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Daily Nashville union. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1862-1862, April 24, 1862, Image 1

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NO. 13
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i Inur Kinr.k Innt received nnd for Hale
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T ' fTVrlliilfrraliTfcjraJo by
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Q boxoB HALT, for sulo hy
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ouroM atuuJ.No. 6 Colli-go Ktr.ct.
,p8 11 11. CONNOR A BKO.
i; . aiiia' to John c. ri:ini,
". lTUI3XK BlNM RT.io. 19 IM'iulcr U U St.
i iM)H RF.N'T K ilwf!lii!K hoiife n cti inr of Fofg
J andSpriifeslreol.
i"V)R R1CNT A dMiiiR tonso on corner of AliiBon
auJ Btovenion Hircwu.
fOR KKNT Tlirei1 rooms In lioufo No. V, on I'ttil
1 erli W Blrcrl, up Plana- JOHN C. I KI'R.
,mciT lURtlAINd iu CiKm, Toba.vn. 1'ipra, nil
1 r ei-rv lUlim I" that liin will b hoLI thoap lr
,sml. l!uliiR rocel ml a lar( lot or CiRiirl auil I
l,,ro, l all Krailos, 1 KuaraiiliH-to m il at i ln up
! rbliill'fMl. ....
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No. ii) Co U,,:a SUi kI,
aprll U-lm
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Ml ii'tHim-e jai J 1.1.111 N.U.IIVIII,., o.io m,ro
h ,v i iini'J William. l"vi.-.l on ua llm l'i il"-rt or
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iHi i i
paslivillc Linton.
IjOTho rebel leaders who profess to
protect Southern rights, have stolen
slayes, horses and cattle, have impressed
men into military service, have burned
bridges and destroyed the lives of women
and children, have cut telegraph wires,
have laid waste the country, have dragged
men before Vigilance Committees )es,
and even more infamous than all the rest,
have actually robbed the little children
ot the State of the fund which had been
provided for their education !
How eminently just and timely arc the
following remarks from the Philadelphia
North American :
(oflil C'ountrl.
It is so natural to seek illustrations of
the present from the counsels of the past,
that in turning over I'ierre M. Irving 'a
excellent "Lifo and Letters" of his illus
trious undo we were forcibly struck with
the following pages, which we 6hall ex
tract from that work. Washington Irv
ing, it will be remembered, was of the
old Federal party, and as such was vio
lently opposed to the measures which
brought on the war of 1812. When,
however, he found his country absolutely
engaged in war, ho withheld neither his
voice nor his arm from the service of nn
Administration for which he had no real
affection, and whose principles and acts
ho had conscientiously opposed up to the
period when hostilities actually began.
It will do no harm to the few disloyal
men of the north yet remaining amongst
us, whoso Bouiiicrn sympathy present
circumstances make national treason, if
they will thoughtfully weigh and apply
to their own case the word's of so pure
and wise a patriot as Washington Irving.
f his words sound like a reproach to
this class of men- let them also reflect
that under the light of such a life and
such a memory as his, their own record
will be one of shame and misery.
" Whatever we may think of the ex
pediency of the present war, we cannot
feel indifferent to its operations. Wlier
ever our arms come in competition with
those of the camp, jealousy tor our coun
try's honor will swallow up every other
consideration; our feelings will ever ac
company the Hag of onr country to battle,
rejoicing in rfs glory, lamenting over its
detcat. lor there is no such thing as
releasing ourselves from the consequences
of the contest. He who fancies he can
stand aloof in interest, and, by condemn
ing the present war, can exonerate him
self from the odium of it a disasters, is
wofully mistaken. Other nations will
not trouble themselves about our inter
nal wranglings and party qnestions :
they will not ask who among us fonght,
or w hy we iouciit, out luno we iougut
The disgrace of defeat will not be con
fined to the contrivers of the war, or the
party in power, or the conductors of the
battle, but will extend to the w hole na
tion, and come home to every individual.
If the name of American is to be render-,
ed honorable in tlie fight, we shall each
participate in the honor; if otherwise,
we must inevitably support our fharc of
the ignominy.
The above words are Washington Ir
ving'fl sentiments. The following anec
dote is told by Mr. Pierre M. Irving in
his own language :
" With such sentiments, watching with
mingled pride and sorrow the alternations
of defeat and succcf s, it may be imagined
with what a feeling of outraged patriot
ism ho heard of the triumphant entry of
the ISritish into Washinton, and the acts
of uncivilized hostility which followed.
"lie was descending the Hudson in the
steamboat when the tidings first reached
him. It was night, and the passengers
had betaken themselves to their settees
to rest, when a person came on board at
l'oughkcepsie with the news of the in
glorious triumph, and proceeded i'l the
darkness of the cabin to relate the par
ticulars, the destruction of the Presi
dent's house, the Treasury, War, and
Navy oIliccH, the Capitol, the depository
of tho national library, and the public
records. There was a momentary pause
after the speaker ceased, when some pal -try
spirit lifted his head from his settee
and in a tone of complacent derision
'wondered what Jimunj Madison would
say now'.' "Sir said Mr. Irving, glad of
an escape to his swelling indignation, 'do
you seize on such a disaster only for a
sneer'.'' l.ct me tell you, sir, it is not
now a question about Jinvn'j Madison or
Jimmy Armstrong; tho pride and honor
of the nation are wounded, the country
is insulted and disgraced by this barba
rous success, and every loyal citizen
should feel tho ignoiniuy, and be earnest
to avenge it'.' 'I could not see the fellow,'
eaid Mr. Irving, when he related the an
ecdote to me, 'but I let Hy at him in the
dark. A murmur ol approbation
lowed the outburst, and then every car
was listening for the reply, l'mt the
energy of the rebuke had cowed the
upoki sniiin, for he did not again raise his
To traitors, to lukewarm patriots, and
to that meaner class who are endeavor
ing to carry water, dirty water, on bitli
shoulders, lrving's noble words and his
characteristic uncrdotc should need no
1 uttlier comment .
Midnry Jo'.maton'a jlteport.
The remarkable exposure of rebel mil
itary affairs in the Southwest, made by
Cen. Sidney Johnston, who was killed
at the battle of Pittsburg, throws a good
deal of light upon late rebel movements
and prospects in Kentucky and Tennes
see. The failure of that distinguished
rebel oflicer to hold Bowling (Jrccn hia
signal failure to defend successfully
Forts Henry and Donclson, which were
the keys to hia department his failure
to defend Clarksville his flight from
Nashville his retreat from Murfrees
boro' his abandonment of the entiro
IState of Kentucky, and nearly the whole
of Tennessee his decampment into Al
abama his miserable failure every
where, had called forth execrations up
on his head from every part of rcbeldom.
He was hooted at by the Tennessee reb
els for delivering them up into tho hands
of Hallcck; he was cursed by the Cotton
Stales for bringing the war within their
borders ; ho was maligned by his own
subordinates, and his army was desert
ing him ; he was fiercely assailed in the
Kebel Congress ; he was bitterly criti
cised in the rebel newspapers until
iinally he is reported to have said des
pondingly that he had not a friend left
in the Confederacy. And yet he was
the mini who, of all others, had been
until lately looked upon in tho South as
a commander without a peer for active
field work combining in himself sci
ence, skill, daring, coolness, resoluteness,
experience, popularity, aud whatever
other characteristics or elements of suc
cess are supposed to belong to a great
leader. This was the fourth war in
which he had Keen and done service:
and in each of the previous wars, ho had
gained only renown and achieved al
ways success. His letter to Gen. Jeff.
Davis attempts to explain the causes of
his present failure. It is apologetic and
defensive in statement and tone ; and as
the rebel disasters in tho Southwest all
date from the fall of Fort Donelson, ho
makes that tho event upon which to
hang his defence.
(Jen. Johnston s career, since he took
command of the rebel army in tho
Southwest, as exhibited in his report, has
uecn oeseii wuu euiiicuiues. lie was
charged, when bo received command,
nii iue uuiy oi aeciaing wneiiier or
not it was politic to occupy 15owlin
(iri-n question -which, he saySTlu-
volved not only military, but political
considerations. He decided it in the
aflirmalive, and in the middle of Sep
tember that stronghold was taken pos
session of by four thousand rebel troops
l ne oujeci oi seizing mat point was
undoubtedly for nothing less than to
obtain military possession of the Slate
of Kentucky, and thereby carry the
boundaries of tho Southern Confedera
cy to the Ohio Kiver. I here were then
no National troops in the State, and
triumphant march to Louisville -was the
purpose and hope of the rebels. Put by
the extraordinary and patriotic efforts of
Gen. Kousseauand other prominent ken-
tuckians, to whom due credit ha3 never
been given, the rebel scheme was frus
trated. It was on the 17th of Septeni
ber, only a few days after the rebel army
had commenced its northward march
that two thousand Union militia, under
liousseau, hurried out of Louisville to
stop its advance; and if they did not
meet tho rebels in the field, and defeat
them in a pitched battle, they at least
compelled them to asrime a merely do
Tensive position at Bowiing Green. The
National army in Kentucky increased in
magnitude with great rapidity, and
Johnston had to resort to various expe
dients to maintain his ground. lie
makes the following statement, curious
enough in the light ol subsequent event
" I'elieving it to be of the greatest mo
ment to protract- the campaign, as the
dearth of cotton might brimr strength
from abroad and discourage the North
and to gain time to strengthen myself
by new troops from lennessee and other
States, I magnified my forces to the en
emy, but made known my li- niwngil
to the 1 eiartm nt and the Governors of
i . t a . i i t
11 woiiiii seem ina: ne sueieedi ci in
his attempt at deception: for, though the
National troops in Kentucky grew from
a couple ol thousand to over u huiidre
thousand, while he, all told, had never,
according (o his own statement, high
'than from lu ent y-five i thirty thousand
he managed to keep our great army nt
bay for five months. lie adroitly re
ported his force, by various means, at
sixty, eighty, a hundred thousand; and
a secession newt-paper in this city re
peatedly gave details of it, shotting it to
rcaVh a far higher figure even than these,
lie perpetually threatened our army wiih
assault and annihilation. Kept Louisville,
and cvi-n Cincinnati, for a time, in a
state of perturbation, and delayed the
progress ot our arms until it seemed his
end was on the eve of accomplishment.
It was only when the vigoroui policy of
Gen. Ifallcck had carried the war up tho
Cumberland and tho Tennessee, and out
ranked P-otling Green, that the weak
ness of his position and the falsity of his
pretences was exposed.
lie determined, he Bays, to fight for
Nashville at Donelson, ami lor this pur
p ise he dispatched lO.tMXl of hh best
troops to that point. While tin- buttle
there wa ragiu.', he evaeinted l-owling
Green with the remainder of his troops,
(14,000,) and awaited tho issue of the
day at Nashville. hy ho did not take
the whole of his force to the decisive point
and direct the movements himself, he
does not gay. Had he done so, the fight
would certainly have been closely con
tested one; and, with tho immense, ad
vantages of position which the rebels had,
he might have had a prospect of repulsing
our arms. It looks as though, at this
moment, Johnston's genius and spirit had
forsaken him as his patriotism had
done previously. At all events, frauds
on his part were no longer available.
It seems that tire Generals in com
mand at Fort Donelson (Floyd. Pillow
and P.uckner) had practiced upon him,
wliile ho halted at Nashville, the same
deceptions that fhey practiced through
tho telegiaph and newspapers upon the
Southern people. Tcr the last moment,
they represented the battle as a rebel
triumph; and even on the night of Sat
urday, when the main position of the
fort was in our possession and snecdy
efcat for the rebels was inevitable, they
reported to hi in only success "At mid
night, says he, "I received news of a
glorious victory; at dawn, of a retreat."
He should rat her have said, of n nvrrendcr:
for o lh. sixteen thousand men which ho
says ho sent to Donelson, fourteen thou
sand laid down their , anus on Sunday
morning, and are still prisoners of war.
Why, under the circumstances, Floyd &
Co. should have so misrepresented affairs
to their chief, it would be impossible to
conjecture, unless it bo that 'deception
and falsehood have become chronic, with
He f knowledges thai "ii. blow was
disastrous and almost w ithout- a reme
dy. "Iho people were terrified ;, the
troops wero disheartened ; tho discour
agement was spreading.'' This quite
confirms all the reports we have had ol
the demoralization in tho rebel army
produced by that, terrible blow. There
was nothing then lor him to do but to
retreat retreat from Nashville and from
Tennessee, and fry to forma junction
with the troopsof lleaureiard and Bragg
on a new defensive line. Ilia lunctinn
was formed, and tho subsequent rebel
wreck at Pittsburg now fully proven
was the issue. ''The test of merit, in my
profession, with the people," says John
ston, "is mcrtt. It is ft hard rule ? bu-t
I think it right.' He himself has now
sealed his failures with his lifo : and in
tho melancholy picture which he gives of
his career as rebel chieftain in Kentucky
and Tennessee, we see not only the hol-
Iowness of this rebellion, but the road to
ruin of a traitor.
The Liaat Terrible Charge at Mtllli.
The following is a most vivid and
thrilling picture. It recalls tho descrip
tion of some of Napoleon's desperate
charges. It is from the Cincinnati Coi-
ni?rei(tl :
At about six o'clock our skirmishers
met those of the enemy and drove them
in with terrific slaughter, our line still
advancing upon them. We passed on
through the camps of the 18th Ohio, 71st
Ohio, and froth Illinois, which the enemy
had captured on tho morning previous,
and took position on the brow of the hill,
hero my own company and another was
ordered to advance as skirmishers, anil
drive the entimy from tho thicket in front,
as they were annoying us considerably.
Our men charged gallantly, and were
met by as gallant resistance. Tho slaugh
ter here was terrible. I did not sec a
man throw away a single shot, and the
enemy fell in heaps. Near the edge of
the woods, one of our batteries was post
ed, and on the opposite side of an inter
vening orchard a secession battery was
answering it. Pound shot, grape and can
ister were plowing up the earth and rid
dling the trees on all sides of us. Shell
fell thick as huts in autumn woods, and
tested tho nerve of our young soldiers
severely. While I was putting a largo
i roc between mjself undasliell Unit had
just dropped, a six-pound shot struck the
tree just above my head, scat bring the
splinters for fifty yards around. A frag
ment of a shell struck one of my men on
the hip, carry ing away his haversack and
bayonet scabbard, wounding hiin slight-
y- .. . '
About this tune tho action became
general all along the line. God Hparo me
from ever again beholding such a sight.
Pegiment after regiment advanced, charg
ed, surged back, advanced and came in
again, to be relieved by fresh troops.
This was occurring as faras the eye
could reach in the smoke and flash of the
battle. The gallant '1 1th Ohio and .V,th
Indiana, fought under a murderous lire
for at least an hour. Oer tho ground
where they iought, tho opposing forces
drove each other five times, advancing
and giving in turn, inch by inch. Here
two of our pieces were taken by the ene
my and turned upon us, but they were
retaken, and eventually brought oil' by a
party of our skirmishers. The 1st and
''! Kentuc ky I'egiments, posled in our
rear, were advanced to the front and
fought wiih desperation. The battle,
which began oil our left, suddenly chang
ed to the cenr and rijiht, opening at the
two points himultancouly . Consequently
our brigade changed position, placing the
new lett where the old ruht l a I teste I
The men on both sides cheered loudly,
and fought like demons. An overwhelm
ing force of" the', enemy attempted to
break onr extreme - right, and partially
succeeded, although two fresh regiments
were brought up to Bnpport us. Thoy
were turning our flank. This we could
see by its slowly giving back. At this
juncture General Nelson rode up, and
ordered the Sixth Ohio to advance, by
changing front forward on lirst company,
and the evolution was executed, under
fire, with ns much precision as though
we ha I been on he parade ground. The
new movement brought our new line at
right angles with the old one, and fac
ing Co right flank, where the liring had
been o heavy. Again tho enemy shifted
their entire force to tho front, and
brought us under an enfilading lire. We
were then, ordered to change front .per
pendicularly to the rear, and this we also
done with admirable precision, bringing
us on our old line, and facing the firing.
Captain Tirrell'a battery, one of the best
in the Pegular Army, now opened on the
rebels, and we were ordered to support
if. .
I cannot refrain from here paying a just
tribute to this heroic oflicer t lie bravest
of the brave. Captain Tirrell's antece
dents arc known to every olliccr in the
Pegular Army. 'All of his relatives are
Secessionists. His father and three broth
ers hold hi h position in the rebel army,
and he lias been disinherited and dis
owned by them for his loyally to the
Cnion. The rebels will long remember
tho " Napoleons" which he handled so
eilcctively on the 7th of April, l.2. At
one time during the day they approached
with in fifty yards of a ;un (hat he was
commanding, and killed or wounded eve
ry man but one, and yet he loaded and
fired with his own hands, whilo tho foe
fell back terror stricken. The piles of
mangled bodies on this part of the field
speak for the clliciency of. his battery. I
saw him with one shell kill live horses,
dismount a gun, aud scatter tho rebel
gunners in all directions. The brilliant
results of the light on tho left wing was
attributable mainly to hi' skill and- he
roism. Hero the most desperate fighting
of the day was done. While supporting
Tirrcll we lay for three long hours under
the heaviest fire I have ever seen. The
rifle and musket balls along the entire
Hn appeared to come in solid masses;
and two batteries on tho right and left
Hanks were pouring a cross lire of grape,
cannister, and shell upon the center. Our
men saved their lives by falling upon
their faces and hugging the ground close
ly. Colonel Anderson, Major Christo
pher, and Adjutant Herron remained
composedly on their horses through all
the storm, and fortunately escaped. A
spent ball struck Anderson on the arm,
bruising it considerably, but doing no
further damage.
In front of tho Oth Ohio Pegiment was
a company of artillery from New Orleans,
commanded by one who is well known in
Cincinnati. Some years ago ho left that
city, tho home of his boyhood, alter
swindling his creditors, and took up his
abode in New Orleans. 1 refer to tho
drunken profligate ranegade, William
Miller Owen. Two of his pieces fell into
our hands. And many in our regiment
would have given an arm for his life.
Had he been captured by his old com
rades, tho "Greys," they would have
hung him on the spot.
At 11 o'clock victory seemed poised be
tween the two' parlies. Time and timo
again the lines were forced back, but
eventually retook tho ground. No one
for a moment thought of defeat. We
knew that our fate was victory or anni
hilation. While the liring was heaviest
General Nelson rode up and said, 'Colonel
Anderson, I have conferred upon your
regiment the honor of defending this bat
tery the best in the service. It must not
(V hih-n." I could read those same words
written on the face of every man in the
At 3 o'clock our regiment was drawn
up for a charge. General Nelson rode up
And uaid, "Mxtli Ohio, I expect to li'-ar
from you now. Forward!" Along the
entire line a fierce cheer went up, and our
compact body dashed on. I think that
then, for tho first time, I felt the w ild
enthusiasm that knows no fear and recks
not of life or death. We came to a fence,
and it wcS swept away like chair before
the wind Then we pained the open
field, on the other side of w hich stood the
foe. Six hundred yards would bring us
to them. Hut pshaw! when we had trav
ersed two-thirds of the s;)aco they broke
and lied and our disappointed boys were
ordered back. This ended ur share of
tho action.
The liring gradually died away along
the line, and by I o'clock had entirely
ceased. Captain Tirrcll gave the foe a
parting salute, In a guns being served ny
Oth Ohio men. Our weary and hungry
men w ere then marched into position, and
rested ou their arms lor the night, an
ticipating u renewal of the battle on the
morrow; but the morning brought m foe.
The r -mi,
hundred and
cently been
w hile digging
posed Oi have
the tertiary
ol a gigantic saurian, one
twenty feet long, has re
discovered near Poligny,
for a railway. It Is auo-
cxijttd near
period, but oik
the i ud of
who is no
enoiiuh to
have 'xt'-'.i1'.
it long
Ii thi" w h
I thpni;
pel iod.
Jen. l'rtei i.T. Itenu regard
Beauregard was , born a considerable
number of years after tho Christian Era,
and with few exceptions, hs lived ever
since. It has been generally supposed
that Beauregard is of French extraction,
which suppsiton is correct. In answer
to a letter from us, inquiring in regard
to the mafter. Occurs tho following roi-
teuce, which effectually and for ever puts
to rest all doubts in regard to Beaure
gard's nationality: "I'm a 'Frenchman
from tho end of my big too in the top of
my head ; and if there is any one who
doesn't like it they can lump it !"
Tho family of Beauregard is avery
ancient one one' or the most ancient
families out.; His one thousand-aml-fortieth
grandfather was a particular
friend of Moses, and was with him in.
his great tramp through the wilderness.
The old cock's diary has been preserved
and is now in the possession of our hero.
It is full of interesting matter, and from
a casual perusal of it we are led to infer
that the boys had a tough time of it in
the wilderness. Old Beauregard and
Moses occupied a tent together. Tho
old man was commissary lor one of tho
companies in Moses' brigade ; and ha
makes frequent allusion in his journal t
the complaints made by the boys of his ,
management. One of them threatened
to smash his head in if he didn't gift
them belter fodder. So it seems that
rascally commissaries are not a pecu
liarity of our day.
Among other valuable relics, Beaure
gard possesses the old chap's photo
graphic Album, whjch contains the cemfij
" Visiles of Pharaoh, Moses and several
other big men.
The name Bear.iyyanl is from two
Choctaw words Iyiu which means some,
and gard which means pumpkins soma
puvqikins ; and which was applied to
tho family, by the Queen of Shcb
when she went over and called on Solo
mon. The old man, Beauregard, had
quit Moses' employ and was at that
time "chief cook and bottle-washer" for
Solomon. On the occasion of Mrs. She-
ba's visit he treated tho company to
pumpkin sauce, which so tickled the old
lady that she immediately gave him tha
nameof "Some Pumkins'' or Beauregan
lhe subject of this sketch was always
a rebel. From the time he was two
years of age his parents lost all control
of him. He rebelled against their au
thority and sougnt another place of
abode. The following letter written in
answer to an appeal from his father to
come back to the parental roof, shows
his views on social as well as politic!
government. lie was three years old at
the time of writing : "Dere govneri
shant go back no how you kin fix it. mi
ide is that folks orter be guverned if
they feel like it, and if fhey don't feel
like it they JuiJn'l orter be. So. you can
go to thunder !"' Cleveland riaiiilea7e-.
Alter the llattle.
A correspondent says, in writing
Yesterday, having a few minutes leis
ure, I traversed a portion of the battle
field, for the purpose of observing th
effects of the two days' action. . Tha
sight is appalling. Dead are piled on
every side. 1 found six, eight, and even
ten men together Unionists and Secess
ionists within a space of ten feet, lying
side by side, just as they had fallen in
the struggle. In one place ton men wero
stretched side by side compactly; ono
man, a Federal soldier, with his arnr
thrown lovingly over tho neck of a Kebl
as though they had gone to sleep in &
friendly embrace. Death Knows no dis
tinction. The lovers.. of the horrible tau
bo amply gratified here. 1 saw many
with the tops of their heads blown off by
cannon balls. One man was torn to
pieces by a shell that had exploded iu
his bowels.. Some were cut entirely in
two, and the parts yards asuader. In
one gorge where our artillery had raked
them, they were piled three aiid font
deep, and horribly mangled. The ma
jority of tho men are shot in the head
and breast, attributable to their having
stood on undulating ground, where notic
ing but the upper portion of their bodies
was exposed. Had the light been on
level plain, and the battle been as long
and obstinate, fifty thousand would not
have covered the loss.
The woods where the battle raged
present a fearful siht, and will long bo a
monument of tho terrible struggle. Larger-j
trees are cut down by cannon bulls, and
the twigs and underbrii!i present tho
appearance of a harvest lield after read
ing. I saw one tree, at least three feet in
diameter, with a holo in it us largo as a
man's leg, a ball from Captain TinelPs
gun having gone clean through ic. Soma
trees are entirely barked by the bullets.
An oflicer who was at Fort DonelsonJ
bays that tho battle there was a mere
skirmish when compared to this.
TitK SoiiTiiKitv I'lantkus. A gentle
man who has just returned from exten
sive rambles in Louisiana and Texas-,
says themigar planters are feeding their
molasses to their hogs, and are going ti
raise meat from the cane, and that none
of tho planters ar making any attempt
t raise crops of cotton. Very few of
the plantations have overseers, iwml of
them having gone to tho war. Ilkh

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