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Ann l Ueport oC the Secretary of the , Treasury. j i ; Fram ue annual report of Hoi, Lot 21. Mori .I!. "cretarr of the Treasury, ou tbo state of ti u.noes for the past year, we gather the folio -.Pi,' interesting figure : BEt.'WT:. AND EXrKNPITORES VOU THE riSCAL VKAB EKPINO JUNE SO, I77. The receipts during the first quarter were : J rain citouia $ 37,554,7:jrt.B3 From intertill revenue 28,813,316.87 From win of publio lauds 2Si.U05.63 From taiauou on circulation, etc., or national tank" From repayment of Interest by Pa cific r.wiays..... Vrnru customs uiitw:, crfc l'rt'iu oounular, put eat and other fees 3,534,707.87 97,901.59 17,805.27 4-23,684.75 From iroceem or sales of uoveru- iuen juiiiMfty 171,875.3ft l roiu miscellaneous sources 2,129,069.16 Xtt ordinary receipts $ 72,991,005.53 lT' LuKUu on sales of coiu 1 19,518.90 $ 73,110,5J4.49 J 'i (Is of bonds of 1881, Oetiovi sward 9,103,415.53 Tots! net ordinary receipts $ 75,513,970.02 I'aaoo iu treasury June 31), 1870.. . . 121,807,732.3:1 Total available $197,821,732.30 Tue expenditures diuing the name period were: For civil and miscellaneous expenses, including publlo buildings. light houses, and collecting the reveuues.f 13,997,2'8.4l For Indians 1,434,7).93 For pensions 8,382,357.08 For military establishment, including fox trillions, river and harbor im provements, and arsenals 9,713,661.35 Fur navAl Ublishment, including teasels and machinery and lm I rovciucnts at navy yards fl,174,3r3.9G Tor interest on the public debt, in cluding l'acilic railway bonds S7,107,C50.f3 Total ordinary expenditures $ 78,751,893.26 Keiemptlonof Uie public deU.. f3,618,r4.S.77 J'iigmrn(s of Court of Uhxm nialniH 2:353.634.21 5,972,282.08 'fatal ciiuditures $ 84,724,176.24 !iacein treasury Hept. W, 1876.... 112,597,526.08 Total 197,321,702.33 For the remaining three quarters it is esti mated that tho reooipu will be : From customs f 80,443,271.47 From internal revenue 91,511,053.63 From sale of public lands 800, x '0.00 For tx on nationifl banks 3,60J,000.00 Vnirn iH-imhurHeineiit br Pacific rail ways 300,000.00 I'roni customs fines, penalties, and forfeitures 75.OC0.00 From consular, patent, and other fees 1,200,000.00 I'rom iHPooeedfl of wilce of public property 250,000.00 From miscellaneous sources, lnelud- ng premium on com 4,090,000.00 Total not receipts $191,181,925.10 For the samo period it is estimated that tho expenditures will be : For e vil and miscellaneous, including liiUic4uilding $30,000,000.00 For Inuiaus 4,000,0)t0.00 l or pensions 20,000,000.00 For military entaitliHhment an.Mio.ooo.oo Tor naval establishment 7,5)K),ooo.(K For interest on the public debt 61,876,860.09 Total ordinary fcincnditures $1."8,876,800.))9 rsriMATics ron titr fihcai, yeau enuixq juk 30, 1878. It ia estimated that the receipts for the fiscal vear ending June 33, 188, will be : Froui customs $130,000,000.00 From internal revenue 123,000,( O).0O From rales of public lauds 1,200,000 00 From lav on circulation oi national bank 7,350,000.00 From reiiumirsemcDt or mtereot by lc 1 c rail way corn panics 350,000.0( From customs tones, penalties and lorfciture 150,000.00 From consular, letters-patent, and other fees 2,2I0,CO0.00 From lcocecds or sales or Uovern- luent property 250,000.00 From ruwcellancous sources 6,600,000.09 Total ordinary receipts . .$270,030,000.00 It is estimated that the ordinary expend! tares fwtheetme period will be: For civil expenses $15,5fH),f 00.00 t or ioreign intercourse i,?4r,ouo.oo For Indians 6,324.000.00 For pension 28,500,000.00 i or iniHUry etauliMlim( nt, includ ing f oritur alions, river ana harbor improvements, and arsenals 38,00,000.00 iror nuval estai'hsiimcnt, including vessel and njach'nerv and im provement at ua y yards 16,000,000.00 tt civil ond luisecuaueous, includ i rig public buildingR, light-houses, collecting revenues, niail-stcam-hip fervice, deficiency In ixwdal revenues, public printing etc. 42,000,000.00 1 or inter.! on tho public debt 94,386,294.00 For interest on Pacific railw ay lnds 3,877,410.00 lo'al estimated exjienditures, exclu sive of the sinking fund account ;.tk1 I'tincipal of the public debt . . .$213,350,701.00 i pou tuetiaHiM of thCHe estimates, there will i.e a enrplua revenue for the llscal year 187H, .Hfplicanle to the Hinkiui; fucd. of $2ti,ClK),,2,JG. The estimated amount required by law to be .et apart for that fund ia 5'35,3!J,0yG.G0. If, f h ore fore, the:e ohtimates Himll prove to be &;iproxtmately correct, tlipre will t'O a deficiency .ii hum account ot &boi.HUU.iii. The islimatCH received from the Boveral eircutive depnrtmontj are an follows f t,'i8lati?e CHtattlinhment $2,943,722.0 Fxecullve eHfabllshment 15,IKK),199 88 Tudicial itablisbmeut 3.911,400.00 Firc-n'o intercourse 1,245 Ol'i.rid M il tary cstabllRhment 32,215,505. IK) NuaU esUblishmcnt 19,410 017. f 9 Indian affaira 5,:M2,8!y.i2 l-eufious 28,r.3:i,0iio.00 FubhO workfl j Treasury Iepartment.$ 4,2B4,19fi.M Vr lepartmcnt 18,793,227.70 N'vy repartment 2,0no,)O6.0O Iuterior Department... 837,982.J Department of Agri culture 13.4M.t0 Department of Jus tice 42,500.00 2)1,851,452 97 TobUJ services Misccllafieous Permanent appropriations (including f '15,391,006.6 J for sinking fund ).... fi,07H,27.43 10,553,6 4C.b5 146,506,576.36 Total $299,611,671.00 nr.nucTiON of the i-ublic dkbt. Princiial of the debt July 1, 1875. ..$2,232,284,531.83 interest due anl unpaid, ana ac cruod Interest to date 38,617,556.10 Total delt Oahh in treasury ..$2,270,032,088.14 ,. 142,213,361.82 Lebt, leas canh in Iho treasury $2,128,688,726.S2 Puncli! rJ the debt July, 1, 1876.. $2,180,305,067.15 Interest due ana unpaio, ana ac crued interest to date 38,514,004.54 Total debt $2,21H,909,O7l.69 C-sh J.T treasury 119,409,726.70 Di :t, leys cash in tho treasury $2,099,439,344.99 ?lioiiif reduction, as above staled, of $ 29,249.381.33 liKHUMrTION Of-' SPECIE TAYMEXTS. In March, lMGi ly an act entitled An act to fcficothen the public crcdi" the faith of tho United fcliatca vvnn eolenmly pledged to the pajtnent in coin or, itn rqmvalcnt, of all the ub'igationH of the United 8tateH, not beat-in": intetoht, known an Unitod Htatoa notea. and of all tho intertst-bearitit? ob'.iga riouii i.f tl.o United titatos;" and, further, to mf.ke provision, at the earliest practica ble period, for tho rodemption of the United State notOH in coin." Ily tho act of January. 14, 1873. ConTefH de clared the purpose of resumption of specie pnymentaon Janunry 1. 1879, and to that end, and io execution of the pledge of the act of 19, provided for the redemption of the United Htatcn noten, ond fo" tho issue of na tional bank notes in lieu thereof, and thus, amid conflictinjr theories, declared, in effect, a monetary system combined of coin and na tional bank notes redeemable in coin at tho demand of the holdor, in harmonv with the 'ensfitution and Iho traditional policy of the American people. lir thia leRiaUtion it will be perceived that tho United btatee in fully committed to the resumption or npocio payment on a given day in January, 187'J, bv the method of re demption cf United States noten current as lawful money, and the substitution therefor of national bank currency, the equivalent of money bvtts convertibility into coin ou de mind. Tie fopu'ar favor with which thi enactment wm i WleJ looking to toe con aummatiou of an exigent meaaure of pubho neceuaity w&8 modified only by an apprehen sion of the possible inadequacy ot it a tcrraa to aecomplian ita end. A return to tbo con stitutional standard of value at any time will doubtless, to eome extent, Involve a reduction in nominal prices, and consequent contraction of the volume of curreucy, but thia is not ft Haelf neces sarily an evil, and, if it were, it ia an evil in cident to a vicious system, not cured by the continuance of the evil, while the meaaure it self ia demanded br the highest economiccon siderationa and principles of honeBt dealing amoug men. Besides, the troubles likely to grow out of enforced resumption are believed to be greatlv exaggerated. entoration of the constitutional standard of values by roBump tion, and the extinction of Irredeemable notes current as money, and the enforcement of payment iu coin, on demand, of the national tank notea treated as the equivalent of money, are obviously alike of natioual obli gation and public necessity. Tho suspension was the act of the National Government, and to the National Government the people properly look to take the Initiative in resumption. Having, under ita authority to coin monoy, aaaumed to regulate the correncv ot the country. nd lue Btates aro inhibited " to make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debtB," and, as irredeem able and inconvertible paper currency ia essen tially repugnant to the principlea of the con stitution and the traditional policy of the American poople, it la obviously incumbent on the Government to maintain and preserve the money standard of values of the constitution, and to enforce the obligation of payment in coin on demand, at the option of the holdor of all paper money. 1SKCE OF SILVEB COIN. Immediately upon the passage of the act of April 17, 1876, the department, through ita several independent-treasury offices, began to Issue, in redemption of the outstanding fractional currency, the subsidiary sdver whioh had been coined under the authority of tho Resumption act of January 11, 1875. To further relieve the pressing demand through out the country for money of small denomina tions, the silver coin in tho treasury, preyioua to the passage of the act above mentioned, was also issued in payment of currency obli gations of the Government. Under tho authority for the issue of silver coin granted by the act of July 22, 187G, the department, in addition to redeeming fractional currency, whenever presented for that purpose, has also issued silver coin in exchange for legal tender notes as rapidly as the coinage at the mints would permit. From the date first mentioned to and in cluding October 30, 1876, there has been is sued of silver com, as above stated, $22,090, 712.15, of which amount there has been LsHucd for fractional currency redeemed and de stroyed. 912.953.259.43. The demand for eilver coin for circulation, though growing less urgont, still continues fully equal to the capacity of the mints to supply it. Until this demand shall have ceased, tko coinage will bo continued as rap idly as practicable, to the limit authorized by law. EXPOUTS AND IMPORTS. Tho coin values of the exports and imports of the United Stutes for the last fiscal year, as appears from official returns made to and compiled by the Bureau of St&tistics, are as follows : Exports of domestic merchandise $525,582,217 Exports or roreiRn mercnanaiae i i,sir,i,2t Total $540,384,671 Imports of goods 400,741,190 Excess of export! over imports $ 79,643,481 For the fiscal year 1875 there was an excess of imports over exports amounting to 19,562, 725, showing a difference of 99,20620fi. Kxports of specie and bullion $ 66,r06,302 Imports of specie and bullion 15,936,6h1 Excess of exports over imports $ 40,569,621 Total excetia of exports of merchau dine and the precious metals over Im ports $120,213,102 Keport of the Comptroller of the Cur rency. From the report of Comptroller Knox we gloan the following interesting figures regard ing the statu of the banks : Hoc t ion 5,211 of the Revised Statutes pro vides that tho national banks shall pay to the Treasurer the following taxes: One per cent, aunually upon tho average amount of notes in circulation, and one-half of 1 per cent, annually on the average amount of deposits and the amount of capital Btock not invested in United States bonds. The amount collected by the internal reve nue office from State banks, savings banks, and privato banks and bankers during the fiscal vear ending June 30, 1876, was as follows : On deposits $2,572,1 64.97 tin capital 1,41685.39 On circulation 17,947.07 Total $4,006,698.03 Of this amount $7,682.15 was derived from the tax of 10 p r cent, upon authorized circulation. The following table exhibits the amount of Unitod States taxes collected from tho organiz ation of the system in 18G3 to July 1, 1876, the collections having been made without expense to the Government, except the compilation of tho returns in the Treasury Department : Collections on circulation $33,928,703.18 Collections on deposits 33 609,891.84 Collections on capital 4,714,546.94 Total $72,253,141.96 The following table gives the amount and ratio to capital of State and national taxation for the year 1875, by geographical divisions: NEW KNOLANl) STATES. Capital.. $164,316.33.1 United HUtes taxoa 11,937,016 State taxeH 3,016,537 Ilatioof United Htates taxes to capital. 12 Ratio of Htate taxes to capital .1.8 Total ratio 3.0 MIDDLE STATES. Capital $193,585,507 United 8tates taxes 8,:i(0,498 Htate taxei 4,062,459 Ratio of U. 8. taxes to cairiUt 1.7 ltatio of Htate taxes to capital 2.1 Total ratio 3.8 SOCTHKRK STATES. Capital $ 34,485,483 United Btates taxes 445.018 Htate taxe 476.236 Ratio of U. H. taxes to capital 1.3 Ratio of BUte taxe to capital 1.4 Total ratio. 2.7 WEKTEBN STATUS AN TERBITOniVS. Capital $111,300,588 United Htates taxes.... 1.634.9)',!) Htate taxes 2,502.890 ltatio oi i'niteaHtatesuxestocapital.1.5 Ratio of Htate taxes... 2.4 Total ratio ,v. Note. The banka reporting Htate taxation in itH poneneu a united capital of 14220.127.116.11) '8. The Government is receiving a revenue from tho banks which is more than enual to all taxes paid by them before the war : whilo the States are also increasing very greatly the burdens which were previously as great aa could be uome. wiimn me past two years seventy-one banks, and since the organization of the sys tem 207 banks, have gone into voluntary liquid ation, chiefly on account of excessive taxation; and during the last year fewer banks have been organized than in an; previous year since 18C9, and, unless some favorable legislation is ob tained, a large number of banks will retire from the system to engage in private banking. The Army. Gen. W. T. Sherman, in his annual report, says : By the annual Appropriation bill, approved July 24. 1876, the limit of enlisted men was re cd acted at 25,000: yet A proviso permitted the recruitment of the "cavalry" up to 100 men nor company, "to be kept as near as practica ble at that number." and " a sufficient force of cavalry shall be employed in the defense of the Mexican and Indian frontiers or lexas." to fulfill the requirements of this law literally would necessitate 12,000 enlisted men for the ten cavalry regiments, and further deducting 2,500 for rocruiting, general service and neces sary detaebmeuta, would leave only 10,500 for the thirty regiments of artillery and infantry, or about thirty men to a company practically les than twenty-five a number entirely too small for elficient senrioe. Hubseoueniiy, How ever, by the act approved Aug. 15, 187G, Con gress provided for an additional 2.500 enlisted men, woo were absolutely required to admit of the Increase of the cavalry arm, as provided for in the ftrst-cited statute. Under this act re cruitment, for the oavalry arm especially, has been stimulated, so that at this time the mili tary establishment consists of : General officer w 11 82 368 107 65 1 3)1 419 9,267 279 2,663 871 Aides-de-camp (not counted in aggregate). . . . General staff officers Euclueers Ordnanc Hignal otttoer Chaplains Cavalry ofhoers Cavalry, enlisted wen Artillery officers Artuiery, enlisted men Infantry, otnoera.... Infantry, enlisted men..... 11,932 Kuiilneer battalion 242 639 101 280 387 227 200 111 146 214 55 61 Permanent recruiting parties, etc Recruits at artillery school General service men employed as clerks Ordnauce department West luint detachment Hospital stewards Ordnance sergeants .......... Commissary sergeants... Indian scouts.. Available recruits Prison guards at Fort Leavenworth Total 8.571 Of whtch 2,151 are officers and 26,420 aye en listed men, so that the aggregate numoor of enlisted men has not yet reached the lawful limit of 27,500. Enlistments have recently been checked in all branches of the servico, except cavalrv, and extreme care will be taken that in no event shall the legal limit be passed. It ia well known that no military force can be kept up to the full legal standard, aud that the combatant force always falls far below the paper organization. Thia now consists of: Cavalry officers aud men j.688 Artillery, officers and men i.Wi Iufantrj, officers aud men U,WJ Aggregate 25,331 Report of the United .states Treasurer. The Treasurer of the United States, in his repoit, simply revitwa tho business of thia im portant branch of the financial department of the Government during the past year. No recommendations of amendments or modifica tions of the statutes governing the financial operations of the Government are made, it be ing considered that such propositions apper tain Bololy to the office of the Sjcretary, and should emanate directly from that officer. Tho statistical portions of the report give the fol owing exhibit of the business of the Redemp tion Agency. The; receipt of national bank notes by the Natioual Bank Redemption Agency for the fia calsvear ended June 30, 1876, amounted te 2d4,299,875.91, a net increase of 48, 878,995. 46 over the fiscal year 1874-75. Ou July 1, 1875, the cash balance on the books of the agency was $5,036,902, and the uncounted packages on hand with unbroken seals on the same date represented 994. 120.32. The United States notes drawn from the treasury for re demption of bank notes at the counter were t l, 738,979, and "overs" reported in bank notes received for redemption were $16. 491. 42, making the aggregate operations of the agency $215,086,368.68. Of this sum the agency was credited with $5,000,000 in national bank notea fit for circulation deposited in the treasury ; $24,927,900 notes of failed, liquidating, and reduolng banks deposited in the treasury; $97,478,700 assorted bank notes fit for circu lation returned to tho several national banks ; $78,643,155 assorted national bank notes unfit for circulation delivered to the Comptroller of the Currency for replacement with new notes, leaving a cash balance of $7,942,539 on June 30, 1876. The amount of notes of each de nomination redeemed and assorted for the fiscal year was : Fit for Unfit fur Circulation. Circulation, ,.$ 216,700 ,.. 182,100 ..23,(22,200 ..24,8':2,3IM) . 18.702.W))) One dollar Two dollars Five dollars Ten dollars twenty dollars.... Flttv dollar 1,312,300 43,400 30,816,055 22,132,300 12.722,1X10 .11,328,400 4.4H.700 One hundred dollars . . .21,061,000 Five hundred dollars... 1,09.000 6,730,100 476.560 One thousand dollar. . . 152,l!)X) 65, C00 Net increase, 1,269,828 notes $45,798,910. The Navy. Secretary Robeson's report shows that there are belonging to tho navy 116 vessels of 150,157 touV measurement. They carry 1,142 guns. Of these, 123, carrying 913 guns, with a measure ment of 120,898 tons, have steam power; 75 are in actual service, and 4 are preparing for sea. Sixteen may be considered entirely unfit for future sorvice, and the remainder are at vari ous navy-yards, some requiring slight and oth ers extensive repairs, but most of them could be made ready for any special service in a short time. Our navy ia now far more powerful for war like purposes than it has ever before been in ttme of peace. As a remedy for the reduction of the force of our fleet from 8,500 to 7,500 men, and for the purixwe of maintaining a trained class of men skilled In their duties and devoted to their flag, the Secretary repeats the recommendation of last year, that Congress give the necessary authority to enlist annually 750 boys for the navy in addition to the num ber of men now allowed. He also crges that enlisted men of the navy may be allowed an outfit of clothing, and a banking system for the navy such as now prevails in the army. The Naval Academy has kept race with the changes which have taken place, aud the branches there taught ore those adapted to the naval profession of to- day. The Secretary re fers to the report of the Bureaus of Astronom ical Observations, Ordnance, the Naval Bignal Service, the Nautical Almanac, Surveys of the iuter- Oceanic CanaL aud other subjects con nected with the navy, and Bpeaks in co emend ation of those who have obtained important results in these branches. The estimates for general maintenance of the navy for the next year are $18,040,012. The amount estimated for new buildings aud re pairs and Improvements necessary at various naw-vards. stations, and hospitals. In 2,90o 596. There is also submitted by the Bureau of Ordnanco an estimate for $775,500 deemed necessary to provide proper armament for our large iron-clads and other ships now being fitted for sea, This shows an aggregate sum of about $300,000 less than the amount asked for last year for like purposes. The Pension IJureau. The Commissioner of Tensions, in his report, recommends the repeal of the present law ad mitting ex parte t ' idavits it support of claims and the existing t ystem of medical examina tions. Iu reference to the admission of ex parte affidavits, he says that if this species of testimony in support of claims be continued it will swamp the office. Last year the in crease of original claims reached 40,000, ex clusive of 1,000 bounty-land claims. Of the aggregate not more than 64 per cent, were passed. There are now on filo iu the office S8.000 nnadjudicated claims, besides 60,000 re jected onoa. In correction of this much abused system it is proposed to abolish the 1.513 examining surgeons, as the local associa tions and influences dispose them to too kreat liberality in panning subjects of examination. It has been found also that the testimony in most cases is entirely untrustworthy. In ad dition, the number of persons ready toperoe trate frauds seems to be on the increase. The papers of claimants are also five to ten times more voluminous tliau they were, without adding corresponding amount of trustworthiness. It is recommended that the entire country be divided into sixty districts, to each of which a surgeon bo appointed for medical examinations, and a competent clerk be detailed to look into the claims or the parties and makeup their papers, to be sent in form ready for adjudication by the Pension Bureau. It is estimated that this sys tem will cost at least 433, 000 lees than that now in vogue. At present the examining surgeons receive $2 for each examination, whioh alone costs the Government an outlay of $100,000 a year. It would also enable the Commissioner to make a reduction or at least one-third tire present force of the bureau. The Posiofnce Department. The annual report of the Postmaster Gen eral contains a very gratifying exhibit of the business of the department for the last fiscal year, showing a very large increase of receipts and a considerable reduction in the expenses as compared with the previous fiscal year, which ended June 30, 1873. The following statement, taken from the books of the department, shows the receipt and expenditure for the fiscal year ending June 3d, 1876, and form the basis of the annual report of the Postmaster General i Ueoetpta from all aourou. ij'i.cm.i"". I uorease over last rear , 1 .MX 836.91 Expenditures of all kinds 33,263,4H7.M Decrease from last year (,s.'i.M7 Excess of expenditures over receipts. . 4,619,290.08 Xxoesa of expenditures for previous year was o,trj,i-ju.irj Nearly the entire receipts of the department are derived from the sale of stamps, stamped envelopes and postal cards, the receipts from these souroes being tmo'J.oixiu. , Amontr the items of expenditure ine iouow- ing were the principal ones, viz.: Inland transportation i . io,n-i.w Oompensatlou of Jtostmastera 7.397.3V7.91 Clerks for poatofflocs 3.480,730 15 Letter-carriers i,wi,7w.i'3 Railway clerks 1.223,750.19 Manufacture of stamped envelopes, postal cards and wrappers.... HHu.biu.wt Foreign mall transportation 229,123.20 The revenue from money-order business was $120,000. Internal Revenue. From the annual report of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue we gather tho following interesting statistics : The aggregate receipt! for the fiscal year were euiuo,bz;, an in croass over the preceding fiscal year of $6, 691,471. The aggregate receipts for the. year were made up from the following sources : From spirits $ 56,426.261 From cigars and cheroots 11,28:1,100 From snuff aud tobacco From fermented liquors..,. From banks and bankers Adhesive stamps Penalties, etc 28.6ft7,165 9,571.231 4,Xi8,TS'.H 8,518,483 918 6 J3 Total $117,236,625 The following table, geographically arrangod, will show the payment cf internal revenue tax for the last fiscal year by the several States and TVrn tones : Maine ,C50 Vi.w llamnnhire 260,261 Vermont ...... . 47,125 Massachusetts 2.752,216 Rhode Island 2r-2,67.l Connecticut Co8,115 Total Eastern Stale $ 4,031,046 New York $14,616,724 New Jersey 3,779,050 Pennsylvania 5,973,432 Delaware 417,693 Maryland. 2,577,579 Total Middle States $27,365,278. Ohio $16,S7,673 Indiana 8,179,126 Illinois 23,730,694 Michigan 266,164 Missouri...,..., 2,981,942 Wisconsin 8,308,770 Minnesota 218,776 Iowa J,212,618 Kaniuui IMU.704 Nebraska 602,396 Total Western States $56,370,768 Virginia t 7,314,394 Went Virginia 43,9i8 Kentucky WM4 Tennessee North Caroltna 1,6.1,139 South Caroltna 105,8 '4 Owrfd -W2.726 Alabama Mississippi ,M',t Florida 17 Loulniana 529,788 Arkansas .201 Texas 215,709 Total Southern States Colorado ... .$19,399,810 .$ 72.669 67,92: California. Oregon,.., ,. 3,C95,)40 4'J,o73 Total Pacific States .$ 3,285,2)'5 Ditriet of Columbia $ 114,599 New Mexico 22,162 Dakota ?2.1S Wyoming 1,063 Montana 20,983 Idaho Utah &-VM2 Arizona 1 1,976 Washington 20,411 Total Territories $ 267,076 The foregoing tables, by States, do not in clude the receipts for the year from the sale of adhesive stamps, fines, penalties, etc., which amounted to over $7,000,000. It will be ob served that more than one-half of the whole amount received for internal revenue tax ongi nated with and is credited to the Western Btates. The credit to the Middle States ex cecds that elven all the other States and Torrl toriea fthe Western States exceotcd). Seven States Illinois, Ohio, New York. Kentucky, Virxinia, Pennsylvania, and Indiana are credited respectively with more than the ag crreeate of the five Eastern States. Illinois and Ohio combined have a larger credit than all the Middle and Southern States, wuuo Illi nois alone exceedo the Eastern. Southern, and Paoiflc States, and all the Territories. Two districts in Illinois, the First and Fifth, are credited resnectivelv with $8,971,565 and $8,003,048. The Public Lnds. The following are the main points of inter est embraced in the report of Hon. J. A. Williamson. Commissioner of the General Land Ollice : The o&sh receipts of the office during the fiscal vear ended June 30 aKurcitated $1,747,- 215 : the total number of acres of public lands disposed of during the year was G.524,320, of which 2,875,910 acres were absorbed by home stead entries ; 607,985 acres were obtained by entries under the timber-culture law ; 1,800,000 were approved to various States as swamp lands; 1,001.078 acres were certified to rail roads under land grants of Congress, and b40, 692 were disposed of by ordinary cash sales The total disposals were 545,945 acres less than those or the preceding year. The uommis sioner renews the recommendation of Commie eioner Burdette, that, as the only, practicable means of preserving the forests of the country from waste and destruction, tho Government timber lands should be transferred to privato ownership by immediately surveying and offer ing them for sale In unlimited quantities at not less than properly appraised valuations. Com missioner Williams also recommends the con solidation of the Preemption and Homestead lawa into one general homestead system. The Engineer Department. Gen. Humphreys' annual report on the En gineer Department work gives in small com pass a valuable mass of figures concerning the sums needed to perfect our lake and eeacoast system of fortifications, and the sums needed to continue our river and harbor improvements. Particular stress is laid upon the necessity of providing an adequate store of torpedoes" for marine use. The report shows that of tho $5,000,000 appropriated at the late session of uongross for river and barber improvements, $2,000,000 only was allotted for various works under instructions of the Secretary or War. The Ordnance Dureau. Gen. Benet, the Chief of Ordnance, in his annual report recommends a large increase of appropriations for the nse of the Ordnance De partment for the next fiscal vear over those for the present year. He says the limited appro priations made by Congress, much below the estimates submittted by this bureau, have in many instances prevented the supplying of the army on the froutior with that superior quality of ordnance stores which the nature or such service demands. Upon the subject of small arms. Gen. Bonot says he deems it of the most vital importance that the manufacture of arms be steadily con tinued in sufficient Quantities to render a gradual accumulation of them In store a cer tainty; that abetter arm than the Springfield may some day be invented is not at all improb able, and a magazine gun will no doubt be the arm of the future, but until ruch an arm suit able for the military sorvice has been perfected and approved, a reserve stock of Springflelda ia necessity. The Patent Office. The annual report of the Commissioner of Patents shows the Patent Office to have been more than self-supporting during the past year. Iu receipts for fees and other services were $787,000, and all its expenses, including salaries, were but $061,000. There were 22. 408 applications received for patents, and 15 911 patents issued, during the year, besides 3 C13 patents allowed, but not issued, for want of the final fee, also 1,037 trade-marks and 499 labels registered, and 2.943 caveats filed. Only two patents were extended. The Secret Service. Tne report of J. J. Brooks, Chief of the Secret Service of the Treasury Department, represents the InisinesA or the past year to have been the arrest of 223 counterfeiters and other criminals, the capture of over ninety en graved plates, dies, presses, and other imple ments for counterfeiting, the seizure of $237, 000 and over in counterfeit money, and various other operations. A large percentage of the persons arrested were convicted in court, and about $42,000 was collected by way of fines. Agricultural Bureau. Tho annual report of the Commissioner of Agriculture shows there were distributed dur ing the past year 1.52J.O00 packages of veget- uie iwi neiu seeus ana lexuioa luciuuiug no in ly 95,000 of vegetable, 372,000 of flower, 60,000 of wheat, 64,000 of tobacco, and 863 of cotton. Seeds were collected from all parts or the world because of their peculiar excellence. ELECTING A PRESIDENT. lteforms Suggested Mr. liuekalew's Pro posed Method. From the Chicago Trlbuuo. The lion. C. It. Jiuckalew, of Penn sylvania, who has devoted much of his life to the reformation of elections and of representation, has published a sug gestion of a reform in tho mode of elect ing Presidents, which would have the effect, if adopted, of making the choice more cloarly that of the popular vote than now, and have the effect of abol ishing many present forms which are open to abuso by fraud. Ilis plan is to amend the constitution and provide : The citizens of each State who shall bo qualified to vote for representatives in Con gress shall cast their votes for candidates for the Presidential office by ballot, aud proper re turns of the votes so cast shall be made, under seal, within ten days, to tho Secretary of State or other officer lawfully performing the duties of arch Secretary in the Government of the State, by whom the said returns shall be pub licly opened in the presence of the Chief Ex ecutive Magistrate of the State, ana or tho Chief Justice or Judge of the highest court thereof, and the said Secretary, (Jbier Magis trate and Judge shall assign to each candidate voted for by a sufficient number of citizens a pro portionate part of the electoral votes to which the State shall be entitled, in a manner following, that ia to say : They shall divide the whole number by the State electoral vote, and tho resulting quotient will be the elec toral ratio for the State ; and shall assign to candidates voted for one electoral vote for each ratio of popular votes received by them respectively, and, if necessary, additional elec toral votes for successive largest fractions of a ratio shall be assigned to candidates voted for, until the whole number of the electoral votes of the State shall be distributed ; and the said officers shall thereupon make up and certify at least three general returns, comprising the popular vote by counties, parishes, cr other principal divisions of tho State, and their ap portionment of electoral votes as aforesaid, and shall transmit two thereof, under seal, to the seat of government of the United States, one directed to the Proeident of Senate, and one to the Speaker of the House of Repre sentatives, and a third unsealed return shall be forthwith filed by the said Secretary in his ofiice, be recorded therein, and be at ail tunes open to inspection. The practical operation of this amend ment would bo to break up the present system, by which a small majority in a state controls tne wnoie electoral vote of that State. For instance, the New England States and New York and New Jersey voted on the 7th of .November as follows : Elector. Tilden. al votf 49,110 'i 38,449 i 20.350 f States. Hapf. Maine 66,130 New Hampshire 41,622 Vermont 44,428 Massachusetts 150,082 lthode Island i 15,787 Connecticut 59,034 376 983 New York 489.529 New Jersey 103,515 108,975 10,712 61,934 12 289,8:10 522,612 115,960 638,572 593,044 44 Of the electoral votos Hayes got thirty three in New England and Tildon six, while in New York and New Jersey lilden got forty-four and Hayes none. Under the amendment as proposed by Mr. Uuckalew, the electoral vote of the eight States would have been equitably apportioned according to the popular oto in each State, as follows : Bapen. Tilden Maine 4 I New Hampshire 3 I Vermont 4 1 Massachusetts .....7 t lthode Island 2 '. Connecticut.... 3 I New York 17 It New Jersey 4 ( Total 41 39 The vote in these eight States, instead of being counted as now, 50 for Tilden and oJ for Hayes, would then count Hayes 44, Tilden 39, and the electoral vote would represent as noarly as possi ble tho vote as expressed at the polls. The like difference in tho result would operate for and against each party in the several States. The Democrats would be represented in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minne sota, Kansas and Iowa, while the Re publicans would have their full share of the vote of Indiana, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Texas, and all the Southern States. . Every man in the country would, no matter whether in the majori ty or minority in his State, have his vote counted in the apportionment of the elec toral votes. The Electoral College would be dispensed with, and the apportion ment of the vote in each State would be a mere matter of arithmetic, the con tested point rarely exceeding one vote, and at most two votes. In this State, had such a rale prevailed at the recent election, Peter Cooper would have been accorded one electoral vote. We are not prepared to say that this proposed amendment to the constitu tion is tho best or wisest measure that can be suggested ; wo present it as one of the reforms suggested for the pres ent method of electing 'President and Vice President. Some reform is needed and should be adopted before the next residential election, or else the troubles of the present one may bo repeated in perhaps a more aggravated and danger ous form. The Boston Advertiser has suggested a constitutional amendment providing that the Presidential electors shall send their certified lists to the Chief J ostice of the Supreme Court : that he shall open and count them in tho prcsenco of the full court ; that objection to any list may be filed with specifications by a day certain ; that before tins tribunal (oxceptiner. if need be, Judges appoint ed within one or more years) all objec tions shall be heard, tried and decided by a day certain, according to law and without appeal. This amendment does not meet the dangers and difficulties that now prevail in Louisiana, Florida and South Carolina, and which are likely to happen in other States. Publish that which is good. Dr. J. H. McLean's Strengthening CorJial and Blood t...tf.A. I - - 4 n ATtiw4 imnH. l.-t health aud strength to the system, purifies and enriches the blood. Dr. J. H. McLean, 314 Chestnut, St. Louis, Mo. tom BCRinnLrs.' - Tvm Scribbles was a banker's clerk, , " on salary rattier ssiaU : ' i Bo that he soeiuod forever Short, ' ' Though hs was very tail. . . Of handsome form and winning ways, He loved to cut a dash lis kept the banker's cash aooount, And often kept his cash. One day the banker said to hint : " rriend Tom I I mnch deplore. That though I'm buying stock all day I've never much la store, " In fact, I know beyond a doubt. With me you've been too free; And, as you fclva ms drafts for checks, I'll cfceck your drafts on me. You must have thought me very blind, Your errors not to se ; But I took note of you, and find You've taken notes of me. Your services I need no more ; Your tricks wul nsver do ; You lonjt have made the change for me, 111 make the change for you. ' Another matter, Tom, 1 feel To sneak of would be right; Although your habits aro so loose, They often make you tight. " And when you should be at your work With all your might and main. The figures which you try to pen Are all penned in your brain. " In hopes that you would alter, Tom, I've kept you here this long ; Cut though you do write well kt tunes, You're oft'ner doing wrong. To tell tlfe truth, 1 cannot now A word speak in your praise ; Yet tls not strange I took with you You have such taking ways! ' You're at a discount now, and I No Interest take in you ; Your time is up I'll not extend You're more than overdue." Alas for Hcribbles I there he was Of friend and place bereft ; And as he could not stay and write, Jle turned away and left. Wit ana Humor. The dumb man is most certain to keep his word. The rabbit is timid, but no cook can make it quail. Graphic. A Minnesota juror addressed a note to the Judge, in which ho styled him an " onorable Jug." The best temperance lecturer is a good salt mackerel. If the man that eats one don't take water, then he is a hope less case. Some letters of the alphabet seem to have their own appropriate iwd distinc tive colors, as, for instance, red i, blue j, green t, etc. A Virginia City (Nov.) Justice is very confidential in his court-room. "Most men make fools of themselves when they marry," he remarked the other morning. Buttons on tho feminine dret-s are smaller this winter. Tho old ones, worn a year or two ago, make good quoits though some of them aro too heavy to pitch over ten yards. An exchange tells us that the girls now wear " lied ribbons 'round their waists, lted ribbons in tbelr hair ; Red ribbons to their tastes Pinned to them everywhere." Scene on cars between Centennial grounds and Philadelphia "Say, Uncle Bije, wot river's this ? 'S this 'ere the Hudson?" "Wy, no, Isrel; you're turned 'round, ain't yo ? This is a Penn sylvany river; they call it the the GoosequilL' Irate subscriber (excited and point ing to an objectionable article) " What does that mean ? Every statement is false." Editor (gazing reflectively at the article in question) ' I shouldn't wonder if the whole article was a typo graphical error." " SiiaxlL I try a homeopath or an allo path?" ' My dear fellow, it is six of one and half a dozen of the other. The allopath kills his patients ; the homeo path lets his die." Then I will call an allopath the poor woman will suffer less." trench Wit, A lady paid a visit to a friend who had lost her husband. It was tho day of tho funeral. Tho two converse for some time about indifferent subjects, and tho visitor, remarking the distrac tion of her friend, cried : " What's the matter, my dear, you seem sad ?" TOBACCO. Let not ascetics stigmatize the weed Which soothes man in Ills hour of sorest need ; lhich to the mind can calm and solace bring; Atd robs our Ills of more than half their sting. Tobacco ! Oh thou precious gift to earth ! Thou treasure of ineRtimable worth 1 Millions to thee In grateful homage turn An idol all mankind delights to burn. Mrs. Partington (loquitur) But there t The Japanese department I in fected it thoroughly. It suppressed my highest exhortations. Sich armistio brick a brick ! Sich fans of uni-q de signs ! Sich vases and gardeners ! Sich rair articles of virtue I It beggars de ception J" A little 5-year-old girl had been told that it was night on the other side of the world when it was daylight on this. A a proof that this astronomical fact had ' taken root, she exclaimed, upon rising the next morning: "Nowthevare inst goin' to bed in China, and the skocters are beginning to bito 'em." Dobbs (who is a jolly old bachelor) and a bright younor lady acquaintance were bantering each other about mar riage. "Ohr said she. "vou'll be married one of these days, I know : and you'd have me now if I would wait for you. " lou d have to wait until my second childhood, then," said Dobbs. Well, i shouldn t havo very long to wait, was the quick repartee from the lady. They were civinc Pioha " nt a thpa- ter on Saturday afternoon, lafplv. Two young ladies, livinor at a distAn. hav ing to take the train at an early hour, were obliged to leave before th repre sentation was finished. Selecting, as they thought, a verv nuirt timo in thn play, they were passing down the aisle, wnen an actor suddenly appearod on tho Biago, ana, repeating a part of nil role, exclaimed : 44 There they go ; the only two women I over loved. Ono I couldn't have, and the other I can't get." Boston Globe. Men of the Republic! Now that the smoke of battle has cleared away, the men of tho republic can find time to look up the wood saw yer, and save themselves a tri-daily skir mish about the kitchen stove and ita necessities. Burlington Hawk Eye. The returning board at a Texas baby show refused to act until they wero granted ton minutes to get out of the way of the mothers before the opening of their sealed verdict.