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The Vnmt, A SEniors railroad accultot occurred near Augusta, Me., by which two men lost their lives ami several were seveioly injured. Kev. Dr. Charles D. Jackson, rector of St. Peter's Church, .Westchester, and John R. Hurd, formerly President of the Marine In surance Company, of New York, died on the 25th inst. The village of Fitchville, in Connecticut, with mills, water power, etc., was sold on the 2Sth inst., to Henry Water man, of Providence, K. I., for $65,000. A new manufacturing enterprise is to be established there. Michael McLaughlin, of Philadelphia, who shot James McGee in that city about one year ago, gave himself up to Officer Frazer, of the Broadway, N. Y., squad, on the 29th ult., stating that the case had so preyed upon his mind that he could not rest. He was taken to the Central office and locked up. Mrs. Eliza L. Constant's suit against St. Albans Church, X. Y., to recover money advanced in aid of the Church fair, resulted in a verdict in favor of Mrs. Con stant for $-4,40. Jacob Manchester, of the firm of Manchester, Hopkins k Co., of Frovidence, K. I., a prominent business man, died suddenly on the 29th ult. At the meeting of the Episcopal General Theological Seminary, held in New York on Friday, during an exciting discussion, ex Judge Tell, one of the Trustees, who was speaking, fell dead with heart disease. This, of course, brought the meeting to a close at once. Judge Bell occupied a seat on the bench in New York about thirty years ago, and was in the 70th year of his ago at the time of his death. He was very prominent in all matters affecting the Episcopal Church. Walter B. Ilartman, a well-known and wealthy citizen of New York, formerly con nected with different insurance companies, died on Friday, in his 73d year. Ex-Judge Stuart on Friday applied for a writ of error and a stay of the proceedings in the case of Foster, to" Judge Ingraham, but the latter, in view of the fact that Judge Barnard and himself constitute the court before whom the case must first come on the appeal, thought it improper to hear any discussion, and declined to interfere. Horace Greeley has an article in the Tribune on " Lies that are Mountainous," respecting falsehoods cir culated about him by the newspapers, thus concluding: "It docs seem to us that a journal that can find no better topic frr a leader than some editor's boots or personal appearance should bo kicked out of every decent family as too empty and shallow to justify toleration." The beer question was decided at Boston, on the 1st inst., by a majority of 5,025 in the affirmative. This was a very light vote, pnd very little interest was manifested. The result was : Yeas, 7,411 ; nays, 1,105. The Wear. The Indian raid on Warren's wagon team, near Fort Richardson, some time since, in which seven men were killed, and forty mules captured, was designed for the cap ture of Gen. Sherman, of whose coming the Indians had knowledge. When the attack was made, one of the chiefs was heard to give an order to take Captain Sherman alive. Hon. H. C. Bullis, the recently nominated Republican candidate for Lieutenant Gov ernor of Iowa, was thrown from his carriage on Monday, and sustained such injuries as will probably cause his death. Morris Knight, a well-known real estate and insur ance agent, while bathing in the Ohio river, below Cincinnati, on the 27th inst., under took to swim to the Kentucky shore, and in the effort was drowned. He cried for help, but too late. He had thirty thousand dol lars insurance on his life. A little eirl was suffocated in a barn at Detroit, on Wednes day morning, at an early hour. The barn was on fire. Two young men were arrested in Cincinnati, at a restaurant, on a charge of having swindled Winslow t Co.'s bank ing house, of Chicago, out of $4,000 in money. Tart of the money was recovered. Judge Morton, in the District Court of Kansas, at Topeka, on Wednesday, sentenced Lewis Ford and Mary Jane Sealles to be hanged on the 17th of August, for murdering the hus band of the latter last November. Ford confessed that he killed Sealles, and that Mrs. Sealles was present, ut did not assist. He also says he has cohabited with her since he was 10 years old, and she often had asked him to kill her husband. Ford is about 22 years old and Mrs. Sealles 40. The mur dered man was quite old. A German la borer, of East Hamilton, Ohio, dangerously shot himself recently, with a pistol, while endeavoring to show by-standers how Mr. Vallandigham killed himself. IIokacb Gheelev and Colonel Taggart have been invited by the Oregon Agricul tural Society to tell the visitors at the agri cultural fair in the autumn what they know about farming. Captain George S. Torter, formerly Fost Warden, and one of the oldest residents of San Francisco, died on the 29th ult. The building in Janesville, Wis., known as the "Bigllill" was destroyed by fire on the 29th ult. Burglars have been numerous in Duluth, 111., of late, and have taken a number of " tricks" in that village. John Palmer, a resident of Detroit for 52 years, and for 35 years agent of the -Etna Insurance Company, died late on the 29th ult., aged 74 years. The Pacific Hotel, now building in Chicago, covers an area of an acre and a half of ground. It will cost about $800,000. A terrible tragedy took place at Black Earth, Minn., on the 29th ult. A worthless fellow, named Sanders, coming home drunk, shot his wife, a milliner, three times, so that she cannot live. He fired at his n.other-in law, Mrs. Fisher, who saved herself with a chair. Then the neighbors were attracted by the noise, came ir., and were about to lynch him, when he shot him self dead. Chicago' pet base ball club, the White Stockings, (now known as the " timids,") was again defeated, on Friday last, by the Olympics from Washington. Committees are visiting the different Western cities so liciting aid for the destitute people of Eldo rado, Kan., which, it will be remembered, was almost totally destmved by a tornado a short time since. Chief justice Chase passed through East Saginaw on Friday on his way to the St. Louis (Mich.) magnetic springs, where he expects toppend part of the sum mer. -A quarrel having its origin in bad wliUkv and gambling, occurred at a place called Six-Mile House, in Madison county, 111., on Sunday last, between three men named Benton Brooks, George Mathews and Gabano Marine, which resulted in the mur der of Brooks, he being stabbed and hacked with knives in a horrible manner. Mathews and Marine were arrested and lodged in jail at Edwardsville. A Silt Like dispatch of the 1st says : The Tribune of to-day contains a proclama tion issued by the Hon. George A. Black, Secretary and Acting Governor, forbidding all musters, parties, or gathering of the mi litia of Utah, or of armed persons within the Territory, except by the Governor's orders, or by order of the Lnited States Marshal, in case a posse comitatus is required to enforce the order of the court. The proclamation has been issued in view of certain orders of Daniel II. Wells, calling himself Lieutenant General, an office not recognized by the Government, which orders out three com panies of infantry, one of artillery, and one of cavalry, ostensibly to participate in the Mormon procession on the 4th of July. The attempt is made in order to maintain the organization of the Nauvoo Legion outside of the Governor of the Territory. It is gen erally believed that the Morraons will not attempt to carry out their scheme in face of the proclamation. If they do, the laws will be enforced, and trouble may ensue. The Cincinnati police made a raid on the gamb ling houses on Saturday night, about mid night, and captured fifteen of the principal gamblers in the city, together with a num er of players, iucludingone member of the Council, who are held as witnesses. Two or three days since, David F. Sanderson, a partner in the banking house of J. A. Davis it Co., Eureka, 111., left for parts unknown, with all the lunds he could get hold of. The amount of the deficit is not exactly known, but will probably reach $20,000. The trans continental excursion leaves Indianapolis on the 12th. President Grant and Senator Mor ton have been invited. Gen. Burnside ad dressed the merchants of Cincinnati on Sat urday, on behalf of the Vincennes and Cairo railway. He wants subscriptions amount ing to $150,000 or $200,000, The South. A collision between a construction train and a hand-car occurred on Tuesday, on the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, near Moselle, Mo., killing two men instantly and injuring several others. Cotton and corn in Tennes see average one third less than last year. Joseph Deggendorf, the ex-City Comptroller of St. Louis, denies any over issue of treasury warrants, and intimates an inten tion to'sue the Common Council Committee for libel. The report of the Committee has been adopted by the Council, and suit will bo instituted against Deggendorf. Horace Capron, the Commisssoner of Agriculture, has tendered the President his resignation, which takes effect August 1. This is in ac cordance with the contract, entered into two months ago, with the Japanese Government, through the Commission sent to this coun try for the purpose of introducing and de veloping in that kingdom the industrial ideas of the United States. Capron is em powered to procure models of agricultural and industrial machinery, even to appli ances for railroading, and will take with him a geologist, a civil engineer, and other mem bers of tho corps, for scientific and industrial investigation. . After the Cabinet meeting, on the 29th ult., Commissioner Tleasonton had a long interview with the President, and afterwards proceeded to the office of Secretary Bout well, where the two had an extended con versation. Although nothing positive con cerning it has transpired, the belief is that it had reference to a clearer understanding of their respective duties, as it is known the President is friendly to both the gentlemen, aud desires that there shall be harmony in the administration of all the business de partments. Baron Gerolt, the German Min ister, took formal leave of the President on the 29th ult., the usual appropriate and com plimentary addresses being exchanged. Philip R. Freas, of Germantown, Pa., has telegraphed that he must, for personal and business reasons, decline the position of Commissioner of Agriculture, tendered him by President Grant. The grand total of in ternal revenue receipts for the fiscal year to date is $144,278,003. Edward Lyles, former ly of Russelville, Ky., was foully murdered at a picnic on Thursday, four miles below Memphis, by a jealous rival named Early Easom, who walked up behind him and shot him through the head. He then lied to the woods. TnE funeral of Gen. Ketcham at Washing ton, on Friday, was largely attended. The following officers wero pall bearers : Quartermaster-General Meigs, Commissary-General Eaton, Gen. Dyer, Chief of Ordnance; Gen. rickets, Gen. "Charles E. Thomas, re tired Colonel O'Neil Sprague, retired General Eaton, Paymaster, and Assistant Surgeon General Coane. A number of removals and changes in the various bureaus of the In terior Department have been made recently, aud a good many more will be made, in the course of a few days, especially in the Pen sion and Land Ollices. Some fifty removals have been made in the Land Office since the change in the Commissioner. The decrease in the internal revenue collections for tho fiscal year ending June 30, as compared with last year, is $40",2J6,5S4. Customs receipts for the fiscal year ending June 30th, were $204,457,991, against $191,305,852 for the previous fiscal j'ear. During the six months of the present year, from Jan. 1 to June 30, since which date the reduced tariff law has been in operation, collections were $104,403, 8S5, against $s,55,751 collected during the corresponding six months in the previous fiscal year, showing an increaso in customs receipts under the reduced law of $5,808,lr5. Foreign. In the French Assembly recently, Andef fett presented a report respecting contracts made during the war. The report accuses a number of persons of corruption in office, among whom is Victor Place, the late French Consul at New York. The new French loan has been carried, and the sub scription books closed. The London Gazette announces that the ratifications of the Treaty of Washington were exchanged on the 17th inst., and that the Commissioners will shortly be named to carry the stipula tions into effect. All British subjects hav ing claims against the United States, are re quested to prefer them within six months from the first meeting of the Commission. The deaths from small-pox in London reach about 240 weekly, Gabriac goes to Berlin as the diplomatic representative of France. The trial of Rochefort has been set down for the 3d of July. Tho court martial, while in session at Marsailles, pronounced the fol lowing sentences: Cremieux and rellisier, death ; Duclos, Marten, Hostorg, Breton and Cacturt, transportation to ten years' labor in the galleys; Ebrard, ten gears' imprison ment. Six of the accused have been ac quitted. The grand review of the French army took place at Longchamps on June 29th. One hundred thousand men, under command of McMahon, were drawn up in line and reviewed by Thiers and other mem bers of the Government. In the Assen bly, on the 2th ult., M. Tonyer Quertier stated that in less than six hours the agents of the treasury collected four thousand five hun dred millions of francs for the new loan, of which Faris subscribed two thousand five hundred millions. The provinces have not all been heard from, and the total amount of the subscriptions had not been ascertained. Tho Minister of Finance, commenting upon the fact, said: "This state of things en ables the Government to hasten the deliver ance of the country. We shall not wait for the dates fixed by the treaty at Frankfort, hut shall nnv thn indemnity instnllmenta nt once." Bismarck has cafled in the first issue of fifty-one millions of the German bonds, the interest of which will cease on the. first of January next. A oiler explo sion occurred at Rid's Grove, England, on the 29th ult., occasioning the death of six men. Serious riots have recently occurred at Silesia. Soldiers were called out to quell the riots, and in doing so killed seven rioters and wounded thirty. The correspondents of the London papers all agree that the review at Longchamps and the French loan were both successful. One writer says that he thought the revenge upon Germany is uppermost in tho minds of the Parisians, who still hope for an opportunity to readjust the fr6ntier. The Official Jour nal, commenting on the review at Long champs, remarks : "We have shown Eu rope an army 100,000 strong, valorous and ably commanded, which has saved the cause of civilization. We have also called for two milliards of money, and have been offered live milliards. The nation evidently re covers." Terrible accounts are still received of the famine in Persia. At Yezd some five hundred children have been killed and eaten by the starving Mohammedan popula tion. So severe is the famine in certain parts that not only the dates and sugar caravans have been seized and eaten by the inhabi tants of the villages through which they passed, but the pack mules were greedily devoured. A dispatch from Shanghai con firms the announcement of the capture of the Tzanghoa forts by the Americans, with slight loss. The Coreans had 240 killed and a great many wounded It is said in official circles that Minister Low is with Admiral Rodgers at Corea. It seems certain that the conduct of the Admiral is approved by the Government. Advices from Taris state that, by order of the War Department, the army of General Vinoy is dissolved. The army of Versailles is divided into six corps, commanded, re spectively, by Generals Montauban, Bataille, Barrail, Douay, Clinchaut, and Bourbaki. General L'Admirault is appointed Governor of Taris. Troops had commenced leaving Taris, in conformity with tho treaty of Frankfort. Tho artillery in and around Goncsse will be withdraw! in a few days. Orders have been issued from the German headquarters forbidding officers of the army of occupation from entering Paris. Tho French elections were proceeding quietly. Gambetta is certainly elected. Panama let ters of June 20 state that the survey of the Napinin River routo for the Darien Ship Canal is satisfactory, tho route having been demonstrated to be practicable, and that Commander Selfridge was at Panama, await ing tho return of tho surveying party which ascended the Atrato river, and for the store ship Guard, when tho entire expedition would sail for home. The United States frigate California, Captain Clitz, flagship of the Pacific squadron, arrived atCal ao, Peru, June 9, 88 days from New York all tho way, except 46 hours, under sail only al most an unprecedented voyage. The Public Debt Statement. Tho following is tho July statement of the public debt : rul.t Waring cola interent $t,88S,l.Vl,rv Accrual interest 4l.27a.3is IK-Iit (tearing Currency interest 4t,.V3,iiiio Interest 42"M Matured debt - l.MS.'Kia Intern - 317,331 Hearing no intern 416,.Vi.6so Unclaimed tnterent ll,2t2 Total dtbt-Princiral ....8.'.3'.3.21 1.332 interest 4.VCt,73.'i Gran.lt ot al $2,3ys,2 1 s,ojs Coin in Treasury $,f3,W( Currency in Treasury y,A33,3f3 . $Iit'..217,323 Pecrease during pant month S7,103,3t(.t Decrease since March 1, In'.'J 213,432.42.') Tho following U a recapitulation of tho statement of hondM purchased hy the Treasury Department which have been canceled and destroyed: Principal ?212.sK.,7.'in Paid in currency 23y,U'.,l"2 Currency value of interest accrued on bond bouizht Hat 30.MS Net cost in currency 23'..7.I73 Net cost estimated in gold I'JS,12t,.Vty Bonds issued by Pacific railroad companion, interest payable in lawful money: Principal outstanding .. ff4,6is.832 Interest accrued Htid not yet paid 1 .,A'K..'' I Interest paid by l'nite.1 States ln,7."3,'l Interest repaid by transportation of mails.... 2,y73,61 Italaucu of interest paid by United States 7.70,01'J War on the Coreans. Tho following was received at the Navy Department on the 28th inst., from Corea, under date of the 23d : To the Secretary of the Navy. The Coreans not apologizing for their treacherous attack on the 1 0th, we landed on Kang Noo and took and destroyed the lower fort and munitions. On tho 11th we took another fort, and then stormed and captured a stronghold. Five forts have been taken. The troops which defended them are reported as numbering 11,000. There was desperate hand to hand fighting in the cita del. The ordnance was destroyed, 4SI pieces, principally small brass pieces ; very many small amis, and 50 Hags were taken. We counted 243 dead Coreans around the citadel. We had three killed. They were the gallant Lieut. McKee, who was the first inside the citadel killed with bullet and spear; ma rine Dennis Hamahan, and landsman Seth Allen. Of nine wounded, all are out of dan ger and doing well. (Signed) John Rodgers, Commodore U. S. N. A Modern Lueretla Ilorgia A Terrible Career of Crime. Mrs. Lydia Sherman was arrested at New Brunswick, X. J., on the 1st inst, by ollicers from Connecticut, who charged her with having poisoned, at different times three husbands and two step-children, the off-springs of her last husband in a previous marriage. The statements of the ofllcers leave no doubt that the woman is guilty of one of the most startling and sensational series of crimes that has ever been commited in this country. This woman married a Jerseyman nearly ten years ago, and after living with him three years he died suddenly, and under circumstances which occasioned considerable comment. The second husband she married in Connecticut, and he died under equally suspicious circumstances, But as noth ing was then known of the former mysterious death, no action was taken. Early in 1870, at Derby, Conn., the woman married Nealson II. Sherman, a widower with two children, one G and the other 15 years old. Within nine months these three died, all under the same unaccountable circumstances. After the death of the oldest child, which occurred last, Mrs. Sherman went to New Brunswick to visit, also to Phila delphia. Immediately after she had left Derby, and succeeding the death of the child, the friends of Sherman took steps to investigate the matter, and to that end had the body of Sherman and those of tho two children exhumed, and undeniable evidence of poison was found upon all three of tho bodies ; it was plainly seen in the stomach of the last burietl of the three. The poison was vegetable, and of an unusual character. Heligoland A Description or the Island Coveted by Prussia A correspondent of tho Pall Mall Ga zette writes : " I see the Heligoland ques tion has tinned up again, and a few won I A of description may not bo with out interest to your readers, for there is no :dacc liko it on the face of the earth. It is a tall, red hill rising straight out of tho waters, with a sandbank on one side. On the sand, and part of the way up tho hill, is the town or rather vil lage. It was inhabited in former times by pilots and wreckers, but now they have degenerated into lodging-house keepers. Heligoland is the Margate of Hamburg. Thither stream tho. inhab itants of that rich city to play at rouge-et-noir (at least, they did whilo I was there) and to enjoy sea bathing. Thero is a regular season in tho summer months, and sometimes many passen gers who aio brought in the steamer aro obliged to sleepy on board, and to go back again, tho island being full. Ev ery house probably takes in lodgers, but then, thero aro not very many houses. Tho bathers resort to a neighboring sand-bank, a sister island, which tho Governor, it will bo remembered, some time ago stocked with rabbit", which be gan eating up the grass which held tho sand bank together, so that tho Heligo landers became furious, and talked of shaking off tho English yoke. Howev er, the rabbits wero all shot, the island ers nacified, and nothing more was said of their old Frisian constitution. Their language is German, but they detest that nation oven more than they do ourselves. They are not English, even though they aro English subjects ; they aro not German, though they speak German. They are Ileligolanders, tho noblest of created beings ; all foreign ers are skit, which, in their homely dia lect, means dirt. The top of tho island hill, and, as well as I can remember, about tho size of tho Green Park. Thero is a well known story of a man from tho far West and thereforo only accustomed to see land only on a largo scale who paid a visit to England. When asked how ho enjoyed himself, he replied, Very much ; only I never went out at night for fear of falling ofT." In Heligoland thero is really a danger of such an accident happening to any one who, from tho force of habit, should continue to walk too long in any one direction." A Noonday Hank Robbery. From tho Utica (N. Y.)Ovnorver, 19th. The inhabitants of Fulton county have been in a high state of excitement sinco Saturday noon, caused by tho rob bery of tho Gloveisville Bank, at Glo versville, in the early part of Saturday afternoon, and tho killing of Marcus Dye, in tho same village, at 1 o'clock yesterday morning. Tho following aro all the particulars of the robbery which we aro allowed to make public at pres ent: Between 1 and 2 o'clock on Satur day afternoon, a man came into tho , Gloversville Bank . and inquired how large a Government stamp it was neces sary to aflix to a mortgage for $1,000. The teller replied, " A $1 stamp." The man thanked him and stepped back from tho counter to a small desk to make way for other parties who entered at tho time. After these parties had been waited on, the man approached tho teller's desk and said ho observed that the bank advertises " Northern Facific bonds for sale," and engaged the teller in conver sation about railroad securities, making a special inquiry in regard to the value of the Fonda, Johnstown and Glovers ville Railroad bonds as an investment. The teller gave him all tho information in his power. After further conversation on various subjects, the stranger thanked the teller for the information received, and left tho bank. While teller was thus engaged, a second party, who was, without doubt, the 44 pal" of the inquisi tive stranger, obtained access to tho vault of tho bank and succeeded in ab stracting from it available funds to tho amount of $15,000, and about $10,000 worth of North Carolina coupon and other bonds. National Brains. An elaborate paper was read, not very long ago, before tho Royal Society, in which the existing evidence as to the weight of brain among different nations was analyzed. The average brain-weight for the English is stated to be 47.50 ounces; for tho French, 44. 5S ; for the Germans, 42.83 ; but thero are discre pancies in the results of different ob servers, some giving a greater average than this to the Germans. Tho Italians, Lapps, Swedes, Frisians, and Dutch, come into the same category with the English. Among the Asiatic races, the Vedahs, of Ceylon, and the Hindoos give a mean of oyer 42.11 ounces. Tho skulls of Musselmans afford. a slightly increased average of brain-weight over those of tho Hindoos. Two skulls of male Khonds one of the unquestioned aboriginal races of India show a brain weight of only 37.87 ounces. The gen eral average of tho Asiatic table shows a diminution of more than two ounces when compared with the Europeans. Tlie general mean of tho African races is less than that of European races, al though there aro great differences ; the Kaffro rising high, and the Bush man sinking low, in tho scale. The average of the whole of the original American races reaches 44.73 ounces, which it 2.14 ounces less than that of the European races. The Australian races show a brain-weight one-ninth less than that of the general average of Europeans. Tho Malays and others of tho Oceanic races, who migrated boldly, for commercial purposes, over tho North and South Facific Ocean, and occupy tho islands, show a tolerably high aver age of brain-weight ; and, on arriving at this section, wo return in some measure to the large brain-weight of Europeans. Fat Men. It is a striking fact that most persons want to weigh more than they do, and measure their health by their weight, as if a man wero a pig, valuable in propor tion to his heaviness. The rncer is no! fat a good plough horse has but moderate amount of flesh. Heavy men are not those which experienced con tractors employ to build railroads and dig ditches. Thin men, the world over, are the men for endurance ; are the wiry and hardy; thin people live the longest. The truth is, fat is a disease, and as a proof, fat people are never well a day at a time are not suited for hard work. Still, there is a medium between as fat' as a butter-ball and as thin and' juiceless as a fence-rail. For mere looks, moderate rotundity is mostly de sirable, to havo enough flesh to cover angularities. To accomplish this in the shortest time, a man should work but little, -sleep a great part of the time, allowing nothing to worry him, keep al ways in a joyous laughing mood, and live chiefly on albuminates, such as boil ed cracked wheat, and rye, and oats, and corn, and barley, with sweet milk, and butter-milk, and fat meats. Sugar is tho best fatlener known. The production of sheet-iron plates coated with copper and brass is a new branch of industry in England. It is claimed for this product that the plates present great advantages to tho makers of finished goods, compared with tinned or galvanized plates, as they can be an nealed as much aa requisite during the process of stamping, without injury to the copper or brass coating; and that they also aro superior to sheet copper or sheet brass, because articles manufac tured from them are not so readily bent or dented as when they aro made of brass or copper, and they can bo burn ished, planished, or spun, and so brought up to any required degree of finish. Care of Farm Stock. From tho American Stock Journal. Livo stock on a farm is a necessity ; the farm cannot bo utilized without it. It is, therefore, an important part of the farmer's capital, and all capital is, or should be, invested' with a view of profit. If I invest my capital in bonds or mortgages, I expect those bonds or mortgages to bo worth more at tho end of tho year than they were at tho com mencement by at least six per cent, to me, at it is fair to presume that tho bor rower lias realized by tho use of this capital in his business a much larger percentage. NoWj if I invest this capi tal in livo stock with which to work my farm, I should realize as much profit as tho lender and borrower of capital both added together. If I fail to do this, my investment is not a judicious one, or my management of it has not been good. I might try to excuse my mismanagement by saying I had "bad luck" is charged with a great deal that it is not guilty of. 44 Bad management" always tries to shift the responsibility of its own negli gence on to shoulders of 44 bad luck." If my horses are killed by a stroke of lightning, that is bad luck ; but if they are lessoned in value by being over worked, underfed, not sheltered from cold storms, hide-bound for the want of curry-comb and brush properly applied, lame for the want of being properly shod, havo sore shouldei by the collar beinj too largo or too small, or not of tho right construction, an eye knocked out by being struck over tho head by a club or the butt-end of a whip when the owner or driver is in a passion all this is bad management, and it is even worse than that; it is cruelty. One thousand dollars invested in farm stock and treated thus may not be worth five hundred dollars at the end of the year, whereas, if properly treated, may have earned from fifty to one hundred per cent, to its owner during the year, be sides its keep, and still be worth the original cost, or more by having im proved in condition. I cannot expect to thrive as a farmer, unless I give my personal attention to my farm stock every day. I must get up early in tho morning, go to the horso stable, see that my horses have something to eat and that they have an appetite to eat it, see that they are well rubbed down and clean, and that they have a clean floor to stand or lie down on, see that they get as much clean wa ter to drink as they want. I then go to the cow stable, see that every cow is on her feet, has an appetite, and something to satisly it, see that each animal is in a proper condition to be milked. 1 next go to the pig-pen, seo that the trough is in good condition to receive their food, that the food is properly prepared be fore giving it to them and that they all come up to the trough with an appetite. And last, though not least, I give my attention to the poultry ; visit every coo), see that the 44 cluck" is as comfor table as she can be under the circum stances, and that her young brood are all on their feet, see if any of tho poul try are drooping, and if so, havo such removed at once and put under treat ment. There is but seldom any occasion for this, as I believe m 44 an ounce of prevention being worth more than a pound of cure." I keep my poultry house clean and well ventilated, remove tho droopings every few days, white wash with lime the perches and all the interior of the building, keep plenty of clean water within reach and occasion ally drop in a little copperas of sulphur, feed regularly and not much at a time. Where poultry has a good out-door range in lield or woods, they require very little grain ; but I think best to give them a light feed in tho morning, which brings them all under my view, and another in the evening, which in duce them all to come home. In my morning round I talk to the animals in each stable, pat and caress some or all of them with my hand, which familiarizes them to my presence and assures them of my caro and pro tection ; it has a good inlluence, too, on their thriftiness. 1 take notice how an employe enters the stable, and how tho stock is alfected by his presence. If they shy off from him, indicating fear, I per ceive that the relations between him and them aro not so harmonious as they should be, and in as pleasant-i manner as I am capable of reason wiui him on the impropriety of his mode of treating stock, which is damaging to my inter ests. This generally removes the trou ble, and if it does not, I embrace the earliest opportunity of replacing him with one of a genial temperament. These last remarks will apply with force to the milkers. Each milker should have a certain number of cows to milk all the time, so that the cow and tho milker become mutually at tached to each other. I take some pride in having my stock to look well, and I find it pays. When ever I, have any to spare I can get the highest price for it. My horses aro al ways in condition to do a good day's work. My cows are in a condition to make the most milk or butter out of what they consume; my pigs arc always fit for market, and the receipts from sales of poultry and eggs is no small item in footing up the profits of my farm at the end of the year. I claim that my suc cess in farming is achieved in a quiet measure by taking good care of my farm stock. A. M. CirriD Tested nv Mathematics. A literary gentleman of Madame Do Lan ny's acquaintance paid her marked at tention for a considerable time. It was his habit to call for her at a friend's house where she usually passed the day, to oiler her his arm, and to seo her home. After an interval, however, at about tho time when a declaration might havo been expected, tho atten tion of the man of letters relaxed some what. Ho still manifested a regard for her, but not so intense a reg.ird as he had shown at first. It had been his wont, in passing through a largo squaro on the way to tho lady's home, to take her round the two sides of the square: as his fervor abated, ho still cscorteu her home ho could not at onco give up tho practice but he made short work of it. Instead of going along tho two sides of tho square, he 44 split tho differ ence," and crossed it diagonally. 44 Then" tho witty lady remarks, 44 1 concluded that his regard for me had at least diminished by tho difference between the diagonal and the two sides of a square." The Kesources of t lie Voice. When Rossini began to develop his peculiar style, which gives tho singer opportunity to make all tho excellences of a well-cultivated instrument availa ble, voices wero raised against him even in Italy. The complaint was made that, instead of taking tho predcessors, Ci maiosa, Zingarelli, tVc, for his models, and letting tho singer produce his affect through tho beauty of a sustained tone, he has turned tho human voice into an instrument and destroyed the natural power of tone. If wo compare Rossini's demands upon the singers with tho style of the older 'Italian opera, if wo consult the traditions which havo como down to us from that epoch, it will be come clear enough to us that the charm felt in the fullness and power of tho hu man organ in its highest development has been perceptibly weakened by Ros sini, in order to make room for a mora one-sided culture of mere technical facility. To be sure, the older Italian singers trained themselves to a facility in passages, which scarcely fell short of that of the newer singers of tho Ros sini school. But their chief aim was tho tone itself, and tho effect produced upon the hearers purely by this. What wo read of tha formation of the tone, tho cultivation, of the breath, the flexibility of the voice, in tho singer of that time, judged by our present ideas, sounds al most fabulous. The singer Ferri, for example, who died in 1710, is said to have possessed such a control over his voice, that in the delivery of passages of feeling he actually thrilled his hearers. Yet at tho same time ho had developed his technical facility to such a degree, that he executed consecutive trills, fjr instance, through two octave, upwind I down, in one breath, such passages re quiring fifty seconds time. Similar I things are told of Sassaroli, soprano castrato of the King of Saxony, who sang as late as 1820 in a musical festival at Gorlitz. Farinelli (died 1782) executed in one breath passages requiring fifty seconds time. Moreover, it is said that he could increase his tone to such a de gree of strength, that it completely cov ered up the sound of a trumpet. Das sikalsche Wochenlliit. The Empress Eugenic and Josephine's Kimr. A romantic incident is related of tho way in which Fate seemed to decreo that the Montijos and the Napoleons should be united. The story is of Josephine's betrothal ring, and is in this wise : Eugenie's father, while serving in the First Napoleon's army, resided in Paris.8 In 1809, a little girl, Maria Montijo. about three years old, went to play in the Tuilleries with her nurse. There she met a little boy who gave her a gold ring. As the children wero strangers to each other, and did not meet again, the owner of the ring re mained unknown, and so the little Maria kept it for a pla thing. That ring was Josephine's, and the little boy was Louis Napoleon, who had run away with the ring. The loss of the ringwa3 a bad omen to Josephine, for a year afterward she had to resign in favor of another. Little Maria kept the play thing till she grew up. At sixteen years of age she married, and became the mother of Eugenie, whose birth tbok place May 5, 1820. Her mother engraved this date on the ring she had worn ."O long herself, and when Eugenie was older, gave it to her. When quito a child, Eugenie went to London to pay a visit; there she became acquainted with Louis Napoleon, who saw the ring with the date and Josephine's name on it, and knew it had belonged to her. From this circumstance Louis looked upon the little Montijo as attached to his house, and twenty years afterward, it became a fact. After a time, Euge nie's mother came to regard the tokan as of great importance, and formed a plan of bringing the two families to gether. That was the secret of so lovely a woman as Eugenie remaining single till the age of twenty-six. A crown awaited her, which was never lost sight of. A in u sing. One of the most amusing yet unex pected sensation scenes ever witnessed in a theater occurred recently at tho Theater Royal, Manchester, England. The curtain drew up for Mr. Toole to address the court in n Bardell agt, Dick wick, when the whole of tho jury mys teriously disappeared, their box sud denly giving way and engulfing the good men and true. At first tho vat au dience who crowded every part of the theater were silent, fearing some dread ful accident had occurred ; but as tho unlucky jurymen rapidly reappeared unhurt, though looking very foolish, they broke out in a perfect hurricane of laughter, which lasted several minutes. Tho curtain had to bo dropped to allow the jury to bo boxed again, and when Mr. Toole began his address he pro voked another burst of risibility by al luding to the jury as 44 that worthy body of steadfast and immovable men." A peculiarly amusing feature of this novel scene was the fact that the ma jority of the jury were stage carpenters, whoe duty it was to erect the court, and they sullered in this case from their own carelessness. The Turkish War Department, it is stated, has decided to make the Christ ian subjects of the Sultan liable to mili tary duty, as well as the Mahometans. The Christian population of Turkey numbers twenty millions, and the males have heretofore been exempted from the conscription for the army on the payment of a tax, which in the aggre gate amounts to $2,500,1)00 a year. Tho Mahometant population numbers ten millions, and from them a yearly con tingent of 400,000 is supplied. Tho Mahometans, it is stated, havo suH'crod severely from being made the sole source from which soldiers are obtained, and many districts, it is asserted have been almost depopulated from this cause. As the Christians are twice as numerous as the Mahometans, tho Sultan would ob tain a large body of soldiers under tho determination he has arrived at. In an swer to the objection that Christians and Mahometans would not agreo to act to gether as soldiers, it is stated that tho army of the Khedive of Egypt tho Copts, who are Christian?, and the Mussuiman Arabs serve side by side in tho same regiment, and are on very good terms with each other. The announcement is made that the single eye-glass has entirely disappeared from good society.