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- NASMlLE," TMEgrijfff, AlBm.25, 1862-,
Dult Uwox, pec annum.,,. ....... ..'....$S 00 .
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2 i 9 00 ' " "r
si 3 it 12 00 ' " '.
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One square, erne year, $30 each additional square $1 0
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No contract of yearly advcrtlscmcnto will be discon
tinued without previous noficc, to fs; jior will any
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B. B. C0NNOB & BR0.t
NO, 5 COLLEGE STREET.
Kctr Stoclc Just received and for sale
low to close out CoHiilcnmonts,
Bbls. Salt, for sale by
CONNOR & BRO.
inn boxes SALT, for sale by
CONNOR & PRO.
g Q CoHsROPE, for talc by
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bb'jj. Coal OIL, io? eale by
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1 f half 'bbls. Coal OIL, for saleby
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1 KfUdzcnBRO0M8,for eileby -
1DU sp8 . i CONNOR.' BRO.,
g Q b4xe SOAP, for tale by'
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K'-V boxes STARCH , for sale by . 1
OU ap8 . . 7 1 CONNOR A BBO,-
1 f) chest TEA, for sale by,
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JjalfchesUTEA, for saleby ,
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-l Q caaiesTE.;ror sale by
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1 r boxcB Yeast POWDERS,' Jbf' sale by
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cislcsSODA, for sale by
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cross MATCHES, for saloljy
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CyZ. boxes Star CANDLES, for silo by
boxes COFFEE, for sale by
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bbls. VINEGAR, C r sale by
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tf kits SALMON, f r saleby
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Cl A kits MACKEREL, for Bale by
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T kits HERRING, for sale by
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Q kits SHAD, for' Fale by
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-1 Q bb'. TROUT, for sale by
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4 bbls. CIDER, for saleby
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1 O boxes Dncd Sealed, for sale by
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0V kegs NAILS, for sale by
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2 Q cas'i's SIDES, for sale by
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boxes fresh Garden SEED, for sile by
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Sbbls Onion SETS, for Ealo by
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t f tierces Canvussed lIAMS.'wilh a large lot ol all
iU sorts of Gpods, which wo will closa out Jow, at
oar old stand , No. College street.
apS. ... B. B. CONNOR A BRO.
HOUSES FOE -BENT--.
APPL.Y TO JOHi G. FEHR,
AT HIS BOOK-BINDERY,?'! o. 19 BcadcrlclcSt.
"TT'Or. REST k dwelling house on corner of Fogg
J? and Spruce street.
TT10R RENT A dwelling house on corner of Allison
H - t 3
-70K RENTrhrc'e'rooms In Muse No. 10, on. Dcai
! pTictEireei. uusiaus.
TKNNESSEB HlONBY .TAKES !AT PAR.!
-i npiT ninciivs in niTarn Tobacci.-Plpes, and
VT every thlug in that line, wiU bq o!d. cheap for
casn. tiaving jeceivea a iargu iov
"bacco, of all grades, I guarantee" to sell M cheap
the cheapest. K ' ,
Sutlers and Merchants will do weu to, pje
callbefdrepurchatlngclsewhcre. . ,
Tio. 26 Colleze Street,
Sewanee Home Buildtog
nv -rny. stii DAY OP MAY. 18o2. I WILL EX
pose to public si!e, to-the highet bidder, for easiest,
the Court House yard gate. :n Nashv'aie,"t)no negro"
'Jay rLmcd.'VYimatii,.Itfvicd on as the. property .of
Crocket, Alex, Ledbetter & Co., G.B.Gordon, J..S.
1 Hniand2. Gilsan, Issued bi'DJ Robertson1 and G.
U. Southrate, Esqrs.. Sale at llo'clocv, AjM, ; ,4;
" . I
n. srT'u rwi
To Editor r
Heaso' direct our escriangSs to' the
XTnidniad. save us tf.greaE deal of 'annoy
TersonXreceiving newspapers-from iho,
South will confer a great favor on, us and
our readers by sending, them to usj We
are anxious to get them regularly. . .
Correspondents will icoufer ia great
favor on us by-Jeaving their-communications
for inspection at our leisure. "We
have1' no time to hear communications
read over by their, authors Wo arc al
ways glad to hear from ariyi one who has
a fact to impart oratlidugbi to suggest
andliopo to hear often from those who
can' contribute-to the public information.
-, . Head , Tills. .
We commend thi3' 'article of the Con-J
stilution to those, rebels who, atatend foj;
thesovereignty! of ai State in airt.hiE,(js.
"This Constitution, and the iKipa of the
United Statpa.'whlch Bhall be,raiule?3 vursn
nnce thereof. fcnALL BE lflS So-
rnEME Law op TnTiANDfandhe j"odgos In
every State fhsll bonndVtltereby, Asy
rnivn T?i thk ftoxaTiTDTioV axd ICaws op any
State to the contrary NOTwiTnsTANDixo.',-Tf
Federal Constitution, 'Art Tl, "sec '2. -
ilany of those blockheads, "wno are.,
forever blabbling'aboufther Constitption,
don't know .that, there is such, a clause
in it, . ' '
. - U' 3911
Volco f ronTcnnesscc.
We need, notsay any thing-to. deepen the
lnte'rest-Qf the following' Je(tcr'(sayathe Cin
cinnati Erguirer), rccelyed . by yeaterday's
mail; from, one of the most respectable houses
inllhe interior Of Tennessee. . If nngbt were
wanting to infuse new strength and vigor
injo.the eflbrt3uof our. Government and'peo-
pto orueU,ont-thiD-onhoy Tebellionj-it iir
the disclosure of such fads' and feelings as
ere 'here cxbjbited. Who will consent to
iefrve Ihe true men id the seceded State's un
protected by the strong, arm of the Union,
to which their best wishes and hopes have
clung through tho dark days of rebel do
minion : ' u'
, Tensesjeb, April 9,l8Gl
Dear Friend-: After so long n time, hav
ing passed tbrongh the most awful reign cf
terror that a free people were ever made to
suffer, we ore permitted to open a corres
pondence with you. Wo can partially breathe
lree agaiu. H is useless to try to give you
a faint .idea of the tyranny which has becti
exercised over the. many (although j ou may
have been, led to believe they were few) men
in Tennessee whose only crime was that they
loved their country, and would not raise their
arms against a Government which bad al
ready protected thtm and cost them no
We say we beglmo breathe1 again the air
of freedom, from the tact that one division
of the Union army has passed by and South
of us,- and wbich .we trust will not return,
untit Ihe'reheHiori is pat down, and, God
grant-that eoou may be. This wish, public
ly expressed two months since, would, have
cost a man his life. We arc, happy to say
that many are beginning to see and feel that
the one real object now is 10 put down the
rebellion. .. 1
The worst feature, and most to be lament
ed over, is that there are so many of our
poor boys in the rebel army against their
will,.b;ing pressed into the Eervice. No
longer back than November, Tennessee had
but 25,000 men in the field. A rtqnisition
wa3 then made for 30,000 more, and in order
to get them out, our Goveruor, King Harrh,
ordered a draft to be made ; and may we
never behold such a timogatn. Noble
hearted young men, with tears in their eyes,
would say to tbo.-e who had 'families', " Yoa
stay and take care of yonr wiw and little
ones, and we will go, asktDg 'Gpd fto forgive
often asked ourselves, llow can sucn a thing
:proper! . -
Missouri. The Union feeling is stead
ily gaining ground, ye are glad to hear,
in Southwest Missouri, and the guerilla
warfare which was threatened there, af
ter the rebel "regular army" had been
vanquished, is dying out A correspon
dent of the" St. Louis ,ept7ican, TVTiting
from Springfield on the 29th. ult, says-r
"Many thoughtless persons who' have
been in Pricc's.army aro returning home
some of them quietly, hoping that no no
tice will be taken of their treason ;i oth
ers coming and giving themselves up to
the military authorities, asking to be
permitted to take tho oath of allegiance
and return to the peaceful avocations to
which they 'were formerly Ttccusfonied.
All these 'returning rebels express' their
disgust wiih tho rebellion as a failure;
anfiitre.now, convinced that the Govern
ment of their fathers is a wise,and benefit
e'enione. and too. powerful ..to,be, easily
Gen. Zollicoffer'B Correspondence!-
HIGHLY IMPORTANT EEVEITA:-
. , LEADERS!
Tlte'Fcdp'loof 'East Tennessee !toylo
; :.Crnslied:Out! J f '
, . 1 , 1 -'
1 The following letter8' were ;found in
"Gen. Zollicoffer's camp! They, fosses?,
.great interest, as they reveal several im
portant facts. .
First., That an overwhelming inumfper
of tho,East Tennesseeans were devoted
to;the Union. : . 'I , rf
Seamd. That the reb'el'leaders were;rc-
Solved Fosubjngafe'them at thc"point.,of
lhird. That all the Union men were to 1
t, J. J r
VV U'XJUIItUl. , ;li pl
Foiiwi. Xhat 11 no pisonera loere to ten'?,
leased tfenonj'takingtitl oath of allegidiUxilo
lilts: JffioDdciss'Gcmrm&iti "2?Se twcr,
swU measttresTiad past'.' "Bead the corres
pondence icarefplly. and see how these
devils iunmdskithemsclvesi 1
Important Heliel ' Oorrespondeiice?;'
'(O I ':ji.f ! .1' i ' '- .-.)-, ,
WIOK FEELING IN TENNESSEg.
THE PEOPLE EEADY TO WELCOME
nn 1 t.i -vr 1 rnrmr i -r mnrtftun
A large mass of correspondence awas
found at General. Zallicoffer's hcadquar
tors after the capture of his camp, por
tions of whfcli" contain important admis
sions as to the prevalence and extent of
the Union feeling in East Tennessee.
We reprint some letters of great interest:
' ' be'iiel correspondence.
Athens, Tenn., Nov. 10, 18 Gl.
Col. Woody JKhaxville, Tenn.:
-I have reliable information that some
l,50.0Lin'coln.inen ara under, arms in
Hamilton county ostensibly" rocJames-
1 mt....' a? i
town, xneir uubuuauoa is more proDa
bly Lowden Bridge.
TJ. Wallace, President.
Lowden", East Tenn., Notf'lO, i8Gl.
CoV- Wood: '
JDear Sir, Captain Canood's company
arrived hero at G P. 31. yesterday, and
are pitching their tents to-day at the
northern, end of the bridge, while Captain
Eldridgo is encamped at the southern
end. Extra, pickets and sentinels were
posted during the night, but no demon
stration was made from any quarter, and
tho night was past in quiet.
Ihe Union feeling of Qiis county is ex
ceedingly bitter, and all they want, in my opin
ion, to induce a generaluprising, is encourage
ment fromXIie Lincoln armies. They1 have
a great many arms, and are actually
manufacturing Union Jlags to receive the
refueee Tennesseeans when thev return.
'They are getting lold'chough. If I had
one or two more companies a great many
arms could be procured here in this neigh
borhood I mean if wo had the force to
spare from tho bridge.
JacksboHo, Kev. 9, 18G1.
Col. W. B. Wood, Knozville, 'lenn. :
Sir, Your dispatch just received, in
forming mo of the burning of Hiwassee
bridge, and other bridges on the railroad,
and asking me for reinforcements. CoL
Powell's regiment being live miles from
here on the Ivnoxville road, I have sent
him an order to march at daylight for,
Ivnoxville, making a forced march! He
is instructed to communicate with you
immediately on his arrival. You will be
in command, .and may make such-disposition
of the forcts as you maythihk ad
visable. Brigadier General W. H. Gar
roll's three regiments have been ordered
to report to me, but have not, reported,
and I have no knowledge where they are.
I have expected them by now at Knox
villc. Have you any knowledge where
they arc ?
F. Iv. Zollicoffeb,
., ,,,.1. I3rigadier General. .,
Telegram. ; , ; '
Charleston, Nov. 10, 1861. ,
Colonel Wood :
A reliable messenger, informs me that
(75) seventy-five Union, soldiers were to
day near Harrison. They had knapsacks,
and wore going to Captain Clift'k.' It is
believed tliat he has fifteen hundred
(1500) men organized.1 1 fl
j :' J.'-D. STOCTi
1' fTcJcgratnij r ' t.
So Wm. II. Snced, ' Jl'J. Cfozter, Major C
.i AboutiJ900,rnienrtpartl,6f KthW. ffoni'
;Bradley,i 1 county, lea'voi Clitf's,'8!in 1 this
jounfy,,jQ.-;dayiiin isquads,9dthcr Ko.qc-.
gantze foroperalions , against this -place'
arid LoVden Bridge, or ip meet Unioh
forces from Kentucky. They haVe-sOmb
w-agpnsand are partly armed. The" reg
imen .is- formidable. Send, word' to
Geneni Zpllicoffer, that ho .may catch'-
them . JOBN u. liOPKrNBi
'TeIegaIn., " ' .
'In Gflamii & Kent - ' . :
JelE Mthis Is within 12 miles of .thiSj
Dlaceuhis 100 irien. Wc can- disperse
.them: 'shall two, do 4t? I,;expect,.help:
from you.jmmediately. . ,
'.. r ;r SfflTH & McKaneyj
' fTeIrgramr ' ' 1 -
yj. Chattanooga", 'Nov. 12,' 1861.
iUo'kneral.Qillcspie?': . ' -
' They have ,ormed p, .campjat JJower's,
near Smith's dross'Iioads. . They may
r'e'turVto'thiplaco-or fVLoden.' They
'(jalculata to ofganizefl,000'merr. Relia
ble..' -. 0?.- rJ-IliHoPKiNS,
jACKSQROi Noyember 18,61,$
1 Sir-Tht express man' "reached, "ma
'thiS '!eve'nirigtat 9 o'cldck.-with two -leU'
fers'fro.m yoji, Ijotb. dated JoyQmber 11.
pu say the toryifor.cfy at fapajv; Hdllow
is augmerillpg from the adjoining coun-.
ties. ": PlbasO state what? county Papaw"
Hollow is in. You 'say, ydu iriclose md
adespatckifrpm. ifohnlLi Hopkins, Chati
.- " .'i "i j i.t. r- t l 1 "
iano.ogaj4uaifnq ucspaicuiiuioseu. -'
"X'h'ayo two. .cavalry companies under
Ca'utaiti Eowan: ridar Oliver's, on tho
road from Knoxville'io' jfontgdme'ry, and
two .near iHuntsvillD1, on thai , road from
Chetwood's-io Montgomery..,; But, your
omission to send the despatch of Hop
kins, and only incidental allusion to cut
ting off somebody near Jungsto wn, leaves
me at a loss wbat orders to send there'.
Please give me all ihe. information you
nave wmcn win, enapiq me .10 iniercepi
any Body of tories attempting to pas's
toward Montgomery, Jamestown, Hunts
ville, or Post Oak Springs. I rejoice
that you have caught six Of the bridgr
burners. I am. yet unadvised what pre
cisc bridges are actually destroyed,, or
whether my intendcd telegrams arq real
ly transmitted over the wires.
I will to-morrow send despatches 'to the
forces near Jamestown, the cavalry near'
Huntsv5n'e, that "near Oliver's, and start
out the cavalry here to commence simulta
neously disarming the Union' inKaMtants.
'You wilLpleaso simuIt'aneouSlySCnd or
ders to all detachments under your comi
and to inaugurate the same movement
at the same time in their various Iocali-1
ties. Their leaders should be seized''
and held as prisoner. The leniency
shown them has been unavailing. They
have acted with duplicity, and should no
lonjrer be trusted.
F. K. ZollicoffeRj Brigadier. General.
Ivnoxville, Oct. 28, 1861.
General--The news of your falling
back to Cumberland Ford has had the
effect of developing a feeling that had
only been kept under by the presence of
troops. It was plainly visible that the
Union men were so glad that they could
hardly repress, an open expression of
their joy. This afternoon it assumed an
open charabter. and some eight or ten of
Vie lulliei or leaders made an attack onsomi
of my men ntarpe. Lamar Souse, .and 'seri-:
ouslj wgundea, severjiu .Gentlemen' "Who
witnessed uie wnoie aiiatr say tnat my
men gavo no offence, and were not at all
to blame. Ihe affair became directly
general, and couriers were sent to ap
prise me at my camp of its existence. I
immediately marched Captain. White'3
cavalry and one hundred of my men into
the town to arrest the assailants,- but
they made their escape.
Ihe Scutherners here are considerably
alarmed, believing that there is a precon
certed plan for a upited action among
the Union men, if by any means the
enqmy should, get into. Tennessee. Lieu-:
tenant Swan told me, to-night that he
heard one say this evening, as Gantain
White's cavalry rode through town, that
"they would do so now, but in less than
ten-days the Unien forces would'bo here'
and'run them off." I cannot well . tell,
you the many evidences of dissafecr,,
tion! which" arejrianifestetL:evory.t.day3
anu me increased. Doiancss matr 11 is as
suming. Very respectfully,
V- B. Wood, Col. Com'g Post.
Headquarters, KxoxviLLr, Tennessee,)
November 1, 1861.
Eon.'-J JP. Benjamin, Secretary of War:
Sir I have to-day written to General
Cooper, in reference to the state of af
fairs in East Tennessed, and the necessi
ty of reinforcements being sent immedi
ately. But, as therq is. a misapprehen
sion in reference to the feeling, of the
late Union party. I have reouestcd Mr.
"'Walker of Richmond, now on a visit here,
to call on you, and give you fuller infor
mation than I can write.
In addition to what I have written to'
General Cooper, I will say that there can
bc, no doubt of the.fact that large parties,
numbering fronij twenty to a hundred, are
every day passing through Uie. narrow
and"un'frequentedy gaps of the mountain
into1 'Kentucky to join' the arniy. My
!courier.just in from Jamestowni informs1
thmCjlthatraifew-'nighta since 01102 hundred
ad Seventy men passed from Roane coun
ty inttfKeriirfcky; ": -j
- I do iioi believe thdfihi Uhionists'ari in the
leaWrecciiciled to the Governtfteni, lut, on the
cmitraftj, are as 'hostile io' it as the jiiqple of
Ohio, and will be' ready to take up arms
as soon as they believe the Lincoln forces
are" near enough to sustain them
Yours, respectfully, W. B. Wood,
1 Colonel Commanding" Post.
' . -ii- .
.-..'. IvnoxvillT, Tenn;, Nov. 10; 1861.
'Oeperal ' Zollicoffer":
t'Sih Information has' beeti. Teeeited
that Mr. Hodges, m'einber'of the? "Legisla
ture, 'has been making ' a' treasonable
spe"ecb over-in' Lewis county. ' Hd is also
suspectedof' having a knowledge, if-hot
1 an 'ttistigator, of the bridge burning'.
' Ho was here yesterday morning, and
we could.havc..arrestcd him, but hicmadci
his escape,' and will probably try to get
E.ive of-the .inqendiaries that burned
tho LicktCreek bridgp have been arrested.
Thojbridgo, at' Union ha.s.bgen destroyed,
onp at Charleston, tw.Q on the Western
and Atlantic Road, below Chattanooga.
Ihqaapmpany aLick Creek,, bu( the incen-
fliaries, deceived (Jiem,and getting possession' bf
llmr guns, took than prisoners,, and accom
plished their finds. ,-;-.
Respect, fully, k , W..B. Wood.
.jNOxyiLEE, Nqv.' 11,11861.
General-S QqoperttAdjulanl General, etc.:'
Sin Mv fp.ars- Rnrpssed to. von hv
r j. .-r . tj i-J re nr. ' -J ' J,
let.terf,and despatches of, the, 4th and 5th
insL have been realized by the .destruc
tion of no less thanliyeiratjroad bridges.
The indications were apparent to me, but
I was powerl.ess. to prevent . i
The whole tounlry now-ys m.aslate of .re
bellion. A thousand men.arp within' six"
miles ofj Strawberry Plasty- Bydge, and.
an attack'.is, contemplated to-morrow I
have sent Col. P,owell, there with 200 'in
fantry, one. pompany of cavalry, " ind
about one JAuiidred citizens armed Witli
shot guns and country rifles
Five hundred! Unionists left Hamilton
county today, wq suppose, to attack
Lowden Briilgq." 1 have Maji , Campbell
thereji'WiUi 200 infantry andt one com
pany of cayalry.
I. have about the, same force, at- this
point and a cavalry company at Wash
ington -Bridge,-. An attack -was made
there on yesterday. O.urjnen succeeded
in beatinfr-.them off, but they arc gath-
eringiiuilargO; force andjmay secure it in
a'dav5Jr two" ' '-vi I -
, . They ivrc not yet fully organized and
have no subsistence, toi enable them to
hold out, long... iA- Jew regiments and
vigorous means would, have a powerful
effect in puttingit'down.. Amild or con
ciliating policy " wilPdo no good; they
must be punished and some of the leaders
punished to the extent of the laws.
1 have, arrested six ot tlie men tvIio
were bngaged in .firing the Lick Creek
Bridge, and I desire to. have instructions
from you as to the proper disposition, of
them. The slow course of civil law in
punishing such incendiaries, it seems to'
me, will not have the salutary effect which :
I learncdlfrom two gentlemen just ar
rived, that another -camp is being fprmed
about, two. .miles from here; in Sevier
county, and, .already 300 are an camp.
They ara being reinforced from Blount,
jBoane, JohnsOn, Greene, Oarter.and other
-counties ... 11.
X feel it to be my dnty to place" this
city underMartial Law, as there were a
largcmajority cf tJic people sympathising with
Hie enemy, and communicating witH them by
the unfrequented mountain paths' and to
prevent-surprises and the destruction of
public property. I need not say tliat great
alarni is felt by the few Soutliernmenhere.
They aro iinding places of safety for their
families, and would gladly enlist if, we
had arms for them. I have, had all. the
aams in the city seized, and authorized
Major Campbell to impress all he can
find in the hands of -Union men. Very
truly. "Wm. B. Wood,
LETTEIi 1'IlOM W0(2D TO BENJAMIN.
- Knoxyilee, Nov. 20", 1861.
lip Hon. J. JP. Benjamin, Secretary of , War,:.
Sir, The rebellion in East Tennessee
has been put down in some of the coun
ties, and "wiirbc effectually suppressed
rin'lcss'than twoiwebkoin -all the.coun-
jties. Their camps4in Sevier and. Hamil
ton counties Thave been broken up, and a
large, number of them made' prisoners.
Some "are confined in this place1 and oth
ers' sent to Nashville. In a foi'mer coni,
munication I inquired of ,tho Department
what Lshould do. It is a mere farce to
arrest them and turn them over to the
courts. Instead of having the effect to
intimidate: them it really gives encou
ragement and. emboldens theni in their
traitorous.conduct. Patterson, the son-
in-law of Andrew Johnson, State Senator'
'Pickens, and several" other meniDers or
the 'Legislature, be'sidfcs others' "of influ
ence, and..distinction in their counties. ,
These;men,havc( encouraged therebelhon.
but have so managed as not to be found
in arms". 1 Nevertheless, all their actions
arid words hive? been unfriendly' to: the
Government of the Confederate States.
Their wealth and influence have been ex
erted in favbTof ilie Lincoln Govern
ment, and they are the parties-mosP'td
Klnmp- . .... )?
They really deserve , the gallows, and,
,if consisferit with the laws', ought speed
ily to receive their-deserts. But there s
such a gentle spirit of. conciliation in the"
boutb, and especially here, that I haya
no idea "that 'One of them will receive
such a sentence at. the hands oMny jury-.
l.nave oeen liere at this station for three
months, half the time in command of this
iuai,, uuux naa a gooa opTortunity ot
learning the feeling pervSdirigTKis coun .
try. B is hostile to theQonfaitra'U Govern
ment. They unll ta.Tie.the oathof aUegianees
tcUh no intention io observe it. flliey are the
slaves of JbJinson and Maynard and never
intend to be otherwise. WJien arrested, ffietf
suddenly bearnie-veryulmiisiueiiLnCi declare
they aro for peace,: and not, supporters o"
thp Lincoln overnmentj-.butryet claim,
fo be Union men. At one time. wbiT
-our force's were at Knoxville, they gave
it put tbatagreal change had taken nlaca
..uijEastTenpesseCi and! that the people
were Becoming loyat.
M Hie withdrawaiof Jhe army.frflm hereta
ihe Gap, and (fie jfirst inlirnationaf ihe op
proath of the 'Lincoln Army, (Rey were, ne
arms, anajcarcclyaman out was veadu to ;a
it, and make war upon us. -ThefDrisonera
"we have all tell, us that they had every
ihcStafe, and would join thenrfh a fen
days. I have requested at leastrthat the
prisoners I hava taken be held, if not as
traitors, as prisoners of war., '.To release
them is ruinous. To convict them before
Courtis iext. to impossibility But if
ihey arekept' in' prison for six;- 'months,
t will hae a1 good effectl . " ,
a no unage-Durners and. spies ouguc
to' be tried at once. ' , j,xVt
; Very respectfully yous ;t
.: . ... . .; . :i?y5JD-
' benjamin's iseplt:
.1 , ., 'WARtDEEARTMENjT, ;
, , Richmond, Nbv.-2j3,.1861j
Col. W.B.Wood i 'i-- ' ' "Aii
ji i. . . -71
Sir Your, report of the20tliHnstanfc
is jeceivedK,an.d -IiUo.w proce"cdto give
you the. de'siredKinstuction,jn;.TeIatiott
to the prisoners ,of jvar takeniby yoa
among the' traitors, ofEast Tennessee r
jFirai 'Alt suchjas can. be; identified in
having been engaged, in bridgeiburning
are to be tried .summarily by drum-7ieaaT
Court TdkrtiaX, and Vf found guilty, exe
cuted on the.spot by hanging. It would la
well to- leave, their bodies hangingin the vidn?
ify of ifa burned bridges. .1 .
j3econct All such as. have not-been sa
'engag'edi'are to be trcatedas prisoners.ot.
-watr'antl'sent with' an armedJguard to
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, there' to be kept
imprisoned at the depot selected: by the
Goycrnment for prisoners of warl
Whenever you can discover, that arms;
arc concentrated by these traitors, yoa
will send out- detachments, search for
and seize the arms. In no case is one of
ihe menlniown to havebeen vp in arms against
vie uovernment to be released oji, any pledge
or oath of allegiance. The time 'for such
measures is past. Ttiey'aref aft to be
held as prisoners of war, .and'iheld in.
jail to the endof the war, Suchas come
in voluntarily, take the oath of allegi
ance, and surrender their arms, are alone
to-be treated with leniency.
Your yigilant execution of these orders
is earnestly urged by the Government.
Your obedient servant,
7. P. Benjamin,
t Secretary of War.
Col. W. Bl Woo'd,, Ivnoxville, Tenn.
P; S. Judge Patterson (Andy John
son's son-in-law, Rem. Corresp.),"' Colonel
PickenS; and other ring-leaders- of tha
same class, mu3t be sent at once fo Tus
caloosa to jail as prisoners of war.
Embalming the Bead;
A Washington, correspondent gives the
following account of the, processpf em
balming adopted there :
"The body is placed, on an inclined
platform ; the mouth, ears, npse, etc., are
stopped with cotton ; if wounded, cotton
is put in tho wound, and a plaster is pufe
on ; an incision is made in the wrist, the
attachment is made from an air-pump,
and fluid injected into the arteries. The
wound is then sewed- tip and the body
hoisted up to dry. To save the eyes from,
sinking in, wax is put under the eyelids.
The baicifound to. come putyery easy;
but after the embalming-it could riot be
removed. Tho bodies take on an aver
age, about seven quarts, but General Lan-
dcr took sefenteen quarts. There were
some eight bodies on hand ; some had
been, there thirty days.. The operators
say in four months the body will become
solidified like marble, but.no chance has
yetbeenhadto prdiVe .it. Colonel Baker's
body, On arriving atrSSn "Francisco, was
in an advanced state of decomposition.
Dr. Holmes, late of Williamsburg, Long
Islandis the oldest in the business here,
and I am told he' has made thirty thou
sand dollars. :i
- "Messrs. Brown arid' Alexander are
trying to get a bill thro.ugh. Congress for
the exclusive right to embalm bodies,
aild fo have Congress authorizea' corps
bf cmbalmers for each ' division The
charges are 50 for an ofBcerand' $25 for
a-privatej apd I must say the.bodtes look
as life-like as if they were asleep.
. 1 .... , - n. . : !r
j FortPulaski, just takeji by ourforce,'-
was built at a cost of 963,000.