year, out of the reao rces
already assessed. There may, and proba
bly will be, $100,000 or $200,000 deficiency.
Much has been said by our Radical
friends about the increase of the State debt
under their rule. One distinguished gen
tleman asserted recently that they had only
.ncreased the debt $9,000,000, and he com
phiued that I had misstated the debt at the
close of the war. Well, admit that my
figures were not correct, and that Gov.
Brownlow is riaht when he says the debt
was then $20,000,000. At the close of the
Radicl rule it was $43,000,000, making
a difference of $23,000,000. Who created
this debt of $23,000,000? And when you
consult tba books of the Secretary
of State you will find there
were issued under Radical rule,
original Internal Improvement Bonds
amounting to $14,S77,000 and funding bonds
amounting to $4,938,000, making atotal of
$19,815,000. And it may be profitable to
enquire how and under what circumstances
some of these bonds were issued. One
notable instance, is tbe issuance of $100,-
000 in bonds to the Mineral Homo Railroad
Company. These bonds were issued when
the road was not located or surveyed. It
had not been determined where the road
would commence, nor where it would ter
minate. There had been no work done,
nd ro solvent, bona jlde stock
subscribed. Yet the Radical officials issu
ed $100,000 bonds of the State to that com
pany. When in the country two years ago,
1 urged that this debt should be funded. I
am no repudiator. and hope that the State
will not repudiate any of her liabilities, but
pay the last dollar with interest. I charge
tho Republican party with a reckless ex
penditure of public money unprecedented
in tho annals of any State, if I may except
some of our sister Southern States who
babaen equally oppressed. There were
bonds Issued to the Knoxvilla and Charles
ton Railroad to the amount $1,600,000. It
is a little road only 16 miles long, ends in
the woods, and sold to the highest bidder
for $10,500. So with tho Cumberland Gap
Riilroad, which end nowhere and com
mences nowhere; yet this cost the State
$1,80J.0C0. Iit U3 not, however, talk of
repudiation. The people of Tennessee are
too proud and honest to say that this debt
shall not be paid, and it is a question that
ought lo be decided by your next Legisla
ture. You have a right now to demand of
your candidates whether or not they are
willing to meet these obligations.
When before the people two years ago, 1
announced my views upon State policy
without reserve. In my messages to the
Legislature which are before the country,
I expressed myself decidedly upon all the
loading questions that had agitated the pub
lic niitid. Iu the main my views met the
approbation of tho General Assembly.
None of them were rejected, while some
have not been acted upon. My opinion
upon these leading questions have under
gone no material change. WhUe I am still
more impressed with the importance of
providing for our past due debt by a judi
cious fundine system, I would not op
press the people with heavy taxation
and there is no necessity that it should be
done. A wise improvement of our assess
ment laws so as to Insure uniformity In the
assessment of all proparty subject to taxa
tion uuder the constitution aud laws of tbe
Slate, and the enactment of more stringent
provisions against revenue collectors,would
iusute revenue sufficient at a very moder
ate rata of taxation to defray tbe expenses
of the State govornment and at the same
time to pay the accrueing Interest on the
public debt after funding the past duo in
terest and overdue bjnds. And I propose
to show you how this can hs done. The
bonded debt with interest to the 1st
of January, 1873, which must be paid
independent of the railroads, In other
words, that must be paid out of the reve
nue alone.will amount to about $20,000,000.
Let this debt be funded in the 6 per cent,
bonds of the State payable forty years after
date. Let the act provide that tbe State
will resume the payment of interest com
mencing with a day to be specified in tbe
act as early as possible; and provide also at
the end of ten years from the date of the
bond a tax be levied specially with refer
ence to the bonds at maturity." This latter
provision would allow thitty years within
which to raise this sinking fund, and by
deferring its operations ten years from the
issuance of the bonds, you allow timo for
the country to recuperate from tho de
vastations of the war and the financial dis
tress resulting therefrom. Now the ques
tion is, can the people of the State pay $1,
200,000 per annum, the interest on this
bonded debt, as well as tho current expen
ses of the State. I answer unhesitatingly
yes; and if they do not commence it at
once the debt will become so .large that the
interst will indeed be grievous to be borne.
One of our great financial troubles -has
been our large floating debt to wit : "Old
issues of Bank of Tennessee, Treasury war
rants and borrowed money." , The reve
nues already assessed will leava a very In
considerable amount "of that floating debt
uupatd. 'The liability of the State,
is one thing that of the Bank of Tennes
see Is anothsr. Than upon tba supposi-
ilea tbattheSo&tlDg debt out of the w&y,
he mjetiori recurs ean 'Tennessee pay the
.interest upon her bonded -dept -(bgetherj
with her current expenses witnouipo'
greatly burdening the people. J jepeaf.yes.
Tho amount of interest will be $1,200,000;
current expenses say $000,000; hble
amount to be paid $1,800,000 .
To meet this we have $300,000,000. of
taxable property, which At 40 cents yields
$1,044,000, allowing 13 per cent for loss
and collections. Tha nett taxes on mer
cantile privileges iis $457,000, making a
total of $1,494,000 apparent deficit $300,
000. Suppose, however, the expenses of
the Stale government can Wrdlminlshed by
$100,000 by means hereafter to be stated,
and that the expenses of collecting the
revenues can be reduced one-half. This,
together with certain now resources of rev
enue, would make up the apparent deficit
and thereby meet the current expenses, and
pay the interest on the funded debt with
out Increasing th9 rate of taxation. I
would then state the account thus:
Interest to be paid $1,200,000
Current expenses... 600,000
Net increase on propr
Privileges, etc C00.O0O
Increased tax on liti
THE PENITENTI ART.
Soon after I assumed the Kxecuflvo
office, tbe question of leasing the State
Prison was discussed, and after an Inter
view with tha Inspectors, it was determined
to lease thn institution for a term of years.
I was very anxious that their policy should
be adopted. The prison had never been
self-sustaining, except perhaps for ona or
two years, since it was founded in 1828.
There was a large debt against it, within a
few months of maturitv, for which Treasury
warrants were byioUositad, ani there
were no means to niaet it. The State
-Treasury was borrowing money to meet
current expenses, and I could sea no way
to avoid disaster and loss, short of a leaso of
tho prison. After several propositions were
registered, the best one being $10,000 per
annum, a proposition from Looney &
O'Conor of $30,000 per annum for five
years was accepted, and closed by the In
spectors, subject to a ratification by. the
Executive and Legislature departments.
The contract was carefully prepared by tho
Attorney General of tho State, and all the
details were arranged under his advice. I
approved tho lease and submitted it to thi
General Assembly then iu session, when it
was ratified. In addition to paying$i(),000
per annum as a rental, the lessees agreed to
pay $3,000 that had previously been paid
by the State to the Inspectors; and besides,
to pay all the prison expenses. Tbey pur
chased all tho stock and material on hand,
payirg cash therefor, and thus enabled the
State to extinguish tho prison debt by ray
ing oat of the feasury, only $20,000. The
lease, therefore, has given entire satlsfas
tlon.- The prison is to-day in better con
dition than it ever waj. Tho humane ad
ministration of discipline challenges the
admiration of every one who investigate!
it. Tha prisoners are batter clothad and
fid than they have ever been, and as a con
sequence they labor mor mora faithfully,
have less sickness and are lessdispj-al to
escape. But the Conventiou tnat nomi
nated my compettor were pleased to pro
nounce by solemn resolatlon against the
lease. The Governor then read a resolu
tion introduced by Mr. Wisener, tha chair
man of the committee, condemning the
lease mada by tbo preseut State govern
ment, imwmuch as it had previously yield
ed $90,000 profits
The Joint Committee of both houses of
tha General Assembly, chargad with the
duty of examining tha report referred to,
did their duty and submitted their report to
the General Assembly In March, 1872.
That report shows most conclusively that
tbe State lost $30,011.98 per annum, Instead
of making $90,000 as claimed. The com
mittee was composed of tho best men of
both houses, and no objection was over
made, either by the Inspectors, or by any
membar of either hou30 to tha correctness
of tba report. That report shows tha
further startling fact that tha prison from
18G3 to 1871 cost tha State Treasury $114,
000 per annum.
Now take five years under the lease:
Saved to the Treasury perannum, $114,000
Sect-red by lease 33,000
Saved per annum $147,000
Which amounts in five years to $735,000.
Further comment is unnecessary. My
competitor voted against the lease, but did
not sign tho protest, nor oppose it beyond
Gov. Brown dwelt at considerable length
on tha management of tha penitentiary,
and said that after tha institution had boon
under the guidance of such men as Cannon,
Polk, Jones, Campball, A. V. Brown and
others it was not expected that ha would
bo able to make an improvement on what
such men had done, but at tho
outset, ho took hold of tha concern
and was determined to investigate its work
ing, and if possible to make it self-sustaining.
He therefore upon examination was
greatly in favor of the leaso. Gov. Brown
here referred to a recent speech made by
Henry B. Gi son at Knoxville, In which
that gentleman had condemned the lease
and assailed him. Gov. Blown here pro
nounced the charges he had made false in
every particular. Gov. Brown then read
the following letter which he had received
on the day previous, touching the position
of Mr. Gibson on tho penitentiary leasa.
The letter is as follows:
Nashville, Sept. 16 Hon. John C.
Brown: Yours of this date has just been re
ceived and contents noted. I will say in
reply that the Hon. Mr. Gibson said to ma
that he believed that the lease of the penl
tentiary was tha very best thing for tha
State, and that if it required his vote
to pass tho bill be would
vote for it, but inasmuch as he believed the
bill would certainly pass on its own merits,
ha would simply voto against it, but would
make no speech or do auything against it.
He gave as his reason that it would effect
him locally as ha had some constituents that
were miners. Yoars, respectfully,
This man, said Gov. Brown, who for
mally,.declared that the lease was tha best
thing for the State, now had tha effrontery
to charge me and members of the Legisla
ture with secretly sacrificing the bast in
terests of the State. As far as ha was con
cerned, ha branded the charge as an unqual
ified, unmitigated falsehood." He would tell
it everywhere, and he hoped tho gentleman
would .hear him tell it. Eminent lawyers
who had examined tho lease, said that for
such au lustrument it was the best drawn
aud bent guarded that they had ever seen.
EDUCATION AND COMMON 8CTIOOLS.
I did not feel williug at the last General
Assembly to recommend the levying of a
school tax to sustain common schools. Nor
am I now prepared to do so. A'tax: of lass
than 25 or 30 cents would be wholly inade
quate to tbe wants of the country.
The present system, so far as tested, is
entirely satisfactory. If a county Is willing
to tax herself for common schools, let iier
do so. If not, let her enjoy her own pleas
ure. But I do not believe the presan: sys
tem a perfect one by any moans. There
should be a bureau of education establish
ed, with a Superintendent of Education,
whose duty it shall be to collect and
compile statistics on this subject, and de
vote his time to stimulating and instructing
tho people in e wry portio.i of tha Slate in
the importance of ibis subject. Tonnes
see although tho nlath State in population,
and not far behind any in wealth, is second
in ignorance. She has within a fraction of
140,000 children between the age3 of 10
and 21, who can ntither read nor write.
These are startling facts, and must have
some solution. The bright-eyed boy, who
happens to be the child of poverty ought
to be educated. Should lm aspirations be
stifled because his father and mother were
poor? Should his ambition be quenched
because tbe fell hand of disease deprives
him of the protecting arm of a parent?
And should his genius be bridled because
his father fills a soldier's grave?
Very many of these ignorant children are
the orphans of dead soldiers, add are now
the wards of the State. They ought to be
educated. It Is not only a duty, but it is
economy in any government to reclaim its
people from ignorance. It diminishes
crime, and saves a vast outlay of money
from the criminal docket and from tho pris
ons of the county. But is there no mode
of securing the means necessary to sustain
public schools, short of taxation levied by
the State, on the prop rty of tha State? 1
have already stated that the county sys
tem,, whenever tested, has given sitisfan
llon. But are there not other resourees? By'
the report'of the Secretary of the ' Interior
Sl . jjj ifi SB? H VIIVSib pBg V: ?J j
f ' ' i. J..m0. -r..-,wi-
20th of June, 1871, there remained unsold
and unappropriated of the public lands, be
longing to tbo States in common i,370,529,
502.64 acres. This divided among the en
tire population of the United States would
give to each person 34 acres. Tha share
of Tennessee if divided according"
to population, would be in round numbers
34,000,000 acres. This at $1.00 per acre,
would amount to $04,000,000. Tha in
terest on this sum at 6 per cent would be
annually $2,040,000, and at 10 per cent
$3,400,000. But if tha lands were only
worth 50 cents, we would have $17,000,000,
which would yield $1,020,000 per year.
Should they be worth only 25 cants per
acre, tha amount would be $8,500,000,
The Interest on which at 6 per cent is
$510,000 per year. Add to this latter sum
the annual interest on $1,500,000 secured
by the constitution, $90,000, ad add tax on
polls say $100,000, and wo have $700,000
Tbis is a low estimate. Now why can we
not get our share of the public lands ? Let
us declare at once by au act of our General
Assembly that the public school money
from all sources shall be applied to fhe edu
cation of all children within certain ges,
without regard to race, but under different
teachers, and in different school-hausea,
add then memoraliza CongrassaudI bel eve
we can succeed in what I have suggested.
CAPITAL AND LABOR. - "
The Bureau of Immigration has not been
organized long enough to demonstrate its
utility. And yet it has not been Idle. It
needs a small appropriatioAfrom tha State
to defray tho expenses of completing and
printing statistical information of our cli
ma'e, soil, unimproved lands, mineral re
sources, railroads and other facilities for
locomotion, and as channels of commerce.
With this aid from the State It is believed
tbe Agricultural Bureau established under
an act of the last General Assembly, will be
instrumental iu accomplishing very much
towards inviting capital and labor into Ten
nessee. We have aa area of 20,000,000
acres of unimproved lands In Tennessee.
This vast area is yieldiug nothiug to the
owners. Very much of it is assessed for
taxes at barely nominal value. If improved,
It is impossible to estimate ho n much it
would add to the aggregate of wealth, and
ho- greatly it would lessen tho burdens of
taxation upon our preseut population. On
the Cumberland plateau, in Tennessae,
theie is a coal bed that will make 51 miles
wide, 10J miles long aud 8 feat thick.
Within a few miles of thesa beds, there
is a continuous rein ot iron ore
that will average 3 feet in thick
ness, and 150 miles long. Then develop
the iron aud coal interests. Erect machin
ery enough to convert all of our csttouinto
cloth, our spare timber into the thousand
and one articles of utility in civilized life,
our iron into rails, locomotives, cars, car
riages, plains, cutlery, etc, our wool Into
coarse aud fine clothes, and then Tennes
see will become what she ought to be tha
first Sut e iu the great sisterhood. Tennes
see is 5,000 square miles larger than Ohio,
aud only 1,000 square miles Emalle than
Penusylvania. Bus before we can evar in
vite capital and labor into our borders with
success we must devise and execute a finan
cial system by which our past due debt
shall ba funded, and resuma tha payment
I am a hearty supporter of Mr. Greeley;
and take him not as the first, second or
third choica of evils, but as a man well
worthy of my suffrage. And, furthermore,
I feel deeply, that he deserves the votas of
all tha American people. He is a man who
has alan:9 heart, is magnanimous, and has
been a "life-long friend of the South, al
though there are men base and ungrateful
enough to charge that ho is not. Horaca
Greeley is, in my judgment. an honest
man. I have great faith in his Integrity,
and would that tha more unthinking, who
maliciously asjail him, would see and Imi
tate his in my noble qualities. I believe
that under his administration tha country
would be freed from tho corruption, which
has established a reign of terror in Wash
ington, and tha evils which accl-Dent-al
President Grant has put upon us would bo
rectified, and the people once stand up like"
men, with tha assurance ot national sover
einntv. fApplause.l Leaving Horace
Greeley. Gov. Browe then turned bis at
THE GRANT ADMINISTRATION.
He said: The Grant Administration has
been most signally characterized by fraud,
profligacy and corruption. Its extravagan
cies in tho use of public money and in the
alienation of the public funds to monopol
izing corporations, and for the exclusive
benefit of the Northern and Weste-n States
shock our sense of honesty and almost defy
our credence. He then took up tha admin
istration of several of his predecessors, said
that Martin Van Buren bad been hurled
from power by our overwhelming majority
because of tha alleged recklessness and
waste of tha public money; spoka of the
averase expenditures of Mr. Polk's
administration, ind came down
to the administration of Mr.
Lincoln, and showed the small expendi
ture in a time of war compared with
Grant's expenditures in time of peace. He
showed that "the expenditures of the Exe
cutive Department of the Government ia
1800, under Mr. Buchanan were $1,826,
804 00. In 1882, uuder Mr. Lincoln, they
were $1,958,410.00. And yet under Grant's
unparalellod extravagance they were in
1809, $6,098,818.00; In 1870, they were
$9,297,0.-)3 00; in 1871, $9,412,418.00. Why
this enormous increase, and what is tha
emergoncy? Let his supporters tell tbe
toiling millions who contribute of their
hard earned substance to meet the enorm
ous exactions of the tithe gathorer why it
required $9412,418 in 1871, to support the
Executivo Department of a government
which cost less than $2,000,000 in 1860,
and less than $2,000,000 in 1861, and less
than $2,000,000 in 1862, and $2,500,000 iu
1863, when the President was commander-n-chief
of nearly one half million of men?
Why hive tho expanses of that depart
ment Increased five-fold in ten years? The
friends of the Administration will not, be
cause they cannot, answer the qae3tion with
credit to their party. Gov. Brown then re
ferred to tho cost of tha Indian Depart
ment under Grant's administration, as
compared with preceding administrations.
Graut has expended $7,426,997.40 to sus
tain thi Indians, while Mr. Lincoln only
expended $2,865,481.17. Had the number
of Indians remained the same as in 1861,
Graut would have expended about $14,000,
000, to sustain this Bureau, as nearly as
much as the entire expenses of tha Gov
ernment in tha year 1830. After devoting
soma time to tha above named subject, the
Governor said he would refer briefly to
THE ENFOECEMESTACT OR KU-KLUX
The history of legislation furnishes no
parallel to the arbitrary assumption of
power and the high handed violation of the
organic law, either in the passage of the
enforcement act by the Congress of the
United States, or the execution of it by the
President of the United States. o state
of facts can justify it. No emergency can
pilliat8 the outrage. It saps tho very foun
dation of our institutions it defis3 the
plainest provisions of the Constitution. By
tne 4th section the writ of habeas corpus is
placed at the mercy of the President. He
is empowered by tha most odious law to
declare martial law at his discretion in tha
city of New York as in New Orleans. He
could with a stroke of his pen close the
dcore of every court In America, aud erect
in their stead military tribunals, amenable
to no power but his. Tho citizen has
lost all right of trial by jury of
lug peers. Confined in a loathsome
dungeon without charges, he was denied
the ear or tha judgment of tho functiona
ries of tha civil law. In a time of profound
peace all the horrors of war could be called
into being upon the peaceful and unoffend
Incltizeri by a despotic and unmerciful
President; and by the letter of the law tha
President had the power to suspend all the
functions of State governments aud convert
them Into a military camp. He could enter
a State upon a pretext of domestic irregu
larities, declare martial law, arrest the citi
zen, and wresting tho State conrts of their
constitutional jurisdiction, order him trfd
before court of tbe"Ubited States, among
strangers, and by a jury of political
onemies. And this, too, for Offenses
never bofore heard of a3 offence u ThU
act was pa33ed by an American Congress,
approved by an American President, and
executed by Gen. Grant in two States of
Under this act President Grant, less than
two years ago, deelared martial law both in
North and South Carolina, suspended the
privileges of tha writ of habeas corpus, and
precipitated tbe trial of scores of citizens
before United States Courts, where, with
out money or friends and before unfriendly
jurors, thay were convicted and sentenced
to continemant and hard labor for a term
of years In the State prison at Albany, 500
miles or more from their homes. And
this was done in the name of Repub
licanism! What a mockery! What an
outrage. James the II when England
was invadod by a foreign foa, dared not
brave the public sentiment of his people,
so Jealous were they of this writ of righ',
by suspending its privileges until Parlia
ment assembled, and passed an set suspend
ing it William was afraid under similar
circumstances to suspflod tha writ. Mr.
Jefferson at a critical period of his adminis
tration, believing that the safety of the
country demanded a suspension, sent a
message to Congress In secret session ask
ing them to exert Iso this prerogative. A
bill suspending tha privileges of tha writ
was passed by an overwhelming majority
in the lower house, tju". before the bill was
transmitted to the Senate, public clitnor
became so threatening that Mr. Jefferson
sent in another message, asking tha: the
bill le defeated, and every
Senator except. two voted against
the bill, and of course defeated it. He. con
tinued this subject at some length, b& we
are sorry we coold not follow him through
in this portion or his speech which was
listened to with marked attention.
In all countries iu which tha organic law
makus the officer! elective, political parties
are not only incidental out necessary to tbe
well being of the government. Tha ten
dency of man to abuse power and the dis
position of office-holders lo discriminate In
favor of their friends creates a necessity for
tbe zealous watchfulness of the opposition.
The opinions of men areas various as tha
stars that ba Jack the firmament of heav
en, and as numerous as tho sands hat
make the sea shore. And i&t a
consequence none of us agree
precisely as to tbe best policy of the Gov
ernment. Free thsught and free speech
being the boasted privileges of all free gov
ernments, and being always freely exer
cised beget discussions among men as to
the true mode of administering the gov
ernment so that tbe greatest amount of
good may result to tha greatest number.
After dwelling at soma leugth upon parties,
Gov. Brown then touched upon
He remarked: Much has been mid of
late about caucuses and conventions, and
much more will be said before the Novem
ber elections. This is no new feature in the
political discussions of this country; tor
while all parties for 40 years past havo adopt
ed conventions as tbo oast means of sup
pressing a multitude of candidates in their
own rauks, aud thus avoiding defeat, yet
tbare never ha3 bean wanting tha bawls of
diappointed ambition from the ranks of
defeated aspirants decrying conventions;
and sometimes these malcontents aud bolt
ers from the party disc.plina hava with tha
aid of their political enem'u sroda into place
and power, but generally if not alsvays be
trayed tha great mass of th-ir supporters,
aud in tha next hunt for off: j accepted tha
olive branch from a friend! convention,
and bearing aloft the pi iy standard as
lustily praised as tbey had a. jused the con
ventian system. " Where parties
exist some system to reconcile the claims of
rival aspirants is absolutely necessary both
for tha integrity and success of the party.
A large minority, however pernicious and
hurtful to tho country Its princples, may
overthrow a powerful majority if mat maj
ority permits its strength to be neutralized
or destroyed between rival candidates from
its own ranks. How often have you wit
nessed such results, and the results
may be disastrous not only to the party,
but to tha country. Take for example
the case of Tennessee. She has a very
large majority of Democratic and Conserv
ative voters agreeing substantia ly upon all
questions of State ani National policy.
All are opposed to Radicalism, aud would
deplore as a calamity worse than p ague,
famine or pestilence the re-estabilshmeut of
the Brownlow despotism, witn alt its Dis
franchisements, its militia, Its plundering of
the treasury, and its proscriptions; and yet
rival aspirants for tha Gubernatorial chair
and for tho General Assembly are permit
ted to waste and fritter away by division
at tha polls tbo party strength. Where Is
tha security against tha very evil we have
endurid at th s l aids or it id cansnv ai t
two popular men divide tha Democratic
and Conservative vote of Tennessee as rival
candidates for Governor, and what
will prevent even Brownlow himself, or
Maynard, or any other popular leader of the
Radical oartv from becoming your Gov
ernor. In this and many other counties of
the State the same causes would produce
like results. We have had only a short
respite from political State despotism not
yet time enough to restore our credit, and
certainly not tlma enough to enjoy to sa
tiety our personal liberty; and surely we
ought to avoid a lino of foolish policy that
will hand back to the despoiler tha desti
nies of ourselves and our posterity. While
conventions present objections, and serious
ones too, can we improve upon this time
honored agency adopted nearly a half cen
tury ago by our fathers? The Governor
then reverted to tho origin aud history of
political conventions from the organization
of tha Government, and at this juncture,
being apprised that his time was out, re
turned thanks for the attention he had re
ceived, and took'his seat.
Sneech of A. A. Freeman.
Mr. Freeman, the Radical candidate, was tha
next speaker. He spoke sabstanUally as fol
Fellow-clUiens: I come before Ton to-day aa
the Republican candidate for Governor. I hare
never visited your town before, and hope you
will give me as careful a hearing as you have my
opponent, who has manifested some Inclination
to know how I can take a posltion with tha Na
tional Reoubllcan partv. I am gratified to be
lieve that when be asked that he did not know
thattheroaro many wno would wlala to know
how he h&a swallowed Oreeley.
I beg this audience to endorse what tho Gov
ernor has said In regard to our educational in
terests, for X believe It all, but he has said it
much more eloquently than I can. I desire to
call attention to the statement of the Inauguril
address of the Qovernor in regard to the public
debt, where he said that in twn yea s te debt
lncretsed frou 816,000,00) to gW.OoO.0 o, wherea
he states to day that it was S20,uOO,00O. At the
time the Republican party came into power in
1803, the public debt wis $22,000,000, all or which
was created by the Democratic party. This ac
count for that much of tho debt. Of tbe re
mainder, S10,000,000 was accumulated In build
ing up railroads that wore d-stroyed by the Kte
war. I lorn, as heartily as the Governor himself
In denouncing the practice of Issuing bonds to
railroads that have only a paver existence. The
Republican party is not alone responsible for the
railroad policy of this State, and the Democrats
have no right to accuse us of being so. Th- pol
icy was Instituted by tho Democratic party be
fore the war, and the Republicans have adopt
My relations with Gov. Brown have gatlsQad
me that his motives In relation to the penitentiary
policy wore only those of patriotism. 1 deMre,
however, to show you by figures presented by
Gov. Brown's own trieni s, that this Ieae has re
sulted In loss to the State. When tho penitentia
ry was to be leased, a Nashville firm ottered SIO,
000 a year mora than tha State now receive.
Would it not then have been a good opportunity
for the Governor and his friends tobelp the State?
He was peculiarly Interested in consummating
this lease. I BhallBhow you that the State is
loslngS60,000 yearly through this lease which the
Governor has urged. A protest was submit
ted to the House of Representatives, ak
ing that the present leas be repealed,
as the present lessees are making M,OUO
per year. A. L. Spears headed tho list of
petitioners in the protest, and is now on thevame
ticket with the Governor. I am wlilingtO leave
this penitentiary lease on the records of the
State. But 1 say that this would have been a
good time to put in practice soma of the loud
talk about reducing the State debt.
You have to-day, as you havo had for the last
twenty-tlve years, two parties who are now
claimingyoux suffrage- The Democratic party,
and the Republican party. Tho Governor says
he endorses Greeley heartily, and must there
fore be a Liberal Republican ai Greeley' advo
cates are now called. I desire to call your atten
tion to the i&aaej of both these parties. 'The
Democratic doctrine is that the world is gov
erned too much, and, therefore, thanechool'sy -
'torn as advocatedJby--th Governor, ii.not an.
original one. ,. W .
- - i Sum-
The war left 3,000.000 persons, who were before
slaves and chattels.' The Republicans held to
the doctrine that these persona should beheld
aa citizens, whilst the Democrats did not wish to
endow them with the right of franchise They
went before tho country on this issue, and were
overruled by the Republican party. Tha que-:
tloa now is which of tho two parties were right?
Was tho Democratic party right when it said
these persons should not be freed? Was the Re
publican rarty right when it said they should
have the right or franchise? Time alone will
tell this, although at present the latter Is greatly
proven to be right.
' The Democratic party as an organization have
been uniform in their opposition to all Mr. Gree
ley's doctrines. 1 desire to know what there is
in the Cincinnati platform In keeping with the
Democratic pcrty for the last S3 years.
From mv earliest recolloctlon there has bien
nnftiinfalrinsr rcortoftha oartv who aro not In
power, to cuargene party in powe wim excrav.
agance and corruption, and the out's have alwayi
t. V , .n al.nn. .fen. . t. In'l an mnK. AYtrAVft
gant than any have been hitherto.
"Is it not true" says Alexander U. Stephens,
"Hint Opn- Grant's administration has reduced
the public debt SJOO.000,000, and lessened the
n.tinnnl tux. J300.O00.0ou? We cannot charce
his administration with corruption for it is in
1 1 u wM! imriwn that the naxtv to which Got,
Brown belongs reigns in New York city with
more corruption than does Grant's administra
tion in Washington, ror in two years tne demo
crats Incurred the enormous debt of over ?3
per capita. This a ratr comparison; tninc oi iu
fW. Brawn deDlores tho fact, that while the
party to which be belongs have been trying to
educate tha children o the State, but that the
Rnnhlii-an h.wn squandered the school fund.
If Butter has had any conspiracy in misappro
priating tuts fund, l will ao au in laj power vo
e.tpel him from the Legislature. It is unneces
sat y for ms to Inform yoa that this fond, which
tnrnieA n T.nrt of thn assetts of the Bank of Ten
nessee, amounted to nearly 82,000,000, When
G-n. Grant's soldiers came near Kashville, the
- ... i ....... I ,nuni. alt,. t,Am tYtn ai-tinA,
fund, and afterward made an appropriation of
saio.ooii.ouo ror ina BODDuri. m mo wivco auu
children of tho Confederate soldiers, which I do
not much hlame them for doing. So much then
r y ,Wn whnnl not ev In Tenneseee.
I want td know why It is that the Republicans
nnnnrtnrant. Tn riffrd to his statesmanship.
Mr. Grcelev. who is an honest and talented
m.r ha aiii that thcrncoald be no ouestion.
Here-Mr. Freeman read various extracts from
the Tribune wherein Mr. Greeley favored and
complimented Gen. Grant's early administra
tion, after which he proreeaea:
The G jvernor cannot say that Grant's adi3ln
tutratlnn it nut ona of bonestv. because the lead
er of his party asserts that it la. 1 have already
shown you tnat urani is superior w ureeiuy m
point of financial ability. I know that you sup
port Greeley because he was in favor of the sup
pression of the rebellion, tht he is magnant
mous and kind-hearted, a voice, "Hels,") and
that at the close or the war he extended sympa
thy to you. I deny this, for he has too otton ad
vocated the reconstrucnon aci nna a.u-o-iux a.
I sui.rort Grant because I think he stands
firmly upon the Philadelphia putfonn.
Mpeecb of Col. A. S. Celjsr.
"Fellow ciJien rtdo, appear before, yon to
day under p-cullar circumstances, x am mo
nntnlnwnr no convention. I am not unmindful
o: tbe criticism to which I am exposed, X had
m ids up my mind when I thought to be a can
dl late, to devote myself almost exclusively to
Questions of State policy, and X am sot here to
Mcrimnninmlv assail Gov. Brown, for In my
heart 1 believe him to be an honest man. I lub-
ijiittMdmvselfto rldiculd two years azo because
t nut mrteit before the people as a candidate- I
w.nr,t tn discuss the Questions of tbe sale of the
delinquent raUroads, and I believe X made the
nrst speecn against uio eaioui ucbq iiiuiuua,
wherein I gavo my reasons for it, believing then,
as X now do, that it was indispensable to the
HtaM that it should be dose, as
then a larger amount would have
been obtained for them. X have been amazed to
see the Legislature stand aghast to know what
tn lin with tha fioo able-bodied men In our Peni
tentiary, so as to make them seif-supportlng. A
company with which I have had something to do,
.-nntrsK-ti.fi fnr 2ni of the convicts, and after
visiting Pennsylvania to see how their coal
mines were made self-supporting, X came back,
and to-dayX have the'proud satisfaction of see
ing that with tuesd 200 men I have been the
means of savins: to the State $32,600 yearly. Bo
r ut thn nncatlnn is demonstrated.
I intended tcgivo eoma Ideas on emigration,
as 1 have ahvayt been In favor of people
drnln-r hirs and seUlinirthe State, thus givlnz
the liisnlrpnt railroads an ODUortunltT to get on
their feet. X cannot discuss these questions of
State policy at length, as my time Is limited. X
am deeply interested in the election of Mr. Gree-
man understanding. I believe the Governor
would loin with mo in advocating his election.
I believe he will bo the means of disseminating
peace and union. X propose to show to my friend
Mr. Freeman that urant is odious, x propose io
talk to him and make him a convert to Mr.
Greeley, (a voice "you'U do it") for X. feel that
tha masses or our people nave oia auma
eincesiiocs, as they have put forth lor
President, the shining Ugnt; the lather, foul and
glory or tne oiepauucanparrv, anair. .oir-xree-man
cannot be converted into voting for
Mr. Greeley, why, he is the most unreasonable
mm I over saw. and I anneal to him as a man
of soul. Now, I hope, in the name? of God, that.
he wui not gj dick upon tne nome eoai wno uas
been his father In politics. Loud applause. Tbe
Liberal Kepuoiican party emoraces nearly au
th Democrats, but it was not exnected by the
Radicals that so many of their number would
join the movement which they styled "small."
However the Radicals came In by large num
bers. So large. In fact, that It reminds me or a
story which I must tell by way of illustrating the
A certain married man had a little pony which
he wished to break and tame so that his wife
might ride it- So after he had worked until tbe
Dnhv was comparatively docile, be thought that
all that now temained was to get it so that it
would not be afraid of objects in the road. Ac
cordingly he told a boy to get In the bushes, and
when h rode by on the pony, to Jump out and
an. Knf whl.)i tha tA. nnmla hn wnnM An
Well, the man came galloping by and as he got
opposite the bushes the boy Jumped out and said
"bojl" which scared the pony so that he nearly
threw the man, who said, "nqn't you know better
than that?" The boy replied, "why you told me
to say boot" "Yes," said the men half-scared to
death, "I know X did; but that wis entirely too
big a boo! for so smaU a pony." Laughter.
This Is tbe way it is with the Radicals; they
wanted somj of their number to go over to the
Liberal cause, but entirely too many went over
for so "sma l a movement, n'roiongea laugu-
AU agree that Mr. Greeley Is an honest man,
and X will toll you what he possesses that Is even
greater than thK He is a man who dared to
tnlnlc for himself. It is four vears tro since I tat
down in my office with Gov. Keiu Brown and
wrote to :ir. urreiey, man King nun lor nis nooie
conduct toward the South. Let us heartily sup
port him and mke party concession for personal
con.-iuer.uun. umessue iseecieu, x see sixue
and darkness ahead, and the destruction of the
tlair. and althousru X have been a rebel aaralnst
those itars and stripes, I thank God that hereaf
ter I hau stand up lor tne government.
When the Cincinnati Convention was tho"zht
of, there was not a single piomlnant newspaper.
or a single uongres'man irom mo state, wno uia
njt erido it. But the Democrats came np to
the Convention without dissent, and 1 will ray
mat it was becausj the majority uf the voters
went lor the movement me ingresmen U.a
also. All the Intellect of the Republican party
have gone over to Mr. Greeley, and.left the bag-
A irentleman from Vermont said to me yester
day tnat the speech of Mr. Dunnlngton, bMc In
Columbia, Is hurting us, and it Is tbe only capi
ta' that they have on wmcn to case tneir copes
of Grant s election AU the greatest talent or the
Und might talk from bow until doomsday before
they couiil say anytning tnat wouia nun nr.
Greeley's prospects as much as this speech of Mr.
Dunnlujton's. Such documents are destroying
us, and B it is kept up It will keep Grant's dy
naty in power a thousand years. X want to call
vnnr attention to a lew passages from Mr. Dun-
nlnzton's speech, but it is unpleasant. I never
document with as much nain since tbe
war, as X did this speech. Xtls Indiscreet, and if
we are not careiui me urenueu cyiis auenawg
the wax or 1S61 will return, xne moment roa
go to the North and say that the allies of Mr.
i.inmln are making trouble now. you have doom
ed us forever. JThe only wise course Is to bury
tne past; ana anicss we uu, wo luatu. t aa
speech puts me, and all who supported tha con
federation during the war, on trlat.
Andrew Johnson .told us that
tho moment we succeeded we would hare
a ilvlriVd South and are-united North. I would
not criticise this speech of Mr. Dunnlngton if I
did not think that It was filled with heresy, and
meant to co vey the idea that tho majority of
the people or me aoutu stiu inmx tnat tne; seces
sion of 1SCI was a right one. You will find the
speech printed In fuU in the Nashville U.stos
amo Ameiucam, a paper of enormous circula
tion and most ably edited. It is be:ause it was
first printed and sanctioned by such an influen
tial sheet as this, that it has such an Influence.
If Mr. Greeley Is to be defeated, it is by Alexan
der atcpnenv dook, anu oen. .uavis- ana iir.
Dunninzton's speeches, for all of these thlnca
ore undermining his success. I would like to
say more about this, and will hereafter.
REPLY OF OOV. BnOWX.
Too have now heard, both of my opponents,
and discovered what th& leading issues are in
this canvass, We agree upon questions of State
policy. Mr. Coiyar has tried to make you believe
that X am au advocate of the heresy of secession,
for being the nominee of the party who endorses
mv nomination. I hurl back the charze: it is not
truer. X have not read Mr. Dunnington's speech.
but as he is a private individual i minK it win
not have much weight. But, CoL Coiyar, don't
insinuate that I am an advocate of
tha heresy of secession. for if -vou
wish to charge ma with this, nay that X, Gov.
Brown, am a heretic ana an advocate or seces
sion. That I am not! will not attempt to deny
tor you know the charge Is untrue. When you
undertake to assert mat a rate rignts ana sover
eignty are nt proper, then away with your
State houses, away with your court nouses, away
with your halls or Justice, for it is Just what we
are fighting- Grant's administration for. I will
sayno more aoouiixu. Axtnur 3. uoiyar.
Now for my other opponent, Mr. Freeman.
He has not met any of the Issues against Grant,
which I have put torth, and was", like
the old woman whose doings now suggest them
selves. This old woman had a very worldlyjiua
band, who all of a sudden was converted, and
got religion. One afternoon he safgested tt ihl
wife, who was a very devout woman, teat they
kneel In family prayer,, which she gladly con
sented to; after he had been praying about an
hour, hU wife, who was, with aU her re"10"
nr.,. .h. '.n,-iAf,ivt her' household.
uuuee alio tUCiU! yi O, " " 1 ; , , ,n, j
cows, and on returning found, h -.band I stlH
. i i i . .n n.it stnn mllkea tnn
and after listening to his praying awhile',' gentfy
uippeu. mra on tne snouider anu asjtea aim uuo
aia not think be had prayed enoush, seeing tnasv
it was his first effort- Hi looked lmptoringly'at
her and said, "X would stop, my dear,. but. Jirer
wot. to iniernauy wound up mat J.aan:i see now
I'm going to stop now."
This Is Just the way it is with my friend Free
man; he has got so infernally wound np he -can-?
not get at the point. Laughter.
I believe that the Democratic Convention wfllbo
supported, and aa I am their nominee, I suppose ..
I will be liberally supported. 1 shall not even
by request, speak of the late war. for L would
willingly go now with a comrade and strew flow
ers upon a Federal soldier's grave, and shed a -
tear, taongu i was a ueneraa in. u vonrjaerata
I have listened attentively to the remark or
both mv competitors, and was much amused by
the story so facetiously told" by Gov. Brown. 1
am not going to say anything about tha heresy
which CoL Coiyar and Gov. Brown have been
will tell. Two young men ownr da flock of sheep,
and th younger of them hid a coset named"
Billy, which ha hart raised from its birth with tho
tenderest care. Finally the young men had to
E art, and so were compelled 10- divide the sheep
etween them. The younger had the choice of
the flock, and as the oldtr thought to pslra on
the worst ones on him. he took the poorest of. the
sheep and put Billy with them, thinking that his
partner's love for the sheep aforesaid would be
the means of his taking the poor lot containing?
Bl ly. The young man looked at tha two Socks,
and saw Billy amoag the poorer tor, when ho
said: "Billy, I love you, bat jou have got Into
bad company." LaugbtcrJ And this is the way
I can say of Horace Greeley "Horace, I onco
loved you, but yon have t tntj bad com
pany." I opposed G rural Grant four
years ago because I thought that his election
would bo damaging to the rights of
the State. And now. Gov. Brown, why do you
support a man who poured out XZsr. vials of wrath
and vituperation upon your hcad,Insteadof Gen
Grant who was one ot the must gallant soldlern.
of the Federal army. X have sliown von that
Greeley has favored every obnoxious bill that
has been presented to Congress. If combina
tions and bands of masked assasrlns existed
throughout the South does Gov. Brown say that
a law for keeping these wretches In aabjecion Is
tyrannical?;Gntleman qrdtyourltittle quibbling
for there Is no use of voting lorMr. Greeley.and
if you advocate the principles of human rights
vote for Grant and secure, harmony and peace.
REPLY OP COL. COLT A. R.
I have no idea that Mr. Freeman means what
he says abou Gen. Grant, for he cannot bellevo
that this intelligent audience will vote for Grant
Laughter In regard to the. heresy, of which.
Gov. Brown says I have accused him, I must tell
him that I only confined my remarks to the
speech of Mr. Dunnlngton. There is a great
mistake that the Governor has, of the d'S'erence
hettrren State rights and State sovereignty, and
Mr. Dnnnlngton's speech is th purest kind of
advocacy of the latter. The State government
la a government of limited power, and S'tato
sovereignty is an impossibility. Ton have list
ened very patiently to our remarks, gentlemen,
and I thank you, as X know do my two competi
tor. The audience then dispersed, and la the eve
ning all of the candidates started for Carthage,
where they will make the tr next speeches.
Nctt Fall Goods. We are now recelr
ing daily our New Fall Stock.
Thoupsojp Bros. & Kellt,
eeplS 5t Summer street-
Best Black Silks. We have just open
ed a large stock of BJacK Silks, of best
makes, at greatly reduced prices. See for
Thompson Bros. & Kelly,
sepl8 6t Soxomer street.
New Dress Goods. We hare just re
ceived two cases of Sateens and Gashmero
D'Ecosse In all the new shades. Send for
Tnoitrsox Bros. & Kellt,
sepl8 St Summer street.
8hawla and Scarfs- Jost opened, new
Shawls, Scarfs and Hecktles.
Tiiompsok Bnod. & Kellt,
sepl8 5t Summer street.
Xanry County Fair. Delays are dan
gerous. I nvest $ JL50 in a season ticket and
get yoar fortune at once. Come quick or
yon will be too late. Tha Fair commences,
on Tuesday next. For tickets call on
A. B- Fostxb,
&epl8 2t 9 North Cherry street.
State Fair. Remember that the time Is
near at hand for some one to draw the
$15,000 priza. The season tickets are get
ting scarce. Invest $3 znd secure your
fortune- Foe tickets apply to
A. B. Fostke,
seplS 2t 9 North Cherry street.
JohnGIIgnn & Co., are selling Domes
tics and Sheetings at cost. sepl7 tf
Joha GUgan & Co. are selling Silks and
Silk roplins at coat. sepl7 tf
John Gilgan & Co. are selling Irish.
Linens, Table Linens, Napkins and Towels,
at cost. epn tf
John Gilgan & Co. are eelltDg Ladies
Cotton Hosiery, Kid Gloves and Corsets at
cost. sepl7 tf
Joha Gilgan & Co. are selling Point
applique Collars, Point applique and real
Yal. Laces at cost. eeplT tf
John GUgan & Co. are selling Ladles'
and Gents' Lmen Handkerchiefs at cost.
Joha Gilgan & Co. are selling Ribbons
Joha Gilgan & Co. are selling. Dress
Goods at cost. epl7tx
John Gilgan & Co. are closing out their
entire stock at coat. ' sepl7 tf
Tailoring. For your fine Dress or
Business Suits, go to John Vogel s Temple
of Fashions, No. 84 Church street, (Ex
press building) NashvuV, Tenn.
aept 17 2t
The hest and most popular brands of
Bleached Domestics from 15 to 17c per
vard. These are tho cheapest goods ever
- . . ... 1 1 . X MM
Xiasnviue, as mey are soia jow
D. Lovemas &. Co.
Towels, Towels, Towds. Thocheap
est Towels ever offered in the market at
sepl72t D. Lovemas &., Co.
Call and get some of the Ladies' Un
derwear which we are ofieritg at tha,price
of material. D. Loveuai .& Co.
S. J. Cohb, Dentist, ia again at his
place of business, 41 North High street.
Will take pleasure in eervicg those win call
upon Mm for dental operations sepll St
CoHHublal Felicity- Nothing tends
more to connubial happiness than cheerful
and healthy infants and children. Mrs.
Whltcomb's Sjrup is the gTeat children's
soothing remedy. tepl" dlw&wlt
. Fresh Arrivals at ih popular Dry
Goods- Emporium, 62 College- street on
Saturday last the following articles:
Beautiful Silk Scarfs.
Handsome all wool Ottoman Scarfs, all
widths and all colors. '
Corsets at prices to suit everybody.
All wool Ottoman Bohemian and Pari
sian Reversible Shawls.
Also 500 doz. very fine Kid Gloves which
will be sold at an enormous reduction.
A very large stock of Jaconet Insertings
and Edgings will also be offered at a sacri
fice. Such an assortment or black Alpacas and
mourning good as can not be found in any
other house In the dty. Call early.
gplStf G. Bice & Co.
Gray hair may be made to tals on to
youthful color and beauty by the ustv r
Hall's Vegatable Sicilian Hair Renewer,
tbe best preparation for the hair known to
the science of medlcfan and chemistry.
aep3 eodl v tne,wlfcfrl
fnr -V;iI anil favAr
Aysrt Ague Cure net er uhr .
n3 eod2ui tueStWediScf. 1
Thn Farest and sweetest Cod. Liver Oil
In the worlii- Is Hazard & Caswell nude
on the sea shore, from frish selected livers,
by Caswell, Hazard & QaQwVFoikii It
Is absolutely tidra and aet. Patients who
have once taken It pre.Vr i. iO'silothws.
ror 8i8jbyau druggists.
woo 2MT Murwo9,ijy-
.. ..... . ... . .'
sstt.".'-.--.'. dSh 3Cv