OCR Interpretation


The true northerner. [volume] (Paw Paw, Mich.) 1855-1920, December 08, 1876, Image 6

Image and text provided by Central Michigan University, Clark Historical Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85033781/1876-12-08/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

wl.-!.! ! i ... l;n-)iY)
Ann l Ueport oC the Secretary of the
, Treasury. j i ;
Fram ue annual report of Hoi, Lot 21.
Mori .I!. "cretarr of the Treasury, ou tbo state
of ti u.noes for the past year, we gather the
folio -.Pi,' interesting figure :
BEt.'WT:. AND EXrKNPITORES VOU THE riSCAL
VKAB EKPINO JUNE SO, I77.
The receipts during the first quarter were :
J rain citouia $ 37,554,7:jrt.B3
From intertill revenue 28,813,316.87
From win of publio lauds 2Si.U05.63
From taiauou on circulation, etc., or
national tank"
From repayment of Interest by Pa
cific r.wiays.....
Vrnru customs uiitw:, crfc
l'rt'iu oounular, put eat and other fees
3,534,707.87
97,901.59
17,805.27
4-23,684.75
From iroceem or sales of uoveru-
iuen juiiiMfty 171,875.3ft
l roiu miscellaneous sources 2,129,069.16
Xtt ordinary receipts $ 72,991,005.53
lT' LuKUu on sales of coiu 1 19,518.90
$ 73,110,5J4.49
J 'i (Is of bonds of 1881, Oetiovi
sward
9,103,415.53
Tots! net ordinary receipts $ 75,513,970.02
I'aaoo iu treasury June 31), 1870.. . . 121,807,732.3:1
Total available $197,821,732.30
Tue expenditures diuing the name period
were:
For civil and miscellaneous expenses,
including publlo buildings. light
houses, and collecting the reveuues.f 13,997,2'8.4l
For Indians 1,434,7).93
For pensions 8,382,357.08
For military establishment, including
fox trillions, river and harbor im
provements, and arsenals 9,713,661.35
Fur navAl Ublishment, including
teasels and machinery and lm
I rovciucnts at navy yards fl,174,3r3.9G
Tor interest on the public debt, in
cluding l'acilic railway bonds S7,107,C50.f3
Total ordinary expenditures $ 78,751,893.26
Keiemptlonof Uie public
deU.. f3,618,r4.S.77
J'iigmrn(s of Court of
Uhxm nialniH 2:353.634.21
5,972,282.08
'fatal ciiuditures $ 84,724,176.24
!iacein treasury Hept. W, 1876.... 112,597,526.08
Total 197,321,702.33
For the remaining three quarters it is esti
mated that tho reooipu will be :
From customs f 80,443,271.47
From internal revenue 91,511,053.63
From sale of public lands 800, x '0.00
For tx on nationifl banks 3,60J,000.00
Vnirn iH-imhurHeineiit br Pacific rail
ways 300,000.00
I'roni customs fines, penalties, and
forfeitures 75.OC0.00
From consular, patent, and other
fees 1,200,000.00
I'rom iHPooeedfl of wilce of public
property 250,000.00
From miscellaneous sources, lnelud-
ng premium on com 4,090,000.00
Total not receipts $191,181,925.10
For the samo period it is estimated that tho
expenditures will be :
For e vil and miscellaneous, including
liiUic4uilding $30,000,000.00
For Inuiaus 4,000,0)t0.00
l or pensions 20,000,000.00
For military entaitliHhment an.Mio.ooo.oo
Tor naval establishment 7,5)K),ooo.(K
For interest on the public debt 61,876,860.09
Total ordinary fcincnditures $1."8,876,800.))9
rsriMATics ron titr fihcai, yeau enuixq juk
30, 1878.
It ia estimated that the receipts for the fiscal
vear ending June 33, 188, will be :
Froui customs $130,000,000.00
From internal revenue 123,000,( O).0O
From rales of public lauds 1,200,000 00
From lav on circulation oi national
bank 7,350,000.00
From reiiumirsemcDt or mtereot by
lc 1 c rail way corn panics 350,000.0(
From customs tones, penalties and
lorfciture 150,000.00
From consular, letters-patent, and
other fees 2,2I0,CO0.00
From lcocecds or sales or Uovern-
luent property 250,000.00
From ruwcellancous sources 6,600,000.09
Total ordinary receipts . .$270,030,000.00
It is estimated that the ordinary expend!
tares fwtheetme period will be:
For civil expenses $15,5fH),f 00.00
t or ioreign intercourse i,?4r,ouo.oo
For Indians 6,324.000.00
For pension 28,500,000.00
i or iniHUry etauliMlim( nt, includ
ing f oritur alions, river ana harbor
improvements, and arsenals 38,00,000.00
iror nuval estai'hsiimcnt, including
vessel and njach'nerv and im
provement at ua y yards 16,000,000.00
tt civil ond luisecuaueous, includ
i rig public buildingR, light-houses,
collecting revenues, niail-stcam-hip
fervice, deficiency In ixwdal
revenues, public printing etc. 42,000,000.00
1 or inter.! on tho public debt 94,386,294.00
For interest on Pacific railw ay lnds 3,877,410.00
lo'al estimated exjienditures, exclu
sive of the sinking fund account
;.tk1 I'tincipal of the public debt . . .$213,350,701.00
i pou tuetiaHiM of thCHe estimates, there will
i.e a enrplua revenue for the llscal year 187H,
.Hfplicanle to the Hinkiui; fucd. of $2ti,ClK),,2,JG.
The estimated amount required by law to be
.et apart for that fund ia 5'35,3!J,0yG.G0. If,
f h ore fore, the:e ohtimates Himll prove to be
&;iproxtmately correct, tlipre will t'O a deficiency
.ii hum account ot &boi.HUU.iii.
The islimatCH received from the Boveral
eircutive depnrtmontj are an follows
f t,'i8lati?e CHtattlinhment $2,943,722.0
Fxecullve eHfabllshment 15,IKK),199 88
Tudicial itablisbmeut 3.911,400.00
Firc-n'o intercourse 1,245 Ol'i.rid
M il tary cstabllRhment 32,215,505. IK)
NuaU esUblishmcnt 19,410 017. f 9
Indian affaira 5,:M2,8!y.i2
l-eufious 28,r.3:i,0iio.00
FubhO workfl j
Treasury Iepartment.$ 4,2B4,19fi.M
Vr lepartmcnt 18,793,227.70
N'vy repartment 2,0no,)O6.0O
Iuterior Department... 837,982.J
Department of Agri
culture 13.4M.t0
Department of Jus
tice 42,500.00
2)1,851,452 97
TobUJ services
Misccllafieous
Permanent appropriations (including
f '15,391,006.6 J for sinking fund )....
fi,07H,27.43
10,553,6 4C.b5
146,506,576.36
Total $299,611,671.00
nr.nucTiON of the i-ublic dkbt.
Princiial of the debt July 1, 1875. ..$2,232,284,531.83
interest due anl unpaid, ana ac
cruod Interest to date 38,617,556.10
Total delt
Oahh in treasury
..$2,270,032,088.14
,. 142,213,361.82
Lebt, leas canh in Iho treasury $2,128,688,726.S2
Puncli! rJ the debt July, 1, 1876.. $2,180,305,067.15
Interest due ana unpaio, ana ac
crued interest to date 38,514,004.54
Total debt $2,21H,909,O7l.69
C-sh J.T treasury 119,409,726.70
Di :t, leys cash in tho treasury $2,099,439,344.99
?lioiiif reduction, as above
staled, of $ 29,249.381.33
liKHUMrTION Of-' SPECIE TAYMEXTS.
In March, lMGi ly an act entitled An act
to fcficothen the public crcdi" the faith of
tho United fcliatca vvnn eolenmly pledged to
the pajtnent in coin or, itn rqmvalcnt, of all
the ub'igationH of the United 8tateH, not
beat-in": intetoht, known an Unitod Htatoa
notea. and of all tho intertst-bearitit? ob'.iga
riouii i.f tl.o United titatos;" and, further,
to mf.ke provision, at the earliest practica
ble period, for tho rodemption of the United
State notOH in coin."
Ily tho act of January. 14, 1873. ConTefH de
clared the purpose of resumption of specie
pnymentaon Janunry 1. 1879, and to that end,
and io execution of the pledge of the act of
19, provided for the redemption of the
United Htatcn noten, ond fo" tho issue of na
tional bank notes in lieu thereof, and thus,
amid conflictinjr theories, declared, in effect,
a monetary system combined of coin and na
tional bank notes redeemable in coin at tho
demand of the holdor, in harmonv with the
'ensfitution and Iho traditional policy of the
American people.
lir thia leRiaUtion it will be perceived that
tho United btatee in fully committed to the
resumption or npocio payment on a given
day in January, 187'J, bv the method of re
demption cf United States noten current as
lawful money, and the substitution therefor
of national bank currency, the equivalent of
money bvtts convertibility into coin ou de
mind. Tie fopu'ar favor with which thi
enactment wm i WleJ looking to toe con
aummatiou of an exigent meaaure of pubho
neceuaity w&8 modified only by an apprehen
sion of the possible inadequacy ot it a tcrraa
to aecomplian ita end. A return to tbo con
stitutional standard of value at any time
will doubtless, to eome extent, Involve
a reduction in nominal prices, and
consequent contraction of the volume
of curreucy, but thia is not ft Haelf neces
sarily an evil, and, if it were, it ia an evil in
cident to a vicious system, not cured by the
continuance of the evil, while the meaaure it
self ia demanded br the highest economiccon
siderationa and principles of honeBt dealing
amoug men. Besides, the troubles likely to
grow out of enforced resumption are believed
to be greatlv exaggerated. entoration of the
constitutional standard of values by roBump
tion, and the extinction of Irredeemable notes
current as money, and the enforcement of
payment iu coin, on demand, of the national
tank notea treated as the equivalent of
money, are obviously alike of natioual obli
gation and public necessity. Tho suspension
was the act of the National Government,
and to the National Government the people
properly look to take the Initiative in
resumption. Having, under ita authority to
coin monoy, aaaumed to regulate the correncv
ot the country. nd lue Btates aro inhibited
" to make anything but gold and silver coin a
tender in payment of debtB," and, as irredeem
able and inconvertible paper currency ia essen
tially repugnant to the principlea of the con
stitution and the traditional policy of the
American poople, it la obviously incumbent on
the Government to maintain and preserve the
money standard of values of the constitution,
and to enforce the obligation of payment in
coin on demand, at the option of the holdor of
all paper money.
1SKCE OF SILVEB COIN.
Immediately upon the passage of the act of
April 17, 1876, the department, through ita
several independent-treasury offices, began
to Issue, in redemption of the outstanding
fractional currency, the subsidiary sdver whioh
had been coined under the authority of tho
Resumption act of January 11, 1875. To
further relieve the pressing demand through
out the country for money of small denomina
tions, the silver coin in tho treasury, preyioua
to the passage of the act above mentioned,
was also issued in payment of currency obli
gations of the Government.
Under tho authority for the issue of
silver coin granted by the act of July 22, 187G,
the department, in addition to redeeming
fractional currency, whenever presented for
that purpose, has also issued silver coin in
exchange for legal tender notes as rapidly as
the coinage at the mints would permit.
From the date first mentioned to and in
cluding October 30, 1876, there has been is
sued of silver com, as above stated, $22,090,
712.15, of which amount there has been LsHucd
for fractional currency redeemed and de
stroyed. 912.953.259.43.
The demand for eilver coin for circulation,
though growing less urgont, still continues
fully equal to the capacity of the mints to
supply it. Until this demand shall have
ceased, tko coinage will bo continued as rap
idly as practicable, to the limit authorized by
law.
EXPOUTS AND IMPORTS.
Tho coin values of the exports and imports
of the United Stutes for the last fiscal year,
as appears from official returns made to and
compiled by the Bureau of St&tistics, are as
follows :
Exports of domestic merchandise $525,582,217
Exports or roreiRn mercnanaiae i i,sir,i,2t
Total $540,384,671
Imports of goods 400,741,190
Excess of export! over imports $ 79,643,481
For the fiscal year 1875 there was an excess
of imports over exports amounting to 19,562,
725, showing a difference of 99,20620fi.
Kxports of specie and bullion $ 66,r06,302
Imports of specie and bullion 15,936,6h1
Excess of exports over imports $ 40,569,621
Total excetia of exports of merchau
dine and the precious metals over Im
ports $120,213,102
Keport of the Comptroller of the Cur
rency. From the report of Comptroller Knox we
gloan the following interesting figures regard
ing the statu of the banks :
Hoc t ion 5,211 of the Revised Statutes pro
vides that tho national banks shall pay to the
Treasurer the following taxes: One per cent,
aunually upon tho average amount of notes in
circulation, and one-half of 1 per cent, annually
on the average amount of deposits and the
amount of capital Btock not invested in United
States bonds.
The amount collected by the internal reve
nue office from State banks, savings banks, and
privato banks and bankers during the fiscal
vear ending June 30, 1876, was as follows :
On deposits $2,572,1 64.97
tin capital 1,41685.39
On circulation 17,947.07
Total $4,006,698.03
Of this amount $7,682.15 was derived from the
tax of 10 p r cent, upon authorized circulation.
The following table exhibits the amount of
Unitod States taxes collected from tho organiz
ation of the system in 18G3 to July 1, 1876, the
collections having been made without expense
to the Government, except the compilation of
tho returns in the Treasury Department :
Collections on circulation $33,928,703.18
Collections on deposits 33 609,891.84
Collections on capital 4,714,546.94
Total $72,253,141.96
The following table gives the amount and
ratio to capital of State and national taxation
for the year 1875, by geographical divisions:
NEW KNOLANl) STATES.
Capital.. $164,316.33.1
United HUtes taxoa 11,937,016
State taxeH 3,016,537
Ilatioof United Htates taxes to capital. 12
Ratio of Htate taxes to capital .1.8
Total ratio 3.0
MIDDLE STATES.
Capital $193,585,507
United 8tates taxes 8,:i(0,498
Htate taxei 4,062,459
Ratio of U. 8. taxes to cairiUt 1.7
ltatio of Htate taxes to capital 2.1
Total ratio 3.8
SOCTHKRK STATES.
Capital $ 34,485,483
United Btates taxes 445.018
Htate taxe 476.236
Ratio of U. H. taxes to capital 1.3
Ratio of BUte taxe to capital 1.4
Total ratio. 2.7
WEKTEBN STATUS AN TERBITOniVS.
Capital $111,300,588
United Htates taxes.... 1.634.9)',!)
Htate taxes 2,502.890
ltatio oi i'niteaHtatesuxestocapital.1.5
Ratio of Htate taxes... 2.4
Total ratio ,v.
Note. The banka reporting Htate taxation in
itH poneneu a united capital of 1493.7.18.4) '8.
The Government is receiving a revenue from
tho banks which is more than enual to all taxes
paid by them before the war : whilo the States
are also increasing very greatly the burdens
which were previously as great aa could be
uome. wiimn me past two years seventy-one
banks, and since the organization of the sys
tem 207 banks, have gone into voluntary liquid
ation, chiefly on account of excessive taxation;
and during the last year fewer banks have been
organized than in an; previous year since 18C9,
and, unless some favorable legislation is ob
tained, a large number of banks will retire from
the system to engage in private banking.
The Army.
Gen. W. T. Sherman, in his annual report,
says :
By the annual Appropriation bill, approved
July 24. 1876, the limit of enlisted men was re
cd acted at 25,000: yet A proviso permitted the
recruitment of the "cavalry" up to 100 men
nor company, "to be kept as near as practica
ble at that number." and " a sufficient force of
cavalry shall be employed in the defense of the
Mexican and Indian frontiers or lexas." to
fulfill the requirements of this law literally
would necessitate 12,000 enlisted men for the
ten cavalry regiments, and further deducting
2,500 for rocruiting, general service and neces
sary detaebmeuta, would leave only 10,500 for
the thirty regiments of artillery and infantry,
or about thirty men to a company practically
les than twenty-five a number entirely too
small for elficient senrioe. Hubseoueniiy, How
ever, by the act approved Aug. 15, 187G, Con
gress provided for an additional 2.500 enlisted
men, woo were absolutely required to admit of
the Increase of the cavalry arm, as provided for
in the ftrst-cited statute. Under this act re
cruitment, for the oavalry arm especially, has
been stimulated, so that at this time the mili
tary establishment consists of :
General officer w
11
82
368
107
65
1
3)1
419
9,267
279
2,663
871
Aides-de-camp (not counted in aggregate). . . .
General staff officers
Euclueers
Ordnanc
Hignal otttoer
Chaplains
Cavalry ofhoers
Cavalry, enlisted wen
Artillery officers
Artuiery, enlisted men
Infantry, otnoera....
Infantry, enlisted men..... 11,932
Kuiilneer battalion
242
639
101
280
387
227
200
111
146
214
55
61
Permanent recruiting parties, etc
Recruits at artillery school
General service men employed as clerks
Ordnauce department
West luint detachment
Hospital stewards
Ordnance sergeants ..........
Commissary sergeants...
Indian scouts..
Available recruits
Prison guards at Fort Leavenworth
Total 8.571
Of whtch 2,151 are officers and 26,420 aye en
listed men, so that the aggregate numoor of
enlisted men has not yet reached the lawful
limit of 27,500. Enlistments have recently
been checked in all branches of the servico,
except cavalrv, and extreme care will be taken
that in no event shall the legal limit be passed.
It ia well known that no military force can be
kept up to the full legal standard, aud that the
combatant force always falls far below the
paper organization. Thia now consists of:
Cavalry officers aud men j.688
Artillery, officers and men i.Wi
Iufantrj, officers aud men U,WJ
Aggregate 25,331
Report of the United .states Treasurer.
The Treasurer of the United States, in his
repoit, simply revitwa tho business of thia im
portant branch of the financial department of
the Government during the past year. No
recommendations of amendments or modifica
tions of the statutes governing the financial
operations of the Government are made, it be
ing considered that such propositions apper
tain Bololy to the office of the Sjcretary, and
should emanate directly from that officer. Tho
statistical portions of the report give the fol
owing exhibit of the business of the Redemp
tion Agency.
The; receipt of national bank notes by the
Natioual Bank Redemption Agency for the fia
calsvear ended June 30, 1876, amounted te
2d4,299,875.91, a net increase of 48, 878,995. 46
over the fiscal year 1874-75. Ou July 1, 1875,
the cash balance on the books of the agency
was $5,036,902, and the uncounted packages on
hand with unbroken seals on the same date
represented 994. 120.32. The United States
notes drawn from the treasury for re
demption of bank notes at the counter
were t l, 738,979, and "overs" reported in bank
notes received for redemption were $16. 491. 42,
making the aggregate operations of the agency
$215,086,368.68. Of this sum the agency was
credited with $5,000,000 in national bank notea
fit for circulation deposited in the treasury ;
$24,927,900 notes of failed, liquidating, and
reduolng banks deposited in the treasury;
$97,478,700 assorted bank notes fit for circu
lation returned to tho several national banks ;
$78,643,155 assorted national bank notes unfit
for circulation delivered to the Comptroller of
the Currency for replacement with new notes,
leaving a cash balance of $7,942,539 on June
30, 1876. The amount of notes of each de
nomination redeemed and assorted for the fiscal
year was :
Fit for
Unfit fur
Circulation.
Circulation,
,.$ 216,700
,.. 182,100
..23,(22,200
..24,8':2,3IM)
. 18.702.W)))
One dollar
Two dollars
Five dollars
Ten dollars
twenty dollars....
Flttv dollar
1,312,300
43,400
30,816,055
22,132,300
12.722,1X10
.11,328,400
4.4H.700
One hundred dollars . . .21,061,000
Five hundred dollars... 1,09.000
6,730,100
476.560
One thousand dollar. . . 152,l!)X)
65, C00
Net increase, 1,269,828 notes $45,798,910.
The Navy.
Secretary Robeson's report shows that there
are belonging to tho navy 116 vessels of 150,157
touV measurement. They carry 1,142 guns. Of
these, 123, carrying 913 guns, with a measure
ment of 120,898 tons, have steam power; 75 are
in actual service, and 4 are preparing for sea.
Sixteen may be considered entirely unfit for
future sorvice, and the remainder are at vari
ous navy-yards, some requiring slight and oth
ers extensive repairs, but most of them could
be made ready for any special service in a
short time.
Our navy ia now far more powerful for war
like purposes than it has ever before been in
ttme of peace. As a remedy for the reduction
of the force of our fleet from 8,500 to 7,500
men, and for the purixwe of maintaining a
trained class of men skilled In their duties and
devoted to their flag, the Secretary repeats the
recommendation of last year, that Congress
give the necessary authority to enlist annually
750 boys for the navy in addition to the num
ber of men now allowed. He also crges that
enlisted men of the navy may be allowed an
outfit of clothing, and a banking system for
the navy such as now prevails in the army.
The Naval Academy has kept race with the
changes which have taken place, aud the
branches there taught ore those adapted to the
naval profession of to- day. The Secretary re
fers to the report of the Bureaus of Astronom
ical Observations, Ordnance, the Naval Bignal
Service, the Nautical Almanac, Surveys of the
iuter- Oceanic CanaL aud other subjects con
nected with the navy, and Bpeaks in co emend
ation of those who have obtained important
results in these branches.
The estimates for general maintenance of
the navy for the next year are $18,040,012. The
amount estimated for new buildings aud re
pairs and Improvements necessary at various
naw-vards. stations, and hospitals. In 2,90o
596. There is also submitted by the Bureau of
Ordnanco an estimate for $775,500 deemed
necessary to provide proper armament for our
large iron-clads and other ships now being
fitted for sea, This shows an aggregate sum
of about $300,000 less than the amount asked
for last year for like purposes.
The Pension IJureau.
The Commissioner of Tensions, in his report,
recommends the repeal of the present law ad
mitting ex parte t ' idavits it support of claims
and the existing t ystem of medical examina
tions. Iu reference to the admission of ex
parte affidavits, he says that if this species of
testimony in support of claims be continued
it will swamp the office. Last year the in
crease of original claims reached 40,000, ex
clusive of 1,000 bounty-land claims. Of the
aggregate not more than 64 per cent, were
passed. There are now on filo iu the office
S8.000 nnadjudicated claims, besides 60,000 re
jected onoa. In correction of this much
abused system it is proposed to abolish the
1.513 examining surgeons, as the local associa
tions and influences dispose them to too kreat
liberality in panning subjects of examination.
It has been found also that the testimony in
most cases is entirely untrustworthy. In ad
dition, the number of persons ready toperoe
trate frauds seems to be on the increase. The
papers of claimants are also five to ten times
more voluminous tliau they were, without
adding corresponding amount of
trustworthiness. It is recommended that
the entire country be divided into
sixty districts, to each of which a surgeon bo
appointed for medical examinations, and a
competent clerk be detailed to look into the
claims or the parties and makeup their papers,
to be sent in form ready for adjudication by the
Pension Bureau. It is estimated that this sys
tem will cost at least 433, 000 lees than that now
in vogue. At present the examining surgeons
receive $2 for each examination, whioh alone
costs the Government an outlay of $100,000 a
year. It would also enable the Commissioner
to make a reduction or at least one-third tire
present force of the bureau.
The Posiofnce Department.
The annual report of the Postmaster Gen
eral contains a very gratifying exhibit of the
business of the department for the last fiscal
year, showing a very large increase of receipts
and a considerable reduction in the expenses as
compared with the previous fiscal year, which
ended June 30, 1873.
The following statement, taken from the
books of the department, shows the receipt
and expenditure for the fiscal year ending
June 3d, 1876, and form the basis of the annual
report of the Postmaster General i
Ueoetpta from all aourou. ij'i.cm.i"".
I uorease over last rear , 1 .MX 836.91
Expenditures of all kinds 33,263,4H7.M
Decrease from last year (,s.'i.M7
Excess of expenditures over receipts. . 4,619,290.08
Xxoesa of expenditures for previous
year was o,trj,i-ju.irj
Nearly the entire receipts of the department
are derived from the sale of stamps, stamped
envelopes and postal cards, the receipts from
these souroes being tmo'J.oixiu. ,
Amontr the items of expenditure ine iouow-
ing were the principal ones, viz.:
Inland transportation i . io,n-i.w
Oompensatlou of Jtostmastera 7.397.3V7.91
Clerks for poatofflocs 3.480,730 15
Letter-carriers i,wi,7w.i'3
Railway clerks 1.223,750.19
Manufacture of stamped envelopes,
postal cards and wrappers.... HHu.biu.wt
Foreign mall transportation 229,123.20
The revenue from money-order business was
$120,000.
Internal Revenue.
From the annual report of the Commissioner
of Internal Revenue we gather tho following
interesting statistics : The aggregate receipt!
for the fiscal year were euiuo,bz;, an in
croass over the preceding fiscal year of $6,
691,471. The aggregate receipts for the. year
were made up from the following sources :
From spirits $ 56,426.261
From cigars and cheroots
11,28:1,100
From snuff aud tobacco
From fermented liquors..,.
From banks and bankers
Adhesive stamps
Penalties, etc
28.6ft7,165
9,571.231
4,Xi8,TS'.H
8,518,483
918 6 J3
Total $117,236,625
The following table, geographically arrangod,
will show the payment cf internal revenue tax
for the last fiscal year by the several States and
TVrn tones :
Maine ,C50
Vi.w llamnnhire 260,261
Vermont ...... . 47,125
Massachusetts 2.752,216
Rhode Island 2r-2,67.l
Connecticut Co8,115
Total Eastern Stale $ 4,031,046
New York $14,616,724
New Jersey 3,779,050
Pennsylvania 5,973,432
Delaware 417,693
Maryland. 2,577,579
Total Middle States $27,365,278.
Ohio $16,S7,673
Indiana 8,179,126
Illinois 23,730,694
Michigan 266,164
Missouri...,..., 2,981,942
Wisconsin 8,308,770
Minnesota 218,776
Iowa J,212,618
Kaniuui IMU.704
Nebraska 602,396
Total Western States $56,370,768
Virginia t 7,314,394
Went Virginia 43,9i8
Kentucky WM4
Tennessee
North Caroltna 1,6.1,139
South Caroltna 105,8 '4
Owrfd -W2.726
Alabama
Mississippi ,M',t
Florida 17
Loulniana 529,788
Arkansas .201
Texas 215,709
Total Southern States
Colorado ...
.$19,399,810
.$ 72.669
67,92:
California.
Oregon,..,
,. 3,C95,)40
4'J,o73
Total Pacific States
.$ 3,285,2)'5
Ditriet of Columbia $ 114,599
New Mexico 22,162
Dakota ?2.1S
Wyoming 1,063
Montana 20,983
Idaho
Utah &-VM2
Arizona 1 1,976
Washington 20,411
Total Territories $ 267,076
The foregoing tables, by States, do not in
clude the receipts for the year from the sale of
adhesive stamps, fines, penalties, etc., which
amounted to over $7,000,000. It will be ob
served that more than one-half of the whole
amount received for internal revenue tax ongi
nated with and is credited to the Western
Btates. The credit to the Middle States ex
cecds that elven all the other States and Torrl
toriea fthe Western States exceotcd). Seven
States Illinois, Ohio, New York. Kentucky,
Virxinia, Pennsylvania, and Indiana are
credited respectively with more than the ag
crreeate of the five Eastern States. Illinois
and Ohio combined have a larger credit than
all the Middle and Southern States, wuuo Illi
nois alone exceedo the Eastern. Southern, and
Paoiflc States, and all the Territories. Two
districts in Illinois, the First and Fifth, are
credited resnectivelv with $8,971,565 and
$8,003,048.
The Public Lnds.
The following are the main points of inter
est embraced in the report of Hon. J. A.
Williamson. Commissioner of the General
Land Ollice :
The o&sh receipts of the office during the
fiscal vear ended June 30 aKurcitated $1,747,-
215 : the total number of acres of public lands
disposed of during the year was G.524,320, of
which 2,875,910 acres were absorbed by home
stead entries ; 607,985 acres were obtained by
entries under the timber-culture law ; 1,800,000
were approved to various States as swamp
lands; 1,001.078 acres were certified to rail
roads under land grants of Congress, and b40,
692 were disposed of by ordinary cash sales
The total disposals were 545,945 acres less than
those or the preceding year. The uommis
sioner renews the recommendation of Commie
eioner Burdette, that, as the only, practicable
means of preserving the forests of the country
from waste and destruction, tho Government
timber lands should be transferred to privato
ownership by immediately surveying and offer
ing them for sale In unlimited quantities at not
less than properly appraised valuations. Com
missioner Williams also recommends the con
solidation of the Preemption and Homestead
lawa into one general homestead system.
The Engineer Department.
Gen. Humphreys' annual report on the En
gineer Department work gives in small com
pass a valuable mass of figures concerning the
sums needed to perfect our lake and eeacoast
system of fortifications, and the sums needed
to continue our river and harbor improvements.
Particular stress is laid upon the necessity of
providing an adequate store of torpedoes" for
marine use. The report shows that of tho
$5,000,000 appropriated at the late session of
uongross for river and barber improvements,
$2,000,000 only was allotted for various works
under instructions of the Secretary or War.
The Ordnance Dureau.
Gen. Benet, the Chief of Ordnance, in his
annual report recommends a large increase of
appropriations for the nse of the Ordnance De
partment for the next fiscal vear over those for
the present year. He says the limited appro
priations made by Congress, much below the
estimates submittted by this bureau, have in
many instances prevented the supplying of the
army on the froutior with that superior quality
of ordnance stores which the nature or such
service demands.
Upon the subject of small arms. Gen. Bonot
says he deems it of the most vital importance
that the manufacture of arms be steadily con
tinued in sufficient Quantities to render a
gradual accumulation of them In store a cer
tainty; that abetter arm than the Springfield
may some day be invented is not at all improb
able, and a magazine gun will no doubt be the
arm of the future, but until ruch an arm suit
able for the military sorvice has been perfected
and approved, a reserve stock of Springflelda ia
necessity.
The Patent Office.
The annual report of the Commissioner of
Patents shows the Patent Office to have been
more than self-supporting during the past
year. Iu receipts for fees and other services
were $787,000, and all its expenses, including
salaries, were but $061,000. There were 22. 408
applications received for patents, and 15 911
patents issued, during the year, besides 3 C13
patents allowed, but not issued, for want of
the final fee, also 1,037 trade-marks and 499
labels registered, and 2.943 caveats filed. Only
two patents were extended.
The Secret Service.
Tne report of J. J. Brooks, Chief of the
Secret Service of the Treasury Department,
represents the InisinesA or the past year to
have been the arrest of 223 counterfeiters and
other criminals, the capture of over ninety en
graved plates, dies, presses, and other imple
ments for counterfeiting, the seizure of $237,
000 and over in counterfeit money, and various
other operations. A large percentage of the
persons arrested were convicted in court, and
about $42,000 was collected by way of fines.
Agricultural Bureau.
Tho annual report of the Commissioner of
Agriculture shows there were distributed dur
ing the past year 1.52J.O00 packages of veget-
uie iwi neiu seeus ana lexuioa luciuuiug no in
ly 95,000 of vegetable, 372,000 of flower, 60,000
of wheat, 64,000 of tobacco, and 863 of cotton.
Seeds were collected from all parts or the
world because of their peculiar excellence.
ELECTING A PRESIDENT.
lteforms Suggested Mr. liuekalew's Pro
posed Method.
From the Chicago Trlbuuo.
The lion. C. It. Jiuckalew, of Penn
sylvania, who has devoted much of his
life to the reformation of elections and
of representation, has published a sug
gestion of a reform in tho mode of elect
ing Presidents, which would have the
effect, if adopted, of making the choice
more cloarly that of the popular vote
than now, and have the effect of abol
ishing many present forms which are
open to abuso by fraud. Ilis plan is to
amend the constitution and provide :
The citizens of each State who shall bo
qualified to vote for representatives in Con
gress shall cast their votes for candidates for
the Presidential office by ballot, aud proper re
turns of the votes so cast shall be made, under
seal, within ten days, to tho Secretary of State
or other officer lawfully performing the duties
of arch Secretary in the Government of the
State, by whom the said returns shall be pub
licly opened in the presence of the Chief Ex
ecutive Magistrate of the State, ana or tho
Chief Justice or Judge of the highest court
thereof, and the said Secretary, (Jbier Magis
trate and Judge shall assign to each candidate
voted for by a sufficient number of citizens a pro
portionate part of the electoral votes to which
the State shall be entitled, in a manner
following, that ia to say : They shall divide the
whole number by the State electoral vote,
and tho resulting quotient will be the elec
toral ratio for the State ; and shall assign
to candidates voted for one electoral vote for
each ratio of popular votes received by them
respectively, and, if necessary, additional elec
toral votes for successive largest fractions of a
ratio shall be assigned to candidates voted for,
until the whole number of the electoral votes
of the State shall be distributed ; and the said
officers shall thereupon make up and certify at
least three general returns, comprising the
popular vote by counties, parishes, cr other
principal divisions of tho State, and their ap
portionment of electoral votes as aforesaid,
and shall transmit two thereof, under seal, to
the seat of government of the United States,
one directed to the Proeident of Senate, and
one to the Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives, and a third unsealed return shall be
forthwith filed by the said Secretary in his
ofiice, be recorded therein, and be at ail tunes
open to inspection.
The practical operation of this amend
ment would bo to break up the present
system, by which a small majority in a
state controls tne wnoie electoral vote
of that State. For instance, the New
England States and New York and New
Jersey voted on the 7th of .November as
follows :
Elector.
Tilden. al votf
49,110 'i
38,449 i
20.350 f
States. Hapf.
Maine 66,130
New Hampshire 41,622
Vermont 44,428
Massachusetts 150,082
lthode Island i 15,787
Connecticut 59,034
376 983
New York 489.529
New Jersey 103,515
108,975
10,712
61,934
12
289,8:10
522,612
115,960
638,572
593,044
44
Of the electoral votos Hayes got thirty
three in New England and Tildon six,
while in New York and New Jersey
lilden got forty-four and Hayes none.
Under the amendment as proposed by
Mr. Uuckalew, the electoral vote of the
eight States would have been equitably
apportioned according to the popular
oto in each State, as follows :
Bapen. Tilden
Maine 4 I
New Hampshire 3 I
Vermont 4 1
Massachusetts .....7 t
lthode Island 2 '.
Connecticut.... 3 I
New York 17 It
New Jersey 4 (
Total 41 39
The vote in these eight States, instead
of being counted as now, 50 for Tilden
and oJ for Hayes, would then count
Hayes 44, Tilden 39, and the electoral
vote would represent as noarly as possi
ble tho vote as expressed at the polls.
The like difference in tho result would
operate for and against each party in the
several States. The Democrats would
be represented in Ohio, Pennsylvania,
Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minne
sota, Kansas and Iowa, while the Re
publicans would have their full share of
the vote of Indiana, Virginia, Kentucky,
Tennessee, Texas, and all the Southern
States. . Every man in the country
would, no matter whether in the majori
ty or minority in his State, have his vote
counted in the apportionment of the elec
toral votes. The Electoral College would
be dispensed with, and the apportion
ment of the vote in each State would be
a mere matter of arithmetic, the con
tested point rarely exceeding one vote,
and at most two votes. In this State,
had such a rale prevailed at the recent
election, Peter Cooper would have been
accorded one electoral vote.
We are not prepared to say that this
proposed amendment to the constitu
tion is tho best or wisest measure that
can be suggested ; wo present it as one
of the reforms suggested for the pres
ent method of electing 'President and
Vice President. Some reform is needed
and should be adopted before the next
residential election, or else the troubles
of the present one may bo repeated in
perhaps a more aggravated and danger
ous form.
The Boston Advertiser has suggested
a constitutional amendment providing
that the Presidential electors shall send
their certified lists to the Chief J ostice
of the Supreme Court : that he shall
open and count them in tho prcsenco of
the full court ; that objection to any list
may be filed with specifications by a
day certain ; that before tins tribunal
(oxceptiner. if need be, Judges appoint
ed within one or more years) all objec
tions shall be heard, tried and decided
by a day certain, according to law and
without appeal. This amendment does
not meet the dangers and difficulties
that now prevail in Louisiana, Florida
and South Carolina, and which are likely
to happen in other States.
Publish that which is good. Dr. J. H.
McLean's Strengthening CorJial and Blood
t...tf.A. I - - 4 n ATtiw4 imnH. l.-t
health aud strength to the system, purifies and
enriches the blood. Dr. J. H. McLean, 314
Chestnut, St. Louis, Mo.
tom BCRinnLrs.' -
Tvm Scribbles was a banker's clerk, , "
on salary rattier ssiaU : ' i
Bo that he soeiuod forever Short, ' '
Though hs was very tail. . .
Of handsome form and winning ways,
He loved to cut a dash
lis kept the banker's cash aooount,
And often kept his cash.
One day the banker said to hint :
" rriend Tom I I mnch deplore.
That though I'm buying stock all day
I've never much la store,
" In fact, I know beyond a doubt.
With me you've been too free;
And, as you fclva ms drafts for checks,
I'll cfceck your drafts on me.
You must have thought me very blind,
Your errors not to se ;
But I took note of you, and find
You've taken notes of me.
Your services I need no more ;
Your tricks wul nsver do ;
You lonjt have made the change for me,
111 make the change for you.
' Another matter, Tom, 1 feel
To sneak of would be right;
Although your habits aro so loose,
They often make you tight.
" And when you should be at your work
With all your might and main.
The figures which you try to pen
Are all penned in your brain.
" In hopes that you would alter, Tom,
I've kept you here this long ;
Cut though you do write well kt tunes,
You're oft'ner doing wrong.
To tell tlfe truth, 1 cannot now
A word speak in your praise ;
Yet tls not strange I took with you
You have such taking ways!
' You're at a discount now, and I
No Interest take in you ;
Your time is up I'll not extend
You're more than overdue."
Alas for Hcribbles I there he was
Of friend and place bereft ;
And as he could not stay and write,
Jle turned away and left.
Wit ana Humor.
The dumb man is most certain to keep
his word.
The rabbit is timid, but no cook can
make it quail. Graphic.
A Minnesota juror addressed a note
to the Judge, in which ho styled him an
" onorable Jug."
The best temperance lecturer is a
good salt mackerel. If the man that eats
one don't take water, then he is a hope
less case.
Some letters of the alphabet seem to
have their own appropriate iwd distinc
tive colors, as, for instance, red i, blue
j, green t, etc.
A Virginia City (Nov.) Justice is very
confidential in his court-room. "Most
men make fools of themselves when
they marry," he remarked the other
morning.
Buttons on tho feminine dret-s are
smaller this winter. Tho old ones, worn
a year or two ago, make good quoits
though some of them aro too heavy to
pitch over ten yards.
An exchange tells us that the girls
now wear
" lied ribbons 'round their waists,
lted ribbons in tbelr hair ;
Red ribbons to their tastes
Pinned to them everywhere."
Scene on cars between Centennial
grounds and Philadelphia "Say, Uncle
Bije, wot river's this ? 'S this 'ere the
Hudson?" "Wy, no, Isrel; you're
turned 'round, ain't yo ? This is a Penn
sylvany river; they call it the the
GoosequilL'
Irate subscriber (excited and point
ing to an objectionable article) " What
does that mean ? Every statement is
false." Editor (gazing reflectively at
the article in question) ' I shouldn't
wonder if the whole article was a typo
graphical error."
" SiiaxlL I try a homeopath or an allo
path?" ' My dear fellow, it is six of
one and half a dozen of the other. The
allopath kills his patients ; the homeo
path lets his die." Then I will call an
allopath the poor woman will suffer
less." trench Wit,
A lady paid a visit to a friend who
had lost her husband. It was tho day
of tho funeral. Tho two converse for
some time about indifferent subjects,
and tho visitor, remarking the distrac
tion of her friend, cried : " What's the
matter, my dear, you seem sad ?"
TOBACCO.
Let not ascetics stigmatize the weed
Which soothes man in Ills hour of sorest need ;
lhich to the mind can calm and solace bring;
Atd robs our Ills of more than half their sting.
Tobacco ! Oh thou precious gift to earth !
Thou treasure of ineRtimable worth 1
Millions to thee In grateful homage turn
An idol all mankind delights to burn.
Mrs. Partington (loquitur) But
there t The Japanese department I in
fected it thoroughly. It suppressed my
highest exhortations. Sich armistio
brick a brick ! Sich fans of uni-q de
signs ! Sich vases and gardeners ! Sich
rair articles of virtue I It beggars de
ception J"
A little 5-year-old girl had been told
that it was night on the other side of the
world when it was daylight on this. A
a proof that this astronomical fact had '
taken root, she exclaimed, upon rising
the next morning: "Nowthevare inst
goin' to bed in China, and the skocters
are beginning to bito 'em."
Dobbs (who is a jolly old bachelor)
and a bright younor lady acquaintance
were bantering each other about mar
riage. "Ohr said she. "vou'll be
married one of these days, I know : and
you'd have me now if I would wait for
you. " lou d have to wait until my
second childhood, then," said Dobbs.
Well, i shouldn t havo very long to
wait, was the quick repartee from the
lady.
They were civinc Pioha " nt a thpa-
ter on Saturday afternoon, lafplv. Two
young ladies, livinor at a distAn. hav
ing to take the train at an early hour,
were obliged to leave before th repre
sentation was finished. Selecting, as
they thought, a verv nuirt timo in thn
play, they were passing down the aisle,
wnen an actor suddenly appearod on tho
Biago, ana, repeating a part of nil role,
exclaimed : 44 There they go ; the only
two women I over loved. Ono I
couldn't have, and the other I can't get."
Boston Globe.
Men of the Republic!
Now that the smoke of battle has
cleared away, the men of tho republic
can find time to look up the wood saw
yer, and save themselves a tri-daily skir
mish about the kitchen stove and ita
necessities. Burlington Hawk Eye.
The returning board at a Texas baby
show refused to act until they wero
granted ton minutes to get out of the
way of the mothers before the opening
of their sealed verdict.

xml | txt