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PAW PAW. MICHIGAN. NEWS OF THE WEEK. The East A alight shock of earthquake was felt at Newburyport, Mann , on the 25th ult. The Nashua and Rochester road has been completed, and. with its connections, forms an air line between Portland, Me., and New York city. Tho old line between the two points its 444 miles long, and by the new lino the distance in reduced to 83H miles, thua ef fecting a aaviug of 106 miles between Now York, Portland, St. John, Halifax, and other pointa in that direction. A new line of steamers between Portland ad English porta ejkas j lift been put on. Col. Forney has aold tho Philadelphia Ph M to Col. A. K. McClnre and other anti-Admin iatrationiata for 1250,000. A number of prominent citizonB of New York, among them Edwin D. Morgan. John J. Cisco, Jonathan Sturges, Thurlow Weod and William E. Dodge, have petitioned the Polico CommiaaionerH to enforce the lawa againat Sunday amuaementa in that city. ': Particulara of a battle among the coal minora of Westmoreland county, Pa., Nov. 21, have been received. A band of about twenty-live Italiane entored the village of Showers, and conducted them selves in a riotous manner, but were finally driven off, and in the afternoor of tho same day they were attacked by a party numbering seventy-live. During the fight, which lasted nearly an hour, four Italiaus were killed and a number severely wounded, while the Amer icans escaped entirely unhurt. Tho Italians finally surrendered, and promised to leave the place . Mayor HaTomeyor, of New York, died sud denly of apoplexy, in that city, on the morn ing of tho 38th ult. -the day of the expiration of hia term of oftOO, Col. Forney has reconsidered hia deter mination to sell the Philadelphia ProM, Mr. Childs, of the Public eagW, having agreed, to assist him out of hia liuancial embarrass ments. The West. The achooncr Augustus Ford, from Detroit to Oswego, with wheat, was wrecked at Port Maitland during tho late gale. Cap. Pease and throe of the crew, one named Charloa E. Hurd, and a woman cook were lost. Michigan's ofticial census, just completed, ehows that the State now haa a population of 1.316,808, being an increase of 152.. r2G since 1870. The Indiana Supreme Court has decided that colored children aro not entitled to tho public school benefits of that State, because the State Conatitution provides that only the chil dren of ' citizens " are entitled to those bene fits, and that colored peoplo, not having ben " citienH " when the State Constitution wa adoptod, the Fourteenth Amendment of tho National Constitution, subsequently adopted, does not supersede this provision of tho State Cons titutiou. A convention of those interested in an ex pansion of the currency was held at Indian apolis last week. Alexander Campbell, of Illinois ; Alexander Troup, of Connecticut Jamoa Buchanan, of Indiana : Horace H. Day, of New York ; L. A. Wood, of Kentucky, and several other prominent inflationists, were in attendance. A declaration of principles was adopted, in which the withdrawal of national and State bank-notes, and tho issuance of greenbacks in unlimited quantities in their stead, is demanded. A national convention (Expansionists, to nominate candidates for President and Vice-President, was arrangod to be held at Cleveland on tho 11th of March. 1875. Tho Chicap papers announce tho death in that city, at tho ago of 45 years, of S. C. Campbell, the great baritone singer. Tho committeo of tho National Board of Fire Underwriters, who visited Chicago to in spect the improvement made there, with a view to safety againat fires, report that they feel very hopeful for the future prosperity of that city. Two serious earthquakes were experienced in Nevada on the 29th ult. Walter Strain, of Buffalo, N. Y.. has re turned from the Black Hills, where he has been prospeotiug since August. Ho made a thorough prospect, and reports some "pockot"' gold found, but not enough to pay. He de clares that there is not a shadow of truth in tho statements made as to discoveries of gold in that country. Two of his comrades were shot by the Indians, of whom tho hills are full. The South A Little Bock (Ark ) dispatch of tho 24th of November states that Gov. Garland has offered a reward of $1,000 for the arrest of V. V. Smith, tho rival claimant to the Governor ship. Smith waa reported to be concealed in tho United States Arsenal at Littlo Bock. Garland had telegraphed to the President that he had no case to submit that he wa-. I tested by 75.000 votes, and would not surrender tho ofiico. A New Orleans telegram states that a court martial has been ordered by Gon. Emory for the trial of Lieut. Hodgson, ujwu charges pre ferred by Gon. Morrow, who was sent to in vestigate Hodgson's actions and conduct in North Louisiana. Later and more authentic reports of tho tornado at Tuscumbia, Ala., have been re ceived. The storm did fearful work. Eleven lives were lost, and $100,000 to 9150,000 worth of property was destroyed. An appeal for aid has been sent to President Grant by the inhabitants of the village, and refused by him on the ground that the army supplies are barely sufficient for ordinary purposes. A general appeal to tho public has been made by tho authorities of the atricken town. The grand jury of Warren county, Miss., of which Vickaburg is the capital, have returned eight indiotmeuts against T. W. Cordoza, eolored. State Kuperintendent of Education, for forgery and embezzlement, six indict ments against A. W. Dorsey, clerk of the Circuit Court, for forgery and embezzlement, nd five indictments against G. W. Daven port, colored, clerk of the Chancery Court, for forgery and altering the record. The grand Jury was composed of ten blacks and seven whites. At Now Orleans, on Thanksgiving day, William Lnae, foreman of flre company No 6, was shot and killed by 8. J. Newhouse, second assistant of the same company. F. Barry, aged 96, supposed to be the old est printer in tho United States, died at Nt. Louis, last week. His first take as a journey man was Washington's obituary. At ninety yeara of age, he worked at the cane in Nash ville, Tenn. Independence, Mo., was visited by an ex tensive conflagration on the 25th ult., over I1M.0M worth of property being destroyed. Two outlaws, supposed to belong to the Oadahill gang, have been captured, taken t., Little Hocl, Ark., and lodged in jail. 1 he occasion of the capture was the robbery of a country store near Little Bock, and let mur der ! its proprietor, l.v r arty of five. Time of tho members of tho gang escaped. Win. 0. Keys, cousin of Frank Keys, iiutbor of tho "Star Spangled Banner," commuted hiiicide at the Keimert House, Bullion : -, hi t week. The deceased had beon for boom tune pee) in the hotel baeiaett. Two passengers were killed and a numbor wounded by an accident which occurred on the Northern Central railroad, near Baltimore last week. While two passenger trains v. oj crossing Lake Bolaud the bridgo brok- end six cars were thrown into the water. Washington. Tlo Secretary of tho Interior has received addi nal information that parties of nil en aro working on tho Sioux reservation in the Black Hills. Ho has requested the War De partment to instruct tho military officers to remove all such trespassers, to avoid trouble with tho Indians. It seems certain that E. B. Washburno is about to return from Franco on a brief leave of absence. It is officially statod that hia visit has no political aiguificance. Tho Commiasionora appointed to framo a bill for a permanent form of government in the District of Columbia have agreed upon the kind of government they will recommotid. They will recommend the appointment of three Commissioners to be nominated by tho President and confirmod by the Senate, who shall have executive charge of the entire government. The Commission is to have au thority to appoint aubordinate Commissioners and officers to perform tho adminiutrativo work. There ia to bo no Legialativo Council. Congress will legislate exclusively for tho District. It iB reported that tho President favors the schemo for a grand system of internal im provement, with a view of reviving business. The Evening Mail, a Democratic crguu, made its appearance on Thanksgiving day. It is stated that the representatives of tho whisky interest, with a powerful lobby, intend this winter to attempt to raise tho tax on dis tilled spirits 10 cents a gallon. An active effort will doubtless bo made at the next session to bring tho cost of customs collections within reasonable figures. Last year it cost .i lI).000,0!.K) to collect 1 100, 000, 000 of customs duties, while the Internal Bovo nuo Bureau collected i 105,000,000 at a cost of only 5,000,000. Tho safe burglary conspiracy trial has beon brought to a close. Tho jury wore unable to agree upon tho guilt or innocenco of Whitely and Harrington, but found Williams not guilty. Tho special loan agent of the Treasury De partment, who has just returned from Eu rope, says a Washington telegram, brings advices which show that the syndicate will at an early date take tho remainder of the fl vi per cent, bonds, that are now nearly reduced to i 100,000,000. If theso aro subscribed fer in one round sum, it will complete the re funding of 50fl. 000,000 of the five-twenties authorized in 1802. Tho Secretary of the Treasury has the opinion of loading members of the syndicato, that another loan could be negotiated of 5 per cent, bonds, provided they were authorized. A prominent Republican member of tho House, in conversation tho other day, ex pressed the opinion that no financial legisla tion could bo expected this winter. The President, it is reported, will insist that Congress shall, at its coming session, settle the Louisiana and Arkansas muddles. It is announced from Washington that, in vies' of tho recent decision of the Supreme Court of Indiana, denying to colored children any rights in the public schools of tho State, the friends hero of tho Civil-Bights bill in tend to urge its prompt paBBage, no matter whether the President vetoes it or not. It has passod tho Senate, and is ponding in tho House Judiciary Committee. A summary of tho estimates of govern mout appropriations for tho coming year in the hands of the committee show a reduction over last year of 7, 000, 000. It is pretty well settled that tho Republic ans will, as a body, resist tho attempt to ro enact the law requiring Congress to moot on the 1th of March. The Inspector-General of the army, in his annual report, says a regulation is much needed, inflicting some punishment on sol diers who marry without proper permission. Military posts aro somowhat overrun with the wives of enlisted moti, and it ia well known it requires about as much transportation to move four laundresses as it doos to move a whole company of mon. General. The international feature of the Centenninal Inhibition is doomed to failure Not a single respectable government will take a hand in it A most daring case of abduction occurred at Freemansbnrg, Ta., last week. Tho child stealer entered tho house of ono Allan (lla-r-, and took from a crib beside tho bed occupied by tho father and mother their infant child. The Superintendent of tho Postal Bail way Service, in his annual report, recommends the establishment of a fast and exclusive mail train between Now York and Chicago, as there appears to be a growing necessity for the same, to run tho distance in about twenty four hours. The Supreme Court of tho United States has just rendered an important decision, the result of which will probably hasten tho solu tion of the troublesomo problem of the tribal relations of tho Indians. Another result will be to destroy somo very valuable pine timber contracts in Wisconsin and Minnesota, at 1 to render a considerable number of Indian tubes almost entirely destitute. The decision in question is to the effect that the Indian tribes do not own tho fee to tho lands within their respective reservations, being only tenants of the United States, to whom alone tho fee be long. Tho decision also holds that the tim ber and minerals aro a portion of tho realty, and that the Indian Iribos cannot sell the ono nor lease tho other. Tho caso crme up from the reservation of the Oneida Indians, near Green Bay. in Wiscousin, whero one or twe Indians had disposed of a quantity of pine logs. The iron manufacturers in Western Penn sylvania and Northern Ohio have decided to close th lr mills altogether until there is somo improvement in the market. 'I he Eastern manufacturers will still keep aomo furnaces in blast, but they also have agreed to reduce pro duction very materially. Thouaands of labor era in the shops and the mines will be thrown out of employment by Ibis action. The prospect ia that the proposed new re ciprocity treaty between the United States and Canada will fail of ratification. There is bitter oppoeiMm to it on both sides of the line, and even in Groat Britain, where apprehensions eist that Canada would impose differential duties discriminating against England and m favor of the United States. Foreign. It is announced from Madrid that tho Span ish government haa expressed a willingness to pay indemnity in the Virginias case to tho United States on the same basis as that with which Great Britain was satisfied for the out rage perpetrated on her subjects. Last week's Mark Lane Kxprtun reports a general advance in the continental market, since tho previous issue, of one shilling in the prico of wheat. Dispatches from Minister Cuahing leave no doubt of the truth of the report that tho in demnity demanded by our government from Spam for outrages committed on American cifi.ons, is to be reforred to tho arbitration provided by the Virginius protocol. Buckland and McOahan, correspondents of the Now York Times and llerabl, have been arrested in Spain, and subjected to many in dignities. Von Arnim is no longer kept under police surveillanco by Herr Von Bismarck. Tho former still keeps a stiff upper lip, however, refusing to hand over the correspondence Bismarck so much desires to possess. A bill has been introduced in tho Italian Parliament providing for a grant of 20,000 annually to Garibaldi. A frightful mountain disaster is reported at the groat Mount St. Bernard. Eleven persons wore buried in snow, and it ia supposed all have perished. In response to a toast at tho 'annual ban quet of the cntlera of Sheffield, England, Kin iater Schenck expressed tho bolief that En gland and America could, united, withstand tho wholo world, if necessary. The Paris Municipal Council has adopted tho plan proposed by tho Prefect of tho Seine for a lottery loan of 44,000,000 francs. A Havana letter of Nov. 21 gives a discour aging account of tho financial condition of tke island, which is doily becoming more hope lessly involved. Tho government ia owing everybody and unable to pay even the smallest debts. Tho Spanish soldiers aro said to be deserting by the wholesale AtGuasimas, re cently, ninety-seven went over to the insur gents in, a body. Tho oflicora and crew of the Australian cut tor Lapwing, on a late voyage to Noumea from Now Caledonia, stopped at Santa Cruz Island for provisions, and the savages massacred all but one native sailor, and destroyed tho cut ter. No names are given. A private letter from 3t. Piorro Miqualon gives an account of a terrible tragedy which took place at Indian Tickle, Labrador, on tho night of Nov. 15. The victims were two families named Morrison, numbering nine persons, only one of whom, a girl, tempi d. It seems that of late gangs of Esquimaux In dians have been committing robberies at huts and atorea, and that after the capture of aeveral of the Indiana they were publicly chastised by whipping. The Iudians Bought revenge, and on tho night of 15th visited tho dw elling of the Morrisons, and shot and stabbed to death eight of the nine persons residing there. One Indian was also shot A now i ailroad is projected in tho Dominion, to counoct tho province of Manitoba with - IBM point in British Columbia, on tho Pacific coast. AN I MM AN KAMACBE. Terrible Fate of I lie QenstelSI Family, from Oeorgln A .Man, Mi Wife ami Three lilhlrcii Killed ami Hiitllated Four QtrlS Carried Into liiptivity Hetti tie ot Two of I hem. Some two or throe months ago a statement was published in tho papers that tho bodies of four white persons and the charred wreck of an emigrant wagon had been found on tho Smoky Hill, II miles from Sheridan Station, on the Kansas Pacific railway. Tho bodies were horribly mutilated, and the only thing left to identify tho family was a small Bible, upon tho lly-loaf of which was w ritten " Gonnam, Blue Bidge. Ga." At first the story was not behevud, but subse quently such corroborative evidence was fur nished as to leave no doubt that a portion of tho family had been foully butchered, and tho female members carried into captivity. Two of the latter- young girla have eince been rescued. A sergeant of the Eifth Infantry, who waa with a detachmont of troopa which effected tho rescue, lias arrived at Leaven worth, and furnishes tho particulars of the revolting massacre of the family, and tho hardships borne by tho captives. Ho obtained Ins version of tho butchery from tho elder girl of the two cap tured. He says the family -consisting of father and mother, one son grown, five daugh ters, and an infant were surprised by a band of Indians while encamped on the Smoky Hill. The father, mother, son and tho oldest daughter an invalid were horribly butchered ami scalped before the eyes of the younger girn. l notour oilier gtru and the infant were placed on ponies, and forced to endure every hardship of travel known. Tho sav ages, finding the infant a burden, brained it with a tomahawk, and then continued their flight southward with tho girls. Ada and Lucy Gormain -the former aged 10, and Un latter 10 were compelled, in the most brutal and shameful manner, to submit to the lustful embraces of tho savage devils. Thoso two guls aro yet prisoners, held by Gray E,ie--'s band of Cheyennes, numbering 120 warriors, although there is hardly a doubt of their recapture, as the troops are closing in on the war party, and, being mounted on fresh horses, will certainly overtako the savages, those MM are run down, and hardly fit for active warfare. The recaptured girls are aged r. speeiively 7 and II years. The younger bore me imrusiups or captivity much better than her sister. Tho elder would not have lived more than a week longer under tho savage treatment. Both wore almost naked, em aciated, and at the time of thoir rescue, pre sented s spectacle of human wretchedness and despair almost without a parallel in the history of savago barbarism. Tho soldiers of the rescuing detachment made covering for the bodies of the half nased children from their own clothing, and, in every other way possible, ministered to the comfort of the sufferers. Tho younger girl does not seem to realize the terrible fate of the family. When taken, she asked the sol diers, in the simplicity of child-like curiosity, whai tribe they belonged to. Gov. Li si.iK, of Kt ntiioky, received a letter the other day telliug him that lie nuiriit to le avhnnipil toimhlish mieh mean political cartoon in his illustra ted paper. s Ian -liter of Hack Pay Urahbers. Out of one hundred and two Kepre seutatives in the forty-second Congress who voted for tho salary-grab, twenty four only secured a renominatio i to Congress, while seventy-eight were either beaten for renominstion or other wise withdrawn from public view. The nunies of these seventy-eight are as fol lows : Adams, Averill, Higby, liing ham, Blair, IWeinun, Boles, Bntttey, Burdett, Caldwell, Carroll, Coughliii, Conner, Critcher, Cropland, Dnkey, Dubolee, Duell, Eldridge, Elliott, 11. I. Poetar, Garrett, Gets, Giddingm, (iolladay, Grillith, Hanks, Harper, (ieorge E. Harris, T. W. Hazleton, lierudou, Houghton, Kendall, Iviiik, Lamison, Lamport, Lansing, Leach, Lowe, Ifaynara, AfoHtnry, IfeJonkeo, McKee, MoKiliney, Mc' ely, B, F. Meyers, Morphia, H. L. Ni black, Back aid, Beck, Perce, Price, I'limile, .1. M. Riot, Robinson, J. Bogtrt, S. EL Bog- ers, Sargent, Shanks, Slieiwoi ul, Si:;i , Snyder, Storm, Stonghtoii, St. John, Sutherland, Tulle, D. Towuseud, Tur ner, Tuthill, Twitchell, Voorhttt, Whittle, Williams, J. M. Wilson, Win chester, and Young. Out of the twenty-four who voted for the salary-grab in March, 1S7;, who wi re nominated for Congress in 1874, twelve were defeated at the polls, as follows : Benjamin P, Butler, of Mass sochusetts ; Roderick B. Butler, of Ten nessee ; Clinton L. Cobb, of North ( ai oliua ; A. C. Harmer, Leonard Mey ers, and James S. Negley, of Pennsyl vania, Isaac C. Parker, of Missouri ; Eli Perry, of New York ; J. H. Piatt, of Virginia; J. H. Ruiney, of South Caro lina ; J. 11. Sypher, of Louisiana, and J. H. Sloss, of Alabama. Out of the whole number of one hundred and two members voting for the salury-grab, only nine have been re-elected to Congress. The names of these spared monuments areas follows : W. H. H. Stowell, of Virginia ; John Hancock, of Texas ; A. S. Wallace, of South Carolina, Samuel J, Randall, of Pennsylvania, '. B. Uarrall, of Louisi ana ; A. M. WaddtlL of North Caroli na ; Charles Huys, of Alahuuin ; J. A. Garlield, of Ohio, and N. P. Banks, of Mushuchusetts. Not all of these nine even took the money. General Garfield, for example, refused to touch the extra salary of $5,000, although voting for the bill containing it on other grounds. Vinci una' i ( 'mn tncn-hil. Habits of the (irasshonper. "Prof. Htjateton, of Wortaington, Minn., described to tat 2'rQnme oorrespondenl the greoshopper'i mode of depositing her tggs In the soil, a subject which lie has had excellent opportunity for studying this year. The tail of the female locust consists 01 a hard, bon v, cone-shaped substance, capable of being thrust into the ground fiom one-half of an inch to an inch in depth. Just above this, on tho body of the insect, and attached to it. in tho egg cell. The gneahoppOf is able to path its conical tail down into the ground and leave it there, with the cell containing the eggs. The warm snn in the spring causes tho eggs to hatch, and the field is covered with millions of young grasshoppers, not as larjjo as a kernel of wlnjat, jimt when tho tender shoots of grain begin to show them selves above the grounv. The damage thm do is immense, for they remain a long time in ono spot, and work upon tho young shoots. 1'orhap the best mode of treat ment is ' back sotting,' or plowing the liold, and thus turning tho surfaco soil, with its store of eggs, several inches under. Tail prevents hatching, and, though not a complete remedy, is very useful. AM tijic Miscellany, in tfw Ualax; for lhrun bcr. This is a correct account of the method of the grasshopper in deposit ing her eggs, but, unless those who are familiar with these insects are greatly at fault in tlit ir obttif atiou the writer is not accurately informed concerning the predatory huhits of the young grasshoppers. (Jen. Brisbin, while here in behalf of the Nebraska Belief Association, informed us that these grasshoppers do very little, if any, damage to the crops during their young days. They do not show voraci ty until they have grown large and strong enough to take their first flight. Then when they nlighl upon any Dtld every green thiug suffers. They 0OY6X the fields so completely as to hide the local color of the vegetation. Alight ing on a hill of corn, for instance, they cluster upon the blades, the laitti, the tender ear, the stalk, frequently break ing it down by their numbers and weight, and never leaving it until it is stripped so completely that tho stalk looks as though it had Ween scorched by fire. ( Vh cinn at i Conim n ia t. The Sanitary Condition of Water. There is no more prolific source of diftttt than bad water; but to dis tinguish whether the fluid is unlit for consumption or not is somewhat diffi cult. Water from a certain river, spring or well may be repulsive to the Itjntl, and yet harmless to the stomach, in comparison with other water winch has n more attractive appearance. Perhaps the best mode of determining the ques tion is to examine the comlition of the organisms dwelling in tho proposed source to bo utilized. If, for example, an industrial ettablithnenl or collec tion of d Welling! empties refuse into the stream, and as a result fish disap pear or are found dead upon the sur nttt, it is certain that the water is strongly and injuriously atVected. Tho gradual infection maybe noted by the list irtl rising to the top, apparently ill at att, and snbsequeiilly dying. In vitiated water also mollusks perish, and their bodies decompose rapidly. Iu the air they merely seem to dry up and rattifl life, though toqiid for some time. Cresses cannot live in corrupt water, and their existence is a sign of purity in the fluid, whil" nlg;e deprived of their green color indicate ebtolute. cor ruption. M. Gerurdin, in referring to this subject in a recent note to the FrtOOh Assembly, states that the best method of measuring the dtfttt of purity or of infection in the water is by determining the amount of oxygen in a given quantity. Water containing a large percentage of gas is pure and good; but when little of the latter is present tho water is decidedly deleted ous to health. Shit ntific Aim rican, A Mnvr Biuiiat, PMUMt. Ia Shef field, England, recently, a workman, who had jtist been married in church, was met on his return by about fifty of his fellows, and received a fine leg of mutton as a wedding present. He ac cepted it with thanks, and soberly walk ed his way, a leg of mutton in his right hand and nis blushing bride leaning on his left arm. NATIONAL . IRS. Tlir I lit trior llep.n lint nt. Nsi i Pn.'Ki "i sm iietauv Delano A Dteoineioa oi rai Iniuan Qomtum Hi Bboomkbum raw tmk BoaiBflrtAS Lawi be Kxtkndkh ro Iniuanh Condition ok no i n ii i. i:ii uoaiis Tat Pvaue Do aan Bee rat VTaem ok Tiyaaa LurM May iik LaBBWBB. The annual i t port of the Secretary of the Interior to the President is a voluminous doc ument mi. I ei have room for only a brief synopnia of it. The most interesting portion is that relating to the Indian problem, to the discusBion of which a large portion of the re port is devoted. Mr. Dolano sayB the opera tions of tho Indian Bureau during the past year aro highly gratifying, and furnish M con clusive evidence of tho Justice, wisdom and practibility of the policy inaugurated by tho present administration." Th. Secretary recomuieiuls that the salaries of Indian Agents be increased minoihitely, with a view of securing men of proper capacity and right motives to undertake the work of civ ilizing and Christianizing the savages. He says I am happy in being able to Bay that the earnest, active and cordial co-operation of several Christian o ganiations, to which the right of nominating agents has been assigned, ami upon whose nominations alone suvh agents are appointed, is constantly improving this class of employes, and thu we aro each vear, to some extent, advancing the MITkM by obtaining agents more experienced and in telligent, and of greater capacity for their hccular, as well as their moral and religious work." To aid in prosecuting the work of Indian civilization, the Secretary recommends the extension of tho Homestead lawn to Indians, with certain modifications and restrictions. He says i " Those lawe at present apply to citizeuB of the United States only, and their provisions cannot be employed, except by that small por tion of the Indian race who aro legally en titled to the privileges of citizenship. " A. common ow nership of property is the nominal condition of the Indian race, and with it aro found nomadic habits totally in consistent with the idea of HI lilt Hill habita tions, individual ownership and domestic m dustry. Tho work of civilization can never be completed until Ciese habits are aban doned. Every proper inducement ought, therefore, to be offered the Indian which will prompt him to individual ewiMVShin of prop erty, and such habits of industry and economy Mtre incident to nir civilization. " Our Homestead laws require residence aud cultivation for live years before the ap plicant becomes entitled to a patent for his laud. Those live years afford considerable guarantee that no ono will apply to make homestead entries unless he possesses tho qualities essential to citizenship. Should it be suggested that the exteneiou of this privilege to Indians would fnruiah in ducements to spet ulatoru to use them in ac quiring titles to our public lauds, I would loply that this danger can be preventod by providing that the patent to be lesuea shall contain a clause rendering tho title inalienable, esoept by content of the President, rail would insure ample security against tho abuse of this privilege, as well as necessary protec tion against improvident sales without ade quate consideration. An extension to the Indians of the benefits of the Homestead laus. will greatly facilitate the work of their civilization. It will rapidly break Jp tribal oiganizations and Indian com munities: it will bring Indians into subjection Of our laws, civil awd criminal; it will induce them to abaudou roving habits, and teach them the benefits of industry aud individual ownership, and thus prove highly advanta ge.. us in promoting their prosperity. " Tho condition of the Indian population is anomalous, aud their relation to tho general government undefined. This is the result of nooeoaitj, but the time has arrived when, in the progress of events, it should bo remedied. It may not be possible, at present, to devise a system of laws which shall perfectly define the relations between Indians and the gov ernment, or that will cure all the defects now existing for want of legislation, but it is porsiblo to remedy many existing evilB, and thus facilitate the work wo h ave under taken, "The work of civilization will be greatly accelerated by enactments which shall define as far as poseiblo the relations between this race aud the government : which shall fur nish authority for enforcing the orders and requisitions Of agents j which shall be suffi cient to punish Indians for crimes against each other, and against people vten Mr (X mmitted, and which shill also inflict adequate punish ment upon white people who trespass upon territory belonging to Indians, or commit crimes against them. "The time has arrived when Borne general laws regulating Indian citizenship is. in my judgment, indispensable Occasionally, treaty stipulations with Indian tribes are ex piling, among whom is found a greater or less degree of civilization. This c impels the do- pRi tmontto determine the status of such In dians in regare to citizenship. There are also many who desire to separate from their tribes, adopt the habits and customs of civil ized life, nd become ctieiis. The Secretary refers to the black Hills re connoissance, and tho reports regarding the discovery of precious metals in that rogiou. Upon this subject ho says i 1 he military reeonnoissance of the Black Hills countrv was regarded bv the Indians as a violation of their treaty, and produced a turbulent feeling among them. Its objects, however, were peacefully a complishod. Ex travagant statements concerning the mineral wealth of the country crested great excite ment MBOBg the peOUlO, and exploring parties were organized for tho purpose of prospect ing the countrv. Subsequent information establishes the fact that no evidence of valu able mineral deposits was famished, and that the lands in that region are undcsirablo for culivation and settlement by white men. Notwithstanding this, organized parties have atemptod to explore it. and havo been at tacked and repulsed l,y the Indians. It is ap prehended that efforts will be made to induce legislation for the extinguishment of the In dian titlo to the black Hills country and to bring the laud into market. It is hoped that neb efforts will ho without success, because of the general unfitness of the cou itry for settlement, and becanso any attempt to dis possess the Indians at present of a region of country upon which they located for socurily egsjast the encroachments of too white man wonid meet with violent aud determined ro aietanoe." ' The Secretary gives an extended exhibit of the tin tncial condition of the various Pacific railroa ls. The subsciiplioiiM to the stock of the Union Pacific Kailroad Companv amount to 196,788,000, of w hich $90,711,100 ttM been paid. Tho receipts for the year ending 30th June, 1H74, from the transportation of passen gers wore 9,749,9M .12; of freight, $5.(572, 724 01 ; and from miscellaneous souices, tH24, 098.00 j total, 910,99,700.18. (These figures include "amounts earned for, and withheld by, the United States for tho transportation of its passengers, freight and mails. ) I ho ex pense of operating the road for tho year has been 099,799.171 leaving net earnings 9-ri,-lfjii.'.lTil. '.!'.. 'I be entire cost . f the re, id and fixturee to 30lh June. 174, was 112, 127.277 4C. Tbe total bonded indebtedness of tho company is shown to be 7.r).261.512, of which 927.2.1;," ' I .! in due to the United States. The " floating debt" (not including tho company's note for r' nnn.iHHi. issued to the " lloxie contract ) ie 2,234.873 62, and "sterling loans" (90,000. The amount of stock of the Central Pacific Kailroad Companv subscribed is C.2.iVW,K00, of which 954,27r,.M) has b on paid, The re ceipts for tho year ending 30th June, 1874, from transportation of passengers were 84, 839.718 52. and of freight 97, 1)38.773. 93; total. 9 .2,028,492 45. Tho operating expense of the r..ad for the year were 94,816,082.40, leaving not earnings to the amount of f 7,212.410.05. At the close of said year the indebtedness of the companv amounted to 985,673, lsi 7.'. of which: i was to the United States. Stock of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company (as shown by the last report) to the amount of f 109,000,000 has been subscribed, and certificates for 202.326 shares, of 91(H) each, have been issued. Tho main line of the read ha been built, and is now in daily operation from Derate, oa Lake Superi... westward to Ibstnai. k, on the Missouu river, a distance of 4r mi let sod from Kalama, or! the north side of the Columbia river, in the Territory of Washington, m rthwardto laconn. on Commencement I'. o T t Hound, a di tance of 105 miles. The cost of the surveys of the linos of the road, including iiecemarv purchase of r.ght of way, has been 108 99.75. The extent of lines snrveyed u miles, and. In addition, 1,860 miles of rivi reeonnoiMance. When the tisal shall have been made, the MfahfJ "i mAm BfVtfta1 will be Stoat 12.000. and the com of the Harvey will aggregate about M.500, 0o0(jual to about 125 per rrile. The in debtedness of the company i as) follow Fiiet lenctgegs. bonds (dollar), 198,891,000 first -mortgage bonds (sterling. 9 1, 980,001 bills payable. 9T0t,t99.99 1 accounts payable. 975 042 20: bonds and senp issued to fund interest. 9889,804 ; total, 981.688 880 . The amount of stock of the Texas and Pa ci tie Hailwsy Company authorized by law u 850,000,000: capital stuck is-uedl for partial pawnents on account of subscrip tions, 46O0.000 : full-paid stock. 1,('0O.ikmi total, ,600,000. The Indebtedness of the company is as follows: tirsf-mortgige 1, ,. cent, gold construction bond" iud, y'J.21n . 000 ; first-mortgage leisf great 7 per Dent, currency bonds issued, 99.251.000 ; floating debt, 92,207,444.45 : debt of the Southern l'h citic Kailroad Company to the State ni Texas, assumed by the Texas and Pacific Compai , 98,204,964.69; total, 922. 17 J. 109. till. J hi company's assets are as follow 1 320 miles of constructed sud equipped road ; 107 miles 01 partially constructed and equipped road : B5f miles oi telegraph lino. 820.708.996.61; ac counts collectable. 973.481.77; supplieB 011 hand, 1188,990.78 1 cash on hand. $97, 183 to tal, Sc'l. 018.042. 18. The road will extend from Shrevoport, La., on Hod river, to San Di ego, California, with a branch from Marshall. Texas, to Texarkana, there ouueotiug with the Cairo and I'nlton railroad, and from 1 1 arkana through Pans and Sherman, connect ing with the main line at Fort Worth. During the fiscal year ending June 30 1879, public lands ere disposed of as fol lows : Cash sales Iil.til.e Military warrant locations 189,109.01 Homestead entries 8,S189t I Timber culture entries Hii:i,944.4fi Agricultural college scrip locations 112,HTj..t- c rtitled to railroads 8,984,814.42 Approved to State as swamp JS2.1s7.'.' Certified for wagon-roads 57,911.11 Osrttfted fer agricultural colleges llt.tSt.lfi Certified for common schools 0!i.s,.'.i. M Certified for universities J4,CvS L82 Approved to States for internal improve ments :24,9H;.TW Sioux liall-breed scrip locations 790.011 Chippewa half-breed scrip locations . ll.t'.Tl.Tl Total iBHynte a quantity less by 8,499,759.91 acres than that disponed of the pi c eding year. The cash receipts were 93,409,988760, a sum less by $988,571 than that receded the preceding year. During the year 29,492.110.43 scree were surveyed, making, with the quantity previously Burveyed. 649.393.052 acres, and leaving yet to be surveyed 1,185,005, 148 a.-res. It is worthy of notice that tho diminution m the aggregate quantity of lauds disposed of he last fiscal year, as compare.! with the year before, is found chn il v In the amount certi fied to railroads : 8,994,814.49 acres, in the year ending June B0, ls71. against 6,088,590,5" acres in that ending June 30, 1V:( !early a million acres wero entered under the Timber I act, which augurs well for the now treeless prairiesof the West. The entries under this and the Homestead act exceed by over hall a I million acres like entries during the preced ! nig year. Such entries, being ma.lo for actual use, are the surest criterion of the progress j of the couutry. The rapid destruction of timber in this country, and especially that which is found on the public lands, is a source of great solici tude to all persons who have given thesiib I ject any consideration. If this destruction I progresses in the future as rapidly as iu the I past, the timber lands of the government will ' soon be denuded of everything that is valua ble. Effective legislation protecting these hinds from such Wattoil Sbsolntslj Dl 0OM and cannot longer be neglected without seri j ous injury to the public interests. The recommendations of the Commissioner are, that pine and fir lands shall not be mi! ject to entry under the pre-emption and homestead lawn j that a system of surveys be devisod bv which the miantitvlnf nine and tir 1 timber on each smallest subdivision of a sec j tion may be at least closely approximated j 1 that an immediate exploration by expert" of I the uusurveyed portion of those States and j Territories known to contain nine and fir tim ber be made, with a view of QtflSft silling the geographical situation of such districts i that the reporta of euch exploratioua be follow d by immediate surveys, appraisements, procla mations and sales, at not less than the IMftltOd' value, and for cash only. Under the laws now in force for the disposition of public lands, it is difficult, if not impossible, to obtain more than the minimum price (91.25 per acre) for land. klOWOvtr valuable. When timbered lands hi . advertised for Bale, private parties, desiring to purchase, make such arrangements and combinations as to prevent competition henco, the lands, if disposed of at all, are sold at the minimum when offered at public sale, aud, if not then sold, are immediately entered at the minimum covernmont price bv such parties. The most effectual means o"l preventing these practices i. m my judgment, to adopt the laRgestions of the Oommusinnei Mgeidlng tho survey and appraisal of th -. lands, and when they aro offejed at public or 1 rivete sale to make tho appraised value their minimum. The tihtoniM Bureau. An nt a i, RavOBT Of Commissionkb Jrs.xsox Amount of Collections Dubino the Vkai: How aJUaicAN TouaisT.s SatULr..LK Oool's AS I'miSuNAL Ll I 1. 1 is. Henry C. Johneon, CommisBionor of Cus toms, has mado his report to the He. rotary Oi the Treasury, from which it appears there was paid into the Treasury for the year endinf with Juno last, 1188,108,898 on account of customs; in tines, penalties, aud forfeitun -$651,271; steamboat inspection. 274.4!Mi labor, drayage. storage, etc., 9488 884; Marine Hospital tax. 9962,880; official fees earned 1 v collectors, 634.M42. making in round Dnmben a total or 9168,480,609. Thore was pais out of tho Treasury, oujeuetome account, 929,. 895,978 This sum includes 97,819,407 ex penses of collection ; tl, 205,701 refund ing excess of deposits on duties; 301. 977 on debentures ; 4.783,0,4 on public buildings i 2,4mu,382 construction and main tenance of lights ; 91,190,568 construction and maintenance of revenue cutters: 9900,087 marine hospital service ; 9317,51 distribution shares of fines, penalties and forfeitures , 9180.164 preserving life and prooertv from shipwreck; aud 8 107, 933 miscellaneous ac counts. The Commissioner savs : "The evils of the moiety system iu its practical ad ministration were undoubtedly great, and by the enactment of repeal, June 22. 1874, Con" gress appears to have rendered its Judgment that they wero greater than the evils tho svs tom wao designed to prevent. Ho far ai a faithful and zealous execution of tho new law by this Bureau can effect that object, the judgment of Congress against the BOiet ........... 1 - a.-: 1 i . a. njntviu buiu itv Busvaiiieu ; DUtltlS vottoo early to state what the result has been, or to predict intelligently what tko ultimate result will be upon the revenue and mercantile classes." It is estimated the American tourists re turning from Europe during the vear ending Juno 30, 1S73, numbered 36,830, and each per son brought on the average scvon trunks tilled with dutiable goods, claimed to bo per sonal baggage, not dutiable.. Wo have thu an average of 157,810 traaki rilled with arti cles claimed as duty free, representing, on a valuation of 9500 for each trunk, the enor mous sum of 912H.905.000. It is well known that much of this baggage is in realitv intend ed to bo put upon the market as merchan dise, and still other portion,, of it sr brought over for third parties, who have remained at home. Most of those engaged in this kind of importation are people of wealth, who should cheerfully bear their just proportion of the national indebtedness, and when they fad t. do no by this incipient form of smuggling the burden falls more heavily. .ih.-r- and dis courages the honest merchant who is willing